Channel: Yasir Qadhi
The Displaying of Mankind In Front of Allah
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Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Alhamdulillah all praises due to Allah subhanho wa Taala who knows what the hearts conceal and what the tongues do not reveal the one to whom all shall appeal, the one in front of whom the believers kneel. And we ask Allah subhana wa tada to send his Salat and his Salaam, upon the one who was sent as Rahim attentively Allah mean, the one whom even his opponents used to call a saw the NLM mean, and the one who will be our intercessor yo Medina, we're still doing our lessons on the detailed descriptions of the Day of Judgment from the Quran and from the Sunnah, and to the Al Hamdulillah. We are now on our 10th episode of hamdulillah. And we
are still discussing the very beginnings of the day of judgment and I have covered the coming out of the grave. We did a very long session about the Shahada, and the fact that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam shall intercede on behalf of all of mankind so that the judgment begins. And in our last lesson, I had mentioned the evidences from the Quran and from from the Quran and from the Sunnah, regarding the fact that Allah subhana wa Taala shall himself come. The Quranic phrase is where jarabacoa Medical suffer and suffer, or as in Surah, Baqarah haryanvi Runa in a Tia Humala, are they waiting? It's a rhetorical question What else are they waiting for? are they waiting for
Allah xojo himself to come? Few villainy minella hanami welcome Allah. So Allah Himself will come in the shadows of clouds here Villa the miracle Harmon, while men are eager to and the angels themselves are going going to come. And of course, in the other verse was out of Boko will Maluku suffer and suffer, and your load will come and the angels will come in ranks and ranks upon one another. And there are other evidences for this as well. And I had mentioned in our last lesson, I'm not going to go over all of that again. But that just historically speaking, and I'm simply narrating history here, I'm not saying which one is right and wrong. Historically speaking, we have
had two interpretations, even within our mainstream Sunday schools about this understanding of wotja are our book. And my takeaway message from the last lesson was that let the advanced students have knowledge and let the scholars who are experts in theology take their students and in their classes teach them their very various evidence is back and forth. But we should never create disharmony, we should never preach hatred. And I said very bluntly, and frankly, that in my opinion, the both of these schools have a times taken to extremes in their hatred of one another, and in their claiming of deviation of the other group. And in all of this, they've lost the spirit of these verses.
They've lost the whole point of why Allah subhanho wa Taala is mentioning these even though I personally prefer what is mentioned from the earliest of scholars and there are so many books that have been written by a mama daddy me by mumble Buhari is well by emammal poverty by Eben Jose Ma. So many early books have been written. But nonetheless, I cannot negate the fact that even in early Islam from around 300 100 or so, another strand has given different interpretations and they are also a very respected strand with many famous respected scholars of Islam. And they have the right to interpret the way that they have done and insha Allah who to other both groups, they want to
respect the Quran and they want to show respect to Allah subhana wa Tada. So we should look at the intentions and not really get involved in especially at a very basic level, not get involved in sectarianism in this regard, choose whichever of the two you want. And of course, we're going to continue down. That's why I have to reiterate from last week, because in today's lesson, and in future lessons, some of these other attributes are going to come and the same philosophy is going to apply where one strand of Islam very explicitly said, Look, if Allah says it, then let's not really delve too deeply and accept it as is. And another strand said, well
It's not really quite what elementium and something else and they have their interpretation, we're going to continue down this vein as well. And in today's lesson we're going to begin with from where we left off last week, and that is that after the coming of a large digital ledger or a book, what is the purpose of Allah Himself coming and the angels coming? What is the the goal of that, that goal is what is now called the ad or the display and the fact that all of the creation, all of them, the Muslim and the Kafeel, the jinn and the ins all of them will be standing in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah and Allah azza wa jal will look upon or will gaze upon the creation and this
is something that is very explicit in the Quran, and in the sooner and we're going to go into some detail because again, I want this class in the series of classes, not just to be academic in nature that we memorize this, there's this going to happen No, I want it to be where we need to visualize as much as we can imagine standing there so that we are prepared in sha Allah hota for that day, and the Quran mentions a number of different phrases that display the notion of Allah subhana wa Tada. looking upon the creation or to be more precise, the creation being displayed to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And other the words that is used is the word earlier. Earlier the word to do either a big
radio and radio.it is used in the passive tense because the active is out on the radio but is the passive which basically means they shall be displayed. So they meaning us, so they meaning the creation, so we shall be displayed because out although in Arabic means to be to be to be displayed and audiobook is the passive tense. So what the meaning here is that the angels will gather up mankind or that mankind themselves will be gathered in a way that Allah subhana wa tada knows how and Allah azza wa jal will then come and we shall be displayed in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the evidences for this are plenty of them three verses in the Quran in order of their chronology
sudut houde verse 18 Surah Hood verse 18, woman of the lemon Minh manifesta de la he kariba who does more injustice than the one who lies against Allah subhanho wa tada la eco euro Luna Allah Robbie him these people, they shall be displayed in front of their Lord while Polish had and the witnesses will point out how we live in a colorblind era be him. These are the people who lied about Allah subhana wa tada
to law here and avoid the mean Verily Allah Nana is upon those who have done injustice and the height of injustice, the worst injustice, even worse than schilke from one sense is to lie against Allah to say about Allah something that Allah did not say. And so in this verse, we see that there shall be on the Day of Judgment. Witnesses are the angels, who will be pinpointing groups of people. And when will that pinpointing happen when all of mankind is standing in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the angels are going to point out and as Allah says, will not occur. Either of these people shall be displayed in front of Allah azza wa jal along with all of the other people and add
that display, that the taint the angels will then testify. These are the liars who have lied against a lot in sort of elka half. Verse 48, Allah says, what do you do either a lot bigger stuff, and they shall all be displayed in front of their Lord in rows and ranks. Imagine all of mankind to Panama, when we look at gatherings that are done in these countries that have 10,000 soldiers or you know, 10,000 people, we say, Wow, how large this is, can you imagine hundreds of millions Can you imagine many, many billions of people all lined up in straight rows were already the other uptake of Safa. All of mankind shall be gathered and presented in front of your Lord, we're ready to either pick up
soften all of them in rows. But even though we are in rows of Hanover, this is so powerful in the Quran, even though you think we have Mashallah billions and billions of people around us No, we shall feel alone in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala as Allah says in the Quran, will you do either because soften naka de una cama hola como una de Moura. We have come to us like we created you the first time and the others we're going to come back or did you wanna Florida, you have come to us one on one. So even though
