Tafsir Series – Surah al-Maun

Tahir Wyatt

Channel: Tahir Wyatt

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:37--> 00:00:49

Have you seen the one who denies that recompense for that is the one who drives away the orphan, and does not encourage the feeding of the poor, so low to those who pray,

00:00:50--> 00:00:57

who are heedless of their prayer, those who make a show of their deeds and withhold simple assistance.

00:00:58--> 00:00:59

This Sora

00:01:00--> 00:01:02

is commonly known as surratt. And Mary.

00:01:04--> 00:01:12

It's 25 words, and the style is different as to the amount of letters that are in it.

00:01:13--> 00:01:24

And that is because they have different ways of counting the letters Do you count the shed Do you don't count the shutter, but that's beside the point. So some say that it's 111. Some say 112. So I'm gonna say 113, some say 125.

00:01:26--> 00:01:28

But it's 25 words, seven eyes.

00:01:30--> 00:01:44

And it is known as el mal. But it is also called soret, a dean, also known as a dean, and sometimes good to know the different names of sources, because you may read, for example,

00:01:45--> 00:02:22

some of the statements of the scholars of the past, and they will say, for example, and this is proven, or this is one of the main objectives of sorta to Dean and then you say sorta to Dean and if you don't know that some of the scholars refer to sorta tomorrow and sorta to be then you'd be lost, you wouldn't understand exactly what they're talking about until you look it up. Anyway, the point here is that some color sorter to my own, and that's the most common name for it. And some color sorter to do what doesn't matter on my own is anything while the scholars have different opinions about that as well. But the most general of those opinions is that it is anything

00:02:24--> 00:02:25

that can be lent

00:02:26--> 00:02:29

to someone and returned without damage being done to it.

00:02:31--> 00:03:02

And anything that can be borrowed and returned without damage damage. So for example, some of the scholars mentioned a bucket that if somebody needs to borrow a bucket from you, they fill it up with water, they give it back to you afterwards, or utensils, a cup plate, something like this a spoon or fork, somebody comes up next to you and say Can I borrow your pen I want to write something down, you let them borrow the pen, okay. This type of benefiting someone is called mal Gani small benefits.

00:03:04--> 00:03:14

And some of them have described that as being Other than that, they say that it could be the cat, for example. We'll get to that a shallow tonic that is

00:03:17--> 00:03:22

Dean because it's also called sort of a dean because the beginning is a utility you can leave a B, D

00:03:23--> 00:03:26

and D has come in another sort already.

00:03:27--> 00:03:27

We're sort of

00:03:31--> 00:03:34

memorize this sorta because you're supposed to say it in every salon.

00:03:37--> 00:03:42

Maliki Yama, de Maddy kiyomi Dean Dean

00:03:45--> 00:04:02

the dean is the reckoning itself the recompence being held accountable that is known as a D and D All right, almost a very similar to the word Dame and Arabic which means what

00:04:04--> 00:04:22

a debt okay. So, that that that what happens when you repay a debt you and you even the scales even at scale, so on the Day of Judgment, that is when everybody is going to be paid in full, they get what they deserve, okay. So, here and this will

00:04:23--> 00:04:25

be the main theme of this Sora

00:04:27--> 00:04:38

is dealing with the negative characteristics that result as a denial or rejection of

00:04:39--> 00:04:40

the Day of Judgment.

00:04:42--> 00:04:57

What characteristics results when someone disbelieves in the Day of Judgment, this is the main theme of this surah so let us go over quickly inshallah Tada. Allah Subhana data says in the first ayah

00:04:58--> 00:04:59

the UK

00:05:00--> 00:05:02

Between the university The one who

00:05:04--> 00:05:07

denies or rejects

00:05:08--> 00:05:22

a dean being accountable. He doesn't believe that there's going to be a day of judgment, when he is held accountable for his deeds for everything that he's done in this life,

00:05:23--> 00:05:25

for that he can lead the

00:05:26--> 00:05:27

team

00:05:29--> 00:05:31

even sounds harsh

00:05:33--> 00:05:40

on your team, that is the one who repels, pushes away harshly, pushes away the orphan.

