Buloogh al-Maram – The Book of Zakah, Lesson 09 – Hadeeth 497-498

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Tim Humble

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Follow me see one

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in Hades Allah.

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Dini, hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge mine Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. As always, we begin with the praise of allies that will generally ask Allah to exalt dimension and grant peace to our messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to his family and his companions were resuming the Hadith classes after the month of Ramadan. during Ramadan we had focused upon Tafseer giving more attention to the Quran into Tafseer. And now inshallah with Allah what we're going to do is to continue our usual routine, which is a Tafseer class on a Friday and Hadeeth class on a Tuesday. While we have still the restrictions

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in place, and the massages are still not open, the classes will still be going on from home. Anisha Allahu Allah wants the masjid opens again, we will move the classes back into the masjid in the light Island. Now, since it's been a month or more, since we had a Hadeeth class, I want to just go back a couple of steps and just remind ourselves, and while we're reminding ourselves also learn a few more additional pieces of information that we've been talking about this occur on azura with Thema zecca on crops and certain types of fruits.

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And with as it relates to this type of soccer, this falls under a wider category of what the scholars term, what comes out of the earth,

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what comes out of the earth.

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And what comes out of the Earth is broader than just azura. With demand, it's also going to cover things like because bury treasure, and things like that, which we're going to come to in short Allahu taala. So for now, what we've been talking about in the previous classes was Zakah, that is due upon azura with demand upon crops, which are planted in the ground, and certain types of fruits.

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And we have mentioned in the previous class, that there are four kinds of these fruits and crops, which the scholars have consensus upon, and they differed in other types. So the four that they have consensus upon, they are a Sharia, and Al hindpaw and zebby an attempt. So they are wheat, barley, or barley and wheat, and raisins and dates.

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And all of them are they and indeed all of the scholars outside of the Medina in Islam, they unanimously agree that soccer is due upon these four types, but then they differ after that. And I didn't go too much into the difference of opinion. But it might be nice to do that right now just to just to allow everyone to get back sort of remember the topic and sort of get back into the topic inshallah. So they differed in four different opinions. The first opinion is that Zakah is limited only to these four. There is no xikar do on anything other than barley, wheat, raisins and dates.

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And the reason we say raisins By the way, some people might listen and say well,

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the word why why is it raisins, particularly we're going to come to that challah. So here we have barley, wheat, raisins and dates. And one of the opinions is that these are the only two, the only four sorry, they include barley and wheat, which are the crops and raisins, which obviously come from grapes, and dates, which are the fruits. That's it, nothing else. And that opinion was an opinion that was held by some of the scholars of Islam outside of the former dib. It's not an opinion that was held by the full or it's not an opinion found within the four men that have the full well known methods in Islam.

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The second opinion is the opinion of the medic er, and the chef theory.

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And the and the medic In fact, before we do that, let's go to the opinion of the Hanafi that the Hanafi crnf. the opinion of Abu hanifa himself, and it wasn't the opinion of his two students. Abu Yusuf and Mohammed Abdullah has an opinion of Abu hanifa himself is the exact opposite of this opinion is that Zakah is drew upon every kind of fruit and crop

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That is grown in order to, for a Nana in order to have more of it. Like in other words, you plant the seeds, or you grow the trees in order to

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every year you will get, you know, a harvest out of it. And you're trying to increase that then in number. And that is, you know, that's like what somebody does like farming. Every single thing has occurred you upon him. So that would include all types of fruits, it would include all types of crops, it would include things that are staple foods and things that are not staple foods. All of it is included. And that was the opinion of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah to Allah

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Himself, Rahim, Allah tala.

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The next opinion, is the opinion of the molokhia. And the chef.

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And this opinion of the Maliki in the chef area is broader than the first opinion and narrower than the opinion of Abu hanifa.

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And that is that did when they looked at these things, and the the the handlers did the same thing. When they looked at these things, they said, What is there in common between barley, wheat, raisins and dates?

