Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Seerah 2015
File Size: 21.28MB
Expedition to Mu’ta, The Mission to Dhat al Salasil, Conquest of Makkah – Part I
Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
How are y'all doing? Number one a salir a lot of silicon Kareem and my birth for the Malaysian ministry Atlanta rajim Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim. Rubbish Radley Swati we're Sidley Emery working on a rock that Emily Sani Kohli, the Treaty of her davia. What is it called in the Quran? How is it described? Was it a loss or a victory? a victory for Tamil? Vina. In fact, the surah that was revealed after the Treaty of Libya, it is known as Surah
Surah Mohammed what comes after Mohammed Al Fateh.
So this surah was revealed when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was on his way back to Medina from her davia Why was it called victory, even though apparently it was a defeat, because it was the door to victory, it was the gate to victory. What happened after her they via was that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam directed his attention towards the other enemy that surrounded the Muslims. One of them was who the who the hyper and what happened, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went and fought them. And Alhamdulillah Allah granted him victory. So you see that her davia led to the victory of hiber. Then we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam because of the peace in the region, he was
able to send letters to the various kingdoms. All right, and the various tribes that surrounded the Muslims, those who were close, and also those were far and what happened that also led to Fatah. Alright, because eventually that led to the conquest of Rome. The Muslims eventually conquered Rome, Persia later on, this was after the death of the prophets, that alone is Allah, but had it not been for the Treaty of today via the prophets of the laws and would not have sent the letters you understand, because for the Muslims to travel anywhere, was very dangerous. But because of the peace in the region, now the Muslims could finally travel. Now the Prophet sallallahu Sallam could send
His messengers, you understand? Because there were at least save in Arabia. So what happened was that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent a one of the letters to the laser of room. All right, and we discussed its detail earlier on. And it is said that the letter that was sent, it was actually sent through the Senate because the Senate, they used to live in the north. Alright, so if you just recall the map in your mind, you have the hijas. Saudi Arabia, right. And above that, what do you have? Syria? Isn't it so? That is where philos leanness, and that is where at that time, the Roman kingdom was that the Byzantine Empire was over there. All right. So there were some Arab tribes that
lived in the north of Medina, closer to Rome. You understand? They were Arabs, but they were Christian.
All right, they were Christian. And because of their religion, they were, you could say allies to the Romans also. But because of their blood, they were also connected with the Arabs. You understand? So they were in the middle. Now, what happened is that it is said that one of the the letters that the prophets of Allah Islam had sent in that region. What happened is that the messenger, he was captured, and he was killed. He was tortured, and he was killed. All right, and who was it that captured him? It was the Hassan IDs. So if the messenger the ambassador has been killed, what does that mean? declaration of war, you understand? So basically, war was declared
against the Muslims, the message that was sent was that we don't care about you. You don't need to send any letters of invitation to us. If you want to talk to us, then come fight with us. We don't care for your blood, we don't care for your message. We are ready to raise weapons against you. All right. So what happened that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he sent an army do and this is known as the battle off.
Alright, this is known as the Battle of motor. Now, that is a small town in present day, Jordan. So where is it in the region of a sham?
Now, we see that there was senate they were basically the ones who had it is said that they were the ones who had killed the envoy. Either that envoy that messenger had been sent to the Senate or he was on his way to Rome. In either case, he was carrying the letter of the prophets that a lot of cinema and he was killed by the US Senate. All right. So in the eighth year of huge law, and this is the month of June, Matthew oola, we're gonna do a well, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he announced his intention to send an army to fight the loss and it's
Now you see over here the profits of the laws that have made it clear to the people, right? This is where an army has to go. So whoever can volunteer, come forward, and go ahead. So how many Sahaba got ready 3000 Sahaba got ready to go on this expedition. And remember, they weren't being paid for this. This was purely an on volunteer basis. And remember that this place, that it is almost a month journey from Medina, right. So I mean, the entire trip would take about one month, right? So 3000 Sahaba, got ready to volunteer for this. And it is said that on Friday, eighth of June module a well, the Muslim army left in the morning, and who was appointed as the leader, they'd been haritha,
or the other one who who was at Longhorn who.
He was the adopted son, right. He was known as they'd been Muhammad.
So much so that even our best although I knew who's even our best, by the way, the son of our bus, so who is he then? Because of the prophets of Allah is Allah. Even our best said that I did not know that they when Muhammad was even had it, until the ayat were revealed concerning him. Imagine someone so close to the Prophet sallallahu said it because he was very young, right? He was very young. So from the beginning, he knew that okay, say this supposed to be the son of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he thought that Zayn was his real son.
He thought he was the real son of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And then finally, when the ayatollah revealed concerning this matter, then even our best found out that David was not his real son. And this shows to us that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he also treated him very honorably. Right, very honorably, which is why is it he was understood to be the son of the prophets of Allah. So anyway, Zedillo on who was appointed as the leader of this army, when the army left the prophets that allows him accompany the army all the way to the place where, you know, the family of the travelers would go to, to see off the travelers and this is known as sunny weather, what does what
army farewell? Right, so this was the point of farewell. So the profits of the laws that went along with them all the way up to that point, and then he bid farewell to them and the army proceeded. Now, we don't know how these embody that are the Levin or model below or who said that the prophets a lot of them appointed Zaid bin? How does that as the commander of the army, all right at the Battle of motor, and he said that if they is martyred, then jaffle should be the leader of the army. And if Java should be martyred, then Abdullah bin raha should take over his position. Now, this is the first time ever that the prophets of the law is that him did something like that, that he
appointed a leader, and then a backup, and then a backup for that backup. What does that show the prophets that a lot of them knew the severity of this battle?
Because they were going to find the allies of who the Romans and these were Senate's, they remember, they were Christian Arabs, and there were several Christian Arab tribes that lived in the region. So if one is going to battle, obviously, what are they going to do? Call the rest for their assistance, and who knows they might even call the Romans for their help. And the Romans might come and the Romans are Who? a superpower of that time. Right? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam understood the severity of this battle, and he appointed the best people as leaders. You know, about days of the law, I knew it is said that had he been alive when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away. I
showed it alone, and he was the one who said that, that had they'd been alive when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away, he would have been the halifa
he would have been the halifa it was understood that they the little man who was so much respected by the people, and he was also known for his intelligence. All right, and that's why the prophets of Allah is an appointed him as a leader. Now Java will deliver on who Why was he appointed as the backup? Why do you think so? Because who had been the leader of the Muslims in India this whole time? Jaffa dillo, on who he had been interacting with the Christians, he had lived amongst them, he knew them. Right? He was also respected amongst the people, because of the fact that he had done too he does, right. He was one of the early converts, and he was also related to the Prophet sallallahu
sallam. Right? And then we see after him, who was appointed as the leader of the London, raha, and Who was he? He wasn't unsavoury. He was very well respected amongst his people. And remember that the lemon law was also a port. Remember that when the prophet SAW the laws and and went for the Kaaba, hi, what happened of the lemon law? How was you know, guarding him from the front and he was saying verses of poetry? All right, and armadillo I know when he saw him saying the verses of portrait or most said that in Makkah, you're saying portrait portrait in Makkah, stop it. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, let him be let him be because
The words that he's saying they fall on the enemy quicker and sharper than arrows.
So anyway of the loving robot who was also a noble man and the prophet SAW the laws and appointed all these three people, as leaders, one after the other, if there was a need. Now what happened? 3000 Muslims marched towards Mota. Now, there are many details that we learn about this battle. But I'm not going to go into all the details. Because this was after all, you could say it was a city. Yeah. All right. It was not as well, the prophets of Allah himself did not participate in this. Alright. So anyway, what happened is that the ruler of the shadow meal when he found out that Muslims are coming all the way to fight us, in revenge for the envoy, whom we killed, he in Hispanic
sent word to all of his allies. So basically all of the Arab Christian tribes in the region, he sent work to them to send help. And he also sent word to the Romans to get help from them. Now, it is said that the Arab tribes together, formed 100,000 men, and the Romans also sent 100,000 people, so many books, actually, they state that the army was about 100,000, or 200,000, the enemy and how many Muslims were going 3000. However, other scholars do not really accept this because they say that the Romans did not even send an army of 100,000 against the Persians ever. If they did not send an army of 100,000 to fight the Persians. Why would they send 100,000 to fight Arabs who were not even a
threat to them?
You understand? And if you look at the population of all of those Arab tribes, they were not 100,000 It's not possible. So they say that perhaps the number was close to about 10,000. And another reason is that the Sahaba, when they were facing the army, alright, and there were many Muslims, for whom this was the first battle amongst them was a Buddha a little below on who all right, because he had come at the time when the Muslims migrated from every senior yet come basically, to hyper that is where he joined the prophets on aloneness. I know. So after hybrid, this was the major battle. All right. So for Abu Diablo arnoud, this was the first battle It is said that when Abu Omar who saw the
army he was shocked, he was looking at the enemy, you know, from right to left and left to right. And this Ahava said to him, Do not worry. We have been through this before.
So they compared Moodle with but and if you think about it in budget, how many Muslims were there? 300? And how many wish 16? Were there? 1000. So you see they compared that with but so if the Muslims were 3000 How much was the number of the enemy around 10,000? Right. So that seems more reasonable. So Alo Arlen regardless of what exactly the number was, what is clear is that the enemy was huge. All right, and this is why we see that the battle was fierce. And we learn in Buhari that as the battle was going on. In
the prophets Allah sent him in Medina was telling the Sahaba about what was going on in the battle. And so the lower end who said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam informed the people of the martyrdom of Zaid Jaffa and even Rwanda, before the news of their death reached Medina. So as the battle was going on the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was selling this hubbub about the updates. All right, all the major things that had happened in the battle, and in the words of analysts of the low annual the prophets that allowed them said that they took the flank and this is before the army has returned. All right, the prophets of the laws and said they took the flag as the commander of the
army. And this was a matter of pride for him because the prophets that allows him gave him the flag. So they did a little Arno himself held the flag. And he was martyred. Then Java took it and he was martyred. And even RWA took it. And he was martyred.
And, and so the lower end who said that at that time, the prophet said, a lot of students eyes were shedding tears. He was crying, he was, as he was describing, he was crying because all these three people were very beloved to the prophets that a lot of the lower notes understood. Jaffa de la and who also remember that at labor when Java reached the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he got up and he kissed Jaffa the low or no, between his eyes on his forehead. And he said, I don't know what is making me more happy. The fact that you have come or the fact that we have conquered haber,
this is how happy the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was, and he would call Dr. foto de lo and who my brother,
he would address him as his brother. So this loss was no ordinary loss. The three very close people to the profits of the loss and one by one they were killed in this battle.
And we learn about Java to learn that when the enemy attacked him, they actually attacked his horse because he was holding the flag. And when you're holding the flag, you're basically inviting the enemy towards you. Right? So they attacked his horse, the horse fell Java below or who fell. And they also rounded him and began attacking him, but he was holding on to the flag and fighting them with one hand. So what did they do, they cut off his one arm, so that the flag would fall. And he did not give up, he grabbed the flag in his other hand, and then they cut off his other hand also. So both of his arms were caught off. Then he took the flag and and grabbed it between his chest and
legs as much as he possibly could. But they killed him. So the flag fell. And when it fell at the love in Rwanda, he realized that Jaffa the lower earner had been killed. So he made his way were dropped out of the lower and who wasn't he took the flag. And you know, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he described Java the lower and who he said that I saw him, he was flying agenda that Allah gave him wings. And this is why even a little dilemma I know, whenever he would see the children of Java below, I know, he would say, are children of the one who had two wings.
Who was given two wings, that the one who lost his arms in the way of Allah, but Allah gave him something even better, and you see wings, being able to fly. I mean, that shows freedom doesn't mean every time I think about flying, I feel like this is freedom. You know, the other remind my children were asking me Mama charlo when you go to Ghana, when we go to Jenna, what do you want? You know, because children, they talk about what they want agenda. I want a house of chocolate, I want a house of candy. I want this I want that. I said I want to fly.
I want to fly because you know flying it just gives you that. I don't know how to describe it.
And then when I read this the Java or the low or no, Kevin wings in general,
flying in general, this is amazing.
Anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam then said that when these three were killed, the prophets of the license said then the flag was taken by a sword amongst the swords of Allah. And Allah made the Muslims victorious. Now who has the sword? Khalid bin Walid?
Remember that Holloman will either low or no When did he embrace Islam?
He had embraced Islam perhaps a month or two before this expedition. All right, because Harlan will either have the low man who he embraced Islam after a murottal Tada.
All right, he made his way to Medina and he embraced Islam. Correct. And very soon after that the expedition to make that happen. So this was the first battle that Khalid bin Walid was also participating in from the side of the Muslims. All right. It is said that when all three leaders died, one after the other, one of the Muslims, he called out to the Muslims, and he said that all Muslims, your leaders have fallen, choose someone as a leader, appoint someone as a leader. So they said you you should be deleted and No, not me. And then everybody looked at Khalid and they said Khalid has to be the leader. Now what is amazing is that up until this point, had it been really
that although it had been fighting
against the Muslims, he had a history of violence against the Muslims. He was a recent convert. But yet at this point, the Sahaba realized that harlot was the most capable of taking this position, despite his bad history. And despite his recent conversion, because of his knowledge, because of his skill, his military experience. They let go of all their biases, and they appointed him as the leader. So they chose him in the battlefield that while it should be the leader, and the prophets, Allah Lawson described him as the sword of Allah. Now what happened? The battle was very intense Hollywood will lead this is reported in Bahati. He said that on the day of the nine swords were
broken in my hand. Nine swords imagine.
One sword, it broke, he took another sword that broke, you can imagine how fierce how intense the battle was, and how long it must have been. So it is sad that the first day of the battle, when it was over in the nighttime, the Muslims went, and they basically found their dead and they buried them. And it is said that there weren't many martyrs.
Even though the battle was fierce, the Muslims were 3000 only 12 people were Shaheed in this battle, only 12 people so you can imagine how how courageously the Muslims must have fought in this battle. And you see how much experience they had had by this point, right that they were able to fight the Romans even because you see the whole Senate. It wasn't just the Arabs in this battle. It was also about 1000 Romans who had come
And if the Romans had come to participate in this battle, you can imagine the finest horses, the finest armor, the finest shields, the finest weapons, right and skilled soldiers. But despite that only 12 people had been martyred. So Abdullah bin Omar, he said that I was present amongst the people in the battle off.
And we searched for Jafar bin Abu Talib, meaning for his body. This was in the nighttime when the battle was basically on hold. And he said, we found his body amongst the bodies of the martyred ones. And I found over 90 wounds over his body, 90 wounds, fresh wounds,
on his chest, and on his back.
And this is just the wounds
he had lost both of his arms in the battle. And it is sad that finally when they did finally what they had to do was the enemy, they have to cut his body into half in order to make sure that he wouldn't grab the flag in any way.
So completely injured, wounded, 90 wounds, in addition to all these fatal wounds, and this is also reported in Buhari. Now what happened was the heart had been really low on who he realized, because with all of his military experience, also, he realized that the Muslims were outnumbered, there was no way that the Muslims could defeat the enemy. So he had to come up with a strategy because on the one hand, the Muslims were not allowed to flee from the battlefield. This is something that Muslims are not allowed to do. Once you're in it, you're in it, you don't walk away, you don't run away. But harder than when he also realized that if they continue to fight and what would happen, all of these
great men, they would finish. And this was an army of 3000 people, the best warriors. And he realized that the Muslims had to retreat at this point, so that they could come back and fight the Romans at a later time when they were better equipped. So the intention was to retreat in order to come back. Again, you understand? This was not retreat, because we're scared. You understand? So what happened that holiday and we'll leave it alone. And remember, he was a super strategy maker, right? Because what did he do at boyhood, he is the one who saw that the hill was empty, the archers were gone, only 10 were left. Right. So he is the one who gathered the people together and attack
the lessons from the other side of the hill. So he was very intelligent in this respect. So it is said that on the second day of the battle, he shuffled the right and left flank of the Muslim army. Because remember, that is always the army was divided into three groups, the right side, the left side and the middle. So what did he do? He changed their positions when he changed their positions, the Senate's and the Romans. What did they see that now they were looking at different people. You see, now they were fighting different people. So they thought that perhaps overnight reinforcements had come.
You understand the thought that Muslims had received reinforcements. And so now the army is bigger, the Muslim army is bigger than it is also said the college alone. I know he sent some Muslims far off in the distance. And he told them to do something which would cause Sam to rise up. And he made them scatter, he told them to scatter around. So that it would appear that in the distance, another group of Muslims is approaching.
He understands that this was all trick, you know, they were tricking the the army the enemy over here. And it is also said that he gradually retreated the army. All right, in a fully planned and organized manner. And what the image that he gave to the enemy was that the enemy thought that they were being led into the desert away from their safety zone. And then in the distance, they saw a group of reinforcements approaching. So the Romans they thought or the assignments, they thought this is a trick, you know, we're being led into the middle, they have reinforcements coming, they're going to surround us, and they're going to finish us. So what happened the Romans, they kind of took
a break. All right, from fighting to decide what they should do. And the Muslims also took a break to decide what they should do. Now there is no battle going on. You see, the battle has been put on hold. Now when the battle has been put on hold, what happened? The Muslims left.
All right, they left. So you see they didn't leave when the battle was going on. When did they leave when the battle was on? Hold. Now what happened? The Muslims made their way to Medina, when they reached the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was not upset with them, that they had come back without defeating the enemy. In fact, the profits of a lot is that I've described this as a victory because when he said that
Zaid was martyred Jaffa was martyred. Abdullah was martyred. He said then then the flag was taken by a sword from the swords of Allah. And Allah gave victory Allah made them victorious. So the prophets on a lot of them described that as a victory. And this is why we learned that some of the people of Medina, they began accusing the Muslims who had returned from that. And they began saying that Oh, you you retreated, you fled. You didn't really defeat the enemy. You just came back. So they were kind of, you know, hurting their feelings in a way. So the prophets, Allah Lawson, when he learned about this, he said they are not far off. They are comrades
who are full of those who flee run away. He said, they're not those who ran away. Who are they karar? Who's
one who comes back again, and attacks again, you understand? Meaning they have come back. They have returned only to attack again. And that's exactly what happened. Because after a few years, what happened the Muslims fought the battle of the book. And then eventually, what happened at the time of omoto dilemma on who the entire region was conquered. Right? So the Battle of Mota, yes, it wasn't a victory in the sense that the Muslims defeated the vasanas over there. But remember, that this was the door to victory. This is why the prophets Allah Islam described it as a fan, just like her davia was a father,
even though there was no apparent father at that time, but it led to father just like that, the Battle of since it was the first battle, all right, in that region up north against the Christians, this was the first battle and impression was given to the people over there and what was that the Muslims are ready to fight you even we are ready to fight you we are able to fight you and we will come back. The message was very clear. So this is why this was a father It was a victory. Now what happened back in Medina, we learn I showed the love on her. She said that when the news of the Shahada of Zaid rudloe, on who Jaffa lower and one of the Levin de la ha it reached the Prophet
sallallahu sallam. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam SAT, he sat down he was standing. When he learned about their Shahada, he sat down. Why did he sit down because of the grief.
You know, when something hurts you, it pains you. It really causes you distress, you cannot stay standing anymore. It's as though you don't have energy. You don't have that strength to stand. So the prophets that a lot of times sat down and when he sat down the sorrow was visible on his face. The grief was evident on his face. I should have warned her said that I was looking because the prophets Allah was in was in the masjid at the time when she was in the house. Right in the huddle. Let's remember that the original was connected to the masjid. Right? So she said I was looking at him through the door. And a man came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and said he had also de la,
the women of Java are crying.
Meaning they have heard the Java below and who has passed away. So they're weeping, they're crying. And they were basically crying out loud. And remember that this is something that was not allowed the prophets that allows them had forbidden that. So this man came and complained that Oh, the family of Java, they're crying, the women especially they're crying really loudly. So the prophets are allowed to sit and told him that go and tell them not to do that is the man went and then he came back again. And he said, I told them not to do it, but they didn't listen to me. And they're crying out loud. Anyway, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Go and stop them. So the man went and
stopped them didn't work, he came back. And again, he complained to the Prophet civilize them that they were crying. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, then go and put dust in their mouth.
Meaning, what am I supposed to tell you?
What am I supposed to tell you? If I've told you three times to go and stop them? And you have tried to stop them? And they're not stopping? Then why are you coming back to me again? And again? What am I supposed to tell you? Can you force them?
You know, like, if a person is crying, and you tell them to stop, and they're not able to control themselves, what are you meant to do?
The profits or losses are going to dust in their mouth, meaning stop asking me what can I say? What can I tell you? And I show the lower on her. She said that I added that may Allah put your nose in the dust, meaning the man who was constantly coming to the prophets that allows them and bothering him that may Allah put your nose in the dust, by Allah, neither have you done what you have been ordered, nor have you relieved Allah's Messenger from trouble. So basically, she said, Stop it. Stop bothering him, because she could see how grieved the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was, at this time. Now the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said, prepare some food for the family of Jaffa. Why?
Because indeed something has happened to them that will keep them busy. Because the women of his family they were overcome with grief. And if they're overcome with grief, will they have the time to even prepare food for the children? No, to even look after themselves. So the profit or the loss of them understood their distress. And this is why he ordered his family prepare food for the family of Java, our beloved in Java, the son of Java lo horn, a little boy at that time. He said that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he stayed away from the family of Jaffa for three days, meaning he gave us our space for three days. He let us be in our grief. You know, we were in our grief. We cried. We
wept. And he was also grieved. But after three days, then he came to us. Why do you think after three days he came to them, because had he gone and the first day, he would have cried and they would have cried right? together because the profit or loss of him himself was so great. Perhaps he didn't find in himself the strength to comfort them. Because he, he needed to comfort himself first. So when he had the strength to comfort them, then he went to see them after three days. And when he went to see them, he came to them and he said, Do not wait for my brother after today. me now three days have gone by. That's it. No more crying now. And he said, call his children call my brother
sounds to me. So the love and draft I said we were brought to the prophets, a lot of them and we were like little chickens, little chickens in a middle chicks, what do they look like? messy. So, basically, what he was saying is that we were in a messy condition, you know, for miserable condition, right, aggrieved neglected, because of this loss. And he said, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he saw he said, call the barber. So he had someone come, and he ordered that our heads be shaved, because who does these things Generally, the father right. But now the father was gone. And the mother was in distress herself. So the profit or loss and went to comfort the family. And he
also looked after their needs, he said food First of all, and now he saw that one of the first needs was that the children need to be attended to right that they need to be looked after. So he had their head shaved, and then he consoled the children by making each and every one of them feel special. How? He said one of the sons of Jaffa little I knew his name was Mohammed.
He said, Mohammed he looks just like my uncle Abu Talib.
He's making each child feel special. He's consoling them. And he said, As for Abdullah, he looks like me. He acts like me, are the loving Javelin. And Abdullah was the eldest to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he held up his hand, he raised it up and he said, Oh Allah, allow jar for his progeny to remain meaning, bless them, give them Baraka. And he said, Oh Allah, bless Abdullah in all his transactions because of the law, even though he was a young boy at this time, that responsibility of the family now fell on his shoulders. So the prophets of Allah sent him a doll for him that Allah bless of the land all his transactions. Now the mother of these children, the wife,
the widow of the love, and Jaffa, Who Was she a smart bent, or mesa de lohana, when she met the Prophet sallallahu Sallam she expressed to him her concern her fear, that who's going to look after these little children, these boys who's going to take care of us? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Are you scared of poverty for them? Why are you scared of poverty for them, when I will take care of them? I will take care of these children. These children are my brother's children, I will look after them.
Now we see over here that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was deeply grieved by this loss. But what do we see that he is visiting the family of those who were lost in a lesser way, and he went to consult, he looked after them. He took care of their needs, and he took the responsibility of looking after them when the Sahaba passed away in the wave of law. And we see this map Ventura Mesa below Anna, she was a widow, widow who yofoto Telangana. Now what happened after a couple of years she made aboubaker of the Lord. You see, this harbor also following the son of the Prophet said
that the widows, the families, they should not be neglected rather they should be taken in as your own family. So buckle up along I know he made a smart little deal on how later
it was not a clear victory at this point, but it led to victory later on. Now we see that this expedition 3000s of hollow wins, right and 12 Sahaba Some say 20
Sahaba were martyred. And that is a very small number but this harbor who were martyred, there were no ordinary Sahaba. Right? Three of them were the leaders. Right? So this was something that grieved not just the prophets on the lesson, but also the Muslims in general. Which is why we learned that at one point, the prophet said a lot of them he went in the masjid and he saw that some Muslims were sitting there and they were looking sad, and some of them were even crying. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked him that what is the matter? And they said that we are sad, because the best of us have gone. You know, they there was a low iron who had been there from the beginning. Right,
he was part of the prophets of the Lawson's family even before Prophethood. Right.
Khadija Rhonda had gifted to the prophets.
So all the Muslims news a little honored to be part of the prophets of Allah isms family.
Right? So they said that the best of us have gone, we are sad, we are grieved. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said something to the effect of that don't be grieved, because my oma is like a garden. And every now and then, the owner has to trim the leaves and the branches so that new and better ones may come.
So the loss is definitely there. It is painful. But this loss is not permanent. Because when one group of Sahaba has gone, one group of believers has gone. What does that mean? Another will come. So look forward to that. be concerned about what you have to do. They did their part. They played their part, they did their best, and now they're gone. And we are the leaves and the branches. What are we going to do?
Because you see what happens is sometimes that when you trim the leaves the branches, sometimes that part where you've trimmed it from, it just seals off, it dies. Right? It dies, nothing grows out from there. And sometimes what happens, more grows out fresh grows out from there. So it's up to us whether we rise to the challenge, or we just grieve about our previous losses, or just be proud about our previous victories. Because this is what we're very proud of. Right. We're proud of the victory of butter. We're proud of the victory of the conquest of Makkah. Right? But then what about us? What are we meant to do right now, we should be concerned about ourselves. And that is what the
prophets of Allah said it encouraged the Muslims to do that. Now we are the leaves in the branches. We have to see what we can do. So this was the expedition off
now another expedition that took place around this time was the expedition off there to celestial
and this was a month after.
When was Moto G moto? oola in the eighth year after hijra. Alright, now the next month no matter what happened the prophets of Allah Salaam. He sent us a little de la Mourinho
with 300 to harbor notice how many people were sent 3000 here, how many are being sent just 300 and Under Armour been under us, and these people were sent to the people of Bhanu Koba cough, but I live in Tama Buddha Buddha, right. And the bonobo, Dora, who were they, they were basically somewhere between Medina and the Hassan it's. So they were in the middle. And they could be the allies of Lausanne it's, in fact, they had assisted the people of a son of a son. It's in the Battle of Mota, they had aided them. They were on their side, because remember that when the Muslims marched to the, what happened to be the leader of Malta, he sent word to all of the neighboring tribes, right? So he
also sent word to the new coda and the nakodar had actually assisted the Senate in the Battle of motor All right. Now, if the bundle Kadar took sides with the Senate's What did that mean?
Exactly. There are enemies of the Muslims. What else does it mean?
Okay, they're gonna do it again. And if you think about it,
if the Barracuda are the allies of the Messiah, and it's right, then there were sonnets there hold. You see it's greater. The danger of the Senate is closer because of the nakodar even though there are hundreds of kilometers up north, but because of the ban okoda The danger is still closer to the Muslims, the danger was of the hosannas is not far. Just like you remember certain tribes which were between Medina and Mecca. Right. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam marched to them and he fought them and one of the tribes
What happened? The men when the Muslims reached there the men fled, right? The women and the children were brought into Medina. They were taken in as slaves. And what happened? The princess basically, she fell into the hands of the prophets of Allah Islam who married her. And then the rest of the people that said, how is it that the wife of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, right, her relatives, so basically the in laws of the prophets are the laws that are our slaves, that they set them free. And then after a couple of days, the men returned, right? And then what happened? They accepted Islam, and the whole tribe went back. Right? But now they were Muslim. Now, you see,
because they accepted Islam, they were now with the Muslims. Now the danger of the kadesh was kind of farther away, you understand? So this is the reason why the prophet SAW the loss of them had to deal with the bazooka also. Because even though scientists were far but because they were allies with the bazooka, the threat was near it was closer. And the objective was also to deter the bonakdar from joining others against the Muslims. Right. So the prophets of Allah said and chose who, as a leader, I'm open house. I want to also know that Oh, and when did he embrace Islam?
When did he embrace Islam?
Exactly around the same time as Khalid bin was he remember he didn't when he left Morocco, he was on his way to Medina, us coming from avicennia because he had left MCI he had gone to habashi. Right.
And over there, Natasha did Dawa to him. And he embraced Islam at the hands of Naja she, and then he was on his way to Medina. He met Khalid bin Walid. And both of them together, they went to Medina and embraced Islam, right? Meaning they declared their conversion to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they basically did his route to Medina. So both of them were recent converts. And both of them were not ordinary people. Harder than will either, although I knew he was the military leader, he went on the expedition to motor right. And we see that this expedition, it was like a test that yes, Khalid is truly on the side of the Muslims. Right. And I'm wondering, and also below on who he was also
recent convert. And you see the prophets that a lot of them had to ensure that these people would be firm in Islam, because they had been opposing muslims for a very long time. So the prophets of Allah is in shows and webinars, he was a recent convert. He was a noble man, he was a negotiator because you see, he had gone to have a shot to get the Muslims back from there. Remember? So he was a negotiator. And his mother was from a clan of bonakdar.
All right, so he was related to the bonakdar. And if I'm up in Alaska is going to buy nakoda nakodar would have some dignity and not fight us. You understand? Because he is after all, they are relative. All right. And this is why you see the profits on a lot of times and only 300 people The intention was not really to fight, fight. All right, it was to give a message. Now, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us, He called us he said, Put your armor on, get ready for a battle. I'm gonna ask God ready and he came. Now at this point. He didn't know what was going on. When he came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said to him, that I intend to send you on an expedition. Allah
will keep you safe, and he will grant you linea booty. Now I'm not been asked he said that he had also Allah I accepted Islam because I wanted to be a Muslim, not because I wanted to get aneema you said that this was a test that what is the real intent of us? Why did he accept Islam? Right? So you see the prophets that allows him he accepted the light of the people. But it is when you deal with people that you get to know about their real motives. And you learn about their loyalties. All right. And sometimes you have to dress them in this way. So that they also question themselves because sometimes we don't ask these questions to ourselves. But when we were put on the spot, and
we think that Yeah, why did I convert? Do I really want anymore? Or do I really want Islam? So I'm having an asset that I want to be with you meaning don't send me on this expedition because if I die, then that's it. You know, my companionship with you is over I want to stay with you. So the prophets of Allah Islam said, No, Allah will keep you safe. And if you do get an email, then I'm not how beautiful is pure money for the righteous man. I mean, there's no harm in getting money through Halloween. So anyway, I'm not alone. I know. He agreed. And the Sahaba the 300 Muslims, they traveled in the night only. Why? Because armor did not want the enemy to find out about their
advance, because if they found out what would they do, they would prepare for battle. And if they will prepare for battle, there would be a lot of bloodshed. All right, so I'm not gonna ask he traveled in the night only. And it was cold, extremely cold and he did not eat
allowed the Muslims to light any fire for the purpose of warmth even Why? Because people in the middle of the desert, if a group of people is traveling and they have, you know, fire with them, you can see from a distance from miles and miles across, you can see that somebody is coming. So he did not want the enemy to even hear that the Muslims were approaching. And, in fact, the Muslims got upset with our model and are asked what is wrong with you, we are so cold, we're traveling only at night, and you don't even let us light fire. And later on when they reached Medina, they complained to the Prophet sallallahu. And he gave his reasoning and the profit to the laws and accepted that.
Now we learned that around this time when they were traveling in the night, and also the law or knew he was a leader. All right, he woke up one morning and he found himself in the state of Geneva. And he realized that if I take a bath, because of the cold, I'm going to die.
Right? So he did not take a bath. He just did a mom. And he led the army in prayer, because the leader of the army is also the event. So he let them in prayer. Now some Sahaba were not happy with that. That How could he do diamo for Genova? That's not okay. But they, they stayed with the tomorrow. You see, this is the beauty of the Sahaba. Even though they disagreed with him, they were not happy with that. They didn't say, oh, we're not praying behind him, because our prayer is not going to be valid. So we're going to go pray our own jamaa know, they prayed with him. And when they returned from the expedition, they told the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they complained to him, you
see a list of complaints about entrepreneurs. And you can see that some Muslims were not really happy with our mode of analysis. Because after all, he was a recent convert. Right? They had some bias against him. But they still accepted him as a leader. Right? So when the prophets of Allah asked him, we've been asked, you prayed in the state of Genoa? How could you do that? I'm gonna explain that. No, I did tell him. Why did you do to him? Because I remember that Allah says in the Quran, Allah Taku and pusaka do not kill yourselves. So I realized that if I were to take a bow, I would die. So this is why the time and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam laughed, he laughed, right?
Because the HD had have been Ross was correct. Right, he approved of it. Now Anyway, what happened was he reached with a 300 Muslims, closer to the medical data, and they camped at a pond that was known as a cell acid. And this is why this expedition is known as the reservoir off or the city of cell acid that to sell acid. There was another that the selesa that happened at the time of omoto delanco. Alright, and that is known as to solicit from chains. Because there were so many prisoners of war, the world battlefield was full of people in, in chains because they were all captured. So that is why the battle was known as that to sell acid. So there's two that to sell acid. All right,
one in the life of the prophets of the Lawson and one later on. So anyway, when they reach a certain acid, I'm gonna realize that 300 Muslims, we're not going to be enough.
Right, he realized that 300 we're not going to be enough. So he sent a message to the prophets of the laws, and I'm asking him to send reinforcements. And they waited over there. So what happened the prophets that a lot of them sent 200 Sahaba now to join us, and he sent them under a verbatim in de la hora de la Marne, who now live in Geneva, who is he a more senior Sahabi one of the early converts, right more respected. Now, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed our VEDA than when you meet our agree and do not disagree. agree with him, and do not disagree with him.
And I will obey the basically he came with 200 Sahaba. And amongst those 202 haba was also Abu Bakar and modal de la hora.
All right. Now what happened when they reached when they joined on Lebanon also below and who obeyed that other level and who he stepped forward to lead the Muslims in prayer. Now, if he's stepping forward to lead the Muslims in prayer, what is he saying that I'm going to be the leader now are moving Ross has to step down because I have been sent as a new leader. I'm not going to offset that. No, you're not going to lead the people in prayer. I am going to lead the people in prayer because I was sent as a leader and you have been sent with the reinforcements. The prophets, Allah latson appointed me as the leader.
So there was some disagreement over here. And many Muslim stood the side of who
I would rather not allow. And you see on the side of Abu Omar, who was also a bucket and aroma,
right, how could it be that Ross becomes the leader of Abu Bakar of Oman? So for many Muslims, this was not acceptable. They took sides rather, but rather the lower end who remember the words of the prophets of Allah, agree and do not disagree. So
He stepped back. And he let our mobile house be the leader. You see, there were differences.
They were differences. But what we see in the Sahaba is that despite their differences, they did not cut off from each other.
Right? They did not become disunited, despite their differences. They stayed together, because they remembered the mission, what they were doing and why they were doing it in the first place. So anyway, I'm a little too low on who he let the people in Sala. Now what happened next morning, surprise attack on the bonakdar because it was supposed to be surprised at accident so that the bonakdar would surrender without fighting. Now what happened by nakodar, all of a sudden, when they see 500 people approaching What happened? They fled. They ran away. When they fled, what did they leave behind their properties? Right now the Muslims had kind of captured the Monica Baba nakodar
escaped. So their lives were spared, there was no battle. But a lot of liniment was brought into Medina. And the statement of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was fulfilled with respect to our mode when asked that Allah will give you konima. And that is exactly what happened. Now, again, there was no battle over here. The people have been odar were not killed or anything, there was no there was no bloodshed, because when nakodar fled, but a message was given to the Buddha. And what was that? What was that message? Don't mess with us. Right? Don't mess with us. Don't fight us. And don't join others to fight us. Because if you do so, you will be in trouble. Because we are ready to fight you.
And that was the point of this expedition to give a message to the tribes up north that do not fight against the Muslims. Now think about it. If the Muslims are already on their way to fight the Romans, all right, they're getting closer and closer to fighting the Romans. And in fact, some Romans they even fought at the Battle of Mota, the people of Makkah de Quraysh What do they seem like? Nothing before the Muslims, if the Muslims are capable of fighting the Romans, then the Quran nothing for the Muslims. Right. And within these two years since since the since the Treaty of Westphalia, so many people embraced Islam, so many people. And we see the leaders also known as
Khalid bin will lead these people embraced Islam. So the numbers of the Muslims they increased, and the Quraysh they were decreasing in their numbers. So much so that remember that outside of Makkah, there were two main tribes that lived over there. And who are they? The Hosea and the blue box.
Now remember that the hazhar if you remember when the profits or loss in a went for the first time, the Muslims were camped outside of Makkah, they were at her davia and the people in Morocco were not going to let the Muslims in at any cost. who stepped in to to resolve the situation, someone from the tribe of Hosea? Who was he had been working, who sorry, he's the one who stepped in, who volunteered to go and speak to the Muslims and then speak to the Kurdish so that there would be no war. Right. So the Hassan they lived outside of Makkah. Now what happened was that after the Treaty of her they be the Hazara, they became the allies of the Muslims. First of all, many of them
converted to Islam. And then they also became allies of the Muslims. Now, you see, Muslims have allies right outside of Makkah. You know, in the Quran, Allah says that, do they not see how we are causing the earth to shrink for them
that we are causing the earth to shrink for them. And what this means is that the hold of the courage to hold of the machine was reducing so much so that right outside of Makkah, Muslims had allies, previously, whose our, with the people of Africa with with the crush, and remember that the hobbies the tribes that lived outside of Makkah, many of them were allies to the kadesh. But at the Treaty of Westphalia, what happened besides the kadesh were being unfair, clearly unfair. So they did not help the operation anymore. And now, the Quraysh basically had one major ally and who was that bonobo and bonobo at this point was still largely pagan, they were still Muslim. Now, remember
that one of the clauses of the Treaty of her davia was that without any tribe, can make alliances either with the Muslims or with the mushrikeen. So what happened after the Treaty of her they via the bonobo, they became the allies of the Quraysh and the bonacasa became the allies of the Muslims. Another clause was that there should be no fighting for 10 years, neither between the Muslims and the mushrikeen nor between
you understand? So an ally of the Muslims could not fight an ally of the Quraysh.
So that meant that the Hazara could not fight bonobo if they fought. That meant the treaty had been violated. All right, and now the two are not at peace anymore, which means that there will be a war right. Now what happened was that the Hazara and brubacher they had been enemies since a very, very long time. They had been enemies since a very long time, just like the US and the husband and Medina. Right enemies since hundreds of years. So likewise, the bundle bucket and Hazara were enemies to one another. And for them no battle for two years was a very big test. You understand? Because 10 years, that was what the treaty was about, right? But since the Treaty of Westphalia,
there have been how many years? Two years, right. So this was a big deal for them. It was as though they couldn't control themselves anymore. Now, remember that the Hazara first of all who were the hoes are just a little bit about the hoser. You remember the history of the Arabs we discussed over there that the Judo home. They're the ones who inhabited they're the ones who the in laws of Islam are either his son and basically, they were the ones who populated Makkah, they were the leaders. But over time, what happened? They declined in their morals and their values. And the Hazara. They basically evicted right, expelled the dual home from Makkah, they fought the door home, and they
expelled your home from Makkah. And that is when the June home before they left they buried the well of Zamzam. All right. Now the hazhar they ruled over Morocco for how many years? About 300 years. And then remember, of course, I
will say he came to Makkah, he married the daughter of the leader of Hosea. And then when the leader died, who rose to power, per se, and then his relatives who were the kadesh. Right. This is how the Cornish came to power. All right. So the hazhar remember that even though they were no longer in power, but still they were on very good terms with the coloration. Why? Because Jose was very intelligent. You see, he married the daughter of the leader of Casa. You understand, so they were on good terms. So since a long time, Hazara and kadesh, were on good terms. Gradually, it was a crush that ruled over maka, who's our outside of Makkah right outside of Makkah, but they were still on
very good terms with the polish. Then we learned that Abdulmutallab He also made a treaty with the Hazara, which was understood to be a permanent treaty. Right, a treaty of peace. So they were on very good terms. Now what happened that boubakeur bernbach they decided to attack the hoser Why? They wanted money.
So they said just at night, we're going to go and raid them. It's going to be a surprise attack. We're not going to kill any people. We're just going to go confiscate their properties whenever we can get hold off and come back. That's it. They wanted money. And this was the law at that time that if you want money, this is what you would do. Just go and attack somebody, kill them if you want, or don't kill them, spare their life, whatever, you get their stuff. It's yours. That was the law that was practiced at that time. But the bundle vaca they were smart. What did they do? They sent word to the kadesh. First they said that look, we know that the treaty is in place but we just want to read
so that we can get some money we want to break the strength of cozaar That's it. We don't want to kill any of their people. We just want to break them financially. So the Quran they said okay, fine, just do it at night, and nobody will know.
