Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
At-Taubah 64-74 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 64-65
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Rosa Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim lesson number 107 surah Toba number 64 to 74
Yes Not all mon Africa tuna and tuna Zilla la him soon to not be open beam a few colluding him
the hypocrites are apprehensive they're worried
last is sola be revealed about them informing them of what is in their hearts. All I say to them, is that Zoo mark as you wish in the LA region methadone, indeed a lot will expose that which you fear.
You worry that what is in your heart will be exposed. Yes, a lot will definitely expose it.
Yellow mana, Hakuna, the hypocrites are apprehensive. The word yellow is from the roof letters have their head. What is hidden mean to fear. But it is such fear that makes a person cautious. That makes a person alert on his guard that he's very careful. He's always listening. He's always checking. He's always making sure
yes, that when when Africa when the hypocrites are fearful, they're cautious. They're very apprehensive about the future, about their hypocrisy being exposed. And despite this fear, they still persist in their hypocrisy. They still persist in their wrong actions.
Generally, when a person is fearful, what should that fear lead him to
reform. If he's doing something wrong, he should stop it
isn't until if he's not doing something he should do it. Like if a person is very concerned about his health.
For example, if in a particular family, many people are diabetic, and the children are told you Be very careful, if you're not careful, you might get the same disease you might also become diabetic. So if a person is always saying, you know my family, a lot of people are diabetic, I should be careful. But still he's having things that are unhealthy for him. Is that fear useful at all?
It's not useful. What good is that cautiousness that alertness if it doesn't make a difference in a person?
Yes, little Mona Fiona. They're very fearful and to know
that it will be revealed upon them upon who
them has been understood as the believers,
meaning through the prophets are loaded.
In other words, that a surah will be revealed. Some ayat will be revealed to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the believers
and to Hazara him so rotten.
Secondly, they said that I lay him him refers to the hypocrites, and then I lay him gives the meaning of about them.
They fear that his slow will be revealed about them, describing them so rotten, a surah tuna bill home that informs them that informs the believers be Matthew Kuru became of what is actually in their hearts.
What was in their hearts
nifa, hypocrisy, Cofer shack, doubt. And on their appearance, what were they showing? Even, which is why they would go to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and swear they would go to the believers and swear in order to please them in order to satisfy them. But at the same time, they were always very fearful that watch if Allah subhanaw taala revealed something about us.
Allah says, Allah say to them, instantly you go ahead and mark, what is his desire, his desire to market someone? But what kind of mockery is this? It is to market someone to laugh at someone
on something that they have done, which you find colorful,
which you find,
you know, senseless, that does not make any sense. So if a person does something which does not make any sense to you, what does this desert mean, to start laughing at them? To start making fun of them? Isn't it that everybody interpret situations differently? Something could make sense to you. And something could not make sense to you. But at the same time, it could make sense to other people,
isn't it because everybody interprets situations interpret things differently according to their intellect. Everybody has a different perception a different view.
So let's go ahead and mark, go ahead. Over here, the hypocrite
They're not being commanded. They're not being given permission. This is like a warning, this is like a threat. Keep walking, keep walking mark and whatever you wish, whether it is at the recitation of the Sahaba or it is their sacrifices, or it is their obedience to the messenger sallallahu sallam, go ahead mark in Allaha Indeed Allah morphogen he is one who brings out Matta Haroon, what you fear mockridge is from the roof letters, Carpe Diem Harada. What is courage me to come out, but more fridge is one who brings out one who exposes that which is hidden.
So whatever you are hiding in your hearts, a loss of penetrated is going to expose it. And you fear that it will be exposed, know that Allah will expose it.
The hypocrisy of the hypocrite is exposed. Whenever a person concealed in his heart, eventually, it is exposed.
So what do we learn from this is that the hypocrites are very fearful. Why? Because a person who is guilty of an offense that he has committed, he is always worried that his crime will be discovered his crime will come to light, people will find out he will get caught?
Isn't it when a person has done something wrong, he's always worried.
