Seerah 22

Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

Series:

Topics: Battle of Badr

Episode Notes

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Battle of Badr – Part I

Episode Transcript

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Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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How are you all doing?

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Great fresh today?

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I shall

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put an

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end or not so legal Kareem Umberto Rosa Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim from Bish rocklea sorry, were silly and the letter melissani of Coco de

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so in our previous session we learned about the subtle yet that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent outside of Medina, the groups of companions, the troops that he would send outside of Medina. And we noticed over there that whenever the prophet SAW a lot of simcenter group of Sahaba outside of Medina, it was mostly who the Mahajan It was not the answer. The question is that why is it that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent them? Oh Ha Joon and not the answer.

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Why do you think so? At once there was a group of 70 Mahajan at another time 14, Ohio judo. And what was the reason behind that? Why not the unsolved where the answers are not equally responsible to defend the Muslims. So how can the Mahajan were sent? What comes to your mind? Yes, the mohajir don't have already proven themselves through the huge law about their commitment to Islam.

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But at the same time, the unsought also had taken the Muslims in right and taking the Muslims in taking the profits on a lot of them in what did that mean declaring war against all of Arabia. And remember that they are acaba were abus, the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he came along and he and he made them realize what they were doing. Right what they were signing up for.

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So why why did the profits or losses and I'm not saying the inside ammonia

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that if you think about it, the Mahajan who had come from Makkah, they had already spent years with the prophets of Allah, they had faced a lot of hardship. Right? They had already gone through a long period of tarbiyah of training. And the unsolved had just now embraced Islam, it had only been two years. All right. So of course, the level of their faith was not the same as the level of the amount of the module, there was a difference. Right. Also, if you think about it, the main conflict of the machete cone of Makkah was with who the inside of the module, the module, they had a problem with the people of Makkah. Right, with the people who had left Makkah, they wanted to get them back. So

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the unsolved were not directly involved with the conflict that was against the machine code. So the Prophet Tolleson did not want them to be involved unnecessarily.

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Right. Also, if you think about it, the unsolved were relatively new to Islam, right? The Mahajan had had their Serbia through difficulties, and it was too early for the unsought to get involved. All right. Another reason the scholars suggest is that in our bodies, we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that the leadership shall be among the Quraysh right meaning after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who would be the leaders. It would be the correction if you think about it, who was the halifa Abubakar of the lovano Amato Dillard Horace Mann will be lower in the lower right, the for hola fatwa she do and who are they? The kurush? Right, they were from Makkah. So for

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those who have to become leaders, they also have to be the first ones to sacrifice they also have to be at the forefront.

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Right? Because for the person who is going to become a leader, they have to undergo a lot of training. Right? And training doesn't come by sitting at home training. How is it that a person gains experience through exposure through trials through difficulties right to the prophet SAW a lot of them sent them Oh, how'd you run forward always. Now, one more clarification, what was the reason behind these military troops that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent outside of Medina to learn about the activities of the machico? or to even see them? Or to or to even attack the trade caravans? What was the objective?

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What was the purpose?

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Okay to recover their wealth, what else

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to show their strength, right? First of all, remember that whenever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent any group of the Sahaba, outside of Medina, right, it was in order to become aware of the activities of the enemy. It was basically the prophets a lot of them being proactive, that in case there is a danger coming in case there is a threat, then the Muslims would be aware from before, right. This was also for the purpose of protecting Medina because you don't just protect your house by closing your door. Right. You protect your house you guard your house by also keeping an eye out

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The street that what's going on in the street, right? So this was production of Medina. Also remember that whenever a group of companions was sent sometimes sometimes the prophets are the loudest. And I'm also went along as we saw, what was the objective, establish alliances with surrounding tribes. Right? win them over to the side of the Muslims and also to send a message to the mccanns that we are not weak. Right? We are ready and able to fight you if you dare to come and fight us.

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And also remember one more very important reason that if the prophets a lot of them ever intended to intercept any of the trade caravans or attack a trade caravan, like could happen that I was a fan was on his way to a sham. The prophet SAW the losses and I'm left with a group of companions, but I was a fan he managed to get away, right. And this is known as a husba by the hula, hula the first one, right? I was a fan got away. Now I was a fiancee on his way back and the prophets of Allah Salaam goes with 300 companions to to to meet Abu Sufyan, right and to take the caravan, and this is known as the hustla. Bella. Cobra. Right? And what was the reason behind that? Why is it that the

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Prophet salallahu Salam was attacking a trade caravan? Because remember that, but the Battle of weather was not defensive. You can say it was kind of offensive. You understand? Because the prophets have a lot of them went out against the trade caravan. Alright. And the army from Makkah came to defend the trade caravan. All right. And this is why many people they say, well, you say the prophets analyzer and the Muslims were very peaceful. Well look at them. They're the ones initiating over here. Why were they initiating? Did they start the fitna? No, not at all. They didn't start it. Because remember that this attacking of the trade caravans This was revenge against the Moroccans

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that used threaten our entry into Makkah. You do not let us come into Makkah, okay. We will not let you travel to a sham. You understand. This was revenge. You don't let us come to Makkah, you kill our people, you capture our men. Okay, we will do the same to you.

