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Buloogh al-Maram – The Book of Zakah, Lesson 08 – Hadeeth 493-496

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Tim Humble

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Call

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me see one

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Caller Tune in howdy Selma

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Dini.

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Alhamdulillah alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was told he Nabina Muhammad while early he was so happy edge marine. So we praise Allah azza wa jal we send salatu salam upon the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his family and his companions. And we are continuing with our explanation of kitabi Sokka from Blue l muram.

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Our next Heidi's wine alien or of the Allahu I'm Anil bursera, viola Huang selland, Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Fie, Terra Jie Li sada karate he cobla and him for a hustler who feeds Alec Raja who tell me the you will hurt him.

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alley Robbie Allahu and narrated the Ibis, rob the Allahu anhu asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about paying his car early. And this is what we call Miss Ella to Tara Jean, Tara Jean zeca paying there's a car before the time of this car is due.

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And he asked about rgl sada karate he and many times in fact, in the majority of Kitab hasakah. We've seen that the word sadhaka is used for zeca. Terra Jean sada karate he published into him before the whole before the year the 12 Islamic months that we spoke about in the last class before those 12 Islamic months are complete. Ping there's a cart before that, for aha Sila houfy valic. So the Prophet size and gave him permission to do this. And the Hadith is narrated by activity and l hacking.

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This is a mess error or an issue that we deal with in fifth which is called mess, a little tardy in zeca. Ping this occurred early. So let's try to if you like draft out or draw out the boundaries have this issue, what is it really mean and where are the scholars agreed and where do they disagree on this issue. So they agree and there is each mark upon a particular issue. And that is that there is no tie GL colorblindness up. There is no way that a person can pay zakat early until they have reached the threshold for zakat. But if you've been paying attention to the previous classes, is this not a mushkil? Is this not a problem? Is there not a contradiction? Because didn't the Prophet

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sighs lm say Illa and Yeshua are a Buddha. Unless the owner wants to pay there is no Zechariah less than five camels unless the owner wants to pay. There is no Zakat on silver less than 200, prophetic Durham's and less the owner wants to pay. What does that mean? How do we reconcile with the EMA that you can't pay the car early, unless you have the nice up the threshold. And those people don't have the threshold. But the profit side is I'm said electrician or a Buddha unless the owner wants to pay. So we say that when the owner wants to pay, this is a sadhaka. And it's not Zakah. It's not zeca. There's a card that the money that is paid. It's a sadhaka from the owner. And it's not

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officially classed as there's a car on that wealth. What we're talking about here is officially paying zeca actually sing my obligation for Zakah has been lifted from me, I have no other car to pay, because I paid it early. I have nausea Caterpie because I paid it early. For this, the condition the scholars put is that he has to reach the threshold. In other words, if you just gave us a car collector and you had three camels and you gave this a calculate to one sheep, you didn't reach the five camels. You had three camels you gave this a car collector, one sheep, you can't then say my obligation of Zakat is is gone from me for the whole rest of the year.

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Because you hadn't reached any slop you didn't reach the threshold. You didn't reach that the threshold. So this issue of paying this account early. The condition about which there is consensus on is that you have to have the minimum amount of the soccer to be classed as paying Zakat early. If you don't have the minimum amount you can give the car but that the car will be free hook me a soda it will be in the ruling of giving

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South Africa, and it will not officially count as your official Zakah. At that time, because you didn't, you didn't have enough money for it to count as your official soccer. But if you had enough money, and your soccer reached the minimum amount, and you gave it early, then what is the ruling on this? So the HANA fear, and the shaffir ear, and the HANA beta, they all held the opinion that they were the majority. In this case, they all held the opinion that it is permissible for a person to give them a car early, if there is a muscle in that there is a benefit in it. And ultimately, this is a car rider in soccer, it's a principle in soccer, which is the principle of benefit, we're

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looking at what is gonna benefit the poor person, that's our concern, what is going to benefit the poor person. Now we know that car goes to particular groups of people. And in theory Zakah should be going to people throughout the year, because people's blocks of money should be reaching the hole the 12 months at different times. And this is one of the walleye one of the things that I personally strongly dislike is people giving their account only in Ramadan. Now, I don't see a harm in that if there's a car is early, if you're giving us a car early, but people sometimes even are delaying there's a car. And that's not permissible to delete as a car at all. It's not allowed to delete as a

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car according to the majority of the LMR. You can't hold it and choose when to give it you its fold on if you have to give it in. As soon as that reaches that 12 you have to give it 12 months.

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Now what a lot of people do is because they want to give it in Ramadan. The poor people have plenty in Ramadan. But outside of Ramadan, maybe six months after Ramadan, or seven or eight months after Ramadan, many of them are suffering because people are not giving them a car throughout the year. For I would say my advice would be there is no harm in paying your Zakat early in Ramadan. Especially if your soccer is Do me at that time anyway.

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But you have to look to see that if you're giving your soccer early, that there is a Mosler there is a benefit to the poor people. Because what about you're giving us a cut early, and you're actually harming the poor people, because you're preventing them from Zika at a time when they really need it. But there are things that happen in certain times. For example, right now, the virus, the Coronavirus, and everything like that, for sure, there's gonna be more people needing Zika than normal. And so if people look at this situation, and they see the need of the people, and they see people who've been affected by this disproportionate amount of people are in need of Zika. And

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someone says, I want to give my Zika early, and they have the minimum to give them a car like they've reached the threshold. They want to give them a car early, then this is something beneficial because it benefits the poor people as forgiving in Ramadan. I don't want to discourage it, but I want you to think about it carefully. First of all, delaying your Zakah until Ramadan, this is haram is forbidden and is prohibited in the Sharia of Islam. As for somebody who gives their Zakah, early in Ramadan, then I would suggest that do this when you see there is a benefit for the poor people. But when you see there is no benefit for the poor people elkaar either for Zakat, the principle in

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Zakah is that we do what is beneficial for the people who receive it, we do what is beneficial for what we call the beneficiaries of the soccer. That's what we care about. That's what we're looking at right here. What is beneficial for them. And if you look and you see that, let's say 70% I'm just putting a finger, pretend 70% of the Muslims Zakah is being paid in Ramadan, then I would suggest this is not in the Muslim heart of the fukada is not good for the poor people. Because what is happening is a disproportionate amount of zakka is getting paid in Ramadan. And those poor people are suffering in other times in the year and people are not giving this a cut the time when it's at

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the time when it's needed. However, if you want to give you a sucker early, and it's near to Ramadan, it's not far from the time that it's old. There is no harm in that I don't see any anything harmful in that inshallah huhtala and I don't want to discourage you. I don't want to tell the Muslims you don't give you as a kind robot. But I just want people to think

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about what they're doing, are you giving an interest of the poor person to give it in Ramadan is that when it's beneficial, because the apostle is the fundamental principle is what you give it either Hylian home when the when the Islamic year passes, 12 months, Islamic months, that's when you give you as a car. That's when you guys do is not you in Ramadan, there is no nos no Hadees that Zakah is during Ramadan, the chi is Jew is a holiday, when the Islamic year passes, if it's in the benefit of the poor people, for you to give it in Ramadan early, then there's no nothing wrong with you giving it early in Ramadan. And particularly an example of giving it early. We spoke about

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soccer on salary. And we said that really salaries should be counted separately, right. So what it means is, let's just put a finger on it. Let's just say that here is Abdullah Abdullah is earning 1000 pounds every month. And out of that 1000 pounds every month, Abdullah is saving 200 pounds every month. And we're going to say that when you sign up for money, let's just put it let's just let us put an imaginary figure, let's just say 300 pounds is then the sub, actually nisab is what we said is 585 grams of silver. But let me just put a finger on it. Let me just say 300 pounds. So the first month, Abdullah gets his salary, he puts 200 pounds away. And he hasn't reached any slot. So

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he can't give us the car early yet. Can't do anything with it. He hasn't reached any side yet, right. The next month, he puts another 200 away. Now he has 400 pounds, right 400 pounds.

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He's reached any stop. He's reached the threshold for silver, he's reached the threshold. And we said money can be compared to gold or silver, whichever is more beneficial for the poor people or whichever the threshold is lower. So now Abdullah gives his he's got his account and he starts his counter. And let's just say that this happened. We started at Mahara. So Mohammed put away 200 pounds, sulfur, he put away 200 pounds. Now in sulfur, he counts at the end of suffering, the last day of sulfur, he counts that I've got over that I've gone over the threshold because my salary came I put my savings aside, I've gone over the threshold.

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When is that Zachary?

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That 400 pounds. If he doesn't spend anything from it, there's a car and it stays above the threshold. There's their car is jus next suffer. At the end of that month, when he gets his salary. That's when it's due. That's because 12 months has gone by 12 Islamic months has gone by it's the end of software into his site that his Zakat is due on that amount. But during the year, Abdullah keeps putting 202 102 102 100 every month into his savings. Now in the first instance, these amounts are separate. In other words, if you were to actually look at this, in a in a simple kind of way, Abdullah would be paying Zakah every two months from the following suffer. If he kept saving like

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that, and he never spent it, he would be paying every two months, he would be paying because two months would go by on his moharram and suffer he put 400 now reach a threshold 12 months the pace, then

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Maharaja revere, I will never be a funny go by. And he's got another 400 and he counts the threshold. Now he said, and so on. But the problem is that that becomes difficult to keep track of. And it can be burdensome for people to remember and keep track of it like that, like on a month by month basis. So what some people choose to do, let's just say that Abdullah chooses to make things easy for himself. So what he decides to do instead is that he takes the money from Muharram and suffer and he starts his counter, because now he reached any stop. When it gets to the end of suffering. The next year, he pays all of

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the Zakat on all of his savings that he has. So he's paying early. He's paying. We said how long somebody is paying or a beer. Oh, well, Robbie, a fanny early. Then jumada oola and jumada. Sania is also paying early, and all the rest of the months of the year. He's paying them early because the only one that was really do was suffer. Suffer was the one that was due. But instead he's paid all of the money has in that in that year, all of his salary. So he's paid it. He's paid early. He's paid early. And this is what we're talking about here

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as they occur, so if he pays early in Ramadan, so he chooses for example, in

