Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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I said I'm Monica Monica Tula who bought a couch Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah who Allah Allah, he was so happy he went by the hammer. But today's our final q&a Before the blessed month of Ramadan, we're going to be doing this q&a And then pausing this series until after Ramadan. And so today's q&a will be entirely dedicated to various issues pertaining to the month of Ramadan. And we're going to dive straight in. So the first question that I have is, Chef, can you please in a brief summary explain between the controversies of Moon sighting that comes every single year? So this is the issue of of Course Moon sighting. Now, I'm going to answer this
question briefly. And please be aware that I've given a much longer lecture on this online. And I will answer this question. Firstly, by saying that, let us talk about this from a perspective of classical Islam early fifth. And then let's see what we can do in modernity. Second point. And then third point, let's conclude with the practical position that we should all follow. So first is traditional fifth, second is modern. And then third is what we're all going to actually end up doing. So as for classical physics, there are two primary positions and you've all heard of these positions that is called a global versus the local Moon sighting. And of course, this is a
simplistic way of phrasing it in reality, the OMA was never ever united on the global Moon citing this is a theoretical position, because I asked you to think about the Muslims of under Luce versus the Muslims of Hejaz, Arabia versus the Muslims of Iraq versus the Muslims of China because they're Muslims in the eastern Western Province. Do you really think ever in history that all the
Have those Muslims celebrated and began Ramadan and Ramadan at the same time, it is actually impossible for this to happen pre modernity. It is only the advent of the telegraph and the telephone and the Internet, that we can even conceptually think about this. So realistically, it wasn't global versus local. This never happened. Realistically, it was okay if we hear the news that a neighboring province has started Ramadan just in time, and we did not see the moon but a neighboring province that for crier came within the 12 hour span or five hours whenever they came. And within that time, we heard before the dawn of frigid that the neighbor, the neighboring province
in the neighboring city saw it, should we follow it or not? And this is the controversy that is found in early Islam. And there are some aroma that said, yes, let's follow as far as the new spreads. There are others who said, Let us follow every single region or locality or what is called Murphy's Law, which is basically the hemispheres are the latitudes that the sun is gonna rise in. So let's follow everybody in within that same. And then others said, No, we follow the people of our own local locality. And generally speaking for the bulk of Islamic history, before the advent of the telegraph and the telephone, people would follow that which was within a reasonable distance and
that's about it. And that's really the way that the OMA has proceeded. In fact, if you look at one of the earliest
incidents that we have about a controversy inciting This is a Hadith founded Sahih Muslim, so very interesting Hadith. And it's, technically it's not a hadith because the prophets ism is not directly mentioned, but it involves some of the Sahaba it involves more or we are the Allahu Anhu was the governor of Syria. And it involves Ibn Abbas who was in Makkah, and even Abbas his fried servant, his Mola, Corrib, went to a beloved the sham went to Damascus, in the month of Ramadan, and he was in Damascus when the moon was sited, and He then left Damascus, and he came back to Medina or Morocco or the Hejaz, he came back to the edges and it takes around three weeks. So by the time he
got back, they're still in Ramadan. So notice, it takes two to three weeks for the news to reach from Baghdad, sorry, from Damascus to hijas. What do you think of Andalus? What do you think of China is not going to happen? In any case, he comes back to pages he meets even Abbas ibn Abbas asks him, when did you guys see the moon? And Quran says, we saw the moon on the night of Friday. So we began fasting the next day, even Abbas said, well as for us, we saw the moon on the night of Saturday. And so we are going to keep fasting based upon what we saw. So Kareem said, Isn't the sighting of Mao we're good enough for you? And you've been Abbas said, No, this is how the Prophet
salallahu alayhi salam taught us. In other words, this is a bit ibises interpretation that the Prophet system is telling us we follow what we have seen. So from a purely theoretical perspective, I would like to state that the position that is has been the default historically, and the one that I personally
subscribe to, from a theoretical perspective, from a classical perspective, is that every locality every region should follow its own citing. So if we're possible within one land, if you like, or one country, which is basically one group of people, they should follow their own citing. Now, this is from a purely theoretical perspective, what a lot of people don't really take into account in this regard. And I've given a longer lecture I asked you to, to listen to that lecture, which is was given actually last year only a year ago, is that in fact, one needs to also take into account our extenuating circumstances. And the issue of extenuating circumstances is something that is well
known even in the great ruler of Islam. The great scholar the Shafi scholar, taketina Sookie, he says that if the Mufti wants to take a position that is not as strong as another one for the sake of a religious benefit, then it is permissible to do so. And even Raja also has the statement as well in this regard, that it is permissible for the one who's doing he had to go to a weaker position, if the stronger position from a textual perspective is going to cause greater chaos or greater evil. And even Tamia also has many positions in this regard, and many are undermined. This is a well known principle. And I have explained in my longer lecture, the fact that the whole issue of calculations
