Lives of Sahaba 74 – Abdullah Ibn Zubayr Part 2

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Hadith,Women

Episode Notes

In this video by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi, we delve deeper into the Second Fitan- the battle of Al Harrah or the massacre of Al Harrah- during the time of Abdullah Ibn Zubayr RA.

The battle of Harrah took place under the leadership of Yazid Ibn Muawiyah. He delegated an army 12000 strong under the command of Muslim Ibn Uqbah Al Marri to go and attack Madina if the people of Madinah fail to give allegiance to Yazid . Yazid informed Ibn Uqbah Al Marri that he had a free hand to do as he pleases for 3 days and nights in Madina and not spare anyone barring a few home like those of Abdullah Ibn Umar, the grandson of Ali RA and Ibn Abbas.

Abdullah ibn Ja’far RA approached Yazid to speak to Abdullah ibn Hanzalah RA who was the chieftain of the army on the side of Madinah but there was no truce of whatsoever kind.The battle began and it was ruthless in its execution with many Sahabas and their families losing their lives, plundering of wealth and riches, violation of women, killing of innocent children and much more.

Al Marri is often referred to by Muslims as “Musrif ibn Uqbah” and not as Muslim ibn Uqbah because his atrocities had crossed all boundaries.

In a Hadith relating to Fitnah, once the Prophet ﷺ stood over one of the high buildings of Madinah and said to those below, “Do you see what I see?” They said, “No.” He said, “I see afflictions falling among your houses as rain drops fall.”

The army of Yazid then ventured to Makkah to continue their siege and try to annihilate the army of Ibn Zubayr RA. The Ka’bah was badly damaged by fire during this time and was rebuilt by Ibn Zubayr in the shape of a rectangle. The opposing forces would have none of it and using catapults , succeeded in causing further destruction of the Ka’bah yet again and then the shape of the Ka’bah assumed a square shape which is what remains till this day.

Explicit details are given in this regard and the role of Marwan Ibn Al Hakim in this civil war is also brought to the fore.

Please do listen intently to acquaint yourself with the Islamic history.

 

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad in while earlier he was five years married. And Robert. So as I had mentioned in our last week, that in reality, I'm using the topic of Abdullah Abu Zubaydah to talk about incidents of Islamic history that occurred during his time and were indirectly indirectly related to him. And again, I'm being very explicit here so that people understand what is going on. That this is an era where many tragedies took place, and the average Muslim, there's no need for the average Muslim to study these tragedies, it does not increase a man, it brings about doubts, it brings about a type of depression,

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their understanding of Islamic history is completely destroyed. And therefore, we as a Palestinian as Sunni Muslims, we tried to just move on till Comberton kottelat, as Allah says, that's a degeneration that, that has already gone by la casa, but they have to deal with their issues, whether comarca septum, you have to deal with your issues. And this is a fundamental difference between us and the non Sunni the dominant non Sunni group, the other non Sunni group, their entire religion, and theology is based upon what happened in this century as you are aware, the entire theology. And that's why I said this when I talked about Kabbalah, the average Sunni by and large is

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not aware of what happened in the first century. Whereas the other group, they're very much aware, but they have a slant their own slant, but they're very much aware, because their theology is based on that history. Whereas for us, our theology is not related to that history. Our theology is based upon a law, our good deeds are here, we have to do with ourselves. What happened happened, there's only advanced students should be studying it. The average Muslim that's struggling to pray five times a day, there's no benefit for that person to go back in here. What happened to binzhou bed and kettlebell and her saying, nothing's to be gained, what happened happened, life has to go on.

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However, those that are interested, those that have a basis shall lead there's some benefit in going over it. And that's why I am disguising this talk within Abdullah bin Zubair, we've done the Sierra 105 episodes, we've done how many 70 episodes of the Sahaba now at the very end of this somehow we're just squeezing it in. So those that get this far Alhamdulillah they're supposed to be this far. Otherwise, I don't see the point in having a special lecture just about this because there's not much benefit and truly It is very saddening, even today, I was doing all my research run and you just feel depressed. Well, you feel depressed about such great Sahaba such great people and Makkah

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and Medina and what's going on, you cannot help it. So anyway said this is for as we said, those that have come this far than they should study these things. Otherwise there's no benefit for the average Muslim. So

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with that disclaimer today is in sha Allah lecture two, there will be a lecture three as well and then we're done in sha Allah with the Libyans obeyed. So today, our main thrust is going to be the incident of the massacre of Al Hamra, which was one of the saddest tragedies that took place during the time of Urban's obeyed. He doesn't play a prominent role. He plays a secondary role. Okay, he plays a second he's in the background, but he's not prominent. So let's set the stage. Last week we already talked about Urban's obeyed. We mentioned that when yazeed was nominated by his father muawiya people were grumbling, they weren't happy, but they didn't do anything when while we had

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died, and he is he declared himself halifa. That's one a number of key people said we can't have this. And the two main people were saying, and Abdullah bin zubia. And Hussein, we are the last one we did his trajectory. You can listen to that online. And what happened happened, the Libyans who bear rethought tried to renegotiate didn't work. So

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as we said that yazeed was arrogant in his own way. And he said to Abdullah bin Zubair, you know, you have to come and change to Damascus. That's the only way I'll accept it. And I'm not going to do that. Even the trick that I'll give you golden chains and silver rope didn't work. It's still a humiliation to be brought in chains. And also, Allah knows what's gonna happen when he leaves Makkah, he's safe in Makkah, so it means obey refused, and that's when he nominated himself to be the halifa. Okay, now, the first time in Islamic history, barely 3040 years after the death of or actually sorry, 50 years after that the prophets I send them the oma has divided into two

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qualifiers, just this is going to be the norm. You're going to have multiple rulers

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Okay, this is the first time it's happening that Eben Zubair declares himself a halifa. And he takes Bay out from the people. And he essentially essentially gets rid of the governor from your z that was in Makkah, call us you leave get away. We don't need anything to do with you. Long story about that we're not need to get into it but eventually he just basically exposes the governor. Gold back. Okay, this happens now. That's in Mecca. Medina is where our store is going to happen today. Medina is where our stories that happened remember, in Zubair grew up in Medina, he's born in Medina, the firstborn of Medina, he fled to Makkah to refuse to give back to us either Remember that? So now he

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is in Makkah, all of his friends, his colleagues, his supporters are still in Medina. Okay. Tell you what happens.

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The governor of Medina, under yazeed, the governor of Medina, takes charge of Medina, and some tensions escalate. And he changes the tax policy. He increases the taxes, the hydrology of the land, and many of the children of the Sahaba they began to grumble and resent what's going on. And tensions arose, especially in how the governor treated them. They consider this to be very disrespectful. And it was that they were not given the reason that they deserved and the governor was harsh upon them. And so they grumbled about revolt and whatnot. yazeed sent a threat to the people of Medina, he has sent a threat to the people of Medina. And he said, You You have two

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options. Either you send a delegation to me of your senior most you know royalty or whatever nobility or else dot dot dot, I'm going to insert threat send me your best and I will give buy from them directly. I will take that from them directly so that I know that your city is under my control, or else you will have to deal with me. So the people of Medina decided to go to yazeed and the delegation went of senior nobility of Medina, a delegation of some of the senior most people who went the senior most person in the entire group was Abdullah Eben humba humba. Allah was a serial mela acre in Orford, remember her sudama acre. That's humbler, the one whom the angels did also when

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he was lifted up in the process of asked what is going on, and then he found out that he was newly married and he was in a state of Geneva and he didn't take also then he went out became a Shaheed. Right. This Abdullah is that newly married

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the son right to handle a dat incident and that night now this is Abdullah ibn, Eben la serial melodica. Okay, and he is a minor Sahabi in that he has seen the process of as a child See, this is the point, this generation, there are dozens and dozens of what we call mojado ROM who are the mojado ROM, the mojado ROM are those who were very young when the processor was alive. So most likely they saw him you know, as a four year old, five year old six year old they saw him but they didn't quite study or narrate from him. Right. So that's the level that is the very lowest level of the Sahaba and their rulings are slightly different than the senior Sahaba. So this is a mudroom so

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Abdullah bin Humberto also in this group was Abdullah ibn Jaffa him now

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you all know and this is the one that process and rubbed his head

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in when

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when his father died a Shaheed and the Battle of mortar, the profitsystem visited this is the same Abdullah the same Abdullah now he's a full grown man. He's one of the senior most of them as well. His Ibis, Eben Salim decides to have decided one of the Sahaba Ibis had been cited in the song and many of the other children of the senior Sahaba This is that generation now. They are now men. So they go to yazeed in Damascus and yazeed does not meet them for 10 days. And for 10 days. He This is a tactic let me finish for 10 days he showers them, he showers them with luxury and gifts. Okay, he now is trying to soften them up. And he gives the excuse that he is sick and he cannot meet them. So

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just wait and he just treats them with great luxury. And he then calls them into his gathering and treats them with the utmost respect. And he gives them lavish gifts. Abdullah bin humbler came with eight sons he had eight sons. He was gifted 100,000 dirhams and each son was given 10,000 they go home with the fortune right and Abdullah bin Jaffa him who lived at all the delegation, they go home basically

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Very, very rich, and they express their concerns about the governor and yazeed says I'll resolve it, don't worry. So he basically becomes very soft with them, and he gives them his whole heart. And this is gonna now backfire in its own way. So they give him the oath of allegiance. And they then return back to Medina

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and around this time Karbala takes place and the news comes back from Karbala as well. Okay? Now, and this is something that,

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in hindsight is 2021 wonders Was this the wisest thing for these great people to do this, which they had that they made. When they came back to Medina, they renounced their oath of allegiance to us eat.

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Okay. When they came back to Medina, they publicly Abdullah bin humbler was their leader now of this group. And he climbed on the member of the Prophet says Adam, and he publicly renounced. And he said, I take back my oath, and the entire group. So they had discussed this, and they had come to a unanimous agreement that we don't want Jay Z to be our study for somebody said, didn't you just take all of these treasures, who took all of this money? And they replied, that we took this money to strengthen ourselves against him, we're now going to use it against him. Basically, it's like a tactic of somebody who is your hard enemy, you have zero sympathy for, you're willing to take from

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them to fight against them. Okay, so they had zero actual sympathy for Izzy. And, of course, the same charges that they made. He's a drunkard. He's surrounded by women and wine and music. I mean, to be brutally honest, like I said, and had been Timmy, I mentioned this as well, the sins of use IID. By and large, are not any more or less than the sins of the majority of rulers. It was just his other, that he has these sins when the Sahaba and the sons of the Sahaba are alive. And it was his other that the people he's fighting are not the average person is her saying not the only one, right? Otherwise, the majority of qualified are doing the exact same thing. You see what I'm saying?

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That's just the way things are the majority. And I'm sorry, to be blunt here, but this romanticized version of history, you guys need to flutter down to reality, power corrupts, even amongst our whole alpha, that's why disease is an exception, and not the rule. The rule is that these types of people, they have to do dirty things to be in power, that's cleaning and whatnot. And then when you have that much power and money, it's very difficult to remain straight, and the pleasures of the flesh become normal. So yazeed was known to be a drunkard. He was known to delay the Salah because he's drunk because again, in that stage, the halifa LED dasara Okay, so if he's drunk, his advisers would

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prevent him from leading the Salah, the whole congregation is waiting for you to come out, and then he'll lead them half drunk. Can you imagine the sons of the Sahaba? How they would feel? Can you imagine this is Abdullah bin Jaffa him who taught him and he has to pray behind the drunkard. Can you imagine? I mean, psychologically, you fully sympathize, that in their minds, they haven't seen what we have seen of our rulers, right? tequila shots are the least of our worries, no big deal. You know, they haven't seen what we have seen of our rulers. This is the first time they're seeing this type of fitna and facade even more, are we under the law and there's nothing about women and wine in

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his biography. That's not him. You might some people have criticized him for that he had the issues. But overall, in terms of a HELOC, and Dean, he's a Sahabi. He's preying on time is what not now his son is not like that. So they say basically, that we're going to cut off and

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Abdullah even humbler basically, he's gonna even humble to the main guy and of course, even as obey our friends.

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And they are of the same package deal. They're the same group. And so when he renounces the understanding is that he's joined sides with with who Urbanus obey, okay, because he did not declare himself the halifa he simply said, I get rid of his EAD and my baotou yazeed and realize as well that overall in the Hejaz, in Mecca and Medina, there was very minimal support for the bundle ommaya the oma yards were not people of respect in that crowd, because they know who he is he this, they know who more outerwear is, they know who soufiane is, they know who hynd is, how can you compare that lineage with the lineage of the debate, and I have said this in the Karbala lecture, and I'll

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say it again, if we had been alive at that time, it is very likely many of us would have sympathized with the shy to Annie, meaning the group of Allie and the other debate because you have zainul Abedin you have her saying how can you not sympathize with them versus these other guys, right? Put yourself in their shoes.

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So, but omiya not very people are not very interested in them. And they're seeing and again remember, these are people all of them, they have seen Bob and his khilafah in their own lifetimes from Omar, do you have yazeed? How can they not over exaggerate and say that this is the end of times and we cannot have you, you understand that the same person who sees Omar as a halifa now has to deal with the likes of yazeed understandable that what we consider to be some relatively small things was made such a big deal that they said we cannot have, we cannot have this person as a as a halifa. And so they renounced publicly the allegiance to yazeed. And the people of Medina took

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Abdullah bin humbler as their governor not as the halifa. Okay, he didn't declare himself to be the halifa. Now, what's gonna happen to the governor of yazeed in Medina, because he's appointed there. So they surrounded his house, the mobs now the Muslims of Medina, and they forced him to renounce his title, they did not become violent, they did not hurt anybody, but they took political office by force from the from them and they basically told now, in those days, in those days, every tribe would live in one part of the city. This is even inside of the process. You had the the everyday inside the tribe as a husband as the host. And within them the bonus on each one has its own city.

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So the Umayyad tribe has its own area of Medina okay. And in that area was still the house of Kathmandu been a fan because he's the owner yet Marwan al hakam is here right now. Okay. And basically the cousins and whatnot of you know, the the halifa and whatnot. So they basically tell this area that you are essentially under house arrest. That's basically we would call it like that, okay. You cannot leave the city you cannot you have to be monitored, because we don't want any trouble from you. You are the bundle omega in Medina, we don't want anything from from you. And there were around 1000 of the Omega decline. Things have grown now. There are around 1000 of the

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Omega clan, and the elder of this clan in Medina, not the governor, the elder was about one that had come. Now for those of you who don't know about why David haccombe is eventually going to become the halifa the halifa so he's a very important person. He was the primary secretary of

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earthman so Ruth man and where are we and Marwan are all first cousins guys remember this their fathers are all brothers. Okay, or a man even a fan? Marwan yBnL hakam more Ali Abu sufian those three are cousins. Their fathers are all brothers. their grandfather is all the basically the oma yet clan. Okay the bundle omiya these are three first cousins from three brothers mod Juan earthman Maui. Is that clear? Right. That's why they're called the oma yet clan. Now Marwan Abraham is the eldest and the senior most and he is put under house arrest as well.

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Now, the news reaches yazeed. Now, what has he done? He has honored them, he has given them money, he has tried a tactic of calming down this and that, and the oath was given publicly, we can understand not that is justified, that yazeed lost his cool completely. We can understand he went into vengeance mode. And that was what caused the Battle of Hydra. Because the people of Medina backed out yazeed essentially lost it. And when he found out that they put his Klansmen under house arrest, firstly got angry at them. They're 1000 strong, why don't they fight for me? And in fact, he even said in one version, he said there if there are 1000 strong, they don't deserve to be defended,

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what type of you know basically cowards are they they should go and fight for me. And then basically he was calmed down and he was told that you know, they should go defend them. And so he said that he would send an army the likes of which they had never seen before. So he promised to send an army to Medina.

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And he said that same army, Sheldon move on to MK and deal with even azubu kill two birds with one stone. I'm gonna get rid of the entire movement. In one go, the people of Medina and the people of Mk. And so behind Allah, he reached out to one or two people to lead this army and looks like whoever he reached out, we have their names, but they're not known to you, most of you, who you started some key people and they said I'm not going to attack Mike and Medina.

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They had some,

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you know, and one of them in particular, he participated in the Battle of Karbala and the massacre of Karbala. So he said sent back to us. He said, I will never combine with the death of Hussein on my conscience the attack of Medina, I can do it. So, some people had some guilt and what had happened, and so they refuse the orders of yazeed to attack Medina because remember, Medina is a harem. Medina is a sacred city, you're not allowed to unseat the sword much less than than army. And yazeed is saying he wants to send an army not just to Makkah but to Medina in one go. So he finally then gets a very senior General, very seasoned warrior, a cutthroat person with zero conscience. And

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that is Muslim, Eben ropa. His name is infamous Muslim even or Cuba for what is about to happen. His name is infamous and it is associated until Yama, Yama with the massacre of Hydra. Okay, and there are always people with zero conscience in every time in place, they will kill for the sake of their masters and their lords. They don't care at all. And this was that person Muslim interrupt Baba that he'd simply had zero conscience whatsoever. And so yazeed raises an army 12,000 strong, that is a battalion. In those days 12,000 strong, there is no way that the Makkah and Medina can fight against them. It's too strong, and he knows it. I mean, this instead of now fighting, you know, the people

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outside of the Muslim lands instead of conquest. yazeed is now sending armies, the largest armies, there weren't even 12,000 people that attacked the assassin. It's the time of Omar. Now he sends 12,000 Muslims, these are all Muslims to attack Makkah and Medina. They're all Muslims. For all of them. They're a part of the oma youth army. And he attacks Makkah and Medina. And

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when this was announced, many senior sons of the Sahaba approached yazeed, those in Damascus, those in other places, and they begged him, they reasoned with him. And they said, Don't send an army to the harem. How can you send an army to the city of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the most senior person who spoke to him was

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Abdullah bin Jaffa, that he did not participate in the with Abdullah bin Humberto, he basically took neutral and so he approached yazeed. And he begged him to allow him to live in Jaffa to speak to him and humbler tried to negotiate. But he has either refuse to listen because I'm the lemon Jaffa was a friend of a little bit humbler Abdullah in Java him who he was a friend of ours would have been humbler. And he tried to reason with us, he said, Look, let me calm things down. But yazeed would have none of it. multiple people tried to speak to him, but he had lost his temper and cool. And that was his nature. We know this from the books that, you know, he was that type of politician. And

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even remember, last week, we talked about, even with Abdullah bin Zubaydah, he wanted to cut his head off. And while we said you can win with mercy, which you cannot win with anger, but that's easy. So yazeed sent Muslim women or Akbar and he gave him this command explicit, he said, give them one chance to repent, give them one chance. If they don't, then go ahead and attack. And for three days and nights, you and your troops have full licence to do whatever you want. I won't say anything. Then on the third day, go to Makkah,

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get rid of ribbons obey. The green light was explicitly given by yazeed. To Muslim urban ropa.

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You have one chance, tell them that they need to submit to me and give them by Atomy. If they refuse, then fight them. No questions asked. And then three days and nights, basically, you know, 72 hours, do whatever you want. You are free. You and your troops now realize

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troops in those days, were more like what we call mercenaries. They don't get a salary by and large, they'll get food they'll get they don't get a salary. Or if they do it is nominal. What is their main source of income?

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War booty Halima? Right. So when the people are told you have free access to all the wealth for three days, Carlos, you're telling a bunch of thugs, a bunch of mercenaries you're telling a bunch of and many of these people their Eman is flimsy. They just accepted Islam 510 20 years ago, you know this is the degeneration where Islam has spread so much and you know, they're coming from different lands and whatnot. They don't care much

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You know, it's no big deal for them, most of them would never have done hedge. But these are brand new, if you like, you know, saying these are the political converts of Islam at that stage, this is at that stage. And we need to understand this because again, it is impossible really for a person of a man to do what happens next. Really, it's impossible. But these people, I mean, they're nominally Muslim. Muslim women are awful. By the way, the commander, he's not nominally Muslim, he has a track record, he has a CV. And, in fact,

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his father might even have been, you know, so there's that his family is a good family, but he seems to have been corrupted in this regard. So he said, You have three days and nights to do as you please. But then he gave a list. These are the houses you need to protect, make sure they're not harmed. And number one was Ali zainul, abideen, the son of Hussein, that he said protected the LL Bates. Don't do anything to them. Now, Alexander Aberdeen, his father had just been massacred by Hussein, it could have been by by easy that kind of Allah and Subhana Allah will lay. I never thought of this today I was thinking, how tragic for Ali rhodiola and this is it the great grandson

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of the Prophet, so I said him how tragic. He's just lost his father, all of his brothers, all of his uncles, and he was on the battlefield of Qatar betta. Now, he comes back to Medina, and he has to face another army and he's going to lose many other cousins and friends and whatnot. But it looks like is he had now a soft spot, soft, soft spot. And most likely, there is also a major guilt from yazeed about what happened it seems like this as well that what happened in Karbala. Now. He wants to protect our leaves in IBD nozick makes sure his house nobody happens to that. And he also mentioned some other households specifically that didn't revolt. Okay, some clans that did not

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revolve, so don't harm these areas. The rest of the city is all yours. So the army of yazeed 12,000 strong makes his way from Damascus to Medina, and they camped outside of Medina in the month of the hedger in the year 63, after the hedgerow 63 of the hedgerow. And this makes it even worse because they're in the month of hedge. They're in the month of hedge hedge has just finished and instead of going for hedge, they're fighting fighting the people of Medina Subhanallah instead of going for and whatnot, the army is now camped outside of Medina, and of course the Muslims of Medina, they heard of the army, they tried to prepare and whatnot. And they took their precautions of arming and

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whatnot. And one of the things that they did, one of the things that they did was that they forcibly expelled the 1000 omiya Clan inside the city, they forcibly expelled the 1000 people of the oma Yad clan, some of whom were definitely a threat like Marwan did not have come, but others of whom were genuinely pious and righteous people, such as the children of Earth might have been a fan.

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These are the children of Earth man. But they are but oh my Yeah. And they are overall very righteous people. One of them being an earth man had been very righteous person, nothing to do, but just because of his blood and whatnot. They forced him to basically the entire family's everybody was forced out. And obviously this made us eat and his army even more angry, because these are our people. This is our Kabila. Right. And you see both sides. On the one side, you're worried that they're going to attack you from the inside, and you're being attacked from the outside. And then you have the other issue of

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sympathies and loyalties, how can you trust them? So the army camped outside of Medina, the 1000, basically had to leave the city and they joined them, but they were promised the people of Medina made them promise, the 1000 that you will not fight us. We're allowing you to leave, but you cannot fight us, and by and large, and they get hold of Billa. So by and large, they honored that that promise. And Subhanallah here's the point. The people of Medina, under Abdullah bin Humberto, they didn't kill anybody.

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They might have done some things that we can say politically, they didn't harm anybody. They didn't beat anybody. And I'll say this again, at the end of our lecture today in sha Allah. This is one of the problems Believe it or not a righteous rulers.

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Do you understand what I'm saying?

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They're too soft. And that's great for the righteous people. But when you're too soft, what happens?

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And we see this even in modernity, by the way, look around during the Arab Spring in the countries around and what happened, okay? And that's why Subhanallah generally speaking, and this is not a defense of dictatorship, believe me, you know me, I despise politicians and dictators and dictatorship. Yet at the same time, politics is filthy and dirty. And when righteous people try to rule generally speaking,

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even if the person is righteous, the people

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We'll take advantage of it. Right. And we see this at the time of idle, the long run and others in witness. So this is what going on. So they were expelled and

00:30:09--> 00:30:27

the army camped outside of Medina. And they gave the offer to the people of Medina and they said, You have one chance, and we are giving you this chance. You come and join us. And together we will fight even as to where

00:30:28--> 00:30:39

you think they're gonna accept that now. Right? So they mocked and rejected this and they said, rather than fighting Ignacio Bay, we will die to prevent you from fighting.

00:30:40--> 00:31:25

And this shows clearly that they were under eminent domain now, okay? They are willing to die to defend Urbanus debate and that there's no way we're gonna let you come past us until you kill us. And so some transactions treaties tried to negotiate, and one or two or three days went by, and essentially there was no surrender. And therefore the command was given to attack Muslim woman or aka on one side, Abdullah bin humbler on the other, and a very fierce battle ensued. And it's one of those tragic times in history, where quite literally, quite literally on the one side, pretty much 90% of the army is sons and grandsons of the Sahaba.

00:31:26--> 00:31:32

And on the other side, 95% of the army are those that have nothing to do with the man the man and taqwa

00:31:33--> 00:31:45

the band omega, and their army, literally like you can tell a man and Cofer right, but see in this world, sometimes victory is given, you know, to other people. And

00:31:46--> 00:32:11

Abdullah Eben humbled by the way his title was, he was called in his lifetime, he was called even aloha seen. That was his nickname, the son of the one who was washed, right. Vanilla see that when it seemed as if the battle was was was losing on his side, he basically rounded up the best of the bravest. And he said, form a circle around me and carve me a path to get to Muslim women.

00:32:12--> 00:33:00

Because we need to get rid of him. So Abdullah Ivanova CBC, Nika, surrounded himself with the sons and grandsons of a walker and Omar, no exaggeration, literally, the sons and grandsons have overcome trauma, not Earth, man, because I may not have it because a little bit. Okay, so the sons and grandsons of a worker and Omar on one side, along with the sons and grandsons of the unsought and whatnot, right, and they formed the core, and they carved out as much as they could to get to Muslim women or Aqua until it is said they were barely 10 feet away from Muslim Europa. Amongst them as well, by the way, was a father. Ebner abass, the grandson of hadith of Naboo, Matata, which is

00:33:00--> 00:33:46

basically the grand nephew of the Prophet. So listen and write his great great grandfather. And how it is the brother of Abdullah Hadith is the eldest son, his grandson was in that contingent as well to fight against Muslim Eben Okubo, and they try their best. But alas, there were simply too many people. And the sheer quantity of the Romanian army overpowered them all books mentioned the sheer bravery that the sons of the unsilent Sahaba fought with, but you have too many people 12,000 you cannot fight against them. And it is truly a tragedy in every single sense. It is depressing to even think about this. So many of the sons of the Sahaba and grandsons of the Mahajan were killed. The

00:33:46--> 00:34:03

famous side eminent will say yep, he said, when the first Civil War took place between Ali and and while we're all of the people of brother were killed in that. When the second Civil War took place, he called it the second war, this one then the Treaty of her day, Bo Sahaba, all died.

00:34:04--> 00:34:54

All of the senior gone down. So everybody has been gone. And for three days after this so the the the the battle was won by the oma Yes, for three days after this, or the Billa the troops went wild in the city of Medina. And that's why it's so painful to even think about this. And truly even when I was reading it, I decided not to give you too many details even because it is wildly depressing. You still have the house of the Profit System, you still have the houses or Brooklyn or you still have everything there. And you have now Muslim armies moderating and parading and humiliating and stealing from the people of Medina and who are these people, the children of the Sahaba There is no

00:34:54--> 00:35:00

doubt that much of the wealth that was taken was literally literally the

00:35:00--> 00:35:13

possessions of the Sahaba. Literally cups and gold and whatnot would have actually been owned by the Sahaba. And this army comes and rampages through and takes everything. And

00:35:14--> 00:35:22

I was wondering to even go down this route or not, but it is better you hear it from me than other people. Unbelievably, what happens when you have wild men

00:35:24--> 00:35:31

that also occurred. And this is truly unbelievable. In the city of Medina,

00:35:33--> 00:35:36

the daughters and granddaughters of the onside and the Mahajan.

00:35:37--> 00:35:49

And that's why when you study these things of history, you floater back down to reality, and you don't romanticize the past anymore. This is happening. When the utensils of the process number still there,

00:35:50--> 00:35:54

when the very streets he walked on, that dust is still there.

00:35:55--> 00:35:57

This is human situation.

00:35:58--> 00:36:38

This is the reality of not just the oma of the world. And that's how again, this is and this has been predicted by the prophet so some that I see fit and falling here amongst you like the raindrops, he said this, that it was sitting on the houses of Medina, and he looked around and he said, I see fit and falling gear, like the drops of rain. And one interpretation said this is the How to rock prediction, because the fitting took place, right in the city of Medina. And not only this, but the senior commanders of the Rebellion called it rebellion. I mean, you know, that's what they call it. The senior commanders of Abdullah and humbleness forces, those who did not die in

00:36:38--> 00:37:26

battle, they were rounded up and publicly executed one after another. Every one of the senior commanders and in the battle as well, hundreds the actual battle lasted two days. You know, because again, it's not take out it's gonna take a while. In the battle itself. Hundreds of famous people died. And you have people like the sons of zeta been Sabbath when we discussed three four weeks ago, two sons of Hassan Ibn tabet. Many of the sons and grandsons and great grandsons of NSW Malik had Ethan Bahati. When we did anism nomadic I said this incident I said and a student Malik said that remember, he lived a long life, and he had hundreds of children and grandchildren. And he said one

00:37:26--> 00:38:09

of my grandchildren and for me that after the Battle of Hydra 100 of my own descendants were amongst those who were killed 100 because unece at this stage, he is now 80 something years old at nine years old is a very old man at this time. And you know, he's now his children are fighting with Abdullah bin humbles forces. He himself is too old to fight his children are fighting and Imam Malik. Of course, Mr. Malik was born after this by a few decades, but he's growing up hearing the stories. Mr. Malik said that 700 of the sons of the unsought in the Sahaba and the father of the Koran died in the Battle of Hydra 700 is not the number of died total is the number of the elite,

00:38:10--> 00:38:59

like the sons of the Sahaba and ansara. And the Quran of the Quran 700 in the streets of Medina, and Ignacio Hubba Zhu li guestimated guesstimated that the total number of casualties of the Battle of Hydra were 10,000 10,000 now, even if that is an exaggeration, still few 1000 5000 5000 Even if you say he said 10,000 Even if you say He's exaggerating, it's 10,000 and the British I was already was born was a died 129 so he's definitely an authentic source here and he guesstimated 10,000 people but the point is that yazeed wanted to send the message What is the message is obvious every tyrant you look at the tyrants now in Syria and under what is the message, don't dare stand up against me,

00:38:59--> 00:39:16

or else this will be your fate. This is the message every volume sends to his population. Don't you dare think that you know you are capable of standing up against me. It is a message that is meant to terrify the rest of the of the oma and

00:39:17--> 00:40:00

the troops as we said we're given free license and you can literally imagine this is mob mentality. They're going house to house ransacking, looting barging in and taking whatever they want. Now, at that time in Medina, you still have some of the Sahaba alive. You still have some of the senior Sahaba very few were still alive at the time. Amongst them was abou say the hoodie he's still alive in Medina. abou sorry, the hoodie, so tragic will lie. I mean, it's just so sad to read these stories that mobs came into his house and they looted him leaving nothing in the house. All of his possessions gone. Another mob comes in and they're

00:40:00--> 00:40:39

angry that there's nothing in there. Another group comes in said, Where's the stuff? Cause your own guys took it. So they pull a sword out to threaten him. And I will say there's an old man now and I will say he says, Go ahead, you will get my son and your son, I'm not gonna and he quotes habit and carbon he quoted me he quoted habit against albina. And he said, The imbecile to a degree Dr. aneema, Anna vivocity. indica. yedikule. Dr. Abdullah, if you want to kill me, I'm not going to try to kill you. Now when the other guy saw this, he goes, who are you? Because this is like a man and a booster. He said, I'm outside. So he said, the Sahaba of the Prophet system. He said, Yes. So then

00:40:39--> 00:41:24

he left him, because he said he's the Sahaba. Otherwise, he would have killed him right then and there. So he left him because he said he is the Sahaba of the Prophet system. And then eventually it is said that the situation got so bad, I will say the Quadri had to leave the city and camp in a cave that you knew in the mountains of until the people left after three days. This is Abu Salah, Audrey had to leave his own house after being robbed down to nothing, as well, there were other, you know, Sahaba as well, that were there. Now, some of them, there were commands to leave them alone. Okay. of them is Abdullah bin Omar, Abdullah bin Omar, he did not participate in this or that. So

00:41:24--> 00:42:10

the command was given leave his house alone. Okay. And as well, even Abbas and others, they did not participate. So the command was given by usines. He mentioned some names, these are the names. And of course, as well, most prominently IDs in Aberdeen, which is the son of Hussein, rights for st sun, and that area was left untouched. And that was the explicit either debate. Now he would live in the house of the processor, so that was left untouched. The aftermath, of course, was absolutely tragic. Complete houses destroyed the whole city in chaos. And if no, Josie mentions that over 1000 women who were unmarried gave birth after the Battle of Hydra. Just leave it at that. And these

00:42:10--> 00:42:19

types of details are not mentioned in the books because it is a shame for us. Just small tidbits are mentioned. And that's it. It's a shame for us. Okay.

00:42:20--> 00:43:04

No, it's not to cover up is just embarrassing for us as an oma that this happened so soon after that, and in the city of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam and Subhanallah, one of the wives of the process and was still alive or miss Ella. And obviously they are living in the headquarters of the process of so that area is protected. So they didn't get to that area, or miss Ella was still alive. And I was just thinking, how would she feel Subhanallah our mother or Mr. llama? And how would she just it's heartbreaking would like to to really understand what is going on. So after the battle, after the battle was over in those three days, the main people, as we said, who were still

00:43:04--> 00:43:50

alive, who were the leaders of the camp ewz brought them in one but not us either Muslim who brought them in one by one. And he commanded them to be executed, despite the fact that every one of them was a very senior, respectable person. But he spared no mercy for any of the leaders from Abdullah bin humbler and in fact, of the living humbler even more tragic are with Ebola. So again, Muslim in America is the standard military thug that every country has. Literally you wonder, are these people humans or not? He killed the children have it been humbler in front of him one after the other. And he left a bit humbler for the end, elicited America. His father is the one who was taken up, and

00:43:50--> 00:44:29

Julian is doing a portion of his body and he's born because his father's going out that night, and he's a newlywed, that is his birth. And now this is his death at the hands of Muslim who the governor and the leader of USAID or the military General of USAID, and one of the minor Sahaba mapit Ebensee. Now, this is somebody who was a young child at the time of the process of man, he narrates a hadith Margaret Messina has a few Hadith as well. He is now a Sahabi. Now he's, of course an older man, them and he was one of the commanders of urban humbler, one of the commanders, Muslim Europa mocked him, he brought him forward in public, and he pretended to honor him and he gave him a glass

00:44:29--> 00:45:00

of a very exotic juice with honey and whatnot. And he said, Do you like this drink? And he said, he drank it is yes, it's a good drink. He goes, this is gonna be your last drink in this world. Now you're gonna go to john, he thought he's gonna go to janome this is the man he thinks he's passing judgment going to go to jahannam. So he mocked him like, you know, you honor somebody put him on a chair, give him a drink, and it was just a joke. And then he killed him right then in there. And again, this shows you how you know how cruel this person is. And these are people

00:45:00--> 00:45:46

They're being killed execution style. At least one can say in the heat of the war things happen. We're talking about after the war, when it's clear who's won. Now you're going to bring these people as prisoners, and you will kill them. of the people who was executed was Abu Bakar. the grandson of Jaffa, many of them is Abu Bakar, Eben asked him to hop off the grandson of Robocop. So the grandson of Abu Bakar is brought forth in chains and executed in public, the grandson of Omar is brought forth and executed the son of Valhalla even obey the law whenever I Shinobu Bashara, his son, and his name is yaku was brought forth and executed. And these are people as I said, prisoners of war

00:45:46--> 00:46:28

execution. This isn't in the battle, which at least we can see we understand that not that I'm justifying, this is now you could have forgiven, you could have find you've got to put in jail, done something, but you want to send the message, no mercy. So the sons of Abu Bakar or Omar of you know, the great Sahaba are executed in public, with their hands and feet untied. And because of this Muslim habanero Cuba, is given the title in the books of history, the people of Medina called him, not Muslim in America, but most serif in October, and most serif means the the one who went beyond the bounds, okay, it's rough. He's the one who went beyond the bounds, he went unreasonable. So his

00:46:28--> 00:47:02

nickname is Muslim, because he went beyond the bounds. And in Buckley alojar code, there were so many bodies, so many people, they could not give individual Genesis to them. So what did they do? They dug a big hole. And they just put all of the children of the Sahaba in that whole. And that's why To this day, when you go to Berkeley, to this day, and those of you that went with me, remember this, we went there we went there. To this day, when you go to Berkeley, Berkeley, a lot of times, if you go with my group, I give you a tour of Berkeley.

00:47:03--> 00:47:42

In the meantime, if you can I there's a video of mine, I did it from the metadata of the atom, it's on YouTube, I was on the metadata I got up there. And then I did a video about a lot of parts or even the sisters can see that. So there is an entire section, which is as wide as this message. It is just a section in booklet Nevada. And when you pass by there, you will be told if you're with the guide, you will be told this is where the martyrs of Hara were buried. Just a big section, they were just basically put in enmasse because there are too many bodies, they were not given individual graves, too many bodies to be buried. So to this day, there is a section that is basically for

00:47:42--> 00:47:46

though, for those people now, we need to remember that Medina

00:47:48--> 00:48:17

is a harem, just like Makkah and in particular with regards to Medina. Our Prophet sallallahu Sallam has very many a hadith about his blessings, and the fact that the people who live in it are protected by a law and these idiots are in Bahati and Muslim and other books of Hadith. And of them and these are these are motomachi of them. The prophets Allah sent him said, Whoever brings fear to the people of Medina, Allah will bring fear to him.

00:48:18--> 00:49:03

Whoever terrifies the people of Medina, Allah will terrify him and of them. The Prophet says Adam said whoever causes any fitna any discord in Medina la he landed to LA he What am I that equity will nasty edge marine la Yakubu la Herman who soften what I didn't upon him is Allah, Allah, Allah and the angels Lana and all of mankind's liner, and Allah will not accept anything from him soften when adilyn means neither the small thing nor the big, big thing will be accepted from him and there are many, many Hadith about the sanctity of Medina and that no one is allowed to harm the people of Medina. Well, Muslim who did that. And Allah's punishment was swift. Allah's punishment was swift.

00:49:04--> 00:49:15

After the three days were over the command was to do what go to Makkah Subhana Allah barely two days out of Medina, Muslim Rama fell sick and he died.

00:49:17--> 00:49:36

And he's buried in some unknown grave in the 30th. He neither died in the bless the city of Medina nor in the blessed city of Mecca, he died a miserable death and his grave is in some unmarked locality and Muslim been rocked by therefore did not make it to Makkah. Okay, he did not make it to Makkah. However,

00:49:37--> 00:50:00

the charge was given to somebody else in command. And his name is Ebony neumayer, another General of yazeed and his and he was given the commands to go march on towards Mecca, and to deal with urbanism debate. So the Battle of how finishes and this is now in the year 63 of the hedgerow 63 of

00:50:00--> 00:50:52

The hijra in the month of June hedger, the Battle of Hydra finishes. Now they go to Makkah, okay. And they now lay siege to Makkah, the same army that attacked Medina is now attacking Mecca. I mean, unbelievable is happening within a generation after the death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And they get to Makkah, in Muharram of 64 right 63 there Muharram of 64. And the army camps outside of Makkah, and negotiations began with urbanismo vale, back and forth to see if some type of truce can be done. Obviously, even as obey is not going to have any truce at this stage. And so, a number of skirmishes take place, many battles take place. And after one month of siege and

00:50:52--> 00:51:10

small skirmishes, even in or made, decides with the permission of yazeed to do something that is tragic and so, so unbelievable coming from the heart of a Muslim and that is he decided to use catapults against Makkah.

00:51:12--> 00:51:17

Okay, you all know what a catapult is, right? This is basically their equivalent of a cannon.

00:51:18--> 00:51:57

This is the equivalent of a cannon. So one month is going by, and maca is a little bit better protected because of the because of the mountains because it doesn't that they can't really, you know, do what they want to do. So they want to weaken. And also Ignacio Bay had a larger army then even humbler also because he has more time to prepare. And also because it is MK people are now and it is said that when people heard that us either sending his army, they came to Makkah to protect against avian azubi. And we're going to come to this next week. I'm just jumping the gun here. I'll say today, and I'll say it next week as well, at that time, even as obey and by far was much more

00:51:57--> 00:52:31

popular, you understand why? You have on the one hand this guy and on the other hand, the Sahabi, the son of the Sahaba, the grandson of the Sahabi, you know, the one who's prayer who sought out who is zeca. I mean, again, there is no comparison. So people are flocking to help even as obey. So even as your bear has a massive army. And as I'm going to mention this next week as well, that evening's debate is deemed to be the legitimate Khalifa by the majority of Sunni historians at this time. They don't say yazeed was the legitimate urbanist Zubaydah is a legitimate halifa

00:52:32--> 00:52:54

right and he shall be the legitimate Khalifa until he is killed which is going to happen we're gonna mention that next week we're not we're not going to go to this week so even in new may surrounds maca. And, and again, I mean, it's just so sad. Well, lucky. I mean, what can be said, as if the hardware isn't bad enough as if it's not bad enough. The Kava is destroyed

00:52:56--> 00:52:58

at the hands of Muslims. Now,

00:53:00--> 00:53:27

one can say it wasn't there need to destroy the cap. And that's true. But at the same time, what defense is this? You're sending cannons into the city of MCO What do you think is going to happen? You see what I'm saying? There are some and I'm frustrated by this. There are some who are we call them revisionists and revisionist they want to take a well known fact and they want to see everybody was wrong for the entire history of the oma yazeed was a good guy.

00:53:29--> 00:54:09

And there are people like this and you will read them online and there are books like this as well Okay, everybody was wrong had judge was a righteous man. So this is revisionism right somebody comes in wants to argue something totally against the grain and it is water water that used was an evil person it is what a watt did that had judge was a tyrant is it's something that booty Bella hold method you don't even have to bring any historical fact for this, but what's happening now and to be brutally honest, and inshallah you know me to be a fair person so I can say this is one of the reasons to be brutally honest is the Sunni Shia rivalry some Sudanese go far left to refute the

00:54:09--> 00:54:09

shear

00:54:11--> 00:54:25

so when the Shia go to the far right, and they say your z this basically like shavon actually for them yeah z there's worse than shavonne right you know this for them is either is worse than shavonne so then you have some Sudanese they counter right

00:54:27--> 00:54:33

I mean, we don't we don't No, no, no, not worse than little here's the point we're going to get to Z.

00:54:34--> 00:54:35

I understand I understand.

00:54:37--> 00:55:00

So his hisab is we're going to come to this right now. This is today I will do is you don't worry a little bit of z. We don't go that far. As to Kersey Aziz by name. I'll take I'll explain why in a while. I'll explain why. So the point is, when one group goes to one extreme, the other group will go to the other extreme. And you do find some Sunni historians in our time, by

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

By the way, this is not in medieval times because nobody in medieval Islam would say that is it is a good guy. Nobody said that. But today, there are many pseudo historians and radical revisionist and they're trying to rethink through and of the things they say, Oh, he is he did not intend to destroy the Kava. And we say, technically, you're right. Technically, his he didn't tell his governor his general aim at the Kava. But when you're going to throw catapults for days on end towards MCC, what do you think is going to happen? I mean, it's common sense, you know, so my point is, I am not a revisionist guy in this regard. And I don't have patience for those who want to defend us either in

00:55:42--> 00:55:44

this case and, and enumerate so

00:55:45--> 00:56:01

the cab was damaged, and in the damage as well, long story, it caught fire because of, you know, there was lamps and whatnot over there, and there was oil and whatnot. So it caught fire. And as a result, the cabin was destroyed and burnt.

00:56:03--> 00:56:17

So much so that when finally the forces of eminent domain, had to withdraw, we'll come to this I'm jumping the gun in a zubayr had to restructure and rebuild the gabbeh from scratch. And this isn't the year 6465.

00:56:19--> 00:56:34

And he knew, from his great aunt Alisha, the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this idea is in Bahati. He knew the Hadith from his great honor Asia, that the professor said, when he conquered Makkah, he said,

00:56:36--> 00:57:04

if your people were not so newly Muslim, and so they're not firm in their email. I would have rebuilt the Kaaba upon the foundation of Ibrahim. This is a hadith in Sahih Bukhari right now. Even though Zubair didn't need Bahati, he heard it directly from Arusha. So when he had the chance, he rebuilt the Kaaba. This is very interesting guys in the shape of a rectangle.

00:57:06--> 00:57:09

Since the time of Ibrahim, it was a rectangle.

00:57:11--> 00:57:59

And remember, when the processor was a young man, what happened? They didn't have enough money. So they made it into a square, and they made the whole team. We did this seven years ago, right? So fast forward all of these years, 80 years forward. And even as Zubair rebuilds the Kaaba, upon the original structure of Ibrahim alayhis salam, and that is a rectangle. And if you go to the mcom Museum, which is outside of mucker right now, still you go there you go to the museum, you will see one of the original pillars of urbanist Zubair we saw this when we went we saw this one of the original pillars of eminence zubayr when he rebuilt the Kaaba, and it is made out of a very fancy

00:57:59--> 00:58:34

wood, one piece of wood that is around 18 meters or 18 feet sorry high and it is one solid piece of wood it is the pillar of the inside of the cabinet. Even as Zubaydah was the one who ordered it is still around to this day, and you find some of the bastions of the putting the pillars on and some of the decorations from the time of vintage obey they're still around to this day you can see them in the museum of MK seven has to be rebuilt a cab upon the foundations Ibrahim, fast forward 10 years from now Hajin is going to come reconquer maccha and as a as a arrogance to Zubair he destroys the cab

00:58:35--> 00:58:37

and rebuilds it upon preeminence up

00:58:39--> 00:58:40

right square again.

00:58:41--> 00:59:22

And later on. It is said in the time of how to enter the shoe there are others basically that they said should we not make the cabinet into a square or some type of number one shoe but not make it into a square. Sorry, a rectangle and Emma Malik and others are Emma Malik was the one who said no, I don't want the GABA to become a toy between the whole afar that they keep on changing it Let it be as it is. And so from that time up until now, it has remained a square only for 10 years and even so Bayes rule it was a rectangle only for 10 years and then it became n squared now I already gave it away even as Aveda is not going to be killed in this battle. This is the first bottle so imminent

00:59:22--> 00:59:40

obey surrounds the Kaaba catapults are going fires happen the jakab was destroyed foundations are destroyed now what happens Why doesn't Why doesn't even enumerate when overabundance obey and when he clearly has more people and he has more troops and whatnot. This is a less cluttered coming in. What happened is the dice

00:59:42--> 00:59:59

Yahtzee dice okay so the battle is going on for 40 days bit by bit skirmishes mini battles people are dying, but there's no all out Victor. Eventually in all likelihood, even enemy would have won eventually in all likelihood, but what happens

01:00:00--> 01:00:25

yazeed dies. And he dies at the relatively young age of 38 years old. Okay? And he only ruled for three years and eight months. That's it. Yet he caused so much, three years and eight months now. SubhanAllah really big will lie history is cheap. As soon as the news reaches even no mail, that disease is dead.

01:00:26--> 01:00:38

He calls out to even a surveyor. And he says, oh, Zubair. Now that you see this dead, you have the more right to be halifa. So I'm willing to give you a

01:00:40--> 01:00:42

complete switch.

01:00:43--> 01:00:52

But he has a condition. And this is why it didn't go this way. What is the condition? Come with me back to Syria?

01:00:53--> 01:01:23

Come with me back to Syria. And I shall support you, the same guy who for 40 days, is attacking the Kava destroying the Kaaba. Now he says, As the leader of the troops and what not now did you see this gone? I'm willing to give back to you. Let's go back to Sham and we'll deal with any opponents and we shall establish the trade off. And this is one of those big What if moments, Allah knows what would have happened. But even as Zubair said, I am not leaving mcca why guys Why?

01:01:24--> 01:01:34

He cannot trust, he cannot trust he knows what happens to her saying, he knows the people he doesn't does not trust, Sham Syria is all over yet.

01:01:35--> 01:02:21

And he feels and perhaps very rightly so that if I go to Syria, what's going to happen there? I don't my base is over here. Because remember more Alia was the halifa was the halifa and the governor of Syria for literally 40 years, he established his his base while he was the first governor of Sham under under a minimal hip hop. And he made it his base. So the Romanians, their their capital, their their social fabric is all in Syria and Fatah slean in dimished, this is their area. And he just did not like them. Neither did Eros, by the way, Iraq was also pro IT pro Allen beta. Remember that's the tensions going on here. So even a Zubair said, No, I'm not going to go to

01:02:21--> 01:02:55

Syria, you're free to give me by here, but I'm not going up there and enumerated refused that he wanted to go up there. Was he truthful? Was he not alone knows best isn't one of those things. You know, Elon knows, was it a tactic or not? Allah knows best is something that is not, we can't really tell because he seems to have been very sincere. But you never know what these guys because these are not people of your mind and dakhla these are politicians and generals and whatnot. In any case. Because of this, even though Zubair did not feel comfortable, and so even though man went back to, to to Syria, and

01:02:56--> 01:03:40

when he arrived there is he had already passed away obviously yazeed had given in his will see in his last will and testament that his eldest son shall become the halifa after him. Okay. And his eldest son we already gave his name last week and that is also why we are more are we even use it even while we have been abused to kind of know how to have been Shem Sivan Oh my year so more, are we even yazeed now this more out here, it seems as if he suffers from cancer or something. Somebody Allah knows what the disease is, his whole life he has been a sickly thin man, his whole life he has been in and out of basically a very sick person. And every account seems to mention that he himself

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seems to have been a righteous person. He was not involved in the sins and whatnot and he seems to have been a good person. But 40 days after a sending to the office, he passes away.

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This is the beginnings of chaos now. Right? He's dead while he is dead in a 40 days, and he dies and natural death. He dies himself as a young man suffering always sickly his whole life. He was sickly and barely after 40 days he dies. And none of the other sons of yazeed seemed like candy is he had other sons by the way that were younger than Wiley. They didn't seem like good candidates. So who is the senior most member of the Umayyad clan we already mentioned him

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Who? Marwan dibden hakam. Okay, the plot thickens. Marwan

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and I was wondering to give a detailed lecture mattawan maybe I will, I don't know we'll see. I don't maybe we'll

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mode one

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was the hobby or not, there's a biggest enough

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because he was born. Basically, when moko was conquered, he would have been around four or five years old. And he was in Makkah at the time.

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Okay, so Marwan in all likelihood, he saw the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as a young

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Child literally like these children four or five years old he saw that's it. That doesn't quite make him a Sahabi

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that doesn't make him as he makes him a mojado ROM honkala modern was not quite a Sahabi and Marwan has a very, very interesting history, a lot of positives and a lot of negatives, because he was of those who,

01:05:24--> 01:05:44

yeah, a lot of things happen and there's a mystery around him, especially when it comes to Earth man rhodiola one was he the one who sent that letter? Remember the story we did that or not? That was the big thing was it made one or not? So it's a big mystery. Nonetheless, there are signs as well that one had some type of conscience. And this is one of them. Now, what's going to happen that when

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you when while we have dies, more ibz dies, but one is the senior leader. And mode one says, I shall give my oath to eminence zubayr Now

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again, one of those big What if moments, Marwan announces to his clan, that even Isabella has more right than me to be the halifa looks like deep down inside, he recognizes who he is, and who administer Bayless. Okay. But his clan and his supporters refused. They said No way.

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You have more rights than he does? How did they get that Allah knows best? Okay. And mod Juan's father and grandfather, were of the worst enemies of Islam. And amongst them were those who threw the sheep on the Prophet system. So again, the lineage of these people compared to the lineage of those not that lineage matters, but still there's a man there's something in there you know, I'm saying you cannot compare you know, even as obeyed and even Abu Bakar even Omar to this the the sons of those who, you know, threw the sheep on and there's something remembered by the Sahaba whatnot. So Marwan is convinced by his entourage that you have more right to be the halifa and that's why he

01:07:03--> 01:07:52

then was convinced Okay, I'll give it a try. We're gonna come to this next week. Thus began a civil war for yet another time between now who and who Marwan on the one side, Ignacio bear on the other. This is going to last a few years. You all know what happened eventually miniserver is going to be killed. We're going to talk about the next week. mode, one then becomes the halifa for a very short period of time. He's already 70 something years old at this time, right? And so panelo when he dies for the next 400 years, his children are the whole efa up until 1058, c 1000 years ago, in under lucea. It is his children mode ones. Not more obvious. more obvious lineages now philos cut off.

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Right, where are we is it Where are we? That's it after that, Marwan and then Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan, and Abdul Malik had four sons who were horrified one after the other. He is the only human in all of history, who had four sons who were the whole affair, one after the other. Right. And amongst them as soon a man and Omar Abdulaziz came in the middle and and who shall be the mother, and then eventually the Omega dynasty seizes in Damascus, and it is revived in under lucea. And for another 300 years, and in the lucea. It lasts up until the Greek conquest of the Christians of North and then they expel the the Mayans, and the line of modwen comes to an end 1050 c e, and that's

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around 400 something digital, literally 400 years mode, Juan and his sons rule the oma or a portion of the oma now, one final point here

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yazeed even Abby Sophia, your question.

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In his reign that only lasted three years,

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three major incidents took place because of which he achieved notoriety and in fame and in glory. Number one is Kabbalah. Number two is the massacre of Hydra. And number three is the attack of MK and the destruction of the Kaaba. Any one of these three is bad enough,

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all three in his watch. Now, as I said, you have a new group who are trying to defend him and they say Karbala was not commanded by yazeed. I went into a long discussion. Two years ago, we went into all of that, and we said, I said and this is my opinion, that yazeed was ambiguous when it came to Karbala. Neither did he explicitly command the killing of Hussein, nor did he regretted nor did he punish anybody. So the buck stops with us. I said that in the last time, okay. However, he did not

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explicitly command. What he commanded was to stop. But he didn't tell them don't kill him. And he should have. So there is this ambiguity. And perhaps he wanted perhaps he didn't allow will be his judge in that regard. How do I did he commander not an explicit command? explicit comment from him straight? Three days, no questions asked. And they did.

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And that is why when Imam Ahmed was asked about yazeed, he didn't mention carbonara. He mentioned Hara because Karbala.

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It happened under his watch, but it's not the same. And somebody asked him if

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there are groups of people who love us eat and eat my mama said, Does any Muslim or men love us it? Is it possible for any movement to love us eat?

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So he was asked about Mohammed was asked, shouldn't we then curse him?

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And Mr. Mohammed said what? Since when did you hear me curse other people? We don't curse other people. We don't say Allah flattener on them. So the question then And then the third issue said is the destruction of the cabin. This was also done at the commander of ASEAN, but once again, the defense is he wanted to get even as obeyed and not the Kaaba and you know, yeah, okay, what can be said that's, that's again, that's a technicality. And it doesn't justify what he did. But how raw is straight 100% is no question about it. Now. Because of this, some of our scholars, they felt that it is justified to proceed by name.

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Amongst the Hannah Bella, we had a viola and yBnL Josie, the famous eminent Josie, he wrote a book, a booklet about the permissibility of cursing his eat by name.

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Joe was land use it. And his evidence is a law of curses, Allah Nana to law here and of volume in and if you see there's not a volume, there is no volume in human history.

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So, these scholars and from the shaft theories you had

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juhayna you also had a bin hedger and assumedly. They all said it is permissible to Christianity by name.

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And this is a position and whoever follows it. I think somebody is already excited for it right there, then there are certain people who have allowed it, but Emma mama than others, they said that we leave his affair to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And it is not of our law, to send Lana upon a specific person by name unless Alan is messenger have mentioned that person by name like a Buddha like that out, then yes, otherwise, we just stay quiet because we don't want to become gods out the villa judging people. We don't want to do that. Because that's up to Allah to judge. Because when you say that now, you are saying he shall never have any mercy. Learn the means never have any

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mercy. And in the end of the day, and it won't have to be fair here. The crimes against yazeed were crimes of blood and fire heisha and the sins of men not of Cofer in and of itself.

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He might have been drunk, but he still prayed

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a volume vomit. But it's not Cofer. It's not schilke he didn't worship an idol. He didn't reject Islam. That's what we have to be fair with. We don't say anything. No Muslim can love yazeed as Mr. Mohammed said, but we should be quiet about his fate in the al Qaeda, we leave it to Allah subhana wa Tada. And there is no doubt he has to answer for much of what he has done. I've already gone way over my time limit. Any quick questions, I know there's so much on my mind, we have another week. inshallah. Next week, we're gonna do it this way as

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well, like the one Sahabi that I'm not doing

01:14:11--> 01:14:13

intentionally is more or we have an abusive head.

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As the ones are happy, I'm intentionally not doing because people are so sensitive. Once again, there's this Marica between these two groups. And because of this Marika because of this intellectual battle, anybody who dares even discuss a political position and while we disagree, he is made more tender and loyal and well done and whatnot, even though more aware of the loved one and he is a Sahabi, he is of the lowest category of Sahaba. And you cannot compare him neither to Abu Bakar nor to a modern or no to Earth man nor to the north of New Zubair no to any of them. He is he was a teenager when moko was conquered. He was a teenager when Morocco was conquered and

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He converted at the conquest of Makkah, which is the lowest and the last category of Sahaba. So his status is nowhere near anybody else's status of the senior Sahaba. And their children who saw the Prophet system. Nonetheless,

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he is also Javi. And we say your old the old one, and the profitsystem chosen to be a secretary. And he wrote letters for the Profit System. So this is a high desk ear for him, okay to be a secretary as a high desk gear Secretary as a personal assistant, and that's therefore automatically, but the point is, just because your secretary doesn't mean every decision of his sanction by a lot. This is the problem with some of our Sunni brother and they're so fanatical about this issue. They go to extremes about the status of the Sahaba and the Sahaba are human beings, read their story, read the fit and read what happened, and what theology says from masindi theology? We don't doubt the man of

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the Sahaba true, but that doesn't mean we have to agree with the decisions of the Sahaba big difference between the two. We say it all the Allahu Akbar model one. Now here's the point though suppose use you want to blame mowing the lawn for the decision? What if he felt sincerely that we have seen enough bloodshed with Gemma and Safin and enough is enough, and maybe my son isn't the best candidate, but transfer of power from father to son is the norm in the world.

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And it will preserve the stability of the oma.

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And to some extent, the omiya dynasty established the civilization of Islam. And this is an undeniable fact.

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There is a greater Muslim as well and the civilization of Islam being established. So who is right and wrong? tilicho matondkar.

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It happened it happened. The question is not what more hours should have done.

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The question that we need to ask ourselves, what do we do in the light of what's going on? We'll talk a little bit about that next week in sha Allah Allah and there's no fun either in laying the blame on anybody, everybody is sincere even Zubaydah sincere while we are talking about while we're not talking about God, then what not does I'm talking about while we is time and at the end. Everybody at that generation is sincere. I'm talking about that fitna. As for the next generation, no doubt even zubaid is ibid saw their Hazara had matcha tea, and the other person is a foster confido. There is no comparison between the two, but their previous generation, we say both sides

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were sincere and the larger widget show forgive with the boat size and Sharla will continue one more week. That's next Wednesday.