Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
At-Taubah 117-129 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 128-129
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Local DJ acoem Rasulullah Minh and forsaken, there has certainly come to you, a messenger from among yourselves. The believers are being addressed, that all believers, certainly there has come to you who has come to you soon. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he is min unfussy, calm. He is one of you. He is a human being just like you, and especially for the Arabs. He is one of you, meaning he is also an Arabic just like you.
He is off your own people. You can relate with him as he is and IE. It is great upon him. grievous to him is what more on it than what you suffer.
He cares so much about you, that anything that you suffer, it's very difficult for him to bear that. It's very difficult for him to see that
disease in LA, he moronic,
how do you son, he is concerned for what are they come over you.
He is concerned for your goodness for your benefit, and will move me Nina with the believers he is true for him he is kind and he's also merciful.
In this ayah the characteristics of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam are mentioned. First of all, that he is made unphysical He is one of you. He is also a human being. You can relate with him. If you get tired, he gets tired as well. If you feel happy, he feels happy as well. If you feel sad, he feels sad as well he is made and forsaken. So how can you ever think that he should go out in the wave of loss of primal data and you should sit at home? How can you prefer yourself over him
or Solon men unfussy him. Moreover, as he is an RA, he, it is great upon him,
Aziz is from the root vectors I say. And the word Riza means honor, prestige.
Similarly, from the same root or nzsa, you get different words different meanings of them is to be mighty, to be strong, to be hard. And it also means to be difficult.
When the word disease is understood as the name of Allah subhanaw taala, that Allah is disease he is hecky. Murthy is one of the names of Allah, then what does it mean that he is mighty, that he is honorable, he is powerful. Everyone else before him is powerless. He is mighty over everyone. But when the word or disease is used for a human being, then depending on the context, it will vary. So over here as Eason, what does it mean? That it is very difficult, it is very hard, I lay upon him meaning upon the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
it's very difficult for him. It's very hard on him. It's very mighty upon him, it's very difficult for him to bear what Moran is done, what you suffer
are nikto ms from their own factories are a known to another. We have done this word earlier when OSHA Allah who are unethical, he could have put you in difficulty. And it is basically such a thing which causes a person distress, which causes a person difficulty, complication, in his worldly affair, or even with regards to his hair after.
So basically anything that causes a person difficulty distress in the dunya, or the chakra, this is what I notice. So as a as an early human, we can understand this in two ways now. that anything that you suffer any hardship that you experience, any difficulty that you encounter, in this world, in this world, in this life of yours, it's very difficult for the prophets on a lot of them to see you going through it.
It's very difficult for him to see you going through difficulty. This is how much he cares for you.
At the expedition of the book, when the believers went from Medina, all the way to the book, they faced many difficulties, many challenges. And generally when we think of 30,000 people traveling with so much difficulty, we will think of a leader who is you know, a dictator, very oppressive. He doesn't care about what his people are going through. He just wants to get the work done. This is what we think of generally, but the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was very compassionate. He was very kind. He would feel for the Sahaba anything that they would suffer. It was very
difficult for him to bear that, because he knew that they could have been staying at their homes and they could have been fine. But they have come out in the way of a loss of data. And they're suffering in the way of a loss of paradise. So he felt for them.
Secondly, Marinette thumb can also be understood as what you could suffer in the Hereafter, a consequential punishment in the hereafter for what you are doing now. So it is very difficult for him to bear that you're going through some difficulty in this world, or you could suffer some punishment in the hereafter. This is why he is telling you, this is why he is teaching you this is why he is delivering the message to you. And this is why he is concerned for not just you, but also the rest of mankind, that he will undergo so many difficulties to get the message to them.
Another characteristic of the profits are
that he is hideous on our article. The word Harry's is from the roof metrics hell of our sod, his and his his ship, the robber, extreme inclination, extreme desire, in order to get something in order to obtain something. The word health is also used for greed, to be very eager to be very desirous for something. So he has had his, he wants badly, I like him for you. In other words, he is very anxious for your well being. He is very anxious for your well being. Anything that could benefit you anything that could bring you good in this life or in the hereafter. He wants it badly for you. How do you sonar illegal, he wants guidance for you. He wants happiness for you. He wants a
well being for you.