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You understand? We will threaten your trade journeys to a sham. So this was a message that either strike a deal of peace, you don't bother us, and we don't bother you. But if you want to continue like this, you threaten our Muslims, our people who go to the camera who go to hug you you threaten their safety, then we will threaten your safety. Is this fair? And just Is this fair and just completely? Right. So this is the background of the Battle of better this is how one expedition one study after the other leg to the battle off. But right now, with regards to the Battle of weather, we learned in our previous session, we went into a little bit of detail about how I was a fan when

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he learned about the advance of the Muslims. He sent word to Makkah right to get help. And the second thing that was offended was that he changed his route. Right? So he went closer to the Red Sea. Instead of going through butter, which was closer to Medina, what did Abu sufian do? He took the caravan closer to the Red Sea. Now if you look at this map, right?

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We don't see a complete picture over here.

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Okay, but anyway, you see the green arrow that's coming down? It's coming down from Syria, a sham because a sham is in the north. All right, you understand where a sham is?

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You understand where Sham is? I need an answer. Okay. So a sham is in the north. So from Makkah, what happened? I was a fan went towards a sham. Alright, and you see on his journey he had to go through all right, close to Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he went with the Muslims to intercept the trade caravan, but it was a fee and found out and he changed his route he and he went to a sham and he got there safely. On his way back he had to go through from Costa Medina through to Makkah. But he learned that the Muslims had left Medina and they were on their way to intercept the trade caravan. So what did Abu sufian do? Instead of going through whether he went to Jambor Where's

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Jambor? Close to the Red Sea? And you see how he's traveling literally by the shore? right by the shore, he's traveling and then he makes his way to Makkah. Alright. So when I was young, I learned that the Muslims were coming, he sent word to Makkah that come and defend the trade caravan and you know that the trade caravan everybody had invested in it, right. So almost from every household of one person or two people

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Whoever could come they came in order to defend the caravan. And about 1300 people left Makkah in order to fight the Muslims in order to defend their trade caravan. And all of the leaders even came forward. And the only main person that remained behind was Abu lahab. Why is it that Abu lahab remain behind? Because obviously, who was Muhammad? sallallahu Salah, his nephew. Right? And who was hums out of the Allahu anhu? His brother, who was early? Again, I mean, his nephew, he, how could he fight against his own? His own nephew, his own brother, his own cousin, right? And there were so many people amongst the Qureshi, the army that came who had relatives who are amongst the Mahajan,

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right? They were, after all related to each other, but they still went forward. But I will have did not go. right because,

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you know, even though Abu lahab he was fierce in his enmity against the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but we do see that he did a few noble things. Like, for example, when he when he liked the the slave woman who gave him the good news of the birth of the Prophet sallallahu. And remember what he did, he set her free. And remember the dream that I told you about that, that somebody had about a bola right that he got a little bit of water to drink, because of the fact that he set her free, right. But anyway, I will have remained behind. But he, it's not that he just stayed behind he, he sent some other people in his place, there were some people who owed money to him. And he said, I'll

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forgive you that long if you go in my place. So basically, he didn't go himself but he sent others. Now there were many leaders amongst the police who did not want this battle to happen, who did not wish to participate. But what happened Abuja Hill and some others, they encourage them, and they even went as far as embarrassing one another if they decided not to participate. So for example, one person, his name was omega, a very chief main chief of Makkah, he decided not to go. So what happened Abu Jamal and his companion, they went to him with some perfume, all right, with some perfume, and they put it in front of him. And they said, perfume yourself. Meaning stay here and

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apply perfume on your body. Right? Because you're, you're like a woman, you're not enough of a man, that you're not willing to go and defend your own people. So Maya, you can imagine how he must have felt at that time. So he got up, and he also joined the American army. So like this many incidents happened. And basically the cream of the crop, the main main leaders of the courage, they went forward for this battle. Now, before they left Mecca, the army they made a DA, the main leaders of which he held himself included, they all went around the Kaaba, and they made the odd that Oh, Allah, whichever army is more noble, help them, whichever is more honorable, give them victory. Give

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your aid to the better of the two groups. So basically, they're making the law against against themselves. Right.

