Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 02 – L029C

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Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

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Episode Notes

Al-Baqarah 215-220 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 219-220

Episode Transcript

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I will be leaving the ship on your legitimacy when they hover over here

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will begin from 219.

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Yes alone aka, they ask you are you hungry while may care about wine, and gambling,

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the Sahaba the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they asked him about wine and gambling about hum and meses. Why did they ask him about this? Because these two alcohol, drugs, wine, and gambling were very prevalent in their society.

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And there was no clear command, there was no clear instruction that had been given concerning them.

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And we see that the Sahaba they were very, you can say sensitive or conscious people. Because the moment that they realized that our Deen does not allow us anything that is harmful, they realized that alcohol or wine and gambling are also harmful for us. So are they allowed or not? Are they permissible or not?

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And we also see how practical questions was it that the Sahaba asked. It was always those questions, whose answers were of benefit? Whose answers could be implemented? They were practical questions they had to do with honor.

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And we learned that he man faith, it brings life to a person it opens up his eyes and then he can see what is good and what is not good.

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We see that our uncle, the fifth law, the intellect even does not accept that a person should indulge in drugs in alcoholism and also in gambling.

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And this life, this consciousness this alertness is what Eman brings to a person and so, the moment that they got EMA they realize that this is not beneficial for us. And so, they asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about a hump and

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the question is, what is a hump? And what is

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the word hump is from the root letters ha meme RA

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and hum is primarily used for grape juice or grape extract that has been fermented. Because once it ferments, then what happens? It turns into alcohol and then eventually, it turns into vinegar.

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So primarily the word is used for that.

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And then the word hunger is used for anything that has the same effect as that of alcohol.

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It is used for anything that has the same intoxicating effect that alcohol has.

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And the word common has been derived from there are two opinions about this.

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First of all, it has been said that it's derived from the word Mohammed Allah

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and Muhammad literally means to cover or to veil something.

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You may have heard of the word Kima. What is the Hema a headscarf? Why? Because what does it do? It covers the head, it covers the Xena, it covers the beauty of a woman.

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But primarily female is that which is used to cover the head that which is used to cover the head which is why it's used for the headscarf

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the shawl that a woman wears around her head.

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So, a lump is basically that which covers the mind of a person that which covers the intellect of a person.

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And so, alcohol is defined as Muhammad Ali aku that which covers the intellect of a person.

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If you look at it, many things cover our minds.

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Sometimes it is our emotions, anger, love, sometimes it is sleep, sometimes it is unconsciousness, it could be different things. But calmer cannot be used for sleep or for love or hate or anger. Hunger is in particular some food or some drink or something that a person consumes. The result of which is that the person's intellect does not function properly anymore.

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A person senses are covered.

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He does not act properly anymore.

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Secondly, it has been said that the word hump is derived from HTML.

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And if DML is when something begins to bubble when something becomes fizzy,

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you know, fizzy drinks. As soon as you pour them out

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What happens, they bubble up to the surface,

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the bubbles, they rise up to the surface.

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So, hum or alcohol has this property as well. Because once the juice ferments, then this is what happens, it becomes fizzy.

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A lot of know how Pablo de la, he used to say that hum includes all that intoxicates the mind.

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So it's not just alcoholic beverages. It's not just wine.

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But it applies to any drug, any drug at all, whether it is taken orally, or it is injected in the body, or a person smells it, because sometimes people are addicted to smelling things like glue, or nail polish, things like that. And they're literally addicted to it.

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So common is anything that intoxicates the mind, and it brings pleasure to a person and it also brings pleasure to a person so it's not just alcohol, it's not just wine, it can apply to anything of the sort.

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So yes alone aka Anil comm, they ask you about hunger and they also ask you about one Mesa and the gambling the word mace it is from the root letters yet seen

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and mace It is used for gambling,

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the word usage, what does it mean is So, mace it is derived from usage which means is it means to prosper to multiply and mace it is that wealth which is easily obtained

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a person goes he plays a game and he becomes a millionaire.

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A person goes he purchases a ticket for just $1 or two and he becomes a millionaire.

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So, what is mace it a game through which a person gains wealth easily without putting any effort.

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Secondly, it has been said that the word Mason is also derived from user but user does not just mean ease. But it also means to distribute something from the same root is the word Yes. Have you heard of the name? Yes it What does it mean one who distributes. Literally Yes, it is one who distributes one who divides.

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And from this Mason is used for a game which the Arabs used to play. It's an ancient game that the Arabs used to play. And basically it involves betting

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what they will do is that they would slaughter animals, and they will divide up the meat into different portions. And they would use arrows just as people use dice or cards are different things today. And with betting different techniques, they would end up winning different portions of the meet. So mesa is basically gambling. What is it? It's gambling. And because gambling includes distribution of the money that has been put together. So therefore, the word mesa is derived from the word use.

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So yes or no naka, Anil Humphrey will may say they ask you about hum. And what does common refer to everything, that intoxicated person, everything that covers and confuses the mind.

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And they also ask you about myself What is my said, gambling betting?

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And remember that sometimes miss it? Yes, it's played in casinos. It's done in big places which are absolutely Hold on. But sometimes it's also done on the computer screen. Sometimes it is considered very innocent. But eventually, it leads up to actually playing with money, which is something that is held on.

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I literally learned who used to say that chess is the measure of non Arabs.

