Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 11 – L111F

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Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

At-Taubah 117-129 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 123-127

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

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lesson number 111 surah two Toba number 123.

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Yeah, you had lead in amanu or you who have believed party to fight against you, Allah Dena yellow una con mineral kafele

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those who are adjacent to you of the disbelievers. While the ag do and they should find FICO in you will let them harshness. We're alemu. And you should know that anila Martin Luther King that Allah is with those who are righteous.

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Over here, Allah subhanaw taala is addressing the believers. As we know that with these ayat, we're nearing the end of October.

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And from the beginning of October, various instructions have been given as to how to deal with the disbelievers how to deal with the hypocrites how to deal with the enemies of Islam. First of all, the command was given fight against them why the reasons were also explained over here, Allah subhanaw taala teaches us as to how this task should be prioritized how this work should be done, in what order should the Muslims randomly fight any enemy who comes their way? How should they fight against the enemy? The instruction is being given as to how this tasks should be prioritized.

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So it was a parameter that says that Yeah, you alladhina amanu are to fight against to alladhina yonaka Yeah, Luna is from the newsletters while lamb Yeah. And what does it mean to be close? And the way early is when two or more things come after one another, two or more things when they come right after each other, and they are of the exact same type meaning nothing that is other than them comes in between. So basically, Wiley, will I tell Wiley, all of these words from this route? What meaning do they give off of closeness of closeness? that nothing else is in between? There is nothing else that is in between.

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So and Medina Yeah, Luna CO, what does it mean? Those who are close to you. And this has been understood in two ways. First of all, those who are close to you meaning in distance, and distance when it comes to borders, the enemy that is nearest to you, that is closest to you, in geographical location, that is the enemy that you should fight first. And then think about fighting the enemy that is distant, that is more far. Do you understand? In geographical location, which enemy should you fight First, the one that is closer to you. Because only when you have dealt with that enemy, then you will be able to deal with the enemy that is far. If you leave on to the enemy that is far,

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then how will you deal with the one that is close to you. If all of your energies are going towards the enemy that is far than the one that is near is going to attack you and is going to cause you a lot of damage. So fight against that enemy which is closest to you.

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Secondly, it is said that he aluna calm gives the meaning of those who are at your level, those whom you are capable to fight. Not that there's an enemy of yours much stronger than you. You are unable to fight that enemy. But you say you're going to go fight that enemy. If you do that what's going to happen? You're going to end up harming yourself.

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So Patino Latina yo Luna communal cofell fight against that enemy minako fell from the disbelievers who are closest to you because the most threat is also from them.

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The second instruction that is being given over here is that while yeji do and that they should find who should find the enemy should find fee come in you will attend harshness. The word lilla is used for harshness, deafness, strictness in behavior, it does not mean that you should become rude and oppressive towards them, unjust and biased towards them. But what does it mean?

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That you should be firm and strict when dealing with them? get the better of you. In every situation. You should not succumb to everything that the demand from you. Stand up for yourself while you do feel

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they should find and use some kind of strictness not that they can always come and harm you and demand things from you and you're always listening to them always willing to please them compromising on your religion, compromising on justice, on the welfare of your people. No. Be firm and strict with them. Stand up for yourself. Don't become cowards before them.

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They should find some kind of strength in you, they should not have the guts to harm you while you

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were on ammo. And you should know that anila Martin Luther King that Indeed Allah is with those who are fearful of him. Those who have that Acquaviva allies with those meeting his help, his support is with such people. So as long as you have the fear of Allah, as long as you obey Allah and refrain from his prohibitions, remember that you will have the help of Allah. And the moment you abandon the core, you will be abandoned by Allah as well, you will be left to yourself as well. So in this ayah, the instruction with regards to the order of fighting against the enemy is mentioned.

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And this instruction is this command is off, a one fell away that deal with the one that is first, then the one that is next, a corrupt, a corrupt deal with the one that is closest, then deal with the one that is second closest second years to you, and so on. Because it does not make sense for a person to not deal with that which is before him, and leap on to things that are farther away from him.

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Now, this ayah does not necessarily mean that the believers are to fight the disbelievers that live near them, even though there is no battle that is required.

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So basically, this is not necessarily meaning that go and fight against them offensive battles. What this means is that when there is a need to fight, when there is a threat from the disbelievers, then who should you fight First, the one that is closest to you. And we see that this is exactly what the prophets are about.