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But they made law. Anyway, they left Mecca, and they had over 100 horses, they had 600 suits of armor, they had 500 plus camels. And they even brought along there singing girls for Morrow, boosting you can see as cheerleaders and when they were leaving mocha there was slight hesitation on the part of certain people. So what happened shaytaan came in the form of one of the neighboring tribes leader, right, he came in the form of solo COVID Malik, and he encouraged them that come I'm with you, I will help you, I will support you, I am going to fight with you. Right so he came in the form of a human being right. And he went along with them on this journey. And when when remember the

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discussion happened, that should the army returned because the caravan is now safe. At that time Multijet encouraged them Abuja insisted that they go and fight and at the time of battle, what happened? shaitan he ran back, right and when he was asked that what were you going? Why are you going he said that I see what you do not see because he saw Jubilee. Right? So but all this time Sheldon was with them in the form of a human being encouraging them and making sure that no one changes his mind. Now what happened when I was a fan escaped the danger zone, right? He sent word to the army to return and by this point, the army was you know on its way to better now what is the

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show that when I was a fiancee and were to the army that go back, I am safe. What does it show that I was a fan want the battle to happen? Even he didn't want it? But I will jail he said that no, we will go to better and we will stay there for three days. We will drink our wine we will let these girls Sing for us and the whole of Arabia will know our strength. So what's the purpose here to show their strength through all of Arabia, right? And in the Quran, total and fat I have 42 and last point Allah says that

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Palo Alto to the left, don't fill me out that if you had made an appointment to meet, you would have missed the appointment. Because better was unplanned, right? It wasn't it wasn't a planned battle. The Mexican army left in order to defend the caravan. The Muslims left Medina in order to catch the caravan. The caravan escaped.

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Now the army should return but they didn't go back. They insisted that no we have to go and we have to establish our you know good name and the whole of Arabia will know how much money we spent what a huge army we are, and how we're going to fight the Muslims and we're going to finish them off.

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So Allah says that well out of our own luck, the left unfilled me out well I can leave the Allahu Amman kanima for Allah. Allah subhanaw taala wanted, he intended to accomplish a matter that was already destined Allah wanted this battle to happen. Why? LEAH alikum and Hannah cambay Hina we're human here, I'm beginner, that those who perish, meaning those who die in this battle would perish upon evidence and those who lived in faith would live upon evidence basically to establish the false hood of the machine of Mecca and to establish the truth of the Muslims. Right? Because the Muslims, what did they want? The booty from the, from the caravan? Right. But Allah subhanaw taala had some

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other plan. He wanted the Hulk to be established. So anyway, at this point, what happened the Michigan 300 of them, they went back, they left the army, they went back and now only 1000 remain. Now on the side of the Muslims, remember that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam learned of the caravan? What happened? He made the announcement that whoever is ready leave immediately. He did not wait for anyone. Whoever was ready at that point was allowed to come with a prophet sallallahu sallam. So a little over 300 men, they came along with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. 80 of them were Mahajan. 60 of them were from OHS and 170 from the hustle edge. So, so more of the unsolved and

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less of the Why do you? Why is that so?

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Why is that? So? Think about it logically.

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Who was more number anyway, in Medina.

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The unsolved were more, right and the more headroom there were less. So at this time only 80 Mahajan, were ready. So they came along with the Prophet sallallahu. Sunnah, right? I remember that when the Muslims left Medina, they left with the intention of capturing the caravan. And they knew that only 40 people were in the caravan. So 300 Muslims were more than enough. Right? And the prophets are a lot isn't intended to reach by the end, but there is a place which is about 150 kilometers from Medina.

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Right? And the Muslims, they had about 70 camels and only two horses.

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What does that mean? If there are 300 people 70 camels and two horses? What does that mean?

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That people have to take turns writing the animal, right? So in this we learn which which is reported and we'll start with our dilemma was early on who said that and whether three people would share a camel how many three people abou Baba and Ali rhodiola were and who they were partners with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam so the three of them were sharing a candle turn by turn, they would take turns.

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So when it was the prophets of Allah, Islam stern to come off the camel, all right, which meant that now either and he would write or abou Baba would write. So the Prophet said a lot of them is getting ready to come down from the camel alley and I will have ever they said that yellow circle we will walk in your place.

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Right you you remain certain we will walk into your place. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, ma and Toma be Aqua Mini. Neither of you are stronger than me. wanna enter be owner and remain coma? Nor am I in any less need of Agile than you? Meaning I am also in need of Agile just as you are in need of agile.

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Notice how the profits on a lot of them is not harsh with them that no way we have to be just unfair and equality. No. Just simple that which of you is stronger than me. And neither of you are stronger than me. We are all about the same strength and you need a job. And I also need a job. So don't deprive me of it.

