Tafsir Juz 28 #13 – Al-Saff 1
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 28
File Size: 20.82MB
So you do not see the weather the
love the sharpness of
I praise a lot of medians and prayers and blessings upon the final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with my guidance.
As the angel said, glory be to you or law knowledge and we accept that he has taught us you are the All Knowing all wise. Brothers and sisters, as Alonzo brought us together here, in this house of Allah that we asked a lot of moving us together in sha Allah, and the highest of paradise
with Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem, his noble family, unrighteous companions, and all those that follow them and I asked Allah subhanaw taala that he open our hearts, our brains, our ears to the Noble Quran, and they help us to implement it in our life.
Before I forget as I usually do anybody with the homework
look, then you can find that Allah reward you for looking. Anyone found the answer?
Okay, you remember what the homework is?
The next step what's the homework
Masha Allah where you shouldn't break okay? This is absurd and unfair.
Okay, so now everyone goes now everyone can hone in on the answer right.
So they say it or should we keep it as homework now that we have specified the surah?
Keep it as homework, Allah, a mother has ambition. So we keep it as homework.
The other one brother was the other homework.
Okay, not exactly. But you have the answer.
No, this believing is one in one profit is this believing in?
No answers. This is important.
This shows that we don't distinguish between them in faith, we believe in all of them. But this does not show that this believing in one
No, this shows that we believe in all right, we don't distinguish. I don't say that. You know, I believe in some and I just believe in somebody in telling you that if this believes in one only is this believing in home? It's very simple.
The people have
denied the messengers.
How many messengers came to the people have
Right. And it's the same with it was all of the others because of it.
how many profits do they get one but the is that they denied the messengers and mousseline.
So if you deny one, within I believe this will even
go to anonymously with this spirit in Dawa and this will leave in the final messenger Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam the the concluding Danny profit for all the prophets. This is a big thing.
he claims to believe in Allah Allah, but I don't believe in Prophet Muhammad. Is that enough? No, it's not. Because this believes in a genuine bonafide Prophet not
to say also that he is the best and the concluding one.
As you have denied him, you've denied the rest. Not the one who are believing in yourself.
The Prophet you believe in hand Haven here today will follow.
So how can you then I have an disbelieve in him. Is this clear? I mentioned before we should not forget it anymore. So if I ask another time, and no one knows we're going to stop that upset and
that's the solution. All right.
We are starting tele today sort of
To the sort of was great to the sort of the soft
loss but how do we live in a ship on on the gym similar
this idea we have came across many times. So someone enlighten us about the
actual phrase or metaphorical actual praise, right? They actually praise Allah subhanaw taala in their own ways, right? Okay.
Yes, everything, animate inanimate, whatever it may be, everything in the universe glorifies Allah subhanaw taala and everything in the universe is a slave of Allah subhanaw taala This is why you find that many tools that usually are beneficial for us.
Allah subhanaw taala can make them destructive,
such as water, and water is the reason for life and water when destruction for the people.
It's the same with wind. Wind is excellent wind brings about many benefits, right?
This wind was a destructive tool that Allah subhanaw taala destroyed the people with
you can apply it to everything else. Because they are slave servants of Allah subhanaw taala they do as he says, The sun and the moon.
Right? The the the day in the night, they're all slaves servants of Allah subhanaw taala and this is why Allah azza wa jal pulled it other than the Earth.
he told the heavens and the earth come forth.
In other words, willingly or unwillingly, you're gonna come forth, the heavens and the earth said, we come to you, in obedience for Allah subhanaw taala. In other words, they obey the laws of Allah in the heavens, bringing forth its range in the earth, sending its goods, and its treasures, and so on. They can only obey Allah, you are the rebellious ones.
And upon in the human species, are the ones who deny the last panel to either the so called inanimate objects are smarter
than the people who deny Allah subhanaw taala deny is worship, much less deny his existence in the first place, ludicrous, ludicrous new idea that we only see in our time today. So everything in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah subhanaw taala. And it goes to show you
many of the surah In this chapter next starting off with this, and it's a it's an excellent way to start the chapter, because Allah subhanaw taala is telling you that everything glorifies Allah, Allah, and therefore they are obedient to Allah subhanaw taala This is an introduction to what you're about to read, which you should also
And it shows you that the heavens and the earth and everything
are following what you are supposed to follow. They are following Islam, they are obedient, they are submissive, so should you they should also be like this me like that.
Of course, the human being that follows Allah, Allah and the messenger Muhammad, Allah isn't better than the heavens and the earth. In fact, according to the popular opinions, color is better than even the angels if they fall on the right path because they were given the option to obey or disobey as opposed to
everything glorifies Allah subhanaw taala we're in immune cheating.
