Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 07 – L076I
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 5.09MB
Al-Maidah 94-108 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 106
Rosa Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman Al Rahim
lesson number 76 saltalamacchia will begin from Isaiah 106.
Yeah, you have levina Avenue. All you who have believed Shahada to buy a nickel either however I had a Kumamoto testimony should be taken among you, when death approaches one of you hand was the Yeti at the time of request
towards the end of the solar alasa panel data guides us with regards to what should be done at the time of death. Because in this role, we have learned about many commands pertaining to life, eating, drinking, what is halal, what is not halal, marriage. Similarly, punishments, we have learned about many commands with regards to life.
Now, over here, we are being told about a particular instruction with regards to a person who is near death, meaning a person who is about today, that what should you do?
Every person who was born, eventually he is going to die, and why that person is alive, he makes money, he has some belongings, at least he earns money, he has some assets. Even if he's not very wealthy, he still has something or the other.
And when he dies, who does that property go to? No matter how little it is, it goes to the heirs, the family, the heirs, and these errors, Allah subhanaw taala has fixed as we have learned about them and sort of
a person does not have a choice with regards to selecting his heirs, except with regards to one third of his property, which he can will do someone if he wishes, and that someone has to be a non heir.
And remember that this time is going to come upon each and every one of us. And we should be concerned about the possessions that we have
that whose health is it? who deserves this? And will they be able to figure it out after I'm gone?
That if my money is scattered everywhere, if my belongings are scattered everywhere,
if my belongings are mixed with other people's belongings, and they cannot differentiate between what is mine, and what is somebody else's, then what's going to happen to my heirs after me,
am I leaving my property for them in a way that they can manage it easily they can distribute it easily? Or am I leaving it in a manner that they're going to find it very confusing, very difficult for them to deal with.
So it is the responsibility of every single person, that he must leave his wealth in a way that the heirs, they find it easy to deal with it. They find it easy to distribute it.
And we should be concerned about everything that we have, that when I'm gone, what's going to happen to this is going to be a burden on my ears, that they will have to deal with my mess, they will have to deal with all the mess that I'm leaving behind? Or is it going to be something that's going to benefit them?
If we're living in an extremely unorganized manner, then what's going to happen to our errors behind us. If we cannot even tell between our stuff if we cannot even deal with our stuff? How are our ears meant to deal with them. So it is our responsibility that we should live in a way that our property, our belongings are well managed. So that when we die, those people who are taking that, well, life does not become difficult for them. We leave it to them. We leave our wealth to them in a way that it becomes a means of benefit for them.
So over here last point I mentioned that Yeah, you have Medina Ave. Or you have believed Shahada to be nickel.
Testimony between you.
Meaning Leah's head, Shahada testimony should be taken among you. Testimony should be taken among you.
testimony by who? by two people, which two people that will be mentioned later on in the eye.
But when are they supposed to take the Shahada
either at the time when,
however, I had a Kumamoto when one of you is approached by death, however, from the Veterans Health Law, and what does it mean to be present somewhere to attend.
So when death attends one of you,
literally, this is what it means when death attends one of you.
Meaning when one of you is approached by that,
in the sense that the signs of death become obvious and apparent
And realizes that he is going to die very soon, he has only a few days left a few hours that he's extremely sick, and he knows that he is going to die very soon.
So at that time, Shahada should be taken Hina at the time of alwasy. Yeti the request,
what is we'll see you
will see Yeah, is the wheel that a person makes.
Remember that was the A refers to, first of all the one third of the maximum one third of one's estate that a person wishes do, we'll do a non air
because the shares of inheritance are fixed. But let's say a person wishes that one third of this property should be given to a particular machine, or should be given to a friend of his.
So what's the air refers to the will.
Secondly, we'll see also refers to the instructions that a person gives with regards to his property with regards to his family with regards to his children.
So for example, there is a person who is about to die, and he has money with him, or his money is in a particular bank account.
So let's say he says to his friend who is by him, that my bank account, you can access it, for example, my debit card, the code is this, for example, you can access my money with this code, okay, for instance. So this is what an instruction or the key to my locker is there.
So for example, he says that, why this is an important instruction with regards to how that money should be given to the IRS.
So this is one example of what we'll see is
another example of we'll see it could be, for instance, a person says that this is my wallet, I'm about to die, please give this to my wife. It has all my cards, it has everything, please give this to my wife.
Another example, here could be that a person says, Please give one third of my property to the machine.
This is another example of We'll see.
So if a person is making a sale yet, at the time of death, meaning he doesn't have a written will, he's making, they will see at the time of death. That game all of a sudden, he didn't expect that he was going to die. And all of a sudden, he realizes that I have my money with me. Nobody knows about my bank account, nobody has access to my locker, what's going to happen to all of that. So, what does he do, he makes a will, so yet at the time of death.