He wants you to be successful in this dunya and also in the hereafter. And Bill Medina with the believers he is a little off. He is very kind, very affectionate. And he's also
we learned earlier that
is to strive to remove some harm from someone. And Rama is to strive to bring some benefit to someone.
He is off, he is pitiful. He is compassionate, and Rahim he wants Good for you.
So we see in this ayah that Adare, someone who is calling people to a loss of time with data, he should have such well wishing for those whom He is calling to Allah subhanaw taala.
And if he does not have such well wishing, which the prophets are about to send them had, then he cannot convey the message to them. He cannot. Because when you're dealing with people, you face criticism, you face rejection, people become lazy. And how can you be successful by being oppressive, that's not going to make you successful. If you become oppressive, if you become rude, if you become harsh, people are going to rebel, they're not going to listen to you, then what is the way of getting people to do what you want them to do? When you love them, when you show love to them, when you want it badly for them. Because when you want something badly for someone, then you
will find a way of making them do it of getting it to them. The profits are a lot of Sutton was extremely kind and affectionate to his companions. If anyone was infected with harm, it was very difficult for him to bear.
He could not see his companions and hardship. They would pray for them. He would guide them he would help them. But what is our attitude? There are so many people who suffer from harm before our very eyes, who could benefit and we could help them. But generally we don't feel anything for them. We don't feel any compassionate, any compassion at all.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, verily, every matter that Allah has prohibited, he knows that some among you will preach it, some among you will definitely do it.
But I am indeed holding you by the waist, so that you do not fall in the fire.
This is how much he tried to stop us from doing wrong. That indeed I am holding you by your waist so that you do not fall in the fire. Just like butterflies and flies, who when they see a bright fire in the dark, what do they do? What do they do?
They fly towards it and they end up getting burnt.
This is how the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted hired for us. This is how much he strove to save us from harm. So we see that the gentleness the compassion of the Prophet sought a lot of time is mentioned over here towards those who believed
fell into a low but if they turn away, who turns away, the people turn away
from, from the profits of the Lord hustler that he calls them with so much love with so much affection, but they don't listen. They still disobey. He calls them to a man, but they remain persistent on their COVID.
He calls them to the Oba but they don't want to do.
He calls them come and work with me. Come with me to the journey of the book, come with me, and strive in the way of Allah subhanaw taala. But they turn away. They don't listen. They prefer themselves over you. They don't come along with you striving in the way of a loss of penalty, then what should you do? Oh, Prophet salatu salam don't become sad.
If they turn away and no one comes to assist you in your mission, then say, has to be a law. Allah is enough for me. Allah is sufficient for me.
If you look at it in this surah repeatedly, the believers are commanded go out in the way of Allah. In Pharaoh he fell off and was he called Malecon? What's wrong with you when you have been told go? You didn't go?
seminary the moon everything Yata de Luna, they were presenting false excuses. Yeah, foreigner swearing.
Similarly the wish to kill the Prophet sallallahu Sallam spent so long trying to deliver the message of Islam to them.
What does Allah subhanaw taala say? For interval if they turn away, they don't assist you in your mission. They oppose you. And don't worry, say for call has been a lot a lot is sufficient for me. Allah is enough for me.
Allah alone is enough to help me in order to be successful in my mission.
If we abandon the mission of the profits are a lot of sudden, if we don't pass on this message, if we don't continue this, then we are not needed. We are not needed. For all has been Allah, Allah alone is enough. You're not needed. La Ilaha Illa who there is no god except him. There is no one worthy of worship except Him. And la Hito culto. Because he is the most Supreme Being, there is no one else who deserves worship but him. upon him. I rely upon him I trust well who are up without Charlene and He is the Lord of the great throne. His throne is the greatest. There are so many kings, but their thrones are very small, very small. They're insignificant compared to the throne of
a Lost Planet Allah. And Allah subhanaw taala is the greatest The greatest creation, the greatest creation which is beyond our imagination, completely beyond our imagination.