When it can lead to a whole let us be held that there is nothing except that at work as long as you do not understand their glorification. You and I don't understand their praise.
Good idea to say subhanallah definitely
applying the Quran as
say the eyes of the law and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. When he used to read the Quran. He used to read it slowly. And every time he passed by a verse mentioning paradise he would ask Allah for his bounty and when he
Let he read an item that speaks about his passion when you seek refuge and ask for Allah's forgiveness from his from hellfire. So, it's a good good idea to glorify was as also in sort of Allah
because Allah you can stop and say subhanallah being in a quiet voice and so on and the questions you can answer right
is not the one who is referring to the previous characteristics, is he not able to resurrect them? The answer is yes, of course Omar glory be to you and so on
What would you have believed Why do you say what you do not do? This is a
one of the fundamental is
cornerstone of this religion.
what you speak about implementing what you preach, practice what you preach right
here Allah subhanho wa Taala
Lord of the heavens and the earth is scolding the believers you
Why do you say what you do not do? He's not talking about Alpha.
He's not speaking about the disbelievers. Yeah.
The the intriguing part is big believers, the believers are saying what they're not doing. The believers are doing something in contravention of what they claim. Subhanallah it's strange. It's really strange.
Yeah, you under the limit.
This is my humble claim. That this, if we apply this if
the situation of loosens would change.
This is one
are really behind on applying what we speak about. We speak about the beauty of Islam. We speak about the beauty of the Quran.
And the Quran, we have neglected, we speak about the beauty of Islamic law. And we don't study it. And we are not fond of implementing it or calling for its implementation. We claim so many things, and then we don't apply it. This my dear brothers and sisters without saying this is hypocrisy.
This is a sign of hypocrisy.
There are three signs,
three major signs for hypocrite and it is set for three or what
you what you make a promise and you win.
When he speaks, he likes his face he likes to
And if you are given a trust, you betray the trust, this betrayal of
trust and truth. When you say something and you don't apply it, there is lack in your truthfulness. There is lack in your honesty. And there's also lack in your trust, because trust is only financial, as we said before, trust is a much more general word. And
first and foremost trust applies to what you have been entrusted with. And the most valuable thing you have been trusted with and that is your religion, the religion of Allah subhanaw taala. So when you say what you do not do you have betrayed the trust.
You are dishonest, because you make
this appliance right? It's included in this when you make a promise
on that promise. And that's why I mentioned that the scholars that many of the scholars of the past, they agreed that this is one of the highest which is evidence that you are not allowed to break a promise. If you promise something, you should not renege on that promise
using this limit.
Come on. It's a great thing to say something and then to do otherwise. This is a sign of hypocrisy and this is the action of the hypocrite
Not all Muslims. But nowadays look Subhanallah look at people who claim to be the head of Islam. And they hand off the colors to Allah subhanaw taala. I cannot tell you how many people have been dissuaded from this religion, and never want to come back to this religion, because they saw those who are so called religious, and they saw their actions, and they saw their manners and the founder behavior. We speak about honesty.
And people come and tell you, this person did this. It turns out it's a brother who is bearded? Or it's a brother who openly calls for Islam and talks about Islam. Or it's a sister who wants to jump Subhan Allah?
How can a Muslim
call to their religion and call to manners and then do the exact opposite? Believe me, all of your vocal
is nullified as soon as we do something against that what you preach
many things, this honesty,
bearded brothers who are supposedly just picking
some hallelujah, yellow.
Once you go to the corporate world, you start hearing things that just make you insane.
So many things. So many things are in we know the Hadith. We know the we know the verdicts perfectly well, we don't apply it
isn't the truth. You come to a rather you say
you're doing this and you come in, you remind him you think maybe he doesn't know the IRS?
Why aren't you applying it? Whether it's whether it's something obligatory whatever it may be, whether it's a manner of the manners of Prophet Muhammad, everything it applies to everything. And we'll get to the the specificity of the
in relation to the ayah, which comes after it. But the correct opinion, it's in general. And we said before, the rule is that we
we take wisdom from the generality of the eye, as opposed to the specificity
of its revelation. Right.
It applies to everything, everything you've ever done. And that's why one of the most scary warnings
and dangers is that Prophet Muhammad peace be upon them war, and especially
the ones who stand on the pulpit, who call to something and do otherwise, when May Allah protect everyone who stands on the pulpit.
It's dangerous to say what you don't do. And this is not to say, brothers and sisters, that I am in any way demeaning the job, or the beard or any of the appearances of Islam, it's the exact opposite.
It's part of
which you will
implement Islam and to apply it.
Otherwise, you are doing injustice to that which you are trying to spread. Whether it's the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, or something else, though. So what we're criticizing is the the gravity
putting together this famous of religiosity, with bad manners, and with hypocrisy, and not applying that which you supposedly preach, and by the way,
once you start doing your nasty habits also practically,
in the eyes of the person you are trying to invite, right? Because their first reaction is
look in the mirror, speak to yourself, apply what you preach. Not to say this is justified or not justified by saying that regardless, why do you care? I'm advising you. Did I advise you something correct?
Take my advice. Technically.
This is very hard to implement. Because the first thing they want to do is put it back on you. But you're not applying what you do so your advice becomes
Grace is hatred in the sense of Allah to see what's going on. Look at the description brothers and sisters of this.
Look at how many ways Allah
made such disobedience severe trouble. It's great. Not. You know what looks. It looks hatred. It's abomination.
It's abomination. It's abhorrence. It's
The greatest of anger and the greatest abomination
of Allah to Allah, Allah protects us.
the third tool and Allah is referring it back to him. And Allah,
all of this
remembering the fact that no one is more patient with something important than,
as Prophet Muhammad
chosen in that way you should not be where you are level one.
No one is more patient with something they hear than Allah subhanaw taala they associate partners within and claim to him a child.
Even with all of that, he gives them health and provision SubhanAllah. So, though he is patient with something important that
this is greatly important that you claim something or that you say something, and that you do otherwise, I'm sure you have plenty of examples. Examples, give me one for myself
he said let's pray and he doesn't bring
especially here, because
he's telling you specifically he's advising us specifically with a certain issue on himself.
It's not even generally
silly as the following claim is,
it is a result of way not applying this.
People not praying.
Why should I pray? Why shouldn't you pray, brother, sister, look at so and so they pray look in their manners.
This is fitna for them. It's silly. It's literally silly, ludicrous, clean.
You understand why they feel that way. They're looking at so many people who pray
they have hypocrisy.
That's why it's it's
it's dangerous to show religiosity or claim or advice when in reality, and then to do otherwise. Because actually, in that case, you're pushing people away from Islam.
And definitely, you will be held accountable for that. Allah subhanaw taala. Forgive us.
In this case, I mean, I shouldn't do, I should never enjoy or forbid or everything wrong.
Right, these Imam Imam nawawi says, just because
just because you use this claim, and if you're going to use that claim, and everyone else, no one will ever enjoin, good and forbid evil. No, don't use this
Because you know what you did, then you have combined two sins, not
applying what you say, and nothing joining good and forbidding evil in the first place. That's the other sin, abandoning?
No, but rather, make this an incentive to apply what you preach and apply what you enjoy and what you forbid from and so on. That's the way to look at it. This is why we have this
we have this problem. Okay, this,
let's call it
For us, and for many people, it's either extreme.
Either they follow back or they fall away and they have nothing in between. This is not the way and most people that's why there's a beneficial principle to remember. And that is, man.
You're taught that what you cannot achieve completely. You don't leave it completely. For
This is what most people do, I cannot do it perfectly. When I leave it completely, someone comes in says, My prayer is so lacking or leave it completely Subhanallah
Many people think this way, and you can apply it to so many other issues. If I can't do it like, let's
try. No, it's gonna be an imperfect. Is there anyone? Is there anyone perfect? No. Therefore, if you use that claim, I'm a lot of fun. Now, Luca is completely canceled. And this was the way of the Jews, not the way of the Muslims. And one of the things that Allah subhanaw taala praised about this is that we enjoin good and forbid evil. And after that, he mentioned, believing in Allah subhanaw taala. So don't make it a reason to leave.
But make it an incentive, to practice what you enjoy and what you can to avoid what you prohibit Yes.
You did not do that in front of that person and publicly. But you know how long that is, and you fell into that thing out of weakness. There's no problem for you to advise.
And it may even benefit. Let's say,
God forbid, that you drink
other weakness, otherwise, you know exactly how important it is. And you are doing your utmost to live.
But of course, you do that.
God forbid that someone say, and open and cold.
You are in that situation? You know how important it is. It's secret, no one knows about it, and you see someone drinking, do you advise them? And
but then it becomes
light of this is absolutely wrong. It's wrong.
Because you think it's wrong, and you're still doing it. You see what I'm saying? You're still
even though you didn't preach it, as you are doing it. And you know, it's wrong. It's part of
You know, it's wrong, but you're still doing it. Okay?
You're trying to get away from it sincerely.
You can go ahead and advice because at least you are getting the reward of joining good and forbidding evil in the situation. But if you don't advise, then you have also committed the sin of abandoning a lot of love. And that's why I say, make this an incentive to apply what you preach to apply what you think is correct.
Of course, but if you drink publicly not from in
your advices of course, it has no way.
Couples are nocturnal and on my Hulu monitor funnel. So this is what the
really requires now, on all different fronts, we need to start applying precisely what we know what we understand. And believe me, what you know, and you don't practice is also an argument for you against
what you know, and you do not practice. And this is why the scholar says beneficial knowledge is not knowledge that is here. But knowledge that
pervaded your heart, which eventually is translated into action, but knowledge which stays here or is on this
is an argument and get us to under them.
Indeed, Allah, those who fight in his cause in a row, as though they are a single structured, joined firmly, what is the immediately after the reference of saying,
doing, saying what people don't do and so on?
Several narrations show
that the reason of revelation
these are is and it is similar
is that some of the Muslims amongst themselves were saying?
Why don't we go to the messenger of allah sallallahu wasallam and ask him about the most beloved of deeds to Allah so that we can do
and they didn't actually send someone to ask this question or to inquire but then probably
Muhammad peace be upon them came to them and recited these
showing that this was the reason for revelation for these islands, and that is the they asked for the most beloved to Allah subhanaw taala and Allah azza wa jal showed
the most beloved to Allah after believing in Him is jihad in his fighting for the cause of Allah.
And they were wishing to know the best date so they can apply it. And when Jihad was prescribed,
they were apprehensive and they didn't implement it, and they didn't do what they had originally claimed they wished for. So Allah subhanaw taala reprimanded them with this if you will,
to follow the law
in the line
Allah azza wa jal loves those who fight in his way as a row
and this is clear, this was made clear by other
such as selecting
the twin Jihad was was finally prescribed.
They didn't plan.
I should have mentioned it.
Give me another one. I'll give you this
Right. Okay, bring up
Allah subhanaw taala. They're recommended the believers. Why? Because it was taught to them at 1.2 ideas. In other words, don't
defend yourselves even at that time. They weren't even allowed to defend themselves. No, they were being oppressed and persecuted. You had was not prescribed yet this was in the marking period.
Don't attack don't retaliate. This isn't what appeals for our
established prayer and
when finally Allah subhanaw taala prescribed fighting for them. They said to Allah subhanaw taala Why did you prescribe it upon us?
fighting has been prescribed upon you.
And it is something of warranties
and less to avoid or hate something, but it is actually good and welfare for you. And similarly here. So when Jihad was prescribed, they didn't implement it. They didn't go out for the jihad, they started giving excuses and this is from the believers brothers and sisters, these are not the hypocrites. These are even some of the believers, maybe they were a little bit lazy, in implementing this bowl, they had wished for it.
They had wished for they wanted it, they wanted to be able to defend themselves they wanted to be able to retaliate, but Jihad was only prescribed
in another IRA
which we should also know
when which I have prescribed Jihad
which I have prescribed.
This is homework
which is the aisle which made Jihad permissible for the first time
what is that again?
Within Medina Masha Allah, exactly sort of the Hajj was that it was in a
bully move. Allah Allah and
this is the first one that it has been permission has been given for those who are wronged
fight back and defend themselves
in general, and Allah subhanaw taala is able to grant them victory.
So here, they have wished for this.
And when it finally was prescribed, they didn't apply it. And that's why you notice now
we said the ASR general, but the specificity of Revelation is this. They wished for
A deed which Allah loves, and they would apply it, and then they didn't apply it.
And when they came, they didn't. They weren't true to that promise. So Allah, Allah recommended them with these. Some scholars deduced that it is beneficial when you are going to reprimand or something before you refer to that specific thing.
Give advice in general.
What's happening here. This is still a reference to the subject. But before getting into the subject of jihad, it was a general advice. Why do you do what you say?
This is a general
reprimanding then you send in the life of the party.
This is the second stage of reprimanding, you're telling them now you are making this criticism specific. It's about this issue. But the first one was a general criticism. And this is helpful for the person, because in the beginning, you direct their attention to a general principle they should apply, and then show them that you have opposed this general principle. And this is the reason peloton loves those who fight in his cars in a row as though they are a single structure joined suddenly.
And this shows you Subhanallah, the status of jihad,
the status of jihad, my dear brothers and sisters, I know some Muslims unfortunately, and definitely the enemies of Islam. They want to cancel Jihad from your vocabulary.