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If you look at it, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in Medina, it wasn't just the people of Mecca, who were waging war against the prophets automatism. It was also the people of pious who had expelled him brutally. Before he migrated to Makkah, we know how we know the famous incident as to how the Prophet went to a thief and how the people they chased him out of the city. We know that incident very well. Similarly, we also know about how later on after the Treaty of Abia, what happened that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent letters to Rome and Persia, but they were not welcomed over there. And the ambassadors of the Prophet said, a lot of them were killed. Did the

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Prophet fight Rome and Persia know who he deal with first? The one that was closest and who were they, the Michigan of Mecca.

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And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he fought the idolaters First, the Meccans first and the people of five, and then so on and so forth in the Arabian Peninsula. And when Allah subhanaw taala gave him control over Mecca, Medina thought if Yemen yamamah, hedger, playbar, hadramaut, and other Arab provinces, then the profits or losses, I went on dealing with who, the Romans as well as the Persians.

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And we see that after the death of the prophets that a lot of sudden, during the caliphate of brubacher, they learn how Rome was finally conquered. And during the time of modal dinar, and who, what was conquered Persia, it wasn't just that, okay, these Romans, they are being hostile towards us, okay, let's go wage war against them. Know, if they did that, then what would happen the machine of Makkah would come and attack the Muslims, and that would be it,

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the whole matter would be finished. So in this is a very important principle is being taught to the Muslims. And this principle we can apply in everything that we do in our lives. Everything that we do in our lives, we can apply this principle that how should we prioritize our work? How do that which is first do that which is closest to you?

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And if a person applies this principle, only then he can be successful? Because in this manner, he grows gradually, the circle spreads outwards gradually, and only then he can be successful. Like for example, we learned that when doing Dawa the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was told that who should he want first? His family members, it wasn't just that go in. Invite strangers to Islam, people whom you've never spoken to people who don't know you at all, no. Intro to sharada i 214 we learn what ended our Sheila taka carabin and warn your closest Kindred

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warn the closest members of your family first. cemetery insulted NRM 92 what do we learn? Well, he turned their own Malcorra woman Hala

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omokoroa meaning the city of Mecca the mother of towns and then woman Hola. So he was to start from Makkah

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Then spread outwards.

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Similarly, when it comes to giving South Africa What do we learn? So, many times where South Africa has been mentioned, where charity has been mentioned whose help comes first

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for delivery, then the parents will be meaning when you want to spend, when you want to give generously, then who should you give first the parents, the relatives, and then so on and so forth.

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Similarly, there are many people amongst whom we live, but whose right is the most the neighbors right. And even if there are several neighbors, then whose right comes first, the one whose door is closest to you. So, this principle should be applied in everything that we do in our lives, that whatever we have to do, how should we prioritize the work deal with that which is closest deal with that which is most urgent and most important,

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you may have heard of time management tips in which they explain about divide your tasks according to urgency and importance. If something is urgent and important, do that first, isn't it? So, if something is urgent, but not important, then delay it a little bit? Because it's not that important.

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Similarly, if something is not important, not urgent, today and as much as you can, but what should you deal with first, that which is urgent and important? So, start with the closest

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then Allah subhanaw taala says why either and when ma ever eat ama, whenever, the word ma has several meanings in the Arabic language, sometimes it gives meaning of muscle that which sometimes it gives me enough a stiff hand what sometimes it gives the meaning of nothing not. So Matt has several meanings. And Matt is also used as what does it mean? Extra. So, in other words, it does not carry any, you can say specific meaning it cannot be translated, in the context, it is extra, why to give the meaning of emphasis.

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So, he there man, whenever, anytime, every time, that own zealot, it is revealed, what is revealed, so rotten,

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every time is Surah is revealed of the Quran for men home so from them from who? From the hypocrites? What do they do? There are some who mine yaku who says to to others who are like them. So there are some of them the hypocrites who say to others who are like them, that au comb which of you that to increased him hair, the he this man and in each man whose level of Eman has increased since we read the surah. It didn't increase mine. Did it increase yours? No. It's the same stuff repeated over and over again. There's nothing new. It's so boring. This is what the hypocrites would say, in mockery of the Quran.

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And this was a way in which they used to criticize what Allah subhanaw taala had revealed in order to belittle the commands of Allah. In order to belittle the revelation. What would they say was the man has gone up since we read this order and discourage one another from accepting the commands from following the commands.

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We see that in the Quran, especially this Surah Surah Toba, what is it called?