As we learned from the Hardys, that the heavens and the earth, they're like a ring in a desert, literally like a ring in a desert.
Just imagine compared to the cursi compared to the throne, how small are we? And how huge is the throne of Allah subhanaw taala
He is the Lord of that throne, you think he is not enough for me, you think I need you to help me. You think I need you to come along with me to pass on the message of the people, I don't need you allies enough for me.
Similarly, if they turn away, they don't repent and they continue to oppose you another group of all the machines and when I 15 then say Allah is enough for me to protect me from your blocks to protect me to save me from what you were doing to harm me a lot is enough. upon him I rely and He is the Lord of the great throne.
We learn in the Quran, that Allah is Allah will mashiki one mockery, He is the Lord of the east and the west, La Ilaha Illa who there is no god except him for the hit who are killer. So take him alone as a guardian. rely upon him alone. Because the one who relies upon a loss predator, he can never be defeated. He can never be unsuccessful, alone will help him alone will assist him.
And we learned that all of the messengers they trusted upon a loss
and all of them were successful.
We seen sort of Abraham I in number 12 that the messengers they said one man at a learn at our color Allah Allah He Walker the Hagana sabudana. And why should we not rely upon Allah? While he has guided us to our good ways? Why should we not trust upon him? Why should we not depend upon him when he is the one who taught us when he is the one who guided us.
So in this ayah there is a great lesson for the one who is calling people to Allah subhanaw taala
that if he is calling people and nobody comes to assist him in his work
People come and they present many excuses. And he feels that he is left alone, all the work is left to him, then what should he think, Eliza, for me, this is not my work. This is the work of law. This is not my work. This is the work of Allah. It's honor that Allah has given me that he has chosen me for his work. And if other people leave, doesn't matter, Allah is enough, he will get his work done. It's a privilege that He has given me that I can contribute in this
seminary, there's a threat in this, there's a warning in this for who, for those who turn away, that if the turn away, what does Allah say? You're not needed, you're not needed. If you don't want to come and do the work. If you prefer yourself over the Prophet over the Quran, then Allah is enough to assist His Messenger, you're not needed.
So in this ayah, there is both comfort and consolation for the dairy. And at the same time, there's a warning against those who turn away from the dairy, those who don't respond to him.
If you look at it, this is one of the last chapters to be revealed, isn't it. And in this sort of different different groups of people have been mentioned. And finally, the profits or the loss and restore to say, that save the people that has been a lie sufficient for me if you don't continue this mission, Allah is enough. And this is a warning for all of us, for the oma of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
There is a hadith in which it has been narrated that Allah will grant whoever recites this ayah has been Allahu Allah Illa Illa, who are Nikita will go to a horrible Shaolin. Whoever recites the seven times in the morning, and seven times in the evening, whoever recites it, then he will be granted whatever he desires from this world, or the next. Whatever he desires from this world, or the next is reported in a Buddha would.
Other narrations, there also teaches that whoever resizes, seven times the morning, seven times the evening, then Allah will be sufficient for him, alone will be enough for him, for him to be able to accomplish his tasks.
So never miss this out from your daily morning and evening have gone seven times in the morning and seven times in the evening.
So with this, we reach the end of sort of Adobe. And let's do a quick summary a conclusion of the solar.
As you know, that in this surah, the last battle, that the Prophet sallallaahu sudden participated in himself, which was a battle of the book that is mentioned. And the lessons the various lessons that can be learned from that expedition from that incident, are set out in detail.
We learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he conveyed the message completely to the people over a period of almost two decades, almost two decades. And he called them towards Allah in different ways. And when he called people to Allah, as a result, different types of people, different types of groups, they emerged.
First of all, there's a group of the mostly asleep, the sincere ones, the believers, the side of pain, those who were truthful, those who said love bake the Sabbath cone, the more hygiene, the unsolved. The motto, we're in those who voluntarily given the way of Allah, those who have sold themselves to Allah. One group is of such people.
Another group was of who, those people with weak Eman. Those who showed some hesitation. Those who were reluctant, those who delayed in obeying the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they were not of the sight of God. However, there are also believers. The first group is a rule the Sabbath. The second group is a rule. Those who delayed more Jonah
the third group was of the moon African, those who appear to be Muslim. Those who appear to be believers but in reality, they were hiding. They were hiding desperate
And the fourth group was of who the outright opponents, amongst whom were the machine, as well as a parameter that we learned about the Christian man who was an opponent, that the Prophet said a lot Islam from the very beginning.
And we see that in this order, all various groups of people, all these four groups, they have been mentioned in detail in this order.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is instructed as to how to deal with each and every single group, for example, with the believers, what has been said that hoodman and well him sort of gotten to the hero What does that even be what's underlying him, pray for them, purify them in nosode Attica second Allah who
asked for the when I 15 and the cofell the opponent what has been said that Yeah, you want to be you j DeLuca. Pharaoh and whenever he was listening,
we see that the sooner It begins with the declaration of disassociation from the machine of Mecca,
and they are invited to repent to Allah Subhana.
Allah begins with the bra however, the machine are invited to do Toba. The hypocrites are also mentioned in detail anyone they are given a chance to do.
Even they are invited to repent.
The believers are also mentioned which believers who made a mistake and they repented to a loss of
those who have sold themselves to Allah, one of their first characteristics is what they repent to Allah.
So basically, we see in this surah, that repeatedly there is an offer of Toba to each and every person, no matter who he is, even with regards to the profit or loss and what has been said, luck, tab, Allahu Allah NaVi. Every single person needs to repent to Allah,
every single person, because all of us need to improve all of us make mistakes, all of us fall short in our duties in our obligations. But what is the way out of it? repenting repentance journeying to a loss of hanadarko.
So basically, the sola invites us to do over
a low arland if we have done Toba or not, Allah subhanaw taala knows and Allah's invitation is there for us that we need to do it over.
And if we don't repent, if we don't change our ways, then no one's prayers, no one's approval, no one seeking forgiveness can assist us, as it has been clearly stated in the soul. That even the closest relatives if they seek forgiveness for someone who dies in the state of disobedience, who dies in the state of shock and sin, then seeking forgiveness is not going to help that person. No matter who is happy, if Allah is not happy with us, then nobody's happiness, nobody's approval is going to be enough.
And remember that, since the time of the profit side of Aldous Adams departure, there is a reminder that all people repent to all of you need to turn to Allah, do something for yourselves, and take on this responsibility of delivering the message to people and deliver, go on and deliver this message.
So basically, we see that in this whole the mission that the prophet SAW the lava saddam came with, it is being in a way handed over to who did those who believes in Him, those who followed him
that the Prophet has gone, he has delivered the message, now, it's your job. It's your job, go, learn, teach, spread, go, fight, struggle, do whatever you can spread this message.
Do whatever you can, because now it is your duty.
And finally, towards the end of the slide has been mentioned, that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam has been so kind to you, he wanted the best for you. He prayed for you, he went out of his way to get the message to you. What will you do? sit at home, turn away. If you turn away, then remember that Allah is enough for the prophets a little longer than
you are not needed.
If you contribute in spreading the message, then it's a privilege that has been given to you.
And in this whole, the way to success has also been clearly laid out. What is the way to success? And what is that way? What is folded or lean? with alcohol folds are only
the way to success. What is the way to success that has been clearly mentioned in the sooner
that a person sells himself and his wealth to who to a loss of time.
Because if you don't, then nothing else can give you the price for it. If you don't give yourself to Allah, if you don't give your wealth to Allah, then there's nothing in this dunya that can give you the Christ spirit that can
pricematch. So we see that there are two options that have been given to us in a way
that either we set ourselves to Allah, or we don't. The choice is ours, whatever we prefer for ourselves. If you think of it, if you sell your merchandise, if you sell what you have, are you going to gain profit? Are you going to gain some money? Are you going to get some benefit you are, you're going to get something in return.
And if you don't, then what's going to happen to what you have your merchandise, it's going to get spoiled. It's going to get outdated. And later on, you only have regrets. I wish I had sold it. I wish I put it on sale even. Maybe I should have lowered the price. If you don't sell it at the right time to the best buyer, you're going to lose the value of your merchandise.
Allah soprano target is the best buyer, he can give you the highest price for what you have to sell. If you don't give it to him, it's going to get ruined, it's going to get decayed. Nobody can give you the price for no one at all. Nothing at all.
And Allah subhanaw taala in fact is honoring us by offering us that he will buy us because no one wants to buy useless things. So if we want to be presentable, if we want that Allah subhanaw taala should buy us, then what do we have to do?
We have to do something, we need to prove ourselves, we need to struggle in the way of a loss penalty, we need to strive in the way of a loss penalty. Because at the end of the day, it is only this trade with Allah that will save us from the hellfire.
We learn until too soft I attend to 12 that Yeah, you alladhina amanu or you have believed hell don't look over Allah tiara Jonathan, should I inform you about a transaction about a business to G komen are there been a team that is going to save you from a painful punishment?
If you don't make this bargain, if you don't make this trade with Allah, then there's no other way of being successful.
Allah asks us Should I tell you about a way through which you can be saved? What is that way? To me noona Villa he was really he you believe in Allah and His Messenger, what oj he doing a piece of it and let him be unguided and physical. you strive in the way of Allah with your wealth and yourself, that you can hire a law firm in quantum data that is better for you. If you know, your fellow comme de novo, he will forgive you your sense, where you do telecom genetic, and he will admit you into gardens, that dreamin tactical and how womma sakeena, Tyga feagin, at Oregon,
and again, over there as well, that he can filter.
So every person wants to be successful. And in this surah we have been told the path to success, the way to success? And what is that, that we give ourselves to Allah? We give our wealth to Allah? Because if we don't, then we're only going to lose our value.
How long can we keep ourselves in this dunya? How long can we keep our wealth, not for long, eventually it will go away. So the wise person is who invests as well.
And the best place of investment is with who
And this is what has been clearly laid out in the soul.
And a very important message that has been indirectly and directly conveyed in the soda is that a true believer can never prefer the hollow for himself. He can never prefer that he should stay back at home and not do anything to serve the team.
It does not suit a true believer,
because he has sold himself to Allah. So he will do something, he cannot sit back and do nothing, just sit on his hands, he will do something. And so we all need to think seriously, that Allah subhanaw taala has bought us if we want a higher pay in general, in the Hereafter, then we need to do something.
So seriously, think about what is it that we have to do? What is it that we can do? What is it that we must do?
So that this bargain, this trade really brings profit to us. And
everybody share some reflections of one another and then we will continue.
We were just talking about how every time in life when you want to do something or for example, if you're in school, and then your schoolwork gets too hard or you're trying to accomplish anything in life, and you have nobody but that one person who's always there with you like a friend or a coach relative and telling you know you can do it, you can do it don't give up you feel that motivation like you feel happy. And then you'll hear a lot tells us you know, even if nobody's with you, I'm with you.
And with this feeling when you know that somebody is there to support you, you feel as if you can do anything
You feel as if you can accomplish anything, no matter how difficult the task is, you know, you can do it.
And if Allah subhanaw taala, saying that I am enough for you, then what does that mean? You can do it. You don't need other people. This is Allah 's work, he will make you do it. And I'm sure it happens with so many of you that you think about how am I ever going to get through this day? How is it possible? I have to do this I have to do this. How am I going to get to learn my lesson? How am I going to prepare for the lesson? But it happens when you trust upon him when you say has to be a law when you rely upon him.
Thinking about the last two verses that prophets Allah Salaam, how affectionate he was merciful towards the meaning. And unfortunately, we believers have very wrong understanding of being a faction, like if we are being spoiled, we think okay, this person is very loving, very merciful towards us, because he's not giving us a reminder but prophecy lesson he was being told, yeah, you're gonna be heard. alimony is how he used to motivate the Sahaba towards different things. So he was not telling spoiling them, okay, be in your comfort zone, right. But we really have a strong understanding. And if you look at it, the way that those three companions are dealt with that for 15
years, nobody's talking to them. We think that's so harsh. That's so mean, that's so rude. But this is a part of wanting good for someone that you really want good for them. This is why you're disciplining them in this way. So this was a part of his affection and kindness towards them. And we see that one Carville did on who used to be praying the Prophet side of us, and it would look at him. And when finally the ayat will reveal concerning His forgiveness, we learned that the prophet SAW that a lot of them said such good words to him, they'd be happy, this is the best day of your life. So what does it show that he really wanted good for them.
