Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 1-5 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 4
Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
Yes, no naka, they ask you,
meaning the Sahaba they asked you are prophets autoloader salah
and the Sahaba companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they only asked him those questions that were relevant.
And those questions that were beneficial for their dunya as well as their ethical.
So, yes, no naka, they asked you mother who held Allah home then what is halal for them?
Earlier we were told that behemoth of an arm are all lawful for you. But that's only about animals. And then the exceptions are mentioned that this is not valid for you.
So now they ask Okay, so what is really helpful for us? What are we allowed to eat?
Say, Hillel. achimota Heba
permissible for you are all good things. up a bath is a Florida by Eva, meaning all pure, clean, good things are lawful for you.
A play You bet. What does it refer to?
We have studied about the food that you bet earlier into the locker in great detail. What does it refer to food that is Hillel. First of all?
We learned so little out of 157 when you hidden Lula Huma Hibbert, where you helped him or Elena alphabetize the profits out of all the sudden you made lawful for them the good things. So what are the good things? Those things that are lawful?
So every Hillel food is to you. Okay, and every haraam food is hubby's, it is impure.
So hello, Dakota You bet. So talking about includes fruits, vegetables, grains, even the meat that is halal poultry,
as long as it meets the requirements of Hello. So O'Hanlon Acoma Paiva
Why am I London, and that which you got
Moran Lambton, what this means is, we'll say do not identify meaning and the game the hunt of that which you have taught, meaning the hunt of the animal, which you have trained
the hunt of the animal that you have trained. So for example, a person has
dog and he has trained it as a hunting dog.
So, if he takes that dog with him for hunting, and the dog catches, let's say, a particular animal, then that animal is Hello.
Obviously, as long as that animal is healthy, that he
is Halloween itself, not that if the dog catches a big you're gonna eat it because Allah says Mr. Lim to know
it's understood, we'll say to my
the hunting animals
the word God, what does it mean?
limbs, isn't that the meaning of dividing limbs, we say the call of the lizanne that
the word do it is the plural of Jay. Hi,
with a downward attack.
And Johnny is wondering fetters Jean blaha. And Jerry has been understood in two ways First of all, it is derived from the word job
and job is to acquire to earn something where the manager item and he knows what you acquire during the day, what you earn during the day.
So, what does it mean to acquire and from this as joetta which is used for limbs, why?
Because through your limbs, you acquire you get many things you get from one place to the other, you do different things you eat. You said I mean with your limbs, you do many many things.
Your limbs are divided are a means of acquiring deeds, actions.
Secondly, they said that the word joy is derived from the word joy and what is your main wound?
Well drew her before us and for all wounds or injuries also there is the sauce. So what is your main wound?
So who is a god? Who are
those which give wounds to the other that which attacks the other?
So what does it mean?
So why am I lumped them in Algeria and the hunt of that which you have taught? And who is it who you have taught the jawara?
Meaning the hunting animals?
And why are they called duality? Because they bring the hunt for you.
Like sometimes you will notice how hunting dogs, they will chase an animal, too far distance even. And they will go from between trees and over a stream and you can follow. So why are they called jawara because they bring the catch for you. They bring the catch for you. And they're also called joetta. Because they don't kill the catch, but rather they just give a wound to the cat.
Understand, they just Indira the catch. So that that animal that hasn't been caught, it doesn't run away.
So am I lumped them in a divider meaning the hunt of those hunting animals whom you have taught. And remember that these hunting animals, it doesn't just refer to dogs, but it applies to birds even.
It applies to animals, meaning hounds, whether it is a dog or a wild cat or whatever. And it also applies to hunting birds like Falcons,
mocha Libby, meaning as trainers whom you have taught as trainers. The word mocha Libyan is a part of mocha live and mocha live is from the refectory scaff lambat what is called me dog. This is not called what is called heart and what is called dog. So make sure you pronounce properly because you might be referring to someone's or your own Taliban you might say Caleb, so you have to be careful.
So Caleb is doc.
Now macam lib, first of all means one who trains an animal.
One who trains instructs teaches an animal
to be a good bet in the house. No for hunting.
So who is locally
an animal trainer for what for hunting purposes specifically, whether he is training birds or he is training animals.
And remember that this trainer, sometimes these trainers are human beings and other times trainers are also other animals.
Like for example, if you want to train a dog, you will train it.
I mean the person will train it himself but he will also use other dogs to train the animal.
So macula can be the person and can also apply to another animal that is used for training.
Secondly, McCann lip is one who sends a can one who releases one who sends a curl by for example it is that can lead to a callback meaning I released the hound on the prey. I sent the dog can lead to a callback I sent the dog why to go and catch the hunt.
So what does it mean by Michael Levine meaning the game caught by what you have trained of hunting animals
the game caught by what the jewelry
and these jewelry you are there mocha living you have trained them.
It's not just any hunting animal but rather you have trained it yourself. It's not just any wild animal, but you have trained yourself, you are mocha lip of that jawara you understand your trainer.
Secondly, what does it mean by MOCA Levine, meaning ones whom you have released, ones whom you have sent, ones whom you have dispatched against to against the prey.
So for example, you spot a catch game animal and you have your dogs with you.
So you send your dogs. Now when your dogs go and catch that game, that game is lawful for you.
So what is mcaleenan for To summarize, first of all, you as a trainer,
and secondly, you as the dispatcher the sender of the hunting animal,
to our LiUNA when you teach them, meaning you have taught that
you have trained the joetta
mingma Lemma comala from that which Allah has taught you.
Meaning the animal that is being used for hunting must be a trained animal.
It must be a trained animal you have got it you have trained. Now what is the sign of a trained animal of a trained hunting pound?
First of all, that when a person sends that hunting animal, he comes back.
It's not like you send the dog if the dog never comes back. It just goes and catches, whatever he has got and he starts eating it himself and you can't find the dog anywhere. No. What's the sign First of all, that when you send it, it comes back when you call it response.
The second sign is that it can be restrained when reprimanded when scolded.
So, for example, if you tell the dog sit, stop, come back, the dog understands, he responds, he can be curved, he can be restrained, when he is reprimanded.
And thirdly, that the animal, it seizes it holds on to the catch the game without eating of it.
Meaning when he catches the game, he doesn't eat it. He only holds it.
And these three tests, the animal must have passed at least three times.
You must have tested the animal for these three tests at least three times. If he passes all three times then he has the license of a hunting dog.
And if he hasn't passed, then what does it mean? He needs to take the test again. He needs some more training.
So Tony Muna Honda Malema como la meaning how do you train these dogs? How do you train these animals, from the knowledge that Allah has given you? And this is a huge blessing of Allah, that you are actually able to train these wild animals for your work
for kulu so eat me man from that which and secondarily, they hold on to upon you. Um, second is on the roof that was meme scene calf, what does it mean to hold on to something to retain something?
So eat of that which they hold for you.
Meaning eat off the prey, the game, the catch, that your hunting animals are holding for you? What does it mean? That if the hunting animal started eating from that prey, that's not lawful for you. It's lawful for you only when he is holding it, he's not eating of it.
Even if your hunting animal manages to kill the catch.
Like for example, there is a small deer and your three dogs they managed to catch the deer.
Now the three dogs are holding on to the deer. Now why is that the deer is moving, it's wrestling. It's trying to get away but it cannot.
They're holding the deer for you. You come there, you slaughter the deer. It's awful for you.
Now, the other is that when they caught it,
they're not eating it. But the deer dies. The deer dies.
It's been killed. So in that case, again, it is lawful for you. Why? Because they're holding the deer for you. Even if the deer is dead because of them.
The third case is where they catch the deer. They kill the deer and they start eating it. Is that lawful for you? No it's not for you.
So Falcone remember I'm secondarily and This is in contrast to the untrained hunting creatures whose catch is not lawful for consumption.
And one has to do it's the cast as we learned earlier, in domesticated
wealth guru and you mentioned ismaila here I lay the name of Allah upon it. What does it mean by this? mentioned the name of Allah upon it.
This has been understood in two ways. And both of them are important and necessary.
That first of all, when you release your hunting animal to catch the game to catch the prey at that time you know as mocha Libby what is mocha Labine Calico kalba identical.
So when you send the dog what should you say Bismillah.
And secondly, what this means that there was a small law here and he that even when you're eating the animal, because it says over here, Falco Lumumba and secondarily calm, then at that time also what should you say?
pronounced the name of Allah soprano.
This shows to us that if I
person is trying to hunt an animal with either a hunting animal, or he is using an arrow or a gun, or something like that, then when he is releasing the arrow or when he is shooting
at that time also, what should he say? Bismillah?
What does it show?
That it's not important to slaughter the animal with your hand?
So what does it show that even when machines slaughter when you press the button? Okay, what are you supposed to say? Bismillah? Because you're using a tool to get to the animal because you can't reach the animal yourself. It's impossible for you to slaughter all these animals at the same time. It's not humanly possible.
Similarly, if there's a deer, one mile from you across the mountain, can you catch it?
Can you reach it with your knife and then slaughter it? You can't?
There's a rule. In fact, there's a principle in physics that moussaka to tragedy, but they see
that difficulty it brings ease.
When you're in a difficult situation, then the commands are easy.
Which is why in the absence of water, what is permissible?
They mo similarly when the animal is far away from you, then what is permissible that you shoot your arrow
and what's the rule again, that whether it is that you're sending your arrow or the bullet or your hunting animal or your knife, what is the rule? You have to say Bismillah so what Guru is mala here Really?
What takala and fear Allah in the la serie or increase have Indeed Allah is swift in taking the account.
Look at the way that the IRS
Allah is Swift, he is very quick. He is very fast in taking herself. So be careful about what you say. Be careful about what you eat, or what how you hunt.
What do we learn from this ayah First of all, we learned about
the hips, the love or the you can say the greed, the desire that the Sahaba had for knowledge
that the Sahaba had for correct knowledge, knowledge about halal and haram.
That although it was mentioned that this is lawful for you, and this is haram for you, yet they asked what is halal for us.
It shows how much desire they had to know about what is right and what is wrong.
What do we think? Oh, it's so complicated. I can't bother.
But this habit they asked as we learned early that remodel the learner. Yes, the profits are a lot Isn't it about the colletta so much so that the profits are a lot of them kept. He poked him in his chest. And he said this is should be enough now. That's it fellas, no more questions.
Secondly, we learned from this ayah that the matter of making something halal, and the matter of making something how long belongs exclusively to do a loss of penalty. What's the evidence for that? Yes, aluna Krav Maga Hila home? What does Allah say?
Cool. Hey, Lola Kamata you back.
Now if you look at it, they asked Who? The Prophet sallallahu wasallam who gave the answer? Allah subhana wa Tada. So it is said that this write belongs exclusively to a las panatela It doesn't even belong to the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
The Prophet sallallahu wasallam also did not have the authority to make anything halal by himself or make something haram by himself.
Which is why when he made something common himself, he was recommended that Yeah, you're gonna be limited to how to remove Matt halala hulak
Why do you make unlawful what Allah has made lawful for you?
And whatever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed us with regards to highlighting heroin that also came from
from a loss.
So this is why we have to be extremely careful
about what we call halaal what we call heroin, because sometimes very casually, we say, Oh, this is heroin. Oh, that is haram.
life preserver example with regards to the machines slaughter many times, personally even I used to think up until yesterday, that it's completely how long
but when I learned that a llama, the kcom it falls under that. And when you learn, then you realize the other side as well. You have to look at evidence from both sides. And when you learn more, then you realize more. So we have to be very careful about passing judgments. If you disagree
It's your right to disagree. Go ahead. Don't eat that. But don't say that is how long and this is how long
because this right belongs exclusively to almost
exclusively to him. We don't have the right to say this Hello This has come unless obviously, if Allah Subhana Allah has mentioned something to be Hello, or Hello.
We also learned from this ayah that whatever Allah subhanaw taala has made Hillel for us is beneficial for us.
Why? Because Allah says he has made lava for you What? The you bet what is a good, clean, wholesome, healthy, nutritious, beneficial?
So everything that Allah has made lawful for us? What is it, it is beneficial for us? It is not fair. It is beneficial for our bodies for everybody.
And on the contrary, whatever Allah has made, how long is actually harmful for us.
We also learned from this ayah about the allowance of eating back which the hunting animal has got
the permission of eating that which the hunting animal has caught.
As long as the hunting animal is first of all trained.
That's what we learned. When Madeleine McCann living
the animal must be a trained animal. And secondly, all of the conditions must be met, what are the conditions
that you must have said Bismillah and that the animal it should not have eaten anything of it.
So the conditions of a hunting animal being lawful are, first of all, that Allah subhanaw taala His name is mentioned at the time of sending the hunting animal.
What's the evidence for that? As it is mentioned in the iOS Guru is mama here.
and elsewhere in the Quran as well. in Surat Al anon Ayah 121. Allah subhanaw taala says well at pulumi, Malamute carisma, La Jolla, la we're in the hula fist
and do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned.
So this is very clear. If Allah His name has not been mentioned, you're not allowed to eat of it.
Whether a Christian gives it to you or a Jew gives it to you or a Muslim gives it to you.
Because Allah says very clearly let that kulu may Malamute charisma here and he. So first of all, what's the condition
that Allah subhanaw taala his name must be mentioned at the time of sending the hunting animal or shooting the arrow or whatever.
Secondly, the animal must not eat of the prey.
And if he eats from it, it is not lawful for you.
Because it means that he hunted it for himself not for you.
Or it means that that animal is not still trained, because it forgot,
or it doesn't care about what the animal has been taught.
So basically, the animals should not eat of the prey.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, if the dog eats from the game, then do not eat from it.
For I fear that it has got it as prey for itself. And this is mercy, kindness towards animals, that if he has hunted it for himself, don't eat it. He wants it for himself. That was his Nia, this shows the importance of intention, even with animals.
The third condition is that the dog or the hunting animal must have wounded the animal.
He must have wounded the animal how, either with his claws or with his teeth or whatever. If he slammed the animal against something and then caught it.
Like for example, he just picked up or three dogs together, there is a very tiny deer. They hit it. So what happens that deer goes flying, it hits the rock and it falls to the ground.
You may have seen that some animals actually do that, by for example, cats, sometimes when they catch a mouse or something, they will not kill it immediately, but they will hit it against the wall or something until eventually the mouse will does animal sometimes do that.
So if that hunting animal hits the animal on something, and as a result that animal dies that is not lawful.
Because the animal died because of what because of the blow and not because of the hunting animal.
I mean, the hunting animal did not kill it itself.
Similarly, if let's say the dogs are chasing the deer and the deer falls in the water,
And it dies. Again, that deer is not lawful.
It must have wounded it must have injured the animal itself.
Because of this, it is also said that whatever you're using, let's say, if you're using a tool, like an arrow,
it must be something that tears through the skin.
Because the dog as well, when he will catch the deer or something, what will he do, he will bite it as a result, what's going to happen, he's going to tear through the skin, some blood is going to flow out, whatever little It is, it is going to flow out. Similarly, if you're using another tool, it must steer through the skin.
And if it's not tearing through the skin, then again, that animal will not be highlighted for you. Because let's say if you're using rubber bullets or something like that, because of the blow, it has died, not because it has been cut through. So there has to be a card there has to be a mark on that animal.
Fourthly, no other animal must have joined the hunt. Let's say you send your dog and there's a wolf. There's a pack of wolves, and they join. So in that case, you're not going to take that deer. Why?
Because you don't know who actually killed the deer whether it was your dog, or it was some other untrained animal. You said Bismillah when you released your dog but the other wolves that came nobody said this Milan them
aren't even had them said that I said O mas messenger. I sent hunting dogs and mentioned Allah subhanaw taala his name.
He replied, If without mentioning Allah's Name, you let loose your team's dog after a game and it catches it, you may eat what it catches.
I said even if it kills the game, he replied, even if it kills the game,
unless another dog joins the hunt for you mentioned a last name when you send your dog but not the other dog. So this again shows the importance of pronouncing Bismillah.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam also said that if you find another dog with your dog, and the game animal has been killed, do not eat it.
That's a use enter dog. Now, you couldn't find your dog, eventually you found it.
And you see that the prey is dead. And there's your dog and there's another dog, you know who killed it. There are no cameras over there and the dogs not going to tell you. I did it. So in that case, don't eat it.
For verily you don't know which of them killed it.
Now, when you send your hunting animal, there's two possibilities, either he will catch the prey, and he will just hold it so that the prey is not that it is still alive.
Or he will catch the prey and kill the prey
to possibilities and third is that he will start eating
if he starts eating obviously not correct for you. But in the first two cases that is handled for you.
Now what are you supposed to do with the animal?
The first case in which you find the game animal alive?
Let's say your dogs are only holding on to the deer. The deer is still alive, what are you supposed to do? You have to slaughter it.
It is not permissible to eat it without properly slaughtering it.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said and what you have hunted with your untrained dog and you are able to kill it, then eat it.
So basically, if you find the game animal alive, then what do you do? slaughter it.
Secondly, if the animal is caught after it has died,
okay, let's say your dogs are holding on to it and the deer is dead, it is still permissible to eat it. As long as Bismillah was pronounced when shooting the eye
or when sending the hunting animal.
And the tool or the arrow that you use to kill that animal with was what?
It was sharp enough to tear through the skin
and your hunting dog as well. When it caught and killed the animal there has to be some mark of the bite.
Basically, the main thing is that the skin of the game animal must be going through
either by your hunting animal or your arrow or your bullet or whatever the two have used.
It must be torn through if it's dead already. If it's not torn through, then it's not Hello for you.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said if it is
struck by the blunt part, thus killing the animal, then do not eat it For verily it is that which has been struck.
So, basically, to summarize, the game that is caught by hunting is permissible as long as certain conditions are met, what are those conditions Bismillah,
the animal must be trained, the animal must have caught it by itself, it must not eat of it.
And if you're using a tool, if you're using a weapon, it should have cut through the skin. And if you find the game alive, then you have to slaughter it, if you find it dead, then you have to see some mark on the skin of the animal that must have gone through the skin. Whether it is the death of your hunting dog, or it is the blade, or whatever it is. So let's say that the needle is used to make the animal unconscious. So when you find it, you slaughter it. Okay, because it's still unconscious. It's not dead yet. But let's say you found it the next day. You found it the next day it door through the skin. And it was your act that killed the animal. And it was not killed by a
blow. but rather something went in its body. It tore through the body and because of that it died.
You understand? Because the needle has gone through the skin.
I know there is something very strange for us because first of all, we're not into this stuff. Although there are people who still hunt, I'm sure many may know some people who hunt.
So these rules are very important for us to know.
And the hunted animal. The game is not a normal Mater. Remember that it's a different type of meat that you have caused, it's that you said Bismillah
This is different. We also learn from this ayah about the prohibition of eating any meat on which Allah subhanaw taala his name has not been mentioned.
You remember that saying the name of Allah is a condition of meat being halal. Because Allah says over here with Cosmo law here at Ag
and in sort of interim as I mentioned to you, the i o which mentioned that will add up kurumi Muslim youth charisma law he is a he were in the who the fist.
It has been said that saying the name of Allah is a condition of meeting Hillel and it is not excused by forgetting. It is not excused by forgetting
or not knowing according to the most scholarly opinion.
And this is the opinion of mathematic, even humble, even me as well as recently, which is even worse, I mean,
all of them have said that you have to say Bismillah when slaughtering the animal if a person forgets
Why because Allah says explicitly, let the kulu Malamute charisma, don't eat of it. On which Allah's name has not been mentioned.
So if a person forgets, let's say he shot the arrow, oh my god, I didn't say Bismillah. And the game got killed.
Is that going to be long for you know,
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, if the blood flows and the name of Allah is mentioned, then eat. Okay, then eat.
We also learn about the virtue of knowledge from this ayah
that Allah subhanaw taala has differentiated between the hunt of the animal that has training and the hunt of the animal that does not have training, can you imagine
makes a difference even in animals?
So how much of a difference would it make between humans?
How much of a difference could it make a huge difference? great difference between someone who knows and someone who doesn't know, the hunt of the animal that is trained is Hillel.
And the hunt of the animal that is not trained that does not have a limb is how long? It's not awful for you. Look at the difference that really makes
one becomes Hillel and the other becomes home. So what does it show?
The virtue? The excellence the felina of a
girl Holly so we live in an era lamona whether these in La Jolla, and among
those people who know and those people who don't know can they be the same, they cannot be the same.
We also learn from this ayah about the Baraka the blessing of the name of Allah subhanaw taala
that if you mentioned that your mama, then the food becomes harder. And if you don't mention the name of Allah, food does not become hella.
This is the Baraka This is the blessing of mentioning the name of Allah.
We also learn from the side that Allah subhanaw taala. He cuts off any chances or any possibilities of a person being impressed by himself or admiring himself. Because over here it has been set to Allah Muna hoonah me man, I love
that you teach you train these animals, from which knowledge from the knowledge that Allah gave you. So just because you manage to train a dog, don't be too proud of yourself.
You know, sometimes if people are successful in teaching, even a child something like how to say Salah, or how to say a particular word to take so much pride in it, I taught him how to say that I taught her how to say that
they take so much pride in it.
similarity, if a person manages to train an animal, like a bird, to say something, or to do something, people take so much pride in that What does Allah say?
Don't be too proud, Allah is one who gave you that knowledge.
So a person can never be proud of their in that he learns and there isn't that he teaches,
of course, you should be happy. Of course, it's a big achievement, you managed to teach your child how to say a last name. It's a big achievement, you should be happy. But the point that I'm making is that you shouldn't be proud. That look, I got him I got
we also learn from this idea that in knowledge is not just about Oregon shattering about the sciences of the religion only.
Knowledge is not limited to religion only. Because over here, what is it I'm referring to dog training, animal training.
So basically, it applies to any knowledge, any science that is relevant and beneficial to people, relevant and beneficial to people. Because when you're training a dog, it's definitely relevant to people and it's definitely beneficial for people as well.
We also learn from this is about the vastness of the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala, where he has permitted us for to eat, what we slaughter ourselves, and also what our animals catch for us. This is the mercy of Allah subhana wa the vastness of His mercy, that Imagine if the only animal that was highlighted was the one that you slaughter property yourself, and not what you want, it would be difficult.
For us, it doesn't create much difficulty, but for people who are living in such areas in which they have to hunt. For them, this is a necessity, this is something that is very major, very important.
So this shows the vastness of a loss of parameter.
We also learn from this idea that whenever a person hunts, whenever a person catches whatever a person slaughter is,
he will be questioned about it.
Many times we go and buy meat,
we cook it,
and we throw it, we don't eat it.
Don't we do that.
Or we go and buy meat. And we only get let's say the meat part and we leave the bones or relieve other parts of the animal that could be very beneficial. Like for example, the bones Okay, and I'm gonna chew on them, but you could make good stock out of them. You could use them to make different things. But sometimes what do we do? We're so negligent, we're so wasteful when it comes to me.
I mean, an animal has been slaughtered, and you're just eating a few parts and you're wasting the rest of it. Or you cook a lot of it and you eat a few pieces and you waste the rest of it.
This is what wasted because Allah Subhana Allah says in the law city or herself, Allah is swift in taking the account.
Also, you see, sometimes when people are hunting, sometimes they hunt only for sport,
isn't it so?
They hunt only for sport.
Only for fun as entertainment not for food.
But what does Allah say over here? In the last video, Allah is swift in taking the account
that how much you wanted, how much you bought, how much you ate, how much you wasted, how much you killed for no reason, allows me to question you about that.
So this meat that Allah has made permissible for you, use it carefully. Don't waste it, use it carefully.
Don't be wasteful about it.
And don't kill animals excessively, treating them harshly.
raising them up in a very harsh manner, killing them brutally. All of this is what
something that is forbidden. Allah is said here in taking the account