The Message of The Quran #3

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

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In the third part of The Message of the Quran, Shaykh Dr. Yasir talks about Juz 23of the Quran. Part 3_ Surah Nisa

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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smilla Manny, he led

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me along La

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Ilaha Illa one hi High School for you as Allah Allah you can kita Gabi hefty Muslim De Lima in a New Zealand

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in G min Babu then in

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on in

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the NACA photo be

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shady

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depot in a long array of a shape fill out of the water

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fill

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hockey

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gamma

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v nephin follow the hymns

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TiVo

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TiVo oui

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oui oui in law one raw seafood and feeding it Mia poo

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nabee

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rabina wanna go

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to zoo

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in

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robina

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evensi in

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in Allah de nakazato Tony

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Nina Long He

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will

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be

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calling him

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Tina

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muvizu be him well la Lucia de

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la de da Campo Santo la buena moto Sharona Isla Jehan will be set sell Neha and

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pardon can Allah

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Fie Fie

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Fie at

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Taco de lovisa Vila.

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Miss Li, Li,

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long, ie do de nos Li Manny.

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In C.

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Od so

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z Nalin Boucher

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Nisa, he will Bernina one Cornell

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Parvati Mina. wellfield ba

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mean that having one field wanting one

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woman to one, an army One Health that he can mentor

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Dunya

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una

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de la Vina

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beam Jun

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tgd Mian

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and Paulina fee.

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Nina law, well law

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Allah Xena una Bana

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Ville boo boo bana joaquina.

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Saw MIDI was slotted in 18 one Connie at 151 was almost still feeding bill as

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a slob eating I will slog up now at no

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fee no

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fee now as

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shahidullah mo

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Mikko

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is the

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noisiest hockey

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in

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Medina de la he is

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one of 10 Fl Latina Oh kita Illa

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de Malaga.

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long as he

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said, I want to come back warahmatullahi wabarakatu hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah who Allah Allah He will be here woman, voila. Welcome to our third episode where inshallah tada My goal is to summarize the essential message of the Quran in 30 lessons and today in sha Allah to Allah, we're going to cover Seurat in Milan, and so that either in Milan was a sutra that was revealed in the middle of the Medina and phase most likely around the fourth year of the hedgerow. So it's a significant time after sort of Baccarat, and much has happened since the revelation of suta, Baccarat, and therefore the themes of the surah. The topics of the surah are therefore slightly

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different than those of Sudan, Bukhara, the Battle of butter has already occurred. It was a momentous victory, a resounding success for the Muslims. So that and five talks about the Battle of bundler. We'll get there and shallow to add in a few days. And by the way, just a quick note here, that the suitors are not arranged the way the timeframe they were revealed, and they're not arranged chronologically. So sort of tell Bukhara is a maddening sutra, but it occurs right at the beginning of the Quran. It's the the arrangement of the sutras, they came from the consensus of the companions are a model of the Allahu taala. And when they decided to make the first official recension of the

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Quran, the first compilation from Fatiha tunas, so they sat down and they arranged the sutras based upon how they used to hear the Prophet sallallahu. It said and recite, some say based upon the template in the heavens above, but most likely There was also an element of the companions deciding so there is an element of just size factor bucket as the largest and add a brand and Nyssa so on and so forth. So sometimes we're going to get to a sutra that was revealed before sometimes after such as the nature of the arrangements of the Horan, we are more interested in the whole sutra, rather than the internal arrangements between the suitors. So in the second year of the hedger of the

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Battle of better took place, in the third year of the hijra, the Battle of Ohio took place and the Battle of boyhood was somewhat of a setback. It was demoralizing. The Muslims did not win, neither they lose. That's a longer story here. But the Battle of word was not a clear victory. And of course, the uncle of the prophets ism had passed away, over 70 of the Sahaba had been martyred. And so there was an element of feeling down of demoralized. Therefore, this surah also deals with the issue of the Battle of Oceans in particular, as well. There was a delegation that came from the land of Nigeria and from the province of Iran and Iran at that time.

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Had a large group of Christians. So the Prophet system accepted or received a large delegation. Some say maybe even 70 people came. And this was the largest delegation of Christians remember Christians did not live in Mecca and Medina, there were Jews in Medina, there were no Christians in Mecca and Medina, there was minimal interaction. Of course there was but there was minimal interaction of the Prophet system with Christians. The delegation that came from Nigeria on was the largest delegation of Christians that came and they stayed in the messenger that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they even had some priests or bishops with them as well. And this was the first time where

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deep theological discussions took place. And therefore this surah half of it deals with Christianity. Half of it deals with Jesus and the story of Jesus and in fact, the name of the sutra, the chapter of the family of Milan who is in Milan, and Milan is the grandfather of Isa. He says mother, his mother, young mother, yums father is in Milan. So millenniums mother and Miriam's father so the family of earlier in Milan, it is the family of Miriam and the son of Madame and that is Jesus, Jesus, the son of Mary, the son of Milan, sir in Milan and his wife, and then they have Miriam, and then Miriam has Risa the son of Mary. So that is the family of Milan, and around half of

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the surah. And Milan has 200 verses around half are really dedicated to the issues of the etiquette of the people love the book, and especially, especially that of Christianity. Now the pseudo of Allah imraan already mentioned yesterday or two days ago, that the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam combined, but Quran, Allah and Milan together, he said, recite Bukhara, and other Emraan and he said these two suitors will come like huge clouds on the Day of Judgment, and they're going to intercede for those who read them. And also, even abus tells us that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would wake up in the middle of the night and pray to God, even our boss said that he woke up