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And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also took his turn walking while one of these two would write the animal. Now the intention was to reach but what is bothered by that is a is a place all right. Basically,

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it's it's an area that is surrounded by mountains. It's not an open playing field. It's an area

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That is surrounded by mountains. And in this area, there are also many water sources. One of the wells in this area was dug by a man whose name was but so that well was called but and because of that, well the entire region was called. But right? Now think about it, there's water, if there's water, I mean, there's got to be some orchards nearby also, right? Trees, date palms or something. So and it's, it's an area that is surrounded by mountains. So it's kind of enclosed also. So whenever the people of Makkah, they would travel to a sham, they would camp at either for a few hours or a few days. All right. So the prophets have a lot of systems intention was to reach by

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there before the caravan.

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And when the caravan would reach, then what would the Muslims do? They would just block the three main entrances, right? The three main entrances into into this area, because remember, it's, it's surrounded by mountains, right? So between the mountains, there were basically three main entrances that led into this kind of Valley. Right? So the plan was it the Muslims would, would hide somewhere, let the caravan come and set camp and when they would set camp what what the Muslims do? block the entrances. And when they will block the entrances, then the caravan would have no choice but to surrender, give in. So this way, they would capture the caravan without causing much

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bloodshed. This was the plan. But this was only possible if the caravan did not find out that the Muslims were coming. Right. But what happened was if he had found out, he learned, right, so basically this plan did not work out. Now the prophets, a lot of them had not reached better yet. That he heard rumors from from Bedouins or from people who were passing by that a great army was coming from Makkah.

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Now the Prophet said a lot of them had to confirm the news. All right. Now while this is going on, he is he's hearing us. He's hearing these rumors, he would ask the Muslims. What do you think? If we ended up facing the army? What do you think? And the reaction of the Sahaba? Of course, it was natural. And what was that we're not ready for this. There's no way we can face the enemy. There's no way we can face an army of 1000 people. We didn't come to fight a battle, we came to attack a caravan. We're not ready for this. And this is what is mentioned so little and fun. At the beginning of social and fan, we learned that our last pantallas has come out of Roger korab bukem and bakeable

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howqua enough to come in and minakari Moon, a group of the believers were catty whom they disliked it. So initially, they didn't even want to think about the fact that they would have to face the Mexican army, because they didn't leave Medina to fight a battle. They weren't ready for that they weren't prepared for that. And the I continue, that you just didn't feel happy. They were arguing with you about the truth meeting about something that that had to happen. They were disputing with the prophets that a lot of them mimbar the masturbation and allow yourself Puna in a mode of meandering yanbu as if they were being dragged to death.

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So you can see that initially the Sahaba they were very, very reluctant, very, very hesitant. But Allah subhanaw taala promised them right through the prophet sallallahu sallam, that either you will meet the caravan, and you will capture it, or if not that, you will meet the army, and you will defeat the army. And this has mentioned into little unfurl also what aviary to come along the top if attained and the halochem that Allah promised you one of the two groups that one of the two groups either the Army or the caravan is for you.

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What are aduna and you were wishing that anila that the show kata cannula. You wanted that the unequipped one, the unarmed one meaning the caravan should be for you. That's what you wanted. But Allah subhanaw taala wanted something else. When you read a lot, and you help I'll help Bobby Kalamata while Katara dabbled on caffeine. A lot wanted to prove the truth true. And he wanted to cut off the root of the disbelievers. So every time the prophets that a lot of them would say to this Ahava, what do you think? What if we have to face the army? The Sahaba were hesitant. They were reluctant, right? They didn't really give a positive response and that's completely natural. Now

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what happened?

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam went out himself with a robot called alohar. To find out if this news was true, right if these rumors were true, so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam met a Bedouin somewhere, and he asked him, and basically he found out that yes, there was an army of a

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1000 people coming from Makkah to fight the Muslims. So what happened? The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he went to the Sahaba. And he informed them. And when he informed them to Sahaba, were still in denial. Right? This is why the if they say you did the lunak, they were disputing with you. Now what happened? The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he started his Salah, seeking help from a last panel, Tyler. And as he begins his prayer, what happens is a haba, they find two people this wandering around, all right, as if they were looking for something, and they go and catch them. And when they go and capture them, those two men were slaves from the Mexican army.

