Seerah 34

Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

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Expedition to Tabuk

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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu now medulin a slightly or eldessouky khadim I love artha Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim furbish rattling slithery were Sidley, MD waklert Dr. Tommy Lee Sania Coco de probenecid magma.

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In the previous sessions, we have been learning about the conquest of Makkah, which led to the Battle of Hernan. And eventually, the conversions of the people of ATI. And this is something that led to many, many groups of people embracing Islam. We learned that for example, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he returned to Medina after the Battle of her name. Just two weeks after the prophet SAW the laws and returned a famous board whose name was curb binzhou head, he came to Medina In fact, and he accepted Islam. And this point was so famous that or model de la Marne, who used to love his poetry and he often quoted him. We also learned that after the conquest of Makkah, as well

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as the Battle of her name, the prophets of the Lyceum sent small expeditions to the neighboring regions for the eradication of idolatry, as well as in order to call people to Islam and teach them Islam. And with so many people accepting Islam at the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also sent his emissaries to collect the cat, as well as to teach people about the deen various leaders were appointed over different regions. And likewise, we see that any major idol or any major center of idolatry, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent his Sahaba over there in order to destroy those idols and eradicate idolatry. But one thing that we should remember over here is that this is something

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the prophets of Allah Islam did not on the first day of the Dawa, rather, he did this only after he established political authority. So for instance, we learn about one particular companion Jerry radula horn who, that one day the prophets have a lot of sort of said to him, that allowed to return him a little kalasa Will you not rid me of the colossae little Hello sir, was basically a temple you can say. And it was also known as karma here mania, or karma Shama? Yeah. So basically, it was a place where the machine can use to visit very frequently, and it was almost as famous as the carpet itself. So Jerry robbed the Longhorn, who he went with over 150 companions, and they went and they

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destroyed a little hollow saw. And this was basically a step towards eradicating idolatry. And this is something very interesting we learned about God who aren't who that he said that the people that he went with, were as how high they were people who were very good writers of horses. And he said about himself that will come to let us go to our height, I could not sit firmly on horses. So he was afraid that how am I going to go this far, and do what the prophet sallallahu Sallam has instructed me to do? So he said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam photography, suddenly he struck me on my chest hetero a to Arthur of Saudi Arabia, Saudi, so much so that I could see the mark of his fingers

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on my chest, we'll call it along with a bit who and the prophets Allah, Allah is enemy, draw for him that all law making firm would your article herodium mathy, and make him a one who guides and someone who has rightly guided surgery rather low and who said that he went, and he demolished the halacha. And he also burned, so basically, idolatry was eradicated. Now we see that this was in the eighth year of the hedra. And around the eighth year of the huge law, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also married a woman, and there is some difference of opinion concerning her name. However, whoever she was, It is reported that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went to her, she said, all the

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Billahi min, I seek a loss protection from you.

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Now, why is it that she said this, there are different reasons that have been given different explanations that have been given some have said that she was mentally unstable. Some have said that this was, you know, a trick, you know, something that her family members or friends had said, and to her to say to the prophets of Allah send them but anyway, whatever the reason was, when she said this, the prophets have a lot of upset that you have sought refuge in the one who is very great. So go back. So the prophets of Allah said I'm divorced her right there and then and sort of the talaq speaks about this issue. But even though this is a very disturbing and upsetting story, what it

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shows is that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam never forced a woman to marry him. First of all, if he did marry a woman, there was definitely some hikma some reason behind it. And we see that woman, that lady, that noble lady, she was also willing herself, she chose him. Her little dilemma and how she

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She chose Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam Sophia de la Mancha do Where do they live? They all chose him. They all chose to marry him. And this particular woman who did not want the Prophet sallallahu sallam, then her choice was respected and she was sent away. So this is something that tells us about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also, that he did not force anybody to be with him. Now, we learned that Around this time, the eldest daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu, sallam, Xena, bruh de la Marina who was the wife of Oblast, she also passed away and she had fallen, in fact, at the time of Hitler, when a man hit her camel and she never really recovered from that injury. Now at this

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point, two of the four daughters of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had passed away Rukia and Xena and Uncle foum also died shortly after this. And Fatima de la Mancha died six months after the prophets Allah is Allah. It is also reported that Around this time, a son named Ibrahim was also born to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam through Maria, Tripoli. But Ibrahim also died soon after he was born. Now this is the end of the eighth his ninth year after hyjal. The main incident the main expedition that happened in this year was the buzzword of the book, The Battle of the book, which is also known as

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the battle the expedition of difficulty. And this occurred, the prophets on a lot of sort of went on this expedition six months after the siege of upper if so in the month of Roger nine fear after hedgerow. What was the exact reason behind this expedition, we see that there was a threat from the sun, it's remember, there was signage where the Arab Christians that lived in the north of Arabia bordering with the Romans, and there was definitely a threat from them that they would fight the Muslims at any point, because the previous confrontation with them was at the Battle of Mata and the Battle of Buddha was somewhat inconclusive. And since the fall of Makkah, and boy, if the salads

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were the only threat left in Arabia, and this threat was so known to the Sahaba, that they were expecting the Asana to fight them at any time. So for example, we learned that one day or a little bit longer until his companion, he came to his door, and he was knocking. And he was insisting that the lower income come out, so remodeled, the lower who came out worried. And he asked, that has the king of the senate attacked, we didn't have the whole senate come to find us. And this shows that this was something that was on the mind of the Muslims that was senate could come at any time there would be a confrontation anytime. But the companions are not of the law and who he said that no,

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something worse has happened a little bit longer. And he asked what has happened. And he said that the prophets Allah Islam has divorced all of his wives. The fact is that the prophets of Allah, Islam had not divorced them, he had just vowed to keep away from them, because they had harassed him by demanding that he should increase their stipend expenditure that he would give to them. Now, so we see from this incident that the percentage of the Christian Arabs that lived in in the north of Arabia, there was a threat from them. Then we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he went on the expedition to the book in summer, which was a time of extreme difficulty. This was a time when

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people would not generally participate in battles, or rather, they would not have battles, no one would bother to attack the enemy. Why? Because in the extreme weather, you're using up too many of your resources. And besides, this is a time when people would relax in their homes, with their families, especially for farming communities, this was a time when they would also harvest. So there was silence even it's not really expected that they would come to fight the Muslims at this point. So why is it that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he hooked us up on this long and difficult mission? If if all the reasons are put together what what seems to be most possible is the fact that this

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must have been a command from Allah subhana wa, simply to test the believers. Because we see that the Battle of the book, it was the longest and the most difficult expedition, and it was also the last expedition in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself participated in

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a sort of a Toba was revealed with respect to this expedition. And we see that in sort of the Toba a lot. pantalla says that Yeah, you will lead in Amano. kotti will lead in a Luna communal, Kufa that or you will believe fight those disbelievers who are closest to you. Now we see that after the massacre and the fall of thought if there was no real threat left in Arabia, other than the whole sentence