has really been taken to an emotional backlash that people have just become, they've just become bitter at the notion of calculations, and they just don't even want to listen to it anymore. And this goes back in my humble estimation to how the whole controversy was introduced back in the late 90s. When I was also a student in Medina. I remember this very clearly that when this happened, it really did cause a huge backlash, and I think we are still, at least those who are alive back then. They're still you know,
I mean by that for those that are above the age of 30, or 40, meaning we were alive back then we were we were we were cognizant as for the next generation, as for those who are in their 20s, or even late 20s, those of the next generation coming, my prediction is, and mark my words and listen to me carefully, and mark this and remember the date two years 2020. This isn't the COVID crisis. I'm saying this clearly, whether you or I like it or not, whether we want it or not, within a decade, not a generation, within a decade, the vast majority of misogyny in this country in America, and even maybe in the western world will be following the position of calculations. And my opinion
now is that it's not a problem at all. 10 years ago, 15 years ago, I did, I was very much against the position of calculations, but I am following now Ibn Taymiyyah and a subkey, and many greater LMR who said that in extenuating circumstances, we go to a position that is not as strong it is a weaker position, and we leave a stronger position because there is a greater good that will come to the community, and anybody who has witnessed the moon fighting wars over the last 1520 30 years, and anybody who understands that the next generations Islam, and they're coming to eat will be dependent on whether they know when he does or not, they will understand that there is a huge benefit a
massive benefit in our children in our societies, in our school districts, in our workplaces, and our bookings of the halls. The list goes on and on that we know when it is going to happen. And it is not a position that is a progressive opinion. Rather we find it in well part of Hebron Abdullah Shaheed, one of the great Tabby rune, we find this in Russia through God is the greatest imam of the last century. We find this in the show for us her Mufti al Morales, who died 1945 We find it in the rich color of Hadith machaca, who died 1958 Alia Tantawi Mustafa Zarco Yusuf al Qaradawi. Sherif Ali Hola, Cora Dagi Sheikh Hasina Shafi, Alicia Abdullah Judea Shia Faisal Mola we, and it goes on and
on. And of course, as we're all aware, the fatwa of calculations was given by the European Council of fatwa in 2007. The field Council of North America, which I'm a part of it was given before I was a part of it, but now I'm a part of it. And I agree and endorsed this fatwa, and more and more scholars and informally speaking, informally speaking, anecdotally speaking, I have been talking about this issue for the last 10 years amongst odema, and students of knowledge and Imams across this country. And I would estimate from my own conversations, that over 80% of the people that I have spoken to the Imams and the dots and the scholars they are sympathetic to and they want to do
the position of calculations, but they're worried about the backlash of their communities and they say that oh, the board is going to get angry or the people are going to get irritated. But more and more of the students of knowledge and aroma are understanding that Islam is not that strict in this regard. Now, all of this is abstract and theoretical. If you are in charge of your Masjid. If you are the chef that everybody is going to get fatwa from then you have the right to endorse the position. All of this put it aside. What will you do and what will I do? You and I we will follow our local masjid and community regardless of what their position is why? Because it is not my right.
It is not your right to go against your own community when it is a gray area. It is not haram and Khaled it is not should Ken Cofer versus bid and Yvonne verse No, it is a gray area. It is a position that people have been debating since the beginning of Islam and you are not authorized to go against your own group your own people that's breaking the unity of the Muslims in your own region. So if you're Masjid that you continuously go to the group of people that you associate with if they follow calculations, follow them if they follow local, follow them if they follow global, follow them, stick with the GEMA as much as you can, and Allah azza wa jal will bless you in that
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, hadith is intermediate. And this hadith is really really profound that he said a somo Yamato su Moon while futro Yamato Tarun or Sol mu yo Mata Simone, the set the day of fasting begins the day that you're all fasting and the fitter is the day that you do the fitter. Now at first glance, this hadith seems bizarre. What does that mean? A Soma Yamato Simone Emma metonymy the the one who reported the Hadith he comments he explains, and he says, and I quote from scientificity He says, this has been interpreted to mean that one fasts and celebrates their Eid with the group of Muslims and their majority and the scholar of Hadith Hassan
Ali from Yemen. He writes in his Sobotta salaam, this hadith proves that what counts for Eid is that the people agree to the fact that it is read and so
If a single person sees the moon, but it is not followed by his community, he will follow his community and ignore what he himself has seen. In other words, when our Prophet system is saying, The Day of fast is the day when all of you fast, what he is saying is, Who cares what happens up there, down here, when your community begins, you stick with them. When your community breaks, you break with them, do not break away from your own community, I want to be as explicit as possible. Listen to me carefully. You just heard my opinion right here. And that is that I endorse calculations. And I believe that calculations are the way to go for the future of Islam in this
country. And I believe that is going to help preserve Islam. Because the fact of the matter is a good percentage of Muslims who live in this land, the only time their spouses and their children even come to pray is on the day of read, we see people on their EEG, we don't even see any Friday of the month, a good percentage of people will not even pray read when if they are not able to take off if the if the days are, you know, two days and he's a engineer, doctor, he's a pilot, whatever our skin, our kids school, et cetera, they're not able to take off two days, they only take off one day, if it's not the day, they thought they're not going to come. Besides that. That's my position. Now.
That is that has been my position for over a decade. In my previous community of Memphis. They never followed this position despite the fact that they wanted to why because we had one masjid and the other masajid in the community did not want to follow it. So I said to them, we will not break away our messages from the other massage and even though my Masjid was willing to break away, they were willing to follow me I said no, we're going to stick with the other massage and because yet Allahu Allah Gemma because Allah has baraka and Allah's hand comes when we all combined together so for 10 years in that community, we never followed calculations even though that was my opinion. Now I have
moved to this great city of of Dallas and now we're finding the masjid that I'm with and most of the massage with here are not following calculations. I will not follow calculations in my personal life. Why? Because I'm following the community. But I will continue to push and I will continue to argue for and the day that the community changes the day that our messages are the majority of messages change that is the day that I will follow until then, even though I believe that it is the better position in my own life I will not follow it. Because we should be together as a community we follow the community because Allah's blessings come when we follow the community if you want to
bring about change change comes from within it is not super imposed from without so the answer of our first question after all of that long journey, and I've given a longer lecture online, just find it online, I forgot the title, but it's basically called, I believe it's called ending the moon fighting wars or something like this. So you can find it up on online on YouTube, to conclude all of this, all of that is theoretical. What will you do in your personal life? Do your Muslim the masjid that you associated with follow them? The community you consider yourself a part of follow them and leave the rest to Allah subhanho wa taala? That is our first question. The second question that we
A brother asked that, how do we calculate the timing for Fudger? And can we follow these charts that our Masjid prints? And what if two masters of the same city have different charts? How do we understand this, this difference? So the issue comes over the early timing or the to the beginning timing of selected budget. And again, in a nutshell, all of these questions can be given in long detail but we don't have time in a nutshell from the Quran and Sunnah. We learn that Fajr there are two types of Fajr they are what is called the false budget and what is called the true budget. Okay, the Federal Academy will find your Sadhak now, what is the federal Academy so imagine yourself
sitting in the desert in the middle of the night and imagine the sun is slowly going to be rising from the horizon, okay, so as the sun is coming closer to the horizon, or as the Earth is rotating circle so that the sun is, is appearing to be close to the horizon, the first thing that you will see, you will see a slither of light come out straight from the middle of the horizon, you're gonna see just the very first pinnacle, just like a vertical column of light. That will be if it was pitch black, there was no lights that's gonna disturb, you know, atmospheric problems. There's no clouds. Just imagine you're in the middle of the desert. On the moonless night. No moon, we don't want any
light and you're sitting there at 3am I don't know what you'd be doing at 3am in the desert, but just imagine you are what would you see? You would see a slither of light come slowly the slither would expand, expand, expand, expand, right until finally it's going to be straight in the horizon. That is called alpha or sodic. That is called the real time of the year.
As the true dawn that we're waiting for, we're not waiting for the early dawn or it's called the Zodiac dawn. We're not waiting for that Dawn, that Dawn is the false dawn, we're waiting for the real dawn when the entire horizon has a sliver of light and it's going to be horizontal, it will not be vertical. That's the key here. So the real Fajr is the horizontal one and the fake Fajr begins as a vertical and then slowly is going to go until it is horizontal. Allah says in the Quran, fekola shabu Hector yet LBNL Akumal hyphal abbiamo meno Hyten SVOD mineral Fajr. Go ahead and eat and drink until you can distinguish the white thread from the black thread. And the Hadith explains what this
means is the horizontal rays of light that why white and black you can clearly see them. So when the real Fudger comes in, that is when we begin our fast and that is one solid Fajr can be prayed at the other end of Fudger. That is when we start our fast our if thought should be before that point in time. So who should be before that point in time. And then when the event comes. And obviously if we are late for whatever reason.
And we hear the Advan with the water is in our hands, we know the Hadith of the process. And who said that, if the dawn is called on you have a glass of water in your hand and finish the glass of water. So it's not like any literally when you hear that, but we should try to give some minutes before us and the other so that Emanuel Fajr is the actual timing one we call what would is called M sack starts okay.
This whitish light that we see, it is not something that is scientifically precise. It's not something that we can calculate via an equation. Now, can we calculate any prayer timing with with a very specific astronomical calculation? Yes, we can, we can calculate the end time of Fajr to a millisecond, we can calculate the beginning time of Maghrib to a millisecond, we can calculate the time of war essentially, you know, to a half a minute or so. Why? Because the end time of Fudger is when the sun begins to rise, the disk of the Sun is just beginning to rise from a flat horizon, we can calculate with very precise calculations, we have enough knowledge now for astronomy to know the
precise second that the disk of the Sun would be visible from a flat horizon, not from a mountainous not from a skyscraper from a flat horizon, we can calculate. So that is the end timing of physics, we can also calculate when the disk of the Sun is going to disappear under a flat horizon. Imagine yourself in the ocean as the classic example, if you're in the middle of the ocean, and you see the sun come up, or you see the sun go down, we can very easily astronomers can calculate to a second really, those two calculations beginning of of Maghrib, and end of Fajr. As for beginning of Fajr. And as for salatu. In Russia, that is a gray area, pun intended, it is great, it's a gray area, and
it is not a scientifically precise calculation. And there is no formula that anybody can use to predict this. What has happened in the last 3040 50 years even more than but especially in the last 30 years is that astronomers Muslim astronomers have attempted to try to model equations and try to figure out when we can begin Fajr and when we can begin Orisha based upon so imagine the horizon is flat, the sun is going to do well, you get the point the sun is doing it 360. Metaphorically it is the earth that is rotating, but you get the point, the sun is below the horizon, on one side for Fudger. And then below the horizon on the other side for Asia. So the question arises, at what angle
does the sun have to be beneath the horizon for Fudger Assad to set in? So again, imagine one degree two degrees, three degrees 40, you get the point is going slowly this way, obviously, 90 degrees is too much. At what angle? Will the sun be beneath the horizon for Fudger to come in. So for the last 4050 years, people have been attempting to be precise, by the way, you do find some medieval Muslim astronomers attempting to talk about this and they have some figures. But in the recent times, obviously our knowledge of astronomy has has grown
exponentially. And so for the last 3040 years, you've had a number of great conferences or with ama committees, and we've had numbers anywhere from 1314 all the way up until 19 and a half even 20. I heard in one paper that I read so you have from 20 From 20 degrees. So 20 degrees would be the earliest all the way up until even 1213 degrees which will be the closest right so obviously the higher the number, the higher the degree so the more time for the sun
to rise up, and the majority of councils of the world, they have a number around 17 or 18, some say 17 and a half, some says 18. Some say I've even had 16. And the fifth Council has said 15. And in the last 20 years in particular, quite a lot of specialists have attempted to themselves go to the desert on a daily basis. I know a group that went in California in the 80s. I know of another group in England, two years, or I think a year or so a group of Rolla, ma went every single year, every two three days. And they wrote down the timings for Fajr. And what all of these people discovered every one of them that actually did it for multiple days throughout, you know, a long period of
time, what they discovered is something that is, I would now say, an incontrovertible fact, it is cannot be disputed. And that is that there is no one magic number, there is no one number that you can apply across the entire globe. Rather, the equation are the degree that the sun has to be below the horizon. It varies from time of the season to place in the world, to even the weather conditions because the cloudy fog and not not cloudy, excuse me, I didn't mean cloudy, the there's something called the visibility of the horizon. So there's something called atmospheric dust, how clear the horizon is not cloudy. So there's just the horizon being clear is different than the horizon being
cloudy, not cloudy, keep on saying cloudy, dusty is a better word. So there's something called as I said, the, the the visibility factor within regular air, it changes from city to city. So for example, in play in the ocean, for example, generally speaking, the visibility is much better than in let's say, Los Angeles or China or something, the visibility will be different because of the smog, you get that point there. So the notion therefore, of there being an exact number is false. There is no exact number. And that is why one finds these differences in the charts that to try to plug in an equation, well, then what degree are you going to use, and most of the
the counselors that are now looking into this, they're also advising that we don't have one particular number, even though like I said, many of them they gravitate towards around 17 to 18 degrees, and some of them gravitate to 15 degrees and Insha Allah, Allah Allah the differences, for most of us is like 510 minutes, 15 minutes in Scandinavia and other countries, obviously, that difference is very much but for most of the world, it's just a few minutes, 510 minutes difference. So again, I would say follow your Masjid. It's not a big deal your Masjid the people in charge of it, they're taking one of these opinions and Insha Allah, whichever position they take in sha Allah
to Allah, there should be no hemorrhage or blame the people in charge of your community they should do the research about which council or which parts are they want to follow if they it and it also depends on which region of the world they live in, because those that live closer to the equator are different than those that live further north and south. So there's differences between that so every community should look at its own locality and its own rhythm and get the number from them and then they can plug and chug and calculate these charts that come out. And in sha Allah Tala, you may follow these charts and you are not likely follow knifes and Allah wasa you are not obliged to go
out yourself and you cannot in the city anyway, you wouldn't see anything anyway. And you can follow your locality because they're going with a standard position and whatever it is, Inshallah, to Allah, it is permissible. It's not a big deal. Either way, whether it's 1516 1718, whatever it is, the matter is very trivial. Insha Allah, Allah, and it's not up to you, you don't have to worry about this. You may follow whichever one. That having been said, if you want to be extra safe, and you follow the more conservative, there's no question that is a sign of caution. And it's best to do that. The third question that we have today
sister says that she is pregnant, and she's wondering if she does not fast, what must she do? And I'm going to add here that what if a mother is feeding her child and she feels that she cannot fast? So this is the standard question that every Ramadan we get asked every single Mufti gets asked this question about the issue of pregnant ladies or breastfeeding ladies, if they are not fasting, what should be done?
Realize first and foremost that the notion that a lady who's pregnant or a lady who's feeding her child is automatically exempt. That is not totally true. Rather, we ask every individual lady that she needs to see herself whether she's able to fast or not. It's not an automatic excuse. And I have spoken to a lot of doctors and the
Here's something that is well known, but you ask your own doctor in this regard, but generally speaking, especially in the first two trimesters, it would be possible to fast in most countries when it's like 1314 hours without any harm to most ladies and most cases, but again, I'm not the doctor, go to your doctor's and get a specific answer, generally speaking, and especially when it comes to feeding as well, that it is possible to work your way around this. My point in saying this is that a lot of people think that if they are pregnant, the house is an automatic exemption. No, if you look at the books of fit without any exaggeration, all of them state, if such a lady feels that
it is a hardship, if they feel that they're not able to, if they're worried about the child, there is always that conditional, you don't find that when it comes to a person who has a high fever, know, a person a high fever, you don't want him to fast, he's going to not fast because of the fever, sick people that are very sick, they're not going to fast, no question about that. But ladies that are pregnant ladies that are feeding their child, they need to see are they able to fast or not. And what I suggest if you are healthy, and everything is normal, and your doctor gives you the okay that you give it a try. And if on a particular day, you feel extra nauseous, or something
happens that you feel very weak, okay, that day you break and then try again, don't just give up from day one. Why? Because it will then pile up, I have had cases and we all know of these cases where one year she's pregnant, then the next year she feeding the child and the third year she gets pregnant again. So she might have four or five or six years all to make up and then she comes and says What should I do? I have six years you know to make up. So, before you just jump to this issue of not fasting first see, am I able to fast with some difficulty, you know or not if I cannot fast and Hollis no problem. And if your doctor says is dangerous, no problem. Now, suppose that it is?
Suppose that it is a problem too fast? Well, this issue of the lady who is pregnant or the lady who is feeding? What should she do? This is a controversy interesting point to fit here. It was a controversy from the time of the sahaba. The famous scholar adjust sauce he has a book called Camel Quran. And he says that the early scholars differed about this issue and three opinions highly ignited the authority of the Sunni love the Prophet system. He said that if the pregnant lady are the best breastfeeding lady breaks the fast because of that, then she must make it up afterwards. And there is no financial penalty, no fifth year upon her. And even Abbas, the cousin of the Profit
System also said that she must give a financial fit the penalty of feeding of one person per day, and she does not have to make it up. And Ibn Omar said she must give the video and she must make it up double whammy double penalty, right. So I know the Allahu Anhu said she has to make it up. Even Abbas said she pays the money. Even Omar said she has to make it up and pay the money. This is what happens in early Islam now and the next generation and then the third generation those three opinions essentially move down to two. And Ibn Abbas. His position was not practiced by any of the major med hubs. And the format hubs vacillated between ideas opinion, which is that she makes it up
and Ibn Omar's opinion, which is that she makes it up and she gives a penalty. And so the issue of just giving the penalty was essentially abandoned by pretty much all the OMA and that is because, as I'll explain it does not make any sense from a from a technical standpoint. And the Hanafi said that the pregnant lady and the breastfeeding lady if she feels she cannot fast, then she does not fast. And she makes up those days as soon as she can after Ramadan. The Maliki said the pregnant lady, she makes it up and the breastfeeding lady she makes it up and she feeds for every single day. There shall freeze and humbly they said that if she fears for herself, and she fears for her health, then
she makes it up afterwards. However, if she fears for her child safety as well, if she's worried about her child, then she makes it up and she feeds a poor person. In other words, all of those opinions all of them they said she makes it up. None of the famous Madonna have said that she only pays the financial penalty. Why it will Kodama, the famous humbly jurist. He says in his morning, that the reason for this is that the pregnant lady and the breastfeeding lady that she will make up the fast and I don't know of any difference of opinion amongst the people of knowledge for this, it will for them is saying he does not know of any afterlife amongst the aroma there is enough amongst
the Sahaba the first generation there was an opinion by that even Kodama comes in the sixth century, the seventh century he says, I don't know of any scholar who says she only gives the money and then he gives you the reason why. Liana Homer Bremen Zillertal mareel Alhadeff infc
Yes, because the status of the pregnant lady, and the status of the breastfeeding lady is the status of the sick person who's worried for himself and he cannot fast because he's sick, then he is cured. And so he has to make it up. So the point is that if you look at the two scenarios when you don't fast in the *tier, number one when you're sick, number two, when you're very elderly, when do you give the financial penalty, you give the financial penalty when you are too elderly to make it up yourself? So an 80 year old man, I'm just giving an example of any elderly person who knows that from now on, I'm not going to be able to fast so for example, a diabetic, even if he's 50 years old,
and the doctor says you cannot stay away from food for five hours or else you're in trouble, Hollis so he is permanently sick, permanently sick or elderly, these two people the permanently sick and the elderly, without any controversy. As per the Quran, Allah says in the Quran for Vidya tone to amo miski. This is a versatile Bacara. If you cannot fast, then you give the Vidya or the penalty the food of one day. So for every day, you do not fast you feed one poor person around $10 You feed so for the month of Ramadan, there are $300 for America, for different countries, you ask your own aroma. In America, generally speaking, it's $10 or a bit less than $10 per day, that is the feed
here. So you will feed a poor person, you're gonna give money to a poor person to get food. Now as for the one who has a fever, but he's otherwise healthy, as for the one who has a temporary illness that is only for that day, or for that year that he is prevented from fasting, then he is going to come back normal or the one who is traveling. So it's a temporary issue. That person, by testimony of the Quran by text of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says very determined a Yemen, aha, they make up what they have not done a later day. So if a person is in fever, right now, there are some of our brothers and sisters, you know, with the virus with COVID-19, we ask Allah to cure them to give them
a chauffeur, they have high temperatures, they're feeling fatigued, they're hungry, they're they get these people, of course, they're not going to fast. And they will drink as much water as they can take medicine as much as they can. Now insha, Allah and sha Allah, they will get cured. Once they get cured. What should they do in a month by unanimous consensus? If they miss three days, if they miss five days, they're going to make up those three or five days after Ramadan. Okay, that is clear. Now, the pregnant lady, which of these two scenarios, is she closer to? Is she closer to the one who's temporarily sick and is going to become normal? Or is she closer to the one who is
permanently sick and will never become normal? It's common sense that the one that she's closest to in terms of you know, which of the two paradigms is the one who is temporarily sick because she will regain her energy and strength 100% After that phase is over. And that is why after the time of the Sahaba, there was no controversy and it is something that is pretty much unanimous position that the only issue comes this you have a double penalty and insha Allah she doesn't she just has to make it up without giving the fifth year or the financial one. She just makes it up and inshallah that is good enough. So to conclude this question, the lady who is pregnant or the lady who is
breastfeeding, if she feels that she is unable to fast that she's going to have a great amount of hair, Roger, great, it's just not possible to fast and she knows best. And she has to answer to Allah, nobody can make that decision for her. Obviously her and her doctors, right she did. That's something that she has to make in consultation with her doctors, she knows best and people are different. Some people have more strength than others. But I'm saying still the default generally speaking, that to abstain from food for 1314 15 hours in most scenarios is not something that is
impossible to do. But still, you know your situation best all of these I keep on bringing it back that I'm speaking generic specifics is up to you. Suppose you decide that I cannot fast okay, don't fast. And after the pregnancy is over and after you recover it ever after everything is your energy is back then Insha Allah, Allah, Allah, you will make up your fast if it so happens that you're feeding, and two years go by well, then you will have to make up to two months of Ramadan. And that's that's just like you got off for two months. Now. You have to make it up for two months bit by bit slowly but surely, and this is as a male Kodama says, without any controversy amongst the
scholars of Islam, yes, there is a position from the very earliest times and perhaps one or two people in our times are you wanting to follow that, but I don't, I don't see this as being within the you know, it's not a reasonable position because as I said, the two paradigms, the pregnant lady is closer to one of them than the other. And in the end, ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala knows best. The next question that we have
sister is saying that she has to go to the doctor and get an injection. Does that break the fast
the issue of whether injections break the fast or not, you can literally give an hour long lecture with seven opinions about this issue. We don't have time for all of this, literally at least seven opinions of with all of the details, we can get seven, but we don't have time for all of this, I'm just going to give you the spectrum that is most important. Some say that any injection breaks the fast. Some say that no injection breaks the fast. Some say that an injection in the vein breaks the fast. And an injection in the muscle does not break the fast. And frankly, that is the most bizarre and the weakest position because anything that is in the muscle will also end up in the blood. Every
doctor knows this is just something that our scholars sometimes they don't know medicine that well. So it was a common position like 2030 years ago that if it's in the vein, it breaks too fast. If it's in the muscle, it doesn't break the fast, but there's no reason for this distinction. Anyway, some aroma said this, the position that I follow, the one that makes the most sense is the position of my teacher coming out with me and also the position of the measurement of fair pay the council the Roberto Alamos mouthfeel. And they said, we look at the type of injection not where it is put the type of injection, if the injection is meant to increase your energy, then it invalidates the
fast and if the injection is meant for anything else, if it's meant for a pre surgery for numbing for something that is something else you know, because sometimes for example, you're getting some type of CAT scan or something they have to put in a special liquid that's going to go through your system let's say or for example going to the dentist and you have to get a numbing sensation in your mouth before the dentist does the operation or the surgery or whatever that type of injection does not break the fast because nothing has happened that would break the fast however, if the injection is nourishment straight drop of glucose for example the drip of you knows irregular drip clearly
you're kind of cheating the system here and you're trying to get some energy so that would break the fast otherwise and so by the way, so what if you went to the hospital you got admitted and they put you on a drip for whatever reason, a legitimate reason Okay, fine, no problem you're in the hospitals something is happening. Just remember if inshallah you get normal and healthy then you have to make up that fast. And if it's not something that you're gonna get no matter how you're going to pay for the the Kasara of that day but the point being that
any type of injection that is non nourishing, and we have many scenarios and examples of this, that is inshallah not going to break the fast and by the way, one we're on this topic let me just add here that as well in shallow data, it does not break the fast if you put eyedrops or ear drops or asthma sprays if you suffer from severe asthma and you need to just have a spray you know an inhaler to inhale it in. This is a fine mist and it is not the same as drinking water. Even though there is a physical difference only not a chemical difference because what is the fine mist if you take a glass if you take a mirror and you do your spray a few times you will get a few drops of water right
now if you were to drink that water, we all know it would break your fast but again we look at the goal we look at what is happening here that fine mist it is meant as a medicine it is not meant to be swallowed it's actually an air particle. If you were in a hot sauna room and you're breathing in the water droplets you know the the high concentration of water in the atmosphere that does not break your will do but if that same water were to be condensed in a cup and you were to drink it that would break your I said we'll do it that will break your fasting. So fasting is not broken by asthma sprays. And this is the photo of most of my teachers Some said it did but in Sharla that's it
does not make any sense because it's not drinking liquid, it's a liquid that is a mist that liquid that is in the air and fasting is also not broken by medicinal drops. Now some aroma were strict and they said if you put it into the eye and it goes into the throat and then you swallow it so I mean if you can get out of it and don't do it when you're fasting it's better but inshallah to Allah if you need to take medication that is not going to be swallowed because swallowing down your throat will break the fast anything that swallowed on the throat will break the fast so if you take medication via the eyes or via the ears or something of that nature that you're not swallowing or
that there is a necessary medication that you have to inject that is not going to increase your energy then inshallah Tada that does not invalidate the fast according to the image man filthy and also according to many aroma and Allah subhanaw taala knows best
the next question that we have here
is that once I broke my fast accidentally before it's time do I have to make it up or was the fast valid? So what is to be done if one mistakenly breaks too fast before it's time?
What do you mean by
A mistakenly breaks the fast What do you mean by I mistakenly broke the fast do you mean that you ate accidentally that you pass by water and you forgot you were fasting and you simply took a swig of the water? And that's it?
Or do you mean that you broke before Margarita time thinking that it was Maghrib time
if you drank accidentally not realizing you were fasting. So it's human nature. For example, when we used to work in the offices, right nowadays, we're all working from home, but when we're working in the offices we passed by the water machine, okay. And so subconsciously, you're like, Oh, let me just drink some water. And then you drink it. You're like, Oh, I'm fasting. So it already went down your throat if you accidentally drink. So very clearly from the Hadith it is very explicit. Our Prophet sallallahu sallam said, when NESEA was not immune for ACCA, OSHA arriba failure to massamba who for a number of Tama hula who was caught whoever forgot that he was fasting, and he ate or
drank, out of forgetfulness, then let him continue his fast because it was Allah subhanho wa taala, who gave him food and it was Allah subhanho wa taala, who gave him a drink. So essentially, if you accept completely accidentally forget and you eat or drink, then no problem. It is a gift from Allah subhana wa, tada. You know, this reminds me of a funny incident in my own life. Let me just quickly tell you this, then move on. My eldest son Amar. So when this one when he was young, he was only like, I think 10 or 11 years old. And it was really a hilarious thing that I still remember to this day that one day, I saw him drinking. And Ramadan, he said, You're drinking. It's Ramadan. He goes,
Oh, I forgot. Sorry. So he just left it there. And then after a few hours, you know, I saw him again. It passed the kitchen and he was drinking and I said, it's this is you drinking again? So he shrugged his shoulders. Look at it looked at me. He goes, is it my fault? If Allah gifted me twice? It's like, so you know, my shoulder? The kids have some smart responses like this. So SubhanAllah? No, it's not your fault if Allah gives you twice, but you also have to pay attention that you're actually eating or not eating or drinking. By the way. If you see somebody eating or drinking, that's a Muslim. And you know, they're supposed to be fasting, you may remind them, hey, it's
Ramadan. No problem. You may remind them, they are forgiven. But you overall, you remind them Hey, isn't it Ramadan no problem with that. So the issue comes now that the brother said, or the sister said, I don't know is the gender of the mistakenly breaking my fast before it's time, if you broke it accidentally not intending to break, that's what I mean. If you ate or drank, without intending that you want to break your fast, then you are 100% forgiven, and you continue, and it is a gift from Allah subhanaw taala. However, if you intended to break your fast, and you found out it was a mistake, that is where the issue comes. So classic example. Suppose mohareb is at 8pm. Okay, and
let's just suppose that you have a watch that is five minutes early in your room, you didn't know it's five minutes early, the watch hits 8pm. And you're like, Okay, it's time to break you're eating, drinking. Somebody walks in, you know, your wife, or your child says, No, it's not time yet. You say it's eight o'clock? No, but that watches five minutes advanced, right? Or suppose in your mind, Missouri was 758. And you forgot that was two days ago. And today's time you didn't look it up? And today's timing has moved on to eight o'clock, right? So 758, you're counting on the milliseconds up as soon as it's 758. Then somebody checks. It goes, No, that was yesterday. Today is
eight o'clock, right? So two, three minutes difference. I mean, if it's 30 seconds between watches, we're not alone. But we're talking about something that is you know that it is clearly too early. So if you wanted to break your fast, but you mistakenly broke it at the wrong timing, ie, you thought that it was mercury, but it was not marketing, then realize that the safest position and the position of all four schools of law is that you are not sinful, but you need to make it up after Ramadan, you're not sinful because you didn't intentionally try to break the fast obviously, if you intentionally break the fast that is a major sin. So the opinion of all formatives and it is
definitely the safest one to follow is that even if you are off by a minute or two, and you thought that it was marketed, but it was not Maghrib and you ate, you broke the fast, then your fast is invalid and you need to make it up. Now realize that there is a strong dissenting voice in this particular issue. And many of the early scholars, some of the Sahaba the tabby rune, the great scholar of Hadith, even Hoceima shareholder, some Ibn Taymiyyah very strongly argued my own teacher had been entertaining as well. They argued that if it was a genuine
mistake, a genuine mistake, then they are forgiven and the fast is also valid. That was their perspective. And they said that Allah says in the Quran that led to Archana in the scene, our thought and that oh Allah don't call us to account if we make a mistake or make a genuine forgetfulness, then Oh Allah forgive us. And it is reported in Sahih Bukhari that Osama bin the burqa, the Allahu Anhu said that once we broke our Iftar and the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on a cloudy day, and after we had broken or if thought then the sun rose up, and she did not say whether they made it up or not. And the fact that she did not say indicates that
they didn't make it up. Well, she would have said that is the interpretation of it to me, I'm saying and also we have the narration of formidable hubbub in the Sunnah of a very healthy that once armor Malhotra was sitting in the masjid and it was cloudy and they broke their fast and then when the clouds disappeared, he was told or the sun is still there. So we have to make it up. And so Bob said la Hola. Hola, Ana de no, we're not going to make this up ma Jaffna the Earthmen we did not intend to commit a sin so this narration is also used by the other dissenting voice nonetheless that having been said and I'm kind of seem to be defending that position but I'm just letting you know this is a
minority opinion and to follow the majority is safer it's just one day it's just best to make it up and you know let's get out of this this controversy and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best.
The final question for today inshallah ALLAH
given that the messages are locked down, can we do erotica in our houses? Can we do eddakath in our houses?
So ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada says in the Quran surah baqarah verse 187 wala to Bashi ruhuna one two Maliki fauna filled masajid do not come close to your women, when you are doing it to gaff in them as Jude and our Prophet salallahu alayhi salam always did it to calf in his masjid. And that is why all of the schools of Islamic law have said that article F for the men must be done in the masjid the concept of erotica means you seclude yourself and you really cannot seclude yourself. It adakah means to basically seclude to cut away from so the concept of erotica is that you break away from society from family from your daily routine, and you seclude yourself to worship Allah subhanho wa
Taala as Max as you can during those time and you only exit that seclusion for the very bare necessities if you have to go to the restroom, then you have to go outside the Masjid. If there is no food coming to you, you will go and get food you know if you have to do hosel and it's not inside, otherwise as much as you can you remain in the message. Now there are some very, very small dissenting voices on the far right and the far left. Some are Aloma said that a decaf can only be done in Makkah Medina and Jerusalem the harem of the two markers and the Masjid Al Aqsa, but this is
an abandoned opinion. Nobody actually follows it except a very small group of literalist and perhaps one scholar in the entire Ummah, as far as I know, it will do Baba al Maliki, he said that yeah, tick off can be done anywhere that you want. But these are positions that are very like you can find them mentioned in the encyclopedias. But in reality, nobody ever acted upon this in Islamic history. And therefore, given that the massages are shut down. And given that erotica is not obligatory, then there is no need to reinvent in this regard, because there is no like you can you can always get out of this in a simple way and that is by secluding yourself for whatever period of time for the
worship of Allah and it's not a technical error to gaff, but it is a seclusion and you expect Allah to reward you, logistically, you can tell your family you can shut off your cell phone or you can say you know, from 3pm to 4pm, please nobody disturbed me I want to read Quran. This is a type of I'm not going to it's not a technical article, but it is a seclusion and you can expect Allah to reward you that you are doing this for the sake of Allah that you are sitting in a corner reading your Quran doing your Abba doing your vicar, there is no problem in doing that. So given the fact that erotica is not obligatory, and given the fact that you can worship Allah in a type of seclusion
in your house, there is no need to radically reinvent this position. And the the standard position of all of the scholars of Islam for all of Islamic history is that erotica is linked to the massage. Now, footnote here. Many of you are aware that the Hanafi school and only the Hanafi school, it allowed erotica for women and only women if a number of conditions were met. One of them is that they have a private space in their own house that they regularly worship and ie they have a room or a corner that is known to be their regular Masjid corner. That's the high level position. The other three methods actually say no the call
concept of decaf is linked to the massage. Even the wives of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he when they will do air take off, they will do it in the masjid despite the fact that their houses were connected to the masjid. And this is actually one of the strongest evidences that the majority have. And it's a very strong evidence that a take off is linked to a masjid. Because if anybody should not do or take off in the masjid, it should be the women the wives of the Prophet Allah Allah sent him yet the Hadith in Bukhari and in Sahih Muslim that Alma Salem and Irish and others, they will do air to calf and they would set up a small portion of the masjid and they will
put their tent over there, and they would sleep over there, and they would worship Allah over there, despite the fact that their houses are literally connected to the masjid, but they would not do article further, they will do it inside the masjid anyway, that is the position of the majority, whoever is 100 Who wants to follow their school, there's no problem. Having said this, I want to also point out, dear Muslims, the religion is so beautiful. Whoever sincerely had the intention to do erotica this year. Guess what? Allah gave you all the blessings and reward with zero effort? Because in them and Mr. Lubin, yet, you had the intention? You got it? hamdulillah What more do you
want? You want it to do it, you are sincere for doing it. And Hamdulillah you got it. So if you were sincerely wanting to do it, gaff and it was your goal to do and take off. Then this year, Allah gifted you that while you're at home, you will get the rewards of erotica. And for those of you who want to try to do a ticker, well, you're not going to do something technically called an air to golf. But why not? Dedicate a day, half a day, a portion of the night and tell your family and check your cell phone off and tell them look, I just want to worship just don't disturb me and consider that your equivalent and Allah will bless you for that knee. And for that attempt, even if it does
not technically constitute an ethic if nobody's going to say that what you're doing is wrong will lie. What you're doing is good. If you break away from everything, just like the process and when you went a lot of hair out just break away from everything and just worship Allah. privately without any interruption and consider that the equivalent of the earthy gaff, we ask that Allah subhanho wa Taala blesses us to see a regular Ramadan, we ask Allah subhana wa Tada protects us throughout this month, we ask Allah subhana wa Taala to protect our loved ones in our families, we ask Allah to accept our good deeds to exalt our ranks to forgive our sins. And final point, as you're probably
aware that I've advertised this as well that inshallah Tada in this month of Ramadan. My goal will be that every single day at 10pm We're going to start from Thursday day after tomorrow, every single day at 10pm. We will be doing some recitation with Officer John and then we're going to be doing a summary not a Tafseer a summary of that entire juice, so that inshallah then you can read the juice after I finished that summary it will prepare you for that summary. It's a type of Cliff Notes if you'd like to type a summary of what we're going to be doing so that a shallow to other than you can read that portion and better benefit from it. So I hope that inshallah Tada we will follow daily
regularly so that inshallah you can read it on a daily basis. Zack moolah heron, Santa Monica rahmatullahi wa barakato.
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