Sonico house really thinking about this, like, you know, like, when I told them that, if they're not gonna listen, and they're gonna just turn away, then enough is a lot for you. And I was thinking, you know, like, usually when we're talking about it, like usually, when you're in school, you have the motivation to you know, what you do everything, you start continuing. And then after high school, you get good marks in the university, you get good marks. And then after university, you continue to get your degree, you go to a job, you continue working hard for that promotion. And after that promotion, you continue on until you get your retirement and I was thinking, if we have
that mentality for to acquire agenda, then we'll always be working hard. And I was thinking that you know what, continuing on a lot of the students that we've just passed, a lot of times, almost, that said, if you're not going to do it, I will please do somebody else. And we should take the opportunity whenever we see it, and just do at that time, because you never know if you don't take that opportunity, a level of praise to somebody else. If you're not needed. It's only for you that I was getting that opportunity.
I was thinking the example you gave us about the two glasses about the man and the hawk. Even I sometimes you know, when you're doing your lesson like oh, this is being repeated again. But now and Hamdulillah, I come to understand that you don't advise repeating so your mind can increase. So if you don't have a mind, you always know why. You know why? Yes, because each time a concept is repeated. A story is repeated a person who has a man he increases in his email, he increases in his conviction. He learned something new every time he doesn't think well, this is just repetition.
I was thinking now that we're unhandled our starting term too. And we studied this ayah maybe if we say inshallah your group performance is going to be assessed more closely. Now there's going to be a more strict marking system, there's going to be heightened evaluation, will that be really our hairs for you to improve in your learning? Or will it be like Oh, these people are turning to difficult now. So can we step up with that expectation of everyone being in proper uniform, everyone being on time everyone not leaving early? Because if we are going to say okay, if you don't do this, this is the consequence or you lose something, then that is our here's for you to improve on getting this
noble knowledge fully while you're here to benefit completely and not just being strict for the sake of policies.
because I've also found out his expectations of us are also very high. We learned in total and fell we have learned into the Toba so there is no way we can slack off and if other people are encouraging us remember that it's for our own good. They weren't good for us.
I was thinking of handling this sort of how Allah has repeated so many times.
And it really surprised me like not only by yourself, but you have to you know, these are the people with highest agree in front of Allah. Those who gave themselves also they spent when they were
In sub reflecting whenever we are facing difficulty or whenever a hardship comes our way, because we just try to go through it with frustration and sometimes anger, and we don't really think why did this happen?
I just remember one thing that really trusted Allah subhanaw taala is when back in 2005 that Allah Quran was in order. I had no idea what order was. And I didn't know any Arabic at that time. It was just like barely the allopathic and when Dr. Farhat Hashmi interviewed me and she said, you know, how can you do this, this is in order. And I said, Allah will help me inshallah. And I went through up to just 12 Alhamdulilah and I'm looking at my notes now like, no, back in the days and I was like, so hello, how did I do this? And when one time, I was just new in Islam when I opened the most half and I said, How can I read this thing, I will never be a good Muslim. Alhamdulillah now I'm
reading not that fast, but Alhamdulillah it was all like, you know, from seeking help from Odessa, Florida, and I only trust trust Allah that He will help me because at that time I was alone. And hamdulillah I found different people who would help me and guide me towards it and and that works for me all the time. So trust in Allah and he'll be there for you all the time. staying alone also not giving up
and continue striving and continue to do one thing after the other because only then you will improve
because sometimes you say yes, I want to do it but I'm just never getting the chance I don't get a chance to do it. Maybe Allah doesn't want me to. But the fact is if we should not give up and we should continue striving