Join Shaykh Yasir Qadhi as he gives a detailed analysis of the life of the Prophet (S) from the original sources and clarifies any misconceptions.
We continue with the treaty of Hudaybiyya. And we discussed the incident of Hudaybiyya, how the prophet PBUH entered into the area, and that Allah caused the prophet PBUHs camel to camp at the plane of Hudaybiyya. The prophet PBUH realised Allah wanted them to stop, so they set up their camp.
During the course of the next few days many things happen, and the standard problem of the whole seerah is that we have tid-bits of various incidences, but how do you peice it together? What is the correct chronological order of events? We have lots of small narrations but peicing them together is difficult. One sahabi gives us one incident, another gives us other incidences etc. One of the jobs of modern scholars is to piece it together because the chronology is something we have to do.
One thing is that the Quraysh tried to suprise attack the muslims who are camped in Hudaybiyya. When did this happen? Nothing is mentioned so we have no idea. It might have happened right at the end or right at the beginning. We mention it seperately because it’s one incident – the rest will the sending of emissaries back and forth between the Quraysh and the prophet PBUH. So the Quraysh launched a suprise attack; this is reported in Sahih Muslim. 80 people from the Quraysh launched a suprise attack from the mountain area of Tan’eem and they suprise attacked right around salaatul Fajr hoping to catch them unprepared. However the muslims were well prepared; they had scouts and envoys, so the muslims knew they were coming. Thus instead of suprise attacking the muslims, the plan backfired and the muslims surrounded them, and forced them to surrender without causing any bloodshed. They brought them to the prophet PBUH, and the prophet PBUH forgave all of them and sent them back to the Mecca. This is an amazing story that clearly demonstrates the prophet PBUH has NO interest in bloodshed. He has the full right to kill these people – if the whole 80 people had been decimated, every legal system in the world would say it’s fully justified. Yet not a single drop of blood is shed and they are returned to Mecca. Allah mentions this in the Quran, surah Fateh verse 24. And note all of Fateh is a reference to Hudaybiyya. It’s not the conquest of Mecca. #Fateh’ means any conquest – but surahtul Fateh has nothing to do with the conquest. It was revealed in its entirety right after Madinah. So “we have given you a great victory” is Hudaybiyya. Verse 24 says: “He is the One who stopped their hands from reaching you, and your hands from reaching them in the valleys of Mecca even after you had victory over them”. Imagine 80 people fully armed attacking people who were all sleeping – 100s of sahaba would have died but Allah protected them. And similarly Allah said He stopped the muslims from killing a single person. And this is crucial. Why? If the prophet PBUH even killed one of them there would never have been a Hudaybiyya. And it was the biggest victory Allah gave after the conquest of Mecca. So this shows the prophet PBUHs intentions which were fully for peace.
Now we will discuss at length the negotiations and emmisaries which went back and forth. Many scholars have tried to reconstruct who went first etc because we simply don’t know. The following viewpoint is just one theory. The first person who appears to be an emmisary is neither qurayshi nor madani. He is from the tribe of Kuza’a which was generally sympathetic to Islam but was neutral overall and hadn’t embraced Islam. One of the leaders of Kuza’a volunteered to be an emmisary since he was a neutral party. He is a noble arab and does not want any civil war, so he was an emmisary at this time (eventually he accepts Islam but right now he isn’t a muslim). So he offers the prophet PBUH “Ya Muhammad I have just come from the other side of Hudaybiyya and I’ve left the sons of Amr ibn Luhay armed to the tee”. Who is Amr ibn Luhay? The great great grandfathers of Quraysh. “And they are waiting to fight you and prevent you from entering Mecca”. Meaning he is trying to tell the prophet PBUH to calm down. The prophet PBUH said “we have not come to fight; rather we’ve come to show honour to the house of umrah.” And he says the same phrase he said to the muslims, and he will say again and again to every emmisary who comes. “Indeed war has damaged the Quraysh, and they have been hurt by it. If they wish we can negotiate and be peaceful. If they wish, I will show them what we are made of, and my neck will be chopped off until Allah decides the matter” meaning it’s up to them. And then he said “If they want I can give them some time and leave the city for us” i.e. for a short time the Quraysh go out, the muslims can go in, perform the umrah and then leave. This suggestion the Quraysh accepted but their condition was NEXT year, not this year. So the prophet PBUH is saying “if it’s akward I understand, I will give them a few days and they can leave Mecca. We will enter, do the umrah and leave. If they refuse, I swear by Allah I will fight them until my neck off and Allahs decree be done”.