00:05:43--> 00:05:45

And we know that in Islam,

00:05:47--> 00:05:49

we are encouraged to care for the orphans.

00:05:51--> 00:06:01

And the promise of the law it was Allah mentioned that he is the one who takes care of an orphan or in general like this and he put his two fingers together.

00:06:03--> 00:06:22

He was alone. So this issue of taking care of the orphans is very important. And Allah Subhana data says that the one who rejects the deen Yani rejects that being held accountable for the action that he repels harshly rebels the orphan and doesn't give the orphan his rights

00:06:26--> 00:06:32

miskeen nor does he encourage was feeding the needy.

00:06:34--> 00:06:44

So this person, not only doesn't he feed the needy himself, he doesn't even encourage others to feed the needy which is it which is a whole different level of stinginess

00:06:45--> 00:06:48

and miserliness Jani, a person may not want to do something himself.

00:06:50--> 00:07:03

He doesn't want to give his own money for the cause. But he would still encourage others Jani, you should give for this particular cause. He doesn't give himself but he at least encourages others. Well, this person is so stingy that he doesn't even encourage others to feed the needy.

00:07:05--> 00:07:09

lol mousseline alladhina Houma, salata himself.

00:07:10--> 00:07:13

So hello to those people who pray,

00:07:14--> 00:07:23

who are heatless of their prayers, he lists regarding the prayers they notice here is a subtle point.

00:07:25--> 00:07:31

says alladhina salette himself, those who are heedless of their prayers,

00:07:32--> 00:07:36

neglectful as it relates to the prayers and he doesn't say

00:07:38--> 00:07:40

alladhina, whom feasts on it himself,

00:07:42--> 00:07:45

those who are heedless in their prayers

00:07:46--> 00:07:50

because that would that would imply one who praise

00:07:51--> 00:07:52

praise at the proper time.

00:07:55--> 00:08:02

And he doesn't have the proper to shoot me For example, He, he's thinking about something else.

00:08:04--> 00:08:22

Maybe he's thinking about what he's going to eat for dinner. I mean, whatever the situation may be at hand, but he's not totally attentive in his salon. That will be someone who is feasibility saying, he is in his salon. He is somewhat negligent, non attentive,

00:08:24--> 00:08:28

which is different than different than the one who was Ancelotti. So

00:08:30--> 00:08:31

it says here,

00:08:34--> 00:08:51

those who are heedless of their prayers, and so the seller for him home a lot and even even some of the campaigns have narrated that some of the campaigns said that these are the ones who delay their salaat and they don't pray it at its proper time.

00:08:52--> 00:08:53

Allah rebukes them

00:08:55--> 00:09:09

and this solar in this sort of data rebukes them and this is the correct interpretation of this particular is that they are those who do not pray at the proper time. So you find them

00:09:10--> 00:09:21

praying with acid with no excuse mother with Asia with no excuse. Salatin fragile a llama Rahim Allah Gani before he goes to work

00:09:26--> 00:09:30

on withstand some people 17 rockets in a row

00:09:31--> 00:09:32

and then end of the day

00:09:34--> 00:09:36

and some people will either be left

00:09:38--> 00:09:48

and this this actually used to be unfortunately common in certain places. Is that some of them on Joomla

00:09:50--> 00:09:54

so called makeup salon for the whole week before salon till Juma

00:09:57--> 00:09:58

so

00:10:00--> 00:10:03

Instead of praying 17 rockets every day

00:10:04--> 00:10:06

he comes on Juma

00:10:07--> 00:10:11

and he prays 102 rockets before Salatu Juma

00:10:15--> 00:10:20

and this is not something is not made up it's not fiction, this happens.

00:10:22--> 00:10:25

So these are the ones from Allah Subhana. Allah is rebuking

00:10:27--> 00:10:28

and this particular is

00:10:29--> 00:10:47

not to mention the one who abandons the Salah, which is this is why this is one of the eyes then the scholars who say that one who has left off the slides left Islam is because this rebuking is for one who prays he prays five times, but he doesn't pray on time.

00:10:48--> 00:10:53

So what about the one who totally abandons the Salah? Alina whom

00:10:54--> 00:10:55

you're our own

00:10:57--> 00:11:04

those who show off Yeah, and even when they come to pray, not at its stated time they show off into prayer.

00:11:05--> 00:11:09

Like Allah somehow Medina described them as the the hypocrites

00:11:11--> 00:11:12

in

00:11:13--> 00:11:15

the room Allah who will call the Hawaii that

00:11:16--> 00:11:17

way the camo,

00:11:18--> 00:11:22

camo, camo casada you are on an es

00:11:25--> 00:11:26

una Lai la colina.

00:11:28--> 00:11:35

Those who, when they stand up and prayer, they stand up. He lazy, they're lazy in the Salah.

00:11:37--> 00:11:48

Your own ness, they just want to show off to the people. They just want to be able to be done either way when it's time for people to see them. Salatu Lhasa Salatu Salam tonatiuh

00:11:49--> 00:11:52

lights at the time of the province of light.

00:11:53--> 00:12:06

Which is why which is why as I mentioned that no one used to get to holla Gani to stay away from the Jamaat, especially salons in Asia.

00:12:07--> 00:12:08

Except for one who wasn't.

00:12:09--> 00:12:12

And he was a hypocrite. But why did he stay away from

00:12:13--> 00:12:19

it because no one really noticed that when I say he has to be there, because he has to pretend like he's a Muslim.

00:12:21--> 00:12:22

Pretend that he believes

00:12:24--> 00:12:28

in so you know, when they pray, it's just to show off to the people.

00:12:31--> 00:12:31

That says

00:12:33--> 00:12:33

no owner.

00:12:35--> 00:12:38

And they prevent the metal and it was the metal

00:12:39--> 00:12:40

and metal,

00:12:41--> 00:12:50

any small type of benefit, which shows that if they're going to prevent people, somebody, someone needs to use their bucket, say know,

00:12:51--> 00:12:55

someone needs a utensil, I just need to borrow fork and neighbor comes over and

00:12:58--> 00:13:00

someone is going to be that stingy.

00:13:02--> 00:13:09

Then what about things that are greater than that? What am I actually giving something to somebody here, they're not even going to lend anything to someone,

00:13:11--> 00:13:14

something that they can lending it back without damage being done.

00:13:15--> 00:13:20

If that's the case, then this shows that they have reached the lowest of the low

00:13:21--> 00:13:23

when it comes to being miserly

00:13:24--> 00:13:38

that there is no one on their level. If someone is going to prevent even a man, I need this small form of benefits. So in summary, if we look at these things here, we see that a lot of data has given the description of those who do what

00:13:40--> 00:13:49

they repel the orphans, they don't encourage others to feed the needy, they prevent them out. This is the rights of the creation of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:13:50--> 00:14:15

And they pray at the proper times. And when they do they're showing off. This is the right of Eliza delta. So in summary, this is a to summarize that these people do not fulfill the rights of Allah subhana wa tada and do not fulfill the rights of the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Why is that? Why don't they fulfill allies with those rights, so the rights of his creation?

00:14:18--> 00:14:19

It's mentioned in the very first eye

00:14:21--> 00:14:36

because they don't believe in the deen. They reject a dean. And they don't believe that they're going to be held accountable in the first place. What do you expect from someone who doesn't expect to be held accountable? What do you want from him? You want him to be upright moral,

00:14:37--> 00:14:39

not to lie, not to cheat, not to steal?

00:14:41--> 00:14:42

Everything he can get away with it.

