Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 67-81 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 68-70
Then Allah subhanaw taala says, all say, yeah and Akita or People of the Book less than Allah Shane, you are not upon anything. Meaning
you are not on the truth. You are not on any valid ideological basis.
You are not on the dean
so basically you are not religious you're not on the dean until and unless what do you do?
Doo came with a lotta when engine
until you established a thorough and the engine
you uphold the law and the engine
meaning your dean is not acceptable. Your religiosity is not acceptable. You're not on rectitude,
you're not on any valid basis until and unless you establish the fella and the and
what does it mean by karma establishing the book of Allah? What does it mean by that? We discussed that yesterday.
I compared it with karma to Salah What does karma to salami?
What does it mean that a person first of all consistently praise. And secondly, he prays as he should pray.
So his karma of the book means of the Scripture means that a person consistently holds on to the book. It's not like one day he feels like following a command. And he does it the other day finds it difficult to he says, okay, fine, I'll leave it.
No, consistently, regularly, wherever he is, whether he is in a Muslim, or non Muslim men, whether he is at an Islamic Institute, or some other Institute, wherever he is,
what is he supposed to do? Follow the commands.
And secondly, a comment or the book also means that a person follows the command of the dean, meaning that he observes the ultimate. He observes the commands, the orders, and that he stays away, he keeps away from the nowhere he meaning the prohibitions.
And that he affirms the truthfulness. He believes in the truthfulness of the news that are mentioned in the book.
So what does it mean, first of all, to get the sense of consistently holding on to the book upholding the law of the book? And what does it mean by upholding the law of the book that a person observes the ultimate, he keeps away from the nowhere he and then he does this leave of the value of the information of the news of the prophecies that are mentioned in the book.
So they're being told you're not on any firm basis, any valid basis until and unless you establish a donor and the NGO,
meaning you follow the laws of the Torah and the NGO, and the news that are given a thought on the Injeel, you confirm them.
And part of that is what
that now that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam has come, you believe in Him, you accept him.
And not just that you uphold the Torah and the NGO, but you also uphold warmer on the law in a common law and all that which has been revealed to you from your Lord.
And this applies to any other command any other scripture that was given to them,
whether it is some command that was given to them through a prophet or the the booth, that that would arise and I was given because over here thought and the GNR only mentioned the Buddha is not mentioned
or it is the Quran that has been given to Muhammad Sallallahu.
So, mountains either in a committed or become refers to any other scripture, any other command any other instruction or prohibition, that was given to them through the Messenger of Allah.
So until you do this, your religion is not acceptable.
What is either NACA theorem in home, and surely it will definitely increase many among them.
What's going to increase for them more on zero economic Rebecca, that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, meaning the Koran is going to increase many of them in what? into Leanna in rebellion, and will confirm and in disbelief. dogen is the opposite of submission.
submission is that a person accepts he does whatever he's being told. The reality is that a person says no, I'm not gonna do it.
I'm not going to accept I'm not going to listen.
That with every command instead of submitting, what are they increasing in their rebellion
And with every command instead of increasing in their Eman What are they increasing?
in their disbelief
for that sir so you do not be sorrowful or profits or the Lotus that says from the root letters. Yeah, Hamza See? Yes. And yet says to give up hope. So don't be sorrowful. Don't be sad over these people who disbelieve
meaning it's not your fault, if they don't believe. If they're rebelling, it's not your fault.
You are doing your job.
But still, if they don't believe, then you don't need to feel guilty because it's not your fault. It's their fault.
What do we learn from this ayah? First of all, we see that Allah subhanaw taala clarifies that the people of the book are not on rectitude. They are not on the truth.
Salvation is not guaranteed for them, until they act upon the Torah, the Injeel. And now, the Quran
doesn't mean that today when they have to follow the dollar,
what does it mean by that, that they must establish a total
that following the total for them in particular means that they should believe in the Quran.
A person who was Jewish or Christian,
for him What is mandatory upon him that he must observe the Torah he must observe the Indian
when he will fully observed the Torah and the Injeel. Automatically you will believe in what
in the Quran, the next step
and then when he is following the Quran is supposed to follow the Torah and the genome, what lies is supposed to follow
the law that is given in the Quran.
To understand this is I can steps that first of all, you're supposed to follow that over
when you will truly follow it. Automatically you will believe in the Quran. When you will believe in the Quran, then you're supposed to follow the Quran.
So over here loss of control clarifies that the people of the book are not on rectitude, salvation is not guaranteed for them until they act upon the Quran.
So until then, they cannot be called people have been.
