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Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Islami Aqaa-id
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11 Tawhid Al Asma Wa Al Sifaat
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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
idiom a my birth for the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim will be struggling to do a silly MD while interrupted melissani of Coca Cola probenecid
so today inshallah we will learn about the head a smell or see fat which is the third category of the heads the belief in the oneness of Allah soprano Darla, one of them is still hate. Boo Boo BIA. The fact that He alone is Rob. The second is the heat Ulu here that He alone is Illa. He deserves worship. And the third is the head of asthma was the fact. Have you heard of the term theology? What is theology? It's the study of who God is the study of God, basically. So you can say that the heat a smell or Sleaford is Islamic theology? The first thing before we get into the definition, and what exactly is the hidden smell also that we must understand the importance and necessity of learning
this aspect of the heat? Because before learning about anything, it's necessary to know, is it even important? Because if it's important, then it's worth doing? And it's worth, you know, putting our effort in order to understand it better. And if it's not that important, then we have been advised to seek refuge from knowledge that is not beneficial. So is this knowledge beneficial? Is it necessary to learn about the names and attributes of Allah? Or is it just important for the people who are very, very spiritual? And who just like to do lots of Vicodin should know about Allah's names and attributes? Is it necessary for us as well? Yes, it is. Why? Because the knowledge of the
hate of Allah's names and attributes is basically half of the heat. It's basically one half of the heat, what is the heat Oh heat has also been categorized in two ways. One is the heat under ilmi and carbery earlier to Cody, which is the head which is with respect to knowledge, meaning, it's about knowing the oneness of Allah soprano, dada, knowing and affirming his unique attributes, his perfect attributes. So it is though he added me earlier to call the it is what we believe in with respect to Allah soprano. Like for instance, in the Quran, Allah says boo hoo Allahu Ahad, say Allah is one, Allahu Samad Lamia lit, when I'm youlet, while I'm Nicola who, Khufu, and these are all his
attributes of oneness of uniqueness of perfection. And these are all attributes that we must believe in. All right, and this is one aspect of the hate knowing and believing in Allah oneness. And the other aspect of the hate is the hate anomaly, which is with respect to the actions of the servant, meaning the servant worships Allah alone. This is where the hate Hulu Here comes. And the example of this is in the Quran, Allah says spolia un Cafiero la Irabu matter Wouldn't it not worship what you worship? Well and tomorrow we do an AMA, our booth. So the whole Torah What is it emphasize that I only worship Who? Allah. So one aspect of the Hadees knowing Allah is oneness, believing in his
oneness, and the other aspect of the heat is worshiping Allah alone. So to hear and smell was the fact is one half of the heat, how, because when you know his names and attributes, only then you can know Allah, only then you can have the correct belief about him. And it is in fact, on the basis of this aspect of the head, that the other aspect of their head is built on. What does that mean? Only when you know a lot to be one? Can you worship Him alone.
So you understand why it is so important for a servant to know Allah, his names and attributes. Then another reason why it is so important is because it is the most noble of all sciences and knowledge, any knowledge, any study, any science that a person could learn about. The most noble one is which one, the study of alasa panel.
Think about it. Who is the greatest being? Allah subhanaw taala. So studying him studying his names, studying his attributes, is really the most noble endeavor that a person could undertake. It's the
The most noble task that a person could take. It's the most noble study that a person could have. Also, it is important to understand it is important to learn about the science, because it is essential knowledge for the servant who wishes to worship Allah soprano.
The first step before any action is what?
Before any action comes with knowledge, right? You learn and then you do. So if we want to worship Allah properly, beautifully, perfectly, then what is necessary that first and foremost we learn about Allah, knowing his names and attributes enabled us to worship him better. It enabled us to worship Him. Also, it is necessary to learn this knowledge because we have been commanded to get to know Allah. In the Quran. Many times the last panels artists were allowed to move and the Lucha shed, they
were allowed to move, and Allaha because Alicia in early, know that he is severe and penalty, know that he is knowing of everything, why learn more, and allow the matter maluna bursley know that he is watching everything that you do, or allow more and the love of foreign haleem know that he is forgiving and forbearing we're on the moon and aloha vernian Hamid know that he is rich and praiseworthy. So what does that teach us? That Allah himself has commanded us that we learn about him? And the only way of learning about someone is learning about what their characteristics, their name, the first thing that we know about a person is what their name, right? If you say about
someone, I know such and such person, and you're asked, What's their name? And you're like, I don't know that you don't know that person.
