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Seerah – 93 Tafsir of Surat At-Tawbah & Tabuk

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

Shaykh Yasir Qadhi now elaborates on the tafsir of Surah Tawbah in the light of the Battle of Tabuk.

After the return of the Prophet ﷺ, there was the death of the leader of the Munafiqun – Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, who was involved in the battle of Uhud where he backstabbed the Muslims and also played a major part in the horrendous and most terrible deed which is the slander of Aisha RA.

Another topic of discussion is the beginning of Surah Tawbah. It is the only Surah which does not  begin with ‘Bismillah.’ Why is there no Bismillah? There are two opinions which warrant some understanding:

  • Uthman RA , who was in charge of the compilation of the Mushaf , said that the reason for this was the joining of Tawbah with Anfal because the content is basically the same.
  • When Ali RA was asked by one of his sons about the same question, he said that Surah Tawbah is precisely when Allah cuts off his ties with the pagans and thus, it is deemed unfit to begin the Surah with mercy and so is the case for the rest of the Surah which is very harsh.

The tafseer of this powerful Surah Tawbah is explicitly explained and we gather unsurmountable evidence on the plight of the pagans in the wake of disobedience to Islam.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad in while he was in my back. So today inshallah tada we will finish one incident of sort of incident of a book, and then I will go over

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most most of pseudo Toba as we had said, so that inshallah inshallah, we will have an understanding of the verses that were revealed at the bottom of the book. So there's one incident left that happened after the return of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that is the death of the leader of them without whom Abdullah had been away even solo that probably within a month after the return of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Abdullah, nobody had been saluted, he felt sick, and they realized that he was going to die. And he requested the prophets of Salaam to visit him on his deathbed. Now, who is Abdullah bin obey bin so let us quickly remind ourselves who is Abdullah bin

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obey bin salute.

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He was going to be not the king, they didn't have a king. He was going to be one of the main leaders of Medina of yathrib pre Islam and he was the senior most politician who was alive when the process of emigrated to the effort of to Medina and the other politicians the other elders had either been killed in the broth wars, or after the coming of the process. And within a year or two they fled. And so eventually the only senior leader and he would have been in his 70s he would have been an elderly person. The only senior leader left is Abdullah bin Obi Eben salute. And when did he embrace Islam remind me?

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When did he embrace this number acaba was the president at Aqaba, obviously not know, when did he embrace Islam?

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Why

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after bother was one, the final idolaters had to either leave or embrace Islam. And he was the last batch of people to convert that after the victory of butter, you really had no choice that you either accepted Islam, or you left paganism was eliminated from Medina after brother. So he accepted Islam with the last batch of converts. And as they say Rama, Andrey, he didn't want to, he was forced to accept Islam. And he first showed us his true colors in the Battle of awkward. That's when the first incident occurred, that really demonstrated that he's not actually serious about his Islam. Because what happened that he turned back with one third of the army with 300 of the his

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followers, he turned back and he abandoned the processor with what excuse? What did he say?

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What was his excuse it offered.

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So he criticized the process and for not listening to him. Like you guys didn't listen to me. Why should I fight with you? Right? So he really felt himself to be the leader. It's thoughtful the law above the process of and this is Cofer in and of itself to feel that he felt I am the person you should have listened to me. And so you didn't listen to me. Why should I listen to you, basically. And He then returned back with one third of the army. And

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what did he do an ice up? And the Battle of the 100? What did he do?

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I'm not that explicit.

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He didn't actually plot with the food

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with me, not with them.

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It's gotta be one of the two.

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No, he didn't actually if he did, this would have been blatant treason. And he would have been executed that would have been blatant treason.

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What did he do? Who can remind me when we did that? See, that's why I do what I've seen. That's exactly why I pause and I do the Koran, because I want you to be related to the Quran. It's in the Quran.

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Surah Al Azhar bro shouldn't even told you but it's obvious. So reserves. Kondo is so little Azov right? I'll let you know all Allahumma NASA in the NASA Katayama confession whom he tried to terrify the Muslims, or he himself was terrified. Let's put it that way. He himself was terrified.

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He was genuinely fearful for his life. And he wanted somehow to get out to make some type of Treaty, you know, to concede anything away as long as they would let him stay

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alive. So he would go around the Sahaba and keep on telling them Can't you see the whole of mankind this year? Aren't you terrified? Aren't you scared? And so he actually went around making the Sahaba are trying to make the Sahaba scared and what did Allah saying the Koran? What did the Sahaba doing these facade the home EMA the Eman went up, right? So here we find again a true coward that he's terrified at the, at the the people gathered around he actually cooperated with the Bernal coryza or with the kurush then this is clear treason and that would not have been tolerated so he's on the limits. That's why he's on one I feel that his comfort is inside not outside. His comfort is inside.

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And then what else did he do after this? The big incident?

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The slander of Arusha, but right before the slander in the incident of arriva the sorry not corrida bonamassa

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Okay, but then on the way back, what did you do? Again, this is in the Quran And again, we did this monologue guys

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should I have an exam at the end? Should I have an exam and teeny comprehensive of the whole Sierra

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Don't do that. Don't do that.

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Again, this is in the Quran explicit in the Quran.

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On the return what did Abdullah bin obey do? sisters I hear some mumbling anybody

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This was that was also related the if because if we're gonna get to that,

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yo lunella Raja Anna lol Medina, T.

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Regional. I zoom in hell as hell, right? pseudoalteromonas lakonia. Now, you know what?

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Where are you doing this?

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It's called pseudo terminal code. It's called the surah of the hypocrites. And one of the worst things that he did was that he publicly said in a derogatory manner, that when we returned back to Medina, the people of honor will expel the people of

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unholy or the lowly people local agenda as human health as well. And he meant himself with the eyes and he met a stock FOLLOW US law follow the process and by saying event, and this type of mockery is clear, blatant gopher, right. And what happened quickly was a refresher as to what happened when they returned back. His son whose name was

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his son, whose name was

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Zaid will amarula.

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It was not a dishonor. Last aid. What

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was the third most common thing within?

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Exactly? Yeah, let's see. He got it. Done. Look, fellas, okay. It's Abdullah. Yes, Abdullah ibn Abdullah bin nobody been settled, right. He was a true Muslim. Abdullah was a genuine Muslim. And when he heard that his father had said this, so he did not allow his own father to enter back into the city. Until he said, You asked forgiveness, and the process of explicitly allows you to, to, to go inside. And on more than one occasion, or motor block Bob had asked permission to execute Abdullah bin obey more than one occasion. And the prophets are seldom kept on saying let him be on sometimes he would say Allah did not ask me to open up the hearts of men, sometimes he would say let

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not others say that I am killing my own followers. So there's a PR move as well that his Islam his pretending to be Muslim is less harmful than his execution. Right? So executing will bring about more harm. And so all of these incidents took place. And he was also the one who began the slander of Arusha, which is also one of his worst if not his worst crime in his entire life. And Allah explicitly again mentions and will not actually by name but I mean, you know, it's understood a lot explicitly hints at him, let's say in

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this line slander of Irish Oh, come on, guys. Huh? sorta No, see this. Do you understand why I'm doing the Quran with you guys? Even though I don't know why I should just keep up.