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And why is it that the assignees were a main threat because of their connection with the Romans? And because they were not upon the same religion as the Arabs, they were Christians. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam understood that alladhina Luna communal kuffar those closest to you from the disbelievers are the Senate's. And after the fall of Makkah, five now the next one was the US Senate. And this is the reason why the prophets have a lot of settler, he took the Sahaba for this expedition. And generally, if you think about it, the best you know, it is said that the best defense is a good offense. Now, the Hassan is we're definitely hostile towards the Muslims. And we

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learned about this earlier that how when the envoi, the Messenger of the prophets, Allah is that it was sent to deliver the letter of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was captured by the whole senate and they tortured him and they killed him. And according to others, they challenged the Muslims to come fight them, or they said that we are preparing in order to fight you. So an attack from the Romans from the lasagna was something that was imminent was something that was going to happen anytime. So the prophets of Allah said them, he was always proactive. And over here also he was proactive. So the strategy that he adopted here was that even if the journey is long, it is hard, it

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is very difficult. Still, we go all the way. And we send a message that will sense that we are here to fight you. So if you want to come and fight, if you want to turn to violence, that come and fight us, we're ready. We're not scared of you. We are capable of fighting you. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, before he embarked on this journey, he sent out messengers to the neighboring tribes, I decided that he also sent messengers, even to Makkah. And remember that even though many of the people had embraced Islam, there were still many Muslims in Arabia, everybody had not embraced Islam. But still the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he sent word everywhere, to all the neighboring

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tribes, instructing that every able person, able bodied person must come and participate in this expedition. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also did not hide where he was going. Generally the prophets of Allah Islam would not tell people where he was going from before. By, for instance, at the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed that everybody get ready, they have to go on some expedition, and the prophets, Allah Lawson did not tell them where they were going to go. And eventually, a day or two before departure, the prophets of Allah certainly informed the people where they were going to go. But at this occasion, we learned that the Prophet sallallahu

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Sallam made it clear to everybody what the destination was, what the plan was, he did not hide anything from the Sahaba. And this was so that people would understand that, first of all, this is for the iPad. This is something that is mandatory on every individual on every healthy, capable, able bodied individual, meaning this is something that people do not have a choice about. And secondly, when people would know where they are headed to they will also prepare accordingly. And also, this would basically show the true state of Eman of the people because remember that after the conquest of Makkah, there were people who embraced Islam simply to earn worldly benefits. Like for

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instance, we learned that when the prophets of Allah was distributing the hula, in the spoils of war that had come from her name. So many people bought into Makkah, saying that they had embraced Islam, just so that they could get money. And the greed was very, very obvious. I, for example, we learned about certain people that the prophets have a lot of them gave them a certain amount of wealth. And they asked if they could have more, and the Prophet civilize them gave them more. And they asked again, if they could have more in the profits of the loss of them gave them more. And this happened several times. So many people embraced Islam just to earn worldly benefits. Now, this expedition

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would show who really became Muslim, for Allah, and who became Muslim, for money for dunya. Because those who accepted Islam for Allah, they would definitely embark on this journey, even though it was very difficult. And those who embraced Islam just for the money, just for this dunya, then of course, they would stay behind to protect her than you. So this is exactly what happened. This expedition, it showed it revealed the true state of people's faith. And we see like I mentioned earlier that participation in this expedition was called the eyes on every individual and the only people excused were people who were ill, or people who had genuine circumstances that prevented them

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from participate

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In this battle, now, before the prophets, a lot of them embarked on this expedition, he raised funds for this expedition because the size of the army was huge. And the length of the journey was also very, very long. And the profits of a lot of them openly encouraged people to finance this expedition. So for example, in Buhari, we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Mangia has a JCL or seletti. Follow Holden, that whoever finances whoever equips the JCL or saw the army have difficulty, meaning the army that is going to face a lot of difficulty, the person who finances this the person who financially supports this, then he shall be given genda. And in Buhari we learn that

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for geohazard Horace Mann, that was Manuel de la Moran, who he financed it. So we see that many companions, they came forward with whatever they could, and they spent freely they contributed generously for this expedition. This is the time when avacado DeLorean who he brought everything that he had, and remodeled the lomandra, abroad half of what he had, and it was mangled alone, and who gave his entire caravan of 100 camels that had just come loaded with profits and gain in Hardison. In activity we learned that Earth vanderbloemen, who, in addition to the 100 camels that he gave, we learned that he went to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam with 1000 dinar.

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And he put that 1000 dinar in the garment of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And he brought this when the geisha was being prepared. And when he poured it into his lap, the prophets Allah said, and he began turning that 1000 dinar over he, he began turning that money over and over in his lab, and he was saying, Mount Laros man, my army labarda do that whatever his man does, after today, it will not harm him. And he said this two times, after I met him in our field alone on who he brought $2,000 homes at this occasion, and 2000 dirhams is a fortune. And this was basically half of his wealth. And we see that even the women did not stay behind. They gave their bangles, their earrings, their

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rings, their jewelry, whatever they had, they gave it. There were other companions who were not that well off, they didn't have much money, they didn't have many camels. So for example, we learned about a companion this isn't Buhari, that we must rule below the law and who he said that when we were ordered to give arms meaning charity for this expedition, we began to work as fortress. Meaning they would work as they would basically work to transport other people's goods. So people, if they had goods, they had their burdens, they have their luggage, they would carry it for them so that they would be paid something. Now, why were they working like this, so that they could earn

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anything, just something, even if it was very little? Why did they want to earn even a little bit of money at this time, so that they could give in charity, so that they could also have a share in financing the desert restore. So I've always said that he came with just a half of a sort of bits of some great meaning of some food. And this is a very, very small amount, almost like a handful or even less than that. And another person, he came, and he brought something that was a little bit more than about arcade. So there were some hypocrites who saw this. And they said that a lot is not in need of the charity, of this man, meaning of Berkeley, it is so little, Allah does not need this.

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And they said about the other person who had brought a little more than a star, that he has only given this to show off, meaning you're just trying to impress people, that even though he has very little he has brought it to give in the way of Allah, he doesn't really mean he doesn't really intend to spend in the way of Allah. So they were criticizing the people who were contributing. And of last Panther revealed it to tober concerning this, that those who criticize such believers will give charity, those who cannot find anything to give in charity, except what is available to them, meaning whatever little they have, they give it and the hypocrites they criticize such believers. So

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unless parents are to reveal this into the total, now we see that there were different types of people there were people who were contributing for the expedition. They were financing it so for example, it was mangled lower and who gave so many camels of little man been around for the Lord who brought so much money. And this money was used to take care of to first of all equip the participants because everybody did not have their writing animal. Everybody did not have the money at the meeting.

