Yasir Qadhi – Q&A Different types of Witr prayer, What is the best form of Sadaqa

Yasir Qadhi
AI: Summary © The importance of having a pure heart for one's spirituality and the need for it to be the same as everyone is emphasized in this segment. The Prophet's sallahu alayhi wa[Sallam's success in bringing Islam to a-theological level is discussed, along with the importance of praying with others and not getting angry at people. The Sun wakes up the nation and uses the term "verbalizing" to describe the intentions of the people, highlighting the importance of consistency in small small actions and giving small small acts of charity to increase the maximum benefit of charity. The speakers emphasize the need for everyone to be prepared for the worst-case scenario, finding a charity that is perpetual and offers advice on finding one is perpetual and offering small small acts of charity to increase the maximum benefit of charity. The speakers also discuss the potential treatments for COVID-19 and the need for further research to determine the exact mechanism of action.
AI: Transcript ©
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Logging those logs the how

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many Mina most Nene

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I said I wanna come Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh Al hamdu lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah he will either early he will be the woman while

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we praise Allah Subhana Allah to Allah for each and every blessing that he has bestowed upon us, we praise Allah azza wa jal for the blessings that we have recognized and acknowledged and for the blessings that are hidden, and we cannot even acknowledge them because they are hidden. And we thank Allah azza wa jal for having guided us through this beautiful faith, and we would not have been guided had it not been for his guidance. And we ask Allah subhanho wa taala, to protect us and all of our loved ones during this very difficult and trying times and to protect us and our loved ones from the plague. And we ask Allah that those that have passed on, and how many, many are they in the

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last few weeks and months, those that have passed on We ask Allah for their Mo Farah and their forgiveness and that their ranks are exalted, and their graves are made a vast place. And without insha Allah to Allah let us begin our q&a for today. So I'm going to begin on a spiritual question. We have been concentrating on a lot in the field stuff which is only understandable, but once in a while it's good to you know, bring about some of the core values because we do have to realize brothers and sisters that our religion is more than just laws and haram and halal and wajib it's more than this. And no doubt there is the the the reality of laws and it's there. It's important,

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but there's always an inner core of spirituality as well. So our first question today comes from Brother one year here from Malaysia mashallah Tabata Cola, and he says that we're supposed to have a pure heart called Salim, and we're supposed to emulate the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his question is, the prophet Sall Allahu Allah. He was selling his heart was cleansed, and his heart was purified in a supernatural manner. And Allah subhanho wa Taala fortified it with iman. So given that we are expected to have the club Salim, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this club is a role model, obviously, how can we possibly follow him when he has reached a level that we can never

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expect to reach? Now? This is a very beautiful question. And it is a question that you can send to shallow to either that our brother has a sincere love, and he's worried that he's not going to get to that status for that station, because obviously our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is who he is, and where are we in this regard? And he mentioned the issue of Caleb Salim. And that's a very deep and profound topic. And the topic of Carl Boone Salim actually have given a number of hotbars and talks you can find it online. But just to summarize that what our brother is referencing, is that the Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam, he said in the Quran, that on the Day of Judgment, on that

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day that Yoma lion Pharaoh Mauldin, wala been one that neither wealth nor money will benefit anybody. The Prophet Ibrahim Ali Sinha made an exception and he said that Yeoman farmer whatever don't eliminate Allah will call been selling except for the one who came in front of a law with a pure heart called Salim with a pure heart. And Allah mentions the Prophet Ibrahim it has Salam and praises him when Allah says it the GIA Akbar who will call bin Salim Ibrahim alayhis salam came to Allah with a pearl Boon said him. Now of course the term called it is a reference to the spiritual heart it is not a reference to the physical pulsating heart this is a physical organ, when the Quran

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mentions called when the prophets as I mentioned called, there is a spiritual inner reality to our existence, we will never understand it, it's not something that is located in a particular place in time, but it is located inside of us and the Arabic word Pearl actually means technically it means that which is inside right color but it means that which is inside or a cadaver is that which is inside also by the way the term pallava also indicates fluttering, okay? It indicates vacillation, it indicates turning round. And so our heart is called called because number one it is inside of us right literally and spirit spiritually. And number two, because the code keeps on changing, right.

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One day you have the highest level of courage the next day you're scared one day you have him and taka and strength the next day you just want to give up okay, why

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One day your iman is so strong the next day you know it's not like that you know one day you hate somebody the next day you will love that person so called is called called because it constantly changes and that is why our Prophet sal Allahu Allah he was sending me to our to Allah, that Allah with a bit alumina that oh Allah make our hearts firm upon your worship, if our hearts change in love and hate and whatnot, you know in this world and whatnot, okay, but it should not change when it comes to Allah subhanho wa Taala you should be firm in the worship of Allah subhanho wa taala. And of course the word Salim. It means it's from the same root as Islam. And it means the absence of

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evil, right, some have translated as peace but in reality Celie means the heart that has no evil in it. And the el buen Selim it is called ULb Salim because, number one, it does not have the love of any God besides Allah subhana wa Tada. And number two, it does not have any factors in it that prevents the person from worshiping Allah subhanho wa taala. So the doubts that might exist in the heart of the munafo or following one's desires, you know, lustfully for example, right? This is not going to be available in Salim, because there are people that believe in Allah, but they have impediments in the worship of Allah, Allah Boone sent him he believes in Allah and none but Allah as

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the Lord, and then there are no impediments in the worship of Allah. And then point number three, that there is no animosity and no hatred for anybody else in this world you have a pure heart called one Salim is that to the best of your ability, you do not have jealousy to any fellow believer, you do not have any hatred. You do not have any arrogance towards any other mahalo of Allah subhanho wa Taala and if you're able to master these three things, then collarbones Salim has been reached. And our brother is saying that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he has reached a level of Alban Salim that we cannot reach and this is obvious nobody can possibly denies this. And that is why he

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is our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam. In fact, Allah says in the Quran, that one of the reasons why he is so perfect and so chosen is that the Quran has come to his own right now Celebi, who wrote one amino Allah Pearl beaker Lita corner minimoon zerene The holy spirit or the trustworthy angel has come down with the Quran upon your earlobe. So our dear brother in Islam is asking a legitimate question how can we possibly compare my collarbone you're called to the club that Allah chose the Quran to come down and be preserved in right in that Nas Ella, Bihar Rohan Amin or Allah call beaker Lita corner minimoon their inability CERN in our lobby in Beaubien. In pure Arabic, Allah has

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revealed the Quran to the heart of the messenger. And our brother is saying, How can we compete with that, and the response dear brother in Islam, the goal is not competition. The goal is not to even get to that level because we know where it'll Malia pain, nobody can get to that level. But the goal is that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed that Guiding Light, he revealed that nor he revealed that guidance, and he revealed the messenger to be the perfect role model so that we have something to look up to, we know we're not going to get to that exact same level. And that's not the goal. The goal is we keep that level or that MACOM and that height in our eyes, and we keep that bar which is

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raised so high, we keep it in our sights all the time, and we try our best in every aspect of our life. We try our best to come as close to the goal as possible with the realization we will never actually achieve it. You see, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa Salam is called a good Wharton hustler. And a good way to end hustler literally means a good role model a perfect role model. Allah did not reveal the Quran, to the Prophet sallallahu it he was sent him that all of us are going to be exactly like him. Allah revealed it to him so that all of us can attempt to emulate him so that we can take him as a turn has center and of course he was aided miraculously because he is the

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prophet of Allah. He is the chosen he is the Mustafa. And what does Mustafa mean in Allah has to offer Adam and Manu Hanwha Ibrahim over there in Marana Allah al Amin, Allah has chosen specific people Allah has chosen his stuff up means to take apart and to purify. So Allah has chosen certain prophets and certain families the family of Ibrahim has been chosen and the family of Emraan has been chosen and specific people in that lineage. Allah subhanho wa Taala has raised the ranks and purified them and therefore our Prophet sallallahu idea he was selling was indeed given a miracle

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and of the miracles he was given many miracles of the miracles he was given is that as a child, his heart was opened up, and his heart was cleansed miraculously. And of course, these reports are in the Sierra books of immune hishammuddin His heart, and the Quran references it as well. I'm not sure halacha Sadhak is referencing here that the Prophet systems heart was purified in zum zum with Zamzam water in a canister of gold purified and any evil that was in it, it was taken out. And of course, we actually this was done twice this this spiritual operation. It was done twice, firstly when he was a child. And then secondly, on the night of Israel and Mirage, he was fortified once

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again. And of course, this is something we expect that ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala will honor our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and fortify his Eman and give him a collarbone Salim. And even in the hadith of Buhari as well, that our Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam mentioned that every one of us has an evil shaitan is trying to misguide us, and that shaytaan has been with us since we were born. And our Isha said that our Messenger of Allah, even you? And he said, Yes, even me, but Allah has helped me that my Clawdeen has converted to Islam, and he only commands good things, right? This is a divine thing. Of course, you know, we expect our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be blessed

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in this regard. So my dear brother in Islam, I sense your love for a Profit System. I sense your fear at being, you know, distant from him. But I can only assure you with the assurance that our profit system gave to a man that came to him and said, O Messenger of Allah, I don't have you know, that much. You know, sadaqa and I don't have that much, you know, Salah and cm, but I have a love for Allah azza wa jal and His Messenger My heart has love for Allah and His Messenger, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You shall be with those whom you love, you shall be with those whom you love. So the goal is not to, to real to ever try to achieve that exact level. The

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goal is to keep on striving, and intimate ama robinia. Allah will see your effort and your dedication. This is the beauty of our faith, dear brother in Islam, listen to this carefully. Every single boss or friend or life partner or colleague or human being will judge you by the final product. Nobody judges by the effort you put in, you know, as a professor does, nobody cares as a professor, your professor doesn't care how many hours you studied, he wants to see the result on the exam. If it's so happened, you didn't study at all. And you just happen to know the answers. You knew ASIC and there are others that studied the whole semester and for whatever reason, the the

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question was difficult, and they weren't able to answer that you're not rewarded by effort in this world. But in the eyes of Allah, you are rewarded by effort. You're rewarded by dedication, by sincerity. Therefore, dear brother in Islam, put in the effort, be sincere, do each and every good deed, and in particular, in particular, of the deeds that you should do to be with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I will mention two things that are explicitly mentioned in the Sunnah of the Prophet system to be in the company of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam number one, one of the servants of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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our processing as to what do you want him you know for me to give you and the servant was smart, he didn't say any money and the horse he said, I want to be with you in Jannah, O Messenger of Allah. And so the Prophet sallallahu I said, I'm said for I need inf seeker because that is to Jude helped me to help you in this cause by lots of soldiers. So our dear brother wants to be close to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the way to do that is number one extra sagittis lots of Nephele Salah make sure you're praying the regular followed tahajjud prayers Nephele salah, your your sunnah Terrazza make sure that that is done. And number two, our prophets are some explicitly

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said in the Hadith are Karabo committeeman zielen yarmulke Yama, that the closest of you to me in my Manziel the closest you're not going to get to that visit, but the closest to you are who has you know, come a halacha the best of you in manners. So monitor your manners, control your anger, good, speak good words, do not get angry at people. Don't be sarcastic and putting people down. Give better than what people expect and expect from others less than what is do unto you. And always be the better of the two in any situation. These are the two things that are more but of course time is limited. You're asking about trying to achieve you know as close proximity as possible. That will be

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done by lots of soldiers and by good luck. And so to respond to your question dear brother in Islam

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aim and strive and put in the effort and realize the goal is not to with your actions get to that level that will never happen. The goal is that Allah will see your sincerity. Allah will see your efforts and Allah will reward you to be in the company of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we ask Allah azza wa jal that he blesses us to be in the company of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the day of judgment and in Janata for those who Allah.

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Our next question is from Brother watershed.

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Our next question is from Brother orchard, and he asks that he has noticed that people pray witted in different manners, and he is now confused, he says that he is coming from a particular background. Now he has come to this country and in Tarawa and and others, situations he has seen people are praying with it in different manners. So he's asking, you know, what is to be done in this regard? The response, my dear brother in Islam is that the winter is one of those prayers in which pretty much all of them have, you know, slightly different answers. And so whichever might have that you were upon you may choose that method and follow it, no problem. It is a very, very,

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you know, trivial matter, whichever of the positions you follow. In sha Allah, they're all telling you to pray with her. And they're all wanting you to to do the prayer. The differences are in the minor or the minutia, if you like, and the witted prayer is, of course, called Witter, because the term witted means odd. And the width of prayer is an odd prayer. It's always an odd number of records. So three record is the default position of most of the metals and it is

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the Hanafi madhhab specifies three in particular, and it's an odd number, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam strongly commanded the people or strongly suggested depending on how you want interpreted the people to pray with her in the famous Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim, Abu Huraira or the Allahu and said, that my friend, meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded me with three things he strongly was slow means to put it very strongly three things number one, to fast three days of every month number two to pray to Dhaka at Salah to Doha, which is basically between Fajr after an hour after fajr until Surah, two door and number three and to pray with it

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before I go to sleep one otira Cabela nm So the Prophet system wanted Abu Huraira to reach a high level and he's putting on Abu Hurayrah certain, you know, extra things that he should do, and so fasting three days of every month, praying salata, Doha, also called the Ashraf prayer, which is as we said, the early Sunnah prayer after the sunrises until Salah to door and the number three to pray with him before I go to sleep, meaning that in case you are not waking up for tahajjud you pray waited before you go to sleep. And it is reporting a Buddha would that earlier the Allahu Anhu said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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said, oh people of the Quran pray with her because Allah azza wa jal himself is witted meaning one and he loves the winter meaning the winter prayer and He loves winter. So this hadith saying oh people of the Quran, some have said that or people of the Quran means are Muslims because we all believe in the Quran. And others have said that the Prophet system is especially saying to those who have memorized the Quran, that those who have memorized the Quran in particular, they should not spend the whole night asleep. They should pray Witr Prayer and pray some extra prayers above and beyond the five prayers. And in another Hadith reported in western Lima Muhammad, that I'm a diviner

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also the Allahu and he gave a a hotbar

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on the day of Juma and public and he said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us so he's giving the holdover and in the hotbar, he's telling all of the people there what he heard from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah has added a prayer for all of you to pray. And it is the prayer of Witter. And so pray the Witter between Salah tarisha Until Salah to will Fajr This is a Hadith reported in Muslim and Muhammad Allah has added a prayer for you so pray it between Orisha and Fajr. Now these are Hadith all mentioned some of the blessings of witted and there are other Hadith as well. And based on these Hadith, and also based upon the Hanafi schools,

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categorization of actions. Pause your footnote I mentioned in another q&a Many many, many, many months ago I think almost a year and a half ago that the HANA fees they have seven categorizations of all actions

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And the other mme have five categorizations. So the 100 thieves take the fourth and the wajib. And they make it to different things. And they take, you know, mcru and they say mcru Tanzimat and recruiter Hidemi. And so what they have basically is two categories of obligatory and two categories of sin, whereas the rest of the schools have one category of obligatory and one category of sin. And therefore, based on that, so they say for then wajib is the same, whereas for the highest fees for this higher than the wajib. And the same goes for the other side of the spectrum. So, the Hanafi, say the five Salawat are followed, and the Witter is wajib, meaning if you do not pray with her, you

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are sinful in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa taala, because they have that category, that wajib is something that it is obligatory to do, but this is be simplistic not to the level of the fourth, the other three schools, they don't have that distinction. And they simply have strongly encouraged and obligatory, and based on this categorization, Witter cannot come under obligatory and so the other three schools basically have it at the very, very highest level of strongly encouraged, in other words, right underneath obligatory they would have selected router. Okay, so then if you don't pray with it, according to the other three schools, you know, Allah is not going to, you know, punish you

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in Jahannam, for not praying with it. But you really falling short. And it's the most important of all of the Sunon prayers, all of the non Wajir prayers, the three men have say it is the strongest level. So this is in terms of its its, its nature, is it obligatory, or is it not, and each of the school has its, you know, evidences to do so. And in the end of the day, you know, I think any as Imam Muhammad another said that, you know, how can a Muslim not pray witted? You know, I mean, he considered the one who doesn't pray with her as somebody whose testimony should not be accepted in a court of law, for example, like he is such a, according to that paradigm, like, how can he be

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trusted if he's going to be so lazy as to not even pray Witter, you know, in the end of the night, and so, let's not really get involved, whether it's obligatory or not, let's just try to pray with it. Because it is definitely something that the process I'm strongly, strongly strongly encouraged us to pray and his own action so Allah, why do you send them he never ever stopped praying witted, even when he was traveling, he would pray with him. When he was traveling, he would not pray the other regular you know, Sunon of the Lahore and Maghreb

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and after Isha, but he would pray, Witter, and he would pray the Toorak as before Fajr these are the two that he will pray when he is traveling. So let us make sure that we pray our winter. Now, that's the first issue. The second issue, what is the timing of winter? Here? We have basically no controversy at all amongst the scholars that the timing of winter is, any time after you pray, Salat Elisha until the crack before the time of Fudger basically, right until the dawn basically breaks Okay, not the sunrise but the dawn breaking ie that line that comes and signifies the time of Fajr so Witter is from after Isha, whenever you pray Russia, after that, until the timing of budget, it

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can be prayed at any time. And our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in a famous Hadith, and sly Muslim and others, that whoever is worried that he's not going to pray with her at the end of the night night, then let him pray with him in the beginning of the night. And whoever thinks that he can pray at the end, let him pray at the end of the night, because the prayer at the end of the night is going to be witnessed by the angels. And that is more blessings and Hadith. So this hadith tells us then that the ideal timing for Witter is pre fragile. And this leads us to our next point, and that is that the concept of WITR is linked to but not necessarily attached to the concept of

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tahajjud. Okay, so WITR could imply all of tahajjud and you can call all of tahajjud WITR. Because in the end of the day, you will pray an odd number of records. So you will pray eight plus three that is 11. That's like all of your tahajjud. Therefore, sometimes when the term witted is used in the Hadith, it implies all of the tahajjud and the three records at the end. And sometimes it only applies to that very last, you know, three Raka. And so for example, in the hadith of Abu Hurayrah, which is in which you said that my friend advised me to pray with her before I go to sleep, what he means here is salata, tahajjud and what he means here is that you know so let's give an example,

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that suppose that Aisha is at 8:30pm and you go to sleep at 11pm and for whatever reason, you know, you're you don't wake up for two

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100 You wake up. So what Abu Huraira is saying is that I will preach at 830 You know, then whatever needs to be done, then before 11 o'clock before going to sleep, I will pray the whole tahajud and then go to sleep. Okay, so Abu Huraira because he was busy with Hadith because he was, you know, for a period of his life, he was very, you know, engrossed in memorizing what not, so he would pray to him before going to sleep. And that is a permissible time for to hedge and he called Witter tahajjud. Now, most of us when we use the term Witter, what we mean by it is the specific you know, three regard only and that's fine, nothing wrong with that terminology, but most of us want to use

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the term wizard, that is what we mean. Now, the Hanafis as we said, they said that the three Witr Prayer is going to be just like skeletal material that you will pray three record you will sit down in the second record, you will say that the Shah hood and then you will stand up and then you will sit down to the third record, and you will then have one to slim at the end. Okay, so for the Hanafi madhhab mohareb and Witter resemble one another as well. The 100 Thieves are the strictest out of all of the schools when it comes to route. A lot of the Hanafi brethren are not aware of this that the other three muda Hib do not have the connote as such a necessary part of Witter.

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Some of them say it is allowed or most of the hub but and in practice as we're going to come to, basically none of the other mega hubs in practice, ie the followers of those mega hub. Generally speaking, they don't do a note in Witter, but the Hanafis As we're all aware, those of us that are from Hanafi background, the Hydra fees associated with her with Knut and for the other schools connote is a separate DUA and it is not necessarily linked with Witter to the level of the Hanafis the humble is and the Shaffir is they allow the waiter in sorry, they allow the code in the winter, as I said, the SHA fairies and the ham bellies, they allow and in fact, the humbly say it is

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encouraged even, but they do not make it something that is basically an integral part. And in practice, most of the followers of the Shafi school and most of the followers of the humbly school in practice, they do not do with it because the method is not you know, that strict upon it. It is something allowed, if you want to do it, go ahead and do it. And the Hanafi school is the strictest when it comes to the drop of the winter. And there's a special they call the 200 As we know, and it is done before the last record. Now other mud hubs are. There's also reports within the humbly madam as well. They say that the Witter should only have the Knut in the very last days of Ramadan. And

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this is a report also from the mighty keema as well, that the whole note the prayer the drop should be associated with the Witter only in the month of Ramadan and some even add in the last half of Ramadan like the last 10 nights of Ramadan. So these are all positions about the old visa vie the WITR all of them are, you know, narrated and permissible as well there is quite a lot of you know difference of opinion

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about the procedure of praying with it. I said that the Hanafi is pray three raka continuously with one Tasneem the Maliki school they said that it is better to pray to raka then you make her to sleep then you stand up and pray one raka on its own. Okay, so for the Maliki school, they break the three raka into two halves and they base this on a hadith of Aisha Radi Allahu anha that she said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray, Witter, when in my room, in my hedgerow in my chambers or a compartment, and I was in the house at the time, and he would separate between the two Raka and the Witter, and I would hear that asleep between the two of them. So they use that

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narration over there. And the other evidence that they have is a Hadith reported in that opening and the mosquito al Hakim that our Prophet Sall Allahu Allah who was said it was reported to have said that Lulu to to be telethon to be who al Mareeba do not perform the Witter with three raka or else it will look like Sadat and Muslim. Okay, so this hadith has been interpreted by the other schools to basically say that and especially the Maliki school to say that the tour Akash should be separated with a destiny, and then you stand up and you pray one raka the Maliki school did not associate a note with Witter for them which is st

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plead the odd number. And they also allowed even though they didn't encourage the allowed one raka if you're going to be you know, not want to pray the tutor can just pray one raka it will still be Witter. The Shafi school, they said that the three Raka is the minimum of perfection and you can pray more. So the shaft he said Witter is five and seven and nine, no problem. And they said, Yeah, if you really want to, we'll allow you to pray one, but that's like macro, you really shouldn't pray only one, three is the minimum of perfection. And it's even better to pray more than that, because again, for them, the concept of WITR and tahajjud is kind of combined up and so when you're praying,

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like with it, it is kinda sort of a tahajjud, you might as well make it, you know, five, or seven, or nine. And for the Shaffir, is they said that, you pray all three raka all three raka continuously without sitting down in the second raka This is the preferred position, and some said you pray to Raka and then you do Tasneem, and then you do one Raka. So, the Shafi madhhab did not want to resemble the mode of prayer based on the Hadith that they have. And so they wanted to go a different route. And they said you either pray three, continuously without sitting down in the second number one, number two, you get back up and then number three, then you make the Tasneem. And of course,

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both the Shah threes and the ham buddies, they also said that it is preferred to recite so that Allah Allah in the first record, and then tell Kathy rune in the last in the last in the second record, and then fell off in a class and now as sorry, as loss and Philip and NAS in the third Raka. Also the Shaffir is worthy madhhab that said, Who knows should only be done in the last part of Ramadan during winter and not throughout the year. In fact, the Shafi school has Donald Knuth and Fajr Salah by the way, and that's why all of the hotter brothers from Jordan and from Egypt and whatnot they're aware of this that the Shafi school praise connote in Fajr and the Hanafi school in

00:32:07 --> 00:32:21

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the minute is done in winter and in the humbly school in practice, in theory, it is also in winter it is encouraged but in practice, they really don't do connote except at times of you know, an

00:32:22 --> 00:33:07

calamities when they will do that. So, this is the Shaeffer school, the Humphrey School they said that it should also be done in three and to do less than three is allowed, but it is not something that should be encouraged you can pray one, but it is mcru yet it is also accepted. And they also encouraged to pray two plus one and they also allow the the Hanafi way of doing it as well. So the humbling method, as usual has plenty of positions about this. And they said that Knut is encouraged to do but as I said in practice, they did not actually do the DUA collude. Also, by the way, for most of the hamburgers, the crude is done after the record, whereas for the Hanafi is the one that

00:33:07 --> 00:33:46

is done before the record. Okay. All of this was a quick, you know, Kaleidoscope to explain to you that all of these positions have been narrated, in the end of the day, dear brother in Islam. Don't worry about the other schools, you have heard your particular school most likely, I'm assuming you're from the Hanafi background, no problem then you pray the Hanafi procedure. These are things that very trivial issues whether you pray to and then to slim and then one or you pray to three, or do we do it the minute before or after the call or you don't do it at all of humanity and shot free, no problem, whatever is done. These are all trivial things. The main point is that we pray selected

00:33:46 --> 00:33:57

Witter and that insha Allah Allah, we strive to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet system disregard because we know that Witcher is one of the most encouraging of all of the Sunnah prayers.

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Our next question

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our next question we have brother Ibrahim from Myanmar mashallah Tabata call is very happy to receive this email I did not know we have viewers watching from Myanmar, which is the technically correct term for for Burma. We ask Allah to facilitate and make it easy for all of our Muslim brothers and sisters in Burma in Myanmar. As we know they're going through a lot of issues. Brother Ibrahim

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emails a very, very beautiful question. And it was so moving. I thought I will just read all of it that all of these questions are related to charity. Brother Ibrahim says that when we give sadaqa must we verbalize the intention? And there are many types of sadaqa there's Vidya. There's Farah, there's another Sadako there's Zika. Which of them is the most beneficial? And he says when I give is money better or food better? Or how about helping

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somebody out. And he also asks, what are the additional steps we can take to derive the most benefit out of charity? And then he asked, the final question is that when we give charity, what should our intentions be? Can we intend that we want something of this world as well from Allah subhanaw taala? Or must we intend only for the next and it would be problematic to give something for this world as well I II, what he means by this is that, what if I give charity and I want to, you know, protect myself from evil? What if I give charity and I want to cure a sick one? What if I give a charity and I want more wealth? Is that going to harm the purity of the intention? So all of these questions, my

00:35:50 --> 00:36:34

show that's about Aquila deal with the reality of charity, and how to maximize this, the impact of charity and I want to just point out the martial arts vertical. Our brother Ibrahim is really thinking deeply about this issue. And you can tell he's like deconstructing every single aspect he wants to and he's eager to gain the maximum reward and for me, Inshallah, this demonstrates Inshallah, tada, good heart. And it demonstrates that indeed, our brother is upon, you know, the right path to get the maximum reward from Allah subhanho wa taala. Now, in terms of the specific questions he's asking, so he says that, must we verbalize the intention and the response is that the

00:36:35 --> 00:37:26

verbalization of intentions, it is something that generally speaking, the Sunnah has not come with the only time that the Sunnah has come with verbalizing the intentions is when we go for Hajj. When we go for Hajj we say the bake Allahu Mala bake out loud. And we make dua to Allah that oh Allah make this Hajj or Umrah both of them are the same in terms of verbalising make this ahead or Omura in which there is no showing off in which we are doing this for your sake. And we we say that oh Allah I am intending to do Hajj Oh Allah, this is an Amara for your sake. Oh Allah de sistema tour or fraud or Quran. Otherwise, for every other deed that we do, the Sharia has not come with

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verbalizing the intentions and therefore it is best to avoid doing this there is no need to verbalize. Allah knows what is in your heart, right? Allah is the One who is on a molehill. He was Shahada. And so I know some of our scholars and some of them have hubs, they want you to verbalize and they think that by verbalizing, you are purifying your intentions. And you're focused on what you're trying to do. I understand that philosophy. So they say when you stand up to pray, say, Oh Allah, this is to raka for to hire. Tomas, did you know that sooner that's for your sake, Oh Allah, this is for Raka so that the Lord You know, so you are focusing on the intention, I understand where

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they're coming from. But of course the the flip side is that you don't need to verbalize to focus on the intention. Allah knows your intention. You are standing up to pray vo her or Tura crafter here to Masjid, whatever it might be. So there is no need to verbalize the intention for any deed. Allah knows your intention. Yes, you must have the intention, but there's no need to verbalize it. Our brother then says that there are so many different types of words mentioned in the Quran. And in reality, you know, Vidya, and cathedra and others, these are technical terms that you only need to do when you have done a particular you know, penalty. So fit here, for example, that if you are in

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the state of haram, and you break one of the rulings of the Haram, you pay the video. So the video, for example, it's not done any day of the week, it's done as a penalty. The same goes for cathedra that Kufa IRA is only done to make up a penalty. For example, if you make a custom to Allah subhanaw taala. And then for whatever reason, you have to break the person, then you will pay a Cafaro. So Vidya and Cafaro are both technical charities technical solder cause that you only have to give if you have done something that that necessitated. Otherwise, these are terms that the average person everyday does not need to do. The term our brother says also sadaqa and Zika. And in the in this

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case, the term sadhaka and Zika. This is one of those terms that really confuses a lot of people. Let me put it to you this way, very simplistically, sadaqa NZQA imagine you have two Venn diagrams, okay. So what you have is that there is an overlap between these two Venn diagrams. And there is an A

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area where sadaqa and Zika are the same. And then there is an area where as the cat is separate and sadaqa is separate. Okay, so two Venn diagrams and they're overlapping. And in the middle, sometimes when you use the term sadaqa, you mean Zika. And when you use a cat, you mean South Africa. And there are other times when the terms that God takes on another meaning and sadaqa takes on a unique meaning. So what does all of this mean? The Quran, the Quran uses the term Zakat and Sadaqah to imply charity for the sake of Allah. So for example, in the Masada cultural for Karachi, so in Surah Toba, Allah says sadaqa is for eight categories of people. And Allah says, well, lady, normally

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Zechariah 35. You don't, those that are constantly giving, you know zakat in both of these verses. Allah azza wa jal is using terms Zakat and Sadaqah. And in reality, each one of them is applied, implying the opposite that most people understand from these terms, and they get confused, because when you read the books, they will say, Zakat is the obligatory 2.5% and South Africa is the voluntary, and this is correct. Sometimes, sometimes the Quran uses the terms a cat, and it means sadaqa, like, for example, was when the animal is a cat a fire and when they're constantly giving charity, any type of charity. And in Surah Toba, Allah says, Allah says that sadaqa is for eight

00:41:32 --> 00:42:14

categories and he means Zakat is for eight categories. Okay, so bottom line, the term zakat can mean technically that which is obligatory, but it can also mean all types of charity. And the term sadaqa technically can mean that which is not obligatory, but it can also mean that which is obligatory okay, how do you know all of this how do you know by context, you go to the scholars, you go to the books of Tafseer and then you see, you know what, when Zakat and when a sadaqa being used under which term and in reality, the context is very, very clear. Nobody gets confused in terms of the, the language of the Quran and Sunnah. So just keep this point in mind, our brothers asking what is

00:42:14 --> 00:43:00

the different types so now you understand Vidya and Guevara are technical types of charity that you must give as a penalty to make up something that you have done, and sadaqa NZQA as I explained that, there are technical definitions, and then there's linguistic and technically Zakat is the obligatory amount you have to give once a year 2.5% on the amount that you have above the nisab and sadaqa is anything that is you know, above that amount, and yet the Quran uses both of these two terms for each other. Our brother also says what form of charity is the most beneficial, and then he gives examples giving money or giving food or helping others out, and the responses that the most

00:43:00 --> 00:43:49

beneficial form of charity is that which is going to help the person the most. Overall, the most beneficial charity is that which will benefit the person in front of you the most. So for some people, giving food is the best charity for others giving money is the best charity for others giving of your time of your effort of your you know, somebody needs a ride someone in his your car, and you say hello, so I'll take you no problem. Okay? For some people smiling, our profit system said smiling is charity. Time is charity. As he said, In one Hadith, pouring your bucket of water into your neighbor's bucket is an act of charity. So there is no one charity that is, everything is

00:43:49 --> 00:44:30

underneath it. No, the charity that is the most beloved to Allah is the charity that is the most beneficial. And this varies from circumstance to circumstance. And the sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the actions of the righteous before us were to diversify one's charity. And this is something that unfortunately, not many of us think about. When we think of charity, we think of writing a check and that is it. And in reality, that is but one form of charity. There is charity that is beyond this charity of your effort physically doing something for somebody else, right, literally standing up and going somewhere and helping somebody out. There's

00:44:30 --> 00:45:00

charity of your physical strength, there's charity of your status can you believe so? If you're a person you know of fame of respect, and you know you have connections and somebody needs Halal help no problem is nothing you know, you're not doing a bribe or something a halal help. Our prophets has encouraged this the Quran encourages it. Woman yesh fascia as an hacer una whoever does a good chef ah, and a good chef ah means you use your connection with something that is legit. We're not talking about using them for illegitimate for a good connection.

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Somebody needs a job. And you know, you know, this brother is qualified, and you know, the CEO of the company, okay? Or you call them and say, oh, you know, I know this brother, he is a trustworthy brother, right? And I know him, and I encourage you to look at his resume, this is a shafa this can be charity And subhanAllah if you help this brother, you know, get on his feet and get the * job and he helps his parents and he gets married, this is the best you can he doesn't want your your check this brother, he wants that connection that you might have, that he does not have, right. So my point being that there are different types of charity. And so you need to look at what is going

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to be the maximum benefit, and then do that. And also realize as well that yes, it is true that certain types of charities, you know, there are certain a hadith about them. And so try to diversify, don't just do one thing. For example, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in particular, he encouraged the helping of the orphans, right. And in particular, he said that when a man came to him and said, O Messenger of Allah, my heart becomes hard. So a Prophet sallallahu sallam said, go and feed a hungry person and wipe the hair of the or the head of the orphan means how do the orphan love is charity, your brothers and sisters love, so loving an orphan, okay,

00:46:16 --> 00:46:56

showing that orphan you know, the orphan does not have a father figure, and you become a part of that person's life, and you are there. So look at what he said, give food to the hungry, and wipe the head of that child in Sahara Selia. Team. Why, because that your team, what he's missing the most is the love of a father. And so if you step in, and you take on a fatherly figure, that is charity, you're spending your time and your love, and you're showing your dedication, so diversify, you're just like, you know, the the income, you know, analysts, the, the Wealth Generators, they tell us to diversify our investments, right, invest in this stock, and invest in mutual funds and

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invest in real estate and invest in this and that they say, Don't put all your eggs in one basket. So we as well, when we invest for the sake of Allah, we don't want to invest in only one, we diversify, because we do not know which do a which brother will be the most beneficial for us, we want to do as much as possible. And we build, for example, one of the best Charities is to build water wells, right? This is something that was very common in the Muslim ummah, throughout our history, one of the most significant charities that was always done is to have a public water source, because everybody will benefit and they will thank you for it, just have a you know, in

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those days, they didn't have running water. So people would have a well, they would dig it, and then they would just leave in there say Wharf, FISA villa, anybody can drink from it so much. So our profit system even said, that if a bird or an animal drinks from that water, you will get your reward for it. So these are things that we should think about diversifying our charity, making the maximum amount of benefit, and also for the longest time. So you're saying which charity is the best, I said that which is the maximum benefit. And also that which goes beyond one instance in time. So the longest impact to the greatest amount of people, that's what you should be thinking

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about. And so having a charity that is perpetual, it's called a walk is better than a one off charity. And a simple example is, as explained, building a well, or constructing something that people can benefit from for longer generations, for multiple times, and that can really be considered a charity. So that was the question about which form of charity is the most beneficial? Now our brother says as well that what can we do to derive the most benefit from our charity and SubhanAllah? It's a very deep question. And I must say that, you know, I don't recall anybody's asking that question to me anytime before and my shoulder this is a brother from Myanmar, emailing

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mashallah Tabata cola. And he is saying that, okay, we're giving that money or whatever. But I want to have, you know, as we're saying, here in America, the most bang for my buck, I want to have the best Baraka in my charity. And I say to this brother, you know, you've already you've already begun that journey by this question. The very fact that you are asking from the depths of your heart, and you want the charity that you give to have the maximum impact, Inshallah, that is the beginning, because in nominal amount of money yet that actions are judged by intentions, don't look at the quantity of what you're giving. Look at the quality of when you give it. And we have over here the

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beautiful example, in Sahadi of the lady of ill repute, right, a lady who, whose lifestyle was to seduce other men for the sake of money. And that lady, we don't know her circumstance, but it is clear that you know, she had very difficult circumstances and so she was doing what she was doing. This is not

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To justify but it is clear that Allah forgave her for something which indicates that she has a positive side as well. What did Allah forgive her for we all know the Hadith, she was charitable to a thirsty dog. In the summer day, she was thirsty herself. And she's looking for water. And she sees a well, and the daughter, the the dog is outside of the well panting because it doesn't have access to the water. And so she goes into the well she drinks herself, and then she takes her shoe. And she gives some water to that dog. And the dog is also a creature like we are creatures and the dog needs water like we need to watch her. And she had in her heart, a class that only Allah knows Subhanallah

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look, this was a lady of bad character who is feeding water to the dog. Don't look at the charity. Don't look at the quantity. Don't look at the one doing don't look at the one whom it is done to a lady of ill repute, doing this water giving this water to the dog don't look only at one thing, the quality of the heart Subhanallah all of these factors of the story became irrelevant. And what mattered was the quality of what she was doing in her heart. And Allah forgave her her whole life since because of that one act of charity. So you have already begun this step when you ask how can I maximize it by your intention is number one. Number two, another thing that maximizes it is to be

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consistent in your charities to be consistent. Allah says in the Quran, talking about the people of Phil DOS, talking about the highest level of agenda. Well, Adina home Liz Zuccotti far you own those that are constantly giving charity, okay, so

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do not just give one off every few months, try your best to do small acts of charity continuously throughout the year, if not daily. And remember, charity doesn't have to be money, it can be good attitude, smiling face, it can be a good word, it can be helping hand. So consistency in doing small actions. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the most beloved of all deeds to Allah subhanho wa Taala is that which is consistent, even if it is small. So that's the second way to increase the maximum benefit of charity is to keep on being charitable as a lifestyle, constantly. And whoever is charitable by heart will find ways to show the charity in the daily life. And then

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the third thing that we can say about maximizing the benefit of charity is to give charity and secret to give charity in secret. Our Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam talked about the seven people who will be sheltered on the day of judgment. And one of them is a man who gives so secretly that his left hand does not even know what his right hand is giving, and the meaning here, don't advertise your charity. It's not wrong to tell other people, but try your best to have a lot of secret charities, not even your spouse, don't even your parents quietly give, in fact, try to give so that the one you're giving charity to does not even know who you are, go to that level. So these

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are the three things that I advise you, if you want to maximize your charity, first and foremost, is loss in your heart. Secondly, consistency, and thirdly, secrecy. And the final question that you had is

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Is it okay to intend something of this world? Or will that diminish the reward? And the responses that it will not diminish the reward? If you give charity in order to gain something from Allah subhanho wa Taala in this world, it's not going to diminish the reward. Why is that? Because the very fact that you are linking a good to Allah and you're saying that Oh Allah, I'm giving you know this money. Oh Allah acids you predict you protect me, Oh Allah, I'm giving this charity. Oh Allah cure my son. Oh Allah, I'm giving this charity give me more in this world and the next world as long as you are linking it to Allah subhanho wa taala. It is not going to diminish because dear brother

00:54:46 --> 00:55:00

in Islam, you have to realize one thing. You're not dealing with a created entity that is going to be stingy and miserly. You are dealing with the Holic with the rub with the ROB bull Arash you are dealing with

00:55:00 --> 00:55:48

Karim, Allah is Al Karim and Allah is Elma Nan and Allah is Allah Zark and Allah gives and gives and gives and Allah does not count. So, do not presume or with villa with the biller that there is any stinginess, there is no stinginess, Allah is not stingy. Allah is the most generous and Allah loves generosity. So, when you give, expect the rewards of this world, and expect the rewards of the next How do we know this? Because your brother in Islam, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam literally linked charity with so many blessings of this world, we can go on and on there's many lectures about this and every fundraiser that we attend here in the Western world we know these you

00:55:48 --> 00:56:30

know, from from the from the, from our memory, we know them right? Our Professor Sam said, give charity to cure your own sick relatives, Dowell Murdock, Masada caught. So if your child is sick, we are encouraged to give charity for your child. Our Prophet sallallahu sallam said that, you know when we give charity, you know we will get back more it is in the Quran even right? We will get back more in this world, you know, before the next world, our profit system swore by Allah that when we give charity, our money will not decrease it will rather increase. So why did he link all of these worldly blessings with charity? He never once said by the way, he never once said, you know if you

00:56:30 --> 00:57:07

want to get your reward in the in the Hereafter, and if you want, your son will be cured because of charity. He didn't make the either or he explicitly linked the giving of charity with blessings of this world as the Quran by the way, right? Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran that Allah blesses sadaqa Allah azza wa jal mentions in the Quran, who will give unto me a beautiful loan, and I shall return it multiple for your boy photo, Obafemi cathedra, Allah will give it back much, much, much more. Why is Allah telling you that he's going to give it back much more? Because see, here's the point your brother in Islam,

00:57:08 --> 00:57:11

how can it be evil or negative

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to want this world from Allah, when you give charity for the sake of Allah, because you are demonstrating your Eman in Allah? When you say that, Oh Allah, here is my wealth to the poor person. Oh Allah give me back more wealth, you are demonstrating you believe in the promise of Allah. In fact, and let me finish off with this point. I know time is almost up here. The term sadaqa in the Quran, it literally means the proof of your belief. That's literally the meaning of sadaqa. So

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we all know that from Salah Allahu alim, we all know Oba could have sued the UK Sadaqa means to believe so the Kola Allah has spoken the truth, and the term sadaqa with a term or Buddha, which implies the charity that we give the term sadaqa comes from that same root to believe. Why is the term for giving our wealth linked for the same term to believe?

00:58:15 --> 00:58:15

Here's the point.

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When you give money, expecting Allah to give you back more, and to help you in this world, and to protect you, and to lift his anger from you, and to bless your wealth and to kill your sick, you are showing Allah through your money, that Oh Allah, I believe in your promise, I believe I don't have any proof. I don't I cannot see it. But I believe when I give $1,000 I will get back much more in this world and the next world. And so literally as we speak English, you know, put your money where your mouth is we say this, that's what sadaqa does. You put your money where your iman is, how can it be evil? How can it be negative? How can it be diminishing of your award, when you're telling

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Allah through your actions that Oh, Allah, everything that you mentioned about charity, I believe in it, and here's my money. So there is nothing wrong. In fact, this is the essence of Islam and Eman. In fact, this is why we have been encouraged, motivated incentivized, to give charity for the blessings of this world. Because in order to get those blessings, we have to believe in Allah subhana what to Allah, therefore do your brother in Islam, give and give charity and keep on giving and give for the sake of Allah and give sincerely and give continuously and give secretly and give all types of charity and expect Allah subhanho wa Taala to bless you with every blessing of this

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world and every blessing of the next world. With that Inshallah, we'll come to the conclusion of today's q&a. I'll see you next week. Until then, cheers acapella. Hey, Sarah, what a moron Missoula here we've got a cattle in

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