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What's in common between barley and wheat, and raisins and dates? What can we find that it's in common between them? We can't say they're all crops because some of them are fruits. We can't say they're all fruits, because some of them are crops, what is in common, and broadly speaking, those three modalities amalickiah, the chef area and the hanabi law, they all found three things in common, but they differed over which of them are important. The three things they found in common number one, is they talked about alcohol. And this one, they all have those three motherhood, they agreed upon the molokhia, the chef or the Hannah Bella, they agreed that they're that we should

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limit the car to the things which are storable,

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which are storable.

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So Abu hanifa didn't limit it to the things which are storable. He said everything that is grown from the earth, every kind of fruit, every kind of vegetable, every kind of crop. All of it is juicer Carpani.

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As for the molokhia, and the chef Hurry, and the Hannah Bella, they said the thing which is restrict here, which is in common in these four things barley, wheat, raisins, and dates, is all of them are storable. In other words, they don't, they don't go off, they don't go back. You can keep raisins for a very long time without them going back. You can keep wheat for a very long time. You can keep barley for a very long time. And you can keep dates for a very long time. And typically they don't go back. Typically they don't go back, I miss some situations, if they got water in them, or something happened to them or a disease came some sort of

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sort of sort of insect or pest got into them. Generally speaking, typically under normal circumstances, they're storable. And they don't go off. And the molokhia and the chef and the hanger bill are all agreed that the condition is we can expand it to everything which is storable.

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So it has to be storable. So what's not storable fruit, typically most fruits are not so you can't store them, they go off. For example, let's talk about bananas, for example. You can't store them for a year or two years, whatever it is, they go bad. They're not like dates. Likewise, vegetables, for example, tomatoes, if you take a tomato from the tree and keep it for a while, but after a time, it's going to go bad onions, another example they go bad.

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Eventually they will go back. So they said that these are not included. All the things that go off and go bad are not included in what is in what is the case drew upon Abu hanifa he said all of them. He said no there is no such limitation.

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As for the Maliki or the Sheree and the high Nabila, they said the first limitation has to be added to heart that it is storable you can store it for a long period of time without it going off.

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And they said that is because all of these four things that I mentioned are all storable and also the issue of the raisins and the grapes. And that is that grapes are not taken in Zakah as grapes and dates are not taken as rhubarb as fresh dates.

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Instead, the grapes are dried into raisins and the root of the fresh dates are dried into dry dates. And only when they are dry, are they taken into account.

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If there's a car was due upon all of the fruits, then it will not be the case that grapes are taken as raisins. And dates are not taken as rolltop. They're not taking a soft date. Instead, dates are taken when they have gone dry. That's one point they mentioned.

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And they mentioned the idea that we had spoken about the hadith of Abu Musab al actually and Heidi thought more ads when the Prophet size limited them to barley, wheat, raisins and dates and they said all of these things are

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they're all things that are stored for a long period of time.

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What did Abu hanifa bring us an evidence to support his claim that everything does a cat is drew upon all kinds of fruits and vegetables and crops? What did Abu hanifa himself bring?

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Abu hanifa brought first of all the generality of the ayah in sort of Bukhara Yeah, you Hi letting me know and feel mean pi ghiberti merker saboten when Rajan like one minute out that's the first is Abu hanifa bought, he said Oh, you are lies which has said oh you who believe

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spend out of the good things that we have provided for you and whatever has come out from the earth.

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So he said whatever has come out from the earth, Elijah chill in the I didn't limit it. So that's the first evidence that we're hunting for brought the second evidence that Abu hanifa brought,

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Rahim Allah to Allah is an AI in Seoul and an in which Eliza which has said who will lead the charge unknotting marilou shatin while euro Malou shot when Allah was zarar mortality fan aku who was a tuna what room man and mu mu Tasha behind worker Yamamoto shabby coolamon family he either s moto will add to hopko who Yamaha saw the 1234 in a hula.