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That Roma light source suffered, went by moharram suffer. And he had 400 and then reappear our bf Ronnie, he had another 400. Now he's got 800. And then jumada, oola and jumada, Sania went by and he's got another

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another so he's now got 1200. Then came Roger, and Shabbat. And he put now he has another 400. So now he's got 1600. And then comes Ramadan. And in Ramadan he decides to give this ACA was any of his record you, none of it was true because it wasn't due until the suffer of the following year. And then the Robbie ehsani of the following year, and then the jumada attorney of the following year, and then the shutdown of the following year, if he was following is strictly by 12 months go by reached any sub 12 months go by, if he was following it like that, but since he is paying early, gets to Ramadan, and he says, Okay, what money have I saved up to now. So what I've got so far, I've

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got, let's see, as an example, I've got 1800 pounds that I've saved, I'm going to give myself out on that 100 1800 pounds early. That is before it was it was properly it was properly jus it wasn't due for another five months or six months, and it wasn't due on that big amount either will always do was 400. Nothing more than that. But what it is, is he has decided to pay early and he chooses to do that in Ramadan because of the increased agile, then there's no harm. But let him check and make sure that that is what is beneficial for the poor person. Because again, what we see is that we don't want to have a situation where our poor Muslim brothers and sisters eat and are and are

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comfortable in Ramadan and and neglected outside of Ramadan. Rather, that's not what Islam calls for. And in that case, he would get more reward by delaying his car and paying it early in,

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let's say Muharram, or the hedger or the character, or whatever, because he gives more time for those poor people or he looks at what's in their interest. So this is worth bearing in mind when it comes to Zakah. Since a lot of us gives the car early. A lot of us we do give Zakat early and the reason we give it early is it's more simple when it comes to salary and money to give us a car early than it is to give it on time. And giving on time is a little bit complicated, in a way. Because generally speaking, we didn't really use to have like

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this issue of salary or relative common like that. It's more like when you talk about soccer, more of your concern is like you receive money at different times during the year and you track that money for 12 months. But when it's coming monthly, it can get a little bit burdensome to track that money all the time. And to make sure like that it didn't go above or below that particular amount. And you can you can definitely do it. It's not impossible. One of the ways you could do it in this day and age is if you have an online banking app that allows you to put money into like a set money aside into boxes, or vaults or like, like market aside for savings, like not a new account, but just

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like allows you to put like a separate money aside. So I have an app like that, which allows me to do that. And if I wanted to when my money that I had saved reached any sub, I could put that into a box into what they call a vault, and I could mark the date on it. And then I can see if I take money out of the vault, I can delete it when if it goes below, then it's up. Otherwise, I just keep that vault open till the end of the year. And then I check every month I check the vault to see which vault has the date on it for one year. And then I pay the zeca I could do that today. I could do it on a spreadsheet, the money that I've saved as I've saved, I could mark it down and then mark the

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date that the car is due, and so on. And wait. So that is something that you could do. But it isn't as easy as just paying the car early and paying it more than what you need paying a little bit more than what you need. And because the car is so small and so beneficial. It doesn't really hurt you to do that. Because it's small, and it's beneficial. And why I say those two things is, first of all, it's small. It's only a very small amount typically 2.5%

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And secondly, it is beneficial, it's not going for, it's not going to be wasted. It's not going to be used for a haraam, like the taxes that we pay all over the world today, where they just used for things that people don't need, or they use to,

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for things that don't benefit poor people directly, and so on. So Alhamdulillah, it's beneficial, and it's easy. So if you paid early, it's not a problem. So as we said, the majority of the LMR from the Hanafi, and the HANA Villa, and the chef Maria, they said that it's permissible to give the zecca early, but then they deferred,

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the they differed over how many years you are allowed to give zakah in advance how many years and they differ in three opinions. One of them, they said that you can only give it for a year. In other words, you can only pay the car in advance for a year. Anything else you paid in advance, two years, three years, four years, it was sadhaka, it was not the car, that car would still be due the following year. And as evidence for this, they said that this Hadith of the Ibis, he only limited it to this one year, you only limited it to this one year.

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The second opinion is the opposite of that. They said there is no limit. There's no limit, you can pay a car five years in advance 10 years in advance, it doesn't matter, because the profits allowed him to pay the car in advance. And therefore, it doesn't matter how many years he pays it in advance. And the second opinion, or the third opinion, sorry, is the opinion that you can only pay in advance for two years. And this is the opinion of some of our most shy shareholders. They mean Rahim Allah to Allah mentioned it and others, and they said the evidences in some of the narrations of this hadith. He asked the Prophet silent for two years, and they said, it's not the fitting to go

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beyond what the text says. In other words, stick to the text because if the text says a Mac, it says two years, you can't presume three years is okay. You can't just make a presumption that oh, well, if two years is okay, three years, okay. You can't make a presumption like that. Analyze which is best. I think it's safer. you're limited to two years in advance and shorelines is safer. Because at the end of the day, it's still an obligation upon you. And two years in advance is plenty. inshallah, anything extra you want to give can always be classed as sadaqa, but don't class it as a prepayment on your tax and early tax payment as early as a car payment. Don't class it as a

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prepayment unless it is within a two year period. So a bit safe just to be safe on the issue of your car. Our next Heidi's wine Jebel Ali Abdullah the alarm and Unreal Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam and now hold on. Lisa FEMA Duna comme si are working menial worryfree sadhaka What is a female doing a hum sin? Dona hum see though the menial EBD sada well as a female doing a hum ceti oh sukrin minute temporary sada raha Muslim what a human Heidi theI beside Lisa female dooney hum setti I will serve in min tamaryn while our have been sadhaka

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what a slew Heidi z Abby sorry motif upon LA. This issue is the Heidi's of Jabir and the hadith of Abby serried, in the hadith of jabbering Abdul Allah Allahu Allah and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there is nothing or there is no sadaqa there is no zurka in that which is less than five hour of silver.

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The hour or the opia of silver is a measure which is 40 prophetic Durham's. 40 times by five equals 200 and we know there's a car threshold for silver is 200 prophetic Durham's, which is 595 grams, approximately 585 grams approximately, and that is five o'clock work or five o'clock, five o'clock and it is also equal to five times 40 Durham's, which is 200, prophetic Durham's or 595 grams of silver. As for money, which is what we sometimes the scholars called flus, meaning and filth. The money which is neither gold nor silver, it's not minted gold or silver. It could be made of brass, of copper, of nickel of pain.

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Then this money, it can be compared to either gold or silver according to which one is most beneficial for the poor people. And at the moment, it's better to compare it to silver because silver is more beneficial to poor people that gold. Since the price of gold is very high, it will mean that very few people can pay soccer, but if we compare it to silver, more people will be able to pay zakat because the threshold will be lower. So whichever of the two is the lower price, we go for that so we're going to compare our money to silver. So our money is also humps, our it is five or pm or five times 40 prophetic Durham's, which is 200, prophetic Durham's or 595 grams of silver.

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And we have a little look today, what is 595 grams of silver worth. So if we have a look at usually they measure it in in ounces. So it's 21 ounces of silver so we can have one ounce of

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silver.

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In Great British pounds, you see what it's worth today.

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So right now, it is worth 12 pounds and 46 pence for an ounce. So we can do 21 times by

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21

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times by 12 pounds.

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And 46 Pence

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is 261 pounds and 66 pence as of the price today, approximately 261 pounds and 66 Pence, that would be the threshold of money. Today, as it stands today, as according to the price of silver in comparison to British pounds today. So you can see roughly the threshold we're talking about. If we made it gold, if we made it gold, it would come to as we said 85 grams, which is three, three ounces of gold, just to see the difference in price, an ounce of gold today

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in GBP

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is

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or we can do it by gram is 43 pounds 85.

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Four gram

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times that by 85 grams.

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And it gives us 3727 pounds. Look at the difference. Look at the difference. If we compare our money to silver, then we only need to have 260 pounds of savings. If we compare our money to gold, we need to have 3700 pounds of savings. Which one is more likely to benefit the poor people, for sure the lower number is going to be more beneficial. And islamically there isn't a reason to prefer one over the other. Because money in the time of the Prophet sighs lm was at the hub. One filter, it was gold and silver, it was gold and silver. And our money could be compared to gold our fields our money, which is neither gold or silver, it could be compared to gold and it could be compared to so. So we

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don't have an Islamic reason to prefer one or the other except the car either have nothing in muscle a little for karate, what is beneficial for the poor people. And so we go with the lower amount. And that is the the threshold for silver. So we say that if you have savings of 260 pounds or above as of today, then you need to start counting your 12 Islamic months. If it goes below that amount, you can stop the counter and wait for it to go above and start again. If it stays above that amount, then you should pay this account on that when the 12 Islamic months passes or before that if you wish to pay early, like in the hadith of Ali from from abis.

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Also in the hadith of it from an Ibis, there is a little fade that I wanted to mention a little benefit that I wanted to mention. And that is the benefit of the Sahaba narrating from each other,

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the Sahaba narrating from each other. So there is no you know this is something which is normal among the Sahaba. And here it's not clear if it are the law one

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witness it appears from the Hadees that he witnessed this he witnessed the prophets I some answer. But whether he witnessed him answer, or whether he heard it from an abacus makes no difference to us. The two are the same in our eyes because all of the Sahaba are reliable. So we're not concerned if some of them are eight from others. And some of them tell Hadeeth about things that they weren't personally therefore, but they will receive that knowledge from another Sahabi there is no problem in that. And this high but all of them are at the highest level of trustworthiness. And it's enough of a proof that we would accept trustworthiness from an arranger because

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Imam of Islam praised him. Like Imam Ahmed said, the cartoon said he's reliable and trustworthy. We would accept that Narita because the man Akhmed said about him is trustworthy. So how about the one that Allah said about them they are trustworthy. If Allah said they are trustworthy, we don't need to worry about their state and we don't need to worry about their memorization and their, you know, we don't need to worry about them narrating from each other, because Allah azza wa jal testified to the trustworthiness and the deep commitment that they had and righteousness that they had towards Islam, and their commitment to preserving the Sunnah of the Prophet sighs and this is known to us

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from the Quran, and from the statement of the Prophet size, and so we don't need to worry about the Sahaba and aerating from one another. However, it does appear from this first Hadith earlier of the alarm. And it seems like he

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he heard this or he witnessed this from an Airbus, but it might be the Airbus told him about it. And to us in the science of Hades, we don't really need to distinguish between those two situations. And it answers a question a lot of people have, how can Abu hurayrah narrate things about Islam that happened before he became Muslim? How can I shut off the alarm and narrate what happened about bed lie how the revelation began to the Prophet sighs lm when I showed the law what was not born at that time. So how could she narrate a hadith about something that happened before she was born? Or something that happened? She was a baby, how could she narrate that Hadeeth very simple, because the

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Sahaba narrate from one another pipe, this is the issue of silver. Now we continue with the Hadith, while a Safina Dona hum see that will diminish Ebony sada there is nothing less than five vote. A vote here just means a number of camels between three to 10 or three to nine. So, a group let's call it a small group, five among a small group of camels. In other words, if you have less than five camels, then there is no zeca do upon you Li ashara baja unless the person wants to give sadaqa.

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And here's our new one that we can deal with today, with a set female donor hum set he also can mean a temporary sadhaka there is nothing less than five also

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all the dates, there is no zaka do upon them. And this narrated by musk and in Hyderabad beside which is also in Muslim. There is nothing less than five osac and our soap and ourselves are the same of dates or dates or grains, dates, or grains.

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And the original Heidi from herbicide is narrated the the origin of the Heidi or the original part of the Hadith is narrated in Bukhari and Muslim. So, here we have this issue of Zakah. upon

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what we call el hubub with the mark

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and herb Westermarck.

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here when we talk about a hubbub with EMR,

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we need to be clear about what we are talking about. Because this is where we, it becomes more complicated. And there's some issues that we have to deal with. What is that? We know that Zika is due upon certain greens, and certain fruits kinds of fruits,

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certain fruits and certain grains, we know that Zika is due upon. However, the problem we have is defining what exactly they are and what exactly they aren't. So let's first of all exclude something, we're going to exclude all fruits and vegetables, we're going to exclude all fruits and vegetables, which are not stored

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all fruits and vegetables which are not stored which are eaten up like they they are, they're not caught, they're not kept in long term storage. They are simply eaten up like tomatoes, and apples, carrots, and you know, all kinds of fruits and vegetables, melons and all this kind of stuff that are just eaten up and they are not like kept in storage and if you want to think about what is kept in storage, think like dates, dates are dried, and they become they become dry, and then you keep them in boxes or you know, a long, long time. Those are the ones that

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

Hi is drew upon broadly speaking, and as for L hubub, then we're going to come to this in the next Hadeeth in sha Allah to Allah

00:35:08--> 00:35:24

or in a fall in a subsequent Hadith, but broadly speaking, when it comes to the grains, then there is agreement about some and disagreement about others, there are five broadly speaking in which there is agreement,

00:35:25--> 00:35:36

there are five broadly speaking in which there is which there is an agreement, the first one is outcome, which is, which is wheat

00:35:37--> 00:35:52

and accom, which is wheat. And also what is mentioned is a hindpaw which is spelt or hold wheat. So, it's also a kind of, it's like a kind of wheat or a derivative of wheat spelt.

00:35:53--> 00:36:53

And then there is a Sherry, which is Bali. And there is a timer which are dates and azubi, which are reasons and so, pioneers like those sort of variations of dried grapes, dry grips, these there is each mark upon them, there is each mark there is consensus upon wheat and spelt and barley dates and raisins, there is consensus upon them. But the opinion that I personally believe to be the most correct, this is the opinion of the hanger biller in the shore of the madhhab from them is that everything which is which is macaroon. medallion, everything which is measured was measured at the time of the Prophet size L and by volume, and is storable. Like it can be stored over a long period

00:36:53--> 00:37:03

of time that gets dry, it's dried and stored. And it's measured or it was measured in the time of the Prophet size and by volume, then it is do Zakah upon it.

00:37:05--> 00:37:22

And we're going to give examples of that insha Allah to Allah as we go on, but from this from this, what is the and then he saw what's the threshold? So the threshold is five osel and whisk

00:37:24--> 00:37:30

it is the amount that it is it is 60 saw

00:37:31--> 00:38:02

so you got to stay with me on this. That Allsop each one of them is 60 sar. So in total if we time 60 by five, we get the nisab is 300 saw. Now can you remember what you've heard a slot before? Do you remember the SAR is the measurement that we use for the cat and fiddle. The cat will fit on the saw is the measurement of the cat Alfredo.

00:38:03--> 00:38:04

So how much is Assad?

00:38:06--> 00:38:07

Assad is for mod.

00:38:08--> 00:39:00

Okay, that's not very helpful. A mod is roughly what a grown man would hold in his two hands like that. That's a good a middle middle size, like not someone with really big hands or really small hands, but an average size person. Now we actually need to understand that a saw is a measure of volume, not a measure of weight. And I think the easiest way to think about this, if you think about this is think about sorbitol multifeed Eliza gel he said wait on lwml Top 15 and Lydian a rectangle and a nursia. Still four were either Curlew one, l was no one your serum. A lot talked about the morphine that demand their full measure. And then he said, if they can do home hours, and if they

00:39:00--> 00:39:16

measure by volume or by weight, when they sell to people, they they sell them short. So that means that in the time of the Prophet size lm, there were things that were measured by volume, and things that were measured by weight

00:39:17--> 00:39:42

can do or wasn't whether they measured it by volume, or they measured it by weight. So there are things made that work at the time of the profit slice and were measured by volume. And there are things measured by weight. Typically today, what do we measure volume in? We measure volume in liters, and milliliters. Usually, sometimes we use fluid ounces.

00:39:44--> 00:39:59

And when we measure weight, what do we usually measure weight in grams and kilograms. Now, these are all the things we're talking about here are measures of volume. So really, we should be talking about them in liters, not in kilograms. And if this

00:40:00--> 00:40:45

Scholars talk about them in kilograms, then they are talking about it when bad actor creep from the point of just getting near to the amount, just just getting like a rough idea making it easy for people. Otherwise, there's a counterfeiter you give in Ramadan to the poor people is not measured in kilograms, or grams, or ounces or pounds, it's measured in liters. It's a measure of volume, not a measure of weight. However, the scholars, they measure it in kilograms to make it easy for you. Just to make it simple for people they give it like, okay, roughly, what is it in kilograms, but it's a measure of volume. So what we're talking about here is 300. psi is a measure of volume, not a

00:40:45--> 00:41:30

measure of weight. And I'm sure you realize that different things have a different volume to weight ratio. So, for example, a saw of dates is not going away the same as a sort of reasons. Typically, it's not going away exactly the same sort of dates and a sort of reasons are not going to be the same. And a sort of barley and a sort of dates are not going to weigh the same because it's a measure of volume, not a measure of weight. So if you see the earlier man mentioned it in weight, which many of them do, many of them said a saw is three kilograms. But really, that is shaelyn. It's something to kribi, it's approximate, and it's there to help you out. But it's not precise. What is

00:41:30--> 00:42:15

precise is the measure of a saw in liters, and measure of assigned liters. So now we come to the mud. If we know Assad is for mud, if we know that a SAR is for mud, then if we know a mud in milliliters, we can learn what OSI is in liters. So the scholars, they have two opinions, I'm not gonna say only two, but we can get a range of opinions between two values, that a mood is 500 ML, or that a mood is 750 Ml 500 ml half a liter, or 750 ml set which is point seven, five of a liter.

00:42:16--> 00:42:38

Now me personally, I go with the larger number, because in zakka, this is safer. And also because when I did some research on it, I felt more confident with it. So me personally, I class a mud as 750 milliliters, which makes a sore three liters.

00:42:39--> 00:43:09

It makes us our three liters. But some of the scholars they classed as two liters. So some of them said two liters. And the maximum, they said is three liters. But I personally prefer to go with the larger amount that the SAR is three liters. If the size is three liters, then the measure which does a car is do the nisab the threshold is 900 liters.

00:43:11--> 00:43:49

That would be the nice up if we go with the smaller amount, because it's more beneficial to the poor people, then then a sub would be 600 liters. And that's safer when we talk about the threshold to go with the smaller amount. So we say when we're giving zakkai likes a carton fitter, I measure three liters per slot. When I'm giving it the cattle fitter, I measure three liters per SAR. But when we're talking about the nisab, it's more beneficial for the poor people to go with a smaller number. So we will say 600 liters based on two liters per slot 600 liters of dates.

00:43:50--> 00:44:40

And you can easily check online volume to wait how much does like for example, if you look at usually when you see recipes, food recipes from the US, for example, a lot of times they measure in volume instead of weight, right like they those will tell you like put a cup of flour, put a cup of flour, a cup is a measure of volume. It's not a measure of weight. But we know what a cup of flour weighs. Or put half a cup of water. And we know what half a cup of water is in ML, that a cup is 250 ml and half a cup is 125 ml and so on like so it's easy for you to convert. For example, you can just Google that dates volume to weight that if you have dates that fill a a liter in size, how much

00:44:40--> 00:44:58

will they weigh? If you have rice that fills a liter in size? How much will it Wait, and as we said as far is either two liters or three liters, according to a difference in what the mood is. Some said two liters Some said three so for me if I'm giving it I give it as I give it as

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

I give it as

00:45:00--> 00:45:38

In terms of cattle fitter, I give it as three. But if I'm counting, it was a cow on an herb was the mark on the grains and fruits, then we counted as two to be safer. So that would be 600 litres of dates or grains, wheat, rice, and so on. And you can easily find out how many litres of rice mix how much weight and then you will see that actually, the weights that orlimar give are quite similar in the sense that you can see that one you can even just search one liter

00:45:40--> 00:45:41

of rice

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

in kilograms, for example.

00:45:49--> 00:45:55

And it says that a liter of rice is approximately 800 grams.

00:45:57--> 00:46:28

So we said that a saw some of the scholars they just said counter saw as three kilograms. Actually, if you count the size three kilograms you're giving a bit more, because that's around about three kilograms is around about four liters of rice. And you really only need to give three But still, the more you give the better. But in this issue, as we said, the actual measure in terms of the socket itself is 300 psi and 300 psi is approximately

00:46:29--> 00:47:13

600 liters in volume in volume. And weight wise, some of the scholars said 900 kilograms, some of them said more or less than that. And all of that is just approximation to help you to understand because these were things that were measured and sold in the time of the Prophet slice lm by volume, they will not sold by weight. And what matters is the time of the Prophet size. So it doesn't matter whether now rice is sold in the kilogram, or whether wheat is sold in the kilogram. It only matters that in the time of the prophets lie Selim grains and dates and great reasons were sold by volume, not by not by weight.

00:47:15--> 00:47:36

So how much do you have to pay? How much is the card you have to pay? Let's just say I have my 300 saw of dates have a date form and I collected 300 saw of dates How much do I have to pay? for this? Go to our next Heidi one Sally with me at dinner. And a B he probably Allahu

00:47:37--> 00:47:54

Allah Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Anna who call FEMA sokrati center or when are you? Oh, can I 30 year ersel where females sukiya be not Hey, Miss fuller show

00:47:55--> 00:48:05

where the Abby dellwood our can Berlin and Urschel were females sopia be 70 Are we not Hey, Miss fuller Sure.

00:48:06--> 00:48:31

So this Heidi Heidi thought of Sally with me, Abdullah and Abby, and in the resource lm a he said in that which was watered from the heavens and the springs, from that which is watered from the heavens or the springs or a 30 year walk by the underground water by the roots, which drink the water from underground sources.

00:48:34--> 00:48:35

There is a

00:48:36--> 00:48:38

there is a 10th

00:48:39--> 00:48:46

a 10th that is 10% there is 10%. So, from these greens

00:48:47--> 00:49:04

from these greens and we said the scholars differed over the kinds of greens and the kinds of fruits there is an agreement upon wheat and spelt and barley and dates and raisins, they are much more and it is HMR on them

00:49:06--> 00:49:12

those things and we said the correct opinion is every dried

00:49:14--> 00:49:53

every dried fruit like dates or raisins, and every kind of seed or green every kind of seed or grain even the seeds which are stored for medicinal reasons like black seed, black cumin seed, and like habit soda, all of them in my opinion, they have their cardio upon them, because they are all fulfilled to conditions they are from those things which can be sold by volume in the mo sold by volume in the time of the Prophet size. And therefore those things which can be stored for a long term, long term put in long term storage.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

And so, if we say that includes therefore In my opinion, rice

00:50:00--> 00:50:13

And it includes, like we said, spices, and it includes the, it includes a habit soda, and all of those different types of kinds of things which are

00:50:15--> 00:50:22

grains or which were originally grains or fruits that were put into the can be stored in over a long term.

00:50:24--> 00:50:45

And in any case, these types of things are of two types, there are those which receive water without any further assistance, they receive water without any further assistance. In other words, rainwater, spring water,

00:50:46--> 00:50:59

river water, or they, their roots drink the water from underground sources like wells or whatever, there is no human effort made to water them. These

00:51:01--> 00:51:25

greens and plants, they there's a car drew upon them is 10%. And it's the highest percentage of the car and 10% 10%. And as for that, which is which is watered by irrigation, that could be by human irrigation could be by machinery, could be by

00:51:27--> 00:52:10

an animal like a horse or a cow that irrigates the fields as pulls the like pulls machinery along the irrigates or waters the field or anything water wheels that draw water up from the wells and and they they pour the water over the crops. All of these desikachar drew upon them is nice for sure. It's half of 10%, which is 5% 5%. Because of the effort required, and that's the ease from the shediac the effort which is required to irrigate them and water them versus the crops that are not watered or irrigated, they grow from the water which is natural, those have a 10% Zakah.

00:52:11--> 00:52:16

And this is what the scholars they talk about, they talk about those that are require

00:52:17--> 00:52:56

more, and those which don't require with those which require effort. And they require irrigation and those which don't require it. But what about those plants that are in between those grains that are in between, the farmer has to water them some of the year. And some of the year he doesn't water them. In other words, there's a rainy season and a dry season. In the dry season, he waters them and in the rainy season, he doesn't water them. So what is the ruling here, the scholars say if it is 5050, then 7.5% is paid. And this is

00:52:57--> 00:53:39

a mess Allah in which there is each mark upon it, that they are paid 50 57.5% for the one that is 5050 for the one that six months of the year they are watered, and six months of the year they are raised they are from the rain from the sky, then all the underground rivers or whatever, then this one is 7.5% the car is due upon it as for when it is like six months, or sorry, when it is eight months and four months, for example, then in this case, the amount that is paid, it depends on what is what is predominant. So if it's eight months of rain, water, and four months of

00:53:40--> 00:54:24

irrigation than the xikar Jew is 10% if it's eight months of irrigation and four months of rainwater, then there's a carduus 5%. But when it's roughly 5050 it's half and half, then it's 7.5%. Otherwise, it goes with whichever one is most common, most predominant. That's the one where you either give 10% or you either give 5% so on crops, dates, and raisins, we have three different levels of Zakah 10% 5% and seven and a half 10% if they don't receive any irrigation or if the majority is from the from the rain and the rivers and the springs and wells

00:54:25--> 00:54:40

5% if they receive most of their water from irrigation and human effort and 7.5% if it's 5050 between the two for those farm produce

00:54:41--> 00:54:56

and the prophets I some in the other Hadeeth different things were mentioned mentioned the things which receive which the roots which are the plants which drink the water from the roots from the underground water sources. And likewise, those which are

00:54:57--> 00:55:00

those which are watered by water wheels or by

00:55:00--> 00:55:39

irrigation, different irrigation methods, and the principle is exactly the same. We're going to cover one or two more Hadeeth and that's it. Our next one be Musashi. One more I've grown to love and humor and an herbicide Silla. makalah Houma la takoda is sada hottie lm in hiding a sniff in our back. I shared with him was be what tiempo la Pavani will hack him. What are cottony and wioth for Emma LP there will be three. What remain? Well Kasab fr and who Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam what is now called life.

00:55:41--> 00:56:11

This Heidi Heidi of ob Musashi Mr. Edwin Jebel that he the Prophet slicin said to the two of them, don't take from the sadaqa except from these four things, barley, and spelt, and raisins, and dates. And that's narrated by altaba, Ronnie and Al Hakim, and adara Kotani narrated from Wilds that he said, As for elkrief, that he said as for elk with that,

00:56:17--> 00:57:09

he said, As for LP, fat, which is the cucumber, or the watermelon, or the pomegranate, and the sugarcane, then the Prophet size, exempted them. And this chain of narration is weak, this chain of narration is is a weak chain of narration. So what we say about this hadith is, is actually we go back to this issue of what should be counted and what shouldn't be counted. As we said, there is no disagreement among the scholars about wheat and spelt, and barley, and raisins and dates. And those are the ones mentioned in the duration of October, Iranian and hindpaw is a kind of wheat soy, it comes into the same ruling. So these are the ones that are mentioned in the integration of a

00:57:09--> 00:57:12

Pomeranian and hacking. However,

00:57:13--> 00:57:17

if we look at this Hadith, and we say there is a weakness in it, and

00:57:18--> 00:58:02

we know that the principal mentioned about cucumbers and watermelons and pomegranates and sugarcane is correct, because the profit size and we know that the things which are not stored over the long term, and they are just like fruits and vegetables that are just plucked and eaten over a short time, they are not nausicaa is due upon them, but the issue is here should we limit ourselves to these four, or do we take the opinion that it is every thing which is which was measured in the time of the Prophet so I sell them by volume, and which is kept for long term storage, and that appears to be the stronger opinion and if we look at the authentic hadith, the prophets lie Selim, what he

00:58:02--> 00:58:12

mentioned in them Salatu Lai, or Salim Ali about these authentic in the authentic hadith what he mentioned regarding them is, he mentioned the

00:58:14--> 00:58:54

the hum SETI our sock, and that Allsop is a measure of volume, meaning that they were measured in volume, and they could be tempo, or they could be they could be any kind of green, and they could be a tempo. And in other narrations, azubi, they could be a reason, or anything which is similar to that doesn't matter anything which is similar to that which is measured by volume was measured by volume in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it is kept in the long term storage, and that inshallah is enough for the xikar to be drew upon it. And that's the opinion of the Han Abdullah. And I think it is a soft rock. While it's the most authentic of the opinions in

00:58:54--> 00:59:41

this regard. As for limiting only to the wheat, and the spelt, and the barley, and the dates and the raisins, then I don't think that we can find an authentic hadith that limits it in that way, rather, the authentic hadith, what seems to be is that what limits it is that it was measured by volume, and that it was storable for a long period of time. And that's why some of our machines, they included in that habit of soda, the black seed, even if it's not for food use even if it's for medicine use because it is measured by volume. And it is stored for it can be just kept like you just put it in a box and keep it like that it keeps it can be stored, like that doesn't go bad.

00:59:42--> 00:59:50

And so this is what is due upon the Zika is due upon analyzer General's best. And that's more than enough for that Heidi for this time.

00:59:52--> 01:00:00

What we will mention on the issue of the storage is because this is better for the poor person, the poor person again, there's no point giving them something

01:00:00--> 01:00:41

thing which is going to be it needs to be used up immediately. Like, that's okay if you give them money, the money equivalent of that, or if you if they are given money and they buy things like that. But if you give them something that can be used up quickly, or needs to be used up within a very limited space of time is less beneficial for them because they can't maybe they received a lot of support in one month, but that food all goes out of date. And we see this sometimes in soda cart, people gifts, other kind and we see food being thrown out and going out of date and stuff like that. So in Zakah the limit is generally towards the foods which are measured by volume and which don't go

01:00:41--> 01:01:23

and which don't go out of date and Allah azzawajal knows best. So that's what we mentioned. From all that what Allah made easy for us to mention in this topic of Zakah we're going to be continuing on the topic of an herbal birthmark, the grains and the dates and raisins and things like that. We're going to be talking about that inshallah to Allah in the next lesson as well and we have some also discussion about jewelry, and whether the car is due upon jewelry or not. That's what lies which I mean easy for me to mention a Lionel's bestel salatu salam ala nabina Muhammad Ali, he was happy to Xochimilco for watching, please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com