You know of them, but you don't know them. So if we wish to know about Allah, which is a command, then what is necessary, that we learn about all those names and attributes.
And you see, every single name and attributes that align His Messenger have informed us off every single one of them is important. We might say that Yeah, I do know Allah is one. What's the big deal? I know he's our man. Why is it necessary for us to go into details? You know why? Because the mccanns they rejected only one name of Allah. Remember? Which name was that?
The sefa of mercy. They rejected they refuse to believe it. And how many many times have been reprimanded in the Quran for this disbelief well whom he acuna bill
likewise, they had they had incorrect understanding of Allah subhanaw taala His names and attributes, for instance, in the Quran, so that Firstly, that ayah 22 to 23 Allah says that one malcontent, esta Tirana and yahad Aleykum some Moroccan wanna absorb, come What are you do to come? You never thought that you're hearing your vision, your skins would testify against you. When Atkins Lennon to anila les yarmulke Hiromi matamanoa you used to think that Allah doesn't know much of what you do. You used to think that Allah doesn't know about you
was radical, one local and linear one and two and derbycon are with their comb. And this thought that you had about your Lord has destroyed you has led you to your destruction. So, what do we see, not knowing a last panel data correctly leads a person to what destruction how, because a person will not worship properly, a person will not think about a lot of panel data correctly, his actions will not change. And as a result, he will end up in his own destruction.
Also, it is necessary to learn about the science because it is through this knowledge that we get to know Allah.
It is through this knowledge that we get to know about Allah subhana wa Tada.
In the Quran, Allah says that in the Maya shala, Herman, everybody who,
with servants fear Allah, Allah, Allah, those who have knowledge, there's three kinds of people who have knowledge about Allah. The first type are those who know Allah, but they're ignorant of what he has commanded.
They know Allah, but they're ignorant of what he has commanded.
They have a lot of love for Allah, fear of Allah, very spiritual, God fearing people, but they don't know what Allah has commanded.
Second are those who are ignorant of Allah, but they know his commands. They know
they know a lot of details. But when it comes to knowing Allah, having that, you know, friendly relationship with Allah, or that relationship of servant, you know, that is missing. Why? Because they don't know Allah.
And the third are those who know Allah. And they also know his commands,
which are the three are better.
The third, those who know Allah, and they also know his commands. Now a lot of emphasis is given on learning about what Allah has commanded. From the very beginning, we are taught how to pray, right, we were taught about the basic commands, you know, that we have to be observant off. But along with that, what is necessary that we learn about Allah soprano guard as well, because it is only this kind of knowledge that will develop in a sphere that will lead us to
that will lead us to action that will lead us to worship. It is this knowledge that will develop love, that will develop the quote, that will lead to action. And also this knowledge, the science is life for the heart, it is spiritual Food for the Soul. Because every time a person studies about Allah subhanaw taala, what will happen is a man will kill his spirit will be satisfying his soul, you know, the thirst of the soul will be quenched. Also in Hades, we learned that Allah subhanaw taala has 99 names and whoever whoever saw whoever does the air saw will enter Jannah. So if we want to be of those people who will enter Jannah, because of these 99 names, and then what is necessary
that we do have the names, what is sort of the names, to enumerate them, we need to know them, then to understand them to memorize them to worship Allah subhanaw taala through them, how can you worship a lot through the names that we don't even know the names? Right. So this is why it is necessary to learn about this science. And one more important reason is to know the deviances that have existed in the past. And they exist still today.
Concerning Allah's names and attributes, you see, what differentiates Islam from other religions mainly is what the belief in God,
right? That's the main thing. If a person has belief in Allah, remember the first lesson, the correct belief in Allah, then inshallah he will be saved. But if that belief is not there, it is incorrect, then there's a big problem, right? And we see that, throughout the past, people have deviated a lot concerning their belief in Allah soprano.
There are those who have said he has a child, this is what
daeviation concerning His attributes, what is this attribute that he is one and unique, he does not have a child. So there are those who have gone astray. Because I said, Allah has a child, then there are those who have gone astray because of other deviances concerning His names and attributes. Like for example, saying that, yes, Allah has names but they have no meaning. Or that Allah has names and descriptions, and he's just like us, like we have a human body. He's also got a form, and which is why people draw images of Allah of God, now the beloved, like an old man with a long white beard. And this is what this is deviation concerning His attributes. So many people have gone astray,
because of such deviances. And it is essential for us that if we want to protect our a PETA, if we want to protect ourselves, that we get this Arpita correct, that we learn about the science, and we learn about what is right and what is wrong, if we want to make it to gender, because this is a very serious matter.
Now, the meaning and definition, though hate a smart will suffer What does it mean, though hate a smart was the fact what if radula?
If law, the law his partner, who would Allah be my son, my law will be enough so who? Well what's our Fabien of Sahu fakie Tabby, our allele Sani Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, whether he could be a better man a better who mean the lady that even while at our cleaning woman lady took even when Adam Thielen if are the law, what does it mean to single out so it is to single out Allah subhanho wa Taala Bhima some Allah will be enough sir Who in what he has named himself with some money
He has given him the my some Allahu Allah has given him be with it nafsa who to himself? Well what's offered between epsa who and what he has described himself with. So, in other words, it is to declare that Allah is one in watch the names that He has given to himself or the attributes that he has described himself with. Do things I mentioned here, what are their names and secondly, attributes names are usma and attributes are Sleaford. So the names and attributes that allows the panel data has informed us off his names and attributes, okay.
Where fakie Tabby, he, in his book, meaning the Quran, Oh Allah, lisanna Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or on the tongue of His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meaning the names and attributes that we learn about, either from the Quran or from were from the Sunnah. It is to believe that Allah is unique in those names and attributes. No one shares with him those names and attributes. This is the to hate. And how is that done? With Annika and that is the if Betty by affirming my butter, who, what he has affirmed? Meaning we only say about a lot of names and attributes, what Allah has told us, we don't make things up. We don't distort them. We don't deny
them, we don't change them. We take his names and attributes exactly as they have been given to us exactly as we have been informed about them.
So is it clear so far? and a description of this is that how will that be done that we take the names of Allah His attributes exactly as they're given to us? We affirm them exactly as they are how many ladies live? Well, after a woman the lady the cave was What happened to you? That is done by staying away from what the? What if there are clean that give them feel? Now? What are these inshallah we'll get to that? Okay.
But before we continue, let's look at this definition in more detail.
If radula, what does that mean?
single out, meaning he is unique. There is no one who shares with him these names and attributes. Okay. We've assembled labin epsa, who will also be enough. So
the second thing that we see in this definition is the names and attributes. Now the question is, what are those names? What are those attributes? What does it mean by this? Aren't they the same thing names and attributes? Is there any difference? What word? Can we say? Yes, this is a last name. And what what can we say about it that yes, is ullas attribute.
Now when it comes to the names of Allah, what's the term used for them?
And when it comes to the attributes, what term is used for them? asleep act good. As Matt is a plural off is and what does isn't mean? Name. It's from the word Sumo see me well, so move which is to elevate.
So ism, is the name, or it is the word that refers to something,
a word that refers to something.
And if you've studied a little bit of grammar, then you should be familiar with the fact that a ferritin also refers to something but it tells you about time, but isn't how is it different? It makes no reference to time.
Meaning past present future, nothing like that as much.
So it is not related to a specific point in time. It doesn't make reference to any time isn't is just the word that refers to something in and of itself. This is what is
sleep at sifat is a plural of suffer, and it's from the root wafaa wellsite fat. What does that mean?
To describe to describe, a sliver is a description, an attribute. So the sliver of Allah is something that describes Allah
characterizes Allah tells us about Allah subhanaw taala.
Now, there are some things that we must know about his names and attributes. And there are differences between names and attributes as well and there are certain points that inshallah I'm going to go over and as we go over them, you will understand the differences and you will also understand what names are and what attributes are. Okay?
So I recommend that you take these notes separately. When I made this handout, I thought there wouldn't be a lot of information but later on, I realize that there's quite a lot of information. So I'm telling you from before you should take your notes in a separate place and trauma.
So when it comes to a Lost Planet, artist names,
do the names mean anything?
Like for example, a Walkman, does it have a meaning? And will do does it have a meaning? Allah is modular, does that have a meaning? Yes. So the first thing that we believe about Allah names and attributes about Allah's names, is that Allah has names are all descriptive mean, they're all meaningful. Each name means something. There is no name of a law about which will say that or it doesn't mean anything. No.
Because what does the last panel data say about his names? How does he describe those names? When they lay a smell?
husana Allah has the most beautiful and perfect names. How can something be beautiful and perfect? If it doesn't mean anything?
It can't be beautiful. How is the beauty of something revealed by its characteristics? The characteristic is what its description. its meaning. So the names of Allah are all meaningful. They're all descriptive. And they give the meaning of perfection. So no name or attribute is negative, evil, not at all. Every Name of Allah is what? Perfect.
Like for instance, then you have a lot of panel data.
If people are described with this word, it doesn't fit them. There is evil for them. But along with a couple for Allah subhanaw taala. Meaning
Amata COVID. What does it mean?
The one who is great, not assumed greatness was actually Great. All right. Generally, it's translated as people translate the word with a copy as arrogant, right? Who is arrogant someone who believes in their greatness. Now for people who walk on the earth, they don't deserve to feel like this. But the one who is in the summer, he deserves to be like that. He deserves to be like that. He deserves to feel like that It benefits him. So remember that every name of Allah is meaningful. It is a name that reveals perfection. And remember, that when it comes to the meaning of Allah as names, we always take the meaning literally, we don't say that this is only figurative know, when it
comes to ullas names we take the meaning as is, like, for example, the name of Allah Subhana. Allah Allah dude. What does Allah dude mean? The one who loves so we understand it as is that Allah loves. Allah is loving. We don't say that. No, no, God doesn't love God, you know, it just refers to his kindness or his care, or, you know, his concern for his creation. It doesn't mean that God loves No, no. When Allah has said that he is loving, then we accept it as is. We don't say, you know that it is just figurative? No, we take the meaning how literally. Likewise, when it comes to certain descriptions of our last panel data, like for example, in the Quran, we learn about your doula hit
the hand of Allah, then again, we take it as is. We believe that yes, Allah has yet because he himself has informed us of it. We don't say that yet over there is figurative for power.
We don't say that yet over there is figurative for strength. No, we don't say such things. We say that Allah has a hand. And yes, a hand. It does signify power, whatever. But we don't negate the fact that Allah has a hand, we will affirm that Allah has a hand, we will affirm every name, every attribute that he has informed us off. All right. The second thing that we learned about the names and attributes is that every name gives an attribute.
Every name gives an attribute. What does it mean? When I mentioned to you that every name is meaningful, it means something it tells us about Allah.
Then what does that mean? That it describes Allah? So Allah do the loving one, the one who loves so this name it reflect the attribute of love. You understand? Our rock man is the name of Allah, what attributes
Does that reflect the Rama? A little food? Isn't it? What attribute does it reflect? mocksville forgiveness? Right? And Eileen, what attribute does it reflect in off knowledge? And Hakeem what attribute does it reflect of hikmah of hokum? So you understand, every name describes Allah and it tells us about at least one attribute of Allah.
Okay? Now, remember that the attributes of Allah soprano data are also mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah.
And what does it mean by attributes? words that describe a name is what like, for example, Allah,
Al Malik, l could use attributes or what, like, for example, the statement of Allah, what can lamola homosassa attack Lima? What does that mean? That Allah spoke to Musa?
What description of Allah? Do we learn from the statement
that Allah speaks? Okay?
So from these words, we learn about an attribute of Allah that Allah speaks. But based on this attribute, we don't make up a name, that Allah is the speaker.
You understand? We don't make up a name, that Allah is the speaker.
Likewise, in sort of fact, we learn Serato Lavina. And I'm Darlene Raiden, must obey him without learning. The latest model barely him not of those whom you were angry on. What does that describe? What does that tell us about the last panel card? What description does it give, that Allah became
Well, hopefully below, I lay him. So we learned from various places in the Quran that Allah does become angry. But from this description from the sefa, we don't make up the name the angry one, not at all.
So you understand, names show us attributes, but from attributes, we don't make up names.
Names, describe to us who Allah is.
But from the descriptions that are separate from the names. We don't make up names.
One more thing that we learn about allows names and attributes is that we do not make up a name or an attribute for Allah. When we don't make a name from an attribute. In general also, we don't invent names for Allah. We don't invent descriptions for Allah soprano Darla, any name, any description that we describe Allah with must be taken from where?
The Quran or the Sunnah, it must have some evidence, it must be taken from the sacred text. Because describing Allah with one's own imagination, is what talking about Allah based on what agreements and this is something that we have been forbidden from insert a total of i 33, we learned in the marhaba murghab bill for why heisha malba minha wanna baton? Well isma Well, bevier belated help what additional eco biLlahi mela Muna Zb suparna are under kulu. Allah He monitored
our Lord has forbidden that we say about Allah what we do not know. So if there is a name that has given him the whole answer, now, we learn about it. If there is a description that is given in the Quran and Sunnah, we learn about it. But if something has not been mentioned, we don't make it up.
All right, we don't make it up.
Also, one more thing. The fourth point with regards to our last names and attributes, is that a lot of names are all eternal
What does he mean by that? His names reflect attributes that teach us about his attributes.
And those attributes are eternal. So for example, Allah Allah
tells us that he has the slipper off,
but his aim is eternal. He always knew, he knows now and he will know forever. And Hi,
the living one, what attribute does it give us
off hierarchy of life. So his hierarchy is eternal. He always was. He always existed. He exists now and he will continue to exist.
Forever he will never cease to exist because he is high. So you understand His names are all eternal
and they are unique meaning they only be fit him which is why it is not correct to give others the names of Allah soprano Dada, unless it is those names which are true for people also. Like for example, a llama is a name that is unique only to Allah, with Al and without, with the lamb tardif and also without the lambda with and without it. Right man why, because man means
just the merciful,
The Rock metal was here, a Sharmila, the one who was Merciful, the one who possesses vast mercy, all inclusive mercy, that no one no one at all is unaffected by Allah's mercy. Every single creature is affected by Allah's mercy. Now, can this name be given to a human being?
No way because human beings are not luck man. Not at all. But the name Rahim.
Rahim Brahim means the one who shows mercy.
Man means the one who possesses mercy. Rahim is the one who shows mercy. So Rahim Yes, a human being can be given that name. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam was also called Rahim in the Quran. Right? So remember that Allah names are unique, meaning he alone deserves to be given those names. No one should be given his names unless meanings of those names are buffeted for people here. Are you with me? Okay.
fifth point concerning a lot of names and attributes is that a lot of names and attributes are infinite.
What does it mean? They're infinite.
There is no limit in the sense that we have been informed of many names and attributes in the Quran and Sunnah.
But we don't say that only these are his attributes, no, there are many, many more attributes of Allah, which we have not been informed of which we have not been taught. Right. Like, for example, in a decent pyramid, it is also in Muslim parts of it, the profit or loss in the middle or at the very bottom, and so hopefully, we'll be more emphatic I mean, robotic law or sweetener and our lake and Tacoma as Nita Arlen apsic. I seek refuge in your pleasure from your anger and in your pardon from your punishment. I cannot count your praises, you are as you have praised yourself, I cannot count your praises. praises based on what what is him? What's the definition of him? Was filmer
Do you remember I be forgotten. It is to describe the Praiseworthy one with the most perfect description. This is what praise is, this is what hummed is. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, I cannot count your praises, meaning I cannot count your descriptions because there are so many they're infinite.
Right? Now in Heidi's we learn the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in Allah He this is what this arena isn't that Allah subhanaw taala has 99 names 100 or less one whoever enumerates them will enter Jannah now in this Hadith, we learned that there are 99 names.
But we see that in the Quran in the center, there are many more that are mentioned not just 99. So in the Hadith 99 are mentioned but it doesn't mean that he has only 99 names. There are many more than that. All right, and there many proofs for that would show that Allah has more than 99 names and his attributes. Of course there are many, many more than that. And also remember the dog in which the prophets have a lot of separate alignment in your abductor, ignore the emetic nursery antibiotic Melbourne via hoekman Garden and vehicle dog as a Luca the coolest man who Allah I asked you with every name that you have some major been upset that you have named yourself with oh and
delta who faked having or have revealed in your book. Oh, I loved I hadn't been hoping or have thought any of your creation. I wish that felt I believe you're in the middle of a viewing duck or you have kept its knowledge with yourself. Meaning you have not told the creation you have not told anyone about that name of yours. So what does it show to us that allows names unless attributes are our
Infinite. Now, when it comes to the names of the last panel data, there is a common list that is available everywhere there's many and a sheet based on that as well. Right? And that list is based on a Hadees. But remember that that Hadith is not authentic, which is why we see that in that list there are many names which are disputable, which the scholars have differed about that this is not a name of Allah.
And there are many names which are Names of Allah subhanaw taala, proven from the Quran and Sunnah which are missing from that list. Like for example, a CT is one of the names of Allah. But is it in that list? No, it's not an Henan Ullman, right? Likewise, we see a Rob is one of the names of Allah, but it's missing from that list. So, there are many names which are not in that list and there are many other names in that list which are not
agreed upon by the scholars meaning that they are disputable. So,
what are the authentic names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala inshallah, very soon, I will, I will be publishing a list which is based on the Quran and Sunnah. And inshallah I can give you a handout of that as well, which has two meanings. Just to share with you some of the names from that list. And Jamil Alger word, what is al-timimi? The beautiful elder word?
What is elder Weidman the generous good, then a sacred?
a sacred the master? Good? Then Alma, Nan, the kind one person is also one of the names of a lot what is
the benefactor? The one who shows Yes, and the one who does exam, right. So these are all names of the last panel data which we must know off as well. Likewise, I'll have
the gracious one Alola, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, the Supreme creator, that is ultimately from that list. So, anyway, in this list will be shared with you, so that you can benefit from it. In summary, what do we learn that the names and attributes of the last panel data are, are unlimited. Also, one more point that all of his attributes are attributes of perfection and majesty, Allah says that his names are all husana What does that mean? That he is free from any deficiency, so, he is not described with anything evil with anything weak and at the same time has attributes are also free from any deficiencies. So, for instance, a lot of panatela is free from the deficiency of from the
weakness of death. So, he is a high
now and he gives the attribute of higher his hire is also free from any imperfection. So, his life is perfect, He always was, is and will be, you understand. Likewise, a lot of panel data is free from the deficiency of from the weakness of ignorance. So, he is an early early means that he has
but his aim is also perfect in that it includes everything, everything, everywhere, everything no matter what size no matter where no matter what time, no matter how important or unimportant whatever everything is within a last panel guys knowledge. So we see that he is free from imperfection and his attributes are also free from imperfection. Allah says What the What can RL Hi, Alavi layer mode rely upon the living one who does not die. Allahu Allah, Allah Allah who and how you are you lead who sin atone. Well, I know. Right? So all of these names and attributes, what do they reflect? perfection. Now, I have some homework for you. Which is that the names of the last
I'll give you the names of roof
n o. l Mateen. Allah hub,
each other you find it difficult to write they can be written on the board also. These three names write down their meanings. And what
do they give
about almost a penalty? Meaning what description of Allah subhanaw taala do we learn from these names? Can you do that? Which names are there
inshallah, I will ask you tomorrow
So Chronicle long will be handing sure they will let you into the sakurako. honor to relay a Santa Monica to lightworker