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To travel as far as the book and return. So the first group of people was of those who were sponsoring other people who were financing the army, then there were others who could not contribute, but at least they brought what they had for themselves in the journey, so that they could participate themselves. And then there was a third group of people who neither had something to give, nor anything that they could use themselves, that they could use to participate in the journey. So these people, they went to the prophets, Allah was asking him if he could provide them with the means of transport, and the food and so on and so forth. And amongst them was Abu Musab al

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actually. And we learned that some of his friends, they sent him to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to request if he could give them some camels so that they could also participate in this expedition, but the profits or the loss of money at that point, he was a little upset, because of the excuses that the monopoly team had been bringing to him in order that they stay behind. And so the prophets analyze them and his anger he said that he was not going to give them anything at all. And we learned that a muscle actually and his companions, his friends, they actually wept, because when they realized that they cannot participate in this battle, they were sad about it. They were so sad

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that they cried, and Allah subhana wa tada mentioned this in the Quran, in Surah Toba that there is no blame on those who eat ama ATO Kalitta Milla home on those people who come to you so that you give them a means of transportation.

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You said to them that la Adama middle Kumar, LA I don't have anything that I can give you for transportation. So what happened to these people to one though, they turned away What are you know whom while their eyes, the field Amina demaree, their eyes were overflowing with tears. Why were they overflowing with tears? Why were they crying hasn't been out of grief allow you to do manual recall that they do not have anything that they could spend anything that they could use for this expedition. And these people, they were termed as buckaroo, those who wept those who cried. And the reset that amongst them was also ruled by a bin Zayed brother, who had nothing with himself. So he

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went to the masjid. And he wept. And he just began making law. And he said, Oh, Allah, I have nothing but my honor to offer, I have nothing, I have nothing of value, I have no money, I have no good clothes, I have no weapons, I have nothing at all that I can offer. All I have is just my honor.

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And we learned that the following day, the prophets and loads of them said to him that COVID a tunnel that your setup has been accepted, your charity has been accepted. Now we see that on the one hand, there were people who were generously spending, then there were people who were not able to go or who did not have the financial capacity that would allow them to participate in this battle. And they desperately wanted to participate in this battle. But at the same time, there were other people, also, the monastic home, who did not want to participate in this battle. Despite having the means. Despite having the money, despite having the physical ability, they did not want to

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participate. So we learned in sort of tober, about how the monasticon they came to the prophets of Allah seven, presenting excuses, so that they will be allowed to stay behind. And we see that generally everyone was required to participate in this battle. And if someone really had a genuine reason, then they could go to the prophets of Allah sent him and asked him to allow them to stay behind. Now, some people they didn't have genuine reasons, but there were many others who did not have a genuine reason. And they came up with the most lame excuses in order to stay behind. They also discouraged each other from going on this expedition. So for example, we learned in sort of the

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Toba that these people they said to each other will call you latinfeels will help. They said to each other, do not go out in the heat reading. It's extremely hard, don't go out in the heat, as if they were sincerely advising each other and Allah says that tell them that now hold your hand up a shot to help law that the fire of hell is worse in heat. It is much, much more hot than the heat that you can experience in the desert in the journey to the book. And we see that there was a particular man his name was Judith case. He was also monastic. Apparently he had accepted Islam. He came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he said that Mohammed I love women, and I've heard that the women of

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the US

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Meeting white people, because the Christian Arabs bordering with the Romans, they were like this. He said that I've heard that the women of these people are very beautiful. And I'm afraid that when I will see them, I will fall into fitna. Now when the prophets a lot of seven heard this, he turned his face away from him. Because hearing such an excuse is just hearing these words, It disgusts you. So the prophets of the law said when he heard this, he just turned his face away from him and he said, I didn't do luck, I allow you. And this is something that's mentioned in the Quran, the woman who may Nicola Valley, while accepting me into the Toba, that among them are those who say, allow me

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to stay and do not put me into fitna. So we see that whoever came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam seeking permission to stay behind the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he just kept allowing people who came up with excuses. So much so that Allah subhanaw taala revealed that our following or uncle Lima accidentally, may Allah pardon you, why did you allow them, you should not have given them permission to stay behind, you should have told them to come along. And when they would have been forced to come along, and they reality would have been exposed. Now I see that the fact that the profits or losses and him did allow these people to stand behind, it shows that the profits or

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losses in them also did not really need their company, he did not need them to come along with him. And in fact, in the Quran, Allah says that had these people come with you, they would have caused more trouble, they would have caused more trouble. So here we need to really reflect on ourselves that when there is a good cause, or noble cause that we do have an opportunity to participate in then what is the state of our heart? Do we really want to participate in it? Or are we looking for an excuse to to get away from it. So we see that a sincere person, he will come up with an excuse to participate in a noble cause. And when he is not able to participate, and others will encourage him

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and they will assist him and a person who's just pretending that he wants to have a share in in a noble cause. And he's coming up with excuses to stay behind, then nobody needs him. Nobody wants him. So last point on auto says that that had these people come along with you, they would have caused more trouble. So in fact, it was good that these people did not come along with you. Now we learned that there was a particular man, his name was Ahmed Ibrahim,

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from his name is it is obvious. He was a raw hip. He was a monk. He was a person who had embraced Christianity. And he was from the tribe of his Raj. So he was from the people of Medina. And we learned that he was someone who was very well respected in his community in Medina and this was obviously before the prophets of Lhasa migrated to Medina, now are developing obey, you could say that he was like the political figurehead and a Brahmin of Rohit. He was someone with a lot of religious authority. People had a lot of respect for him because of his religion because of his spiritual devotion. And we don't want the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he migrated to Medina, he

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invited over Ahmed to Islam, and he also recited the Quran to him. But Ahmed he refused to accept Islam and he opposed the prophets of Allah Islam openly. It is said that after the Battle of bud of Brahma, he was so annoyed that he left Medina and he went to Makkah. And it is said that at the Battle of warhead, he actually came to fight the Muslims. And when he had come to fight the Muslims, before the battle, he actually called the unsolved

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he called the onside and he said come join me live Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but when they saw him, when they saw Obama got angry with him, and Obama was shocked, he was amazed that what has happened to my people, that they have completely changed. So anyway, it is also said that at the Battle of a herd of parameter is the one who had dug some holes in the battlefield, to trap the Muslims so that Muslims will get injured. Now over Ahmed, when Mecca was conquered this man, he went to life. And one thought is also fell. This man he fled to a sham. Why a sham because a sham was a place where Christians used to live. So he went over there. And remember that the time period

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between the Battle of her name and the expedition to the book was just six months. So during the six months when this man was in a sham, he began contacting some people in Medina. And these people were obviously the locals of Medina. And these were people who had not embraced Islam with all their heart. They were an African. And he sent letters to them, obviously amongst them was also our beloved in a way and they said that they were around 1200