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And Felder, the one that exposed and humiliated the hypocrites. So every time some ad were revealed, what would the mannequin feel that they are being exposed? And in order to make up for that in order to hide that in some way, they would begin to belittle the Quran. They would begin to belittle the revelation. And they will say statements such as a youcam zyada to Heidi Eman.

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What does Allah say? For Amma Latina Ramadan, as for those people who have believed further that will be a man then this surah has increased them in Eman. Why? Because they already have email. And those people who don't have email, then obviously their level of demand is not going to increase. Then when everything they don't have Eman in their hearts at all, they have a model they have covered. So definitely when the Quran was revealed when another suitor was revealed, their reaction would be my Eman has not increased. Why? Because there is no Eamon, but the believers because they have email

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What happens to them when they learn something new from the Quran for that woman and it increases them even while we establish your own and they become happy, they rejoice. They're happy about what they're happy about what they have learned that now they have another thing to do another way to earn the pleasure of Allah another way to do something good while homie establish you know, they rejoice, they're very happy about it.

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So we learned from this, that the Quran, it does not necessarily benefit everyone. This does not mean that there is a problem with the Quran. What does it mean? There is a problem with who the people, for example, sugar is normally good. People like it. And if people avoid sugar all the time, it could actually make them very tired and their blood sugar level low. So what are they told, have some sugar, eat something sweet, get some energy in yourself.

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However, some people if they're given sugary food, it's going to negatively affect them. Sugar is natural sugar. Even if it's just in some kind of fruit, it's not going to suit them. Why? It's because of the illness that they have.

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Similarly, the Mona Lisa clean, they have an illness, they don't have email. So no matter what they are told, no matter what part of Oregon is informed to them, it does not increase them and good at all.

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insalata israa 82 we learned one zero minute, any man who was she fell on water hammertone For who? Lil momineen for the believers. And we sat down of the Quran that which is healing and mercy for who for the believers when A is easily mean it in the hustle, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss. Those people who do oil the Quran only increases them in loss because of their lack of Eman

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what Allah levena Fukunaga him up, but as for those people in whose hearts is a disease, what diseases this weakness of a man the disease of hypocrisy, of doubt, of unbelief of jealousy,

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those in whose hearts is a disease what happens to them further that wants to increase them richeson in filled in a reducing him to their filth

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because they're already filthy inside. Therefore, even when the Quran is poured into their hearts, what overtakes what overpowers the filth,

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warmer to and they die. We're home coffee room while they're disbelievers. So we see that those people who believe every time they learn something from the Quran, it benefits them. Every time they learn something from the Quran, they benefit from it, it draws them closer to Allah, it makes them more active in trying to obey and please Allah subhanaw taala. They want to do more, their desire to learn more increases and to do more increases.

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But on the other hand, those people who don't believe nothing helps them.

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Rather with each dose, they get worse. With each dose instead of getting better, what happens, they get worse. So it shows that the disease that they have is so vile, it is so evil, that even if good is put in their hearts, vile, this filthy disease, it overpowers that the best provision even cannot benefit.

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For example, if you have a picture, a job that is full of water, and it's clean, perfectly clean, you just filled it from the filter. The color is nice, it doesn't smell bad at all. It doesn't taste bad at all. And you have two classes. One class is cleaned out of the dishwasher. And another glass you take out of the dirty sink. And perhaps somebody had milk in it or something else in it.

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Now you pour water into those two classes. is the result going to be the same? No. In one glass of water is going to be clean in the other class. What's going to happen the color is going to change the taste is going to change the smell is going to change. Are you going to say there's something wrong with the watering the pitcher? No, it's the glass it's the container. It's about what it is that you bring forth. What is it that you have to receive the Hold on. If the heart is clean, if the heart is good, then the Quran will benefit. But if the heart is not clean, if the heart is not good, then the Quran will not benefit at all.

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Similarly, if you look at it when it rains, there are different types of lens is

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Perhaps in your garden, in your backyard, what's going to happen with the rain? Your grass is going to become even more green, your flowers are going to begin to bloom. And there is going to be beautiful fragrance everywhere. But at the same time, that same rainwater, if it falls in a garbage dump, what's going to happen? Is it going to smell good? Or is it going to smell bad?