So the one who is guilty of a crime, he is always fearful. He is always scared that what if I get caught? What if it is known that I am the one who did this? Or that I have done this wrong thing.
And because of this, he is always afraid of people. He's always afraid of me.
And to make sure that he is believed in what does he do? He swears a lot. And he tries to reassure people of his honesty of his innocence again and again.
Which is why we see that the hypocrites will go again and again swearing to the messenger, the believers in America, whereas in reality, they were not believers.
The hypocrites what crimes would they commit in their private gatherings, they would mock at the Prophet subtle Audacity. And they would also mock at the believers, they would hurt him on his face. But at the same time, they would also walk behind his back. And at the same time, they were worried that the profit would be informed about it. And they knew that he was a messenger.
Because if you look at it, they were fearful that something would be revealed to him. What is the truth?
Is it that they didn't know he was a messenger? They knew he was a messenger. Was it that they didn't believe that he was a messenger? Yes, they accepted that he was a messenger. However, knowing and acknowledging something is not enough.
Similarly, they were fearful, they were worried. Again, fear alone is not enough. Love alone is not enough. Knowledge alone is not enough. It believes, does he not know that Allah is a Holic? That Allah is the only one who is worthy of worship? Of course he does. But does he worship? No. Does he obey No. seminary the hypocrites they knew as well they acknowledged as well, but their knowledge their fear, did not drive them to proper action.
So when it is like this, that knowledge does not take a person to action. Fear does not motivate a person to right action, that fear that knowledge are useless. Because sometimes it happens. We are sitting in the class we listen to the Quran or sometimes we listen to the Quran ourselves. And for some time, we feel very fearful. If you're very scared, that what if I'm like this, I should have ushered in my Salah. We made promises we feel a lot. But when it comes to action, we fail over there.
Why? Because knowledge alone is not enough. You have to put it to action. If you don't put it to action, that knowledge is useless.
So Allah soprano Dada says to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that you tell them
you tell them that is the zoo, keep marking continue in your sin, Allah will expose your crimes.
If you notice in the previous ayat as well, the hypocrites are not directly addressed by our last parameter.
what has been said over and over again. Cool. You tell them lm yamu Do they not know it's not Do you not know
What does it show?
What does it show the one Allah does not even directly address them? He does not even direct an ayah tourism, but rather he tells the Prophet sort of artisan to tell them, what does it show
his anger, how he disapproves of their actions,
that he does not even talk to them directly.
So what is that, that their crimes, their sins will definitely be exposed. And this is the reality that the person who is guilty, his offense does not remain hidden.
His offense, his crime does not remain unknown for long, he may be able to hide it, he may be able to conceal it
for some days, maybe even for some years, maybe even for a few decades. However, it cannot remain hidden forever,
along with expose it in the dunya. And if he does not expose it in the dunya, in the Hereafter, it will definitely be exposed yoma tubular saw the surah at the secrets, when they will be examined, when they will be brought out and they will be examined.
So anything that we do, and we try to hide it from people, we try to hide it from those who are around us, we should remember that it will be exposed.
The Day of Judgment I wish I had a woman should the Day of Judgment, all of the deeds will be displayed. And they will be observed not just by us but even other people.
So if we're embarrassed to commit those deeds before people, why don't we remember that on the Day of Judgment, they will be exposed.
I mentioned to you at the beginning of the surah that the surah is called alfalfa. What does it mean alfalfa?
Why one that humiliates feldhahn particular is one that humiliates and cash effect is one that exposes.
So this surah is called father her Why? Because in it, the crimes of the hypocrites are exposed.
They were fearful that their crimes will get exposed. What does Allah say? Go ahead, do whatever you want to do, don't change your ways. If you want to go ahead, however, remember that whatever you're doing is going to be exposed.
Now these if they were revealed, in particular, on return from the expedition, to the book,
when were they revealed
and returned from them on the return journey? And after that,
we didn't really learn about the actual Battle of the book. We learned about how the Muslims left why they had to leave. But what happened over there in particular, does anyone know what kind of a battle was it?
