Seerah 23

Taimiyyah Zubair


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Battle of Badr – Part II

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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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How are y'all doing?

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Did you get your outlines back? Not yet. Okay, I gave them yesterday. So each other hopefully you should receive them today, inshallah I went through all of them and Mashallah, they were all really good, very clear. And I'm looking forward to seeing the final product in Sharla. Just one suggestion, I noticed that many, many groups were doing brochures. I have a question, when was the last time you actually read a brochure beginning to end? So I assigned you guys to read a brochure, right? And when I was looking at your checklists for the your reading log, many of the students had listened to the lecture but had still not read the brochure. So think about it if we find it

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difficult to read brochures, you know, beginning to end, because it's kind of difficult, right? So then how do we expect other people to do it? Right? So I'm not saying that completely change your plan, just maybe change the medium. Recently, I heard some stories, Audio Stories for children. Right, there was a story about Fatima de la Marina. So beautiful. I mean, she's portrayed as a princess. All right, who was a very nice girl, not spoiled. She wouldn't make demands from her father, she would help her father take care of her father. And then she had to leave her home city and go somewhere else, her mother passed away. And then she married a very strong man. And then she

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had her children and you know, like, she was portrayed as a princess. And then, at the end, it says that she will be in Jannah happily ever after. And when my children heard that, they said, mama, that's true, right? Because every time we read a book that says at the end, and they lived happily ever after I tell them, this is not true. Because in dunya, nobody lives happily ever after. But when they heard that, this is true, right? I'm like, Yeah, they love that story. They love that story. Both my son and my daughter. So I was thinking it's a story of Fatima odilo on her of her life, basically, in five minutes, captivating, simple, clear, audio, you know, just put the CD in

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the car, and kids enjoy listening to these things. Right? So inshallah, whatever you do, whatever you make, always have the goal. Always have the end in mind that how do I want this to be used by people? How do I want this to be a source of benefit for people and put yourself in their shoes? Would I read this? Would I look at this, would I listen to this? And if you think you'll be interested in it, then inshallah others will also be interested in it. Okay. Insha Allah.

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uno sadlier a lot of sodium khadim and my word for Aruba. Billahi min ash shaytani. r rajim. Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So the Battle of but how did the battle actually begin, we learned that the prophets of Allah said him, he arrived at better before the machine, either the same day of or a day or two before the machine arrived at budget. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam made the Muslims take position in in a very strategic manner at the suggestion of one of the companions. So the water was behind the Muslims, and the machine had to go through the Muslims to get access to water. So because they did not have access to water, you can imagine that their spirits were already quite

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broken. And now the How did the battle actually begin? On the morning of the day, the prophets, a lot of them had the Muslim stand in roles, right. And this was something that was completely unknown to the machete cone. And also the benefit was that when the Muslims were standing in rows, their numbers appear to be much greater. Right now, in Arabia, how they started battles was through mobile, Rosa, what is mobile, Rosa that from each side? All right, they had a one on one. Right? So one person from one side and another from the other side, they would have a one on one. All right. So from the side of the kurush, three people came forward. All right, inviting the Muslims to come

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and fight one on one with them. And who are these three people Urban robbia shaybah been robbia and Walid, when are TVA. Notice something over here are two babinda. br alright. shava, vanilla, br both are even re br What does that mean? Both are brothers. And then there is Walid when,

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who is the son of or to bobbin. It'll be our so basically two brothers. And one of them is that. Alright, so three people came forward. And they asked that who's going to come fight us? They demanded that from the side of the Muslims, three people should come forward and have a one on one with them. So what happened immediately, three people from the unsought got up. And you can see their enthusiasm over here their commitment to their promise. All right, they got up and these three people

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actually quite young. One of them was a fraud and he was a young teenager. All right, and another was more odd even. And these two people are one of them was he's the one who killed Abu Jamal later on in the battle. And Abdullah bin giroir So these three people got up immediately in order to go forward and fight these three men. But what happened the people from the side of the kurush they are to buy especially he said that we want our equals meaning we haven't come here to fight you or people of Medina the unsolved you can go back. We want our equals we want our cousin's, we want our blood. We want to fight the people who have come from Makkah, the Muslims from Mercado Mahajan. So

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he sent Hamza rhodiola horn who already know the Allahu anhu and Aveda even had it even

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if you think about it, Hamza will deliver on Who is he, uncle of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam whose son is he, the son of Abdulmutallab who's a little bit lower into the sun off, I will tell him right now these two people are not just great companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and people who were very close to him, but at the same time, they were people who had a lot of great value in the sight of the Quraysh also.

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So these three went forward now hams are a little lower on who and earlier on who immediately kill their anniversaries. Alright comes out of the low on who he fought shava early fought Walid and Aveda, he fought Earth. Alright, so hands on earlier below Arne, who both of them immediately killed their adversaries. But urdhva What did he do Earth Well, on the side of the machine, he cut off the leg of Aveda at the lower end. He basically injured and wounded or Vader although or no but before he could kill him, or leave him alone who and Hamza came to his rescue, and they killed.

