Channel: Yasir Qadhi
In this mesmerizing talk, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi sheds light and elaborates on the compilation and preservation of the Qur’an by Abu Bakr As Siddiq (r).
The Shaykh seeks to illustrate the effects and lessons that we imbibe from the Battle of Ridda discussed in the previous talk – the eminent one being the conservation and preservation of the Qur’an.
He also attempts to answer the pertinent questions in our mind – Why wasn’t the Noble Qur’an gathered until then? Who compiled the Qur’an? Who was the motivating factor behind Abu Bakr RA finally compiling the Qur’an?
Zayd Ibn Thabit is elaborately talked about in this talk with emphasis on his expertise in memorization of the Qur’an and how his prowess was utilized even at a time of utmost importance.
The Qur’an was compiled by many learned individuals and there was some difference in each one’s compilation due to legitimate reasons about which we are enlightened by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi.
Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi mine I'm about. So as you should be aware, today is the last day of our regular series, we're going to take a break inshallah for this month and then for Ramadan, and then I shall come back after the month of Ramadan. Now initially I had planned to finish off the life of Bucharest, so do today.
And that would have meant skipping over some very important issues. So I decided there's no need for us to be hurried. So I'm actually going to not finish the life of Boko today, we're going to do the next stage, and then come back and then do at least one or two more, because there are two very, very important battles. They are more kind of hard to see that do need to be discussed, and I realized there's 100 law, there's no hurry, inshallah, I'm not going anywhere, you guys aren't going anywhere. So inshallah, there's no point to to just gloss over those. So today we'll talk about finishing off the war zone. And the one major incident that happened that is a tangent, but very
important, and very beneficial knowledge for every single Muslim about one of the side effects of the war so that it does so let us go back to the words of that. And this will be our final discussion of the words of the today in the very early stages. After the vocalist had announced that he's going to attack the tribes that had left Islam, a small group from the tribes of asset and a lot of fun. They attempted a surprise attack on Medina, they attempted a surprise attack on Medina. But workers to death had already taken the necessary precautions. And really in a stroke of genius he had done a number of things of them is that he had station posts and guards on the outskirts of
the city, some traveling distance away who would monitor if any tribes were going to attack and also in a truly genius move of Bukhara city also stationed a ready contingent expeditionary force of fighters inside the masjid to sleep inside the masjid 24 hours basically a day seven days a week to be on call. So he had a fighting force inside them as June and he had posts monitoring outside the city. And this truly was, as I said, a stroke of military and political genius. Because if this had not been done, then Allah knows best it would have been a huge calamity and disaster because Oussama his army had taken a large group of Sahaba outside, and they did not have the means that they would
otherwise have had. And so because of these precautions when this tribe attacked, in fact, abubaker Siddiq surprised them back. They thought they're going to surprise attack Medina and they launched an offensive in the middle of the night. However, I will vaca Siddiq, because of his mechanisms, one of the guards came running in and said that there's a small group coming and so the expeditionary force that was in the masjid immediately rushed outside to battle them. And Abu Bakr Siddiq himself lead this expedition. And the Muslim said to him, yeah, how do you Fatah rasulillah don't expose yourself to any danger. So he said, No, I will not expose myself to danger. Rather, I am supporting
all of you through me, meaning don't look at it as if I am putting myself in the forefront. Rather, my presence will encourage all of you. So the very first expedition that took place after the death of the Prophet cism. Albuquerque Siddiq himself basically was in charge of it with some his army has just left our book, it was a small thing. It's not a major thing. Still, it is symbolic that the very first expedition military expedition immediately after the death of the process of them by barely a few months ago, Bukka Seville is in the forefront. And in fact, Abubakar Siddique himself, participated in three military expeditions in the outskirts of Medina, to some of the neighboring
tribes that had left Islam or refuse to pay zakat. In the interim, Osama bin Zayed had returned back to Medina and so probably around 40 days, 50 days he had been away. And by the way, Osama's expedition, it does not seem to have engaged in any major military offensive. Rather, it appears simply to have been a scouting if you like force, and a show of power. So Osama's army did not militarily engage anything significant at the time. What happened, however, was this was the preliminary force that would eventually conquer Syria. It's laying the foundation just like mortar by his father and then Osama himself and then within a year
Harley Davidson others are also going to go down the same route. So it's like you are getting to know the territory, getting to know the people, making sure that people of that region don't become an enemy and a traitor force. Because remember, the Arabs at the time had just renewably embraced Islam. So Osama bin Zayed returns. And once Osama's force returned, that was when the really official launch against the words of it began, they were waiting for this large army to come back. And once it had come back, that was one Oba could have sent out various armies. And as I said, I'm not going to go over all of them. It's beyond the scope of my series for this class. Nonetheless, I
mentioned four of the main false prophets. And there were many tribes that refuse to pay God, there were some tribes that returned to Jehovah, we're not going to go over the names of those tribes and the armies and whatnot. It's really not that interesting to most of us.
Average Muslims in this regard, as only for the advanced historians who love this type of stuff otherwise, from our perspective, we will say summarize and say he launched around 12 expeditions, or I should say, Sorry, 12 armies, each army typically had multiple engagements. So one army would go and fight this tribe and another tribe within another tribe, then come back to Medina. And eventually those 12 armies, the majority of them merge together to take on larger superpowers, and that is the Roman and the Persian Empire, that will be the subject of the next inshallah, you know how often we come back from Ramadan. But for now, for our class today, we'll simply say the wars
have lasted really less than a year, year and few months. And in this year, in few months, at least 40 actual skirmishes took place via 12 armies that will not go to Siddiq himself had assigned. And it was in these battles that a number of things happened, a number of important events took place. And by the way, it is said that the very first army that obaku subdiv sent out to actually fight the Wars of lead that he put on his armor again, and he was going to lead the army again. And even Casio narrates a really interesting story. In this regard in Casio diaries and his lb die when they hire that one a worker had put on his armor and got onto the the horse, I thought it came out. And he
held on to the stirrup or the saddle of the horse. And he said, She's your sword back. Now, of course, his sword had not come out, it's a matter of symbolic like IE, stay protected. She's your sword back. I will say to you today, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to you at all heard
now at all heard what had happened. If you remember, Obama said he had volunteered to go fight. And the President said no, not to somebody else go not to somebody else go, and one after the other people kept on becoming Shahid alberca. So the the process of did not let him go. And he said, that famous phrase that don't let, don't let the bad news of your death come and reach us.
Don't let the bad news of us come and reach us. So I thought it said to our workers, I am saying to you today as the process of said to you or offered, she's your sword back means don't go out. Don't give us the bad news of your death. Because he said, If you die now, then Islam will never have a political power or a leader, after you meaning is going to be too chaotic after you. And this, of course, I don't need to stress how significant this report is. Correct. This is
him saying to overcome this. And this clearly demonstrates from our narrative and perspective that whatever trivial issues might have existed, they understood each of them understood the role that the other played, each of them respected the other from the position of Islam, and the status that Allah and His Messenger had given each of these individuals. The fact that I'd even never thought of is himself telling him, you're not going to go fight. And this, Abu Bakar said to himself, then realized, you know what, I can't go and fight. If Ali is saying this. Definitely. He's got a point. When the other Sahaba initially had said to him, he just ignored that. He goes, No, I'm gonna do it,
I'm gonna support you. But when I leave nebuta, they told him to not fight. That was when he himself understood, you know, I should not be going to fight. And so this demonstrates the love that I leave never be thought of had the respect that he had for obaku sudip and vice versa. The fact that I Lee's statement could prevent avocados from going out on an expedition, even though the previous Sahaba when they tried to do that they failed to do that. So what were some of the main results of the Wars of reader? What were some of the main results of the wars have added first and foremost
The wars have
the Sahaba to prepare for far bigger and more important battles.
And it made certain of the Sahaba famous in those wars, and they had not reached that level of fame. Number one in the list is highly limited. The fact of the matter is that hardly anybody that had never really participated other than in water, have something of that great significance. And no doubt the process and praised him in the Battle of mortar, but he had not yet demonstrated who he was going to become. It was the Wars of rudder that boosted his prestige, one success after another. And this then caused aboubaker so different than our model, to then assign him the general status of the entire army as they made their way to to Syria or to the Persian Empire, as we'll talk about the
shallow data as well other than Khalid and Walid another Sahabi. Who was not that if you like, he didn't have that great of a legacy before. Now he made his legacy much more higher in the words of Linda and that is Eric crema in Abuja Hello. Eric crema was one of those Sahaba that in fact, in the conquest of Makkah, his name had come in the list of
six who would not be forgiven. So definitely, his Islam was an awkward situation. And he realized this handler he realized this and he wanted to make up for that. And so he made up for it, how did he make up for it? In the words of it, and the words of ryda he demonstrated an amazing prowess, amazing stamina and skill, and eventually he died a Shaheed fighting against the Persians as well in the next stage of the Battle of the effects of these wars have read that as well, is that it cemented the political stability of the Muslim Ummah, if Abu Bakar said there had not gone to war, we would have had dozens of mini caliphates from the very beginning of Islam. And those dozens would
have trickled down into hundreds of 1000s, and millions. But because of abubaker, subjects wise actions, we typically had a unified healer for or at max, maybe there was a small kid out in underoos, as well. But otherwise, by and large for the bulk of Islamic history, we always had one major enough. And we can quite accurately attribute this to the blessings of Allah through abubaker. So dx wars have the reader had it not been for those wars, Islam would never have been united politically, because right from the very beginning fractions began. And if he had not cemented it together, those fractions would have gotten worse and worse. And we talked about political
differences. Another benefit of the words of it is theological unity as well, not just political unity. But there were groups with radically new ideas, we're not going to pay zeca, we're not going to do this, we're not going to do that. And so they said, No, you can't have different variations of the basic laws of Islam. So if the words have read there had not been fought, then our religion as we know it as well would have splintered up into many different theologies, many different legal systems. But because of the words of Rita, because of the words of Rita, it is now Alhamdulillah clear that the bulk of the oma follows the same theology as the earliest two generations. And this
is one of the miracles of Allah Zoysia with this oma that we have always had a super majority of one group that believes in the six pillars respects the Sahaba. And again, this can be attributed to the blessings of Allah through the fight of abubaker. So they've had that not been the case, then we would not have done that. We also can benefit and derive from this. And this is a controversial issue, which we're just going to I'm just going to mention then move on is not the time to get into it. But definitely it is undeniable that having a political authority is something that is at times necessary to promote and preserve the truth. Having independent political authority is sometimes
necessary, you need to have a rule of law, and sometimes force and authority is needed to protect that law and theology. Otherwise, people will and can go Helter Skelter. And this is the reality as well, and allies, the origin mentioned this in the Koran ones and then had a fee but soon she didn't have enough we already know that there's a reason why war has been legislated. There's a reason why Allah has sent down even Iran. So of the benefits of the Wars of it that it actually demonstrates for us the importance and the need, especially in the early phases of Islam, of having a political authority and power, as well of the theological benefits of the Wars of Lydda is that the Sahaba
unanimously agreed that anybody who claims to be a prophet or believes in a false prophet cannot be
A Muslim. So this is one of those red lines that, as I mentioned last week and two weeks ago as well, we don't need much discussion. Anytime there is a a person who believes in a prophet after the Prophet sallallahu sallam, there is no need to go into a lot of theological debate and what not such a person by unanimous consensus of the Sahaba is not a Muslim. And I mentioned this two weeks ago and last week as well, is that the two main things that are clearly beyond the red line of Islam and Cofer is to believe in another God and to believe in another prophet. If somebody believes in another god, another creator, another all powerful being, it's not a Muslim, doesn't matter what he
does. And similarly, if anybody believes in a suit or a Navy, after our prophet SAW his setup as well, this person is not a Muslim. Okay. Now for the rest of today's lecture, we're going to talk about one of the main
repercussions of the words of it that that was to have one of the most important impacts on the Islamic world and civilization, and that is the preservation of the Quran. That is the preservation of the Koran. The preservation of the Quran is a long topic in and of itself.
And we are only concerned right now with what obaku has to do. But in order to understand what he did, we just have to give a small summary of what had happened before the time of a bucket of severe they did the Sabbath narrates that when the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam died, the Koran had not been gathered in anything the museum officiate, it was not compiled in anything. So when the Prophet says that I'm had passed away, the Quran had not been gathered. Had the Quran been written down? Yes, but it had not been gathered. How do we know that the Quran had been written down? We know that the Quran but it had been written down from many, many reports and narrations of them is the Hadith
inside Bahati that when Allah azza wa jal revealed a verse in Surah Nisa, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and so forth. And this is a verse, the sooner they came down in the second and third year of the hindraf, so it's relatively early Madani, he called for he said, Bring for me a scribe and writing utensils, and the scribe came with writing utensils, and the profitsystem said, Look to write down like a stone, or I don't know how to do that, whatever the verses nice little choir doing, the verse he dictated to the scribe. And we also know that the Quran was written down because from the very earliest of times, we have instances instances and stories of the Quran having
been physically written down, such as the conversion story of rhomboidal Hot Tub removal hot tub converted, most likely in the fifth or sixth year of the data, ie six years before the hedgerow. And we all know the conversion story that his sister had a copy of the physical, pseudo Taha on the scroll on his apartment, and he read this himself. And this clearly demonstrates that the Quran was being written down from a very, very early stage. And the fact that the Quran would be written down is also hinted at in the Quran itself, that the two main names of the Quran are Oran and Al Kitab. These are the two main names and then the third is for con, and the fourth is Vicar. These are the
four primary names of the Quran, you should memorize them as a point of benefit. You have Oran which is the most common name, you have Al Kitab, which is the second most common name and then you have a vicar and alpha on. These are the four most common names of the Quran in the Quran. And the most the most important of them are Koran and kita. And Koran means that which is recited Kitab means that which is written so the Quran will be recited and the Quran will be written and the both of them put together is the book of Allah subhana wa Tada. So, yes, the Quran was written down, but as he said, it had not been compiled. Why had the Quran not been compiled by the Prophet salallahu it he was
setting them in his lifetime. Well many reasons are given the most obvious is that there was no need to do so. There was no need to that the processor is alive. Every suit or every section is being written down. And there is no danger of any Koran being lost. Numerous companions had memorized portions of the Quran, if not all of the Quran. And so there was simply no need to do that, as well. One of the main issues of writing the Quran down in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that the Quran is a growing book at the time.
It's not a completed book in the life of the Prophet system. How are you going to write a book whose verses are being inserted in the middle at time suitors are being inserted in the middle. As we know, most students, especially the longer ones, they didn't come down at once, sort of baccara was revealed over over a period of nine years. Nine
So the buckler was revealed. How are you going to compile the Quran, when you adding verses here and there? And by the way, I mentioned before, many months ago, another series that the Prophet says I'm commanded where to put each verse, where to put each verse He commanded, he said, Put this verse in the surah that mentions this, and they will then attach the verses there. So this being the case, how could the Quran be compiled when it is growing, if you like in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it is not possible to chronologically or to put in the yet and the sewer in the proper time and place, as well of the most important things is that the Quranic verses,
some of them were abrogated, as we know, and it is multifaceted, and it is something that all Sunni schools of law have agreed upon. And some of them Martha's allies disagreed with this and some of modernists as well disagree with this, but the texts and the Hadith books are simply too numerous to ignore this. The fact is that our Hadith books do mention this phenomenon known as the abrogation of the Quran, ie there used to be verses that Allah azza wa jal then took up, just abrogated. And Allah mentions in the Quran, the concept of nested man and suffering is in our noon, see her noon see how we cause to be forgotten. We never cause the verse to be forgotten or abrogated, except that we
bring something better than it or similar to it. So a lot explicitly mentioned some verses will be forgotten. And we have many such references to those verses of them is the reverse of the child's suckling. If a baby suckles for 10 sucklings it becomes the child of that of that mother, meaning mother, and foster hood is established through 10 suckling, this used to be a verse in the Quran, and other verses of this nature. She says There used to be a verse we used to recite it,
but to abrogated it that Lokhande Adam, Adam, and there have been the demonic Nicola huadian, that if the son of Adam had a valley of gold, he would have wished to have two valleys, and nothing will fill the son of Adam other than that nothing will fill the belly of the son of Adam other than dust, and we will lower them and tab. So she is remembering bits and pieces of the Quran that Allah abrogated, that allows Georgia lifted up. So how then can the Quran be compiled in one book, when it is growing, it is also being abrogated, chronologically different things are coming, there's no need to do so. And therefore simply the notion or the idea of compiling the Koran in one book didn't even
occur to the Sahaba. There's no need to done this, how to have done this, however, in the Battle of reader in the most famous battle. And that is the Battle of yamamah, the Battle of yamamah, which took place obviously against mo Salem Al Khattab so this was the largest of the battles of it. And it was a huge battle because the tribe of yamamah was a massive tribe. It was a large tribe, and many, many of the Sahaba were martyred including 75 of the Koran, including 70, who had memorized the Quran. Now, when the the classical books when they mentioned half of the Koran the term used is odd or raw. That is the term for half Indian classical Hadith literature, or raw or karate. In our
times, art is the one who recites half of the one who memorized in early Islam, the term half It was not used at all, it was odd or raw. And the Hadith in Bukhari mentions that in the Battle of yamamah, 70, or raw became Shahid. Now 70 ikura means 70 had memorized most, or maybe all of the Quran, because in those days, obviously, the phenomenon of memorizing the entire Quran was actually rare. I repeat, the phenomenon of memorizing the entire Oran was rare, so much so that it is said that only four Sahaba memorize the Quran in the lifetimes of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in its entirety. And the reason for this as many it's not the scope of this, but one of them is that
they felt that it's a very big responsibility to know the Quran and they're not acting upon it properly. And of them, of course, is that the Quran is being revealed. So to memorize it is not as easy as when you have the book complete in front of you. But the point being that 70 of the Quran passed away. And this triggered innumerable hubbub a notion that what if more and more die? And what if something goes from the Quran that I haven't memorized or more was not to half of the work was not to have they will not go forward? What if it goes away? And so O'Meara hapa was the one who thought of this idea, and he said to overcome that
all workers so do many of the coura have died in this battle, and I am worried
that more will die
And we will lose the Quran if they continue to die. So I suggest that we gather it together or you collect it together, you gather it together. So Booker, of course, this demonstrates that he's thinking about the repercussions of the losses of these people. And he proposes a solution as well, before more die. Let's get together and write the whole Quran together. But Abu Bakar is so dear being who he was in his strictness to follow the Sunnah. He said, How can I do what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not do. And Omar is the one narrative. And this idea is in body. So this Hadith, which is the basis of the preservation of the Quran, it is in the most authentic book
of our religion, and it is the first person narrative about God and Omar talking to themselves. So you really cannot get more authentic than this inside Bahati, going back to Obama, and they're both talking amongst themselves, almost no one narrating the story. And what Omar said, I continued to convince him continue to convince him until he was persuaded by my convincing. Now this shows us another interesting tangent, which I'm not going to go into, and that and just to mention it, what is a innovation or beta?
I will backer so the UK was worried that doing something like compiling the most half might be a religious innovation,
because the process of did not do it. And that's why he said, How can I do? What the process of did not do? And this demonstrates that there is some basis to not doing what the profitsystem did not do. Or else you wouldn't have said that. I know this is confusing, but think about it. The fact that he feels this way. And I'm going to hop off did not say on why are you thinking this way this thought process is wrong. He understood. Of course, if the process of didn't do it, there's some legitimacy, but there are extenuating circumstances that demonstrate that certain things, even if the process of did not do it, we are allowed to do it as well. And therefore, this is a deep topic,
what is the difference between a bidder versus a something that is of benefit, our scholars say that the techniques of knowledge and teaching knowledge can change from time to era to place, but the content obviously cannot change. So how we teach knowledge,
how we write the Quran, even how we write the Quran has evolved from the time to speak, in terms of the script in terms of the dots in terms of the printing, but the actual text remains the same.
And therefore, the means of teaching.
And the technology of teaching can change, but the actual content of the Quran obviously cannot change. And other examples are given as well. But the point being this demonstrates that there is some legitimacy to the notion if the process of did not do it, we should not do it as well. But the response to this comes, if he didn't do it, and there are now reasons for us to do it, or there is technology or knowledge available for us to do it, then we may do it. And simple example of this is the haoran there was no need for him to compile the code. There was no need for the process of the quanta. haoran. But there is now a need to compile the Quran in the lifetime abubaker also the and
therefore, a worker was persuaded. And Abu Bakr and Omar they were deciding who should they appoint for this job. They need to delegate authority. They cannot take charge of this themselves. Who should they appoint for their for this job, and they both agreed on the name of one so hobby. And this hobby is the primary Sahabi who is responsible for the collection of the Koran, and that is Zaid, Eben Sabbath, they have been Sabbath, and they they've been Sabbath. They called him to their gathering their mejlis. And they said to him, that you are an intelligent young man, and we do not have any doubt about your character and us to write the revelation for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam. So we are assigning you the task to antigen or on that you gather the entire Oran now zayde at this time was a very young man probably in his 20s in his mid 20s. And this demonstrates the great responsibility they placed on somebody who was a young man, why did they choose Zaid admin Sabbath for many reasons, first and foremost, that they even Sabbath became the primary scribe of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Medina. He became the primary scribe in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And this is demonstrated in the same narration where a vocal number said you used
right the way, so he was the number one, there's a group of Sahaba. They're called kuttabul Ye, those who wrote down the Koran, and they occupy a special status and a number of authors have written specific books about kuttabul ye who were the ones who wrote down the Quran for the Prophet sallallahu I sediment. Some books have reached the names are 40 5060. So however, who wrote down number one on that list is a habit. He was the primary secretary of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he himself tells us that he was the closest neighbor of the prophet SAW Selim, who knew how to read and write. So every time a revelation came, the prophet system would say and one
Hadith Mohali actually mentioned another Hadith Not this one, another idea that the Prophet system said called Zaid for me and tell him to bring the writing instrument, so the head it literally mentioned is called Zaid, for me. So this demonstrates that Zaid invincibility occupied a high status when it came to secretarial work of writing down for the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them and as well, writing the Koran. Also one of the reasons why is Edelman's habit was chosen by Obama so there was that he was one of the very few people who had memorized the entire Oran NSM mnemonic, the heart him the servant of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he narrates in the
famous Hadith and Sai Bahati. Only four people memorize the Quran in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam only four people memorize Quran and the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam number one amongst them was obey even kept by the way they even kept. He was the one who was the greatest of the Sahaba when it came to the memorization of the Quran, and also over the oldest of the Saba in this regard. Number two was more active in Javelin number three was zayde, even sabot. And then number four is Abu Zaid who was one of the Mohali, who was well known for memorizing the Quran, Abu Zaid, these are the four of the Sahaba, who were always eager every time a
revelation game, they would memorize it right then and there. Every time a new revelation came, and this is when the Quran is coming down. So that imagine it's not like you have the book in front of you. Every time the Quran is coming down. These are the four that are always eager to go and memorize the Quran. Of these four, they it was the youngest. And when it comes to these issues, you want a young person why, for energy for zeal for enthusiasm, and most importantly, memory, memory, most importantly, memory and data when sabots memory was the sharpest out of all of them. He himself narrates that when the Prophet system had just arrived in Medina, he was barely 11 years old, and
his tribesmen boasted to the Prophet salallahu it he was sending them that old message and drove a la one of our children has memorized 17 sutras of the Quran. So he was brought in front of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And he recited to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the prophets are some was pleased with that. And this demonstrates that from the very beginning, this is the first time say this meeting the Prophet says Adam, and what is the relationship between them Koran? So from the very beginning, they they've been Sabbath has a relationship of the Quran with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has already memorized 17 surahs even before the prophets or some
comes to Medina, also of the most important things when it comes to the demand Sabbath. And perhaps he is the only Sahabi who has this blessing as far as we know
that Zaid Eben Sabbath was present in the final recitation of the Quran that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did in front of God. It is narrated
in a number of classical books of Muslim the fat works that the Sahabi who was with the prophet SAW I sell them when jabril came and he recited to him the whole Koran in Ramadan was Zaid, Eben Sabbath. And this is very important because they they've been Sabbath therefore, is listening to the final recension which verses have been abrogated, which verses are still there. He is listening to the very final recitation of the Quran before the Prophet says and passes away in three months. That's it, he's gonna pass away in three months, the final Ramadan, it was a big Sabbath. And therefore, they have been fab It was really of the top two or three Sahaba and of those two or
three, the youngest, whose speciality was the Koran. And again, we all know by now, each Sahabi has his own speciality. There will also have a word well known for hadith of Ohara and Omar and whatnot. They will also have known for a while they've been jumbled. They will also have a known for generosity. There was also known for jihad. There were those Sahaba known for tipsy it
bas and there were those Sahaba known just for their Quranic recitation, and their knowledge of the Quranic recitation. And amongst them primarily should memorize these names obey bencab ibn Massoud as well by the way, and they have been Sabbath and more or they've been gentlemen. These are the people that are well known to have basically specialized in the recitation of the Quran. So the both of them I will bucket and oma, they agreed to assign Zaid Eben Sabbath to this job. But Zaid himself was reluctant. And he himself said that how can I do this job and something that I feel very basically not qualified to do? And the fact that he did not feel qualified to do the job is a very
positive sign. Because in our religion, modesty, shows sincerity. Whereas the problem comes in the workforce that we live in. You're not supposed to be modest, you're supposed to demonstrate you are the best person who boasts to show eagerness, but in our religion, and that's why there is always a clash, right? What should I do? Should I show my modesty or should I show my credentials to my boss is always a problem. But in our religion, you should you should shy away from responsibility of this nature. And the fact that you shy away demonstrates that you don't you realize how big of a deal it is. So Zaid himself says, I can't do this is too big of a job for me. But both ibaka and Omar
basically continue to insist on him that you must do it. And Zaid himself narrated, it would have been easier for me to move a mountain than to do what they told me to do. And this clearly demonstrates he understands the big responsibility on his shoulders. So he began to collect the various fragments of the Quran, from, as he said, from the chests of people and the pieces of wood, from the chest of people and pieces of wood. Because what was the Koran written on at that time, paper did not exist in the Arabian Peninsula, in the entire world, there was no paper, except in China and small provinces here and there. Otherwise, paper it did not exist anywhere in the world.
And leather was too precious to be used as writing material, leather was too precious to be used as writing material, leather was used for tents. And for water skins, the primary writing material was pieces of wood was barks, that would, they would take you know, the the date palm, you know, it has those, these those leaves those things sticking out, you break it off. And you can use that as a piece of equivalent of a paper, right, you would write on that this is the primary thing that the Quran was written on, you know, the bark, the the date part is just sticking out, those things that are sticking out, that thing that sticks out, you tear it off, and it becomes a parchment or a sheet
of paper, if you like the equivalent of a sheet of paper, right? As well, shoulder bones of a camel, right? Because you have a relatively large bone. So you can write on it, something that for a long period of time. So these types of materials are the initial materials. And this is why By the way, we don't have a single a single remnant of anything written in that era, because the substances they're written on are not going to last. Nothing is going well that's By the way, one of the reasons paper is so amazing, for many reasons of them is it's so thin paper thin, no other writing material is so thin, and of them is that it lasts for such a long period of time. You know, we have
paper dating back to the time of the tabular into tabular one, we have paper dating back to the time of the tablets have your own. We have copies of Mr. Malik's motto, on fragments, we still have little bits here and there, the originals there. This is an amazing like back to the 170 something of the hedgerow, we still have these things, but pre paper, those materials don't last. And they easily decay. We have bits and remnants of pyrite upon which the Quran was written. But we do not have a complete copy of anything written basically, in the time of obaku or of the early early Sahaba. We do have some pieces not a paper of parchment and whatnot from the late Sahaba period. But
we don't have anything from the time of the process of obaku because obviously it's not written on things that will preserve. So Zaid says I began to collect the Koran from the scraps and the parchments and Roma Hawk Bob stood on the member and made a public announcement. And he said, Whoever has learned anything from the Koran, for from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam directly should bring it forth. Whoever has learned anything from the prophets of Allah Allah who was sending them should bring it forth. And so when this announcement is made, the people began pouring in with their parchments, their sheet their their pieces of wood, their bones and
Other material rocks and stones, rocks would also be something that would write on you know, any type of rock that had it. So imagine trying to write a surah down with whatever you have instruments what what not, again, ink was also not the most common you had equivalents of chalk as well, things that would just leave a marking on on these parchments. So, whatever they had was brought forth. And all of these hips were brought in front of the Sahaba and the Sahaba, who brought it had to swear given oath that they did they either it was dictated to them by the process of or they recited this to the prophets, I send them IE verification, verification, that this is not from somebody from
somebody from somebody, but this is the original real deal, either this was the parchment of the process of dictated or you recited this to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Abu Bakr Siddiq said to say divin Sabbath that sit at the door of the masjid and whoever brings you anything with two witnesses then write it down. had been hedgerow says two witnesses here means memory and writing, ie somebody has to memorize it, and another person has to bring a written document. And it's plausible that these are what it means by two witnesses. In any case, the point is that the Koran bit by bit was put together by Zaid Eben sabot. And it is very important that this takes place
within the year of the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I mean, it could not have been done earlier. Think about this, it is truly a miracle from a law that this took place when it took place. Before this in the lifetime the process some it would not have been possible to many years later, and things will happen. Literally, within a year of the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the 12th year of the hedgerow, and the process and passes were 11th year, in the 12th year of the hedgerow. When every single major Sahabi is alive, none of the major Sahaba passed away. Think about this, none of them and the original parchments that the process of dictated upon,
every one of them is still around, think about that as well. will lie if you think about this, you understand. When Allah says in Nananana, vichara, when Allah Allah has given no other book, in human history of a religious nature, comes even within the same light here realm.
Look at the New Testament, for cut the Old Testament, we don't even know which century we don't even know which author we don't even know who and the New Testament, we all acknowledge now that this was written around 100 years after the time of Jesus Christ, or the earliest they say the earliest is 90 years after the time of Jesus Christ. What happened between Jesus Christ and those 90 years? Nobody knows. And who are these people, Matthew and Mark and Luke, who are they? What are their biographies? We don't know at all other than their names. That's it. We don't know anything about them, other than their names. So you compare this 90 years, and what is 90 years go back 90 years,
we still have the filler for 90 years ago, a little bit more than 90 years ago. Imagine, right? I mean, literally 90 years is two and a half generations. Your great grandfather's era, this is what 90 years is that is how many years went by. This is for the New Testament. As for the Bhagavad Gita, as for the scriptures of the Buddhists as for the Old Testament, we don't even know the centuries they were written down. Just unknown, they're just handed down to us. And now we have them.
When you contrast this with the Quran, we have names, dates, places, people
will lie there's no comparison. And within the year, when every so when the original documents are still around. And this is the key point that they did this habit has this person testify. Did you write this document? Did you recite it to the processor, the highest level of authenticity? And Zaid says, I collected the Koran until finally I came across the last two verses of pseudo Toba, with Hosea Eben Sabbath onsala de la caja como su lumen and for sukham as he is in LA, he managed them in an accident. And he said I only found these verses with him.
Now, this phrase, I only found these verses with him. And this hadith is reported by Bahati has raised a whole lot of discussion. What exactly does this mean that no other Sahabi had heard it from him or what not allow them what this means. However, it is also mentioned in one book of how
Early history and and it is one of the earliest books written about the preservation of the most half. And it is called the book of must have skateable must live by Eben obito, the son of a Buddha with the soldier standing, the famous sooner Buddha would the famous guy who wrote tsunami that would, he had a son, and his son Sulaiman his son.
I'm delighted to say, My God, I can't believe I forgot his name, or come to me, and I was just his son was the one who wrote the first famous book about the history of the compilation of the Quran.
And that is called the book of Messiah, Messiah. And that book is still present. It's a little bit rare to find, but it's still it's still around and present and it is printed now Kitab Masako, in that book, he says that a witness is not that was not even a fan. When Hosea brought this writing, arithmetic been a fan said, I swear that these verses are from the war he means he has heard these verses. So he had the two witnesses, the one of them is the writing. And the other is the reporting of the witnesses. And by the way, another point some scholars mentioned here, which is interesting tidbit, and again, one of those interesting stories allow them if there's a connection or not. So in
this hadith and Bahati, Zaid says, the only person who brought this was Jose Ma, correct. That's the version there. Now, who is this? hoceima? This hoceima
this hoceima there is another Hadith about him in Serbia that would, and it goes as follows that once a Bedouin, not a Muslim, a pagan Bedouin,
the prophet system had made a transaction with him and purchased a camel from him. Then the veteran denied this. Basically, he wanted the money and wanted to go away. He denied this said no, you never you never did this. You didn't didn't give me the money or whatever. So he wanted to basically cheat. The profit system that's obviously not a Muslim is a pagan, and he's, there's a transaction taking place. So Jose, Emma stood up and said, I testify. And I shed, as if like, I was a witness that the transaction has taken place. So the Bedouin got scared. Like, you're the I didn't know anybody was there, basically. And so he kind of just, you know, smooth it out and gave him the
camera. Okay, when the better one left. So the President said to Jose, Maria, how could you testify when you weren't there?
How could you test your phone? You weren't there. So Jose, Maria said, Yasuda law, I testify that Allah is inspiring you. Do you think I'm not going to believe you with the matter of a camel?
In other words, you think that anybody is going to doubt you Yasuda law, that I believe that Allah is giving you a one minute seminar? And do you think I'm not going to believe you when you say that you gave him the money and he says you haven't given the money. So as I testify, so the process of smiled and said, and this is an amazing idea, because only four hoceima.
the testimony of Hosea is equal to the testimony of two meaning
and Islam testimony of two is yaqeen. Right? You get the point, the testimony of two, I shouldn't use the word jockey in the technical technical room, I will say no, that's not right. the testimony of two is acted upon the testimony of two reaches the level of origin like you, you You must act upon it. Now the only Sahabi ever said this is Cosima, by the way. And is it a coincidence is the father of a lot is it what not? Hosea is the one he is bringing forth. The only written copy of the Honda Accord or pseudo Manifesto, which is the last few verses of Surah Al Baqarah, surah Toba, some scholars have said, Some scholars have said this hadith of Hosea is to was meant to preserve
the story of the last few verses of Toba. Right? Interesting point lawan. But clearly both of these Hadith are mentioned. And they are authentic. Just very interesting. Now, as well. What's really interesting here is that Zaid, even sabot himself was a half of the of the hold on as we know, yet he did not rely upon his own HIV.
He did not rely upon his own hair but rather he wanted verification.
And he was waiting for everybody to bring him the original parchments, even though the largest collection of parchments who had them he did.
He is the number one collector because he is described.
He is the scribe of the must have the number one scribe yet still He is waiting for others to bring their testimony. And this clearly demonstrates the high level of certainty of authenticity that
That was required. And
it is amazing, as I said that the Quran was compiled so early, and that there was never any controversy over its content. nobody complained about the content of the Quran of the most half a worker has to deal. Now in the time of Earth man, there was some bit of a controversy on earth man said that other Koran should be burnt. There was a little bit some of the Sahaba said this is my copy. I I wrote it and you know, Why should I do that? That but in the most I will Bucher and we'll get to Earth monster when we get to it, and the compilation of Abu Bakar none of the Sahaba said, Hey, hold on a sec, you missed my version or you missed my nothing. So the most half our bucket
represents the unanimous consensus of each and every Sahabi about the Quran.
Every one of them agreed to it. As I said, there is no equivalent in any other religion, where the closest disciples or the companions of the Prophet, so whoever, whichever prophets or some other possum or Isa or Moosa or Dawood or anybody, were the ones who engaged in compiling the holy book of the prophet. And
there's a bit of a controversy here about the
arrangement of the sewers and our workers must have. And the fact of the matter is, we don't know, how were the sewers arranged? We do not know, how were the schools arranged? Were they even intentionally arranged in a particular order or not? And this goes back to the larger controversy or issue, which is, where does the arrangement of the sutras come from?
Where does the arrangement of the sutras come from? Does it come from Allah subhana wa tada? Is it something that the process Lim commanded the Sahaba Is this something that this habit themselves just decided to do? These are the three three main opinions and the first two are basically one if it goes to the processes from a lot of xojo? So, is it something that is divine? Or is it something that is he hiding from the Sahaba? And this is a huge issue of controversy and if it is he hiding from the Sahaba which is actually the correct opinion shallow data for reasons beyond the scope of this, this seminar, but if it is a study from the Sahaba, then which group of Sahaba a workers
version of or not version of workers compilation or compilation, and Allahu Allah, it appears to be that Earth man's compilation standardized intentionally standardize the compilation of the sources, whereas our workers compilation did not intend to standardize the arrangement of the suitors, it was simply done to preserve the hold on now, this is all he had, because at the end of the day, we don't know we don't have access to the original and we do not know what was intended or not. Also, for the first time the Quran was written down
cover to cover Never before had this been done. And for the first time, it was written down in one material as well. Now, it wasn't paper because paper had not yet been introduced. And it was in various parchments pyrite type of material, right. And because of this, these various parchments were of different sizes.
They were not of the same size, don't think of a nice clean book,
think of loose leaf sheets, thick sheets, rough cloth like sheets, each one is a different size.
Imagine how that will be put together, it wasn't sealed together, it was simply stacked together.
It was simply stacked together. And this is why it was called a must have from sort of sort of his papers parchments, right this is why it was called a must have
and many scholars say the term must have was first used by the Sahaba and some say it is mentioned in some of these but a lot who item whether long story now again, I'm going to a little bit too technical detail here, it seems that the common usage of the term must have started in time of the Sahaba that is for sure whether it was ever used by the process of not as a gray area, but for sure it became a common term we call it must have must have must have it was first used by the Sahaba definitely in a common manner before that point in time.
The term must have did not really exist because the Quran was not in a must have you guys follow me right my most have means a collection of sort of, and so have is those parchments. And the time of the process of there was no mussaf per se right
So how could the term be common. So the term must have that has now become common. It actually maybe even was introduced, or for sure it was popularized in the reign of Abu Bakar also do and these days, the Quran technically is not a must have a collection of newspapers. It is a collection of well cut and bound papers, but we still call it a must have, because of what the historical legacy of Obama
had done. Now.
It is also narrated, by the way Oh, so what happened to those must have, by the way, so this must have remained with a worker of the UK. And when he passed away, it was given along with all of the state's materials to pop up.
So it was given to America because it basically belongs to the state. When I'm going over the hot Bob was stabbed.
He was appointed as we know, six people and a council to decide who would be the halifa. And because that council took a few days, so the most half was inherited by hafsa.
So from our bucket, it went to Omar
because it's state property
in the issue of Omar's assassination and then what not so this was one of those things, perhaps others did not think about it too much. It was simply passed down to have saw, and she was very protective of this must have very jealously guarded this must have, and it was her prized possession. And when earthmen had been a fan decided to standardize the most half, which we'll talk about when we get to the store worth quite a bit of fun. So alberca preserved the most half Rosemont even our fan, standardized it and made the official recension and eliminated any other variations. So when Earth man wanted to standardize the most have he called for the original copy of all buckers
The original must have abubaker. And he called for hafsat to hand it over and have made him swear by a law that he would immediately return it to her when he is done.
So she was very protective of it. And earthman indeed gave that oath. And this abubaker most half was then used in the time of birth might have been found to rewrite the most half. And it was at that point in time where a number of changes took place. Most importantly, the
standardization of the spellings took place. Okay, I will Dakota Sudhir did not intend to care about the spellings of words. One needs to understand by the way that at the time, language was not as standardized as it is now.
language was not as standardized and the same word could be spelt in so many different ways. All you need to do is this is on Google, go and Google any English book written in the 1600s and 1700s. Any English book and attempt to read that script and look at the differences in spelling. Now go back to 1500 English
and try to read those spellings. If any of you had a class in high school of Shakespeare, an original Shakespearean English and the original Shakespeare in English with those Spelling's right, you will be probably most of us would not even be able to read that anymore because the spellings of words are so different from our own Spelling's so imagine if this is in standard, you know, English, how about an early Arabic which is still struggling with diacritical marks is struggling with North does with phantasmal damas all of these have not been invented yet all of the dots have not yet been invented. So, I will bacala so therefore, the alojado did not have in his mind to worry about
spelling, that was a man's job. We need to standardize spelling and other changes as well that came between Obama and and man. So there are many differences by the way, or a man's compilation took place when did it take place? 2525 roughly. So another decade and a half, basically decade in three years after Obama cities compilation. And again just very briefly, what are some of the differences between Earth man's version or its man's recensione and obaku is recensione many Firstly, the reason for each one is totally different.
abubaker has to do with what was his reason for compiling the must have
preserve it, or it might have been alpha what was his reason? standardise because people reciting the Quran different accents. Just like we have different accents of English different well it's more than just accents different
Words, people would substitute words because Arabic was so many tribes. And so when a Yemeni heard a word in Karachi dialect, he was substituted for his own dialect
if there's no big deal, because that's what they're used to. And earthman said, No, this is not going to happen. So you have to standardize. And that's why he compiled a team, whereas a workers must have one person say they've been sabot rathmines must have a team. Some say for some say 12. And perhaps there was a dual two tier system First, there were four of them, there were 12. And by the way, say them and Sabbath is also put in charge of that team. So Zaid has a role in both of them. But Zaid is given secondary status when it comes to spelling.
He's put in charge of the compilation, but not in charge of spelling. Why? Because Zaid is more used to the spellings of the unsought and earth man said, the Quran has been revealed in the language of the kurush.
And it will be written in the language of the college. So the other three people were kurachi.
So, he said to them, if the three of you differ about how to spell a word, write it in your three, you will outweighs it, because he knows the spellings of the
on site. And now imagine, even in our times, you know, we have these British and Americans buildings, their variations to this day. Despite the internet and publications To this day, we have these very imagine back then, so many variations. And because of this, all of these interesting things that
were preserved were preserved because of that, also of the differences that our workers must have was one in copy. And Earth man's must have was, at least, for most likely six or seven, he produced six or seven, also of the differences was that abubaker had no intention of eliminating other copies of the Koran. Whereas with Matt and our fan key, wanted to force people to copy from that version. That's why he undertook the very necessary yet drastic measure of eliminating every single copy of the Quran in existence in the world at the time. And this is of the mercy of Allah, that simply there was no room for anything to take place other than this, now, this incident, we'll get to it
inshallah, eventually, but non Muslims love this issue of Oh, all the horns were burnt. And we Muslims don't understand what is going on here. The notion of burning a book
is completely culturally different from the east versus the West.
When we burn the Quran, we are burning the Quran as an act of respect for the Quran.
Whereas in the West, when you burn a book,
you are burning it to show disrespect. And this simple cultural dichotomy is lost on most Muslims and most non Muslims, that when non Muslims read old, it's not ordered all the neurons to be burnt. From their perspective, the first thing that comes to mind is what sack religious these are evil what not these all Carranza, but from our perspective, it's a token of respect. That's how you get rid of a Koran. You don't want the Quran to be floating around pieces of paper here and there, you get rid of it in this manner. And therefore, from our perspective, again, it was a drastic and yet necessary
measure. Just to finish up and we're gonna finish a little bit early today, Sheldon, up to you if you want to have an extended q&a or prayer show earlier.
Because much Alicia timing has gone back to 930. Now that we were saying that the scrolls are the must have was in the hands of hafsa, she gave it to her with man Earth man gave it back to her. And it remained with hafsa until help solve the low wind have passed away. And it is then mentioned that something bizarre happened, which all of us are going to scratch our heads with but this is the reality of what our past has happened.
That mode Juan Abraham, who is from the oma yet dynasty, and the one of the main architects of the Omega dynasty, one of the main brains of the Omega dynasty, but he is not the Sahabi but he is basically one little bit younger than the Sahaba so he never actually met the Prophet salallahu it he was setting them eventually but juanda but not haccombe he becomes the governor of Medina, under muawiya. And of course this Quran is in Medina that's where the the the government is at the time and for some reason mode, one reason
One Two to eliminate this must have because from his perspective,
perhaps there was some talk going on, that the arithmetic must have is not fully accurate. Because remember, there's a lot of tensions and back and forth going on. And so there was talk of bringing back to the worker must have and comparing it. So marwadi blood haccombe in the lifetime of hafsa, asked hafsa if he could eliminate this copy of the Quran, so that there is no chance for people to doubt the arithmetic must have Let the earth man it must have become the original. Rather than having something that people are going to worry, what is the differences between those because they were spelling differences, right? There were spelling differences between a will because most have
Android smartphones have because they didn't care about the spelling at that time. Okay, so hafsa refused, as soon as hafsa passed away, and of course have said is not obviously have any children, there's not going to be any heirs of that nature. So mode, one can then take this copy of the Quran. And he simply got rid of it, he eliminated it. And he said that I did this, because all of the most of our worker was preserved by the masaf of Earth man. And I didn't want anybody to doubt between the two. And so basically, to get rid of any doubt, now, this is his perspective. And he had, one can flip it around and says you should have preserved so that we could have compared the two. But to
be honest, even if he had kept it, it wouldn't have lasted for too long because it is written on parchment. And that is why
To this day, sorry to burst your bubble, but I cannot academically fudge these things. I don't believe in doing that. We don't have the most halves of Earth man, even to this day. Because the most halves of Earth man were written on what? leather, camel leather. This is what they were written on. And we do not have the original mishaps of Earth man. Contrary to popular perception and opinion, what we do have are very early copies of fragments of the Koran, dating back to maybe 60 or 70. Digital. This is the earliest that we have carbon dated various parchments various fragments. And we have a very a number of very ancient must haves dating back to the first century that are
almost complete, and what exists in the Topkapi Palace, which claims to be the arithmetic must have and we were just there a few weeks ago and I saw this myself again for the third or fourth time I've seen it. Well law you don't even need to be an expert in Quranic manuscripts to know that that claim is not true. You simply look at it and you know, that could not be from the time of the Sahaba its script it's writing, it's not called and to skill is this and that it is simply not from the time of
Earth might have been found, but it is a very early must have maybe 150 100 or something like this, you know very early must have, but it is not the most half of Earth man. And as for the Tashkent must have, which is still present in Tashkent, it is still present in Tashkent, and it is, for the longest time rumored to be the rithmetic most half, it is most likely a copy of that must have it is one of the ancient most halves of the world, but it is not the original arithmetic must have. And again you can see this in the script and whatnot.
And it is written in old CoffeeScript. In fact, the the most ancient must haves that we have are the fragments of the must haves that we have are not written written in ancient CoffeeScript. They are written in a script called Hijazi or Ma. And they are a different type of script. And this is how the Sahaba would have written the Koran, not an ancient goofy. Think about it ancient Goofy's too critical not gonna be written in Medina. Right Kufa itself did not exist at this point. And it was called ancient goofy. The point is the scripts that we find the Topkapi Koran and the trash can caught on in our scripts that the Sahaba would not have used.
Do you understand I'm saying here, right, the the writing style and whatnot that they would have used. And we have, by the way, one of the earliest remnants that we have of an actual script from the time of the Sahaba is that one of the one of the Sahaba wrote something on a wall on a wall. And he said, this is in the 21st year of the digital. Now he carved it on a wall. I actually have a photo of it somewhere. And I'm sure we can Google it and find it as well. And we see the script that they're using that such and such an incident happened. And he wrote and my brother died in this battle, and this is the year 21 ah 21 you know, by that he rewrites in the reign of Rumble, hop,
whatever he writes all of this, he writes
And it was discovered in some of the, you know, desert areas of Arabia that this is an inscription on the wall and they look at it carefully and whatnot and it goes back carbon 14 dating and description and the inscription we find the actual script. That script is what we call ma or Hijazi script. This is the script of the arithmetic must have. We don't have a single full copy in Hijazi script. We have parchments, those parchments. They go back, as I said, to the first century, within three, four decades of the death of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, which is a very big deal. It's a very big deal. But we do not have anything original because the material would not
last. It's not going to last, yes, if it had been preserved from day one in a vacuum, yes, but it's not going to be preserved that way. And there are thematic mishaps as well, over periods of time things happen to them. And one or two were actually burnt in fires over the periods of time, the profit systems measure we talked about Remember, we talked about that the price was measured. So one of the money copies up until the year 608 euro was preserved in the in the
the the mesh of the processor was burned down, and that fire and that massive fire that took place. And that was the end of that. So the point being, we need to be careful when we say anything, especially when we give out because
you're not going to convince people of the truth of Islam by telling lies, or by telling falses things, and it is false to say that we have the original copy of Earth man's must have no, we probably have copies of the copy. Yes. And we definitely have fragments going back to within the generation of the Sahaba. But we do not have a full copy of the Quran dating back to the time of the Sahaba. We have full copies of the Quran dating back to the tab your own time. And I guess I conclude this, perhaps one of the most complete copies of the Quran is a copy that is preserved in Egypt. And it is called Muslim family even though it is not most of it, but is called most of it.
And it is an entire copy of the Quran written on leather.
And it is maybe six feet by four feet by four feet.
So massive, huge book, I have seen pictures of it. But I have not, you're not allowed to go and see it, obviously. But I've seen pictures of it. It is literally a massive book. And
unfortunately, it's really sad to say this, but Fatemeh is not being done of these manuscripts as the way that they deserve. The right is not being done of these manuscripts the way that they preserve. I have said this before, and it causes people to raise their eyebrows and get angry at me but will lie It is true that the earliest manuscripts of the Koran are typically preserved in western museums. And I thank Allah for that, because those museums go out of their way to preserve it in a much, much, much better manner than anything that we find in the Middle East and Indian Pakistani part of the world. And I have seen myself I went to the gesture Beatty library, which is
one of the most famous libraries in Dublin. And I saw some ancient copies of the Koran over there as well. And I posted this on my Facebook page as well. Dating back again, some of the most ancient manuscripts of the Quran are in Chester Beatty's library, and it is in complete, complete glass upon glass, vacuum sealed, nobody can touch it, it is preserved and no lighting is of a different hue and color, it's not going to affect it. I mean, we don't even know what to do with this regard. Right. And then you go and see how manuscripts are kept in other Muslim lands. And then you thank Allah that at least these things are being you go to the British Library as well, which has some of the
earliest Quranic manuscripts. And I've seen these as well, some of the earliest one that we have preserved in the British Library. And again, the same thing is that certain ambience, all of the moisture is constantly sucked out, there's no air circulation in, you know, vacuum sealed this and that. I mean, this is how you preserve these documents so that they last forever and ever. You don't even put them in the regular light, it says no flash allowed, the lighting is very dim. This is the way you preserve it even light like this is not in these rooms, you go in and it's something very, you know, this is how you preserve it. Unfortunately, that doesn't exist in the, in the Arabic and
Middle Eastern world because we don't have the the same type of care of manuscripts and therefore I personally I'm actually thankful to Allah that we have these fragments that are being preserved in Germany, by the way has a lot. England, France has one or two of the earliest manuscripts and then Chester Beatty and Dublin, Ireland. These are the main places in the world where the earliest manuscripts of the whole art exists.
With that, inshallah I want to spoke a little bit too much about the preservation of the Quran. But as you know, this is definitely one of my passions in this particular field. Yes. Bismillah?
the other way
or the other.
And then they.
So, the other three Sahaba, who where they will get to in the story of birth might have been not fun. That's not related to a walker. So do
the first question, again, was remind me.
So this notion of state property, personal property, of course, I mean, this is a rather modern notion. And those times it's not as if it's specifically mentioned, what's going to happen, and a law, but
put yourself in the shoes of the other Sahaba hafsa is our mother.
And it is a foreign service if you don't trust her with it. It's not so I mean, what are you going to do?
She wants it okay. Safe in her possession. Right, and it was actually safe in her possession. We would rather she have it than what what if no,
one no one got it. That was the end of that. So I don't see any problem. I mean, who better to take care of it, then? Then.
But again, this notion, as I said, of state property versus individual property, this is somewhat modern in this regard. And in those days, it's very open. I mean, and hafsa is not just the daughter of Mr. Manohar, Bob, She is the mother of the believers as for the issue of the Egyptian government, who are definitely asking the wrong person about anything to do with the Egyptian government, and anything?
So this is definitely so the question is that if say the men's habit attended the the final recitation of the Quran, then
clearly, he would have heard it in the order that it was recited.
These are issues that the more we talk about, the more details bring up that AR. So I have given you a level one narrative. And it's nice and easy and comfortable.
When you get to level two, when you get to graduate level, when you get to research level, then level one narratives deconstructs and there are a
little bit of holes in it. And I think it's best to leave it at level one narrative. Okay, and Charlie is gorgeous.
How can you prove that the Quran is the word of God.
I've actually given a long lecture about this, the miraculous nature of the miraculous nature of the salon, you'll find it online. And the response is that there are multiple aspects of this. And of them, even as a non Arab, the impact of the spoken recitation, the recitation of the Quran, the spiritual impact on a pure heart definitely has is one of the reasons One of the things as well reading the Quran, with an open mind even if it's in translation, and comparing it with other scriptures and whatnot, as well knowing the circumstances of the Prophet system and that he was a nibble on me without any access to the stories of the previous prophets. And still he is bringing
forth this Koran it is not from himself. And at the end of the day, every argument that we give falls short because he Daya comes from Allah subhana wa Tada. So we simply point them in the right direction and leave the rest to Allah. We cannot there is no water tight scientific argument because the role of science is not in the role in the realm of religion and spirituality. And these scientific minds want a one plus one equals two type of argument. And that's not going to happen. Because there is an element of spirituality there is an element of connection with Allah subhana wa tada and if they don't want to be connected with Allah will lay it doesn't matter what we do,
they're not going to be connected with the law. So to answer your question, simplicity
Usually, we point out these various things and we say, read the Koran experience the Quran, then that's it, leave it up to them at the end of the day. And the question of this is years ago.
So you asked about what is going on, under a smart and hijack, as for had judges had judges, you know, recensione, or whatnot did not become standardized, had judge wanted his own copy, and he perhaps made it in Basra and whatnot and in Iraq, but it had little impact on the the, the the rest of the Muslims, it's not as if he destroyed the other Muslims. So the issue of hijab, and
no but had judge was not the first to add the dots either. Clearly, there were people before had judge who had added the dots, but had judge perhaps was the first to officially order the adding of the
machine, the knockout to the dots, and perhaps he was the first to officially do that, unofficially, it was already being done in private must haves. So hedgeye is not standardized. Even the Dawson that that was his he had and it happened. So really, honestly, how judges narrative or story is local, it doesn't affect the whole preservation of the whole arm. As for Abu Bakar, and Romo de la vinhomes recensions of the Quran. Unfortunately, we only have just, I think five or six examples. That's it of the differences. That's it. And because of this, everything that is mentioned is simply theory. Nobody has narrated to us the detail differences. Nobody has actually compared the two even
at the time of the Sahaba. Just the committee did it. And then that's it, it went on, they went their way, and they never really talked that much about it. So what we know is these differences are literally just about spelling differences. How do you spell hula aka for example, right? How do you spell various especially the hums as one of the biggest issues in the Arabic language is how do you write the Hamza? Do you write it on a? Yeah, on a while, on a by itself? This is one of the main differences. So in the end of the day, what difference does it make how the Hamza is written? Whether you write it on the wall or the yard or by itself? Right, and and if it's a Hamza and the
end of the day, right. And, and also at the end, the Yama surah, as well. Right? The Yama suta derided as a Yeah, like that, or do you write that as an end? If there's another one of the differences? You know, how do you write the the at the end of a word? Could you write it as a yardie? writers? And if these are very, very, very trivial. So basically, all of the differences mentioned are spelling differences. And in the end,
it's, it's not No, no, not at all, there is no difference of different verses or different versions or different ayah. It's simply a matter of spelling and low elements a very trivial thing in Sharla.
The concept of no pots and dish keys simply did not exist. Arabic was a very, very rudimentary language, it was Arabic script was just beginning to be written. And Islam forced the Arabs to up their game.
Islam forced the Arabs to develop a civilization to develop better language to develop novel, to develop lexicons and grammar, to develop rules of grammar, to develop writing. All of this Islam forced them to do otherwise, their writing was as basic as the writing of what you find in ancients, scripts and whatnot that are under stones and whatnot. The modern Arab cannot read even the Arabic of the time of the Prophet salallahu, Alayhi, wasallam. Even the arithmetic script, if I were to put it right now on the screen, I guarantee you, none of the Arabs here could read it with ease, even the most a deep amongst them would take 2030 minutes to decipher a few words, amongst them is simply
beyond the capability because it's a whole different, whole different manner of writing the Arabic language. And that is why to study this as a separate specialization. You see, it's not something that is simply done. And the nopat and the scale were added.
Some say I thought it was the first to add the D to scale, and that the scale at the time were different than our tequila photographers. for them. It was different. They would write a small Wow. And that small while became the llama, but originally it was a wow, ooh, like to put the wow and then they would write a line above and uh, yeah
underneath and that line above and above, and a dot underneath became the the line, the fatahna Castro. And they say it was during the time of head judge where he officially made the new pot standardized, but they never fully became standardized because to this day in North Africa, the coffee is written with a dot underneath.
And a file is written with one dot above to this day, in North Africa, there's dots are different. Where are the melodica? amongst us? Where are the North Africans, there's only so here we have
the fat is
sorry, my bad, sorry, the fat is a dot under and the cough is a dot above. So when you see the term fat in North Africa, that is a cough.
And their fat has a dot underneath it. And there is a famous stop sign in North Africa that's gone viral,
which does not make any sense when non North African see it inside Arab joke, don't worry about it. Think about it, Cliff, when you make it
down under for them is different right down there. So it's not fully standardized, even to this day, there are different variations that happened, and had judge had a proposed one of the variations and whatnot. So it took a while for the knockout, and that is here to develop. And it wasn't fully standardized in this regard. Final question we need to break. Yes. Final question Bismillah.
That's a hypothetical question, what would the process some have done, but the compilation of the Quran in his lifetime did not make any sense. Because it's ongoing. It's being revealed ongoing, it does not make any sense. So it actually makes perfect sense. Ideally, speaking, we're lucky you couldn't write a better script, when is the best time to compile the holy book, the year after the Prophet of the holy book passes away.
If you really think about it, right, you couldn't write a better script. And that's exactly what happened. That you need the prophet to not be there or else the holy book will be added to you need his immediate followers to do the task while they're all alive. While the original documents are there, that's exactly what happened. And that's why we said the competition the Quran, truly is a miracle and I mean, again, I mean, I'm personal anecdote my own non Muslim teacher ideal, who had loves this owns tears, his own, you know, personal issues and obviously is not a Muslim. Obviously, he's not a believer, he's an agnostic and whatnot. But he as well said to me one day that the, the
preservation of the Quran seems to be, you know, pretty accurate and I have no doubt he told me that what you guys believe is the Quran is what the profit by and large set is the Quran. Now, this is one of the top non Muslim academics who's not a believer, but he is saying the narrative is simply and the fact that Muslims never really disagreed about the most half, and that even all of the groups of Islam from a Baldy to sheary to Sunni to the fact of the matter is we all agree on the Koran, and that is unprecedented. No other religious group agrees the way we agree. And this demonstrates that there is truth to this claim, that if any later oma, we are abassi halifa had
ordered the composition of the Koran it wouldn't have become universal. The fact that it took place within a year of the death of the Prophet system is why it is universal, that every single group,
even a baldies, NCA and all of these groups, the more intense it is to have the same must have no difference at all. Ironically, even groups that we would not even consider Muslim. They have the same most offices, you know, the one thing they don't disagree about is the most half. And this is unprecedented in any other religion. So Alhamdulillah international Rosanna dechra are another who have followed