So at that time, witness should be taken, testimony should be taken there should be people who are observing this.
How many people should testify to this was the year is nanny duman
is nine is two.
So two men are going to bear witness at that time to watch to the overseer of the dying person. And these two people should be aware ideally,
there should be two people who are possessors of other and they should be from among you.
There are other as we learned yesterday, it refers to a person who has his diploma in his deep, meaning v performs a follow it, he stays away from the cupboard, and he doesn't persist on the sofa.
And it also refers to a person who has a comma in his good dealings with other people.
So these two men are going to be two people who have justice and there should be men among you, what do you mean by that? They should be Muslims, they should be believers. Because the eye begins with you are you are Latina, amanu believers are being addressed. So income means they should be among you, meaning they should be of the believers.
Now remember, in an ideal situation, you're going to have two witnesses. But let's say if a person is on a boat with just one more men. So in that case, how can you get two people to witness he cannot. So in an ideal situation, there are going to be two However, if a person is in a situation where you can only find one person, then that one person is also sufficient. That one person is also sufficient.
Now these two people, what are they going to testify to?
First of all, it is said that they're going to be the worst. While Satya,
who is the worst he was he is the one who is entrusted with the Wesley.
Wesley is the one who is entrusted with the Wesley.
Meaning he is given the responsibility of carrying out the overseer.
For example, a person says to two of his friends who are with him that make sure you tell my wife such and such make sure you tell my children such and such. Make sure you give my wallet to them, make sure you tell them that my keys are there.
This is what that he is telling someone
To execute to carry out his will,
So two people are going to be given this responsibility.
Secondly, it is said that these two people, what they're required to do is that they're going to bear witness on the wasI
these two people, they are required to bear witness testify on who they will see. So, basically, you have three people, one is the one who has been given the responsibility to carry out the overseer.
Now, on top of that person, you are making two people witness why to make sure that they will see is carried out accurately. Understand,
like, for example, one person is given two keys, one person is given the wallet. Now, he calls two people, bear witness, I've given my wallet to him, and my wallet has this, this this in it? And these are my keys to make sure he gives them. So do people are going to bear witness to that? You understand?
So, it's nine refers to either the two men who are going to be given the responsibility to carry out there was a year or Secondly, it refers to people who are going to testify over who, the wasI
so if many, though, are either they mean?
Now, how about if a person is in a place where there are no Muslims? How about that? What if he's at work? And there is no Muslim over there? Everybody's anonymously over there?
Or what if he's traveling to a particular place? And there are no Muslims over there? So in that case, what's going to happen?
Oh, or Ronnie, do others mean has it come from other than you meeting If you cannot find Muslims, then in that case, you are going to take two other people to bear witness and these two other people are going to be from other than you? What does that mean by from other than you? meaning they're going to be other than your own religious community? meaning they're not going to be Muslim? Who are they going to be non Muslim? Whether they are Jewish, or Christian, or mushnik? Anyone?
Basically, any non Muslim.
Some people specify that a hold on a minute. This is specifically referring to the unknown kita. However, I'm inviting comm is general. So if a person is stranded in a place where they're all Michigan, and he cannot find any Jewish man, any Christian man, doesn't mean he's not going to make the overseer, he's not going to make sure that his property is given to his heirs. No, it's going to be given to any person who is there.
So Oh, hold on even later on, what does it mean that any one other than your own religious community,
other than fact that what this refers to is that other than your own tribe? However, there is no concept of tribalism in the sense that, you know, you trust a Muslim whoever he is, whether he's from your tribe or not, whether he's from your country or not.
So Oh, hold on a minute later.
In if over here, a condition is being set, a condition is being set for what? For taking non Muslims as witnesses in what does it mean that there is a condition for taking non Muslims as witnesses? What is that condition
that until you all beratan, fill up the you are traveling. And while you're traveling for a sabbatical, mostly battlement. And while you're traveling, the calamity of death, it reaches you,
meaning you're traveling. And in that travel, you feel that you're about to die.
And you're traveling in a place where there are no Muslims. So in that case, only you're going to take home, non Muslims as witnesses. So for us all but Kumasi, buttermilk,
so let's say there is a person who is traveling, he goes to a non Muslim country, and he's going with his two business partners, for instance, and they're non Muslim as well. Both of them are non Muslim.
So he's traveling and all of a sudden he gets a heart attack and he knows he's about to die. He's at the hospital. He has his personal belongings with him, he has his luggage with him. He has his money with him. He has all of these important documents with him.
Now, one is that he dies without leaving any instructions. How difficult it would be for the family to get hold of that stuff, especially if he's not in the country. Especially if he's not in the country, how difficult it would be for them.
Imagine if he goes to a country for where you need visa, the family does not have visa, how are they meant to go there and get the belongings from him. And remember, that what you own does not remain yours after you die. It automatically becomes whose possession the possession of your heirs. So it's your responsibility, your responsibility that you must make your property available to the
It's your responsibility.
So imagine this person, he has a heart attack. Now he has a stuff with him, is he going to die without leaving any instructions? He cannot? If he does, so he's doing well. Why? Because that property belongs to who now, his heirs, and he has to make sure that it goes to them, it is given to them.
So what does he do? He tells his business partners, he tells his friends, that, you know, this is my stuff, please give it to my wife, please give it to my son, this is my address, make sure you give it to them. And two of them are there. So he makes sure the two of them are given the responsibility.
Now what happens? These two people when they return home, and they give his luggage, they give his keys they give his wallet to to the wife and the children.
Now what happens, everything is fine. They know that yes, these were his belongings,
But let's say the wife opens up the wallet and she sees Okay, two cards are missing from here.
Or she opens up his folder. And she sees that several documents are missing.
She asks those two people, was this in the wallet was this in the documents? They say no, it wasn't there. And she knows that he definitely took that stuff with him. So in that case, she is doubting the two men that maybe they committed theft. Maybe they committed treachery in delivering the stuff to me. So now in this case of doubt, in the scenario of doubt, what are you going to do?
What's going to happen is that that be sooner Houma. You're going to detain them to
be sooner from the reflectors have seen helps. And what this helps me to confine.
So you, meaning your Muslims are going to confine the two, which do the two witnesses. That is man, the two men, so you're going to detain them to where? In the masjid until when? mimbar allottee. until after the Sunnah,
until after the sudden, so basically, they're going to come to the masjid. And they're going to be kept in the masjid until after they're also foreigner. And after their sofa is over, then they're going to bear witness, then they're going to testify.
Now over here, a sonet has been set, Slaton has not been said, what does it mean, then that a solid refers to a particular center. It's not just any solder. It's a particular solder, and which particular so that is it. So that's it also, because the profit sort of odd is that I'm detained two people for witness after us.
So you're going to detain them to until after the sonet.
And then what's going to happen for UPC money, then both of them are going to swear you'll see money from the effectors. obscene me awesome. So they're going to swear biLlahi by Allah. So they're going to swear In the name of Allah, in your tabletten, if you all doubt it, meaning, if you doubt, their truthfulness, you doubt that they were truthful, you basically doubted their honesty,
you are unsure if they delivered everything as it was, you think that maybe they committed theft. So in that case, they're going to come and bear this testimony. So in the case where you don't doubt them, then there is no need for all of this. Understand.
In the case, where you don't doubt them, there is no need for all of this, if you doubt them, then this testimony is going to be taken.
So they're going to come to them after also for that they're going to stand up they're going to give their testimony that learners study that we would not barter and mesh study from HTML, what does it mean to buy or sell it also gives a meaning of purchasing in particular.
So language study, meaning we're not going to purchase we're not going to take be in exchange for it.
In exchange for what
in exchange for the Shahada by Allah
in exchange for the testimony by Allah.
So we're not going to take an exchange for it feminine a price which price a price of this dunya which is so temporary. So in other words, our testimony is how what we're saying is definitely true. And we would not prefer anything of this world over the truth. So basically, for example, they will say that we testify that so and so gave us this stuff, and he didn't give us this that you're accusing us off
and we will not prefer anything over the testimony by Allah soprano tada any summon any price anywhere in the game, well, oh Canada quarterback, even if he is a possessor of new relationship, meaning even if the beneficiary meaning the person who is taking benefit by our false testimony is a person who is very close to us. You understand, like, for example,
They steal some documents and they give them to a close relative of theirs. So in their favor, they're very false witness. So basically they're saying, after they say what was given to them, that we testify that our Shahada is true, and we would not prefer anything over the truth.
Well, no enacted Lucia had a law he, and we would not conceal the testimony of Allah.
What is an emotion that Allah meaning the Shahada, that Allah subhanaw taala has made us responsible with which one that we come and bear witness over here, that this is what was given to us. And we handed it over as it was, and we would not prefer anything of this world over the truth.
So we would not conceal the Shahada of of how, by hiding any part of it, by distorting any part of it by changing any part of it by altering any part of it. We're not going to hide any part of the Shahada
in the indeed we even then, meaning if we do hide the testimony, then we would be laminal SME of those who are sinners. So when they give the testimony, what's going to happen? They cannot be accused. They're not to be proven guilty.
The IRS cannot say anything to them.
The IRS cannot say anything to them. They cannot say that. We know what we know that you have it and you're not giving it to us know, once they have taken the testimony. That's it. You cannot say anything to them anymore. Because they have testified they have borne the Shahada