Is Ramadan Taraweeh 8 or 20 Rakat Q&A

Yasir Qadhi


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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayidina Muhammad Ali, he was such a big marine and

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today we'll resume our q&a that we do on Tuesday and today in sha Allah Allah I will answer a number of questions put together which will be beneficial in sha Allah given that Ramadan is around the corner. And all of these questions deal with the reality of salatu rawia What is the meaning of Tarawa what is the origin of tarawih? What is the difference between tarawih and pm Malay versus tahajjud vs WITR so all of these different questions that have come in I'm just going to lump them together generically and give an inshallah an answer to the generic questions about the reality of Salah Tara we so we began by pointing out the Quranic terms, the Quran terms for praying at night or

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two, both of them are found in the Quran. The first is pm will lane and the second is tahajjud. These are the Quranic terms for praying the nightly prayer the term tarawih is neither found in the Quran, nor is it found in the Sunnah. It was coined as we will mention in a while by some early scholars, perhaps in the second century of the hijra, and it did not become popular for at least under two to 300 years, you will find with great difficulty references to the term tarawih in the first 300 years of Islam, even though you will find a few but the common term tarawih it became in the fifth century onwards. The Quranic term, as we said is pm will lay and tahajjud I just recited

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Surah, Muzammil and in the beginning of it Muslim it is of course the second or the third revelation. And Allah says in the second or third revelation, yeah you will Muzammil

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call me Leila Cleon will lay. Oh me, Leila stand the night this is we get pm will live from Omen Leila. Illa kalila noosphere, who half of the night the night of course is from the Multilib Salah until the Fajr Salah so you do the math Maghrib is around 750 and Fajr is around 640. Right? So half of that is going to be around five hours. So Allah is saying the second revelation that comes OMA Leila Illa Allah noosphere, who I will call smooth, Kalia are a little bit less than this Ozy that are they are more than one half. And in the last verse of Surah Muslim man, Allah azza wa jal says that we know that you pray through to fail lay two thirds of the night wonders for who and sometimes

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half of it well through to the WHO and sometimes 1/3 of it. Well thought ever to Minella Dena mark and a group that is believing with you. So Allah mentions in the earliest Revelation, the command to pray, and shortly afterwards, Allah azza wa jal praise the Prophet system and the Sahaba for praying two thirds or half or 1/3 of the night, this is preamble lay, as for the term tahajjud Surah Israel verse 97, Wamena Layli for tahajjud be heat Nafi letter Lika and during the night to Hijjah, to be he do the tahajjud in it, and in the night, do the tahajjud in it, perhaps by you doing so Allah will raise you to the McCalman Muhammad and of course Allah praises pm will lane and salata tahajjud

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in half a dozen verses in the Quran. And Allah describes the righteous as those who pray in the night God will kalila men, a Lady Maya Geralyn they would sleep very little at night. These are the people of Jana. And in the last verses of Surah Al Furqan. Were about the right man. Allah describes they're about the right man. And of those characteristics is the OB tuna they spend the night Superjet and waka Yama doing sujood and clam up tuna they spend the whole night in such that and pm circle Okay, so we have over here the Quranic praise of pm will lay and tahajud Is there a difference between pm will lane and tahajjud Is there a difference? Some of our scholars said it's a

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technical difference. And that is the following pm will lay is done at any time of the night from after Isha until before the dawn of Fajr. If you were to pray pm will late at any time you will pray the night prayer. Obviously I don't need to define the night prayer the night prayer is any Nuffield prayer after Isha and before Fajr so this is called night prayer plan will lay so if you were to pray, any night prayer this is pm will lay and this is John is and it is a good prayer. It is the best prayer the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said of dato sala de vida verde Lottie Salah to laid reported as a Muslim the best prayer after the fall is the prayer of the night this is pm will

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lay the best prayer after the photo is the prayer of the night. So anytime you pray some prayers after Orisha and before Fajr you have done a Yamo lane, but higher than this is tahajjud and tahajjud comes from Hijjah and Hijjah me

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means to sleep and to wake up. So to Hijjah he slept and he woke up this is to Hijjah he slept and he woke up. So what is the difference between preamble Lail and tahajjud Kiambu Lail is broader and tahajjud is a subset of Cleone will lay and will there's one condition for the 100 is obvious and the term 200 That is what

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you sleep and you wake up, okay. So when you go to sleep and you wake up, then you have done pm will lay that is called tahajjud. So, this is tahajjud, which is the higher category of pm will lay. And Allah subhana wa Taala praises this category in the Quran and even more explicit wordings in Surah, such as the verse 15 to 17 that that Jaffa Juno boom and in mobile, Jerry their sides are fighting away from their beds so they have broken away from their beds, they are now waking up and they have sprung up from their beds, and they are praying to Allah subhanho wa taala. And so the term therefore tahajjud is a subset of the term Cleon will lay the blessings of PMO LN and tahajjud are

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very many and many lectures have been given but because we're talking about this topic, very briefly, of course, the Quran characterizes the righteous as presently emulate. And Allah azza wa jal mentions the highest MACOM given to any human being, that's Muhammad Muhammad, and Allah links Muhammad Muhammad to salata, tahajjud and that is enough of a formula. It is as if the prophet system is being told you're tahajjud will cause you to get to McCubbin Muhammad. It is as if he's being told this one deed, woman a lady for tahajjud, Biggie Nafisa, teleca, Assa and your battle garble como como Muda, this one deed of tahajjud will cause you to be raised to the highest ranks

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the Rasul Allah. So if even our rasool Allah system is being told, if you want to go higher than you are, then you must use tahajjud and using tahajjud will get you to the highest ranks, then how about me and you and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said as we already mentioned, the best Salah after the fall is the salah of the night. And he said as reported that how can I command you command here is not a good job I command you means I encourage you, I command you to pray the night because listen to this number one, it is the custom of the pious people before you number two, it will bring you closer to Allah number three, it will forgive your sins and number four, it will protect you

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from falling into evil for blessings of the hedgerows are given number one, it is the custom of the righteous people before you you want to be solid tahajjud has to be done number two quarterbacks and Ihlara. The committee will make your career to Allah subhanho wa Taala number three, Your sins are forgiven. And number four, it is protecting you from falling into other evil deeds and in sunnah Timothy our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there are palaces in Jannah that you will see the outside from the inside. And so many blessings are mentioned I gave this whole lecture and when we talked about gender and the blessings of gender, a Bedouin said yada so Allah Who shall get those

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wore off and those palaces, he said, Whoever speech is sweet and feeds the hungry and fast continuously and prays at night your tongue is good and other o'clock are there and praying at night so directly linking Salah to lay with the highest levels of Jana, and then Mustafa Rocco and Hakim a beautiful Hadith the Prophet says that um said why and Shara fell mini priamo belaid know that the honor of the believer comes by his praying of the night the sheriff Sheriff you want to be Sheriff sheriff in the eyes of Allah shut off full movement pm will be late simple Hadith know that the shut off of the movement comes the dignity and the status and the honor of the believer comes by his

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praying at night. And how much do you have to pray to be of the people who pray at night. Beautiful Hadith tells us the Sunnah of the Prophet saw some said Whoever prays with 10 yachts, shall be lifted from being amongst the heedless. And whoever prays with 100 ayat of the Quran shall be written amongst the Onnit the righteous and whoever prays with 1000 ayat shall be written amongst them will complete in or the VVIP the MacArthur is the one who has a massive fortune. So three categories were given three categories. Whoever prays reciting 10 verses of the Quran shall attain a status such that he shall not be mentioned amongst the whorfin he shall be mentioned amongst the

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that Gideon Allah cathedra. So if you pray to raka with 10, Ayat, how much is 10 is how many pages roughly?

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How much is 10 iet

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page page and a half an average 10 is page page and a half right? All profits or something if you pray

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Just 10 If any a page or a page and a half, Hollis, you've done the bare minimum such that you are lifted from being amongst the heedless. And if you pray 100 is a night how much is 100? Tonight roughly, it's a bit less than a juice around the juice less than a juice. If you pray 100 If you only because they didn't have Jews back then remember, they did not have a job. This came later on the third fourth century Zack came, they didn't have a job. So we have a rough 100 ayat, how much is 100? Not like 100 of Surah Rama 100 No, no, not like sort of soft fat 100 No average 100 likes soda either 100 know what was said 100 around 100 is around a juice. If you read around juice, you shall

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be amongst the Cournot the righteous and whoever reads 1000 How much is 1000? That's 1/6 of the Quran. Because the Quran, Arizona six dozen ayat so that's basically the only five six edges. So this basically finishing the Quran in a week basically. Okay, so 100 Roughly, you finished the Quran in a month, let's say roughly 1000 You finish the Quran in a week. And it was the custom of the righteous of the Sahaba like Abu Bakr Omar with my ideal the Allahu anhu, that they will recite the Quran in a week into her. So this is the 1000 Right. So this is the 1000. So he shall be amongst the VVIP that will conquer the one who has the fortune. So we said the timing is from after Isha up

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until up until salatu salam al Fajr and

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our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us whoever thinks that he shall not be able to wake up at the end of the night, then let him pray at the beginning of the night, and whoever feels that he can wake up at the end of the night, then let him wake up at the end because Salah to relaly Masuda tune praying at the end of the night is witnessed by the angels with Alec of ball and that is better. So here we have if you were to pray, even Torah got extra from the Sunnah and the wife. This is the Nuffield of your tahajjud meaningfully ambulatory Tura calf Pamela and even if it's done after salata, Alicia, even before you go to sleep, you shall be written amongst those who have

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prayed a portion of them will lay and you will not be amongst the Hafid in this is what a prophet system is saying. And that's why a boo Herrera the Allah one and it when he was younger he did not pray 200 At night he would prep the MO late Abu Huraira the Allahu Allah He said, My highly ill my friend commanded me he told me to do these things. Number one is to fast three days of every month and number two to not go to sleep until I pray my winter Salah meaning my tahajjud salah, right? So he commanded me that I make sure I do my regular daily Salawat at night before I go to sleep because in his young days of what I do would sleep until Fajr. So he would stay awake a little bit later

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before he wants to sleep, he would pray and that would be considered pm will lay which is better than nothing you're doing clamor late and you will get the formula of preamble for your family. Excellent. Now, what then is tahajjud tahajjud is the term that later scholars coined for pm will lay during Ramadan. In reality tahajjud is I mean sorry tarawih sorry tarawih I still have jetlag I just got back my mind is still elsewhere tahajjud is not the main tarawih, Tarawa is tahajjud in Ramadan is that clear? tarawih is tahajjud in Ramadan or pm will lay in Ramadan and this term tarawih who coined it What did I tell you who coined it?

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who coined it who is the one who invented this term?

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the terms are Are we we do not know who first began it we don't know. There is no name mentioned but it is not found in the Quran or sunnah. It is not an Islamic term from the Quran and Sunnah. It is a Muslim term from early scholars which is fine no problem. It's not a big deal there and it's just a matter of, you know, demarcating Why did our scholars make this special term because Cleon will lay in Ramadan becomes even more important we all know this. preamble. Lail in Ramadan is the most significant of all preamble leads. Why? Because our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Whoever prays pm will Lane muncom Ramadan this is preamble laid man comma Ramadan we thank Allah He did not

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say tahajjud because tahajjud would mean we have to wake up at the end of the night Alhamdulillah he said muncom Ramadan we already explained whenever it says pm will lay this can be done from Russia up until Fudger so whoever stands the night in

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of Ramadan every single night, Iman and YT saben. Iman he has Eman and Allah decided he wants Allah to reward him, all of his previous sins will be forgiven. So praying all of the nights of Ramadan is a guarantee to have our sins forgiven. Now, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned this hadith, and he himself implemented it, he would pray pm will lay or tahajjud every single night of his life, even when he was traveling, he would pray tahajjud and some of our scholars said for him tahajjud was wajib this is what an opinion that for him 200 Was wajib and other scholars say no, it was strongly encouraged but you would never leave it by unanimous consensus. clanwilliam tahajjud is

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not widely for anybody else over the OMA of the people of the OMA even though there is an opinion of early Islam that it is wajib for the father of the Quran, there is an opinion, but it is minority opinion. So anybody who's Hatfield, you want to research this opinion for your own sake. But the majority position is that it is not wajib for anybody and this isn't childhood, the correct opinion. It's not wajib it's not obligatory, but the blessings are too many to mention, especially in the nights of Ramadan. Now, what is the history of tahajjud? Where does it How does it begin the Hadith in Sahih Bukhari our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray his tahajjud sometimes the 100

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he would pray his tahajjud sometimes in the house of where he was sleeping, and sometimes in the masjid. We have this authentically read throughout the year. Sometimes you will pray in the house of Isha or masala. And sometimes because the houses were connected by the same door, he would just walk in and pray in the masjid. So we have authentic narrations that in the house of Isha, sometimes you would pray to her. And she was lying there in the house of Arusha. Perhaps it was called he didn't want to go outside. And sometimes he would walk, this was the door as you know, the doors one door, he would walk through the door and pray in the masjid. And as you would hear him pray, and hear the

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up and down of the Salah, and even touch his feet, sometimes just put your hand outside the door, and his feet were in such depth in the masjid. So sometimes he would pray tahajjud in the masjid, sometimes Hebrew tahajjud in his house, it's so happened in Ramadan. He was praying tahajjud slash Torah, we call it what you will in the masjid. And because it is Ramadan, other people were also praying because the Prophet system encouraged them to pray pm late. So for whatever reason, maybe they didn't want to disturb their families. They came to the masjid and they're praying, praying, praying, when the Prophet system was praying, without any announcement, and without any, you know,

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preamble, the other companions, some of them just joined behind the salah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when the other Sahaba saw that. So then they when they finished their salah, they simply joined and joined until, without an announcement, everybody was praying, the tahajjud slash Tada we're in Ramadan, behind the Prophet SAW Selim the process of did not tell them to do so. But when they're praying, he's obviously in the front praying anyway, common sense you just come behind him and just you only as they say, accidentally, you know, without any pre cognition about this there started praying together. When the prophets Allah Allahu Allah, he was selling finished the

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Salah, he saw them all and he didn't say anything. We call this curar silent approval. The prophets of slums silence in the face of an action indicates approval, new spread. So the next day the masjid became almost packed to capacity, and they're waiting for the Prophet system. Now the news has spread. So then the Prophet system led them in the amulet slash the herd, you call it what you will, He led them, okay, he did not announce it. But now the news has spread. The third day, the Masjid was packed to capacity, no place to sit down. And this time the Prophet said and prayed in the house of Allah Isha. He did not come outside.

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And they prayed on their own waiting for him. They didn't they prayed. He came right before surat al Fajr. And he said to them, I knew you were outside. But the only reason that I did not come was that I was worried that this action might then become followed upon you mean meaning during the rest of Ramadan, and I did not want that to happen. And this occurred, the last Ramadan of his life, and he passed away a few months later in Arabic. Oh, well, and so there was no that all we after this. So the Prophet system did not ever announce that there's going to be done all we come and pray. But twice in his life. It happened

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when next year he passed away during the time of vocals. So the the same thing happened that everybody was praying independently. There was no there was no call

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concentrated effort to do so. And in the first year or two in the reign of Earth man, the same thing happened once in the Ramadan and some say in the second Samson third you have earth of aroma or the Lord or model the Allah one that or model the Allah who had visited the mystery of the Prophet system in the nights of Ramadan. And he saw people praying helter skelter all over. So he said, what if we were to make one GEMA for all of these people? Wouldn't that be good? So he made the announcement, this is the first time he made the announcement that tomorrow, there shall be one GEMA for all of you. And he appointed obey Ibn Gab, who was the most occur only Kitab Allah, the most

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ardent of all of the Sahaba Xueyan camp, he appointed over Ubin cab, and that when he saw all of them praying together, he said his famous comment, which is a whole different discussion, I've given a longer lecture about that discussion, near near mlbtr. To has he What a great innovation, this is, okay, this is something new that has happened. And I think this is great. We've done something great. And this is good. Now, of course, this has raised a whole discussion, what type of it and whatnot, and I have a whole hour and a half lecture, the reality of it, and the various positions about that. And then he said something very interesting.

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Those who are sleeping now are better than those who are praying.

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Those who are sleeping are better than those who are in this GEMA. What does he mean by this?

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Because this is early in the night, and this is everybody praying together. An audible hotdogs says this is great. I love this. And those who are sleeping right now, meaning they're gonna get up later on, they are better than the people that are gathered here. So this is the famous statement over over, I'm gonna blah, blah, blah, the hola one. Well, then the years went by, of course, he ruled for 10 years, and more and more people began to come and the women began to come as well. And so this shows us that the women coming for Tarawa is during the time of embeddable hot tub, it became so large and by the way, he also expanded the masjid in his time, the first expansion of the measure

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that process and have occurred in the time of formidable photogra de la one, the mystery was what needed to get expansion. And there are no microphones obviously. So he appointed first there was one, then he appointed one imam for the men and one for the women. Then when the male suddenly became even more, he appointed two Imams for the men because it was too you know, the voice cannot go that far. So he appointed two Imams for the men and one for the women. So there were three GEMA going on each one in a slightly different if you like place, or we don't know, Allah who are them, it could be that one Gemma for the men is one time and one Jamar for them. And another time we don't

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know the detail, but it says they appointed two Imams for the men and one for the women because again, the women are praying behind and so the voice will not reach them. So there's a special imam for them. And by the way, this shows us that yes, women are coming to the masjid and the the administration at the masjid is catering to the women listening to the Quran and the recitation. So I'm gonna I'm gonna hottub began taraweeh in his time, officially, and he instituted it to be 11 raka at this is authentically narrated. And then as time went on towards the end of his Khilafah, he changed it to 20. Why did he change it to 20? There is no known reason it does is just seems to be

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an arbitrary number, that 10 Plus One was the winter so he just doubled it. Why did he double it anyway? Our scholars say that the reason why he doubled it was to make it easier for those who couldn't pray the whole that they pray whatever amount they could, because when you make more raka art that the sleeves become more frequent. So each one becomes smaller. So it becomes easier because not everybody can pray all 20 Some people have, you know, there are workers there are tradesmen, there are farmers, there are people that there they don't people have different levels, and when Amada Mahatama towards the end of his Khilafah saw that to raka meant you're praying so long, so

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that he basically divided the same amount into four. So then from any 10 plus one, it basically can be any 20 You get the point here right, so that seems to be the case, there does not seem to be any shutter a reason per se that he changed the number to 20 autocrat, nonetheless, towards the end of his Khilafah there were 20 Rakata of Tarawa plus three of Witter, thus making it 23 And this became the Sunnah for all other cities now. And the time of the early OMA years, the people of Makkah began praying 23 record and they would rest after every four raka they would rest after every four record. Okay.

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So for a card and then a rest, and then for a cart and then a rest and then for a cart and then a rest. And some people, we don't know exactly when, but this is early Omiya time, some people said let us do some movement, let us get some energy, the the cab is right here, let us do something that people of Medina cannot do. Let us do tawaf. So they began to do tawaf between every four records. How many of us would that be?

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Five tops a night? Five to wash the night? Is that possible? How long does it go off take

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an hour, the sister says she has gone during peak season time, and she is right. During peak season time.

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I have done throw off in my life in less than 10 minutes.

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These days are gone for most.

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I'm talking about the late 90s When the visas were shut and I was a student, and I would go and there was no her judge or Umbra person. And it's just the locals and you're at 2am in the morning, and it is literally 10 people. I have hamdulillah witness this plenty of times but I don't think it's possible. Well, we say doesn't Corona happen and we saw it happen. But realistically once visas are opened the way they are, it's almost impossible. When there are no who judge whatsoever when there's 100 people, yeah, need something like this, to do a tawaf literally around the cabin, literally. And you walk a moderate plate pace, I walk a little bit fast because of my habit, you can

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do it in less than 10 minutes. So the people of Makkah began doing this as a competition that we're going to do something better, nobody else can do this. That became their habit. When the people of Medina heard this, they said we're gonna have to beat them.

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So they decided to increase the number of records during the resting period. Rather than doing two off which they cannot do, they added four recart.

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Hence, they started praying 36 that I've got plus three with 39.

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And this remain the case in Medina for around 200 years.

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In the early omega and late omega and early Ibis had time around 200 years. According to my research, I could be wrong because this is all very sketchy when it finished, roughly in the third century, it stopped. But for the first 200 years of Islam, the people of Medina would pray 4039, not 4039 and this is why Imam Malik and the Maliki school, the recommended position of the Maliki school to this day their books mentioned 39 Where did they get this from? I explained to you why. It's some weird weird quirk of competition between Maccha and of course, Imam Malik, he, he saw the people growing as a child, he grew up they were doing 3039 Anyway, so he saw the people doing that it

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became his method, because one of the pillars of his method for the Maliki's is, you told me the Maliki is what is one of the pillars of the Maliki school? I'm a little Medina, though the actions are the people in Medina. So he found the people of Medina doing this, so he made it his school. So the Maliki might have actually has 39 for tarawih mashallah, but can you imagine, we complain about 20 they had 40, basically 39 Right. Now, where did the term tarawih come from? So there's two two opinions that are legitimate and one that is not legitimate, but people have said it. The first legitimate opinion

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is that the term tarawih comes from total we have until we have the means to rest. And they called tarawih tarawih because they would rest after every four recart They would rest after every four recart. And this is the interpretation of Imam was Sarasi, the famous Hanafi scholar and he quotes Imam Abu Hanifa as well, that in his book on mob suit, he quotes him Abu Hanifa saying that, in Soumya, beheaded is simply man that is sterile haughty, it was called taraweeh from resting is sterile, because the setup from the Haramain and the people of Makkah will do tawaf, seven times between every tutor we has, as Imam Malik mentioned, so every four Raka, they would stop, and that

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was called is stare, aha. And another interpretation which is similar to this is that the people of Makkah, so So this interpretation is saying that tarawih has called thoroughly because they would sit down and not do anything. The other interpretation is that the people of Makkah considered tawaf, to be sterile.

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And so they call tarawih

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taraweeh because it was a break from the prayer. So that is a throw off break if you get it, okay. Both of these opinions, they basically mean after every for God, there was a break. And that break is called is sterile Howard taraweeh. That's where the term comes from. That's where the term comes from. So the term tarawih comes from the break between every for a cat. And this break, either you sat down, or you did throw off whichever it is, but it is because of that break we call thorough we throw away. Now there is another third opinion, which is not very academic, but it is found in some modern books on classical books. And that is that taraweeh comes from break or is sterile, meaning

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you enjoy it or are we as a break from life's routine. They say this, but there's no evidence for this that always comes from this term, as we as we said. So

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in any case, so we have this notion of Tarawa being 20, versus 36 raka art, and these are the two opinions within the meta hip. The Hanafi. Humbly, and Shafi school basically say that we should be 20. And the Maliki school says that it is best to make it only 3936 plus 320 plus three, so I should say 23. Okay, and the mighty key, say 36 plus nine, which is 3036 plus three, which is 39. Now, these numbers, as I said, are quite arbitrary. All of them have said these numbers are Mr. Hub, and not mandatory. All of the four schools said, these are the best numbers, but more or less would still be turned away. And from the perspective of these schools, Cleon will lay slash tahajjud slash

00:31:48--> 00:32:31

tarawih because it is sunnah there is no number that is mandatory, how can something be mandatory when the salah itself is nothing? You get the point here, how can a number be mandatory when the Salah is nothing. By definition, nothing is you want to pray, you want to pray, you don't want to you don't want to pray. So if you pray two, or four, or eight, or 12, or 16, or 15, however you want to pray, all of it is just is this is the default of the basically all four schools, the only question is what is the best number? What is the ideal number, and from this, we said the three schools said 20 plus three based upon the action of formidable hottub. And they said because you did

00:32:31--> 00:33:09

it and all the Sahaba followed, well, then we should follow them. And the Maliki school they have their interpretation and I'm gonna hit in Medina and they said, We will go with 39. Now, there's a modern controversy completely modern began literally one generation ago that the claim that aid is mandatory, not that aid is sunnah that could be an easy argument to make, because do whatever you want you to eat tuna. And this is a modern argument and you know, Hamdulillah, and we have gone over these issues back and forth. And nobody in the history of the OMA before our great scholar of the last generation said that it is mandatory to make a can a 10 May Allah reward that scholar for his

00:33:09--> 00:33:50

PhD higher than for his love of the Sunnah. But in reality, this is an opinion that has no basis in in the history of Islam is enough in prayer. So to make a controversy that only eight versus 20 is mandatory, really the shows and I'm trying to be respectful here. Anybody who says this hasn't studied the books of fiction, no scholar in Islamic history, except for one or two ever said, the number of regard is obligatory. Pray whatever you want. It says sunnah or enough in prayer. If you want to pray for or aid you pray according to your level of energy and level of enthusiasm. The only hearty laugh in 99.99% of the OMA, which number is the better number, not which number is the wajib

00:33:50--> 00:34:31

numbers a big difference between the two. And as I said, the majority position is 20 is good. But what somebody's gonna say, but didn't the Prophet system himself pray, you know, eight plus three, which is 11. And this is true, he did. And this is why or whatever kappa began with eight plus three. And the humbly madhhab says, if you're praying at home alone, then you should do a plus three. But the GEMA needs to take into account the weak and the elderly, and the baby and the woman who has a child, the Jamaah has to take everybody into account. When you have a large congregation, you make things easy for the people. And so by making things easy, then you make that shorter and

00:34:31--> 00:34:59

shorter. So therefore, the humbly position which makes a lot of sense to me says, the more rewarding when you're all alone, you have nobody to worry about. Yes, you should pray long prayers, and you pray eight plus three. But when you're leading salah, or when you're in a masjid and you have to take into account somebody has to go to the bathroom, somebody has an emergency call, somebody has parents is calling him whatever the case might be. You can't expect everybody to pray that long. So therefore, you cut it up into half half like marble hot Bob did

00:35:00--> 00:35:34

So the number 20 comes and so that is why they say this will love with the other item. Now another minor controversy. And we already mentioned this in our model the Allahu Anhu statement. Minor countries are very trivial things. What is better to pray in the masjid or to pray at home? And once again you have different schools say different things. Imam Malik and the Maliki school actually says, It is better to pray at home you should not pray in the masjid no sorry let me take that back not you should not stop for Allah. Pray if you want but it's better to pray at home the scrub that I made a mistake of course you should Nobody says you shouldn't pray. My Imam Malik and the Maliki

00:35:34--> 00:35:43

school says it is better Mustafa that you pray at home why? Who can tell me why why is it better to pray at home according to them yes

00:35:46--> 00:35:50

okay that's one good position the process and prayed at home but there are other things as well.

00:35:51--> 00:35:54

You can pray for a long time without interfering with that other people what else

00:35:56--> 00:35:57

Baraka household

00:35:59--> 00:36:01

for the home very good baraka for them, what else?

00:36:03--> 00:36:05

Concentration, what else?

00:36:07--> 00:36:29

Excellent. There is an authentic hadith that the Prophet system said that the best prayer of the person after the fold is the prayer of his house. And he himself would walk home and pray soon enough as a default, right? So that we have in my mind because evidence is where there's there's hidden under the reason and that's showing off. Where do you have more potential to show off

00:36:31--> 00:36:58

the masjid with everybody. So when you're at home, right, then Imam Malik's position is make sense in his own way that you're cut off from all of these things you can pray longer, more assure you pray the karyam of your choice, the Quran of your choice, etc, etc. The Shafi school said no, the most the hub is Gemma. What do you think their reasons would be? You'd know them to use your common sense. I'm gonna go Qatar, what else?

00:37:00--> 00:37:02

Times the leader of the gym or what else?

00:37:04--> 00:37:45

Walk into them and all of these reasons, so you get the point. So they're all using generic evidences, okay? Using generic evidence is which one is the default and wallah who are them? They're both right. In other words, you choose. If you are mashallah Tabata kala able to pray 234 hours on your own reading the Quran with who Anttila then there is no doubt that yes, you should pray at home. But if you're like most of us and you cannot recite luck or half his body such as mashallah Tabata Cola, right. And you need that motivation to you know, read Quran and there is no doubt a Baraka that comes in the masjid as well and there is a feeling of awe and there's a feeling of a

00:37:45--> 00:38:21

hole and there's a feeling of Iman and they're soothing a buzz that us weak people we need that as well. Right? Not all of us are like honorable hubub who he himself by the way would not here's the interesting point he would not pray in the masjid he appointed obey and he walked back home and he prayed at home. Okay, because that's Roman, but we are not at the level of Ramadan, the Allah one. So those who are at that type of level mashallah Tabata kala Masha Allah great for you pray at home and expect Allah to reward you. However this means you pray Aisha in the masjid. Then you go and you pray at home. Now another point of history is that

00:38:22--> 00:38:26

where did this notion of finishing the entire Quran during Torah we come from?

00:38:28--> 00:39:16

Actually, this is not found in early Islam. Of course it can be because the process of did we even in the time of the Sahaba did not happen. And in fact, Imam Malik writing in 150 Hijra or speaking in 150 Hijra he actually was not happy with this practice. And he said as reported in the famous book, Moodle wanna finishing the entire Quran during the pm of Ramadan is not sunnah. This is Uma Malik. Now interesting point. People are already doing it. That's why he's commenting on it. So in 150 Hijra people already finishing the whole Quran in Ramadan interval we and Imam Malik and others are like I don't like this. It's not the sooner we should not do this. And I will tell you that

00:39:16--> 00:39:59

badji died for 74 Hijra one of the great scholars of the past he writes in the beginning they would recite 30 verses or sometimes 20. And this was the case until the Battle of Hera the Battle of Hydra was when the A Z attack Medina I have a whole lecture online you can listen to that. And after the Battle of Hydra, the long lunge longetivity of the tahajjud became difficult for them. So they cut back on the camera and they increase the number of raka art and they started praying 36 regard with with it being 39 ie this is early oh my god as I said, okay, so it was the early OMA your time they switch from 20 to 36. This is before

00:40:00--> 00:40:44

Imam Malik, so a generation before Imam Malik, so they switched to 36. And in the time of Ramadan Abdul Aziz, they will pray in every raka around 10. If it's short and sweet, you cannot pray 40 rakaats reciting half of Jews in America, you see my point. And this was the Maliki madhhab. And it still remains the practice in many places in the Muslim world that you might pray 20 recart, and in every Raka, only five verses, because the point is, you need to make it easy for the people. Right, so in the Maliki school, in the Shafi school, these are the defaults and most most of the massage you go to in the Muslim world, they actually do not finish the entire Quran in the majority of the

00:40:44--> 00:41:29

massage. But if you want to do this, you do it at home. Because again, we're looking at the gym or in the later Hanafi school, they encourage this and it is not the default of the modern Hanafi school that they would like to finish the whole Quran during the during the time of pm and that's permissible, that is fine. But again, to be clear, obviously, the prophet system did not Institute tarawih in the first place in that manner, such that we can say that this is a sunnah and in fact, in early Islam, the history tells us that the Witter Salah did not actually have a dua in every single night. Rather, they will do doll connotes in the last 10 Nights only. And then it's dead last

00:41:29--> 00:42:02

last 15 and then later on, they started doing it every single night. So all of this is early Islamic history because again, that are we evolved from time to place to different people and all of it is good. So if somebody does not want to do any bluenotes in that Witter, that is permissible though. I don't want to go into the controversy of salata with it every one of the format hubs has a different position about gluten with interesting, it's all history in the reality to be technical. The Canola is not linked to with it to be technical, but whoever does it, that's fine, no problem. But in Ramadan

00:42:03--> 00:42:15

some of the scholars wanted to do a special drop and this began the last 10 nights and then it became something that is the norm during those 10 Nights. Some other final tidbits and then inshallah we are done, which

00:42:17--> 00:42:25

is Witter separate from family slash the Hijri slash tarawih. So Witter is Witter a Puranic or Hadith the term yes or no?

00:42:27--> 00:42:28

Yes or no.

00:42:31--> 00:42:36

It's not in the Quran. The Hadith. witted is in the Hadith. The term witted is in the Hadith.

00:42:37--> 00:42:38

Oh, to pray the winter

00:42:40--> 00:43:10

and the process commander or suggested us to pray the winter. And Abu Huraira said My Khalil commanded me to pray the winter before I go to sleep. So what is Winter? Winter in the Hadith? Listen to this carefully because a lot of people get confused. Winter in the Hadith generally is synonymous with keyamo laid slash tahajjud. Why? Because Witter is supposed to be the odd number that you pray at night.

00:43:11--> 00:43:33

So the general term Witter that's found if you open up sigh Buhari is a Muslim any books of Hadith. Generally, when you come across the term winter, the meaning of winter, generally is that whole prayer, but it is also used sometimes to describe the last record or the last three records of the family.

00:43:34--> 00:44:18

Hence, the technical term and definition of Witter, as used in the books of fic has become those three records. The technical, so there is a generic term Witter, which is found in the Hadith. I will hear it said the Prophet system told me to pray witted before I go to sleep by Witter. He doesn't mean the terracotta he means pm will lane, which concludes with Twitter, right? And we see this in the Hadith that sometimes the prophets are some prayed five raka Twitter sometimes seven Rika Witter? Sometimes nine Rakhi Witter? By witted here, we don't mean what we think of the Witter, that one record. This is the tahajjud he's praying in chunks, chunks, so four plus seven or two plus

00:44:18--> 00:44:54

like so he's doing it in different chunks. By the way, the prophet system would sometimes pray 22222, sometimes four, four, sometimes in different chunks. And from this the humbling they've been told me and others they say, the hedgerows Salah, the emulator, ah, we can be two or four or whatnot. And of course, the other methods. Hanif is the one that said must be too high. Do you have the standard XLR, which is very trivial, whichever you want to do. That is fine. So Witter, as I said, the technical definition is different than the Hadith definition. And it doesn't matter which definition we use, we just have to clarify. So when I'm going to use it now I'm going to I'm going

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

to reference the technical which is the last one or the three record. Now our

00:45:00--> 00:45:16

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the man came to he said, Yeah rasool Allah, how do I pray? tahajjud the prophets have said or how is the 100 How is Salah too late? The prophets have said methanol methanol pray to to then when you think it's about to be Fajr then pray your Witter.

00:45:17--> 00:45:49

Okay, so here is not the technical Witter pray to two then for ulterior here I should translate, then make an odd this is what it means for altar. He didn't say pray the Witter Salah he said make an odd, so an odd is the Witter the one or the three. So the Prophet says I'm told us ejabberd who are Hirasawa Combi Layli withdraw Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim make your last salah of the night view Salah to the Witcher. Okay, this is sunnah to make Witter the last salah of the night

00:45:50--> 00:46:13

Jade, if we know our schedule for the night, then we make our routine such that we will delay our waited until the very end and then nothing until the Adana Fajr. So those of us who are praying in our masjid and here we will be doing a traka and then three raka Witter

00:46:14--> 00:46:24

and then there will be a separate Gemma for those who want to do more. Suppose you do eight and three and then you know that you're going to go home and pray another hour before Fajr

00:46:25--> 00:46:41

you should pray the three record with our Imam then when the Imam says salaam you do not say Salaam and you stand up and you add an extra to make his three your four. Now you have not prayed with her.

00:46:42--> 00:47:26

Now you are praying eight plus four gives you 12 Then if you want to go home and pray an extra eight on your own to follow the Sunnah of Rama radula one which is totally fine or to even on your own. Something is better than nothing. You're tahajjud then you gotta go to sleep. Then you wake up for tahajjud so you've combined pm Alain and some tahajjud This is the ideal done for you to do, then you should not pray Witter with the Imam clear you make his Witter. Your four Scheffer. You don't do it. Okay. Suppose you said now tonight I have to go to sleep. I have work tomorrow I can do it. Then you go to sleep. Then you wake up and you're like, oh, I have half an hour. But I prayed with it.

00:47:26--> 00:48:09

What do I do? Here the correct position will load to Allah alum and this is the vast majority even has him it is more hella says that. Praying with it at the end of the night is best. And whoever prays with it, and then decides to pray Salah afterwards. It is permissible and he should not repeat the Witter again. And him I'm in no way it is much more it says much more about the famous book of your mama no we shot her book of filthy says whoever praised the Witcher. Then he decides to pray nephila So he should not pray the winter, and no, he's praying nephila, right that goes against the Hadith. Whoever prays the winter, then he decides to pray the nephila later on in the night, Joshua

00:48:09--> 00:48:27

Bella Cara, it is allowed without any Cara because that was not his Nia, that what would be mcru Is you intentionally make the winter in the middle of the night? That's not good. But if it so happened, that you prayed the winter, then you woke up later on without intending?

00:48:29--> 00:49:09

Do not let shaytaan come to you and say oh, because I prayed with her. I shouldn't pray any extra? No, if I'm a no, we have been hasm Without any Caraga you should pray extra nothing. But do not repeat the wizard. Allah knows that you changed your intention. It wasn't done. Intention is not a big deal. Allah knows when you did that. And this should be your default. If you ask me. If you have the need to sleep until pseudocode you're not going to pray tahajjud then how us pray the winter with us? No problem. Then if it so happens that a particular day you wake up earlier Hamdulillah you pray extra but don't repeat the winter, because only one winter per only one winter per per night.

00:49:09--> 00:49:52

That's what the the vast majority position, there is a dissenting position, which I don't agree with at all and it doesn't have any major basis which is they say you wake up you should pray one raka so that you pray to witters. So that makes a shofar, then you pray you're nothing, then you pray another Witter, and to me that doesn't make any sense plus I just quoted you great scholars. That's not the case. Final point here. We always get this discussion should I or May I read with the Quran in my hand, man hold an iPhone mashallah it's about a koala with the ayah Quran app, right? And hold the most have or a physical copy or whatnot. So again, Yanni, I always like to give all the

00:49:52--> 00:50:00

depositions out there, so I should have the Allahu anha. In so hyperhydrosis reported that she commanded her Mola the cool

00:50:00--> 00:50:46

On to lead them in pm and Ramadan and the Guan was not a half filled so he would recite from the most half. This isn't Sahih Bukhari and Zoho he was asked, Is it allowed to recite the Quran in Ramadan from the most half? Yeah, and he didn't play on and he said, I found the best of us of the previous generation would recite with the most half. This is Mr. Masood at 124 Hijra. An Imam Malik was asked about carrying the Quran in Salah during clam and he said La La howtos. There is no heritage there's no harm in the caring of the most half for the imam in Ramadan for the Nuffield so that's an ephah. Salah is not far does not You're not doing this for the fourth it is permissible.

00:50:46--> 00:51:25

And Imam Ahmed was asked about this and he said lab send your Saliba NASA Jambo Jambo for most if there is no problem for the one to be the Imam and he is looking in the most half. He was asked How about in fourth? He goes no, I didn't hear anything about the fourth. I mean, the Nuffield I mean the tarawih and the pm and the mama no we also has this there as well that there is no Cara in doing this. So we have the Maliki's the humble is the shaft theories are very very explicit with explicit statements from their famous famous scholars obviously which school is left the Hanafi school and of course the Hanafi school they have their position we respect all the schools and it is up to you

00:51:25--> 00:51:57

what to follow Alka Sandy in the famous but dire Asana. He mentioned that a boy Hanifa did not allow carrying the must have so much so that he said if the Imam carries it the salah becomes bouton. We respect all of our scholars and Eva Malik is saying his job is Mr. Musharraf is saying no problem A Muhammad himself was asked in Missouri he said we saw people doing this and Imam Muhammad and sorry Imam Abu Hanifa and the contemporary. These are all early scholars. We respect all of them Imam Abu Hanifa said the Salah is bout that is his position his students will use of and

00:51:58--> 00:52:34

Mohammed Abdullah Hassan a che Barney, they said that it is my crew, but it doesn't make the salah button and use this to be avoided. But it doesn't nullify the solder. And this is their position. Even though by the way, some modern enough some of my friends who are in the modern Hanafi school. They say that given the circumstances of the time that it should be allowed for the people praying at home but that's between them and the end of the school. I'm not going to interfere. You want to ask me I say that it is very clear from Michelle de la Honda from a Zuccotti from MIT from a Muhammad is very clear that many of the tab your own tab a tab your own many of them this is

00:52:34--> 00:53:15

authentically narrated that they would carry a page or a scroll and they would recite it not in FOD. Please Don't misquote me okay, not in fourth in Nashville in pm explicit quotes about this. So if you're going to pray at home, and especially these days Subhanallah your phone this is all you're doing. There is no extra movement because Imam Abu Hanifa said I think he's going to have to move too much and the most apps honey of his time were huge. So perhaps even from his time I'm just saying maybe if he knew how small these things aren't just put it in your pocket. Maybe Allahu Allah when he saw this reality maybe he would have changed his mind as well but anyway that's that's Yanni

00:53:15--> 00:53:52

you know, not my position to comment on that school that's their school. So to conclude a shallow to Allah. Ramadan is coming up and we strongly encourage I encourage myself and all of you to make it a point to make pm will late every single night whoever prays pm will lay every single night of Ramadan, all of his sins will be forgiven. And whoever prays pm will lay on lay that will cover all of his sins will be forgiven. So may Allah subhana wa Tada make us of those who catch that which is akmola who failed on was set on why they come rahmatullahi wa barakato shareholder on Melbourne and the

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