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We did this will lie we did this. I remember clearly went over the whole idea by ayah Surah Noor surah. No, right. And Allah azza wa jal says, Well, levita Well, Kibera hoomin. Home Lahore Abernathy. This is Abdullah bin obey Allah, Allah Kibera who this is a very harsh word. There is no English translation to what like Kibera who the one who took charge, the most arrogant of them, he was the one maybe it will send English the ringleader like it's a derogatory term, the ringleader amongst them. We're limited to one lucky Roman home and this is Abdullah bin away with sudo The one who began the plot hatched the plot and istockphoto verbalize it. The first

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But there was no witnesses will testify against him. And so he was not punished in this world. And Allah said, Don't worry, I'll punish him in the next level. Either one of them will I'll take care of me You don't even have to take care of him. So this is Abdullah bin Obi even saloon and his whole CV. His whole history is nothing but one evil after another in one slander after another. And when he was on his deathbed, he begged the profitsystem to visit him. And here is where really will lie. It is amazing the psychology of the moon after horn that as we'll talk about even today, and most of today's talk is related to Toba will be about them when I feel home. At some level, they believed in

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Allah.

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And at another level, they're too arrogant to worship Him. And in this they have some type of similarity with the beliefs, which is why they will not feel whole are worse than a regular non Muslim cafe, that the regular coffee doesn't know a lot. He doesn't know Islam, and in fact, a totally ignorant Katherine might even be forgiven on Yokoyama. But the munafo knows Islam at some level, as we'll even see now that why is he wanting the process to come visit him? When he's about to die? Why is he even wanting the process of to come visit him? He In fact, says to him, when when the visitor comments that and he asked forgiveness for me, so you can still fall for me, right? At

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some level, there is knowledge and recognition that Allah is my Creator. And yet at another level, he's too arrogant to actually genuinely submit to a London's messenger. And this is why Allah says in the Quran in them when I feel seen as a dedicated family man, and now that the Mauna Kea will occupy the lowest depths of the fire of health. So when the call came to visit, or would have been to hop off, said Yasuda Allah, will you visit him when he's an enemy of Allah when he is it will law. And so the Prophet system said, I hope that through him, Allah will cause 1000 of his people to embrace Islam. Now, 1000 here is not meant literally, it's just an expression because there were not

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1000 followers above the living obey,

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even obey did not have 1000 people under him is just simply an expression, that by visiting him, and showing him some kindness, I hope to get the hearts of those who look up to him and whose Iman is still weak. And this shows us again that yes, Islam does take into account the overall image or having a positive PR campaign or inviting people that you might even disagree with for a greater good. The process of did not defend Abdullah been away, when I would have no hope said how can you visit him when he's I do a lot? He didn't say No, he's not a doula. No, he's a nice guy. He didn't say that. Rather, he said, I hope by this visit, to get the hearts of 1000 men, meaning there's a

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greater good to visit. And this shows us over and over again, that in these types of situations, you weigh the good and the bad muslin and Mufasa. And you look at what is better overall for the oma. And so the profitsystem ended up visiting him. And there are two reports. Perhaps both can be true, but Allah knows best. The one report says that he himself as the process known for his shirt to use as a coffin. And the more authentic report is that after he died, his son, Abdullah bin Abdullah, his son, Abdullah bin Abdullah bin obey as the process of for his shirt. So there are both reports found. And it could be both valid as well in that when he was alive, he asked, and then when he

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died, Abdullah bin Abdullah then kind of asked him for the actual shirt Allah knows best, but there are both reports found. did both of them happen or did one of them happen? In any case, what is clear beyond a shadow of a doubt, the process of gave his own shirt like one of his shirts, he basically gave it and this goes back to my talk yesterday, if you remember, those of you who attended yesterday's talk, we talked about what we talked about yesterday, to Barack Barack, right, and this is exactly the example of turbo rock that the process of gave his own shirt. Then Abdullah bin Abdullah asked the process of to lead janazah for him, to lead janazah for him. And so the body

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was brought to the masjid and

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katamon the process of them stood up when we held on to his lower garment. And he said Yasuda law,

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will you pray for him? After he has done such and such and then such and such and then such and he began listing some of what I have listed, will you make dua for him after he did this, and he did this and he did this, and a whole long CV is done. And then almost said, and even after Allah has prohibited you from paying for them,

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isn't it how long to pray for the one off?

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This shows us the level of comfort that Bob Felt with the process of them, for him to actually remind him of a verse of the Quran. That the outer circle isn't it

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I want to do this right. And this also shows us, not we I don't want to say freedom of speech because that has a different concept. But it clearly shows us that the leader can be politely challenged. And even if that leader is there a pseudo loss or something that is saying, I don't understand how can you pray for him? So didn't he do this? Didn't he do this? Didn't he do this? And didn't Allah say, not to pray for them when after home, and compare and contrast this to some of our leaders that will love you or to criticize even one 100th of anything? You will not be seen walking on the street after that anymore? Or then we see this occur in many countries of our times, but

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let's not get political right now. The point being that I'm going to hop asked, how can you ask for forgiveness? When Allah has said that you should not pray for the hypocrites and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, rather Allah has given me a choice, and I have chosen to ask, and then he quoted the verse is stokfella home, Ola stokfella. home in destop, Villa home submarine Mr Ratan felonio. Pharaoh la Hello. So this is similar to tober verse 80. And this shows us that when this incident happened, much of sudo Toba had been revealed. And that's what we're going to talk about today. sudo Toba verse 80. And in it Allah says his stealth earlier home Ola to stall for

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loan, seek forgiveness or don't seek forgiveness. And this is what is the reference when the President said Allah has given me the choice. Yani Robbie, I have the choice which of the two, should I ask forgiveness should not ask for forgiveness. Then Allah says if you were to ask 70 times, Allah will not forgive. And so the process of them said, If I knew that 71 times would have forgiven them, I will add 71 times.

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So what he derived from the verse, our process of them is that

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a lot is not telling him don't ask for forgiveness. A lot is saying that I'm not going to forgive even if you ask me 70 times, but Allah didn't say Don't ask. So he said to Bob, Allah did not prohibit me, Allah gave me the choice is Salford oleta stuffer, then they he prayed, they accompanied him to the grave. And in a poverty is even mentioned that he went into the grave himself sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he helped bury this man who was such an enemy. And this shows us If anything, it shows us that you do not want the fire of hell even for your worst, worst worst enemy.

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That it is such as the process of did not have any, as we say lost love with this man. He did not like him at all. And in his entire life, Abdullah bin obeyed did nothing but irritate rasulillah. But now that he's dead, you do not want the fire of hell for even this type of person. And he outwardly died professing Islam. So his case is not like the case of those who outwardly die like a Buddha, knowing Islam and having rejected it, there is no you have clearly rejected. And so the Prophet system is tenderness, his Rama His mercy was so much that he even wanted Abdullah nobody possibly to be forgiven. And then, after this incident, Allah revealed what is now sutopo verse 84.

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Remember the verse numberings came afterwards remember, when the verse came down, it didn't have a number on it, and the process and put it where it's supposed to be put. So it is now suta Toba verse 84, in which Allah subhana wa tada says, voila to suddenly I had the men who matter other than Allah tala Papa, never pray for any of them who dies, and never stand at their grave. Why? Because he stood at the grave over the living away. And he made dawn for him, as was his custom to make a long draw for the deceased. So after he did it for Abdullah ibn obey, then Allah azza wa jal said that if a known will not fit dies, now this no longer applies to us because we don't know anyone I felt for

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sure. by its nature, nofap is hidden. That's why it's called nifa. So for us, this verse is not applicable, that an outward Muslim dies, and we knew him to be publicly saying he's a Muslim, then we assume him to be a Muslim. Right, but for the Prophet system, and Julian had told him the names of the hypocrites as we know, right that the gibreel had told them these are the names of the main hypocrites we should say in Medina, he knew their names. So after this, the process that I was told, never ever pray for these people, and never stand at their graves. What are Tacoma public in America for ob la hora Sula, they are kuffar. You treat them like

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they are Kufa because Allah told them who they are by name. We, as I said, cannot apply this verse that if you thought somebody dubious or whatnot, well that's between him and Allah. If outwardly he is a Muslim. We judge

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Hamas Islam, we pray janazah for him, and we bury him in the graveyard of the Muslims. So with this incident, we finalize, we conclude all of the incidents of Tupac. And now we begin talking a little bit about pseudo Toba. And I will try my best to do as many verses as possible. But the fact of the matter is that two thirds of the sutra deals with the Battle of the book. And so probably we cannot do each and every verse

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and also realize that the first 37 verses were revealed in a few months, and we're going to come to them later on. The beginning portion of sutopo was not revealed right now. These portions were revealed in the endzone card, excuse me, and the beginning of the ledger of the ninth year, and the rest of the sutra was revealed, basically a month before the Hajj season. So now I think we all know that the Quran is not arranged chronologically. I think we all know this, right? That the first verse revealed is actually a Koran which is at the end of the Quran, and Surah Baqarah was revealed around the time of better than before but and is the first of the Quran. So it's not arranged

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chronologically, and I thought would come down and the process and would tell the scribes put this idea here, put that ayah there, and that's how the Quran was compiled. So, as we read the sutra, realize that the first third of the sutra was not revealed. At this point in time it was revealed maybe in a month. So where do we begin at Firstly, a very quickly sudo to Toba is of course, the only suitor in the Quran

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that does not have the Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is the oldest one on the Koran. And

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what is and is it is also one of the last suitors to be revealed. It is also one of the last revelations of the Koran, because we're already in the ninth year of the hijra. We already in the ninth year of the digital, there is literally one year left of the Prophet systems life and then that is it. He will say Sarah move on to the next life. So this is one of the last suitors to be revealed. Now why is there no best suited to Toba? There are two opinions narrated from the Sahaba and the first of them is a hadith and Sunnah Timothy, that with a man even a fan, the compiler of the most half was asked that all halifa O'Meara momineen Why did you not write the best mela in

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Surah October or why did you put her to Toba?

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After and file Why did you put it in its place when and file is murky? And Toba is maddening.

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When and file is sorry, not McKee and file is early Medina and Toba is late Medina sorry, take that back and fall is was revealed that butter and adobo was revealed at a book and between them is the whole madonie era. Right? So earthman was asked, why did you place a Toba along with unfired when the two revelations took place so far apart? So as Mandy been our fan said that Toba was one of the last sutras revealed and the matter was unclear to us. Where should it go?

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And therefore, we put it with unfiled because the content is the same

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data and how to jihad is the same and file and Toba is primarily about Qatar and we did not put a bus mela

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not knowing if the two are connected or not basically.

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So this raises a whole bunch of questions.

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And because of this and as you know by now, this is an advanced class so we say things that sometimes will confuse you but that's part of advanced knowledge that you learn things that are not known before because of this some of the tab your own actually said that Toba and and file are ones hoorah.

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And that's why there's no budget battle between them. Now remember, the Sahaba did not write the names of the sutras inside the most half.

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And they did not write the ayah numbers inside the most of all of this was came after 100 years 200 years. So the Sahaba did not write the names of the surah

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they would simply write Bismillah R Rahman Rahim and you know there's a new sutra and they wouldn't write it number one, number two, this came later on. And therefore, some of the Tabby rune understood from this that Toba and and file are in fact, one surah. So there are reports from the earliest of the times that there are 113 sutras in the Quran.

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Not because they said the surah is missing, but they said two becomes one

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and file and Toby becomes one sooner and this was reported by Qatada. The student we will Abbas and others

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The tub your own. But this is a position that hardly anybody else agreed with. And the bulk of the oma and this is what has later become, we should say Iijima because there is no difference of opinion on this issue. Now that 10 fallen Toba are two different sutras. And

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this also raises the question of who did the ordering of the sutras and I've talked about this a number of times in various lectures. From this Hadith, it appears that the Sahaba were the one who ordered the sutras. Now, there's ordering of the chapters, and there's ordering of the sutras, there's sorry, there's ordering of the verses, and there's ordering of the sutras, the ordering of the verses, everybody agrees, the process of them did that. And in fact, you even just read the surah. And you know that the ordering is clearly an internal thing. You read any surah then you find there is some type of flow, even if the flow is not demonstrated in English, but there is a flow.

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There's a rhythm, there's a style, and every half of the knows this, that there's something that just connects from one verse to the next. And by the way, just a pause here, I'm going into a whole different that this is the rest of the tools nazira By the way, it's Tafseer mainly but it's linked to the syrup. So there's a very famous

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German orientalist. In our times alive Her name is Angelica newerth Angelica Neuwirth and in fact, she was

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awarded an honorary PhD from Yale the same year that I was awarded mine so she was at the ceremony being awarded the honorary PhD. Now she of course has a PhD. She's an elderly lady, she spent her entire life her speciality is the Quran she's obviously not a Muslim. She your speciality is the Quran and the novel of the Quran, or the harmony and the structure of the Quran. And she has written many books, you will find some of them on Amazon Angelica Neuwirth in English and martial workers in German. And she actually has some very unique and advanced types of research done, where she looks at the consonants and the she calls the melodies and rhymes we would not approve of that. But she

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has her way of looking at it, where she has analyzed suta cough and other Soto's, and she's actually shown, there's an internal structure that parallels so there's a rhythm going through each surah. And just as a side point, so one day she came to you in our class, we have a class when I was a student, not when I was awarded, the reason I was a student, she came and

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won one of my professors is very anti this, he believes ideas that are not very good at all about the Quran, that there was compiled later on, and it wasn't in its original form. And so he was saying that it's clear that later scribes changed sections here and there. That was his position, and Angelica, and they're both non Muslim said, No, that's clearly false. Because then she went into her Advanced Studies of look at this, you know, it rhymes with this, and this goes there. And, and she's proving now there's an internal harmony within each surah, that clearly demonstrates that whoever the author was, now, she does not believe the Quran to be divine. But she does believe the

00:28:01--> 00:28:41

origin has been preserved from the process of time. And she believes that the process and I mean, this is the way they think that he was some type of genius to put the Koran together. That's what they believe. But what is interesting is that in her analysis, she actually finds a synthesis between the sutras and she defends this very passionately. And I saw this debate as a student between the two of them. So the point being, that the arrangement of the verses are clearly from the Prophet system, only from Allah subhana wa Taala. Nobody denies that. But then the arrangement of the sutras is something that there's always been a controversy over. And Allah knows best. But it

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does appear that it was the Sahaba, who simply decided to have the suitors arranged in this manner, sort of odd to have baccara emiliani sama into an arm and follow the all the way through that they felt that they had their reason for doing it. And the evidence results for this is that every Sahabi, who had his own Koran had his own arrangement of the sutras as well. So the arrangement of the sutras was not something that was fully standardized. But once the Sahaba have standardized it, in the time of man, then it became binding on us to follow it as well. Is that clear? Right, that the Sahaba then standardized it, so if anybody wants to print a must have, he is obliged to follow

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these sutras in the order in order to respect the law of Earth man's compilation, but it was not as if the processor ordered the arrangement of the sewers. And this had it seems to indicate that as well that Earth man said that, you know, we didn't know you know, where it should be placed, and so the content was the same. So we simply put those two together. Now, this is one opinion why there is no bus metal. There's another opinion as well. And that is narrated from Allium nebuta.

00:29:53--> 00:30:00

That he was asked by by one of his sons, I think it was I forgotten Oh, then I read with that. Why don't we have the button

00:30:00--> 00:30:38

Similar and similar to Java, and so he said, this is a surah where Allah cuts off his ties from the pagans. It is not befitting he begins it with his Rama is not befitting that he says Bismillah R Rahman Rahim, Bara to Mina, la Bara means I have nothing to do with you cut off, all cut off. So it's not befitting and then the rest of the pseudo is very harsh against those who reject Alon as messengers. So it is not befitting that it begins with Rama. So both of these opinions have a sense of legitimacy to them. Now, as we said, the first 37 verses were revealed, right before the Hajj. And in fact, we'll come to them in a while, maybe even the next one, but maybe in two, three

00:30:39--> 00:31:18

lessons, we'll come to these verses. But now let's move from verse 38. That verse 38, to the end of the sutra, basically, is what was revealed for the Battle of tabuk. So all of this has to do with the Battle of taboos. And so we began and I'll just quickly go over as many verses as I can, and link them to the stories that we have done. And also to contextualize these verses that Allah subhana wa tada says, Yeah, one of the enamorado Milo comida, para la COVID de Sevilla, Hassan el djem illa. Allah, O you who believe, what is the matter with you that when you are told to go forth in the way of a law, you find yourself being drawn to the earth, you find yourself slumping down to

00:31:18--> 00:32:02

the ground? Are you satisfied with the life of this world over the era? So here begins the severe warning, and it will be repeated throughout, I'm telling you to go forth, your command is to go What is the matter with you, now that I'm telling you to go your bodies are being dragged to the ground. And by the way, these verses are very powerful verses of jihad. And we need to put them into context. Unfortunately, we do have some groups out there, they take these verses, and they apply them to situations that Allah did not reveal them for and, and of course, he referred to the extremist groups out there, these verses are valid, but it is an Islamic for any Muslim, to take

00:32:02--> 00:32:42

this verse and apply it to his particular cause. And say, Allah is referring to my cause. The hotel hosted Allah is referring to battle of to book. And yes, every legitimate cause has a share of this verse, nobody's denying that. But to claim that this verse applies to my particular group, and our particular expedition, you are saying that Allah is as if revealing his verse to you, and this is very dangerous. And this is what leads to extremism, to take this verse and then apply it to oneself. And Allah says, If you do not go forth in that and futile, you will be punished a severe punishment, and Allah will replace you with a different people, and you will not harm a lot at all.

00:32:42--> 00:32:48

No law is capable of all things. So here we have Hong Kong law here we have,

00:32:49--> 00:33:29

in my humble opinion, a very explicit reference that the Battle of the book was simply a command and a test from a law. Remember, we go back to the first lesson, why did the Battle of the book take place, and we cannot find a legitimate, logical excuse nothing actually seemed to have happened of substance really, when you got there? So what was the purpose then? It's very clear from these verses, the purpose was a test. And that test was to raise the bar so that after the death of the process that the Sahaba would continue doing the Jihad to other nations as they did in Latin, Sulu, facula nassarawa law, if you will not help him or Muslims, then remember, Allah has already helped

00:33:29--> 00:34:12

him Allah doesn't need you. There was a time when there was none of you. There was a time when none of you could have helped him. And Allah azza wa jal was the one who helped him when the people who disbelieved expelled him. And he was only two people, him and another person. tinius naini, in Houma, Phil Hall, when the both of them were in the cave, when he said to his companion, don't worry, Allah is with us. So Allah is referencing the digital. Why? Because now at a book, the quantity of Muslims is more than has ever been. And Allah is saying, Do you think I need you? When there was no Muslims to help? When there was nobody and he was alone.

00:34:13--> 00:34:52

Except for his companion and friend, I had already helped him. If you're not going to help him, I will help him in lattanzio vaca nassarawa, La Jolla, California, and he was the second of two. And this is an Arabic expression. The second of two does not mean to stop for the law that there's a hierarchy It simply means there are two people he was one of them in English, we say he was one of two and Arabic You say the second of two, the third of three and it simply means one out of two people. That's what it means. When he was in the cave, when he said to his companion, do not worry, Allah is with us. So Allah sent down his tranquility and supported him with soldiers you do not see.

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

And we talked about the stories of what happened and some of the other Mercedes soldiers were the pigeon and the the spider web and

00:35:00--> 00:35:25

Others say these were the angels who diverted away the the the pagans. And all of these stories are have a sense of legitimacy to them. And by the way, this is the verse that explicitly affirms abubaker is a Sahabi is the only saw heavy. And there's no other verse that specifically calls a person saw, other than aboubaker. So anybody who denies Abu Bakar is also hobby

00:35:26--> 00:36:07

has contradicted the Quran. And anybody who contradicts the Quran is not a believer in the Quran, and that we are very clear about this point. Anybody who says Abu Bakar is not a companion of the Prophet, so saddam, he has gone against the testimony of the Koran and that is something that we do not consider to be a part of Islam anymore. In feudal half and wealthier. Carla, this is the most powerful verse about the book, go forth, Nevada here, go forth on the way of Allah, if often with your color literate literally translates as whether you're light or heavy. And the meaning here, whether you're healthy or sick, or to say sick or healthy, whether you're poor or rich, whether you

00:36:07--> 00:36:17

have the means or don't go forth, if often with your color, whatever your state might be. And this shows us the Battle of the book was follow the iron.

00:36:19--> 00:37:00

Unlike butter, that was not fun. Again, unlike many other expeditions, it was voluntary, but the Battle of to book every able bodied Muslim hat to participate, and once again, to me this is crystal clear what is the wisdom, again, the Wisdom is to demonstrate who is the real believer to prepare them for the battles that will take place within a year after the death of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would Yahoo to be a modern well first complete sybilla that a competitor can come to trial alone and strive with your money and with your lives in the way of a law that is better for you. If you only knew Locanda out Obama even had this been a close game for money out of his money to gain

00:37:00--> 00:37:14

Had this been easy money was suffering costs hidden and the simple journey and travel, they would have followed you, they would have come but they found it difficult to go so far about it.

00:37:15--> 00:37:57

And they will swear to Allah, if we had the means we would come out with you. They're swearing to Allah, we just don't have the capability. And Allah says, even as they swear they are destroying themselves because Allah knows they are lying. So here begins the tirade, the criticism of them will not go home that Allah says you are lying, you swear that you're ready to go, but you're not qualified. And Allah says you are lying off Allahu Anka Lima as intellia home, Allah has forgiven you, why did you give them permission? And this is one of the most beautiful verses in the Quran in that even before Allah says, Why did you do this? Allah says I've already forgiven you, alpha love

00:37:57--> 00:38:15

Lanka, Lima, gentle. And so even and it's a very mild rebuke very mild criticism that all messenger of Allah Allah has forgiven you. But why did you give them permission? Now what what is the reference here? So remember, in the beginning, everyone I felt would come and give the flimsiest of excuse?

00:38:16--> 00:38:59

And they will just say, Oh, I'm not feeling well, my family is this this that whatever is the excuse, and whatever person came with an excuse, our processor would accept it. And Allah said, Allah has forgiven you. But why did you accept every excuse NEMA didn't Allah home had a billion Anaconda Dino sada Who? What animal care Debian you should not have accepted every excuse, so that you will can tell which of the excuses is legitimate, and which of them are liars who's telling the truth? And who is lying. Then Allah says those who believe in Allah and the Last Day will never ask for excuses. The excuses don't come from those who believe in a line the last day. And by the way,

00:38:59--> 00:39:39

for those of us who think oh, yeah, so how does this verse apply to me? Think how many excuses we make for what Allah wants us to do? How many excuses we make for any commandment obligation of Allah, whether it's sila, whether it's a car, how many excuses come and Allah says those who genuinely believe in Allah, Allah and the Last Day, they will not give you an excuse in them is that dinoco Latina Allah, you don't have reliable Yamanaka, the only people who ask excuses are those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts are full of doubt, and they are vacillating in their doubt. If they had wanted to go out low or too high, they would have prepared

00:39:39--> 00:39:59

for Abdullah hora de. And here the process was being told, look at those who prepared. Look at the fact they give an excuse, and they haven't even checked. They haven't even purchased an animal. They haven't even looked at their gardens and seen what can be done. They haven't done anything. So they're not serious about this excuse. And then Allah says it

00:40:00--> 00:40:41

Hello home, they are home. Allah himself did not want their presence in your ranks. Allah did not want them to be with you. And so Allah told them to stay behind what cleanup to do. Macari didn't stay back with those who are staying back. And then Allah says had they gone forth with you know, how did you feed them? Mazda do Camilla haba Allah, they would have only confused you even more and they would have spread through your ranks, causing Discord. And some of you listen to that Discord. Now this is a very powerful verse, because in it Allah is saying, there's two types of people actually there's three types of people. The first the fitna mongers

00:40:43--> 00:40:50

the second, those who are not fitna mongers, but whose hearts will be swayed by the fitna mongers.

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And then the third, those who will not be swayed by the fitna mongers. And this shows us that there are people have weak hearts. Now, here's the point. And I've said this many times by now, you should know this. When we think of the Sahaba, we think of obachan and Armando northman, and Ollie and Pollock and whatnot. And yes, that is elite. But let us not forget, for every one Sahaba, whose name we know, at least 10,000 wins his name, we do not know.

00:41:15--> 00:41:22

For every one Sahabi, whose battles have been recorded at least 1000 we don't know anything about them, not even their names.

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And so, and the reason we don't know their names is because they haven't reached the level of a vocal vocal number. So if even in the time of the Prophet system, there were people who could be persuaded to do evil by evil mongers than what do you think of our times? What do you think of our times, when somebody comes with bad ideas, bad thoughts, there are those whose they will not think of those ideas, but when they are spread and told their hearts will be swayed. So Allah says, we'll feed them some our own alone, there are those in your midst, they will listen to such talk. So Allah did not want them to listen. So Allah save them by not having the hypocrites in your ranks.

00:42:05--> 00:42:45

And indeed, they have already desired fitness from before, if they will fit at the makapuu, meaning they have already done plenty of things in the past, but offered and absorb and burn the muscle if they've already done this, what color will occur more, and they've already upset matters for you before. And all of this is a reference to the previous things that they have done had a coup despite all of their attempts, the truth has still come and the matter of Allah has become manifest and clear and victorious. Then we have verse number 49. There are those who say, Excuse me, and let me stay at home and do not put me in a state of fitna.

00:42:46--> 00:42:47

What is the reference here?

00:42:52--> 00:42:56

woman who may akula Allah ceftin Allah filled with a risotto

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I can't hear

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yellow

00:43:01--> 00:43:11

not yellow women. Yes, but it also translates as yellow. We would say white women that's what it means. Yellow for them means white. They're saying the the

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the the Roman women are too much of a trial temptation for me. If I see them, I'll go crazy, basically, right. The most flimsiest of excuses you're fighting you know Jihad on the battlefield right? And if you see a woman 100 miles or whatever falls away, and that's gonna like drive you but this was the excuse he gave, you know, one of the hypocrites right? This was the excuse he gave, because I can't see those women just allow me to stay at home and don't go there. And this is what I was referencing mocking them this is mocking them. Right? woman whom when your code is LD, what are ceftin Ni? Allah feel fitternity Sokoto. Verily, they have fallen into fitna with the excuse of not

00:43:51--> 00:44:18

wanting to see the fitna, they have fallen into the fitna, and indeed jahannam will be able to encompass all of the disbelievers, if good happens to you, it hurts them. They're so stingy and miserly, if you are blessed, it hurts them. And if a disaster hits you, they will be the first to say Oh, if you had listened to us, for example, if we if if things had gone the other way, the ohana amraam, in

00:44:20--> 00:45:00

our home for the home, that in other words, if a disaster befalls you, they will dissociate from you. And they will either say you should have listened to us or we have nothing to do with you, and they will not associate with you then. So when good happens, they're angry. When disaster happens, they're happy. What type of a man is this and this shows us as well by the way, that if a Muslim is happy when Islam is smeared when Islam is subjugated, then this Muslim is not a Muslim. This Muslim is not a Muslim. And if a Muslim feels pain, when Islam is being smeared and harmed, then this is a sign of evil.

00:45:00--> 00:45:40

Man, and this ayah proves this. Say, Poland you'll see but in the markets of Allahu Allah, this is one of the most powerful, most beautiful verses we all love this verse that tell them, nothing will happen to us except what Allah has already decreed for us. He is our protector, and upon Him will we put our trust, and that is whom the believers put their trust in, say, What are you waiting for, except one of two things will happen to us one of two victories, what are the two victories, either actual victory in this world or martyrdom and victory in the next world? So we are winners in every situation and you are losers in both situations. And then Allah subhana wa tada says,

00:45:41--> 00:46:25

that put unfair hold on Oh Carlota cobalamin come whether you give willingly or unwillingly Allah will not accept it from you, because you are an evil nation. And then we move on to 56. We are in the home, the main Kampala home in Kampala, Kenan common African, they swear by Allah, they are with you, their hearts are with you. They are one oma. But Allah is saying they are not with you. And they are full of terror. If they could only escape from the battlefield, if they could find refuge in a cave, if they could cover themselves off that that is what they will do. And they would not fight an army openly. And Allah says this as well. And the other suit as well, in Surah, hasha, as

00:46:25--> 00:46:51

well, that Allah just says that they don't have, they don't have the the courage to fight on the battlefield. And there are those amongst them who criticize you concerning charity. If they are given they're happy. And if they are not given, they are angry. This is a reference 58 and 59. It is a reference to not the Battle of the book, but rather the Battle of Hussein, which took place

00:46:52--> 00:47:30

which took place after four kaymak. And this is the Bedouin leader who came up and he said, Give me money. Dr. Mohammed, remember that the leader of the Neo Hutterites, right, this is a reference to him, that there are those. And that was also when I feel because he outwardly says he's a Muslim, there were those who if you give them the money, they're happy. And if they don't give the money, they are not happy. Rather, they should be happy at what Allah subhana wa tada has with them. Then verse 16, is the primary verse in the Quran about the eight categories of Zika. And I've given a whole lecture here at MRC, about these eight categories of Zika.

00:47:31--> 00:48:15

These are the the main the main idea and the Quran that delineates the eight categories of Zika. woman who Moldavian Hoon, and nebby were 61 there are those who harm the process and they irritate the process of them. And they say who are Odin, he listens to everything. He listens to everything other than from ear, he listens to everything. So, here we find they are making fun of the processor by for being too lenient. You listening to all of the Sahaba and what they're basically saying you're not listening to us. And they're also saying, You're listening to them when they accuse us. You too lenient, you just listen to everybody. Then Allah subhana wa Taala, reverses it back and

00:48:15--> 00:48:17

says, All uno hide

00:48:18--> 00:48:31

the fact that the processor only listens, it is better for you. Because if he were to act with you the way you deserve, you would not be alive anymore. It's better that he's only listening, although

00:48:32--> 00:49:10

it is better that he's just listening to the complaints rather than acting upon them. So one of the points here being the Sahaba are complaining to you about us then when after corner saying and you're just listening and you believing them. And Allah azza wa jal says the fact that he's listening and not doing anything, it is better for you that at least you are still in this world. And he believes in a lot and he believes that believers wait a minute meaning so the fact that he believes the Sahaba Allah praises this, he should believe them rather than you. And he is a mercy for those who believe amongst you. And those who irritate the prophets, Allah sell them for them is

00:49:10--> 00:49:53

a painful torment. So we have clearly respect for a pseudo loss of some comes from a man and anybody who irritates the process and harms the process. Who makes fun of the processor. So this person is not a Muslim, it is impossible for a Muslim to ridicule, mock joke, put down, denigrate our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is something that every Muslim realizes without knowing any evidence for you just don't make fun of Rasulo system because making fun of somebody means you don't respect that person. Just like we understand. You don't make fun of your mother and father. You don't joke about them. You don't say bad things about them because that is the height of disrespect.

00:49:53--> 00:50:00

And how about Rasulullah system who deserves a million times more than what our parents deserve? So here we have whoever

00:50:00--> 00:50:43

irritates the Prophet system shall have a painful punishment. They swear by a lot to satisfy you. But Allah and His Messenger are more worthy that they be satisfied, if you truly believe, do you not do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger, for him will be the fire of hell. And that will be a great disgrace. The hypocrites know this, we got back to the point of the hypocrites at some level, believe in Allah. The hypocrites are scared that a surah might be revealed about them, telling you what is in their hearts. Now imagine what type of man is this thing? That the hypocrites know Allah knows what's in their heart. And they're worried that assuta will come down,

00:50:44--> 00:51:34

and the eloquence of the Koran that Allah subhana wa Taala describes that fear which was in their hearts. And Allah xojo describes their innermost thoughts and exposes them by exposing their fear of being exposed. This is a very profound idea, if you get what I'm saying here, right? That they were scared of the expos. And allies that were just simply narrated their fear of the opposite. And that was enough that Allah is saying this is the reality of the hypocrites. Then if you were to ask them what an insult to him, they would say we were only talking and playing. Say Is it about Allah and his yacht? a yacht here mean signs not vs ayah and His messenger that you are mocking and playing,

00:51:34--> 00:51:41

don't make any excuse. You have committed Cofer after your Eman. Now what what is this a reference to we talked about this.

00:51:43--> 00:51:58

These were the multiple jokes that are taking place on the way back from to book the multiple jokes that were taking place. And this these verses were revealed that you have committed Cofer after your Eman And then Allah Xhosa threatens them,

00:51:59--> 00:52:04

describes them and threatens them you can quickly read over yourselves 6768 all the way down to

00:52:06--> 00:52:13

74 as well 74 as well. So, there is an incident that some scholars say to place into a book and others say took place in before table.

00:52:15--> 00:53:00

And that is an I did not actually mention it and I guess I should have mentioned it as one possible incident of the walk I mentioned now. And that is that another claim that was said on the way back from the book was one of the hypocrites said if Islam is true, if the process is correct, then this means that we are more misguided than donkeys some type of crude statement like this than that although luminor me that was ridiculous faith we must be as stupid as donkeys if this is true. And so when the news reached that this is what they said. They swore by Allah No we didn't say this. We swear we didn't say this. And so Allah revealed this verse yeah California Bella Hema calm, they

00:53:00--> 00:53:45

swear by Allah they did not say it. What are the call Kadima telco. And they have said the Kadima to recover and worker for rabada Islami him, and they have disbelieved after their Islam, Wareham mu b ma lemina Lu, and they planned that which they could not attain. Now, this is a reference according to most of the books of the year of the failed assassination attempt. Remember, we talked about that that 13 of them, 12 of them, they try to assassinate, and here we'll have more behind me and they attempted something but they could not reach it. Well, how do we measure them? No. So this is a reference to that story that we talked about. Verse number 75, there are those who make a promise to

00:53:45--> 00:54:26

Allah, that if you give us from his wealth, we will surely be from the most generous, but when Allah gives them they become stingy, and they turn away and therefore Allah has penalized them with hypocrisy in their hearts until the day of judgment. Now, this is famously attributed this series of verses to one of the Sahaba and the story is found in some of the books of Hadith that he begged the process is to ask Allah for more money, more money, more money, and the process kept on saying, don't it's a fitna Do not ask for more money. But he insisted and he said, If I become rich, I will become generous. But then when he became rich, and when the sudden the card holders or the Zakat

00:54:26--> 00:54:52

collectors came, he was stingy. He made fun of them. He didn't want to give them and he basically turned away. Now the story is very famous on the side His name is mentioned. But the fact of the matter is that the story is problematic on many accounts, the most important one being that even in this story, the Sahabi apparently repents, and the process and refuses to accept his repentance.

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

And this is simply unheard of in this era. And it goes against everything that the Quran itself teaches

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

If Allah can forgive Schick, then he can forgive stinginess and miserliness as well. So, that is why I skipped over the story, the story actually has a weakness in his chain. It's not an authentic incident. And mostly when the CEO has incidents that are not authentic, not a problem, we gloss over them and narrate them, we narrate them, excuse me. But when the story contradicts something that is clearly authentic, then we should not narrate those stories. So this story about the Sahabi, who allegedly became stingy, and then Allah made him into a hypocrite, it's very commonly narrated, but it actually goes against explicit haoran. And that is that Allah says, Whoever comes to me and

00:55:42--> 00:56:16

forgiveness, I will forgive, and according to the story of the Sahabi came, wanting to be forgiven, and the process of said, I will never forgive you, and Allah has revealed he's never going to forgive. So that doesn't make sense. And that is why we don't believe this story to be true, not just because its chain is weak, because most of the sealer is chain is weak. It's not authentic, but because it contradicts a well known principle. So then, what does this apply to, it doesn't apply to this hobby, it applies to some of the hypocrites. It applies to some of the hypocrites not to the Sahabi. And there's a big difference between a hypocrite and a Sahabi, that some of the hypocrites

00:56:16--> 00:57:00

wanted to be rich, and they said, if we become rich, we will be generous. So when Allah gave them the riches, they turned out to be the stingiest of people. And so they never wanted to be generous. They were lying to Allah and His messenger. And therefore Allah says, when you're lying to London's messenger, you will become a hypocrite Falco bomb the Falcon, so a lot resulted a lot caused this to result in hypocrisy until the day that he meets them. Verse number 79. The hypocrites are those who criticize the charity givers when they give the charity and they criticize the one who has nothing to give other than his sweat and efforts. Remember the story? Remember the Sahabi who could not

00:57:01--> 00:57:40

afford anything so he spent the whole night drawing water from a well, and the next morning he came, and he gave half, half a handful? And he said your solo one half I had to give to my wife and kids. And the other half is what I have. And the munafo mocked and they said, This guy is only showing off what does alone need from half a handful of dates. So this is a lady named mizumoto Marina for sadakazu. And then verse 18. We just talked about it. seek forgiveness or don't seek forgiveness, if you were to seek 70 times forgiveness, Allah will not forgive. So this we already talked about this. And this clearly therefore, was the first verse revealed and the process and I'm thought I have the

00:57:40--> 00:57:41

choice. Then

00:57:43--> 00:57:46

verse 83, Allah subhana wa tada says,

00:57:48--> 00:57:57

that it is how long for the Prophet system to ever allow the hypocrites to go forth on Jihad ever again. Now this is interesting, because what battle took place after the book

00:58:02--> 00:58:03

what battle took place after the book.

00:58:07--> 00:58:10

The book was the last one. Yet verse number

00:58:11--> 00:58:12

83 says

00:58:14--> 00:58:18

it didn't actually take place. It was sent but it didn't actually take place.

00:58:20--> 00:58:26

So the verse 83 is saying, You're never going to go forth in an expedition even if you want to.

00:58:28--> 00:58:31

And the fact of the matter is that there was no major expedition

00:58:32--> 00:58:42

hussin was one was a small expedition, a voluntary it wasn't like to book so why then is Allah saying this to humiliate them, that even if you want to go Allah will not let you go?

00:58:43--> 00:59:06

Even if you beg to go, you're not going to go It's an honor and you will not get to that honor. Then verse number 84. Do not pray over any of them who has died ever want to solve the Minamata burden? So that's an ever and never asked stand for forgiveness because they have disbelieved in a law and a and His Messenger and then

00:59:07--> 00:59:09

you can go on and on all of this is self explanatory

00:59:12--> 00:59:58

93 in the most severe Ireland setting here is the the blame will be on those who sought permission for you and they were rich they didn't have an excuse 94 they make excuses when you come back now this is a reference to the morning he came back from a walk there was a long line of 85 people remember this Yeah, Tirana la comida Raja to LA him this is where that comes. When you come back to them they have a long line of excuses that say to them, Whole Lotta Rolando button allotment of body come. So Allah revealed this verse after the process of accepting all of their excuses. Allah says no, you tell them. Allah will not accept their excuses, that Allah knows their affairs and they will

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

go back to the ultimate labels.

01:00:00--> 01:00:42

I will tell them what they have done, say California Villa de la comida caught up to me to him they totally do and home, they only swear by Allah to you, so that you will leave them alone. They just want to you to just don't worry about them. So Allah says for argued one home, then leave them alone. Why in the home religious, when they are religious, they are filthy, and their place will be jahannam because of what they have done. And then Allah mentions the Bedouins and that is because in the Battle of the book, if you remember, the bulk of the army came from outside of Medina, it was everybody in Medina and then also the bulk of the army outside of Medina. And Allah xojo criticizes

01:00:42--> 01:01:21

that most of these outward converts, as of yet a man has not entered their hearts and they are hypocrites, and this is also in the end of sodoku gerat. And then Allah says, but not all of them, there are some good amongst them. And that is what Allah says in verse 99. And then Allah praises the Maha junoon and the unsought that is verse 100. And then verse 102, what are Haruna uttara fubu Mahalo to Ramadan saw the Hanwha rasiya there are those who have mixed their good and they're bad and they acknowledge their sins. Who are these people? These are the people who gave no excuse. They said we are wrong.

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These are the people they admitted we made a mistake. So Allah says there are those airtight off will be the room they admitted they're guilty. And hello to Ahmed on solid how they have some good deeds. There were better is amongst them. There were people in our club amongst them will say yeah, they disobeyed you a turbo they've mixed the two together as a Lavanya to bother him. Allah might indeed forgive them for Allah is lafoon Rahim. And then eventually, verse 106, Allah azza wa jal tells them they will be those who their verdict will be delayed. So this is an implicit command to boycott them. We are Haruna Maura, Jonah the umbrella, there are those their verdict will be

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delayed, whether Allah will punish or forgive, Allah knows what to do. So this was the implied commandment you three cut off, Allah will decide your fate. So this is verse 106. Okay, verse 107, and 108 and 109, and 110. All of this deals with the message of the law. We talked about this so you can go and link it up to the message of the law.

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And then moving on to the hypocrites 117 and 118 This is the announcement of laws accepting the repentance and Allah begins by firstly praising the Mahajan anon Sol and this is an interesting point, that instead of saying they are forgiven, Allah begins by saying,

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Allah has already forgiven before getting to those three, Allah has already forgiven, the more ha Joon and the unsolved all of those who follow the Prophet system, FISA arteluce sarathi. This is the Battle of two book, sir, in Russia. This is the Battle of two book that after party of them had almost inclined to doubt and then he forgave them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. And he also forgave the three why the thelotter. And he forgave the three. So Allah praises the Maha junan saw that you're already forgiven, you obeyed. Then he says, and the rest of you, the three of you, as well, you are also forgiven. And then a lot concludes by talking about those people who are not

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able to go, those people who are not able to go still they get the reward of those who went because they had the Nia, of going, and then Allah concludes the surah. by reminding once again of the dangers of the hypocrites, they are worried about a pseudo being revealed. And then those two verses that concluded the Toba la Kumara Suleiman unphysical that verily a messenger has come to you from amongst yourselves. He is one of you, as he is in LA, he, nah I need to him. He is pained by all that causes you harm. Something that troubles you troubles him, how do you swing it come, he is ever concerned for you. And for the believers. He is kind and merciful. And we see this even in the case

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of Abdullah vinnova even salute that he was grieved at the possible punishment of delivering obey, and he was eager for him, even though he died a hypocrite. And then the process is told that if they turn away then say has to be Allahu La Ilaha Illa who all I need is a law and he is sufficient for me. In him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the great throne. So we quickly went over suta Toba and inshallah for those verses. I didn't go over in this last two thirds if you read them in Charlotte

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We'll be self explanatory. I don't think you need any extra. If you'd like to see it at this basic level, and inshallah in a few weeks we'll come back to do the first actually third of sudo Toba because all of this is relevant to the the the incident of the Hajj. And by the way, we are now close to the end of the Sierra. inshallah

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we might even finish 2014 maybe we will finish 2014 or if not then the beginning of 2015. inshallah Darla will finish the Syrah. And then we need to start thinking about what will be the next Wednesday class from now start thinking about that. But we already which month are we in now in the Sierra? which month? Are we in? Where are we now?

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Which year, everybody should know the year. We're in the ninth year. We are now in little Florida. We're now in Jakarta of the ninth year. And the next incident is going to be basically the hedge of Abu Bakar which is the hedge before the hedge of the profits. And then we just have one or two incidents and the year of delegations. And then that's it the then we have the final few days of the process and the bulk of the Quran has already been revealed at this time. The laws of Islam have pretty much been finalized by this time. And the conquests have now been solidified. And MK is now in you know, Islamic lands. And so the rest of Arabia will now be embracing Islam. What are at NASA

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yet Oh, Luna feeding Eli, a forger. One by one in this final year, every single tribe by and large embraced Islam because they realize now that motyka is gone. And central Arabia is now one united power. The rest of the smaller tribes will not fight Islam. And so they will embrace it one after the other. So we just have a few lessons left to shallow data. And then we come to an end of martial law five years really of pseudo classes at hamdulillah. And

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yes, inshallah. Tada any quick questions before we break for soda to Asia?

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You tell me, do you think she knows Arabic?

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She knows Arabic better than most of us in this room.

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That is the reality of Mr. Shin. They know things that

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most of us would not know.

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And she is still not Muslim.

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And this is I have met many people like this many people like this. There are many people out there.

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They appreciate certain things of Islam, but they just they haven't invested emotionally in it is just an intellectual exercise. They appreciate it as an intellectual curiosity, but their other their heart has nothing to do with it.

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Yeah, I mean, the reality is, all you need to do is look at a police.

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But see, here's my point, though, and this is I know, surprising for many of you, but

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there are people out there. I have met them I have studied with them, who by and large, in my estimation interactions don't have an animosity to Islam, but they're just not attracted to it either.

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They are genuinely curious.

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And their curiosity is only from the mind, not from the heart. And so they live their lives. agnostics, most of these are agnostics. They don't have thought about the era and life and whatnot. But something happened in their lives that sparked an interest in the Middle East and Arabic in the Koran. And one thing led to another they ended up doing a PhD. It's a good job for them. It's a prestigious job, and life goes on. And so and here's I know many of you will disagree with this. But not everybody who studies Islam and doesn't embrace it is an enemy to Islam. There are those who are sympathetic in their own way. But they just don't believe. And by the way, there are many who

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believe in their hearts, but are too embarrassed to publicly say, and I have met a number of people like this that they are believers secretly. But they fear. And now when I say believers, I mean linguistically.

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They haven't accepted the Shahada publicly, they don't pray, but they know Islam to be true. And it's like Abu Talib.

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It's like well thought of that it's too much of a peer pressure for him to give up his prestigious

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acceptance in society, right lifestyle and what not and, and then people will make fun of him because yes, let's be honest here. Can you imagine, you know somebody who has a reputation and a degree and whatnot, and then he embraces Islam, people are going to ridicule them. This is especially in the world that we live in. So there are people like that I have met them. So my point being that

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obviously, if

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For the most Muslims, they really, it's interesting to hear Angelica Nura but they don't need to read her works. No need for that. I mean, you can trust the Muslim scholarship. But for those who are in academia, we need to distinguish between those who are genuinely haters of Islam. And there are people like that, you know, Bernard Lewis, for example, is a classic example. The classic example, you know, Neo con person who really despises Islam. And he says things about Muslims and Islam that shows the hatred that he has, and then versus those who are genuinely sympathetic and feel some type of rapport with the Muslims, even though they're not Muslims, right? There are people

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like that as well. There are many people like that, that for some reason, they just don't want to embrace but their minds, you know, they have

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paulaner, hula, hula, right, in Nicoletta de mana. Right? This is the way and again, I have met many people like this Yes.

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After 20 days,

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we will assume that the processor was given permission to go back. It's not explicitly mentioned, we will assume this because he never did anything without permission. So it is an assumption we make that after 20 days gibreel allowed or told him it's time to go back. Okay, it's not anything explicit in the text. Yes.

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There's not much mentioned about the maternal relatives of the process of there's not much mentioned about his immediate family, believe it or not.

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So, Arab society in general, and Islam as well kind of conceals the feminine side. So, like, one of the things we're going to do, as soon as I finished the seat, I shot loads out of the first four or five lectures after that will be the family of the process of them will do that. Believe it or not, there's not don't get too excited. There's not that much. We don't know much about Zainab and oma costume. And, and, and Fatima and Rohingya, we don't know much, very little, to be honest. Why? Because who interacted with them to tell us? Right, where are the public Enza? So there's only a handful of things that we know. So it's not surprising that we don't know much about the maternal

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relatives of the process, and we don't know much about his own daughters. So

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I can look that information up for you that information, we can look it up.

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The maternal uncles we can look up, that should not be a problem. But that is a good question. Where are his cousins from that side? That I will find that out for you? What are his cousin's names from that side? And did they play a role in the serum or not? I'll find that out for you. That is a possibility. We'll call pachala. Final question. Yes.

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We can't say that fully. But

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so he's saying Can we say that let me know by evening salute, submitted to a law but not to the process of them. We cannot say that.

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Maybe there's an element of truth there. But one thing for sure. submitting to the prophet SAW Selim is a necessary requirement to submit to Allah.

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What in totally Whoo hoo. tattoo. Only by obeying the profit system will you be guided.

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So obedience to and allegiance to the prophets are seldom is necessary for a man you cannot have a man without a man and Rasulullah Shazam and that is why even though we say la ilaha Muhammad Rasulullah in actual fact Mohammed or pseudo la must occur before like La la la.

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Think about it. How do you know La ilaha illa Allah accept through Muhammad Rasulullah. So in way of actually believe you first believe the process was a profit then you believe in Atlanta? Hold on.

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Right. So for us belief in the Profit System is a necessary it's an integral part of a man without it there is no a man and that's why Allah swears by your Lord Yasuda law fella or a baker law you may know Allah swears by your Lord or Baker law. You may know they have no Eman had you had

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muka shutaura binome until they make you the ultimate judge, FEMA and every single thing that happens to them, and had to reckon with somebody, and then they find nothing in their heart to listen to you.

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And they submit what you suddenly muitas NEMA, there's an emphasis, right? This is my fruit lock, right? You sell him with a slimmer, they have an emphasis, and they submit a complete submission. So to slim Islam is even to the messenger, because we only know Islam through the messenger. Right? So even if there is an element of truth here, anybody who rejects the messenger has rejected the message and the one who sent the message and cannot be a Muslim. And that's a very central point of our religion of Islam, inshallah, with that