Taimiyyah Zubair – Taleem al Quran 2012 – P02 025B Tafsir Al-Baqarah 183-184

Taimiyyah Zubair
AI: Summary © The importance of fasting is emphasized, particularly during the colder weather, and the use of "verbal" in actions and behavior. The use of time is also discussed, including the need to count days and avoid counting too many. The importance of fasting is emphasized, especially during long trips, and the use of video feed during graduation and nursing and school activities can affect one's mental well-being and health. The use of fasting during quarantine and the importance of fasting for everyone is emphasized.
AI: Transcript ©
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Yeah, are you Hola, Dina Manu, all you who have believed, or you people who are known as believers, or you who believe in Allah, who believe in His messengers who believe in his books, your belief requires something from you.

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Your belief, your faith demand something from you. If you truly believe then you have to do this. And what is that? That cookie by Lake Como cm Asli am fasting has been prescribed on you, it has been made mandatory on you.

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So, if you are believers, then what does it mean? That you have to first you must first and remember the word katiba from Kitab to write something, but from that it is also used for making something obligatory for making something mandatory.

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So, could the ballet come? Come all of you, what does this mean?

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That all believers are obligated to fast whether it is men or women,

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whether it is people who are sick or people who are healthy, whether it is people who are studying, working, or they are at home, whether it is people who are having their exams, or people who are completely free.

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Every single believer has to first

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katiba Lake Como cm fasting has been made mandatory on you. What is a cm?

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A flan is from the root letters solid Well, me

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and it was LCM song literally means insane. What does that mean? to refrain from something to stop from doing something to refrain from something. And for example, in the Quran, it is mentioned that Maria Maria has Salam when she had her son or ISA or the salam and when she went back to the people, then she was told to say to the people that in Nina though to live, man is soman Phelan, Oka Lima Lima in Seiya, that this day, I am fasting, I have made a vow to do so. And as a result of the Psalm, I will not speak to any person, meaning that song made her refrain from talking. That song was that she was not going to talk. So the literal meaning of the word Psalm Siyam is what insect to

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refrain from something. So she was refraining from talking.

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In the Arabic language, this is also said that keinem Siyam, one clave and cm play this horse, so the horses are refrained, refrain from what from sitting down,

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meaning the horses were tied up. All right, and they were refrained from eating from drinking. Why? Because the Arabs they would train their horses like this, so that they would become very tough, so that they would become resilient because life in the desert is very hard.

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So they would die of their horses, so the horses wouldn't be able to sit down and they wouldn't give them food they wouldn't give them water for some time not to kill the horses but to make them stronger,

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to make your body strong.

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So, what is cm what is song? Song? Technically Psalm is to refrain from eating and drinking and fulfilling sexual desires. Why? Why as an act of worship, in order to worship Allah subhanaw taala, in order to show obedience to Him, and this refraining from fulfilling these Halal desires is not forever, but rather it is from the time of Fajr until the time of sunset between the two specified times.

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So this is what Psalm is.

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So katiba llegamos Lian. Fasting is something that has been made mandatory on you, meaning as believers you have to fast.

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Now, if the command is given like this, you have to fast you feel like oh, but it's difficult. It's hard. I don't think we can do it. But Allah subhanaw taala says Cameco diba, just as it was prescribed, Ireland letting them in Cobley come on those people who were before you, meaning the command to fast is not something that was given only to you or believers, but this command was given to the previous nations as well. This command was given to the previous nations as well, meaning the people who came before you were also required to fast you're not the only ones who have to fast

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But the people before you also had to do the same.

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So for example, the people of Musa Lisanna the people have recited a sunnah they had to fast. Fasting was also a part of their shittier.

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Now, it doesn't mean that their fasting was very similar to our fasting, it was done in the same way. But they also had to fast the rulings may be slightly different, but the concept of fasting was there.

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Why is Allah subhanaw taala telling us this, that you have to fast just as the people before you had to fast for two reasons. First of all, to comfort us that don't worry, it's not impossible. It's not too hard people before you did it, and you can do it too.

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And you know what, when you find out that somebody else before you has also done something, then you are encouraged to do it, you're also motivated to do it.

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So this is to comfort us to motivate us. And secondly, the reason why Allah subhanaw taala is telling us this is to show his great favor upon this OMA

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His great mercy, His great favor upon this ummah, and that is that any good command any way of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala that was given to the previous owners has also been given to this ummah.

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Because this final OMA has been given the best charity or the best law. So all of the good commands, all of the easy commands, all of the best ones that were given to the previous nations have also been given to this ummah.

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So command Gudivada LatinAmerica Polycom why is it that Allah subhanaw taala has made fasting necessary, he has made it wajib on us. And not just us, but also on the previous Amma y la isla contact the phone so that you may adopt the qua La La Quinta taco and what is that taco? From taco Wellpath. Yeah. And the point is to have the fear of Allah, the consciousness of Allah because of which a person strives to obey Him and stays away from disobeying Him. This is what Taqwa is.

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So, fasting has been made obligatory on you. Why? So that you may have taqwa? What does it show

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how important Taqwa is? How necessary the core is?

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That Allah has prescribed fasting on people on all nations of all times, that they have to fast so that they can develop the core.

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This shows how very important the core is how important it is to have the sphere of Allah. Why is it important to have Taqwa?

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Can you tell me? Why is it important to have Taqwa? Is there a difference if one person has the core and the other person does not have Taqwa?

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One person has fear of Allah and the other does not have fear of Allah. Is there any difference? What's the difference? What's the big deal?

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Their actions will be different. Their words will be different. A person who has the quote will be careful about what he's saying, what he's doing, and the person doesn't have to he will just follow the desires, whatever he feels like doing he will do that.

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And the thing is, that Taqwa is a means of protecting ourselves from disobeying Allah. And that is the way to Jannah

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so we see that Taqwa is what leads a person to success without the person is not successful. We have learned in total Bukhara right at the beginning that this Quran is wooden a guidance for who lil mata ki for those who adopt aqua and then their characteristics are mentioned Olivia up Munna, Salah, right. And then, finally, what is mentioned that what Hola, Iike, hormonal, mostly Hoan. Those are the ones who are successful.

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So taco leaves us to doing good deeds, and it stops us from disobeying Allah and that is the way to success.

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So if a person does not have taqwa, can he be successful? Can he be successful? No, he cannot be.

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The question is, how does fasting develop the Aqua? How does fasting develop the core? The thing is that fasting is an action is an act of worship. That is a very private matter between a servant and Allah subhanaw taala between the servant and his Lord, how it's a month of Ramadan. Everybody is supposed to be fasting, isn't it quite obvious everyone is fasting? Yes. However, who knows for sure that a person is fasting or not? That person and Allah, nobody else knows.

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You know, a person could say that. Yes, I'm supposed to do my homework.

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work. Okay, I'm supposed to do my homework. And the tell the teacher Yeah, I did my lesson seven times. But they did it only three times, for example, okay? Who knows about that?

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Allah knows that person knows the teacher can they find out? No, if the student is saying I did it seven times a teacher has to take the word has to accept it as it is correct. When it comes to fasting, a person can say to the people, I am fasting.

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Alright. But if he goes into his room, if he goes into the house, goes and sits in the car and nibbled on something, nibbled on something who knows about it?

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Allah knows.

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When a person is fasting, he's not fasting for the sake of others, because he knows that if I'm hungry, if I'm thirsty, people can't give me anything. Correct.

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When he is fasting, he is actually fasting for the sake of Allah. Because he knows that if I eat if I drink, then my staying hungry for the rest of the time is useless.

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Right? So even when a person is alone, he thinks about Allah.

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He thinks about Allah. He wants to eat, he wants to drink, but he doesn't do so. Why? Because he knows Allah is watching me.

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Allah is watching me, my mom may not be watching. My husband may not be watching but who is watching me, Allah is watching me.

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So then 30 days when you spend like this, that even when you're alone, you're thinking about Allah, then what's going to happen?

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You're going to become more and more conscious of Allah, you're going to develop this fear of Allah, that when I'm home, when I'm outside, when I'm working, wherever I am, who is watching me? Allah is watching me.

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So it develops our consciousness of Allah subhanaw taala it makes us more fearful of Allah subhanaw taala.

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So Allah Allah contact the code, so that you may adopt the code. This is the reason why Allah has obligated fasting on us.

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What this does is show to us first one a chose, it teaches us about the obligation of fasting, that fasting is something that is mandatory.

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Secondly, it teaches us about the importance of fasting, that Allah has not just left it to us, if you fast, you may do so. And if you don't want to fast, it's okay. It's up to you. No, he has not left a choice with us rather He has made it mandatory, what does that show that this is something very important.

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Then this idea also shows to us that whenever Allah subhanaw taala gives us a command to do something or not do something, there is some wisdom behind it. There is some benefit.

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For example, over here fasting a whole month of fasting why so that we met developed ACWA

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likewise, when it comes to prayer, when it comes to charity, when it comes to Hajj, when it comes to remembering Allah, is there any wisdom behind it? Is there any reason behind it? Of course, there is every command that Allah has legislated every instruction that he has given to us, there is wisdom behind it, there is benefit in it for us.

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Then the sale also shows to us about the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala in the way that he has made, the acts of worship, so different for us, meaning some acts of worship they require that we do something with our wealth with our money.

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So for example, we spend our money we give zakat, okay, other acts of worship are such that they require only our body to be involved in it. So for example, the person is praying salah, your body is involved in it. Right? Other acts of worship are such which require both our body and our wealth. Can you think of something

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Hajj, good, it requires our physical effort and it also requires our financial contribution.

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And other acts of worship are such in which we are supposed to refrain stay away from something.

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So stay away from what for example, eating. Okay, stay away from what for example, drinking in Salette, stay away from talking to others. Stay away from thinking about anything that you want to think of.

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Right? So there's different different types of riba that Allah subhanaw taala has legislated. Why, because each one each one is a means of testing a person that how honest is he how devoted is he how dedicated he is how sincere he is to his Lord

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It's possible that physically, a person doesn't mind praying Salah It's okay, it's not that difficult on him, he doesn't mind doing something, but when it comes to stopping himself from something, he finds that hard.

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So, Allah is also obligated, fasting, train yourself to resist from what you must stay away from.

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Likewise, a person may have no problem with spending money he loves to spend so sadaqa no problem whatsoever. Right. But Allah has also obligated on us certain commands in which we are to refrain. So for example, fasting again, you have to refrain from something.

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So different acts of worship Allah has obligated on us why? So that we are tested? That are we just doing what we feel like doing? Or are we doing what Allah wants us to do?

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So could you bow like mausoleum? Come equity by Allah Medina man publikum la isla contact the goon

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and you know, with regards to the importance of fasting that Allah has obligated on us, why, because this is an act of worship, that is very unique, and very beloved to Allah subhanaw taala. very beloved to Allah. In a hadith we learn that last panel daughter says that, the son of Adam, whenever he does something good, Allah multiplies the reward for that.

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Do How much 10 times to 700 times more.

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And then Allah says that except for fasting, meaning the reward of fasting is not just multiplied 10 times or 700 times know, the reward for fasting is multiplied many, many more times. Why? Because Allah says for Inaho li what Anna edges EB

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because when a servant fast, then he fasts only for me, and I will reward him for that.

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When you're doing any other good deed, for example, you are giving charity do you get thanks from people?

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Do you get their appreciation? Yes, you do. Even if you try to do it in private, sometimes people find out and they will thank you for that. They will appreciate you for that. But when it comes to fasting, who will praise you? Who will thank you, okay, if even if your mom says, Oh, good job, you've been fasting for so long. So what I mean, what does her prayers do to us? Really? What benefit can that bring to us? Can it make up for the hunger and a thirst that we suffered? No, even if she gives us the best if thought but still, it is not equal to what we have done.

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So, when a person fasts, he fasts only for who? Allah subhanaw taala and this is why Allah says that I will reward him for that, what an edge is even, I will reward him for that. So how important fasting is how beloved it is to Allah subhanaw taala.

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In other Hadith, we learn that fasting is like a shield. Fasting is like a shield, it protects you.

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And there's a hadith tells us that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told one of the companions that you should fast, because for Inaho, Lamis Lella, who, because there is nothing like fasting

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fast because there is nothing like fasting, this is the reason why Allah has made it mandatory on us.

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And if you think about it, if Allah left it to us fast if you want to, and don't fast if you don't want to, would we fast?

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Would we? Would we? Perhaps not? Only a few of us would fast. This is what Allah has made it mandatory on us that you have to fast so that you're not deprived of the great reward

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katiba la camassia. But how much do we have to fast? For how long? For how many days? Every single day of the year? For several weeks? For several months in a row? No. Allah tells us a Yemen Mara do that. A Yam is a poor enough. Yo, yeah, well, me. A Yemen margu death, that is a clone of Mara do the Rhine del del are that what is are the number Mara Duda. That which is numbered, that would just counted. Mara do that plural of that, those that are counted. So a Yamma Mark do there are

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days that are counted? What does it mean by that? Meaning a few days, not too many, just a few days, a few days that can be counted. Because when you can count something than it is limited.

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If something is in a very large quantity, do you bother counting it?

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Do you bother counting it? No.

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for exam

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If you have a big box of, let's say, straws,

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are you going to start counting them? Not unless you're being paid for that. Otherwise, you're not going to bother counting it, right? But if you have a few in a cup, will you count them? You might.

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So when something is limited in number, only then you count it. So a Jamar do that. What does it mean? Only a few days? You have to first. But what if a person is not able to even for a few days because of some reason? Is he allowed not too fast? Allah subhanaw taala tells us who is exempt from fasting in those days? Who is it that is exempt from any kind of income? So whoever ferments or whoever can or he was men come from you. Meaning if there's any one among you, who is muddy one, sick, oh, or Allah suffering on a journey, two types of people are mentioned. First of all, muddy. And secondly, oh Anessa, meaning that person is traveling, who is muddy muddy is someone who is

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suffering from model meme raw bod. And model is illness sickness.

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So whoever was sick, or less suffering several seen Farah, what does it mean to travel to Germany?

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Are there different types of sickness, different levels of sickness?

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Are there Yes, one person could be sick in the sense that he has a cold, okay, or sick in the sense that his body is hurting. So you know, they go to the doctor, and they get a note that I can't come to the school for my exam, just because their head is hurting. Okay, or just because they have a cold,

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they could easily go and write the test. But they didn't really prepare for it. So they're looking for in one way or the other in which they were sick. They go to the doctor with a really sad face and you know, walking very heavily doctors like Oh, my God, you okay? And they write the signal for him. And they go and give it to the university. And they're like, Okay, I don't have to write the test. Are they actually sick, or they're really sick, not necessarily. Another person could be chronically ill. They're hospitalized, or they're at home, they're on strong medication every single day. So there are different types of sickness, there are different levels of illness, every sick

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person is not the same. You understand? Every sick person is not the same.

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So for men can M income variable, whoever is sick among you? And over here, this is general, whoever is sick, whatever kind of sickness it is, and inshallah we'll talk about, when is it okay for a person to leave fasting, depending on his sickness, inshallah we'll discuss them.

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So whoever was sick among you, or less suffering, or he is traveling again, are there different types of journeys traveled? Yes, one person could be traveling in his car, he's driving himself. It's extremely hot. Okay, and he has to travel in the day. 12 o'clock in the afternoon, he's out and about on the road, and he's driving all by himself, the journey is very long. Is it going to be hard?

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Is that a difficult journey? Yes. Let's say his air conditioning is not working in the car? Is it going to be a very difficult journey? A very difficult trip? Yes. Another trip could be that you are going from one city to another on a plane

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on a plane, is that the same? It's not the same. All you have to do is go, you know, to the airport, check in your luggage, you know, walk through air conditioned hallways, and you go into the plane, and even that is air conditioned. And you sit down, and you can recline, and you can sleep. And by the time you get there to your destination, you open up your fast and that's it. So is it the same kind of trip, no

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other kind of trip could be that a person is traveling, but the flight is 18 hours long.

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18 hours long. And okay, even if they say it's not that hard, too fast, but you know that when you take long flights from one continent to the other, then it's not just the time it's actually the time of the day or night that also matters. You know, sometimes you're traveling from one place to the other, and all you see outside the sunlight. And for the whole trip, 18 hour trip all you paid was blood and also that's it. So imagine if you're fasting, how long will your fast be more than 18 hours? More than 18 hours. So is that difficult? Is that difficult? Yes, it is. So uh,

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Again all types of trips are not the same.

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Okay? Trips are different dislike sickness elicits different likewise trips are also different. So for men kind of in Cambodia one suffering, but let's say a person is ill he's not able to fast a person is traveling he's not able to fast then what should he do?

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He still has to fast No, Allah subhanaw taala says that he may not fast and what should he do that for a tone, then number

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nine does that mean same number mean from a Yamin days that are that are other Ohana is a Florida Ohana Hamza hard rock,

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meaning then he should fast the same number of days that he has missed when afterwards some other time. So let's say he was traveling, and because of the trip, he would end up missing two days of fasting. Two days of fasting, let's say. So he doesn't fast at that time. But later on, what does he do? He makes up those fasts. How many will he make up? How many will he make up to because he missed to like was a person who was sick, he was ill for let's say five days in the month of Ramadan, he was not able to fast. So what should he do? After Ramadan is over his health becomes better, then he will fast the same number of days, how many? How many? Five.

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So for the two men, a Yemen

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he will fast the same number of days at some other time of the year.

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Now, when it comes to sickness, when it comes to travel,

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when is the person allowed to not fast? Like I mentioned earlier, there are levels of illness.

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The first level is that a person is sick. But if he fasts, it's not going to harm him.

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Okay, it's not going to harm him, it's not going to affect him that much. By the way, sickness doesn't just mean that a person is extremely ill with a fever, you know, with a cold, or he's on medication, it could be a physical reason, the physical condition of a person which prevents him from fasting. So it could be also that a person let's say a woman is expecting, okay, or that a woman is nursing. And because of that she feels that if she fasts, she's not going to be able to survive the old day, she's going to keep throwing up the whole day, or it's going to affect her milk supply. Alright, so this is also included in that.

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So you were talking about all types of sick people, all types of ill people, including pregnant women, as well as breastfeeding women. So the first situation is when fasting does not affect a person. They're sick, but fasting does not really affect them. So for example, a woman is expecting but you know, she confessed, it's not a big deal for her. Let's say Ramadan isn't winter, the fast is barely 10 hours. She's like, Okay, I'll sleep for five hours and the rest of your hours, I will pray my salah whatever, and inshallah the fast will be over. So I can manage that. So what should she do?

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What should she do? She should fast that was a person has a gold, they don't have fever, they just have a cold, then what should they do? They should fast again, all right.

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So, that sickness does not make fasting, very difficult for a person.

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Okay, then they should fast

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nor does it delay or prolong the recovery, the recovery period. So again, they should fast.

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The second situation is that if a person fasts, it will be difficult. It will be very, very difficult meaning they can get through the day, but it will be difficult.

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How, like, for example, a person is sick, all right, and they have to take some medication. Let's say the doctor said, you have to take this medication four times a day. All right. Now, if they don't take the medication, what's going to happen? They're going to have a headache the whole day.

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They're going to be feeling sick the whole day. In their body is going to be aching the whole day. They can lie in bed and spend the day fasting, but it is very, very hard for them. Likewise, a woman who is expecting if she fasts, and it's causing her to be extremely hungry or feeling extremely nauseous, very very hard on her than what should she do. In this situation a person is allowed that he

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You may believe fasting that he does not fast on that day. And a person should in fact, take benefit of this rasa of this permission that Allah subhanaw taala has given that leave the fast and make them up afterwards. Thirdly, a third situation could be that if a person first they actually get harmed.

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How is it different from the second one? The second one is that it's very difficult on them, they can survive, but it's very hard.

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The third situation is that if they fast, they will actually suffer,

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they will actually suffer. So for example, can you think of something?

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So for example, the person is diabetic, if they fast, it's going to affect their health. What else? Any other example? Let's say a woman is expecting, if she fast, it might affect the fetus, it might affect the growth of her baby, it might affect her health. Right? So if it harms a person too fast, then they are not allowed to fast, then they don't have a choice. Okay, I may fast No, they don't have a choice. Sharon, legally Islamically. They're not allowed to fast. You know why? Because Allah subhanaw taala says, when a taco, Tulu and Fusa come and do not kill yourselves,

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do not kill yourselves, meaning don't do something to yourself, that will lead to your death.

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To in this situation, a person is not allowed to fast. So if they're not fasting, should they feel guilty? Should they feel guilty? No, they should not feel guilty about it.

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So I gave you these three scenarios, these three levels of sickness. In the first one, a person should fast. In the second one, a person has the choice. And in the third one, a person must not fast at all.

00:32:02 --> 00:32:11

So if a man can have income variable, or they're suffering, or on a journey, now again, when it comes to travel,

00:32:12 --> 00:32:15

when is the person allowed to leave fasting?

00:32:16 --> 00:32:26

The first type of travel, the first type of trip could be that if a person travels, it's not hard for him to fast in that trip, it's not difficult for him

00:32:27 --> 00:32:32

is the same as the difficulty of fasting at home. It doesn't make a difference.

00:32:33 --> 00:32:39

So he takes a one hour flight, he takes a three hour flight. Okay.

00:32:40 --> 00:32:42

So in this case, what should a person do?

00:32:44 --> 00:32:48

What should a person do? He should fast.

00:32:49 --> 00:32:51

But let's say he says no, I don't want to.

00:32:52 --> 00:32:53

It will be inconvenient for me.

00:32:54 --> 00:33:15

Yes, the trip is very easy. But I have to wake up very early in the morning. And I can't sleep after that I have to take my flight. And when I get there, I have a meeting. I have some work, I have some business, I will not be able to fast. It's not difficult on him. But he says that it will be inconvenient for me.

00:33:16 --> 00:33:20

So does he have the choice to not fast? Yes, he does.

00:33:21 --> 00:33:30

Remember that when it comes to travel. Even if the journey is very easy. A person still has the choice to not fast.

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Because in the Hadith we learn about the early lover and who he said that we once went with Allah's Messenger Salallahu Salam during the month of Ramadan. And the heat was quite intense, meaning they were traveling, and it was very hot. And it was so hot that some people they would put their hands on their head because of the heat. Okay, like the heat was very intense. And he said that only the Messenger of Allah was fasting. Only the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and other companion or the Lebombo. Allah, they were fasting. So what does it mean? Some people were fasting, and others were not fasting. They were all traveling. And it wasn't that difficult to fast because if it was hot

00:34:16 --> 00:34:24

outside, it would be hot at home. Because at that time, there were no, you can say air conditioned places. There were no cars.

00:34:25 --> 00:34:27

So it didn't make a difference.

00:34:28 --> 00:34:40

Another had the style, this unassuming medic he said that we used to travel with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and neither did the fasting persons criticize those who were not fasting, nor did those who are not fasting criticize the fasting ones.

00:34:42 --> 00:34:47

So some people would fast others would not fast and neither of them would criticize one another.

00:34:49 --> 00:34:59

So basically, a person has the choice he may fast he may not fast when when the trip is easy when

00:35:00 --> 00:35:03

fasting in that trip is possible.

00:35:04 --> 00:35:10

The second situation is that the travel the trip makes it difficult for a person too fast but not too difficult.

00:35:11 --> 00:35:14

Okay, it makes it difficult for him but not too difficult.

00:35:16 --> 00:35:16


00:35:17 --> 00:36:00

So for example, a person is driving, alright, but the air conditioning is working and the trip is not that long. Okay, he is driving it is going to be intense, but it's not that difficult. It is difficult, but not that difficult. So, in this case, what should a person do? It's better that he does not fast. Okay. In this case, what should a person do? It's better that he does not fast, because the trip is making it harder for him to fast. If that person would be at home, he would not need a cup of coffee. Okay, but if he's sitting in the car driving, staring at the road, then he needs a coffee.

00:36:02 --> 00:36:10

You understand? So it's not that he's going to die if he doesn't have a coffee, but it will make it difficult for him. So because of that difficulty, what should he do?

00:36:12 --> 00:36:25

What should he do? He should not fast. All right. And this we learned from a hadith that jabot Allah on who he said that Allah's Messenger said a lot of setup, he saw a man who was being shaded by some other people while traveling.

00:36:26 --> 00:36:41

Okay, so that person was traveling and other people were shading him. Okay. And the Prophet thought a lot of them asked about him. And that what's the big deal that why are the other people shading him. So he was told that that man was fasting, and other people were not fasting.

00:36:43 --> 00:36:58

So because it was very hot, and perhaps he had fainted, or whatever. So other people will try to cover him trying to cool him, they couldn't give him any water to drink, so they were just covering him. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, it is not part of righteousness to fast while traveling.

00:36:59 --> 00:37:00


00:37:01 --> 00:37:05

fasting, while traveling does not bring you more reward.

00:37:06 --> 00:37:15

You understand meaning there is no need of imposing difficulty on yourself. There is no need of imposing difficulty on yourself.

00:37:16 --> 00:37:54

The third situation could be that the travel brings great difficulty and hardship on a person meaning if you fast, that said he's not able to do anything, you can barely go through that trip, he might faint, he might become very irritable, that he's picking up fights with everybody, and that's defeating the purpose of fasting because remember that Hadees that if a person does not give up lying false speech, and acting by it, and Allah does not need that he should stay hungry and thirsty. So it's really harming that person, it's very difficult on him, the level of difficulty is even more. So in this situation, a person is not allowed to fast.

00:37:55 --> 00:38:34

Okay, and had these we learned even our best of the learner I know he said, that the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam once he set out from Medina to Makkah, meaning he was traveling from Medina to Makkah, and he was fasting. The prophets are a lot of fun was fasting on that trip, and other people were also with him. But when he reached or Soufan a particular place, he asked for water. And he raised his hand so that everybody could see that bowl of water in his hand, and he drank it did make it clear to everybody that he had broken his fast. Why? Because that fast was becoming very difficult upon him. So everybody, they follow the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they also broke

00:38:34 --> 00:38:50

their fast, but there were some people who did not. They said, No, no, we're going to bear that difficulty. We're going to do something so great, and they did not break their fast. So the Prophet salallahu Salam, when he found out, he said, those are disobedient, those are disobedient.

00:38:51 --> 00:39:06

Meaning Allah has given you have the option, when you're traveling, you have the choice, not fast. And the profits are a lot of cinemas telling you to break your fast. And these people say that no, we're not going to. So he said, those are disobedient.

00:39:07 --> 00:39:22

So we see that there are levels of traveling. One trip is very easy. A person has a choice. He may fast, he may not fast, it's up to him. Another is slightly difficult than it's recommended. It's best that a person does not fast.

00:39:23 --> 00:39:33

And another trip is very difficult. You're taking a trip that's 18 hours long, then what's the best thing to do over there that you don't fast don't impose hardship on yourself.

00:39:34 --> 00:39:50

But we learned that if a person misses any fast due to sickness or due to travel, then what does he have to do? What does he have to do? Make up the fasts when afterwards the exact same number that he missed? He will make that up afterwards.

00:39:51 --> 00:39:59

That Allah subhanaw taala says Well, I learned Edina up Hakuna who and upon those people who Euclid corner who they are

00:40:00 --> 00:40:14

are able to do it they are capable of it, meaning they are capable of fasting util Kunis from the root letters thought well cough and apocalyptical is to be able to do something to have the ability to do something.

00:40:15 --> 00:40:29

So they have the strength to fast when in the month of Ramadan, this is not talking about people who are sick or people who are traveling that despite their sickness or despite their trip, they are able to fast No, this is generally

00:40:30 --> 00:40:38

whoever is able to fast or Alina up Hakuna who however, they don't want to fast

00:40:40 --> 00:40:45

how many people are like that? They are capable of fasting but they don't want to raise your hand

00:40:47 --> 00:40:48

nobody will say that right now.

00:40:50 --> 00:40:51

Obviously who's gonna say that?

00:40:53 --> 00:41:07

So they are capable of fasting but they don't want to for whatever reason they say you know what I'm getting married after Ramadan I have so much shopping to do. It's going to be very difficult. And the person says I have exams coming up it's going to be very difficult.

00:41:08 --> 00:41:27

Okay, fifth yet on so what should this person do? They should give Vidya they don't want to fast okay, don't fast. But they have to give Vidya what is Vidya? Phidias from fair there, yeah. And Vidya is ransom, that a person gives in order to free himself.

00:41:28 --> 00:41:37

So fasting is an obligation. But if a person does not fast, then he has to give something else to fulfill that obligation.

00:41:38 --> 00:41:57

So he will have to give the video and what is the video the arm will miskeen feeding a needy person bomb what is the arm food and miskeen seen calf No, a person who is needy, a person who is for a person all of his needs are not fulfilled.

00:41:59 --> 00:42:18

So what should a person do if he does not want to fast if he finds it inconvenient that he should just feed needy people? What does it mean by this? That, let's say he says okay, I'm not going to fast for five days in the month of Ramadan. I'm not sick, I'm not traveling, but I'm just not going to fast. For whatever reason I have exams.

00:42:20 --> 00:42:23

So what should that person do? They should give fifth year?

00:42:24 --> 00:42:55

And what is the video feed needy people? So the missed five fasts? How many people do they have to feed five needy people? If they missed 15? Fast, then how many needy people do they have to eat? 15 if they missed the whole month, then how many people 30 or 29, depending on how long the month was. Now, what is this Ira talking about? We've never heard of this, that people who are able to fast but still they don't fast, just because they're getting married, and they should get video and that's about it.

00:42:56 --> 00:43:00

This part of the IRA is abrogated. Remember Ness,

00:43:01 --> 00:43:18

we learn that cinema been acquired a companion of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He said that when this iron was revealed, when this ayah was revealed, those people who did not wish to fast, they used to be the fifth year.

00:43:19 --> 00:43:24

Those people who did not wish to fast what would they do? They would just give the fifth year

00:43:25 --> 00:43:41

until the following the next IO was revealed in which Allah subhanaw taala says that financial freedom and commercia Hara failure somehow that whoever witnesses the month of Ramadan, then he must fast in the month of Ramadan.

00:43:42 --> 00:44:03

So initially, the Muslims had a choice fast if you want to. And don't fast if you don't want to. But if you don't fast, then you have to give the video if you choose not to fast and you have to give the video now person may say why? Why was this choice given to them? And how come this choice has not been given to us?

00:44:05 --> 00:44:32

The thing is, that initially fasting was also very difficult on the people. You might say, well, it's difficult for me to more difficult for me fast over here 18 hours long, 17 hours long, it's more difficult for us. No it was difficult for them in another way. And what was that inshallah we will learn about them the following verses as well but just to give you a heads up that if a person slept

00:44:33 --> 00:44:34

after maghrib

00:44:35 --> 00:44:44

okay snoozed for even a few minutes, then he was not allowed to eat, he was not allowed to drink nothing at all until the next sunset.

00:44:45 --> 00:44:56

You understand? If a person slept after maghrib anytime, whether it was before a shower after Isha, then their next fast would begin.

00:44:57 --> 00:45:00

You know how we have the choice from between

00:45:00 --> 00:45:43

In Maghrib, until the next budget, right, we can eat, we can drink. Even if we take two naps, even if we don't nap, whatever, we can eat drink, it's up to us. But initially people are not allowed to do that. So the rulings were slightly different. Okay, so imagine if a person was working out in the fields the whole day, and he comes back home and it happened with a companion that he asked for food and the food is being prepared and he falls asleep. Imagine if he wakes up after that, and even if it's not selected Orisha, he was not allowed to eat his next fast began. So it was very difficult on the people. All right. So this is one of the reasons why people had been given the choice to either

00:45:43 --> 00:46:13

fast or to not fast, but if they chose not to fast and they had to give the video, and for one fast was how much video feeding one needy person. There are other opinions concerning this part of the ayah as well. What are the Ladino util Hakuna who Tarmo Miskin however, of all the opinions this one is the strongest. This one is the strongest why? Because all of the ayat and the Hadith of cinema even occur, they support this view.

00:46:14 --> 00:46:22

For mental well how you run for mental world for well are in total power is obedience. And the third word,

00:46:23 --> 00:46:27

the third word is voluntary act of worship.

00:46:28 --> 00:46:39

When a person voluntarily does something that he's not obligated to, but he does it out of his own wish he does extra out of his own wish. So for example, what's the video?

00:46:40 --> 00:47:29

The video is feeding one needy person for one missed fast. All right. What's the video? Feeding one needy person for one missed fast? But a person says I can feed two or needy people for one missed fast. You understand? So he don't fall Wow. Hi Ilan, he voluntarily does good. Meaning he does good, he does extra good. He does your son for who hate Allah than that is better for him. Meaning if a person increases in giving Vidya, then what is that it's better for him, he's giving more charity, the award of fasting that he missed out on he's making up for that through some other way. For hula highroller for Mantova hyaluron for Hua highroller.

00:47:30 --> 00:47:37

And also, another way that we can understand this is that people have the choice to either fast or to not fast.

00:47:38 --> 00:47:57

So Allah says that whoever does good, meaning if you fast, then what is that it is much better for you. And more clearly than Allah says, We're under sumo highroller calm, and if you fast, that is much better for you the sumo from the same route. So it will mean that you fast it is much better for you.

00:47:58 --> 00:47:59

It is much better for you.

00:48:00 --> 00:48:06

Now we see that people had the choice before to fast or not fast. But what does Allah say? What's better?

00:48:07 --> 00:48:24

What's better that you first that you've asked? Why? How is it better? Because we learned earlier? That a song fasting is such a good deed that has no equivalent for in a hula Mithila. There's nothing like it.

00:48:26 --> 00:48:43

So if a person leaves fasting, then is he missing out on some great reward? Yes, he is. So we're under so more highroller come in content alimony, if you know, meaning if you know the benefit of fasting, the reward of fasting, then what should you do?

00:48:44 --> 00:48:49

Then you should fast then you must fast it's much better for you.

00:48:51 --> 00:49:03

I remember once I was in school, and it was the month of Ramadan. And all of these people that were sitting together, they were saying, I find it very difficult to fast these days because you know, we have our exams, so I'm not fasting.

00:49:05 --> 00:49:44

Okay, just because of their exams, they were not fasting. How long is exam one hour? How much do you have to study? Even if you have to stay up the whole night? Come on, you stay up the whole night for different reasons, right? Why is it all of a sudden so hard if you have to study, you can spend the whole night chatting, you can spend the whole night on Facebook, you can spend the whole night you talking to your friends on a sleepover, whatever. But when it comes to study, all of a sudden we cannot fast. So there we're saying that. Yeah, I know. It's a lot of reward too fast, but it's okay. I find it too difficult. So I'm not going to fast. Do we have that choice? Am I asking you a

00:49:44 --> 00:49:52

question? Do we have that choice? No, we don't have a choice. The only exceptions are when when a person is either sick or he is traveling.

00:49:53 --> 00:49:57

Otherwise no exceptions. Right. And

00:49:58 --> 00:49:59

secondly, you

00:50:00 --> 00:50:13

If a person does not fast, he chooses not to fast. He knows that he should fast, but he chooses not to fast, then is he missing out on reward? Is he, of course.

00:50:14 --> 00:50:35

And one more thing I would like to say over here, since we're all women sitting over here, that sometimes we feel that, you know, if we are expecting or if we are nursing, then it's not possible for us to fast. And without even trying too fast while expecting or when nursing, we say we're not going too fast.

00:50:36 --> 00:50:46

But we should try at least I know of so many sisters who were fasting last year, while they were expecting.

00:50:47 --> 00:50:55

Last year, I'm saying last year, not this year, because last year, the fasts were much longer, much more hard.

00:50:56 --> 00:51:44

So it's not impossible. The scholars, they have only allowed a nursing woman or an expecting woman to leave fasting, when it is a very serious situation. Meaning if she fasts, she will be very sick, or it will affect her child, it will affect her health. In that case, the woman may not fast, but otherwise she should fast. Because if we don't fast, if we keep leaving, you know, one fast after the other, then we have to make up a whole lot of fasts later on. Okay? And it happens sometimes that a woman is expecting she does not fast the whole month of Ramadan. 30 days gone there. And then she's nursing the next year again, she's not fasting because she's nursing her child. So again, 30

00:51:44 --> 00:51:48

days, 60 days of fasting, add 30 more.

00:51:49 --> 00:52:25

Okay, so I'm not saying that every pregnant woman or every nursing woman has to fast No, I'm saying if it is very difficult on you, then you don't fast. Otherwise, try at least just try. See how it goes. And you could also try this fast for two days. And then leave one fast and then again, fast for two days and leave one fast take breaks. But don't leave it altogether. Because it will be very hard for you to make it up later. And and you will also be missing out on the reward

00:52:26 --> 00:52:30

because fasting in Ramadan is not the same as fasting at some other time of the year.

00:52:32 --> 00:52:32


00:52:33 --> 00:52:47

so what until highroller calm. And remember, always remember that Ramadan is the month of Baraka. It's the month of blessing. What does Baraka mean that you have less but you can make more out of it.

00:52:49 --> 00:52:58

So, even though you had a little bit to eat, but inshallah Allah will bless that so you will have the energy for the rest of the day.

00:52:59 --> 00:53:04

You will be able to survive for the day inshallah. So try it.

00:53:05 --> 00:53:18

Okay, try it. Don't just think oh, I can't fast and give it up completely tried at least because we're under somo highroller come in quantum tournament. Okay, let's listen to the recitation and then we'll continue

00:53:19 --> 00:53:19


00:53:26 --> 00:53:27

come up with

00:53:34 --> 00:53:35

a year

00:53:39 --> 00:53:39


00:53:43 --> 00:53:45

on a Walla

00:53:50 --> 00:53:52

Walla Lavina,

00:53:53 --> 00:53:57

movie the bomb ski

00:54:02 --> 00:54:02

for you.

00:54:14 --> 00:54:24

Here Allah subhanaw taala says we'll enter sumo highroller calm. What are the benefits of fasting? Okay, reward. What else are there any physical benefits, any health benefits to fasting

00:54:27 --> 00:54:28

you don't gain weight.

00:54:30 --> 00:54:51

It cleans your body, from what from toxins because you're fasting so your body is using up all that you already have inside. So whatever waste there is, it's going to come out. Otherwise it's just stored in because the body is focused on what this taking out what you're putting in and you're putting in stuff into your body all the time. And the other benefits

00:54:54 --> 00:54:59

it gives your digestive system a break. I've seen that one of the benefits of fasting is it really saves your

00:55:00 --> 00:55:26

Time, you know how you wake up early you eat. That's it, you're done for the day. And I'll go into the kitchen again, to get you know, an apple to wash the apple, get a knife, and then cut it and then wash that plate afterwards and wash that knife afterwards. No, that's it. So through the whole day, the kitchen is free. And then if thought time you use the kitchen again, and that's it.

00:55:27 --> 00:55:45

Otherwise, how much time goes in preparing the lunch and eating the lunch? And then washing the dishes as well? Don't forget that. All right, how much dials into that into thinking into planning. But when you're fasting, then it saves your time saves your effort.

00:55:46 --> 00:56:22

You learn to discipline yourself to control yourself. If you're used to arguing with somebody in your house, perhaps your sibling, your brother, or your mother in law, whoever it may be. Then in onto Ramadan, you're like, that's it. I'm not going to argue. I cannot argue I cannot answer back. I have to control my tongue. It helps you focus gives you a clear mind. Because otherwise, all that you're thinking about is food. Even if you stay hungry. You're concerned about food for other people. Right? But in the month of fasting, everybody is fasting everybody's supposed to fast. So it gives you a break that you can actually focus on some work.

00:56:23 --> 00:56:29

So we're under sumo highroller calm there are many benefits in content ala mode if you only knew.

00:56:31 --> 00:56:33

So don't miss out on those benefits.

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