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Now this was a big shock. On the side of the machine, three people went forward the best of them. And what happens to those three, all of them are killed within minutes. So you can imagine how angry the machete can became. In the Quran, there is an ayah but Allah, Allah says, that had any haussmannian does sommerfield obey Him that these are the two groups who have fought field of be him. And our little dillo on who said that this ayah was revealed about us. us as in the three from the side of the Muslims who went forward and killed. The three who had come from the side of the machine had any horsemen. It doesn't feel to be him, and basically a loss a victory to the Muslims

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over here. Now you can imagine on the side of the machine what happened they were infuriated, and they came and attacked the Muslims. But the Muslims they remained firm on their feet. And the battle was in full force. The prophets of Allah said him he took a handful of dust and he threw it in the direction of the machete cone. And he said Shatila would you made these faces be cursed. And with respect to this Allah revealed in total and phyla 17 that were mela Mater is ramita. While I Kindle lahoma, you did not throw when you through but it is Allah who through because of the prophets of Allah, Islam through this handful of dust, it reached the face of every single mushnik went into his

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eyes bothered his nose. So basically, this oriented him so that he was not able to see properly, go forward properly, fight properly. And Allah says will not Amita either. lomita when I came to LA Rama, Rama de la mer and who narrated that when it was the day on which the Battle of butter was spot, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he cast a glance at the mushy Kuhn. And they were 1000. So you can imagine as they're approaching, so many of them, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he turned his face towards the Qibla. He sees the machine, right? He turns his face towards the Qibla. And he stretched out his hands, and he began his supplication to his Lord.

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So when is it that the prophets are the laws that have made law the night before all night long? Remember on the lower end what he said about him that everyone fell asleep except for Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, who spent his entire night Institute in making God crying before his Lord begging him for his mercy, and even the day of the battle, when he sees the enemy, the great numbers of the enemy, what does he do? turns towards the Qibla raises up his hands, and he makes the law and he says, Oh Allah, accomplished for me what you have promised me, Oh Allah, bring about what you have promised me. Oh Allah. If this small band of Muslims is destroyed, you will not be worshipped

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on this earth. And he continued to make this law stretching his hands facing the Qibla

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Until his shawl, his mantle, it slipped down from his shoulders. And basically his upper chest was visible. And aboubaker below our new he came to him, picked up his mantle and put it on his shoulders. And then he comforted the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he said he rasulillah this prayer of yours will be enough, it will suffice you, Allah will fulfill to you what He has promised you.

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Now, you see over here, the fear of the prophets of aloneness Allah and the hope of Abubakar the Lord who see how both of them are perfecting each other right complementing each other because there are should be with both fear and hope other robocon Tiburon Right, well, right with fear and hope. So, the prophets have a lot of enemies afraid, right, which is why he's continuously making so much so that he's not putting his hands down. His child is falling off and Abubakar alone and he was taking pity on him. And he's encouraging him giving him hope that your dog will suffice you alone will fulfill the promise that he has made with you, and that this loss penalty revealed because a

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prophet sallallahu Sallam went into the state immediately that he would go into and he would be receiving Why? And then Allah, Allah revealed to him his destiny sooner or bacame festa Java come a name omit the combi, alphamed, Milan, Milan ekati Modi mean, that when you were calling upon your Lord, desperately, and your Lord responded to you that I am going to assist you with 1000 angels 1000 angels are not alone and who said that Allah helped him with the angels.

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In another had these witches in Bahati we learned the prophets have a lot of them said on the day of but this is jabril holding the head of his horse and equipped with arms for the battle.

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So the Nevada happened, then we should go and are coming, rushing towards the Muslims. And the Muslims are also going forward to fight and what happens the prophets Allah Lawson was encouraging the Muslims at the same time, Allah also sends His mercy, the prophets of Allah smcs Jubilee, and he tells the Muslims, that gibreel is here. Can you imagine the confidence of the Muslims gibreel is here amongst us with his horse with his weapons.

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Even our best fellow or who said that while on that day meeting on the day of bud, a Muslim was chasing a disbeliever, who was going ahead of him. And he heard over him the swishing of a whip, and the voice of a writer saying, Go ahead, hey, zoom, as if someone is telling their horse, you know, move, go forward, speed up. And that Muslim he looked at the polytheist, right, whom he was chasing, and he saw that, that volunteers was lying on the floor, meaning dead killed. And when he looked back, he saw nobody. So he heard a whip. And he heard somebody saying, Go ahead, hey, zoom. Right? And he sees that the machine in front of him is dead. So what happened over here and when he went

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and he told the prophets Allah said he was told that that was the angel

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1000 angels were sent. And from these narrations, what do we learn the angels were sent? How equipped with horses and with weapons? If you think about it, one Angel would have been sufficient. Right?

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Right. Because if you think about it, the Dakota Iowa, aka the overturn towns, meaning the towns of doom, right of Lutheranism, what happened to those people? They were picked up and thrown back down. Right, the guests of Ibrahim Ali Sam, who were they a few angels, three angels of mercy. Right. And these three angels were sent a note or incentive to tell him to leave and these three are the ones who brought the punishment upon that entire town. So three angels were even sufficient one engineer sufficient remember the prophets on Lawson when he saw jabril? In his original form, covering the entire horizon? He was sufficient, right? But when alasa panels are sent 1000 angels and every Angel

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equipped. What does that show? What does that teach us?

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That if angels have to go prepared, then what about us?

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We have to go prepare it also right? We have to do our part. We have to put in the effort of the angels are putting in effort over here. Then we also have to put in effort in muslin. There is a report in which it is narrated that it was set to hourly and aboubaker. Below are new on the day of budget with one of you is jabril and with the other is Mika L and his Salafi great angels.

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So one of them meaning either above or below the low on one of them. He was accompanied with Jabra meeting to breathe constantly fighting by his side and the other who was with him Mika Hill and his Rafi press.

