Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 30
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 39.45MB
Have nada slaughter salam ala Ashraful and the echo mursaleen of being Latina Muhammad Ali hustle solo esta to Sneem Allahu Marlon Zion Pharaoh Noah
was even there and then you're
welcome everybody. Saturday morning Arabic.
Got a couple people on their way in right now
okay, let's get to it
so we are still in the same lesson, we're making very good progress on.
The next exercise is reinforcing the main grammatical concept of this lesson. It says f.
L Meetha. Al Attiyah Thalma. How will Juma al Attiyah tan Mithila. Who read the example by himself.
Read the example the following example, then we're going to transform the following sentence upon the pattern of the example. So going from left to right, because I know that we're English speakers, what we're moving from is the grammatical formula have a key tab when, right, this is a book.
And we're moving the key tab to the book to that. And this sentence right here is an Aha. Now we're going to move it into the book to that to speak about this specific book. And we're going to say something else about it. Okay, in this particular case, we're going to say who it belongs to have value key taboo. Lee mohammedia. This book belongs to Mohammed. Right. And so now they're going to arrange it right to left and this is how we're going to see the remainder of the exercise. The we're going to see a sample sentence on the right how the key tab one, a very, very basic sentence. And we're going to take that example and make a little bit more complicated sentence have Alki taboo, Li
Mohammedan don't worry, you're not going to have to figure out what the hover is. They're going to provide it for you. All you're going to have to do is switch from have a Barbie one having Barbie be part of the hubbub which is Nikita, which does not have any flam and we're going to move it into the move to that we're going to put le flam on it. We're going to remove one Bama from it and complete the sentence. So let's begin first on my list is the or the say it's someone from the same family please do number one. Read the one on the right and then
has a B Boone. Good.
B be mentally Very good. Excellent. So listen to how she said her other Barbie one. And then she said how that Barbie boo Meenal Hindi because now we've added a
an ally plan to it and just for good measure. Go ahead and translate that for us.
This is a doctor
the doctors from India. Yes, fantastic. Great job. That's what we're doing. Okay, brother masa. Could you do the following one? Sure.
He has the Yarra tune.
The sejahtera to Lil muddiman. Only Madiran.
dromedary Sorry. Good job. translate that for us.
This is a car. This car belongs to
Didi is principal. Yes, the principal Very good. Excellent. It's tricky to recognize. Okay, so you know what, rather my son said there wasn't just a slip of the tongue. There's something going on here. That makes us difficult. We'll talk about it in just a second. So happy he say out. This is a car had he sale to look at how we put it into the milk to that. Now it's part of the milk to that and so it's going to be Marisa with an ally flan it's going to lose one Bama because it has any flan. Lil moody ah, ah.
So, what's happening here?
Which I don't think that we've
studied or learned or pointed out before, is,
if we remember our previous example, we've only done the possessive Li, Lamin Molokhia. With names, I believe up until this point, Li plus Mohammed
equals li Mohammed in very simple. However, what do we do when we add the lamb? And Malkia to a common noun? l moody,
This is the problem that's posed here. Elmo. Do we have a Hamza tawassul?
And then a lamb?
Do we add a lamb way out here? How would we pronounce it? This gives us our answer. We add we basically eliminate the Hamza tawassul. And just have two lamps next to each other little moody.
Why do we eliminate the hundreds or Wesel because it's redundant. We wouldn't even pronounce it anyway. If for just for the sake of argument, if we were going to write it this way. Li and then a Hamza tawassul and then a lamb with a sukoon.
How would we pronounce that? We would pronounce it Lemos theory.
So in order to avoid having a silent letter in there, we're just going to eliminate it entirely. And we're going to put two lambs next to each other. The first one has a cat straw. That's the lamb of possession. The second one is leftover from Elmo theory. And recall for those of you interested in the debate, whether the definite particle was alief, lamb, or just lamb. Now we have a further piece of evidence supporting the idea that it is simply just led because now the Hamza tawassul has gone away
does this happen in the most half as well? Yes, it does. Yes. Good question.
Good. So how did he say out to Lemo theory this is the this car is the principal's Very good. Sister masala. Could you please number three
Nanika Whelan, Danica lagoon.
Zaarly, the vertical radical wallet. The nickel Wallah. Do Bernal muda as we see, very good.
translate that for us.
That's about that's the boy.