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It's going to spread the nasty smell everywhere. So is the problem with the rain? Or is it with the land? It's with the land. It's with the container it's with the heart. So the believers they benefit from every eye of the Quran, but the hypocrites What do they think this didn't benefit me. Even this surah didn't make any change in my heart. This is nothing new. It's the same stuff being repeated over and over again. Our Your Honor, do they not see the hypocrites Do they not see don't they get it that unknown that indeed the youth ternoon they are tested they are tried feed coulier amin in every year

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um is from the roof lectures I in well me and the word is used for year. There are other words as well that are used for years arm is also one of them. So these hypocrites don't they see that every single year they are tested. They are put in difficulties. Model Athan one time, Omar watain he or two times at least once or twice every single year. They are tested. They are put in difficult situations, some malaria to boon but still they don't repent

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when our homea the current nor do they take any lesson. They don't repent. They don't change their ways. Nor do they take any lesson from what they have experienced from the fitna from the difficulty that they have gone through you have to know you have to know this from the room fighters for the new fitness.

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And what has fitted me a test a trial a difficult situation. So they are tested every single year, at least once or twice. How, in different ways. It could be a disease, it could be some financial loss, it could be a situation through which their hypocrisy was exposed. For example, we learned that when they built when they constructed the masjid of their art, what happened? Their whole plot was exposed, wasn't it? That was a fitna.

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Similarly, on the way back from the book, they said some really inappropriate things about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about the Muslims as well. But what happened?

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All of their statements they were exposed.

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Similarly, they attempted to kill the profits on Ilana center, weren't they exposed? They were.

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So Allah subhanaw taala is asking that don't they realize that every single year at least once or twice, they are put in a difficult situation, their hypocrisy is exposed their plots and plans, they're exposed. They're made to fail, they're reprimanded. But still they don't repent. They don't change their ways. They don't feel bad, nor do they take any lesson from what they have gone through.

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We see that each and every person. This is specifically about the hypocrites. However, this isn't the general sense as well, that each and every person, he goes through some big problem at least once a year,

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every single person.

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For example, a car accident, a health problem, a very serious illness, or an illness that is just never comes to an end.

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Similarly, loss of a job, fire in the house, a natural disaster, robbery vandalism, a person loses a loved one. Similarly, some financial loss of a traffic ticket rejection letter, people go through many difficulties, and at least one or two big difficulties at least once a year, every single person.

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Now this does not mean that every time a person goes through a difficult situation that means he's a hypocrite. No, this is not true for every person. The fact is that Allah subhanaw taala sends tests our ways all the time. Every moment is a test. However, there are at least one or two big tests at least once a year. Why? Why does this happen? Why does the last panel data center our wave some big test for different reasons. Firstly, in order to shake the person in order to make him realize that he

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You must do something.

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And when a person goes through a difficult situation, when a person goes through a trauma, then what happens? If there is any good in him, it comes out, it comes forth.

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For example, a person never realized he was patient, or he could handle a difficult situation that he could do with living with less. Generally, we don't think of these things at all. But when we are put in a difficult situation, then we realize, okay, I can actually do this.

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For example, recently, in our house, what happened was that there was no hot water. And because it was a long weekend, nobody becoming fixed either. Like, how is it possible? It's winter? It's extremely cold outside, and there's no hot water? How can you survive? How can you even wash your hands? How can you cook in the kitchen? How can you do anything, but then we realized that we can actually do with using less water as well. It's possible, we just handicap ourselves, we just think that oh, this is not possible at all. But when we are made to go through these difficult situations, and alasa penalty makes us realize that we can make do with less

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that we handicap ourselves, we make ourselves dependent on things and we can actually survive unless we can do that. Who said you have to have a shower for 1015 minutes, you can do it within five minutes, who said you have to take 10 minutes rebuttal you can do it within literally a minute. When you have to do it with cold water when you have limited hot water, then you realize your capability.

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So when we are made to go through a difficult situation, what happens the hell that could be within us it comes out.

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And Allah subhanaw taala makes us see what we are capable of doing.

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That how we are holding ourselves back.

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Secondly, another reason is that, to make a person realize that perhaps he has done something wrong. Perhaps this is a consequence of his own wrongdoing. And that he needs to turn to a loss of penalty. He needs to fix his habits. He needs to be careful about what he says he needs to be more grateful for the blessings that Allah soprano data has given him the basic necessities of life that we're so used to. We're so used to them, we cannot imagine life without hot water. But then when we don't have it, we realize even this is such a huge blessing. Such a huge blessing. And there's so many people in the world today who don't even get to touch hot water for days. They don't get to even see

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it for days.

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So when we are made to go through difficult situations, it makes us realize that we need to be more grateful for the blessings that Allah has given us. Perhaps we're not that grateful. Perhaps we're being ungrateful. Perhaps we have done something wrong.

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We learned in some of that, and I'm I have 42 that one or the other center either oma Min carbonica. For now whom Bill said he was the law, a law law home yet

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that certainly we sent to nations before you meaning messengers. But then when they denied what Allah subhanaw taala do we seize them with hardship with difficulty? Why? So that they would become humble, so that they will become humble before our last panel data. They would reflect on their actions. And they will think, what is it that we're doing wrong? We need to seek forgiveness, we need to turn to Allah.

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And many times it happens when everything is fine. When people don't face any problems, they are not grateful to a loss.

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And all of a sudden when they're hit by something, they realize, maybe I should make. Maybe I should pray to God. Maybe I should think about Allah as well. Maybe I should think about Quran as well. Many times that happens with people, that when they're hit by something, then they think of praying, then they think of reciting the Quran, then they think of making some door to a mosque.

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So Allah makes us go through difficulties so that we become humble. Over here, less primatologist says about the hypocrites, that no matter what kind of difficult situation they go through, they don't take a lesson. They don't repent at all. They don't change.

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Do we need to check ourselves over here? When we go through a difficult situation in our lives a big test? What is our behavior? What is our reaction? Do become indifferent? Do we become heatless? Or do we reflect on our ways? on our actions? Do we begin to seek forgiveness from Allah subhanaw taala? Do we become more grateful for what we have? Or do we constantly complain?

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There's a hadith that is reported in a Buddhahood in which it has been narrated that when a hypocrite when a monastic when he becomes ill, and then he is cured.

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So he was ill and then he is cured. He is like a camel, which has been tethered, which has been tied and let loose by its owners and does not know why they tethered it, why they tie that camel and why they let it loose. The hypocrite does not reflect on his life, on the events of his life. He does not take a lesson. He does not realize why he was made to go through a difficult situation. And why he was taken out of it just like a camel, who does not use reason who does not have any idea as to why he was tied up. And why he was released. No idea.

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So the true believer, no matter what happens in his life, he reflects upon it. And he takes a lesson from it.

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What he then and whenever unzila it was revealed. So rotten a soda

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whenever a sorta is revealed. What happened to the hypocrites again? What do they do? Nevada, he looks vulnerable home, some of them in Berlin to others. They exchange glances, they look at one another? And what do they communicate through their eyes? That highly recommend a hadn't? Is anyone looking at you? Can anyone see you? Hello, can you rock him? He sees human? I hadn't anyone? Can anyone see you?

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if nobody's seeing if nobody's looking at us, then let's get up and go. Let's escape. Nobody will notice someone sort of, then they go away. Sort of Allahu kuruva whom may Allah turn their hearts be unknown como life cohoon because there are people who do not understand

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this it has been understood in two ways. First of all, that what he them zerah tsuruta whenever a surah is revealed, a surah in which is the mention of hypocrites, of what they have done of their plots being exposed. There, Felicia, what happens? Because the men African, even they would come to the gatherings of the prophets on a lot of Sunday because they had to show they were believers. So just imagine those have are sitting through an African or sitting them an African what would they do? They would look at one another. Now a lot of arguing, elaborating, they would exchange glances, and they would signal highly or acumen

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was anyone looking at you? Meaning when you said such and such when you did such and such? Did anyone see you that now they have come and told the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and now he is reciting it at about us? In other words, who told him that we said this? Who told him we did this? Did you? Did they? Who told him and this happens many times, happens many times because the Quran talks to each and every one of us. And sometimes it happens that perhaps somebody told the teacher as to what happened with me and now she's talking about me indirectly. And look at these people. They're so dishonest they go and tell about everything. But the fact is that the Quran is about everyone. Allah

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subhanaw taala addresses each and every single one of us. So then when African What are they concerned about? Who saw you? who heard you? Who told him that we said this? We did this? Highly recommend someone sorrowful? Then they turn away without taking any lesson.

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They turn away without taking any lesson. The data revealed, they are being addressed. What they have done is being discussed. They're being taught a lesson. But instead of taking lesson, they just get stuck on who told the profits.

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How come he found out? They don't take a lesson they go away? What does Allah say? Their hearts have been turned. They don't take a lesson at all. They don't understand at all.