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Africa that he was in touch with. And he ordered them that they should establish a stronghold in Medina, where he could send his mysteries and basically that that place would serve as an outpost when he would join them later on. So, basically he wanted that there should be a center, there should be a place where he could send his people and slowly, gradually they should plan and then eventually he will send his people and then what will happen he will also come and join them. And then together they will attack the Muslims and take over Medina. And then when they will take over Medina, they will obviously take over the entire Arabia, because it was basically Islam that ruled

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over Arabia now. And defeating Islam would mean taking over the entire Arabia. So these people what they did the monasticon they built a Masjid and this Masjid they built it near Koba, and they came to the Prophet sallallahu in requesting him that you know, there are people who find it difficult to go to Cuba with a mustard Cobra. So why don't you come and perform Salah over here, so that we may take this place as a Masjid. Now, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said that he excused himself and he said that he would do so on his return from the book. Now, what happened? The Muslims, they went to the book, the love for the book, and they were sincere. They were believers who were overcome by

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procrastination, the love of this world and they delayed going, and they ended up staying behind. And this is something that Allah mentions in the Quran into the Toba that Yeah, you will live in Amman, Malecon either kilala komen funeral fee civilian there, if the economy turns out, that oil will believe what is wrong with you, when you were told to go out in the way of Allah, you became heavy, meaning you clung to the earth, a little bit higher to dunia Have you become happy and pleased with the life of this world amino acid instead of the Hereafter, somehow material higher to dunia philosophy, luckily, then the benefit of this worldly life compared to the Hereafter is

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nothing except very little. Now we see that when the Muslims had to go for this expedition, it was harvest time, it was summer. And finally people were enjoying freedom in the land. And they had just earned the hunted in from thought if and despite the clear orders from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Many out have stayed behind. So the people who stayed behind from this expedition were, first of all the hypocrites. Secondly, there were people who had genuine excuses, genuine reasons. And thirdly, there were also some people who were simply overcome by laziness. They were sincere believers, but they were just overcome by laziness by procrastination, the love of this world, they

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delayed going, and they ended up staying behind.

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Now eventually, the army is ready. And the Muslims depart.

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In the month of Rajab, on a Thursday, the Muslims left for this expedition with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam carbon medical below arguably said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam set out on Thursday for the last hour of the book. And he was accompanied by a large number of Muslims. How many? Some reports say there were 10,000 Muslims, some say they were 30,000 Muslims. Now at the conquest of Makkah, there were 10,000 Muslims, at the Battle of her name, there were 12,000 people. So it is only understandable that the numbers would be more than 10,000. So somewhere between 10 and 30,000, and carbon medical dilemma and he said that there were so many Muslims, so

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many people, that their names could not be listed in a book. You couldn't list their names,

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that you couldn't count them there were that many. So if somebody did manage to stay behind, it was also possible that nobody would notice that they had stayed behind because the the number of the army was so huge. And before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam left for the book he appointed

00:34:19--> 00:34:59

as his deputy in Medina, as someone to look after his family. And it is said that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam left and he reached a place called giraffe a little bit longer, and who he also left Medina and he joined him. Why because I needed to learn who he realized that the only people would stay behind in Medina were women, children, old sick people with genuine excuses. And there were people who were clearly hypocrite, so I needed to lower who did not want to stay behind amongst those people. And he said to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that you want to leave me with the women and the children and the prophets of Allah said himself, that will you not be pleased that you will

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

be to me

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Like how long to sell,

00:35:02--> 00:35:44

but there will be no profit after me. So at the low art who was okay with that, and he went back, and he stayed in Medina until the prophets of Allah returned. And we see that once the Muslim army departed, there were some Sahaba, who later joined the Muslims, they had initially decided to stay behind, or they were overcome by procrastination. But as soon as they realized that the Muslims had left, and they were going to, they were going to, you know, fall behind. They were going to be behind other Muslims. They didn't want to stay behind. So they immediately got up and left amongst them was Abu hyphema Ansari Padilla and who it is that that the Muslims left, and I will fight them

00:35:44--> 00:36:21

and he went to his orchard. And the ground had just been made wet, and fresh dates were brought to him. And as soon as he was going to have that he remembered that it doesn't make sense that the prophets analyze them and his companions. They are in such difficulty. They're on their way to the book, and I am here enjoying myself, This is not right. So he just got up and he left and he joined the Muslims immediately. And there were some other people who kept delaying until they ended up staying behind karbonn Malika Dillard, he was one of them, who said that he kept telling himself I will prepare, I will prepare, I will join the Muslims, I will just go quickly and join them. But

00:36:21--> 00:36:32

then eventually, it was too late to simply go and join the Muslims. Now, the journey of the book, How was it? The journey to the book itself was very difficult.

00:36:33--> 00:37:20

And this is the reason why this expedition is known as the dacian Russell. Now, first of all, why is it called the book not been developed along on who he reported that he went along with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the expedition of the book and the prophets of Allah Islam combined the prayers? Why did he combine the prayers because the Muslims were traveling? And he said at one point that insha Allah, you will reach the fountain of the book by tomorrow, the fountain of the book, and this is why this expedition is known as the expedition of the book because there was a fountain over there in that area. And the prophets otherwise instructed that he, whoever amongst you, happens to

00:37:20--> 00:37:59

go there should not touch that water until I reach. So more often devil he said that when we got there, two people had already reached meaning they had gotten ahead of the Muslims, and they were the first ones to get there. And when the prophets of Allah saw them, he asked that, did you touch the water? They said, Yes, we did. So the prophets of Allah said I was angry with them and he scolded them. And he said to them what he had to say, by the will of Allah, and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, then he went and he washed his hands and his face in the water. And Moroccan devil said that water gushed forth abundant water gushed forth from that fountain, until all the

00:37:59--> 00:38:49

people drank to their fill, and the profit or loss sector are up and double that, Mara, perhaps if you live long, you will see this water, irrigating the gardens over here. Now, at that time, this place was a desert. And now the book is a fertile land, because of the water over there. So what the prophets Allah said, did come true. And certainly what happened over here where that little water became so much, that was definitely a miracle of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now, this expedition was also described as Joshua Russell emember hari in his book, he describes the Battle of the book, Bab was what the book chapter that was one of the book where he was working. And it was

00:38:49--> 00:39:39

the reservoir of the expedition of distress, the Battle of distress. Why was it the Battle of distress because like I mentioned earlier, it was at a time when when the weather was extremely hot, there was drempt. It is also said that it was harvest time. So of course, whatever food people had had had stored from previous here is now coming to an end and they need to harvest so that they have more supplies for future. In addition to this, the journey was extremely long, over 600 kilometers, not an easy journey. And on top of all of this, there was a shortage of provision, there was a shortage of mounts. This matter was so serious that 18 people would share one candle. And this meant

00:39:39--> 00:40:00

that people had to walk a lot on this expedition in that heat, with little food with little supplies. In Bihari, we learned Yadav in Romania. He said that I fought in digital so meaning I participated in the has worked a book along with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he said in my opinion

00:40:00--> 00:40:13

And that was the best of my deeds, that even though it was so difficult, but he said that that was the best of my deeds, because sometimes you really enjoyed that the sweetness of something