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and he robbed the sleep out of his eyes, and he recited the last page or the last section of sudo. earlier and more on that, in a few Helichrysum article. We're going to get to there at the conclusion of today's lecture that in the creation of the heavens and earth, in the alternation of the night and day, there is much wisdom or there is much Signs for those who reflect so the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam would recite the ending of sudo, earlier and Milan every night when he woke up for Sadat at hedgehog, and this entire sutra 200 verses, there seems to be two main themes of the entire sutra. The first half is that the discussion the theological discussions, the commonalities

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and the differences between Christianity and Islam specifically, and then broader advocate up advocate up includes other faith traditions like Judaism, any faith tradition that had an actual legitimate prophet and a book from a lot. They're called the advocate up and the two main religions have dedicated our Judaism and Christianity. There's a third one, the sabie own and they're very small group that hardly they are very few left there in English, they're called the manda Ian's but that's a technical point, and I promise not to go into Tangier. So let me go back from no attention to shala. The advocates are primarily are the Jews and Christians and suta Emraan. It primarily

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deals with Christianity and therefore there is a lot of discussion regarding a lust tauheed the oneness of Allah regarding the validity of the Quran regarding the validity of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Christians are told that they need to believe in the Quran, they need to believe in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It is one of the most detailed sutras about Mary, the mother of Jesus and about the family of Emraan. The parents of Mary In fact, this is the only surah that mentions the mother of Mary. That is the only sort of no other sort I mentioned the mother and the grandmother of Jesus no suit I mentioned her other than this one. And this surah also

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discusses aspects of the children of Israel and Judaism. Incidentally, it's not a direct discussion as much as sort of Bukhara is that is around half of the surah. The other half of the surah is really about the encouragement of the believers to be firm in the face of adversity. They're feeling down, they've just suffered from their eyes a loss. Now whether or not is a loss or not, that's a longer topic. Technically, it's neither victory nor is it a loss. It was kind of in the middle, but they definitely wanted a victory. And it wasn't the type of victory that they wanted. So much of the surah then deals with the issue of the Battle of Ohio and fortifying the believers faith, increasing

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their level of optimism, helping them understand and cope with what happened at OSHA, and therefore, this sooner also will help us as we grapple with some of the setbacks of our own lives as well.

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The suta begins by affirming the truth

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of the Koran by the fact that Allah subhanaw taala has sent down this book and that it is a continuation of the previous revelations Mossad, the Lima Albania day, it is affirming the message of the previous prophets and the previous books. And in verse number seven, and by the way, I'm just going to quickly mentioned the verse numbers. Some people said that they want to know the verse numbers when I say them in Arabic, so inshallah throughout from now on every time I quote a verse, I'll quickly just say in verse number such and such, and then you can look it up yourselves and hamdulillah a lot of people are taking good notes, they're tweeting back, by the way. Also, if you

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want to tweet on Twitter, use the hashtag YQ gems so that everybody can benefit it in sha Allah, my cell phone on my admins will retrieve a retweet as much as we can, so that people can benefit anything that you benefited from this lecture just tweeted out and shallow data and we can then retweet it for others. So in verse number seven, we learn that Allah Himself is categorizing the Quran into two categories, who already answered Allah Kitab. He is the one who has sent the book down to you, men who is to come out there are verses that are more come and what can means unambiguous, it means crystal clear. And Allah says these form the backbone of the book, this is the

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essential part of the book. There are other verses that are multi shabby, and what the Shabbat means that which has unclear meanings or vague meanings, then a law warns us Be careful, because there are some people they want to read in their own interpretations into the Koran. How do they do that? They do that by ignoring the Morrigan. And by taking the vague with ashabi by taking verses that have multiple meanings, and then reading in what they want to read in, and what this verse is telling us from the very beginning, is that those people are letting if you obey him saying they have a disease in their hearts, they're able to misinterpret the Quran. They're able to twist the Quran to their

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own agenda. And Allah azza wa jal says EBITDA and fitternity, what do they want to cause fitna? They want to cause chaos, and they desire to try to unlock them with the Shabbat in an illegitimate manner? And then Allah says, No, I know the meaning of these verses and the people of knowledge as well know the meaning of these verses. What am I going with that we know Illallah what Rossi who never heard him, the people well versed in knowledge, they can understand them with the shabby hat. And this shows us that real knowledge will lead to correct opinions, real knowledge will help you unlock the mysteries of the Quran. How so? Well, first and foremost, alert says in the Quran in the

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very next verse, verse number eight, are abana Allah to zylka lubaina barinder it had a tener O our Lord, do not cause our hearts to deviate after You have guided us. The number one condition for knowledge is sincerity. You have to be sincere for the truth for Allah. You cannot be wanting to read in your own positions into the Quran. That's not that's not academic integrity. That's not being humble. No. The first thing that you do when you open up the Koran, you seek refuge in shadow and you say the name of Allah, you show sincerity. You want to the truth, you don't want to have evil. That's why I've been allowed to Zuko lubaina variedad had a tener overlord do not cause our

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hearts to go astray don't cause us to be deviated. We want the truth we are sincere. So when we open the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala, we ask, What does Allah want us to understand from this book? We do not say what is my opinion, let me see if I can read it into the Quran. And one of the best ways that also true knowledge is sought is by reading the Quran holistically. Understand the vague versus the ambiguous verses, in light of the clear verses both are from Allah kuromon. In the law, as is very explicit, both are from Allah. So if anything is vague, for example, very common in the English language, even in Arabic, when we read the Quran, we have the plural that we did this and we

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did that and I had no no right in an unknown agenda. We are the ones who sent the Koran down. Why is it in the plural? Does it mean that God is the plural look at the outcome versus when Allah says Shaheed Allahu Allahu La Ilaha Illa who Allah is bested as testifying, there is no deity other than Him La Ilaha Illa who, therefore the plurality whenever it occurs, it is one of those ambiguous verses. If you had an evil intention, you could say a stock photo lotto caught on is arguing for plurality of Gods but that's wrong, because the converse is clearly say Allah is one what, how can we allow who and why, therefore the plurality is understood to be another type of plurality in the