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They brought this iron sword to an arm in which allies which I said he's the one who has provided for you gardens, marble shot or a marble shot and a nun Eliza Joe has provided has provided

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a nun date palms was Zoller and the the fields in which you are the crops. The crops that you plant within the fields, which all taste have different tastes with the tune and olives, what ramen and pomegranates which are similar and dissimilar from each other. Some of them are similar to each other and some of them are not eat from the fruits when they are ripe. And give it's right on the day of harvest. And Abu hanifa he took the opinion that the word or the words were to have cuckoo yo Maha Samadhi it refers to the Zakat give this car on them. So Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, Allah said, gentlemen, Jean pomegranates and when we say Abu hanifa that's because it's our hanifa who

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represents that opinion within the mothership. But actually other than Abu hanifa there are many Ibrahim in a high amount of bin Abdulaziz before out before I will hunting for him allowed to Allah and after Abu hanifa from among the people of the mothership, who chose this opinion. So it's not that there was one person who had this opinion, but the Abu hanifa is like the representative of this opinion. And the evidence that he brought forward is the iron salthill and and,

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and the ayah mentions pomegranates and it mentions olives, both of which the gym haul the majority from the Maliki and the Scheffer II and the Hannah Bella, they don't count as a cat upon it. They don't count the cap on it. So if they don't count the cap on it, how did they answer the Iowa to have a who Yamaha Sati give the right I give the charity from it on the harvest day. They answered it in two ways. They said First of all, this ayah is makia. The Ayah was revealed in Makkah, and the the detailed rulings of Zakah. Were not rude, rude revealed in Makkah, they were revealed in Medina and therefore you can't use this ayah as an evidence for types of Zakah because the ayah which here

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in Salt two and as for the iron sutra, Baccarat, they said there is general it doesn't mention any specific details and the Hadeeth mentioned the specific details.

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But the iron sutra and they said it's murky and therefore the categories mentioned here are not categories of Zakah

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because the deal

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Detailed rulings of Zakah did not exist in Makkah. They said that this ayah is revealed about giving sadaqa on the day of harvest. That is when the poor people come on the day of harvest, and they stand around and you're harvesting your grapes, or your rooftop dates, your soft dates, or you're harvesting pomegranates, or watermelon, or whatever it is, and there are some poor people give the poor people from that food. It doesn't refer to the Zika. It's not an ayah that was revealed about Zika it was revealed about giving poor people sadaqa on the day of the harvest, and from the strongest evidences to support this is that there's a car is not taken on the day of harvest.

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The Zakah is not taken edge, by edge map consensus does occur is not taken on the day of harvest. There is no FDA laughing this among adults. As far as we know, there is no difference of opinion that Zakah is not taken on the day of harvest. First of all, is there a cap as it relates to crops is taken when the the

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produce or the crop has been cleaned and prepared. In other words, it's been separated the wheat from the chaff and so on. And and it's been prepared properly. That is when there's a case taken. And as for dates and raisins, there's a cat is not taken until they have become dry. So when the data taken from the tree, they're soft, they're rolltop soft dates, like the ones you store in the freezer, they're very, very soft.

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There's a cost not taken from them until they become trapped and this is village map by consensus. Therefore, the use of this ayah as an evidence for the Zika this we say that there is some in this there is there is it doesn't appear to be a strong evidence to put forward to use this ayah as for the eye and so to Bukhara women, Mahajan, El Camino out what we have brought out for that from the earth for you. This will not delimits this and specifies what kinds of things so the code is general. And the Sunnah brings the specifics and the details about it.

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So we've taken now we've understood that none of the form of our hip took the opinion that it's only barley, wheat, raisins, and dates, and Abu hanifa. And those people before him, and those who came after him, Rahim, Allah to Allah who took the opinion that it's everything. So now we left in the middle, we said that the opinion that it's only the four, this is a weak opinion,

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the opinion that it's everything, we don't inclined towards it because the sun that doesn't appear to limit it in doesn't appear to keep it general in that way the sun seems to limit it. And because of the fact that the AI in solar will and isn't relating to the zurka it relates to giving poor people sadaqa on the day of the harvest.

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Okay, so now we are left with the molokhia, the chef or the hangover. They both agreed that there are certain things we can look at, that are in common between the barley wheat, raisins, and dates. The first thing that they saw that is in common, and they all agreed upon this is

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that they can be stored long term. That's the first thing. And the three they agreed upon this, but they differed upon the second condition.

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As for the Maliki and the chef Maria, they looked at them and they said, the second condition is that it has to be put, it has to be a staple food. And what we mean by a staple food is a food that you can live off on its own.

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They said barley, wheat, raisins, and dates are all staple foods. You can live off them without anything else. And that's what people used to do. I mean, I'm not sure that I would really enjoy a diet of nothing but raisins, but they are suitable to be a staple food. There are some people and we know the prophets. I seldom used to live off of dates. So a lot of it was it. In many situations that that months would go by a fire would not be lit in the house of the profit center. They would survive upon dates and water, like I shall have the alarm on her said. So dates are a staple food you can live off of nothing but dates. nothing except dates, dates and water. And you can survive

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upon dates and water. And they in the countries where dates grow. They are often a staple food. They're considered to be something which is a standard basic food that everybody would have

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wheat. Even until today, wheat is a staple food, people make bread or pasta or whatever it might be with that wheat. And wheat is a staple food, it's possible to eat nothing but bread and water, or whatever you make with wheat pasta, whatever, you can survive off of nothing but that. So it's a staple food. and saw the chef Maria and amalickiah. They said that this

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they said that the key thing here is that it should be

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storable. And it should be suitable to use as a staple food. In other words, you can survive off of this food alone by itself. And it's suitable to use for that.

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Now, this brings us to interesting question all of this. In reality, we're looking at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam there is a really big question to ask ourselves, which is, how much does this change with the change of time. And that could be in a number of ways. First of all, foods that can now be preserved that couldn't be preserved before.

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So for example, there may be now we can preserve foods much much longer than we used to be able to preserve them before. So it may be that there are fruits and vegetables we can preserve for a very long time through modern methods could be refrigeration, it could be vacuum storing them in in vacuum sealed containers, it could be all different kinds of things, certain varieties are grown because they don't go bad. That's a totally different issue that we have to look at later on like To what extent to these things change and this brings us to the next opinion. So as for the HANA biller,

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the HANA biller, when they looked at this issue,

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the HANA biller, they said we all sort of agree with you that everything which is stored, but we don't agree with you that it has to be a staple food.

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They say we don't find evidence that it has to be a staple food and authentic hadith that tells us that it has to be a staple food. But we do have an evidence that it has to be measurable by volume.

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It has to be measured by volume.

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by volume. What's the evidence for that? So Heidi, we've already heard from the Heidi that Abby said inside a Muslim, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said lace a female doing a hum SETI osakan min temporary, while I have been sada

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there is nothing less than five hours soak all suck. The worst here.

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This worse is a measure of volume. The prophets I said there is no Zakah on anything less than a certain volume. So the profit size M here limited does occur to what is measured by volume. So they said whether it's a staple food or not a staple food, we don't see that this is the this is what matters. What matters is whether it's measurable by volume or not. Now, this also relates to another problem in modern times, which is we almost we weigh everything, let's be honest, we almost measure nothing in volume. The only thing that we measure in volume typically are liquids. As for all these things, it's very rare that we measure them in volume, we mostly measure everything by weight. But

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we look at what was measured in volume at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And the hyperbola. They said everything which is measured in volume and storable for a long time is true, there's a cap on it. And they said that what is common between these things between wheat, raisins, barley, and dates is number one, they're measurable by volume in the time of the Prophet size, and they usually they used to be measured in volume. So we know there's a car that is drew upon them because the prophets eyes and said specifically how much is due. And he specifically set the nisab at five, West, five West and West is a measure of volume. Therefore they said that it has

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to be measured by volume and it has to be stored. So if we go back through these four different opinions again, the first opinion it's only what barley wheat raisins and dates is the opinion of avahi and some of the scholars of Islam.

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The second opinion is the opinion of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah tada and that is that it has to be it or it can be anything which is which comes out of any crops or any fruits, any vegetables, the third and fourth opinions but all of them agreed

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The key thing is that it has to be storable. But they differ over the second thing, the chef and amalickiah said it has to be a staple food. And the HANA biller said it just has to be measured by volume, anything which is measured by volume and is storable. So how does that differ? Well, if you look at it, what you see is that the opinion of the Maliki and the chef yet has less things fall into it than the opinion of the hangover. So if we were to rank them by, by the number of crops that fall into the two these conditions, would say the most vast of the opinions is the opinion of Abu hanifa.

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It's then followed by the opinion of the hanger biller, because they include things that are not staple foods. They include things that are not staple foods. So they include things like cumin, black seed, all things that are not staple foods, then the opinion of the Maliki and the chef are here, because they limit it to staple foods. So they would include things like lentils, chickpeas, because these a person can live off a person can survive from upon lentils.

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And then last of all, would be the opinion of a bahariya. And some of the scholars of Islam, which is that it's limited only to barley, wheat raisins a date, and the opinion that we took to be correct. And the one that I believe to be closest to the truth is that opinion of the Hannah Bella, the opinion of the handle is, which is that the two conditions which are given consideration are led her that it storable and that it is measured by volume in the time of the Prophet size, because there is a delille for this in an authentic hadith in Sahih. Muslim that the Prophet slicin specifically limited there's a car that is upon fruits and crops, to those things that can be

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measured by a whisk, and whisk, which is a measure of volume. And so I think that that has the most evidence for it. As for whether it's a condition to be a staple food, then this requires this is based upon class. It's based upon analogy, looking at what's common between them, but the evidence of the heinola that is by volume is stronger because it has a heading for it. And that is that the Prophet size lm he mentioned and we had already covered the highlights in blue Milan, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said Lisa female doing a hum ceti osakan

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mean timbren Well, I have been sadhaka there is nothing in that which is less than five west of dates, or seeds, any dates or grains, any sort of any second.

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So it seems to me that as we said the opinion of the hanabi that this is the stronger opinion here and a lot so which one knows best?

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I just thought we would take that actually usually we don't go into that in so much detail, but I just thought we would take it just to get everybody back thinking on the same page about what we've been talking about. So we can continue with our last few Heidi's on this particular topic of azura we'll see more of the crops and the fruits. So the Heidi that we have is the Hadeeth the next ad we have with selling the abbey has matter. Robbie Allahu Allah I'm a no call. Mr. anasuya lai sallallahu alayhi wa sallam either Hearthstone for Hulu where there was truth for inland federal Soros? federal robber robber Hamza 11, oma 11 a merger. Well, so how can I burn? Well, how can I

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sell even Abby hatherleigh are the Allahu anhu said the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded us

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when you either have rostrum when you measure or you estimate

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when you estimate

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when you estimate then take them leaving a third.

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And if you don't leave a third then leave a quarter.

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So this relates to an issue which is known as l house. And a house is estimation.

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And this Hadeeth

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informs us that when it comes to

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comes to dates, and and the following Hadith includes tells us we can take the following Hadith at the same time.

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Why not? Me? I see all of the Allahu taala and who I know called emiliana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and you're frozen in Can you Hurrah so know

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why you have to watch

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the cat who has abeba Raja will come selfie him Clif Bar

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said that the Messenger of Allah sighs I'm commanded us to estimate grapes in the same way that you estimate the date palms. And that there's a cow of grapes should be taken as reasons. This is narrated by a hunter. It's narrated by the for the US have a son, Timothy and disable merger. And Abby doubled. And it's also narrated in Muslim, Ahmed. And Wolfie and it has a break in the chain. So the Hadith is not authentic. However, the principle is valid. So this principle tells us that when it comes to fruits, that is the dates and grapes, that the amounts should be estimated while they are still on the trees. So how does it work? The Horace, who is the estimator is sent out by

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the William Mo, by the person in control of the Muslims in command of the Muslims, the ruler sends out an estimator, and the estimator goes to the grapevines, or to the date palm trees, and looks at the raw fruit, which is hanging on the tree on the grape vines on the date palms. And they estimate how much it will be when it is harvested. And when it is dried.

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And these are experts, the hardest to want to estimate this is an expert.

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They have a lot of experience. And so they look at the tree. And they say this will be so many wesc of dates.

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This tree has so many this vine has so many words of grapes.

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And then what they do is there's a car is taken based on the estimate not based on the actual harvest. So for for for dates. And for grapes, there's a car is taken based on the estimate, not based on the actual harvest. So they're not actually put into containers and and measured. Instead, they are based upon an estimation done by an expert who goes and looks and says there are so many was on this tree on this in this plantation. And this is this a car that you all so that estimation, there are a number of issues we have to cover with regard to first of all, what is the benefit? Or what is the wisdom in this estimation, instead of actually putting them into containers and

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measuring them out. And taking this a car precisely.

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They see that there are the scholars dimension here, two or three benefits to this. The first benefit is that

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it said that it It

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reduces the opportunity of the farmer to cheat the Zika. That's one of the things that scholars mentioned. Because at the end of the day, these things have to dry, right, the date that the the reasons and the dates they have to dry. So that takes time for that to happen. And in that time, it could be easy to sell some of it to get rid of some of it and so on. And therefore the estimate is taken before the harvest. That's the first thing.

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The second thing they mentioned, while that one is negative against the farmer, is that it also benefits the farmer. And the way that it benefits the farmer is the farmer can sell the fruits while they're still on the trees.

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The farmer doesn't have to wait till they dry and see, look, I can't sell them until they're dry. Because I have to wait until there's a cost.

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Instead, the farmer can sell them as soon as the estimate has been made. So the farmer can sell them while they're still there while they're still on the trees.

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And also, as we hear in this Heidi's a third is left behind. So the person who estimates they estimate they minus a third or a quarter, the profit side, some said the maximum that they can subtract is a third and the minimum is a quarter. And they don't count that as part of the second. Why is it they don't count that as part of the second? Why not? Is it Why is it not all of the grapes are all of the dates that are counted. Because the person needs to have some the farmer needs to have some for his family. Maybe he wants to give some to his neighbors. Maybe there will be some poor people come by

00:35:00--> 00:35:26

Like a wayfarer or a traveller on the road, and the farmer is going to give some to them, and generally also saw that the estimate could be wrong slightly wrong. I mean, the people who do it the hardest is a real expert they can get they they're very accurate, but even still, to allow for the fact that the hardest can make a mistake. Also, for this reason, what is left is a third or a quarter. In other words, let's just say that there's a plantation.

00:35:27--> 00:35:41

And the hardest the estimator comes, and the estimator looks at it, the auditor, maybe you could call it, the auditor looks at the tree, and says, Okay, in this plantation, there are 50 wesc.

00:35:43--> 00:35:45

In this plantation, there are 50 wesc.

00:35:46--> 00:36:03

Or let's make it easier on ourselves, let's say 60. Just to make it easy just to make the math easy. The adjudicator or the auditor, the estimator comes and says, I believe that there are 60 wesc. In this form

00:36:04--> 00:36:16

60 worth of dates or 6060 worth of grapes, what happens, and that's after they dry, is the estimated knows what they how the size will change when they're dry and everything.

00:36:17--> 00:36:19

After they're dry, there will be 60 or

00:36:20--> 00:36:22

so now the estimate has a choice.

00:36:24--> 00:36:41

Either they take a three leave a third for the farmer, either they leave a third for the farmer. And if they leave a third for the farmer, that means that 20 wesc will be left for the farmer and 40 will be the amount on which the Zakat is taken.

00:36:42--> 00:36:58

There's a cow will only be taken on 1420 will be left for the farmer and the cow will only be taken 14 or 15 will be left for the farmer. And the soccer will only be taken on 45.

00:37:00--> 00:37:12

So now, the what how much the percent, the percentage is, as we said, if it is it depends on whether the farmer is irrigating the land or not.

00:37:13--> 00:37:20

And if the farmer is irrigating the land it will be 5%. And if the farmer is not irrigating the land, then it will be 10%.

00:37:21--> 00:37:42

And here that 5% or 10% will only be taken from we said 40 or 45 out of 60 it will not be taken out of the whole 60. And that's similar to the issue of money and things like that when you have a salary. At the end of the day, some money you spend on your rent some money you spend on your you spend on your

00:37:43--> 00:38:04

family, and so on your needs and what have you. So at the end of the day, when you spend that money, you don't pay zakat upon it. So similarly, the farmer some of the fruits they're going to use, they're going to use for their neighbors for their friends as gifts, they're going to give to the poor maybe as a general sidecar, they're going to give to the wayfarer who comes through the the

00:38:05--> 00:38:18

the farm, maybe an eats from the fruits, they're going to keep some to feed their family with. So ultimately, that is their quarter or third is for them. And the soccer is only counted against

00:38:19--> 00:38:30

a maximum of three quarters and a minimum of two thirds. So when is the time due for this occur? On azuro with the mark, when is it due?

00:38:32--> 00:39:09

It's due upon cleaning and preparation when it comes to crops. And when the fruits have dried, when it comes to raisins and dates when the fruits have dried. So when the they've been prepared, the shells have been taken off, they have been cleaned, and they have been sort of organized and prepared, then there's a cart becomes due. And if it's done by estimate, then the estimate is written down. And simply the person comes when the crops are ready. It might be after a few days after the harvest, it might be weeks after the harvest if it's in the case of dates.

00:39:11--> 00:39:29

And when once they have dried and so on. Then the person comes and says your estimate was such and such an amount. And then they take the estimate, they take the estimate, one issue is remaining that we haven't covered and that is what happens if the crops are damaged before there's a case collected.

00:39:30--> 00:39:32

Because with an estimate,

00:39:33--> 00:39:53

if that's one negative thing, right with an estimate is that what happens if your crops are damaged before the collection so you've got an estimate written that you owe us 10% of 21 for example, so that's to ask, you always 10% your your your calculation was 20.

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

Let's say for example, the total was 30. A third is for you. So that's 10 for you 20

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

We take this account upon that 20 that we take this account upon, we can take 10%. So we're going to take two, but when they come to collect this, okay, you always to wesc it was two was

00:40:12--> 00:40:14

the farmer says my crops got destroyed,

00:40:15--> 00:40:37

there was a bug or a plague, locusts or something like that, or there was a, like a disease afflicted my crops, and my crops got lost or there was a fire, my crops got lost. So what's the ruling here, the ruling here is whether or not it was perhaps what we can call a natural disaster,

00:40:38--> 00:41:17

or something that was out of the control of the farmer. If it was a natural disaster, or something that was out of control of the farmer, then there is nothing for the farmer to pay, as long as the farmer was not negligent. As long as the farmer was not negligent to not blame worthy, like a natural disaster, there is nothing for the farmer to pay and there's a car is canceled. For the farmer once it's proven and shown that it was a natural disaster, something that wasn't in the hands of the farmer and the farmer wasn't negligent in relation to that. So that concludes what we wanted to speak about as it relates to azura Thema as it relates to

00:41:18--> 00:41:45

the fruits which are dates and raisins, and the crops and we said that this can be expanded to everything which is stored, and everything which was measured by volume in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So having concluded our discussion on that, we next going to go on to discuss the topic of jewelry. And we're also going to talk about

00:41:46--> 00:42:28

buried treasure and that which is found inside of ruins and what visicalc is due on on that that will be in our next class insha Allah to Allah and that will bring us to a new part of the of Kitab zakka which is the capital capital. This is something we had obviously in Ramadan made a video about but we'll talk about it in more detail and voluntary sadaqa also, and then we will talk about the division of sadaqa and so on. So there's still a lot to go in keytab zecca but that's what allows gentlemen easy for me to mention in this lesson analyzer journals best was Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi he might just come along later on for watching. Please

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