The Stories of The Prophets #08 – The Humanity of the Prophets

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


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humulus shavon Raji

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Bismillah lungu Rafi

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call them

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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Al Hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah. He will be here, woman Welcome aboard. We continue in our series about the stories of the Prophet sallahu wa salam. And we're still in the lengthy introduction, we're going over concepts that we need to understand. And we need to know, before we jump into the detailed stories of each and every prophet. And in this lecture, I will continue from where I left off, and that is to talk about the nature of the various SMA, or the fact that they have been protected by Allah subhanho wa Taala. And I was mentioning in my last lecture, the fact that the things that they are not protected from where

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there's nothing to protect them from there's nothing negative about it, is their natural human inclinations. And I was going over some examples. So I'm going to continue from where I left off, I had mentioned that the Prophet Musa alayhis salaam, that, you know, he became angry when he did not recognize the angel of death. And he smacked him as the head, it goes there. And we'll talk about that when we get there. So this is a natural anger, included in this as well, his feelings that all human beings have of hunger, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam felt hunger like all of us as well. And he told us in the famous incident, that when they were boycotting him in the shop of the

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Bollywood, the Shabbat, Benny Hashem, that he said days would go by and there was nothing for us, you know, to eat, and in the streets of Medina as well, that when I will work on a number of the law, one who passed them passed by the prophet SAW Selim, in the daytime in the middle of the heat, when nobody should be sitting outside. And they said to him, what are you doing outside? And so he said, the same thing that has caused you to go outside is what has caused me to go outside meaning hunger, there was nothing to eat, so there's nothing to protect here. He is a human being so he will feel hunger, he will feel pain, he will feel anxiety he will feel stress as human beings feel. The

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Quran has many verses from Allah subhana wa tada cheering the prophets of Allah, why do you send up telling him that don't worry about what they are saying negating from him the feelings of stress. In fact, in one of the most powerful verses that I look above, fair enough, soccerloco meaning that your sorrow might cause you to be destroyed by your own grief, because they are not accepting Islam. So this shows us that it is human nature and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was fully human, he bled like other human beings bleed he had blood in his body, and if a wound came, blood would come from there. And this is, this is well known in the incident of boyhood when the koresh

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attacked him sallallahu alayhi wasallam and a number of wounds were afflict inflicted upon him he bled from those wounds, and we learned the Hadith inside Muslim that he wiped the blood from his mouth. So all of this there's nothing so to be protected by Allah azza wa jal as a prophet has nothing to do with ceasing to be a human, their humanity is still there they are fully human being. And included in this as well is to feel frustrated or exasperated, to feel a sense of of anger that is legitimate. And I gave one example, in my last lecture of the guides in the Bible have to buku disobeyed the Prophet system. Because of that, the entire army was put in an inconvenience and our

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profits, a lot of it, he was sending them, he got irritated at them and he used harsh words. Now. We also learn that in the Hadith assigned Muslims, it's very important to learn this point, that in a hadith in Sahih, Muslim, I share with you love 100 she was sitting in her room, and two people came to visit the Prophet system. She did not know who they were. And they said certain things, she is not able to hear everything because she's in a room that the Prophet says and became very irritated or angry, and harsh words came from his mouth. When he entered into her chamber. She said, those two people are destroyed, they have no hope of mercy. So he said, Why would you say that? So she said,

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yada sutala Didn't you just say such and such? Didn't you use some very harsh and angry words? So he says, Our Isha, do you not know the condition that I placed upon my Lord, for I am a human being and I get angry.

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as others get angry, so I put a condition on my Lord, that if I use harsh words or if I say something negative or if I make a draw against a Muslim, that Oh Allah transformed that into blessings. Only if he makes a draw against somebody who rejects a lot, then it is taken at face value. Otherwise, if in a moment of irritation of exam aspiration, and all of it is going to be legitimate, whoever you know the process and gets irritated that he too serves that irritation and frustration, but he Salallahu it he was seldom is not like the rest of us and his macom is higher than our McCollum and his job is more blessed than our da and therefore, out of mercy for his own

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oma. He says to Allah subhana wa tada to a to puts a condition on his Lord, and He says that all Allah, if I ever make a dua against a Muslim because of my own irritation or anger, then I will Lord do not take that at face value, rather transform it into a drama, forgiveness. Subhana Allah, what a merciful messenger we have and that's why Allah praises him in the Koran. That's Khadija Kumara su lumen and for sukham houses in LA Hema, I need to hurry you soon it will move me Nina are all for Rahim. He is full of compassion and full of mercy for the believers. So to feel exasperated or frustration is something that is fully human. And of course, one of the stories that is exemplary of

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this genre is the famous incident of Ibn oma Maktoum, in which Allah subhana wa tada revealed verses in the Quran that we recite To this day, however so what are well under