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Arabic language, that is the plurality of Majesty the plurality of respect and not the plurality of quantity? How did we get to this? We looked at them with a Shabbat versus in light of the outcome versus that is what the Quran is telling us therefore

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Don't be surprised if somebody quotes the Koran to justify a very bizarre or unorthodox opinion. Don't be surprised that Allah is telling you, those that have a heart disease in their heart. They can twist the Quran to suit their meanings. This is a very important point to understand. We are also explicitly told of another fundamental issue of understanding the Quran and also of being a Muslim verse number 31. That Allah says all in quantum to Hebron ALLAH hafiz Tabby Rooney, Allah say, if you truly love Allah subhana wa Taala you claim to love God you claim to love Allah, follow me, the me here is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and only then Allah will love you and

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forgive your sins. Verily Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. altior Law School verse number 32 tell them they must obey a law and they must obey the messenger. But if they turn away, then Allah does not love the faithless, the ungrateful, therefore, from the Quran from actually not just adding a moron over 70 verses that are explicit in this regard, we learn another thing, if we want to worship Allah, if we want to love Allah. If we want to understand the Quran, we have to turn to the Sunnah. There is no understanding of Islam that is correct, without turning to the sooner who better to tell us than the Prophet whom Allah sent, we turn to him and we OBEY Him. There is no ultimate obedience

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to Allah without obedience to the Messenger of Allah. Now, it is true that this verse was revealed primarily to the Christians, the Christians are saying, we love God, we love God, we love God. And Allah is saying, If you truly love God, you have to follow the prophets of God. You claim you love God, okay, that's all good, excellent. But if you really want a lot to love you back on enquanto when Allah phetchaburi Rooney, you have common law, you have to follow me as the final prophet, and then and only then will a lot love you back then, of course, the context is that of you know, Christians think they're not going to

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believe in the Prophet, but that doesn't negate the fact that the verse is applied and can be applied to the Muslims as well. And therefore, anyone who says that we are only going to follow the Koran we're not going to follow the sooner we say the Quran itself negates that type of faith. The Quran itself tells you that is not real faith, real faith is to obey Allah and obey the messenger the Quran and the Sunnah are our primary sources of theology, of law of ethics of morality, or religion is based upon these two sources. Well, I'll tell your Allaha Well, I'll tear over soon obey Allah and obey the messenger that is very explicit in multiple verses, including these verses in

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Surah, Allah in Milan, and then in the next verse, verse number 33, Allah subhana wa Taala begins the stories that are going to come over 80 versus now of stories. And in in the last of Adam, I will know what are the Ibrahimi? What are the emiliana the mean, Verily Allah chose and selected a lot preferred a luck and choose people allies, the widow can raise people above ranks, and we want to be amongst those who are raised so we make dua to Allah to be amongst those whom Allah raises up and Allah has chosen the best of the best and who are the best of the best in the last offer. Our demo will new hand. What are the Ibrahima were earlier in Ronda idol, Allah mean for people and families

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are mentioned Adam, the first man of mankind new the first rhassoul the family of Ibrahim, and included in the family of Ibrahim is a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the family of Emraan. And the family of emeraude is of course Maria and Jesus and their grandmother, meaning the mother of Medea, these are the three or the four people that Allah says, I have chosen them above all people. And then of course, after this many beautiful stories here, the story of Imodium, the story of the mother of money and the story of her uncle zecharia So, modems, mother's sister modems hada was married to the Prophet Zachary. Yeah, so the profits equity is her uncle. And mom's mother is the

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sister in law of zekeriya. And so the story of zecharia Zacharias is mentioned that he did not have a child and he was very elderly, and he made due to a love for a child. And so Allah blessed him with yahaya, john the baptist in English. So john the baptist, yahia, and Jesus, they were first cousins. They were the two sons of two sisters. So the two sisters, one of them had Jesus and the other had john and therefore they are first cousins. So the miracle of the birth of yah, yah is also mentioned in this section of Sudan and Milan as well. The stories of Jesus with the children of Israel, the miracles of Jesus, the disciples of Jesus and the help that they gave. And by the way,

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as you go through these stories in Sharla, because remember, the goal of this lecture is so that you then contextualize

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And then read the entire sutra. As you go through these stories. Notice how simply how beautifully how effortless, effortless, effortless effort, excuse me, effortlessly The stories are combined together. And this shows us as well, the eloquence of the Koran. When you read these stories in the Old Testament, when you read the story in the New Testament, you know, you really and I'm not saying this as a as a way of disrespecting order. I'm just saying, factually, when you read them, you kind of get bogged down in the details, there's so many names, so much stuff is going on, you lose track of the actual story. If you look at the Koran, not just in Saudi Arabia, in Milan, in the entire

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Koran, stories are so different. There is hardly any names just the name of the main character even that, for example, the wife of Milan, we don't even know her name. You know, the the wife of Milan is called there, we don't even know her name, the mother of money, and we don't even know her name. We don't know the name of any of the other characters, no dates, no towns, nothing is there, what is there, the moral of the story, what you need to extract from the story, that is what is there and this is of the interesting things about the organic mechanism of stories, which is in contrast to almost all other scriptures of other faith traditions, the Quranic narrative is very, very

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different. Also, one point that we do need to discuss about Isa that is explicitly mentioned in this surah. So the other Emraan, it is a key verse that we need to understand verse number 55, that with quite a low Isa, in the motto of FECA, worauf heruka eladia. That one is when Allah said, Oh, Jesus, I am moto with FECA. I'll translate this in a while. What are fear? Okay, Ilya, and I will raise you up now.

