Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 27
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 38.48MB
So those questions questions are always welcome and beneficial I always benefit them benefit from them. So thank you for asking them
let's get started just for that 100 level service officer data online interview they in fact
was in an element yet on the line I mean
we are going to further our lesson and experience in feminine and all things feminine Okay, and so at first we learned one of the
a smart will e shop that's this right here. Do you want to look
a smart well Isha, which means the demonstrative pronouns that's the Arabic term for a demonstrative pronoun.
Once we started with the feminine we learned the version of Hatha which was heavy
right and but we had talked before that however, was not the only demonstrative pronoun
we learned that how other was for masculine near just like this in English we use have and have he for something that is near this this book.
Whereas in English we use that to refer to something far well,
we learned the masculine version of that we use that Lika
now today we're going to be learning the feminine version of that which is tilde
So now we have this is a very nice chart a smart with a sharp little Corrib demonstrative pronouns that are for nearby things have more hands don't have E too.
And then we have a smart will Isha are at little buried
demonstrative pronouns for things that are far
that Lika ham, you don't use way over there
tilaka Zane who way over there is
so that's going to that's the I just scrolled down to the
to the chart just to give you the imagination of it before we get into the dialogue it's going to be inside of the dialogue so if everybody could
open up or follow along with the screen on the beginning page is page 39 The beginning of Donald Sue savvy
debts is lesson at Dentsu the lesson as savvy through the seventh the seventh lesson we'll talk about that when we get there to how to make cardinal and ordinal numbers how to make adjective pairs and things like that we haven't gotten there yet. But just so you're aware that's what that means. Does a savvy er
who let's see let's go down our list here and let's have
two people for this image we're going to split it up by by image so first let's have awesome and Brother Mohammed wants us
make sure it's Amina to with one thing we
we're making Tilka
great job never apologize for making mistake. Most important thing in language is to make mistakes you probably won't make that mistake again.
And I can tell you some very embarrassing stories about mistakes that I used to make so no worries and that I still make I still make mistakes in Arabic it's not always getting better. So like they did before they have arranged the pictures according to distance right so make some to bring the lesson home right then have you here firstly this young lady here had he mean to woman tilaka little bit further away teleca bow thema to okay that's a pretty innocent example nothing really new there.
This and that. Now we're going to get into some other things. So let's have the say it family.
Both of you each of you switch off on do the first and second
How did he
extremely difficult words is pronounced the don't know feel that this is a nurse. Okay, more metal rebar to read. Let's play a little bit and with how we got if I can interrupt
so we learned that
is ill or sick
and both of you and all of us I think can discern the similarity between these two words they both share the same route
so if someone becomes sick we say to Mr. Robot and if someone treats someone who becomes sick we say moolah without
little explanation of that will come later but just so you're aware on the level of the roots that this is going on so Yes, completely correct. Have a heat Bobby but
because it's a common noun What's it look at little metal we both went very good. He brought
the he mineral Hindu
mineral Hindi what Tilka mineral Yeah, Bernie so I was going to really really blame myself if you thought it was me that Hindus are gonna say your teacher has failed a
very good and first and socket
had the the weed Latin What did I see that very good. I'm not sure if we had Lila and pulsera before have we
seen real and it's feminine form for we like to learn is taught
specifically taught and called see it or concealed? Or it's feminine form Costiera tone is short.
So this lady here
the doctor is supposed to be taught and the nurse is supposed to be short that's trying to trying to show you them
I'm going to use SR Syra again and have
SR syro pair up with SR muscle rods for the next the next image
on ha harder
hammer the hammer.
Lika Ali Yun
very good. And that's very, very easy. That's just kind of a reminder that yes, don't forget that. There's also the demonstrative pronouns for voice
This is a shorter one so system is alright, you can take this one by yourself. This example.
I tell the judge
law Tilka back button. Are you gonna translate that for us?
Is that a chicken? No. That's a duck. Very good. Excellent. Yes. Button is duck and you'll laugh? If you're laughing at that you'll laugh even harder when you learn what the word for quack is because it's basically believable. Believable but thought that becomes kind of a tongue twister if you try to say that the duck is is is cracking a ticket the judge when the judge is specifically a hen but yes a chicken
so now we're getting some animal ID in here and both both one is a new word for us very good.
Everybody have the new words everything they need written down before I scroll down
I should say tell me if you need me to not scroll.
Okay, here we go.
Let's go back to the beginning. Let's have
brother awesome and Mohammed blood testing can you handle
the next two examples because this one is very basic.
You've got Benny that done? Good by the tunas egg.
Car I don't really see
what 10 cars a year until Mother, Mother Mary mother is to the receipt
whereas the scene
is not seen as moody theory or the theory. Good. So let's translate that last one guy so awesome translate the first part and Brother Mohammed the second
what is that? That is egg. That is an egg. Yes. And egg because it's natural. Right with boldness. And then brother Muhammad was awesome the hardware
this is teachers car. Yes. Very good.
And and that is students car close What do you remember what Elmo deer is?
The deer is the principal or the head? Sorry, yes. Well, the you know what, you know how you can tell you know how you can tell if you're if these pictures are very suitable because this is the car. Right? That's your rolls up to school in. And this is the principal's car. Isn't that right?
There's not a student's car.
That I found that very suitable. Okay, guys some questions in the chat. So Deke is rooster and the judge, judge, the judge a ton with a ton of water is a hen. So why don't restaurants say the judge? Yes, very good. So just like in English, we differentiate, we differentiate between the animal that's living and the meat, right, that we consume. So we say like poultry.
Not to talk about the animal that clucksten scratches, but the slaughtered in sha Allah meats that's you know, you're buying from the store. So it's the same thing. We say Deke Benja when it comes to the animals, and then if we're talking about the meat that you're going to buy from the store or the type of shwarma that you're going to say the judge the judge, right? As like a category for
chicken meat. Right?
What is the difference between egg and Yes, correct. So the differences of time
what's the difference between a egg and white
whites comes on two different patterns.
Found phenological patterns were as
egg is always on this pattern by a button. Okay, so what we have here
viable tune is a singular noun. And there's a feminine noun right that we just learned if we're looking at colors and we haven't learned any colors yet colors are on different phonetic patterns
little preview of what's going to come
masculine colors or I should say colors that describe masculine objects are on this phonetic pattern F on
so it would be not for egg but for something else we would say LBL
see what we did with the route there
the route is the same
that Yeah, but but we put it on this pattern
EB Yelp is white for if we're describing a masculine thing like a car and a leg or something like that, but if we're describing a
Oh I'm sorry I misspoke appeal for a masculine thing like a book or a pen. If we're describing a feminine thing such as an egg or a car then it would be on the wasn
and we would get correspondingly
by a ball
and this is actually an area that's outside of Medina that's very lovely. You can go there and ride camels in the desert and people can camp there. It's called by law because the sand there is white.
Buy bought and it can be fun or whatever. It's not important. Buy bought.
And each of these has a plural
Okay. So we have a an OR b Look, ah, we go from by thought to be,
because it is the plural of by thought.
And I need to brush up on this to know whether we is simply the plural of both, which happens sometimes with this particular phonetic pattern, or whether it's simply the
or whether it's simply the the phonetic pattern of the feminine floral. Is there a distinct masculine flora? Or is it just the feminine floral? I cannot remember right now.
Yeah, what's the
Eva? Eva Eva? face. Oh, this is a good, good, good.
What do we know? What is the difference? I know it's, it's, I think it's an ADD and run.
So when we use the
have yet to do Yeah?
Well, yes, we'll test what that will
do when we use the singular and the plural. In Arabic, that's getting a little ahead of ourselves. But no problem is not always is not always. like we would in English. Okay. So I'm going to give you a very, very quick example. And then we're going to show a lot keep going. So, for example, if you have a Joomla fairly, if you have a sentence that begins with a verb, even if your subject
is plural, the verb that you're going to use is going to be singular.
I don't know why. That's just the way it is. So for example, if you wanted to say,
the Muslims said, right, use the verb call, you would say call el Muslim, or?
That is correct. Let's see Arabic.
You would not begin the sentence with a plural verb even though the subject is plural, the Arabs view that as redundant. They said, Well,
we're just going to use the singular verb and then the subject is going to clarify how many people there are anyway, that's not true. If we flip the sentence structure to assume that is mean. All that don't worry about it, it's coming later. But the same thing can happen with
with your adjectives, when you're describing nouns, in certain scenarios, sometimes, you're going to use a singular to describe a plural.
That has rules and we will get there.
Especially, especially if those things are
Sorry, for the tangent. I thought they were the same word and that no, no, it's a good it's a good tangent. Like for example, for example, okay. I don't want to mess with you guys.
But if you want to know
any inanimate objects, that's plural, you use feminine pronouns for it.
If we say
the plural of Kitab is good to learn that later, if you wanted to say Ain El puts him
Where are the books plural?
Supposed to be a TA pardon me? You would say here
on a study
here, Phil Beatty you will use a singular feminine pronoun
Yes, you you would also use a singular feminine demonstrative pronoun had the heel quitter
Yes, you would
instead of a plural one. So the rules aren't the same as in English. Okay, not every single time we're using a singular you're using a singular there's different rules. But
Tiller cattle also asked yes or not exactly. Russell is for Tilka singular. Exactly.
Okay, excellent. Let's go to
say a family for a discussion about watches
sad to Abbas sin ha de la de salud to Ramadan till Casa to a best in us Our excellent work. Can you guys translate that for us? That was great.
Is this of athletes was
known. This is harmony
splotch that is a bus and a bus was watch. Fantastic. Excellent job. And sister my son wants to put up with the Oh, how funny is that? We got Deacon the judge
just for you.
Looks like I'm stuck with the chickens today that what till the judge that there's a shutdown here right
I'm sorry. There should be a shutdown here or no. On
the gene the judge
I don't believe so. Okay. No, no. Okay. So what's the judge?
Yes. Very good. And that is beyond translating Very good. Everyone knows that this is a
that is a rooster and this is a hen. Very good, excellent job, Mashallah. Everybody's doing fantastic. Okay, if anybody have any questions about anything that
just passed the spot before we go on to the next exercise
Okay, fantastic to marine exercise, crawl, walk to read and write. And always I'll plug writing because writing is so beneficial. So beneficial, the more you can write, the more it will stick. So please try to write
in your spare time shallow.
Like most of our reading exercises, now they're going to drop some of the MCATs right? They're going to test your grasp of the vocab and the grammar
so let's start with Brother awesome, dude number one for us.
Have you been
what 10 Cat jam Yeah.
Excellent work. And he knows just a super brief recap this Joomla ischemia. However, he has moved to that felucca is moved to that madrasa tune is hover jam er tune is covered. They have 10 Weed because they are Nikita
they have 10 Weed because they are Nikita a school this is a school I just did your work for you with translation but translators.
This is a school and that is a university yes fantastic. So in English we're saying a because it is an indefinite right? Are Saying this yes it's definite but is an example of it's one of many schools one of many universities and so that's why we have Nikita in the cover to get Jami
good number two rather than Muhammad
Ali commas Jaden.
Number two is over here to the left. Sorry.
DeLuca they'll call him Maroon.
But didn't offer a very good Danika came out on that is a donkey mail. What telecom buffalo tune and that is a
heifer. A cow. Cow. Female. Good. Number three Brother machine.
Should I go or
lie? telecomm madressa tone? Fantastic. translate that for us? Is this Masjid a mosque? No. That is Medusa.
Very good. So notice how that what's interesting about this exercise is notice how in an Arabic conversation, you might have to switch pronouns. This is actually what the brother was asking, I think last week, depending on the your knowledge of the answer. You think it's a machine. So you use a masculine pronoun that a chemist, you know, but it's not a machine. It's actually a school and so now the pronoun has to change and so the response is not Tilka madrasa.
Very good sister. Saira, do number four of course.
My jam alone.
No, no not got done.
So German will spare you the translation because we haven't learned now officially. Gemma is a male camel and Naproxen is a female cow. Okay.
And what is it now? futsal lovey, and so it's a shrimps. Right? So it's a shrimps.
Cotton like the Napa the female camel or sea camel but nobody in English says she can. But she cannot hola soy
Gemini as well known
where we derive actually the word camel in English from German, because in egyptian arabic it's pronounced Gehman
they pronounced the Jeem like a G, like a hard G when so when the British came in colonize Egypt, they heard gamma together. So they say camel camel
Very good. There's an Arabic there's about 50 words for camels so this is not your last experience with camels. I'm moving on to sister Mossad rock number five
Hi, the Moodle recital. What is
called libre two.
the teacher and that is this female student was female teacher and female student Very good. Had the heat Modera visa. This is a teacher female teacher. Let's say we get the baton and this is a female student and yes completely as I said lots of English words originated from places that colonized Buildbox
good number six brother Austin
had the Catalan kitchen where there you go.
Excellent work translate that for us. This is a dog and that is a cat. Fantastic. And notice how they both are masculine.
Yes. Well, they're Lika even though it's hard
and finally rather than what have you tested number seven
the heap by done
more as any.
What did the cartoon
or the cartoon G G your second part was perfect. What teleca hottie but God try the first half again.
be told more. Elvin Yes. To
be told more Eldin. Very good. This is a really really good let's let's take a brief lesson in tangent into Arabic morphology. So we have
Hamza that known, okay.
This is where we get it roughly means at its roots, roughly has to do with permission. Okay?
We say be evening Allah, right? With the permission of Allah. Isn't that true? From that, we get to the
the call to prayer, which is literally permission to pray.
Okay, from that we get
the verb to give the other Oh, was an excellent, excellent, awesome to hear
Oh, I like it.
Both of them is an ear.
Then the other we would say if we want to turn it into a verb to give the event
we doubled them in a letter as then you add the new
all things that we haven't learned yet.
Okay, pay close attention to the this version you as the new
if we want to turn it into the person doing it, then we sub out the for Amin
more as they know the person who
makes the call to prayer. So that's what you have in the future to look forward to. Arabic is a beautiful language. It's got patterns. You learn the patterns, you can play with it. You can go from verb to noun to Doer to an inflect all these different types of meanings and they're all kind of related. So even with a nice Tajweed Brother Mohammed with that coming out between your teeth, not more as in more than
half. This is the MO LD
This house, mashallah it's a place where the Elven has a shower or house insha Allah taking care of what tilaka and that is, how DECA to 30. Hottie into being the garden, the garden of the, of the talent of the business person.
Anybody have any questions about this exercise? Before we go on?
As for I liked the your comment about ear,
I'll have to go back to the books
to see what is the actual origin some Arabic roots have more than one origin?
And then others one is derived from the other. So is it your first hearing first and then permission? Or is it permission first and then ear? Or are there two meanings to the root? That have to do with both here and listening? And also permission?
That's my homework.
Okay, if there's nothing else about these exercises, we've got about five minutes left.
So sorry, yes, course go. Um, so I talked about this in the class, if we're not sure what's being referenced, like, let's say there's like a distant town that has heard is the default to use the masculine like, would you say like, my hat, like, you hear some sound, you're unsure what it is, you know, would you by default, use the masculine form? That's a good question. Yes. If you're not certain, what you're asking about, if you're asking about example, a part of you, which is a village, which is feminine, then you're going to use the feminine. If you're absolutely have no idea, then most classical linguists would say yes, you would default to the masculine.
Because they consider at least
speaking of morphology, feminine words as built upon or derived from masculine roots. That's the way they look at it like so for example, notice that with a lot of the feminine nouns that are common, they are an additional letter, the time of the Buddha, on top of a word that already exists. So your classical remapping would say you would err on err on the masculine unless, unless you know what you're asking about. I'm asking you about a feminine thing. And so I'm going to ask that.
I mean, that's a good question.
Okay, let's see if we can finish this before. It's time to dismiss. So this is an interesting
exercise you're going to eat use either tilaka or gallican. To complete the blanks, all you're doing here is filtering for agenda. Okay.
So I'll do the first one we're talking about teleco ohm Omona right. This is a mother from mud.
Are all Joomla is meow. They're all one word combos. And they're all going to have
a too long as at the end of it. So notice it goes right to left here and then down.
Number two, brother awesome
yes, that yes. Very good. Next one, Mohammed. Number three
do you think parliament is column masculine or feminine? Island
feminine No, it's masculine
words we learned
before we even knew what feminine was so that's
that's a good reminder for all of us that pen is good for the master or for
milk pattern is silica Mila katoon Not sure. Yes, you're right. How do you know someone was easy? Oh, even know what it means? It's a spoon. Okay, it's a spoon mill off its own as a spoon. If you don't know what it means no problem. They've got a timer boots on there. Now a trickier one for Sister Syrah.
I know it's gonna be 10 Yeah, very good. She remembers the rule. body parts that come in twos are feminine. Silica I know very good. Ah
Oh sister Massara resets
sorry Delica has your own has your own very good yes Danica has it on his masculine and you are right that I in is in the Quran both iron has many meanings so it means a spring, like a spring of water it means the eye it also means a spy. And the first two meetings it's in the paren with both of those meetings, I believe both a spring of water and and we'll take her as well take her in and Julia so it comes with Tinker. Yes. Very good. Thank you. I love this show I had from the humble Kurama Sharma
back to brother awesome for number seven
that he kept coming soon. Very good. Yes. Next by Muhammad
Ali, the Alika get thrown for Mohamed you're getting all the words that you weren't
every single one. I remember you were absent that day.
is exactly as a part that you cook in. And we that's the one that's confounded us. We don't know why it's math. Why it's feminine and not masculine. It violates all the other rules that we've learned but it is from it good.
delicate in Africa Nafi the tune very good nothing that's in the window. Sister Sire.
Bacara Yes, fantastic. Sister Mr. Rod, lemon
Lika McDouble Excellent. Back to brother awesome from as well.
Can can now. Very good. Brother Mohammed number 13.
Ali Khan Mohan Allahu Akbar Yes.
I'm very happy that you were given an easier
brother wants to
delegate or I then
as them yes, very elegant with a with a Hamza. The Hamza and nine. It's tricky. When we're when we're just learning Arabic. Once we get the iron down, man, we want to make everything
it's true. I know. Everybody goes through it. Nobody feel bad. Every single one of you it's going to happen to you. Once you're really good at pronouncing that iron. You're going to be thrown that iron on everything. It's like a hot like hot sauce. It's like here if it was mine over there. I over there. Yep. So it's tricky to differentiate between the HUBZone and the I more LD LD instead of more Alpin and then I'm not even sure what either that would be so Syra number 15.
Marie that very good. Your old enemy and you mastered it Good job. Silicon will matter Ableton. 16 system was thought
that he could study one very good factor brother awesome.
Didn't care hottie cotton? Excellent. Brother more having to think that live button. Fantastic. Brother machine Delica Gemma Lu? Yes. Fantastic gentleman and number 20. So Syrah
but but that one, yes. Very good. Excellent work. Everybody did great. pacifying colors. We got a lot done today Mashallah.
Anybody have any questions about anything before we dismiss for the human?
Right now we have we have a little bank of words here. And momentum. The law, as we said was a nurse Al had the bottle is a garden and Belle photo is a duck. Elmo. El Nino is the person who gives the call to prayer. And now part two is a female camera. L by about two is an egg. And these this is the main point of the lesson have a heavy that ICA teleca.
And that means we have completed an entire lesson in one day. Great word. Everybody. Great job.
Final Thoughts questions?
This lesson was very easy compared to some of the ones you've done recently. Yes, no. And that's why we kind of slow down the pace because especially possessive construction is difficult. It's not familiar, right? It's not analogous to English so much as other things whereas feminine form yellow lets you know it doesn't take a lot of time.
Okay, I'm sorry. Just one quick question. So the word is used for long as well as tall.
Are we? Yeah. Because we did it as long. In another context in one of the earlier lessons. Yes. No, you're right. All Wheel? Yes, it is for
your right. Well, we can be long or tall. And it's just context dependent. Like I had like, even if Levine
Yes. No, you're right. That's an important. That's an important point. You're right. So well, we can be long or tall, depending on the context.
That's good. Yeah, we would say for example, a borage Bowie and so a tall tower. Right. But we would also say, we would also say Mundos a man and boy, we didn't say a long time. We so we even use it figuratively for long. So that's thank you for and the longer scene also does as well.
That's right. Right. Right. You're right.
Chapters as well. Duration. Very good.
Excellent work, everybody.
Okay, if there's nothing else then we will see you next time. Thank you very much, everybody.