Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Surah al-Rum, Luqman and al-Sajda
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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Praise be to Allah Who created everything in pairs. He it is Who has blessed us with and guided us to Islam. We worship Him and it is his help we seek for all of our affairs. And it is His revelation that we turn to to be our guide and our email. He sent to us a messenger a prophet.
Who for his oma cares. So it is upon him that we send our Salat and our continuous Salaam. Today inshallah Tada, we're going to be doing three sutras and we began with surah. Our room, as soon as our room the Romans is a late, mucky, surah. And in fact, this surah we can date very precisely because it is the only reference in the entire court on to a specific political event that was contemporaneous to the revelation of the Koran that is outside of the Arabian Peninsula. And it is also one of the crystal clear references to the genre of Quranic predictions. What does the Quran predict a number of things, but this is number one on the list. And to understand the story, the
Quran was revealed, obviously, in the seventh century CE II, and it was at this timeframe, the two major superpowers, the Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire, which was the remnants or the continuation of the ancient Roman Empire, and the sassanid, or the Persian Empire, and during the timeframe of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam being in Mecca, and also in Medina, there was a massive war going on between the sassanids and between the Byzantines. And this was a series of wars that took place between 602 to 628, ce II, and of course to reference this, so the hedgerow takes place 622 C, so the hedgerow is 622 This is the first year of the hedgerow and the series of wars 602 to 628. So
all of this is going on. And this series of wars that lasted two and a half decades, was one of the most devastating series of wars between these two superpowers. And in fact, the assassin is the Persian Empire, they gained more ground than they had ever gained in their history. And during one especially advantageous time, they conquered much of what is now Syria, Egypt, the even concrete what is now turkey back then it will be called Anatolia. Turkey is a modern name after the Turks came. So Anatolia is one is what they conquered with which is modern Turkey, and the year 614 ce II, May to be more precise, may 6, one for the city of Jerusalem itself was conquered by the Persians.
So the Persians, the assassin is controlled Jerusalem, and they control Damascus. And they were on the borders of the Arabian Peninsula. This was unprecedented, and it was felt that the Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire would be collapsed completely, they would have completely been overrun. Never before had the Persians been so victorious, gotten to the very heart of the Byzantine Empire. And this conquest of Jerusalem was a conquest that the Prophet system was preaching in Macau at that timeframe. And the Quraysh started mocking the Muslims that hey, your colleagues, the Christians, because Christians and Muslims, they believe in the same God, and Christians and Muslims have a
common heritage of tawheed and Southern Africa overall, obviously, there's many differences, but overall, they belong to what is called the Abrahamic traditions. And so the Quraysh made fun of the Muslims because they said your team has lost and the chorus felt more own affinity with the Persians with the assassin is because the assassin is our Zoroastrians, they were Austrians, and their version of paganism and the Hershey version of paganism was more comprehensible to each other, then the whole paradigm of profits and going to heaven and hell and hell that that that was a thing that they didn't quite, you know, understand. And so the Muslims sympathize with the Christians at this
timeframe, and I sympathize with the Persians with the Zoroastrians. So when the Zoroastrians when the assassin is one over the Christians, the Quraysh were robbing it that oh, you know, your team lost and that happened. And Allah subhanho wa Taala then revealed this chapter right after the conquest of Jerusalem by the sassanids over the Byzantium or the Byzantine, and the notion was that that said, the Byzantine Empire is going to collapse. So this is the timeframe. So we can date to this pretty precisely to around the summer of 614. See, this is when this surah came down, and this would be around the seventh year of the doubt. So the Hydra is still four or five years away. So
this is like mid to mid late of the Macan era, and the surah begins with some of the most powerful verses that are just so beautiful. Alif laam Meem od battle room. The Romans have been defeated. This is the Jerusalem conquest that took place holy battle room, he added an out in a nearby land Jerusalem. But now comes the prediction. We're home in by the holiday home sales live wanna be vanilla, but following this defeat, they shall be noticed the future tense cellularly born they shall be victorious.
victorious in a few years by the permission of Allah subhanho wa Taala de la helambu macabre Mubarak. This is an affair that Allah has decided from beginning from the beginning to the end, way oma even. And on that day, on the day that in a few years, they will be followed up by being victorious Allah says fi bilberries in in that in a few years, this defeat will be followed by a victory because all matters belong to Allah subhana wa Tada. The Romans will be victorious over the Persians in a few years. And on that day, the day that they are victorious. On that day, the believers themselves will be rejoicing at another victory. And so Subhan Allah in this verse, we are
promised two predictions. Number one, the Romans will recover and they shall attack the Persians and regained that land and even do more than this. And number two, the day that that happens, it will be a day that Muslims themselves will be rejoicing, and SubhanAllah. A few years after the revelation of this verse, the the the Emperor heraclius, the young Emperor, this is the same Emperor that the Prophet system corresponded with and he sent an Abu sufian had a conversation with the same Emperor heraclius that heraclius he had a resounding victory over the Persian general Shahada borras Shahada borras so the Persian general Jehovah Ross and the heraclius Emperor on the other side, that
heraclius launched a counter offensive, and he re conquered much of Anatolia, all of Anatolia, he expelled the Persians from their land, and the Persians had to go back to their lands, and contemporaneous to that event, in a land far, far away in the central Arabia in the in the province of yesterday, but Medina, in the land in the plains of budder, another battle was taking place, much smaller number wise than the Battle of the Persians of the Romans, but a battle that was to be far more instrumental in global history in human history in Islamic history than the Battle of the Persians or the Romans. And that is, of course, the battle that took place on the 17th of Ramadan in
the plains of whether the great battle of burger the same day that the Muslims were victorious in the same day heraclius was victorious over Shahada Baraz up north in the lands of Elijah Sham and so Subhana Allah Allah subhana wa tada predicted obviously, we believe this from the Quran is actually very clear on this point. And as I said, even the language it is talking about a future event and it is even said that we will consider Claudia la one that he made a bet this is not this is not gambling, because he knew that it would come to fruition that one of the Quran said if you really believe this, I will bet you so many camels, you know that the the people are going to lose the
Romans are going to lose because that was a situation and because this is not to gambling because it was a certainty. And because the Quran thought that this is not something certain so because so they actually gained financial game because of this. So Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions in verse number six, why the law This is the promise of a law and the law never breaks his promise. So this is one of those beautiful stories of the Quran that clearly indicates the miraculous nature of the Quran, from the mechanism of predicting the future. Now, the next verse, by the way, it's actually a very powerful verse that we should pause at verse number seven, that Allah subhana wa tada criticizes
certain certain people of mankind, he either Muna vorherigen, middle hyah to dunya. They only know the outer aspects of this world war whom I didn't go to Omaha if you don't, but they are totally heedless of the Hereafter, and Subhan Allah, Allah does not criticize knowledge of this world. Allah criticizes a superficial knowledge that does not lead to spirituality. The knowledge of this world in and of itself is not something that is blameworthy. It is good to have knowledge of this world go ahead and get your you know, your education, your masters or PhDs in nuclear physics and whatnot of humbler Good for you. But make sure that that knowledge is channeled. Yeah, there were no vol here
on minute hated dunia. They know the outer intricacies of this dunya look at how even aliquoted the outer intricacies they don't even think about the deeper meaning they know the outer they can go to the moon and come back they can calculate the speed of light they can do this and that, but of what good is it? What
have you done when they haven't thought about the hereafter? And this verse, by the way on a personal note, I would this was one of the verses that motivated me I had a degree in chemical engineering and I would be working at Dell chemical solve solving polymer calculations on it anyways, long story there. But this verse was kept on kept on resonating with me that personally it inspired me to to have a career change and hamdulillah I never look back not saying that. Obviously careers are all good and Hillel, but different verses impact people in different matters. And for me, this verse was a very seminal verse in my own life in my own
trajectory. So Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions that people who know the outer aspects of this dunya they had better also take care of the archaea. Otherwise we seek Allah's refuge. But this verse might apply to them as well. This ruler then proceeds to mention certain aspects of the Day of Judgment before reminding us some of the most powerful miracles of nature around us is a passage that is very popular amongst reciters of the Quran, verse 17, to 30, verse 17, to 30, that Allah subhanho wa Taala says, glorify Allah, when you go to sleep at night, and when you rise up in the morning, To Him belongs the praise in the heavens and on earth, and in the evening. And when you
reach the midday He is the one who brings the living out of the dead and the debt out of the living, and he revives the land after it has died, so to you shall be resurrected. And then Allah begins a series of lists woman IoT woman, a yachtie woman Iot of his miracles of His signs, so read through this list of his miracles, He created you from dust, and lo and behold, you are all humans everywhere in this world, of his miracles of His signs, this that verse that is always quoted at times of marriage or any talk that is given about marriage. This is that verse over here, that of his miracles and signs is that he has created from amongst you for you spouse's mates, so that you
can dwell with them and find tranquility in them. And he is the one that has placed that love and that compassion between you in this are Signs for people who reflect and have the science is his creation of the heavens and earth, and the diversity of your skin colors. And the differences in your languages. In all of this are science for people who understand and have his science is that you sleep by night, and the day you pursue his bounty in this our science for for those who listen and on and on beautiful series of signs that we take for granted. And this surah as well. And the sutra as well. It has some key theological verses that we really do need to pause at of them a very
deep verse, verse number 30 that falconwood Shockley Dini, hanifa devote yourself to the Pure religion provides a law he let he felt on NASA, ie, this religion is the natural instinct or the predisposition that a law has predisposed mankind upon there is no changing the creation of a law. This is the true religion. But most people do not understand this verse is the most exclusive verse in the Quran about the concept of the fitrah. And this is a very, very key concept. In my PhD I have over 100 pages dedicated to the concept of the fitrah. And this really is what separates Islam from all other faith traditions, because somebody says, I was born a Muslim, because my parents were
Muslim, and my neighbor is born a Christian because my my neighbor's parents were Christian. So it's just a matter of luck. We just happen to be born in different ways. How do I know my religion is true, if every single person had to go and go through every single faith tradition, that would be impossible. So it's just a matter of basically coincidence that I happen to be born a Muslim, and that's why I'm a Muslim. No, that is not the case. The fitrah is what really changes the entire paradigm. And that is because we firmly believe that Allah Subhana, WA Tada, placed in every baby without any exception, whether they were born in this household or that household, every single
newborn has the fitrah and the fitrah, call it an intuitive compass, call it a psychological intuition that knows truth from falsehood, that knows how from Bolton that knows the hates from Schulich. And Islam and the fitrah fit perfectly together, Islam and the fitrah are compatible. So when the child is born upon the fitrah, and then is nourished in Islam, everything is fully perfectly synchronized in the child's soul in the room, in the spirituality, the comfort that will come, the psychological certainty that will come is something that only the Muslim who is born to that faith knows now the one who does not have the religion of Islam, and all child, children are
born in the fifth row, when they grow up. their fifth row will not match with their religion. their fifth row is just going to find something awkward doesn't make sense. Talk to any convert anybody who's converted, talk to them, they're going to say just something wasn't right. And when I heard about Islam, it just made complete sense. It just clicked with me. What was that clicking? What was that complete makes sense? It is the fitpro attaching with Islam. And this is a deeper topic and I have given advanced topics and basic topics. You can find them online, but this is the verse about deep fitrah which is very, very important. We don't need to go searching for the truth. Our
psychological spiritual intuition knows Islam is the truth. Why go searching for true north when our heart is telling us this is the North we know what it is. We know this a lot. That was the pain and and hamdulillah
This is the blessing of the fitrah. Another key theological verse, this surah is very deep in theology. Another key theological verse is verse number 41, verse number 41. Now Eliza just says, la hora Casa de fille berry well baja de la casa, but at nursey luthy, aka hongbao lady I knew when I left home, your home your children, that facade, and facade is evil and corruption, pain and suffering, all types of evil our facade, facade has spread throughout the land and indices, because of what people themselves have done, in order that they may taste some of what their own actions have caused, and so that they can come back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, this is not the only
verse about the concept of evil, but it is definitely one of the most significant verses in the entire on. And the reality here, of course, the concept is a very deep one, as usual. We cannot go into a lot of detail. But the issue comes here that a lot of people, they don't understand why there is pain and suffering, why there is evil in this world. And in fact, if you look at the rise of this new trend called New atheism, their primary contentions with religion and with God is the existence of pain and suffering, and they keep on bringing up this issue, that if there was a powerful God loving God and merciful God, why would he allow all of this pain and suffering and disgust and, and
and you know, all of these pandemics? What How can we explain all of this? And so this is a very deep topic, the fancy term is theodicy like how do you reconcile belief in God with belief in evil? How do you
relate the existence of evil with an all powerful, All Merciful God, but this verse that we're looking at right now is one of the most significant verses in this entire concept, and it tells us that Allah azza wa jal does not love evil, that Allah subhanho wa Taala does not love evil, but rather that there is a wisdom that there is a worldly wisdom and there is a spiritual wisdom. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says this evil first and foremost, ascribe it to yourselves voted for Saudi fell barrier by had to be Makassar with a dinars, ascribe it to yourselves the realm of the angels does not have evil, the realm where the angels inhabit, that is not the realm of evil, evil is
coming because of our own transgressions. Secondly, there is a worldly wisdom to get a taste of our own medicine, as you have done unto others. So it shall be done unto you, as you have corrupted others, as you have hurt other people, as you have destroyed nature, things are going to happen and bite you as well come out to dinner to dine is the thing in Arabic as you do unto others will be done unto you. And then thirdly, there is a spiritual wisdom as well when I learn from your journey versus land on your journey over here, so that they can come back to a law so that they can rediscover So, the concept of evil, we can say that a law does not love evil, but a law loves the
good, that righteous people generate to respond to the evil that is one of the main wisdoms of evil, the good that is coming to to fight against evil or the good that comes to, to to make us understand and comprehend that hey, we better correct our act we better you know, be better people, the good that comes and is formed at times of evil. That is what Allah subhanho wa Taala loves. And by the way, I have to say this year that you know, those people who end up rejecting God and choosing atheism because they don't understand the wisdom of evil and pain and suffering. So Pinilla How foolish is that, that Firstly, not only by rejecting God, do they still have the problem of evil,
they still haven't solved it. But secondly, they create an infinitely longer list of existentially more complex questions for which they have no answer. So rather than trying to solve one problem and failing, they end up creating a far more longer list of far more complex problems of the meaning of life and the meaning of death and why we are here and who created us and how we should live. They have no answer to any of these questions, because in their arrogance, they thought they didn't understand one question and one answer, so they might as well reject God. So what they have done here is that not only have they denied the existence of God in their minds, they've actually denied
the wisdom of their own existence, they have no purpose to live. And so those people shall get their faith that they deserve unless they're guided in this world. So this sort of concludes by mentioning the miracles of the creation, and then reminding the Muslims to be patient, and to not be dissuaded by those who are mocking and making fun of them. The next one we're going to do is sudo local man. And sudo command is a mid to late matki surah as well. And it is, of course, a surah that is named after the person of local man, the persona of local man. And look, man most likely was a righteous man, he was not a prophet. And this is the only sort of that mentions Look man, as
Viet in our chronological comings throughout the Koran, this is the shortest sutra that we will be covering as of yet is four pages long, only 34 verses. So as you read the Quran from Fatiha after Fatiha as you come along so the command is only four pages, it's a relatively short surah. And so look man, it begins by describing the righteous by characterizing them as those who observe the rituals by criticizing those who turn away and purchase now while Hadith, Allah while Hadith means all types of vain and useless matters, be it entertainment, or be it something that is sinister and evil, anything that is a wastage of time that prevents people from the worship of Allah subhana wa
Tada. That is something that is worthy of criticism. And of course, the story it is famous for the story of Lockman, from verses 12 to 19. And look, man, as we said, was a righteous man, he was actually from Africa. And a lot of zildjian has preserved his wisdom for us that there was beautiful advice that Luqman gave to his son. And this shows us as well, that of the sign of wisdom is to prioritize one's family and to preach to them in a manner that is beneficial, and a matter that will be that will truly preserve the legacy of one's faith. You cannot be wise, if you don't care about protecting your religion for your own children. And this is a beautiful story. Please read the
story, understand the mechanism that lachemann is using. Notice, for example, that he's beginning the entire preaching by Billy by reminding them to have faith in Allah subhanho wa Taala. Eman in a law is the foundation it is the building block. It is what everything else is, is built upon. If you're a man in a law is strong, your morality, your manners, your rituals, your o'clock, all of it will flourish. And if you're a man in a law is not strong, well, then the rest of that building is not going to flourish as well. And of course, within the context of this advice, we also have the advice of being good to one's parents. Notice here the change of tense that laquan is speaking to
his son in the entire section, but only that one section that talks about the rights of the parents. Allah takes over and Allah says we are the ones who told mankind to be good to their parents, even though look man is also speaking. But why did Eliza take over the tents here? Why? Because to demonstrate that obedience to parents is not something that look man said because he's a father. It's not there's not some type of tangible benefit that look man is getting rather it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And even if your parents Allah says in this surah even if your parents tried to force you to do something wrong, don't obey them. But in this world, accompany them with goodness
and with kindness. Even if they're trying to force you to commit schoodic in this world, try your best to accompany them in a positive manner and accompany that with Martin Luther which means according to the culture and time you treat them in the manner that they deserve. Look, man also teaches his son accountability in front of Allah subhanaw taala. He's instilling in his son God consciousness wherever you are, no matter what you do, no matter where you are, a lot as origin is watching you. And Allah will know of your deeds. And of course Lockman advises his son, to establish the prayer and to give charity and to be a role model wherever he is that he should be preaching the
truth, commanding the good, forbidding the evil, and all the while doing so, with utmost humility, verses 18 to 19, while autosol, hot, decadent, nasty, and do not treat people with arrogance, nor walk heartily on this earth. Verily, Allah does not love the arrogant show offs, and be moderate in your stride, and lower your voice. Truly the most repulsive of all voices is the brain of the donkey, you know, the loud voice of the donkey, that when you're speaking with people, speak with them in a gentle and in a soft manner, do not raise your voice and yell and scream at the notice much of these sections are about o'clock and about humility and modesty. And I say this over and
over again. The Quranic message is so clear. And yet sadly, it is truly sad that so many people who think they have discovered faith that today treat people of whom they presumed to have little or no faith, they treat them with such harshness and with such crudeness that, as I said in a previous lecture, they turn people off and it truly amazes me which book are they reading? And which one are they studying because this is not the message of the Quran, and it is definitely not the syrup that we see in our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So I say this, especially to those folks who presume themselves to be religious. Do not become a temptation and a trial for other people to
abandon religion because of your false sense of power.
it because it is a false sense of piety. If you are treating people arrogantly even if they are sinners, I swear to you, your arrogance against them is a bigger sin than the personal sins that they're committing between them and Allah subhanho wa Taala your feeling of arrogance, your feeling of contempt, it is a bigger sin than the personal vices that they might be committing in their private lives as long as it's not the vise of shoot as we know. The point being that again look, man's advice is full of humility and good manners to his son, the next page and a half. It is a summary of some of the powerful blessings that Allah subhana wa tada has given us and this this
section begins verse 20, that Allah subhana wa Taala has given us so many blessings Adam total unknown what Haven't you seen that Allah subhana wa tada has subjected for you Sahaja come all there is in the heavens and the earth. And I spell la Komiyama who and he has immersed you or lavished you with His blessings, while he often will gotten those that you see and those that are hidden. So what should we do with all of these blessings? So Allah azza wa jal says, women use language Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, I'm watching on Fokker. This time stackability voted with whoever submits his face to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he, he is charitable he does good, then
that is the person who has held on to the firm hand hold. So the point being with all of these blessings, what do we do? Woman you slim watcher who in a law look at a lot talking about the Islam of the face. And this really demonstrates the meaning of the word Islam. The technical meaning of Islam is submission to a lot. Now some say Islam means peace. That is not incorrect. Islam does have the connotation of peace. But the real technical meaning of Islam is submission. And we can say through submission, one will find peace that is definitely the case as well. But the word for for peace in Arabic is of course Salaam and other conjugates Islam, the conjugal Islam, it actually
means to submit to humble oneself in front of, and it is true that the root for peace is also the root for Islam. That is true. But the word Islam, as I said, it means submission. And this verse clearly proves this woman you slim, when you have a law, whoever submits his face to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And of course Allah talks about the submission of the face, because the person who subjects who submits his face If so, facto submits the entire body when your face is lowered, you are truly demonstrating humility, which is why the such that is the ultimate posture of Islam, you have taken that which is the most noble and put it on the floor where your feet trample, you would
not do that for anyone for anything, but you would do it when your Creator asks you and that is why the sage that is the most beloved of all postures to Allah subhanho wa Taala.
The surah concludes verses 32 to 34 that Yeah, you will notice it or a back home that oh people, be conscious of your Lord, what telco my language is enough soon enough. cintia the surah dealt with the Father and Son this will have dealt with families. Now Allah is saying, beware of the day that no soul can avail another soul and no child can avail his parents nor can a parent avail a child in the law he has done verily the promise of Allah subhana wa tada is true. Fela Yoho run neck Komal hyah today dunya wha la hora run combi la hora. Therefore, let not the life of this world deceive you. And let not the big deceiver she upon himself deceive you. We have two major temptations or
enemies. The first of them is this world and all that is in it of wealth and money and Shehata and desires This is this world that is a cause of temptation. And the second it is shavon and shaytaan uses this world the two of them tag team the two of them come together the world in and of itself is not evil, you can utilize it for good. But if the deceiver comes in and changes the reality for you, then it is possible this dunya can be a deceiver for you. So Allah saying Be careful, don't be tempted by this world, that you make it your end all and be all. Then Allah azza wa jal says famous verse 34, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commented on this verse, he said, five are the
things he literally picked his fingers. He said, five he pointed five are the things that none no except Allah subhanahu wa Tada. And then he quoted Surah lokman verse 34, in the law in the whole Alamosa in one version he counted one by one in the law in the word Messiah what unit zero life while Mr. field of ham one night arena sumedha texted ohada formatted enough to be a yo didn't move in the LA demon hobby. That with Allah azzawajal alone
Is the knowledge of the Day of Judgment. No creation knows when will the Day of Judgment come? No creation, not even the angel gibreel not even the angel is Salafi, who is assigned the trumpet, no creation knows. Number two, he sends down the rain. No creation knows when it will rain, how much will rain until allies who just tells the angels to send the rain down? Number three, he knows what the rooms contain. And the meaning here of course, is not only does he know when a child will be born, when will a person who's struggling to have a child when will they be blessed with a child but also what is the reality of that child? What will happen to this child the future of that child, the
wombs contain the child and their destiny and so no one knows this. And no soul knows what will happen tomorrow. The future is something that only Allah subhana wa tada knows, and no soul knows in what land it will die, forget what time it will die, in what land it will die, that Subhanallah How many times have we ourselves come across or heard of a story of somebody who lived his entire life somewhere, then for whatever reason, some issue came and he decided to take a quick trip somewhere and it was the trip that was his death Subhan Allah so Allah azza wa jal had willed that that person would die over there, and no one else would know and alive. So, we just created the circumstances to
cause that person to go there one might say that enough, some be a little more to know soul knows in what land they will die indeed a loss of high now what Allah Is it him and his hobby. So, this is Sora Look man, a very, very beautiful short surah four pages in length, the final surah that we will do today is Sora such the suit at such and such that is a sutra that most of us should be familiar with.
Because it is a surah that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would recite regularly in the federal Salah of the day of Juma. So on the days of Juma in the federal solar our profits of the La Jolla San with typically recite pseudo such that in the first record as well as those that is called such because it is one of the suitors that has a such that in it and because the the the verses that mentioned the search that are especially powerful, so it is called suited as such. And the theme of the sutra is very clear from the beginning to the end, by the way, a very, very short surah. So this is the shorter sooner that we have dealt with after the fact up till now. And it is only three pages
only 30 verses. After this, a number of suitors will go back to our mid size 1011 pages or so. And then we're gonna start you know, cutting down so inshallah in three four days, we're going to be condensing more than three suitors right now we're sticking with three sources for every episode. So sutra such that is only three pages 30 verses, and the theme of it is the journey of our life, from the very beginning of the beginning, from the beginning of time and throughout our entire life up until the end of times and the day of judgment and heaven and hell. And so what a beautiful sutra to recite every single Friday to remind the Muslims of the reality of this life to remind the Muslims
of where we are where we have come from and where we are heading. And the beginning of the surah Allah subhana wa tada mentions that he has created the earth in six stages. He said that the mean and the word a young it should not be translated as days many 24 hours. The word am here should be translated as stages, because what yo means is a segment of time and later on we call it a day. And so whenever Allah says he created the earth in 6am, it doesn't literally mean the days that we are thinking of as a day It means in six stages. And Allah azza wa jal also mentioned right here in this section that He created man from clean Thermage Atlantis, la hoomins, hula tema in mahane. So he
created the first man from clay. And then from that he created he made his descendants from Sudan attainment in maheen. Salamis, an extract and MA in mahane means a fluid that is not considered to be Noble. It is a humble fluid, it is a fluid that you don't really, you know, think about in a positive manner. And this is very true the fluids that emerge from the male and the female, they are not things that are considered to be in and of themselves noble, and that is our origin. Now, this verse here, and again, these are one of those juicy tenders I really cannot go into, but we're just going to reference here. And I've given other lectures that have that I can say this now, but that
I'm doing that every time there's a important topic. Typically there are other lectures that you can reference it myself and other speakers as well. The this this verse over here is actually very explicit that the
First creation, the first father of ours our father Adam was created from, from clean from clay and clean means a mixture of water and sand. Then from that first person, Allah subhanho wa Taala caused multiple generations to come from the extract of a humble fluid and then thermos a wahoo. And then he fashion that fluid, wonderful coffee him or he and he blew the soul into him, which Allah coma somehow will have a solid or a feeder and he gave you hearing and seeing and thoughts Kadima dish guru, what I'm trying to say here is that the notion of our father Adam, not being a real entity, or that Adam not having been created by Allah directly from the theme from the clay, it is a notion
that we cannot really find support from within the Quran whatsoever. So I have spoken about this in longer details and other topics that yes, there are issues that the what we know about evolution does raise with the Quran. But one thing we cannot compromise on is that Adam was our father, and his spouse Hawa was our mother, and from the two of these all of us have come that is a core onic fact. And damali his Salaam is not some name given to some other biological organism that descended from other species. Allah is very clear, this is one of the verses there is a distinction between the creation of Adam and the rest of mankind, Adam is a typical is not fitting into the other
creations scale and model. And I have given other talks about this reality, with the caveat that indeed, this is a difficult topic and ongoing research still needs to be done. And I don't think we have reached a definitive conclusion in terms of how we reconcile what we know of science with what is very explicit in the Koran, we have to be clear that this is an area that definitely requires more research. And it requires more than just Quranic specialists. It does require Muslims who believe in the Quran, but we're also experts in evolutionary biology, Muslims who know their their biology and their science and who also know what the Quranic ideals are and see if we can reconcile
because we firmly believe dear Muslims, we firmly believe that an actual incontrovertible fact will never contradict an explicit verse or unauthentic seeing of our profits of the law while he was selling them, truly that is just not possible because the both are from a law. Science is Allah's creation, and the Quran is a law speech and allows creation and a law speech will never contradict each other. So we need to work out a mechanism that we can take both into account but my point is that we have to be very clear that the Koran does not allow us to believe if you believe in the Quran, you cannot believe that Adam alayhis salaam did not exist you cannot believe that Adam it he
said um, was created from was the biological child of another entity, because the Quran is very clear. And this is one of those verses back to our section of the sutra. And so Allah azza wa jal also notice here, by the way, and an interesting point, and again, this series is a bird's eye view. So much can be done if we were to analyze and give you just one simple example. Notice in this section, go read this, this this section right now that Allah is saying that, then he fashioned him and he blew the soul into him. And then He created him from an extraction of fluid. So Allah speaking the third person, then Allah switches over and speaks directly to us. That then I gave you
hearing and I gave you seeing and I gave you intelligence, notice the change in pronoun. When we were in the wombs of our mothers, a lot is speaking about us and the third person because we didn't have comprehension. Now that we are up and about we're alive we're here now that we're walking, talking a lot is speaking to us directly I gave you hearing I gave you seeing I gave you intelligence, how little is it that you give thanks. So this is life. And then the next verse mentions death. So again, this whole story, the beginning of the creation, six stages, the creation, and then Adam, and then all of us, and then polio, our Falcon molecule motility, what killaby can
say, the angel of death, who has been assigned to you will take your soul and then what will happen, then sort of such that goes on? There are two types of people and two faiths. There is the Majid M. And there is the men, there is the Majid m, the criminal, the one who rejected Allah and then there is the Mothman. The worship are the one who dedicated his life for the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. As for the moodgym, Allah azza wa jal says, if you could only see they're hanging their heads in shame, and they're saying, we see now we hear now that sadhana was a marina. We know a lot that all of this is true. So let us go back one more time. We now have certainty that this is true. That
is give us one more chance and Eliza just says no, my statement has come my elbow
My decree has happened, meaning that everyone shall only be given one chance no one is given two chances. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala will not be giving them their request. We don't want to be amongst those who are regretful and begging for another chance. This is the museum and notice the word Muslim. It actually translates as criminal. That's the word even in modern Arabic you call a criminal imagem. Allah calls the one who rejects him a criminal, because there is nothing that is a greater sin than not contemplating over your purpose of life, there is no greater injustice than to take away the rights of a lot and ascribe them to yourself which is your purpose of existence. So he
is called a criminal because there is no crime greater than the crime of denying the existence of or the servitude of the one who created you. So this is the mudroom as for the opposite the mortman What is their fate? So Allah describes the moment Who are they there are those who would prostrate to their Lord constantly, there are those who that are Jaffa julu, whom I didn't know Barger, this is that verse that is commonly quoted for salata. tahajjud, that their sides would be fighting and abandoning their beds, their size and their beds would be, you know, against one another, meaning that their their bodies want to lie down, but they're forcing their bodies to stand up and to pray
to Allah subhana wa tada morning and evening. And they are the people who are generous. And again, I've said this before, and I'll say it again, a lot. xojo emphasizes salata, tahajjud, because the one who masters to Hadoop can master all of the other solar watch, it is not obligatory, if you're struggling with the five daily salaat start with those no question, no problem there, but those that are wanting to get the higher suites of agenda, those that really want the VIP access, then the only way to get that will be through salata. tahajjud and that's why Allah says with regards to those people find out the munaf soon, ma feola human karate ninja zombie McConnell Yamato no soul even
knows what delightful things await them. No soul even knows the beautiful things that they will see as a reward for what they used to do. And then Allah azza wa jal asks the rhetorical question verse 18, FM and kind of meaning going kind of fast, so far lies the word. Do you really think the righteous and the unrighteous, the good, and the evil, the pure and the wicked? Do you really think they're going to be the same? Never will they be equal? Dear Muslim? It's not. It's not a fair Allah is saying, How can the righteous be treated the same as the wicked? How can the pious be treated the same as the Empire? It wouldn't be right law is the one so you decide which of these two camps Do
you want to be in and then act accordingly. And allies will also mentioned in this series of verses that he was going to make us taste the lesser torment when under the according to whom minute either bill Edna doon Eliza bill acaba de la la whom your June This is a very, very significant verse because we are currently undergoing a crisis and it explains to us why this crisis is happening. Allah subhanho wa Taala says, that we will make them taste of the lesser punishment before the Greater One will make them taste a lie that had been a dinner, do not either will Akbar what is either will at dinner, I double dinner is the punishment that is right here and now the closer
punishment, not the greater punishment, what is the greater punishment, the greater punishment is the punishment of the hereafter it is the punishment of hell itself. It is a punishment of the anger of Allah subhana wa Tada. So Allah is saying, we are going to make them taste of the lesser punishment, and not the greater punishment, so that they can return unto us Lala whom you are June. And this shows us that any calamity that happens communally or individually, any masiva that happens, that harms us, hurts us causes us pain or suffering or anxiety, that there is a higher wisdom behind it. And of the higher wisdom is that we channel that hurt or that depression or that
soul and we channel it so that we reaffirm our spirituality with a law so that we recommit to the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that we rediscover the ultimate joy which is in the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. What we are seeing now of this COVID crisis, there is no question as I have said that this is a type of communal punishment. Anybody who denies this is not reading the Quran properly. But the communal punishment does not mean that individuals are guilty. It means a lot of different
vigils are guilty. Yes, but it doesn't mean me and you are guilty. It means too many people have done too much wrong for too long and too publicly. That's what it means. And if you look at what the world has been doing of callousness and whatnot, there is no question that enough was enough and for how long would that have been tolerated? So Allah azza wa jal is sending us a wake up call. And Allah azzawajal is telling us this is a worldly punishment. Make sure you save yourself from the real punishment. The worldly punishment does not mean every individual is guilty, or miss Allah asked the prophets of the law, why he was sent them, or messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed and
there are still righteous people amongst us, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes, if evil is prevalent, if filth is predominant, so if evil and filth is predominant, then even if there are remnants of piety, a communal punishment can still come, and the pious still remain pious, and they shall die pious, and that should be resurrected, pious, it doesn't change the fact that evil was done too much too long and too publicly. And so this sort of tells us about this reality of tasting the lesser torment prior to the greater tournament, Lyla, home, your June so that they can turn back to Allah subhanho wa Taala and the surah it concludes by reminding us that the people who reject
Islam the people who are walking this religion, they're always going to ask ridiculous questions way a foreigner, no matter how federal When will this you know, wide? When will this promise come? When will this day of judgment that you keep on talking about to be so those people are mocking that when will it happen? When will it happen? And Allah subhanahu wa tada tells us that, go and tell them until they do. You go you you wait, and they themselves will be waiting, turn away from them, and let them wait. And you too will be waiting. In other words, and this is a beautiful point here that you know, those people who are asking you these types of sarcastic questions making fun of the
religion, sometimes the best way to deal with them is to say Look, let alone decide our fate. Let's see who is right. These people are not going to listen to me and you and so tell them Allah will decide our fate you wait I'm waiting and when it comes we will see who is right and who was wrong. So we ask Allah subhanahu wa tada for his Baraka We ask Allah subhana wa tada for his blessings. We ask a lot of xojo for his molfetta We ask Allah azza wa jal to protect us and our loved ones. And also by the way, dear Muslims, for those of you that are watching these, these episodes live, this is now the last 10 nights going to begin upon us. And so make sure that we spend extra time with the
Koran with a bar that we will be blessed with one night in the next 10 nights that is more precious to us than an entire lifetime more than 80 years. And so let us try to dedicate extra effort and make extra dough on these nights so that Allah subhana wa Taala blesses us and forgives us make dua for all of the Muslim oma make dua for your family and friends make out for yourself and of course make dua for your teachers as well. jsoc moolah, Hayden was said I want to LA heat wabarakatuhu