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Mainstream Muslims, from the time of the earliest of times, mainstream Muslims have believed that he said, the son of Mary Jesus, that Allah Subhana, WA tada saved him from being killed by the children of Israel, and that Allah subhanho wa Taala, miraculously raised him up alive, and that he is still alive now, and that he will come and return towards the end of times. Now, this is the belief and is the standard belief of mainstream Muslims that hamdulillah from the beginning of time, there are some people who go against this theology, and they believe that Jesus was killed on the cross with it, or Jesus died in a natural fashion or whatever. And they use this verse of the Quran, where

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Allah says in the motto of FIFA, and they translate with our feet, as we will cause you to die, because tawaf does mean to die. There is the correct interpretation, though no question about it, that one meaning of tawaf is to die. But what did I just say? 10 minutes ago, when there's a vague verse, the Quran is telling us don't just use this vagueness don't just read in your meaning. Look at the entire message. And for evidence is beyond the scope of today's brief talk here. But there are verses in the Quran surah Zuma has it. There are other verses as well. There are many a hadith that are very explicit in this regard, that we're going to have to understand what they were over

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here not as To cause to die, but another meaning because in the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala says that Allah huya to F and enforce a hadith mot ha, well let the lamp template fimea Allah azza wa jal takes the souls of those who are dead, and those who have gone to sleep and have not died. So the term tawaf is also used to go to sleep. So it's not just to die. And from this very verse, we learned that the meaning that is implied is a long sleep, why in the world through a FICO or our fear, okay, Elijah, I will cause you to suffer and raise you up to me. What does this mean raise you up to me if Lisa had been dead, there is no raising up, the body has to be raised up, Isa has to be

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raised up. The very fact that he said is being raised up rather than his body being here is an indication that he is alive. So this is something we have to be very clear about our mainstream Muslim understanding and theology. Another key verse when it comes to the nature of Jesus is also found in Sudan, and Iran. And that is verse number 59. It's a very, very interesting and profound verse about the reality of Isa in the method or Isa in the law. He came SLE Hanako, hoomin, turabian thermocol, Allah who couldn't figure corn, the similar to the example, in the eyes of Allah of Jesus is the same as that of Adam. He said to him, couldn't he created Adam from dust, dust, and he said,

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Kuhn, and Adam was good for your code. Now, what is the implication of this verse? You see, one of the main dialogues that faithful Christians have with faithful Muslims is the nature of Jesus. This is the

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fundamental difference between Christianity and Islam, the nature of Jesus Christ. Obviously we all know that Christians they ascribe a type of divinity to Jesus Christ. They believe that Jesus was the essentially the manifestation of God, that there are three that rule in heaven. And those three are not three, but one and that Jesus is, in fact, God himself, and he is God, the Father, etc, etc. And one of the things they always mentioned is the miraculous birth that he come, he came from, without any father. And Allah is saying, if you think that a child born without a father, and that only happened once in all of human history, Risa, if you think that that would bring about divinity,

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what do you say about Adam, Adam came without father and mother. And so if you think that Jesus is somehow the Son of God, or somehow God Himself, because he didn't have a father, well, then even more so you should argue that Adam is even more divine. And Allah is saying neither of the two are divine. So a lot is using rational arguments for believing Christians. And this shows us when we want to engage in a dialogue, we learn the faith tradition, and then we engage in intellectual dialogue. Christians also believe in Adam, Christians believe in the virgin birth, like we do. So the Quran is using intellectual arguments to make Christians understand and realize there should be

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no divinity in the nature of Jesus just simply because he did not have a, a father figure, just like Adam came without parents, and he was of normal flesh and blood. So to Jesus was born without male intervention, and yet he too, is of flesh and blood. And by the way, throughout all of these stories of zecharia, and Jesus and the disciples, again, Allah is using these stories to prove the truth of the Koran, verse number 44, that he can, you know, he like all of this is from the knowledge of the unseen that we are inspiring to you. Mr. quintella de him is your own economic a yo yo, Kuru? Maria, you were not there, when they were arguing in their inner chambers about how they would take care of

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Maria, you were not there. And you were not there when they were debating amongst themselves. And yet Allah is telling us details that frankly, even some of the Jewish people did not know some of the Christians did not know. And there are stories in the Quran that are not even found in the gospels that as we know them, and yet they're found in what is called the Apocrypha, what is called the, the positive, the Gospels that are not mainstream. They're found here and there and they're in the Quran because Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us directly from what happened and Allah uses this knowledge, multiple times, including in Surah. Allah and beyond that our Prophet sallallahu

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alayhi wa sallam was a Nabeel ami he could not read and write. And this knowledge was only available to the advanced scholars who understood Hebrew. The Bible had not been translated into Hebrew. The New Testament had not been translated to Arabic for another few centuries. There is no knowledge available in Arabic, especially in Makkah, especially to an unlettered Shepherd, who did not go through training did not go through universities in degrees, there were no universities back then did not train in different religious understandings. And yet the Quran is coming and telling the stories of money and the stories of the mother of money and the stories of Korea of john the baptist

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out of the hora ish had no knowledge of john the baptist. It's not a part of their culture. They're not discussing magium and what happened in the chambers of the Temple of Solomon and Allah is saying you were not there Yasuda law, you were not there. But I am the one inspiring this to you. This is a sign one of the many miracles of the Quran is it's detailed information of the theologies, and of the histories of other civilizations, that typically, a person who's raised in Makkah, and who was not known for traveling and for reading and studying would never ever have come across in the sixth seventh century. And yet the Quran is full of such stories and details that he could not have found

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except from Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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Another major motif of suit and Milan, and this is a rather long one. And it's also very interesting, and I know that all of you will be interested in this as well. So we're on Amazon, and we're going to return to this motif tomorrow a little bit as well. sudah Adam Braun does deal quite a lot with gender, Medea, and the mother of millennium. The wife of Emraan are the key players of this sutra, and the sutra is named after them. And Emraan here means essentially the mother of mother Yep, and millennium, the two women that's the family of Enron. Actually, Enron plays no role. He doesn't have any role in the story itself. I'm sure I mean, obviously, we assume him to have been

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a righteous man. But he's not mentioned he's not playing an active role. Here. It is Maria and the mother of magium. And then Isa, this is the family of a Milan and we see here the very important role of not just the parents but especially the mother in instilling a man in their children. When the

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Mother of Medina is pregnant when she has the child in her womb. And she assumes that the child is a baby is a boy she thought it would be a baby boy, she when she has this child, she raised his or her hands to Allah subhana wa Tada. And she says this child I want to dedicate to you and to your worship of Allah. Before even the child is born, she is worried and she wants to protect the child's faith. The child's a man, she wants to make sure that this child is raised as a righteous Muslim. Ah, she didn't know how to be a Muslim, she thought to be a Muslim, and she went makes daughter to Allah subhana wa Tada. How many of us, when we were expecting our children were their fathers or

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mothers, if your wife was pregnant, or if the ladies were praying, how many of us how many of us, raised our hands to Allah and made when the child was still in the womb that Oh, Allah protect my child, oh, well, I make my child righteous, or will I make my child upon your path? You see, this really shows us when you're concerned about something, when you are really eager to do something, it will manifest from the very beginning. And so the Modi, the mother of Modi, and from the very beginning, she is making dua to Allah. What do you think that after the child is born, what do you think her dedication would be? And this is how one of the mechanisms that we obtain righteous

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children righteousness in the parents insha Allah generally, there's always exceptions, obviously. But generally speaking, righteous parents, they help with righteous children, you want to be have righteous children, you have to begin with yourself, and you have to begin with the dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And she wanted a child, a male child, who would become a rabbi, a dedicated scholar, and a worshipper. You see, we go back to the time of the Temple of Solomon, the Temple of Solomon is there. And in this timeframe, there is a very elite group of scholarly ascetic rabbis in the Jewish tradition, very elite group, that they would be raised in the temple, and they would

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start training and learning the law and memorizing from the childhood, it was a call it the elite University prep school, right? They would go through that school, and then become the very highest level of scholarship and ascetics and worshipers, and so Madame is saying that Oh, sorry, not only I'm the mother of money, but the mother of Medea missing, Oh Allah, I want my she thinks is a son to go into this and dedicate his life to your service. Now, the child is born, and she herself is shocked. And she says, verse number 36, in the world, in fact, my dear Lord, this is a girl and Allah says, will we be mobile that Allah knows what you gave birth to? And then Allah says, Listen

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to this carefully, what he said that caloocan verse number 36, memorize this verse, the male is not like the female. Well, they said that Kuru can own fat SubhanAllah. Such a beautiful, succinct, profound statement is especially one that our generation needs to hear that male is not like the female, there are obvious biological, psychological, physiological, emotional differences between the male and the female, they are not the same. Gender is not a human construct. Gender is a biological reality. It is a fact it is a fact that is embedded in our DNA is and Allah is reminding us when he said that Gurukul OSA now gender roles are slightly different. Yes, some roles very few

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are dictated by the law. The Jewish law known as the halaqa had its laws and our shediac as well, they have certain differences as well. We'll talk a little bit about this and sort of the Nisa. However, the gender roles have nothing to do with status and nobility in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And therefore, when the child comes out a girl, she cannot become the type of Rabbi that the mother wanted to because in the shadows of the Jews, by the way, in our city up, a lady can become an alumna of her amorphous Sara, a copy of the Quran. And I want to say very clearly one of my own teachers that I studied the era of wash enough hair from she was a lady who had memorized all

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10 of the kurata. And I would call her up on the phone and recite to her, the color of wash. And most of our scholars of Islamic history have always had teachers that are women true. The Imam in a mixed congregation in our shed, he cannot be a female. But Islamic scholarship is open to both genders in our religion, there's never been an impediment for a shaker and Adam for more data, and there have been plenty in Islamic history. Now in their law, it was slightly different so she couldn't become the type of Rabbi that Madame mother wanted her to do. Still, though still, when Maria wanted her daughter to do something righteous, and her daughter Miriam's mother and her

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daughter agreed to this, so she did dedicate her life

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the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala and therefore her gender did not stop her from pursuing excellence in the eyes of Allah. Gender means nothing. When it comes to the path to gender, it doesn't matter whether you're male or female, the paths to gender are equal, and the doors of agenda are equally open. And that my dear brothers and sisters is the ultimate gender equality that the Sharia guarantees genders are real gender roles have some religious basis and some cultural basis and therefore the laws of the city I have some differences. Nonetheless, gender means nothing when it comes to piety when it comes to a man when it comes to subservience to Allah subhana wa Tada. And

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therefore, Allah says in the Quran, that when her uncle zecharia would bring the food to Maria Maria was his niece, right when her uncle's are Korean, she's in the temple and she's worshipping Allah in the in her own chamber. She's constantly studying and doing Vicar and praying to Allah. Every time that courier comes in Kula Mahal, Allah has a Korean Maharajah whether they're in the her his car, he found there's already food heavenly food over there is the couriers, like who came here, I have the key, you're not supposed to go outside, I'm bringing your food I'm taking care of you where this food come from. And she said all that woman in the law, this food is from Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And therefore zecharia was inspired by the piety of Madame hoonah dakka dakka Zakaria boo. When he saw how pious Maria was the old man the Prophet of Allah Zakaria is a prophet of Allah and she sees the piety of his nice medium, and he feels inspired, he feels moved and he makes do our to Allah. Oh Allah, you gave a miracle to my niece give me a miracle to give me a miracle to give me my son. Yeah, even though I'm elderly, I'm above the age of 19 My wife is now no longer capable of bearing a child but oh well. Ah, look at this young lady and she has been gifted with what she has been gifted then I can also be gifted with the miracle of yahia and so Allah subhanho wa Taala gifted him Yeah,

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as well. And Modi um, despite her gender, verse number 42 What does Allah say? Yeah, Modi mo in Allah hasta faki water how rocky was tough Aki either Nisa in either mean or Maryam, Allah has chosen you, Allah has purified you and Allah has chosen you above all other ladies of all the world. Her gender did not stop her from being chosen by Allah subhana wa Tada. Her gender was never an impediment in her closeness and piety to Allah. Now, of course, as we said, gender is a real thing. And that is why in the very beginning of the sort of verse number 14, our Cardinal facade recited it, Allah mentions that the genders are indeed temptations to one another. So we have to be careful

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about that. Xueyan international Hubba chahatein and Nisa it will be in verse number 14, beautified is it to men, the desire and the lust that they have for women and by the way, every time in the Quran and Sunnah, men are told about something about women, the opposite also applies that women are a temptation for men and men are attempting to and for women, it's a two way street. So gender is a real thing. And we have to be extra careful. That's why we have laws in our study about gender relations, and another verse in the surah, about gender relations. And it is perhaps one of my favorites, versus when it comes to gender equity. It's a beautiful, beautiful verse in the very end

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of the sort of verse 195. And to help you understand the sooner we have to turn to the Hadith in sunanda, Timothy, and also in the seat of authority, our mother oma selama, our mother, oma selama, she asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them a question. Now, this question,

00:43:51--> 00:43:52

I guarantee you,

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in the majority of gatherings of the world of scholars and massages and whatnot, if a sister were to ask a similar question, she would be rebuked by not just many of the men present, perhaps even the chef or the teacher, how dare you ask this question? This is our mother Ole Miss Emma asking the question, What was the question? She said out of school of law? Why does a law only mention men in the Quran and not women, even though we too have migrated and we too have been persecuted and we to participate in such so many good deeds Why does a lot not mentioned women in the Quran? Can you imagine if a woman in our times were to stand up and ask this question can you imagine the the the

00:44:38--> 00:44:59

the outcry that would happen? How dare you stuck foot a lot but you see brothers brothers brothers, let me just tell you, man to man, frankly Subhana Allah, any why this this notion of it just imagine, just imagine Dear brothers in Islam, just imagine if your entire life and career was something that we treat our women

00:45:00--> 00:45:39

The way that we treat our women and you had to live in that way, being told no for this and no for that, and everything is double standards, how would you feel? So our sisters do have their role and their rights. And if they're not given their legitimate rights, they're going to ask for illegitimate rights, which is what we are seeing now. Brothers, give our sisters the rights that Allah has given them. If you don't do that, don't be surprised when they demand that which Allah has not given them. It's very simple. So almost selama asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Messenger of Allah, why does it allow mention women? Notice, the profitsystem didn't say How dare

00:45:39--> 00:46:24

you stop for the law woman Know your place? He didn't do that at all. What happened? A law revealed sued earlier in Milan, verse 195, read it. First, the Java home row, boom, your Lord responded, the answer came down. Aneela will the ramen mini mini come in decadent. I shall not cause the good deeds of any of you, male or female to go to waste by local min bout that both of you are from one another. Every male comes from male or female, every female comes from a male or female. Each of you needs each other. Each of you comes from the other. You are not aliens to one another. You are not enemies to one another. You are not in opposite teams to one another. You're on the same team bow

00:46:24--> 00:47:09

local men bow the both of you are from each other. And therefore those who migrated those who were expelled from their lands, those who were persecuted because of me, those who fought those who were killed men or women, I shall forgive their sins and cause them to enter agenda. And the reward is with a law and indeed with a law is the ultimate reward. This verse clearly explicitly lays out the Islamic notions of gender equity, and by this I mean, I will come back to this point and other suitors as well. But this was very clear. A man and a woman are equal spiritually in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. In Nila Well, there are many, many men coming their current own sir, any

00:47:09--> 00:47:54

good deed that a person does man or woman, the good deed will not become bigger and greater if a man does it, know what the good deed become lesser if a woman does it know every good deed man or woman will be rewarded equally regardless of gender, the paths to gender the opportunity to go to Jenna they are equal and that is the ultimate equality to your sisters. dear sisters, do not judge your worth by comparing yourself and your roles to other creations of a lot other people I mean here men don't judge your value by comparing yourself in any fashion shape or form to the roles and responsibilities of men know your worth and your dignity comes from within yourself and your

00:47:54--> 00:48:27

relationship with Allah subhana wa tada that is how your value and your dignity is assigned not in comparison to anyone else. When it comes to genders. It is true that the Sharia has responsibilities that are different that are catered to each gender in these responsibilities. There is nothing to do a value and of nobility just because their responsibilities are different. It does not mean that the one is preferred over the other bow local min about how we're going to come back to this in sort of the Nyssa as well and shallow data tomorrow.

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I have to go over quite a lot now we have already done don't really have to surrender when they're going to do the Emraan today, the next half of the sutra it deals with quite a lot to do with the the issues of the Battle of boyhood. But before I get there, I really do have to mention one thing about the issue of Christianity. It is true that Allah subhanho wa Taala Of course he talks about some of the righteous of the people of the book that Allah subhana wa tada says they're not all the same ladies who so Allah says in the Coronavirus, 113, that there are some that are good, and there are some that are not so good. So Allah says in sort of other Emraan, that there are people of the

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allocator that if you were to give them an entire treasure, verse 75, they would be faithful and return it to you. And there were others you should give them a coin, they would deceive and they would hide it from you. So Allah separates the unlucky tab. There are some good and there are some bad and this shows us dear Muslims. If a person is a non Muslim, that's definitely not good that they're non Muslims. But you can have good manners as a non Muslim. You can be honest as a non Muslim, you can have a type of piety not our type of piety agreed in not the taqwa related to Allah but you can be God conscious in your own way. In other Emraan verse 113, Allah explicitly says

00:49:44--> 00:49:59

there's a group of the delicate up they worship a lot, they recite the revelation of Allah they prostrate themselves in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala despite the fact that they are Nikita. So piety can exist in non Muslims at this time.

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Same time, we have to be very clear here. And that is that in sort of other Emraan, there are some of the most explicit verses in the whole Koran, about the reality of Islam being the only religion acceptable to Allah, you see, the two are not mutually exclusive, you can have a type of piety and not be a Muslim, and in its own way, that is good. However, if that piety is exposed to Islam, and you see Islam and you recognize Islam, and then you reject it, that piety has failed you that piety has not pushed you to the level that you were supposed to go. And therefore the Quran is very clear in this regard that Allah says in verse number 98, that say to the people of the book, that Cody

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Allah kitabi, why do you reject the revelations of Allah when Allah has made you witnesses over this in Surah? Nine in verse number 19, Allah says, In the DNA in the law in Islam, verily, the only religion acceptable to Allah is Islam. In verse number 83, do they desire any other religion besides Islam? Do they desire any other religion other than the religion of Allah subhana wa tada and all that is in the heavens and earth is Muslim is Islam to him. Therefore, it is very clear verse number 85, one a year vitellius, Iran, Islamic dienen felon yotpo Bella mean who whoever chooses other than Islam as his religion, Allah will not accept it from him. Therefore, from other Emraan we learn we

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praise the advocate and we dialogue with the advocate and we even debate with them in the best of manners whenever harsh with them. Verse number 24, in juca, if they come argue with you respond as slim to wedgie, I have surrendered myself to Allah and all those who follow me have surrendered and say to those who have the Scripture and say to those who don't have a scripture Aslam to have you surrendered as well to Allah for in assalamu. For the day though, if they accept Islam, they are rightly guided into Well hello. And if they turn away and reject for in LA tell, but your job is merely to convey, who can't force you can't do anything. You can't be violent, you shouldn't be mean

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or nasty, but you should dialogue and debate and you should invite them and if they choose to not embrace, okay, we will meet you on Judgement day my job has been done. My job is to convey the message. So it is very clear. There are good people have the leaky tap and there are bad people as well. And we are commanded to dialogue with them to talk with them to explain our theology to them. And then we say to them, it's up to you, whatever you want to do, but you if you really want to love a lot and you claim that Allah is going to love you for Tabby Rooney, you must follow the prophet and only then will Allah subhana wa tada love you.

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In the next half of the sutra and I'm gonna have to zoom over this there's a lot to be said here, I wanted to emphasize a number of points of them is the Battle of offered Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds the Muslims in verse number 123 that I helped you I better remember. remember Allah have to admit that when you were weak, so it's not as if I cannot help you know when I want to I will help you. But then he reminds them what happened at verse number 152. That was the solder hakimullah who are the who Allah fulfilled his promise to help you out as well. Yes, in the beginning, you were winning. In the beginning, you defeated them by his leave. Then what happened? Listen to this hatay

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the official term what an actual comedy what I'll say to combat the Morocco motto hipbone three things. And then the fourth min command you do the dunya woman command, Edo era. You were winning all Muslims in the Battle of whether you were winning. You were defeating them. They had turned their back and they were running away. Then what happened? You began bickering amongst yourselves, disunity. You began disputing the command disobeying you began rejecting the explicit commandment when you saw the war booty listen to my story of the Battle of words in detail. They saw the war booty and they wanted that and they disobeyed the Prophet salallahu it he was sending them. So Allah

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azza wa jal says, when you falter when you argue amongst yourselves, when you disobey Allah and His Messenger, that is why you guys what happened or what happened. And that is why it is very clear that failure in this world failure comes when we don't follow these three things at the efficient tone. Your resolve was weakened. You didn't have faith. You didn't have firmness within a certain family. You began bickering amongst yourselves what I'll say to them and you disobeyed a line is messenger, some of you love this world. And some of you want the hero. Therefore, when people began bickering amongst themselves and disobeying the prophets, the law why you send them that is when

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The kurush under the leadership of holly the middle, he returned back and they attacked a surprise attack and they managed to wreak havoc in the ranks of the Muslims. And the rumors spread that even the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself has been killed. Verse number 144. Allah reminds them why Mohammed on ihlara soon, even if he had been killed, why Mohammed ihlara soul what is Mohammed sallallahu Sallam except a messenger or the harlot mypublisher Rasul. Many are the messengers that have come before when he dies, or when he is killed, will you then turn and leave Islam? This was the verse suta earlier Emraan 140 for barely an hour after the death of our prophets of Allahu

00:55:42--> 00:56:24

Allah, he was sending them on the 23rd return over on the Monday in the 11th year of the hedgerow in the masjid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the body of the Prophet system is 30 feet away in his room. aboubaker walks out and he stands on the member, and he quotes verse number 144 from suited early and Milan, one of them will Hamadan Illa Rasool, for the holiday, Russell, for a matter of putting in color to my other hobby come around with a blue hottub said, even though I had read this verse 1000 times, when we buckled recited on the member, it was as if I heard it for the very first time, because I realized at that point of time, that our Prophet system is no longer