There was no doubt
the Muslims went over there. They bought the book. And the Romans, they had changed their mind
and the left.
They didn't stay there anymore. But this left a great impact on
on the Romans as well as the rest of the people that the Muslims are prepared to fight against external enemies as well.
they go for a journey that is 500 plus kilometers. And that journey is extremely difficult. There's drought, lack of resources. And as I mentioned to you lack of food that people were eating leaves
the army of the Muslims, it is known as j shell or
the J. The army which underwent a lot of difficulty. They had to cut open their camels to get water out of their stomach so that they could drink that in order to survive.
This is how difficult that journey was. And they go all the way and they find out nowhere.
Just imagine you prepare so much for something you have spent so much money that Muslims have contributed so much of their wealth. A robot can only learn who brought everything and you find out that whatever you spend your time doing, you're not doing it anymore, the whole plan is canceled. Now a person who has done everything for the sake of a loss of penalties content, why? Because he knows he was rewarded for everything in Sharla because he has done everything for the sake of Allah, whether or not he was able to accomplish the task. But the hypocrite What is he gonna think the one who is not doing it for the sake of Allah, He is going to think that it was a total waste of his
efforts. a total waste of his time of his energy of his money.
Now definitely the hypocrites were furious. And to the book, it wasn't just a sincere Muslims who had gone, who else went with them, even those believers who were reluctant initially, as well as some hypocrite
Abdullah bin obey, he went,
I believe will obey he went, why?
Why did the hypocrites go to show their honesty, to show their piety to show their dedication.
But obviously, they were extremely frustrated. Because the journey was long, they had spent so much money, they had spent so much time. And at the end, nothing was accomplished, according to them.
But someone who goes for the sake of Allah, he knows that every step was worth it. Now just imagine 30,000 people are traveling together, and other coming back home 30,000 people, would they all be traveling together in rows in lines? No, not possible, especially when you're riding on camels. Just as when people go for Hajj, all of the people are performing hajj together, isn't it? So? But the people are divided into groups and groups are also divided into subgroups? Correct? For example, if you go with your group for Hajj, do you stay with all the people all the time? No. For example, for some time, you will only be with your family for some time your family and another family will be
So similarly, this army as well, was divided into groups and many subgroups.
But who stays together, people who are like minded
people who are of the same background, they have the same interests. They have the same habits they know each other from before. They are friends from before such people stay together.
Similarly, those people who were sincere in their email, they stayed with who the profit sort of officer, they sit close to him, they remained with the righteous people.
But on the other hand, they were the hypocrites who they hang out with, who they stay with those who like them.
Those who are like them. And when people are with like minded people, what do they do?
Whatever, as a group they enjoy doing. So the righteous believers, while they will be engaged in something much more useful, much more beneficial. The hypocrites when they would be together, they would sit together, they would make fun of the profits or the loss of some of the believers. Sometimes they would talk negatively. Sometimes they would go amongst the believers and spread negativity amongst them. They would mark at the efforts of the Muslims at the sacrifices of the Muslims. And they mock them before the battle on the journey, as well as on the way back with regard to their contributions with regard to their efforts. For instance, we learned that before the
Muslims that for double, a believer, he worked all night at a well that was owned by a Jewish man. All night he worked there, and he earned only a handful of dates, and he brought them to the province out of office. What are the hypocrites say that these people are going to conquer the fortresses of Rome with a handful of dates. they mocked the believers.
They spared Not a single incident, not a single moment. They always marketed videos.
We learned of delivering on what he said during the Battle of the book. And then was sitting in a gathering. And he said, I have never seen like these reciters of ours.
We need these people who recite the Quran, because you can imagine 30,000 people traveling together, obviously, among them. There were people who were reciting the Quran a lot. You know, when you're traveling together, some people are reading books, some people are listening to something some people are watching something some people are reciting the Quran.
So they began walking at them. And they said, I have never seen like these reciters of ours. They have the hungriest stomachs. They eat so much food, look at them the most line tongues and are the most cowardice in battle. They're extremely coward in battle.