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So it's not just any game that is played with betting involved or with money that is obtained by people or with anything material that is obtained by people as a result of winning the game. It could be any game, whether played through cards, or any game that is played with betting involved or chess, or anything of the sort.

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So they ask you about Hummer and Mason for sea meaning what Prophet Solomon seldom say to them, that FEMA in them to in what to in harmony and Mesa meaning in dealing with them in participating in them, in partaking in them. There is what

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There is one caveat when there is a big sin. There is a great sin in participating in these two.

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The word Islam is from Hamza, Femi.

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And we know that the word Islam is used for sin. But the word isn't is also used for the punishment of sin.

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It's not just used for sin, but it's also used for the punishment that is given for sin.

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For example, it is that Fulani known as human, so and so is as him, meaning he deserves punishment, he is sinful, meaning he deserves punishment. So in both of these two, there is if one Cubby, there is great sin, what does he mean by that? There is great sin in indulging in them. And there is also great punishment for indulging in them.

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They're also great harmful consequences for a person when he indulges in these two things.

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And the question is, what is the if one could be what is the great thing? Or what is the great harm in participating in these two things?

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If you look at it, if you just consider home the first of all, not just alcohol, but drugs or anything that intoxicated person, what happens when people get drunk?

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What happens?

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They lose control, what do they do? They're not stable. And in that state of instability in that state of their intellect being covered, they don't know what they're seeing. They don't know what they're doing, where they're going, who's in front of them, whether it's their mother or their sister, or their life, they have no idea.

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And sometimes they don't even know what they're saying people make a fool of themselves, about how they're behaving, how they're acting.

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And sometimes when people drive when they're drunk, what do they do? They end up in accidents, getting themselves and killing others.

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So there's it's one could be great sin, in partaking in harm, as well as myself.

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Also, think about it if a person is drunk, can he persona? Can you remember a law? No, because the word ism is also used for anything that keeps the person away from doing good.

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So when a person is drunk, when a person is intoxicated, he's not going to remember a law. He's probably going to miss us Allah.

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He neglects his obligations towards Allah. He talks obscene. He does obscene actions. He insults other people, he humiliates the honor of others. So there is greater than in this.

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And also we think of it when people are drunk. Other people, what do they do with them?

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Sometimes they play pranks on them.

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When people are drunk, others play pranks on them. And when they regain their consciousness, when they wake up after the state of Vancouver, what happens? fights issue leading to enmity, leading to hatred. Sophie Hema is known to be

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and as for gambling. As for myself, what's the great sentiment? What's the great harm in that?

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Sometimes people when they're betting, they put in so much money, and if they lose, they lose everything, all of their money.

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What other hand is there?

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It affects your social life, your family life, people go bankrupt. They don't spend them their families, they're constantly worried about getting their lottery tickets.

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It reduces the value of working hard to earn money.

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What else is there?

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It's addictive. People think that next time they will win next time, they will win. And they keep on withdrawing their own money, their own personal money. Or sometimes they steal money. They steal the money of the company that they're working in the firm that they're working in. And eventually they're in debt. They never win. And they have so much debt on them.

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And with people losing and winning, so the people who are playing the game as a result, what happens one person wins, and other losers and that leads to enmity and fights. And sometimes it goes up to such a huge level.

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And also we see that a person who indulges in drugs and gambling, he becomes very selfish. He only thinks of himself.

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He neglects his family. He neglects his values, neglects his religion, and he spends so much money on purchasing the drugs, on purchasing the alcohol on betting.

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You may have heard of stories in which children are neglected. Families are neglected. Why? Because the father or the mother, she's drunk, he's drunk.

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And sometimes children from a very young age when they're exposed to these things, drugs from the very beginning, from the very beginning they have no higher left in them.

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Sophie Hema if mon can be

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indulging in these two things, there is great sin, there is great sin.

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Now many times people say, okay there is sin, but the word Halong has not been used. Have you heard of that?

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Because really the word How long has not been used in the Quran for common Mason? That is a fact. So people to get the word haram has not been used, therefore it is allowed. Even if it's a lot of sin, I don't care, but it's allowed.

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However, if you think of it, if an action is Islam COVID if an action is a major sin, it's a big set. How can it be permissible? How is it possible?

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Remember that any

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anything any sinful action is how long?

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And what's the evidence for that?

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Allah subhanaw taala tell us in the code is a little rough. I have 33 that pull in hardware murghab bl for washa Malhotra minha one button. One is Smith, while Bahia related health

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say that my lord has forbidden immoralities whatever is a parent of them and whatever is concealed, and also seen one isn't.

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So clearly the ayah tells us that Paul innama have run out of be What has my lord how Rama and isn't. So okay find the word How long has not been used, but clearly it has been stated that these two things, there is great sin in that. And as for sin, there is great punishment. And as for sin, it is how long

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and ultimately think of it. It also applies to anything that is a source of punishment. So something that is a source of punishment, how can that be Hello? How can that be permissible?

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So sometimes you don't just have to look at the words that have been used, you have to look at the entire context. What does it mean?

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Sophie Hema is one could be in these two things, there is great sin. However, Allah says woman if you're the nurse, and there are also many benefits for people. There are also many benefits for people in these two things.

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My nephew is a Florida man far from the center is known for NAFTA. What does that mean? to benefit so many

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benefits?