There will be millions and billions of people around us when Allah subhana wa tada comes, the feeling will be we are all alone we are standing in front of Allah subhanahu wa Tada. As Allah says, locka did you to Muna karma Hakuna como wanna Mara, you have come back to us, like we created you the first time around what is the reference here like we created you the first time around a number of interpretations of the interpretations is that this is not the first time we are standing in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Rather, we have stood in front of a lot before this point in time. But at that point in time, we didn't have physical bodies, we only had our souls. When was that? Go
back to our lectures that I gave many, many, many months ago about the soles of the bodies off if you go from last year's of anila. It looks like so many decades ago because of what is happening with the virus issue but attempted it it's actually been less than six, seven months ago, I was giving a series of activities. And I talked about the soul. And I've talked about the origins and beginnings of the soul. And I mentioned the issue of the mythique and the issue of the extraction of the soul and the creation of the soul. And a lot of his origin mentions in the Quran very explicitly that wave Ahava or Booker Minh Benny Adam mill vody Henrietta home wash Heather home Allah and
footsy him Mr Stuber have become, as the prophecies have explained this verse, all of the souls were gathered in front of Allah. And Allah spoke to all of them for Colombo whom Allah Allah spoke to them directly. And Allah asked them LS to be or become, Am I not your Lord. So that happened when it happened at the beginning of the creation, when Allah created the creation, ie the Creator, the creation, the souls, all of our souls were created simultaneously at one point in time, other than, than the soul of Adam and Hawa that was created before us. First our parents were created, then, at one point in time, specifically, one point in time, all of the children of Adam, from the time of
Adams children up until the day of judgment, their souls were simultaneously created, then what's going to happen on the Day of Judgment, all of the souls are resurrected. So Allah says, we'll do another because soften lacquer the Jew to Muna karma, Hara kanakam, O'Meara, just like we did it once before you have come back to us once again Subhana, Allah in the twinkling of an eye from the beginning of the creation, to the end of the creation, and the same things are there. That's one interpretation. The other interpretation is that you have come back to us the way we created you, meaning you have nothing other than the what we gave you, you have no clothes, no money, no status,
no rank, nothing. You are as the Hadith says, naked, barefoot and uncircumcised literally the way you were born, that is the way you come back. And both of these interpretations are valid. So so to take care of as well. Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions we'll do a lot of talking about the output or the display. And then the other verse in the Quran that mentions out is total ha ha verse 18, yoma in total Dona la femme income coffea. On that day, all of you shall be displayed. The oma even on that day, the day of judgment are all done, you shall all be displayed in front of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, La, min come half here, nothing that you want to hide can ever be hidden, no,
nothing is hidden, nothing that you wanted to hide, nothing is going to be remaining hidden on that day. So all of these three verses, they mentioned the notion of art, or to be more precise, or audio, and audible as we said, means you shall be displayed. So either whether you want it or not, you shall be displayed. And this display is for the entire creation. That is not the only evidence for being displayed. There's another series of verses with another verb, which also just indicates that all of us will be displayed in front of a law. And the other word that is used in the Quran is baraza baraza. And bad is bad isn't. And the word barraza means to show without any hindrance
without any veil. So baraza means it's out in the open that as a means nothing is covering you. There's no shade, there's no building. So when we say that somebody is bad is we mean that they are clear and apparent. There's nothing blocking them. So this is another term that is used in the Quran. And again, this is multiple times in the Quran. So for example, we have in Sudan and Sudan, Ibrahim, Ibrahim, verse 21, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, without a Zoo de la he Jamia and all of them are shown in front of Allah
Baba Zhu li la hija Mia all of them no exception, every single creation of Allah wa Botha Zhu li la he Jamia and this gurus, how long will it last? We do not know how many aeons or centuries or 1000s of years, we do not know what however we can we can deduce from the generality of other texts that for the believers, this will be zoomed on for the believers, it's going to be a moment of honor and pleasure and for the opposite, it is going to be a moment of dishonor and terror. So, what are rosewood ilahi Jamia, all of them will be displayed to Allah for all the glorantha lilina stackable those who are weak and oppressed, those who are following the sheeps following the leaders, they
would say to those who they were following the the the arrogant people in Canella koterba, we only obeyed you, you told us to worship these false gods you told us to kill and to plunder and to what not. So for example, you know, let's say people that obeyed orders to kill others, you know, the military that's going and plundering and whatnot, they will say to their leaders, it's not our fault. You told us to go kill these innocent people, we kill them. So well. The the week will say the week here, meaning those that followed orders those that followed their leaders, they would say to the leaders in Nakula, koterba we only followed you for head unto moon and Gemini Billahi min.
Shay, are you now going to take your share of the punishment? Are you going to help us and defend that? Hey, these guys, they just followed our orders. Are you going to become the more guilty party because we were only following and of course, as you know, they will say it's not our fault. You only followed us. We're all in this together and they will they're not going to take their share of the blame. And another verse suta Ibrahim, verse 48. Yo mama too, but the aldehyde out of the West semi what were barrows Ooh La, la de la har. On that day, the day that the earth shall be substituted for another Earth, and the skies shall be substituted for other skies. We talked about
this notion of the earth being substituted. We talked about the notion of the Day of Judgment being in a realm and in a paradigm we cannot understand. And so Allah is saying on that day when all of the Earth's and the skies shall be substituted. What's going to happen? What Berra Zoo once again, this verb here, what Bella Zhu li la la la la la hora. All of them are going to be shown in front of a law, the warhead, the one the single everybody else is is in front of a law and the law had the one is the one who will look upon them and Why hadn't alcohol The one who overpowers and the one who conquers and in Surah alaafin verse 16, once again the same names of a lot come sort of offered for
16 yoma homebody zone on that day, all of them shall be displayed without any protection. There will be nothing to conceal them there's not going to be a canopy or a tree or a building all of them will be like laying out flat although there will be standing in rows right yomo homebody zone on that day they will be in front of Allah displayed la de la he mean home Shay nothing from them will be hidden in front of Allah subhana wa tada Allah will know everything and then Allah will say layman in Moodle Corleone, to whom does the kingdom belong to whom does all of this belong? Then Allah will answer the law he hated to have to Allah, the head and the cow. So this is sort of offered verse 16.