This is how they made fun of the believers. A man was sitting over there as well in that gathering, he got up and he said you are lying and you are a hypocrite and I will surely inform the Messenger of Allah. I'm definitely going to tell you
that this is what you said.
Now this hypocrite man who had uttered such a statement, he was worried he was concerned that what if the prophets are allowed is that um gets to know about this. And whenever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was informed of something like this, he would always inquire Did you say this? And if you said this, why did you say this? And many times of hypocrites, what would they say? They would lie or they would present lame excuses.
We were only having fun. We were only having a discussion. We were just, you know, trying to pass the time with some dogs.
So they were worried that we can lie. However, what if a law reveals concerning us? What if Allah exposes us? However, despite his fear, they would not change their actions, they would not feel bad, they would not seek forgiveness, they would not apologize. This is a characteristic of hypocrisy,
that a person sees his error. He sees his mistake, but he does not change himself. He does not apologize. He does not accept his mistake.
This is a characteristic of hypocrisy.
Allah subhanaw taala says, instead of Mohammed ayah, 29 and 30 that unpassable Medina, few Kuru Biggie Martin and les have read Allahu uponor. Who
do those people in whose hearts is a disease, do they think that Allah would never expose their feelings of hatred, so that Muhammad is 29 and 30.
So Allah subhanaw taala says they do they think that the hatred that they have against the Muslims, it will never be exposed. The hatred they have against Allah against the messenger, it will never be exposed, it will be exposed willona Chateau de la NACA home further out of the home vizima home one attorney for now, Humphrey, Lionel Cole, will know who you are.
And if we will, we could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark. But you will surely know them by the tone of their speech. And Allah knows your deeds. Allah knows your deeds.
So what do we learn that a person who has done something wrong? Who has committed a crime, who is envious of others, who is jealous of others, who hold grudges against them? It will be exposed.
Whatever is in his heart, it eventually comes out how sometimes by the person's words, sometimes by his behavior,
a person can say oh, I really appreciate their actions, but one statement of Riba will do it. One look, we'll do it. One way of behaving with the other will show how this person feels about him or her.
So whatever we keep in our hearts, remember that it will be exposed, we cannot hide it. Even our best will did I know he said that. I'm also penalty informed the Prophet subtle notices and 70 names of the hypocrites 70 of them.
They were informed how by their names.
The prophet SAW them Watson was informed about them by their names.
And these names were actually mentioned in the Quran. They were a part of the Quran initially.
But because the children of some of these people were sincere believers, like for example, are delighted and obey his own son was a sincere believer of law abrogated those names from the Quran.
So that it is not a source of embarrassment for the children.
It would not be a source of embarrassment for them, only one person is mentioned who
Buddha was mentioned by name.
Other people are not mentioned by name.
hypocrites. They were mentioned my name initially, but Allah abrogated their names. Why? Because it would be a source of embarrassment for their children, and the province or the Law Center. He did not even disclose these names to everyone either. He only informed him to Who
are they even, you know, the secret keeper of the profit sort of organism.
So what's the main lesson in this ayah for us?
Two main lessons, that whatever we do, eventually it will come out. We can hide, we can lie, we can present excuses, we can cover, we can pretend nothing happened, but eventually it will come out.
Secondly, knowledge and fear are not enough alone. They must drive a person to action.
A person can know a lot. The person can fear a lot, but if it doesn't change him, then it's useless.
Wanna insult the home? And if you ask them layer only in America Nana, Nana,
if you ask them, the hypocrites that did you say a statement like this? And if you did, why did you say like that? Why did you speak about the believers in this way? If you ask them lay okolona surely they will definitely say they will offer excuses. That
one. We were only conversing and playing. We were only chatting. We were only having some fun. That's why we said something like that.
We didn't really mean it. You're only joking. Don't take it seriously.
You know, sometimes people, they want to say something valuable. Please don't mind however.
I mean, you're saying something so offensive at the same time you don't mind. Why not, of course the other person is going to mind.