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If you see over here, Monette fear is plural,

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isn't it? What does that mean benefits? And before Islam was mentioned, and Islam was singular,

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is one career. And on the other hand, manassero leanness many benefits. What does that show?

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That Okay, fine. There could be numerous benefits. The person who could say, Okay, I'm going to go participate in gambling, I'm going to earn a whole lot of money, and I'm going to donate that to the masjid, for example.

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I'm going to promote the theme, I'm going to give charity to the poor, you know, how they have lottery and everything? And where does the money go? charity.

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So there could be many benefits, there could be numerous benefits, however, that isn't is gonna be it is great. It is greater than the benefit.

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Now, what are the benefits in

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one of the benefits?

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In drugs, in alcohol, in wine? And in gambling? Can you think of some benefits?

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You could win? Ken a whole lot of money. Sometimes when people are depressed when they're very hurt, or when they're suffering from depression, when they want to feel good, what do they do? They take drugs. So temporarily, it brings them pleasure, it brings them enjoyment, it takes all of their worries away.

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Sometimes it is used as a cure for some diseases. Business, that sometimes if you look at it, if one convenience store sells lottery tickets, they're going to get more customers, people are going to come they're going to buy lottery tickets, and they're going to end up buying a bottle of water or a pack of cigarettes or something else.

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So that brings more money. Similarly, if there's a restaurant and alcohol is served over there, what's going to happen? People are going to come and alcohol sometimes becomes very expensive.

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So there's a lot of business, people could make a whole lot of money by selling alcohol and by selling lottery tickets and similar things.

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It brings that feeling of you know, happiness and that sense of power, that sense of you know, I can do whatever I want you

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go on a vacation stay at a hotel, you go to a casino, you feel good.

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As for those people who say that the word heroin has not been used for them, the fact is that indulging in 100, Mason leads a person to heroin. So anything that leads a person to heroin is also

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As for other benefits, sometimes it helps in cooking the food, there's more flavor. When people use alcohol, different types of alcohol, you may need the food you deglaze the pan, you do this, you do that it really makes the food flavorful. And sometimes when you look at all these recipes you like, only I could use that and you wonder what the alternates are. So there could be many benefits. And the arrows especially, they will drink alcohol. Why so that they would be in a state where their mind is not functioning properly.

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And in that state, they would end up slaughtering their animals and giving them a charity, which they wouldn't otherwise slaughter and give in charity.

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So when a person is drunk, it makes the coward one more brave. It makes the miser person generous. And it also makes the weak person strong.

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So there are also many benefits for people in alcohol in gambling.

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But the fact is, that all of these benefits, there are temporary, they're only for some time

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a person gets drunk, he really likes it, he has fun. And then soon, that feeling of pleasure, that feeling of enjoyment is over, it passes on. And then he gets reality.

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Similarly, a person may go to a casino, enjoy a game and lose all that game. And then later on, he hit reality, oh my god, I lost a whole lot of money. So the benefits of these two are temporary, and allows panatela told us over here, that what if mahoma and the sin of them do is aquadome enough rahima is much greater than the benefit of these two,

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the same of the two is greater than the benefit of these two,

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the punishment of these two is much more severe than the enjoyment of these two,

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a person could enjoy them in the dunya.

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But eventually, he will suffer punishment, which is much more severe, much more intense than the pleasure that a person could have enjoyed in the commune.

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Similarly, a person may enjoy temporarily when he is drunk when he's intoxicated. But soon after, he realizes the consequences of his being drunk, which are much more severe, much more hard for him to bear. So what if mahoma eco bottle minute for him?

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And because the sin is more than the benefit, therefore, we are expected to make the better choice? And what does that

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leave them? Because they have more sun in them.

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And from this, we learn a general principle of life, that whenever you want to do something, do something or not do something, do this or do that always compare, always do a comparison? What's the benefit? If I do it? And what's the harm if I don't do it? Or what's the benefit if I do it? And what's the harm if I do it, compare the two compare the pros and cons.

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And if there is more benefit, then you should do it. And if there is more harm, then you shouldn't do it.

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And obviously, anything that Allah does not approve off anything that Allah does not like, even if it may bring a lot of material benefit to you in the dunya eventually it is more harmful. It has more harm in it.

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So therefore, anything that Allah disapproves off, the person should stay away from that, because the sin the loss is greater than the benefit.

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And we can see that everything that a person could commit, it may have some enjoyment, some temporary benefit, but in the long run, the harm is much more

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in the dunya and in the alcohol.

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For example, when a person does backbiting, when a person vents out his anger temporarily, he may feel very satisfied. Okay. Now I feel good.

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I've rented it out. I've set it out, but at the same time, he has lost a whole lot of good deeds.

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We know that jealousy when a person is jealous. What does he do? He starts backbiting he starts being very upset. He starts to have negative thoughts about someone. But what does jealousy do?

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When a person is in that feeling when a person is talking about when a person is sharing his feelings, what happens it feels very good. But jealousy consumes the good deeds of a person, just as fire consumes dry wood.

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Just imagine, fire consuming dry wood is the harm more. Of course it is. But temporarily at that time when a person is indulged in the act of selling, he feels very good, he feels very satisfied. But remember that anything that may seem very pleasing that may seem very enjoyable. Ultimately, it brings harm to a person.

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And because it brings harm to a person, a person should stay away from it.