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Another way of understanding this ayah is that whenever a Sula is revealed, and in that surah there is a command which they dislike. For example, in the context of the monastic the next time the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, a command to spend in the way of Allah or a command to go out in the way of Allah for jihad, a command which the dislike a command which they did not want to observe, they would look at one another. They would exchange glances of fear of denial of rage, of hatred, of aversion, that Oh, can you imagine Would you believe it? They just stare at one another, out of desperation, out of shock that now even this we have to do, even this we have to follow none of our

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boom in about they look at one another. They exchanged glances of denial of detestation of mockery over what is in the verses.

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And then they look at one another, communicating that hellyer argument. Can anyone see you can anyone see

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Right now, okay, nobody's looking, let's get up and leave.

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So if nobody's looking at them, they immediately leave some months or have, then they get up and they leave, they depart from the profits or a lot of systems gathering, having no interest in what is being taught in what has been stated in the Quran, they have no interest at all. They want to escape, and they just want to make sure that nobody's looking at them. They forget that a loss of genitalia is the seat he is watching. He is looking. They're only concerned about the eyes of people. Because a hypocrite in reality is afraid of

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people. He wants to please people. And he is afraid of people because he's a people conscious person.

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Hi, Leo, welcome. And I had someone sort of sort of along Kubo Allah subhanaw taala says that he has turned their hearts away from guidance and belief. Because they have no interest, they don't even try to understand

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when they have to interest, Allah subhanaw taala is not going to force it upon them

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be unknown como ly of kahun because there are people who do not understand.

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Now generally, people communicate with their eyes with their glances. When something is mentioned, that is common between two people,

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isn't it so

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when something is mentioned, that is common between them. So immediately they look at one another and just with the look, they exchange an entire conversation. If it's about something good, it is okay. But if it's about something that is bad, or inappropriate way that is not permissible. That is not permissible. Especially in a gathering of where the Quran is being learned where the Hadith of the Prophet sort of autism is being learned. In that measure is especially it is not correct, that people are communicating with one another, whether in writing by passing notes, or by text messaging, or by nudging one another, or by looking at each other. This is not correct. Because the

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gathering in which the Quran is being learned, in which the Hadith of the Prophet SAW a lot of sin has been learned, that gathering is a sacred gathering, and it should be respected. Because if a person does not respect, then he will not be able to receive if we don't give other then we will not be able to gain anything. So it is part of observing proper etiquette, that when we are in the modulus, where the Quran is being heard, then we must refrain from communicating with one another unnecessarily

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actually will listen to the recitation of these if and will continue.

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Boom.

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So one thing that we learned from this last time that we learned was that of the etiquettes of sitting in a gathering of knowledge that we must not communicate with one another unnecessarily and we should focus on what is being discussed what is being taught. Similarly, if you look at it, someone sort of, then they get up and they leave, they depart.

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This is also not appropriate that a person leaves the gathering in the middle for a reason that is not that important for a reason that is not that necessary. For example, if a person really needs to go get up and go urgently to the washroom, that's okay, that's a different case.

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Similarly, if there is a mother whose child is crying, that is also different case, who needs to go attend to her child, that's another case. However, just unnecessarily I'm getting bored, let me just go see what's happening outside. This is not appropriate. This is not correct. Because we learned later on in the Quran, that the gist of the is that it is not proper. When the prophet SAW the lord of Solomon, the believers they are involved in an undone January, when they are together working on a collective matter. When everybody's doing something collectively, then it is not proper that a person just gets up and leaves because if he does that, he is going to miss out himself First of

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all, and secondly, he is also going to cause distraction for the other people. Similarly, when we're talking with one another, we are going to miss out on what is being taught and at the same time we're going to cause distraction for other people.

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So, these two things we must become careful about now inshallah. Now that we know the etiquette that no unnecessary communication and no leaving the class unnecessarily either okay.

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Because once we have learned, then what should we do we should try to implement.

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If you look at the first slide that we learned in which the profit or loss and other believers are commanded, yeah, you will Edina amanu that fight against who the enemy that is closest to you, and also they should find a new harshness. And at the end, who is mentioned with the cane, so we see that the court does not just mean that a person should be lenient and soft in every situation towards everyone, no matter what they have done. What does it mean? That where there is a need to be strict and firm, a person is firm and strict for the sake of ooh for the sake of a loss

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because he is more fearful of a lot than he is fearful of people.