Channel: Tim Humble
Series: Tim Humble – Buloogh al-Maram
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he had he said what he
A Mona Khanna fee?
Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was solina Bina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge Marin, Abed.
Before we start, can I just have a check that we're all good to go on the YouTube Audio and all that type of stuff? Okay, anything changes, just give me a shout, let me know, we can pause the class and fix it. Okay. So, today we have a new topic. And that new topic is
the cultural fit.
But before we talk about a new topic, I would like to go back a little bit. And to talk about a couple of issues that might not have been clear to everyone.
When we mentioned them last week, or might not have gone into enough detail about them last week.
The first was what is taken out of the minds, the or, and so on. So I told you the difference of the LMR between 10% and two and a half, but I didn't really go into any detail about what the different scholars said about
the merited the, what is extracted from the minds the ore and so on.
So, the scholars differed in this and they differed in three different opinions broadly,
the Hanafi the scholars from the Hanafi madhhab generally speaking, they said that Zakah is due upon the solid or
that which is
and they didn't make it obligatory upon that which is liquid. So they didn't consider there to be any zeca upon oil
or upon other liquids like gas
that are taken out from the no we're talking about what is taken we're talking about merited what is taken out from the from the ground.
They didn't hold any Zakat upon this.
As for the Maliki and the chef area.
They said there is no Zakat they said there is no Zakat on anything which is mined except gold and silver.
Pipe what is the evidence for this? How did they put forward the evidence for this they said there is no Zakah on anything from them.
Didn't except for as the help will filter gold and silver
and golden silver desica is robear Aldershot a quarter of a 10th 2.5%. Why? Because they said two things they said First of all, there is no delille shabari that there is a kaiju upon them, which Heidi did we mentioned we mentioned the Hadith of the Prophet size and took the car from Kabbalah, right. We mentioned the Kabbalah, what did we say came out of the kabylia mines,
gold and silver, they say we have a deal for gold and silver. As for the rest, we don't have evidence for it. We only have an evidence for gold and silver. And we don't have an evidence for anything.
Why doesn't that? They also said that the minds are different from the car in a number of different things, which has asked you not to
know It's okay. It's okay. It's fine.
So, why did they say they said it's different from the zecca they said Zakah generally usually in soccer, there is a consideration of the year, but there is no consideration of the year when it comes to the minds because when it comes out of the minds it is taken like that, and likewise any slop and so on. So, they saw the differences between the Zika and between what is taken out from what is taken out from the mines. And so they said there is no Zika in that which is taken out from the mines except for gold and silver. And as for the HANA Villa, the HANA Villa said all of it is jus Zakat upon all of the things which has taken from the margin from the ores, whether it's petrol,
oil, whether it's diamonds, whether it's gold, whether it's silver
type, there's one more type of family key and the chef allowed the cat upon. We said they allowed it upon golden silver, but there's one more thing that comes out of the ground.
That definitely they allowed this account they held as a cat up obligatory on,
what do you think it was?
They said golden silver, the mature man and madhhab the well known position in the method is gold and silver. What else did they say? This is definitely the kaiju upon it.
Not precious stones.
Not copper, not,
not precious stones.
There's actually a bit of a trick question they said upon what rule that ijarah upon the things you take for the purpose of trade. So if the person is mining diamonds for the purpose of trade, then it comes under all the tiara village Mark by consensus, there is no equity left among the scholars, that when you bring in something out for trade, it is all teacher we already said in trade goods, it doesn't matter whether it's diamonds or pencils, or, you know, anything that you're that you have, it doesn't matter chairs, plastic, whatever it is, it doesn't matter. So in other words,
aside from trade goods, they said only gold and silver, the HANA fees aside from trade goods, they said everything which is solid, precious stones, gold, silver, but not the liquid.
And as for the HANA Billa. Then they said everything that comes out of the mines. And they brought
one or two evidences for that,
from the evidences that they brought is they brought the evidence of the language. And they said that the Hadith talks about the prophet SAW Selim taken from them it.
And it doesn't distinguish between the hab wellfield ba will ajar well, or he doesn't distinguish between the types. So that was the evidence that was one of the main evidences that they that they brought.
analyzer Joe knows best. Sometimes I need like a person doesn't want to
take one thing and you feel like sometimes you need, you can you can understand in the first place, the opinion of the Maliki and the chef area. And you can also see the you can also see why the hanabi that took that opinion.
Otherwise, which animals best I don't have a time
Just to give you I don't have a preferred opinion to give you. But in any case, I think this is something that
if it's going to affect us, it's going to affect us from a different angle. And this is the second thing I'm going to come to talk about. Yes, however, you have questions.
Land like the liquid form, right and was only
So far, all of the mega when it comes to liquid
Exactly, they said, when we talk about we talk about the madhhab, generally, we talk about what we call it martenot, colon martenot philomath have otherwise the madhhab has many different opinions in it. And often, within one month Have you can find all of the opinions for every issue, but you're looking for what is the martenot was the was the the statement from the madhhab, which is considered to be the default standard at this time. And this is as we as we mentioned, no doubt the liquid that is mined is something which was mined late on but even you can find mention of things in the book, early books are filled, because they don't intend by petrol or but they just intended general
Taksim, a general division between that which is
solid and that which is and that which is liquid. But it seems to me that they went in this to the, to the language, their evidence for this was language, they talked about my idea and and the meaning of it. And they talked about the issue of the difference between that which is
solid, and that which is liquid, and so on. But in any case, for us, where is this going to affect us, because I don't think anyone here owns a diamond mind.
But it can affect you in one way. And this is where we come to the issue of stocks and shares. Because I might not own a diamond mine. But I might potentially own shares in a company that mines oil, or diamonds, or precious stones or copper or gold and saw
another evidence of the hanabi Oh, by the way to make the call upon all of it is a very interesting evidence is they looked at the benefit for the poor people. And they said that how many billions and billions of dollars is coming out of these minds in the ground. We This is something that we should when there is a difference of opinion. And the difference is maybe a difference which is like linguistic and there could be an evidence that Delhi is my temple. It could be this it could be that so shouldn't we then in that case, when you have evidence which is more optimal, it could be this way and it could be that way. Shouldn't you go with Maha amfa lil for Cora what is most beneficial
and Chevron Athenian Rahim Allah, Allah and others, they made this a corridor in principle in circa that the whenever you have these issues, which are
debatable, they are metalman they there is a possibility like this and a possibility like that. You look at the mocs, if you look at the purpose for which the car was legislated. The reason why is the car is that and so you can see that from the evidences is that this is the Delhi of the Meridian, the which are from kabylia. The ones that were between Makkah and Medina is more optimal, it might be this, it might be that it could accept both. And therefore we look at what is most beneficial for the for the poor people. And how many hundreds of millions of pounds of Zakat could be taken from
these. And some of them said In any case, it doesn't really matter because in the first place, these are mined commercially, they are mined for trade goods. So all of them enter into the car from the point of view of are called a tiara anyway, because all of them are trade. At the end of the day. There is no one with a little diamond mine in his back garden. And he's just taken out a few diamonds for his one for his wife and one for his daughter. And it's commercial, right people are doing it commercially, generally speaking.
So now we have to talk about stocks and shares because someone mentioned very valid comment on the YouTube.
Last time they sent us a message and they said, you haven't really explained a lot about this account and stocks and shares. We did allude to it. We did give some information about it, but we didn't really get into the details of it.
So the easiest way to think about Zakah upon shares, everybody understands what shares are right. You buy shares in a company you buy shares and you get a little piece of that puzzle.
the key thing is that shares make you an owner. That's what's really important as it relates to soccer. But you're not a complete owner, you are a a partial owner. Like, you might only own one millions of a company, or 100,000th of a company. But you own a little piece of that company.
That's the first thing. So if you are an owner, you are responsible for the Zika. Right? It's you Zika is hackable man, right? It's a right in the wealth. It's not a right for the person. It doesn't matter who owns it, it's a right for the wealth, but who is going to be asked about it? Who is Massoud Who is the one who is going to be asked Yokoyama about it
the one who is the the owner, right. So providing that the owner is seen and you know, so on and so forth.
From the evidences they put forward for that is
they put forward an evidence
and they said that Zika has certain
conditions within it in terms of who
pays this account, so on.
And so they said that looking at who pays
the car and the conditions for it, a company doesn't really accompany doesn't really exist as an independent object. It's still got to be someone has got to be responsible for it. So they said at the end of the day, you are owner, you've bought a piece of it. Therefore, you have responsibility of the zeca does not mean the company can't pay you as a car nor the company can pay the car. But there has to be Nia right. So this comes to an interesting issue. Can you give zakah on behalf of someone else?
Okay, can you give zeca for example, your wife has gold jewelry
but she doesn't have any of her own money.
Can her husband pays a car on her behalf? What do we what do we think?
Okay, you can say yes or no but you have to you have to make a tally.
So he will not worry about what she uses or doesn't we said the Roger and what she uses as a chi is jus upon it. This is the this is the my personal opinion is a chi is due upon the gold that she uses. Its drew upon jewelry. But in any case that's not important. Whether it's due let's presume she has some things that car is due upon.
Can her husband pays a car on her behalf?
This is a good there is no issue with him paying Visa card the issue is a Nia there has to be Nia from her. So he has to tell her before he pays there's a car he has to say to her that I'm going to pay there's a car that is jus on your gold. She says okay, now she has a near intimate Binette actions are only considered according to her Nia, so she has no need for Sakaba husband pays the car. It's not counted, because her husband has paid the car but she has no intention for that sucker. She never thought about it she never intended to pay. So how can it be written on her scale of good deeds? Yokoyama when she never had any intention to pay that zeca Instead, it was her
husband who paid it. So her husband can pay it, but he needs to tell her about it beforehand. The same situation with the company, the company director can pay the soccer. The Muslim companies these days in Muslim countries, many times before they give their profits. They pay there's a cow which is jus upon the profits of the company. And this is easier for them to do then the shareholder because the shareholder has to find out what kind of property does the company have and how many cash assets and how many debts that are going to expect to be repaid and, like the shareholder has to do a lot of work. The company director has that information already easily available, so it's easier for the
company director to pays the car on behalf of the whole company. But many companies won't do it especially non Muslim companies.
definitely won't do it. Many countries don't oblige Zakat upon the company. And there's no harm in that, because in the first place, it's the responsibility of the owner more than it is the responsibility of the director.
So if the company informs you, in there, when you buy the shares, they have like a document that tells about how they're going to run the company. And they say, we will pay your car, from your shares, we are going to pay the car every single year on our trade goods and so on we're going to pay zakat on that's fine. Okay, if they don't either, because they want to leave it to you,
or either because
or either because they are not Muslim or either because the company in the first place is not in a system which is requiring people to pay to pay the Zakat, then it becomes the responsibility of the shareholder. Now, you own shares for two reasons. Either you own shares, for the purpose of trade,
right, or hold it jhala. But you are all the tiara, our shares. So I buy shares for the price to go up to sell them when they are high. Right? Like when people what what usually people say is they say I am trading in shares.
So this person is actually, why are you buying the shares. So I'm buying the shares, because I want to sell them at a higher price. So now your shares become rude. At ijarah, they become trade goods. And all the things we said about trade goods apply to your shares, you have to pay from the time of the money, the time you got the money to buy the shares, you start your Islamic year, when one Islamic year goes by the value of the shares at that time, you pay two and a half percent.
So you got the money, ready with the intention to buy the shares, you start your one year, one Islamic year passes? What's the value of the shares today on the market? The value of the shares is this. Why? Because these shares are all the teacher, they are trade goods, because you bought them for the reason of
like they say a NEMA was yada, you bought it for it to go the price to go up so that you can sell it later on. But what about
What about the shares that are not bought
the shares that you bought, because you want to get the regular, you know, dividend from it. Or maybe you are given it by your employer, many times you join a company, they give you some shares in the in the company, you didn't buy it to sell it later on. Just maybe you'll sell it remember all the T Java is not whether you sell it or not. With trade goods, it doesn't matter if you sell it or you don't sell it. What matters is when you bought it was the intention
to sell it was the intention for the value to go up and you you want to sell it or was the intention that you
wanted it for the benefit dividend, you're you know you were given it as a gift, or maybe you get it from the company. Or maybe you just want to see what happens you will not like you will not particularly intending to do t Java with it.
So what happens when I have these shares, and I'm not intending trade,
I'm happy to keep them I'm getting the dividend from them. Or maybe my company gave me some or maybe some other reason. But I'm not intending trade here. So now
the scholars had a lot of differences, but I'm going to try to summarize it and make it simple for you.
Now you are an owner of that company.
So you need to pay the car, on your portion of the company that you own according to the type of company that it is, and the type of things that they have. So in other words, you're gonna pretend like you are the owner of the whole company,
you're going to pretend that you are the owner of the whole company. And you're going to do is that half for that company as though you were the owner, where you're going to get that information from them, how you're going to know the cash assets, how you're going to know the manufacturing things, you have to minus off how you're going to know fixed assets, how you're going to know the debts that are going to be repaid. We talked about how to do it but how you're going to know all that
You're going to get it from the company's annual return. The company, every publicly listed company produces a an annual return. They tell you how much money they have in the bank, they tell you how much money they have in trade goods, they tell you how much money they have in debt that is owed to them. So when we say what, what are the three things we said you have to add together?
We said you have to add together cash
and trade goods and
debts which are expected to be repaid.
debts which are expected to be repaid.
You add these three together. Okay, let's say the company is worth 100 million.
You work out your car, but you only own a tiny, tiny little bit.
You only own a tiny, tiny little bit, right? So you just pays that car on Your Tiny, tiny little bit. You don't have to pay the car for the whole 100 million. You just have to pay the car for the little tiny bit that you own. Does that make sense?
Yeah, you calculate the whole company's occur, and you pay your portion of the shares that you own in that zakka. This is presuming that you're not doing it for tiara, which most people in all honesty, most people who buy shares in the first category they're doing it for why did you buy the share, because I want to make money. I'm buying the share, I want to sell it next year. So this is simple. Every year you calculate the value of the share you give Zakat on it's not it's not difficult. But the problem happens when you actually went into this for the purpose of the
for the purpose of owning a part of the company. So here you have to behave like you own the company, and you calculate the companies that come from their balance sheet. And then you pay your share of that sucker, which is why it's much easier for it's much much easier for the directors to do it than it is for the shareholders to do it. Because then you might have a million people or 100,000 people, 1000 people, everyone is working the same thing out. Everyone is doing the same calculation doesn't make sense, right? makes sense for the company director to do it. And let everybody else benefit from that. Now, if the company is in agriculture, what does that mean? It
means you're going to pay it as a car that is due on
agriculture if they didn't pay it. So it's a farming company. But you it's a farming company, but they're not paying their soccer. You're one owner, you're an owner, right? You own a little part of that farming company. So you have to pay the soccer, but in Nash in their Public Accounts, they will list how much they own and what they have, and so on. And if you don't know the details of it, and you can't find out for Tacoma, homeschool Toronto, Fear Allah as much as you can. Maybe they don't tell you exactly how many cows they have. But they tell you the value of all the cows that they have, for example. So it's a little bit more complicated. When it comes to when it comes to that.
Those are most of the issues that we have to cover on that topic. Yes.
Okay, is it related? Okay.
prereq prerequisite. Okay, so good question. You can put it up on the screen.
So the question is, if Zakah is due upon wealth
and not an individual,
then why is Nia required?
Okay, so good question. So why is the cost you upon wealth? What does that mean? It means a child who is five years old, has 100,000 pound. The castle has to be paid on that wealth. The problem here is who is responsible for paying it and that's where the NEA comes in. The NEA is not the issue of zeca Nia is not the issue of Zakat, the NEA is down to who is responsible for paying it.
Who is going to be sinful if they don't pay it? How can that woman remove herself from sin?
If she doesn't have the Nia to pay her Zika Does that make sense? is not about this account itself. You're right. The car is a is a
rights of wealth not a right of the not a right of the person. So in the sense that it's taken no matter what, but the question is who is responsible for it? Like the baby, five years old, say child, five years old, wealthy, maybe their father passed away left them millions of pounds.
The issue is not as a car, but the issue is who is blameworthy who is sinful, if that's the case, not paid the wellI of that child, the one who is responsible for their wealth is sinful. So they have to have the Nia they have to have the nia. The fact that is a cargo paid is one thing, but the NEA is down to the issue of who is my school who is responsible for I don't, I don't really like to use the word mckell F. Because you know why I don't like to use the word morchella for because the word tech leaf, or the word morchella indicates that this religion is hard.
You know, the word tech leaf is like a burden on you, right?
It's a burden law, you can leave for law when f and E levels are high. So this word, tech leaf is not a great word to use, because it makes you feel like the Sharia is really hard. And it's really burdensome, but it's almost fun. And there's no alarm or shadow Felicity like there's no harm in using it people, the scholars are fixed, they use it and McAfee. But it's not the best word to use, because it does kind of make you feel like the shediac is really hard on you, you know, your mo qLf Allah has burdened you with the Sharia.
It's not really the right kind of attitude or the right kind of feeling to have. So I mean, it's almost like it's a terminal, its terminology, right. So it is what it is.
Now we're going to come on to a new topic for today, inshallah huhtala.
And our new topic for today is the topic of Zakat will fit
or, as it is said, Here, babble sada katene.
Now you've been noticing so far that the word sadaqa keeps being used for Zakah.
is the word sidecar equal to the car? Or is it something different from zeca? Let's see if we get
something different. How would you explain the difference?
So Zakah is from you have to do it. And sadaqa
is your choice. Okay? Do you have any different answers?
sadaqa you can give at different times that guy's usually annual not always but usually.
And zakkai is one of the Rockman or can al Islam one of the five pillars of Islam.
But the problem is I have a problem. And I have a problem. Who would mean em wily him sada
Eliza just said who's mean and wily him sada cotton
will amor ifis a loop. The command indicates and obligation allies we just said in NEMA Sadako to live fukada you will miss Akina will Amina la her will more elevated coloboma Federica, we will hardly mean our feasibility now. He was
30 you got 10 mean Allah. So allies who just said that sidecar is variable. So how do we get out of this problem now?
good. Yeah, we got it the right way around. In the end, we got it the right way around. In the end, we got it right. That the word South Africa is a general word. It covers a sadhaka Allah wa Jeeva and a sadhaka al Mustafa. It's a general word. And you understand it from what misiak from the context from the context of that you understand, is it talking about the sadaqa, which is Fariba or the Sadako, which is Mr. habba.
And so the word sadaqa can be used for Zakah. But the word zecca can really be used for soccer not not normally, it's not normal to use the word zecca for soccer. So the word zecca is a special kind of soccer, but the word soccer could be used for Zakah as it's used in the Quran, and as it's used in some places in the sunlight. Yes. Do we have some?
Yes, but here this question is very nice question put it on the on screen for everyone doesn't say
I mean purifying or cleansing. It does. But we mustn't ever confuse ourselves between a Mariner aloha V and a Mariner Sheree or distillery. We should never confuse between a linguistic meaning and then Islamic meaning why it's very important is sometimes there isn't a difference. But when there is a difference you must take the Islamic meaning not the linguistic meaning. Let me give you an example towards Sala linguistically in Arabic word to salamin
do I do our allies which I said was solidly I lay him in masala take a second let him
make dua for them. Your Salah, meaning your dua
is a means of peace for them. Okay, so solid in the language is
easy enough for me to make five times a day and manage I don't have time for the whole right.
A lot more fully done.
Like the smiley, the smiley, have you seen them? They do this? Yeah, they smiley at the bottom, nearly smiley. They do this three times a day. Three times a day they stand and they go, Oh, Allah forgive me.
They go, No, why? Because we have to take the shattering meaning of the Salah, what is the istilah he or the shery meaning of the Salah. It is a specific set of actions that begin with tech beer and end with tasleem and are performed in a certain way. We have to take that specific meaning we can't take the linguistic meaning, but there is a link between them the two are not
the two are not separate from each other. There is a link. Of course, the closest you are to allies.
In your Salah is when you are Institute or Corrado my eco lab in our lobby here who is Sajid and the profit side when he spoke about sujood What did he say for
50 minutes do I make a lot of dua? So there is a clear answer to that, which is the greatest of the outcome of the solar solar to Fatiha the one the Prophet size and said la sila Taliban Lamia Cara prefer to hightail Kitab obioma Quran and different wordings. So here now we have sought to Fatiha the whole of sorts of factors.
Because for that reason, you see, I mean, any aesthetic and semi. So in any case, there is a link between the two. So yes, the word Zakat means purification and increase. But that's the linguistic meaning. For example, if someone said, someone asked, do you pay zakat on your wealth, he said, I don't pay my wealth, I wash my hands really well. And I'm always trying to make more money. Because I'm looking for a taharah whenever I'm looking for purification, and I'm looking for increase, we say no, it's not enough because you didn't do this a car, which is the cartoon show, or you didn't do the Islamic Zika you did the linguistic Zika. So it's important we don't. And that's a principle
minute, collider solia world colliding here, that the principles of physics that you have is that whenever the Shelly gives you a definition, you have to take the definition of the Sharia, you can't take the definition from the language if Allah has defined it for you
after that, or if the Prophet size has defined it for you after Okay, so the cultural fit and fit on the word alfetta is the opposite of
song or cm.
So it means breaking the fast.
So there is as a car due upon breaking the fast. And what is meant by breaking the fast here is the end of the month of Ramadan, and the end of the obligatory fasting, but where some people might go wrong here. And I, I don't want to sort of talk too much about language. But where people might go wrong here is they think that it is obligatory for them to fast in order for sadaqa to fit or to be upon them. But that's not true, because he had the word faith or refers to as zemon, not to a Sabbath. So it's not the case that you stopped fasting that makes the cattle fitter, obligatory. It's the time when people stop fasting.
Does that make sense? So we shouldn't translate it as the cart of the person who breaks the fast but the car that is due at the time when people buy
fast. So the the one that is intended here is a zemon that kind of and fatal and not the people who did fatal, because in that case we would say there is nausea carto fatal due upon the one who is married, for example, or the one who is musafir traveling was sick, or the one who has a sickness that is muslimin that is ever like, what's the word for it, not what to call it.
term like a terminal sickness or long term illness that is not expected to get better from and so on. So, it's not the people who break the fast, but it's the time when the people are breaking the fast. And this time when the people are breaking the fast is of course, the last or the first day after Ramadan.
As the end of Ramadan comes, and then it comes to aid alfetta
so we have a chapter that deals with
our first Hadith is the highlight of our beloved miromar blog the Allahumma Anna who calls call for our Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a curtain physically saw and maintaining our saw and missionary lol Abdul hurdle was decade when he was severely well cabbie min al muslimeen were Mr. beha and to add cabela Fuji nasci la sala, multifocal LA,
this is the Hyderabad London Arma and it is agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim so when we say multifocal LA, we mean, multifocal la he Ashihara what the two shifts agreed upon an Imam Al Bukhari in his sohei and an Imam Muslim in his sohei.
And this hadith says the Messenger of Allah sallallahu already who was seldom made zeca tool fit obligatory. So here the word used is zeca
Azhar of dates or a SAR of Sharia law, Sharia is Bali, right? Bali, so we call it English. Bali, right?
So first of all, here,
we have this word, a song or
a song is a measure of volume, not a measure of weight. Now a lot of times we hear people talking about the cattle fitter as a weight, right?
three kilograms, two kilograms of this three kilograms of this. This is something which is there for to help you to understand and make it easy for you to understand. But it's not the real meaning of a song or a song is a measure of volume, like in English. Today we have what do we commonly use to measure volume, liters, ounces, cups.
For volume know pound with weight. So we have liters, fluid, ounces,
all of these are measures of volume, right? But these days, what do we usually use volume for we use it for liquid, right? Mostly we don't use it for solid. But we still do have some solids that are measured by
volume, there are still some solids that are measured by by volume.
So it's true, you can sometimes get things that are measured by volume. But in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. many more things were measured by volume than they are today. Like people used to measure and measure dates by volume, meaning you pick the dates up and you put them into a container. And when they fill the container up. It doesn't matter about the weight of when they fill the container up that sir, sir.
So the question is, how much is a SAR? Well, we all know and we mentioned before in our explanation of willowherb Iran, that Assad is for mud up with a two hands and put it into a container. That is a mod and four of them maker saw
the scholars differed about the mud between two very famous opinions. One is that a mud is 500 milliliters
half a liter
and one is that a mod is 750 milliliters
iE 0.753 quarters of a liter.
And this goes back to the fact that no one I mean, it goes back to no one had it those times liters were not used as a standard measure. So it's difficult to but
There are, there are examples of the SOC that were passed down from early generations, and there are measurements and so on. And generally, they differ between those two amounts. So here's a math question for you. If they differed in a moment, between 500, ml and 750, what's the lower bound and the upper bound for the difference on a sock?
between two and three liters shall the excellent between two and three liters. So the lowest it could be is two liters. And the most that it could be is three liters. And generally, my advice to you honestly, would be to use three liters based on what the principle you mentioned, she has given us a min Rahim Allah to Allah, which was what the in the issues of Zika, where there is a there's a possibility for this way, or this way we do what is most beneficial for the
little fukada? What is most beneficial for the poor people?
So it's better, it's better, it's better that we should consider it to be three liters in volume. What is three liters in volume? Well, it depends what you are measuring, right? Because three liters of dates weighs different to three liters of rice, which was different to three liters of barley. But many of the scholars they put away they said three kilograms. Why did they say three kilograms, something approximate is not meant to be three kilograms is from the profit slice lm nor is meant to be something which is approximate what they sometimes call tolerable for him just there to give you a rough idea, because many people, if you tell them three liters, they're going to look at the data
and look at the job and say, What do I do with this? Yeah, so instead, they said, Look, make it three kilograms. And generally, everything you could put inside of that thing. If it reaches three kilograms, it will be over three liters here. So you don't have to worry about generally speaking, I think, for example, almost everything you would put into a saw, will we will weigh less than three kilograms. So three kilograms is is is fine if you want to use it, but the sudden that that is actually there is a side which is volume. And the stronger way of doing it is to do as three liters. So one of the things I used to do with my kids when it came to the cattle fitter is I actually used
to give them a measuring jug, a one liter measuring jug, and give them a big bag of rice and say them gone measure out three liters into of this rice into a
into a bag. To be honest, it comes to about 2.6 kilograms. So you could just use three kilograms but it's nice every now and again to show them so they understand what the site is. See, okay, now you've saw now tie the food bag, close it and put that food bag aside. That's one person's the cattle fitter and each child I would tell them put your owns the cattle federal, just for them to see for them to experience and for them to learn it. Okay, now you come. What is the cattle fitter Are you going to give so I'm going to give dates, okay, dates, take your dates, put it into the one liter jug, pack it out, put it 123 Okay, close the bag, there's your sort of dates. And still it
doesn't come to three kg. So you can just use three kg and a pack it's perfectly fine. And if you give more also, you don't have to give three you can give five you can give 10. But your Nia is how many people you've given it for? At least the main thing is you've given at least a thought to each for each person. So Azhar min tema, Asan mean, Sheriff, the Hadees mentioned table, and it mentions sharing. So it mentions dates, and it mentions Bali. Why does it mention dates and body? Are those two intended? Or is it the fact that those two are a holiday? They are the mudaliar the common ones in that time to scroll is different about this. And based on this they differed as to whether you
can take out the cattle fitter in something different to do you have does it have to be dates in Bali? Or can it be other things?
So this call is different. Some of them said no, this hadith says dates and barley dates and barley is others. They said dates and barley were mentioned because this is this was the highlight of the most common at that time. This was the staple food, what we call the the court the the standard staple food of that time.
Okay. Do we have evidence? Yes, we have an evidence from
Hadeeth The hand is narrated by Al Bukhari
and the Hadith which is narrated by Al Bukhari. It mentions other types of foods.
and some of the mentioned wheat,
and so on. So we understood from this that there is no specific
type of food, except there is
things that should be there. And this is where we're going to get into a little bit of an issue with it regards to cheese, that it still has to be something storable Okay, it has to be something because when they generally talk about court, it has to be something which is storable generally speaking, you know, not something that will go bad really quickly.
And because you can give it to the person and maybe it will, it will rot before the person is, uses it. So it should be something which is storable
and something which is the staple food of the country you're in. So maybe for us these days, a lot of people eat rice rice is a good one. Still hamdullah people eat dates, but maybe dates is more of a luxury than a staple food, or you don't really see dates in most of us for us data is not a main thing. Definitely. Flour wheat is definitely a common one
lentils for the people who they are their staple food and so on. But it's it doesn't the type is not. It doesn't have to be specifically dates or wheat, Anil Abdi will help
upon the slave and the free person, male and female was severely well Kabir, the older person, the younger person and the older person or the child and adult.
This tells us that the cartoon theater is due upon everyone.
It's due upon the slave and the free person. It's drew upon the child and the adult to the point that some of the scholars say that it's Mr. hab if there is a child who is in its mother's womb, and it hasn't been born, it's nice to have to give the cattle fitter on behalf of that unborn child as well. Okay.
And upon the child and the adult. But the question in that it's very simple to understand, but the problem is who should actually pay it because clearly the child cannot necessarily pay visit cultural fit all by themselves and they're not responsible for it, rather than one who's responsible is the welly in the case of the ABS the say the one who is the owner, the one who is the owner is responsible for the child, their their Willie, Willie Mr. The one who is in charge of them they're responsible parent is
responsible to to pay
and generally generally speaking, the cattle fitter is paid by the head of the household. So it's paid by a husband on behalf of his wife and his children and so on. It's paid by the husband the head of the household on behalf of
all his family
and as we said, It's Mr. Happy to pay even on behalf of the unborn child.
Then in this Heidi's where Mr. beha and to add the public who regeneus lasala this Heidi tells us the last time that you can pay the cattle federal
the last time that you can pay as a cattle fitter is before here it mentioned before the people go out to the Sala but the last time that you can play paid is before the aid saw
before salata aid on aid alfetta if you paid after the Salah, it becomes sadaqa a general sadaqa but it's not considered to be zakat. Alfredo What about the earliest time was a cartoon
we've talked about our hero aka the last time you can pay it is just before the salaat salata rate
What about the earliest time that you can pay it? So here, the it goes back to the thought of the Sahaba the examples the Sahaba gave, some of them said one day
before some of them said three days
Before some of them said from the beginning of the month, a code element they said from the beginning of the month, but the strongest opinion is, it should be one or two days, one or two days before not more than that, if more than that you should consider it to be sadhaka. And then you give it again. But in these days, many of us what we do is we take advantage of
what can we give someone else the responsibility, our keel, and we say to that person, go and gives a Carter fit on my behalf. This is fine, you can give the money anytime. You can give it the beginning of the month, but the person must not distribute it until one or two days before the end of Ramadan, just like you can buy the rice before Ramadan. You might even have had the rice in your house since a month before Ramadan. But you actually given it out. The next question we also had to deal with with is what happens if you don't have enough for Assad?
Like is the cattle fitter? Because we said
to her record will answer sorry, cabbie, one about the fucky the poor person.
Okay, a lot of them burden a person beyond we undestroyed. It's very true. So here, what we say is, the distinguishing factor of a poor person for the cattle fitter is whether they have enough for themselves and their family for that day.
So they say whoever has who to Yomi he, whoever has the daily provision for themselves an extra than they have to pay the calculator. It's not like regular soccer, where we talk about the faqeer and the miskeen. Whoever has
enough, said the three days a day, whoever has enough provision for themselves and
extra, they have to pay this a cut Alfredo. What about someone who has only a little bit extra? So he says, Look, I have for myself and I have half a car?
Should he give the half assault? Or should he not give anything, we say that he should give the half a song. Because in the first place of what we said for tequila, Mr. tartan fear Allah as much as you can. If a person only has half a song, then let him give half a size. That's the all that the person if that's all that the person has. And so Pamela, you know, we,
we don't think about that. You know, when you hear about the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said to them,
he said to them, because every one of you, you know, they asked him about a rajul, you suddenly fulfilled and wide, a man prays and he only has one piece of cloth on him.
You know, he just he doesn't have
he can't afford
a top and a bottom. He just has one piece of cloth and the Prophet size in turn to his companions, and he asked them does all of you have two pieces of cloth? To all of you have two piece of cloth? Can you imagine in those days, there were people who were so poor, they couldn't afford to one piece to cover their shoulder and one piece to cover their waist, they had only one piece of cloth, they had to wrap it around themselves and just
to cover themselves like that, because they they didn't even have two pieces of cloth. So I know we think in our times, like we usually think that, you know, who doesn't have a source of
rice to give?
You know, almost you can't find somebody who doesn't have a source of rice to give Subhanallah you do find such things you do find especially round the world is not the same. Not everyone is the same. So you have to understand these issues.
We haven't yet talked about the recipient of the cattle fidelia Go ahead.
It seems to me that that would be sadhaka if the money is collected from them. The problem is sometimes there is a way it could be correct. What they do is they take the money from the people before the Salah, and then they have a way that it's distributed instantly like what they usually did, they sent money before and they just form up the person with the money and they say distribute 500
before the solid, but in any case, it has to happen before the
Before the Sala right? So I wouldn't be advising anybody to go and be paying this a cartel fitter. You know, while they're sitting in the role, you know, they should be, they should have organized this beforehand. But it is true that sometimes you pay someone in advance and they might distribute it close to the time, they might distribute it in another country. What is the ruling of distributing the capital federal, in another country, we said that the ruling on this is it should you should make sure that you have covered your local area first. That's important.
And, you know, it's it's wrong of people to think that there are no poor people in their area, like, for example, we did this class in Dubai. And a lot of people said, there is no no poor people there. But actually, if you go to the labor camps, and you go, you know, you go outside of your little area where you live, where are you find people who have no food, you find people who haven't eaten for a week to have nothing. So before you send all of it abroad, at least make sure you know that even sometimes in in, in this country, it's not common in the UK, but you can find people. So what I recommend for the massage is if the masjid announces this service to people during the days of
Ramadan, they say, look, if anyone believes that they or their neighbor or their friend is in need of the cattle fitter, we're not going to ask you to name nothing, just put a number down like a tally mark. So at the end, we know that we have 20 people, we'll keep 20 aside, and the rest we will send away. Because apparently you find people you find, even in the message of how you find brothers, who some of them don't have enough money for themselves to eat properly. Very rare situation, but it happens sometimes they're not eligible for something or they couldn't get their whatever it is, or their expenses are more than their income. You shouldn't just presume that, you
know, you're living in the UK, nobody. First make sure and maybe the masjid can announce to the people that if you know of anyone, otherwise, what we're going to do is we're going to send the rest of it abroad all the mess, you can announce a time. Like they can say that one day before Ramadan finishes the last day, they can say today after our sir we're going to be distributing the cattle fettle. Anyone who is in need of it can come and collect it for themselves or for their neighbor or for their friend and whatever is left over, we're going to send abroad to the people who are in need, because we want to make the good spread over everybody. We don't want the good to only be just
for, you know, at the end of the day we live in in a relatively wealthy country. But you still have to make sure because there are people who are in different situations, some people come from abroad, very suddenly, they didn't have anyone to give them proper, you know, maybe some of them didn't get their things with organized social, what to call support and stuff like that they didn't get it yet. And yet people go through different situations, sometimes a rich person can become poor in a short time, because they had some big debt and they you find out they're in trouble. So I just don't want to encourage people to say there are no poor people here. Instead, take care of the poor people
which are small number here, it's not a big number, it's not going to be the whole message. It is not going to all of us a cultivator of the message is not going to go in the UK, because ultimately there's not that many people who are in need, but inshallah the rest can be sent abroad. But when you send it abroad, make sure it's getting distributed. While we're not we're living in a time where there's not a manner of life. We're living in a time where you fear it's going to become like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, go to this town, because in it there is Roger, I mean there's one person who is trustworthy so many times people taking it and they're not distributing it
on time. Or they're taking it and 50% is going to pay for their you know, whatever is expenses and whatever and you know their lights and their whatever the office and what light you you want it to benefit the poor people. And yes in this academy is an allowance for a million Allah is an allowance for the people who work for it. But the situation is not like many people think like many people think that most of their you know all of their donation is going but when in reality sometimes only at the tiniest amount is actually reaching anybody in need. So better for you to arrange it yourself. I need to arrange it yourself through relatives friends, wherever different countries.
Usually you're in a messy which has people from every different country. It's so easy to say you have a
way of distributing soccer
you know, in such a such a country here of course we can do it for you inshallah
you send the money nice and early, they will buy the, you know, rice, wheat, barley dates on and distribute it for you inshallah, to Allah, or the reliable charities that you that you trust and you know that they're going to do the right job. Guess having
the news for him would be where he is. But he should also not forget about his own country because at the end of the day, in his own country, he also has,
you know, family who might be poor.
He might have some relatives who are not who I need neighbors who are in need. So hamdulillah they, like they say, I feel like there's like a lot of flexibility for a person. If he sees that there's people taking care of where he is, then maybe he can look to his home country where he can find people who are in need, and ultimately will lie. It's such a small amount, that it's so easy to do it in more than one place to give more than that amount. It's such as I mean, three kilograms of
of food is very like for us is a very small amount of it's a very small amount of food.
Yes, you can Yes.
For example, sometimes
he has his own
We'll come to that we just check it is it time for the other?
Okay, just check the time for me if it's time for the event to switch the camera.
Okay, just put it just pause the video for a second for the YouTube guys. We will be back in Charlotte Allah in just a minute after the advantage.
Okay, so you I think asking about someone whose parent they their parents support them, but they have their own source of income. Is that right? Okay. So the one
Who the issue of who pays this is an issue of In fact, in other words, if the father is giving, if the father is paying for their child's
upbringing, then this is the person who has to pay there's a cuttlefish.
But if the child is the father is not at the stage of infarct, right, so what is the stage of of In fact, for example, you have an older boy, and that older boy is working. So there is no more In fact, now, the parent is not spending on them. It's a HIPAA, it's a gift. The dad gives him a little bit of money sometimes, but he's the one who is who is actually spending upon himself, the child is actually the one who is earning money and spending upon himself. So as the cattle fitter becomes his responsibility, but if his father wants to pay on his behalf, as long as he tells him about it, before, there is no harm in that inshallah, like we said, about the about the nia. So here, we said
that the issue is an issue of In fact, whoever is, for example, even the abbot, the slave, who is the one who is spending on the slave, who is the one who's spending on them their own, so that is the one who has to pay the capital, federal, who is the one spending upon their wife, the husband. So he's the one who has to pay the capital, and so on. But if he has children that he's no longer spending upon them, for example, a daughter, she got married, he's no longer spending on her, her husband is spending. So the responsibility transfers from her to her to her husband is a couple of other issues. Before we go to the two questions that I wanted to talk about.
We mentioned that the strongest opinion is that there's a capital letter, it has to be given as, quote, which means it has to be something which is storable. And which people are able to live off. That's the two conditions of a quote, it has to be something which is storable you do what they say, now you heard, it can be stored it can be it can last, and something that people can live off. Not something like, you know, the people they can't, they can't live from it. So sometime, for example, and this is a matter of if you laugh about it, but for example, you give someone
spices, let's say the problem is you can't live off it right. Like you might enjoy it on your food, but you can't live off a bag of chili, you know, like you can't live from it, you can't you can't get sustenance from it. So we would say that it's it's not valid for the cultural fit because it's not something you can live off. It's not a staple food that you can live off, you can live off barley, you can live off bread, you can live off lentils, you can live off wheat you can live off
any bread as in flour.
And you can live off of dates
and so on raisins even because even raisins the beat they used to live of raisins, like raisin was a staple food It was not like what you put in cakes, you know like it was people used to hide it as a staple food, dry grapes and so on.
Brutal ballot, no doubt the food that is my that is storable and the people can live
Who is given to it is given to
Alma Sakina Well, for Cora, the COLA and the Misaki is given to the footballer and the Mr. King because of the statement of the Prophet sallallahu hydrofoiler gonna come from even our best rhodiola and Houma. worthwile What tournament world tour and Metta World Tour and Martin Luther King, it is to be given to the poor people
is to be given to the poor and needy people. Yes, we had a question from the YouTube
I think the problem with
this with the question as in like cookies or cakes is is it something storable really like I mean,
possibly. I don't know the answer to that.
That examples people give us staple foods like rice, and wheat and barley, but I don't know if you can give cookies
Well, I don't know
Yes, that's a very good point. So put that one on the screen. That's an excellent point. So this is a question of, isn't it possible then that someone who gives the capital letter also receives it? Yes. Yes is possible, because you could have someone who is miskeen that has more than their day's food. And they give the cattle fatale. And because they are Misaki, they also receive it, but they may receive it in a larger quantity, possibly, but it is possible. It's not impossible.
I have a question.
The final price here is more.
So I have money here. And I have money there.
I want to bake.
if I want to buy one cable idea.
Very good. So we'll repeat the question for the video. So everyone can see the question. Very good question. The price of these foods differs from country to country. So someone wants to distribute the rice abroad, and the rice abroad is half the price of the rice here? Should the person pay the full amount that they would pay here? Or should they pay the amount that will buy them the rice in that country. So here, the Kima, the value is not important. We don't look at the schema. And that's why the LMR they say is the cattle fitter is not allowed to be paid in money. Yes, you can give it to a keel to buy for you. But you can't pay it in money to the poor person. You don't go to the poor
person and say there's the money. So the key here the value is not important. What's important is the site that's it, that's what's important. So if you buy the car in your country, which is cheaper, it's not a problem. Because what's important is that it's the the amount the size, what is important, not the value of it. And in this way, you can actually be quite, you can get more out of your pocket as well because what you can you can potentially do is you know, you know you're going to give some here you put that aside and maybe you can even you know, afford to give even more sadaqa by by buying it somewhere where it's cheaper. It's no problem. Likewise, I used to when we
used to give it out, we used to sometimes buy bulk. You know even for this even for I think we were in UAE at that time, because the small three kg bags of rice are more expensive than the big you know 20 kg or 30 kg bag of rice which is very cheap. So sometimes you buy the bigger one and you can put the whole family's the cattle fitter in it. And to be honest you can get the same what you would get for like 15 kg for for like five people five times three you can get 15 kg you could get 25 kg of rice by buying in a big bag look at what is beneficial for the poor but what matters is the site and not the payment not the value. Okay, I think it's time for us more or less to stop Do we have we
have a last question.
two last questions go for it.
No, the car generally has to be given to the Muslims except for one type of soccer which we haven't come to yet. The one type of soccer which is given to the non Muslims is well more aliphatic Ooh, those people whose hearts are inclined towards Islam, but this is not for the cultural fit. So cultural fit is for alpha Cora will Misaki the poor people and the needy people from among the Muslims.
So assist that is this is outside of the topic but it's okay. I sister is wealthy
and she is asked for her wealth from her husband and her parents.
And both are in need of it.
This is both are in need of it right. They're both in need.
Both asked for it. Who should she give it to her parents are dependent upon her
I think we need to know more about this question before we answer it. Like we need to understand is a husband asking it because he's also miskeen he's desperately in need? Or is it the case the husband is asking it for something else? But the parents are in desperate need of it. Yeah. And so maybe we should maybe take that question offline and get some more detail about it inshallah, we could answer it then.
Last last one.
For sure. Yes, because it's like a 4k fire right to make sure somebody is taking care of your local area. Like you. I mean, if you can see there's plenty of people doing it No problem, Mashallah, just don't leave Don't be someone who left needy people in your local area, and sent everything abroad. And then, you know, the low some people in local area doesn't don't have food for feed. And remember the purpose behind the curtain fitter, which we can talk about next lesson. The purpose is that they don't have to beg on a day. You know, poor people, they don't have to beg anyone on a day because the food comes to them. And they don't need to ask anyone they don't need to go around asking people
for food on the day of eat. So just be careful that none of the Muslims in your local area, you saw that people are taking care of it. You can send it abroad and shot Long Island. That's what Allah made easy for me to mention allies or generals best wa Salatu Salam aravena Mohammed who Allah Allah He was happy ajmeri
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