Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Isra 40-60 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 40-44
Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.
Lesson number 145 soldiers of Islam is number 40 to 60.
After a swell Komarov book on bill Bernina, then has your Lord chosen you for having sons,
the addresses to the people of Makkah, because the people of Mecca, they prefer to have sons for themselves.
We have learned earlier that whenever a man heard the news that our daughter had been born to him, that the color of his face would change, he would get very embarrassed, he wouldn't know how to face people.
So over here, the lack of understanding of the people of Makkah is being addressed.
It's not that women are being insulted, or their level is being reduced. But rather, the lack of understanding of the people of Makkah is being highlighted. That How is it that you prefer one thing for yourself, and you prefer something else for a loss of
effort aspherical then has each chosen for you. And as far from the real letters, solid farewell from the word software is fair, which is to select something to choose something on the basis of its purity. And then it's also used for making something exclusively for someone,
so has he chosen you exclusively bill Bernina for the sons, that only you should have sons and nobody else but you should have sons, that you are so special that you deserve nothing but male children, what other and he himself has adopted, meaning Allah has adopted min and mela ekati from the angels in earth and females? How is it possible?
At the beginning of the year, the Hamza is too famous for the purpose of income for Toby is that think about it? How is it possible, use your sense that sons are only meant for you and for himself he is adopted angels as his daughters. The word NF is a plural of insight which is used for a female and it also applies to women, daughters.
So the people of Makkah are being questioned that use your mind? How is it that you want something for yourself and you want another form of muscle?
How is it possible that Allah would refer you over himself?
in sort of the natural eye number 22. We learned fr a trauma letter when there is a woman at a 30 satin O'Hara and a commode jackaroo wonder who owns tilaka even this Mattoon visa.
So have you considered alert and others who were left in reserve? These were the idols that the mystic Ada vaca used to worship. And notice the names left and the reserve both are female,
and woman at and manette the third The other one is the male for you and for him the female meaning you prefer males for yourselves and you prefer females for him, then that is an unjust division. That is a very unjust division according to your own standards. Now, again, it's not that the women are being degraded over here. It's the lack of understanding of these people that has been highlighted. Similarly in sort of tool number 39 we learn unleveled Veneto welcome well by noon or has he daughters while you have sons according to your standards, this is not correct. In Naco indeed you let the coluna surely you all say olan a statement or Lima That is great. Surely you are
saying the statement that is very tremendous that is very serious, meaning serious in its consequence, serious with regards to how false the statement is, how incorrect and how disrespectful This statement is, what statement were they saying? That they were ascribing daughters to a loss.
They believe that the angels are the daughters of Allah.
Now, although over here, what has been mentioned is that you cannot ascribe the angels as daughters to a loss of data. However, we must understand that ascribing sons to Allah is also not correct. ascribing any child any partner for that matter is not correct. Because ascribing any partner to Allah is a very great lie. And it's a very serious statement. It's a very grave statement with very severe consequences.
We learn in select medium, I 88 to 93 well
All men when they say that the Most Merciful has a child, look up to Shay and you have done an atrocious thing. How atrocious is it that the cat is similar to yet a toddler men who, what unshackle what the hero devalue. The heavens almost ruptured from it, and the Earth would split open and the mountains would collapse in devastation. This is how serious this word is. This is how big of a lie what a tremendous statement This is.
So the fact of the matter is that Allah subhanaw taala does not need any children, neither sons, nor any daughters, and ascribing any children to a loss of personal data is a very big lie. Especially if a person prefers one thing for himself, and something completely different for a loss of penalty. This does not make any sense.
What are the soft love net, and certainly we have diversified seraphina from the root address, salt or fat. And the word asleep has two meanings. First of all, it is to turn and bring something again in a different way to turn something and then to bring it again in a different way. So basically, it means to change,
And secondly, it also means to bring it back repeatedly. To bring it back again and again.