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So what if mahoma, aka bottle Midna for him,

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the sin of them do is much greater than the benefit of them.

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As for this ayah, we learned that this is the first command that was given regarding alcohol regarding intoxicants in which the effect of this was that the consumption or the participation in gambling, it became limited, meaning people limited it, they wouldn't do it all the time, they wouldn't do it as much as they would do it with that feeling of guilt. This is a sinful act.

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Then the next command came, which was given a sort of the NASA number 43,

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which was a do not approach prayer in the state of intoxication.

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And then finally, the last one was given sort of the metadata. And number 90 in which clearly, all intoxications were made completely held on because of us as for how undermountain would you not stop? Are you going to stop now, which is clear that you better stop because it is not allowed for you.

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So we see that, although the word heroin has not been used, the command came gradually. Because we know that the society was indulge in these two wrong actions.

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There were two major parts of society. And it wasn't possible that just once the command would be given and people would stop immediately, the command came gradually.

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And when alcohol was made, how long then the punishment for consuming it was also set.

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So there is punishment for consuming alcohol.

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It was 14 lashes at the time of the profit sort of seven. So if a person ever consumed alcohol, he would be given the punishment of 40 lashes. And at the time of a boycott of the learner, it remained 40 lashes. And at the time of our model, the learn who it was made 80 lashes until today, it is 80 lashes. Why?

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Because as people are more exposed to heroin, what happens? They take it more easily. And I think social drinking is okay. So, because of this reason, it was increased to 80 lashes. So we see that indulging in these two things, alcohol and gambling. They're not just morally wrong, but they bring harm to a person.

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They bring harm to a person's family life, to a person's financial life, to a person's social life, and also to a person's spiritual life. Because it takes the person away from the

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it takes the person away from the

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all the time his mind is in What

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if he's indulged in if he's engrossed in gambling, all the time, his mind is going to be thinking of that, just as people who are addicted to checking the stock market, they will have the application on their phone, they will have it on their computer, every day all the time, every hour, they're checking, checking, checking,

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okay, if they have something to do with it, it makes sense, but then eventually becomes an addiction. Similar is the case we can

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if you look at it, so many crimes are related to alcohol and gambling, they're related to drugs, and gambling, so many murders, so many thefts, they're all related to this, it leads people to committing so many sins leaving their family being rude to people becoming very arrogant.

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Remember, it is something that is consumed and so it covers a census of a person

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okay, but anything after that, which becomes addictive, which a person cannot leave, which has a similar effect. That would also be we can say discouraged, tobacco or anything like that, whatever it may be, because it becomes addictive. And as we know as I mentioned to you that I that Allah has forbidden for why hische and whatever is hidden, whatever is apparent anything that is indecent, anything that is addictive. And also we learned in the Quran, Allah Taku and full circle, do not kill yourselves. So anything that leads to physical

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harm, whether it is smoking or it is drugs or anything like that, eventually leads to a person literally killing himself that is impermissible.

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Why is aluna cometa unifocal. And they ask you as to what they should spend. Now, obviously, if you're not going to spend on gambling, if you're not going to spend on alcohol and drugs, you're going to have a lot of money saved.

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So, they ask you, what is it that they should spend?

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Now, this question was also mentioned before, how is this question different from the previous question?

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The previous question was about what to spend and on who to spend, which is why the answer was my amphetamine hydron for a while.

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However, this question is about how much to spend maka drew

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how much should a person spend?

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So, my other unifocal what is it that we should spend

00:31:04--> 00:31:16

all say meaning or profit sort of autism say to them, that allow for spend that which is excess spend that which is surplus extra.

00:31:18--> 00:31:21

The word Apple is from the roof as I infer well,

00:31:22--> 00:32:00

and as you know, that the word off actually means forgiveness pardon, fire fool was for who forgive pardon overlook. So often is used for forgiveness, but literally the word is used for katra and Fadil It is used for the abundance of something and when something is surplus, it is extra, it is said but often calm, meaning the people they became they increased in their numbers, but alpha, alpha alpha, what does it mean? At the found the people they increased in their numbers, they became more.

00:32:01--> 00:32:06

So alpha is used for katha for abundance. And for further for surplus.

00:32:08--> 00:32:13

It is also said that is may suit what isn't even my suit.

00:32:14--> 00:32:17

Meaning that which is easy, that which is convenient.

00:32:18--> 00:32:28

For example, it is said Padma Africa, take whatever that you can with ease with convenience, without any force without any compulsion without any coercion, just take it easily whatever that you can.

00:32:30--> 00:32:43

Now sometimes you go somewhere and you're forced to eat everything. So what now if I can eat steak, whatever that you want to eat, take whatever that you feel comfortable without any force without any compulsion without any coercion.

00:32:44--> 00:32:51

So I've has three meanings, what are they first of all forgiveness, secondly, gotra and follow and thirdly, myself

00:32:52--> 00:32:58

I will start using more and more of Arabic words, so that you become familiar with them.

00:32:59--> 00:33:05

And you will notice inshallah, by the end of the course, I will not even translate many of the words and you will know what they mean.

00:33:06--> 00:33:14

But that can only happen once we get into this habit, I will translate once or twice and then inshallah I will stick to the Arabic terms.

00:33:16--> 00:33:19

So they ask you as to what they should spend, tell them spend.

00:33:21--> 00:33:24

Now, what does it mean by spend? Often,

00:33:25--> 00:33:40

this is understood in several ways. First of all, it has been said that spend that which is excess, spend that which is beyond your needs, because it's extra surplus for them.

00:33:41--> 00:33:49

So for example, if you have 10, hijab, or 10 Avaya, for example, I'm just giving you an example.

00:33:50--> 00:34:12

You can survive on eight, you can survive on six, what is extra, the two, the four. Similarly, a person has three cars, he only uses one, his wife uses one. His daughter used to live with him used to use a third one, but now she's gone and the third car is sitting at home it's extra.

00:34:13--> 00:34:17

Similarly, you have a house and you have some furniture in it.

00:34:18--> 00:34:36

You used to have a table or a bed and it didn't meet your requirements anymore. So what did you do? You went and bought another one. So now you have two tables. Can you work at two tables at a time? You can't. So you used to have one but now you have an extra table.

00:34:38--> 00:34:53

Similarly, you have five bags, by purses. You saw a really nice one. So you bought that as well. Now you have six and the one that used to before you haven't used it in like two years and you don't think you're going to use it again. So what is it

00:34:54--> 00:34:54

extra.

00:34:55--> 00:35:00

So if is anything that is extra you're not using

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

it anymore. You don't need it anymore. It's just sitting and decaying sitting and rotting in your house.

00:35:08--> 00:35:23

And if we look at it, there's so many things that we own, that are like this. We don't need them. We don't use them. Why? Because they're old, or they don't meet our requirements anymore, or we don't like them anymore.

00:35:24--> 00:35:29

So they asked you what things should we spend, how much should we spend, what are they

00:35:30--> 00:35:41

spend that which is extra, spend that which is beyond your needs. And this is also understood as that which is beyond the needs of your family, yourself.

00:35:42--> 00:35:55

So for example, a person spends about $100 on grocery every week, for example. That's what he needs, that is the amount that he needs to bring groceries for himself and for his family.

00:35:57--> 00:36:16

But he makes a lot of money from which he can spare $50 for the grocery of another family, if he gives us $50 are his needs still going to be met? Of course. So spend that which is extra meaning out of the surplus of the needs of your own and your family.

00:36:17--> 00:36:29

Secondly, it has been said, from our meaning may suit What is my soul? Easy, comfortable, convenient. So what does it mean by that, that spend that which you can give comfortably.

00:36:30--> 00:36:40

Spend that which you can get easily, it is not hard for you to give it, it is not hard for you to live without it. If you give that away, you will not become needy.

00:36:41--> 00:36:44

If you give that away, you're not going to become poor.

00:36:45--> 00:36:50

If you give it away, it's not going to harm you in any way. You can easily live without it.

00:36:51--> 00:36:57

So spend that which is extra. And tell me something? Is it important to spend that which is extra?

00:36:58--> 00:36:59

Is it important? Why?

00:37:00--> 00:37:12

You had old furniture? Or you had old clothes? You don't use them anymore? You don't wear them anymore? And then you go buy new clothes, you go buy new furniture? Is your place going to become cluttered?

00:37:13--> 00:37:36

Is it? Yes. Are you going to have no room left in your closet? Yes. Is it going to make your life difficult? Yes. Are there other poor people out there in the world who need that? Yes. There are many people out there who need that. Not just in Africa, not just in Pakistan. But even in your own country, even in your own city.

00:37:37--> 00:37:40

Even in your own community, there are people who need that.

00:37:41--> 00:37:56

And sometimes, you know, you can have something extra, which you don't use anymore, you don't need anymore. And it's possible that it comes in use of another person who's not really poor, but it could benefit them. It could be of use to them.

00:37:57--> 00:38:01

But if you keep saying, No, no, it looks bad. If I give it to them.

00:38:02--> 00:38:12

You can just ask them, they could just ask them. And it's just going to sit at your house, it's going to decay, it's going to rot eventually, what's going to happen, it's going to go in the dump.

00:38:14--> 00:38:20

And many times people don't throw these things themselves when they pass away, and their children throw those things away.

00:38:21--> 00:38:39

I have seen with my own eyes, people who have collected clothes, who have collected decoration pieces and old curtains and old furniture for so long for years and years. And they die. And their children are the ones who threw them away. Why? Because they had no value for them.

00:38:40--> 00:38:49

And had they been given at the right time to other people. Maybe it would have helped some people. But by the time they were thrown out, they were covered in fungus. They weren't usable anymore at all.

00:38:51--> 00:39:16

And we learned from the headset once a group of people came and met the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the signs of poverty were very visible on them. They were very poor. And the prophets are loads of them started saying that whoever has an extra shawl, he should give that away whoever has an extra different things. He mentioned one thing after the other to the point that Sahaba thought that we're not allowed to have anything that is extra, that is what they thought.

00:39:17--> 00:39:25

So they ask you about what they should spend tell them to spend that which is often tell them to spend that which is extra,

00:39:27--> 00:39:45

as I mentioned that are these two earlier about the person who came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he said I have a dinner. What did you say? spend it on yourself. I have another one. Okay, spend it on your spouse on your child and so on and so forth. So if you have extra spend,

00:39:47--> 00:39:56

we learned from our Hadith, the profits that a lot of them said that start with yourself. Start with yourself and grant it some charity.