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All right, they were two slaves from the Mexican army. And perhaps they were looking for something they had been sent to, to look for something maybe to find out about the activities of the Muslims. So for whatever reason, these two slaves were wandering around, and the Muslims captured them when they captured them. The Sahaba asked them, Where have you come from? They said from the Mexican army, and also have a beat them, beat them beat them. And then they said, No, you're coming from the caravan. And the two slaves, they said, Okay, fine, we're coming from the caravan. They beat them beat them. And then again, the slave said that no, we have come from the Mexican army. So basically,

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every time the Sahaba would beat those two slaves up, they would say, whatever the Sahaba wanted them to sit, the prophet SAW the laws and finished his prayer. And he came to them and he said, What are you doing? When you beat them? They will say what you what you want them to say. If they say the truth, you don't accept it. Right? Basically, the truth was that the army was there. The caravan had escaped, and the Sahaba did not want to accept that. They weren't ready to take that. But this incident made it very clear that now the caravan has gone. And they have to face the army. So the prophets that a lot of them asked those two slaves, that how many people are there in the army? They

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said, We don't know. He said, How many camels are slaughtered every day, meaning for food, they said about nine or 10 to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said they're about 900 to 1000. You can imagine the fear of the Sahaba growing right? And then the prophet SAW the laws and I'm asked them who is in the army. And those two slaves, they basically listed all the major, major chiefs of Makkah, who had come in the army. On hearing this, the Sahaba got worried that all these big, big names, these big men are here. How can we fight them? They're strong men, they're rich people, and they don't come alone. They come with groups of people supporting them.

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So this is how they're getting worried and the prophets of Lawson begins to smile.

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And he says maka has presented to you the cream of the crop.

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Meaning if you finish though, you basically defeated maka.

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You know, what's amazing over here? how calm, relaxed and positive the profits, a lot of sentiments.

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Just imagine how stressful the Sahaba were feeling, right? how stressed they were, that they're beating up those two slaves, forcing them to live because they don't want to hear the truth. They don't want to know the truth. They don't want to face reality.

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And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as he finds out more and more about the reality. He is more confident he smiles. He's positive. Why? Because he has faith in Allah's promise, Alice pounds out of her promised victory to the Muslims, right? that either you get the caravan, if not the caravan, then the army and Allah has promised you victory over one of these two groups.

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So the problem is that a lot of time is very positive here.

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Anyway, now at this point, it was evident that they were going to face the army and that the caravan had escaped. Now the profits on a lot of them didn't just tell the Muslims Okay, now let's, let's make our way to budget and, and let's go and face the army. He didn't force this down the throats of the Muslims. He knew that many of the Muslims were hesitant. Right. And he wanted them to be confident he wanted them to be

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to be 100% in it. Right. So what happened? The prophets that a lot of them asked them, he asked his Sahaba What should we do? It was evident, there's no going back. We don't have time to go to Medina and get more people and prepare for the battle. They didn't have time. It was evident they had to go forward and fight the enemy. There was no choice. Absolutely no choice. But still the prophets of Allah Islam is asking them, what do you think? What should we do? Abubakar Abdullah who he stood up and he said, Do what you think we are with you.

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He sat down the prophets, a lot of them asked again, give you a suggestion. What should we do? Or what are the lower and who stood up and he said the same thing yet also the law. Do what you think we are with you. The prophets of the laws that I'm asked again, give your Shura give your suggestion? What do you think that law the law on who he got up

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He said he also does not do what you think. We will not say what the money is like you said Tucson, a salon that said have Andorra buka SOHCAHTOA in the hoonah cartoon, that you and your Lord go fight we are sitting here, we're not going to say that. Rather we will fight by you, from your right and from your left and from front of you and from behind you, meaning we will defend you, we will fight with you against the enemy. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam again said, Tell me what do you think? Because Abu Bakr, Omar and MC de rodillos on all three of them were Mahajan. And the profit or the loss and I wanted to hear from the onsolve. Are you in it with me? Or are you still hesitant? And

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remember that the unsought when they had made they are with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they had promised to protect him as they would protect their own families. Right? And protection is that when an enemy is advancing to attack you, then you shield yourself, right you protect yourself. But it was not defensive. It was kind of offensive because the Muslims went out of Medina to catch the caravan. All right. So in a way, the inside we're not obliged to be with the profits of a lot of them at this point. If they wanted, they could have gone back. You understand they could have gone back because they never promised the profits on a lot of them that they would fight in offensive.

00:31:26--> 00:31:26

All right.

00:31:27--> 00:31:36

So what happened? Sorry, even more on the lower end, who he caught up and he said, he had a sort of love, perhaps you're waiting for us. Perhaps you're waiting to hear from us.

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He said, We believed in you

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and we trusted you and we testify to your truth.

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We have no doubt in you. We have no doubt about you. And we made a promise with you of summer and bar of hearing and obeying. So Yasuda law, go forth and we are with you.

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Go forth, we are with you. And if you take us to the ocean, if you take us all the way to the water also, we are with you. Meaning we will not hesitate to go forth in any challenge with you against an enemy, we are not scared of meeting the enemy in battle, and Allah will show you that which will comfort you inshallah, we will be a source of comfort for you. So basically soldering rods of the lower knew he spoke on behalf of all of the law. And when the prophets of Allah said and heard these words, he was so happy his face lit up, and like us harvests a more beautiful than the full moon. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam was more confident now. And he told them that he told us a hammer

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again that we have been promised victory, and he began preparations of war.

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What do we learn from this? From what the prophet sallallahu Sallam did over here?

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What lesson to be learned?

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It's important to consult your team. What does it mean by consultation? That you force your opinion on? The people?

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Okay, take their opinion, right? And also, if you think about it, sometimes there is only one option, right over here, the Muslims didn't have any other option.

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There was only one thing that they could do. And they will. And they have no choice about that.

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So like it or not, we have to do this. But the prophets that a lot of them did not force it on the Sahaba. Right, he made sure that they were willingly participating in this. Because if they were not willingly participating in this, then what would happen when a person is 5050? If

00:33:50--> 00:34:23

there is no strength, right, and they're not in it, then the blame game begins and criticism and internal fights and internal arguments, right. And we see that throughout the profits of a lot of cinemas, you know, he's with us. However, he's not saying come he's not ordering them. He understands what they're feeling. And he's taking them along with him. You know, recently somebody was telling me that they read somewhere, that a leader better stay with his people, because if he stayed if he goes too far ahead of them, that his people might think that he is the enemy.

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You understand?

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Because who is in front of you far from you,

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

your enemy.

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So if the leader is not in the same ranks, if he's not with the people, then what will happen? They will not view him as one of their own. They will begin to view him as the enemy

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so the profits or losses is not just ordering this a hover around over here. He's not just commanding them that Come on, let's go You have no choice. Like it or hate it. We have to go No, he understands.

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They're struggle, and he wants them to be. He wants them to decide that they want to be in this, that they want to go ahead with this option.

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Now what happened the prophets Allah loves him as he's making his way to better a few companions, for example, her they've been Amanda arnoux and his father,

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they came to the prophets on a lot of them and these two they had been captured by the Quran. And the Quran had let them go with the promise and condition that they would not fight against them.

00:35:31--> 00:35:37

Right so who they have been your man and his father basically had a promise with the Quran with the mccanns that they will not fight against them.

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But they've been here man he came, he said, I have to fight with the Muslims, right meaning with the Muslims against the Kurdish for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told them go and fulfill your covenant, meaning don't fight against the enemy at this point, fulfill your covenant, and we will ask Allah to help against the enemy.

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Another incident in Sahih Muslim also I should allow her on her narrative that particular mushnick, who was known for his strength and his courage, he came and he said to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that I have come to disappoint you, I would like to help you in this course. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that you believe in Allah and His messenger said, No,

00:36:15--> 00:36:27

but I would like to help you. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, we do not take the help of wishek we do not need your help, basically. So that man went, but after some time, he came back again.

00:36:28--> 00:36:45

And he said, I would like to help you. Because you see, it was his own people. The Ansel were his own people. So he wanted to be with them. But again, the prophets that a lot of them said, We don't need your help. This happened several times, until finally that man came. He said, I believe in Allah and His messenger.

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And then he was allowed to participate in the battle. And now on the 16th of Ramadan, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam arrived at by the 16th of Ramadan. And this was either the same day or a day or two before the arrival of the polish. And at the advice of hubbub, even when they're the prophets on a lot of them had the Muslims camp between the welds of brother and where the Quraysh army had set camp. So basically, it was very strategic. Because in order to get to the water, the machine would have to go through the

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through through the Muslims,

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you understand. And if they don't have access to water, and there's 1000 of them, with 500 camels to feed, they need a lot of water, but they don't have any access to water. So you see, this was a way of breaking their strength.

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All right. So this is where the Muslims camp. And at the recommendation of Southern Morocco deliver on what the Muslims built a place for the Prophet said a lot of them from where he could view the entire Muslim army and also guide them. And the Muslims knew where to find the prophets and a lot of them so there was a designated place for the prophets of Allah tala, where he spent the night praying, he spent the day praying. And from there, he instructed he guided the Muslims, he could also see them and if ever the Muslims were needed the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they knew where to find him. And also the Muslims, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam divided the 300 plus kochava into

00:38:21--> 00:38:43

three flanks, three main groups. All of them are had, you know, they were under a little bit lower and who are the other lower and who was their leader? All of the unsolved, were under sod or the long run who's either been moron, he was alternate Ansari. Alright. And a third group was for reinforcements. All right, and they were basically kept at the back.

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Now you notice something over here, that will hide you don't are together the unsought are together, how come they're not mixed? They know each other what you see. Because sometimes what happens is that when we we have extremes, right, that either we discriminate against people based on their ethnicity, right, their race, their language, their background, or we say, culture doesn't matter, these differences don't matter at all We should be together and then we have misunderstandings. We see this beautiful balance over here, right? That people who are close to each other, they understand each other best. And because they understand each other best, their communication is

00:39:24--> 00:39:44

clear. And they can work together more effectively. Right? Because what happens is that when when, when there's cultural differences, then working in a small group together sometimes becomes difficult. Why? You mean one thing and the other person understands it completely differently.

00:39:45--> 00:39:59

Right? miscommunication it happens. Now, war is not a place where you want miscommunication, right? So the prophets, a lot of them he grouped the Mahajan together, and the unsolved together. All right.

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And the flag of the Muslim army was given to Mozart even are made of the lower now. Why do you think we'll start with informado? The lower end?

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He was from the Mahajan. He had come from a custom Mahajan. They loved him. Alright. But at the same time, he was one of the first people to come to Medina. He was the teacher of Medina, right. And many of the people of Medina had embraced Islam but whose hands will suburban or male do longer and so they also respected him a lot. So you see, he was respected from both sides. So the prophets Allah loves him, gave him the flag. This planning was done and the night was spent with a clear understanding that in the morning, there would be war. I needed to learn who said that each person fell asleep on that night. Except for the prophets, that alone is Allah. He would continue to pray

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and he would continue to cry until the morning entered. So all night basically the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he spent praying and he spent crying before his Lord and there were only a few moments you know where he fell asleep here and there probably he dozed off for a few minutes here and there and he was shown a dream in the night and this is mentioned sort of unfair also that if you re como lo female Anamika kalila that a lot showed you the enemy, how as very few

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in your dream, in your dream you saw the enemy as very few

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Why do you think Allah tada showed the enemy has very few in number to the prophets analyze them in history, why

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give him encouragement right that this is possible, this is doable, inshallah we can handle this and the Muslims slept a peaceful sleep, it rained at night, and alas pounds are dimensions both of these things in the Quran the sleep as well as the rain, right? And inshallah when you read too little and fall when you study it, you will find out about that. The next morning 17th of Ramadan, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is the one who walked us have a procedure. It is time for prayer. And the Sahaba got ready for the battle. Each person took his position and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. In a hadith in Bukhari, we learned that while in attempt on the day of the Battle of better the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Oh Allah, I ask you the fulfillment of your covenant and promise, or Allah, if you wish to destroy the believers, you will never be worshipped after today.

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See the girl with so much conviction. With so much hope that Oh Allah, I ask you to fulfill your promise. You promised us victory. I asked you that you fulfill your promise with us, Oh Allah, if you wish, then you will never be worshipped after today.

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Meaning if the Muslims do not survive, if we are finished today, then what will happen? If your messenger is killed today, then what will happen later, but

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you will not be worshipped after this because who is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the last messenger which prophet is going to come after him? no prophet

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Alright. So if the prophets of Allah Islam is not granted success, then what does that mean? Though he will be eliminated very soon.

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So look at his dog, this is basically was sila, right that you are making da through a Sila wartsila isn't means of neediness that you're using something because of which the chances of your of your dog being accepted go very, very high.

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Alright, because the profits or loss on could simply say Yeah, hello, please grant his victory. Right? But instead of saying that, what does he say? Allah fulfill your promise.

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Even if you say that to a human being, they feel responsible, right? So this is a way of inviting Allah's help. Allah's mercy.

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Abubakar odilo on who he caught the prophets of Allah sent him by hand, meaning he held the Prophet sallallahu Slim's hand and he said, this is sufficient or Allah messenger. You have asked Allah, you have made the law. All Night Long You spent making that even now you have made so much though, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after making the law he went out. He went out with his armor, and he said, say us and we'll jump through where you will learn a double belissa to Margarita whom was Sarah to add her were among their multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs, whose multitude of the enemy it will be put to flight they will show their backs meaning they will

00:44:44--> 00:44:59

run away. But the hour is their appointed time meaning for their full recompense, and that hour will be more grievous and more bitter. Meaning what they will suffer today is going to be bad but what they will suffer on the day of judgment will be worse. So this

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was at the Battle of the prophets, a lot of them came out. After making so much there are even this little dilemma and who said that I have never seen anyone pleading more than the prophets or the laws and was pleading on the night of

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on the night of bother being the night before, he made so much to our roots that I've never seen anyone making this much wrong. And on the day, the profits or losses are made so much throughout the double bucket on the lower end, who is basically telling him in a fear of sudama.

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Can you imagine making so much dough that somebody's selling you? You've made enough door? What are we told, please make law

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right?

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We are advised to make the law and the prophets Allah Lawson is being advised to stop making the law. Why? Because he had made so much wrong. He was basically crying so much that Abubakar felt pity for him. Now the prophets of Allah Islam, what do we see over here?

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The Quran Allah, right trust in Allah, at the same time, hope and, and faith in Allah promise, confidence in the promise of Allah subhanaw taala. Right. And then we see the DA, so much da in the night, so much da in the day. And at the same time, full preparation, full preparation with whatever resources that were available at that time.

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Now for the Battle of the prophets on a lot of them used a tactic that was unknown to the Arabs, the Arabs, the way they would fight is that they would go in groups. All right, they would go and fight a little bit and come back. So So basically, they would fight in circles, they would go around in circles, attack, come back, attack, come back attack, come back. All right. But the problem is that a lot is going on, what did he do? He made the Sahaba stand in rules. And this was something that the Arabs had never seen before.

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This concept of self was unknown to the Arabs.

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All right. So the prophets of Allah is animate the Sahaba stand in rows, completely straight rows. And this is where that incident happened where the prophets Allah Lawson was straightening the rows and one particular Sahabi, souad, although I know he was he was basically not in the in the role, right to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he moved him a little bit. And sweat said that he got hurt on his stomach, right or, or on his back or something. And he said that he handles it a lot. I want revenge basically. Because loss that you struck me, I want to do the same.

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Imagine now that he's saying this to

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a sort of loss of a lot of them this is authentic, this is mentioned in a sense that he had, and the prophets a lot of times that fine, he lifted his shirt. And so either low or no, he just embraced him. He said, I just wanted to hug you.

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But anyway, the roles were formed straight rows.

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And like this, the Muslims were ready to face the army of the mushy cone. And this is something that a lot of times our praises in the Quran and sort of soft if 14 Allah says in Allah, you hibel Latina, ukata, Luna feasability, Suffolk unknown banyana muscles, that Allah loves those who fight in his cars in a row, as if they are a single structure joined firmly.

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The 300 Sahaba they were standing in rows in three groups, right? Mahajan, on one side on sod on one side, and also a group of the Sahaba that were basically as reinforcements. Basically, what they did was that a group of them, do three of them, five of them, how many of come, they would go forward, attack the enemy. All right, and run back to their people. So to the rest of the army. So they would fight in circles, they would go forward and come back, go forward and come back. So basically,

00:49:08--> 00:49:39

just a group of people like a mob fighting a mob. All right, there was no organization, but the profits on a lot of them organized the Muslim army in roles that together as a wall you advance as a wall, banana muscles a structure so that the enemy cannot penetrate through you. They cannot go through you. All right, and it was in rows, right? So if the person in the front if he got killed, there's someone right behind him to come and take his place.

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You understand and then the reinforcements at the back also.

00:49:44--> 00:49:59

And you see being organized having a proper structure. You see how effective it is? The 300 people were sufficient to fight an army of 1000 people. Why? Because of organization discipline proper planning structure.

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The prophets of Allah, advise the Muslims, he encouraged them, he promised them victory. And he also instructed that certain people should not be killed.

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Certain people from the mystic army should not be killed amongst them Ambassador the low on his own uncle. Amongst them a book that he who was able to walk through he was one of the people who, who spoke up against the boycott. Remember the boycott that happened? Right in Makkah. So he was one of the people who made sure that the boycott was a note, right, he was finished. And some other people also the Prophet sallallahu Sallam clearly instructed the Muslims do not kill them. If you come in front of them, avoid them Do not kill them. Why? Because they have been forced to fight. So this is how the Muslims, they were ready to fight the Prophet sallallahu sallam, give them clear

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instructions, give them the motivation they needed, he encouraged them. And then from the other side, the mush deikun also came forward. And on seeing the Muslims standing in rows. They were shocked. Because it seemed that there were so many Muslims. And this is where in the Quran This is also referenced that the bouchercon saw the Muslims more, right twice their number, right. So what happened was she called they sent one of their men to go, you know, outside of the other area. Right? And from far, he should go and see how many Muslims are there actually. So this man, he went, and he inspected basically the entire Muslim army for mine. And when he returned, he said there are

00:51:32--> 00:51:36

only 300. But they are very determined.

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They're very determined, he sends determination. And he said that if you if you kill them, right, you're not just going to kill them, they're going to kill you as well. You're definitely going to lose 300 people today.

00:51:50--> 00:52:07

And if you kill them, you're killing your own people. So your loss if you fight, you lose and if you win, still your loss, meaning if you lose, you suffer if you win, you suffer. But still a Buddha he said we don't need your advice, and they went forward and they fought the Muslims.

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Now what exactly happened in the battle inshallah, we will learn about that in our next lesson.

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In sha Allah Subhana Allah who will be heavily connected to a la ilaha illa Anta Mr. hirokawa to Lake Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh