Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 135-147 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 135-a
that's number 65. Similar to NASA is number 135. To 147.
Yeah, you had levina amanu.
All you who have believed punakha wamena Budapest be persistently standing firm injustice shuhada an in witnesses for Allah, whatever other unforeseen, even if it is against yourselves.
In the previous ayat, we learned about the relationship between a husband and a wife. That how both of them, they are supposed to give the hoopoe of one another, give the rights of one another. And if, let's say things don't work out in a good way, then what happens? They end up in a divorce.
Over here, we learn about standing up for justice.
Because many times when these problems happen, when these problems occur between spouses between families, what happens? Generally people become biased. If they have made a mistake, they don't accept it. And they want other people to change. They don't want to change themselves.
So over here, Allah subhanaw taala emphasizes that all of you should stand up for justice, even if it is against yourself. Even if, by standing up for justice, you're going to harm yourself, you're going to take the blame. Why? Because there is a command of a law and look at the ayah Yeah, uh, you had Nadine Ehrman or you who have believed the eye begins with Yeah, you have which is neither and what does that show the importance of the command? Because the believers are being called the command is just not being given as it is, but the believers are being called What does it show? When do you call someone you call them to something that is important. So it shows the importance of this
command. And then believers are mentioned What does that show that this is a requirement of Eman
and inshallah all of us are believers of this command is also for us. That Yeah, you have Medina, Amma No, Guru, all of you should be every single one of you should be, don't think that somebody else should be overwhelming. Just know, every single person you included, should be amenable, just ones who uphold justice, ones who stand up for justice, how persistently
The word kawaman is the plural of the word Cohen. And we did our moon earlier in solo tomasa as well that original call where moon and Anissa men are the comb over women. So who is aware, the word comb is the excessive form of the word car in so called M is one who stands but a worm denotes one who does the action of BM excessively persistently, constantly such that it becomes this characteristic
such that it becomes this characteristic.
So what does it show? It shows the repetition of the action. So much so that it becomes the habit of a person who becomes the characteristic of a person that is how he is identified a whim.
Just as the names of Allah subhanaw taala of the web, what do they show, repetition of the action that repeatedly over and over again, he is forgiving.
So a worm is one who persistently stands one who constantly uphold
one who always upholds every single time all the time persistently uphold.
What is he upholding the best justice
and what is best
It is used for justice, equity, fairness, but remember there are different words for justice in the Arabic language.
One is either so how is this different from other everyone and everything. Every single person and everything has to do has a hook. Every person has a hook and everything has a hook.
This is to give everything and everyone the hook that they deserve.
It is to give everyone in everything the hook that they deserve.
It is to give them their help fully and completely.
Basically just gives a sense of being just in order to avoid injustice. Being just in order
To avoid injustice, it gives a sense of avoiding and staying away from injustice.
And generally, this is with regards to apparent physical tangible matters. It is with apparent physical tangible matters.
And it is said that best is done in a very clear and apparent matter. This is done in a very clear and apparent matter.
Meaning you are so just that anybody will see and say, yes, this is justice. And others, on the other hand, could be not that visible, but just has to do with apparent physical matters. And it's very obvious, it's very clear.
But other than the other hand, somebody could be doing it, but it may not be very obvious, it may not be very clear.
Like, for example, crystals, that if you have two children before you, you get one child and you kiss the other child right there and then,
and other lists, that at one time, you give a gift to one child, and at another time you give a gift to the other child. So the people who saw you there at that incident, they don't know if you are being just they just saw you giving a gift to one child. But you will know that you're being Justin giving both equal gifts. But this Why are you being just in such an apparent manner? Why?
Because you want to avoid any type of injustice. So you understand.
It is obvious, clear, manifest justice, manifest justice, that nobody can point their finger and say, This is not right. This is not fair.
So what is a loss apparent are the same kuno or wamena?
persistently stand for justice. In what in the apparent matters. So people when they see your affairs, they say, yes, this is justice, to stand up for justice and fairness, and do not deviate from it in any way whatsoever.
And sometimes what happens? It is a fear of other people. It's the fear of their blame, or it's the negative comments of people that prevent us that discourage us from being just so over here when Allah says punakha, were amenable first. Don't let anybody stop you. Don't let the fear of anyone stop, you know, stand up for justice, uphold justice support the truth.
Meaning don't ignore the truth. Don't turn a blind eye to the truth stand up for it.
Shahada, Allah, as witnesses for Allah. And what is meant by punakha wamena bluecrest is that when it comes to giving the Shahada when it comes to testifying when it comes to supporting the truth and who should you testify in favor of the one that is just the one who has the hook? So be just in your testimony?
And how should you be just in your testimony shuhada and in there as witnesses for Allah.
Shahada is a plural of Shaheed and who is Shaheed one who bears witness to something? So she had a lilla? He What does it mean by Linda meaningly for the sake of a lost printer,
when you are supporting the truth, when you are standing up for justice, when you are testifying to the truth, then why should you support the truth? Why should you be just for the sake of a loss of rent or to get the pleasure of Allah? Because it is the command of almost a penalty?
Because many times people, they're just in their affairs, why? In order to gain the praise of people?
When they have to give the testimony, they will make sure that they're truthful, why in order to gain the praise of people.
But over here, Allah says when you are being just when you give the right testimony, what should you be? Who sake Are you giving it for a loss.
So they lay for the sake of Allah for the pleasure of Allah, to gain nearness to a loss of penalty, not for your fame, not to gain the praise of people. So Kono Amina bit of this, she had an inner
and remember that if a person is really giving testimony to please a loss of personal data, then his testimony is going to be correct and truthful, isn't it?
And if he is giving it for some other purpose, for example, to support his friend who has done something wrong, is it for the sake of Allah? It's not. And because it's not for the sake of Allah, what's going to happen? It's going to be a testimony that is going to be incorrect. He is going to be supporting falsehood. He is not supporting truth.
So shuhada anila as witness
losses for a loss of
one or another and for SQL, even if it is against yourself, what is against yourself, the testimony, the Shahada,
even if that Shahada is against yourself, meaning, even if it goes against your favor,
even if it is against your favor,
others have said that what this means is whatever Allah and forsaken, meaning even if it means that you are going to be blameworthy, you are going to be proven as the guilty one. Like for example, sometimes a person is testifying in favor of or against two other people. Now, the other is that you are involved in that case, you are involved in that case? And if you stand up for justice, what does that mean that the blame is going to fall on you? So, whatever that musical, what does it show, that even if it means that you have to admit your mistake, you have to admit your mistake, even then, even if the blame is upon you? What should you stand for? justice?
away, well, you validating, or the parents, meaning even if your testimony goes against your parents, Allah unwelded and even if it goes against your parents, while carabin even if it goes against your closest relatives, notice it's not the will corba Who is it? A Caribbean, a carabiner, the closest relatives of a person? And who are they? A person's immediate family. So a person's children, his parents, his siblings, the spouse, who are their immediate family of a person. So, while kuraby, meaning even if the Shahada goes against your relatives, your closest relatives still do not compromise for their sake, do not compromise for your sake, do not compromise for their sake.
He are convenient, if he is rich, who is rich, the one against whom you are bearing witness, the person against whom you're bearing witness, if he is rich,
oh, or fuck Iran? He is for for law, who? Then Allah, Ola Bhima. He is closer to them to what does that mean either?
Many times, if there is a person who is rich, and you have to testify against them, you have to oppose them because they're wrong that they're doing. Many times what happens? People don't oppose them. People will not justify against them. Why?
Because, okay, they have influenced but in particular rich, because then maybe you will get some monetary benefit from them.
Maybe you will get some material benefit from them.
And if you oppose them, what's going to happen? You won't benefit
over the run, or he is for now what happens to the poor person, if he has done something wrong? Sometimes people will still support the poor person, why? out of pity for him?
What does Allah say? That if the guilty one, the person whom you are bearing witness against, if he is rich, or poor, remember that Allah is closer to them. Allah is nearer to them, he is more protective of them.
Others have said that he yakun he, it refers to the person for who said,
For who say, the testimony is being taken.
The first meeting was my shoot, I lay meeting the person against whom the testimony has been taken.
So basically, the rich person is guilty or the poor person is guilty.
Over here, the second meaning is that the person for whose sake meaning in whose favor you are bearing the witness. So the rich person is true, is right. He's not guilty, and the poor person he is not guilty. Now, what happens sometimes, that a person knows that the rich person is not guilty. He is not guilty.
But still What will you do? He will still testify against him. He knows that he's not guilty, but still you will testify against him. Why? Why?
Because he feels that the poor person needs more help. He needs more support. Similarly, there is a poor person, he's not of your level, he's not of your status. If he gets hurt, it's not going to affect you. So still a person will have
testify against econ vahanian, alpha pyrrha whether you are testifying for or against the rich or the poor, remember that Allah is closer to them to
what is the mean by the sterilized closer to them to
the word Ola is on the roof. It was well done. Yeah. When he What does he mean? Close friend, protector guardian.
So for law, Ola Mahima means that he is more closer to the to than you.
He is most knowing of what is better for them. And remember, well, he is not just friend but one who protects guardian. So he is a better protector of them. Do
you think that if you testify for them or against them, you're going to bring them some benefit or save them from some harm? No. Ally is their protector. He is more protective of them too.
You think that just because he's poor? He deserves kindness. And because he's rich, you shouldn't support him? No, Allah is closer to them, he is more protective of them. If you support them in the wrong that they're doing, how much money will you save them? How much money will you save them? How much material benefit Can you bring to them? It's nothing compared to what Allah has given.
Allah is their Creator, he is their provider, he is their nourisher he cares about them more than you care about them. Therefore, still, what should you do stand up for justice.
Others have said that what this means is that for lovoo olavi, Hema, that Allah is more worthy than them to, to Allah gives a sense of more worthy, more deserving. He has the best claim to meaning allies more worthy of being cited with than your rich friend or then your poor friend.
Meaning you should be on the side of a loss of penalty in the sense that you should do what Allah has commanded you. Allah is more worried that you should listen to him that you should listen to his command. Not that just because if a person is poor, you should feel pity for him. A person is rich, you should support him, No, Allah is more deserving of your obedience of your loyalty. So for lo olavinlinna, Allah is near to them too, he is more protective of them do, then you and he is more worthy, that you obey Him, that you are loyal to him.
Find out that the burel Hawa, so do not follow the desires, why?
Antara de leeuw lest you maintain justice or lest you swerve away from justice under the law.
So that the viewer will however, do not follow the desires which desires
whether it is love, or it is hatred, whether it is a pity, or greed, or it is loyalty, any kind of desire. In this case, don't follow it. Why? Enter the loo
under the law hasn't been understood in a number of ways. First of all, it has been said that what this means is under the loo and Terra delue is from newsletters. I'm Dan lamb, from the word Urdu from the word Urdu and what does it mean? It is to move away it is to deflect to swerve from the correct way from that which is correct. So basically it gives a sense of turning aside from rectitude.
So under the law, what does it mean? That don't follow the desires? lest you swerve away from rectitude? lest you deviate from that which is correct.
Because following the desires, what does it do generally to a person it leads him away from that which is correct.
Secondly, it has been set to 30 Lu. It is from either learn from the word idol and what does it mean justice the Muslim It Is Not Audible, but what is it either. So what does it mean by Latvian? Hola and garderobe
it has been said Antara delu there is an implied lair. It is not mentioned but it is implied. So what does it mean? and guarantee that you will not be just don't follow the desires because then you will not be just you will not be able to do justice and allies telling you go nowhere mean best. So if you follow your desires, whether it is greed for the rich man's money, or it is 50 for the poor, or it is loyalty to your friend, then don't follow this desire because it is going to lead you away from justice.
Others have said
that this can be understood as lead attribution, how I don't follow the desire,
don't follow the desire, full stop, enter the loop, so that you may be able to do justice.
Let that who will stop, don't follow your desire. Why? Under the law, so that you can do other because if you follow your desire then you will not be able to do either. Let at the bureau However, under the law