Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Ahzab 59-73 Tafsir 59-62
We see that the women are mentioned equally over here, why does the Prophet sallallahu his daughters or other believing women, so, if the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam observed this ayah in a particular way, does the same instruction go to us? Does it
does it or not? It does
Clear the way they follow this ayah the way they implemented this ayah
we also have to implement the ayah in the same way, we cannot say no, it was only for them, because the women are mentioned together over here.
Now, how do they implement this ayah? There are many many studies, which tell us about how exactly they used to implement this.
We learned for instance that I shall they learn her? She mentioned that when the women will be traveling with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
the male riders would pass us
while we were with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the state of their home
and rather than in the state of Islam, a woman she's not to wear a niqab okay. There is a difference of opinion with regard to this Some say she has to say she does not have to, there is a difference of opinion. Okay. But I shall the learner, what did she say that we will be writing and the male writers they would pass by us. While we will be in the state of your home. And in the state of your home, we would not have our face covered. So when these male writers would pass by, we would lower our loose scarves over our faces. What did she say? We would lower our loose scarves meaning our djellaba which we had on our heads, we would lower them you Nina la hin main part of to cover what
to cover that which is still being exposed what was being exposed, the face was being exposed. So we would lower our loose scarves over our faces. And when they would pass, we would once again reveal our faces. Why it's convenient, isn't that when there's no man surrounding you and there's no men around you, then you can show your face why it's easy to breathe,
easy to enjoy the fresh air. Okay. So whenever the men would come, they would lower and when they would pass by then they would expose the face again.
And there are many other hobbies would show to us as to how not just why is the Prophet sallallahu Sena, but also the women of the believers would practice this ayah
we learned from a hadith that a woman called him Khaled came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam with her face veiled when she a wife of the Prophet know, when she a daughter of the Prophet know who was she, the Messiah in meaning. What did she do? She came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam with her face veiled in order to inquire of her son who had been martyred. So after a particular battle, my son had been martyred. So she came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asking about herself. So some companions, there remark that you came to ask of your son yet, you're still veiled.
Like, how come you're coming and you still have your face veil, because typically, when a woman has lost her son, she's overcome by emotion, she's not thinking properly, the first thing that she loses is what? her hijab. So they were amazed that you've come and you have your face covered. She replied, If I lost my son, I do not need to lose my modesty.
I lost my son, but I do not need to lose my modesty.
So the wives of the prophets are the lawyers. And the women of the believers, what did they do?
You the Nina la hindlimb Angelababy? And how did the practice that they took apart of the jilbab lowered it down, and with that, they covered what was still being exposed, ie the face, the neck, the chest, so on and so forth.
Now, a woman's dress, what does it comprise of?
It comprises of an upper garment, a lower garment, and a female.
And this varies from culture to culture, its shape, its form, it varies from culture to culture. In certain cultures, they have longer shirts, in other cultures, they have shorter, right. In some cultures, they have a very long shirt, right? And in some cultures, they have died, they have short so on and so forth. It varies from culture to culture.
And the dress that a woman wears at home, generally, how is it?
It's attractive, right? Sometimes it may be short, even like for instance, short sleeves, while it's easier to move about. It could be a short shirt because it's easier to move about. Similarly, it's quite possible that it's translucent. It's not really such that completely covers the body isn't at all. In many cultures, women wear such clothes which are completely translucent, their pattern However, you can still see the body through it.
Similarly, it could be tight fitting
Something that reveals the body. And this is why the clothes that a woman wears inside the house. What is it?
its zenith. It's a source of adornment. It's a source of beautification.
We learn in sort of our life is 26. Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, Benny Adam, and zelner alaykum lieberson You were so ethical. What do you share? that all children of Adam, we have bestowed upon you clothing? Why? To conceal your private parts, and also as an adornment for these clothing that you wear these garments that you wear, what are they a source of adornment for you? And they also cover your private life. But when a woman steps out of the house, when she leaves the house, or she comes before non Muslim men, then what should she do?
She should cover this. Right? She should cover these quotes, because we have learned earlier where you begin as the net owner, and part of Xena this woman's clothes. And why is this so? Because the environment at home is different from the environment that is outside.
The way a woman is free, she's protected inside the house. It's not the same when she's outside. In the house, the people who are over there, they're her mom, they're related to her, they can see her.
But outside of the house, they're strangers, isn't it? The way her father looks at her. Other men don't look at her the same way. The way her brother looks at her, a strange man would not look at her the same way. This is why when the woman is inside the house, she can dress up, she can wear normal clothes. But when she steps outside of the house, what's the ruling she has to wear a job. And this is a means of protecting her
protecting her. And this is also a way that she does not become a fitna for men.
this will protect her and it will also protect to other people.
She will be secure and they will not get tempted.
This is why this ayah teaches us that What should we do? First of all, where the job
All right, this ayah first of all teaches us to wear the job wear an outer garment when going out of the house
when going before non Mohammed.
Secondly, this ayah also teaches us to use a part of the Juba to further cover those parts which are still exposed. Because even they are a means of
beautification attraction, sometimes fitna, right.
So this is why this ayah tells us first of all to wear the tube and secondly, to use a part of the lab to cover the parts which are still exposed.
Some say that this means that the women should only worry about this is not what this means. Because July bb hinda has mentioned that's understood. What is this ayah telling you use a job app to further cover. And as I mentioned to you what is the job ad after that phone call came on
a shawl that is over the headscarf.
And you may have seen that in certain cultures. What do women do? They wear something small to cover the head, like a small shoulder like a small scarf. And on top of that they will put
the drill back and where will they put that they will rested on their heads, isn't it so if you've gone through them or you've gone for Hajj, you may have seen many women wear their hijab like that.
And this is the proper way of doing it actually. Why? Because the Bible is what one long, big piece. And what does it do? You put it on the head. And with that you cover not just the head, but you hide the shape of the body.
Because the objective of the job is not just to wrap. Okay, tightly wrapped. No. The objective of the job is what do you hide the shape to hide the finger?
This is also the objective of the toolbar. Now, this is why this little bag could be one piece, like I mentioned to you, like women do over there, like they put it on their heads. For convenience sake. It could also be two pieces, as long as the timeout that a woman wears on her head is long enough that it covers the shape of the body.
Like for instance, if I will be wearing my hijab like this?
Is it covering the shape of my upper body? Is it it's exposing my neck? It's exposing my shoulders, isn't it? So however if I were loose, is it covering my neck?
is a covering my shoulders? Yes it is.
So how should a female be if you choose to wear a two piece? How should it be?
Something that is big, and remember, covers the shape. Okay, it hides the shape of the upper body as well. And the lower garment digital lab, there are buyers such that it also covers the fluids.
And this is why you may have seen that the job has evolved over time into various forms in various cultures, people wear different different types of job, as long as it fulfills the conditions. It's perfectly fine.
Okay, so don't think that one is better than the other, that if you're wearing a particular kind of job and you are more righteous, no, as long as the job fulfills the purpose of covering and hiding. It's efficient. It's good. Okay.
Now, even our vessels in our own home. How did he explain this?
Because I mentioned to you that when we understand any parts of the plan as to how it should be implemented, who do we look at?
This? How about the companions? I gave you the example of the women because this is what the is.
This is what the AI is addressing the women, right? But the men have been told to tell the women right. So how do they explain it even reversal the learning he demonstrated this verse and he said that Allah commanded the believing women, that when they go out of their houses for some need, they should cover their face. From above their heads with the Juba.
They should cover their face from above their heads with the little Bab leaving only one I show him.
Why one I
can as you can see, okay. But if a woman exposes even two eyes, not too much, right? Like, for instance, you have your hijab lower down, when you're stepping out in front of men, when you're facing them, and you have your hijab lower down. It's hiding your forehead, your eyebrows, your eyes, it's perfectly fine. That is also fine. But what's the reason that he said, leave the eye exposed, so that she can see.
Now, there are many people who will give you other interpretations of this as well.
Like, for instance, I mentioned to you that they will tell you that this means everything except the face and the hands. Right.
And many evidences are also given.
To be fair over here, I should tell you both of them.
Aren't you thinking that? To be fair, I should tell you both of them. But I choose to tell you only one. Why.
This makes more sense to me, because I should not have practiced it this way. The women of the believers practice that this way. The Companions explained it this way.
It makes more sense to me. This is something that I'm more comfortable with and something that I have your thing on, I feel I can convey better, and something that I don't understand how can I convey to you,
okay, and many people will tell you about other opinions, many people will not tell you about this opinion.
If you want to find the evidences of not wearing the niqab, many will tell you, but when it comes to understanding this ayah, many will not show you this side of the eye as well. This is why I choose to explain this opinion only, I do not choose to explain the other opinion. Because a I find it as something that is not as comprehensive as logical as this explanation. Because if you look at the ayah, you just read it once or twice, it makes sense.
You Tina, la hindlimb Angelababy. What does it mean? draw down from above, to cover what is exposed? What is being exposed to face so high that even
even our basil Dennard who said that I should have been on how did that right? And the women of the believers, they also did that.
So for me, that is sufficient, I don't need to see what so and so scholar said, What so and so scholar interpreted this as we don't need to look at that. We just have to see what Allah has said.
What the Why is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did what the women of the believers did what the companion said, and that is sufficient for us.
Because if you even put your hand in this discussion, even slightly, he'll get stuck.
Believe me, you'll get so confused. You'll get so confused, there is no end to it.
You will hear this opinion that opinion that interpretation, this interpretation. It's an endless discussion. Therefore, if you confine yourself to just the idea, the understanding of the companions, it will keep your head clear of any confusion. It will give you sharp sort of confidence as well and it will clarify your mind it will clarify your understanding as well.
There are other hobbies as well which show to us
As to how this ayah was understood, we learned that a woman, she once said that we would enter upon the mothers of the believers on the day of the year during the Hajj, they would be with the wives of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So I asked her meaning I showed it on her mother, the believers, there's a woman here who refuses to cover her face, in her home. She's in her Iran, the men are passing by, but she still doesn't cover her face. So I shall dwell on her waist, her cloth from her chest and build her face. She didn't take a separate piece, what did she do? She took a part of her hijab, and she covered her face with it. You understand? Now again, what does it show? What was
What was their understanding, to cover the face to cover that part of the body, which is still being exposed? That you hide that as well? You don't display that anymore? Because if you think about it, from the entire body, what is most attractive the face? And if that is left uncovered, and a woman has that face adorned with even the slightest of makeup even which is only normal for a woman to do? Isn't that going to be displaying Zina? Of course it will be. Isn't that going to be a source of inviting trouble or causing fitna Of course it would be. And one more thing remember, I have seen with experience and I've seen many sisters as well. Those who wear the niqab their hijab stays
What does it mean by that?
What does it mean by that?
They will continue with it. wherever they are, they will wear it properly. They will have the job. But a woman who does not wear the niqab. Can she sometimes go outside the house without it too bad? Easily?
Isn't it a woman who does not wear the niqab? Can she wear a very attractive hijab? easily. But a woman who was wearing the Nepal, her hijab will remain proper.
And a woman who does not wear it, it's very easy for it to go down very, very easy.
Now what do we learn from this ayah First of all, we learned from this ayah
about the importance of the command that is being given
which command is being given
which command is being given
observing the complete hijab
and it shows us the importance of this command because the prophets are the loudest is especially commanded to inform the people. He's especially commanded to tell the women about this.
we learn from this ayah that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is told to begin with his own family
and from his own family, even who
his wives. So it benefits a man to be possessive to be protective about his wife more than any other women.
Which means that if your husband tells you to wear a particular kind of hijab, that covers you better
or to not wear a particular kind of hijab, because he thinks it's too attractive, then should you listen to him?
Should you? Yes.
Why? Because the way he is protective about you, no other mind is protective about you that
you understand. So anytime you're confused, is this to zenity?
Is it too attractive? Is it short? Should I wear the shirt or not wear it, ask your husband, that if he believes in wearing proper
30 we learn from this idea that a person
he will be held accountable for those who are under him.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam is being told to tell the believing women and before them tell his wives and daughters as well. his wives and daughters were those who were specifically under him. And the women of the believers generally under him. This is why he was told to not just command his wives and daughters, but also the women of the believers.
We alternate and from this ayah that he man
requires from a person to observe the hokum that is given in this ayah because who has been mentioned nissa in meaning the women of the believers.
We also learn from this ayah that a man will be questioned about his wife, about his daughter, about all those women who are under him. All those women that he is responsible for,
because sometimes men only impose the observance of pressure
her hijab on their wives.
But they will not tell their sisters. They will not tell their mothers. Yes, obviously the wife would listen to them, the sister will not listen to them. But it doesn't mean they don't tell their sisters. You understand?
It's the obligation of who to tell the women if you see the women are not being told directly when you go outside do this, who has been killed? The profits on a lot of sense is being told you tell the women and you tell not the women directly, but the women of the believers of the believing men should go and make their women do this?
Do you get it?
Okay, if the sister is married, is she under him? She's not under him. However, he is still responsible to tell him, he is still responsible to advise her to remind her to teach her to inform her because it's quite possible. She doesn't know. It's quite possible. She knows but she has forgotten, isn't it? So? Think about it. We learned about the outcome of hijab earlier as well and select the news, isn't it? But many times it happens that we forget, isn't it? We forget that maybe this is too attractive? Maybe I should not wear this. And somebody tells you Well, you know, what is it the hijab your way? We forget. Maybe our friend tells us, isn't it? We forget we're human beings,
it happens. Therefore, when you see someone not observing the proper hijab, don't just assume wrong things about them. Don't just think negatively about them, what should you do?
What should you do? Remind them? Okay?
The more common practice that you will find is women not observing this and women being told it's okay to not observe it. Okay. Why is that? So? for different reasons. for different reasons, personal preferences, sometimes, sometimes the fear of opposition, sometimes it's also that and sometimes it's basing their opinion on one statement of a scholar, for instance, or one companion, for instance, and overlooking what the other companions have said, Okay. Or overlooking what other scholars have said to be fair, we should look at all of the evidences, right. And considering all of the evidences, whose statements should you give preference to those who have more knowledge,
those who work closer to the Prophet sallallahu isn't it so, so, out of all the women who was closest to the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
I shall write his wives, then the women, they were close to them, because they would come and learn from the wives of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam women matters, right? Who knows about them women only. So they will teach women now many opinions are there many statements are there and many interpretations are there but which one should you prefer? Of The one who is closer to the buffet? So
even our basil the gardener who was the
cousin of the graphics analyzer, he had learned so much, he was a scholar, right? And so many times, so many things about the Quran and Sunnah. Who do we learn that from from even a vessel the learner, right, he was close to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he would visit his house, he learned many things from him, he was also very young at that time. So, there are many things that we learned from him Okay. So many opinions are there but whose should you prefer? Those who are closest to the
ultimate learn from desire, that the habit
of the Muslim women at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was to wear a Juba.
Therefore, no question no difference of opinion when it comes to Juba.
Okay, no question, no difference of opinion with regards to that.
Also, we see that the gym bag, what should it cover,
or laying in what should it cover the entire body,
it should cover the entire body, especially those parts of the body which are attractive, which are beautiful, which are adorned. We also learned from this I about the mercy of Allah.
How His mercy that he tells his servants about the reason behind the commands that He has given
that he got a dinner and you're off now.
For that you think
that he's telling us why he's telling us to do this, that this is much better if you do it, you will not be harassed, you will be recognized as a noble Muslim woman.
And you know what it is when you have them automatically. There is a screening between you and other people in the sense that there is a barrier between you and them. They will not approach you the way they approach other people. They will not talk to you the way they talk to other people. I experienced this myself when I was in school, not here.
In Pakistan, and when I started wearing the niqab after I did the course, I went back to school to complete my high school. I went back, I had no carbine. And I noticed that there were other girls who would wear the hijab, but the way guys would talk to them, they would never talk to me.
Never the way even the teachers would talk to girls who wore the hijab, they would never talk to me in that way. Never. There are girls who even wore the jilbab but because of the niqab, there was a barrier that you can only talk to me professionally. You can only talk to me about that which is necessary. You cannot chill with me. You cannot hang out with me. You cannot come and sit next to me. You cannot do that. You cannot just, you know, give me a high five, give me a pat on my shoulder. No, you cannot do that. If I'm not showing you my face, that means you cannot touch me. Do you get it? And when you have your face exposed, then what happens? People find it very, very easy
to approach you. They look at you, you give them a smile, you give them a welcoming. Look. Yes, they come sit next to you. And it's so difficult to protect yourself over here. Believe me, I experienced this myself before the niqab. It was so difficult, so challenging for me to protect myself. Because going to school were there boys as well. How do you protect yourself, you're sitting in the same classroom, you're sitting in one place somebody comes in sits next to you. But after you have the nakaba then people become serious with you.
They will not fool around with you, they will keep a distance from you. So it's a natural protection that Allah is giving you Valley Edna ain't your offner fella you thing, then they're not going to be harassed, then there'll be naturally protected. So this is the mercy of Allah, that he's sending us the reason as to why he's giving us this command.
Also, we learn from this ayah about the special Mercy of Allah towards women, that how he cares for them, how he protects them,
that he wishes to protect them from other. This is why he stole that you cover yourself. You see one is that you say no people should fix themselves. Can you go and fix everybody? Can you you cannot. So what's the solution?
Just cover yourself. Protect yourself. And when you protect yourself, you'll be safe. We understand. Like for example, you go outside, there's so many possibilities of getting sick of catching some virus. What's the solution?
You go blame people? No, you go and get your vaccinations? Isn't it you protect yourself from before you protect yourself. That's how you'll be safe.
Also, we learned from this is that in hijab, in observance of proper hijab there is warding off harm, that when a person observes the proper hijab, then they're warding off evil.
Also, we learn from this idea that in hijab is a woman's honor, a woman's dignity, where do we learn that from? The alika, dinner
and your offner? There, right recognized as, as noble women, that you can't fool around with them. You can't mess with them. You can't harass them, because they're respectable women. So when a woman wears the proper hijab, is she being honored? Yes. And if she doesn't wear it,
we think then she's on it.
That's when we think that if a woman wears the proper hijab, then she becomes nothing.
She becomes oppressed. And if she does not wear then she's liberated. But the Quran tells us the exact opposite. So those who say that a woman in hijab, she's oppressed, the woman hijab, she doesn't have any freedom. This is what a lie.
It's a big lie. There's no truth to it, because Allah says that he could either in your offner follow you then this is how a woman will be respected because her honor, her dignity lies in her dress. This is what it lies in. Yes, it lies in her character and her behavior as well. But how will she be? What's the first impression?
What's the first impression her hijab that shows that she is an honorable woman? She's a dignified woman. She's not like any other woman that you can mess around with.