And the boy is the son of the teacher. Yes, that boy is the teacher. That boy is the son of the teacher. Fantastic. Now, I'll ask you a further question just for a little bit of review. How did you know that? If that even had a bumper on it? How did you know that it was ignored?
Because it's the possessive construction? Well, it's actually the Muqtada. And so it's originally dama because of that, and then the
the Medina is the that is guests, the customer because of the possessive construction.
So for masala I pick on her a little bit. Where is the where is the differentiation? I want to draw a line here in this sentence. Where does the move to that stop and the hover begin?
The Muqtada is
one? You mean the first one or the second one? Oh, yes. And the second part? In the second one, it's the alkyl. Wallet is the Muqtada. And then what about him? He's the son of the teacher. That's the the hover. Fantastic. So then I'll ask you again. Why is it been with Ebola?
is the hub of Yes, it's the hub. Maybe you misspoke. You said it's because it's part of the book today.
Oh, I'm sorry. No worries. I think I was thinking, no problem. I just wanted to make sure everybody understood. And it's a very good thing to review that it's well known because of the it's part of the hubbub. And the original grammatical case of the hover is more for With Adama. And so yes, it's part of the possessive construction, but that doesn't really affect whether it has a bumble or a customer. What that does affect is the second word over here, as a modality See, which has a customer as
as she said, so that he can well Adobe
Oh more data we see and there's a lot of slick phonetic things going on there she handled it very well after run the data in lol I do into it and run into Elmo data VC yes if n is moved off and being moved off affects
its definiteness it makes a definite but it does not affect whether it has a bumble or not. What does affect the bummer? Is that it is part of the cover the predicate very good brother awesome can you do number four for us?
Silica sir I tune
in then it becomes silica so it means we Surah
And that is a watch and then it becomes that watch is from Switzerland. Fantastic. Excellent work. And Swiss law is Magne as we said it's in the carnival which is why even though it comes after men it's always going to be Swiss or us like me and so on and so forth. Good Brother Mohammed was awesome. Can you please do number five
had the handle button
right and the second part
to Mohan mashallah very good can say that for us.
This, this house this this?
This is the house.
Yes. This house
belongs to engineer. Excellent. Good job. Ha that be 20 This is a house and then have a way to this house is the engineers or belongs to the engineer. Fantastic. Good job.
Moving on to the shake family number six
has a column one has an Hello mu
d a bad thing? Good. Excellent work translate that for us. This is a pen. This pen belongs to us.
Yeah, yeah. Very good.
That is Yeah. Number seven, please.
the early Carl Rogers Lou.
I especially love the couples because then we get to hear them correct each other. So is it more Anthony?
And why was it? No? Sorry?
Was it he
Way. Okay. So let's let's break it down from the beginning. The type of sentence is Joomla is me or Joomla. Fairly.
This means this me? Okay, good. It's me. One of the two parts of Joomla is MIA looked at
what's the default grammatical case of both the motera and the hover them with?
Yes, exactly. So here's our line here. This is the move to that. Here's the problem. We need something in the sentence. If we're going to make anything measure rule. There has to be something to make it measurable. Is there anything in the sentence that make it measurable?
No, no, there's not.
No, there is no.
There's no lab. There's no lawful doclet there's no possessive construction. There's no men, or ILA or anything. And so, chalk one up for one point versus their asthma. It is what they know. And
they know, what they did to you is they tricked you. Because every single example before this.
Every single example before this has something that makes the end word in the hover Metro.
Yes, yes, this one doesn't.
Because it's not a necessity to this type of sentence. It's still a gym. That's me. What are we saying here? What's the translation of the sentence?
man is amazing. Yes, exactly. It's a very, it's a statement of identity. That man is a male and is a color to print.
And so it's a simple move to that hover.
We have two words in the book to that one we're in the habit and it doesn't get any more complicated than that. So don't feel bad they tricked you.
Excellent work. Brother Mohammed Xotic Could you please do number eight? Can you see it there in the bottom of the screen?
Basically tune good can be a
hassle by T.
Okay, so one was happy by you guys. He has a basic tune. Be good. Gabi ratoon has a he has he has a he Bay's that
can be a bit Ratty. I don't see a Kabira over here on the right on the right column. It's just by the bottom.
Yeah, he's a has a he bays up. Right. Right. So that sentence is the easy one because it's just saying this is an egg. This is an egg, right? And then we have this over here and it's just a little bit different. So try this again. Have he? Has he made to Kabira Very good. Very good. So here how Yes, the thing I was looking for was the bumper and you did that heavy hit by a ball too. Right we have now all we've done is we've taken this bylaw and we've shifted it over into the milk to that we've added it to the milk to that the subject of the sentence and now we're going to say something different about it. So Havey hidden by evil to what are we going to say about it can be about
something just as brother said Good job. Okay, anybody needs to see anything here before I erase all this
I think we're good I think there's still some more down here. Let's see so got two left sister Oh is sister Erica today or No? No. Okay, no problem. Sister Saima. Could you please do number nine? What? Yes, sir. I'm trying I
mean the loan
mean the loan
has really mean the loo.
Yes. Great job. That's perfect. Can you translate that for us if you would? Yes. Hi.
This is a kerchief
and has been the Luba sequel. This kerchief is dirty, fantastic, Masha, Allah very, very good. And you have realized there's different ways to write
Ali's lamb meal. Okay, so this is the kind of beginners way if you're looking for a fancy way, you can loop the meme right underneath the lamp. That's the lamb. That's the meat. So that's what I did here.
And number 10, brother to me
the he probably button
the hill happy but as the hill happy but two. Little more deadly sin.
Very good. translate that for us.
I'm not remembering what hotkey by means. But whatever the bay is, belongs to this. Good. It's a bag. Okay, back.
Good. So over here. So what does this sentence mean over here in the example.
This is a bag. Good. And then what's the difference in meaning over here?
If this is the students bag, yes, or modalities modality says, Oh teacher sorry, this is the teachers bag. Good good. So had the heated happy but to Lemo their receipt. And I think that you joined us late and so we talked about how we're joining lamb. Before if we had joined land Lamb, the lamb will Kia to a proper name like Mohamed. It's very obvious that becomes a Lemo handmaiden. But if we're going to join it to a common noun, such as in this case modality, c l Muda. We see
what ends up happening is that we erase we delete the hands, it's a muscle and we write two lambs next to each other.
Without a receipt.
Someone had asked if that's even in the Koran, yes, that's even in the Quran.
And so it is not lamb. The first lamb is possessive.
The second line with a semicolon is our sign that it is definite. And we're gonna receive a little modulation, which means that there's only going to be one customer on it. So this bag is the teacher, fantastic. Happy, adult happy but too little moderation. Great job, everybody. Any questions on this particular exercise before we continue?
I have a question, but it's not about the exercise. So I know in Hamdulillah that it's written without the others.
But I'm just wondering, I guess I guess then you can you can never separate it right? Like if you start on that word, you have to start with alarm and that's why it's joined like that. We're talking about Alhamdulillah
No, I mean, I in Al Hamdulillah I know that there's no there's no Hamza to listen there
sorry. No, I mean, in the in the in the in the in the Lila but Oh, Lila Okay. Okay. Yeah. Because I'm thinking of Islam and the right Right, right. ICIC right. So so I guess the reason it's not there is because you can never you if you if you stop like if you if you lose your breath, you still need to start with the non that's why
yes, that's a good point. Yes, Allah. So the sister is trying to tell us that the name The name, Allah offered you data against what I handled the Rasul
And yet, if we have Lila
same thing, the
OH MAN Mashallah. So this touches on the other difference of opinion system was thought about, look at how this is evidence for the camp that this actually was only for them. Because the Hunters also disappears. Yeah. So no, look at that. So we've touched on two
points of disagreement between the grammarians and we've stumbled upon evidence for for each issue. Good. Excellent. Anybody. Any other questions?
Okay, let's roll.
Call ilmi Thal, Tia Tomoko when SPL attend. Well as we've attended Miss La who make questions and answers, as shown in the example, using the word Lehman, who's so the example here, Lehman had al Kitab. Up, this is a perfect example of what we said before, when we're asking questions don't get confused about the type of sentence that's actually going on. This is the same exact sentence we just dealt with. Right? It's a Joomla is Mia, the motor that is having keytab. But what happens in Arabic is the piece of information that you're asking about gets put to the front, when you're asking a question. So we're not asking Madhava
we're asking Lee men, whose is it? Which is part of the hubbub. And so we're gonna shoot it up front, Lehman had al Kitab.
And the answer is now kind of rearranged in the quote unquote, proper order of our normal or normal gym. That is Mia had al Kitab. Lee, Mohammed, what they're going to do, they're going to give you in parentheses, the correct owner of the thing that we're talking about. Sometimes it's going to be a proper name, Mohamed Abbasali, sometimes it's going to be a common noun, el Medina and Fela and so you're going to have to use what we just learned about the lamp and mukhiya appropriately
I'll leave the example right there at the top. Okay, starting at the top we have SR masala is going to be the new one for us.
So number five, the next one, right. Yes.
Lehman, Lehman has a column.
How does column
Lee Leon Bhasin fantastic. That's exactly what we're looking for. Notice that you're going to have to make decisions about gender. Right? She had to pick Heather, because color is masculine. And so if it had been a feminine one, she's going to have to say, Lehman had the heat. Right, but she knew that it was
masculine and I probably don't need to write all of your answers.
Going to the sheikh family for number two
naman has a
li, li li li, li
li, li and yes good Ali. Normally is Ali Yun
you can be B
depending on what's going on good job
okay, and now number three SR Esma Lehman had a he's a
heavy he's a Yarra to
moody. Yeah a little more theory right that that kind of funny thing that we stumbled over because it is new to us. We haven't learned that before. Little movie. Very good
Hey Brother Mohammed todich Could you do number four?
Mohammed todich Are you there?
Yeah, sorry I can walk. Okay, so
Bacara is female
lemon has he been eaten? Very good. Mashallah. Excellent.
Heisey philosoph philosophy. Good you're just missing one letter in the answer Havey his belcarra Two as he he'll Baqarah two Bangkok real Finland
mashallah excellent perfect. Had the hill back or two and all the numbers are right completely legal philosophy and we're going to mush it together there because the Hamza tawassul disappears belong to the farmer then
very good. Yes, you're correct. Such a statement.
Okay, moving right along excellent job everybody. You're synthesizing and putting it all together. Next for down to since the same
no number five please.
Happy Yes. Yep.
Okay Lehman has the hill Lehman has been happy but to
have the hidden healthy but to
little mood there we see fantastic mashallah like how you took your time and you pronounce everything so slowly and
very good. Number six next on our list is brother to me
Lehmann had the hill Cool. See you
sorry, not Lehman had the courtesy you
had cool see you.
Lamar in. Good, good. Now, we have to be careful not to over apply what we just learned with a common noun. If we have a common noun, it's going to be the little right. But if we have
it's just going to be
Leon. That's right. And it's so funny. Forgive me for smiling. But we had just talked last night brother most of the night about how in ODU apparently coach C is feminine. Is that correct?
So this is I guess a point of confusion for the origin of speakers because in Arabic it's masculine and so you know, this helped mother to me and started saying had the he perhaps because in his mind somewhere he knew that in order to it was it was feminine. So that's that's a very interesting point to me. Good job.
Moving on to the say it's someone who will say a family do number seven please.
I think that's supposed to be
right? Not a rooster. I think that's the intent
you are muted
very good man Harvey Harvey he the judge that's a data good
or I'm happy he didn't judge to because it has to have early flag
and it's gonna be
hot. Had a little the the judge
told be been
good. This is way harder than the previous examples that we're so sorry about that. But yes, yes. Okay, so let's let's break it down here. So have V Yes. Have you hit the Jaja to good, Li, and then we have bins, and then you recognize that bins and phala are part of a possessive construction. So listen to how she made us the Lehi. Yes, that was completely correct.
lahaie But we also have one other thing to consider.
And that is what's the work that the lamb does upon Vince.
Lamb is going to change this BOMA to a customer.
Right because nine was one of the
hump jump. It's one of the prepositions so it would end up being havee hidden the judge to Lee been till
does everybody understand? Why does everybody see how that happens?
How the he is fixed at the judge and to this is all part of the move to that it's more for right. Okay, now we're moving on to the hover we have three things to consider. First, we know it's going to be possessed by a what is in itself a possessive construction be the Toyota lahaie is a possessive construction. Now we're going to add lamb to the beginning of that possessive construction. So it makes the second part bits changes it from being one floor to majority leaving till
anyone have any questions about that?
That was significantly more difficult than
the previous examples ratcheted up that level of difficulty there. But is it clear?
number eight, rather much
as the HiSET See ya, da to the side to
answer is Has he his Asad. Middle modality. Okay. Where's your Lee?
I know exactly. You were you were you saw that hums with a muscle and you're getting ready for it. And that's good.
Okay, yes. Hi.
Let's break it down one at a time. So we have had the he's two. Okay. Now we have this is the cover. So that's the end of the book to that beginning of Muhammad. Okay, what are we going to do? We're going to add a lamp to Ibn. Now the question we have to ask ourselves is this Hamza right here? Is it has its own copper, or is it Hamza tawassul. Meaning is it going to be? Is it going to stay? Do we pronounce it independently? Or are we going to delete it? Just like we had deleted it for a little more data we see.
Probably deleted, we're going to delete it. So what we're going to have is
We're not technically going to delete it. But that's what we're not going to say it.
And I'll explain why in a second. Livni is essentially the same thing as the previous example where we have a possessive construction. That is the entire cover. And then we're adding a lamp to it.
Okay, so because we're adding a lamp to it, now we're making both parts module live Neil moody.
Live Neil moody theory. And we do not pronounce that.
We did not pronounce it because it is.
100 the lesson?
Now the question arises, okay. How come we got rid of the hands? It's all of us up here.
When we had a flam,
but we didn't get rid of it down here. When it was just an alley by itself.
And this is just a point of Oh, yes. You have a response?
It's part of the word.
Yes, very good.
Meaning that even as part of the word itself, and not, and not just something that's placed in there, according to the opinion of civil way, in order to break up the lamp, so we have another
evidence in the cap of civil way.
So the rule is, if you're looking for the rule, if you have led lamb, which is the definite article, though,
and you're adding an alarm to it, for possessive, you're going to get legal.
And you're going to delete the hundreds of lawsuits. However, if you have a different type of word that does not have that lamp, like even
you are not going to delete the hundreds vessel though you're still not going to say it live new the
that's a bit complicated. Does anyone have any questions about that? Or want me to review it or explain it again in a different way?
But the similar thing won't apply to been to is it's it's not there is no right?
Exactly. Vince has no 100 philosophy. So lamb does the same grammatical work to Vince as it does to Ibn but it has nothing to do with adding or deleting letters or whether we pronounce letters or not.
Lamb being part of a possessive construction itself makes the noun that follows it vegetable. Livni Levente, but bins is a nice and easy word to pronounce. It has no 100 rustle, whereas Ibn is more difficult to pronounce. Because it has to adhere to the rules of Hamza tawassul.
Only will do lamb and Hamza is 100 vessel.
Sorry, that your question again. The only place we would use lamb in Hamza Hamza, the bottle, the way we are saying in Madidi, is where there's Hamza to the vessel. If there is no Hamza to vessel Alon itself either little or attached to the word. Yes, yes. Correct. If I've understood you've done correct.
Now, note that there could be a possibility that it is used where there's a definite article Yes, that's probably the easiest way of conceptualizing it wherever there's a definite article
and I won't add any exceptions or anything like that that's good enough for understand. Lehman had his eye too heavy his honor to live kneeling with the good
nearing the end of class and we just have two more so we'll finish this exercise and then inshallah we will complete
class Yes, and there's more exercise for next class. Oh, where are we at here brother?
This got scrambled around.
Brother than having one it's awesome. Can you please do number nine
either by two.
puzzle by Hazal. By to
handle by to
the web? Yeah. So now look at what they did see you
They have no respect for your gradual development they want to throw it all at you. Now what we have is we have an added wrinkle here. Not only is it a lamp
plus alief now
we're going to delete
for Walsall. Now we also have to do with us we deal with a son letter
So we're not even going to pronounce this lamp lit. Bobby
which Brother Mohammed he dealt with very well because that's not easy. This is about as difficult as it gets when it comes to using the lamp with Bobby, the bar will be doubled
because or I should say to indicate the assimilation of the lamp into the thought.
And the first man has its custom lit, Bobby
and last one brother Awesome. Can you be number 10 for us?
Lehman had the hill Milaca to have the hidden milliamp hour to knit body be very good. And the same exact thing they've saved the most difficult ones for last lip orally be you have those three things going on. You're adding them to a definite article Ali flam. And so you're getting two lambs written next to each other without the Hamza
Yes, must be colonized. That's very true. But the following letter is a hub MC is a son letter and so we're going to double it. We're going to assimilate that second lamb into that some letter
barley be fantastic. Anyone any final questions before we conclude for today?
Okay, everybody is doing a fantastic job very, very pleased with your progress and your effort and inshallah we will see you next time. So don't want to