00:14:44--> 00:14:48

Look what happens. Look what happens when someone thinks that they can get away with something

00:14:50--> 00:15:00

when they are not conscious of the fact that Eliza is watching them that he hears them and that he's going to hold them accountable. So

00:15:00--> 00:15:21

As a result of them disbelieving and rejecting the D, and E, that accountability, then these characteristics come. And that is that they are not going to fulfill the rights of Allah Subhana data, nor are they going to fulfill the rights of the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is why

00:15:22--> 00:15:35

from the greatest articles of faith and pillars of pillars of faith, and from the greatest foundations of Islam, is that the Muslim believes in the hereafter believes in a life to come.

00:15:37--> 00:15:42

And you know, that from the hadith of gibreel, when he came and sat with the prophets of the wireless on them, and he said to him,

00:15:43--> 00:15:52

Dyneema Lehman, and for me, what is what he meant is, what does he mean? And the promise of the law it was sent him sent to me never lie.

00:15:53--> 00:15:57

To me, he was when he told me, wow, laughable to me.

00:15:59--> 00:16:11

So that was a lie that was Southern says to believe in Allah and His angels, and the books and the messages and to believe in the hereafter to believe in the hereafter. You see so many Hadith.

00:16:12--> 00:16:12

When Kenny,

00:16:14--> 00:16:32

whoever believes in the law in the last day, you can search and search and search, not whoever believes in the law, and the angels, whoever believes in the law, and his messengers, whoever believes in the law, you will, but you will find so many heads that start out with whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day.

00:16:33--> 00:16:44

Why is that? Because whoever believes in Allah as the one who created him, and the one who sustains him, and the one who deserves to be worshipped alone,

00:16:46--> 00:16:55

and then believes that there will be a day when he returns back to that creator and will be held accountable for that worship or lack thereof.

00:16:56--> 00:16:58

Then he is going to speak

00:16:59--> 00:17:08

with what is that a good day he's going to be quiet. He is the one that's going to treat his guests well. He is the one to the end of it.

00:17:10--> 00:17:14

The concept of believing Allah subhana wa Tada. And the last day

00:17:17--> 00:17:25

so a person, Danny this type of person who believes in the law and the last day and knows that the only way he is going to escape

00:17:26--> 00:17:37

the justice of Allah. Allah is by entering into the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala The only way he's going to get away from the justice of Allah is being enveloped by

00:17:38--> 00:17:41

mercy. Danny, the one who is conscious

00:17:42--> 00:17:44

of his scale scales,

00:17:45--> 00:17:47

and cardiac, cardiac,

00:17:49--> 00:17:49

cardiac

00:17:52--> 00:17:53

yo Mia Kunal

00:17:56--> 00:17:56

Kunal g.

00:18:00--> 00:18:02

for M. Taco telco, let

00:18:06--> 00:18:17

me ask for the one who scales are heavy, then he will have a pleasant life. What amendment Hufford man was he, the person that is conscious that there's going to be scales that are laid out,

00:18:19--> 00:18:25

then this is the type of person that you expect the very different from the one who

00:18:26--> 00:18:34

does not believe in that and believes, as the statement of the day goes, YOLO you only live once a very different

00:18:37--> 00:18:38

person believes that.

00:18:39--> 00:18:41

And we believe that you only live once in this dunya

00:18:43--> 00:18:46

but you're going to live again for eternity.

00:18:47--> 00:18:53

So we believe as Muslims that yes, you only get one shot, that's an acronym for that.

00:18:54--> 00:19:04

You only get one shot, you get one chance to get it right. After that, there is no other chance, a little bit of God, He will say, oh, law, send me back, send me back.

00:19:07--> 00:19:09

Perhaps I will do some good Kela

00:19:11--> 00:19:25

do the same thing. You know why? Because when the law was to give him another chance, because alarm form does it, then he would come back to the union, he would be hopeful that he'll get another chance to just mess up again. And then I can ask a lot of send me back in. This is the nature

00:19:26--> 00:19:30

so you only get one shot not you only live once.