And of course inserted calf as well we have the same notion of barraza What is that and what Hashanah whom phylum Newhall did mean whom a Haida that even though in this verse, the word bodies, applies to the earth, but right after that, Allah says, What is your noun so on that day, the Earth is going to be clear, no veil, the Earth is not going to be covered. Then Allah says what I shall now whom while I'm
not a single person is left when we gather all of them. So even though inserted can have the verb or the noun but is doesn't apply to people still it comes right before the people. So it is as if Allah is saying that there is nothing that is going to cover mankind, all of mankind will be in front of me displayed and shown to me. So this is very clear from the Quran that mankind will be revealed will be shown showcased and baraza and BOD is that they're going to be displayed without any protection between them and Allah subhanahu wa tada and in
The Hadith in Sahih Muslim as well, we have this notion in the hadith of God, Abdullah honeybadger Lee or the Allahu taala and that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Hadith is a Muslim source authentic in Tarragona, Allah Rob become very early and he's speaking to the Sahaba here, right? So remember the the, the art or the gurus. It's not just for the cafard or for the Muslim, it is for the entire creation without any exception here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is speaking to the Sahaba and he says to them, Emma, and Emma here, it basically means you should know or pay attention to the fact or I'm emphasizing to you so he's making it very clear, you should know
and realize that all of you will be displayed in front of your Lord in the computer aldona era become fatter owner who come out around a half an hour and you will see him as you are seeing this full moon and he pointed to the full moon that was there in the middle of the month. Now, this shows us remember in our last week, we talked about the coming of Allah subhana wa tada and the seeing of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And today I'm talking about the display. They are in fact the same thing, that when Allah azza wa jal comes down, and when Allah azza wa jal will come with the angels, that will be this display of mankind, mankind shall be displayed in front of Allah, and all of the
believers will see Allah subhanho wa Taala like as the prophets or some said, you see the moon in the middle of the month when there's no clouds, it's a clear cloud, do you have any problems seeing the moon? No, yeah. rasulillah. So in the same manner, what is being compared? Does not the moon to Allah, what is being compared is how the Sahaba see the moon versus how they're going to see Allah subhana wa Tada. So he said very early in the same manner, just like you see the moon, you will see Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the notion of being displayed in front of Allah is something that is very, very clear in the Quran. And in the Sunnah. How many times shall this display take place?
Well, there is one tradition that actually mentioned that is going to occur more than once the Koran does not mention quantity, there's one Hadith that does mention the number of times, and let's look at that headache directly. And it's one of my goals, by the way, as well during all of my lectures, to increase our general awareness and knowledge about not just the specific topic. But as you're all aware, I go into various tangents here and there. And you know, it's really not just done because I don't know how to preach without going into tangent. There's definitely also I'm guilty of that. But also there is a hidden reason and that is to increase our awareness about other tangential topics.
So for example, so many times, I'll talk about a book of Hadith, I'll talk about a principle of faith, a principle of a solid fifth, I'll talk about some theological rule. So that insha Allah just by listening to these lectures, our overall literacy if you like, our overall cultural awareness about our religion increases, that is also one of my goals. And so instead of just quoting the Hadith once in a while, I'd like to bring the book and and talk to you a little bit about it. And so this hadith actually is found in the Muslim of Imam Ahmed and I have mentioned this before, that the Muslim Imam
is the largest existent book of Hadith there is no book of Hadith that is larger than the Muslim Imam. And in the current edition, that was edited by the great scholar from Syria Schreiber of note the current edition published by USA Today, Salah it has 50 volumes of this book, one book in 50 volumes, and that's because they did a very thorough job of going into a lot of footnotes and whatnot. And this book is considered to be one of the largest sorry, the largest exists and there might have been one or two that are non existent, but the largest existant collection of Hadeeth. In one book is the Muslim of the great Imam, the great scholar, humble, who died 241 hegira 241. He
drew. He was also by the way, the last of the four great imams to die. Abu hanifa Malik Shafi they all passed away before
Mr. Muhammad may Allah have mercy be on all of them. The first of them was Abel hanifa died 150 then it was Imam Malik who died 179 then it was a Michelle fairy who died 204 and then it was Imam Ahmed Mohammed who died 241 hedgerow and each one of them is basically one generation away from the other one. And Imam Ahmed was also not only a scholar of fifth, he was also a scholar of Hadith. And he was also a scholar of theology, and he left many, many students who took on his legacy after him and his greatest book was of course the Muslim. Imam Muhammad been humbled and
Mohammed was also the teacher of Emmanuel Bahati. So Emma Mohammed's generation was also the generation that the next batch the most famous batch of the traditionalist scholars, the scholars of the traditions, the scholars of Hadith, so the six famous authors of Hadith, they came one generation and a generation and a half after him a hammer. So you're my buddy, my Mohammed was also one of the famous scholars of Hades. So again, Hadeeth has been compiled from the beginning of time, even the Sahaba little treatises, but the famous books were written in the generation right after him and before that generation, Imam Malik wrote a book called water. We're all aware of it. It is
one of the first if not the first book written that was meant to be publicized, and Imam Ahmed wrote his Muslim and then Buhari comes and dice 256 amendments to 41. Bahati is 256. And he's considered to be one generation less than because in my mama died,
a relatively older man, no, now I'm a mama meds Muslim. There is a beautiful Hadith that was relevant to us. And that is in volume 32, volume 32, page 486. And one of the things about the most of the mamod, which also makes it a bit difficult to read, to be honest, in my mind was Muslim. The reason why it's called Muslim is that it is arranged not according to topics, Bahati Muslim without telling me the side, imagine what Imam Malik there according to topics, you can look at the book of Salah, you can look up the book of Tafseer, you can look up the book of the science of the Day of Judgment, you can look up the book of the heart softeners. And you will find all of the ideas that
they wanted you to know about that one topic, arranged topically according to topics. A mama did not want to write a book based upon topics, Mr. Mohammed wanted to write an encyclopedia based upon the narrator of the Hadith. So he's going to have all of the narrations of Abu Bakar in one section, then omoto hottub. The next section, then earthman, then added on the other one was married, and so on and so forth. So that's why it is called a Muslim net. Because Muslim means a book of Hadith that is arranged not according to topics, but according to the Sahaba themselves, and in the Muslims of Abu Musab Shadi, one of the great scholars of the one of the great narrators of Hadith of the
Sahaba. Abu Musab Shadi, we come across Hadith number 19,715. So this is very deep into the book. Again, it's volume 32 So again, it's one of the later volumes. And Mr. Mohammed says workio narrated to me that I really have no idea of netlify narrated to me that it has an Obasi narrated to me that Abu musala shadow the Allahu anhu said harder harder Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam This is the hadith of all the although that was a tangent to inshallah, benefit us about some of the issues of Hadith. And we're not done by the way there's gonna be other benefits right now with it again, just FYI. Y'all do nurse Yeoman Tiamat is hella robot for Amma out of the attorney for G daruwalla
is here what a method is to find the radica Takeru Soho fulfill ad for hidden BIA meaning he was hidden Mishima D So this heading Musashi said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You don't know so Yokoyama t thelotter. Robot, people will be displayed on the Day of Judgment, three displays, this is a very explicit Hadith, people will be displayed three times. As for the first two, for G de Lune, WA zero, it will be defenses and excuses. So, you will be challenged, you will have a time to defend yourself, you will be presented with your accusations, and then you will have a chance to defend yourself right. And then as for the third that will be the time the theater to
fulfill ad that the scrolls will then be given ie the result will be handed back. So some people will hold with the right hand male lawmakers amongst them and others will hold with the left hand We seek refuge from being amongst them. Now the issue of the scrolls and the issue of right and left hand we will get to that inshallah in two or three lessons whenever we get there. And that is the results as the Quran explicitly mentions for a moment. udia cadabra, who be a meanie will
be Shomali. What are avati these are explicit in the Quran, some people will get the results in the right hand, some will get them in the left hand and out of shame will put them behind their back that we're going to come to this hadith explicitly mentions there shall be three times that we're going to have this dialogue with Allah and Allah azza wa jal will speak directly to us and there will be the three the three our robot now this seems to be it's it's it solves the problem that is very clear that there are three and this headed by the way, is also found the same with a similar chain in attend media but not as completable wedding. So I chose mostly about Mr. Mohammed
Because it is more details and the wording, however, small technical issue here and again, just FYI so that we benefit insha Allah Tada. We have over here the famous tonberry and hesson al basri and has an adversity was perhaps one of the most No, no, he really you can send it when he was one of the most famous scholars of the students of the Sahaba generation and he died 110 hedgerow, and he is considered to be one of the most ascetic worshipers, one of the greatest scholars, a narrator of Hadith a scholar of see a great on him, and one of the people who narrated so many a hadith from the previous generation. However, there is an issue with an hassanal diversity, which doesn't impugn his
integrity is just that in his timeframe, the concept of narrating sources wasn't quite fully developed, ie it has an adversity is well known for dropping sources. And in Arabic, this is called to the list. And that list is of different types. And of the types of the Denise is that, for example, if you heard from somebody who heard from somebody else, and then you just drop the intermediary, and you say, Oh, so and so said, and you drop the intermediary Who told you while technically, you know, you're only narrating what has been told to you, and that's technically not a lie. But when you're talking about Hadeeth narrations, you have to be very specific, where'd you get
it from? And later, scholars of Hadith really tighten this, this, this knot over here, they said, you have to be very innocent, of course, they have every right to do that, but it has celibacy. It is 100 right, he's alive and flourishing, you know, 9100 he died 100. So he's at a very early timeframe. And in his timeframe, it was a little bit more lacks that, you know, and especially because it hasn't robustly met some of the Sahaba and he met many of the senior most level of the Sahaba. So hazardously, even though he met some of the Sahaba still he is not of the generation that is directly studying with the big major Sahaba he did not meet a bucket of studying, he did not
narrate from orbital hottub and others so he did not get to that generation of the Sahaba. And, in fact, he didn't even meet many of the senior Sahaba he only met some of those Sahaba who lived a much, much longer life and of the Sahaba he did not meet is Abu Musa Ashanti. And here Alessandra Bosley is saying Abu Musab Allah Shadi said even though Hassan al Abbas really did not meet a WUSA a shoddy, why does he have the right to say this? Well, he's simply narrating to you what he has heard from his own teachers. And we don't know who those teachers are. And so later scholars have headed say, you know what, this is a missing link over here. And the technical term, this is called the
motto seed of it has settled Bosley, there's a very famous chapter in every single advanced book of the sciences of Hadith. And there are so many there is, in fact, one of my teachers, he wrote a dissertation about the murase. Love has an adversity. And that dissertation is over 1000 pages, I kid you not over 1000 pages, which is a detailed analysis of the narrations of it has an adversity and the fact that he's doing the type of deadly sin but I see. So anyway, this is all stuff that I just want you to be aware of that the sciences of Hadith is a very well developed science. It's not just something that is random out there. And these types of narrations. We have no problem narrating
them as long as we explain that, hey, you know what, guys, you should be aware that this narration has a very slight weakness to it, it is really one of the most slightest weaknesses possible, and that is when you have something like the murase of it has ended bacilli. Nonetheless, technically speaking, this narration is not hesson or so here. And our theology is only based on authentic narrations. So these types of a hadith we may narrate them in light of the fact that the Quran is very explicit about the out the other Hadith in Sahih Muslim is very explicit the hadith of Jedi libnah Abdullah, where our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Arabic, so the concept of the
concept of a lot seeing us and speaking with us is something that is very clear in the Quran and the Sunnah, in this hadith of Abu Salah, surely we are getting a detail and that is three times and not only that, but very interesting. What's going to happen each of those three times the first time you are presented with your charges, you're presented with your accusations, the second time you have the opportunity to defend Do you
Have any excuse? What are you going to say about this? And then the third time shall be the result and beautiful narration, we should simply add the caveat. Well, we don't know if it's actually going to happen. It's not nothing wrong to narrate. It is nothing wrong to explain, but we should not be certain about this. In the end, Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. So this is the concept of outward and it is mentioned in the Quran and the Sunnah. There are other evidences as well that Allah subhana wa tada is going to see all of us or meet all of us and another genre of evidence is deals with another term, and that is the term live call and live car has a more specific
connotation. Lyrica means a private meeting or the court means a meeting face to face, moolah call is to meet face to face and the call means that you're seeing one another and
Allah subhana wa tada mentions the term in the Quran, for example, in the context of two armies facing one another, okay, two armies that are seeing one another and you see them alone mentions this as liftoff. And the concept of a lot having the cart with all of us is something that once again the Quran has almost a dozen verses, as does the a hadith. So for example, in Sudan and verse 94, Allah subhana wa tada says, what are the two Muna for all the Kama Hakuna wala Mara that you have come to us individually? So this is now another concept. Tomorrow you have come to us, individually you're coming to us for are there one by one? So each one of us will be in front of
Allah subhanho wa Taala right while apology to Moana, Florida, Florida means one by one and Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions alladhina yafo noona unknown mo la hora be him. The believers are those who they are certain that they're going to meet their Lord and voila. Right so Luca is a meeting an interview it's a one on one in the foreign men Canada euro Giulia call out be whoever is desiring to meet his Lord let you know that you're going to meet Allah subhanho wa Taala in the Quran as well. What la ha why Nemo, Anakin, Morocco, Fear Allah and be certain that you're going to meet Allah subhanho wa Taala so there is a meeting and inserted into your talk. Yeah, you will insano in naka
de la Rebecca Callaghan. Famo da p O mankind, you are laboring very intensely towards your Lord. A year you will know that you are laboring cahen, which means very intensely, you are continually doing your deeds whether they're good or they're bad for moolah, T and you're going to meet Allah subhanho wa Taala. So very clearly in the Quran, once again, we have this notion of a private meeting with Allah subhanho wa Taala. There's also a very, very beautiful Hadith narrated by Eben Abbas or the Lama we'll talk about it in the next lesson. And that is called the hadith of Allah is covering or Allah sittard that Allah will cover up his servant and Allah will speak to him one on
one, les Sabina who abena Who told you man, there shall not be any interpreter between him and between meaning the person and between Allah subhanho wa Taala. So once again, a very explicit affirmation of a moolah of a meeting now.
question, does this individual meeting this moolah? Does this one on one take place at the very beginning of the gurus at the very beginning of the video? Or is that going to take place later on response? We do not know we do not know the texts do not indicate is it going to be right then and there? Or is it going to be later on? And so, I will go over all the evidences and as I mentioned to one more time before concluding today's lecture that really the chronology of events on the Day of Judgment, the chronology of events on the Day of Judgment, it is something that is not 100% known for multiple reasons. And so will Allah subhana wa tada speak to us individually at the very
beginning when he comes or will that be delayed for a later time? We do not know and it is possible that it will be immediate and it is possible that will be done afterwards. And by the way, if somebody were to say, How can Allah subhana wa Taala speak to all of us individually when we are in the billions when there are hundreds of millions of people? if somebody were to ask this question that how can a lot have Moeller call with every single human being and how
Can Allah subhana wa tada present the charges and then we defend ourselves. And then we are given our hisab. All of us happening on the day of judgment in order to go to the court of law, even for a trivial issue. You have to wait in line for three, four or five hours until the judge has the time to see you what is going to happen when there are billions of people how can Eliza widget speak to all of us simultaneously? You are not the first to ask this question. Somebody asked the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the habit of oma and the total amount of the haoran. The chief Yani share of this own basically is called the habit is the one full of wisdom of this oma and
the third jumaan or the morphus seal of the Quran, that is even above the law when somebody asked even above or even above us, how will Allah subhana wa Taala speak to all of us individually simultaneously? How is that going to happen? You know what even my boss said, Subhana Allah, He said the same way, how Allah provides all of them the risk simultaneously, so Pinilla all of us. Allah is providing us our risk taking care of us like this. Why is it surprising that on the Day of Judgment, Allah will speak to all of us individually. So the issue of out and gurus, Battlezone and monaka is again very clear and also we have other evidences as well and again, I'm just going over all of
these so that inshallah we have a comprehensive understanding of all of these verses in the Quran. So for example, Allah subhana wa tada says, In the Quran, in Surah Surah Noor, Valentina cafaro amerihome Casa Robin beauty it is an old woman who had the ADA Jia who lemmya Geeta, who Shea and YG de la ha in the hoof Our Father who is well law who said, Here is another verse that indicates the meeting of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah says, No Hold on, those who don't believe in a lot. Those who are called for their good deeds are like mirages in the desert. Mirage isn't an empty land. When you look at it, you think it is water. And when you rush to it thinking it is water, you're not
going to find anything, the meaning here, you think you have good deeds, and you will rush to go find your good deeds on the Day of Judgment. But what if you haven't done good deeds? What if you lived your whole life and wasted your life without doing any good deeds, you're going to rush to look for your good deeds had that Elijah who when you get to the destination that you're thinking your good deeds might be there lemmya Gita who say, he's not gonna find anything, just like the one lost in the desert sees the Mirage rushes to the Mirage and finds nothing over there. And then Allah says, Well, wotja De La Hoya in the hole, rather than finding your illusory good deeds, rather than
finding this illusion and Mirage, what will you find? While wotja de la her in the who he shall find a law in front of him, he shall find a law right there for fun, Jorge Sabah, and Allah will then deal with his judgment and make the hisab or the accounting of him right then and there will law who said he is and how fast is a law in his app. So this verse is also very, very explicit. Also, many other verses in the Quran. Luckily for him, caused them to stop. So stop them right then and there. So another point they're being stopped in the homeless alone, they're going to be asked about what they have done. And for example, all of the verses that you will return to Allah you shall meet
Allah in Arabic or Raja that verily the Raja Raja is the return back to is going to be to Allah. So anyway, all of these verses, and there are literally over 50 of them I summarized for you, I think in today's lecture around 2025, but there are around double this number, all of them clearly indicate that the creation and mass shall be displayed in front of Allah subhana wa Tada. And then that each and every one of us shall have a private meeting with a lot, either immediately or after a while, but that is also going to happen. Now. There is another issue here before we open up the floor for q&a. And by the way, for those of you that are watching live, feel free to type in your
questions and answers. If you're watching this on YouTube later on, then there's no time for the live q&a.
But one of the disputes that happened is the issue of in this outcome and in this bruise when Allah subhana wa tada comes, and when the believers will see a lot this will be the first time they will see Allah subhana wa started the first time. And this isn't the only time by the way, the believers will see a lot multiple times they will see him on the Day of Judgment, and then they shall see him again in Genoa alumni
Amongst those people, and the seeing of the Day of Judgment is not the same as the seeing of judgment of gender. And the seeing of the Day of Judgment is indeed a blessing. And it is indeed a Nima and a reward and a gift. But the seeing of agenda is a much higher blessing. How so our minds do not understand that's beyond our comprehension. But there is nothing in general that is higher than the blessing of gazing upon the face of Allah subhana wa Tada. And that blessing is restricted to the people of gender, after they enter agenda. As for the Yama it is going to be a glimpse, and it is going to be a blessing. And it is indeed something that we strive in aim for, but it should
not be compared to the gays that will happen inside of the Yama sorry, inside of genda after the entering of gender. So the issue of seeing a large budget is again very clear. And again, this is very explicit in the Quran. I mentioned this last week, would you who normally the Now there are a lot of behalf now there are on that day faces will be bright looking at their Lord and our Prophet sallallahu. I said, I'm said, You shall see your Lord on the Day of Judgment, as you see this morning. So again, the Quran and Sunnah very clear that we will see a lot on the Day of Judgment. Okay, question. next issue.
Who will see a lot the believers only or all of mankind, including those who rejected Allah subhana wa Tada. Well, this issue is one that there is no clear cut text on, there is nothing that is definitive, that will those who reject it a lot also see a lot on the Day of Judgment, by unanimous consensus and very clear that once the believers enter Jannah, that blessing of seeing a law which is the highest blessing that is only going to be given to the righteous believers who enter Jannah. But the question is, on the day of judgment, will the Kaffir see Allah or not? shareholder some had been Tamia was asked about this. And he wrote an entire treaties and Subhan Allah. What an amazing
mind most of his treatise sees most of his pamphlets. Most of his books and booklets were responses to fatawa that he would get from across the Muslim world. And he would just sit down. And typically after the hood and between ourselves between Ohio and Missouri, he would write from his head, and he just all of this gushing out. And he wrote around 1520 pages of a question that came to him from the people of Bahrain. And this is in his famous compilation, he didn't compile it a modern, modern scholar. Around 50 years ago, shekel qassimi, he traveled the Muslim world, and he collected all the treatises that he could find in the Tamia. And he put them under a massive compilation 30 plus
volumes called image more fatawa Shia Islam, that the comprehensive treatises and fatawa of shareholder stamp, this is not one book that shareholders have given me authored. It is a compilation of a scholar around 50 years ago, and then his son helped him as well in that regard. And it is not too comprehensive compilation because he did not manage to compile all the treaties. And there are other issues about this, and it does require more manuscripts and whatnot. But but it is a very good starting point to get the treaties he's ever been to me. And in one of those treaties in volume six page 485.
The treaty's occurs risala illa Holly Bahrain, the treaties of the response to the people of Bahrain, and the people of Bahrain wrote me a letter. And they said to him, that in our community, people have differed over this issue of whether the cafard will see a law on the day of judgment or not. And we have begun fighting amongst ourselves. And it has led to harsh words and you know, I mean, I'm paraphrasing but boycotts and this and that and caught accusations of people being deviant and maybe even we're close to reaching physical fists, his fighting over this issue. And so shareholder Islam wrote to them from the top of his head, this treaties you can read this and
Subhanallah the amount of evidences that would come forth. It's as if you've been to me is like a mount like a river just gushing forward statements from the Sahaba. Tabitha type your own, and the question was, what does the calf see a law on the day of judgment or not? And even taymiyah and his typical style, he mentioned that this is a controversy that was unknown. In the time of the Sahaba and Tabby rune. It came later on only 300 years ago, even Tim is writing but 720 100 or this treaty seven or 1500. So I think around three 400 years ago, this controversy began after the third century of the hedgerow the fourth century of the hedgerow. Before this point in time nobody debated this
Then he said there are opinions on all different sides. And whichever position you follow this is even taymiyah, who is generally viewed as being a very hardcore very, you know, fundamentalist fanatic, but in reality if you read his writings, he is not like that. And I've said this many, many times before, that the people who claim to follow Eben Tamia do me a great disservice in their attitude. And in their frankly, their their sectarianism and their fanaticism. That is not even to me. If you read event me and you actually immerse yourself in the writings of this great scholar, you find that he is far more open minded and tolerant than many of the people who claim to follow
him. And I think that is something that anybody who reads it when Tamia comes to this conclusion, and in this own fatwa, you get this response. He says, Look, these issues should not cause hatred and animosity wherever whichever position you follow, don't consider the other to be, you know, deviated or whatnot, you're all Muslims, you're all people that, you know, you you should not be fighting over these issues. These issues should not cause accusations of heresy, or accusations of hatred, or or disunity, you know, that the every group, we only follow his position with respect to the other positions as well. And then he mentioned that there were three opinions about this issue.
And he himself preferred one of them. This is the whole point, he's saying, look, I like this one, but the other two are also there. And hey, in the end of the day, it's not a big deal. Like if you the conference sees a learner, why are you guys fighting over this petty issue? Why are you guys breaking the unity of the oma over an abstract theoretical issue that is of no tangible value to your own communities. And so some handle on this attitude is really what I myself have when I tell you about so many other issues, even though frankly, sometimes, frankly, even to me on perhaps in some other areas, he
did have a more strict response than maybe I am having right now. And that's fine times change. I say to the followers of Ibn taymiyyah, that imagine what even Tamia would have done in our timeframe, and it is my goal that I don't think he would have been as harsh as he was against his critics 1007 800 years ago, and that's my opinion, you have the right to disagree with it in any case, My point being that he mentioned this controversy about the conferencing a lot and or not, and he says there are three opinions, he says the majority position is that the Kaffir will not see a lot in the output, Allah will see them they will not see a lot, okay. So this is the majority
opinion, Allah will see the Kaffir because Allah will look at all the creation, they will be displayed in front of Allah. And of course, Allah sees everything all the time. So nothing is hidden from a lot, but the calf it will not see a lot. And he said this is the position of the majority. And he quotes the famous verse in the Quran. In the home Arab hemiola eden llama Jew born that very early on that day, there shall be a veil between them and Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he says that EMA modic was also asked that, will the believers see Allah on the day of judgment? Emma Malik replied, If the Kaffir does not see a lot based upon the verse, there's going to be a hijab. Then
the whole purpose therefore, that Mr. Malik said that sorry, let me rephrase it. My Malik said if the believers didn't see a law, then how is it a punishment when a law takes the veil between him and the Kaffir? This one event, Malik said, think about this Allah saying in the Quran, there is a hijab or a veil between the cafe and Allah. Mr. Malik said, if the believers don't see a law, why is Allah saying there's a veil between me and the coffee? So the point is that because the caf it is mentioned, there is a veil, therefore the believers there is no veil. And Mr. Michel fury was famously asked about this verse, he recited this verse, and he said, When Allah has taken a veil for
the calf food, this shows that his chosen servants shall have no veil, and they shall see Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the first position, the Kaffir, will never see a lot, and it is not going to be something given to them. The second position is that the calf will see a law but not the seeing of the movement, and that the gaffer will see a law but it will be a scene of terror and fear, not a scene of comfort and, and so a law will display himself to the believers in a manner that will give them comfort in a manner that will give them hope, in a manner that will increase their demand. And as for the calf, for their seeing of a law will only increase them in terror and in fright. Just
like a criminal is brought forth in front of the judge and the criminal knows his guilty and the criminal knows is going to be sentenced and the judge or the ruler or whatever when the criminal is brought in front of that is not an option.
It is a dishonor and the person is terrified when he learned his method either to Allah belongs the highest example. And so even taymiyah says a second position is that the cafard will see a law but not the seeing of the believer and why how do we know this, the generalities of the verses that all of you will see him and that there is no single person except that Allah will speak to him. There's no intermediary between them. So the generality of the Quran and Sunnah might seem to indicate as well that the kafir will see Allah. And then the third position in potamia says is that the Kaffir will not see a lot, but the min and the Mona, the hypocrite, and some of the Nikita, that halachot
up are the highest category and of non Muslims, and they have some perks and privileges and especially the righteous amongst them as a lot praises in the Quran. That there are some of the Kitab when they listen to the Quran, their eyes are crying out to love and fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala and others are praised in the Quran and other manners, and especially those of the Nikita especially those who did not hear of Islam, and they lived righteous lives. So we hope good for them. And we lived there for too long the Day of Judgment had been Tamia said that the third opinion, the Mothman, the Mona Phil, and some of the keytab he does not say who, but we can assume
what he means the righteous of the educated, they shall see Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then the Mona Phil in particular, that will be taken away, that privilege will be taken away. And then when Africa will then end up in Ghana, and he bases this on a Heidi, that we're going to come to inshallah, in our future, lesson inshallah, maybe next week or the week after next week. So to conclude, and then open up some time for q&a. To conclude today's lesson.
Today, we continued from the issue of Allah subhana wa, tada, coming down, and the people being displayed and I mentioned 30 evidences from the Koran it's around 30 odus, or the Quran and Sunnah that mentioned, Allah subhanho wa Taala will,
or the people will be displayed in front of Allah, and that Allah will meet the people. And I said that the Quran affirms even individual meeting with our PA. And then we said, we don't know whether the meeting will occur at the very beginning. And that immediately we'll jump into the Day of Judgment, or there will be a prolonged time after this. And in all likelihood, actually, there will be different types of day of judgments for different peoples, ie for the believer, the day of judgment will be a very different experience than for the weak believer, the strong believer will have a different experience than the weak believer, and then the Kaffir. And then we'll have a
different experience. And then the worst of the worst, those who lied against the law and those who did other crimes that are even worse, they will have even a different experience on the Day of Judgment. And then we said the issue of the non Muslim seeing a lot. This is an issue of controversy. And in the end of the day, there's no there's no point really in discussing the the or there's no benefit in really arguing for too long as I've been Tamia said and the the Quran is, is you can argue both ways, even though he himself was sympathetic to the first opinion, which is that only the believers will see a law and those who rejected a law will not see him on the Day of
Judgment. So we now open the floor for some q&a insha Allah who tada and then we call it our lesson. So question is that, will we recognize the people around us? Definitely, yes, we will recognize the people we will know the people around us. And in fact, we shall be resurrected with our own groups, each oma will be in its own. And then each one of us will see the people whom we know and I already mentioned this a few lessons ago, that on the Day of Judgment, we will be able to see every person whom we knew in this world will be able to how Allah knows best. But if we want to see someone, we will see them and all of the crowd It is as if they will disappear. And we can have our gaze on that
one person and they will have their gaze on us that will be a different timeframe, a different paradigm, a different, completely different day, no one will be able to hide from another even if they try your way of funeral momentarily. They're going to run away. They're going to try to remember it but still we will recognize them and we will call them question over here is that will we receive physical books What do you mean by physical we will receive books will receive scrolls. From our perception we will hold them obviously what is physics and what is chemistry on that day who knows best but we will receive something that we will hold on to. So they will be tangible in
that realm and they will
feel them and show them to the people or we see closer for you to be embarrassed and hide them.
So a question here, that if Allah is separate from his creation, how can he come on the did Day of Judgment? Wouldn't that make him within the creation?