So this is what they said, we were only talking. We were only chatting. We were only conversing. And we were having some fun. The Huddle is under fetters, Harwell bought hold, and how literally means to enter into water to dive into water to plunge into water.
And when a person enters into water, for example, into a swimming pool, is he going to stay in one place in one corner? Only if he's afraid, right. But generally, people like to go all around the pool,
every corner, every part.
And once they're in, they don't want to come out.
So this is what hold is that a person enters into a conversation. He delves into a conversation and one topic leads to another topic which leads to another topic, which leads to another one.
A person starts from talking about how their mother is doing and they end up talking about where they bought their shoes from.
So one thing after the other
and this type of conversation, sometimes this is completely useless, it is purposeless, there is no reason there is no justification for talking like that. There is no purpose rather for talking about those things.
Or for talking in this man.
For talking for this long, there is no purpose.
Like for example, a person is talking to their friend on the phone. One thing leads to another leads to another and you realize you've been talking to that person for over an hour.
for over an hour What were you talking about?
useless things. One thing led to the other and there was an entire hour of your life gone. So this is what they would say that we were only talking Why are they talking to pass the time? Because the journey was long. The journey was stuff instead of spending time reciting the Quran, doing the like the rest of the believers were doing what were these people doing? Talking and gossiping.
On the journey, the believers what were they doing reciting the Quran? The hypocrites they felt guilty they knew they should be also doing something like that. Instead of reciting the Quran. What did they do? They began mocking out the believers. Look at these reciters of ours. Look at how they're reciting the Quran. Look how hungry people these are, how greedy these people are. In America Nana holdo we were just seeking entertainment to pass time we were just talking. We were just chatting. When hon and we were playing we were just having some fun because the journey is so difficult without let's just have some fun.
In America, the hobo when Allah
say to them, or BelAir he, is it that with Allah, what is he and his versus what are solely he and his messenger content as does he Own your marketing? Meaning? Could you not find anything else to have fun with?
Could you not find anything else to talk about? Could you not find anything else to laugh at? All you found was Allah His Messenger and his act? This is what you were mocking it.
Paul Avila he was a it was a Sunni quantum test, as you
know, when the hypocrites when they would market the prophets, Allah lorrison at the believers, that people would come and inform the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about what the hypocrites were talking about. They will always come and tell him
just as when people are talking about something, like for example, children, if they're talking about something, one of the siblings goes up to the parents and tells them, you know, this is what she was saying this is what he was saying. Right? So the Sahaba, they would also go to him and inform him, by the way is this lever or is this wrong?
It's not wrong, why
we learned that gatherings are in Atlanta. Is this piano that they're going and telling the Prophet about what the people were talking about? How is it not Fianna? Because the purpose of informing is Islam.
And you notice the believers are not talking about this amongst themselves. Who are they going to directly to the prophets on the bottom and this is what we should do as well. That if somebody is talking about something that is inappropriate, instead of discussing amongst themselves, you know, she said that and how bad this is not a good thing that was talking about
And she shouldn't have spoken in this way, instead of talking amongst ourselves, what should we do? We should go to the person who can actually do something about
because then it will be for Islam. And if we're just talking amongst ourselves, then that's not for the purpose of Islam. That's just for the purpose of satisfying yourself. So when they would go and tell the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he would always inquire, did you say this? And if you did, why? What would the response be?
That they would not give a straight answer. They would not speak the truth, what would they do? They will present excuses. And they will try to prove their innocence. Again, instead of accepting their mistake, they would justify their wrongs.
Instead of accepting their mistake, what would they do? justify their work?
And over here, two excuses are mentioned. What are they? First of all, we were only talking. We were only chatting.
There is nothing wrong with talking. There's nothing wrong with talking to your friends, talking to your family members. As long as conversations are meaningful, they're purposeful. They're beneficial.
What do we learn from the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that whoever believes in a line the last day, then either he should speak that which is good, or he should remain silent? Why? Because every word we utter, it is being recorded.
And we might be questioned about it. What if Allah asks us what every word that we have said, Why did you say this? What was the reason? What was the objective? What was the purpose?