00:39:57--> 00:40:00

Many times people are focused on just spending everything

00:40:00--> 00:40:14

They haven't others, and then neglect themselves. So you shouldn't even go to such an extreme. Start with yourself, granted some charity, not all of it, some of it, if anything remains, then spend it on your family.

00:40:15--> 00:40:23

If anything remains, then spend it on your relatives, if anything remains, then spend it like this and like that.

00:40:24--> 00:40:26

What does it mean by like this and like that,

00:40:27--> 00:40:32

meaning on various charitable purposes, wherever you find the need, spend it there.

00:40:33--> 00:40:45

And we know that that off means forgiveness. Sometimes we cannot spend money, we don't have things to give. But other times, we can forgive.

00:40:46--> 00:40:53

Sometimes we can forgive people, we can forgive them for the mistakes that they make, because they're also human. Maybe they don't realize.

00:40:54--> 00:41:00

So what should you spend, if we spend that which is extra.

00:41:01--> 00:41:06

Remember that if a person earns any money through heroin, he cannot give that in charity.

00:41:07--> 00:41:13

Because Allah is like you. And he accepts only that with just like, he accepts only that which is clean and pure.

00:41:14--> 00:41:18

So you can't go gamble and make a whole lot of money and build a machine with that money.

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

Why is this coming in the same ayah

00:41:22--> 00:41:30

the connection basically is that when a person does not indulge in these things anymore, then he has extra money.

00:41:31--> 00:41:35

And when he stays away from bad habits, then he has extra money.

00:41:36--> 00:41:45

And also if you look at it when a person indulges in drugs in alcohol, then he becomes very self centered, he becomes very selfish.

00:41:46--> 00:41:51

All of his money is spent on himself, on his wife on his drugs, on his gambling.

00:41:52--> 00:42:00

So over here, we've been told extra money. If you have an extra dollar, don't go buy a lottery ticket, spend it in the wave Allah.

00:42:02--> 00:42:27

Many times when people are, you know, for example, they're smoking or they're addicted to drugs, a lot of their money goes into that. And once they quit, what happens to save a lot of money, when many people who have quit smoking or have quit drugs, that money that they have saved by not spending it on drugs, they have used it in a way that is positive in a way that is helping other people as well.

00:42:29--> 00:42:35

The question is, are you not allowed to save money for your family? Because over here, we're being told to spend that which is extra.

00:42:36--> 00:42:56

Remember that when you save for your family? Why do you say there's always a reason, for example, for your children for their education, similarly, for you want to buy a house, or you know that you will need a bigger car in a few years. So you save for a reason why in order to meet the needs of your family.

00:42:57--> 00:43:05

And we learn from the Hadith that start with yourself and granted some charity, if anything remains then spend it on your family.

00:43:06--> 00:43:18

So saving for the benefit of your family is part of spending on the family. However, we should have a balance, that all of the money that we save should not just go in the savings account.

00:43:19--> 00:43:25

It should also go to help those in need. It should also be spent on the needy.

00:43:27--> 00:43:39

Because then again a person becomes very selfish, he saving every dollar every penny every cent. Why? So that he can buy a bigger house a bigger car bigger this a bigger that he neglects the needs of those who are needed.

00:43:40--> 00:43:43

So balance is good in everything.

00:43:45--> 00:43:48

Because only can you buy in a law who would accumulate.

00:43:49--> 00:43:56

Thus does Allah clearly explain to you the verses? What does it mean by the verses over here?

00:43:57--> 00:44:02

The revelations, the commands that Allah has given the instructions that Allah has given?

00:44:03--> 00:44:05

And what does it mean by psychedelica? Like that,

00:44:06--> 00:44:23

that just how he has explained over here to you about Cameron Mason, just how he has explained over here to you about what to spend. Similarly, Allah explains to you other commands of his as well.

00:44:24--> 00:44:25

In what way

00:44:26--> 00:44:31

that he tells you about the benefit about the loss. And he leaves it to you to decide,

00:44:32--> 00:44:46

like over here Hummer and I said they asked, and the answer was not. It's how long? Literally the answer could have been. It's how long two words who or how long palace and the story would have been finished. But how did it like explain?

00:44:47--> 00:44:52

This is the benefit. This is the last. The last is more you decide

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

psychedelica you bake in a local ad, why not a local karoun so

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

You will reflect the difficulties from fair care for

00:45:06--> 00:45:13

and fix Faculty of Akira, it means to think, to reflect upon something to ponder upon something.

00:45:15--> 00:45:24

And difficult is basically to ponder upon something with attention, to really pay attention to it, do really concentrate,

00:45:25--> 00:45:34

put some time into it, not just passively, but give some time. do research, look at this, look at that discuss, this is what the faculty is.

00:45:35--> 00:45:38

And it is also to reflect on the different aspects of something,

00:45:39--> 00:46:11

it is to reflect on the different aspects of something. For example, when we read the command about the hammer and mace it, we look at the different aspects, how it affects a person, morally, how it affects a person, financially, how it affects a person in his social life. So these are the different aspects, how it affects his religion, this is what the record is that you don't just look at one aspect, but you give some time, you put in some effort, you pay some attention, and you reflect on the different aspects.

00:46:12--> 00:46:20

So Allah explains as I asked you in this way, so that you can reflect, you can ponder, and then you can come to the conclusion yourself.

00:46:22--> 00:46:25

Fit dunya will occur in dunya. And the

00:46:27--> 00:46:30

dunya will after is directly connected with the Quran,

00:46:31--> 00:46:32

how

00:46:33--> 00:46:37

that you give thought, to the matters of dunya and FAO

00:46:39--> 00:46:46

that you don't just look at the temporary benefit of the dunya. But you also look at the consequences of that action in the hereafter.

00:46:48--> 00:47:05

So, Elia explains the commands to us in this manner. So that we look at the benefit of dunia we look at the benefit of alfetta, we look at the loss of donia, we look at the loss of accuracy, both of them, don't focus on just one focus on both

00:47:06--> 00:47:13

local certificado fit dunia Well, hello. And as a result of this perfection, what should you do?

00:47:15--> 00:47:18

Do that which is in your favor,

00:47:19--> 00:47:21

do that which is in your best interest.

00:47:22--> 00:47:29

So, when you compare the two, when you compare the benefit of dounia, when you compare the benefit of the author, what do we learn

00:47:30--> 00:47:34

that the benefit of athleta is much more than the benefit of the near

00:47:36--> 00:47:40

the loss of Africa is much more than the loss of dunya.

00:47:41--> 00:47:44

So, a person should give priority to what to do

00:47:45--> 00:47:45

and not to do.

00:47:47--> 00:47:54

So, even if there is a lot of benefit in humbled and may sit still a person should not take that a person should not participate in that.

00:47:56--> 00:48:08

Even if there may seem apparent loss in spending that which is off, still a person should spend that which is awful, because there is benefit for a person in the fit dunya will occur.

00:48:10--> 00:48:25

So a person should look at the benefits and the loss of both dunya and a hill. And when a person reflects and he realizes that will ask you not to hire or avoca the Hereafter is better and more lasting. Therefore it should be given preference.

00:48:27--> 00:48:38

Sinhala says Where's aluna? Cornelia karma. And they ask you about the orphans? Who asks you about the orphans. Again, the companions,

00:48:39--> 00:48:51

those people especially who were looking after the orphans, those especially who were looking after the orphans, so they asked you about the orphans. What about the orphans?

00:48:52--> 00:48:57

We learned that when certain verses were revealed, the Sahaba became very concerned.

00:48:58--> 00:48:59

Which verses were they?

00:49:00--> 00:49:03

For example, there's one in sort of de Missa II number 10

00:49:04--> 00:49:12

that in the Medina Khurana muela. Leah Tamar lumen in the Maya coluna FIBA Tony narrow was a a slowness.

00:49:13--> 00:49:24

In Indeed, those who devour the property of the orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire, and they will be burned in a blaze.

00:49:25--> 00:49:33

Another verse instead of Islam is 34 while atakora boo Melia Timmy illegibility here, x hat diabolo. I should

00:49:34--> 00:49:54

and do not approach the orphans property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. So when these verses were revealed, those are how I became very concerned that the property of the orphans, the money of the orphans, is with them in our house in our household

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

and sometimes what happens that their money gets mixed up with our

00:50:00--> 00:50:10

Their stuff gets mixed up with ours, their food gets mixed with ours, and unintentionally, we end up using their things.

00:50:11--> 00:50:29

Just imagine if there's somebody else living in your house, once you end up using some other things. For example, people who are living together in a hostel or something, when they're sharing the bedroom, when they're sharing the kitchen, when they're sharing the washroom, what happens, they end up using small things of each other, because you're living in the same place.

00:50:30--> 00:50:53

So similarly, when this was happening, with the orphans of Sahaba, got very concerned that a person who devours a property of an orphan unjustly is actually consuming fire into his stomach. So they were very concerned. And the result of this was that they separated their money from the orphans money to the point that they separated their food from the orphans food.

00:50:55--> 00:51:08

And sometimes the food of the orphan was bought by his own money. And the orphan would not eat it himself. The one who was taking care of him would alternate eat it, and eventually what would happen, the food would get spoiled.

00:51:09--> 00:51:26

Just imagine, if you're living in the same place, and you go buy milk for yourself. One person buys a liter of milk for himself. And let's say he doesn't like having cereal, he only uses that milk for tea. Isn't that milk going to expire? It is going to expire?

00:51:27--> 00:51:55

But the people who are living with him, they say, No, no, it doesn't belong to me, it's not mine, I'm not going to use it. Okay, you shouldn't use it, because it's not yours. That is correct. However, when such restrictions are put, then what happens? life becomes difficult, and things get wasted. So when this happened, obviously, there were a lot of problems, life became very difficult. So then they came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asking that What should we do?

00:51:56--> 00:52:05

To what extent are we allowed to mix our affairs to mix our property to share our property? To what extent is it allowed,

00:52:06--> 00:52:14

so called, say, meaning or profits, or a lot of them, you say to them, that Islam, reformation left home for them, Clayton is better.

00:52:15--> 00:52:28

Islam is from the roof better Assad? Mm hmm. And as you know, that Salah is used for that, which is good and proper, and Islam is to improve something, do put something in order. So it's let her let him play.

00:52:29--> 00:53:08

What does he mean by this, meaning to look after the property of the orphan, to promote the best interest of the orphan. And in that process, what's going to happen, his money is going to be in your house, his property is going to be in your house. And as a result, you might end up using some of it. So Islam, meaning looking after their property, managing their affairs, improving their affairs is better, better than what better than leaving their affairs unattended,

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

better than leaving their things to decay?