So you see this question from our dear brother or sister is exactly the crux of the matter. This is exactly the crux of the matter. And that is that
how do you understand these phrases your Lord will come your Lord will be seen, you will see Allah subhanho wa Taala your gold will speak your Lord will yet to rob Booker T abajo. Arabic Oh, yeah, tiara, booger Lord will come? How do we understand all of this? So as I explained to you in the last lesson, and I'll say it again,
the one strand of Islam, which is found very early on, and it is definitely the strand of Imam Al Bukhari himself, and Imam Ahmed himself very clearly, and so many of the other early scholars of Hadith, and this is called the 30 strand. They basically said, Guys, if Allah says, so let's just accept it and don't think about how it's not something our minds will understand. And they gave a simple example. And that example is, doesn't Allah say, in the Quran, that he is a high, and he is a Sameer, and he is a liberal See? And he is an animal, he was Shahada? Do you understand how Allah has higher? No, so if you don't understand how Allah has higher than you also don't understand how
Allah sees, you don't understand how Allah hears, you don't understand how Allah will come with a day of judgment, neither is your mind qualified to understand, nor has a lot asked you to understand how Allah has asked you to believe so simply believe without questioning. And this is called Belle Kapha. Or Bella cave. This is a technical theological term, we believe in all of the attributes without cave. And this is the methodology of many great scholars, including amendment Bahati, even hoceima, including most of the hanbali scholars, even taymiyah, strongly defended is of no value in our times, you have the 30 school that is upon that, then as I explained to you have another group.
And the first group to begin this was the group that was called the Jeremy and then the Tesla. And then another group came along that adopted some of these some of these aspects from the morning Tesla. And this is people like Elon Musk were about to add, and double Hudson. And actually, they took these notions, even though they refuted the more Tesla in many areas, in particular other but they adopted some of these notions that were found amongst them when it came to the sifat, or the attributes of Allah. And this exact point that you are saying that, to say that a lot comes means that he's moving from place to place, it necessitates that he is a body, it necessitates this and
that so this notion of what it necessitates, is that strand, and scholars like Albert kailani, and I'll be happy and Janie, and Rosati and our Razi and of all of those Jani Rhoda of that strength and eg and obey Judy, they're all greater than that of the school and then you have one sort of maturity and and if there's any of the maturity school, and then you have a course I'm called the Abu Jabbar from the vorticity. And then if I mean, again, all of this is advanced theology, I don't want to go I don't want to go there. But I just want all of these names. My point is that listen, dear Muslims,
these issues, they don't really affect the average Muslim of our time anymore. And my humble advice to both strands is to not increase the animosity between two schools, who share a lot of Allah between them, and who share a lot in common, what they share is much more than what this unites them. And the average Muslim will live and die without ever thinking about these issues. Unless one of these two strands starts pouring kerosene starts, prodding starts pushing starts speaking in a very harsh manner. And we all went through this free phase, some of us did, at least in the 90s and whatnot. And we saw there was no benefit in this. So my position now is live and let live and leave
these discussions to the advanced lectures and advanced theology classes. For now, let's just concentrate on the Quran, whatever of the two positions you want to follow. I hope that when you read the Koran, your heart feels a sense of or a sense of trouble trembling. In the end of the day, however you interpret it when you read the phrase, what job or book or medical suffer and suffer. Your heart should be trembling, waiting for that day. When you read the phrase that the believers are those who they know they're going to meet their Lord Warnock or update him. When you read the phrase will borrow azula Hey Jamie, and all
lovers will be displayed in front of Allah subhana wa Tada, forget whichever of the two interpretations. Let's get to the spirit. Let's get to the point of these verses, rather than getting into the advanced nitty gritty. And what this and the implication is that, what does it necessitate? Look, all of this. It's useful for a certain segment of advanced theology students, and like I said, I teach this and I am well aware, and it is my area of expertise. But that's at a level that is academic, let's not lose sight of the spiritual point of why Allah subhanaw taala is telling us this. And of course, one of these two opinions is more correct than the other, they both can't be
up, you know, they're mutually exclusive, obviously. Yet still, I say, Let every group teach what it wants to teach in a matter and a language and a methodology in a time and a place that inshallah will not increase the divisions of the oma, dear Muslims, especially the two strands here are the three strands here. You guys might be arguing about the attributes of Allah, your children are arguing about the existence of Allah subhana wa, tada put things into perspective, and don't get lost and confused the forest from the trees. You guys might be arguing about very advanced abstract issues, controversies that go back, no exaggeration, no exaggeration, 1300 years, this controversy
goes back 1300 years, and you are resurrecting it amongst the next generation when the next generation would never, ever hear of it unless you bring it up. And you teach them what the past said. If you were to be quiet, and the other group have to be quiet. Guess what? This controversy will be forgotten. Nobody worries about it. We have bigger issues. Our children are leaving Islam. They're doubting Allah's existence. They're doubting the prophets ism has to be followed there. doubting is a prophet. Let's concentrate on that. And let's leave the advanced discussion to the advanced students and even amongst the advanced students. Let's not preach a hatred and a division.
This is what even taymiyah himself is arguing when it came to this issue of seeing a law on the Day of Judgment for the COVID Look, come together on what you agree upon. And this issue, let it be and he let it not divide. They did the unity amongst you. That is what I'm saying to a much bigger issue. Even timbi did not say I'm not saying he said it to that issue. I'm simply saying the same Spirit that He understood for an issue 1000 years ago, 800 years ago, I'm saying even Tamia did not see our timeframe. And he didn't live in this timeframe, nor did he live as a minority in a Western land seeing what's going on. And please therefore, both of these parties, learn from history, learn
from what we ourselves learned from 2030 years ago from the 1890s 2000s we saw these debates, we saw the oma breakup and whatnot and we realized this is not healthy, I went into way much I should have time is Subhanallah definitely later than it should be I should was supposed to finish 10 minutes ago, inshallah Tata will continue within the next Wednesday, and we'll move on to the next issue which is going to be the actual hisab the actual judgment and the issue of the meezan and the scrolls and all of this that will be in sha Allah to Allah. In our next Wednesday's lesson. Until then, jsoc Mullah who hired on May Allah subhana wa tada protect me and you from all Phaeton declare
and the apparent and the hidden. May Allah subhanho wa Taala only take our souls when he is pleased with us. May Allah subhana wa tada allow our best days to be our last days and the best day of our life. The day that we meet him. May Allah subhanho wa Taala allow the Kadima of law either in the law to be the last phrase we ever say in this world. alarm went off and was the mean alarm went off and I went all the alarm went off and I went out there and what I heard that I wanted hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa barik ala Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi
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