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And here in the battlefield Saudis and Muslim Dharma

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jabril. He once asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that what do you think about those who participated in better, and he said that they're the best of us. And gibreel said, similarly, those who participated from the angels are the best of the angels.

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So 1000 angels are lost parents are distant, and this is where shaitan ran away. Because when he saw the angels, he ran away. And remember, she had long game in the form of pseudo climatic, right? And when the machines saw him running away, they asked him, where are you going? He said, in near half Allah, I fear Allah, I see what you do not see.

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Now, this is amazing that on the one side there shaytan, a police himself, he comes in the form of a human being to participate in the battle, to make sure that the machine don't change their mind, it bleeds comes himself. And on the other side, Alice pensado, senzu, gibreel gibreel to participate in, but

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on the one side, there's a Buddha who comes forward himself. And on the other side, we have the prophets of Allah, Islam himself participating in both

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right. So, you have you know, the best from the side of his Billa right and the worst from the side of his wish upon and this is why the defeat of the mu shikun over here was not an ordinary defeat the victory of the Muslims over here was not a was not an ordinary victory. The day of bother is known as the day off for con right of criterion because it this day clearly distinguish between happen badly. Now a Buddha he was attacked by two Ansari, young boys. And this incident is reported in Bahati in the books of Hadith that two brothers, or some others say they were not brothers, but there were two Ansari boys more or even our flock and why they've been ignored Jomo.

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You remember the Sahabi our motive in general?

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So anyway, these two they came to a companion of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

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During the battle, they come to him during the battle. And they asked him one by one, where is the Buddha held? You know what he looks like? And he looks at them and he's like, what do you want to do with a Buddha? Meaning why would you want to go and fight him?

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And they said that we have heard that he used to hurt the prophets of Monticello. And one of them he said, that by Allah by him in whose hands is my life, if I should see a Buddha, than my body will not leave his body to either of us meet his fate, meaning I'm not leaving him until he, he's dead.

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So I've been around for too long until he shows them where a Buddha Hall is. And both of them they go, and they try to attack a Buddha Buddha Hall, you can imagine he has been surrounded by the best fighters and of them was even Abidjan, who, obviously at this time, at this point was deterministic. But still, despite the fact that we're generally surrounded by his bodyguards. What happens? These two brothers, they managed to attack a Buddha. All right, they managed to strike him, and I would Hell is basically on the ground. One of the brothers, he is struck by a coma in return. And his arm, what happens that it's just dangling, because this one, one tendon is still there, the rest of the

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arm is still dangling.

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So he basically cuts it off himself so that he can keep fighting. And that was his right arm.

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All right. And now these two boys, when they attack a Buddha Buddha, one is on the ground, they run to the prophets on a lot of them. And they're both saying, I killed a Buddha, I killed a Buddha. And the other says, not a you didn't kill him. I am the one who killed him. So the prophets that a lot of them, ask them, okay, show me your thoughts. So they both showed their swords of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and when he sees the blood, he says both of you kill the Buddha.

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But what of these two boys? He died in the Battle of butter, and the other one survived? The one actually who, who lost his arm. He's the one who survived

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Hanalei, he's the one who survived.

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Many leaders of the pradesh were killed. Imagine if Abu Jamal is killed. And at this point, remember john when he's on the ground, he's not dead yet.

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He's not dead yet, because after the battle, when the machine could have run away from the battlefield, alright, the profits of a lot of them sent the Sahaba to go and check who's there who's been killed. So basically take inventory of the of the people who have been killed, and our beloved Miss Rudra de lo and who he sees a Buddha on the ground, still breathing and our beloved Mr. Livermore and who goes to him, and he says to Abuja, that oh enemy of Allah, has Allah not humiliated you and Abuja Hall. He says in return, is there anyone else who's better than me here?

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He's still so arrogant

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Okay, you may have killed many people, but you know that I'm the best.

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Is there anyone who's better than me? And then Apple gel says to me, Mr. Little dillo on who? That Tell me what's the results of today's battle? And it was a little low on who told him that align His Messenger our victorious Abuja Hello responded that I wish some farmers had not killed me.

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What does it mean?

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The two I'm sorry boys, farmers, people of yesterday, right? People of Medina that I wish they had not killed me.

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You can see his pride. And then it was a little low on who finally he gave him a fatal blow. And he went to the profits on long term. And he told him about a boudjellal that I just killed him. And the profits of the losses and him came and saw a Buddha Hall and he said that this was the federal owner of this oma, the Federal owner of this oma and he praised and he glorified he thanked Allah subhanaw taala for the killing off of Buddha. Now during the battle, many other things happened. Another person who was killed in this battle was omiya, even honnef.

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Who was omega even holla omega one holla was the one who used to torture Bella for the long run.

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Because remember that he owned bilello to learn. And remember how we used to torture him. Right? place him on hot sand, such that his on coals are on hot sand and hot rocks such that his skin would burn and melt literally and stick to the ground beneath. And on top. What would he place on bilello below annual rocks stones so that will either be low or no wouldn't even be able to move extreme torture. Now what happened that may have been harder for us to be friends with under management below and who before Islam. Right. And in the battle when Romania he saw on the Romanian Aeroflot alone and who he said to her husband, that don't kill me, take me as a captive. Take me as a

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prisoner. Please don't kill me spare my life. So I've been told he took pity on me. And he said, Okay, fine, I won't kill you. I'll take you as a captive taking us captive meant that my family will have to send something to ransom me. And that will be a lot. Right? So even though I knew he agreed he took him as a captive. So basically, he took my hand. And he's taking him away from the battlefield. And beloved rather low on who sees omiya. And you can imagine

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this is his turn to take revenge, right? So he realizes that our block management has given him protection. So paranodal over and who goes to a group of unsolved

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and he says omega is here. And I cannot take rest until justice is done. Until I can take revenge. So what happens? These companions, these unsolved, they go with bilello that are new to my haven't heard of and the new man, sorry, to Abdullah management, and they demand that he release omega. But he says that no, I have given him protection. I've given him my word. I cannot let him go.

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But they completely disregard our management protection. Remember, at this point in time, there were no laws for the battle, because this is the first battle. All right. And also there, we're still in the battlefield, still in the battlefield. So nobody's granted a man, unless obviously, the instructions have come from the profits on the line isn't right. So what happens ommaya even honnef. He's hiding behind a little bit of random in our office literally shielding him with his body. And in order to protect him. Even if he gets on top of him, I have been honnef All right, to protect him. But the law was low on when his friends, they did not spare who may have been hot, they still

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killed him from under the hands of management.

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From under the hands of our little handyman, they killed him. Now, what happened that his body may have been hauled off his body was, you know, lying down and after the battle when the Muslims are getting rid of the bodies

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of the machico and the prophets that a lot of them had instructed that all of their bodies be thrown into a particular well, who may have an hollaex body each time they tried to lift it up.

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It would break apart.

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It would break apart.

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It was it would literally decomposed over there. In our bodies we learned that even misrule that have lower and who said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam remember the incident where the mushrikeen they attack the Prophet sallallahu Sallam near the Kaaba right there through the the camel innards on him. The prophets of Allah sent and made law in his Salah or after the Salah, that Oh Allah, you deal with the people of kadesh shava urban Riviera, ultimate urban Riviera, Walid bin Abu jaha right he

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against these people.

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And even as Ruth said, I bear witness by Allah. I saw them all dead at birth, and their bodies were smelling because of the heat of the sun. It was a very hot day. So you can imagine, their bodies were already decomposing, because they had been sitting in the sun for so long. And omega even heard of his body especially was such that every time they tried to lift it up, it would just fall apart. It was a it was horrible to even look at. So they had to cover his body with sand and pebbles, rocks.

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does that remind you of something?

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does that mean? Gil Salama.

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The recompense is exactly like the deed that has been done.

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The end. The result is like the action.

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He used to lay the land of lower and who down on hot sand.

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And when Villanova though I knew he would move, what would happen, his flesh would rip off.

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And he would cover his body with heavy stones. And the same was done to omega

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four colon Yeoman for corn.

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Another incident happened a boo or Beethoven Gerardo de la on who his father de la, he came from the side of the Missouri cone.

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And each time we were made up in Toronto, the lower end who saw generar coming, he would avoid him because he didn't want to fight his own father. So he would avoid him. But he kept coming to Abu Zubaydah in order to fight our battles over and so Darius is coming to fight his own son. And I knew he keeps going away, in order to avoid confrontation with him.

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So what happens eventually, that July he comes, and he attacks a better way than the lower end who had to fight him back in self defense, and he ended up killing his own father.

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He ended up killing his own father. And this is also mentioned in the Quran, that lethargy to Coleman, you mean una bella, he, you will not find the people who truly believe in Allah and His Messenger, the day of judgment, that they would love those who those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger,

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meaning those who truly believe in a line is messenger, they will not love those who wage war against Allah, even if they are their own fathers, their own brothers, their own sons, their own relatives, and they will obey them in de la salle de La Verne, who was a witness to this.

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In Muslim 100 It is reported that I needed to learn who said that we would go to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam for safety, meaning during the Battle of brother, anytime we would want to be safe, we would go to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the most aggressive, meaning he was a fiercest on that day, which shows that the prophets analyzing him himself fought in the Battle of battle.

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And he said none of us was as close to the enemy than Rasulullah sallallahu it was.

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So you can imagine the prophets on him. If he himself is fighting in the battle. Then you can imagine the spirits of the rest of the Muslims. Eventually What happened? The kadesh they turned around and they fled. Imagine 1000 of them. When when their leaders one by one is falling, their own fathers, their own uncles, their their respected elders are falling one by one. The rest of them, they just turn around and play. Each one ran to save his own life. And they left behind in the battlefield 70 of their dead men. They didn't even lift up their bodies and take them along. They left their dead bodies, and they left 70 of have their own people alive. And they were taken in as

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captives by the Muslims. So you can imagine how many people are are they leaving behind 140 140 people amongst them, they're great men, they're respected elders, they left them behind, and they're ready to save their life. 70 people were killed. On the side of the machete, cone and 70 were caught as captives. Eben was a little lower and who remember his notion that the prophets are the laws that have made the law against the people who hurt him. And each and every single one of them was skilled on this day.

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The profits or losses and remained at bother for three days. When the moose shikun fled. The Muslims they regroup they got together with the prophets on a lot of them. And they remained in bed for three days. Why three days to bury their dead, and it was 15 Muslims who died 15 from the side of the Muslims were martyred on that day. And another reason why the prophets of Allah Islam stayed in butter for three days was to ensure to the police do not come back the machico

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not come back. Because in case they do, then the profits or losses and wanting to make sure that they would fight them back again,

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the Sahaba who were killed, each one was buried in his own grave. And the moose shikun, who were killed, they were all thrown in a well, on the third day, which was the 20th of Ramadan. Now, the prophets on a lot of them left but to make his way to Medina, but first he stopped by the well, which well, in which the dead of the crash were thrown in. And he said, oh, oh, Abuja he called them out by name. And he said, Have you found the promise of a love to be true? Or Manolo or who he was standing there? And he said, you're also Lola, you're speaking to them, even though they're dead. There's there's no room in their bodies, how come you're speaking to them? And the Prophet said, a

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lot of them said that they hear me as well as you hear me.

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They hear me as well as you hear me.

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And then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam made his way back to Medina. Now you can imagine as the Muslims are leaving the battlefield, there's so many new issues that are coming up, right, first of all, the spoils of war, the Hornet,

00:31:10--> 00:31:33

right, because the Arabs, they have this custom, that basically whoever got whatever it was, there's all right. And also if a person killed a particular individual, whatever that victim left behind, right, whatever was on his body, whatever he left behind, that would be taken as a NEMA, by who? By the one who killed him. All right, this was the law so far, and

00:31:34--> 00:32:07

in the previous oma the previous nations, right? So for example, the annual Kitab what was the law that was given to them, that if ever there was a battle, all the spoils of war would be collected in one place, and burnt right. So this was a new issue for the Muslims. All of these swords and shields and arrows, and camels and horses, and their tents and their equipment, whatever it is, that has been left behind by the enemy, what is it that we have to do with it? Who gets to keep it?

00:32:09--> 00:32:21

So what happened? Unless peloton revealed sootel and fall? Yes, aluna aka Anil and fall they ask you about the unfair about the spoils of war, what to do with it.

00:32:22--> 00:33:03

And in the sutra, the laws pertaining to the NFL are revealed which inshallah you will study, when you will learn to little unfair. Another big question that came up was prisoners of war, meaning those who were at bother, right, the from the enemy side. They weren't dead. They weren't killed. They were taken in as captives what to do with them. Right. And this is where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that if motorman ad was alive, right now, remember, who will determine he was the one who gave protection to the prophets of the laws and when he returned from Allah if, right wolterman are these, the one who sent his sons? And they basically surrounded the profits on a lot of them and

00:33:03--> 00:33:14

they brought him into Makkah, right. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, If motorman rd was alive right now, and he asked me to free all these people, I would have set them free.

00:33:15--> 00:33:32

I would have set them free if motorman rd requested. But wolterman rd was not alive. It had died just a few months before, but are one of the low or no he noted that when the when the Messenger of Allah said a lot of them, when he had to deal with the prisoners of war, he asked Abu Bakar

00:33:33--> 00:34:01

that What do you say? What should we do? Abu Bakar alone who said jasola these people are our own kith and kin. Right? We are correct. They are correct. They have come from Africa. They are our people. And we are related to them. So do your son. Yes, we we fought with them because they they came fighting us. And there was a reason for that battle. But don't kill them, spare their lives, send them back home and take a ransom. Right if you take a ransom that will be of benefit to the Muslims.

00:34:02--> 00:34:10

When the profits or the loss in the master model below aren't who What do you think? What should we do? From what other low earning Who said? I think differently.

00:34:12--> 00:34:25

Meaning I totally disagree with Abu Bakar. And what you should do is that you should hand them over to us so that we killed him. And he suggested that handover Hakim to Ali, who's actually

00:34:27--> 00:34:46

the brother of ours at the lower end because our field was brought in as a captive, right because he also came to fight against the Muslims. He was captured because remember the prophets that allows him instructed that the bundle Hashem I do not kill them. I take them in as captives, but do not kill them. So he was brought in as a captive. So he said, hand him over to Ali and let it kill him.

00:34:47--> 00:34:59

And my son so a relative who was brought in as a captain, I hand him over to me and I'll kill him and the prophets that a lot of them didn't really like that idea. Right? So basically, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam approved the opinion of Abu Bakar

00:35:00--> 00:35:28

on who the characters were taken to Medina and they were eventually ransom. However Allah subhanaw taala revealed something regarding this right that he did not approve of this that ransom be taken for the people who had waged war against Allah and His Messenger right? That especially the big chiefs amongst them, right, why should their lives be spared? Because once they are let go off, they will come back again.

00:35:30--> 00:36:12

All right, but a last panel Tada. Meeting he showed his disapproval as we seen the ad, but then he accepted what was done meaning He forgive the the Prophet sallallahu Sallam for the decision that he made right and good was brought out of that because if you think about it, many people who were brought in as captives into Medina eventually they embraced Islam. Eventually they embraced Islam and because of them, much hair came about as inshallah we will learn. So, these two main issues that came up the spoils of war and the captives, because of this, there was a discussion or dispute amongst the Muslims, right. So, as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is leaving whether on his way to

00:36:12--> 00:36:14

Medina su little unfair is revealed.

00:36:16--> 00:36:36

So little and fat is revealed. And so little unfurl basically, is about the Battle of butter. Right from the first ayah onwards, it's about the Battle of other and the incidents that happened around this time, before it during it after it and inshallah when you will study Sudoku and file, you will come to know of the lessons that are lost punctata teaches us through this battle.

00:36:38--> 00:37:19

Now, when the prophets a lot of them left for Medina, he sent some of the Sahaba ahead of him that you you get you get to Medina before us take the good news because the Muslims in Medina, of course they're worried, right? Because when the Muslims left Medina, 300 of them, they went to capture the caravan. And then they hear rumors, the caravan has gone. amok and army is coming 1000 of them. And there's a battle going on. Is there a battle who's been killed? Who's been spared What has happened? Because remember, there's no text messages at that time, right? There's no social media. So how is it the Muslims of Medina would find out every piece of information they hear, they don't know

00:37:19--> 00:37:57

whether to believe it or to not believe it. So until they see some Muslims returned from but they are, they're worried. So the prophets of Allah sent him send some Sahaba ahead of them to take the good news to Medina. And as the Muslims arrive, they bring in the good news, the Muslims in Medina, they begin saying that we rot and they're overjoyed with the good news of the victory of the Muslims of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the safety of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the safety of the Muslims and, and the defeat that the Michigan had suffered. And they began saying the Quran now as their son saying duck Bharat, they're overjoyed.

00:37:58--> 00:38:05

This is happening at the same time as Earth's mantle dillo and who is burying his wife, little kya

00:38:06--> 00:38:12

little de la Honda, the daughter of little sweet Ullah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:38:14--> 00:38:15

You see over here.

00:38:16--> 00:38:18

Life is not perfect.

00:38:21--> 00:38:48

It's not perfect. But it was one of the you know, it was the moment of ultimate happiness for the people of Medina since a long time, because since the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came to Medina, they were living in fear. Remember, they would sleep with weapons, they would wake up with weapons, every now and then the prophets that a lot of them had to send a group of Muslims do to check the surroundings of Medina to ensure that they were safe.

00:38:50--> 00:39:09

And now with the victory at bud, as they're happy. At the same time, there's such a huge loss, the daughter of the pseudo loss of aloneness alone, just died. And when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam reaches Medina, you can imagine on the one hand, he's overjoyed with the victory, and on the other,

00:39:10--> 00:39:11

his daughter just passed away.

00:39:13--> 00:39:14

This is life.

00:39:15--> 00:39:19

Allah subhanaw taala tests us with good and with evil,

00:39:21--> 00:39:22

with good and with bad.

00:39:25--> 00:39:49

As we are enjoying the most beautiful, the happiest moments in our lives, there is also pain. And on the other exact opposite also, that as we are suffering, there's also a reason to be happy. There's no complete happiness here and there is no complete sadness here. Complete absolute happiness and joy lies in gender and absolute sorrow and misery lies in hellfire.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

The prophets have a lot of them. As he arrives into Medina. He brings in with him 70 prisoners and he took them straight to the masjid and he told

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

Each person who captured the prisoners to look after them. So basically, the prisoners were first sticking to the mustard. And then from there, they were taken into the homes of the companions, the homes of the Muslims.

00:40:12--> 00:40:39

Right. And that is where the prisoners were kept. And the chief of the kadesh amongst the prisoners, Who was he? So he's been, remember so he'd been in Sharla, the Treaty of her debut and we will learn about that we will learn about to him and so so halen, he was one of the others. Right? And, you know, where he was kept in the house of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He was kept in the house of the prophets have a lot of them as a prisoner.

00:40:40--> 00:41:21

Now, the prisoners, the discussion is going on what should be done and eventually the data revealed concerning them. And basically, it was agreed that ransom be paid, in order that they be released. So in Makkah, what happens in Makkah, as people returned one by one in groups, or individually wounded and injured in a bloodied state, the people of Morocco were in total shock. They were an absolute horror to find out that Amaya had been killed shaybah had been killed, eartha had been killed, Abu Jamal had been killed, even above book that he was killed. Remember every book that he the Prophet sallallahu wasallam instructed the Muslims do not kill him. Right? Why? Because he was

00:41:21--> 00:41:58

the one who spoke up against the boycott. But I will look that he was killed. Because one of the unsolved, he said to a book that he when I went, I will look that he was coming to fight him that just surrender. We have been instructed not to fight you not to kill you just surrender. And I will book that he he basically came forward with his weapons. And he said No way. I will not let the women rejoice or something like that, that basically I'm not a woman do to be to be a coward over here, I am going to fight you. So when he fought the unsullied inside, he had to fight back in self defense and like this other book that he was killed. So even our book that he was killed. Now all

00:41:58--> 00:42:19

their great men had been killed. This was a shock for the people of Makkah, every household was wailing, every family in Makkah every house was in grief, so much so that I will Sofia, and he called for a meeting. And he told everybody that from now on, no one is going to wail.

00:42:20--> 00:43:01

Because you see, in Arabia, how they would wail is not just cry in silence, they would make noise and they would, you know, open up their hair women especially and rip up their clothes and beat their chest. And and basically express their sadness and in a very, in a very, you know, barbaric, but they would really express it. Right? They wouldn't keep their sadness in, they would really express it, they will do whatever they could to express their sadness. They would not eat, they would not wash themselves, they would not take a shower, they would not sit in the shade. They would not comb their hair, they would not change their clothes, meaning anything that they could do to

00:43:01--> 00:43:09

express that they were angry and sad. They would do it. So you can imagine every household was like that. So I was a fan said, No one is going to wail.

00:43:11--> 00:43:21

Because what happens if you see someone crying? Does that make you cry? Of course. And he said that we don't want the Muslims to gain pleasure from our whaling.

00:43:23--> 00:43:25

So he basically banned whaling in Makkah.

00:43:26--> 00:43:43

Right. Now, on the one hand, the people of Makkah, they, they have lost 70 people, right. But at the same time, 70 people were sitting in Medina as prisoners of war. And they had to release them. Right? Even though they knew that their prisoners were safe in Medina.

00:43:44--> 00:44:24

Because it has said that I was a fan. His son was a prisoner in Medina, with the Muslims. And when the demand for his ransom came, he said, I'm not paying my rent. I'm not paying any ransom. Firstly, I lose so many of my friends and my relatives, and now I have to pay money to release my son. I'm not paying any money. He's safe in Medina. He knew that the Muslims wouldn't harm him. Right? And he said that I'm not going to do anything. We'll see what happens. And then after some time, an unsightly man he had gone to Makkah to perform Umrah or Hajj and also found basically captured him in broad daylight, next to the Kaaba. And he said that

00:44:25--> 00:44:28

if the Muslims want him back, they have to let my son go

00:44:29--> 00:44:34

right to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam let his angle and that I'm sorry, man was able to come back to Medina.

00:44:35--> 00:44:59

Now the rent some of the prisoners, how much was it? Anywhere between 1000 to 4000 dyrham or the not. So basically, it was a huge price, right 1000 to 4000 did a lot more, Deena and the price was set according to the status of that prisoner, as well as his financial capacity. And if there were some people who were not able to pay

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

ransom. Then they were told to teach 10 children how to read and write.

00:45:07--> 00:45:47

Right? This is how they could buy the ransom. And some people were let go for free, or some other agreement was made. So for example, I will ask even Robbie, who was he, the son in law of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He was the husband of Xena. rodilla Mourinho and remember Xena below the line how she tried to do Hendra but she wasn't allowed to write and I will ask he came to bother to fight against the Muslims. Right? To fight against his own father in law. He came now he was taken in as a captive. Now for his ransom zenodo the law on her she sent some jewelry because that's what she had.

00:45:48--> 00:46:09

And in that jewelry was a it is said there was a necklace, right, that belonged to Zenith that was gifted to her by her digital the Lord. That was a necklace of digital digital art I used to wear herself. And then she gave to Zeno. And above us was actually the nephew of a digital DeLorean

00:46:11--> 00:46:12

he was the son of Halla

00:46:14--> 00:46:30

and hello remember, she resembled digital below on her a lot so much so that each time she would come to visit the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the prophets of the latson would hear Hana. He would think it's Khadija meaning the voice resembled so much that the voice of Allah would bring the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to tears.

00:46:31--> 00:47:14

So now imagine I will ask is brought as a prisoner, and what's his ransom jewelry that Khadija used to were sent by the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam on seeing this the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you could see the sadness on his face. So the Sahaba they agreed that I will ask me Let go for free, no ransom be accepted from him. But an agreement was made that I will ask would go back to Makkah and he would send Zeno bro de la Mourinho de Medina. And so it happened. He fulfilled his promise zenodo de la on her, she was allowed to leave Makkah. But when she was leaving Makkah, remember what happened, that one of the men from the Michigan he came, and he attacked the camel. So

00:47:14--> 00:47:38

the camel, basically he threw the animal dillo on her off, and xinova will be lower, and at that time she was pregnant. So you could imagine 10 1215 feet, I mean, a camel is pretty tall, when you're sitting on it, imagine falling off, she was pregnant. And when she fell, she miscarried, she bled. And it is said that her death eventually was because of the injuries that she suffered at this particular occasion.

00:47:39--> 00:47:42

Now, there are many, many lessons to be learned from

00:47:45--> 00:47:56

and inshallah, when you will study so little and file, you will study the lessons that Allah subhanaw taala teaches us, right through the Battle of whether one thing that amazes me is the fact that

00:47:58--> 00:48:37

you know, there's two ways of growing right, one is linear growth, right? That you you have a set plan and you know, you grow one step after the other, right? How you think is best, right? how things are supposed to be done. So the Muslims settled in Medina, and he will think that now, things should get easier. And they can do what they what they want to do, they can develop in the direction that they want to develop in. But what happens? a las panatela has a different plan. They go to get the caravan. But instead of the caravan, they're made to face

00:48:38--> 00:48:40

an army. They left Medina

00:48:42--> 00:48:46

without the preparation of battle, but they're made to

00:48:47--> 00:49:02

fight a battle. Right? This is organic growth, right natural growth, how things happen. If you think at this time, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam if he was upset, would he be justified to be angry?

00:49:03--> 00:49:26

Would he be justified? We never bargained for this. We never bargained for this. Right? The Muslims? Could they be upset with the prophets or the lowness on them? They wouldn't be justified if they were angry. Right? Because when things don't go according to how we want, when our plans, they fail, they don't work out how frustrated and angry we become.

00:49:27--> 00:49:27


00:49:28--> 00:49:52

But what do we see over here the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the Muslims, accepting the color of Allah and making accepting reality and dealing with it and making the best of that situation. And you see when a person accepts reality, he accepts Allah. He does the best that he can, how Allah grants in victory, how Allah grants him success, that 300 Muslims were sufficient to fight against 1000 Muslims.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

what's the what's the lesson we learned here? Accept the other of Allah. I don't mean to

00:50:00--> 00:50:10

Don't make any plans in your life. Make your plans, do the best that you can. But if the plans don't work out, please don't get mad.

00:50:11--> 00:50:12

Don't be impatient.

00:50:14--> 00:50:18

Because we express our anger before Allah subhanaw taala.

00:50:19--> 00:50:31

You know, we argue with people, we start playing the blame game, it's your fault. No, it's not my fault. I did this because of that reason. And you did this. Because of that. I mean, we start blaming each other. You don't see the Sahaba blaming one another.

00:50:33--> 00:50:56

They, they're, they're together in this. They accept the decree of Allah. They accept the challenge that has come their way. And then we see at the same time, that there are hours of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam before the battle during the battle. Right that he's doing his best, but at the same time, his daughters are amazing. That assumes the Messenger of Allah is making Dora.

00:50:57--> 00:51:15

He's desperate for Allah's help. Then when we are in the most difficult situations in our lives, why can we not make God if he needed to make the law? Then what about us? And you see this these moments of extreme difficulty? When we realize our incapability.

00:51:16--> 00:51:24

Right, it is then that we turn to Allah subhanaw taala with Islam with tawakkol. This is what develops sincerity of faith.

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

And then we see over here

00:51:28--> 00:51:31

how this was the first Ramadan, by the way.

00:51:32--> 00:51:45

Remember, the Battle of brother was in Ramadan. All right, and this was the first Ramadan when, when fasting had been prescribed. So you can imagine that some of these days at least, if not all, the Muslims were fasting.

00:51:46--> 00:52:06

So a very difficult situation that were put in at a very difficult time. And it was totally unexpected, completely unexpected. But look at the surrender the submission of the Muslims, and look at the reliance upon the loss of panel data. And look at the victory that Allah subhanaw taala gives them the success that Allah grants them.

00:52:09--> 00:52:15

The lower end who narrated that during the battle, he came to see what the prophets Allah Watson was doing in his tent.

00:52:16--> 00:52:40

And he found him in solitude. So it looked over and he said, I went back to fight. And after some time, I came back again to see the Prophet sallallahu. Again, he found him praying. So he went back to fight again, he came to see the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he saw him praying. So he went and he went back to fight. And then finally, when he came, the Muslims were victorious By that time, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was again, praying at that time.

00:52:41--> 00:53:10

So we see the prophets that allows them during the battle, he's fighting, he's guiding the Muslims closest to the enemy, as the lower who said in one direction, and we see that throughout, he is making the law to Allah subhanaw taala make to our before and make law during the time of difficulty. This is how the help of Atlas panel data comes about the effects of weather were amazing. Right? First of all, we see that in Medina, everyone embraced Islam.

00:53:12--> 00:53:23

Everyone embraced Islam, there was no machine that stayed behind. Why because now the truth the the victory of Islam was dominant if the Muslims defeated the machine in the first battle, then what is to come in the future?

00:53:25--> 00:54:06

Right. So not just the people in Medina, but even outside Medina, it was evident now that either you side with the Muslims or you side with the people of Makkah, because sooner or later one is going to overcome the other. So in Medina and outside of Medina, what happened? Many people join the Muslims, they accepted Islam. And in this there was a benefit that the Muslims had many political alliances. But at the same time, this is when Nichelle was born, hypocrisy was born, because it is said that I believe in obey. He was at this point in wishek, right? When he heard about the victory of the Muslims, he said, it appears the matter has been settled.

00:54:07--> 00:54:24

Meaning, yes, Islam is going to be Supreme. Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is here to stay. The matter has settled. So he outwardly embraced Islam and many people followed him. And after the Battle of butter, we see that very soon the Prophet sallallahu Sallam dealt with the bunraku car

00:54:25--> 00:55:00

over one of the largest Jewish tribes in Medina, right. And basically the window cleaner cart were expelled from Medina because of their treachery. Because after the Battle of Bedouin the Muslims returned the Jews, they began mocking at the Muslims. And at one occasion, they said to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that you don't be fooled by a recent victory, you fought a bunch of nobodies, basically, when you will fight us, then you'll see. So basically, they're inviting the Muslims to fight them. Right. Another incident happened in one of the

00:55:00--> 00:55:16

marketplaces that a woman went to buy some jewelry, some gold and a Jewish man. He basically put a nail or something on her on her clothes. Alright, so basically he hooked her clothes on to a nail, alright, so that when she would get up, her clothes would rip.

00:55:17--> 00:55:28

And that is exactly what happened. She was exposed and she began screaming, a Muslim man saw that happen. And he came in defense of her and he got so enraged that he attacked the Jewish man and he killed him.

00:55:29--> 00:55:33

He killed him in anger. And the Jews, they surrounded that Muslim and they killed him.

00:55:34--> 00:55:46

So you see, a battle is going on over here. But this was started by who? It was started by the Jews. The prophets on a lot of time when he heard he came to speak with the Jews. But what happened? They locked themselves up in their fortresses.

00:55:47--> 00:56:24

They locked themselves up in the fortresses. And during this time, the discussion was being made, you know, with some of the alliances of the Jews that what should be done are the Leben obey, he came and he, you know, basically argued on their behalf in their defense, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam made it very clear that the treaty with the Jews was now an adult. And this has mentioned it's a little unfair also. So the volcano car basically they were given a few days. The final verdict was that the prophet SAW the loss and gave them three days to pack up their bags and leave and that is what happened. The nuclear car now, they had to leave Medina. So these were some of the

00:56:24--> 00:56:43

major events that happened after the Battle of others some more interesting incidents that happened between by the end which inshallah we will learn about in our next class, inshallah. subchronic alone will be heavily conditioned to Allah Illa illa Anta the stockbroker wanted to be like Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh