Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Maryam 41-65 Word Analysis and Tafsir 41-45
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Lesson number 158 solar Timonium is number 41 to 65 out of the way let him initiate long overdue Bismillah Rahim
what goldfill kitabi Ibrahim and mentioned in the book, Ibrahim
meaning or Prophet sallallahu sallam,
tell the story of Ibrahim and Hassan and his father do, do your people.
And the book Al Kitab over here refers to the Quran and it will also refer to the surah. In particular, because remember the word keytab is Gemma literally means to jam together to collect. So it's a collection of verses or it's a collection of chapters. So the word guitar can apply to soda, and it can also apply to the Quran.
So what could fail kitabi Ibrahim, who has Ebola humor has said I'm in who can as a deacon, never hear, indeed, he was a man of truth. And he was also a prophet of Allah. He was a study of
who is acidic. Siddiq is one who is extremely truthful.
One who is very, very truthful. Notice it's not the
one who speaks the truth. But so deep is one who is always truthful.
A person who is truthful, in his words, in his actions, and also in his beliefs. What does it mean by that? that a person is truthful in his beliefs that a person is truthful in his actions, that a person is truthful in his words, that whatever he believes in, whatever he says, whatever he does, it is according to the truth.
Whatever he believes whatever he says, whatever he does, what is it according to its according to the truth, and also, that there is no contradiction between what he believes in his heart and what he says it has done? And what he does in his actions, there's absolutely no contradiction. This is loosely This is extremely truthful, that everything is in accordance with the truth, and there's absolutely no contradiction.
So it is a person who habitually speaks the truth, who never uttered a lie. He is truthful in his believes in his arcada. And remember that Sadiq is the highest level after Prophethood
because what do we learn? I mean and abena. Worsley, the painter was shuhada. He was
so slick dp is the level after Prophethood.
So it's one of the highest levels of righteousness, because it shows a person's commitment and faith.
It shows a person's sincerity, it shows a person's dedication.
That because he has said he believes in something, he will prove it to be true by his actions, he will remain firm upon it no matter what obstacles he faces, no matter what difficulties he has to bear.
He is a man a person of unflinching faith, he does not give up his faith.
He believes with conviction, this is the case.
So Ibrahim Anissa, was a CDF and he was also a Nubian, also a prophet of Allah.
Notice that the fear is mentioned before Prophethood isn't it? Whereas What did I tell you? That said the fear the level is after that of prophethood. So why is this mentioned first because every prophet of Allah, he was known for his good qualities. He was known for his good traits, even before he became a prophet, even before he received Prophethood.
So he was just as the Prophet sort of on its own and was also known as Sadiq and Ameen even before he became a prophet.
Now how is it about him or he said, I'm so deep.
He is described as a deep But how was used to do
Firstly, he was extremely truthful when it came to his email that his Eman was according to the truth. What does it mean by that? What is the greatest truth
though hate the oneness of Allah, and what is the greatest lie? Shake that Allah has partners. So Ibrahim has said in his belief, he was extremely truthful that he believed in that which is true. He believed in the oneness of Allah.
very firmly, and he rejected polytheism.
Secondly, Sadiq with regard to Ibrahim realism also means that he was very, very committed in his faith.
When he said he was a believer,
when he accepted a man in his heart, and he pronounced it with his tongue, he showed it by his actions.
No matter what difficulties he faced, he remained firm.
And this is the reason why, when his people kindled a fire in order to burn him in it, what did he do? Did he give up his faith? Did he say, okay, fine, I'll worship Your idols for today. Leave me spare me? No, he didn't leave his faith. He didn't give up.
Similarly, when he had to leave his family when he had to leave his father, his entire people, what did he do?
Did he give up his faith over there? No. He was extremely committed to his faith, he remained firm upon it.
Similarly, when Allah subhanaw taala gave him the commands to perform certain actions. For instance, he was commanded to slaughter his own son.
Did he give up his faith over there? Did he say this is too much? No, he remained committed to the point that Allah subhanaw taala set for the seductively year, that in fact, you have proven your dream true, how that you fulfill the command that Allah gave you, no matter how difficult it was for you.
So he was extremely committed when it came to fate 30 with regards to Ibrahim autism, so this also means that he was extremely truthful in his statements.
When he said something, he did it. When he said Islam tolerable al amin, I have submitted to the Lord of the worlds. He didn't just say that statement. And when it came to doing some action, he said, Oh, this is too difficult. I can't do this. Oh, forget about it. No. When he said, Yes, I have submitted, I am a Muslim. Then he proved it with his actions. When he said to his father, I'm going to seek forgiveness for you from Allah soprano, tada, he fulfilled that promise and he sought forgiveness for his father from Allah subhanaw taala.
So he was extremely truthful in his belief, he was very committed to his faith. And he was also very truthful when it came to his statements.
Now, a person's truthfulness, a person solidity
is determined by the strength of his event.
The stronger a person's Eman is, the more truthful he will be in his words.
And the more he will hold on to the truth, and he will live by it. What does it depend on? The strength of
that the more you attain a person has, the more faith he will have, the more truthful he will be in his words,
the more truthful he will be in his actions.
The more determined he will be, the more committed he will be.
You see, declaring the truth speaking the truth, living by it, it's not something that is easy.
It's something very difficult, very challenging.
When a person speaks the truth, it invites many challenges and many obstacles. How?
Think about it, when a person speaks the truth, He's inviting trouble.
He's inviting challenges. He's inviting many obstacles for himself. How? think of an example, yes.
Okay, because you're saying something, even though people don't like it. So when people don't like what you're saying, and you're saying it anyway, they're not going to cooperate with you, they are going to create difficulties for you.
For example, if you are in a situation where an exam is being taken by everybody, and you know that there are people who are cheating, okay. Now, in that case, if you speak the truth, when you're asked, Do you know if anybody is doing something wrong? Do you know if anybody is passing their notes around? If you speak the truth? Nobody's gonna like you, isn't it? None of your friends are gonna like you.
If you tell the incharge if you tell the admin as to what is exactly going on amongst the students, things that may be wrong things that may be against the rules. And if you're the person who leaked that information out to the administration, your friends are not going to like you anymore.
Why? Because you are declaring the truth. And the truth is going against their desires.
It's going against their comfort.
Right? So speaking, the truth invites travel.
And when a person speaks lies, then what happens
Immediately or for that moment, a person does gain some benefit.
People will praise Him. People will thank him. People will think good about him only for some time.
But in the long run, it's not good for a person.
Similarly, when a person lives by the truth,
when a person holds on to the truth, he lives according to what Allah subhanaw taala has commanded. That is what a part of the theory, but even that brings trouble, doesn't it? It brings trouble.
Sometimes it happens, that a person wants to hold on to the Quran. He wants to practice the Quran.
A woman wants to practice the hijab, the way that Allah soprano God has commanded. She wants to continue with her studies of the Quran. But what happens?
Those who are very close to her, will detach from her.
Those who are very close to her, will leave her will begin to oppose her. The other day somebody was asking me that many times that happens that when people come towards the dean,
their children, they go elsewhere, or they're a flock, you know, it begins to suffer. Typically, this difference is seen amongst people who are more religious, and people who are less religious people who are more religious, that children are not as well behaved. Typically, why is it so? Because shavon does not leave such a person's children. He will never leave such a person's children.
So when a person is living by the truth, then what happens, there are many obstacles that come his way. Those people who are very close to him, they will turn against him.
Those people who he was very close to they will go far away from him.
Things that were very easy for him to do now they're so difficult for him to do.
Think about it. You may have experienced that some time ago, it was very easy to practice a song.
But now, as time goes by each and every single day, difficulty is increasing.
Why? Because living by the truth holding on to the truth invites trouble. It invites a lot of difficulty. Why is it so? Because Allah subhanaw taala deaths the person? Does he really mean it? Is he just saying it?
Is he really sincere in his art? Or is he just showing it at his dunk? If a person is really asleep, he will show it at his done, he will do it in his actions, he will be firm in his heart.
Now what is it that keeps a person going despite these difficulties, despite these obstacles, it's his fate.
It's his determination
that what I'm doing is right, because Allah has told me to do this.
Many times it happens that people cannot bear the loss that my husband used to be so good with me. Since I've started studying the Quran since I've started wearing the hijab there, he doesn't like to go out with me anymore. And he's not the same with me anymore people might experience this such difficulties. Similarly, that before I wore the hijab before I started studying the Quran, you know, people used to call me over, I used to go have so much fun with people now since I've come this way people have left me I feel so alone.
inshallah, we will learn in the same surah, that in Medina, armorama, sila had Surya janela, whom
Allah will create love for them.
Initially a person is tested, that he feels alone, everybody leaves him. He feels as though he is going against everyone. People are attacking him. His children are turning against him. Her own spouse is turning against her. It happens. Many people cannot bear this loss. But a person who believes that if my Lord has commanded this, there has to be higher. Right now there is difficulty. But in the long run, there has to be some goodness in it.
A person who has this conviction, he will not leave. He will never stop the good. He will never stop speaking the truth. He will never stop living by the truth.
But it depends on what on his Eman.
And for that reason, we have to hold on to the Quran. Because if we leave it, if we distance ourselves from it, then neither are we here, nor are we there. Then we are total losers. So we have to hold on to the Quran to gain the strength of Eman.
And we see that Abraham and Hassan he suffered a lot of difficulties as well
when he declared the truth when he lived by the truth.
And that difficulty is mentioned in these is that how his father turned against him.
His own father threatened to kill him because he declared the truth
He gave up his faith. No, he did not. He remained firm.
Why? Because he was determined. He was convinced that what he was on was the truth.
What Allah had commanded him was the truth.
It can only be OBE when he said to his father, yeah, over to all my dear father, notice the address yet about the use of it. I said, I'm addressed his father in the same way. Because, yeah, it it expresses love, it expresses respect.
So yeah, buddy. Oh, my dear father, limiter, boo. Why do you worship? Man is that which does not listen?
Why are you worshiping this idol? That cannot hear any sound?
When are you able to? nor can it see, well, are you honey? nor can it avail uncut from you shade and anything?
Why are you worshiping something that can neither here nor can it see whether you're near and kashaya. nor can it suffice you from anything, meaning, nor can it bring you any benefit, or remove any harm from you.
On the one side, we see that Ibrahim Addison is addressing his father with a lot of respect.
He says, yeah.
And in the way that he speaks to me is not condescending, he's not disrespectful.
Rather, he questions. So on the one hand, he is extremely respectful. And on the other hand, he does not fail to speak the truth.
He does not fail to speak the truth.
He gives evidence, he gives proofs and he refutes idol worship, what do we learn from this?
That if the parents of a person are doing something wrong,
then what is the child's responsibility? What is his obligation? What is his duty, that he must correct the parents, he must point out the error.
However, it must be done with utmost respect, Justice Ibrahim right incident is yet a buddy.
It must be done with utmost respect. Many times there are two extremes
that, first of all, if the parents are doing something wrong, generally children will turn a blind eye to it. It's their choice. It's their decision. They're older, they know better, let them do whatever they want.
Or the other extreme is that if the children do see something wrong, and they want to correct that, what do they do, they do not respect their parents,
they begin to disrespect them, they begin to yell at them, they begin to insult them, they begin to be very harsh towards them, they begin to threaten them. If you don't stop this data, I'm going to leave your house.
If you don't give up this house on how long I'm not going to live here anymore. If you don't sell this car of yours that has been bought and Hold on, I'm not sitting in it ever again. They become extremely disrespectful. This is not correct. A balance has to be maintained, that the wrong has to be pointed out, it cannot be ignored.
And secondly, there must be respect. Because ultimately your parents are your parents. And Allah subhanaw taala has commanded us, let us do not scold them. Do not be harsh towards them, while at the Coloma often don't even say.
So do not forget your manners. But at the same time, do not even forget what the truth is.
And we see that Ibrahim in Assam, how does he point out a mistake to his father?
He doesn't say my father What you're doing is wrong.
What does he say? He questions him to make him think
to make him realize himself that limit our value. How can we be worshipping this thing that can neither see nor can it here? nor can it benefit you? How come Why? What's the reason? Can they really hear you? Can they really benefit you? I don't think so. It's something inanimate so he's questioning him to make him think
in total ambia also is number 21. We learn it quarterly A B he will call me he melody Timothy Letty until the hierarchy phone when he said to his father and his people, what are the statues to which you are devoted?
What are these things to which you have devoted yourself to?
So he questioned them to make them think.
Yeah, buddy. Again, he's very respectful all my dear father in the Khadija and indeed I it has come to me. What has come to me minarelli me from now.
Meaning I have received some knowledge from from Allah subhanaw taala where he guidance
I have received some knowledge my that which led me to it did not come to you, meaning you do not know about it you have not received
fatter very nice. So, follow me because I will guide you, I will tell you what to do, I will show the way to you, sir off and to a path that is so we Yeah, that is straight. So, we is one that is straight? One that is proper, correct, we learned verschuren Serbia
Lail in Serbia? What does it mean when something is sound proper, as it should be without any defects. So Serato on Serbia, a bad that is sound that will lead straight to the destination that will lead to success.
So what do we see over here, that over here has Sam he received this knowledge. And he shared it with others, he used it to guide other people.
So this shows us that if a person has been guided by Allah,
if a person has been given knowledge by our last panel data, then it is his obligation to also guide the people who are around him, the people who are closest to him.
And amongst the people who are closest to a person who deserves the most, right.
It's the parents, the parents of a person. Because remember, regardless of how your parents have treated you,
regardless of how they raised you up, regardless of how wrong they are, at the end of the day, your mother gave birth to you.
At the end of the day, your father, he bore hardship in raising you up.
They have done a lot of concern about you, even if they're not Muslim.
Even if they commit ship.
Even if they do a lot of data, no matter who they are, no matter what they do.
At the end of the day, they are your parents. So it's your obligation that when you have received some knowledge, when you have received guidance, you must you must show it to them.
You must share it with them.
Sometimes it's just shyness, out of shyness, we don't tell them
because we don't want to boast no you're not boasting, you're telling them about what the truth is. Because if you really believe in it, then you will want the best for them as well. He will want that for them as well.
So we see that Ibrahim right I sent him he tells his father by the jet any minute at me, I have come to know some knowledge has come to me. So follow me I will guide you.
And after the parents, it's the other people as well. who deserve that we must share this knowledge with them. A lot of panel data does not just give knowledge to people so that they can learn a lot and they can think of themselves a lot. They can read a lot they can research a lot they can understand a lot. No this is not the only objective. What is the purpose of knowledge that a person lives by it that a person shares it.
Even if the parents are righteous, even if they're believing, even if they don't do anything wrong, it is still there right? That we must share this knowledge with them.
Because if learning about one sooner has improved your select for instance has improved your habits has improved your you know way of life for instance,
then why don't you want the same good for your parents. If you have learned about one vehicle, one Hadees that has really opened up your mind that has really brought benefit to you. I for example recently we learned about Hadees in which that if a person seeks refuge with ALLAH against the Hellfire three times and the Hellfire requests a lot that Oh Allah save this person from the fire.
If a person prays for agenda three times agenda requests a lot that Allah grant this person so if you have learned about this and because of that you will have started making the offer yourself regularly. Why don't you want to share this with your parents with those who are close to you?
So it's our obligation that when we learn about such things, we must share them with those who are close to us.
Yeah of it. He says to his father all my dear father letter with a shirt on do not worship the shape one.
Oh, my dear father, don't worship Shetland.
Now the father of Ibrahim unlistenable is a Satan worshipper. Who Was he an idol worshiper.
But the fact is that when a person worships any other being other
than Allah subhanaw taala then in reality, who is the worshiping chaplain? Because he is obeying the shaitaan. And remember, worship is all about obedience. So do not worship the shavon. Because in the Shavasana, indeed the shavon candelilla humanity is ever to the Most Merciful or Aasiya, one who is very disobedient. shavon is very, very disobedient to Allah soprano.
So therefore, you don't listen to shavon don't follow his footsteps.
So we see that Ibrahim restaurant gives us a very good evidence over here.
That the reason why I'm telling you not to worship idols is because I don't want you to obey.
And the thing is that if you obey shavon, then you'll be disobeying Allah soprano.
See how he's making the connections? If you obey shaytan, then you will be disobeying Allah.
And Allah subhanaw taala is a man, he has been so kind to you. He's so merciful to you, how can you disobey Him?
yet have it? Oh, my dear father, in a half Indeed, I fear I must second that it will touch you, it will seize you. what we'll see is you are there been a punishment may not receive money from the Most Merciful.
I am afraid that if you continue on this way, if you continue obeying Chevron, and you die in the state, I am afraid that the punishment is going to touch you, you're going to suffer punishment
for takuna, then you will become less shaytani for the shaitaan when he is a companion
who is awali, a helper,
a friend. So by Wiley, over here, it means a helper in the sense that you will also become of those who promote the cause of shaitaan. What is the cause of shaitaan to lead people astray? So I'm afraid that if you continue in this way, worshipping the idols, then you will be promoting the cause of shaitaan shaitaan was disobedient to Allah soprano Tada. And if you obey Thawne, you will be promoting disobedience to Allah.
I don't want you to be a part of a bad cause.
Secondly, while he has also been understood as a companion,
I am afraid that if you continue on this path, the punishment is going to touch you. And as a result, you will become a companion of shaitaan where
in Hellfire an image along with shavon.
Look at the way, Ibrahima has Sam's
politeness. His respect.
It does not go away. This is the fourth time that yes, it is mentioned many times what happens? We start talking to somebody at the beginning. We're very nice. We're very good. And we say one or two things. And we don't see any positive reaction from them. What happens with become frustrated?
We see them becoming upset. We also show some anger. We see them getting a bit harsh. We also become harsh. But what do we see that Ibrahim? Hassan remains very calm. He's continuously very affectionate, very respectful.
his affection only increases. He's not getting frustrated. You don't see any frustration over here.
And look at the way that he's doing
that finally at the end, what does he do he gives warning as well. That if you don't accept it, I'm afraid that the punishment is going to reach you.
And notice the name of Allah subhanaw taala that he mentioned which name
this author teaches us one important lesson, which is that when we're introducing a lot of data to the people, when we're telling people about who Allah is, then how should we describe the law with the best of his name's
obviously all the names of Allah subhanaw taala are and Hersman. They're all excellent.
But we should choose those names which gave the meaning of mercy and care and affection.
If you look at it, the Koran also begins with a man and a Rahim. But unfortunately, many times when we tell people about who Allah is, we tell them that he is someone who is going to throw people in hellfire.
Little children even they're afraid of Allah subhanaw taala because the image that they have been presented is that if you disobey if you do this, Allah will be angry. And when he will be angry, he will throw you in fire. He will punish you.
Okay, yes, this is the truth and you should not be afraid of the truth. However, wisdom must be used when giving power.
We see that he mentioned our man again and again. Because when you show to someone that someone loves you, someone cares for you automatically they will be drawn towards them,
isn't it? When you show that someone really cares for you, he's been giving you so much. He's so merciful, you turn to him, he'll forgive you. So he will be more hopeful.
He will be more interested.
So many times you have heard about that story in which that man who had killed 99 people,
he went up to a worshiper, and he asked him, that I have committed these many murders. Is there any chance of forgiveness for me? He said, No. What did he do? He killed him? Why? Because he was told there is no chance of forgiveness for you. And then he went to another person who was learned, who was knowledgeable. And he asked him, is there any chance of forgiveness for me these ideas, just seek forgiveness and leave this place go away from you to change yourself. So we see that when a person is told that yes, there is hope of mercy, there is hope of forgiveness,
then a person is interested.
And when you show them that you're so bad, you're so sinful, you're so wrong, you will never be forgiven, you will be punished, then what happens? People get turned off,
that I find I'm going to punish anyway, might as well enjoy right now. So we see that he mentioned the name of Allah subhanaw taala of our man again and again. But there's a lot of balance in this tower. There is good news. And there is also warning, isn't it? So there's dimension of unlock man. And then there's also warning of the punishment.
Balance should be there because many times we go to extremes. Either we tell people Oh, yes, what you're doing is completely right. God is very merciful. You don't have to do anything. Just believe that's it. This is one extreme, this is incorrect. And the other extreme is that we made people think no matter what you do, you'll be eternally sinful, you will still be punished. This is not correct. Who can maintain this balance a person who is like the
a person who is truthful, a person who does not shy away from the truth.
Because sometimes we're afraid of giving warning to the people, because we are too shy. We don't like the truth. So only a Sadiq can maintain this balance.
So he warns his father, that if you continue on this way, and if you die on this path, then I'm afraid that you'll be punished.
We learned sort of the natural number 63 the law he called it auto sellner illa almond milk oberliga physician Allahumma shaytani. r mela, whom? For whoever leave your home will yoma whether home Are there any that how share time becomes the Valley of people that by Allah we did certainly send messengers to nations before you but shavon made their deeds attractive to them. And he is the disbelievers ally today, he is there early today as well. And they will have a painful punishment. So a person who follows the footsteps of shaitaan he becomes as well in this dunya and also in the hereafter.
So this was the invitation of Ibrahim or listener