00:19:31--> 00:19:35

There's a big difference between the one who believes that and the one who doesn't.

00:19:37--> 00:19:43

Because he believes that listen, everything is going to happen here this dunya This is why I'm going to be held accountable for what I do.

00:19:45--> 00:19:52

Now what is stopping him what will stop him What is that that is going to prevent him from doing anything.

00:19:54--> 00:19:59

This is why it's so easy. It is so easy for one this believes in Allah to live

00:20:02--> 00:20:23

They even have nice little white lies. There's no problem. Every person tells the little white ones, as long as you don't tell what the big green ones. What does that mean? What does a little white lie? No lying in Islam is haram, the little ones, the big ones, whatever, it's hard. For a person who believes that they're going to stand in front of the last panel data,

00:20:25--> 00:20:26

then they avoid this.

00:20:27--> 00:20:37

They will stop it, as long as there's a clear benefit in him lying. And he doesn't think anybody's going to catch him. See, because he also doesn't want to get caught lying.

00:20:38--> 00:20:54

Not because he fears a lot in the last day, but because he fears for his business. So if he's a salesman, and he gets caught lying, and then the word spreads around, then it's going to harm his business, or he's going to face punishment in this life.

00:20:56--> 00:21:05

Because he believes that there may be some punishment in this life, that is that he's going to lose some money, then maybe he won't live for that reason. But if he can lie and get away with it, why not? What's stopping him.

00:21:07--> 00:21:10

If he can sleep with somebody else's wife and get away with what

00:21:11--> 00:21:14

he thinks the guy is going to catch him and kill him, then he's going to refrain.

00:21:16--> 00:21:18

A Muslim believes that allies will tell us

00:21:20--> 00:21:31

that he hears him, he is that he sees him he's Eileen, he knows everything about him. So Muslim refrains from that, regardless, plus a Muslim loves Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:21:33--> 00:22:02

Allah entails that one loves what Allah loves, and that he hates to the light first and foremost before he fears anything, before he fears any accountability for that. But in general, there are Muslim trains himself. And trains is hard to love what aligns with your loves, and to despise what Allah subhanaw taala despises. This is part of our worship of Allah, this is part of the worship of the heart, before we get to the concept of worshiping with our limbs or with our tongues.

00:22:04--> 00:22:41

So this is why a Muslim, rephrase what he says with somebody that doesn't believe in that, then the only thing that is going to stop him is some type of retribution that he feels fears in this life, in this life. So for example, he won't go against societal norms, because he fears as a result of that, that he's going to be outcast. Because he fears any punishment from Allah subhana wa Tada. He doesn't do certain crimes, because he sees the cameras and he knows he's going to get caught and if he gets caught, he's going to face some type of worldly punishment. So he refrains from these things.

00:22:42--> 00:22:43

So

00:22:44--> 00:22:50

his only obstacle is, is his fear of some type of punishment. This life was the Muslim

00:22:51--> 00:22:53

and those who believe in the last day

00:22:55--> 00:23:14

are worried about that meeting with the law subhana wa Tada. Some of the benefits that we take away from this sutra is the importance of doing good and encouraging others to do good. Hillel Edina M and o. y amin solly Hattie were to also build.

00:23:15--> 00:23:26

So it is not just that you believe and that you have knowledge of a lost handout and what is required of you and that you act according to it, but that you also instruct others to do so.

00:23:27--> 00:23:28

But here we have a different scenario.

00:23:31--> 00:24:05

fireman muskie, he doesn't encourage, he doesn't encourage people to feed to feed the needy. And this is a blameworthy treat. The Muslim should always be encouraging others to do good. Another point that we get from this sorta is the importance of a Salah. The importance of prayer, prayer, when at its proper time, one of the greatest of deeds or the promise of the light it was something was asked, What is the best, most beloved deed so Allah Subhana daddy said the man will be loved

00:24:06--> 00:24:09

having faith having he meant philosophy

00:24:10--> 00:24:29

they asked him then what sort of lifestyle Salah to Allah waqia praying at its proper time. And then some some narrations we overlooked. Yeah, and praying at the beginning, at the beginning of its times, that this is something that is beloved to Allah subhana wa Tada. And we benefit from that.

00:24:31--> 00:24:41

We get that point from a Latina who sold it himself those who are neglectful of their prayers heedless of their prayers.

00:24:43--> 00:24:44

We also see that

00:24:46--> 00:24:58

one of the most despicable characteristics that a believer can have is being miserly stinginess. This is not the quality of a believer. A believer is not stingy.

00:25:01--> 00:25:02

A believer gives

00:25:03--> 00:25:08

his wealth that Allah subhana wa tada has blessed him with, if he has the ability to do so.

00:25:12--> 00:25:13

Follow Be sure to

00:25:15--> 00:25:24

protect yourself from the fire, even if it's with a half a date, Danny, somebody might not have a lot, you might have a date, time half of it is for

00:25:28--> 00:25:29

the other half is for you.

00:25:30--> 00:25:35

And even if you can't find that, then with a good word, Danny, the believer at any event

00:25:36--> 00:25:37

is generous.

00:25:38--> 00:25:56

So if you don't want to be like the people who are mentioned in this surah, because this sort is all about rebuking those who have these characteristics, if you don't want to be like those who are mentioned in this verse, then you have to fulfill the rights of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:25:57--> 00:26:00

And you have to fulfill the rights of his creation.

00:26:02--> 00:26:05

Let me draw your attention to something

00:26:07--> 00:26:20

this sort of starts out talking about what those who disbelieve in a deep type is the being something that we can see or something that is unseen, that accountability that's going to happen, it's from the unseen.

00:26:21--> 00:26:40

And then it is from the traits is that they are stingy, that they don't give from what Allah has provided them. And likewise that they are healers when it comes to the Select exactly the opposite characteristics of those whom Allah Subhana Allah describes in the very beginning of the Quran.

00:26:41--> 00:26:42

So tell

00:26:43--> 00:26:43

me

00:26:47--> 00:26:48

who the little

00:26:49--> 00:26:59

guy guidance for those who have Taqwa for those who have Taqwa Allah Do you know what you mean?

00:27:05--> 00:27:14

Those who believe in the unseen that is the first quality of the Mottaki. The exact opposite of the first thing that is mentioned in this I

00:27:16--> 00:27:21

will be deep. You see those who deny and reject

00:27:23--> 00:27:36

the reckoning? Here we have a Latina you mean those who believe in the unseen from which is the belief in the judgment and the Day of Judgment.

00:27:38--> 00:27:40

Maybe why you Ki Moon,

00:27:42--> 00:27:42

woman

00:27:43--> 00:27:44

FICO

00:27:46--> 00:27:51

and they do what they establish the solid, there is no iqama to select if you're praying

00:27:53--> 00:28:07

after this specified times and the fixed times in the salata can its Island meaning a key tab in makuta. And the the Salah has been prescribed at specific times for the believers.

00:28:08--> 00:28:16

So the establishment of Salah you can't be from the Salah, Hina and his salani those who are healers of the site and established

00:28:18--> 00:28:23

those who established and from what we have given them of sustenance from

00:28:25--> 00:28:29

whom they spend, they give it away. Lenten

00:28:31--> 00:28:49

tune FICO mimma to hit boo, you will never attain piety and righteousness, until you give away from that. From that what you love, not just not just anything but that you give away some of that which you love. You see, so there's,

00:28:50--> 00:29:13

you see the contrast between our own in this in this Sora and the matcha tea Subhana Allah is from the amazing results of pondering over the verses of the Quran. And looking into those two facets of those scholars who have preceded us and have brought out these meanings to show us the magnificence of the Quran.