Nobody will know do it at night. Nobody's gonna know it was you. It could have been anybody. Right if you do it at night, so basically Mohamed Salah Lawson was never going to find out, you will be safe. And in fact it is said that Suhail Bahama imagines a hidden armor Who was he? At this point he was still anonymous and right because he embraces I'm after father, but he is the one who dictated the terms of the treaty. All right. And so Haman armor is the one who sent weapons to the bonobo so that they could read the Hosea in the night. This is Fianna All right. Now what happened?
The Vanu backer they attacked the Hosea in the nighttime. But when they did their whole plan, it basically failed. Their plan was to quietly go and just take whatever they want, and if needed, they would fight. But the intention was not to kill. But somebody from the hoser You know, he basically set the alarm off. All right. He made noise
The men walk up the women, children, everybody woke up. There was chaos. There was panic. And what was supposed to be just the way it turned into a massacre. Literally, there was bloodshed. Many people of the hazhar were killed. And you see the Hazara. What they did was in order to save their lives. Some of them, they ran towards Makkah, towards the huddle. Because if they entered the home, their lives would be safe. Right. So what happened? They ran into the home in order to be saved, but the boubakeur in order to silence the husa What did they do? They ran after them, and they killed them in the huddle.
Instead of that, that, that one of the men of the hazhar he ran into the huddle and he was saying, Fear Allah fear God, that don't kill me. I'm in the huddle. And he was told there is no God today.
Meaning we don't care about anything who are going to kill you, because we have to silence you. We cannot let this spread. But of course, they couldn't kill all the people of the knuckles. Alright, even though it was a heavy loss for the for the Hazara tribe, but still, many of them survived. Now what happened? The next day, the leader of the Hazara tribe, he made his way to Medina. He went to Medina, it has said that he went with 14 men. So a delegation of the hoser went to Medina. They didn't go to the Quran. They didn't ask them why did you do this? Why didn't you stop your people, they didn't even go to Bono Baka they went straight to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Medina. And
basically they told the Prophet sallallahu Sallam of what had happened. And the digits tell him, this set it in the form of poetry. Why? Because when something is said in the form of poetry, those verses of poetry, they are retained by those who hear them. Right? When they will hear that poetry, they will retain it, they will say it in like this, you're publicizing the issue. You understand? It's my calling media attention. Right? So he went to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam seeking the aid of the Muslims. And he basically addressed him in the form of poetry, and this was in the masjid. And in his poetry, first of all, he reminded the Prophet sallallahu Sallam of the common lineage
that was between them, all right, because per se, he was of the of the leaders of kadesh, right, but he was married to someone from his era. Right? So he reminded the prophets of the lesson of that common lineage. And then he reminded the prophets that allows them of the treaty with other Muslim, and also the Treaty of Arabia. So this is all in the poetry. And then he gave the details of the massacre of the attack, that how they killed us when we were in record. They killed us when we were in soju. They killed us when we were in the huddle.
And then what happened the prophets of Allah said him, he said that you shall be helped, you shall be helped. It is at that at that time, a cloud was approaching Medina and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Allah help is coming again. Meaning taking positive omen. Now the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he promised the Hazara to help them. And what did he do? He sent word to Makkah, to the leaders of Makkah, and who was the main leader of Makkah, Abu Sufyan, right. So the message was that, clearly, this has been a violation of the treaty. So if you'd like the treaty to remain, then you must, first of all, cut off all ties with Ben Walker
brubacher are no longer your allies, you're not going to help them they're not going to help you the connection between you and Bono Baker has to be finished, because you both cooperate with each other in wrongdoing. So now the connection between you must finish so you have to break ties with ANOVA. And secondly, they the blood money of those who were killed. Now, for the crash. This was something very difficult to do, because the bundle backer were like their only allies. Now the bundle backer were their only allies. They had lost who's our earlier cozaar was were no longer their friends. And the further you go from Makkah, I mean, they had lost their allies. No one was allies with pradesh
anymore. It was only the bonobo
All right. And you see how at the Treaty of Philadelphia, they had emphasized that if anyone goes from Mecca to Medina, he must be returned.
And if someone comes from Medina, he should be allowed to stay. This shows basically that the Quraysh were afraid that they were going to lose out on their people, their people are going to leave them so they wanted to make sure that they would retain their numbers. But what happened over time they lost all their people. So many people converted to Islam, and so many people sided with the Muslims and even though they were not Muslim, but bonobo was a single tribe that was still with the coalition. So for them to cut off ties with the bonobo was something quite risky.
And secondly, paying the blood money
Of all the people who had been killed. Again, this would be a fortune. And that would mean that the Quran should be left with hardly any wealth.
Because so far they had lost so much of their money in all of these battles. I mean, think about it, if they had gone all the way to Medina and camped outside for an entire month, for an entire month, how much money that would have cost? Right? I mean, you see even today that when a country goes for war, then what happens to the economy? Right? taxes, everything, everything gets affected, the entire economy gets affected. And the people of Makkah, they had lost their money. They had lost their people in all of these battles that had been going on. And then their trade caravans that would go to Syria and Yemen again, they were not safe. Right? Because remember Abu jandal his people
were now constantly attacking the trade caravans. So basically, the kurush for them This was not an option, how could they give the blood many of the if they gave the blood money, they would have nothing left.
So what happened Abu Sufyan he decided that he would go to Medina to negotiate with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So he went to Medina. And this is the first time that Abu sufian would enter Medina. He had come earlier at the Battle of trench but now he was entering Medina. All right, he came to Medina, he went to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he tried having a conversation with him with the Prophet sallallahu did not respond to him at all. He completely ignored him, levels of fear and put out his requests. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not accept anything. That was a fan was scared. He's like, if he's not even talking to me, who were in trouble.
So what happened? He went to Abu Bakar the Lord, that Come on, do something for me, you give me protection, at least, and do something for me. And we'll walk I said no way. If the prophets Allah has refused, how can I offer you anything? So then I was a fan went to remodel Dylan, who you do something for me? Or Modelo? Or who else who refused. He went to LA la la, la, la, la de la, and who also refused. He said, What are you over soufiane? Will la when the profits or the loss Adam has decided a matter? We do not go to him and ask otherwise? We can't do that. So I was a fan. He said too early to tell me what to do. What should I do? So he said, You should go to the masjid and ask
if anyone is willing to give you protection. Now, why did double Sophia need protection? Because remember that if someone has protection that they cannot be fought against? So if Abu sufian has the protection of even one Muslim, what does that mean? That the rest of the Muslims cannot fight also, if even if they cannot fight obesity, and they cannot fight his people. So basically, if he had the protection of even one Muslim, that would mean there would be no war between the Muslims and the machine. You understand? So even though the treaty had been violated, I was a fan and his people would be safe. So I was a fan took his advice. He went to the masjid. And he announced, he is
requesting openly publicly. Can any Muslim give me protection? Look at the humiliation over here.
He is requesting begging, who responds to him? Nobody.
Nobody responded to him. Nobody offered him protection. Now I was a fan. before he left, he went to see his daughter, who was his daughter of Habiba de la hora. And who was she, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Now, Abu Sufyan was going to meet her after about 13 years.
Because she had embraced Islam in Makkah. Remember, she had done hijra to ever senior. All right. And from there, she had come to Medina. She didn't go to Macau in the middle. She had come to Medina. So I was a fan. He went to see his daughter. And when he goes to see his daughter, he wants to sit somewhere. And he sees that there is a bed and he wants to sit on the bed. But what happens before he sits down on Habiba quickly moves, the better way. The bedding, the cushion, she moves it away. So I was a fan. He's surprised at what's going on. And he said that, are you protecting me from the bed? Or are you protecting the bed for me? Meaning What's the matter over here? Am I too
good for this? Or is that too good for me? What's going on over here? So um, Habiba said that this is the blanket of the prophets that a lot of them and you are not going to sit on it. You are not going to sit on it. Abu sufian is a leader of the people of Makkah, the father of ohm Habiba. Qureshi, a noble man, and this is how he's been treated in Medina. Nobody gives him any importance whatsoever because he has betrayed the Prophet satellizer. He has violated the treaty, so nobody's accommodating him at all.
So it was Sophia. And he said, I don't know what Evil has touched you, since you've left me.
Meaning what happened to you? You're supposed to be my daughter. Now I was young, he went back to Makkah, he went back to Makkah, and he realized that they were in trouble. Now the Muslims are going to come to fight them. And that's exactly what happened. After a few weeks, the prophets of Allah sent him he announced to the Muslims, that an expedition have to go somewhere, right? The Muslims had to go somewhere on an expedition and everyone must go. So basically, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam didn't give the people a choice. Previously, people had a choice, right? So for example, at MOCA, they had a choice, whoever wants to go can go 3000 Muslims got ready. Here, the prophet SAW
the license that everyone has to go, and he did not tell them where they were going to go. But he told them a week or two in advance so that they would prepare. So 10,000 Muslims got ready. The prophets have a lot of them also sent word outside of Medina. So that the neighboring tribe, whoever is able that they should also come along, in fact, everybody had to come along. The choice was not given. So 10,000 people got ready. But still nobody knew where they were going. So much so that Abu Bakar at the lower end, who went to Ayesha to ask her, what do you know what's going on? And I showed lower? And he said, Well, he I don't know. And in the meantime, the prophet said, a lot of
them sent a small group of people up north. And why did he send them to basically find out where the water sources are? Where the hills are? Because so far, the Muslims hadn't really gone that side, right? They had the Battle of Mata but that was in one particular direction. And they had the data selected. And that was also in one particular direction. Right. So basically, this group of Muslims had been sent up north to do to scout the entire area to see who's there, where, what the land is, like where the water is. And the Muslims thought that perhaps the prophet SAW the laws and intends to go and fight the Romans. And this is why everyone has to go.
You understand? So now the Muslims are confused. 10,000 people could not, you know, they're not needed to go to Makkah. And why would we go to Makkah, and MacArthur's you know, it's hard on no battle in Mecca. Right? We already have a treaty over there if we want to go for a while we can go. But at the same time, the treaty has been violated and the profits of the laws and sending people up north what's going on the Muslims don't know. They're curious, but they're getting ready. Now, one day before the departure, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us how they were going to go to Makkah and not a single Mohajer, nor a single Ansari remain behind 10,000 people gathered together. Now
before the Muslims left What happened? A Muslim man by the name of Houthi, even a Viva La. He was a Mohajer. He had come from Makkah. He had participated in what happened, how he got afraid for his family in Makkah, because you see how he was previously a slave. He was a molar, he was a freed slave. His family was also of the same class. All right. Now his concern was that the rest of the people, they have relatives, they have protection, my family has no protection in Makkah. So I will do a favor to the Quraysh by telling them that the Muslims are coming. So they will owe it to me, right? And what will they do? They will take care of my family. And he thought to himself, that
Allah will definitely grant success to the Muslims, there's no way that the Muslims will fail. So the plan alone will not fail. Right? He had this he attained a loss plan will not fail. I just have to do something to protect my family. His intention was not betrayal. What was his intention? to just do a favor to the kadesh? Who are going to be defeated anyway? But why do a favor to them so that they would protect his family? You understand? That was the goal of helping? So what did he do? He had this woman who was also a freed slave, who had come from Makkah, now she was making her way back to Makkah, he paid her some money to take that letter to the flesh, smuggle that letter. Now
what was in the letter, even that woman didn't know. Nobody knew how to did this very secretive because he didn't want anybody to find him. Because he realized that the profits of the laws and wanted to execute this plan very secretly. So this woman, she put the letter in her hair, and she put her hijab on top. All right, and she made her way to Makkah. Now what happened to bill came until the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the prophets of Allah Simpson at the lower end, who to go and find that woman, and take that letter from her. So he went with another companion. They found that woman in the caravan and they asked her to give the letter she said, I don't have anything. The
search for camel this searcher belongings, they found nothing. And they said either you give it or we will have to serve to you.
Now for a woman, you know, being searched by men, this is something that is
A little frightening. And you see, in this case, they had to do it because of the letter reached Makkah, there will be a much greater loss. So what happened the woman she said, okay, turn around. So I needed to learn who he turned around so that he wouldn't be able to see the woman and the woman, she took her hijab off. And she opened her here, took the letter out and gave it to her the little or no, notice how she said, turn around, because she did not want to take her hijab off in front of it. Even though she was not a Muslim, but she had this dignity that you don't take your veil off in front of a man.
So anyway, the letter was brought to the prophet SAW a lot of sentiment the woman was also brought, and the woman was let go off because she spoke the truth. She said, I was paid, I was hired for this work. I don't even know what's in the letter. I don't even know what it's about. So the prophets that allows them let that woman go that smuggler, he prayed he let her go, how they was brought, he was asked, Did you do this? He said, Yes, he had also the law I did it.
Or what are the lower and who said, Give me the honor, right to chop off his head. For he has disbelieved. He's a monastic and so on and so forth. And the prophets, Allah Lawson said that, no, he has spoken the truth
or middle, the lower and who said that even though he may be a Muslim, but he has betrayed us.
The prophets and a lot of them said Irma, what do you know? Perhaps Allah said to the people who participated in whether to do as you wish I have forgiven you supermoto, the lower and who wept and he said Allah and His Messenger know best. So how to love and who he was let go off because he gave us explanation. He said yada yada. I didn't mean to betray anybody. I was just waiting for my family. I knew, I know I have yet seen that Allah will give you victory unless plan cannot be, you know, affected by what I do. I just had to do something to protect my family. That's the only reason why I did it. But unless the panel data revealed so little Medina at this point. And what is this
all about that all believers do not take my enemies and your enemies as allies. Right? That if you want to protect your family also, don't do it through your enemy through a less enemy. So what happened? Eventually the prophets of Allah sent him he left Medina on the 10th of Ramadan, the 10th of Ramadan, the Muslims left Medina, and they made their way to Makkah, and they arrived on the outskirts of Makkah on the 19th of Ramadan. So how many days just nine days an army of 10,000 people in the month of Ramadan in the month of fasting, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was fasting when he left and it was in this journey that he broke his fast due to the hardship right? So he broke the
fast now as the Muslims got closer to Makkah, several things happened.
First of all, the prophets of Allah sentiment are best although are and who with his family are best although I knew his uncle. He left Makkah he was on his way to Medina, he was doing hegira he had no idea Muslims were coming.
All right. He was doing hijra he made he meets 10,000 Muslims, he meets the profit or loss and what's going on? We're going to Makkah, really, he takes care of his family and he joins the Muslims. So he was the last muhaddith to Medina.
You know, of the people who did his route to Medina, he was the last one to do that. He hadn't even completed the journey. But the journey was accepted for him because he had left he had started it. And then what happened as they got closer to Makkah news reached Makkah people panic. And a few people actually they came to the prophets that a lot of them and converted amongst them. Were the closest relatives of the prophets that allows him his cousin's his relatives, they came and accepted Islam. Now the prophets of Allah is Allah. With the army, he camped at muraleedharan, which is outside Makkah. Right outside Makkah. All right. Now while the Muslims were camped at middle of
Iran, several things happened. Now, how many Muslims were there? 10,000. All right. And they reached there just before nightfall. And anyway, the prophets of Allah told them during the night that they should like their fires, why light their fires, so that they are seen from a distance? And the people of Mecca? They climb any hill? Who do they see in the distance, a huge army with fires and imagine 10,000 that's a massive army. does that remind you of something? battle? 110,000 people came outside Medina. And now the exact opposite is happening. 10,000 Muslims are going after Makkah right. Now, what happened that the machine in Makkah, they had heard that Muslims are coming. But in
the night when they saw those fires, they were like, Who is it? Who is it? It can't be the Muslims. So they started guessing it must be those people or it must be those people. They must have come from our aid. The Muslims are coming. So that tribe, that group of people, they must have come for our aid. Now they're discussing all of this
They couldn't expect they couldn't imagine that 10,000 Muslims could come. Because for them Muslims were Who? A few people.
Right, whom they didn't give any attention to. Right. And remember at the Treaty of Abia, what happened? When he came, he said to the prophets of the last time that I see that you are surrounded by unfamiliar faces, right? unfamiliar faces, meaning people who are not your relatives, they're not related to you, and they're going to abandon you, they're going to leave you.
And so it shows that even at that time, they didn't think that the Muslims were that many. And at the conquest of Makkah, when 10,000 Muslims came, again, they could not expect that this was actually Muslims. Now what happened? Our best real dilemma and who he was a Muslim, right? He was on his way doing it. And now he was coming back to Makkah with the Muslims. All right. Now, he was worried for the people of Makkah.
Even though he was a Muslim, he was worried for them. Why? Because after all, who were the
his relatives, his people? Right?
He didn't want them to fight the Muslims. Because if they were to fight the Muslims, what would happen? For sure?
They would fail. Right? They would lose. And when they would lose, they would suffer Indonesia? And
isn't that the case? So he did not want the people of Makkah to fight the Muslims. He just wanted that they should accept Islam, because if they would accept Islam, then there would be no battle. If there is no battle, you know, it's a win win. Right? So he asked the Prophet sallallahu sallam, please allow me to go to Mecca, and talk to the people.
So the profits or losses and have allowed him, and the profits or losses in them sent our buffalo on who on his own meal.
So our boss other than Warren, who went to Makkah, and when he goes inside, he sees the leaders are talking amongst themselves. And Josephine is there and they're discussing, I think, at this army is of those people, I think it's the army of those people didn't even say it's the Muslims, because they couldn't expect in their wildest dreams that it could be the Muslims. So anyway, what happened that our best of luck and who he said, What are you? This is the army of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and if he conquers you, tomorrow, you shall be executed, meaning you're going to die, you're going to lose everything. You You cannot fight this man. How can you find an army of 10,000
people, you're not even equipped, you don't have your manpower, you've lost all your allies. You don't have that strength. You're not ready for this, you can't do this. So he's telling them that realize what you're getting into. You just have this one night to decide what you want to do.
either get ready to fight and fail, or do something better. So also find the one leader now that remained, he said, what should we do advise us? Our best said Come with me. Come with me. Let's go talk to the Prophet sallallaahu. Cinnamon, I will give you protection. So also Fianna greed. So our bass of the lower end, who made a recipe and sit on his meal, which was actually the meal of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they made their way into the army, all right, where the Muslim army had camped to reach the tent of the profits of the lowness center. Now as they're making their way I was a fan is looking
at these are really Muslims.
And from far First of all, he saw 10,000 people with their fires. He's impressed. He's astonished. He's all struck. And now as he's making his way through every now and then somebody stops, stops them and asks, Who is this? And our bus will deliver and who would say it's me, and the mule of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he wouldn't say it's Abu sufian because people would see it was a fan. I was a fan was visible, right? They recognized everybody recognized it was up yet. But and what they basically meant to ask was what is Abu sufian doing here? So our bass would say it's me. And the middle of the prophets analyzer meaning the one who's writing here is right in the middle of
the Prophet said a lot of them so in other words, don't touch him. Don't say anything to him. He's under my protection, and he's writing the mule of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So what happened as I got closer and closer to the end of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, closer to the 10th are more greater Sahaba including remodeled
and urban a little over and who when he sees a booster fan coming, he says, Alhamdulillah
Why does he say Alhamdulillah that Allah has given you to me without any covenant or treaty
that you have come to me and Ramana saying it's a gift. You're wandering here with no protection you've come here to us so I'm going to get you and our best although aren't who set to remote remote he's under my protection. Don't Don't touch him, but
I'm one of the lower and who didn't stop, alright, our bass solo or who did not have to touch up as of yet, but as they're going closer to the end of the profits or the loss and I'm one of the lower who comes along
right because he wants to finish I was a fan here. But anyway, they came to the profits of the loss and the profits of the lesson is quiet.
Are busted sits down with Dan and Ramona. The lower end comes from what says Yasuda love this is the enemy of a line Allah has given him to us without any covenant or treaty that's finishing.
And our bus will blow on who? He said that? No, he's under my protection. And armadillo Martin who insisted that no, he's the enemy of Allah, we should finish him. We have come here to fight after all. So let's finish the leader and our boss of the lower on who insisted more. And this turned into a heated argument almost. And the prophets that allows him is just sitting quietly and our basketball the low or no, finally he said to her mother, that stop it or remote for Willa he if he was from the bedroom, he would not kill him. Meaning you just want to kill him because he is from my clan.
If he was from your clan, you would not kill him.
So remote alone, I knew he responded. But basically, it didn't turn into anything in the prophets of the laws. And when he saw this tension, he said, or bass take Abu sufian and bring him to me in the morning. All right, so that is what happened our bass a little more new, he took over soufiane with him, nobody could now touch Abu Sufyan because even the prophets of the Lawson had accepted that that our bass had given him protection. Now what happened in the night, our bass of the lower end who is doing Dawa, to, I was up here, basically, you know, explaining to him advising him that look, there is no point in fighting the Muslims, you should accept Islam, if you accept this, and this
will happen. And he's praising the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and so on and so forth. And in the night I was a fan is looking at the strength of the Muslims and he is deeply affected by it. He is affected by it. Because there was a time when he had taken 10,000 people against the Muslims and what was their state, they were disunited. They were fighting with each other instead of fighting the enemy. And here we see 10,000 Muslims and how close they are to each other under their leader and how the strength of the Muslims had grown. So I was a fan he said that you know he said to our bass a little argument that your nephew you know, he's he's a king now. And our best said this is
not kingship, this is Prophethood
This is profit or this is not kingship.
And I was a fan said You are right. It could only be Prophethood. So you can see that was a fan his
you know His heart is melting right.
Now what happened in the morning, our vessel that I wore and who brought it was a fan because it was a fan had still not embraced Islam despite the efforts of our best of the lower now.
When he is brought to the prophets of Allah send them the prophets Allah loves him said to Abu Sufyan, isn't it time for you to acknowledge La ilaha illa Allah? And I was a fan. He said, May my mother and father be given in ransom to you? How gentle are you? how merciful are you? How fulfilling to the ties of kinship, you are also a fan is amazed at the treatment of the prophets. That even at this time, you're being so good to me, because he saw the harshness of Roma, right, because of the harshness of Ramadan, the low or no, he saw the gentleness of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that first of all last night you were quiet. You didn't say anything to me, you let me go.
And now when I come, how gentle you are, how merciful you are. And really you are fulfilling the ties of kinship.
me my mother and father be ransom for you. This is an expression of great honor of great respect. So he's respecting the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And he said that had there been any other gods besides Allah, they would have helped me by now.
Meaning This is a fact there is only one God. All this time I was holding on to my idols, but they were not true Gods had they been Gods they would have helped me. Remember at the Battle of Earth, what happened before Abu sufian left, he said may have will be exalted. right he glorified the names of his idols. And then he said we have Rosa and you have no Rosa. He said to the Muslims, and the prophets, Allah sent all the Muslims to respond. And they said, We have Allah Allah is our Mola and you have no Mola. So you can see that Oh, Sophia was not just a leader. He was also a very strong wish. He was a very strong polytheist because he is exalting his idols at the Battle of boyhood. All
right, and now over here, he realized after 23 years almost that, you know, now the lightbulb is clicking for him that okay, this chick does not have any basis. This chick does not have any basis. It is said that even at this point, he hesitated a little bit.
He hesitated a little bit, because think about it. I was a pianist. He has been fighting Muslims this whole time. Now he is the leader. He has replaced over
JOHN, he has replaced all the big people off of Makkah. And for him to accept Islam means to accept that he was wrong this entire time. It was also a matter of evil. So he hesitated in our best of the low or no, he said, What do you give up already surrender already just accept already. And eventually, I was a fan, when he met the prophets that allows him over here, he accepted Islam. And when he accepted Islam, he said verses a poetry. And you see poetry in who comes in again, over and over again, this is how they communicated with each other also, they express their feelings. It's a very eloquent way of expressing your feelings. And he said something in his poetry that, that I
oppose you. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he struck the chest of Abu sufian, like in a in a brotherly way. That Yes, he did oppose me. He did, but I was a fan he accepted. Now, when I was a fan, converted our bass solo or who he said to the prophets on a lot of stuff that he had to sort of let you know that he is a man of pride. I mean, he's, he has some ego, he is after all, a leader of his people. So give him something that will make him feel proud, give him some importance. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, that we will enter Makkah, whoever is in the harem shall be safe, and whoever is in his house shall be safe. And whoever is in the house of Abu Sofia and will be
saved. And then what happened? I was a fan. He made his way to Makkah, he spent the night right with the Muslims. In the morning he embraced Islam. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave him this importance that if anybody is in your house, he will be saved. So now it was a fan goes back to Mecca. And he makes this announcement that if you want to be safe, either go to the huddle, or close the doors of your house or go to my house. There was a piano still being given respect over here, and that is exactly what happened. And then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he made his way into Makkah with the Muslims entering as a conqueror and inshallah the details of the conquest inshallah
we'll look at that tomorrow inshallah in our next class, so Chronicle alone will be handy can assure the alert Illa Illa. Enter the stock little corner to relate Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh