Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 34

Tom Facchine


Channel: Tom Facchine


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The speakers discuss the phonetic patterns and phonetic forms of Arabic writing, including the use of "monster" in writing and the importance of understanding the differences between the phonetic and written forms. They stress the need for clear understanding of words and use examples of adzal in sentences to clarify the meaning of words. The speakers also mention the use of "monster" in writing and discuss the availability of hard copies of the book. They conclude by saying they will send out an email with more information.

Transcript ©

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allowed me to set up on an MBA woman, Celine, Davina Latina, Mohamed, Salah,

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Allahu Allah and innovate and founder and partner.

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Yellow but I mean,

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everybody, welcome to beginning classical Arabic. And we are learning about adjectives. And we are almost finished the first part of this lesson. So Inshallah, we're going to finish up the

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this first kind of introductory part of this lesson. And then the second part of this lesson, it kind of is trying to incorporate your newfound knowledge of adjectives into a kind of cumulative review of everything else you've already learned, right? So we noticed how before, you know, they're giving us very, very, fairly simple examples. They're controlling the variables in the sentences so that only one thing is really changing at a time.

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Inshallah, today we'll get to some more applications of adjectives, if I'm also kind of in the field, along with a lot of other stuff. We'll see it with some Joomla up there, LEA will see it here and there and everywhere in Shama. But first, we have to complete this part of the lesson. So whereas the previous exercise had, it spotted us the most and the most So, and we had to pick a cipher that was suitable or appropriate to the most suit. Now they're going to give us the opposite, okay, they're going to give us the milk to that and they're going to give us the CIPA and they want us to choose a sensible mo su something that can be appropriately described

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by the adjective that's listed and some of them are very determined and obvious such as number one, only really one right answer and then there's others that are more open ended such as number two

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which you can have multiple possible answers. So let's get to it. Number one, if you could start us off sister masala.

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Lova tune

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very good and translate that for us while we're at it.

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Arabic is an easy language. Mashallah, fantastic. I hope that everybody finds that there's some easily not that everything's going to be easy, but there's some degree of ease just like in Islam and Dino useless. In Islam, we find some degree of ease. But not everything is just completely without without effort. Good.

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Let's have Brother Mohammed Thorndike. If you could do number two

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and reginal. Kadeem Oh,

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yeah, that can work.

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We had an example previously.

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actually interesting. You know, we have talked about expressions of age and things like that. But you know, the time being this works and body and sister Everyone could use the number three for us.

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I know the grammar I'm just thinking of a vocabulary word for Ghanian a modern Amar is

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very what would be the Arabic word? Hua Hua.

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That one word here? A modern

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looking for noun? Yeah.

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can understand the grammar? A modern talybont? That doesn't make sense. A modern Calvin Linnaean

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Oh, there was that one kid who rolled up his father's Mercedes Benz right that's that's a mo that's no problem that works. Among is the richest. Michelle, that works very good. The important thing is that we have a cool wouldn't have worked right? And didn't wouldn't have worked right. You were contemplating using the word for very right because our blank in the sentence is here.

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And so it's going to require a noun specifically. And so any noun that we have whether it's a student, if you could have used what your husband said Raju don't Ghanaian we could have used that trader or businessmen tagged you in the money you and it could have been anything. So very good. I'm mon Foley

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and as we pointed out time and time again the CIFA follows the male suit in the four things that it must follow in we have singular singular masculine masculine model for my for Nikita Matthew, which is the defining feature of the adjective number four moving along to the say it family whoever is with us today you can or for

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sure, have more than one Max seven, Max, Max Sora.

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Mexico right

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I just want to make sure

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Okay, sure. So

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have a Dustin Yes, this is a broken desk. Next one Mexico and listen to how she made the CIPA correspond to the MO Su and the four things gender number Definity and grammatical case very good. And for the Muslim to be number five for us.

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Sure thessalon balaban because Lenin, very good. And we all know what that means. Feisal is a lazy student

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which is funny because actually taught, I tutored a boy named Feisal in English when I was abroad, and he was actually a lazy student. So this was right on the money phase. So alone all in one class. Yes, very good. Okay, that's fairly straightforward. I don't think we need to spend too much time on this particular exercise. And they didn't think so either. Because they only gave us five

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examples. Moving on to the next part. Now they're going to these are some going to be some new words. But the important thing

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is that this is a phonetic pattern. Okay.

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If I may, I'm going to do two things here. I'm going to write the muscle or kind of the

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and we're going to see the adjective. How it's taken from the quality Yes, go ahead. rather say so Castle, Castle, is laziness.

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And cas9 is just a quick question. Okay.

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Sid, so why why the previous one was Caslen instead of Catalan good that's exactly what I'm gonna try to explain Okay, sorry.

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Okay. Is not lazy the adjective is laziness.

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Is the quality in and of itself divorced of any sort of relation to any human being or thing that could be lazy. So Castle is laziness. The adjective derived from it is Caslen or Joe and similar thing here we have joueur is hunger right and sort of rice

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Alevi Obama home mean jewelry jour is hunger. Right this sort of abstract state and Joanne Joanne is hungry

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Oh, I push

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hot soon is thirst

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I Chan is thirsty.

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are above the balloon is anger.

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And a lot the band who is angry and so on and so forth. So we have we distinguish between

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kind of the abstract state and the adjective. Now these all exist on the same phonetic pattern.

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I've learned better than to talk and type at the same time let me take these offers

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and No, no,

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this is Oh.

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So the important thing to

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realize is that all of these exists on the same genetic pattern. And as our sister muscle rots notified us or brought to our attention last class, it resembles another form, which we haven't learned yet, which is the dual.

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However, this is something that's completely distinct and separate is a form of the adjective Kassala, no joke, and so on and so forth.

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And it would be interesting, I'd probably have to look in some books to figure out why this particular phonetic pattern exists.

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My gut feeling is that the abstract state probably resembles another pattern. So it needed to be distinguished from it in some way. But that will take a little bit of research to figure out.

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Good and so what we have here now we have

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examples of these using these types of adjectives. So we have reached for the side, you could do number one.

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Anna, Anna, Anna July No. Yes, Anna, Joe and, Joe, it seems like they're telling us here. And it's been honestly, a while since I've reviewed this particular form. It seems like they're telling us here that this form is not Medisoft they have not put a 10 ween on any of these Tesla and giovane Ultra, which seems to trigger my memory. I think these forms are in the norm in a soft, similar to feminine names. Right? Aisha to Khadija two. They did not take 10 weeks and I will confirm that for you. I'll go back and double check. But whereas with a normal adjective

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and let's say you know, follow even

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we would expect a 10 wean because it's Nucky wrong. It's the hub right? It seems that

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adjectives on this particular phonetic pattern arm I'm not gonna softly do not accept 10 When so instead of Anna Joe known we have Anna Joe new

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shake them up number two

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and Joe was no

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at the channel. Very good. Excellent.

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And SR Asmat if you're there number three

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Moodle ri su

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bus by noon

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Yoma Very good. Take a shot at translating that for us.

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Lima in two

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with the teacher Bama.

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is a thirsty day for somebody

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know it's angry. Angry day. Yeah. Why is the teacher angry today? As he's thirsty.

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It was Ramadan. Right and he has it

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right maybe? I'm good. So I don't know if we've learned Lima either yet, Lima. That is

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why questions should pass.

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I meant to someone can't answer them. Please pass the question and don't answer. I see. I understand. Oh.

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You know, taking a shot at I don't care. Who requested this and take a crack at it.

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No, no, no, no, I'm in before before you answer. Oh, okay. And le OMA l Yama means today, literally the day, okay, but l Yama the day in Arabic is our expression for today. allele

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which is a little counterintuitive for English speakers, but it's useful. Okay. And you can tack that on to anything that we've already learned. Right.

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Who feel mesh DD le Elma. He is in the mesh deed to de la Oma.

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And it's fixed on the Fatah because it is a

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it is a evolved as a man. It is a

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preposition that talks about

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time and

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gets positioned in a sentence anyway well that's not so important right what they're trying to do here is to get us to use these phonetic forms the masculine modality So what then early on why is the and you pronounced the very well running connecting the Lima and and modality so why is the teacher angry today? Something probably most of us in our educational history have asked our classmates and going on to what we have done but as he has already gone

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Okay, so back to sister masala for number four.

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Did you say a yoke is fixed on the like, Is it money? Or is it fixed location like where it is in the sentence? X LE OMA is fixed due to its location in the sentence and not due to its it as a word. Okay, general rule, the general rule or any Arabic sentence. If the whole sentence is going on over here, and you want to specify a time

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that had happened, you're going to slap it on at the end. And that's going to be monsoon

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the general rule

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whether you use today or in the morning, or during Ramadan, or anything like that, the normal rule is that it's going to be tacked on at the end, and it's going to be mental. And we will get into why at a later lesson. We'll talk about kind of

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impressions of time. And also

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we talked about adverbs and something called Tamizh that are similarly kind of tacked on at the end of the sentence and they are meant to Good question though. But yes, Lel OMA can be in different grammatical cases depending on where it occurs in the sentence. So for example, that he can young will help right that it's it's more poor, because it is barely kellyo will help is part of

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not serving the same function in the sentence. Similarly, but like what about like a young you know, the one this day I have completed your religion I can't remember the IR right now. Yeah. And Yama augmente la cadena. So isn't isn't that in the beginning of the sentence? I typically Yes, but just like we've had some things before where we've rearranged What's the order of the sentence in order to add emphasis

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untangle that sentence, it's really in the back, but it's advanced into the front of the sentence for emphasis.

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actual original sentence is committed to the convener Komiyama right. Leader for you your religion today, but because lies I just wanted to emphasize today to Le yoga admitted to the convener for

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Islam Adina.

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eautiful at

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Vital Africa. Okay, so I'm Ali KUBU, Milan, Milan.

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Good this whole desert Hamza, okay, men, watch for Okay, here's something that we have to understand a difference between the orthography of the Koran, and the orthography, of written Arabic in normal text. And what I mean by that is how it's written. So in the Koran, if we have any letter with a what this is a med symbol, right? This is the symbol of elongation in the Koran, whether there's a Hamza after it, or whether there's a letter with a circle, right, depending on the type of med. However, in normal Arabic literature, this is not the symbol of a med, because you're reading silently to yourself, right? Are you going to say metta?

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No, you're not going to do that by yourself. This is actually

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a symbol for something else. It is a symbol for grace This

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is a symbol for what in the Koran is written as this a hands up followed by followed by an ally. So whereas a simple Hamza is only going to get one beat or one clap of duration. This pair here are this is how it's written the Koran like am annual, right is going to be

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get two beats of duration.

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Okay. So in written in Arabic literature, this is how it is written in the Koran if this word occurred, it would be men, and then I'm guessing it would be and they would put the hand

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Hamza here, and then the ally there.

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However, in normal Arabic literature, this thing stands for this Hamza. And

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just like,

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just like if we have, let me give you an example,

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from another word,

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which is, we haven't really learned verb conjugation yet. But if we have hada, which is a past tense verb, which means to take, okay? And then what if we conjugate it to the present tense first person singular, I take?

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puts two of these together.

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Okay, but we don't write it like that what we write is

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a hobby.

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Right. So there's a difference here in how we write Arabic in the Koran and how we write Arabic, outside of the Koran, because how we write Arabic in the Koran is

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primarily informed by the text we'd rules. Right? And if we're going to think of that as a med, that's only applicable in touch we, so outside of the core and has a different meaning.

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Very good. Okay. I'll call this is a word for cup. It's a loan word for cup.

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Which is the mud signs gonna add it later, right? All right. In the Quran in the moose have the month signs got added later, right? Yes. Oh, yeah. It's not an original part of right. Oh, thank you for bringing that up. Yes. We're talking about the tradition of, of the of, what are we gonna say? I guess the main letters, the main letters without any Herat without any signs, those were original in the interest of man, that's what you meant, right? Yes, that's a important distinction. You're right. So even when it comes to the hubcaps, right, the small vows, and all of the signs that have anything to do with Ted's wheat, these are things that the scholars have added over time, in order

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to make it impossible to pronounce the Koran incorrectly. Right? If you want to know how the court looked when it was first written down.

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So for example,

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there are no dots, there are no home.

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But this is a for example, saying Bismillah because that's actually fairly easy to read. But if you want to say like what did CATSA look like or Kitab to I wrote

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it looked like that.

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And it was actually part of Arabic eloquence that you could be able to tell exactly what that meant, not necessarily from the word divorced of context, but know the context of the conversation, what it had to mean based off of context, later as the core and became something that was an I should say, the Muslim ummah became more diverse, and people who were not native Arabic speakers, scholars, and we're talking about early scholars within the first 100 or 150 years after the prophesy centum passed away added the system of dots to distinguish between tap and back

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right and then later or around a similar time they added the diacritical marks

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so that there would be no ambiguity at all.

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So, yes, things like the min to sign and so on and so forth. Those are all things that were from the Etihad in the end the service

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of the scholars in order to enable the accurate and precise reading of the current.

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Excellent good.

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Now, ship era question

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going back to that third sentence, yes.

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So most of

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NCFR Josephat is got by No Yes. Most suit is a mother ratio.

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how would you the URL Yama

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How did it Why is not a yummy? A young something like that other than Yama good? What is that? What part what is that? They will call

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you Lea OMA here with a lot of zoom in.

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Okay. We had said before that a lot of was

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A type of preposition

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right? If you're going to say the English category of prepositions, we could say an Arabic are divided into two vowels. And how,

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right that rhymes I realized that it rhymes until now. Okay, so one of the features of how such as mean

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Li, is that they are fixed, they're made of meat, okay, they don't ever change. Men is never going to be, you know, me know, it's never going to have a bummer. And if it has anything else, it's only for phonetics, like trying to avoid a two letters with sukoon next to each other. Right. Um, whereas a lot of such as we learned a man

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right in front of.

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And while

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these are all positional, they're not logged as a man, there are a lot of mechanics, they have to do with position in space. But there's also a lot there's a man which has to do position in time. And Yoma.

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book QRA, and so on and so forth Saba Han Messiah and in the morning in the afternoon, these are not fixed. And so they can manifest a grammatical case on the end of them. TAFTA is another one, right? And tact as a good example, because we know we have that in the Koran several times, where we have tragedy mu tak T hell and how mean tak T hell and hell, right, because of the men, it then renders.

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What's normally tak, tak, tak T.

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Right. So the default, the default case of love is min Su, and then Khalifa Elliana, which is different from say, like the hover or the move to that or the ferret.

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Right. And so they require

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they require some other sort of thing in the sentence to move them from that default. Okay? Especially we find, if it takes place at the end of a sentence. This is a very common hangout spot for words that are going to give us information about the time at which something happened, or the way in which it happened. So adverbs also hanging out here. And the general rule is that anything that's hanging out kind of like that, that does that extra work of clarifying either what it is that we're talking about, or how it was done, or the time it was done.

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Is meant so by default, if we move these words around and put them in other places in the sentence, they can take other grammatical positions.

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What was the other example of y'all

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slipping my mind? A Jana? Yes, I don't Okay, and is it hell that society nevermind

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thinking the beginning of sort of the very arts, but it's slipping my mind at the moment anyway, you get the point. The point is that these by default, Armin so

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and they can shift depending on where else they are in the sentence. However, the default is to put them at the end of the sentence.

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And their default is meant so

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does that

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We will say, Yeah, I would get today's Joomla.

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Now, if today is Joomla, that's a little bit different, because that'd be

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right. l yo, Mo

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Okay, right. Or if we wanted to flip it, we can say, oh, no, let's let's leave it at that. Right. So that's a situation where we're taking a video and how it hooked it up. Right? Yeah. Here with this sentence, we already have a look for that, you know, how you know, and this is kind of additional information that's telling us or specifying for us something that was previously unspecified.

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I think the IOU we're looking for I think it's Yamaha Marlin or you've done

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I just had a question. If if a bond and all these words in these in this in these examples,

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why don't they have the definite article

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these do not accept the definite article, right this is because because

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was of the Okay, sorry, I think I missed that. I apologize. I, I neglected to say it actually, when we were discussing that it is normal, that it does not accept Halloween and similarly, it does not accept a leaf now. Okay, which is why you see Elmo their resume of all Banu. We'll say, Wait a second, wait a second, you told me that it has to follow the monsoon in its definiteness. What's so different about this? It's this phonetic form. This phonetic form is distinct enough that it's

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partially fixed, right? It's fixed in the sense that there's no any plan. It's fixed in the sense that there's never going to be a 10 week. Okay.

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So we'll find we'll find and as we're sort of learning now that there's money, and there's no, right, there's things that are completely fixed. And there's things that are completely able to

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demonstrate, grammatical case, whatever. So it may be. And then there are things that are kind of in the middle, or they're on the spectrum. There are some words that demonstrate most of the cases, but not all of them. And there's some of them that only demonstrate a particular case. There are some words that only exist in the past tense and don't exist in the present tense. There's some words that only exist as an imperative. But this is this is later, this is getting a little bit ahead of ourselves. But just to know, just to put it in your mind that this particular phonetic form is special. It doesn't resemble any of the other phonetic forms that we've had. Paul Whelan,

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barleywine, et cetera, et cetera. And so it's has a little bit of an exception to it when it comes to its grammar. No, Ali flam. No 10 We similar to Khadija to

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Asia to

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and so on and so forth.

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Good questions you guys are making me want to crack open the books of grammar again and do some review myself because it's been a bit

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Excellent. Okay. So what we have here we have new words, we have a little word bank here, logo tone, por el Lova. To if we're going to make a definite which is a language Shahe one, which is famous, well known, el Medina to is literally the city, a bar arrow, which is literally Gilbert. Le Yo mu Liu. Here, they're just listening as a noun, and not necessarily as what we were saying before is today, or literally the day Kassala new lazy, Joe I know hungry are out the shadow. Thirsty. Mel No. Fool, heard the Banu angry LRO school a nice India and Alia Alma. Look, they put it twice. So here they put it in the form of what we saw in the previous example. So this is as a bot here. Yes, here

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is as just a plain old isn't the day.

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Like when Allah says badly kellyo will help. That is the day. Allah is not saying today he's not specifying the day upon which what was previously mentioned is happening. He's talking about literally the day Lel math where the Fed time is today.

00:33:32--> 00:33:36

And it is about as a sort of preposition of time.

00:33:42--> 00:33:42


00:33:44--> 00:33:45

Any questions before we move on

00:33:47--> 00:33:48

to the second part of this lesson?

00:34:01--> 00:34:23

Okay, let's just do a little bit of reading. And we'll see how some of the things are going to combine with previous things that we've learned or wanting to just learn I think one or two new things in this part of the lesson, but they will be useful things in sha Allah as we see. Let's have sister Adam and Brother Mohammed todich tackle this first example here, alternating between the four lines

00:34:26--> 00:34:28

or you know mother resume

00:34:30--> 00:34:31

or fill firstly

00:34:33--> 00:34:38

the angel the researcher to who in the movie.

00:34:39--> 00:34:59

So the first thing we learned here is in the end, yes, I bought my can. Okay, it is one of those prepositions of place. Um, that is not fixed, but it's default. Is that a payment? What does that mean? It means around for

00:35:00--> 00:35:22

or by or with. Okay? What's the difference between the end and other prepositions of place as that end is not fixed, it's something that is moving. Right? So if I say or we said here who are feeling firstly, okay, the classroom doesn't move around

00:35:23--> 00:35:36

right? So we know that he is inside of the classroom that's a fixed position it's objective it's not relative to anything but then he says oh we're in the moody he's with the moody

00:35:37--> 00:35:56

or he's by the media now his position is relative okay then we'll do the media could be in the classroom he could be in his office he could be at home you know drinking tea, we don't know and so now we have a relative position and that's the primary usage that we use end up for

00:35:58--> 00:36:03

good sister masala rods but you just the entire second example here.

00:36:06--> 00:36:14

I not only will God do the hubba ill MK double Java

00:36:15--> 00:36:22

11 Mac 30. Good for us fire fire with Sure. Where's the new student?

00:36:23--> 00:36:27

He has gone to the library I think it is.

00:36:31--> 00:36:37

In this case is library. Very good. Okay, I'll have to scroll down to get to the other ones.

00:36:41--> 00:36:45

Let's have the sides go back and forth with the next four lines.

00:36:50--> 00:37:00

Men they're Likkle resolute, resolute, large a lot. The Villu the Velo bloody hydrogel l Anna mineral mother Reza to

00:37:04--> 00:37:08

muddy the rule you get the do

00:37:09--> 00:37:19

we're mineral woman one mineral one manual while I do well are those little lady hydrogel L and I mean I'll firstly

00:37:21--> 00:37:22


00:37:23--> 00:37:37

who have no have no the real the fantastic rush hour both of you that was easy. And so look at how they've grown I mean would you like to try to translate it

00:37:40--> 00:37:44

to everything actually that we've done up until this point and they put it all in one sentence

00:37:46--> 00:37:48

is this meant

00:37:50--> 00:37:52

that man is long

00:37:54--> 00:37:55

or tall?

00:37:57--> 00:37:57


00:37:59--> 00:38:00

lady hurry

00:38:03--> 00:38:04

in leaving

00:38:05--> 00:38:10

university or college hydrogel l n is an add

00:38:11--> 00:38:15

on we only had once before and it means now

00:38:16--> 00:38:32

and and leaving the school now. Very good. Mashallah. Yes. Difficult. Right? So, so men is a question word who? Right? So who? Who is that man?

00:38:34--> 00:38:46

Are we low Levy. And now our new word here and this is going to be the one of the main things that we learned in this next lesson, a levy. A levy is what we call a relative pronoun.

00:38:47--> 00:39:25

Okay, what does that mean? Like when we say who, but not in a questioning sense? Like he who? The one who, right. So who is that tall man who left just now from school or from the school or left the school just now we're going to use more idiomatic translation. Right? So you see how Elodie is a relative pronoun. We're not quite sure who it is. We're defining him with this word, according to an action that he's just completed. And so now we're into Arabic.

00:39:26--> 00:39:59

This is a entire Joomla to the fair Nia, which is just a phrase that's tacked on to explain the question of who is that Tolman? mandalika Raju Tovino, Ludy hydrogel Anna Minella madrasa team, who is that tall man who left the school just now? Mashallah. And then a very similar thing, one menu. Well, I do remember that min is fixed but because we have a sukoon here

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

And they sukoon there, they have to add the Castro to break it up. While many Louella do Saville, Larry horrible

00:40:09--> 00:40:24

and who is the small boy who left from left class just now. And you both handled that very, very well with your reading. And this is kind of, we're just over time now. So this is a good

00:40:25--> 00:40:58

intro to what comes next. We don't have enough time, I don't think to finish the reading exercise. But that's a taste of what's to come next fashion shot a lot to add relative pronouns, trying to talk about He who does that such a thing, or she who, and so on and so forth. And some more work with Google with the different prepositions of time and place, such as end, such as l n, such as La OMA, and so on and so forth. Excellent job. Anybody have any questions?

00:41:00--> 00:41:07

Are we trying to complete book one before Ramadan? Um, what to you is your understanding of book book one because

00:41:09--> 00:41:10

I'm using

00:41:11--> 00:41:42

the one that ends at lesson 10. Like so. I mean, I have the other one, but I'm not using it right now. I'm using the one that ended lesson 10. I see. Because, I mean, how they divide up the books, I think there's some there's some difference there because for the way I had studied these books, was they each book was divided into about 30 lessons. So I don't have any this PDF that I have is 251 pages. We've completed 51 of them show that's about it, everybody, pat yourself on the back. That's quite an accomplishment.

00:41:43--> 00:41:47

So I don't have a particular goal for how far we're going to get before all my

00:41:49--> 00:41:52

work going to stop at a place that makes sense inshallah.

00:41:54--> 00:42:00

But yeah, I don't have any particular ambitions for I want to make it here there. I mean, we'll we'll be responsive. Okay.

00:42:03--> 00:42:05

Any other questions before we depart today?

00:42:08--> 00:42:14

Can we buy a hardcopy men? Okay, the last time I looked into the answer to this question was probably

00:42:15--> 00:42:23

five or six years ago. And there used to be a website for where they sold these books from Chennai, India.

00:42:25--> 00:42:31

I would have to look it up and I don't know if they're still in business. I don't know if

00:42:32--> 00:42:48

things have progressed. And now it's easier to buy these books. It used to be very hard to buy these books. They're free. Online. It's called good workbook. Good word. Okay. Yeah, we, but it's also available. Well, I'm not sure if it's available to order online.

00:42:50--> 00:42:55

I can I can try and find out. Well, all that's homework for everybody. Everybody tried to explore some

00:42:57--> 00:43:29

bookstores. Okay, Michelle. Well, that's good to know. Um, so yeah, good word. Good books. We have actually some some Korean some masala from good books. So or good word, whatever it is. Good word books. So okay, that's a good lead. And wherever else your typical Islamic bookstores, I imagined your you would probably carry it. I imagine Osama what's might carry it. So yes, it is. It's nice to have a hardcopy you don't have nonprofit bookstores in

00:43:31--> 00:43:34

sorry. So yeah, not have nonprofit bookstores where you live

00:43:35--> 00:43:41

in central New York. I don't I'm not aware of any. Okay. But a lot of those best, I'm new. I'm the new guy.

00:43:44--> 00:43:51

So we'll see what the options are. And we'll send out an email and shot a lot of detailing options that different people find and come up with. That's a very good question.

00:43:53--> 00:43:55

Okay, very good. Anything else?

00:44:00--> 00:44:04

All right, everybody. Have a wonderful day. And I look forward to our next session together. Ciao.