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there. So this is that verse of suta, and Milan, also, in the end of the battle, Allah tells them that look what happened happened, but you can't let that dictate you for the rest of your life. You have to move on verse number 139. What after he knew what he does no one until we are alone in control mode, meaning this is the verse of optimism. After all that's happened. Allah says to them, don't waver. Don't feel sad. Don't be in denial and grief and remorse and don't just mope around all day, don't just always let the grief bog you down. No one untoward alone, you're going to win, you're going to be victorious, you're going to be to superior ones, if you are believers in a law,

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and this is a powerful verse, no matter what's happened in the past, no matter what setback happens, you know what it happens, okay? Now we have to change your attitude, have an optimistic spirit, put our faith in Allah and trust Allah will untold alone, we are going to win. And we're going to be the winners in quantum meaning if we are truly believers, as well, this suit under Enron, it has quite a number of verses about life and death as well. Some of the most powerful verses about death occur in sort of Enron, verse 156, Allah is the one who gives life and causes death, verse 185, kulu neffs, in the control mode, every soul shall taste death, verse 145, no soul can ever die, except by a laws

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permission at a pre determined time. You cannot change the time of death. If somebody passes away, do not double guests. If this if that no, Allah says in Surah imraan, again, in the series of verses that even if they had done something else, a law would have willed that they leave their houses and they die at the exact time and the exact spot that their decree had come, you cannot change the time of death. And we're also told, of course, that the martyrs they have their own life, verse 169, don't consider those who are Shaheed to have died, rather, they're alive with their Lord well provided for and Allah azzawajal gives us a very interesting command in verse 102, that Oh, you who

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believe be conscious of a law and do not die, except as Muslims? Well, I Templeton 11 to Muslim moon, how can we guarantee that our death is going to be in Islam? The surah itself tells us verse 102, commands us whenever you die, guys, make sure you're Muslim. Okay, how do we guarantee that verse 193, we make dua to Allah, we make dua to Allah, that Allah only causes us to die in the company of the virtuous we want to die amongst the righteous that our names are written with the righteous people. So one of the ways that we guarantee that our death will be in the state of Islam is by living the life of Islam. When we live the life of a Muslim and we make dua to Allah

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constantly, then Allah will bless us with the death of a movement and that is our goal as well. Before we conclude, quickly some parallels between Bukhara and other Iran. They are paired together by our Prophet sallallahu Sallam both of them mentioned Ibrahim, both of them mentioned the Kava, both of the mentioned the Hajj in verse number 96. Verily, the first house built for mankind is the one in the blessing in the house of Allah, there are clear signs there is the macom of Ibrahim, whoever enters the house shall be safe. These are all in suta Emraan both of the buffer and other Emraan. They have powerful verses that encourage sadhaka analogies and metaphors to give charity

00:59:52--> 00:59:59

both of the mentioned the prohibition of interest. Both of them have verses that describe the role and the status of the around minimum

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Mark yesterday I talked about verse 143. Bopara today I want you to read the middle of Sudan Iran round 109 110 when Allah says couldn't come higher omitted in us You are the best nation produced for mankind. Baccarat says omoton was sorta the Emraan says higher on button and but put together this is the role of our nation that Allah has chosen for us. And we conclude our lecture about Allah in Milan with the very conclusion of Allah and Milan itself, which is the verses that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam himself would recite, because the ending of other Emraan is a powerful powerful app is one of the most beautiful passages of the Quran when it comes to do app. And it

01:00:42--> 01:01:21

these are the verses that are prophets of the law where I said them would recite every single night when he would wake up to pray to huddle in the Hulk SMRT will already walk the laughing lady when the hottie the IRT lil Alba in the creation of the heavens and earth and the alternation of the night and day, there are Signs for those who reflect a lady in the Quran Allah Yama, and Wakarusa and vida juubi him there are those who remember Allah standing, sitting and lying down with a Corona fuel Hulk assemble what he went out and they reflect upon the creation of the heavens and earth and they make dua to Allah or abunda Mahal after heard about Allah or Lord, you did not create all of

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this creation in vain. Oh Allah Subhana Allah Glory be to Allah for Kenya either. banagher protect us from the punishment of the Fire or banner in neckerman to Hinata fuckwad zeta, or Lord, whoever you cause to enter the fire of hell, you have disgraced that person. What am I avoiding minimum and unsought and there is no one to help the wrongdoer a lot better. Oh our Lord in cemetery now, Mona de una de de man, we have heard a color your profits of the law where I said he is calling people to have faith and amin will be Rob bacon. He's telling them to believe in you for men or Lord, we have responded to that call. We have believed in you. So because we have believed in you, because we have

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followed your prophet because we affirm that testimony fulfill Nana una waka fear Allah say you sejati you know, what was abroad, forgive our sins, remove our misdeeds and allow us to die in the company of the righteous are abana What are Tina Martin Allah Rousseau Rico Our Lord, and show us the truth and grant us the promises that you have given your messenger the promises of heaven, the promises have been protected in the grave the promises of having heavy scales the promises of dying in the state of man, although we believe in all of them, so show us those promises. When I took Xena Yokohama we don't want to be humiliated Oh Allah do not humiliate us on the day of judgment or a law

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granted honor on the day of judgment or law while Xena Yokoyama in color totally fooled me. I verily you a law, never break your promise you promised us you would protect us. You promised us you would grant us Your mercy if we asked, you promised us to give us a good life in this world and the next if we believed in you and turn to you. So we turn to all law and we make this law to you from the depths of our heart. And that is why this surah is so powerful. It concludes with one of the most powerful passages of ours in the Quran. May Allah subhana wa tada allow all of these doors to apply to all of us may Allah subhanho wa Taala allow to the Baccarat consumer and Emraan to intercede for

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us and to come by to great clouds on the day of judgment and inshallah tada tomorrow we will resume with Surah Nisa salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.