Lives of Sahaba 73 – Abdullah Ibn Zubayr Part 1

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

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In this elaborate talk about yet another great Sahaba – Abdullah Ibn Zubayr RA, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi elucidates numerous details entailing the biography and also some major fitans that took place in his time.

Ibn Abbas narrates about that the lineage of Ibn Zubayr RA was unparalleled with him being the son of Zubayr Ibn Al Awwam RA and Asma Bint Abi Bakr RA, the niece of Khadija RA and also of Aisha RA and the grandson of Safiyyah RA. He was a very handsome man with hair reaching his shoulders and he was blessed with a loud and resonating voice which proved beneficial in his way of Islam. He was the first child on whom tahneek was done by the Prophet ﷺ and the Azaan was given by Abu Bakr RA. Hence, it is appropriate to say that the barakah on Ibn Zubayr was instilled since his birth. He is one among the blessed children Sahabas.

He became an embodiment of Ibadah with people saying that his level of Khushoo in Ibadah and Salah was unimaginable with some saying that when he stood up for salah , he stood so still  that they thought he was a pillar of the Haram. He was not deterred by hindrances that came in the way of worship to Allah and is once reported to have done the Tawaf of the Ka’bah by swimming when Makkah was lashed by rains. His level of worship, courage and eloquence had no parallel.

Abdullah RA was an avid member of various armies that fought against both the Byzantine and Sassanid empires. He was with his father in the Battle of Yarmuk. He was also part of the Battle of the Camel. He was irreplaceable in the Battle of Tripoli.

Details are meted out which elaborate explicitly the incidents that transpired among Muawiyah, Yazid and Abdullah Ibn Zubayr RA and the aftereffects of this denial of allegiance.

What happened in Madinah that irritated Yazid to that extent? Tune in to find out more on this in the next video!

Episode Transcript

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smuggler hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah, he was a woman with a hammer back. So today inshallah tada we're going to do the biography of Abdullah ibn a zubayr. And in reality, this is a trick and a ruse, I will be doing much more than this. But I want to embed what I'm going to do in the biography of Sahaba. There are a number of incidents that every serious student of knowledge needs to know about that took place in this era. These are sad incidents. These are traumatic incidents. I've covered one of them two years ago, and that is the issue of Karbala. Now, the reason why I'm not having a separate lecture on these topics is because the methodology of Noah

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Gemma is to trivialize the Phaeton between the Sahaba you guys understand this point, we don't put it in the spotlight. bygones be bygones leave it in the past. At the same time, advanced students need to know what's going on. So I was waiting for an opportunity to discuss a number of incidents that took place in this era that all of us should be aware of. And Abdullah bin disobeyed is this opportunity. And when I got to him, which is this lecture, we're going to actually go not just through the life of our beloved disobeyed, but what happened in his lifetime, which is a number of very traumatic incidents, one of them I will skip over because we already covered it. That's kind of

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better. Okay, it happened during the time of Urban's obeyed, and it's indirectly linked to Eben Zubaydah.

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I don't need to go over that because as you know, there's a long lecture, I gave it here. I think a two hour long lecture is good enough for our level. But other incidents took place. Some of them are directly linked to the live news debate, some of them indirectly linked, so we will inshallah use the story of Abdullah Abu Zubaydah as the framework. And I never wanted to have a lecture just on the fitting of this era. So in sha Allah in my long series of the Sahaba, whoever gets to this hub, the Lebanese obeyed after 50 sec 60 lectures, they will then hear this, that's what I want. I don't want to have a separate lecture just for the time of the fittest. So we'll start with inshallah, who

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tada the life and times of Olympus Aveda is going to be maybe maybe even three part I don't know try to do it in two, maybe even three, and warning. The same warning I gave when we did Kabbalah so many years ago, that when you study history, it is eye opening and humbling. Many average Muslims romanticize Islamic history. And they think oh, the good old days when this happened, and that happened when we had a failure for when. But you know what, when you actually study history, you see the good and the bad. You see the beautiful and the ugly. You see the magnificent and you see the horrible. And what you realize is our Islamic history is a very human history is full of human

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beings. We have this notion of this romanticized past, and maybe at some level for people who are not knowledgeable is good for them to think that. But when you actually study, you humble yourself, and you realize you've had a lot, even amongst us a habit things happened and etc, etc. And the reality is that once you study this era, and over all the time of the Sahaba and early Islam, so Pamela, even your framework of understanding political Islam changes, because there are many groups out there, they have this, this this very utopic vision of the philosopher. So although this political turmoil happening now, they say, Oh, we have to have the Salafi, it'll all be solved. And

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these ignoramuses don't know that when we had a hit of so much of it was involved in Civil War, even in the time of the early oma units. The hit alpha is a great thing to have, by and large, but it's not a panacea that cures everything. It's not a one prescription, you know, cures all overall, there's no question having a failover brings more is that the not having one overall, that is the case. But having enough does not guarantee gender. Whereas not having a kid alpha does not guarantee jahannam. So when you study history, and you study the era of the hit alpha, we're going to study an era where there were Sahaba still alive, and yet so much is going on. In this series, we're actually

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going to discover and read about the fact that you may get attacked Makkah and Medina and they destroyed the Kaaba. This is in the time when the Sahaba are alive. And the guy who did this is the halifa. So we need to just float her back to earth and realize that our history has good and it also has evil in it. And that's a human history and a philosopher is not just to snap a finger and everything will be fine and dandy.

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Quite the contrary, a philosopher is a political tool. Sometimes it has good sometimes it has bad. And this is the reality of human history. And when you study especially Abdullah bin is obeyed and what happened in his time, and especially the tragic death of Abdullah and is obeyed, and I'm just jumping the gun here, but we'll look at it is tragic. And you know, the first time I heard this, I couldn't and I was like, what, 1920 years old? I could not believe this actually happened. I was like this is must be I don't understand the Arabic on my page. You know, I don't understand, you know, because it's literally said, you know, potato Vasudeva Manuel Kava is like, there is no way

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that says what I think it's saying. And of course it is that he was killed and crucified in front of the camera. The body of this Sahabi was crucified in front of the Kaaba, by the halifa of the time who think about that, right. And it's not vintage zubaid, her mother, his mother, you know, is hugging the body and white just like, unbelievable, absolutely unbelievable. And this is taking place, when the Sahaba are still alive. He himself is wasabi, his mother, a smile, the same a smile that goes to the beginning of the Sierra, she is alive. So you will flutter down to earth and you realize, you know what, there are a lot of good. And there's also a lot of evil in our past history.

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And this is Alice cutter, this is Alice, any sooner avala you have to hit that this world is not gender. This world is a trial and tribulation, whether it's at the hands of the tyrants of Syria right now, or the French or the Russians, or the Americans with the Germans or whatever they're doing, or it is how Japan used to have. And it is used, and it is put on an island. This world is a world of cyber activity law. And if it's not, this guy is going to be that guy. You just have to understand and accept this. And that's not a defeatist mentality. It gives you a sense of pragmatic realism that you know, what we're gonna face face some trials and tribulations, wherever it's from.

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And that's why for me, it's so important to study history, because when you study history, some had a lot it grounds you in reality, you cannot become a fanatic when you study history, you cannot become the pseudo jihad, this or these cannot fake movements. When you study Islamic history, you become more realistic about the expectations of how to solve problems. And that's why for me, the little blue baby represents a very fascinating figure in particular, even abass the famous urban Ibis was once asked about him, and he sets up panela Abdullah in his obeyed. He was an audit of the book of Allah. He was dignified throughout his life with Islam, born a Muslim died a Muslim, he was

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never a pagan, and he was born into Islam. His father is obeyed. His mother is a smart, his grandfather is Abu Bakar his ama is Khadija his color is Asia, and his grandmother is Sophia. What's left? What do you want me to say about the man his mother, his father, his uncle, his aunt, his grandmother, his grandfather is this who's who of Sahaba, Eben Abbas said voila, he, in my view, his status is something that I don't even give to abubaker and Omar meaning in terms of nessa obviously not in terms of human and taqwa. But in terms of family, no one has that status. And it is quite true when you think about it. Who else amongst all of the Sahaba had such a family whose father and

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mother and grandfather and grandmother and great grandfather as a hobby as well, because I will kochava himself converted to Islam. So his father, grandfather, great grandfather are all Sahaba and he is as a hobby Think about that. Right? And his uncle, an aunt, and his aunt is Isha. And the other aunt is Khadija as we're going to come to like Who else can claim this lineage like Abdullah even as obeyed as if that's not enough. There are so many other things about him. He was an odd him he was an audit me and a half of the haoran he was a person who's a bada was legendary. And this is something that is motivated in the books of history. He lived as we know, he was the governor and he

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declared himself the default give that away right now. he considered himself to be the political ruler for his time. And his base was Mecca. So he established his capital for almost 20 years in the holiest of holy, and he is the ruler and the chef and the Adam and the Mufti, like a legendary time of his time, that he is the person in charge of the GABA and basically the basis that he has. And on top of this, he was a person who worshiped a lot in a manner that other people could not believe. It is said that when he stood up to pray, sometimes people mistook him for a pillar of the atom because Adam had pillars. He would be so still that at night people might think he is a pillar and debate as

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well was blessed with a strong body and a very loud and deep voice when he would give the whole tuba and imagine for 20 years he's giving the whole tuba in front of the garba his Juma and he is in front of the garb. He is the mom

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The Atom literally literally the Imam, not just a prayer leader, but the halifa of the atom, because he's considering was the halifa at the time, when he would give the whatever it is said the whole city of Mecca could hear the whole time. But it was so loud the two mountains of Makkah would reverberate with his whole debacle, and he was a very handsome man as well. He had long hair that went up to his shoulders, and he would dye his beard later on in life when it became white. He would died with a yellowish henna. And on top of this, he was obliquity. They said, genius in every single respect. Ahmed hypnotise one of the famous stabby rune. He said, Abdullah in the zoo Bay, he owned

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100 slaves, and he would speak to each one of them as if it's a different language, which means he would treat every one of them in a different way, what he would say the harshness, the gentleness, he's a true leader. He knows how to deal with 100 different people. He said, If you were to see him while he's worshiping, you would have your clean that this is a man who can accomplish nothing of this world because he's lost in Nevada.

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But if you were to see him when he's in the dunya, you would think this is a man who has no time for Allah, even for a millisecond. What an amazing leader. When he's in Sunnah, you would assume that there's no way he can do anything for the dunya because he's a worshipping fanatic, but when he's in the dunya, you would think this guy has no concern for the afterlife, because he's such a genius in the matters of the dunya so enthusiastic that he's not a religious person. So this is the true leader when he's with the dunya. He is with the dunya and when he's with a Bada, he is with a bada. And of course, Abdullah his father is known I did a whole halaqaat last year I think about Zubaydah.

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Banana one we all know Zubaydah one wavenet a one on one is the full brother of Khadija Khadija been deployed. I was in Hawaii did a DJ been deployed so disobeyed imminent, I won even awaited hence, Khadija becomes literally his great aunt, his grandfather's full sister, literally the full Sister, I won.

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We did this biography in just two minutes. I one passed away. In the days of JD s, we never embraced Islam, and I was married Sophia, Binti Abdulmutallab, okay because I was one generation above right I am is the older generation. I was married the aunt of the Prophet system, the daughter of Abdulmutallab Sophia been tapped in mortality and then one died. So debate is there a Zubaydah is there some sort of debate is their son, and zubaid, therefore, is the cousin of the Prophet lism. As we know, the first cousin of the process of them through Sophia. We already mentioned the story of Zubaydah that he was of the earliest converts he's of the 10 promise gender, this is the Zubaydah,

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the father of the 10 promise, Jenna, he marries a Walker's daughter in Islam as smart as newlyweds. they migrate to know how they migrate to Abyssinia. They go to Abyssinia, they participate in all of the battles. zubaid is named the howdy of the Prophet salallahu idea he was seldom the main companion or the main helper of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he participates in every single battle. When Omar dies, he's one of the six put in the shorter This is obeyed, is one of the six he participates in the Battle of the camel. He's one of the leaders in the Battle of the camel. Him and Paul had an issue. This is debate. And it says to him, how can you fight me? Don't you

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remember the Prophet system once said that me and you are going to fight and you will be in the wrong and Zubair immediately said You are right. And I had forgotten until you reminded me and so he turned and walked out of the battle after having walked from Medina all the way to Basra to have the Battle of the camel. It said how can you fight me? Don't you remember what the process of said 30 years ago one time me and you were together and he pointed and he said one day you will fight it and you will be in the wrong and zubaid right then and there said so doctor you're speaking the truth and literally he turned and went to went away Can you believe that you man like literally you're

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right I forgot this headin I forgot the process was that this? You're right. And he walked away his son Abdullah Abdullah Abu Zubaydah, the guy we're talking about now, he said, Yeah, other people are gonna say that we are cowards. How can you do this? They're gonna say we're cowards. And zubayr said, Since when has anybody dared to call me a coward? My track record is established basically, rather, this is a hadith I heard from the prophets. Listen, this is why I'm turning. But as he turned as you know, an arrow came and hit him and he died on the battlefield, despite the fact that he did not unsheath his sword. So this is obeyed a vanilla one, that his story already gave a lot of

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detail and a smart baby.

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To be bucket we have not talked of the women's Sahaba yet that's going to be inshallah be the night Allah after Ramadan, we're going to be doing the female Sahaba. So we will be doing amongst those we're going to do a snap into the bucket, but you already know a little bit about a smile. She is one of the few Sahaba yet from the beginning of the year, all the way to the end she has a role to play. And a smart of course is the one who is known as the one that to nidal pain, right the one of the two belts, because as you know, in the hijra, she's the one who took her she did not have something to tie the food with. So she took her own belt, ripped it in half, and then use one half

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to tie her her garment and the other half she used for the Profit System and his food. So she was ever Forever called that to Anita thing. And her courage and bravery is legendary from the time of a young girl all the way till she goes blind after the age of 100. And she hugs her dead son's body and corpse on the cross. On the Sunday that was there. When we say cross, don't think of a cross, it was a pole. And they were just hanging the body. So when you say crucified, don't think of the cross crucified like Christians, crucified here. Saliba means to put on a peg and to just hang as a punishment and torture. So this is a smile all the way to the end.

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And her speech that she gives out the loveliness debate, a few hours before he dies, is legendary in the books of of history, the coverage that she herself displays, even though she is 100 years old, and she's lost her eyesight, but the coverage that she has, to the very end is something that is legendary. And we'll talk about that even from the beginning. So, again, I don't want to jump the gun but as a young girl, when Buddha had visits and says Where is your father? Where is the Prophet? Where's Mohammed? Listen, I'm after the digital and she says Daddy, I don't know. So Abuja has slaps her across the face. She's a young girl at the time. She's probably 1112 years old at this time.

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Abuja has slaps her because she knows she's lying. And so a smart says, If you can't control your own men, you come and you hit the women. At an 11 year old girl, you can't even control your own men, meaning his flat workers like you're supposed to be the chieftain of orange. You can't control your own men. So what do you do you come in you hit the women Subhanallah like what courage as an 11 year old girl to speak to Abuja in this manner. So her whole life is a life of courage and bravery. And of course, Aveda and asthma, they marry, and they have many children. Abdullah is going to be the oldest and the most significant important for our history here. They go to Abyssinia, as

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newlyweds, they come back to Makkah. And then the hedgerow is announced, and they are of the last batch to migrate from Mecca to Medina. And one of the reasons for the delay as well is that a smart is pregnant, and they're going very, very slowly as well. And so she is pregnant. She's traveling, she's in her final trimester when they're on the hedgerow and so they're going very, very slow. In the meantime, the majority of Sahaba have arrived in Medina. So Abdullah and saris debate and asthma debate in the womb, now, Zubaydah and asthma are of the very last batch that arrives. And it's so happened that during these four or five months when the Sahaba had begun to do hegira, no muhajir

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had given birth to any child. And a rumor began to spread that there was a curse on the Muslims from the hood. They who did a magic said, and there is a curse on the Muslims, that they're not going to have any children. And perhaps some books mentioned, maybe there was a stillborn or two that kind of added to that stigma as well. So, as soon as asthma arrived in Oba, she felt the pangs of childbirth. And she gave birth to a healthy boy, Abdullah in vulva. And the Muslims took this as a positive omen. And it is said that the streets of Medina were filled with tech beers for the joy at the birth of Abdullah because they were happy that there is no such curse. There is no such black

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magic or evil eye and everything is fine. So Abdullah's birth was a victory literally from his birth. He was welcomed and a smile brought him in a small blanket to the Prophet salallahu alaihe was send them and he was the first child that we know of that technique was done that the honeycombs you know is to take a date and put it into the mouth of the child. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave technique to Abdullah bin is obeyed. And his grandfather Abu Bakar read the event into his ear. What combination

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Is this what's going to happen if this boy think about him? Right? The profitsystem did, Nick Walker did the other what is going to be the fate of this boy? That's what history so that's why this particular Sahabi is a very interesting case study of that of that era. And his father's who obeyed. Obviously he participate in every battle. As you know, Abdullah was too young to do anything because he was born literally the first month of the digital. So by the time the process and passes away, he's going to be 910 years old. What can you participate in. However, there are still incidents narrated about Abdullah even as obeyed when he turned seven azubi told his son Abdullah to go and

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give the oath of allegiance to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which was typically done at the age of 14, when he turned seven, Zubaydah said go and give the oath. So as a young boy, Abdullah went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said my father sent to me to give you the oath of allegiance. And the Prophet system smiled smirk because he's a young kid, but he gave the oath of allegiance to Abdullah at the age of seven. And obviously, he did not participate in any battle, as we said, because he's too young as a child. But a very interesting anecdote is found in the tertiary books of Hadith in about half day and a half him and others, that of course, he realized our issue

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is his aunt, his color issues his color. And so the books of Sierra mentioned, Abdullah Abu Zubaydah was somebody who would regularly visit the Prophet system as a child just come back and forth, because it's harder is there. So he grew up basically, in the household of the Prophet. So instead of visiting his aunt, almost on a daily of every few days, and being with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, so one day, the prophet SAW they sell them did hijama on himself and hijama as you know, his blood cupping, which is one of the Sooners to do that you extract blood from various parts and you cleanse the body in this regard, he did hijama. And the hijama blood is viscous, as you know, and it

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is very thick blood. And he gave it to this young boy, Abdullah, disobeyed probably eight years old at the time, and he said, Go dispose of this blood and make sure no one sees where you throw it away. Because the Prophet says from his blood cannot be taken by somebody else, and I will double or something, don't do it, or disrespect or whatnot. So make sure nobody sees you and dispose of it in a way that nobody can find it. Okay, so Abdullah went outside, when he was all alone, he drank the blood.

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He drank the blood of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This Hadith is in very healthy and an haccombe and a torani. And it is an authentic hadith. So he drank the blood of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then he came back walking back. So the President said, What did you do with it? He didn't want to tell him. So he said, I thought of the one place nobody would ever find it. And I started there.

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My stomach meaning but the prophets are seldom either gibreel told him or intuition of Allah either way, he figured something out. And he said, Did you drink it?

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And Abdullah said, Yes. So the prophet SAW him said, Why did you do that?

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Way hackerman a nurse, a way to look him in northwestern way Lula nacimiento sorry, way Look, I mean, a nurse that woe to the people from you, means the people are going to be have to be scared of you. And you are going to have to deal with the people as well. Like what you have just done here, is going to change everything.

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The people are going to be careful of you, you're going to be careful of the people. And it basically means that the lows are gonna have a shot and he's gonna have a status enema calm. That is not gonna you know, effect now, by the way, this issue of drinking the blood of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, this has raised a lot of 50 and theological issue. Of course, the problem or the issue is that blood is typically nudges of this regard. And of course, anybody else's blood it would be how long to drink. Of course, it goes without saying, Is there an exception for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam or not? That's the laugh. And his his blood, like our blood in terms of isn't

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adjusted or not, that is the laugh. And frankly, in my humble opinion, this issue is a emotional one that has no benefits, because it's not as if we have access to the blood or anything that we're going to do with it. This is a one time it is important to note the prophecies have never commanded Abdullah to drink the blood, nor did he thank him for doing that. Nor did he allow it rather he gave a somewhat ambiguous phrase, way Lula come in a nasty way. loony nasty mean, that won't you you won't hear from the people and vote to the people from you. There are gonna be some issues now. So he did not

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tacitly accept the drinking of the blood, but what is going to be done? Now he did it, what are you going to do now? So whatever it is controversy is of no relevance in our time. But the realistic thing is that emotions get involved and people start accusing others with a bit of effort and whatnot, how can you say the blood is how the process was not just and he is a human being in the end of the day and it just leave it at that he is not a demigod. He is a human being a regular human being. He eats, he drinks, he marries, he has children, and everything else is regular about him. But he is the most blessing. That's all it is. He is the most blessed and the most pious, that

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doesn't make him superhuman in this regard. And that is why he did not accept Abdullah drinking the blood. But what are you going to do once he has drank the blood? So Abdullah is the only Sahabi that we know of that is authentically narrated, that he drank the blood of the Prophet salallahu it who said no. And one of the top your own said, we used to believe that the strength of Abdullah was because he drank the blood of the prophets was we used to believe that's where he got his strength from and what strength did he have? Even Abby Malaika reported that we used to notice our beloved news will be fasting for an entire week continuously. And on the eighth day, he would wake up the

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strongest of all of us, as if nothing had ever happened. And Emma mazahub he said perhaps the prohibition of continuous fasting did not reach I was a little bit disobeyed because it is against the Sunnah to fast continuously. Okay, I add to this Allah knows best, it doesn't make sense that he's not eating or drinking for seven days, biologically speaking, you need water, you're going to die after two or three days. Allah knows best maybe maybe what is meant here is that He fasted from food but not water. Because you need water to drink and it is humanly possible to live a week with only water and you're not going to die. So perhaps Allah knows best This is the meaning here. Even

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this is against the Sunnah of the Prophet system forbade any Muslim from consecutively doing whistle, which is nonstop fasting for more than a day that should not be done. In any case, that was his his strength as well. It is well known that he reached a level of who sure that is unbelievable. And a few of the saburo owners have also reached this level where once he entered Sala nothing bothered him like he was in a different zone. Literally, it's as if he cut off from the world around him. And this is well known by many incidents. Once

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he was praying in his house, when people began to scream, his son, his Sham was there, people began to scream, there's a snake there's a snake. And typically when you're a father and there's a snake in the house, and not that any of us have an experience in sha Allah, you're going to panic, you're going to break you are allowed to break into Salah. But he did not even know that there was a snake and his son was in the room with the snake until he finishes the Sunnah. And he hears the whole story and they have dealt with the snake on their own. Like he's in a different zone altogether. And it is reported as well. That when had judge attacked the Kaaba and he's throwing catapults on the

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curb but one of these tragic stories we're going to come to next week and although not it's not going to be today but next Wednesday inshallah he's throwing catapults when it was time for some of the listeners obeyed would stand and pray even as the rocks are falling around him, so much so that on more than one occasion the rocks fell on him. And he's still praying in Salah, not even paying attention to what is going on that level of who short is simply unimaginable. In a regular person, and Mujahid the famous student of human Ibis, the most famous student in our bus, he said, there was not a single action of worship, except that we believe our beloved new Zubaydah did it. And he gave

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the example and this is a trivia question that is asked many times in Islamic quiz competitions of an advanced level. And that is the question that you're going to hear the answer to right now. You will automatically know the question Mujahid said there's not a single act of worship except that they did it once rain fell and that Garbo was flooded. And so I will live in a zubaid swam seven times around the Kaaba. You all know the trivia question that was asked that okay, which is the Sahabi who did tawaf by swimming around the garba the only Sahabi we know who did tawaf swimming seven laps Mashallah it's about a cola around the Kava is Abdullah Ibanez obeyed and by the way,

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that's pretty impressive because for a person of that time to even know swimming, to even know swimming at that time is pretty impressive, much less being able to do throw off your knees Mashallah seven times a day

00:30:00--> 00:30:44

On the cab, so as we said are the limits obeyed he was a basically a child at the time of the process. And so he is considered to be of the what is called the children of the other children Sahaba the young Sahaba not the children of the Sahaba, but child Sahaba, because he was of those who interacted with the process, and he narrated Hadeeth. But he didn't reach Buru. He dies in the, sorry, the process of dies, and he's 10 years old. So his status is amongst the very last level of the Sahaba in terms of interacting, but that doesn't change the status of his in terms of lineage. And in terms of NES seven in terms of of shut off. And the first battle that he participated in was

00:30:44--> 00:31:24

the Battle of Yoda MOOC. And he was only 10 years old. And his father, zubaid took him on his horse all the way to the Battle of your milk to the lands of Sham. And even though he didn't allow him to fight, he participated behind the scenes with logistics and helping and whatnot, even though he was too young to actually carry a sword. And he reached his fighting years in the time of Earth, Mount rhodiola. One. So even at the time of Omar, he's not really still at the age of fighting. It is said he participated in one or two in the time of earthman is one he becomes a general of that level. And

00:31:25--> 00:32:07

he played many significant roles in the battles against the Byzantines of North Africa. And the Muslims have, especially of what we now call Tunisia, and basically the Tripoli region of North Africa. They owe a lot to Abdullah in his job. And our beloved newspaper was very active in the far northeast, because by that time, Egypt has already been conquered. So he's now basically in Libya, and in Tunisia in those regions. And this is the heartland of Believe it or not the Byzantine Empire, us Muslims and Arabs, we don't think of those lands is Byzantine, but in reality, you know, the famous lands of Carthage and whatnot, that is those lands, if you read the books of history,

00:32:07--> 00:32:48

it's those lands over there. And if you still go to this day, places in Algeria and Tunisia, you will find massive palaces and magnificent buildings from the time of the Romans the time of the Byzantines. So the Lebanese debate is the one who is conquering this. And he played a key role in the conquest of what we now call Tripoli, Tripoli. The famous city of Tripoli, Abdullah Abu Zubaydah, played played probably the most important role. And his story is mentioned he himself narrates it, and that is that there were around 10,000 Muslims against maybe 100 150,000 of the Byzantine Empire. And the battle was going pretty harshly against the Muslims and Muslims were very

00:32:48--> 00:33:34

sad that I saw in the distance very far away. All the leader of the army on the the commander, and his name was in English. It's Gregory, the patrician, and in Arabic it is jewelry gees or something like this. Gregory is the Englishman, Gregory the patrician. And Gregory is basically the governor and the one appointed by the Emperor. So he is the big guy. I saw him in the distance. And I recognized him how because he's on a pavilion of you know, beautiful embroidered carpet. There were two ladies there with peacock feathers, you know, doing this so he you can tell way behind in the distance. So look at his tactic. He brought 30 people together, and he said, divert the army to

00:33:34--> 00:34:25

where you are just fight ferociously, and I'm going to go behind you, and they created a diversion. And Abdullah zubaid, put his sword in and simply walked solidly confidently from the battle all the way to the pavilion. So much confidence. That one the army saw him if anybody saw him, they assumed he must be an envoy on an emissary who would possibly walk with his hands normal and his weapon by his side. Nobody even figured out that he's actually going to attack single handedly, the governor of Tripoli, like walking into army lines without any reinforcement. This is the bravery of Abdullah zubaid truly mind boggling. He literally just strolled in after creating the diversion and just walk

00:34:25--> 00:35:00

through until finally when he's past the enemy lines, and there's nothing between him and Gregory. That's when he pulls the sword out and rushes in. And when Gregory sees this, he realized that he's coming to attack obviously you can imagine these people are not fighters themselves, they're whatever fat whatever you want to say. This is not a person who's going to be putting up the fight. He turns and he tries to fleet but I build up this debate catches up to him, decapitate him, single handedly raises his head on a javelin and spear and shouts out Allahu Akbar and the Muslim sea and the the

00:35:00--> 00:35:42

Byzantine army sees and this creates havoc in the Byzantine army and it cheers up the Muslim army such that they actually won the battle. So heinola This is the loving the Zubaydah tactic, that what can you say this was a loss of blessings that he gave those miracles to those to those great Sahaba. And when the battle finished and Tripoli was concrete in that region of Northern Africa is conquered. The commander of the Muslims, was so impressed he honored him by sending our beloved news obeyed to give with man, the good news, you go back and tell him and obviously this means the reward and whatnot, you're going to be given. So he sent it back to Medina to give him the good news of the

00:35:42--> 00:36:24

conquest of basically what is now Libya, that entire province of Libya, this battle that I believe is a very lead was the one that concreted along with this, of course, he was a scholar and a faculty. And I already mentioned last week, which you guys all remember, of course, Wednesday Debian Sabbath was put in charge of the Quran in the time of earthman. The committee of four people and of them was Abdullah hibben, as obeyed one of the four people who wrote the Quran so again, we all power or ons protection to these people, including Abdullah Urbanus debate. And that's why it was said, in three matters. No one could outdo Abdullah zubayr number one in worship of Allah number

00:36:24--> 00:37:07

two, encourage and number three and eloquence. The reason why he was chosen for the Koran is because of his eloquence, he was off soften out of a very eloquent Arabic speaker. And that's why Earth man said to the committee, what did you say to them, remember that they made you write because your writing is better, but who dictates the chorus she's dictate? Right? They're gonna dictate and you write, and if you differ, you will write what they say the wording the spelling is going to be from them, because the Quran came down, and the logo and the language of the orange and Abdullah in this debate was very loyal to this man had been a fan of the Allahu taala. And in the in the time of the

00:37:07--> 00:37:45

mob and the time of the the fitna of Earth man. And in fact, when I did this trip with man, I mentioned this, that Abdullah Abu Zubaydah was one of those who kept on insisting that Earth man should fight and he said, Let me fight, I'll deal with these guys. One can say the most vocal person to take on the mobsters outside was our beloved news debate. And you know what earthman said. He's not going to allow this but kept on insisting, insisting so much so that when a skirmish did take place, because multiple skirmishes took place, Abdullah Abu Zubaydah was involved and he fought so ferociously that in fact, he was wounded so bad, they had to carry him out on a stretcher. This is

00:37:45--> 00:38:18

before they killed Earth man when the skirmishes and whatnot, he's in his anger, he's defending Earth man, and the people are fighting back and you know, harshness leads to harshness, and then basically they attack him. So they had to take him out on a stretcher. And that is why not surprisingly him and his father, they after the death of Earth man, what did they do is obeyed and Abdullah, they wanted to get vengeance for the killers of Earth man, as you know, and they marched to Basra with our Isha and called her. These are the three leaders in the Battle of the jungle. And they did fight in the Battle of the jungle.

00:38:21--> 00:39:08

Zubair did not fight as you know, but Abdullah did fight even though his father left but Abdullah fought in the Battle of the gentleman, and I've done his job. He fought a very, very harsh battle. And it is said that one of the leaders of the army have ID Guardiola, with Donna and, in fact, the right hand of it, his name is Malik yBnL. ashtar is a very famous, very, very famous military general he was the governor of Egypt for a while, so he has a long list also on his resume. Mark Cuban Ashdod was on the lot lines main Lieutenant and he trusted him more than anybody else. And he was also a very physically strong man. So 11 is obeyed. And Mark Cuban and ashtar had a one on one.

00:39:09--> 00:39:36

And realize these are all good Muslims on both sides. That's the sad tragedy here, right? You have Ali rhodiola one and Miley covenant was a great man in many ways. And you have Ignacio Wade and others on the other side. That's why it's called a fitna. That's why it's called the fitna. And so Subhanallah when you look at these times, what is happening now in the Muslim world is nothing compared to that. Because on this time, you had Sahaba on both sides, whereas today you have fast soccer on both sides. Okay?

00:39:37--> 00:39:51

If not even for soccer, maybe even tougher on one or both sides and you know, so drinking tequila and whatnot anyway, so it's pretty clear now that to me, it's like there's no question that the things have changed immensely. So the point being that

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

So what was the Lebanese debate and Molly given it a shot or fighting together, and Malik was stronger than Abdullah?

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

There's no way he was not able to.

00:40:02--> 00:40:46

Also, even as a beta at this time is still in his 20s. He's not as mature as a 40 year old, whereas Malik was in his 40s. And when he realized he's not going to be able to win him, somehow What did he do? He threw down his arms, and he jumped on Moloch and just held him tight. And he then shouted out to the archers, shoot, go ahead and shoot, even if it kills me shoot the both of us. He literally used a tactic that I'm not going to win him by sword, let the marksman just shoot me. But because he was so beloved Abdullah bin is obeyed. His own people did not shoot. And so it ended up neither of them killing the other. And that was benefit for Islam, because both of them went on to do amazing

00:40:46--> 00:41:34

things. And he fought with such ferocity that for a while his news went missing. What happened to him, nobody knows. They for a while, like for a few hours. And it was at this point in time that I should have the logline, his aunt, she became so worried at this, that she made an announcement that anybody who gives me the news that Abdullah is alive, I shall gift him 10,000 de nos, just get me news that he's alive. I shall give him 10,000 dinars. And as soon as the person came in, tell him we found Abdullah he's wounded 20 wounds here and there, but he is alive. Isha in her tent fell down in such depth and thank Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is said that I showed the loved one her she loved

00:41:34--> 00:42:19

the profits of some of the most and then after the Prophet system, her father, Abu Bakar. And then after Abu Bakar, her nephew, Abdullah Abdullah was the most beloved person alive at the time to show the Allahu taala on her. Of course, as we know, eventually the Battle of general does not come out to be a victory they are as you know, defeated and it does not take any prisoners. So they go back to Medina as you know the show we did this when we talked about it with the loved one. So they go back to Medina, it is assassinated by the college. Now more Aria comes into power while we are comes into power, and there was some tension between the two of them. Abdullah Zubaydah did not view more

00:42:19--> 00:42:39

Alia to be the most worthy at the time. At the time, he did not view more our way to be the most worthy of the fate of it appears, but he did not challenge the rule of law is very important to note. more hours rule was not challenged, but even as obeyed and throughout while we as life even as a veil, remained

00:42:41--> 00:42:57

not happy but not rebelling. He was under more obvious rule. And a very famous incident takes place now, which is mentioned by many, many historians and it shows the message of both of these men is obeyed and while we are the Allahu anhu mine

00:42:58--> 00:43:42

Of course I'm the loser it is living in Medina obviously that's where he's, you know, he's born there. He's lived there his whole life, that's where his houses his places in Medina, and he owned land. And more our you know, the last one also owned some land in Medina that was next to the land of abundance Zubair. And the workers have more alvia one day, they did something in the land of even azubi and they messed up some vegetation and they manhandle some of his servants and whatnot. Whether it was intentional, we don't know but essentially his land was invaded and not invaded, but basically, you know, encroach, there's no you know, there's no there's no barbed wire, there's no

00:43:42--> 00:44:28

fence in those days. It's just like you understood this understood, these are the markings and you mentioned the marking so the land of women is obeyed, is encroached by the people who are in charge of the land of Mongolia, and they destroy some vegetation, pluck some fruits whatever happens, even as obey became incensed, and he wrote a letter. Tomorrow we're in Damascus, and the letter was a blunt, harsh letter. And it went as follows from Abdullah Ignacio bave ibnu howdy rasulillah even knew that in not nothing. I am the son of Howdy. I am the son of that to nothing to more Aria. Even Hynde.

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

Who is hint

00:44:33--> 00:44:35

what has hynd done?

00:44:36--> 00:44:39

What has hindes done everybody knows guys, you know what hinda has done?

00:44:41--> 00:44:51

Exactly. Nobody's gonna forget this. Two more hour. We're not even a middle meaning not even halifa. Two more hour. We're the son of hint.

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

So I am in Hawaii rasulillah. And you are the son of hint. And he said I'm about as towards

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

follows,

00:45:02--> 00:45:07

as toward follows. Your workers have transgressed onto my land.

00:45:08--> 00:45:14

If you do not stop them, then I shall deal directly with you was selected

00:45:17--> 00:45:35

in the demarcation line, which is a threatening thing. You know, in English we would say, you just dare and see if you don't stop what's going to happen literally, that's how it's going to be in English. You just dare unless you put it in check, you just dare and see what I'm going to do to you. So you see the

00:45:36--> 00:46:01

call it the bravery, call it whatever ferocity, whatever you want to say, No, he does not care. Who is he talking to in this regard? And he's like, your own man, your workers, mess with my workers and land, you had better deal with it, or else while we are the Allahu Arneson Palace in Damascus, and he is the photographer and whatnot. And he is sitting in his chambers in his room, whatever, and on his left is eat.

00:46:03--> 00:46:06

So he says to us eat, what do you think I should do?

00:46:08--> 00:46:32

And you see this up, and he shall be as eat when he does what he does. And yazeed. In his anger, he says, Yeah, Alberta, you should send an army that begins here and ends over there. Like you have continuous people that's like, from Damascus to Medina, have an army and they bring you back, his head cut off.

00:46:34--> 00:46:35

This is your seat.

00:46:36--> 00:47:19

And to be brutally honest, will law he those people who defend him, I feel sorry, because we're going through this revisionism of history now that even the most well known fact we have to rethink through it. He has it as Mr. Mohammed said, that, can a man ever love his eat? Can a movement ever love yazeed? No men can love this man. Yes, it is true, we don't curse him because it's not in our culture to curse. But by the way, many of our odema like a member suti like the others, they said he should be cursed, because the exception doesn't apply to him because of what he did. And we're going to just mention three things next lecture as well. If any one of them happened, it will be enough to

00:47:19--> 00:47:28

make you as a bad person, all three in his lifetime under his rule, some of them by his direct command, number one, without a doubt, as you all know, is

00:47:31--> 00:47:31

Karbala.

00:47:32--> 00:48:15

Number one, there is no question that this is the greatest tragedy under his feet and I gave the story of Karbala and we're gonna come back to that as well. Number two is the incident of how to rock which happened in Medina. And number three is the killing of Ignacio Valle, which is he did not directly cause but he sent an army he's the first to send an army. He is he sent an army to attack mcca and to attack Medina Think about that. The two items you're not supposed to unsheathed the sword, and yazeed sends an army to fight. And that army does attack Medina, we're going to talk about this next Wednesday, shalom to Allah, the Battle of Hezbollah. And it's a one of the most

00:48:15--> 00:48:56

tragic stories and again, most of us have never heard of this and will lie it is better. We haven't many ways is better. But sometimes some things need to be said where hundreds of people were killed and 1000s of women raped in Medina just will lie even just saying it is so sad. But this is the reality of what happened in the time of the Sahaba when they were alive and a sub nomadic was alive. I mean, unbelievable to think that this is the reality of war. It is the reality of evil rulers and it is across the world. It's not just as I said, Syria or Iraq or something since the beginning power does this to you. So he has he was in charge and use EAD sent them and yes, it allowed them to

00:48:56--> 00:49:38

do everything and Yes, he did not punish anybody for anything that happened in Medina or in Karbala and others as well. It is enough to know this happened. And you see this there behind it and it is truly phenomenal to see now some Muslims saying we should respect him and whatnot. No, it's not possible to respect such a person. We leave his affair to Allah No need to curse No need to go beyond this but we leave his affair to Allah so easy it is next to him. And while we assess to his son, you see what do you think we should do? Is it says chop his head off. Send him the largest army. So more our smiles and calls describe and says writes dictate. So he says that from ameerul

00:49:38--> 00:49:59

momineen more are we even Abby Sophia and he changes I am a mirror moment. Where do you acknowledge we are not? And my name is Molly w Sophia. Not what are we in? For me? I made a movie while nw soufiane to Abdullah even zubaid, even howdy Rasulullah ibnu. That talking all that you mentioned. I'm going to put it back for you. No worries.

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

As you describe yourself, I will describe for you as to what follows.

00:50:05--> 00:50:19

If this whole world could be a gift I give to you and make you happy, I would willingly do so. So as soon as you read this letter, realize my land is now your land. And my servants are now Your servants, which

00:50:22--> 00:50:22

is why we

00:50:24--> 00:50:47

won. Yeah, the listeners of it got to the letter. He then responded back to Maui, and he said, to immediate mini Mojave, even Abu sufian assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah May Allah prolong your rule, and May Allah keep you doing your wise decisions to benefit the oma was Salah.

00:50:49--> 00:50:51

While we are called yazeed, and said, Look,

00:50:52--> 00:51:06

and he told his son the lesson, if only his son learned it, if only his son learned it, he said, that he who can forgive, shall rule. And he who can control his temper shall be great.

00:51:08--> 00:51:43

But his son didn't learn that lesson. Never. He did not learn it at all. But more outerwear is so happy in the end of the day, we respect while we're, and no doubt he is not like the great Sahaba the first 10 will learn Mahajan. He's one of the miners. But in the end of the day, we say nothing but good overall about Mongolia. And we don't doubt his sincerity to Islam, even if we might disagree with some of his policies and whatnot. So this isn't the time of Mongolia. And it appears that because of this, he might have even softened the heart of

00:51:44--> 00:52:26

Abdullah disobeyed. And some books even mentioned that he gifted him stipends as well. And this also helps because the Amir can choose with the halifa can choose who to give. And he gifted him large amounts in this kind of softened him as well. For sure, Abdullah Abu Zubaydah participated, continue to participate in the conquest of the Muslim world. And one of his most honorable battles was that he participated in the Battle of Constantinople, under interesting the leadership of ewz. Interestingly, as even the listeners of it, were obviously now in the same army against the Byzantines and Subhanallah in 20 years, 30 years how those two are going to change and what's going

00:52:26--> 00:52:56

to happen, but this is a less other. And we all know at one point you can be best friends are not even close to somebody and then things happen. It's not mentioned they were closer or not. But they must have had some interaction. And the end of the day of the look, even as obeyed is too famous to not know who he is. And he is he is the leader of the army. Because again, while we have sent the first army to the Byzantine capital, which is now Istanbul, guys remember from where to where, look where they're going, and of course, who is buried because of this battle, who is buried there,

00:52:57--> 00:53:08

of what you bet on Saudi is buried over there, oh, boy, but it is buried because of this battle. He's also in the army. So this is during the time of Mao era, the loved one.

00:53:10--> 00:53:55

And that is why it is authentically narrated in the books of history, that even as Jabez attitude towards Mongolia did soften. And so when more are we are died hypnose debate how para la La quwata illa Billah. And he was genuinely saddened. And he said, I would not have a problem. If more are we as rule lasted till the end of time. Like he is going to be a good ruler doing the job. And you know, here's the point. There are some critics of Huawei in our times, especially amongst the the, you know, Islamist parties type of people that they say that the fact that he started kingship is what destroyed Islam. And this is a very simplistic understanding. And in reality, it is very

00:53:55--> 00:54:07

possible that and I'm not defending kingship. But people who don't know politics should not pontificate about it. You cannot rule as an angel.

00:54:08--> 00:54:48

You cannot rule as an angel. You have to have a harsh and a mean and a nasty side. Otherwise your rule is going to fall. And if you just look at what happened in our countries, other in Middle Eastern countries, when a soft Islamic ruler came, what happens? It's not not possible, and I'm not defending or critiquing. But power is different than him. And that's why I'm happy. I'm in my second that side. And the point being whatever you want to say about more alioto the last one, he established peace, he expanded the Muslim Empire five times he fought in India, in North Africa, in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. He expanded the dominion of Islam, he created the naval force, he created

00:54:48--> 00:54:48

an

00:54:49--> 00:54:59

empire the way that hardly anybody did. And that's what a politician does. And he did it. And he did it amazingly well. Now, as we all know, while we are

00:55:01--> 00:55:42

In his he had and the brutal fact of the matter is, he was probably right in this regard. Even if we don't like the guy he chose, he thought that instead of having a civil war, let's just create a dynasty, who's going to fight over this? No, let my son be in charge, as is the way in the rest of the world where there's a dynasty? And yes, it is true. He created a dynasty. It's true. In his he had he decided, you know what, let's just stop this once and for all. And let's be in charge in this way. So as we all know, he announced in his lifetime, that my eldest son, at the time he had been while he had an older son, he passed away than my son, he has either been while we're is going to be

00:55:42--> 00:56:31

in charge. And the people grumbled, a lot of them were not happy. And some people refused to accept this even when while he was alive. But since when I was in charge, you're not going to rebel openly. hasn't happened yet. And five people who were the senior most Sahaba, who said, No, they're new spread amongst the crowd amongst the world, that these five refused to give the oath to use either one while we're alive. Who are these five? Number one? Man, even the banker, the oldest son of a worker, number two, Abdullah ibn Omar, the son of Omar, number three Abdullah ibn Ibis, number four, Abdullah Ivana Zubaydah all of the other three that are here. And then number five, who is number

00:56:31--> 00:56:33

five. All of you know,

00:56:35--> 00:57:18

Hussein, Hussein dlo, has passed away. This time hasn't passed away when he is he is announced. Right? When new seeds nomination is announced, hasn't has passed away. Hussein becomes the eldest of the blue horseshoe. And so Hussein says No way. And Hussein, we know what happens to her say. So these five said, No, we're not going to accept the need to be our next Khalifa. But while he is alive, so what are you going to do? So few years go by? And, and by the way, why did they say no to this? For many reasons of them is that, yes, they did not want to start a dynastic legacy. They didn't want to start a dynasty, if they felt this is an Islamic, and they have a valid issue at

00:57:18--> 00:57:57

hand. And that's why I'm saying I'm not defending either side here, both sides have Hulk and both sides have a perspective. Also, and this is something that is awkward to mention, but it is true. It is well known and motor water in the books of history, it's not to share a conspiracy, it is in our own books, that yazeed was a drunkard, and he would lead the Sadat drunk, and he would delay the Salah, because he was drunk. And again, you have these Sunni historians wanting to sanitize it. And that makes the Shia so irritated even more so. And this is a tit for tat. We don't care what the Shia or Sunni, say, What does history tell us? Let's be fair. And in our own books, why do you think

00:57:57--> 00:58:39

the Sahaba did not want us to be the hudy? For think about it? Is it just because he's the son of Huawei, or he was a faster overall, he was not a good man. It is well known now, in hindsight, compared to our kings of today. So what if you drink some tequila? That's a very trivial thing, and no big deal? You know, compared to the what's going on now? No big deal. So what if he's delaying the Sunnah, at least he prays five times a day, right? But again, for the Sahaba, how dare somebody who's a drunkard be our halifa? And they have every right you see what I'm saying? In our times, if our ruler just drinks without Hamdulillah, that's a big deal. Hamdulillah, we're more than happy. If

00:58:39--> 00:58:56

you're just you're only sinners that you're drinking, then you are a really good person, you know, compared to what everybody else is doing in our time. In our time, every ruler has blood all the way out on his hands all the way on his body point being for the Sahaba yazeed was a no go No way. They did not want somebody like him.

00:58:57--> 00:59:33

And there were plenty of people more qualified. And Subhanallah Why should don't live in a bus and to live in Oman and Viehbacher and obey her saying, why should they accept this guy when their Sahaba Think about it, and there are more qualified and they're more noble, and they're more whipped up the Everything is there. So they have every right to say no. And this also shows us and a half to go into this tangent to your brothers and sisters that were having so many fits in in our times. Route, am I getting involved in politics or the mass importing resurrections or odema going against protests or odema, this and that, each one quoting that each one doing this and that, and this is a

00:59:33--> 01:00:00

masiva and a fitna, none of these are by and large is a politician. They don't understand politics is not books. It's not what you read and whatnot. And in the end of the day, it's not simplistic to have an answer here. You know, in some countries, you will find the Roman saying it is a part of Islam to obey the ruler. You must be quiet, just you're not allowed to have any demonstrations. And then you have in the same country saying, Oh, we have to fight and we have to

01:00:00--> 01:00:28

Go and each one is quoting precedents. And guess what guys, each one is right in their own way. There is precedence. Abdullah Abu Zubaydah is a precedent. He did not want the boom a year. And he did not give the data to them. Hussein is a precedent. And so those are another talk about productivity and armor. Hmm. In reality, this is a concept that developed hundreds of years later. It's not in the beginning of Islam, you have a spectrum.

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And just like all issues within this spectrum, people are are gravitating towards one opinion versus another opinion. And it's not clear cut, which one is the correct one? In fact, there's an element of truth in each one of them. Politics is a dirty business. It's not how can Boston it's not clear cut, how Rahman Helen, which is why it's best for me to own to kind of stay away from it. Right, Phil? Because much easier. Okay, to see it. It's much easier you can but politics, how do you deal with human beings? It's very difficult. So these five people, they said, No, we're not going to give the beta but more are we is alive. Then obviously, while we are dies, yazeed is put into power. He

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has he demands these people by name is a vindictive guy from the beginning. He's that type of person. He knows exactly who said no, he demands these by name, but they're no longer five after a man has died.

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So there's four left, okay, by the time he gets to the seat, the courtesy Where are we is that rhodiola one. So now you see is in the courtesy. He wants the names of these four. And he mentioned them by name, get their beta, by hook or through crook I want their forced beta and it will be done in public. And all of them are in Medina.

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That's where they are. That's where they're born and raised. They are in Medina. So he has he demands from his governor in Medina, it was his father's governor. Now his father's death was his governor has governor in Medina is worried about that, get the oath from these four, even if you have to force it, get it from them. So he takes these four. And eventually, even Omar and Eben Abbas, they say, okay, call us fine, we'll just give it to just let us go our way, had been almost an ebb and bustle de la, and we talked about them. And their political ideology is the one I personally admire the most. And this is my philosophy, stay out of politics. Let the people fight

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for the courtesy, and you just get involved in a bother and let the blood beyond their heads. To me, this is the safest and the best in Omar, and they've been abuzz their whole lives, was dedicated to the data and knowledge and being with the people and wars are coming and going. They don't fight in them, between the Muslims, not their business, but something much more important to do. So if an omen and a boss they became a political house, forget it, you want to take the philosopher we're out of here. And they gave the oath and they never ever explicitly supported or opposed. They just immerse themselves in worship and knowledge and the best one to five and have been almost started

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his school and Medina what just involved in teaching Islam, refusing any political post not doing anything, just the bare minimum, Hamas, we accept you the halifa. Now let us be. So this is the philosophy of those two, who is left now

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to Abdullah Abu Zubaydah and Hussein or the loved one. Now a lady who has been given the license, you can do whatever you want. So he arrests them.

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And he puts them in and he says you have these few days, and then we're going to move it up one notch like he's been given the license to whatever needs to be done to get their oath of allegiance. Now, it appears and Allah knows best that Allah what he might have been the governor, but popular support was for the people was feminist debate and Hussein. Somehow I looked up the books that I have, and I'm not a historian expert, so I don't have an entire 500 collections of books. I only have the main ones of Islamic history, public content beside and you know, some ones I have, I looked up what I could I couldn't find the details of the story and Allah knows best what it is

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somehow it is obeyed and Hussein escape.

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Now, I'm pretty sure that is obvious what happened and that is the people of the town Medina. They don't like the governor. They don't like the bootable media. And so maybe even the prison guards helped in the escape, because the popular support is not for the the popular support and here's what I say either

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given to us in this room here Subhan Allah, if you had been alive at that time, in all likelihood, you would have supported her saying ovaries eat.

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ie, you would have been she add to it think about that, because that is what she had two ideas. Think about that. Psychologically, on the one side, you have a drunkard on the other side, you have Hussein, the grandson of the profitsystem, who amongst us would choose the drunkard over that think about that, right? So it's very easy for us in hindsight to but when you're there when in the real world, the popular support was for these people, not for the drunkard back in Damascus. So what happens even as obey and her saying they run away? they escape in the middle of the night. And when he wakes up and they're gone to sell is empty, and they had support obviously enough support

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somebody had to give them animals somebody had to give them food, water, somebody has to be their guide. They have support now, where's the one place they can go where they're protected by Alicia? maka,

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that's why they have to come to mark.

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There's only one city in the world that Allah azza wa jal has protected women the Haida who Cana Amina, this is why even azubi went to Makkah. Not because Makkah is the holiest of all these wants to have the capital there, but because since it is the holiest of holy, theoretically, nobody should attack and harm him that theoretically is thrown thrown out the window and head judge comes to power, but theoretically, no one is supposed to attack Mk. How can a Muslim attack Makkah? Well, you have to be a judge to do that. So zubaid evidence obeyed flees to Makkah and Hussein rhodiola. Juan flees to Mecca, and hear their story splits up on the one side Hussein's story which I'm not going

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to go into because I've already mentioned that I mentioned this you have it online a two hour lecture I gave it here are the letters from Kufa start coming and her saying is convinced his people say no buses, no Mohammed Abu hanifa says no job. He says every jumper says no, but I'm saying rhodiola one feels that they're going to support me so he along with his entourage leave Makkah and they go all the way to

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Kufa or Karbala, and what happens happens. Okay, so now he's out of the picture, and only one person is left. And that is of course,

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the law even as obey. And

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now his arrogance has become even more. And

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in the meantime, of course, the massacre has occurred. So what happened was that

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after the massacre, so Abdullah Abu Zubaydah has given an oath a hell of in public, that he has said that I will basically not rest until even as obeyed has given his oath to me, this is like an hour challenge of egos that Evan is obeyed, has to give his oath to me. It appears that after the massacre of Karbala,

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Zubair

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I will not ever say that he felt any fear because that's not him. But probably he felt pragmatically that if this tyrant is so evil, that he's going to murder the grandson of the Prophet, so set them then what hope do I have against this evil person? So even as you were approached the governor of Makkah under the Obama years, because remember, he's living in muck, but still MacOS under the rule. And it's just because maca is maccha that nobody can touch him. Right? while he's in Makkah, he's anti Oh, my Oh my god, always preach against us eat, the massacre happens. And he makes an offer to the governor. And he says, I'm willing to give the oath but to you in Makkah,

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as a representative, okay, I'm willing to do the oath brought to you in Makkah. Safe maccha nothing's gonna happen. The governor gets happy. He writes a letter sends it to your seat, that hamdulillah I have good news, even as obey is going to give the oath and he's going to give it to me in Makkah, just trying to slip it by, okay. Even as obey, I mean, yazeed would have none of that. And in anger, he shouted, I swear by Allah has nothing to be learned, you know, when you make a hell of that becomes binding, as you know, that now becomes an oath. I swear by Allah, I will not accept his oath, after all that's happened, I will not accept his oath until he is dragged to me in chains

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here in Damascus. And he gives it in front of the whole public that he is now under me. This is nothing but pure.

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arrogance and ego standard is nothing but ego. I swear and he makes a head of and as a Muslim when you make 100 it's like and as a halifa. He's making the 100 and he makes it in public. So it's an ego issue now, right now, when he calms down when you see it calms down

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his advisors all come and say, you know, you should have just accepted he would have just you know he is your main enemy right now, if he was willing to let go that 100 let that go. But in his anger he didn't accept anybody. His own Son yazeed son, pause here don't get confused. He is EADS father and yazeed son have the same name.

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So don't get confused while we even use it even while we and this more we're interesting story Listen to this. He was to become the halifa after yazeed for a few weeks, then he died. And he didn't have an air, no children and ever married. So the line of more outerwear for the halifa stops

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and it goes to the cousin of muawiya. Marwan ebenen hakam and the rest of the Omega toda all the way till 400 years later and under those 14 generations down are going to be mother Juan's children great Gregory Gregory all the way to

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what yours is from Allah. We gave the class and under this history 10 hundreds on 1000 something like all the way until you know 1000 something seeeeee the oma years dynasty is through through home Marwan while we as line comes to an end, so his vision of establishing a dynasty was actually not successful the way he wanted it because his own grandson did not marry did not have children, and it's simply filled out. Okay, so this young more Alia seems to have been a very righteous pious man, not like his father, and he was also always sickly suffering from whatever cancer whatever it was. He dies 21 years old, very young boy, so he was cloudy for for a few weeks. That's it, then Marwan

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becomes a halifa. You got you guys filming right now right now he is he is the halifa while he has his son, and Malia says My dear father, you should have accepted his plea. Just get him off your back. He'll be agreeing. Why did you have to do this? And his father says to him, yeah, you fool. Yeah. What do you know anything? So his son while we says Why don't you ask Abdullah ibn Jafar Ibn Abu Talib Abdullah bin Jaffa

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the senior most a little bit was sympathetic to you bring him and asked him. So they invite Abdullah and he says Do you think I should accept and Abdullah said Your son is smarter than you?

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Your son is right you are wrong in this. So what does your z do? So yazeed says I cannot take my head of back.

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Why do you think he said that?

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Huh?

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If you swore by a law, could you take it back from a film perspective?

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What give what

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is that a difficult thing.

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guys learn some basic different all of you should know this, when you make a co founder and the name of Allah. Sorry, when you make a hell of in the name of a law, you are allowed to break the hidef by giving a cafaro.

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Theoretically, you can break it. So why would you not want to break it?

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So

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arrogance,

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ego, it's nothing.

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It's nothing to do with fear. It's ego, because I made a hell of in public, I cannot withdraw. But he goes, I have an idea. Don't worry, he'll listen to this, I have a middle path. So yazeed,

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orders the construction of certain items, and then sends them to Makkah with a letter. And he says that

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I have given an oath that I cannot break. However, you may come in these and what are the gifts or whatnot that he's created. He has ordered his Craftsman to make a silver rope and a gold handcuffs.

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And he goes you may come in these to Damascus, you guys follow him?

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Like, I'll honor you

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by wearing silver and gold you will come so I have to honor my health so that nobody can say that you want

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my head if my oath is going to take place. So you will come here but rather than an actual handcuffs and chain. This is a silver rope and a gold handcuff and you will give the oath and return but it was too late. And so Pinilla both of these, you know and the no doubt one of them is way infinitely better than the other but both of them they did not want to compromise. And so Ignacio Bay wrote back a very sarcastic line of poetry, which when you tries it is

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loses all of the eloquence. I shouldn't say eloquence, the sarcasm is dripping with sarcasm, okay, dripping with sarcasm. And it basically he basically says I shall never sub submit myself to the truth until rocks become soft when you chew them and grind them and spit them out. Like it's very crude like in your face. I'm not going to do this until people eat rocks and noodles and whatnot. So he refused to do this. And that was the last attempt at compromise. Now it's all out war between these two parties. And yazeed becomes even more incensed. And one more incident happens that causes us to basically flip and send a massive army to attack the two holiest cities of Islam, think about

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that, rather than fighting the Romans or fighting the Fulani or Alon, he commands one of the largest armies to go and attack both MK and Medina, what happened in Medina, time is finished now inshallah, on that shirzad note,

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will then finish and continue next was shall load down and I start with what happened in Medina. So that is he was so irritated that and what happened in Medina is linked as well but indirectly to the fact that it was a it is in Makkah gave the people of Medina the courage or the idea, say forget you, we're going to also get rid of you. So they revolted MK hasn't been as obeyed. And so the two now is going to be done simultaneously, and that inshallah Tada. We'll discuss next Thursday and the next one is de sha Allah. And there's no point in q&a now because I want to finish the whole story and then to the switch Allah with that we will stop for today and still selected, Trisha said I want

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to lie about a cartoon