Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 82-93 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 82
Misha rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.
We'll be in from iron brigade t to
lottery than a shot de Nasir other weapon,
you will surely find the most intense of the people
in animosity lilla Dena Amano toward the believers. Who are they? They are and Yehuda, when Latina Ashoka, you will find them to be the Jews and those people who associate others with Allah,
the polytheists, you will find these people as most intense in their animosity
in their hatred against the Muslims.
And on the other hand, while at the end, surely you will definitely find a Cordoba, Homer with data the nearest of them in affection to Linda Dina Amano to those people who believe or who and Medina Carlo in Minnesota?
Are those people who say, we are Christians.
So, the people who are most severe in their animosity towards the Muslims or who,
the Jews and the most shaky
and those who are closest to the Muslims in affection, or who
the Christians why the reasons are mentioned in the following
letter hidden that you don't know is from newsletters, well, Jean, then would you
and what does it mean existence? What are the big do is to find something to find,
to meet. So letter D, then surely you will definitely find
who does you refer to?
It refers to Yes, the profits are allowed.
But after him, this address is general.
So basically, it refers to any person any listener.
Why? Because anyone can see this, and anyone can bear witness to this fact.
That, definitely you're going to find out
that a shut danesi the most intense of mankind of people,
meaning those people who are most intense in their, in their enmity,
or that way is from the route cutters is that well. And as you know, our though is the opposite of will I
and Botha is the opposite of hope, or would love.
So are there within is the opposite of wilaya. And what is wilaya friendship. So our Tao is enmity.
In wilaya. A person shows his friendship to the other, his loyalty to the other through his words through his actions through its cooperation.
And in other words, a person shows his hatred,
how through his words, as well as through his actions.
So basically, what is a hatred that isn't the person as a result of which he treats the other with a version,
or he treats the other with harm, or he cuts off from them.
It's such hatred that a person shows through his words through his actions.
He treats the other with a version, he harms the other, and he cuts off from him. This is what other ways
so you will find those people who are most intense and there are our against the believers or who
and your hood, first of all, and secondly, we're Latina Ashoka.
Now remember, that over here when this has mentioned that the Jews and the Michigan are worse in their animosity towards the Muslims,
this is in a general sense.
Meaning the Jews on an average meaning as a group of people, as a nation, or the machine, as a nation,
generally, you will find this.
It gives a sense of or more. However, there are always exceptions.
For instance, a Jewish man who was very nice towards the Muslims, maybe you have a friend, maybe you have a boss,
and you find them very good. They're very tolerant. They're very accepting. They're very generous. They're very good towards you. They let you practice your religion so you can say oh my god, you know what this says in the Quran is untrue. No.
What is meant over here is that on the whole in general,
just as for example, generally men are stronger than
but you will always find a woman who is
physically, mentally in other ways as well.
So there are always exceptions.
And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Yes, he faced a lot of animosity, a lot of opposition from the Jews as well as a machine. But still, there were some people from the machine who had the profits that allowed them as well. For instance,
he was a machine,
but he supported him. Similarly, the profits are a lot less, and when he went to five, to get some help from there, and he was refused any help. What happened?
Before entering Mecca, he needed some protection.
And who gave him that protection emotionally,
and wish to give him that protection within it. So we see that there are always exceptions. So you will find perhaps a Jew or a Muslim, who is very apologetic towards the Muslims.
And on the other hand, a Christian who was very severe, very harsh against the Muslims. That's possible. But over here, what is meant is, generally, overall, you will find this behavior.
No, why are the Yahoo intense in their animosity towards the Muslims? Why?
Why do you think
it's because of their denial of the profits on
the intensity of their denial?
And on the other hand, the machine Why are they so intense in their animosity towards the Muslims? Because of the shift that they commit?
Because Muslims, what do they believe in? the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala. They say all these idols, all these gods, multiple gods, they're wrong. And then we're seeking on the other hand, they believe that all these gods are true.
So the beliefs they contradict, they're completely different. So as a result of that, obviously, there is going to be animosity.
So earlier who won the National coup and remember alladhina Shaco. It doesn't just refer to them was thinking of the time of the prophet SAW Allah Islam. Similarly, they are who doesn't just refer to those people at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but overall,
what didn't occur to him and you will surely find you will definitely find nearest of them nearest
nearest of the people, more than in friendship, do the believers. The Medina Amano? Who are they? a Latina calu in nanosolar?
Now the word mawatha is when we wrote letters. Well, that that would and what does that mean?
Love, call us on mahabis.
And over here, my word that gives a sense of friendship affection,
that you will find nearest of them in love. nearest meaning nearest compared to others. It doesn't mean that really they love the Muslims, or that really they're very good friends with the Muslims. But the word club has been used.
A crop is closer compared to others.
So Oklahoma watsonville. Edina Amano alladhina kalu in nanosolar. Now, why are they close to the Muslims in friendship? In affection? What's the reason behind that?
Their liquor be unlimited. Hmm. That is because indeed from among them from Mangu. from among the masala there are PCC there are priests.
And there are also what O'Bannon and there are monks. Well, under whom there is duck balloon and because they are not arrogant.
three reasons are mentioned over here.
And more reasons are mentioned in the following.
Over here, three are mentioned. What are they that first of all, because among them, there are PCC
preseason is the plural of this one
I've seen or PCs I've seen Yeah, seen
this or PCs.
And it's a ludicrous obscene ulcer is basically to strive and search for something.
What does cause me to strive and search for something to be inquisitive?
And basically, it gives a sense of searching for something by night.
Meaning at nighttime. And only when you're very concerned about something only when you want something really badly. Will you go and try to get it even at nighttime.
For example, people who work at night
who have no chips? You wonder sometimes How do they work? Like, why do they go for that option, it's because they really need that money, they really want it.
So therefore, they will even sacrifice their sleep, they will sacrifice their bed. Why? So that they can get the money. So when a person searches for something by night, it shows how badly they wanted
osos from the same route letters is used for the owner of camels, who doesn't separate from his camels.
And he likes his gambled so much. He's so protective about his gambled, that he doesn't separate from them, he doesn't leave them even for a moment. You know, for instance, some children, they love their pets, you will always find their pet with them, always. And when they're going to school, even they don't want to leave their pet at home.
Children who love their animals, what happens their pets, they don't leave them Similarly, a shepherd,
who has camels, and those camels are very dear to him, he will not leave them at all.
And because he has spent so much time with this camels, he will be a very good herdsmen he will be a very good shepherd.
So this is used literally for a very good herdsmen.
It is to pasture cleverly.
And as a term, this orchesis is used for a Christian priest.
Who is it used for a Christian priest? Because a priest also what does he do?
He's supposed to look after his flock, do not leave them, to take care of them, to guide them, to lead them, to advise them.
So I see seen refers to the Christian scholars, Christian priests.
And remember, that when they're in with knowledge, there is always this element of fear of almost a fear of God. Even if a person is non Muslim, if he has knowledge, he will have fear of God, which I regard that he believes in whoever that he believes in.
So the reason why they're nice towards the Muslims is because there are people among them, who are priests. And priesthood is something that is encouraged in the religion,
you will see people who will leave their work, who will leave their studies, who will leave their families, and they will go dedicate their year or two or three years or four years, however long.
And they will dedicate that time, to what
So because they are not that attached to the world, they're not that greedy.
They're not that attached to the world.
This is why they have some fear of God.
And because of this fear of God, they're compassionate towards people, even if they differ with them in their religion.
On the other hand, we see that the food and the mushrikeen what is lacking in them is the fear of God, which is why they don't care about people. They don't have compassion for people. Generally, I'm talking about I'm not talking about individuals.
So first one is because they have preseason and secondly, Robin,
Robin is a plural of raw hip. And Rohit was on the roof that was the law. The
law is used for fear. But it is such fear that stays with a person in his heart for a very long time. So basically, it is the constant state of fear that a person is in.
For example, if a person is scared of something, for let's say, each time he sees a lizard,
he gets scared. Only for that moment.
The lizard is out of sight, out of mind, no fear.
But another is that a person becomes paranoid. What if a lizard comes from here and what if it comes from there.
So this is when a person is constantly in the state of fear. This is
when a person is constantly in a state of fear. And it is also said that Robert is such a state of fear in which a person becomes very careful, very alert. For instance, people who are scared of bears or they're scared of wild animals that they go to a forest if they go to a park even in their trees. They'll become very scared. They will look everywhere. Is there a bear? Is there a bear? They'll be very alert very conscious, very worried, very concerned.
So this is the type of fear that robberies
and raw hip which is the singular of the word of Ben Brahim is used for a monk a worshiper.
Why is he called Rohit
because he is
Scared of God, he's so scared of a loss of pregnancy,
that he separates himself. He cuts off from all worldly activities and engages in victory and fake
being he is constantly worshiping, and he's constantly reflecting on what?
On the creation, on the Scripture, on the commands, etc, etc.
And what is it that has led him to leaving everything of this world and living alone or going to a monastery and just worshiping God over there? What is it?
It's that constant state of fear. And even over there, he's in a constant state of fear of God.
So, because they have preseason, and because they have Rabanne. This is why they're closest to the Muslims in affection. So preseason refers to the scholars, and rockband refers to their bed the devout worshippers, devout worshippers from among them.
Well, under whom? Third reason? And because indeed, they lay us that we don't they're not arrogant, from what? From accepting the truth.
They're not arrogant, from accepting the truth when the truth becomes clear to them.
What do we learn from this ayah? First of all, we learn about the fact that in general, Jews and polytheists are severe in their enmity to the Muslims. And in general, the Christians are nearest to the Muslims in affection. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he came in contact with the Jews, and then we shrieking. And both of these groups, what did they do? They plotted and planned against him.
But on the other hand, when the Muslims migrated to be senior, what happened over there?
Now joshy, what did he do? Did he turned the Muslims back? He turned them away, he sent them back home? Did he persecute them? Did he not give them any religious freedom? No, he was very open to them, very open to them. When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam dealt with the leaders of the Jews, each time, they would deceive. Each time, they would treacherous. He made the treaty with the machine. They broke it, the Treaty of her baby.
But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam received a much better response from Natasha.
From here, accurateness.
So from the different Christian kings, he received a much better response.
Suddenly, we learn from this ayah that the enmity that they heard and the Michigan have towards the Muslims, this enmity is manifest, meaning they express it, because the word that it has been used over here is either one or the other. They express it, they show it, they verbalize it.
They show it through their actions, they show it through their looks.
And we see that some people, if they have admitting their heart, they will keep it in their heart. But other people they will show it.
So this is the type of enmity that they have for the Muslims.
We also learn from the side that non Muslims, they vary in their enmity towards the Muslims, because the word Arshad, what does it show?
What does it show that they are most intense? So just because a person is a non Muslim, don't think is your enemy. Don't think he's your greatest enemy, just because he's a non Muslim? Why? Because people differ in their love and hate.
So just because a person is a non Muslim, don't think that he is your greatest enemy, don't generalize, because the word ashad shows people very,
then we also learn from this ayah that the reason behind the nesara being near and affection to the believers is what First of all, that among them rbcc and secondly, because among them are open.
What does it show that in knowledge and worship, they benefit a person,
knowledge and worship, they benefit a person, even if he is a non Muslim.
Even if he is a non Muslim, what benefits of person knowledge and worship,
even if that knowledge is the knowledge of false religion, or even if that worship is incorrect worship, but still, knowledge and worship they suffer in a person. They make a person humble.
Well, unknown layers that below so they make a person humble. They bring humility in a person. You know how sometimes the Muslims say, well, what's the point of Salah when I don't even understand when I don't have a shoe,
but still, it will make you humble. It will make you a better person. It will make you a good person. It will benefit you. Even if you don't know what it means.
Even if you don't have ashore in it, still it will benefit you, because of worship and knowledge can benefit a non Muslim, then definitely it can benefit a Muslim.
We also learn from the side that the reason behind acceptance of truth is what? humanity because we see over here what unknown layers stuck below,
they are not arrogant.
So because they are not arrogant, this is why they're open to the truth. They're more tolerant.
So humility leads to tolerance, humility leads to acceptance of truth.
And on the other hand, if a person is finding faults in others,
and he refuses to accept the truth, then what does it show that there is arrogance in him?
We also see over here that they are rude and emotionally King, they're arrogant towards the Muslims. Where do we learn that from?
Because about the Christians It has been said layers that below what does it show that on the other hand, the others are Yes, that's true. And we see this very clearly in the Quran. For example, about the machine we see
that how they were arrogant towards the Muslims. In certain for one I have 41
what either Okay, so, Luca Illa, who's
ahead and Lady Bharath, Allahu wa Sula, that when they see the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and they see you, they take you not except in ridicule they market to you? And they say, Is this the one whom Allah sent as a messenger?
What does it show?
pride arrogance, that they think so lowly of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that they market him? And they say, is this the only person who was left? Is this the person who chose as a messenger?
So what does it show the arrogance that they have towards the Muslims?
Similarly, we don't insert the zakharov iF 31 will call you Lola lucila has an annual Allah Raja liminal Korea taneous Lee, and they said, Why was this called are not sent down upon a great man from one of these two cities? meaning from Macau five, a great man. Why Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam? He's not a great man. What does it show?
their arrogance towards the Prophet subtle?
seminary they the hood, what was their arrogance?
That they would also market the ayat of the Quran. They would say the LA hymn of Lula
in the life of Iran.
So they would market the Ayat of Allah, they would market the Quran, they would market the Muslims.
What does that show their arrogance towards the Muslims?
And even Generally, we see that arrogance towards the Prophet of Allah towards the truth that when they were told to enter the city, what did they say
is have an tower of bukata in the hoonah Garden, you go and your Lord both of you go fight. We're just sitting right here, we're not moving.
What does it show extreme arrogance.
And on the other hand, the Christians you will find that they are more humble towards one another, towards the people in general and also towards the Muslims.