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that he frowned Ibiza, he too found to become like Abba tala to turn away. So he frowned and he turned away Ibis hotel, Under Armour, when a blind person came to him. Now, this incident is well documented and narrated. And it is nothing wrong that took place it is as an element of natural exam aspiration that was not conveyed. So the story, of course, is much longer, but in a nutshell,

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the profits of the law while he was sending them was speaking to a worried even Rockabye, the father of Harley Davidson will lead and the chieftain of the bonamassa zoom. Without a doubt, one of the most prestigious and powerful and rich members of the kurush. And our lead was not, you know, like some of the people that Abuja had and others will lead was a different personality. And in reality, he was not opposed to the theology of Islam, as much as he was opposed to certain rulings of Islam, especially at the quality. And Waleed was a person who had a lot of ego and pride in his blood, in his ethnicity in his status. And it's what he didn't really problematize the theology Lyla heilala

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and worship and what not, what he problematized is the fact that you are saying that all of us human beings are equal, that the slaves coming from this land and me coming from this line are the same, I cannot accept this fate. So that's one of the main reasons he eventually ended up rejecting Islam. However, right now, you know, in the early phase of Mecca, alwaleed was, you know, like, listening, and it's so happened that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was deep in conversation with Waleed, and it appeared that will lead was very interested. And he had never come closer to Islam than at this point in time. And the profitsystem is deep engaged in conversation with him. And he's

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very hopeful that he will will he is going to embrace Islam. And if I will lead him he embraced Islam, this is at a time when or whatever have had not been Muslim, there is nobody else that is of that stature. You know, when Ahmed embraced Islam with your loved one, it changed the dynamics for the Muslims, right? And that's where the process is made to either Allah you know, cause one of the two remotes to embrace Islam and the other amateur being a Buddha. And Allah chose aroma rhodiola one to embrace system, the point being, that he was this close, let's say to embracing Islam, and then even only Maktoum, who was considered to be by by people like Willie to be low class, you know,

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they have their hierarchy, their racism, their you know, their whole system of ethnic you know, superiority. So, even Omi Maktoum from a police perspective is the lowest class and in Walid is of the highest class. So if you don't mean back to, and on top of the fact that he's somewhere low class tribe, obviously on top of that, you know, he is visually impaired, he is blind. And obviously, for this type of people, I could believe this is something to make fun of and mock and of course, in our religion, you know, it doesn't matter at all. In fact, the one who does not have eyesight might have a higher status in the eyes of Allah. In fact, he is

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Guaranteed, you know forgiveness. If he is patient as our prophets wisdom said, it doesn't admit that whoever Allah tests with blindness and he is patient that Allah xojo has guaranteed for him gender so the point being is coming back to him was not aware to the Prophet system is speaking with and he's returning back home and he hears the voice of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and out of love, he becomes excited. Oh, I can get to see him. I can get to a well see him obviously metaphorically, obviously, he is blind. I can get to interact with him. I can speak with him. And so he becomes happy and the tapping increases and he walks to the profitsystem out of happiness and

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eagerness. Right, well Modica Allah Who is saqa? He wants to be pure, he wants to benefit from you. Right? And when alwaleed saw an omen baktun What did it What did he do? He snorted in contempt. The arrogant fool that he was he based the truth of Islam, on the ethnicity of its followers are with a bill, how arrogant is that? He snorted in contempt. And he said, You want me to follow you, when the likes of this person is your follower? SubhanAllah. It's not as if he didn't agree with theology, but there were social issues of Islam that he could not fathom. And by the way, here we are, you know, I'm thinking how could anybody be so foolish. But the fact of the matter is that many of

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people in our times, they are not hung up on the ethnicity issue, but they are hung up on other issues, whether it might be morality, or sexuality, or gender, or LGBT, whatever it might be. They have certain notions, and they are certain that these notions are legitimate. And then when they hear of Islam, they're like, Huh, I cannot accept a fate like this, that theology makes sense to me. But the mortality from their perspective is messed up. So unworried as well had the same perspective that that theology is not a problem, but this issue of social inequality, he could not accept it. And so he snorted in contempt, and he walked away. And the Prophet system felt just as a human being

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would be, that he was so close. And now he has to come

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back to him has to come. He didn't say anything to even remember to. He didn't even because he knows his mind didn't even show anything or say anything. But in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He showed that others are told that he became frustrated out of a love for Islam out of a love for wanting to guide it, what he there's nothing personal here. It's not as if there's a personal benefit, but he thought Islam would benefit by the embracing of a lower lead. And Allah azza wa jal says I was told angioedema, wala unikl Allah Who is zeca zakharova to vertical, how do you know this person? He wants to be pure? He's going to be a better person. For a moment jackal? Yes, I will. We

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shall Fanta, Fanta and huhtala ha, sorry, as diverse before that was that whoever thinks that he is feminine is standing up whoever thinks he has no need of you. And he turns away for intellia Who said that? That's the one you want to pay attention to the one who's arrogant and he wants to turn away. You're paying attention to him, and the one who is humble and meek and coming to you and wanting to purify, then you frown and turn away. So Allah Subhana Allah, this is not a sin. There is nothing you know how long being done here? It's human nature of exam aspiration and frustration. And this is of the perfection of our Sharia, that Allah subhana wa tada revealed these verses that we

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all learn from this human issue, human error, you can call it it is not a sin. There is no sin over here. We're going to come to sin later on today and inshallah next lesson as well, but the fact is, this demonstrates what does it demonstrate the humanity of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this is also something that there is no issue or problem affirming, he is a full human being. Now another issue which is, you know, some some find it a little bit problematic. But again, it's not that problematic whatsoever. And that is that forgetting, forgetting natural issues, okay, forgetting natural issues, and the prophets of Allah while he was sent him as a human being, he may

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forget the normal issues of this world and lapse in a memory as all of us do.

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None of our memories are perfect. And a number of incidents occurred that demonstrate this is nothing not a problematic thing at all. And of course, the most famous amongst them is also reported assigned Buhari so I'm Muslim, that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he once prayed so that the hope to Raka rather than for Raka. And he said the Salaam and he then sat down and turned around. And everyone was dead silent, out of respect, out of fear out of all out of just the genuine what's called an Arabic haber that they have for the Prophet sallallahu. It was send them and they're looking around, everybody knows you pray to the car, and they're wondering what's going on.

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And so somebody who had long hands, that's what he called born with the two long hands. Do you think?

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He said, O Messenger of Allah, has something changed with regards to the ruling of the her, or did you forget and pray to instead of four? And this is a question that only somebody who is likely to do they not abubaker not from another man at home, none of the elites have but they're all sitting quiet. But somebody like Julia Dayne, whom we know almost nothing about is one of the, you know, the members of the audience and of the companions. He said he also Allah, did you? Did Allah azza wa jal change the shape? The number of worker art? Or did you forget? So the professor said, No, neither this nor that. I didn't forget I prayed for him, though he was still four. So in once once he had

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said that I did not forget and Allah did not change the idea Dane said no, you're sued Allah, we will pray you pray two instead of four. So he looked to the audience and he said, Is it true that I pray to rather than four and they said yes, you are suitable it is. So he stood up right then and there and he prayed to locate extra and then he did the search of the circle with the famous you know, thing that we do when we make a mistake. And then he turned around and he said, and this hadith is in Buhari in an airbrush or I am a human being, I forget, like you forget, in another version, I make mistakes, like you may make mistakes. So if the Imam makes a mistake, then correct

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him by saying this by saying Subhan Allah, okay, so, you should have said Subhana Allah so that I stood up in that in that timeframe. So the point being, and then he said, and if you make a mistake, and you don't correct then you pray the surgery that the so so this incident clearly demonstrates that our Prophet sallallahu wasallam is a human being and he forgets like other people forget. And it is even possible that as even taming others point out, and again, this hadith is in body and others. So again, and I'm putting all of these because we need to understand when we read these narrations they should not bring any alarm bells for us. It's human nature, that our Prophet system

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passed by the masjid and he heard somebody in one reported his urban cab reciting the Quran, and he said, may Allah have mercy on him anyway, Allah bless him, Allah forgive him. He reminded me of a verse in such and such a surah that currently Biya. So this is, again, not problematic, because sometimes you know you for periods go by, and you don't think of an idea. It's not as if you forgot it completely from memory that currently he reminded me doesn't mean he didn't know. It's just like, oh, that I am rethinking of it. It's just like all of us, we might have heard a verse and then for many weeks or months, we don't read that verse. Sometimes even years go by, then we hear it again,

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just like when the Prophet says and passed away, and Abu Bakar stood up and said, that whoever used to worship, the prophet system has passed away. Whoever worships Allah, Allah is Ever living. And then he recited the verse in Surah, Allah and Milan that when he passes away or dies, will you turn on your backs, or wounded or model the law say, he said, It is as if I had never heard the verse before. So it's not like forgetting forgetting, this is like, you know, a lapse of like, it's not fresh in my memory. Our professors and by the way, never actually made a mistake in the recitation of the Koran. Whereas we make mistakes in the recitation of the Quran. He could not do that. Because

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as we said, in our last lecture, we'll say again, today, we'll say get in our next lecture lecture. Without a doubt, what Allah protected him from 110% is the conveying of the message and the recitation of the Quran. And the fact that what he said is from Allah Subhana, WA Tada, this is something that is unanimously agreed upon that whatever the Prophet says, and claimed is the Quran, and he recited as the Koran and he affirmed as the Quran, it is the Quran without any change without any telethia. Or to do this is something that is unanimously agreed upon. So the forgetfulness when it came to the sada was two or four Raka is something that is human nature. Another aspect that

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again, we're talking about what is not covered in, in Esma, in the divine protection, is that sometimes some aspects of the knowledge of the unseen are not known to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam It is only Allah who knows the complete unseen are they will they be with Shahada does the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam know aspects of elemental five? There is no question that he knows much more than any of us know, otherwise he wouldn't be a prophet, and he is privy to knowledge and to aspects of the creation of the heavens and earth that we are not privy to. Otherwise he wouldn't be a prophet, but he does not know the entire aim of the heavens and earth

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otherwise that would make him divine. And Allah clearly says in the Quran, Allah Lai Lama manifest summer wa T will all be available Illa Allah, no one in the heavens and

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Earth knows the ultimate knowledge of the hype except for Allah subhanho wa Taala. So, Allah says in the Quran, Allah didn't one lady, follow you through Allah lavey. Allah does not allow his life to be known to anyone in Manitoba rasulillah except if Allah chooses a prophet, he will tell him aspects of the life. So our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew much more than any human being, but still, he was not infinitely knowledgeable. And this is again shown in a number of traditions and a hadith of them against the high Buhari, our Prophet sallallahu. It who was setting them said that when people come to him arguing their cases, one person is claiming this, the other person is

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claiming that he said, in an Bashar, I am a human being, we're in here at New Hassan, and two people come to me to settle their disputes. Perhaps one of them is more eloquent than the other. And I think that the evidence is with him, and I give him the right, but it is not his right and he knows it. And so if I give him a right that is not his, let this person know that what he is getting is nothing other than the fire of hell, let him take it or let him leave it. Now this idea is very, very explicit, very clear. And it also brothers and sisters brings about a level of moral reality to when we go to court when we fight our cases. What is our Prophet sallallahu? I said, I'm saying he

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is saying, you know, two people come, and they're claiming to have a business dispute a dispute in land dispute and money, a dispute in a contract, right. And, you know, perhaps, and each of them knows you know, who's right and wrong, but one of them is more eloquent, and can twist the fax and the other one is overcome by that eloquence. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying, look, if this person by virtue of the his sweetness of the tongue, manages to win over, and he knows that the contract was not in his favor, he knows that the money has been paid. Now he's saying it hasn't been paid, whatever it might be, whatever the case might be, and he wins in this

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court of mine. And I say to him, No, you must pay the money. Realize the Profit System is saying, just because the sweetness of your tongue one, it doesn't mean you actually want in the eyes of Allah. And if you take that money without the hack, then you are taking a portion of the fire of health. Now notice, what is he saying here in bash of I am a human being. And this also shows us as well, that the the part of what is not included in there isma.

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Part of what is not included in the divine protection as well is the HD high that of the Prophet salallahu idea he was sending him or his interpretations when it comes to the matters of this world. And again, this is something that is very explicit in the books of Hadith. And even the Quran references these types of things as well. And of course, the most obvious one is the famous incident of the cross pollination pollination that took that is recorded inside body that the prophet SAW some suggested a course of action when it came to the techniques of agriculture, and it didn't work out in the best manner. And he goes in an adventure once again, this phrase is so common in the

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minor version, I'm just a human being, I'm just a human being. And he said, unto madonia, come, you know the affairs of your world better than I do, and go back to the way you used to be doing it. In other words, it was just a suggestion, and you know, the affairs of your world better than I do. And great scholars like the call Dr. than his, she found others. They mentioned that it is not necessary, that Allah subhana wa Taala gives the knowledge of all of the sciences of this world to the prophets of the law, who I said he wasn't sent to teach us architecture, or advanced geometry, or engineering. That's not why he was sent. These are the sciences of this world, take them or leave

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them, they're not going to bring you closer to Allah in and of themselves, you will not gain Jenna by the sciences, he was sent to guide us to the way to Jenna. And so that is his area that he is divinely infallible As for other disciplines that are not a part of his message of his mandate. So if he suggests something as a human being, and again, how do we know this by the context and by what is being referenced? So you know, the specific specifics of agriculture, we are not bound, when he told the Sahaba to do that, the two have to follow that nobody does that. And he himself said that you know your techniques better than I do. And I have a much longer lecture. You may listen to that

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online, in my q&a is that I do hear that one, I gave much longer lecture about the discussion over the prophetic medicine, is there such a thing as prophetic medicine, and you will find a spectrum of opinion and you will find ergomatic ibn khaldoun

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And others and sha Allah, Allah della, when others who mentioned that look, you know, this genre of a hadith and whatnot, that it is not something that is legislative or binding on the oma, because this goes back to the knowledge is that what's available to him at the time, and so on and so forth. So this is something that goes back to once again, this is not of the divine protection of the prophets that Allah subhana wa Taala has given and included in this as well. And again, this is a very elaborate issue, we're simply going to gloss over them. And I just like to make again, I say this amended many, many times, in this series of lectures, I'm not able to go into the very advanced

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detail, because this is not the time replace. Generally speaking, the lectures that I give in all of these series, from the CRR, to the lives of the prophets, to all of these, you know, long series that I'm giving, generally speaking, I would say it is intermediate to intermediate advanced, but not actual, you know, cutting edge advanced and dissecting This is not the platform for that. So I must by nature of the audience and the medium of conveyance, I must, you know, tone down a notch going to all of the levels of controversy. And that's something that I do in my private classes in my seminars that I do for the advanced students to graduate students. That is where we do this not

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something that should be put in on on YouTube or something, because it's not the right platform for this. So again, I make this disclaimer, because I understand that students who have studied certain areas passionately, and they have differing views, that they feel that I haven't done justice to their point of view. And I say to them, that maybe that is the case. But this is not the time or the place for me to talk about all 10 opinions and who said what and why, and dissect and refute and counter refute. I'm giving you the position that I follow, and I defend and then that's it move on. So the other next issue we're going to come to is that whether the opinions of the Prophet

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sallallahu it he was settled him, when he utters them are inherently protected as they emanate, or are they protected in continuity, ie what do I mean by this? When our Prophet sallallahu I said him said something in his lifetime, this only applies in his lifetime. Now that we only have the sooner left that we take from obviously, this issue becomes theoretical, but in the life of the Prophet sallallahu it he was seldom was he protected before uttering a command. And then he had or the protection was that if there's a disagreement, Allah xojo will tell him change this and do that. And in summary, we're not going to go into all the opinions. In summary, it is quite clear that Allah

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subhana wa tada gave the legislative right to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to practice a prophetic HDR, this isn't the Shahada of our scholars of film, this is a higher level, it is a level that Allah delegated upon him. And generally speaking, if that he had was something that was approved by the divine, then it was led to pass and if there need to needed to be an amendment or an update or a change, then revelation came down, God came down, and that he had was then updated, and it was announced to the people that Okay, now this is the new ruling. And we have a number of examples in this regard. of them. Of course, the most famous amongst them is the issue of the

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prisoners of the Battle of better where our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam felt that it is better to release them for a ransom and Allah azza wa jal revealed in the Quran, ma con la B and the akula who Astra youth center feel that this wasn't the best course of option. And Allah azzawajal said that this will should not have been done, but now that you've done it, I will let it pass. Right. So this is a demonstration of the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had been given authority by Allah to speak on the behalf of the Sharia, and we are obliged to listen we are not sinful we must listen. But if Allah azza wa jal wants to change, then he will reveal a

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revelation and then change it. And again, this also is found in the incident of the book, in which our profits of the centum decided to forgive all of those who remained behind and Allah azza wa jal gently reprimanded our fellow Anka Lima intellia. Whom May Allah is going to forgive you. Why did you allow them to pass? Why did you just let it go that they stayed behind in the Battle of took off Allah Wonka Lima into level. So here again we have the processes and making he had and that he had Allah xojo is then either you know, allowing it to go through or showing this or that whatever it might be. And again, this is even from the sooner we learn multiple instances of this. For example,

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the famous had the third person

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hibbett Leela which is, again, a type of act between husband and wife, that are a timeframe I should say of that act that the profitsystem said, I contemplated, I contemplated prohibiting leader, but then I examined the civilizations of Rome and Persia and realized that it is not harmful and so it is permissible for you. So, again, this is clearly showing us that he is exercising his own he had and his he had his binding honor See, his he had is not like any other person, this is a prophetic level of HD heart and we are bound to it. But the point being a lot xojo gave him that right. And if Allah is version one to to correct or change or amend that he would do so if he doesn't do so well,

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now you want to fly to Hawaii, in Hawaii, in the water, you knew how whatever the prophets, Islam says becomes the equivalent and the status of what he after no correction comes down. So this is something again, that is clearly we derived from the Quran, and from the sooner. Now again, we go back to the issue of other aspects of his humanity that do not come and are not just his By the way, we're giving examples of the prophets ism. In reality, all the profits are the same in this regard, of the examples as well of humanity. We already talked about falling sick, our Profit System fell sick multiple times. He had fevers in his lifetime, and had it inside body. It is mentioned that

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once his horse, it caused him to tumble, and he fell and he injured his thigh, and he was forced to sit down while praying. He could not stand up for a few weeks, maybe even a month he would sit down and I should know the Lord herself mentions that he could not stand up for a month in this regard. So being injured because he fell from the horse or the camel. Again, this is a part of his humanity, as well. A part of him being human sallalahu I sent him is eating and drinking. This is expressly mentioned in the Quran. That one arson number rosulip was Omar sendemail publika middlemore Selena inla in the home layer Karunakaran Oh am sure nephila swag, we have not sent any profit before you

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accept that they will be eating food and they will be walking in the marketplaces. Okay, so, walking, buying, selling, this is a part of his humanity eating food, you know, some people they go to extremes in their notions of who the profits are, some was and they say he wasn't really human, he was a manifestation of the Divine Light. And this is something that, you know, this is a mystical interpretation that goes against the explicit Quran and Sunnah. And every single book of Syrah ever written. The Koran clearly says in an Uber showroom with lucam I am a human like you, and he would eat he would drink he would go to sleep, he would marry. In fact, Allah says in the Quran, prophets

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get married and they have children, that Allah azza wa jal explicitly says in the Quran, that we that the prophets had children as well. And we know this from the previous prophets, and our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu it he was sitting there as well. And therefore being a family man, and being a father and being a husband, all of these are natural realities of being a prophet. And again, if you listen to my length, the Sierra and especially you go to the the sections about the marriages of the prophets of law, he said them about our mothers and the marriages that took place and listen to the various you know, marriages and whatnot in light of what I'm speaking here, all of this is nothing

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to do with there is nothing to protect a human being as a human being, there's no sinner crime, you know, at all in eating and drinking and in getting married and having children This is all part and parcel of being human. And if you understand this point, then a number of incidents of the Sierra that some have found problematic or not problematic whatsoever, such as the incident of my moon and others, you loosen up and you read my Sierra or you listen to it and other books of Sierra and you will understand there is nothing to be protected from all of this. Another aspect again, we're talking about Nate natural human dispositions that do not go against the the divine chosen nature of

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being a prophet. Another aspect is that certain prophets have dispositions that are different than other profits. So some profits are stricter, some profits are more gentle, some profits are more forgiving, some profits are more merciful. And this is the reality that we see even in the Koran. No Holly has said,

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his nature is known and he made the art to Allah to destroy you know all of humanity after 950 years and how can we blame him for not getting exasperated at that stage, the temper of moose it set up again, it is mentioned in the Koran, the gentle nature of reciting his Salaam, the Forgiving and Merciful nature of Ibrahim alayhis salaam When the angels came, and they said, we're going to Sodom and Gomorrah, and Allah himself says Ibrahim was gentle and forgiving. And in fact, this is expressly mentioned once again in a number of traditions. That after the Battle of budget when the incident took place, about

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The prisoners of war

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and Abu Bakar recommended to the Prophet salallahu it he was sent him to forgive, and Omar recommended execution. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, your example, or abubaker is like that Ibrahim alayhis salam that he asked forgiveness even for those who rejected him. And your example or boubakeur is like that of Isa alayhis salaam, who said, If you punish them, then they are Your servants. And if you forgive, then you are the Aziz and the Hakeem. And as for you, or Omar, your example is like Moosa, it has said, when he made dua, that Allah seal their hearts. And Omar, your example is like that of know how to his Salam who said, Oh, my lord do not allow a single

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Kaffir to remain on Earth. So he's mentioning the differences between the various prophets and their different natures. And all of this is, all of this is something that is well documented, and forgive and and known. So we now we spoken quite a lot about the humanity of the Prophet, prophets, all of them. And we have to be very clear here that there is a trend in Islam. Generally, they're from the strand of one strand of the extreme. So we find again, this is always problematic when I mentioned the word, Sufi, or whatnot, because

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Sufism is a very broad trend, it is not a theology, and you will find Sophie's of all stripes and all types, and we cannot categorize all of them in one box, we cannot do that. There are many of them with a soul with who are, who are worshipers who are so hard. And they have, you know, their way of worshipping Allah. And there's not much issues with that. And then there are some amongst them who go to extremes that they should not and then there are some that go to even more extremes that might even potentially lead to an Islamic ideas and practices. And of those extremes. This is not mainstream. So I want to make that disclaimer of those extremes is a trend that seeks to claim

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that the profits are not human beings. And that's why I went into all of this detail today, to show you from the Quran and Sunnah, that they are human beings, that they are completely human, and the normal natural issues that human beings do, the prophets also do. And there's nothing wrong with affirming this. And there are some people who claim that our profits of the lesson of is not Bashar he is made out of Allah is light, and he is not a human being in any sense of the term. And we say that all of this contradicts basically everything. I mean, you don't even know I don't even know how to begin to refute this claim. Because it contradicts the basic message of the Quran and the Sunnah,

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and of the Sierra, and no human being ever felt this way. In the first you know, few 100 years of Islam, no Sahaba or Tabori, no one even conceived at this, because they recognize and they knew that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is fully human. So with this now, we now come to the next issue, which is the more problematic one, it's easy for most of us, I think it's easy to talk about the regular aspects of being a human being being hungry, bleeding, you know, marrying, having children eating and drinking, walking in this in the swamp and buying and purchasing, you know, living a normal life, you know, sleeping, these are things that we all understand. Now we get to the

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controversial area, and that is, can the prophets commit sins? Can the prophets commit that which is against the commandments of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is where we do come to an area where a lot of people who affirm the humanity of the prophets, they cannot affirm this aspect, and they have precedents, it's not as if they're coming out of nowhere. So this is an aspect that there's no doubt it does raise a lot of emotions. And the problem comes that a lot of people have an image of how profits should be. And they then need to back that image up by understanding the verses and the Hadeeth that don't fit up to that image. But the question we need to ask ourselves is where do we

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get the images of the profits from where do we get their personas From where do we get their natures from? We get it from the Quran and Sunnah. So rather than having a preconceived image, let us read the Quran and Sunnah. And let us see how Allah xojo himself and how the prophets themselves and how the companions of the prophets understood who the prophets were. And of course, my position throughout this era has been very clear and I still stand by this that in their perfection of humanity, they become our role models. They are

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as perfect as humans can be, but humans are not created to be angels. And so amongst humanity, the profits are the highest level. And the profits are role models, and their nature is fully human. But that doesn't mean that they are error less. And that's what we're gonna be talking about inshallah for the remainder of today and also in our next lecture. So let us begin with our first topic when it comes to the Esma or the divine protection. And that is that can the prophets commit sins in the timeframe before they became profits? Okay, so this is the first question, we're going to begin with that before they became profits. So for the first, let's say, in our profit systems life for the

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first 40 years, or more sadly, his setup as we know, he was raised in the palace of Freetown, and he lived many decades as a young man there. He then went to Medina and he lived around 10 years over there. Then he went to the center, and he became a prophet on Mount Sinai. So this timeframe before he became a prophet, okay. And the same goes for all of the other prophets that Ibrahim alayhis salam before he became a prophet use of LSM before he became a prophet, is it possible that they can commit sins? Now, this is an issue that we'll talk about a shoulder today that looking at the lives of the prophets that we know, it is very clear that no prophet was ever guilty of Chirac or Cofer,

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even when they were not prophets. No Prophet was guilty of worshipping other than Allah, or of not believing in Allah subhanho wa Taala. So of the divine protection upon the prophets, is that even before they are prophets, they cannot and they do not and they will not worship false gods. No human being whom Allah has chosen to be a prophet has ever worshiped a false god. They are protected even before Prophethood from doing something of this nature, so shirk and kufr is negated from the entirety of the lives of the profits from the time they were born, until the time they meet to their Lord, they will never worship a false god, and they will never reject Allah subhana wa Tada. And we

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see this even in our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, despite the fact that his entire tribe was idol worshipers, and his own uncle was an idol worshiper and everybody in his extended family worship idols, he never once never once bowed his head, or gave them an offering or invoke them in his entire life. And he never once ate of the meat that was slaughtered in the name of the idols. And he never wants to throw off around the idols, he never did any act of servitude to the false gods. So we can say categorically that Allah has divinely protected the prophets, all of them from ever committing ship and from ever committing, Cofer. And this is the position of pretty much

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the entirety of the oma. Now, there are some bizarre sects and some, you know, long gone groups, there's a group of the, the hydrogen and the hydrogen were very interesting group and they had at least 25 different subgroups within them. And some of them were so extreme that, you know, they said that it is possible that profits pre Prophethood can commit such acts, but this is we don't really care in terms of mainstream the bulk of the oma that we say it is impossible for the profits to commit to commit to major Cofer or shark Okay, that much is very clear. The next question though, can they commit major sins? Can the profits do sins before becoming a pro again? Right now we're

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talking about pre profit. inshallah. Next lesson, we'll talk about once the white begins, what is the protection of a law right now we're talking about before the war begins. And

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there's a group of scholars who here's where we get a difference of opinion, that one group of scholars says that they cannot commit any sins whatsoever, pre profited. Now, any group or any scholar that says this will also say they cannot commit any sense post profit? Obviously, if they cannot commit sins before becoming a prophet? How can they commit sins after becoming a prophet, and so they negate the existence of any disobedience of a law from the time of their birth until the time of their death. And generally speaking, this is a position that is not held by Sunni Islam it is held by non Sunni group, the largest non Sunni group. I mean, here the mommies are the twelvers.

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They held this position because they also have the belief that their 12 imams are infallible, so if their imams are infallible, then ipso facto a priori member Viola. The prophets are all infallible from

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birth until death. So that is their theology as for sooner or Sunni Islam, that generally speaking, generally speaking, they say that the prophets before Prophethood, they can commit mistakes, they can commit what we call minor sins, we are not aware of any profit even committing a major sin before becoming a prophet. There is no example of this. However, we do have examples of what we call mistakes or minor sins before becoming a prophet. And of course, perhaps the most obvious example of this is more Sally his Salaam, becoming angry when an Israelite was being chastised. And you know, the Egyptians had an Egyptian man had ganged up on him. And so Moosa comes and overreact and he

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punches him with such force, that he kills him. And this situation did not require this amount of force. And this is technically accidental manslaughter. Technically, if a person did this in our times, it's not murder, because it wasn't intentional. It's not premeditated murder, but it is accidental manslaughter. And that is why musala histogram himself says, or be in the bottom two, NFC photography really, oh my lord, I have sinned against myself, forgive me. So he recognizes he went overboard, this is before he is a prophet. And we also have the famous verse in sort of use of when the brothers of use have accused us of, of stealing as a child, right? All in yesterday of soccer,

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the soccer, a hula hoop. And now this is a cryptic verse, what does it reference, you can look up that series, I also have my book, how to use it as well, you can look up that for other interpretations. But one interpretation was that as a child, and children do these things that use have had, you know, taken something from his grandfather or something. So these are trivial things children do. Not a big deal. It's not a sin in any sense. He's not even above your head or whatnot. But the point being that it's not impossible for the profits to commit minor sins or slip ups or mistakes before becoming profits. As for major sins, we are not aware of any example that can be

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brought forth. And so if somebody were to claim, if somebody were to claim that the profits are protected from major sins even before becoming profits, there is no problem with this claim. So the profits are especially protected by a law called the new Esma from committing Schickel, COVID throughout their entire lives. And we can add to this as well, they are also protected from committing major sins before they become profits. However, as for minor sins as for slip ups as for mistakes, then this is something that is possible, according to the vast majority of our theologians and our scholars. And the reality of the prophets. being protected by a law is something that we see

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most clearly in the life of our Prophet sallallahu it he was seldom before becoming a prophet those 40 years in which he was preaching and teaching. He never once drank alcohol. He never once was involved in the riffraff of the ruffians, the young men, you know, young men and young women, they do what they do, and they, he was never involved in those gatherings never once he never uttered a lie, even though what he had not yet begun. He was called a saw that he was called an amine is exemplary manners were known to all and he was modest and he was chaste and he was dignified before becoming a prophet. All of this indicates that a law protects the prophets, even before they become

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prophets. Yes, maybe they can fall into a one off mistake, an anger issue, something happens like our Prophet Musashi said I'm quite angry, and he punched them out. This is a mistake. And it is in the grand scheme of things, let us say it is a minor sin even because he overreacted and caused his death. But it is not a major sin. It is not murder. And as far as we are aware, there is no example even of a prophet doing any major sin before. Prophethood. Much less cool for oh*. By the way, there's one point that needs to be said. And we're going to come to there whenever we come to the sha Allah. And that is a story of Rahim Allah His Salaam.

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The story of Ibrahim alayhis salam in which

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he is searching for the truth. And he says, This is my Lord. This is his mother. He says to the sun, the moon, the stars, this is my Lord. This is my Lord. A lot of people misunderstand the story. And they think that Ibrahim was actually saying, This is my Lord, meaning it. And this is a huge error, a massive error, because to affirm This is to affirm that Ibrahim alayhis salam was actually saying that the sun is his God and the moon is is

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Got and the star is his God. And that is not what he intended. Rather, what he intended was to debate with his people. He knew Allah was his Lord, but he is debating. He says, You think and you want me to believe this is my God, but it disappears. You want me to believe this is my core. So this entire conversation is a debate. And it is not an affirmation, Ibrahim alayhis salam never actually believed that these entities are his god that would negate him being a prophet of a lot. So in any case, we come to the conclusion of today's and inshallah, in our next lecture, or we're going to do is we're going to talk about the the status of the SMA, or the divine infallibility and

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protection that Allah has given to the prophets after the prophecy begins. How do we understand the various verses when it comes to the potential sins or the mistakes of the prophets? Can the prophets of Allah even commit any sins or mistakes? Or are they divinely protected from that after Prophethood? That will be our lecture next lesson. Until then, Joseph molucca saramonic Mohammed Allahu Akbar, catch