Secondly, we learned that the man the belief of the People of the Book is not acceptable, it is incomplete unless they believe in the Quran and all of that which has come to the prophets of Allah.
We also learn from this ayah that a person does not attain guidance without knowledge, without a book, because you see, book has been mentioned
that you are not on the screen until you follow the total until you follow the Injeel until you follow the Quran, what does it show?
that a person cannot attain guidance without knowledge? And where do you get the knowledge from, from the book.
And without this guidance, a person cannot be saved in the effort.
So Trudy is not just the name of outward actions. But true Dean is what
is what adhering to the book of Allah.
Learning the book of Allah, understanding the book of Allah, implementing the book of Allah. Because if a person does not have connection with the book of Allah, then he will go far away from what Allah subhanaw taala wants from him. So again, this emphasizes that our focus should be on what on the book on the Scripture.
Yes, other things are also important. But the main thing is what
the scripture that is what we should focus on.
We also learn from this idea that Quran is guidance for those people who have Taqwa only.
Because for some people, this book is not a source of guidance.
It only adds them in what in their dorianne and in their coffers.
And as we discussed yesterday, that the problem is not with the book of Allah. The problem is with these people, they have a disease in their hearts. They are doing well because of which this Quran is not benefiting them.
We also learned from this ayah that the dari The one who is calling people to Deen of Allah subhanho data
after carrying out his job, meaning after carrying out his responsibility of conveying the message to the people.
He should not feel guilty about people not believing about people not accepting.
Because many times what happens when we're conveying the message when we're telling the other person what to do. They don't listen. What do we think? Or do we think that maybe it's my fault?
Maybe it's my fault. I'm not doing my job properly. And yes, the person should think like that.
Because if he keeps saying, Oh, they don't want to listen, they don't want to listen, then how are you going to improve yourself? How are you going to come up with new ways of delivering the message?
So yes, a person should see that maybe I'm doing something wrong. But then this should only be to a certain extent.
Because if a person continues to be sad, and if he continues to grieve, then he is going to harm himself. He is going to be sad.
And he's not going to be able to do what he's supposed to do because this grief is going to eat him up.
And we learn in South Africa half the profit subtle Autism is addressed but are unlike a Bezier. Nuff said Carla said him in the movie and
then perhaps you would kill yourself through grief over them. If they do not believe in this message and out of sorrow that this is how sorrowful the profits are Alison would feel because of the denial of the people.
So over here, the profit side of autism has been told that you don't feel bad it's not your fault.
You don't feel guilty. It's their fault that they're not accepting. You're supposed to do your job Berlioz Mountain zerah, la cama Robic
and if they don't believe,
then it's not your fault. It's they who are at fault.
In alladhina, amanu. Indeed, those people who have believed one Medina had to and those people who became Jews, wasabi Luna, and those people who are savings, wonderful and the Christians,
men and a biller, whoever believed in Allah, while Yeoman and elastic were Amina slowly hand any alternatives righteous deeds for their hope, and I lay him whenever we are soon, then they will have no fear upon them, nor will they grieve.
What does this mean?
Does it mean that any person no matter who he is,
all he's supposed to do is just believe in Allah and believe in the last day in that city, a successor in the Africa
is this ayah defining what a man is?
No, this ayah is telling us that it's not necessary that you must belong to a particular group in order to be successful in the FL
what is required is that a person must have the correct Eman And he must perform what Amina silent, righteous deeds.
When a person does these two things, no matter which era he belongs to, then he will be successful in the
so in the Medina ama, no indeed those people who believe meaning who believe in who Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam the Ahmed Mohammed salatu salam, Wa La Nina haddow, who are they
the oma off musasa at his time,
then, wasabi own Anna Sapiens.
With regard to the sabie own we learned earlier, it is said that the sabie own are the people of your hair Lisa.
So at their time
and others, they differ concerning them. They say that Asahi is basically someone who has left the religion of his forefathers
Who is he?
A person who has left the religion of his forefathers.
It is also said that the Sapiens in particular they were religious group who were neither Jews nor Christians, but they believed in Allah and they used to perform prayers. And they also used to keep fasts and it is said that they exist still today. And they're known as the Mandaeans.
So, when Latina haddow wasabi boon and the sabians meaning in their particular time
when the SATA and the Christians who are the the oma off restart listener in their era,
men and Avila whoever believes in a lot of these people.
And belief in Allah includes what
belief in what else?
If a person believes in Allah, He will believe in everything that alasa Pendleton is going to tell him. So he is going to believe in every single scripture.
He is going to believe in every single messenger. He is going to believe in the color of Allah decree. He is going to believe in the angels of Allah and everything else that Allah soprano data informs of.
So over here, yes, although the messengers are not mentioned the books are not mentioned.
But by saying man am Annabella it is understood
and you see
Every time the details of Eman are mentioned
that would make the canal the speech very long, very lengthy.
So if by mentioning belief in Allah, it can be understood that belief in Allah includes believing in all the messengers of the Scriptures that it is sufficient. And this is the beauty of the Quran
that no extra words are in the Quran.
So when I'm in a biller, whoever believes in a lot when they omit it and the last, why is the day of judgment mentioned in particular,
because you see, belief in Allah and belief in the Day of Judgment. They are the two the main pillars of Eman
men feathers, why?
Because belief in Allah will lead a person to believing in everything else that is mandatory to believe in.
And belief in the Day of Judgment, will motivate a person to prepare for the Day of Judgment.
And this belief in Allah will lead to believing in everything else.
And believing in the Day of Judgment, will drive a person to prepare for the last day.
So when I'm in a villa, he will do me a favor, whoever believes in a line the last day, but it's not just a man. It's also what I mean.
And he also performs righteous deeds. fella, hopefully, he will have known then such people will neither have any fear, nor will they have any hurts.
What do we learn from this ayah?
First of all, that salvation is not attained by merely belonging to a particular group, or wishful thinking.
Because the almost Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, what do we think?
That just because we're believers, no matter what we do, eventually we will be forgiven?
Eventually, but what does Allah say?
That it's a man and
this will guarantee you no hope and no husband in the FM.
Similarly, a Latina had what do they think? That no urban Allah?
Therefore we can do whatever we want.
The Christians What do they say? That just believe in the Son of God and that's it, you will attain salvation.
But what does Allah say?
It's not just belonging to a particular group. What is it that's going to make you successful?
It's your correct Eman And secondly, it's your righteous deeds.
Secondly, we learned that the way of getting out of home and herzan is a man and
the way of getting out of fear and grief is what Eman and righteous deeds.
For example, sometimes people develop fear of people or fear of future fear of some creatures.
people develop different types of fears.
But if a person has is
that nothing can harm me, unless and until a loss of data allows for to harm me
is not going to give him confidence.
Like for example, sometimes people are very scared of the gym.
They just hear the word gender, that's it. Think your expressions have changed immediately. So people are very scared.
But if a person has this, amen, that nothing can harm me. Unless and until Allah subhanaw taala allows
and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said that whoever says these Karima whoever says ayatul kursi in the morning, then you will be saved from the gym. And whoever says ikusi in the evening you'll be saved from the gym.
So if a person has is a man he has is your thing that is not going to make him fearless
is not going to take his fear away is now going to reduce his fear. Yes it is.
So Eman And I want to Seiler are your way out from fear and grief in this dunya as well as the
Lakota Amita Bani Israel, you. Certainly we had taken the covenant of the children of Islam.
We took a covenant amiss up from the very Islamic
and plural a HUD net.
Florida has been used for a loss of habitat away
for the purpose of loyalty. And the last panel Tara is our vulnerable man. He is a greatest of all those who are great
and therefore he is more
worthy of being honored
that he is most worthy of using floral for himself. Because if we find a person using floral for himself, we're like, oh, he's so arrogant. But in some people, it's actually part of culture that they use floral to refer to themselves.
But Allah subhanaw taala uses fluoro for himself, why? Because he is are vulnerable and that he is a greatest of the great and therefore he is most worthy of this
locker the 100 net Misa company is an elite of the covenant of the Bani Israel which covenant
which covenant is this?
The covenant is not mentioned over here in this particular Ayah or in this particular context.
However, if you look at the greater context of the surah
earlier insulinoma either in Ayah number 12 we learned about the missiles that was taken from the Bani Israel.
What was that means? How about
that our last presenter also appointed then he
and he said I'm going to be with you, you will have my help.
If you establish a salon give this occur, believe in my messengers and help them
I number 12 sort of either one or the other Allahu mitsouko Bani Israel, you will there is no mean whom was named Sharon Akiva will call the law who in American law in a comfortable side it was the cattle were meant to be Rosalie well as of the room will occur up to mala cotton Hasson Luca Ferran Nan consejo article, while it would feel unwelcome Jeannette integrity mentality and unhealth
because remember that there were many many covenants that were taken from the Bani Israel instead of the burqa. We learned about so many so many missiles. For example, in sort of 183 we learned what is a hostname is a company is like a letter in the law who have been validating or Senate.
Well, it wasn't me telco, let us speak una de Morocco.
Many covenants were taken from the B'nai Israel. So how do we know which particular mythos is this?
You have to look at the context. You have to look at the solar.
You cannot just say, oh, it refers to any covenant No.
In particular, it refers to the musaf that is mentioned in the context. And Which one is that? The one that is mentioned in sort of meta number 12?
Because it's the same sort of
so we took from the Bani Israel their meetup, what all the sudden that and we sent Elysium to them with certain messengers.
Why did we send messengers to them,
to remind them of the covenant that they had made with a loss
to teach them as to what they were supposed to do, to reform their actions.
It is also said that, Misa over here, it refers to the covenants that Allah subhanaw taala took with all people before he sent them to the earth, which inshallah we will learn in certain.
There are a list in which a lot of parents are asked everyone, Am I not your Lord?
And everybody said, Yes.
So basically, the covenant was made with everybody. So over here, lots of partners emphasizing that this covenant was taken from the Bani Israel that they must worship Allah alone. And after that, we sent messengers to them as well to remind them of this covenant that they had made with Allah.
But what was the reaction of the money isn't?
Good lemme every time whenever Colin over here gives the benefit of the crowd of repetition.
That we didn't just send one messenger but we sent many, many messengers, one after the other.
And their behavior in response was repeatedly the same.
That condyloma J. hombre sudo. Every time a messenger came to them,
via email with that which led to her and for someone, their souls did not desire, meaning they did not like
they did not agree with they found difficult. So each time a messenger brought a hokum, a scripture, a command, a prohibition, anything that did not suit their desires. B my letter and fusuma
it did not suit their desires. What was their reaction for the incredible a group of the messengers they denied completely they call them liars, they said you're not a messenger less than one seller.
But rather You are a liar. Well, funny, funny octoroon and a group of the messengers, they went to the extent of even
within the Bani Israel. They were the chosen people of their time. And they were preferred over all other nations.
They do whenever the messengers came to them. And they said something to them that was against their desires, they would reject, they would deny.
And some messengers they would even kill.
So what do we learn from this ayah?
First of all, we learned a loss of power, God has mercy
upon his slaves, that he didn't just take the covenant from the people, that people must worship alone. And then he just left the people. No, he took the covenant. And then he sent messengers, messengers, one after the other.
Why, in order to remind the people of what they were obligated to do, of their responsibilities,
this is a mercy of a loss penalty.
We also learn from this ayah
about the warning
against what the bunny is right yielded, of breaking their covenant with Allah.
warning against breaking the covenant with Allah Subhana Allah, because Allah subhanaw taala has not mentioned this over here, just so that we know of how evil the bunny is right? You were? Or we just know about history? No.
Allah subhanaw taala has mentioned this. For us to take a lesson from the Father, can you please ask him a
That the stories that are lost apparently and as mentioned, there's a lesson for us in those stories.
So where he's mentioned over here that the bunny is trying to broke their covenant? What's the lesson in this for us?
That we, as believers should not deny the messengers should not break the covenant should not oppose the messenger.
But whatever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam taught us, we must accept it, even if it doesn't suit our desires.
So the lesson in this for us is that don't do what the bunny is, right? You know, they, they broke their covenant, they went against their covenant, you don't do the same thing.
We also learn that when a person finds the commands of a lot difficult, there are two options
because you find something difficult when it doesn't suit your desires. So there are two options.
First of all, that a person leaves it simply because it goes against his desires. But the other is that a person does submit any accepted
what is the B'nai Israel do
they left they abandon the commands of Allah and instead they oppose those people who conveyed the message of Allah to them
so there are two options either you can oppose the truth or
abandon the truth simply because you don't like it simply because it doesn't suit your desires
and secondly accepted into sub and we learned earlier woman Arsenal Mina la hoekman Nicole me up No.
So a person must do something.
In this is also a warning against following the desire of the knifes Why?
Because if you continue to follow your desires, it may lead you to destruction
it may lead you to doing that which is unacceptable in the deen and that which is also not acceptable to the UK to the fifth or to the nature to the intellect of a person.
That doesn't make sense that just because you don't like what the other person is saying you call him a liar
or you try to kill him.
So what is it that leads a person to such evil actions is following the desire
that the desire of the knifes is so dear to a person that he cannot tolerate anyone saying something against
anyone saying something that contradicts it
that does not suit the desires. So in this is a warning against following desires because when we just want to follow our desires and we do those things that are unacceptable in the deen and they're unacceptable to the people around us.