In the Quran, we learn about the sleeve area, with the sleeve area, what is the 34 year that the winds when they come and they go away, and when they come again, they come differently. Sometimes the speed is different, sometimes the temperature is different, sometimes the effect is different. They constantly come repeatedly come, but each time they come they bring a different thing, they have a different effect.
So there are two meanings in this to change something and secondly to repeatedly bring.
So what are the Seraph nafi had the Quran in the Quran we have diversified what everything every message in the Quran has been mentioned repeatedly, over and over again.
For example, in the previous I What do we learn about the oneness of Allah soprano God, the fact that he does not have any child. Now this concept has not been mentioned once in the Quran, it has been mentioned repeatedly over and over again.
And also it has been mentioned in different ways. At one point we learn through examples. At other point we learn through the standards of the people of MacArthur, how they're contradicting themselves.
At other times we learned through the creation of Allah subhanaw taala that how if there's so much perfect harmony in the creation, what does that show? There's only one being behind that.
So what are the Salafi had the Quran? What are the two meanings that we have repeatedly mentioned. And secondly, we have explained in different different ways.
And it's not just the concept of the heat that is repeatedly mentioned or explained in different ways. Every message that is in the Quran, whether it is an evidence, or it is some sign some miracle, or it is some advice, some warning, some admonition, good news commands, all of these are mentioned in various ways. Why is it so leave the guru so that they can take it, who can take it, the people can take a lesson that people can remember. Because generally what happens if you read something once, and very soon, you forget about it. But if a particular detail is mentioned repeatedly in a text, then what happens? You tend to remember it more.
Because if you missed it out in one place, you catch it at another place, if you read it once, and you forget it. Again, when it is mentioned, you remember,
and generally people don't realize the importance of something unless it is repeated. People don't realize the importance of something unless it is repeated. Which is why the Prophet sallallahu sallam, whenever he would say something important, how many times would he repeat it?
At least three times.
So what does that show to us? That repetition shows the importance of what has been mentioned.
And also if you think about it, when the concepts and the commander mentioned in different ways, what's the reason behind that?
Because one person understands in one way and another person understands in another way. Some people if you advise them very nicely, they will understand other people they need to be told very strictly.
Some people they can get it indirectly. Other people they have to be told directly. Some people
Visual, they like examples. Other people, they like theory they like concepts they like to put in their mind to something. So people are of different nature.
And the Quran caters to all different types of people in the way that concepts are mentioned in different ways.
Also, if you think of it, the state of your heart constantly changes, isn't it? At one point, you're very happy, you understand something differently. As another point, you're very sad to understand something differently.
Like, for example, just that there are a lot but it never dunia has an awful lot. He has been working either. Now,
if you're very happy, you're thinking what has been his blessings. If you're sad, you're looking for Hasina as relief, right? So depending on what you're going through your perspective changes. And when Allah subhanaw taala repeatedly mentioned concepts in the Quran, what happens? No matter what you're going through, you understand something out of it, you get some benefit out of it.
So what are the salaf nafi, Heather, and Leah? This is the wisdom behind the repetition that is in the
because many times people complain. We just learned about this incident. We just learned about that concept.
Why is it mentioned again? Why is it repeated again? And some people objected? Why is the Quran so redundant? No, this is not redundancy. This is explaining in different ways so that people get it.
But unfortunately, we're May as either home but it does not increase them, meaning this the sleeve does not increase people in Atlanta, Florida, except in a version. Many people what happens to them, they only go farther away from the Quran because of this repetition. They say it's becoming boring, they say it's the same concept. It's the same stories, this must have been a word of a human being, because there's so much repetition in it, he probably couldn't come up with more things. No, this is not the case. The reason behind repetition is that human beings forget
but unfortunately, many people they turn away from the Quran, because of this repetition. nuforce on the real fighters, known fella and naffaa as you know, is used for the going of an army and army as it leaves as a departs in order to go for a battle.
And the word new food, which is a Muslim means birth or initiate, to be distant to go far away from something.
