Lives of Sahaba 75 – Abdullah Ibn Zubayr Part 3

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

In the final part on the lectures pertaining to the three Fitan in the time of Abdullah Ibn Zubayr RA, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi touches base on the incidents that led to the tragic death of Ibn Zubayr RA.

Abdul Malik ibn Marwan was the torch and the reason for a firm standing in the civilization of Islam or the Umayyad dynasty. Many details are explicitly explained on Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf (known as the terminator – for his way of dealing with his enemies being harsh, ruthless and immensely cruel) and the likes of him, his atrocities towards the people of Mecca and his ultimate cruelty exhibited in the death of Abdullah Ibn Zubayr RA.

We also get acquainted with the final heart wrenching and emotional exchange of dialogues between Ibn Zubayr and his mother Asma Bint Abi BAkr RA in his final moments just before setting out to fight against Hajjaj and be eventually martyred. It is just unimaginable and unfathomable as to how a mother displays such strength of Iman and valour and bravery that she is able to tell him to get martyred rather than dying a humiliating and wasteful death. She said to her son Ibn Zubayr RA – “There is nothing after death that man should be afraid of. Skinning does not cause any pain to the slaughtered sheep.”

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA said about Abdullah Ibn Zubayr that the latter was nicknamed Sawwam and Qawwam. He was also the embodiment of courage and heroism.

Do listen with utmost sincerity in order to fathom the greatness of these sahabas who walked the face of this earth.

 

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi. Germaine I'm about to do is our last lesson for Abdullah bin Isabel rhodiola of Thailand and it will also be our last lesson in the lives of the Sahaba. For a while, we're going to be breaking for the month of Ramadan and then coming back and shortly after that. So briefly, I had discussed in the last two lectures, some of the main incidents in the life of our governance debate, and we now have just to the final incident, which is obviously the incident of his death. And I heard you mentioned what that when yazeed died in the year 64 hijra. His son more avenues he

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was elected or basically nominated by his father. But more Alia was never a serious candidate, and at the death of yazeed, most likely even in that 40 days of Marawi his reign because he died within 40 days. within that time, most likely, Abdullah Abu Zubaydah declared himself to be the halifa of the whole oma. So he basically said to his followers, like you know, basically have nothing to do now. We are all you should all be under me. And when Abdullah zubayr declared himself halifa he especially wanted the support of the senior most living Sahaba. Amongst them was Abdullah ibn Ibis. He was still alive at this time, Abdullah bin Omar was still alive at this time. And there was a

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person who was not as a hobby, but he was the senior most of the LL baits. And that is the younger brother of Hussein, but not through fathima. Does anybody remember his name?

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He was saying and Hansen's younger brother but not through Fatima.

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That's the grant is the grandson, Ali's uncle.

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No. Mohammed even at Hanafi was his name. Mohammed Abdel Hanafi. Okay. He's called ebenen hana fear because he's not the son of Fatima. So after Fatima died, he married a lady from the new hanifa. She's called the Hanafi. And from this Hanafi he had this child Mohammed. And so Mohammed and Hannah Thea was the senior most of the debate because he's the son of God. Of course, Xena Abilene is his grandson. Right? Are these grandson, Mohammed is his son, these three people, they refuse to give the baby to Abdullah disobeyed, and they said, until the matter is decided and you are unanimous, then we will support you. They did not want to get involved in

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politics. And even as obey really tried for a number of years. But even Abbas was living in Mecca. And it got very tense between the two of them. Because even our boss refused. He goes, I'm not getting involved between this and I'm going to be neutral. And they maintain their neutrality until their deaths Subhanallah and this caused tension between these great men, because again, understandably Agnes Zubaydah felt justified and had been abuzz, said I'm not going to get involved in the Civil War. And he did never got his whole life. He never got involved in the politics and civil war. And he respected him as a better as a man, but he did not want to take sides so towards

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the end of our bus and Evans rivers life, there was tension and had been our best one to live in partly because of this boy he passed away in life because he could not there was just tension between the two of them because he kept on trying trying to defend our boss basically would never put in his weight behind Ivanova. So those senior most they didn't really get involved. However, the majority of the oma then turned to eminence Zubair for support, and Ignacio bear, in turn sent out Governor's to take charge of the major cities, and he sent his brothers and his cousins and his supporters. He sent them to Kufa to Wasilla to hurt us and to Yemen to Egypt, even to some towns in

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Syria, such that for a short period of time, even as obey was clearly the uncontested kalea of the entire oma.

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And especially after the death of more are we after 40 days. And even while we never really became a strong Cliff because he was never in that position and power. It was pretty clear that even a zoo Bay was the halifa of the oma and that is why many of the later historians like Imam Malik he's a scholar but he wasn't alive at this time. He comes in the next Imam Malik comes right after

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All of this he's born right after this. So he doesn't see it I witness but he knows about it. And even Abdullah bar and even hasn't even casier as a hobby, they all considered even as zubayr to be the legitimate halifa at this point in time, and Ubuntu omiya to be the usurpers. Now. Now the table has turned, it's no longer clear cut that while we have an even one can say that he is he at some level, even no matter his personal life. But in the end of the day, he was basically passed down and he was the halifa in terms of power and strength. And in this debate had nothing and he started and he started, you know, for MCC, now to the table has clearly turned and W omega or nothing. And even

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as zubayr essentially has the entire oma except for small pockets in demisch and Syria, which are by no omega, just small pockets, otherwise, the rest of the oma follows even as obey. And therefore it is correct to make an argument that even as obeyed was a unanimous halifa for a period of time, but it was for a very short period, because the pro may had factions, they immediately held an emergency meeting in demisch. Because that's always been their capital W omega. And they call together all of their tries bit from across the oma and they discussed their next steps. And some amongst them, including the senior most more widely wouldn't have come publicly in that gathering said even as

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rebellious the halifa helaas. Let's just finish this now. We don't have a viable candidate, and so call us no big deal. I mean not no big deal. He didn't say that. But I'm saying he basically was willing to give baotou even as debate. However, the youngsters would not allow that. Power is the single most corruptive influence on man. Nothing corrupts more than power. And this is a reality that is well known and tested. And every other fitna is trivial compared to the fitna of power. Once you have tasted power, once you have tasted that kursi and share colosse everything goes out. And the youngsters amongst them, they insisted that the bundle oma year lay claim it is ours, and we're

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going to reclaim the throne. And they suggested the name of a younger son of yazeed, a brother of more Aria by the name of harlot Eben yazeed. Even more, are we even Abby, Sophia? Okay, so brother of of the younger, more aware, okay, Khalid Ibn yazeed, even while we have interview Sophia, and they said he should be the halifa. But then they said he's too young. Also, he has no political experience. And believe it or not, this is interesting. He was what they called a scientist.

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Believe it or not, he was the first of the whole of his family, the royal family to dabble in science. And in translating the books of the Greeks. He's the first he he had a mind that's more academic. And he didn't was not that interested in politics. But in the end of the day, he's the son of yazeed, you know, so you have to look at blood versus that. So in fact, just a footnote here, this person, Khalid was the first person to pay to translate the books of the Greeks into Arabic, in the in the entire history of the oma, this man was the first way before Matt moon and beta hegman, whatnot. This is the guy that began that. And he had a team an entourage of doctors. And you know,

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in those days, philosophers and doctors and scientists were one person. And those days if you just weren't interested in, you know, anything of this nature, you're one person. It's not that specialized. You're doing chemical experiments, you know, you're looking at the body. So he actually had a team that he would finance and he would study with them and what not because he has money is the Norma is the son. So they said, Let's choose Khalid Ibn z, but they realized that he's not known he doesn't have experience. So what was the compromise and so panela This is called a law you can never predict the future. They said Look, he's still young motwane You're the eldest amongst us.

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What and you 75 years old or something? You take charge until the matter is settled, then we'll return back to harlot

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you know what's going to happen? Okay, Marwan Why don't you take charge your that we all respect you. You're a seasoned career diplomat. Agreed. Definitely. As the eldest of the oma years, you have experienced that nobody else has, and you are universally respected. So you go ahead, and you lead the forces until we reconsolidate the affairs of the bundle omega, and your Crown Prince William, will not be your children, your Willie and there's going to be who, harlot because they wanted to go back to the line of muawiya

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Okay, well you all know what happened. Anyway, we're gonna get there. But you all know what happened. So they reached out to this plan this compromise and Marwan that agreed to obviously take the helm and try to wrestle back from Urbanus obeyed the lands for bundle omega. So realize now through this point in time, the the burner omega are the minority, they only have small pockets of support, the bulk of the oma has publicly given us by two eminent zubayr and their governors are now even as zubayr. So maca becomes the capital of the oma. But for barely a year and a half, just a little bit of time. maca becomes the theological and political capital of the oma and Subhana Allah,

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if Allah had willed another course of history would have taken place. But see what I told you even last week, politics is dirty, and good people cannot become politicians. And I say this with a heavy heart. I say this, not even liking what I'm saying. You can't be a nice person with it, and be in politics without other people taking advantage of you. And if you're going to become like them, then you're no longer than with Turkey that people admire. And again, this is just real politic. This is just the way it is. And I'm not defending it at all. So panela politics is a hobby, hobbies, business is a necessary evil. And this is the reality when you read history and whatnot In any case,

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so

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they reached an alliance amongst the themselves. And they agreed that they're going to start conquering bit by bit until they're able to reconquer the land. And so they they for the first battle was between the governor of urbanists obeyed in Villa de Sham, and between the bundle omega outside of Damascus. So they started where they were, where their stronghold was, where most of their support was wise decision, and Madonna's and politician. And in the end of the day, he's going to win because he has the wherewithal the know how, and also the tactics that the righteous pious Venezuela would not have. Okay, so mode one knows where to start, he starts in Sham, and the big

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battle takes place the first battle, if this battle had not been successful, in all likelihood history would have taken a different course, because this was the first domino and this battle took place, literally in the year 64 higit, literally one year after the death of yazeed, right outside of Damascus, it was a very, very important significant battle lasted 20 days, and eventually Marwan and his forces one, and the governor of Venezuela was killed, along with most of the army of him in his debate, and then they began looking at the other cities they attacked him, which is also in Syria, and the governor of hims. Under Nazarbayev was a Norman Eben Bashir, a famous Sahabi his

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editor mentioned the 40 Hadith no way there's a hadith nuccio. Now Medina Bashir By the way, some handled an interesting story. We're not going to do a whole biography of him. He was the first of the unsoldered born in Medina, just like Kobe was the first of the Maha doodle. And the two of them because of this formed a special bond. So in our mind of niboshi and Abdullah Abu Zubaydah are both firstborns of the onside, and then Mahajan, and they were very close. So he sent Norman to be the governor of hims. Now whenever Zubair is forced at one, mode was forces one, and they began to attack him, he realized that there's no point in basically attacking, and so he, along with his

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family and an entourage they fled to avoid war, but to the forces of mode one shows you how they are, they hunted him down and they massacred him. Even though he wasn't putting up a fight just like again, this is a type of politics that in the end will win over the righteous This is the reality The sooner the lifefy holiday so they killed Norman even in Bashir and again, that's the way the media is gonna be successful. And Marwan himself then bit by bit, he then turned his attention. Very smart man, no doubt about it, you have to admit he's a politician. And I say this with the sense of truth and, and I'm not trying to be a slur to him. I mean, again, in the end of the day, all of this

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criticism aside, and I said this last week, and the week before the Romanians, no matter what you want to say, We owe them a massive credit, they established a civilization of Islam. They made massive changes that truly allowed the oma to flourish in its own way. But in order to get there, they're going to do these things along the way. This is the reality of politics. So he then turns his attention to Egypt, which is not a main province because he knows the bigger provinces are going to be problematic. So mode one turns his attention to Egypt, and he then sends forces to Egypt and slowly but surely, he conquered Egypt back into the bundle Romania. So you see now Syria and Egypt

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are now becoming the bundle omega, and now he's going to turn his forces elsewhere. And his goal now was then to move on to the biggest issue, which is Kufa leave MCE for the last because MCI is going to be the hotspot mode.

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Isabel has been there already for so many years. And in the meantime, he's already plotting and planning to figure out how the Philadelphia is going to be in his line and not in the

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it'd been while we're in a venue seeds line, and he's done it. He's doing this behind the scenes. So of the things that he does is he married the widow of yours eat.

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he marries the widow of yours, it gets the woman over on his side, that one that might cause some issues like that, and he does other things as well formed alliances, until finally before his death, he declares, after I die Abdul Malik Eben Marwan she'll be the halifa no longer Khalid avenuesuite, okay, and he manages to do this, there's grumbling, there's what not, but now he's in charge. what's what's going on? What are you going to do? He has the army, he has the wealth, he has the generals, and that is exactly what happened. And in 65, digital, he passes away. So mode one barely rule for a year and a half. But Subhana Allah, Allah khadir, the philosopher, one from the bundle oma muawiya

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until it would never go back, never ever, just yazeed 40 days his son, that's it then goes back to moto Juan, and every single future halifa of the oma years, all the way till the Obama years of Andalusia, all the way till the 11th century CE II and the 400 country from that time up until the end of the oma years in the under those are all from the children of Marwan. And not a single person came from the line of yazeed or muawiya. After that, so he was not able to get Hijaz and Iraq in his time because he died mode, one died, and the next halifa comes in charge. And that is now Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan. Now, Abdul Malik is a true founder of what we know as the Omega dynasty.

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The omega dynasty before him is a typical, that's why we as he different things happen. When we think of the oma years if anybody's studied history, you were thinking of Abdul Malik and his children. This is where the omiya that we know begins. And if anybody has to be given credit for founding the civilization of Islam, it is Abdul Malik, Eben barwon. One very forward thinking, bureaucratic, very much visionary, and a person who, again, it's not a matter of pyre tonight. He's a politician and he rules and he ruled effectively no matter what you want to say about what happened in his time. He consolidated the EMA under one fist, it has to be an iron fist or else is

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not gonna work that way. And abdon medic, there's so much that we owe to him despite the fact that again, what we're going to talk about are the massacre of eminence Zuberi takes place in his time, but again, this is the reality of the oma. And so Abdul Malik takes charge and for the next 22 years or so, he is the halifa and he lays the foundation for the stability of the Omega dynasty that shall flourish for another few decades after his death and another few centuries in under lucea and Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan

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in his entire 20 years, essentially all it is, is a series of uprisings that he has to battle and consolidate his entire reign, if you wanted to look at it is one resurrection one rebellion after another, the entire it's like a second aboubaker diff time where we're wars are going on But these aren't words of these are words of power. These are words of now I won't charge and there are rebellions in Kufa and bussola. Of course, the Hejaz has evidence to bail. And of course, in his time, the Hawaii cottage became an entire dynasty onto its own until finally they fled to Oman and their their descendants are still there, the the Hawaii which became an actual mini state, and he