We can be questioned about it. And our words as well, we learned earlier in sort of paragraph one was new Yeoman. He didn't help. That even words statements, they will be weighed in the museum. They will be weighed
when someone said something incorrect, with regards to another,
and what is the profit sort of all of a sudden say that the statement that you have said, if it's mixed in the ocean, it would make the entire ocean better.
This is how terrible a statement you have uttered.
So there is nothing wrong with talking. As long as what we're talking about is useful. It is purposeful, and it is not sinful.
But remember, that when people talk too much,
when we talk too much, then there is a high probability of saying something that is inappropriate, that is incorrect.
Many times it happens.
That we're just talking, talking, talking, and all of a sudden we do rebirth and we're slandering someone and we're uttering something that is completely false. Why? Because we're talking too much.
Silence, or remaining silent, or talking only that which is purposeful, is much better,
instead of talking just for the sake of talking.
And sometimes if we look at the conversations that people have, what are they about?
What are they about this, analyze the conversations that we have with our friends with our family members, she said this, she said that she did that. She went there, he did that. It's about other people. Or it's about politics, or it's about things stuff.
And which of these things or people are relevant to us, none of them.
The Sahaba, the prophet sort of all the sudden, they would never sit and just discuss politics. They will never do that wasting their time. Whenever they would talk whenever they would discuss, it would be about something that was beneficial. They would plan to take action, not just doc and comment on what people were doing.
So we have to be careful about our conversations about what we talked about. Because sometimes it could prove very dangerous for us.
The second excuse at the present is that we were only having fun. Again, there is nothing wrong with having some fun.
There is nothing wrong with that, as long as it is halal. And it is done within limits. Not that a person is spending an entire day just having fun.
Or one joke after the other laughing for hours, or watching comedy for over an hour.
Instead of that only we learned that fullfilled her group Colleen and Walia buku Catherine, they should laugh less and they should cry more. How about watching comedies to laugh and laugh for hours? Whereas Allah says funnier Turku, Candyland when the group kathira there is nothing wrong in having some fun, the profit sort of artisan would also have fun. They will also have jokes that will alter smile and laugh. However, it was within limits, and it would not be done through sinful ways.
Through her own ways through unlawful ways.
And one important rule that we learned over here is that jokes cannot be made about Allah, His Messenger and his if
you can joke about other things, but you can not joke about Allah His Messenger and this is
what does it include? His commands the commands that Allah has given.
Similarly mocking at the messenger, what does that include? mocking at his son, for example, people making fun of the beard, people making fun of the way somebody has rolled up their pants, or the fact their ankles are showing. It's a subject of mockery today. This does not suit a believer, would a person mocking his own mother,
if you see someone mocking at their own mother, their own father, their own children or themselves? What do you think of that person? He does not have any self respect. He does not have any self respect. Then if we cannot tolerate somebody mocking our mother, or the fact that somebody is mocking their own mother, how can we tolerate a lot His Messenger and his ad remarked I'm
a true believer can never tolerate such a thing. What do we learn from the Hadees that lie You know, hadoken Hatter akula a hug de la Manuela de well when he when nasty engineering. None of you can be a true believer until I mean, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam becomes more Beloved, compared to his own children, and his parents, and all the rest of you.
If we cannot tolerate somebody mocking and our mother, making fun of our Mother, how can we tolerate somebody mocking at the property?
If somebody says something negative about your mother and spreads it, how would you feel?
How would you feel? Honestly, if somebody says something negative about your mother, and spreads it, how would you feel?
How would you feel you want to take revenge? You want to do something those people who dare to speak against your parents who dare to speak against your children, if children are given a false or an incorrect report card, how offended parents get, they will go to school, and they will shout at the teachers. They will create a chaos over there. Because they don't want their children to be disrespected, to be treated with injustice, then how can we tolerate this for Allah, our Harlock? How can we tolerate this for our soul?
The one who guided us, the one who showed us away the one who taught us how can we tolerate this for the ayatollah we cannot if we really have a man