Qasr and Combining Prayers Q&A #23

Yasir Qadhi

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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Ali was submitted in writing on my blog. So last week, I had begun the discussion about the issue of cancer. And

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I said that there's still much more to do this week in sha Allah Allah. And so I will divide today's response into two. Firstly, we're going to continue from where we left off. And then secondly, there's an issue that some people wrote wrote to me about about last week, so I'm gonna get back to that. Also, I got a lot of feedback, a lot of people said, You gave a 45 minute talk, and we were not able to listen to 45 minutes. So I'm just going to give you the one minute response from last week, that suffer is not a distance it is a state of mind, and that you are almost Safir when you travel outside of your city to a distance that you and a reasonable person as well, because we don't

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want to say a crazy person says across the street, this is suffer. Somebody like a RTW person would say, this is a travel. And what this means is that it is relative. And what it means is that you don't need to ask for it. If you are asking somebody you don't understand the response, you do not come to a chef and say chef, I traveled from this to this, am I Mustafa, you know when you are Mustafa. And it is possible that two people can do the same journey. And one of them considers Mustafa and the other not depending on their culture and habit, the one who takes a private jet every day two work 200 miles away, and he goes at 8am comes back at 5pm is not Mustafa and the one

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who goes the same distance for a one day trip and he's not irregular. And he's going it's up to your mindset and your culture and your habit. So you know when you are a Mustafa that is a two minute response. Jay, we now move on and then we're going to come back to one issue at the end. We move on by stating today we're going to do in Shell a number of things. The first of them is that is parser obligatory or not is parser wajib or not generally speaking, majority of the scholars said that it is Mr. Hub, you should pray the for record as to but it is not wajib. Hence, if a person performs for whatever reason, the full prayer and they are misafir the prayer is valid, they are not sinful,

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but they have gone against the Sunnah. So when you are in the state of suffer, you are rewarded by Allah for praying to not for praying for every for God becomes to event Omar said hadith is in Behati I did suffer with the Prophet system and with Abu Bakr and with my father Omar. And in every journey every time we prayed cancer, this was their habit. So cancer is the default to not do cancer goes against the Sunnah. But it is something that the Salah is not going to be about it. It is permissible but it goes against the Sunnah. So the point here, posture is rewarded by Allah. No one should think that if I pray for I'm going to get extra reward no hospitals are by Allah J at second

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point. When does officer begin? Once you've decided it is possible for me. So

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this Friday, I'm going to Atlanta clewd that as possible from it. When will cost will begin when I packed my bags I'm about to leave for the airport is door time, right? Can I start my cursor, knowing I'm stepping out the door and I'm heading to the airport. So let me just to cursor and jump go ahead and answer get it out of the way. Can I do custom from my house? How about if I get to the plane, and I'm waiting and it's almost Maghrib time finishing? Or let me just pay the harasser on the plane, but I'm still in my city? Or when does Casa begin? So again, as you can imagine, there are a number of opinions however, the overwhelming majority of the Sahaba and tab your own they had

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one opinion so Hamdulillah we can say in this case, we have a vast majority who says suffer begins when you travel outside of the walls of the city when you leave the final in habitations of the city and you are now you're back is to the city and you're walking away you're going out even if you can still see the city, but you have left the premise of your land, not your country but your city. And there are numerous narrations from the Sahaba themselves of them is that some of the Sahaba they would break their fastest Ramadan, they're gonna go into long journey. So you're not going to fast that day. But they're fasting when they wake up. You cannot just wake up in Ramadan say Oh, I have

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suffered at six. Let's say 2pm Let's say as I'm not going to fast today. No, you are Ramadan. You are not Mustafa. Now, imagine in those days you're walking at 7am You're not going to be able to fast right? You know you're going to break your fast you are still starting and Ramadan. You're going to be fasting some of the stuff

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However, when they walked outside the city he said to his servant Okay give me the water now give me something now to break up a long day ahead. We don't need we're going to break the fast anyway. And his servant said I can see the walls of the cities that doesn't matter Give it to me now we're suffering our suffering is done. Even if you can see the walls of the city but you are left the premises Now in those days they had walls and our times there is no wall so you have to use a bit of a cultural thing because you know habitation goes smaller and smaller, you get to smaller and smaller places. But there is still something called the overall city of Dallas and it's not an exact