And they want to, there's no such thing as jihad.
Jihad is on jihad. And there's no such thing as fighting in the Cause of Allah and they are all liars. Don't be ashamed. Fighting for a noble cause is an honorable thing, that every single enemy of Allah
claims to this day of fighting for a noble cause is an honorable thing, and not the other way around. So do not be dissuaded by the ignorant.
And those who do not fear Allah subhanaw taala. And those who do not think about the day of accountability, we had
to Saddam in Islam.
The the hump of the camel, Prophet Muhammad discipline called
on the camel, in other words, it's a peak, it is a peak of Islam, people who are able to practice jihad for the sake of Allah, this is the highest that one can get to.
This is something that
a lot of
people with, as he honored our brothers and sisters and Philistine with
jihad, for Just Cause and Insha Allah, they will do it for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala and only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. And he loves Allah. Even in the case of jihad, they stand in a row, join firmly. In such a situation. This is where the courage of men is tested.
They are standing, they are facing the enemy.
And this is where people want to flee, are you able to hold your brother's hands on either side and walk towards me, like we're
in order to just feel the hearts of the enemies of Allah.
A lot religion requires this even in the
that they stand in such a fashion because
that joining firmly and standing in such a structure is strength. It's like a chain.
Right? It's exactly like a chain. You take just one ring of the chain, it's weak, you put two together become stronger, you put three and become stronger. And then eventually you create a chain and it's all connected like a steel chain. This is what Allah Allah wants of the Muslims in the jihad. And this is what Allah azza wa jal, one of the lessons in their prayer
standing together as one row. Nowadays, we have islands, the island of brother, Jamal on the island of mother. And I don't want to name names because maybe it doesn't apply to them. But whatever is named maybe islands or islands, islands, each person has an island and not only not they have some water around their island.
Their Sunday standing alone, and there's some space also between him and the next person. They have some water around the island. This is the way we pray nowadays. No,
we should come together.
foot, the foot shoulder to shoulder. Otherwise, one of the lessons of prayer is lost. And this is this unity isn't a difference when you stand
as one row in prayer, and you feel the shoulder of your brother,
don't you feel different, it's like you are really, really connected, you're together. But nowadays, it's not like everyone wants their own island. Basically, this is part of the selfishness that we have now which we have them Shala and it was time,
remedy and cure. But otherwise,
family don't leave gaps for the shape on this is not metaphorical. It's real. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him even claim that one day, he saw the same.
Standing in one of the gaps between
two of the people who were standing in prayer, it's real. close those gaps completely and feel like one unit like one structure with your brothers or your sisters,
brothers, sisters, sisters and sisters and brothers and brothers in prayer, one unit,
this also tells us that
it's shows us the importance of two things. Number one, stability in the way of Allah
being stable and firm in the way of philosophy.
Like a joint structure, a structure which is joined together, which you cannot separate
in Dawa in general and this requires us to be firm in the religion,
to be able to stand as a structure with a firm foundation and not to waver. The other meaning is the importance of unity.
The importance of unity between Muslims. This is what we supposedly do. Every day. We stand with our brothers in prayer. We joined together in this line, we leave no gaps we stand. We're united, we're united in the way of
bringing victory to this religion and bringing about the success of Islam in the world. We should be united where is the unity of Muslims? No.
Where is it?
We have so many different
so many different Gemma's so many different ideas. Why aren't we coming together?
Why aren't we uniting?
This is not to say that every one of those
Gemma's are gatherings of Muslims is correct, not
some of them are incorrect, then we advise each other but there are others where there can be unity between us. Because for all practical purposes, where the green from the general principles and there are certain things which are
come between, not in the Dawa, definitely not in your hearts. If those differences though they are acceptable. Come between and come between your hearts. That's a huge problem,
such as the differences that used to exist before between the shots, and the humblest of the Maliki's and the Hanafis. This is new to Islam. Islam doesn't know anything
or the Hanafi not marrying the Shafi and vice versa. This is new to Islam. This is the new racism based on no
This should not necessarily apply before to a large extent. These differences are
withering away from the law, it should stay this way. There are certain things which we are allowed to defer allow it should definitely not affect my relationship with you
and vice versa.
In any way
what along with
a mention on Muhammad when Moses said to his people, oh my people, why do you hurt me? When you certainly know that I am the messenger of Allah to you.
And when they deviated Allah called their hearts to deviate, and Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.
Now Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning
Satan and Mossad.
The opinion of some scholars the topic has not changed.
It is still reprimanding about