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had to fight them multiple times as well. So and there were many rebellions that took place. I would this is not the class to get into this early Islamic history, but if you ever read any early Islamic history, you're gonna read about the rebellions of Masada coffee in Kufa and Masada Sokka. He was the main founder of theological shear ism. He was the one who started raising the status of Hussein way above what the people of Kufa had done before and he took control of Kufa and he fought the forces of the army as well. And he had his own Little Kingdom. See, that's the point, even as obey no longer was one. Once they saw him as a very successful many kingdoms popping up. Everybody wants

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a piece of the pie. And this is the state of the oma in this era. What do you think is going to happen afterwards, there was another revolt as well, the revolt of even a shot, which is a famous revolt that took place and most of the

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People who followed that were actually pious, righteous people are the AMA, and Cora. And that's what it was called the revolt of the Quran, the revolt of the Koran scholars. In any case, his whole reign of the medic we're talking about was essentially one rebellion after another. And the biggest one is Our Story. That is the one that was the largest battle that took place. But it is more than just this. And by the way, I've done medic, as I said, we owe him quite a lot. He did a lot to to consolidate the oma one of the main things that I've done medic did

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was that he in Arabic is called the one Adela when we're out Robert De when. And what this means is that we would say in English is that he founded ministries of the empire

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that took charge of various aspects that we now understand common sense, but they didn't, back then, in the whole first time, there was one person halifa in charge of everything. Imagine how difficult that must have been. Abdul Malik is the one who basically has what we will call the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of taxation, the Ministry of this and that, and each one has its own bureaucrats and whatnot. And where did he get this from? Again, this shows you the forward thinking, he essentially acquired the infrastructure of the Persians and the Romans. And he found out how they're doing their stuff. And he then got the Muslims to aerobicized them, believe

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it or not, when mattawan and before him, you see that others were in charge. They allowed the bureaucrats to be the non Muslims, because they didn't understand the inner mechanisms of what's going on. And they would simply just get their money and taxes and allow the the people to take charge. So the Roman infrastructure in Sham, the Persian infrastructure in Iran was kept intact, and the ruling class allowed those people to be in charge because we don't know what's going on. You take charge. Abdel Malik was the one who aerobicized the bureaucrats. He brought in the Muslim people and the registrar's were written in Arabic. Could you believe in the early Islam, the

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registrar's were written in ancient Greek and ancient Persian? Because when you have the people, the bureaucrats working there, I've done medics said nope. Now we are an Islamic civilization. We're an Arab civilization. And we're going to make everything our way. So he basically, as it is, said Alibaba, when he aerobicized the ministries, and he also built McCullough Deena and masjidul oxa. You all know must have saw the must have saw the Cobra, who built it up the medic even more one of the medic, that structure of Jerusalem is still standing to this day. It was built by Rob the medic and mode one. And he had this vision of having magnificent structures in Makkah Medina and Jerusalem

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that were somewhat similar. As for MK and Medina, obviously they are changed over time. So they're long gone. As for Jerusalem, it is still standing to this day, and many of us have visited it, we have seen the actual whole bar that he built with the calligraphy of his time. And the structure that was built, the Dome of the Rock was built in the medicube. Mr. Juan's time, and it is still standing to this day. And he as well

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created for the very first time in Islamic history, something that again, shows you his visionary, and I'm saying all of this, because it is so easy for the ultra, you know, religious folks to just jump on Oh, he killed him no debate. Yes, he did. No doubt. But this is what politicians have to do to be politicians, and also comes a lot of good from them as well. This is not a defense, it is simply stating the reality, that in all likelihood, the purely religious folks would not have the finesse, and the suave and the sophistication and the know how to do what these bureaucrats are doing much less than a monitor what would prevent them from doing the tactics of abdon. Medic. See,

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that's what I'm trying to get across to you that these types of people, they are brutally efficient and in their brutality, they're going to be brutal. That's just the who they are. And again, this is not a defense. I mean, again, if we had been alive, our hearts are with him and even now, but even as obey was not able to do in terms of consolidating power with development you were able to do because of the tactics. What did what did the medic given but one do something that was to change the future of the oma forever. He was the first person to say we need our own finance. We're not going to take the gold and silver of Rome and Persia anymore. We are an empire and our finances are

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going to be going to them

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panela This changed the entire world order. And it made Islam a dominant civilization for many, many centuries. I just read a BBC article three days ago about a Viking King, whose body and treasure was discovered in Scandinavia. Back in the 800 somethings that he was buried there. They discovered 500 coins, many of them Islamic coins minted in Damascus, under the Obama years the Vikings are trading with omega coins. This is what you call visionary of the medicube and Marwan this what you call visionary that he's he's thinking long term, and this is one of the things he's going to establish we need our own currency. We're not going to take that because before this point in time, what was

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the currency of early Islam? What was the currency at the time of the process of

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Persian, Persian silver and Roman gold? This is typically and drachmas as well, okay, and what the early Sahaba would do, including a worker including Mr. Rothman and others is that they would take the Persian coins they would take the Persian coins and what would they do?

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They just right at the corner of it Bismillah okay, but the actual coin would be Persian as you guys know, I collect coins. So I actually quickly looked over some of my stuff here. You can take a look at this later on. So this is a coin of Abdullah, even as obeyed is an actual corner of the Lebanese away. Okay, this is the coin of Abdullah zubayr. You can look at it afterwards reverse one. And this is a sassanid assassinated coin. You can see the Emperor is the jarred or horse rider cannot recognize him. You see him over here. And at the bottom left you see Bismillah you cannot see it obviously but I'm just telling you at the bottom left you see Bismillah Okay, so this is the actual

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coin of Abdullah Jimenez obey the one we're talking about. He did not mint his own coins. What did he do? He got the coins from Persia and he wrote Bismillah at the bottom, this is his coin right here. Okay. No, this is you can tell this is silver, this is silver. Okay, so this is the silver coin and Abdul Malik Eben Marwan came along.

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And what he did was initially, initially I have this coin over here. You cannot see it again. You can see it on. The first thing that he did was he took the coins of the Romans, this is a Roman coin. This is a Roman coin of Abdullah medic, this is actual urban medics coin and what he did was that he drew his own image over the image of the Roman Emperor

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you guys following right? So this is that coin over here. Then what he did was that he decided to follow the Roman style and he drew a new Islamic coin which essentially had the Roman style of the crown of the Emperor carrying the staff of the Emperor like you know how they would do that. But it was now him rather than the Roman emperor and this is called the standing Calif coins for two and a half or three years of the medic minted the first batch of coins with him in a soap big beard holding a sword

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image actual drawing of Abdullah medic Eben, but one those coins, the gold ones are so expensive that yours truly cannot afford them.

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So I have nothing to show you. I can't afford those. They are too expensive. If I'm not mistaken, they go for around 100,000 or so these are like ridiculously expensive

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these are very rare they are available on the market. But obviously because you This is a picture of Abdulmalik

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carved, okay I have the medics picture carved on bronze. This is bronze I can afford bronze guys. I can afford bronze no problem. I cannot afford the the the gold one. Okay. The silver one as well. I cannot afford that one. I could not find the silver one as of yet. And when I do find it, I'll see if I can afford it or not.

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And this one

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this one is also in a zoo bear. Both of these urbanists have a diviner silver coins. I also have coins of hijacked by the we're gonna come to but I didn't find them in time. Then he said I guess the roadmap we don't know for sure most likely to own an asset and you cannot have an image. So he was the one who devised the style of Islamic coins that would remain up until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Okay, he was the one and I have that one which is also very expensive but it is affordable. This is the Medicaid Ben Baldwin's gold coin. Not the standing Calif

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This is after medical Mr. Wants actual gold coin. And he was the first person to basically issue a coin with nothing but text on it. And what is the text saying you can see this so clearly, this is actual gold from Ogden medic. This is his coin, and huh no image. I don't have the standing Kayla one that I told you. I can't afford that. If you want to give me No problem, go ahead, you know just you do a second mortgage on your house to buy one no problem, Michelle No. Okay.

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So it says La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah and it will also say in this site Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad limited, Willa mula. So it actually has sort of that loss on the coin. Okay, so he was the first person to have a coin with the kalama. And with the Quran on it later on. He would then, right, this coin was minted in demisch. In the year 38. This coin was minted in wasit, in the year 95. Right, and that I have hundreds of such coins where you have the date and the city, no problem. But the first coins did not have the date and the city and this coin that if you want to see it, it doesn't have a date in a city, he didn't have the thing of putting

00:31:14--> 00:31:58

the date and the city in it. But that style lasted all the way through, up until the end of the Ottoman Empire. The same thing is that there's no picture is just imagery, the kalama what not, that's going to be there. None of the none of the whole affair of Islam ever had a picture of themselves, other than the standing kalea of ob the medic, the first batch, which is why it's so rare and difficult. Anyway, my point is I went into this tangent to make you understand before we get to the negative, there's a lot of positive, you have to give the man credit for instituting a civilization on oma the glory of Islam. That really was a glory that his children by the way,

00:31:58--> 00:32:10

Abdullah kaban, Marwan was the only halifa in Islamic history. This is a quiz question, but it's a very easy one. Once you memorize it, you know it for the rest of your life, whose four sons

00:32:11--> 00:32:12

all became halifa.

00:32:13--> 00:32:55

He is the halifa who is the father of four halifa. Okay, not even George Bush has that honor amongst Americans, okay. Jeb didn't win if he had won, maybe would have three out of the with no. So I've done medic, four sons, and in between was was or whatever, the disease. So our guys came in between who was a cousin of the Jetsons or Mohammed Abdullah Aziz was a cousin of these other brothers. And the other four brothers came one after the other 123 Omar, and then the fourth came, right so four sons of Abdullah medicube, Mr. Juan, Warhola, Alpha and the Omega reach their Pinnacle in these sons. They reach their Pinnacle in these sons, and that's what happens. But one came and just puts

00:32:55--> 00:33:31

the plaster on the foundation of the medic is the one who solidifies the foundation, then you'll give it over to the sons and they build as high as they can. It really is that second generation that makes the Foundation and by the way, this is the son nine anything in empires and dynasties and, and companies generally speaking, it's like the second generation that really decides then the third generation just rides the wave, then after that, disintegration begins, right? So I've done medic, is that person now one more person needs to know, then we get to him in his debate in his death, one more person that we need to know for Islamic history. And I tried my best to keep this

00:33:31--> 00:34:10

simple because again, this is very, very, very basic class. And really, the gold is in this way. But I wanted to teach you some basic history that every educated Muslims should know. That's why I'm going over this stuff. And again, for those that are coming only for this lesson, three lessons ago, I said this is an excuse. It's not just in the debate. This is early Islamic history, but we're using even as a way to do some basic stuff that everybody should know the other person whose name is infamous during this rain is of course had judge in use of coffee. And what will make you understand who had judge even use of is okay, actually had judges nicknamed the children will get a laugh out

00:34:10--> 00:34:54

of this. His nickname is the Terminator. That is his nickname. Okay, in Islam, who is the Terminator had judge even use of he was called El movie, The Terminator literally just eliminated the Terminator. And that is because of his cruelty. That is because of hardly anyone in the early oma was as cruel as Hajaj. And once again, it's not as if nobody else killed as many people as he did. It's that the quality of people he killed would not be replicated, you are killing. Again, these are righteous people, sons and grandsons of the Sahaba and to have your own, whatever happens afterwards, you cannot compare to that level. So it's not that high judge is anything extra compared

00:34:54--> 00:35:00

to others is just a last quarter that he was doing it to that generation at that time, and very

00:35:00--> 00:35:19

Very briefly who has hijacked and then we're going to get to heaven as debate had judge is called the Terminator movie is the Arabic term he's not called the Terminator in English is called the movie al Moby means the one Ababa to exterminate complete literally. Okay, technically it's the exterminator but the Terminator sounds so much cooler. So let's stick with the Terminator.

00:35:21--> 00:36:04

So a movie, his actually, his great grandfather was none other than the Sahabi roadwatch when he was rude in a coffee, and he goes back to the zero you can listen to him, the one who accepted is now from thief. And he went before his tribe and the process of mourning him Don't go back, they're gonna kill you. And he goes, my people never kill me. And in fact, people killed him. So his great great grandfather was, in fact, a mystery from his mother's side. And he was from thought if he was from the tribe of a soccer field from five, and He always was loyal to the bundle omega, even though he was from the ages, and so when Urbanus debate became the came to power in Mecca. Had judge fled

00:36:05--> 00:36:37

and left the Hejaz and he ingratiated himself with Marwan and then Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan, and he essentially became what we would call an English the chief of the secret police because of his brutality, because he had no conscience and he was a loyal servant of Abdul Malik. And ironically, and again, this is again, so weird you only find these characters in early Islam you don't find them later on. Ironically, in his personal life, he was an avid

00:36:38--> 00:37:28

in his personal life, he was a memorizer of the Quran. He would recite Koran with fluency and teach Quran as a younger man. And he is not known to be somebody who delved into the sins of you know, the women wine and money type of stuff. Nothing is a straightforward man. But he didn't care about shedding blood. And what is women in wine compared to the sin of blood. He had no qualms about shedding people's blood and killing and attacking for the sake of the bundle omega. He was a loyal defender of hubbardton medic, Eben Marwan, and the his death came, by the way, 9500 way after he was obeyed, when he killed one of the greatest scholars of the tab your own sorry, the mutual aid in the

00:37:28--> 00:38:11

uprising of what I talked about the Quran uprising, the the scholars uprising say they've been God was a part of that the greatest scholar of one of the greatest quality of the top your own and had judge had him executed. And sorry, his last words were I make dua that I am the last person you're able to kill. That's the last day of surgery when he was executed. One of the greatest scholars, the students have had been Ibis, and what a great item. And he was executed by a judge himself. And the dog that he said was May Allah make me the last life who ever take and right after that he fell ill. And he died in the year 95, Hydra hijab and Yusef and what were his own last words again, somewhere

00:38:11--> 00:38:19

deep down inside, he believes he's a good man. So he said, Oh, Allah, forgive me, because the people think you cannot and I know you can.

00:38:20--> 00:38:22

That was his last words.

00:38:23--> 00:38:27

The people have assumed that you cannot forgive me. But I know you can.

00:38:29--> 00:38:41

Like what? You know, what do you say to that like that, you know, and that hubby said that he has some good deeds that drown in the ocean of his misdeeds.

00:38:43--> 00:39:23

And we come close to Allah by hating him for the sake of Allah. This is a man with the heavy saying, yes, some good deeds, like there's some righteousness. He was an eloquent man. He gave hold to buzz, eloquent, hold the buzz. And he did a lot to preserve the Koran, by the way, as well. He actually did a lot to preserve the Koran in his lifetime, like the official version of the Koran that we have. He actually took it from the Atlantic and he spread it more. And he did a lot to actually, you know, help us preserve the Koran. It's still any less cluttered in any case. So these are the two I went to rob the medic and head judge now we just get to the finale of this story. So the medic, came

00:39:23--> 00:39:43

comes to power. And and this is in 65 Digital, and the first five, six years of his khilafah are dealt ours are dealing with the other rebellions not with urbanist debate, until finally he feels confident to then take on the Hijaz, and he does this in the year 72 7200

00:39:44--> 00:40:00

and it is said that had judged himself after conquering Kufa and other cities. A judge himself demanded the honor to go to Mecca and take on evidence to be a judge was a loyal, loyal general he wanted to win battles for his money.

00:40:00--> 00:40:12

And he, he said to the medic, I saw in a dream that I'm attacking, even as obeyed and I am succeeding and winning, and I'm killing him so bad. So this is now the time I want to go. So

00:40:14--> 00:40:56

the medic allowed him to go and gave him one of the largest armies he had ever given anyone up until that point in time, over 20,000 men, this is a battalion This is like in those days a country's army 20,000 men, they're not even going to be 20,000 people with families in Mecca, and he has 20,000 warriors marching to the holy city. How is that even going to? Again, this is a no brainer. This is not going to be a real thing you cannot fight you know, as a city and mcca 20,000 men, now that admin is obeyed has he only has that area left because again, I've done medic has targeted each and every area until finally the entire country is now or the Republic is his other than that small

00:40:56--> 00:41:07

province, even Medina was taken away from Venezuela before he sent the 20,000. So literally is just the holy city left, how can you possibly fight this? So had judge

00:41:09--> 00:41:48

divided up his army into all of these groups, there were lots of Syrians, the boat omiya there were people from Africa, from Egypt from all over. And all of them are trained in different ways and whatnot and he is are marching with one of the one of the largest armies, the oma has seen. And I've said this sad fact before and I'll say it again. Most of the battles and armies in early Islam were not against outsiders. They were internal like this, fighting between each other. This is what's going to happen when you have the RAZR process and said once this sword is opened in my oma, it will never be lifted until Judgment Day once it falls in the oma. It will stay here and that's why

00:41:48--> 00:41:57

earthman said not in my time not in my watch, because he didn't want that and what it did happen while us even in the last time what happened happened. So over 20,000 people

00:41:58--> 00:42:00

besieged the city of Mecca

00:42:03--> 00:42:56

and cut it off from supplies from food from grain and even from water. So much so that after a while the people of Mecca only had Zamzam to eat and drink. That's all they had, everything is cut off, and the siege lasted for a full eight months. How can people live like this? Now? Interestingly enough, HUD judge has a very bad rap. And there are many books that mentioned that he used the catapult against the GABA okay. However, some group of medieval historians including Yvan Tamia, they are not fans of Hajaj, but they say whatever had judge did this catapult is not his it is Muslim of an octopus

00:42:57--> 00:42:58

in the time of yazeed

00:43:00--> 00:43:18

that had judged did not throw catapults on the Kaaba. And this is a mistake and a mix up of 15 years ago and the time of yazeed because remember us he had also attacked us It also attacked the Kaaba and yazeed was the one who had Muslim inocula.

00:43:20--> 00:43:47

Muslim and Omar sorry, yeah, to who is who is going to attack the Kaaba and he is the one who he is the one who used that catapult demand genic against the Kaaba. So it wasn't according to this inventory and others it wasn't had judge even use of who use the cannibals. Also it appears and Allah knows best and this has no defense of Hajaj, it appears that he did not attack the city and mass.

00:43:48--> 00:44:19

He just wanted to wait out and let people come to him. Eight months 20,000 men he could have slaughtered. But he didn't. And there seems to be some minimal level of bizarre respect that he has. And Allah knows best. Also because he is from the ages from thought if it doesn't appear that he was the one who used the tactics of Muslim at the time of useed. So his tactic was starve them out and forced them to come

00:44:20--> 00:44:59

with minor skirmishes that are going to take place. And that is exactly what happened that for eight months had judge kept on telling the people of Makkah to come into his side and he promised them safety. He swore to them by Allah, anybody who came would be safe. He said to them, why are you killing yourselves and your families? You know, I give you the head of Bella Bella Kava that you and your families will be safe come and you have food and water over here. And what do you think is going to happen again, this is this is this is the real politics of the world. Your family is starving.

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

Have your goals and ambitions are going to flow down.

00:45:03--> 00:45:49

Okay, this is just the reality. You don't have food to eat monster going by and outside, there's promise of safety, security take you wherever you want. Here's your food leave, just don't fight. What are you going to do? This is what happened. Slowly but surely, the people of Makkah, they had to make a difficult choice. Do we stay here with essentially certain death ahead of us? whenever they're going to attack? Let's sit there's no way or do we just leave. And over the course of the next few months, Vanessa Bayer's strength in Makkah, and this is the tactic that you really need a Machiavellian and you just, you need Elijah's to think of it. And at some bizarre level, and I have

00:45:49--> 00:46:06

to say this, you have to respect him for not attacking the guy, but just with the 20,000. You have to give him that credit that how much he hates him in his job, and he does hate him. He's not going to have a massacre of the people of Makkah. That did not happen in his time.

00:46:07--> 00:46:47

That did not happen before, but not in his time. And this is again, one of those. That's what he said that he has some good deeds, but they're drowned in the blood of his sins and had judge in his own life as we know, he wasn't a drunkard. He was praying regularly on time. He was on audit, he was perfect that we he was an eloquent hottie like he was in some weird way, in his own way, in his own mind, he felt he was doing the will of God. For the Romanians, he felt that this is justified, because I'm fighting for the legitimate Khalifa. And he felt all blood is then halal, because these people are different are fighting is the halifa. And again, it's just one of those weird things that

00:46:47--> 00:46:54

happen. So over the course of the next eight months, 10,000 of the followers of notice obey.

00:46:56--> 00:47:40

No, no not joined. They didn't, they didn't join to fight the other side has a very important point here. See, even even hijacked tactics was so beautiful. He didn't say to them, come join me and attractiveness obey. He could have made that condition he could have made that condition then will lie, it would have been very difficult. Well, he didn't say that he simply just said abandon, just leave, don't be there. Don't support. So over the course of the next eight months, bit by bit to the followers of head Judge of Zoo Vitaminas obeyed bit by bit, it's going to happen again. Don't say anything to anybody. You were not there. Your children were not suffering and dying in front of you

00:47:40--> 00:48:23

so much. So even a zoo where it is said even as obey had to sacrifice his own horse to feed his followers, the horse that he would use for battle. In the very end of his time, he had to sacrifice his own horse, not even he doesn't even have a horse to sit on for the battle. Now, there's nothing to eat, what are you going to do? So 1000s and 1000s left, basically the city is left abandoned. And perhaps one of the most painful things for urbanist debate is about had plenty of children to have his own sons also went over to the other Well, not to the other side, but they basically left to have his own sons, they went over to head judge and they got the promise of security and then left.

00:48:23--> 00:49:00

Okay. And that's very painful, you know, really, and that's obviously going to be very, but again, what are you going to do? I mean, I have nothing to say I wasn't there. We weren't, we weren't we weren't being tested the way these people are being tested. And they're seeing the results of the drought and the results of the lack of food. You know, there's no grain there's no meat, there's no nothing to eat. muck, as you know, is a barren land doesn't produce any crops. What are you going to do when there's food is running out, it's completely surrounded. So bit by bit, basically evidence to be realized is that he's just going to have to have a last stand. And head judge once again

00:49:00--> 00:49:20

offers him the choice, surrender, and I promise you that you will not be executed. Okay. That was the one promise now what's going to happen if you're not executed, you're going to be prison, tortured, or whatever, but you're not going to be killed. Okay. And it is said that now this is where the story is basically to come to an end, where

00:49:22--> 00:49:59

zubayr Abdullah zubayr then goes to his mother, a smart Binti IV bucket. And this is one of those iconic moments in early Islam. This is one of those very famous moments that, you know, people read about and hear about, and it's one of those significant historical incidents that truly demonstrates they were sure of their truth, and the other side was sure of their truth. So he visits his mother is smart, and of course as smart as this time is 100 years old. She is blind. She is now completely she is the last of the Mahabharat to still be alive.

00:50:00--> 00:50:30

Everybody's gone long gone. She's the last of them. And now she is surrounded by the forces of hijab, her son with a small band, we don't know how many, probably a few 100 are left now, we don't know how many. But out of 10s of 1000s, a few 100 of the core followers are left. And he says, Yeah, Omar, my dear mother, my own followers have left me even some of my family members have left me. And I only have a sheet of image and a small group of people.

00:50:31--> 00:50:45

And they are willing hijab is willing to give me whatever I want of this world, if I surrender, what is your advice to me, a judge will protect me, I have this dunya if I surrender, what is your advice, so as Mark said,

00:50:46--> 00:51:16

you know yourself better my son. If you believe you are upon the house, and you were calling to it, then go forth and fight as your companions before you did. Obviously, in these eight months, small skirmishes have taken place. No, no big all out war has happened. And again, you have to give a judge that little bit of credit, small skirmishes as it's going to happen, we have two armies, and people have died. So as much as saying, you go and you fight like those other people have fought.

00:51:17--> 00:51:52

And do not allow your neck to bend and become a plaything for the bundle omiya. To step on, means don't humiliate yourself in front of the vulnerable way, you have to go out like a man, don't allow your neck to become the footstool of the bundle, omega, die like a man if you want to. However, if you wanted this dunya and you want the woman is giving you the dunya then what an evil person you are, you have destroyed yourself. And all of your followers have died all of these years in vain.

00:51:53--> 00:52:01

So either you are upon the truth, in which case go forth and die on the truth. Or you are upon Barton, in which case Shame on you.

00:52:02--> 00:52:26

Or the third option, you were upon the truth. And now you say that you are too weak. And so you want to surrender. And I say as far as saying I say this is not the way of the people of a man to surrender. This is not the way of the people of a man to surrender. For how long will you live after surrender?

00:52:27--> 00:52:34

A hold eternity, for how long? In that case? moat is better than hyatts.

00:52:36--> 00:52:40

This is a smart book, telling her own son.

00:52:42--> 00:53:24

Now that's something just phenomenal at that age. Had judges promising safety, security, you can live and as smart as saying, Don't humiliate yourself, die like a man. Because even if you were to live for how long what's the benefit? What do you gain by doing that? So he said, Yeah, oh Ma, if I die, I fear that head judge will mutilate my body because he had done this in previous campaigns. Hi judge had unfortunately this evil practice which is how I'm obviously it is how wrong even to non Muslims. It is absolutely how long but people are people and how judges judge so

00:53:25--> 00:53:40

I'm Filipinos are very sad. I fear that they're going to mutilate my body. And a smart said that famous answer Yeah. boonie son, a sheep does not feel any pain when its skin is peeled off.

00:53:42--> 00:53:45

So go forth Bismillah and let Allah other happen.

00:53:47--> 00:53:50

Once you're killed, your body is not going to feel any pain.

00:53:52--> 00:53:59

And they say that he said this to his mother, not because he feared but he wanted to prepare her.

00:54:00--> 00:54:21

Because why would he Fear not because he feared he wanted to psychologically prepare her for what is going to happen. So he knelt down to kiss his mother for one last time. And she felt his armor on his head and whatnot. And she said, Take this armor off, let me feel you like I used to feel you as a child.

00:54:22--> 00:54:59

So he took his armor off and you know, they kissed and hugged like a mother and a son and made she made draft for him. And they both cried knowing this is the last time that's it. And then he took his band of followers and Bismillah they went out basically fighting to the last man. And even though Zubaydah fought a ferocious death, it is said that they tried to not kill him and capture him alive in order to humiliate because now now all bets are off if he if he was caught now, how long they can actually torture him to death that was their gonna be their philosophy. However, in the future.

00:55:00--> 00:55:48

verity of the battle. And then the troops, you know, doing what they did, a pillar actually fell down and it collapsed on him. So Allah protected him that at least he died without their hands actually killing him. So he died in the outers terminal place of the of the atom in outer buildings of the atom when the troops were in with him, and they could not capture him alive, he died in that manner. However, just to get their vengeance, they did exactly what he felt they would do. And they chopped his head off, and they sent it to optimally give Mr. One as a gift. And this pagan practice was nothing that the whole of our Raj you don't ever did. It is not the Sunnah of Islam, to send the

00:55:48--> 00:56:08

heads to the leaders. This is something that Unfortunately, these early Muslims got from the pagans. This is not a Muslim practice, as you know. And they sent the head of America but about one two. And they say the first to do this was to do this. And as you know, Hussein's head was also done it the same way, the same thing was done like that. So

00:56:10--> 00:56:49

they sent the head to the Vatican, but about one, and obviously he was very happy at this. He wasn't sad at all. He's very happy now that this enemy is gone. And when they chopped his head off, even though he's already dead, when they chopped his head off, his troops, the hedges troops started shouting with the cubbies Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. And again, it's just ironic, these people are Muslims. They're around the Kaaba. And they think they're doing the will of God. Because in their minds, they are in their minds, they are, had judged thought he's doing the will of God. He doesn't feel that this is something wrong. He's going to now lead the Salah in a few minutes in front of the

00:56:49--> 00:56:56

cab, and he thinks he's doing fine. You know, so the people start saying to bill, and even Omar heard that.

00:56:57--> 00:57:25

And Omar is their old man. Now, again, he did not participate, so they're not going to harm him. Remember, these are people that everybody knows they're neutral, right? And now their neutrality will come in handy for them. And in many ways, it was a wise decision because they just are interested in that's why they're known for ficklin after teaching what this is not they're not interested in the politics. They just want to leave their mark on the oma and the way that they have done. So Abdullah hibben, Omar and Subhana. Allah He at this stage is 80 something years old, he's older than him and Isabella

00:57:26--> 00:57:40

is older than him resurveyed, and a beloved woman hears the Tucker beard at the death of Abdullah Ibn azubi. And he says, will law he those who said tech Be it when this man was born,

00:57:41--> 00:57:47

were greater in number and in Eamon than those were saying took a beard at his death.

00:57:48--> 00:58:26

So Paula, here's a man who's heard both ears. He's heard that to compete as a child. Now he's heard this thick beard as death. Can you imagine the sadness of these people? And it will I just, you know, again, it's just so sad to think about the time and reading about these stories. It makes me realize the times we're living in are not as bad as these ones because, you know, at least it's not Sahaba and whatnot, you know, that's happening is happening to at least is not between the Sahaba tema Valley, or Sahaba. On one side, children of Sahaba on the other what not, we have much different now, you know, we have one more another more than no big deal. And that sense, you know,

00:58:27--> 00:59:09

semi joke here. Don't take that too seriously. I'm not making two feet of half do what I'm saying. Don't no doubt many of the people there are definitely not of the righteous Muslims and some of them. Like the Syrian guy. He's not even a Muslim. There's no question about that. So the point being that in Oman, he basically expressed his sorrow Oh, I forgot too much evidence Zubair passed away or he died in German Oh, well in 73 hijra. So essentially, one can say that he ruled for less than a decade, less than a decade he was the the halifa of Mecca. And for that decade, only a year and a half to two years Max, was he the halifa for a good portion of the oma small period of time a

00:59:10--> 00:59:47

year and a half is not small. So that is it a day, year and a half. That's like 500 days, he was the halifa of the bulk of the oma but how long is it going to last so they cut his head off, and then they tied his body on a post and they crucified it? Now again, you have to be careful when you read the word they crucified it. realize they don't mean the Christian crucifixion. Okay? They don't mean to hang like this. In the Arabic you slub Saliba, right. In images that will lead you how do you want to learn how to Sula who were Santa's filati Poseidon and you

00:59:48--> 00:59:50

will use soil level it's in the Quran.

00:59:51--> 01:00:00

That those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger, their punishment is that they be executed or that they be crucified. What is

01:00:00--> 01:00:13

The meaning of useful level crucified, there is a bit of a lag. But essentially the majority position is that after execution, after you chop the head off, you put the body on a pole,

01:00:14--> 01:01:03

so that people are terrified at what this man has done. This is the punishment in the Koran for what are called highway robbers who are highway robbers. You all know, we don't have them that much these days. But once upon a time, between two cities was an desert or unprotected land. And there would be gangs of mobsters who would hijack the caravan, steal your wealth, kill your women and children do evil things we can imagine. Right? Nobody's gonna do anything. Those types of people, Allah says, they may be executed or crucified you soil level and the crucifixion hear the message has to be given to the rest of the world, that these crimes are not tolerated you understand. So even as a

01:01:03--> 01:01:14

bear, in the minds of high judge is somebody who deserves this level of punishment. You understand? In his mind, he made this that way.

01:01:16--> 01:01:25

And so he took the body, headless body and put it on a peg and put it in front of the cab.

01:01:27--> 01:01:38

In front of the cab, actually, in the region, in the June two semi circle, aka the McComas, married, as they say, the hijab, he put it over there.

01:01:39--> 01:01:48

Can you imagine Abdullah Zubair, his body in front of the cab, and he left it there, so that everybody can see everybody doing it, the wife can see the body? What?

01:01:49--> 01:02:01

What can you say this happened in the time when Sahaba are still alive. And to make matters worse, he sent a messenger to a smart, that come I need to speak to you

01:02:02--> 01:02:03

and a smart

01:02:04--> 01:02:55

and a smart refused. And he demanded that she come to see the son of the her body's the son of her body. And she refused. And he said, either you will come or I will have you dragged by your hair. This is how I judge speaking to a smart the sister in law of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. No again this is his mind this is in his mind. He has no problem doing that. And she sends the message back. You can drag me if you want, I will never come to you willingly Go ahead. She literally throws the continent that I'm not going to come to you. I refuse to come to you. So head judge then came to her house with his entourage head judge then visited a smart Binti Abby Bakker D.

01:02:56--> 01:03:51

Just an amazing surreal image in your mind. Can you imagine with his bodyguards, his entourage, and she's an old lady all alone, nobody to protect nothing. She does not have anybody anymore. Everybody's now dead. And he visits her house and he taunts her. What do you think of what I've done of the enemy of Allah? meaning of love and Isabel and she responds back and she is still that 12 year old girl speaking to Abuja has that bravery still there? Even though she's blind? Even though she has no defense? She responds back. You have sold his dounia for your deen means he's died the dunya but you sold your deen and the cost was his dunya. What? Who cares? It says dunya his Deen is

01:03:51--> 01:03:59

protected as accurate as protected. His life is the thing that went but you had to sell your dean to get his life.

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And he taunts her again. And she says will law he I heard and this hadith isn't a Muslim this hadith is as a Muslim. This Hadith is one of the most authentic hadith of us moment TV Booker. I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that from the tribe Oh, sorry. Sorry, one more thing. So before she said this, she said to her judge that I heard used to taunt my son by calling him the son, the son of the woman with two belts. You should know I am that woman of the two belts. It appears that the title spread and people didn't know the story.

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Because it sounds a little bit cheap, like the son of the lady have two belts. It doesn't sound glorious. Maybe hijas didn't know the story. So this is a hadith in Sahih Muslim and disciple Holly also has a version of it. in which a smart is telling her story as 100

01:05:00--> 01:05:40

Your old lady, she says you should know I am that lady have that on the top plane. And she tells the story of what happened on the day of the hedgerow. I had to tear my own belt to protect the prophecies and obika to protect their food and the other belt I used for my modesty. In other words, you're taunting him for years, that are not on the top line. And that is me. And that's why I'm called that did nothing. It appears that the name has stuck, and people had forgotten the story. And so now she rubs it in her judges face that that title that used to make fun of my son by it is a title of honor. If you knew the story, then she says that you should know that I heard from the

01:05:40--> 01:06:23

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that from the tribe of Latif, there shall come a cadaver lab and a mobiel a liar and a Terminator. exterminator, right. As for the job, we have seen him and that is walked out of photography I just told you about him the one that is the founder of shear ism, he's one of the main founders of theological shear ism, he's one of the first persons to start preaching that Hussein out of the law one is superhuman, and that you believe came to him and so that that version of sheer ism that's extreme, we call it hula cheer ism. And from Adonis ladies and whatnot, they come exactly they go back to Masada thought of it the extreme Shia, these are not even the 12,

01:06:23--> 01:06:45

or these are the extreme extreme oletter raphaela. Their theology is begun from Matata coffee. And he used to claim the job really comes in good work. Anyway. So here's a whole different story. So our issue said, As for the kozub, we already know who he is, as smart said, As for the cadet, we know who he is. And as for the Terminator, then I am sure it is you.

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So she said this straight to his face, as you surrounded by his entourage, and had judged was known to be a harsh, eloquent man, when he heard a smart, he couldn't even respond. he's quoting a hadith and he's pointing straight at him. And he just stood up and left his room, her room. Jani, she had an old lady silenced head judge. And she won the argument in the day, despite the fact that he had threatened to drag her to see her son SubhanAllah. But that didn't happen. And eventually so even

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even Omar at that time, he's 85 years old, and he too is weakened site. He's not all these. He's not too blind, he's weakened site. Even Omar had told his servant, he would do tawaf every day. And he had told his servant, that when we get to the body, turn me the other side, make sure I don't pass by the body. He didn't want to see once his servant forgot. And he just took him next to the body. That was there for a few days. We don't know exactly how many days Some say three, some say a week. We don't know we're just hanging there. And he passed by the body. And it was over in his in his eyes with his eyes, he looked up and he recognized the body of our beloved is obey. And he said may

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Allah have mercy on you. You have nurse obey, I testify You were so warm and alarm used to pray and fast a lot. And even if we had differences because again, they didn't see eye to eye fully right. But inshallah Allah will not punish you means you cannot punish the other person alone will not punish you. So, even aroma rhodiola one. Clearly you see the maturity he wasn't a follower of urbanists obeyed. But he recognized between these two, who is the good man and who is the bad man, it's very clear in this regard. And he made shefa to hedge judge and he goes, isn't it time to take the the one who's carried and put him in the coffin like basically is a poetic way of saying, isn't

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it time to bury Abdullah Zubair, so head judge, then at the shofar, have it been Omar, he then allowed the burial but he put a condition not in Makkah. I don't want it to be buried in Makkah. So a smart wash the body, and janaza was prayed over him. And they took the body to Medina. And he was buried in the house of Sophia, the mother of the believers. And the house of Sophia is was in the was next to the house of Artesia and because we're in the process of migrated Ayesha and Sophia. Were the were the two houses next to the masjid. So he was buried in the house of Sophia. And as you know, the houses Sophia was expanded and covered inside the machine. So in reality our noses obey is

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buried, essentially in the hedger right now, essentially in the holy in the sanctuary, the inner sanctuary of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, even though it wasn't intended, because he's buried in the Sofia's house, right? But where is Sofia's house, it's next Sasha's house and his house. Sofia's house was then expanded over and the masjid was incorporated. And so Abdullah immunization

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is not even buried in here. He is buried right next to the profitsystem his next house over in the next house over, but there are a lot more Masha file and SubhanAllah. After the death of him in his obey by a few weeks a smart fell ill and passed away. And she was the last of the modules to pass away. And I've deliberately obeyed. He met very briefly he married multiple women over his life, at least six partners he had. And from those he had around 20 children over the course of his life, because obviously he died at the age of 74 years old now. So he's lived a full life here. And one of his wives was, he should have been to Earth man had been our fan and another wife was Nafisa. Binti

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has enabled it. So the daughter of Earth man, and the granddaughter of Allie rhodiola one were the wives of Abdullah and there are other women as well as obeyed and I just wanted to do a few ahaadeeth from his, he narrated around 30 Hadeeth that are different from one another and then a shallow data we are done without the lockup and his debate, time is limited. So another one is obey was known for following the Salah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to imitate the son of the prophet SAW Selim. So he has one Hadith here, I saw the prophet SAW Selim, when he started the Salah, he would raise his hands until they were at the same level of his ears. So he's, as a child remembers

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the process of like this, the next Hadith that the Prophet says, and when he sat in Tisha hood, he would place his right hand on his right thigh, and his left down on his left thigh. And he would point with his sub Baba, this is the sababa, he would point with his Ababa, and he would look at the forefinger during the Tisha hood. So from this, the mud hub of just leaving your finger out, which is, by the way, what I personally do, but it's no big deal, whatever you do, no big deal, but this had interventions that he would just point with the finger in the Tisha hood, and he says I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Do that. Also from

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Abdullah bin is obeyed, that Abdullah bin is obeyed once forbade Tama tour of Hajj.

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You all know that the motto of Hajj was a big controversy. And Omar forbade it or the loons were provided. And they said that this was never done in the time of the Prophet so send them this reach even a bus and even a bus said, and what knowledge does zubayr have? Let him go to his own mother a smart and ask a smart for indeed zubayr went smart while they were both Helen in Makkah.

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very explicit. You understand what even Abbas is saying that when Zubair did hedge his own father I believe in his own father and asthma, they were married married couple and I was there I know that they were both Hello, go ask his own mother. And when a smart heard this she became irritated and said May Allah forgive him and Ibis will law he was too explicit. He didn't have to be that vulgar. But he is speaking the truth. But he's speaking the truth. They indeed become halal. And married couples then did engage. So this shows you even as obeyed and even our boss we're not too friendly because there's this tension. He didn't have to be that blunt. But he that says that you guys follow

01:13:26--> 01:13:27

the story or like

01:13:28--> 01:13:42

it's like it's a you know, it's he didn't have to use that example. But he did. And it's a highlight example, but it just shows that there is some tension after all that is going on. And of course, Terminator is allowed as we all as we all know.

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And a smile, on the other hand is obeyed that patella, the daughter of Abdullah Rosa visited her daughter a smart been to be buckled with gifts of honey and oil and cheese when they were in when they were in Medina and she had not embraced Islam. So who is this lady katella is the mother of a smart, the the ex wife of Abu Bakar but she's not the mother of Asia is another lady and katella Abu Bakar divorced her when she did not embrace Islam. And from her they had a smart right so a smart is visited by her mother in Medina who's narrating the Hadith. The grandson, great grandson. Okay, so this is Ahmed Abdullah Hammond is obey from his father of the Lebanese obeyed from his mother

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asthma. Okay, so this chain is the family chain. And she asked permission to visit her daughter. And her daughter said no. Isha asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam can us mas mother visit asthma issues the younger sister and add this Allah revealed sooner, TELEMUNDO hanaa verse eight

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came down because of our beloved user base grandmother. Allah does not forbid you from those who have not harmed you in your religion lie and How come a long winded Latina Latino cultural fit Dini? Why don't you come into our room? That would be nice to them.

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Right? And so, she was commanded to accept her gift and to allow her to visit her house. Interesting. That alone is always narrating from the grandmother thing. Okay.

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The lobe Isabella said that the profitsystem said, If I were to take any one as a hobby other than a law, it would be Abu Bakar Why is this interesting because Abu Bakar is his grandfather, and others who is the one narrating it? Okay, so I'm going to be narrating the Hadith about his grandfather, the very next Hadith. The Prophet says that I'm said every Navy has a Hawaii and the Hawaii of my oma is Zubair who's narrating it?

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Isn't this interesting? Huh? He's narrating the football of a walker on one side. And the father I love Zubair on the other side, and this is again the benefit of being able to limit his debate. So these are these are narrated by absolute man but others as well, but he is the one narrating them as well.

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And there are others as well. 1.1 interesting one and then a shallow and then the shallow. We are done with the limited survey that hishammuddin otowa from his father opened his debate from his father from his brother Abdullah

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urbanismo debate is the younger brother of Abdullah Abu Zubaydah. roadworthiness. Obey is the main narrator from Arusha. We mentioned this many times or odawara, was not a Sahabi. He was born after the death of the prophet SAW Selim. And Abdullah is a Sahabi. And this is an older brother by 1520 years old one Abdullah have a big gap between them. So odo narrates from his brother Abdullah, that one day Abdullah bin Jafar, one day one day I believe in his Zubaydah met Abdullah bin Jaffa

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you guys remember I live in a jar for the team, whom the process of them has had wiped, right. And he said to him laughingly, jokingly, do you remember the day that we both ran to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he carried me and he didn't carry you. This is the Hadith that

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you said is just strange. How do you write that always saying that I saw my brother one day he meets Abdullah bin Jaffer, and he's teasing him Abdullah bin Jaffa they were friends and he's teasing him. Do you remember the day that we both went running to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he picked me up and he did not pick you up. Okay, just to tease that we were kids and whatever the so he did that. So, again, I just found this interesting that Subhanallah These are small things. This is the generation of the young Sahaba These are their memories, the process of playing with them as little children. And now with the death of even Zubaydah Esma this generation is now gone, and the

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next generation is going to come with this we come to our conclusion of the stories of the Sahaba inshallah tada next Wednesday, we'll have the class on Ramadan. And then after Ramadan when we start up again inshallah to Allah Most likely I will do a Manhattan momineen So, we are obviously I haven't done an exhaustive study of all the Sahaba but I think what I have done in sha Allah is sufficient to give us a good idea of, we've done pretty much all of the famous Sahaba if there are a few left, I'll see and if there then I might just do them after Ramadan that started on Mahatma momineen. I want to do an exhaustive list of any major sahabah that I haven't done. And if you have

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any suggestions in the next six weeks about particular Sahabi that are interesting, I'll see inshallah tada we can do that. So with that we stop for today.