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line but you get the point that when you have left and you feel that okay, now I am no longer in my city of residence then suffer can begin and that is when you can start your cursor when you do that. And this is proven and actually a hadith and a symptomatic that he said that we prayed vorher for Raka in Medina, this is going for hedge then when we got to the relay for we pray to raka duel Khalifa is literally a 10 minute drive from Medina. It's definitely not for Boudreau, there are 16 First off not at all don't is 10 minutes those of you that have done ombre from Medina you know this is literally outside but it is outside the city so under says in Medina we prayed for when we got to

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do Khalifa we prayed to even though you haven't gone the distance even if you follow the four gurus or whatever positions you're still within that but software has begun. So software when does it begin it begins when you leave the area city of your inhabitants This is the second point the third point a lot of times questions comes about Mustafa praying to him okay McLean praying behind Mustafa, etc. I just want to do this quickly. That pretty much there is unanimous consensus in this regard that if I'm was soffit is praying behind a morpheme you are traveling, you have the permissibility to pray to a god but you come to a masjid now the Imam is not traveling. And the imam

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prays for pretty much I would say is wonderful but essentially by unanimous consent almost. You must pray for records. Why? Because in the Hadith the Imam has been made to be followed in Nimmo Judah the Imam will you to maybe he once you join the congregation, you are following the Imam and praying the full for it is permissible it's not haram for you is permissible and following the Imam is wajib so we prefer the wajib over the permissible because praying to sunnah praying for is justice is permissible but it's against if you were alone it would be against the Sunnah. But now that your inner Gemma you will pray all for and the opposite also applies if the Mustafa is leading as we all

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know and this is reported from the Sahaba some of them they lead the solder and after to Dhaka they finished and they said that in Coleman Allah suffer that we are a people who are traveling so you continue your Salah, so the Imam pray to Dhaka and obviously everybody knows this if you're not most often you don't just get a concession because the Imam is praying to the guy No you have to pray the full four by the way that having been said even though it is allowed for the Imam who's Mustafa to pray to. Some of our scholars have said that if there's like a Jamar, it would be better for him to pray for to not cause confusion. Because you know, these days people don't know fear and whatnot and

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they're going to the man prays to in his salsa or McGregory sorry Aisha like what what is going on? Is just it's just is for the Imam and in this case the imam in his heart he wants to follow the Sunnah but for the sake of the congregation, he's like not to make them confused and me personally as a rule. If I'm leading in a masjid, I'm leading three four people, okay, they can they they know we can tell. But if I'm leading a messenger that I'm invited everywhere, every time I lead in a masjid, I never do to Dhaka because there's 200 people 500 people and just for my convenience, they're going to make them confused. It's and our scholars have said this that the Imam has the

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option now you should weigh the pros and cons. So nonetheless, if I were to do this or anybody were to do this, it his job is and the announcement can be made and the Imam will pray to and the people behind will pray for Raka the next point here is that suppose you are traveling and you are going to reach home and so you have the option you're going to reach home within this time of Salah give a simple example. Mother who comes in let's say simplistically at 7pm Let's just say and you will be home by 6pm Okay, you will be home by 6pm so you know that you will be able to pray go ahead and answer at home you know you can pray they'll have an asset at home and you know I can stop on this

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road and pray or I can message you in the street or whatever in the other area. I can pray you have an option.

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What should you do response it is completely up to you the Shetty as neutral which one should you prefer?

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If you choose to stop you are still Mustafa. So you will pray to and to

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however, if you get home you are no longer Mustafa and even though you are forgiven for the cancer as we're going to come to in a while, now you must pray for and four, okay. So, if you stop on the road even though you can make it home in time it is permissible why? Because Allah azza wa jal has linked cancer with suffer. And if you are in suffer, CASA is allowed, and there is no guarantees anything can happen or your car can break down in a traffic jam, there is no guarantee that you will get exactly on time. So you make an assumption, therefore, the Shediac does not hold you accountable for your assumption. If you're more Salford you do closer, and if you get home, you no longer do

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closer. So that is the option up until you Okay, the next question, which is the long one now?

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How long can you do a parser? For how long can you do parser for this is the big issue of today. So we divide this question this is question number five I'm doing and today into two scenarios five A and five B. The first scenario is that well, before we even get there before five and five B, we're talking about what is the scenario talking about we're talking about you have arrived at a temporary destination. We are not talking about on route that's not. No scholar says that there's a limit on Route, people would take two and a half months or three months to go from Morocco to

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Makkah, three months. And the whole route is obviously closer. Because you're Mustafa. You want you're walking riding camels, but not there is no question about the timeframe of the sufferer itself. Okay, And subhanAllah by the way, these days, it takes us less than 17 hours 15 hours direct flight Dallas to Australia, and I've done that flight as well. Subhan Allah direct flight And subhanAllah it took them three months to do a four hour five hour flight and Allah's blessings on us we just do the whole world. And we come back Subhan Allah is Allah's blessings on us. So point being that nobody to just nobody is questioning the length of the suffering, however long it is you will

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do, Pastor, now you get to your temporary destination, this is not your house, you are sent by your company to a city for training, okay, you're visiting friends, you're attending a shoddy wedding somewhere, you're staying for X number of days, you are now in a hotel or in somebody's house, you are no longer on the road, this is the scenario, okay? Understood. Now, this scenario is divided into two, five A and five B.

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Scenario A,

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you genuinely do not know when you will be returning and every day presents the potential of you returning. Now, this is difficult for us to imagine because we book our flights, let me give you in the good old days, you had multiple such issues of them. You're engaged in an actual war, and you're sent to the front of the line. And every day you don't know you might be moving somewhere you might be staying, you might be attacking you might be withdrawing every day is a state of uncertainty. Another example which may be realistic. Suppose you're driving and it is winter time and you're in a cold place, and the roads are shut down because of snow. And you want to leave but you don't know

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when the roads will open. Maybe tomorrow, maybe three days, maybe five days you don't know. So you wake up every day wanting the road to be open, but you don't know how long so if you are in a state of uncertainty. In this case, your ruling is the ruling of the actual Mustafa because you want to leave or you don't know when you will leave. And it is authentically reported that Ibn Omar and others they were in Azerbaijan and they did Custer for more than six months. Some say some Sahaba did closer for two years in the battlefield. Battlefield means they were on the front lines moving here moving there. They're not obviously fighting everyday but they are in the state of the

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battlefield everyday tactical maneuver this not they're praying closer for two years because they're not setting up house they're not building a apartment complex and getting married and having kids this is a obvious state of flux. So if you do not know when you will return then you will remain in awesome because it is uncertain. It could be returned today. It could be returned tomorrow a week you don't know. Now that scenario is I think rare for most of us. The other scenario is going to be the big controversial issue. What if you have a good idea I'm staying here five days that's my intention you intend to stay seven days one week. Your your company saying sends you for an

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assignment and it is a three month long assignment you know it is three months

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And after three months that said you're going to come back home or you send for training, six weeks training, and you know it's training so you know exactly how long it is going to be. So this issue is the one that just like last week, there's lots of opinions. In fact some of them I have listed 20 opinions on this issue 20 different opinions. Some have said the duration is 20 days long. Even Abbas and is healthy Mira who said 19 days long hadith is in Makati that even Abbas at once I prayed with the Prophets Assam 19 days doing cluster this was in two book. So if I'm traveling for 19 days, I'll do Kossel. And if I'm traveling for more than that, I won't do Corsa who said this? Even Abbas,

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not the prophets awesome, he is deriving from Tabuk that he stayed there 19 days doing closer. So that's my limit that I have derived. Other scholars said 17 Other said 13 Those are instead of 12. I eliminated before they said 10 days has another study said three days and the authorities said one day if you are going to stay one day you stop praying, hustle. And in those so in early Islam, we had over 20 opinions about this how long

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once again, all of them are trying to derive from the life of the prophet system a number our Prophet system did not explicitly state you may continue to do a parser for this many days. And then you must swap over in the famous books of Hadith there is nothing like this whatsoever. What do we have derivations. Like we explicitly found honesty arriving under said, I accompany the process and for 19 days. And we did Custer. So I have derived from this, if I travel for 19, I'll do cancer. And if it's more than 19 I want to cancer. So he is getting it from the cost of the process and for 19 days now. Obviously, once upon a time, Fick was much more vibrant and aroma, were giving their

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positions. And then we have the era of the flourishing of the metal hubs. And then we have the era of the codification and ossification. So what happens is out of all of these 20 opinions, essentially only to make their way into the metal hubs, okay, because again, feel cut

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different stages. And the methods basically evolved and codified and then made things

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in many ways easy as well. And in many ways, as we said they kind of had their position. So essentially what happened is we have two major camps. The first camp is the humbly and the Shafi and the Maliki school. And essentially all of these say that the posture is only done for three days. If you know you're going to spend more than three days then

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no casa. So now, I said so generally, technically the humbly say 20, Salah, 20 salah, so they counted by salah, okay, so they will literally count by salah, whereas the Shafi say you ignore the day of arrival. So basically there's essentially it's three days and three and so basically the issue of 20 Salah for the homies, and then Maliki's and Shafi say that once you go to the fourth day, then you become a

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Muslim, okay, so once you get to the fourth day, then you are no longer able to do suffer. And what is their main evidence and again, all of these are derived we have evidences, but they're derived what they're extracted from things of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the humble is they bring forth the Hadith in Sahih Muslim that the Prophet

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SAW Allah or sorry not to say Muslim widowed, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he arrived in Makkah to perform Hajj basically, on the morning of the fourth of June hedger and he prayed Fudger in Makkah, and he prayed all of the fourth, and all of the fifth and sixth and seven, all of them in person. And that was 20 salah, then he prayed Fajr outside of Makkah in the valley of opera, and also began from there in Mina. So they derived 20, Salah from the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh of the ledger. Okay, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh of the ledger

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and do the numbers 510 1520 Salawat. Okay. The other three methods they said, I made a mistake clearly it was not three days it was four days I made a mistake. Beyond the fourth day I wanted to say not beyond the third day beyond the fourth date. So the other three month has also derived the fourth date that if you are traveling for four days,

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the final of the fourth day, you will do not

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Not do cossar however, the way that they calculated it, they said you don't look at the day you arrive. You look at the evenings. So the Shaeffer is might allow 22 salah, let's say, okay, but definitely not 25 sada. So the Shaffir isn't the Maliki's are a little bit different in how they define. But essentially, the timeframe is 20. Salas for the humble ease, and four days for the others, not three days, it was Mr. Slip of the tongue for days. Now, this is the other the other methods now, another evidence that they use, they have a number of derivations that are processed them told them or hygiene to not stay longer than three days in Makkah. But again, the responses

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that that was about the muhajir,

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they were prohibited from returning to Makkah permanently once you've done Hijra to Medina, you are not allowed to reside in Makkah, and their point is okay, this is residing, the provision is there. So once again, they derive it from there. So this is the the three methods, the HANA fees, are the only must have the took another position, and that is 15 days, 15 days. And they don't have any explicit evidence for 15. But they may play us upon various things, which are a bit like they're not directly related, like, for example, what is the maximum number of two holidays Jonnie of the lady have hired, it's not exactly related to Salah, but they somehow derive from this that you can stay

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15 days. And so on the 16th day, if you're going to stay 16 days or more than you are not allowed to do fossil, okay, you must perform the full solar. Now, obviously, you heard me last week, and we went over that the distances are all derived. Well, now you've seen yourself that the numbers that people are taking are also extracted, nothing explicit. So whoever wishes to follow their meds have Alhamdulillah that is good. And as you know, my position, I encourage the following of the med hubs, generally speaking, but I am not a fanatical follower. I don't think it is healthy for every single issue, especially those that deal with modern issues of living in the modern world. And this is

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leave it to our modern scholars to to to to talk about, sometimes we need to rethink through so in this issue, if you wish to follow your madhhab I have told you what it is. For three of them at times it is 20 raka or four days. And for the Hanafis it is 15 days, as usual. Ibn Taymiyyah comes along and he rocks the boat and it's not only admin Tamia, others as well. And even Tamia is very clear that whoever says that there is a number of days that you're going to be Mustafa, either three or four or 10 or 12 or 15 has brought forth a statement upon which there is no evidence law, Delila Are they here, this is a bit dangerous position that there is no evidence from the Sharia. Now, the

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problem with this is, the implication is that you could be musafir for a

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long period of time.

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What if your company sends you for six months? Isn't that common, that you have an assignment for six months? And so for six months, are you going to be Mustafa for six months, believe it or not some modern followers that have been Tamia, including our dear shear check and teacher, my own teacher, check them out with me and alert how he would very clearly give this fatwa he would follow this to its logical conclusion even though even Tamia never said that, by the way, I mean, means he didn't open the door for six months. I mean, that's but our chef May Allah bless him. And again, to quote an opinion is simply don't is not an emotional thing. I will do it. I love him more than

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anybody can watch and study with him. But it is an opinion of his and I respectfully disagree, but he would publicly say this, I heard this with my own ears, and it's well known in his fatawa

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students would come to him you know, he's of course is how this color Saudi students were sent to this country. I think now it's almost dwindled down but they were sent to this country for four years at a time, five years at a time. student comes to Mr. Schiff, the government has sent me to America for four years. And I know I'm here for four years I have no intention of remaining more than four years. May I consider myself a Mustafa. And he would very publicly say yes, you are a Mustafa.

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Now that position is almost unprecedented and unheard of. But it is the logical conclusion. If you go the full way, even Taymiyah himself did not go that far. Even Timmy is very clear. Somebody said somebody asked him and I have the references here that I intend to stay in the city for one month and then I plan to return Ibn Taymiyyah said that the better opinion for you the safer position for you is that you do not

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Do Corsa for one month, you pay the full for one month, this is explicit, like this too long. What he's trying to say this isn't me His position is basically the one I'm very sympathetic to, which is use your common sense. But don't be foolish. Like the four day limit or the 20, raka limit. What if it's 21 record changes doesn't make any sense. Like it's too hardcore or demarcation is too, you know, black and white. Now, the defense of the fuqaha is we want that demarcation to be black and white, we want it to be explicit, or else we open the door of confusion. And they're absolutely right. It does, it does open the door for confusion if you want to. That's why even to me as factual

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was whoever wants to stick with for days Alhamdulillah good, that is the majority opinion. But if you are going for a reasonable amount of time now, what is the position that I personally follow in my life?

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The way that I view my suffer, if I'm living out of a suitcase, then I will suffer.

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If I'm going at times, I have been for five days to a city, five days is more than the four day limit. Okay? But five days is for me complete suffering. I am not. However, if somebody were to go and rent an apartment, even if it's a long term, month by month apartment, okay? For example, if somebody goes and finds out, where's the Masjid? Where's the halal food, if somebody goes in enrolls his kids in the school, and says, I'm only here for six months, but my kids, this has not suffered anymore now, you know? So again, it's a logical or reasonable frame of mind. Like, are you even temporarily settling down?

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In my humble opinion, six months, you're settling down, you're going to have a car or means of transportation.

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You're going to know the restaurants, halal restaurants, you're going to make some friends, like you're going to have some social life there. Whereas for five days, you might just be in your bubble of corporate and back to the hotel and corporate and back to the hotel. You know what that psychological frame is? So, bottom line, even to me is position if you want to stick to the four it's fine. If it's a little bit more than this, okay? No big deal as long as you're actually Mustafa. Okay. So this is what I agree with and inshallah that is the correct one. Okay. The final issue before we get back to the other issue that needed to because there's two issues I need to do,

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and we didn't talk about German. We talked about causal we did not talk about German let's talk about German quickly. German means you combine the head and acid and you combine multiple Asia there is no other permutation of Germany you cannot do German with Fajr you cannot do German with acid and McRib. These are the only permutations J. The issue of Jamar is not allowed by the henna fees for travel. The 100 Futurama only allowed Jamar for the Hajj, in hajj and other factors the the only time they allow Jamaat for them Jamar is something the Pilgrims do in artifacts, not even in minute and they have their you know, they have their ways of of looking at those ideas because there's at

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least 10 a hadith that the Prophet says and prayed officer in trouble sorry Gemma and traveling at least 10 in Bukhari, and Muslim is actually very explicit nonetheless. Yanni the man has we respect them and so the Hanafi is they they said one of them said this is Gemma Suri, ie you think is German, but it's not Gemma, for example, if Assad comes in at 4pm German Saudi means you pray to her at 350 and then 355 Michelle, okay, even more depends on how your how much taco you have when you pray to her. So our Imam wants to push it even more. I wanted to have a personal one say You know what? I need to pray to her long but he was no no 359 You pray Okay, listen, okay. So you pray to

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her right before you say salam, you look at your watch. It is exactly

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four o'clock, then you stand up and you pray. Also, this is how most of the Hanafi scholars interpreted the responses. This is more difficult than cluster itself. I mean, this is like you're putting an exact barrier and whatnot. But anyway, that's their position. That's it according to their paradigm. There is no such thing as possible. Sorry, Gemma, according to the brand there is also because Jama for the Mustafa it doesn't work anyway, that's by the way, this is classical Hanif ism. I have many Hanafy teachers who now actually do Jama and they say the evidence was are too strong. So there must be a current of

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modern Hanafis that have this but the standard fatwa that is given is that Jama is not something that the Mustafa is allowed to do.

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The other three methods of course, they allow Jama for multiple reasons the humble is have explicitly loaded for three reasons. Number one for suffered for travel that you may do GEOMAR for travel. Number two, they save for a type of sickness, or ailment that affects your ability to pay

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form Salah on time for example, the hadith of haemoglobin to Josh who was a lady who had constantly bleed constantly she had is the helper not hailed is the how that's a medical issue so our process and told her to combine the Salah the doodle wants so for example the one who has urinary incontinence is constantly urine or any some issue or high fever he cannot concentrate but we're talking about an illness that affects we're not talking about a little hand cut over there No, you're gonna get the point something that is something that affects you your will do is affected okay? You have an issue high fever something so it is the majority position that you may do. Jamar

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of those solo ads and of course if you're German and musafir you do Gemma and Casa but if you're sick and you're at home, you will do Gemma without Casa okay so if you have

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issue of let's say let me a simple example like you know May Allah protect Allah was but constant vomiting and diarrhea you're not just here and here you cannot. So you will become pothead quickly, you have only you know, you don't know when the next bout is going to come. You will pray Valhalla and answer combined, okay. But in this case, you're not allowed to do. Two you must do for so you can come by this is the second reason. And then the third reason that is allowed, which is explicit in the Hadith as well is allowed in the masjids when there is a weather condition. So if it's snow, or raining, and the people are praying for we will say you know what, we don't expect you in

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dangerous conditions to come back. We'll pray answer because you get the reward of the masjid or because we'll pray us and Margaret and Asia as well pray and then that's a juggle multiple times in life of the process. And this happened it was raining, you know, and of course we're talking about a rain that's in those days, muddy roof collapsing this and that and even in our times if it's snowing something happening, we don't want to put people in danger. Anything that's a bit of a not even life threatening but it's common sense. We're not talking about a drizzle obviously it's and this is up to the Imam to see what is going on. So in these three reasons Gemma is allowed as well. Now one

00:32:06--> 00:32:07

point though,

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Jama is allowed. But is it the most the hub thing to do? We said Oscar is Mr. Hub by unanimous consensus Germer is not Mr. Hub.

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Jamar is a laugh Hola. It is against even in the other methods especially the humbly Madam is very clear on this point. Gemma is not the default and to not do Gemma you will be rewarded.

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So the default you do Casa Yes, you don't do Gemma and I have to say in May Allah forgive me because I take too much laxity in this myself as well. When we do suffer we just take it the default to do Gemma and the default is you do Casa but not Gemma you pray every Salah on it's time and even Taymiyah

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mentions this that all of these he mentions many of the all of these shows that Gemma is not from the Sunnah of traveling unlike gossip. Rather, Gemma is only done when there is a need to do so regardless of whether one is traveling or not. Therefore, if the traveler needs to do jammer he may do so for example, he is on the camel and he's going to have to stop the camel. It's an awkward inconvenience for this person. You may go ahead and do Gemma however even Tamia says As for the one who stops in the village or city for a few days, then his ruling becomes the ruling of the multibeam not for CASA but for Gemma so he's gonna pray the Lord at its time how many? Two very good you guys

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following this and acid at this time and like that, and even though clay em says that Jama is not a recommended sunnah, in contrast to what majority of Mustafa didn't think so it's not just our generation, even though Kareem also says this. The majority of who suffers they get lazy and they just think we should do Jama rather Jumma is the exception and not the rule regardless of whether one is traveling or not. That one should pray Salah at its time. That is the default ruling. So when we are traveling yes on the side of the road you got to step over understandably you don't want to stop again. Go ahead do jammer. But once you get to the next city, once you are there temporarily

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the default now because you are Mustafa you are not sinful for doing jammer. But it is que la fille hola it is basically call it mcru And you get reward for doing on its time. Unlike Casa you get reward for doing casa. But for Gemma you do not get reward you actually is the opposite of that. One other point

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And before I go back to that is that there is a common factor that everybody asks me about. And it is it is it is being propagated. And I am very hesitant to even say it but only because people say this that they find on Islamic websites and whatnot, that one can do Jamaat for no reason.

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One can do Jamaat for no reason. And they caught a hadith in Swindon, Timothy, which is authentic, that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, one day, one day, he combined between Zohar And Asa, and then between Morocco and Russia, and that always says, Be ready, how often what a suffer, there was no half, there was no software, there was no rain, nothing going on. And he did it. And then he said, I wanted to make things easy for my own, I did not want to put a hemorrhage on my own. Okay, so this hadith is in telemovie, and the process and I'm digimarc, without any reason. Now, we all know that the non Sunni phulka takes this as the default. And they do Jama every single day of their

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lives, right we know this, or those of you who are just taught you this now, this hadith is found in Timothy

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a Timothy himself says, in my entire book, every Hadith I mentioned, you will find ruler mother have accepted it except for three, Hadith three Hadith. I don't know any alum, whoever accepted it. And he mentioned this one as well accepted meaning the filthy ruling that practice this hadith that I don't know any item that that practice this, this is before Timothy, nobody, this is not a factor that was known before Imam Timothy, nonetheless, some aroma throughout history after Tirmidhi did say, look, the hadith is clear. And so they said that once in a while, if you need to, then you may do Java. And I am very, very hesitant to open this door. And we should stick with the vast majority

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of scholars. Now, we are not talking about somebody who has an excuse like, and I've had this come to me that a doctor is performing an eight hour surgery. And you know, there are certain types of heart surgeries where you have to be there. You literally have to be there. And I actually like you guys tell me you don't even take a lunch break in that time. But the doctor said no, we don't. I said okay. I mean, if that is the case, and the guy is going to die, that's an order of death. You don't even need to get a fatwa, obviously in that situation, but you're going shopping and you want to do Jamar

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Machado, Jamaica, Candlemass, Perlita, and that's it, you're going to open this door is going to be a laugh and a joke, you know, like just because of a football match, and I don't want to jump before you know, I understand if there's like a surgery or something, then you might even be able to make playoffs of like, you know, sandstorm, or you know, rain falling like that, that, okay, this is a circumstance, but to open this door and say, If life is awkward, you know, shopping and whatnot, we should not do this. We have to pray on his proper time. Okay, I said, I'm gonna do one other thing, and then we're done, inshallah. And that other thing is as follows that from last week, somebody

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pointed out to me a long summer article, somebody wrote that they really did not like the fact that I mentioned Queen Elizabeth, the first. They were very irritated. And they said that, that I am trying to make fun out with the villa with the villa of the scholars of Islam or with the villa. I have never, I would have wanted to do this, but I'm simply teaching you Where did these measures come from? And so there was this issue of, I'm trying to be mocking when I mentioned, you know, queen, Elizabeth and whatnot. You know, one of my mentors said to me, anytime somebody criticizes you before you become defensive, I think, maybe there's an element of truth, and then also

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understand the psychology of the critic. And in this case, I really don't think I have done anything wrong by telling you a factually correct statement, that the person or the entity or the group that define the mile, the way that we understand it is Queen Elizabeth, the first era, she got together a group and they pass the law. And just to prove this point, and by the way, the whole issue of how many miles as we said, there's so many opinions, this this this many, suppose we say it is 48 miles. Suppose we say that even though the Profit System if anything, there is some things are mentioned in Bucha, and fossa, brood and fossa, suppose we say 48 miles, I actually wanted to explain to you that

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what this is, for example, hijabi, one of the great scholars of humbly Islam, listen to this. He says a mile is 12,000 steps. Every step is 6000. There are every drop is 24 fingers in length with twice each finger is six

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screens of barley. If you lay them side by side, each grain of barley is the size of six hairs from a workhorse called a bit of them. This is how he is defining it. It's not Queen Elizabeth the first and some modern people have tried to calculate this out. And they have gotten varying numbers from 80 to 160. Because what is a hands? There are what is a finger who's going to you get if you're sad a finger, if you have point one inch difference, by the time you get to how many fingers isn't that the answer is going to be much larger than that. So the variation is so large, Ibn Rafa, who was the one put in charge in seventh century Cairo, of the marketplace, his subs and measurements, he wrote

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a book a chronicle of weights and measurements, and he called it the Allahu Akbar Yan female defeated McNally. Well, Misa and he writes in this book that our scholars have differed, how much a mile is the Hanafi has said it is 4000 This is a draw 4000 Draw the Molokhia some of them like even Abdullah Bursa, that is 3500 and even Habib said that it is 2000 and the Suki said the famous position of the Maliki's is that it is 2000 And some have said it is 3500. The Shaeffer iya said the mile is 4000 steps. The Hana biller said the mile is 6000. There are and this is how much they define it now even within this is a classical book. And I wanted to explain I will do below I'm not

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making fun of anyone. I'm just saying and I I'm sorry if this offends you, but it is a factually correct statement. If you feel that when you are driving your car, that's what I said. driving your car, I explicitly said that. And when you cross 48 miles of your car odometer, I know exactly what I said. You think that your suffered has begun the car a dominators 48 miles? Who said that? 48 even Kodama at this. Okay. And now what we have been hedger, where'd you get that from? And I'm sorry to be breaking the news to you. That definition comes from Queen Elizabeth, the first. Your car odometer was not measured by a classical scholar of Islam. And even in the classical scholars, I

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just gave you seven positions about and this is, by the way, how much is a mile, even the 48 number is huge controversy, how many bedrooms? How many foster how many, the conversion factors is so much. And so this really does go back to this issue, that the reason why I brought this topic was so that we appreciate in a very non emotional topic in the end of the day, who cares if you follow the 48 positions, not a big deal. I wanted to bring a topic that has no emotion. Why? Because there are topics that are emotionally charged gender issues and roles. Okay, societal issues, democracy living in the secular state, these are much more people think they know that immediately. And they might

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quote you a classical position about a modern issue. And I purposely wanted to demonstrate, guys, we respect our odema immensely, but they're human beings had I been alive 1000 years ago, I would be the same same thing. Just because many rouda Ma said 48 Miles doesn't make it the religion of Allah subhana within what does that mean free for all know, the other group that the one stick with the mud hubs where I respect them, they are looking at what happened, especially in the 80s and 90s, when a certain trend arose, and they opened the door for a free for all. And this free for all led to a lot of chaos in the OMA

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and splintering and deviation. And some have even said that radicalism and these fundamentalist movements are result, even though that's not fully true. But perhaps there's an element of truth, perhaps there's an element of truth, because in the end of the day, those movements do stem from the larger movement that did open the door. But I don't think that is the main reason, but they see what happened, of opening the door for each they had. So this has resulted in a new generation coming. And it's human nature. For every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction, a new generation much more nuanced, much more Alhamdulillah, educated in the 80s and 90s generation, and they're

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saying, Hello OS, we're going to stick with it. Let's not open this door at all. And I appreciate the sentiment. But if we want Islam to flourish, for the more difficult questions, suffer is no big deal. You want to stick to 4800 Illa. But I purposely went into two hours lectures to demonstrate the evolution of fic in a case study I did it on purpose, so that we then have an idea. Now does this mean all of us in this audience are going to do this? No. Obviously our old Mr do it. And I Here we go to the final point. My suggestion to all of you it's up to you. You choose the item or the aroma that you think are the most suited

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You have to get your HD hat. And there are plenty, and Erma have track records. And I personally look up to a group of Allama across the world and especially the council's of filth, I really look up to them. And generally speaking, I'm sympathetic to that strand of fic, which is respectful of the mud hubs, but not blind following them. This is my version that we really respect and generally I do follow humbly madhhab in my personal life, and I follow that but in some issues, especially in issues that are going to be controversial to the Muslims of our times difficult for them as a society to follow. We have to rethink through and that's where fill councils come in handy. You have

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many great Rhoda Marcia Qaradawi is there she of use of Judah is abdominal surgery somebody to look up to check semana,

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Sheikh Mohammed Hassan Delgado and these are all within their own way. They're slightly different than all of the same, but all of them are in the same wavelength that we come from the methods with respect, but we fine tune where needed. These are the groups I look up to over all the photos I give you generally will come from that school of modern Islamic thought and I respect that some people find this uncomfortable and they want to stick completely, that's fine. Allah is not going to punish you go for it. But I firmly believe if we want our children and their grandchildren to really practice Islam and flourish, we're going to have to rethink through some issues not suffer suffer is

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not a big deal. But just to give you a case study and with that insha Allah Allah, we are done with traveling. Let's get back home we'll continue inshallah. Next week

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as we said when the Mustafa gets back home, he is no longer Mustapha, so he needs to then do the answer privately inshallah we'll finish up Zakah first monocle mutual funds orderly