00:53:12--> 00:53:22

Just imagine, you know, there's an orphan and he inherits some things from his family, or from his father. It could be some food, it could be anything.

00:53:24--> 00:53:27

And as a child, he's not going to use those things, many of those things,

00:53:29--> 00:53:37

right? He's not going to use many of those things as a child. So are the things is going to be left there to rock to decay, to get spoiled.

00:53:39--> 00:53:48

For example, a child has inherited a house with the furniture inside. Can he use all that furniture? Can he use all the toiletries? He cannot?

00:53:50--> 00:54:05

So are you going to say no, they belong to him? We're not going to touch you. We're not going to use it. No, Allah says is leveling play. If you use it, if you do it properly, provided that you do it in the interest of the orphan, it is better than leaving those things.

00:54:06--> 00:54:20

So it is the best thing is to work honestly, for the best interest of the orphans to look after their affairs, what into Holly's own and if you mingle with them for a while. Then they're your brothers

00:54:21--> 00:54:27

who is wondering fetters highlandtown health and what has helped me to make to blend things together.

00:54:28--> 00:54:45

So if you mix with them, what does it mean by that? That enjoys living in joint management of property? If you mix your funds, your money, your food, your property with theirs,

00:54:46--> 00:54:51

because the situation demands that you will not go buy an extra refrigerator.

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

You will not go buy an extra milk jug. If you mix your affairs with them, then what's the ruling

00:55:00--> 00:55:12

How should you deal with it for a while, and then they're your brothers? What does it mean by this, that they're your brothers, the same rule would apply to them as you would apply to your own brother.

00:55:13--> 00:55:22

For example, when you're living in the same house as siblings, the milk, you can have it, and your brother can have the rice, you can have it, your brother can have it.

00:55:23--> 00:56:03

And even if you know your brother lives separately, and you live separately, if you go to your brother's house, can you not use the food? Of course you can use your brother, if he comes to your house, can you not use yourself Of course he can. As long as it's within reasonable needs. So what into holiday home for you when you come, if you mix your affairs within them, they're your brothers, meaning there's no harm. You don't have to keep separate dinner plates for them. Separate cutlery for them separate soap bars for them, no, life will become very difficult. But remember, that will love who you are know, Allah knows who and move see the million Muslim.

00:56:04--> 00:56:11

Allah knows the one who mixes the affairs for the purpose of facade, and the one who mixes the affairs for the purpose of Islam.

00:56:13--> 00:56:15

Allah knows your intention. Allah knows you're near.

00:56:17--> 00:56:25

One Oh sha Allah. And if Allah willed that are unethical, he would have made it very difficult for you. He could have put you in great difficulty

00:56:26--> 00:56:30

in Allah heresies. And Hakeem, Indeed, Allah is Mighty, and wise.

00:56:31--> 00:56:37

They are unethical aeronautical is newsletters I've known that I'm known on earth,

00:56:38--> 00:56:41

and are not is to be in distress or hardship.

00:56:43--> 00:56:51

Basically, the word on it is used for a bone that bricks that had been previously broken and then mended.

00:56:52--> 00:56:56

So just imagine a person fractures his arm a second time,

00:56:57--> 00:57:00

he fractured it before, and then he fractures it again.

00:57:02--> 00:57:04

This is what it basically is.

00:57:05--> 00:57:10

And what happens when a person breaks a bone again, what happens is,

00:57:11--> 00:57:31

it's very painful, it's more painful, sometimes, sometimes, the fracture is much worse. And sometimes the repair is more difficult, it is more impossible. So on it is to be in distress to be in hardship. And it is easy for someone to do something which is difficult for them to just imagine a person with a broken bone,

00:57:32--> 00:57:37

can they walk easily, can they do things easily? No, it becomes very difficult for them.

00:57:39--> 00:57:50

And the word on earth is also used for making the situation so difficult for a person that there is fear or risk of destruction, or falling into crime.

00:57:51--> 00:57:55

That for example, a person is exposed to alcohol all the time.

00:57:56--> 00:58:12

Or he is exposed to wrong things all the time what's going to happen, eventually is going to fall into Cray. So if Allah willed, He could have made the sword difficult for you. How, by making the mixing of the affairs prohibited upon you.

00:58:13--> 00:58:20

And if it was prohibited upon you, to make your affairs while living under the same roof, then what would happen?

00:58:21--> 00:58:24

Drinking a sip of their milk would be held on

00:58:25--> 00:58:47

taking a teaspoon of their sugar would be held on. Just imagine life would become so difficult. If Allah wanted, he could have made it difficult for you. Because allies are seasoned, he is hiking he is mighty and he is wise. But because he is kind towards you. Therefore, he has made things easy for you.

00:58:48--> 00:58:51

Now you can live alone Epson Illa

00:58:52--> 00:58:56

Allah does not overburden a person more than what he can bear

00:58:57--> 00:59:07

for the shows to us the kindness of the last 100 that every command that He has given us, it is for our own benefit. It is for our own favor.

00:59:09--> 00:59:10

Let's listen to the recitation of his verses.

00:59:12--> 00:59:13

Yes.

00:59:51--> 00:59:51

Only

00:59:56--> 00:59:56

two

00:59:57--> 00:59:59

things one Oh, come on.

01:00:22--> 01:00:24

One or two breathing. I said I've already covered