So Budail said he will inform the Quraysh about the prophet PBUHs position. As of yet the Quraysh do not officially know why they are here. So Budail told the Quraysh “I have spoken to this man and I’ve heard him say something. If you wish I can repeat it for you.” Ibn Ishaaq says the foolish amongst them said “we have no reason to listen to you, you’ve nothing new to tell us”. But the ones of intellagance said “let him speak”. And so Budail informed him of the prophet PBUHs peaceful intentions, that “war is a lose-lose, let’s be in peace, let me visit the kab’ah and we will return to Madniah, and if you refuse I will fight you to death”. Notice over here it’s always the ignorant and closed minded who don’t even want to hear what the other side of the story is. It dosen’t matter how reasonable or rational something is, they’ve decided already what Islam is. This is the foolish amongst them. The people of wisdom are open minded and control their emotions. And also this shows us the evils of arrogance: the foolish don’t even care about the prophet PBUHs reason for coming. They don’t even want to listen! All they want is war and bloodshed. And arrogance is so foolish it blinds you. And indeed this is the case of Iblees too. So Budail summarised the message of the prophet PBUH and then he gave his own advice: “you are being hasty with this man, he has not come to fight, he has come to visit this house honouring its sanctity”. So Budail understands the prophet PBUHs message, and he is sowing the seeds of doubt into the Quraysh. Budail is the first person and many more side with the prophet PBUH. The Quraysh responded “By Allah we will never let him enter Mecca and the Arabs will say he had the better hand over us”. And sadly the Quraysh stuck with this to the very end. Why? Its all a matter of pride and honour – that “my pride will be harmed if the Arabs hear the prophet PBUH entered Mecca”. And in the end they got this condition. So the matter of Budail ended and no negotiations were done.
Therefore what began after this was another exchange of messages, but this time the emissaries are directly from either side. It appears the first person to go from the Quraysh was Uruwa ibn Masud, from the tribe of Taqif. Its based in Ta’if, and Ta’if was the sister city of Mecca. There was a little bit of tension but there’s alliances against the prophet PBUH and Islam. So Uruwa stands and says “Am I not a father to you? Don’t you know my loyalties lie with you?” He is beginning this way to get the approval of the Quraysh to be an official emissary. And they keep on saying “No no we know who you are”. Then Uruwa mentions his resume and blessings, that “did I not help you here, cause some bloodshed to be averted etc”. And he’s presenting all this to make them realise that he will look after their best interests. And so they praised him until finally he said “Budail has come to us with some news, let me go back and see what I can negotiate”. So Uruwa ibn Masud becomes the first real emissary the Quraysh send to negotiate and see what can be done.
The prophet PBUH tells him the exact same thing he told Budail: the exact same paragraph. That “why don’t the Quraysh let us be, we are just like the normal people let us do tawaaf and we will go back”. And the exact same conditions he offers and its very reasonable. He is appealing to the emotions of the Quraysh: “why the bloodshed, enough is enough, I’m just coming for peace, let me go like all others and if you feel akward I’ll give you some time, you leave the city, we’ll enter, do tawaaf and then go back.” So the same plan is given to Uruwa and Uruwa says “what is really the matter with you? You say you call to Allah, but then you come with people whom we don’t know. And you break the ties of kinship (meaning the Aws and Khazraj etc). We don’t know who these peple are. And you break the sanctity of the haram and you intend to spill blood”. Its as if he didn’t hear anything the prophet PBUH said. He already has something in his mind: so the prophet PBUH refutes everything “I’ve only come to fulfill the ties of kinship not to break them, and I’ve come to better the religion of my people, and I’ve come to make their lives a better life”. Look at what he is smearing the prophet PBUH with – breaking the ties of kinship, bringing forth a new religion and breaking the haram sanctity.
In reality, in all of these smears, there is a kernal of truth that has been layered with lies. From their perspective they genuinely believe all of this: the prophet PBUH is bringing something new so HE is breaking the ties. HIS religion is the strange religion and he is bringing new people. Why are we mentioning this? Because every single smear and attack against Islam and the prophet PBUH, deep down inside has perverted truth. There’s a mixture of truth and alot of falsehood. It’s the sunnah of Allah that mankind with bad intention take this small truth and coat it with lies. It’s because of this kernal of truth that even the worst allegation people believe in it. For example being a magician – did not our prophet PBUH have miracles? They also accused him of being a poet – and what is the most beautiful poetry? The Qur’an. So theres a kernal of truth but its put with so many lies. Thus we as muslims need to have the perception and wisdom to see through the kernal of truth. Imagine if all you see is voilence coming from muslim lands, you will think Islam is voilent. But of course it isn’t – thus we need to understand the kernal of truth people speak with and then respond back. So the prophet PBUH responds back: “I am fulfilling ties, I want good for my people etc”. This is the same reality to this day: that Islam suppresses women etc. Look at the culture around us – who is the one exploiting women? We protect and honour them but just because we do, that protection becomes exploitation. So we need to understand peoples perspectives.
So Uruwa responded: “Oh Muhammad if you were to remove the matter of your people, have you ever heard of an arab who destroyed his own tribe before you?” Meaning you and the Quraysh are at such odds you might even cause their destruction. “And if its the other (meaning if they fight you and win)” So he’s trying to reason with him from a jaheleya perspective, that you will kill your own tribe if you win, is that what you want? And if its the other, then “By Allah I don’t see around me men I recognise, rather they seem to be a mixture of bandits who will run away and leave you at the earliest chance possible”. What’s he saying? He is suggesting the sahaba will not be loyal because they are all of different tribes. From Uruwas perspective, its unbelieavable this mixture of arabs are behind the prophet PBUH. The way he’s viewed the world is just division by tribe. It’s a gang mentality, that you are with your tribe no matter what the cost or who does what. So now for the first time in his life he is seeing a group of people together but nothing unites them from his perspective. He dosen’t understand the unity of Islam. Its completey blind to him. Right now he has no imaan at all – all he can see are people ‘disunited’. He is saying “why will Aws guard your back?” Indeed the bulk of the 1400 were non Qurayshi.
So he’s saying “they aren’t even men I don’t recognise any of them”. When Uruwa said this, he heard a vile curse and its very vile and vulgar. And it came from the last sahabi you would ever expect: when Uruwa said “I don’t see any men around you – who are these people? The minute you start fighting they will abandon you” he heard a loud shot. And he heard a voice say a very vulgar phrase. Uruwa said “who is that?!” Abu Bukr said “Ibn Abi Qahafa”. Uruwa says that “walahi had it not been for a favour you did to me and I hadn’t yet paid you back, I would respond with a similar remark”. The vulgar thing has to do with a private part of a female, Al-Lat is the God mentioned and ‘omsos’ (arabic phrase) means to suck on – so you can peice the phrase together. So Abu Bukr utters this extremely vile curse to Al-Lat, and why? Because Al-Lat was the God of Taqif which was where Uruwa was from. And it was the most famous of the vicinity of Taqif. So Uruwa is the cheifton and guardian of Al-Lat. So Abu Bukr utters those words and then he says “do you really think we will abandon him? That’s what you think?” What we find is amazing: his anger goes to 0 to 100 in 0.1 seconds. Instantly – why? Because this man has accused the muslims of abandoning the prophet PBUH. And he becomes so angry that the most gently, shy, kind etc loses his anger and temper and he curses a vile curse. This shows us the imaan of Abu Bukr – he wasn’t angry he was insulted. He was angry the prophet PBUH is being insulted that his own people will leave him. And he felt such anger he uttered a phrase that is very inappropiate. This shows us there are very rare exceptions that sometimes being vulgar gets the point across. And the prophet PBUH did not rebuke Abu Bukr – his anger just got the better of him, and sometimes being vulgar has some benefit (but only once in a blue moon). Also Uruwa had a debt, so Abu Bukr gave him the money to pay that debt off – so Uruwa says “you still have a favour I haven’t repaid, had it not been for that I would have responded in kind” i.e. he is saying the repayment of the favour is that he won’t insult Abu Bukr. Uruwa dosen’t realise what he is saying, he thinks he is being sympathetic to the prophet PBUH that “Muhammad come to your senses look around you! These people won’t fight for you” but he dosen’t know what Islam or imaan is – nor the anger muslims feel when the prophet PBUH is insulted.
Uruwa continued to try and convince the prophet PBUH to give up and it was the custom of the people of those times that when two leaders met they would hold on to each others beards as a gesture of brotherlyness and being equals. And he did this a few times, but every time he did it the andle of a sword would strike him on his hand. And the hitting got harder and harder until finally he heard a voice which said “get your hand away from the beard of the prophet PBUH before the hand is cut off”. And he said “who is this voice?” And it turns out it is his own blood nephew Mughira ibn Shu’ba, a takafi. He is his brothers son. And Mughira has a story too – in his early days he was a ‘playboy’ and bandit. He got involved with the wrong company and became one of the thugs and he began partcipating in robbery etc. Until one day he participated in pure highway robbery where he used to kill people and steal all their goods. And so he was apart of this group, and one time he did this highway robbery to another tribe. That tribe however declared war against the Taqif, so the Taqif, had to pay alot of blood money to calm down the situation. At this Mughira and all his companians had to rush away from Taqif; and Mughira eventually heard of Islam, converted and came to Madinah. So he’s turned over a completely new life. So the prophet PBUH told him many years ago “as for your Islam we will accept it so you can join us; but as for your money that you stole we will not accept it”. This shows us the wisdom of the prophet PBUH: he had haraam money so the prophet PBUH did not accept it. This shows us the fairness of Islam – in Islam the lives of non muslims are sacred and indeed many people claim the prophet PBUH was a robber but who did he attack? Only the caravans of the Quraysh – never of neutral tribes. So this incident of Mughira shows us the prophet PBUH and the sahabah were not only NOT highway robbers, they refused any money from highway robbery. There are many hadith from Mughria, he is a famous companion, and when his own uncle is putting his hand on the prophet PBUH he said “get your hand away”. After all Uruwa is the cheifton of Taqif so the other sahaba were wary but Mughira had the one who had the courage to do this.
So Uruwa said “who said that?!” And Mughira said “It is Mughira ibn Shu’ba” i.e. Uruwas own nephew. And Uruwa responds back “Oh traitor, are you still not basking in your deciet?” i.e. you’ve ruined our reputation and you are still living like an evil traitor. This shows us again the prophet PBUHs fairness but Mughira could not respond because it was a valid point: the tribe of Taqif had to pay alot of money to avoid war with the tribe that Mughira killed in jaheleya days. So negotiations broke down and he returned to the Quraysh and his description of the sahaba is one of the most amazing descriptions in the whole seerah. Why? He describes the sahaba as an outsider. Indeed at the time he is an outsider, later on he will become a muslim. This is the first exposure to Islam for himself. So we hear descriptions of the sahaba now that no other sahaba has said. What does he say? Uruwa says “Oh people, I have visited the kings, and entered the palace of Rome, and Kisra of Persia, and Najashi of Abyssinia”. Because he’s the cheifton of Taqif he has the honour of going to all these kings palaces. He is a true noble man – he can say he’s been to all of these leaders. “Walahi, by Allah, I’ve never seen any king being shown respect the way that the companion of Muhammad show respect to him. No one has that amount of honour – walahi he didn’t even spit except that one of the companions caught that spit before it touched the ground and rubbed it on his face and body. And never did he wash himself except that it is as if they were fighting one another to catch the drops of water coming from him.” Now subhanAllah none of the sahaba told us this. Why? Because they took it for granted – it was natural for them, and there was an element of modesty. But here we have Uruwa ibn Masud as an outsider whose never seen such a bizzare scene in his life. What king has people that when he spits the people catch that spit? Walahi this is not normal. And Uruwa continues, that “if he wanted to command them something, he only needed to raise his face and look and they would race to do it. When he spoke, they all lowered their heads and voices, and none of them would look at them directly out of respect”. SubhanAllah. It is an amazing situation and description. And the prophet PBUH did not command them to do this – but they had such an immense respect they aren’t even looking at his eyes. This reminds us of that famous hadith of Amr ibn Al As, who was one of the last sahaba to accept Islam. He said “walahi there was nothing more beloved to me than to stare at the prophet PBUH but I could never raise my head and look at him out of respect for him”. SubhanAllah. He loves to look at him but at the same time he can’t look at him so he’s battling with himself.
What happens to Uruwa in one hour? What was he saying at the beginning? “Who are these people?! They will abandon you at the first sign of a sword!” Then in ONE hour what happens? Look – “walahi I’ve never seen any group like them! Neither Najashi nor Kisra nor this nor that. They can’t even look at him or..” Just one hour of looking at the sahaba with the prophet PBUH is enough to convert Uruwa into a believer of the sahaba. Think about this. He dosen’t see beyond Islam, but after one hour he tells the Quraysh what we’ve said. And he says “Know, if you wish the sword, they will give what you wish”. Look again the change – he’s telling the prophet PBUH first that the sahaba will adandon him. Now when he goes back to the Quraysh without the prophet PBUH opening his mouth to defend the sahaba; to see his own nephew take a sword and poke him; to see Abu Bukr utter such a vile phrase; he comes back a convert not yet to Islam but a convert in the ultimate imaan of the sahaba. so he says “I’ve seen a group who don’t care what happens to them if their companion is harmed. They will do everything to protect him, even the women amongst them will never hand him over whatever the cost”. Look at how powerful this is – he says “Take my advice, you will not be able to win over him.” Even though quantity wise the Quraysh are triple. Then he says “besides he is a man who has come to this house wishing to honour it, with sacrifical animals, but instead he is being deprived and prevented”. Immediate change of sides. Look at what he was saying when he left Mecca, after one hour meeting the prophet PBUH, his heart is now with the prophet PBUH. SubhanAllah this comes only from raw imaan – when people see and sense the imaan of a group they will respect it. Our main weapon is not arms, it’s our belief in Allah. If we have that, the rest will fall into place. This clearly shows this. The prophet PBUH never intelectually responded – all that was shown was Islam and the muslims.
At this the Quraysh got angry, and they said “If only someone else besides you had said this” meaning ‘we thought better of you!’. And they accepted what he said but still insisted “we will not allow him this year”. So once again their arrogance and stubborness is being shown, and they stick to this right to the end. And here we find so many benefits: walahi a kaafir, pagan idol worshipper recognises the status of the sahaba. What do we say to those who claim to be muslim but do not recognise the miqaam and status of the sahaba? A pagan is saying he is so impressed and that he’s never seen a group of people like these before. Yet, and it is shameful and sad that there are people who do not respect the sahaba, and yet they claim to be worshipping Allah. Also we see the prophet PBUH is waging a type of psychological battle, and clearly he is winning. Anyone who comes to see him goes back convinced. Therefore the battle is not just verbal or physical, there is a psychological side, and one of the best ways to win this battle is simply to stick to your pricinples. Be firm in what you believe and people will respect you for that firmness. Unfortunately we are too embarassed to stand up for Islam. We also witness the long term thinking, strategy and diplomacy of the prophet PBUH. His ways of dividing the Quraysh up so bit by bit people will break away from the Qurayshi posiiton. This is the long term strategy.
After the conquest of Mecca, Uruwa accepted Islam in the 9th year of the Hijrah. And we will discuss his story inshaAllah when we get to the story of Taqif. He was one of the first elders of Taqif to accept Islam and Taqif was perhaps THE most difficult tribe. After all they did what did in Ta’if, and it was the most stubborn tribe right to the end. Even when they accepted Islam, they gave the most bizzare conditions: “Ya RasulAllah its cold in Ta’if, we don’t want to do wudu (literally). We don’t want to do jihad with you; how about zakat we don’t want to give our money to you?” This is Taqif – even when they converted they had all these conditions and issues. And Uruwa eventually accepted Islam, and he travelled to Madinah to embrace Islam at the hands of the prophet PBUH and the prophet PBUH told him “I’m scard for you – when you go back what might happen to you”. And Uruwa was very confident. He said “Ya RasulAllah, if I am sleeping they would never wake me” i.e. they respect him so much. Well they respected him before Islam. Now he’s a muslim its a different story. So he felt so confident despite the prophet PBUH knowing his people. The prophet PBUH was more respected amongst the Quraysh than Uruwa was amongst the Taqif, yet look what happened. But he insisted so the prophet PBUH let him go back home. And Uruwa returns to his people and starts preaching Islam, but he starts hearing vile and vulgar phrases that he would never imagine. And so he goes back to his house, saddened and distressed, and spends the night. The next morning its Fajr time so he goes on his roof, gives the azaan and starts praying. But when someone saw him praying, someone got their bow and arrow out and killed him. And its said the arrow pushed him back so he fell right down into the valley. When the news reached the prophet PBUH he said “Uruwa is like the one of ‘Ya Sin'” meaning surah Ya Sin. So he is like that person who called his people to Allah, and in response they killed him.
In any case, this is Uruwa but at this stage he isn’t a muslim. Clearly at this stage Islam first entered his heart when he saw the respect the sahaba had for the prophet PBUH. And he realised its not human – something divine and special is happening here. That Allah has given a level of respect to the prophet PBUH that the kings don’t even get. And walahi its so true: every politican, even in power, the people respect him only for his chair and what he can offer. Whereas we love and respect the prophet PBUH for who they are, not what they gave.
So Uruwa goes back and he sides with the prophet PBUH, so Taqif cuts off now. Taqif will not participate with the Quraysh. And bit by bit the size of the Quraysh is being cut off. Here the prophet PBUH felt the need to send someone from his side and he chose Kiraash ibn Umaya from the tribe of Kuza’a, not from the Quraysh, Aws or Khazraj so he is not ansari or muhajir. So perhaps the prophet PBUH chose him because he was from a neutral tribe. So he is sending him so the Quraysh don’t get riled up – clearly they will have some things against Abu Bukr, Umar etc as they are fellow qurayshis. So the prophet PBUH sends Karaashi ibn Umayyah and to demonstrate he wanted peace, he sent Kiraash on one of his own camels by the name of ‘At Ta’lab’. And in those days people knew each others camels, so the Quraysh knew this camel was the prophet PBUHs. So by sending his own personal camel the prophet PBUH is sending a peace message. When the Quraysh saw the camel, their tensions riled up and a mob gathered, they cut a ligament off the camels leg and they are about to kill Kiraash until finally another person from Kuza’a calms them down who was in Mecca. He says “this is a Kuza’ai etc” and the Quraysh send him back without any discussions taking place.
Now its the Qurayshs turn. And they send someone called Al Hulays ibn Alkama from the tribe of Kinana. It was the largest tribe in the surrounding areas outside of Mecca, the ahabish which was the name given to tribes around Mecca. The biggest of them is Kinana, so Al Hulays volunteers. Again other tribes are getting involved: its a major issue. There is not only tension from the past, but there is a theological issue that the Quraysh are preventing a group from entering Mecca and this is a very big deal because they aren’t allowed to do this. So Al Hulays volunteers and the Quraysh agree to send him. When Al Hulays approaches the prophet PBUH recognises from a far away distance, and the prophet PBUH says “this is Al Hulays ibn Alkama from Kinana and his people show respect, and consider sacred the sacrificial animals”. So this paticular tribe valued the decorations of animals. So the prophet PBUH said “show him our sacrifical animals”. As Hulays is walking towards the prophet PBUH, the sahaba take out hundreds and hundreds of camels that were decorated for sacrifice. Remember the prophet PBUH alone had 70, the sahaba had many more. And these are just the camels – on top of this there were sheeps, goats etc. All of them are decorated with markings, ribbons and strings etc all demonstrating its a camel dedicated for the sake of Allah, and the poor people of Mecca. So Al Hulays is coming, and before he even gets to the camp, the sahaba bring out 100s of camels, and they bring them to the valley he is entering, and he sees the entire valley full of camels that have been decorated for the poor of Mecca. And he sees the muslims in ihraam doing the talbiya, and Al Hulays dosen’t even enter the camp of the muslims. He turns around and goes to the Quraysh and says “subhanAllah it is NOT allowed for preventing these animals to reach their destination, and to prevent the pilgrams from visiting the house of Allah”. Without even speaking to the prophet PBUH he is converted over.
Again we see the wisdom and diplomacy of the prophet PBUH. Its psychological warfare – he sees Hulays and recognises his soft spot. And that is showing him the camels, showing the sahaba in ihraam doing talbiya etc. And also because of the difficult journey the sahaba went through, not only were the sahaba hungry but the camels were tired and hungry. And this is dangerous because these camels if they don’t get to the kab’ah the meat will be gone to waste – you could see the camels thinning up, so Hulays feels a sense of great anger against the Quraysh. When they heard him switch sides, they insulted him and said “who are you – you are just an ignorant bedouin, our mistake was to send you”. SubhanAllah as soon as he said this, Al Hulays swore by Allah none of the ahabish will support the Quraysh. And thats a massive loss. SubhanAllah we see here the truth always win. Its clear black and white – the muslim had 110% truth, they just want to do umrah. And the Quraysh are clearly wrong. And thus honest people can see this – even though they are pagans, they realise what the Quraysh is doing is wrong. And its mentioned Hulays was considered to be a wise man, a person of intellegance. So when they insult him and say “you’re just a bedouin” its 100% racism that “who are you? We shouldnt have even sent you” so he swears by Allah none of his people will be on their side. So bit by bit people are leaving the Quraysh, and eventually it will only be them left.
Also we see over here that every community has its righteous people. This is a point that unfortunately a minority of muslims in their over-zealousness become so narrow-minded about, that they truly think if you’re not a muslim you don’t have any good in you. This is ridiculous. If you are not a muslim, they no doubt your theology is wrong, but does this mean you cannot be honest, or truthful or stand up for justice? In the whole seerah we have so many examples of idol worshippers standing up for what is true. And the prophet PBUH appreciated and acknowledged this. And its similar in our times. Alot of non muslims stand up for the rights and values of justice, and even Islam. So many american non muslim people helped prevent anti-shariah bills being passed. Every society has good and bad, and the muslims takes advantage of this. We also see that its apart of prophetic wisdom to use psychological factors that appeal to every group. And no doubt we do not change what Islam says: if some people say its ‘unethical’ to kill animals for food, we draw the line here and point out this is where the boundary of Islam stops. It is sunnah to eat meat and alhamdhulillah for this. No doubt we don’t change the shariah, but if there’s a trend going on in society is there anything wrong with talking about it within Islam? This is clearly what the prophet PBUH did to Hulays.
So now its back to the prophet PBUH and he decides to send a Qurayshi. Who? The prophet PBUH chooses Umar ibn Al Khattab. Why? Because of his strength and bravery. Because whoever is sent will be walking into real danger. However Abu Bukr is there, Ali is there, Uthman is there so these sahabah could have been chosen – why Umar? Perhaps because he was physically the most strongest and bravest. And this is the very first time an official emissary has come from the prophet PBUHs side back into Mecca. SubhanAllah. 6 years have gone by and no muslim has sent foot in Mecca as an emissary. Yes there has been prisoners of war, but no muslim has walked into the lions den. That requires true courange. And who better than he who announced his Islam publically and then said “whoever wants his mother to cry for him tonight, let him meet me tonight for I am leaving for Madinah”.
And Umar RA says “Ya RasulAllah my animosity to the Quraysh is well known, and I fear they will kill me. And I don’t have anyone from my tribe to protect me (i.e. people from the Bani Adi). So if you want me to go I will go, but Uthman ibn Affan has more nobility in their eyes than I do”. Remember, in the eyes of the Quraysh what protects you? Its not physical strength – it is lineage and nobility. No one will ever accuse Umar RA of being a coward, but he is suggesting perhaps Uthman RA is the better choice. By the way Utham was the closest in lineage to the prophet PBUH. Abu Bukr and Umar were literally 6th and 8th cousins however Uthman is from Banu Abd Shams. Hashim and Abd Shams are brothers, therefore its only two/three generations back. And who is Banu Abd Shams? Abu Suffyan. He is Banu Abd Shams and he is a second cousin to Uthman, and thats very close for the arabs. And Abu Suffyan is the undisputed leader of Mecca so he will have more sympathy towards Uthman RA. So, Umars idea is accepted by the prophet PBUH and again it shows: the prophet PBUH made itjihad, and he saw a better position and he took it. So the prophet PBUH sent Uthman ibn Affan RA.