Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 56
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 39.68MB
hamdulillah head on behind Alameen wa salatu salam ala Ashraf an MD at almost an in the name of good Latina Muhammad Allah He offered a Salah skippers name along with him that'd be my end but I know and I was in an era I mean that I'm wanting to cover everybody welcome to beginning classical Arabic
once the evening
moving right along lesson 13 Very very good progress
we have for today Dr.
Gemma Allah Kenny marital Tia
The plural of the following words. Okay,
here we go. Okay. So a little bit of a
technical difficulty there waiting for everything to catch up
okay, I think now we're good. Here we go
so we have
we're given several words there are going to be different types of words. Okay. Some of them are adjectives like Kibby. Some of them are nouns such as life.
Some of them are, that's all we have. Yes, that's all we have.
Some of them are going to be
singular and when we they're all going to be singular and we make them plurals. They're going to be sound masculine plurals. Some of them are going to be broken plurals and I don't think we have any sound feminine florals right here. So moving right along let's go with Brother Mohammed looks awesome. Can you do the first one we only have two people here let's do the first poll line here going right to left
is now in the now
appears to keep Muslim on the Muslim moon right well mostly more if we're pronouncing the final Patoka Raju loon to read alone and if known to abna have not good next mine shake family told him that one of the inhabitants of the shake household
oh fit Yeah. Very good. fitsum Yep. So this is young man young men.
in that is
a home is
what one good one yep
excellent job. Yeah, those tricky ones in there.
So why even bother you phone fatter or fatter to fit Yeltsin had June to help Jae Joon Athlon to one very good last line doctors efe they're
so the we learned
of the mill I don't know very close of the media other than the
Excellent work. Yep.
It's as simple as that severe sleeve all fall we'll play well. Ronnie, have me up here. Pokhara fantastic and that's a nice little vocab review
and we have our word bank here for lesson 13 And happily, the plural of which is proposed her colon which is a field and NASA people should be familiar to Korea to village the poor wishes are poorer now by full gas for a bow you have a che who now old man or the elderly man or the scholar learned person
and the poreless shoe you just like on the wisdom on the pattern of life mobile animal which is the cafeteria we don't need to go into the plural of that just yet. And l madrasa to empty the ear to
primary school another also full empty the year two does anyone have any questions about anything up until this point before we move on?
Yes Oh that was a that was a no that was no Okay very good then then we go on to the second part of lesson 13 which is now talking about the feminine floral Yes. So if we noticed that they spared us found a feminine floral in the last part of the lesson in order so that we could focus on the sound masculine floral mostly moon and various patterns of the broken floral now we're going to see we're going to focus in on the sound feminine floral.
Which as we had given before
is represented by at by the plural ending at and it is sound meaning that it does not change the stem of the word Muslim as soon as a female Muslim Muslim
female Muslims or Muslim ladies or whatever you want to say. So let's have
let's have Mohammed want to test them read star one. And let's have Dr. Xia read start to
man holla in Pattaya to Yama Yama
owner the Mi
Aqua Aqua don't wanna
All right, time out. Alright, so we've got new words. Let's look at that's a Yeah. Okay, this is a portal of young lady. Oh, hell was it al Khattab? I believe was the feminine form. And honestly, this is a word that I did not hear very much spoken.
But it's all over the book. So and Fatah and Pikachu. And that's a yeah to when we
know, we learned here.
We learned here that there this is a subject pronoun. Okay. In Arabic we have home, which we're used to which means they as a subject pronoun, however there is another subject pronoun for third person plural. That is exclusive to females if it is only a group of ladies. And that is one with a shudder on the noon. If you're looking for examples in the Koran go to sort of the follow up or two swords in the set and you will find lots of examples. Okay, so we have her Nana Zamia Latty they are Zemi Latty this comes from we remember the meal is classmate or colleague.
And the plural the sound masculine plural was Zuma that was a broken plural Hmm But look at this when we have it in the feminine
the singular is a me Latin with a Tamar Bucha which means that when we go to the sound feminine plural, we're only talking about females here. No males and sights. Now it is is that me? Lat
so look at that we can come
indicate the difference and this is something that's very very precise about Arabic compared to English we can communicate whether there are males or not in this group, if there were males in the group then we will be forced to use the broken plural zoom Allah. However there are not and so we are using the sound feminine plural. Is that me lat one Zemi Latty Hana the me Latty they are my literally female classmates.
At Howard turn one. Okay, so let's straighten it out into a affirmative sentence we have hunta. Again, the same thing it is they third person
plural, however, it is exclusive to females. I have Latin X Appalachian is the plural of of tune.
And be careful that you're making sure that the HA has a Fatah alpha whatton
of con Appalachian Hoonah a Hawaii tune okay. That is the sentence however we're asking a question and this is the information that's in doubt and so we're going to bump it up to the front or we're going to put another Hamza in front of it hundreds Estefan the question Hamza a whole Latin one are they sisters?
Now I'm Hannah Appalachian yes they are sisters. All right, we see where we're at Arabic has pronouns both subject pronouns and object pronouns and possessive pronouns to communicate the existence of exclusively feminine groups
the masculine forms are used for exclusively masculine groups and for mixed groups. So home
is used for
groups that are mixed or groups that are only male.
If we want to explicitly say that there is a
an exclusively feminine or female group then we will use these pronouns hon.
Okay, let's have a SMA and actors here continue star one star two
mon Abu Hoonah.
Che who will alone
by 231. We
we know, mother's fantastic, very, very good. So, now we see the same exact thing as before, except now we're seeing the other types of pronouns. So just a second ago, it was one one okay, we're only dealing with subject pronouns. Now, I boo one min boo hoo and who is their father, we see that one is the same in the possessive pronoun, right. One can be the subject pronoun here or it can be the possessive pronoun here. Boo hoo Inna, a che who Billa
shake biller as we would say in colloquial kind of Islamic English, but in Arabic, it has to have Alif Lam the chef biller own Mohan their mother who stabbed that tea right? We have the TA which used to be a timer buta in the singular, but now it's a time of too hot because there is the possessive pronoun. Yeah, for mine after their mother is my teacher
Aina Bae 200 Same thing possessive pronoun Hana on the end of bait.
And it might be a little alarming for the beginning Arabic learner to note how differently bait looks when it's by itself versus when it's attached to to pronouns. Part of the skill of reading Arabic is to distinguish
familiar words when their final letter is changed because the final letter as we know in Arabic letters look differently, whether they're the last letter or the first letter or the middle letter.
And so if you're used to seeing a word
and recognize it, recognizing it according to its final letter, then all it takes is a possessive pronoun to come along to change the appearance of that final letter and kind of throw you off. This is the same bait that you know and love, but because of the possessive pronoun now the look
is very different. Just like the tie looks even more different up here for gustar, the
beta Hoonah caught even meaning madrasa T. And that's very, very straightforward. Anyone have any questions about this general idea?
I have a good question. Yes.
Yeah. So the third one are how on HANA.
Cannon? Can you say like
Hona apothem or the sisters? You can say it. As we said before, in Arabic, the information that is in doubt is what is closest to the question word. Okay. So, those are two very, very close statements with slightly different emphases. So if you say, a whole lot on the one, the one is a given you in this case, this is the picture of the young ladies, you see them? They're a group.
Right? What's in doubt, is whether they are sisters or not.
And so that's why we put Appalachian one.
Are they sisters? If we had changed the order to say 100?
That would indicate that there was a group of women, maybe these four women, and someone told us that a certain number of them were sisters. But we're not sure if it's this group of sisters or another group of sisters or part of them, or all of them, or what? And so we would say, when not a whole lot, like is it them that were the sisters that you were talking about? Right? So we see the difference in in emphasis and how this one is more appropriate to the context because we see a group of women and we're asking questions about them. Right. So what's in doubt in this scenario is whether they are sisters or not. Whereas if the situation were different, we would ask a different
question. Does that ask
anything else before we proceed?
Okay, good deal. So let's keep going. How will will move Tada Phil Juma will add deity Elijah and Gama who are more Bohannon will Mithali
converts or change the mug today, the subject of the Joomla is MIA feel Joomla will add deity in the following sentence. Gentlemen make it into a plural camera who am on the phone as it is explained or clarified feeling Mitali in the example and we've talked about the different points about how will we is a form to verb in the imperative mood to do many Jumel is the plural of Joomla tune which is
the word for sentence Jemaine Gemma rune is the word for plural mobilephone is the Assam method rule informed two verbs Mofaz Island etc etc. So what you're going to do is
note that that adjectives like key bed when slave autumn
fall Bowie alone Judoon are the same for masculine and feminine Hamdulillah. So, we have here something that is more reminiscent of English that is a help to us. So, in English, we do not change adjectives to reflect the number right he
you know for example,
he is short they are short right? In Arabic Yes, we change adjectives to reflect number hola costly your own home piece or own we have to change the adjective to suit the plurality or the plural nature of the subject. However, however, even though we distinguished between adjectives in gender,
in the singular in Arabic we do not do so in the plural Alhamdulillah So again, going back to English we do not also let adjectives change for gender we say he is short, she is short. Same thing. In Arabic there's a difference. Hula cavea He Kabir attune? Right? We have to differentiate between masculine and feminine in the singular However, once you get to the plural, while Illa hum once you
gives us the plural, you do not need to distinguish between masculine and feminine. Okay? So that's why we have ki baat. On save on play well, and
et cetera, et cetera. They are going to be for plural masculine. For plural mixed. For plural feminine. Absolutely no problem. So let's see. What is the
example here? Had he been to an okay singular singer, hat, Willa E. Burnett and
write these and we mentioned before how the demonstrative pronoun Paola is also a P applies to both masculine and feminine. So you're going to take how the E you're going to make it into how it will lie. You're going to take the
singular here and make it into plural. Okay, so first up, rather than we're handling Lesson number one
the heat tally button, how would I tally tally bathroom
number two Sr s match
how old lighter How will like Moodle reset to
mode Moodle reset
Okay, so we have the example here which has had the modal reset one. Okay. So what is it going to have to turn into in the plural you mix two up you said hula ICA which is a mixture of both near and far how will II which is these and Pula ICA which is those so first thing is how to learn
and then the form what's the form going to be for modal research on what's the plural of modal resets when
is it gonna be found masculine sounds broken?
Broke with our modal the Sunnah is the broken meal so
aren't we all broken males
there is no broken male okay. It's
the masculine Okay, mostly men must be more Munna.
ProCon Kabir Kibo
sound feminine. Okay. And we are talking about and I hear lots of clinking so I'm assuming that there's dinner being prepared or I'm sure a lot about a cola. So I understand. attentions might be divided. But here it is. Modal research one with a timer booted tells you it's feminine. Right. So now we're going to be looking at sound feminine. Okay, so how old a modal Sati
without reset, so assuming all the research and
welcome system will have the modal research and
how will I model research? That's what you're going for. Just think
sort of what is Atala?
Ta Ebert, right, most of the mats in me in ASEAN, etc, etc. Okay, so system was perfect timing. Welcome, welcome. Let's do number three. So what we're doing is according to the example, we're converting,
feminine for excuse me feminine singular to sound feminine floral. And as we observed
how it will it applies to both masculine and feminine and adjectives with broken plurals applied to both masculine and feminine. We don't have to change them into different forms. So go for number three in show
Oh, sorry, my internet
can hear you very well, but I think
I heard the internet is having trouble. Yeah. Okay, no worries. Okay, sorry.
Has he Bobby Boone and am I just making it? Am I just making it feminine? And
it's already in feminine singular.
Oh, sorry. Has a he Aviva tune. Now you make up for so this will be her Lulu II of the battle? Yes. Very good. Exactly. That's exactly what we're doing. I'll be back.
Excuse the writing
beep Yes. I misplaced that over there. That's good and last one doctor's e&m Before
the hearing was slim.
fantastic. Very good. Heavy. Excuse me. How old a Muslim that's very good. Any questions about that? That's fairly straightforward.
In the singular, you're dealing with a tomato buta. In the plural, you're dealing with an ally Sen. Notice, notice that the signs of grammar are still the same. As far as we know. We have two bombers on the end for Monaco. And we'll go over the ones for the rest of it.
Which is different from the sound masculine plural because the sound masculine plural for example, it was mostly moon. And we said that the sign of it being more for it was actually the well, not the last letter, let alone the last syllable or the last huddlecam
which is why you have mostly mean right meaning because as you'll find out soon enough, the sign of a sound masculine noun being either monsoon or men's role is the well becomes a Yeah, but we'll deal with that all in good time.
Excellent work. Number five. Back to the top Brother Mohammed will test
the heat load low gelatin.
Double da Very good. Oh, God.
They are wives.
Good. I'm sister Asmat. Number six.
Has a heat gun.
How will I work? Careful. So no.
So I fell what? Yes. Oh, wow. So yeah, it's it's a really tricky thing. We want to we know f1 And often we're used to making the call sukoon. Right. f1 when every single permutation of brother or sister other than this one has a sukoon
on the clock. Right. Except for this
sisters for a house. Right? That's her on the phone that's on the well, if I were to good number seven doctors in
the water can
the Yeah. Very good. And that's a similar phonetic thing going on with fo X and that's how Yeah, everything is that that is how it has a Hanukkah. short vowel. That's a atom the pearl of Fatah young lady. System was alright number eight
how the he Jedi the tune.
Law II do the judo
Very good. Exactly. You didn't fall for the big thing, which is that adjectives
on broken plural. We'll just draw the line here. adjectives that are broken florals are the same masculine or feminine in the plural. Okay, so this is something that's a relief for the Arabic learner. Because this is already more difficult than English. And English. Adjectives do not reflect number nor do they reflect gender at all. He is tall she is tall, they are tall. Right? Arabic reflects gender in the singular.
Hula can be here Kabira tune and it reflects number
home Kiba but it
gives you a break and does not reflect gender and number at the same time in the sense that it doesn't reflect the gender in the plural Judah is for men and for women no problem
back to the top brother Muhammad will test him number nine
the heat being
given to us fantastically smart number 10.
Has he Severen sorry ratoon I will lie to you very good. Doctors the number 11
law li de la lune mashallah, fantastic. Excellent. Anyone have any questions at all about the sound feminine plural before we go on the rest is kind of a reading exercise
and then we're going to get into the verb forms
Any questions up until now
Okay, then let's try to finish this reading exercise and that'll probably take us to the end of the period if work to read and write short sweet and to the point number one rather than having what's awesome
I will die what the wow
a whole lot antastic translate that for us since we're just reading
this sisters the sisters
is this proof and
this my sister and
I that is
your sister? No.
Sorry. No worries. It's a little confusing. Okay, let's go from the beginning. So how we establish meaning is through the grammar. Okay, what type of sentence is this? Is this Joomla is meow or fairly?
This meow. Okay, what are the parts of this meow?
Good. Where's the move to that?
I would like very good. So these which means that the statements are
in English. What exists right on the border between them up to that in the public. Alright, good. Now, what's the what does ICWA mean? The word f1
Remember that these are very tough and closely resembling words.
What is ECWA?
Sister? Nope. That's the mistake.
What sister now think about it. Just forget it. What what is the word for sister in Arabic?
Yes. Good. And for brother. It's
right. Ask. Okay, what are the portals for each of the
the portal of s
Oh, yes. And the portal of awesome is a Watson
Why is it confusing? Because this word has a timer. Bucha and so we're used to associating timer Bucha with feminine and that is a good rule in general. But Allatoona is different. That's what term is a portal for masculine. So how old are you? What t now means what? Is this? These are my brothers. Yes. And so well how would I go It would mean what
are my sisters? Yes fantastic. These are my brothers and these are my sisters Very good.
Number two sister asthma
lung how hola IE.
How hola al Fatah Yeah. To?
burner to Moodle. Moodle reset.
Very good. You're right. And what does that mean?
For who's are these young women, but they are Yep. Yep. Who are they and they are the Burnette ease of use Daughters of the teacher. Yes, fair.
Are you good excellent and listen to how Sr s mt used up if you're ever if you're making mistakes with the kind of the construction on the law philosophy lay in Arabic and you're translating in your head use the word of it will always straighten you out the natural muda Resetti the daughters of the teacher female teacher in this case very good doctors yeah number three
in fact I tease me Lottie
mo Hoonah. Modern the setting. Okay. I take issue with your grammar. So let's, let's, let's break it down. We you said how hula Fattah Yachty. Zuma Allah?
Or zoomy allottee? Excuse me?
Okay, are you telling me? Well, let's, let's say this. Let's say this. Let's break it down. Move to that hover. Where's the move to that? Where's the hover?
Lie? Yes. And that's similar to that, which means that Alfetta yet and Zemi allottee? Are the Hubble? Both of them? What's the default position or grammatical case of the Hubble?
them? Yes, it is metaphor with Obama. Okay, so Alfetta yet?
How can Alpha Diaz have a customer? What in the sentence would make alpha to have a customer?
If there was
if you possessed or something,
if it possessed something else? Yeah, yes. Or if there was a preposition before it, which there's not. Right. And so it has to be Alfetta Yeah. To how
Is that me? Let's see.
Right. Which translated is these?
Oh, I'm sorry. These young ladies are my
classmates. My female classmates and I made a mistake when I was said
that hat Willa is just enough to know how hola il Fattah yeah to is them up to that and the information about them is Zemi Lottie, they are my female classrooms. However, it does not affect the grammar because the Malta and the hubba are both Morpho. They're both in the nominative case. And so they both have to have a llama. Unless there's something in the sentence that changes it. And that's my same complaint about the second sentence, we have a boo Anna and her sister was hot rods who came late. The Havana is both a subject pronoun and a possessive pronoun and an object pronoun for
offend a female group for a group of females, so it is home, but exclusive for female. Whereas home can be for exclusively masculine or it can be for mixed groups. So Abu Havana their father, Bobby Boone, Hubbard marfo. Right. Up to that cover. We're all Mohan muda Risa tune.
And that's where we're going. Does that make sense?
it's like spinning plates. Right? See the guys that the Not that I've ever been no circus in my life. But I've heard that there are people that spin plates and you keep adding plates. And then as you add more one false, right. So Arabic grammar, you're keeping track of a lot of things. You're keeping track of number and you're keeping track of gender and you're keeping track of this I'm not and it's very, very easy for one of the plates to fall along the way.
Number four sister masala rots. And we might have to end it there because we're out of time.
I know Alibaba, toodle doo doo doo doo done.
The hub, the hub now Elon, Musk. Devotee is Elon Musk.
Elon octubre. Elon Musk. DEVOTEE. Okay. Both of them are correct. Very good. You said a in a Bali battle. Do dune. It's just a doo doo doo. Because it's got a leaf lamp. So it loses the 10 win. But other
than that, fantastic. Can you translate it for us? Then I'll point out one thing and then we'll dismiss sure where are the new female students and the
have gone to the library. Fantastic. Okay, and that's the last thing that we're going to point out here. That's a perfect segue into the rest of the lesson is that now we've learned a nother conjugation pattern, okay, so we had
it always seems to be with the verb,
we had the hubba singular masculine
and the Habu
plural, masculine or mixed
Okay, that was not supposed to connect there that that now we also learned that that's singular, feminine third person
and now we're learning the plural feminine form that have now
with only a pets above the noon, not an element, that's a different conjugation the head now
and that's where we'll leave off because we'll see more of that for the rest of the lesson. Anyone have any questions about anything?
I mean, yeah.
For the enrichment class, okay, the enrichment class, for those of you who are interested in translation, we are going to insha Allah to Allah begin Saturday, Inshallah, they are going to be held at Saturday's at 12. Okay, so we have class of 11 already. And we'll go to the normal time 1145 And then using the same link, okay, the same zoom link, we will just have a 15 minute break and go right back to it at 12 o'clock. And it will only be, I think, a 20 minute session. I think we'll start out with that. And we'll see how things go. Okay. Any questions? Feel free to message me at any time. Thank you very much for everybody's attendance and your hard work. We're making a lot of
So I will catch you next time in sha Allah to Allah radical. Oh, Donna Adam, a sudden like Kamala like you