But in particular, it is used for being distant from something out of dislike,
out of dislike, that you don't like something so you run away from it, you bolt away from it, generally it happens right? If a person does not like someone, and they see them in a particular place, what will they do? They will immediately go away from there, they will turn around from there and rush in haste. So this is what new folder is. So a loss of panel data out of his mercy. He has mentioned the concept in the Quran repeatedly in different ways. But look at the people how unfortunate they are that instead of taking advantage from this mercy, they only turn away. So what is the show? The problem is not with the Quran, the problem is with who it's with the people.
Because if you compare this to rain, when rain falls, it constantly falls. It's not that it falls for just you know, one raindrop falls in that circle of snow, it falls especially in certain seasons, there is rainfall repeatedly again and again. What happens as a result of that, the soil that is good, it will absorb it. And the more rain there is the more it will absorb the more it will produce.
But at the same time there are some patches of land which are so dry, that no matter how much rain falls on it, what will happen, the water will only wash away from there or it will only collect over there becoming stagnant over time.
So it's not that there is a problem with the Quran, it's with the people. Some people benefit immensely from this repetition and other people they don't get it at all.
per se. Lo can Mr. Hou le had to say to the mistaking that if there were with him, other gods low can Mr. Hua meaning with Allah subhanaw taala if there were early hutten other gods Can I call Luna just as they say,
just as the people of Makkah claim that a loss of panel data has many partners or with a biller, or there are other beings who are worthy of worship as well.
If that was the case,
Then what would happen? He then then meaning if Such was the case, level Tahoe, surely they would seek law surely and evitable they would seek who would seek these earlier, these gods, according to you, they would seek elac to words, the possessor of the throne, who is will ash, Allah soprano, Medina.
So surely they would seek elaborate Roshi to the possessor of the throne, meaning Allah subhanaw taala the king the greatest, they would seek to him so beaten away, meaning they will try to get up there somehow, to the throne of Allah subhanaw taala. to snatch his authority away from him,
to snatch his position away from him, they would certainly find a way to get up there and get some authority as well. They wouldn't be here in dystonia.
So if there is an idol that you yourself have made, and you think that it is also a God,
then this God would not be here, on the surface of this earth, where would it be, it would be on the throne,
because generally, where is the king, where is the one with highest authority, he is on the throne.
So similarly, these gods would not stay in this dunya, they would go up there, they would be on the throne of Allah subhanaw taala, or at least they will try to fight their way up there.
If you look at it, throughout human history, there have been many battles, there have been many wars, many power struggles, at various levels, at a political level, at a family level as well, at a business, at a social level, different levels, there have always been conflict between people always.
Because when someone is an authority, when someone has a higher status, then his contemporaries, they cannot bear that he is higher than them, especially if they have the same capability as him. So what do they want, they want that they should have the authority.
And then there is a constant power struggle that goes on between such people between contemporaries, that if one is the President, the other is going to try to become the president,
he is going to start an entire campaign to bring the other down to show that he is not worthy of this position, he is going to go try to do something to get up there. Even in an institute, even in a business, in a company at a school anywhere in a household as well. If there is a mother line or daughter in law constantly there is a conflict. Because each one tries to be the one with more authority in the house. One says do it this way. The other says no, we have to do it this way. One says no, I bought this house. The other says no, this is my husband's house. So there is constantly conflict. Right? So we see that if there is conflict between people for worldly position for worldly
authority, then how is it possible that the gods would not have conflict at such a higher level? That they would compromise on the fact that Okay, one has authority, let him have authority? We'll just stay down here. No, it's not possible. And the fact that the heavens and the earth are functioning in perfect harmony, what does that reflect? That there is only one Supreme Being that there are no such conflicts? Because if ever there are conflict between people of authority, then the whole system gets affected. The entire country is ravaged, the entire Institute gets affected, the entire family gets affected. Why when there's a conflict between people with authority?
So how is it possible that if there are multiple Gods they would not have any conflicts? Of course they would.
And the fact that you see the heavens and the earth functioning in perfect harmony, that shows that there are no such conflicts, which shows that there is only one God, there are no other beings who are equal to him in any way whatsoever.
We learn in the Quran. Allah subhanaw taala says motherhood Allah who mean Well, I didn't. When I can, Mr. Human either. Allah has not taken any sun, nor has there ever been with him and he got he then, if that was the case, that they have a coup Illa him Bhima chanukkah wa baraboo, whom
if there had been there
Each God would have taken what it created, and some of them would have sought to overcome others. So this would be the state of the earth if there were multiple gods.
And over here when Allah subhanaw taala says, either level the whole elaborate or she sebelah. This Sabine has also been understood in another way
that all of these gods would then try to
seek a way to the possessor of the throne, meaning Allah soprano Tada, meaning a way to please Him, a way to gain his pleasure.
Because even if there were other gods, even if there were, then still who would be the highest authority, only one being only a loss?
Still, only he would be the only one deserving of worship.
Even if there were other allia, he would still be the only one deserving of worship, they themselves would try to acquire His pleasure. So if they would do it, why don't you worship only him?
They would not worship one another. Who would they worship? Allah subhanaw taala so why don't you worship only him?
In total ambia I never 22 we learn low kanopy Hema le Hutton Illa la la festa data had there been within the heavens and the earth, other gods besides Allah, then they both would have been ruined, meaning the heavens and the earth would have been ruined, they would have been devastated, destroyed completely. So vahana, who Exalted is He? glorified as he meaning he does not need any partner, he does not need any child, what are Allah and he is high above sapan is to declare the perfection and our Allah is to declare the sublimity that he is high, he is sublime. So you see, there is a slight difference of highness, perfection, free from any deficiency, any fault any weakness, and Allah is
high above the super Hannah, who Exalted is He, what are Allah and he is high above sublime. I'm from what yaku Luna they say, what do they say about Allah? That he has a partner or that he has a child? What does Allah say? First of all, I know that he is perfect, he is free from this deficiency, he is free from this weakness, what weakness having a child or having a partner
because who needs a partner? Think about it, who needs a partner, someone who is weak in himself, he is unable to do his work himself Therefore, he needs a partner to assist him. Correct. So Allah Subhana, who he is far above that weakness, he is free from this deficiency. There Allah He is high above what what they say? meaning is high above the statement iRULU one, how high above is he or lumen a sublimity? That is Kabbalah That is great.
So he is exalted and higher above what they say by great sublimity, great sublimity, he is greatly high about what they say, he is nowhere near having this deficiency. He is nowhere near being so low, to have a partner to have a child
to serve be heard of who, how Exalted is He? How high above is he? How great is he, that two sub behala, who semi were to sever
that the seven heavens, they glorify to him, they praise Him, they mentioned his glorification. They exalt Him, what else exalt Him, one or two, and the earth, what else? Woman fee hin and all that is in whoever is in, meaning whoever is in the seven heavens, and whoever is in the earth, and the heavens and the earth included? What are all of these things doing?
to sub be heard or who all of them are doing is the sphere.
Now as for those creatures, that are able to
express themselves that are able to speak, that are able to make sounds, it's understood that they can do the sphere like for example, birds as they're chirping, we can understand that as the sphere human beings, angels, jinn. But remember that a similar to the seven heavens, the skies, they don't have a mouth and a tongue.
Similar to the earth, the earth does not have a tongue.
Similarly, the mountains, the trees, they don't have a tongue. So how did they do this fear. This is understood in two ways.
That first of all, all of them to the spear,
either through McCall or through
hell, remember these two terms.
Makayla and her What does McCall mean? Cole statement and hand
through state? And what is their state of constant obedience to have lost?
When someone is obedient to the one who is above him, What is he doing with his obedience? He is respecting.
And when someone is disobedient, what is he doing? He's disrespecting his elders. He is disrespecting his teachers or boss or whoever has commanded him to do something. Obedience shows respect, and disobedience shows disrespect.
And just as a side point, the one who shows respect is the one who receives something. And the one who shows disrespect does not receive anything. So it is very important for us that if we want to gain benefit from whatever we are doing, then we must show respect. And how do we show respect by obedience. This is a part of our other Islamic other. Unfortunately, in today's world, there is no concept of respecting the teacher respecting the authority, in the name of freedom of speech and freedom of expression. We have gone on to saying whatever we want to doing whatever we want to thinking that nobody can tell us what we have to do, we have to make our own decision. But the fact
is that when someone is higher than you, when someone is telling you to do something, whether they're your parents, or your group in charges, or there's someone with some kind of authority or responsibility, what is our duty, that we have to obey them, it is a part of respecting them. And if we respect only then we can gain benefit. If we don't, then we cannot receive anything at all.
So over here, how do these creatures do this, we have a loss of personal data
through their hand as well through their obedience as well through their constant obedience, that they're glorifying the loss penalty they're praising and they're exalting him. So to Sunday, hello similar to several although woman feed him. We're in a nod Minh Shea in from anything, there is no object there is nothing that exists. Illa except you serve be who behind the he, it glorifies it exalts, with his praise with whose praise of us, meaning every single thing that exists is busy, glorifying a loss of mentioning his perfection. How by mentioning his praise, by doing his hand by saying so the hand Allah He will be handy glory and praise be to Allah. When I convert letter for
hoonah you do not understand this, we have them their glorification
you are human beings do not understand how all of these things are glorifying the last parameter
in Ocala, halimun indeed, he's ever halimun he is forbearing that despite the fact that everything is glorifying the loss of panatela and all the things on this earth have been created for human beings, still the human being does not do the spear.
Allah is so tolerant,
he is so forbearing
he does not punish people immediately and he is the foreign, he is most forgiving as well. He does not punish immediately.
So we see in this ayah that the entire creation is doing that this be of Allah soprano.
Why is this mentioned to show the highest status of Allah to show that he does not need a partner? To show that he does not need a child.
He does not need it. He is far above that deficiency. When every creature is busy glorifying Allah, when he is so perfect and sublime Why would he need a partner
and this is also mentioned to make us realize that if every single creature is exalting and glorifying the loss of planet rather than how moist is my tank with
how moist is my tongue, with the spear with the hand of a last parameter?
If you look at it, so many times the last time I mentioned the Quran, that was Sahara, Sahara Laconia, subjected this for you and that for you, everything and heavens and the earth has been created for whose benefit
human beings and the human being has been created for who for the worship of almost a predator. If everything is glorifying the law, then why should the human being not glorify Allah?
He should as well.
So we need to take a lesson from this and visit ourselves into the spirit of ALLAH
In the handover,
in sort of sod, 18 and 19 we learn in NASA hornell de Bella Mara who, indeed we had subjected the mountains to praise with him meaning with that, would
you say? They would glorify, they would exalt Allah when he was a shark in the late afternoon and also after sunrise, what Tyler Mashallah done and the birds were assembled kulula who a web, all with him repeating praises.
We see that the older listener when he would do this bit of a law, all of the creation around him, including the mountains and the birds, especially, they would do this V along with him. So what does it show that all the creation, whether it is animate, or inanimate, whether it is often or laid off, but what is it doing? glorifying the most?
And there are many, many evidences in the Quran and Sunnah that support this.
For example, this ayah that I just mentioned to you.
Similarly, there's a report in Sahih Bukhari that even was earlier on he said, we used to hear that the Speaker of the food as it was being eaten.
We used to hear that the Speaker of the food as it was being eaten,
and we learned that the prophets are all of a sudden he would make them hear that the speaker sometimes it wasn't that any person could. But this was a miracle of the Prophet sallallahu said that he would make them hear that this be of different creation.
Similarly, Javid, Eben similar, he reported that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam once said that I know a stone in Makkah, it used to greet me before Prophethood and I know it even though
so, these animate things which for us do not do anything which do not move which not produce any sound. They do the speech of Allah
seminary, we learned the Javid of Abdullah he reported that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to go and he used to stand next to a tree or a palm tree on Fridays. Why for the purpose of giving the hot woman and a woman or a man of the inside they said that oh messenger of Allah should we not make for you a member? He said, If you wish so so they made a member for him. And when the next Friday came, he was shown to the member and when he went towards the tree, it cried like a small child.
And the people they heard the crying
and and the profits are a lot of them came down and hug the crying tree until it come down.
Java said it was crying, because the vehicle that it used to hear and this is reported in Buhari
so we see that different creatures, they communicate with one another. They express their feelings. They have some mode of expressing themselves. And they use that in order to glorify Allah soprano data as well.
But the reality is that we do not understand.
Now just because we don't understand doesn't mean we need to reject it.
We see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he could hear that the spear He made us a habit here. Similarly, we learned today minor SLM, he would understand the speech of ants as well as birds. He was given that special ability. He was given that special gift. We learned that so they might notice them. He understood the speech of the end. We don't include the number either at our ally where they normally call it num latonia you had named Lou odo Luma Sakina. Come lately monochrome Sulaiman what you do, that when the army was going in, they approached an anthill, one of the answers to the rest of the ants go enter your houses, otherwise the army of Solomon is going to trample you under their
feet. We're homeless alone, and they will not realize that the best center dahican Kalia said a man arrested him smiled laughingly, because of her statement.
And we see that this creation, it speaks now, it expresses itself in this world. And it will also speak on the Day of Judgment. It will also be a witness for a person or a witness against a person on the Day of Judgment. We learned that even the earth will be made to speak instead of to Zelda I number four to five we learn yoma eden to help do
that on the day when the earth is going to report its news. What news as to what happened on it.
The earth is going to report that this is what happened on me. This is what this person did.
This is what this person said. This is what occurred on me by this person. So the earth will report its news. Why be
Not Becca Oh Ha ha, because your Lord has commanded it.
There's another Hadith in Bukhari, which tells us that Abdullah, when he said that Abu Zubaydah, huddling, he told my father, I see you liking sheep and the wilderness, I see that you like to be out, grazing your sheep. So whenever you are with your sheep, look at the way that he does that with him. He gives him a very good advice so that he can increase in his good deeds. He didn't say, Oh, you should leave all of that and come spend some more time in the masjid. No, what did he say, I see that you like your sheep, and you like being in the wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep, or in the wilderness, and you want to pronounce then for the prayer, raise your voice in doing so.
For whoever hears the other end, whether a human being a jinn or any other creature, any other creature will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection. And it was said that I heard this from Allah's Messenger. So a lot, isn't it? So what do we see from various evidences that I presented before you that the different creatures, they do express themselves, they have some mode of communication, whether it is animate or inanimate, whether it is a human being or some other creature, they speak now they express themselves now. And they will also be made to express themselves when on the Day of Judgment.
So for us to understand that everything is glorifying a loss of personal data should not be too difficult. We're in min Shay, in in LA, you're supposed to be handy. But the fact is, we're lucky let us Kahuna to stay home. It's simple that you don't understand their the sphere.
Because you don't understand what exactly they're saying. For example, a bird could be chirping. And we might think, Oh, it's just fussing. Whereas the fact is that it's possible that it's doing the spirit of a loss.
Or the sound the pitch is different from what we can hear. Because humans can only hear within certain limits. You cannot hear below that you cannot hear around that. So therefore, it's possible that a creation is during the spirit of a librettist because we cannot hear it doesn't mean that we have to reject it. So in this is a big lesson for us. Then when everything is glorifying Allah, then what should we do?
We should also glorify
it is reset that one of the top of your own he said that for Colucci in use of be who who had the thought
that everything glorifies him, even your garments and even the food. Everything glorifies him. So in everything is glorifying the law. It it behooves us more than we should also glorify Allah