00:40:14--> 00:40:59

with its difficulty, you know, when you really, really love and value something, and you really see its benefit, then, even though it may be very difficult, but you, you find that difficulty enjoyable, you find sweetness in that pain, you find pleasure in that hardship. So y'all have been my ear said, I think that was the best of my deeds, even though it was so difficult, but it was the best of my deeds in the Muslim winner, that the provisions with the people were almost depleted, meaning whatever food supplies they had brought with themselves, they ran out of them very quickly. Someone saw that in another nation, which is also in Muslim, we learned that the people came to the

00:40:59--> 00:41:38

Prophet sallallahu Sallam because they were suffering from starvation, they had run out of food, they had run out of water, and they came the prophets of Allah asking him if they could slaughter their camels so that they could eat the meat and also use the fat. Why the fat because the fat has grease, it has liquid in it. So they wanted to squeeze it out, extract liquid from it and drink it. So it meant if they would slaughter their camels, that meant that they wouldn't have any amount. So the situation was so desperate that they came to the prophet SAW the loss and asked him if they could do that. And the prophets of Assam said, Do as you please, if you're that desperate for water

00:41:38--> 00:42:14

for food, then go ahead and do it. Save Your Life first, and then we'll see what happens with regards to your rights, but promoted the law. And when he heard, he said to the prophets of the laws and and that he had a sort of life you do that the writing animals would become less? Why don't you ask them? Why don't you ask everybody to bring whatever food they have, and gathered together and you invoke a lot of blessings on it. And perhaps a level bless it, hopefully a level bless it. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he agreed, and that is exactly what happened. He called for a leather mat to be used as a tablecloth and he spread it out. And then he called people, he said that

00:42:14--> 00:42:55

everybody must bring their food with them. And some people brought a handful of dates. Others brought some pieces of bread, others birches, small bites of food, whatever people had, they brought it small quantities of food, and they fill that entire tablecloth with it. And the prophets, Allah, Allah, he made the law, he invoked a lot of blessings. And he ordered the companions that fill your utensils with these provisions. So what happened to harbor they started filling their containers, and everybody fill their containers to the brim to the top. And it is reported that none amongst the army was left with an empty vessel,

00:42:56--> 00:43:16

every person his lunchbox, it was full, full to the top, and everybody ate to their fill, and there was still a surplus. Now, when this happened, the prophets Allah said, and he said, that I have a witness that there is no God, but Allah, and I am the messenger of Allah.

00:43:17--> 00:43:40

The man, the person who meets his Lord, without having any doubt about these two matters, will never be kept away from him, he will never be kept away from them who the person who bears witness that there is no God, but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And he believes in this without any doubt.

00:43:41--> 00:44:03

And what is it that removes all doubt from his heart? It is incidents like this, it is miracles like this. We learned that in another Hadith and Muslim, that if a person possessed even dead stones, meaning he had had the date, and now what was left with him was just the store. He had those, he brought that to that mat, which was captured for the profits of a lot of setup.

00:44:04--> 00:44:51

And it was acquired that what what people do with dates don't mean it's not food. So it was said that the people would suck the date stone, and drink water over it just so that they could get some flavor. Now this was the difficulty of the journey of this journey to the book. And this is why we see that for example, in a decent Buddha with the prophets idolizing him on his way to the book, there was a particular place where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he camped for three days. He kept for three days. And then he proceeded on to the book. And we learned that on their way to the book, as well as on the return, the Muslims came across the dwellings of the people of us harbored hatred.

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

We learn about them in the Quran, how this nation was destroyed, but their homes stood, even at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam empty, barren

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

streets houses, they still stood. So when the Muslims passed by this place, the prophets Allah ordered them do not enter the dwelling places of these people unless you are weeping. And if you are not going to cry, then do not enter upon them, lest you be afflicted with what they were afflicted with, because the punishment of Allah descended at this place, so you don't want to go by that place without fearing of less punishment. Even the amount of the law I knew he said, this hadith and Buhari, that when the prophets of Allah Islam landed at 100, during the author of the book, he ordered his companions not to drink the water from its well or reserve water from it. But the Sahaba

00:45:44--> 00:46:02

said that we have already needed the door with its water, and also filled our bags with its water, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ordered them to throw away the bill. And for the water, opposite of meaning not use anything, any water. Why? Because that water came from a place where a less punishment had befallen.

00:46:03--> 00:46:10

Now, we also learned that on the journey to the book in Hadith, and Muslim ebrahimian third law, I knew he said that the Prophet sallallahu sallam,

00:46:11--> 00:46:43

we went along with him in the expedition to the book and when we arrived at the ydl Pura, there was a woman in her garden, and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he asked his companions to estimate the amount of the fruit in that garden, waiting, just guess, estimate that approximately how much fruit is this garden going to produce? And everybody started guessing. And the prophets of Allah said that he estimated that it would be 10 was a

00:46:45--> 00:46:48

particular amount. He said that it would be 10 was up.

00:46:49--> 00:47:30

And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to that lady, that check what your garden will yield? Now, I've heard it said that when we reached the book, then certain incidents happened. And on the way back from the book, what happened, that we passed by what they were called on again, and that garden again, and we saw that lady again, and the profits are lost. And I asked her how much her garden had yielded. And she said, 10 was up. And that was exactly what the prophet sallallahu Sallam had estimated. Now again, this was something that shows to us that how well they were traveling the prophets of Allah, Allah, he made conversation with his companions, he observed his surroundings, he

00:47:30--> 00:48:10

noticed the things or the places that he saw, he conversed, he interacted with the people that he came across. And when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam eventually when he read the book, what happened? in Hades, we learned the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he stayed at the book for 20 days. And during this entire time, he shortened to prayer. Why did you shorten the prayer because he was on a journey, and he did not know how long the state was going to be. And he was in a state of travel anyway. So for all of these reasons, the prophets have a lot of sudden shortened to prayer. Now, when the Muslims marched all the way to the book, and they came equipped for a battle, they were

00:48:10--> 00:48:54

ready to fight, what happened, where it spread, to the people of autofac, the Christian Arab tribes over here in the region, that the Muslims are here they have come to fight. But what happened? None amongst a lot of our own tribes came to fight. None of them came not even a single group came to fight the Muslims. And they did not even seek the help of the Romans. Previously, we learned that for the Battle of Malta, they had asked for help from the Romans and 1000 or so soldiers had come from the side of the Romans. But at this point, we see that nobody came. Instead, what happened was that many tribes, they sent delegates, and they made peace with the Muslims. And when they made

00:48:54--> 00:49:10

peace with the Muslims, it meant that now all of these tribes were pro Muslim, if they were pro Muslim, it meant that all of a sudden, the hold of the Muslims increased, and now the Muslims bordered with the Romans.

00:49:11--> 00:49:34

Now, while the prophets of Allah Islam was at the book, what happened? We learned that in her this a Muslim, that when the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he reached the book, he said, to the Sahaba, that there will be a strong wind tonight, and no one should stand. And whoever has a camel should fascinate.

00:49:35--> 00:49:59

So this However, they said that we fastened our camels, and a strong wind blew at night, and none of us got up. But one man stood up and he was blown away to a mountain called a bike. So we see that this entire expedition was about obedience to Allah and obedience to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because when the prophets of Allah Islam got there, there was no battle. There was no

00:50:00--> 00:50:43

And think about it. If you go on such a long journey, you spent so much money, and so much time and so much physical effort, and you leave behind so much of your work also, and you go all the way and at the end, there is nothing. It seems like a big waste of your effort of your time of your resources. But we see that the Sahaba what were they being tested for their obedience to align the messenger, their law, their happiness with a with a loss decree with the messenger sallallahu Sallam the decision and these small incidents that happened in this expedition, they reveal this, that for example, over here when the men he got up, even though the prophets of Allah had instructed that

00:50:43--> 00:51:30

nobody Get up. I mean, it showed that the one who disobeys the messenger, the one who opposes the messenger, even in a manner that is as small as this, for him is only destruction. Anyway, when the prophets of Allah was it, the book, he sent, hollywood bullied, read along with about 400 Sahaba, where he sent them to who created who was the ruler of Duma. And we see that the reason behind this was that the small kingdom, this was basically a small kingdom, and remember that their religion was also Christianity, and they were basically Arabs. The idea was to make them break their alliances with the Romans, so that they will become pro Muslim. So what happened, Harlan would either have

00:51:30--> 00:52:14

lower and he went, he captured the king, and he brought him to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the king, he did not embrace Islam, but he agreed to terminate his alliances with the Romans, and he returned, and he kept true to his word. And we learned that later on in our lives and necessity we learned that this man this king, he sent a beautiful, Juba particular garment the prophets of Allah is Allah. And this garment was beautiful, beautiful, its color and it is said that it was also inter woven with gold. It was patterned however it was it was very elegant. It looked very beautiful. So what happened the province that a lot of salon, he put it on, and he stood on the member. And then

00:52:14--> 00:52:42

he sat, and he did not really address the people. And then he came down and the people started touching the dooper with their hands. It was so attractive. It was so beautiful. They started touching it. The problem is that a lot of sudden he said that are you admiring this? You think it's nice? You think it's beautiful? Are you impressed by this? Well, the handkerchief of Sarah demurred in general

00:52:43--> 00:52:45

is more beautiful than what you see.

00:52:46--> 00:53:02

It is more beautiful. Because remember sourthern rahzel Dillard, he passed away. He died after the Battle of Honda. He was not here at this point. But we see from the words of the Prophet civilize them how he remembered his companions, even though they have passed away.

00:53:03--> 00:53:48

In Hardison Buhari, we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in there was worth the book during his day. In the book, The King of ala, he sent some gifts to the Prophet sallallahu, set up a clock, a white mule, and the Prophet civilize them he wrote to him a peace treaty, allowing him to keep his authority over his country. And it is said that Around this time, the prophets of Allah Islam also sent another letter to the Keiser of Rome. So basically, we see that there was no battle. When the Muslims read the book, there was no battle, no confrontation at all. However, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he communicated with the senate basically, and peace treaty, or some agreements were made

00:53:48--> 00:54:02

with them, so that they would be more pro Muslim than pro Roman. And we see that because the journey was so long, and people were traveling. And when people are traveling, generally they end up spending a lot of time together.

00:54:03--> 00:54:41

So there were many things that the prophets are lost in thought the companions during this journey, and there are many beautiful reports that we learned about the expedition of the book. So for example, there is a hadith in an essay in which we learned that in the year of the book, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam addressed to people while he was leaning against his mount, he said, shall I not tell you of the best of the people and the worst of the people, among the best of the people is a man who strives in the cause of the law on the back of his horse, or on the back of his camel, or on his own two feet, until death comes to him. And among the worst of the people is an amoral man who

00:54:41--> 00:54:59

reads the book of Allah, but he does not refrain from doing anything bad because of it. He is the worst man. Another Hadees tells us open medic esteri he said that I came to the messenger sallallahu Sallam during the expedition of the book and the prophets, a lot of seven was

00:55:00--> 00:55:28

Sitting in a tent made of leather. So he said that I came and I sat in front of the tent, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, enter will come in. So he said that I asked the Prophet sallallahu sallam, all of me should come in meetings Should I enter completely into the tent and the prophets of Allah said, Yes, all of you, and I will set that when he came in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that, oh, remember six things that will occur before the hour comes, one of which is my death.

00:55:30--> 00:55:35

So basically, the prophets of the laws that he was preparing for the law argue that his death is not far

00:55:36--> 00:55:51

off. He said that I was very shocked and saddened that that, that the prophets of Allah Islam continued, he said counter as the first then the conquest of Beit remark this will come. Now the Muslims are so close to a sham.

00:55:52--> 00:56:37

And the prophets Allah Lawson was telling openelec that don't worry, Jerusalem baitul muck this will be conquered, then a disease will spread among you, and cause you and your offspring to die as martyrs and will purify your deeds, then there will be much wealth among you, so that if a man were to be given 100 dinar, he would still be dissatisfied, and there will be tribulation among you, that will not leave any Muslim house untouched. Then there will be a treaty between you and the Romans, then they will betray you and march against you with 80 banners under each of which will be 12,000 troops. So basically, the prophets Allah Islam told our fellow animal about certain future events

00:56:37--> 00:57:11

that will definitely occur before the day of judgment. And often they were matters that were related to the Romans. And it's understandable why the prophets of Allah was telling him about at this point in time, there is another Hadith and Buddha within which we learn, and this hadith tells us something very, very beautiful about the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Molina had been sure but he said that I was in the company of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and the expedition of truth. And the prophets of Allah Selim, he went off of the main road. Alright, and this was just before the federal prayer, and Molina up in Sharjah, he said that I also did the same thing. I also went along

00:57:11--> 00:57:52

with him, because at the profits of a lot of them is going in one direction, I wanted to be close to him. So the Prophet said a lot of them, he made his camel kneel down, and he went to use the bathroom. And then he came back. So I poured water upon his hands. And then he washed his hands and his face. And he did will do. And we know for sure, but he said, the prophets of Allah is that I'm trying to get his forearms out of the dress that he was wearing. But the sleeves of the dress were too narrow. So he couldn't take his arm out. So he took his arm out from beneath the dress. And then he washed his arms up to the elbows, and he wiped his head, and he wiped over his socks. So

00:57:52--> 00:57:54

basically performed will do.

00:57:55--> 00:58:37

And when he was done, we'll do then he mounted his camel. And then we began to proceed until so that we could meet the rest of the Muslims. But when we got there will have been shocked by he said the Muslims were already praying the fudger Salah behind our government even who was leading them in prayer, and they had already performed wonder car. I imagine. The prophets of Allah cinemas is nearby. The Sahaba don't know where how long he is going to be they don't know. But it's time for fudger. So they started praying. And what happened? Man is leading them into prayer. And when the Sahaba they notice the prophets have lost them is here. And the prophets, a lot of them he actually

00:58:37--> 00:58:56

joined the so forth, he joined the rules, and he prayed behind our little commandment. So when this happened, this habit began uttering the speak out loudly, as if they were indicating to each other that something wrong is going on. Stop right away. The prophets Allah Salaam needs to lead and our prayer is not valid because we started without him.

00:58:57--> 00:59:13

But after amendment one, he ended the prayer the prophets that allows him to complete his Salah. And when he completed his Salah, he said to the Muslims caught us up to you've done right. I sent them You've done well meaning this is this is the exact thing that you should do.

00:59:14--> 00:59:24

So we see that in this incident, the prophet SAW the Lawson was indirectly teaching the Sahaba about what they should do in his absence.

00:59:25--> 00:59:27

what they should do when he is no longer with them.

00:59:28--> 00:59:59

Now, after 20 days of stay, the Muslims returned from the book. They made their way back to Medina, Abu Hamid alone and he said that the prophets of Allah Allah, when he was on his way back to Medina When they reached the Valley of Allah, whether you're poor, and remember the woman who was in her garden, when the prophet SAW the laws and asked the woman how much your garden has produced, and she said, 10 was exactly the same amount. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam had said the prophets

01:00:00--> 01:00:11

So I'm set to this harbor that I am going forth. Meaning I'm going to make my way to Medina quickly now. So whoever among you wants to move fast with me may do so.

01:00:12--> 01:00:17

And whoever wants to make his way slowly, he can come by, he can make his way slowly.

01:00:18--> 01:00:35

And so the prevalence of a lot is unknown, because you can imagine there's 10,000 or 30,000 Sahaba. So obviously, you cannot keep waiting for everybody. And now on the way back the prophets have a loss and and wanted to get to Medina as quickly as possible. So he made an announcement whoever wants to come with me quickly, should come with me quickly.

01:00:36--> 01:01:20

We learned that at a distance of about a day or less from Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he intended to make his way through Oba because remember that the people that there were some people would come to the Prophet civilizing the moon African, requesting the prophets that allows him to come and pray in the masjid that they had built. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had said that he would come by On his return from the book. So what happened over here that the prophets of Allah Islam was going to go however, surah to Toba was revealed during this time, and so the Toba is also known as the surah of fatherhood, meaning the soldier that exposes and humiliates embarrasses the

01:01:20--> 01:02:06

hypocrites because it exposes their reality. So what happened to bill came, he brought the ad concerning the mustard lid off the mustard of harm. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was basically forbidden from going to that Masjid, and performing Salah over there. And the prophets of laws and and therefore he ordered some companions to go there and destroy that building. That Masjid that was apparently built for a very good cause, apparently was a very noble thing. However, the real reasons were definitely very evil. So the prophets have a lot of them had that must have demolished and burnt. And this is something that is mentioned in the Quran. Now we see that this is something that

01:02:06--> 01:02:47

exposes the hypocrites, and there are many incidents that we learn about that happened during this expedition that further exposed the hypocrites. For instance, it is said that someone who they actually tried to attack the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and kill him. However, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was protected by a loss per dollar so they could not harm him at all. Now, another thing that happened is that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got closer and closer to Medina and from a distance that they could see Medina they could see or heard, we learned in a hadith and Muslim that Abu Hamid he said that we proceeded until Medina was within our sight. And when it was within our

01:02:47--> 01:03:36

recite the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, this is Baba, this is Baba Baba is another name for Medina, the good the Pure Land. This is where you can see our mountain. And he said, it is the mountain which loves us and we love it. In another had eaten party we learned that when the prophets Allah is in return from the hustle of the book, and when he approached Medina, he said to those who were with him, that there are some people in Medina who will with you all the time. You did not travel any portion of the journey, nor did you cross any Valley, but they were with you. They were with you. So that's how the whole with the prophets Allah said and they said he had a sort of luck,

01:03:36--> 01:04:20

even though they were at Medina, how could they be with us? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said yes, because they were stopped by a genuine excuse. And so they were with you, meaning they're with you in the reward. So the prophets of Allah, Allah, it says, though, he was encouraging, he was preparing this harbor that when you go to Medina, and you meet the people who stay behind, do not be angry with them. Because realize that many of them they had a genuine excuse. And they longed to be with the Muslims. It was only a genuine excuse that prevented them from staying behind. in Hades and Buhari we learned a save, he said that I remember, I went out with the boys to thaneeya Toba to

01:04:20--> 01:04:59

receive the prophets of Allah send them when he returned from the list of the book. So it is said that the famous poem of the Nieto whether it was actually said, when the profits or losses returned from the book, not when the profit or loss ended, or rather, when he returned from the book. Now, the trip to the book, The stay there, and the return, it actually took around 50 days or more, because the journey was long, to both ways the journey and the state of 20 days over there. It took about 50 days or more. And when the province of Lawson returned to the book, in a heartbeat we learned when Buhari the carbon medical to lower it

01:05:00--> 01:05:37

said that the prophets of Allah whenever he would arrive, he wouldn't come in the night, he would arrive in the morning. And whenever he returned from a journey, first thing he would do is that he would visit the masjid and offer to the car over there. And then he would sit to greet the people. And then when he had done all of that, then he would go home. So he said that when the prophets of Allah cinema arrived, what happened? People began coming in. There were about 80 people that came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam one after the other swearing ODEs and saying that it was only because of a genuine reason that they could not come along, and they were apologizing, and they were

01:05:37--> 01:06:02

presenting excuses. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he accepted whatever excuse these people do. He did not question them. He did not become upset with them. He just as if he just wanted to get over the conversation that he was having with them. He didn't pay much attention to them. He didn't take much interest in these people because of their insincerity. Anyway, carbon medical law, and he said that the prophets of laws that have even sought forgiveness for them.

01:06:04--> 01:06:41

Because these people, apparently they show that they were very righteous, and they wanted to live to forgive them. So they asked that the prophets of the Lawson should seek forgiveness. And he did that. Anyway, Carmen Malik, he said, I thought to myself, I should also present an excuse like these people, after all, I'm very eloquent, I can speak really well. I should also go and make up some excuse and everything will be good. But he said that I knew that I couldn't lie to the prophets of Allah Salah. So he said that I went, and I went to the prophets that a lot of them, and I greeted him. And he smiled a smile of an angry person. And he said, Come. So I went to him. And I sat before

01:06:41--> 01:07:03

him. And he asked me what stopped you from joining us? Didn't you purchase an animal? Didn't you have the means? And carb said that he had a sort of luck, I had the means I had more wealth than I have had at any other point in time. And if I were sitting before any other person, I could have easily liked him. But you I know I cannot lie to you.

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And he basically admitted that it was his fault. There was no excuse he should not have stayed behind. And he confessed. And the prophets analyzed it and said that as regards this man, he has spoken the truth. So get up until Allah decides your case. So what happened for 15 days, the Sahaba were told not to speak to carbon Maliki.

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And after 50 days, almost primal data revealed the acceptance of repentance of carbon Malik and two other companions with him. And this is mentioned sort of the Toba that was the latter among the three those who stayed behind, Allah has accepted their repentance. Now, there are many, many lessons to be learned from the expedition to the book. And of course, when a person studies sort of the Toba, they come across all these lessons that Allah subhanaw taala teaches us from this expedition. And for this reason, in Sharla, these lessons must be learned from sort of the Toba but mainly we see that in the surah Allah, Allah says towards the end of the surah that McKenna the L in

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Medina T. Woman held her home in an Arab a at 104 and rasulillah. That it is not befit the people of Medina and those who are around them of the various veterans in the veteran tribes that live outside of Medina, it does not affect them, that they should stay behind. When the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has gone for an expedition, when I ever will be unforeseen run nuptse it is not befitting that they prefer themselves over him. Why? Because when they go out and along the way, they do not suffer from any thirst or any fatigue or any hunger in the way of Allah. They don't take any step by which the disbelievers get angry. They don't get any benefit except that a good deed is

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written for them.

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Meaning when Allah generously rewards people for their service, why should they stay behind? Why should they not go forth? And this is the main lesson of the soul of this expedition also, that do not stay behind from the cause of Allah from participating in a noble cause.

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And in the solar ends with la caja Cobra, Solomon and Prosecco, that certainly a messenger has come to you from among yourselves. Our Aziz and our lady Myrna it's very difficult on him to see you suffer headings on our eleiko he's very greedy for you, meaning greedy for your benefit. Bill Macmillan are over him. And with the believers he is very compassionate and merciful. So the Sahaba are taught to value the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, their leader and we learned that when the Muslims returned from

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Book. Within a few days we learned that my joshy he died in habit and the name of Naja, she was a swimmer and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam performed the janazah for him in Medina, because remember that Naja she had embraced Islam. The expedition of the book was in Roger, just when the Muslims returned from the expedition. In the month of Chabad, the daughter of the prophets of Allah, Uncle whom also passed away Uncle Sam was the wife of Earth man or

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the prophets of the laws and and buried her in the fear. And he was deeply grieved. And he said to Earth man, that if I had a third daughter, I would give her in marriage to you. Then we learned that in the month of the recorder, the leader of the hypocrites, our beloved obey, he passed away, he passed away. Now, this is something that's quite amazing that for nine years, our beloved obey, he was in Medina, someone who had apparently accepted Islam. But he was a source of constant pain, constant annoyance for Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam he was the enemy from within. He was the enemy to the Prophet, civilize them to the Muslims from within. And he died in the ninth year after Hitler

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after the expedition of the book. And we learned that the loving obey when he died, his son, he came to the prophets, a lot of them because remember, he sent the law where he was a sincere believer. And he asked the prophets that allows him for his shirt, so that he could put it on or to live in a way as government and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave it. And then he also asked the Prophet sallallaahu them to lead the janaza prayers and the prophets of Allah said, We agreed to do that. And when or more of the lower and who found out he he said that he had also Well, why would you do that you know that he was a hypocrite.

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And at this point, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he had been told in the Quran that if you seek forgiveness for the hypocrites, even 70 times they will not be forgiven. So the prophets of Allah sent him said that I will seek forgiveness more than 70 times. But our last panel data revealed that it will lead to Sunday Allah had the men who met what are the kumala cabri that do not perform the janaza for any one of these people, and do not stand on their grave, meaning making draw for them do not do that you're not allowed. So the prophets that allows him was forbidden at this occasion from performing Salatu janaza for the one Africa but it shows the humility of the Prophet sallallahu

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Sallam that if there was a man who was insincere to the deen, but amongst his people, he had a higher noble place than the province that a lot of them gave him that honor. Even though he was a source of pain for the profits of a lot of them, but still the profit or the loss of them gave him that honor. And remember that all of this was in the eighth year of the digital. And now in the ninth year of digital, or what happened the ninth year of digital is known as the year of delegations. And inshallah, the next class will be about the delegations that came to Medina, in order to negotiate with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Some came to accept Islam, some came to find

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out about Islam, some came to negotiate some other terms with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. But mainly we see that because Makkah had been conquered by if was also mainly Muslim. And now the Muslims are also dealt with the people have a lot of fun. Now, the borders of the Muslims were basically with the Romans now, and this is a reason why many, many people, they began coming to the Prophet sallallahu ala to either be on his side as an accept Islam or to be in good terms with him.

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So many people embraced Islam, but everybody did not at this point in time, we learned from this one particular narration, or more urban cinema, he said that we were at a place which was a thoroughfare for the people, many, many travelers would go by. And whenever the caravans used to pass by us, we would ask them, What is wrong with the people? What is wrong with the people? Who is that man what's going on? And they will tell us that there is a man who claims that, that Allah has sent him as a prophet, and that he has been divinely inspired and that Allah has revealed to him such and such. And the people would tell us about the Quran that the prophets of Allah said and would recite, so it

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would have been Solomon, he said that I was still a very young boy. And I used to memorize where a portion of the Quran people would tell us about and he said, It was as though the Quran was firmly fixed in my heart. And he said that my people they delayed accepting Islam until the conquest of Makkah, because people used to say, leave him meaning Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam if he overpowers Makkah

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Then he is a true prophet. So he said that when Makkah was conquered, and every tribe rush to embrace Islam, and my father also hurried to embrace Islam. And he said that when my father returned from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said that the prophets Allah Islam has taught me that we should offer Salah at such and such time when such and such way, and the event must be pronounced, and the one who knows most called arms should lead people in prayer. So I would have been Salama, he said that everybody looked for the person who knew most Koran. And I was the only one who knew most.

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And he said that he was just a boy of six or seven years of age. And they made him their email. So he would lead people in Salah.

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And it is said that when Salah he said that his his claws were so short that whenever he will go into such that his body button would show it would be revealed. So a lady from the tribe, she got very angry one day and she said that once you do something to cover the bottom of your reciter meaning for us, for the women, it's uncomfortable that we are at the back and he goes into such then we see it.

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So I've been sedima he said the people together they bought some clothes for me, they made a shirt for me. And I had never been so happy with anything before as I was with that shirt, and this is a head and body. Now, this hat is shows to us that many people began coming to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And remember that these were for these delegations, they did not just come in the ninth year they started coming since the time of battle of hundreds. And they continue to come until the final days of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and inshallah in our next session we will discuss the major major delegations that came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so panicle la

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morbihan the Chateau a la ilaha illa Anta Nesta felucca, one or two blue lake Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh