Channel: Tahir Wyatt
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Brothers and sisters
in behalf of society automation
today's program is designed with the initial four readings of the standard, a set of people.
I like to take this opportunity to introduce chef Dr. Donna White, who is the publisher candidate experience, interpreter and instructor of Islamic Studies and competitive management. During his 21 years of studying and teaching in Saudi Arabia, he accomplished several degrees including a doctorate in theology. He was also the only American ever to be appointed to teach in the Prophet's mosque in Medina. The second point is site, most important Dr. White currently lectures both nationally and internationally, and most universities and other institutions of learning. He serves as the executive director of the United Muslims machine in Canada and as the president of the Iran
awake and reflection Institute,
an institute dedicated to structured curriculum based instruction of the
language. Here we are today gathered once again after the first session, the first part of the same series, the five keys to success and we shall we shall be proceeding with the fourth and the fifth key to success, which is going to be secure in this moment, shall we also have some kind of agenda to help us all benefit from this and to accept from us all the different doorways into a and that almost kind of brings about a positive effect in all of our lives.
100 illa Now, how do you know when to stop hudl when I will rely Himanshu fusino CAGR Marina de la dama de la mejor de Lille Holla Holla are Chateau La ilaha illallah wa sallahu la sharika shawanna Mohammedan Abdo Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was, he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira Manila Yama Dean, and my bad sir Mr. De Kumara. Who to lie over a casual
by show of hands, how many of you were here for the first session back in November just so I can get an idea? Oh, wow. Okay.
Before we actually get into today's topic,
let me just remind you all of the importance of what we're doing here today,
Allah subhanho wa Tada, setting the chorion
of a huseby tomb and
under come Elena, lateral john, did you think that we created you in play, and he for no purpose whatsoever without purpose, and that you will not be returning to me.
In other words, a believer at all times is conscious of the fact that we are accountable for what we do in this life.
We are accountable for how we use allows blessings.
Similar to Luna, Yama is in and in name, then you will be asked on that day about the nyeem the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has given you the favors that He has given you. And one of the greatest favors that we all have. In fact, we're equal in the amount that we're given in a day, but we're different in how we use it is time
Time is a great blessing, especially if you have free time. And this is why Prophet sallallahu wasallam called free time a Nima. He says sallallahu alayhi wa sallam net mitanni Maha Boonen fee he maketh human analysis as to how to well for us. There are two blessings that many people are mother Boone Fie man. And most of the time people translate this as they are, they are cheated out of them or they don't take advantage of these two blessings.
And the word Robin here just so that we understand if you go to the marketplace, how much does this cost?
time if you go to the airport, how much is it?
Five. Okay. If you if you go to the regular soup, and you don't know you're not from Dubai, you don't know how much this cost in America. This cost $1 It doesn't cost one.
Alright, so somebody tells you the regular bacala here they tell you for deadhead. Okay.
Coming from America for deadhead, okay. It's like $1 case fine.
But you're from here when you go to the soup you know that this supposed to be how much one direction so if you pay for data him for it and somebody else comes in they said How much did you pay for that? You said I pay for did him they say no in Arabic they were saying to Boone that you were cheated. You got cheated in the soup. So the same thing the prophets Elijah was Selim says about time, he says that they are two blessings. Mug mitanni mug boom fi Mecca thielmann ns a lot of people are cheated when it comes to these two favorites because they're not using them properly. One is their free time.
And the other is their health. And that's because there are things that you can do when you are healthy that you just cannot do when you're not feeling well. And so you have to take advantage of those two things that Allah subhana wa tada has blessed you with and one of the best things that you can do with your time is what you're doing right now. Which is coming trying to learn more about your deen
it will miss
all your low tide and Homer
tada and who submitted them to attache in Needham era Yeoman hora but Sham suhu Naka Nakasone II actually while I'm using it v Armani so I don't regret anything the way I regret a day that goes by Robert shampoo, the son of that day sets
my time on Earth has decreased but my actions have not increased my deeds have not increased and hasn't bursary Rahim Allah Tada. So you have an adamant in the mentor, a young, old son of Adam, you are nothing but days you are the sum total of what you are is just days on this earth for you that have a Yeoman that have a bow look. So when a day goes by part of you also goes by. And so it's very important that we take a portion
of our time and dedicate it to learning the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala because you weren't created
for a career. Yes, you may need a career to provide for yourself to provide for your family, you were not created for play. Yes, you may need to play sometimes relax, amuse yourself so that you can refresh yourself for work and these type of things. But this is not what you were created for. And the Hereafter is much longer than the dunya in fact, is no comparison. And that is why last minutes Allah calls the hereafter your real life what in the land feel like he'll hire one location. Yeah, and the moon and the Hereafter is the real life if they only but knew. So taking time
in this life, to prepare for the next is very important. And Allah Subhana Allah has sent down to us,
the Koran, so that we can know Him subhana wa tada and know what He requires of us so that we can be successful in this life and have salvation in the next. And that is why when we study the deen of Allah subhana wa Tada. We're trying to study as closely as we can, the text, the revelation, so that we know what it is that is going to draw us
closer to Allah subhanahu wa Tada. And we started our study
this particular study, which was termed or called five keys to success.
And that is because the success of this life,
real success in this life is not measured by the prestige of your career. It's not measured by how much money you have. There's a lot of people that used to be millionaires yesterday, they're not millionaires today, people who were poor yesterday, their self made, you know, millionaires and billionaires today, it doesn't mean that they are successful.
In fact, success is measured by your connection to a loss of humans, Adam, because that's what brings about happiness. Have you ever heard by show of hands? Have you ever heard of somebody who has a lot of money? But yet committed suicide?
Yes. Okay, we all have heard about famous people with a lot of money, but they still commit suicide, to go to the point where you commit suicide, you have to hit the ultimate load. It's not just that you're unhappy, you have actually given up all hope, one life.
How does that happen when a person has so much is because the key to success is not money, you need some money, we're not talking about we're not advocating that you need to be poor.
But that is not the key to success. The key to finding happiness is that you have a real bond with the one who created you.
who has all of the material things that they could need, they have toys, they have a nice house, they have all of the things that you can think of that a child would need.
But their parents live in another country.
How do you think that child feels? We know that happens that happens here in the middle east allow people leave their children back in certain places, they come here to work so that they can support their families back home. Do you think the child is more happy when the parents are away or when the parents are close?
When the parents are away, oh, close, I was gonna say that maybe the mean parents, their children don't want to be around them. Right? Normally, when the parents are close to children, because they have that natural connection to their parents, and they want to be loved by their parents, they need that feeling of affection. And even if they have all of these material things, it doesn't make them as happy.
Similarly, our relationship with the laws of hematology Who has created us we have a natural desire to have a connection with our Creator.
Things happen in life that take us away from Allah subhanaw taala. Sometimes it may even affect our nature to some degree, where we don't even realize that that's what we're looking for. But we feel this void inside. We want to feel whole again. But that's not going to happen until we are connected to Allah subhana wa Tada. So we talked about five keys of success.
We're talking about the fact that in order to attain and achieve real success in this life, we have to know who Allah Subhana Allah is. And we have to know his Deen what he wants from us how we're supposed to be living. And so what we've chosen here are five kawhi men kawhi, slim, five huge, Maxim's universal principles from the principles of the religion of Islam. And we took these straight from a very important book called Alcoa. It will soon l jamea. By shape of drama Vanessa sad Rahim Allah to Allah who's famous for his Tafseer. And this book will collide. Well, soon I'll provide the Maxim's and also the principles that are comprehensive, which means that there are many
aspects of our Dean, the Dean of Islam that come under these principles. So when we're talking about principles of Islam, we're not talking about individual texts from the Quran and Sunnah. We're talking about broad principles that are based on the text.
So does anybody remember for those of you who were here at the last one, because this is going to help you understand what we're covering? Anybody remember one of the principles we covered last time? Anybody you can just raise your hand and then I'll point to you can
The lager you too. Oh hamdulillah I was gonna take a coffee break. Go ahead.
Okay, that's two different things. Which one you want to pick?
Yeah, go ahead.
Fire. We did cover that, but that's not the principal. He said the means don't justify the ends. That is true. But what was the principal? Yes.
date. All right. So the first, this is the first principle that we covered and we're going to go over 123 just so that you can we can get us to point four inshallah. Number One was that everything that Allah commands in the religion?
Everything that he has legislated in the deen of Islam
is either entirely beneficial
or it is overwhelmingly beneficial.
It is either entirely beneficial or mostly beneficial.
And everything that Allah has prohibited
is either entirely detrimental. Danny, it's bad.
Or it is mostly bad.
How does this help you understand Islam.
This helps us understand something very important about the religion of Islam and that is that Allah subhana wa tada was good for his servants. That everything that he has told us to do and his infinite knowledge and wisdom Allah even Hakeem subhana wa tada that he knows that this thing is good for us.
Either entirely good for us, or it is mostly good.
And that's so important for us to understand.
Because we may and we have to understand that Allah subhanaw taala does not commanded us to do anything for his benefit. Allah does not benefit from our worship.
What do we benefit from Salah.
Allah commanded us to pray How many times? Five times a day you have to pray five times a day. And listen, if you don't pray five times a day, it does not have the effect that it is supposed to have. So don't think that Oh, no. Well, I'm almost there. You know, I'm praying most of the time, four times a day. I just don't feel the same. I don't get all the benefit of the prayer.
Let me ask you something. This room has how many walls
for 1234 and it has
a roof that's number five. If the roof was gone, would it protect us from the sun?
That's number five.
If you don't pray all five, it's not going to protect you the way that it should the last minute it gave us five for reason, because that's where the benefit. There's a benefit to that five anyway, the point is the last pantalla does not command does anything with anything except that it is either beneficial or, and totally beneficial or mostly beneficial. What is something that has some harm in it?
But Allah Subhana Allah has legislated for it for us to do it.
It's made it permissible.
I didn't say it he did.
Marrying. Or let's just say this system of polygyny, which is, which is the permissibility for man to marry more than one woman?
Is there some
detriment to that?
Is there some something bad in there? Yes, Yes, there is. Just as the sisters on this side, they'll tell you all about it.
But that doesn't mean that the system itself is bad. In fact, the system of polygyny, the benefit of that system, outweighs the harm of the system and it doesn't mean that every individual that it's good for him to marry more than one wife, but as a system as a whole it is beneficial it is more beneficial than not having it otherwise allows me to add or would not have legislated okay has a last minute it prohibited us from doing things that are beneficial that have some benefit to it.
drinking alcohol and gambling allows pantalla specifically says in the Quran, fi man if moon could be even woman, Effie holiness, that in those two things there are great sin. And there are benefit for the people what if mu Matic bottle mean nothing human, but the sin involved in it is greater than the benefit. So when the sin is greater than the benefit than what then it be, then that thing is impermissible. So it's the concept of weighing the pros and the cons are the benefit and the detriment and that includes the entire beam of Islam.
There's no exception to that rule. Everything that allows cantata has legislated for us as either entirely beneficial or mostly beneficial, overwhelmingly beneficial, and everything as prohibited is either entirely negative and detrimental or mostly negative and detrimental was the second one that we took.
The second one, so the brother over here alluded to it, which is Alyssa kam Al mocassin, means adapt the rules of the ends. What's that mean? What that means is that Allah Subhana, Allah has prescribed for us certain things that we must do.
Anything that is necessary for us to get to that particular obligation also becomes an obligation for us, and were rewarded similarly. So for example, if I walk from here to the back of the room, do I get any reward for that?
No, it's permissible for me to walk. But if I walk from here to the masjid, to pray that I get reward for walking, yes. Because praying in the masjid for the men in congregation, we hear the event it is an obligation for us. So, now walking also becomes or some way of getting to the mesh, it also becomes an obligation. So the means that is the way the way I get to something also becomes an obligation we understand that. Likewise, if a person walks to a bar,
then not just going to the bar itself is haram, but his walking, every step he takes is also
understand the concept here. We covered all of these before, I'm just trying to get us up to speed inshallah. Okay, the third thing that we covered, which was the last principle or the last key is yes.
hardship and difficulty is a cause of alleviation or facility and ease in the religion Alma Shaka to Tez Li boo at tacy.
So when something is difficult for you to do,
then the Sharia lightens up for you. Legislation lightens up becomes easier for you, anybody remember an example? For example, standing in prayer is what?
Standing is a rookin is an essential part of your prayer. If you have the ability to stand up and pray, but you sit down, then the salon is not accepted for the wedge of salon for the salon. So if somebody just went into the mentioning right now,
and they walked to the masjid, they can stand up. It's very normal for them. But they can say, You know what? I think I'll sit this one. I'm gonna sit this one.
Is there salon accepted? No, the salon is invalid because standing is a is an essential. It is a rookin it is an essential part of your prayer. Okay, for a woman who is less to say in her third trimester
It's difficult for her to stand in one place, you know, for longer than a couple minutes, a minute, a minute and a half. And it's very difficult for her just to stand in one place. Can she sit down and pray?
Yes, not every single woman but every woman each woman knows herself. So she knows that while standing if she stands in the prayer, it's going to cause her such an abnormal difficulty. She's not going to be able to concentrate on the salon. She's going to be thinking more about how hard it is to stand. So for her
It is permissible to sit down because masakatsu says the Boo at tayseer difficulty is a cause of alleviation. That is when you have an abnormal difficulty that the shediac becomes more lacks. And we talked about all of the evidence for each of these three principles. Now, why is this important? Before we get to the to the fourth key? This is very important for us to study, because it gives us a broad understanding of Islam.
It's kind of like how you say, a bird's eye view, right?
I'm sure that many of you like cricket and soccer and these type of things.
Excuse me football right here. I'm sorry. Soccer is like, okay. So if you're looking from a distance, you can see all of the players on the field, you can see when a person made a mistake, but when you zoom in, even though it gives you a better view, okay, it doesn't give you a full view. So you can only see certain parts. What we're trying to do today is zoom out, allow us to see the broad principles of Islam, so that we understand what some may call the spirit of the law, right? You know, when they say, you want to understand this in a broad context. So by studying the principles of Islam,
these principles that we're studying, it allows us to see things a lot more clearly.
And it allows us to take the individual is an idea that we find and understand them in light of the broader context. And that's why it's very important for us, as regular Muslims, not as scholars of Islam, but as regular Muslims to have a very good understanding of these principles. Do not think that and you will come across different rulings today, don't think that you're going to leave here after a chat tonight and you're going to be able to get fatality,
that's not going to happen.
But what I do expect is that if you hear fatawa, from the scholars of Islam, you'll be able to see how they use these principles in their fatality. And you'll be able to understand better why there may be a specific text on an on a topic and the scholar says, but this is how we should view it in light of the principles as a whole. And so hopefully, that's something that we'll cover as we go today inshallah, tada with the fourth key which is dealing with ability and necessity, time.
publication is connected.
Okay, once you just take a take a minute to let this digest
anything that is whadjuk in Islam
is directly connected to capacity, meaning your ability to do that thing.
Now, when we say that something is wired to
the definition of Wagyu beef in Islam is Mr.
B has shared it m one jesseman. Anything that a loss of habitat or the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. The legislation in general has commanded to be done.
Definitely strict strict command that it be done.
Okay, so this is your obligation. obligation is connected to ability and we'll talk I just want you to get the broad understanding here.
So there's no obligation. If you don't have the ability to do that thing, you literally do not have the ability to do it, then there's no obligation.
For example, if you're in the hospital,
and you've got IV and all types of things in your veins and you can't put water on your body.
Do you have to make will do for salein.
Yes or no? No. is will do
an obligation for salon? Yes, you have to have taharah before you pray
But here you don't have the ability to make will do and so, there is no obligation with inability the obligation is lifted. Okay?
And there is no prohibition
in the case of necessity and maybe I should say in the case of dire necessity, so things that are normally haram for you to do
will become permissible in the case of dire necessity. Let's look at the wording here.
Let's look at some questions. Yeah follows
these are warm up questions. I want you to get your mind thinking about this. Yeah, go ahead.
Principle is a person who cannot pay
How much do you have to pay for the castle fits on?
One saw this is not a sock. What is this?
This is a mud.
Okay, OSI is how many? Four months? Even though this is not really not so accurate. There was an actual
you could say vessel that they use at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam called a mud. Okay, which is approximately in terms of volumes. Point 75. To point 80 liters yani 75 to 80 milliliters.
Do you understand the question here?
So a person who can't pay the full amount of the castle fitted, they can't pay a
they don't have a site to give, but they have half of Assad? Do they still have to give that? And what about a person who can't fast the entire day of Ramadan? They are on medication? And they have to take a certain medication, say at door time? Do they have to fast from fudger to because they can do that?
Or not? You understand a question? Okay, good. Father.
is a person sinful? They say Listen,
I've been trying now. For a long time. I cannot get past them. hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. That's all I have the ability to memorize. Okay?
Are they sinful if they can't memorize more than al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. Even though Fatiha is a rookie, write of the player it's an essential element. And if they can't then what do they say in prayer? Not and what is your evidence now?
Did can that actually happen?
Or is this just something that we make up just so that you can have mental exercise?
Yeah, it can happen. And I actually saw power on the way here. yesterday. On the way here. I was on the plane. And the the guy that was pushing the cart, he ran out of everything except for
except for wine.
And no apple juice, no ours, just his cart. Obviously, there was other stuff on the plane. But imagine now somebody's sitting there in the IRC and they're choking. And they need something. That's the only thing there. You understand the concept.
The only thing around is a glass of wine. What does he do? And what's your evidence? Yes.
but does it stop here? Do they normally have to?
Okay, so is it is it okay for muslimah to perform CPR on a man
understand the question
and understand the question. Okay, perfect.
Further, right. Now let's just go over the general meaning of the principle and then we'll talk about the evidence now.
To perform and
that is there's no wiggle room, what's the difference between wedges?
wedges is something that you have to do, Allah commanded you to do it and you have to do it. If you don't do it, then you are sinful. Mr. happ is also commanded in Islam. But if you don't do it, then you are not sinful, then you're not sinful. So an example of wage IP is the first height that you make. Mr. head is your second hide your third height, wage ipsilateral
to ikats after so lots of
Mr. Hebb, okay. If you don't do it, then you are not sinful, even though and that's something to pay close attention to.
First thing you'll be asked about your piano, from your actions is what is your salad.
So, if your select is good, and it sounds, then the rest of the questioning is going to be easy.
And if there's some deficiency in your final slide, not meaning in number not meaning that you used to pray only four times or three times a day or, or you pray once in a while, no, not that kind of deficiency. But your salaat wasn't whole in terms of your being into it.
You know, in other words, you said Allahu Akbar. And then immediately you start thinking about the rest of the things you need to do for today.
Yeah, I need to take my wife shopping tonight. And then but it's cheaper over there. So I'm going to convince her
that we're going to go to this place and you don't Mashallah, all of this is happening in salon.
Eman is our second record. Third record, you don't know you have no clue.
When he slams out, you saw Mr. hamdulillah. What did you understand from salaat? Not too much. So that's the efficiency in the slide doesn't mean his slot is invalid. But how do you make up for those deficiencies with a lot of no effort? And so you should that if you have the ability, you should not be leaving off praying to rakaats before fudger praying for before door after door after Muslim. So after you say, because whatever deficiency you have in your throat, then Allah subhanaw taala commands, the angels he says on Lou Henley add the mentor toward look at what my servant has from from voluntary actions and that's used to make up for the deficiency and your fault.
Anyway, the obligation are those things which you are legally required to do and Islam.
capacity. Yeah, capacity.
Right. So for example, a person who lives in Canada, how do what means do they need to perform hij?
How do they get to Mecca?
on a plane, okay? If they don't have the ability to get on a plane, some people cannot some people just simply cannot get on a plane.
Whether it's due to a mental anxiety, or there's some physical inability for them to get on a plane, even with drugs and all these type of things.
Do they have to make height?
Yes or no?
Now because they don't have the ability, they don't have the ability to get to Mecca, there's no way you can make hydron Toronto it's not gonna happen.
So they can't get to Mecca.
They can't get on a plane. We're not going to say in this day and time where they can catch a boat to Saudi Arabia. That's not happening either because then you have to put them like in a trunk of a car or something.
You're gonna die. So they don't have the ability to get to Mecca. whatever other reason they may be.
Okay, we can say forget that. Maybe there are two four examples. panela some people in this just happened when humbler not too long ago, a friend his mother took Shahada at 93 years old
93 she still has her mind is still okay. But she doesn't have the physical ability to do much. doesn't have the physical ability to make highs that she has to make how much
she has to if she has the financial ability, she has to give the money to someone to perform height on her behalf.
Because the ability for hedge is two types combined physical and financial. So if a person doesn't have the physical ability, but they do have the financial ability, then they do have to, then they do have to pay someone to perform Hajj on their behalf or give the money to someone to perform Hajj on their behalf. So capacity means the actual ability. Okay. We said that standing up in prayer is a booking of your of your salad is an essential element of your prayer. But somebody who's in a wheelchair and cannot stand up, do they have to stand in prayer? Now they don't have the physical ability to do so. So this is what we're talking about when we say capacity.
And we all know what heroin means. So this is a prohibition Yes.
Okay, okay. Okay.
Here, this one, we have to stop for a second and really understand what is bottle law? Because this is the word we're using here. necessity.
Dora, how many of you have heard this term before? Dora? Are This is door to door?
Okay. What does Dora me?
An urgent need. Okay. That's a good translation.
Any Anybody else?
Okay, I mean, let me give you let me give an example.
Any any of you live in the West? I mean, or have lived in, for example, America, you're so forth. Okay. Okay, good. Have you ever heard people say, say
I have to is Aurora for me to take this mortgage out? On my home? Because owning a house is doTERRA
tight we're gonna ask is owning a house. Dora? What do you think?
No. Yes, no.
Why isn't it a Dora?
Because you can rent Okay, so there's another option that we have here.
There's another option that we have here which is to to rent. is having is harming a house is living in a house, Dora? Yes. Is owning the home you live in a dura? No. Okay. In general, but let's look at it a little differently. Let's say
has nine children.
Okay. Is nine children. Anybody here have nine children?
My second 16 anybody?
Now humping? I know people. This is great. So Pamela prophesize. Selim says ojibwa do not want to marry the woman who is
who is loving and
gives. Well, he says well lewd, which means that she is able to bear a lot of children. And you kind of know this from looking at the family says, oh, Jill will do that. For me, McAfee will become an omen. I'm sorry, Sam said because I'm I want to have the greatest or the largest number in my own.
So I know people with 16 children 20 children hamdulillah by nine children.
And he goes to try to rent a place.
Do any of you own place here? Anybody owns something? Nobody owns a home here. Right? You own Hmm? Would you rent to somebody with nine children?
He says no. Most people will not. It's going to be very difficult for you to find somebody so you know what people wind up doing? they wind up lying. How many children do you have? Three, four.
Because, because here they can't find a place to live. They cannot find a place to live because nobody is going to rent a home to them. Now, this person has a steady job
and he's able to go to the bank and get a loan.
For the mortgage, but the loan is an interest bearing loan and interest in Islam is haram. Right? So what does this person do? Understand the dilemma? Here, he has to find the place that I'm not giving a federal here, I'm just telling you how you think through this. So he stuck between a rock and a hard place. Either he lies so that he can live in someone else's home and rent from them, or he takes out an interest
bearing loan so that he can purchase a home.
Maybe that's his only two options. Sometimes there's a third option, which is you can find an Islamic mortgage Sharia compliant that was as they call it in the West.
They say Sharia
compliant loan. If that's available, then even if it's more expensive in the long run, then he has to do what complies with the law, even if it is costing him more. Anyway, the point is, do we understand the concept of necessity, necessity. In this thing, I just want us to understand Buddha because some people say the Torah. And they don't really mean though Torah, it's not really a necessity.
There are five major what they call a Buddha react el comes five major necessities in a slump. And it's tied directly with what they call mocassin shediac. Or the higher objectives of the shediac. So our religion has come to preserve five things in general, who knows them? Anybody? You can work together on this one? Yes.
Life? Number one is not life. What's number one? The Dean itself?
And then number two is life. Why is life number two and religion? Number one?
Because without the dean, how are you living. And that's true, because life does not have purpose without D. Without D life simply does not have purpose. So Dean, then life, then what?
On Earth, which some people translate as progeny or honor, it can it can mean both. Okay, wealth, and let before wealth,
mental health, you're after protecting the mind. And then number five is your wealth.
So when we talk about necessity, let's understand this very well.
necessity has to be tied to one of those five things.
Either the protection of the life, and the extension of life. And it's always mentioned when we talk about the Aurora extension of life, is your limbs.
And if you don't do this haram thing, you're going to lose your hand, you're going to lose your foot, or you're going to lose a manufacturer, which means
one of your senses, you're going to lose the ability to see or the ability to hear all of these are connected to life and quality of life. So there are some things that you can do
that are Haram.
In general, these things are Haram in Islam, but for the protection of life, you may have to do one of those things.
Likewise, the protection of honor your family, your progeny, offspring, the protection of your mental health, or the protection of wealth, which we'll see in Shell outside. So this is all related to necessity. There are other things that are not directly related to necessity, as we'll see, type. So this maximum is comprised of two principles.
So this is one obligations are lifted due to inability and number two,
duress or necessity tight, perfect. All right.
Let's go back before we go to the proofs real quick, we talked about hij.
We said for example, somebody became Muslim at the age of 93. They can't get on a plane. They don't have the ability to make heights.
So how do we set for them?
not waiting, unless they have the financial ability, but physical making of highs is not well, but
what if somebody says For example, I can't make much? And you say why not? says well law he?
It's just so difficult to leave my family for that long.
Do we say Oh, yeah, this is the Laura.
You are you don't have the ability. You don't have the ability, so therefore you don't have to make height. Who agrees with him?
Nobody. Nobody loves their family that much.
None of you brothers love your wives that much?
Oh, yes, yes, yes, yes, yes. So now we will, we would say to this person, that if your job told you, you need to go somewhere for two weeks, you know what he would do?
He's going to go somewhere for two weeks. And he's going to tell his family, I'm really sorry, you know, but I gotta go for two weeks. I'll be back as soon as I can.
And he's not going to lose his job because of that. So the same way, this person, it may be a difficulty, but it is not here. We're not going to say this person doesn't have the ability. We're not going to say they are incapacitated or don't have the ability.
Five person says, I can't pray at work. Prayer is an obligation. But I don't have the ability to pray at work. So what do you mean you can't pray at work?
says Oh, it's just not enough time is not enough time to pray.
Then we say, don't you take a lunch break? Yes, but I need the lunch. And I need all the whole hour for lunch.
Say No, this is you do have the ability to pray. But what if the person says, I'm a doctor?
And I, sometimes we have to go into seven hour surgeries.
And it starts before the hook.
And it doesn't end until Madrid.
What do we say?
We say yes. In this case, you don't have the ability. So you make it up
when it's over. And there's no sin in this scenario, because it wasn't an obligation in that sense. That obligation was lifted for you to pray at this specific time. Because you literally were unable to do so. At that time because someone life depended on it. You understand? By
Allah Subhana Allah says for
as much as you can. So here we see the word is the pie. Okay, which means the ability to do something. So you have Taqwa of Allah, you keep your duty to him and you fear him as much as you are able to the things that are beyond your ability, then you are not held responsible for Yes.
By all who can make the journey, it doesn't say here it's difficult.
If it's difficult, and you don't have to do it, if it's difficult, and you can still do it, then you you still are obligated to do it. Here we're talking about ability, no.
All right. So, those are the proofs for the first part, which is that obligation is connected to capacity, obligation is connected to capacity.
One thing we understand here is
the mercy of Allah subhana wa tada
because he has made things obligated or mankind as a whole.
And when that becomes difficult for a particular individual, then the obligation becomes lifted for that individual and this is from Allah pantallas mercy on this Omar Omar Mohammed salatu salam now we're going to move to the second part, which is nothing is forbidden with necessity and will live we have to understand this. Yes.
Raise your voice please.
The man with the
A with the night show
There was no conclusion.
Yeah, I'll get to that. inshallah. I'll talk about it. We're gonna talk about that under this principle here. I just wanted to get your brain moving
it because I didn't mention the conclusion, that's why we'll get there inshallah, don't worry, we'll, I'll get I'll get back to that example of the person with the nine children just so that you understand what he's saying. The person has the nine children and nobody will rent to him, okay, he has no place to live unless he unless he purchases or he lives. So we're talking about the inshallah, alright, nothing is forbidden with necessity. And here when we're talking about necessity, we're talking about an urgent, dire need, or what is known in Islam as a total wrong, and we're not talking about something that is just going to make life a little easier for you. All
right. And so it's very important that we understand this because so many, so many people use this, they use this principle and this thing, they never heard of it before they never studied it. But if you ask him why he does all this is
really well did you ever study what Aurora is in the the concepts that are related to us was very important for us to understand it's not yet
unless you are
unless you are compelled by necessity.
Allah says that this ayah is explicit in making permissible the Haram if a person is in dire need of that thing. Okay, so this is in the context of what a lost cantata has forbidden us to eat like that which has been slaughtered in other than his name, that which is considered maita Gani. It died on its own for example, or it died in a way that it was not slaughtered. Or for example, the meat of swine and so forth.
Without designing or exceeding
Okay, I want us to understand this part allows fans honestly officers for many totowa but if anyone is compelled, there is a bureau higher up in Walla
Yani, what does it mean, when a person is bad he or add the middle buddy. What this means here, it says here without desiring or exceeding what this means here is the person does not have a halau option.
It doesn't mean that the halau option is not as attractive for him as the hot option, it means he has no halau option. So for example, he's in severe pain. And where he's where he's at in the hospital, they only think that they have for pain is morphine, for example, and morphine is what?
It's, it's a drug. It's an intoxicant, okay,
can he get the morphine?
If there's no halau option that is going to do the job guarantee, if you give them paracetamol, it's not gonna, it's not gonna do anything. If there's no halau option,
then in this case, it becomes permissible. We clear on it. It's not something that he wants to do, he doesn't have a desire to be intoxicated, or you know, to take drugs.
But there's no halau option, while addin Jani says all without exceeding the limit. So what that means is if one shot is enough,
then he takes what one you don't overload, two and three and four and similarly, in
In this case, but let's just go back to the case of a person with nine children, okay, this person can get a loan. And I'm just throwing it out there. And we'll get back to the to the details. But this person can take a loan and get a house that costs, for example $250,000. And it's large enough for his family.
Or he can take a loan for $500,000 and get a mini mansion.
And he's he qualifies for both.
In this in this scenario, if he goes beyond what he needs for his family than he is, I think he's exceeded the limits. And that is hard without a doubt.
And so there are several examples. And we have to look at this because a lot of times, we look at the ease of the Sharia of Islam and we say Alhamdulillah Allah has made things easy and there's nothing you know, there's nothing haram if I'm in dire necessity, but then we go beyond the limit. And that's going to be seen in some of the examples that we cover with the light Allah. Here are some examples of this Maxim.
He was granted a concession to survey
shirts because he was suffering from Okay, so the practice of law he was alone, held up gold in one hand and silver and another hand and he said, Allah Subhana Allah, Hari Rama has a
curiosity that Allah Subhana Allah has made these two impermissible for the men, or for the male's of my own money as permitted it for the women.
But here, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, or he made it permissible for Zubair, and approch, may have been only allowed China in humans to wear silk shirts.
Because they had a rash, because they had a rash.
Does that sound like Dora?
I want you to I want you to I want you guys to think about these texts work with the text. Does that sound like Dora?
Yes. Okay, what does it relate to? does it relate to Dean? does it relate to life? does it relate to your honor?
Okay, what did we say when we talked about life, we said always life doesn't just include your, your actual losing of your life, but also that your limbs and your senses Yana your ability to see hear so and so forth. Okay, what's happening here
is that this is a severe difficulty that would come if a person had to wear a material, that they would constantly have to scratch themselves down to the point that they may lose their skin, it would affect every aspect of their lives. I mean, imagine how are they going to play when they're itching the entire time and salon?
You understand? So this this becomes an abnormal difficulty that is going to affect their physical health as well as the ad.
But I want us to look at is another narration is this one site Hardy. Another narration of the same ad mentions
that the prophesised salaam
gave them this concession fees suffering.
We mean hiccups in Canada be human. So it was during travel for a rash that they had. So let us look at this. This happened while they were traveling,
which means that it was confined to a specific period of time. They weren't just allowed to wear silk for the rest of their lives. They were allowed to wear so for how long for the time that they had the rash.
Okay, hi, Rob bear in while I add in, not out of desire, meaning that there is no halau there wasn't a halau option for them
and not exceeding the limit. So once the rash stopped, then they're not going to continue to wear silk. Okay. So, for example,
if you look at
a hatch How many of you have made hatch before
Have you have you ever made hij in the winter months?
Anybody? Okay hygena winter house was Delica
was delaford gets super cold in the in the winter months to the point that sometimes
a person may feel like they're getting sick and then they have to cover they have to cover their head. Okay.
Almost Delhi for now
Ms. Delhi for you are in a salon. And for men and a harm you're not supposed to not supposed to cover your head.
Okay, but in this scenario, you can cover your head.
You can cover your head to the extent that it is necessary for you not to get sick. And then you have to pay but you're not sinful. Now, what if a person says the next day when it's sunny outside? Well, I just covered my head yesterday. So today I'm going to wear a baseball cap because it's sunny outside.
What do you think? No, you have to because the necessity has stopped. Once the cold has gone, the necessity has stopped. So you don't go beyond what is necessary. All right? Smaller further.
The wife of
is miserly, stingy, stingy.
And we adequate provision for maintenance and that's it.
In other words, he has some money on the side. Okay, but he doesn't. He doesn't give us enough money to take care of ourselves for me and the children. And the only way is if I take the money without him knowing, okay.
On a reasonable basis.
In other words, take that which will reasonably suffice you and your children. Okay. What here? What here is hot on?
what's hot on stealing taking someone's money? Without the mouse? Is that the only thing that's hot? I'm here?
Speak up Speak up.
Be miserly. Okay.
Okay, let me ask you something.
Is it permissible? Okay. Do you think of Abu sufian heard somebody calling him stingy? that he would like that brotherly love line? Do you think he would like that? Okay. So she said this, behind his back? What's that call backbiting that's LIBOR. That's LIBOR. So, so, hint or the Allahu taala and her. She does Riba here, and she's stealing his money.
And both are permissible.
Because what, law mohar Rama? Allah harana, Mad dharuhera? Because she has a necessity here. What's the necessity?
What's the necessity related to here?
It is, it's related to her ability to continue to live.
Because without those provisions, she's going to be in a position where either she can't live or she's going to have to do things that are maybe proprietary and permissible to live. So she goes to the prophet Isaiah Salaam from Sudan. And she does Viva.
And this is permissible here, to the extent that is necessary.
Right or bad in one ad, and she doesn't have an alternative. How else is she's going to get this point across to the Prophet civili. Oh, so she has to she doesn't have a halau option.
And she doesn't go beyond what is necessary.
She doesn't say to the prophets of light is something other than what he needs to know for this particular case, which is about money. She doesn't say for example, that Apple sufian also he beats me
he's guilty of domestic abuse. He also doesn't get up in time for fudger. He also doesn't, you know,
she only mentions what is necessary to get her rights. In this particular scenario, we understand that so she doesn't exceed. Likewise the prophecy Selim says, Take that which is reasonable. He says here who the magic freaky what suffices you and your child what suffices you believe me in a reasonable amount. So she can't go now and start taking other things. Because now Oh, well, now I got a license to steal.
And I need some new clothes too. And I want
I want some new clothes. And I want to eat like this too. I want steak and you know, all of the good things. So within reason, you understand. So we're also limiting the amount that is being taken here. All right.
But this is an example a real life example from the life of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, where something was Haram in the prophecies and have made it permissible. Here in this particular scenario, right? Right. Now I want you to work with a partner. A partner means one person, so I want you to turn to the person either to the right or left of you.
246-810-1214 15 Okay, I got it, I got it. So we have a we have an even amount of people here. So just turn to the person next to you. And you're going to work with your partner. We have four examples here. There's two things I want you to do read the first is identify
Alright, so what I want you to do is look at this thing here and tell me what's impermissible about this thing anyway, what is prohibited here? Or why is there something prohibited? And then so what extent is it necessary for you to do this prohibited act? And I'm going to give you four minutes, I'm going to give you four minutes, one minute to work on each one of these. And then we'll reconvene for about 10 minutes afterwards to go over the questions and some other further examples and then we're going to take a break when the lights are before salata. Mother. All right. So look,
everybody have a partner.
Everybody speak the same language as your partner.
If not, just go for it in English.
fine. So with your partner number one,
number one, can everybody see this here? Can you see this? That was that that was not clear.
The women always get the short end of the stick in these types of things. It's it's clear on this side. I'm gonna I'm gonna read it. I'm going to read it and I want you to maybe you need to write it down. Number one, commercial car insurance, commercial car insurance.
The normal car insurance not the townie not the I don't even know how to translate that one. How do you translate the tower the insurance
well, Omar is third party will
A ticket it's a careful Yeah, but in English How do they translate the townie
cooperative insurance not that cooperative, commercial car insurance. Number two, number two, exposing your older for medical reasons.
exposing your old
your private area which is going to be different for men and women for medical reasons. Number three,
rescuing someone of the opposite gender.
Okay, so you're going to do with your partner, you're gonna identify, well, what's wrong with that in the first place? What's the issue here? Or what possibly could be the issue? And then you're going to look at
To what extent is necessary to do this particular ends and then number four,
speaking ill about a Muslim seeking marriage. In other words, someone comes to you and they say
brother Abdullah has come to me to marry my daughter.
And you say wait a minute, wait a minute, Abdullah sauce, oh, this guy is a b c d. Okay, saying something bad about a Muslim seeking marriage, identify what is prohibited and then determine to what extent it is necessary to do the prohibited act. You
I have four minutes.
Okay, so number one, and I want you to be pretty sure of your answer. Don't take any wild guesses.
If you're pretty sure of the answer to questions number one, what is it that is prohibited here? And what extent is it going to be necessary? So let's look at commercial car insurance. Who wants to take a stab at it?
Who wants to answer this question?
Oh, nobody. Okay, go ahead for the brother.
Why? Why isn't car insurance allowed? Why? What's the problem with car insurance? commercial cars?
Right? Yep, you're paying for something that has a very high degree of uncertainty. And the profit is allowed to sit in as Apple who right over the long term data and who narrated then abuse of light. Oh, cinema and Bay in the province of light are seldom prohibited. transactions of horror of high, where there's a high degree of uncertainty. In other words, you don't really know what you're getting here. I'll give you an example.
somebody pays $200 a month for their car show. And this is like, common, honestly, in certain places. $200 a month for car insurance. How much does that turn out to be a year?
20 $400 10 years?
And they didn't have one accident. So they paid $24,000? What did they get in return? Nothing. Okay, you got another person? They paid $200 a month?
Three months in any How much did they pay?
$600. Two months in, they have a accident, the damage total $40,000.
They pay 600. And they got back in return 40,000 the other person, same plan, pay 24,000. They got back? Nothing. Okay. So this is why there's a lot of uncertainty in the insurance world in general. Okay.
And this is one of the reasons why the scholars of Islam say that this type of commercial insurance
is impermissible. Okay. So, to what extent is it necessary?
Right. So the extent that is necessary, would be if you live in a country where it is an obligation, you cannot own a car without paying car insurance. And owning the car we can say in most places.
Is it Aurora?
Okay, it is, it is a necessity for you to have in most places. That doesn't mean that it's like that everywhere. Okay, but let's just assume that in this particular place, we can say that it is Aurora. It is a necessity, or it is what they call a Hajin which is a need that tunez Zelman z that's a Dora that takes the place of a DeLorean it's almost like it's a Dora.
And that that is also a different category, but it almost takes the same ruling. So here, we will say that owning a car is at the very least a great need.
And I cannot own this car
without having insurance.
Okay. Now, as the brother mentioned, there are various options for me, I can have what they call liability, which is what's required for me by the law, or I can have full coverage which is not required by the law.
So which one do I get?
I get the one that's required by the law. Because having full coverage is not a requirement by the law and it is not a necessity for me.
And I'm only a
To do this thing that is initially haraam to the extent
that it is necessary, I have to limit it to that point.
And so I can't go now and say, Wow, you know, I want full coverage for my car just for peace of mind.
You should have to what call for peace of mind. If you want peace of mind, you need to learn how to put your trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala. And know that he is not going to hold you
are not going to put a burden on you larger than you can bear. And this is obviously going to change their other scenarios, homeowners insurance, and all of these other types of things. We're not here to get fatawa. We're here to give broad principles
as it relates to you and your specific situation. That's something that you need a specific Fetzer for, but I want you to understand broad scenarios. One minute, is it directly related to commercial insurance? Okay, go ahead.
Yeah, what Look, the right now, that's why I mentioned commercial car insurance, because most of these types of things are outside of the realm of what the Muslim scholars have done to try to bring corrective measures. So what's out there in a conventional manner. So there are mortgages all over the United States, for example, and in Canada, there are options for Islamic mortgages. Now, we can debate the
how compliant they are to the to Islam, but in general, those Islamic options are going to be better than the conventional options that are out there. So I'm not talking about the Islamic products if we can say that term. Alright, number two, exposing the elder for medical necessity any physicians here.
Okay, one to anybody else.
physicians, nurses, I'm sure we have some nurses here, right? Okay, what we find in a lot of hospitals, is that
people are left exposed, even notice from the ABCs of medical care, but people are left exposed for people that are not necessary to see them are able to see them. All right. So when we say exposing the odor, for medical purposes, what are we talking about.
So in any of anything that would be generally considered your private area now, for women that's different from men. And for women, for example, who in general, they are going to be covered fully in front of men, they not even going to show their faces when they go to the doctor if the doctor happens to be a male and that is the doctor that they have to see for this particular illness that they had that they are only allowed to show that which is necessary to show
and vice versa with the men
for a doctor to do a colonoscopy, what do they have to see?
okay, the rear do they need to see the front?
No, then that should not be exposed to the best of one's ability do we understand the concept here and even the doctor himself and he should be very careful not to expose the patient more than what is necessary because looking at the hour is harangue,
And only you look to the part that is necessary. All right. a dentist for example, needs to see the patient's mouth. Okay.
And he you don't need to go in and take the entire buy off and for the dentist now sorry. Because sometimes this stuff happens just because always the document would just get loose. I have to be very careful. Even a doctor needs to be sensitive. Okay, rescuing someone of the opposite gender. What's the problem here? When you rescue someone what's going to happen?
You're going to touch them and this person is not permissible for you to touch. Okay. So to what extent is necessary
give give the give the mic to somebody away.
right so, so once the person is removed from the harm and their life is stable at this point, then at this point you should not be touching this person anymore. And you should only touch what you need to which you need to touch.
If it's if it's a situation where you're rescuing someone from fire and you can lift them up like this, there is no reason for you to touch the person's breast. For what you only touch what is necessary to the extent that is necessary. Okay, perfect. speaking ill about a Muslim seeking marriage. What's wrong with this scenario here?
This is backbiting This is backbiting and backbiting is haram. In fact, it is a major sin. It's not something that we should take lightly.
speaking ill about a Muslim. Okay. So what extent is necessary here?
Answer direct questions. Okay. Okay.
What if the person doesn't ask you to write questions?
I know that these guys
get this money before.
Right. So, right. Well, basically, anything that is pertinent to to the marriage
that would help this person make an informed decision? Those are the things you mentioned, things that are beyond that, then you don't need to mention them about this person, even if you know, okay, so those things that are pertinent to the marriage itself. Similarly, if you know somebody that wants to go into business with the person, and you don't need to go beyond those things that are directly related to interactions, to the honesty of this person to their integrity, you don't need to go beyond those things. So you stick to what is important for them to know for that particular subject. All right.
Okay, we're gonna wrap up now, shall we? Do we need to stop now? Okay. There's, there's just a little bit left. We'll cover it after Mugler in the law. He said, we're going to stop now for refreshments and for salaat settle. And then when we return, inshallah, we'll finish up this portion. And we'll move on to the fifth key in the later either Solo Solo robotic and antamina. Mohammed
hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While he was so happy woman wala.
So this last
key, if you will, the last principle and maximum that we covered is dealing with it's two parts, we're talking about no obligation, if you do not have the ability, so no obligation in the absence of ability or capacity. And that there is nothing that is haram when there is a true borrower when there is an urgent and dire necessity.
And so here to kind of sum this up to kind of sum up what we've taken, there are two statements that the scholars use that I want you to be familiar with, so that when you come across them, you'll understand what's being said, the first adopter wants to be who the right that is that necessity removes restriction, that anything that was unlawful is permitted when there is a necessity and this is what we've been talking about. The second one is very important for us and we're going to talk about some examples and we've covered some examples in the previous session, which is a Dota two
cuz there will be cutlery hand that the permission is limited to the extent of the necessity. So for example, and we talked about this with the example of Hynde, by the Allahu taala and her, who when she went to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam. And she mentioned to him that Abu sufian her husband is miserly. She said, He's stingy. abajo Lucia here. So that's Heba which is haram in Islam, but it's permissible to the extent that is necessary for the Mufti. In this case, the prophet is allowed to sit down to give her the answer that she needs.
And then the procedure is set up said take what you suffices, you don't take more than that. Take what suffices you and your children.
Bill Morrow, and it's something that is customary for you and your children, something that is reasonable for you and your children. So it's restricted to that. Okay. Right now,
there's this big issue,
at least in the West, about medical marijuana. Have you heard of that? medical marijuana? So marijuana is halala harangue.
It is haram. Yes. So
what is marijuana?
hamdulillah You don't know?
Some people say why is it haram? It grows from the earth. There's a lot of things that grow from the earth, like cocaine, for example. And then it's still hot on it. And why do we say it's haram? It's because it's an intoxicant.
And anything that messes with your mental health is haram. Why is that? It's because it's going to affect one of the doodads outcomes, right, one of the five necessities which is preservation of your mind, your Apple, your mental health. Okay, so this thing comes in, it obstructs your ability to think clearly, which is going to affect your prayer, it's going to affect the way that you interact with people and so forth. And this Deen of Islam, while hamdulillah has come to protect us. And so it protects us both physically and mentally. So what we have here is medical marijuana, which they say for example, is used to help with certain ailments that people may have certain pain. For some
people it's prescribed for loss of appetite. Okay, they don't have any appetite. They've tried everything else. They're not able to even eat unless they have this marijuana. That's the claim anyway. So what would we say here?
If in fact, they needed this marijuana, this was the only solution. So the first thing we look at, right? We said
for many totowa Hyderabadi will add in whoever is compelled.
With no other option, there's no halau option, they don't desire this thing.
And they're not adding they don't go beyond what is necessary. Then there is no Islam Allah and there is no sin involved. So here, he wants to be Who am I right? Here we have this the Torah of this person staying alive. The only way they're gonna stay alive is if they eat the only thing that's gonna make them eat as if they I'm saying in theory is that they have this marijuana.
So we will say here that is permissible, but to what extent
but to what extent, only the extent that they need to create the appetite that is necessary for them to stay alive. So somebody can't go for example, and they, they're smoking the medical marijuana, and they say, Man, this makes me feel great.
So they go beyond what is necessary for the appetite and they actually enjoy
being high. Okay.
Let's look at the second example. We talked about the guy he's on a plane, they're pushing a cart. The only thing that's on the cart is alcoholic drinks. He's choking
the only thing he needs he needs something to push down is no one around is no not that. He goes try to get up to get what he's gonna die on the way. Only thing he can do now is drink
so he takes the alcohol. He takes a drink of
Alcohol pushes the food down his throat. It gets a taste of it. He says, Wow, spent a long time
goes back. The first time was permissible. Why? Because it was a necessity. But that necessity, the limit of the necessity is what is or the permission is only limited to what is actually necessary. He can't go now say, Can I get another bottle of that? Because that was great. All right. So permission, you have to stop where the necessity stops. And this is very important, because too many people, too many people, they take this role, and they go overboard with it. And this goes back to what the brother was asking about the person who we said has nine children, for example, nobody's going to rent to them.
Nobody in the West is going to record them. So now they have to they they have one, they have two options. They either going to lie, and they're gonna say, Yeah, I only have three children. Okay, which is a problem, because this is directly related to how to hire a nanny that is directly related to the rights that somebody else has. me as a property owner, I have a right to know that you are not going to bring nine children in my house, if you tell me you only have three, because nine that's going to mean a lot of different kind of maintenance and repairs and upkeep and so forth.
And you're between this option or taking out a mortgage, which is interest bearing loan on it, which is haram.
What about? Sorry?
What about digital? Okay? Have you ever tried to make digital with nine children?
Now seriously, I'm not trying to be funny. But in general, if you have enough money to make digital with nine children allow them you have enough to put a good down payment on a good Islamic mortgage. The point is, I'm putting this in theory, because it's not like I said, these are not fatawa. These are trying to help us understand the way that you work through these scenarios. So this person, this is their option. Now, like we said, this person now can get a house, for bedrooms, for example, is sufficient for him and his family. He can find it in a neighborhood that safe, he's not going to worry about walking out side of his house and being hurt or something like that. And you can say,
okay, it's going to cost him 200,000 $300,000. He can't go. And now when he goes to the bank, they say, Oh, you have a good job, you're qualified for a $700,000 loan. And you can go get yourself a mansion, you know, and now because
adoro Ron suka de cada Rehan. So that necessity is going to be limited to what he actually needs, not what he wants, not what looks better, not, which isn't the best neighborhood No. But what he actually needs. So the point here is that we always need to be on the lookout for the extent and not go beyond that time.
Now you're going to test yourself, I want you to work with your partner on these next six questions, is take a couple minutes. I'll give you like two or three minutes and shallot to work with your partner or numbers one through six. Can you see can you see over here?
Yes. Okay. Do we have a mic on a sister sachet?
I think they're working on that.
Okay, this will if you get a mic on a six on the sister say, Take three minutes. You're going to start now number one, what this obligation is connected to capacity mean I just want you to explain what exactly does that mean? Do the scholars differ about the validity of this Maxim?
To what are some texts from the Quran and Sunnah that points to the validity of this principle. Number three is a person who cannot pay the full amount of cancer fitted but can pay half required to do so what about a person who can only fast for half a day and Ramadan? Number Four reading on fat as a central element of the prayer to the end number five, a person is choking and needs liquid to wash down the food in his throat. Number six can muslimah perform CPR on a man Okay? So talk with your partner about this Bismillah.
Talk with your partner about the answers. I'm going to walk the need to walk around and make sure you guys are talking.
I want you to be sure about your answers.
We're going to start we're going to start on the brother side and then assist is a question number two. Number one. What does obligation is?
connected to capacity mean? What does this mean?
What does this mean? Okay, who's got the mic on the side? All right.
He's gonna hold on you pick whoever you want.
Okay, what is an obligation?
Right? So anything that Allah or his messenger sallallahu wasallam have
instructed us to do, such that if we left it, it would be sinful.
Anything that is an obligation upon us is directly connected to our ability to do that thing. If we don't have the ability, then we're not held accountable. Okay? Do the scholars differ about this principle? And maybe I didn't mention it, but there's a man amongst the scholars of Islam, that this principle is valid, that this is a this is in fact, a broad principle in Islam. There is no difference of opinion amongst the scholars on that.
I have number two from the sister side what are some texts from the Quran and Sunnah that point to the validity of this principle.
right, so in so
right, and sorted so
you can follow Nelson Elana. So sudo to talaq Allah Subhana Allah mentions that a man should spend money on his child from the divorced wife from that which he has, if he has a lot of wealth, and he spends from his wealth and his if his provisions are restricted, then he spends from what he can
tell you. Is there is there. Okay, one second, is there a very broad, there's a I there's very clear, for this principle is almost the same wording
locally for long enough sin Illa Allah doesn't burn the salviati convert, for topo la her must pass
muster. Tato fear Allah keep your duty to Allah to the best of your ability. So you're the tough one is the tough one, which is the fear of a loss of data, but it's to do what he has commanded. And to avoid his prohibitions to do what he has commanded is directly connected to LSD time, which is ability Yes. From the Sunnah.
Yes, the prophecy Some say that I'm up to can be eminent that to mean who must apply to him. If I command you to do something, then do have it what you can do of it. So the mo the command is directly connected to LSD. Number three, number three, brother say?
follow her on find somebody. Raise your hands very high. So how long can see you?
Nobody wants to answer number three. Are we scared?
Okay, good. hamdulillah.
okay, everybody agree with that?
There's a cat part.
There's a cat part is obligatory. Why? Because here's the here's the reason why. Because when it comes to the monetary obligations,
one part is not directly connected to the other part. And we're going to talk about this when we talk about a class as well, or the making your actions solely for las panatela. So there are some acts of the bed that the first part of it is not connected to the last part in terms of validity, and other acts of worship are only accepted as a whole. So for as a cattle fitter,
In most of the monetary obligations that we have in Islam, if you can't do it all, you can do some of it and then that sum becomes an obligation on you. So a person who can't pay a full size, but they have a half of Assad and then they give a half of Assad.
But as for fasting only a half a day and Ramadan, there is no benefit to this. Because the fast is only valid when it is the entire day.
Allahu ala, except in the scenario when you're trying to
train your children, for example, too fast, and you start them off with a half a day or a little less or longer like this. But that's that that doesn't count as a day of fasting and you're only doing that for training purposes. Okay, so this this doesn't count as a day of fasting.
Number four, this will sister say,
the prophet alayhi salatu salam ala salata, demonym, Accra, effetti, hetal, kita simu hardy Muslim, there is no solid, no solid for the person who doesn't read Al Fatiha. So as a person sinful if they can only memorize one
time anybody can answer.
For example, for this one is the person is up to date and doesn't know anything. Yes.
Right. So So this person, for example, they're not sinful if the reality is they can only memorize one eye. Now again, this varies from person to person. And if a person for example, let's just say they memorize all kinds of songs, you say, Subhana Allah, you can memorize a whole song, you memorize a whole album, and you can't memorize songs. In fact,
that's because they're not putting in the effort. But there's some people that simply cannot memorize anything. So here this person can't they can't memorize what I had. They're not sinful if they really don't have the ability. What do they say in prayer, as the sister said, they're going to say for example, Subhana Allah Al Hamdulillah, la La, la, la, la, la, la, la, la, la, la, la, or some parts of that. And the evidence for that is what
ebina we offer we said that the man came to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said, I can't memorize anything from the Quran to
help me you know, what should I be saying in my prayer? had these collected Bibles that wouldn't say in greatest sound by several scholars of Hadith five number five person is choking these liquids wash down the food in a store only thing around with a glass of wine, what does he do? He is going to quickly do what? He's going to drink it.
And what's the evidence for that?
To be halmahera and that's not a bad idea. Actually. Evidence in Islam is Quran, Sunnah of the scholars, MPs. However, in this particular situation, I'll collide and for people that are Mahatma Allah, that is, all of the scholars agree to that particular principle. The principle is based on evidence and therefore the principle itself can serve as evidence so that's fine. The right to be who
madora there is no
nothing impermissible with necessity and this person is in a dire necessity to save the lives number six, is it permissible for Muslim woman to perform CPR on a man?
sisters? Anybody want to say something on a sister side?
So it's very good. If there's and I'm very glad that the answers if there's no one else around why there's not like not a man around, or let's just say we have a situation where there's a Muslim woman and a non Muslim number.
A woman Latina Muslim woman.
Why is that important? Because we say, Hira bath in Yanni there is no halau option here. So in this scenario, for example,
you have a man he's a he's a lifeguard, at the Corniche, for example, and the woman goes in and you know, she's started drowning or something like that. Nobody else is gonna save her, he has to save her. But he's going to limit his interaction with her to what is necessary to rescue her to save her life to make sure that she's okay and that she's stable, and vice versa.
Is it permissible for a man to
look at a woman that is not my home for her for him?
Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran for me, Nina, you will do Mina beside him, we
say to the believing men to lower their gaze to protect their private parts fire
for men that wants to marry a woman, is it permissible for him to look at her?
Yes, yes. But this is for a need. And that need you cut? Because Rehan. So if it's sufficient for him to look at our face, then that's all he looks at, he's not going to look at everything else.
No, seriously, it's not funny. If if he's the type of person, for example, some many. And I mean, this is this is normal, he wants to look at the hands, sometimes the hands are going to show age more than the face shows how a person is aged and so forth. So you might look at our hands and our feet. But you know, it has to it stops at a certain
there's a limit to that. And it doesn't it should not go beyond that limit. And this is here, even though this is not a boat, or Ah,
there is another principle in its name, I wasn't actually going to talk about what I mentioned very quickly, and that is to langma to Nestle Mazda Dora, when there is a general need, okay, it takes the ruling of a neuron. And this is even though claimed by him Well, last time I mentioned that this is built into the [???]tier. So whenever there is a general need, we are actually going to find that the [???]ty AI has made it so that that thing is permissive. We have explicit hiding to the privacy lights, and I'm talking about the permissibility of a man looking at the woman that he wants to marry. And so that's built into the Sharia even though it's not necessarily an aurora. But that's a
general need that people have. Like, we want to move on to the fifth and final principle that we're going to cover in the length IRA in this particular series. And that is the topic of sincerity and emulation publishing.
The entire purpose of Islamic law is regulated by two criteria
for sria Nia to another a slain class who led by the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This is a huge area or this is the principle in Islam that there is no exception from everything in Islam is built upon the entirety of Islam is built upon a class less
that person is sincere in what they do to Allah subhanho wa tada
and that, in that act of worship, they are following the messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa Sunnah.
And these two are prerequisites with any act of worship to be accepted.
Look at our questions fellowship.
So you don't like a woman a woman named Sarah?
Okay, let's pay attention here. When she start the whole thing when she starts her mother a prayer.
She wants the people around her
To hear how beautiful she recites okay? Hi.
is the prayer valid? What does that mean? Is the prayer valid? I want you to understand this point when we say, the Salah is valid, what's that mean?
Right that it's accepted by Allah subhanaw taala, meaning one that she does not have to pray again.
Now, let's just rewind for a second. Let's say she started her prayer, and she didn't have to do
then she remember Oh, when she finished the prayer, she remember Oh, I forgot to make will do. Is the prayer valid? No. Okay. I want you to understand that point. Let's keep let's keep moving. Somebody
Subhana Allah, Allah, somebody drinks.
A glass of wine.
How do you do the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam states
that this person salaat won't be accepted from them for 40 days.
Listen, won't be accepted from them for 40 days. So now, do they leave salaat for 40 days? No. What do they do?
They pray but they don't get rewarded for the prayer. But the prayer removes liability. It removes that responsibility. So there's two things that happen when you pray. One is that you lift the burden, right? You you get rid of that liability I owe I owe this to lost parents out I don't have the lab pray that I don't owe him and Allah has also rewards you for the prayer. So what happens is for those 40 days, that person is not being rewarded for prayer, but they still have to pray because they still owe that. So Allah subhanaw taala. So here is the concept of validity. Their prayer is still valid, but it's not rewarded. So the question here is Salah from the very beginning of her
prayer, before she even said, what her intention is she wants people to hear how beautiful she recites.
Then she caressed that intention after the first record. So to her workout, she prays with good intention.
Is her prayer valid number three.
They say who's going to give to build the messages? He wants to everybody say hi. I am a generous person. Look, look at him. He always is the first to give he always is the first to do this and he's a great person.
And so he gives that first $1,000 he wants to impress people yes.
So he gives how much all together
15 $100 is his charity accepted by Allah na
Why is innovation considered to be a subtle critique? In other words, when a person innovates something in the religion of Allah, why is this actually insulting to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whereas the person may feel like hey I'm just doing something extra Why is this an insult to the Prophet salado? So we'll talk about that okay. So this is to get your juices flowing inshallah.
they were commanded only to worship Allah sincerely devoted to Him alone their religion. Okay. So, in this ayah, Allah subhanaw taala
is talking about the crux of the matter, which is that we devote McCully seen Allahu Allah D
what is a dean?
A Dean is described in the hadith of gibreel.
At the very end of that Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said to be alone tada and who do you know who that was? Right? You know this heavy
a lot as best as you know best the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said,
had a gibreel attack on you ultimo coup de
Come. And what is the dean then
Islam and Eman and sang. And so Allah Subhana Allah has commanded that your Islam, be merciless for him that you are he may be sincerely for him and that you're saying, We sincerely for him subhanho wa Taala that you sincerely devote the deen to Allah subhana wa tada that if it's for anybody else
that will not be accepted from Allah subhana wa Tada. And for a lot of us, you know, we don't realize the subtleties of shift in how it creeps in the heart because the opposite of EClass is what
is shift. If it's not sincerely for Allah, then it's for a law and somebody else, even if there's somebody else's you
even if it's self serving,
and this is this is difficult, there are levels, there are levels of a class, there are levels of a class.
What if a person gives sadaqa?
Because they want a lust pantalla to cure the sick relative?
Have you ever heard of that?
Isn't there a hadith with a prophecy services to Tao sadaqa
sadaqa treat your your sick ones with sadaqa by giving away sadaqa. So what have you giving away so that I give you another example the prophecy Some say whoever wants his risk and his provisions to increase and he wants a long life than the one fell? Yes, Allahu. Then let him keep good ties with his family. So what if he keeps good ties with his family loves pantheon of commands is to keep good ties and to cry. But he also he's doing it because he wants wealth. He started digging in his pockets he realized cash flow is running low. He said let me call my mama.
And I'm going to keep these good ties.
So is this sincerely for Allah? I'm, I'm throwing this out I want you to think I want you that we're gonna we're gonna answer these questions inshallah. But don't think that sincerity comes easy.
Don't think that it class. You know, some people they wake up they think about the Hadeeth masala, Mal Chima, for who Uffizi Matilda How do you decide was masala fetcher Manga Manga with the Mattila so he plays fudge and Jamal because he wants to last pantallas protection
is that sincerely just seeking the law's pleasure or he also wants something in return if you will?
Is there a problem with that
a person makes hedge they want the reward for highs but they also thinking about the T Java that they can do when they are hatch.
I remember back in the day I don't know it's not really like that anymore. But years ago the Russians used to always come with stuff you can never find anywhere else. They have all types of binoculars and things that they bring it for hydrogen This is they come in for hydrogen shalonda coming to make you know they want the reward from Allah spent Allah but they also want to do t gamma.
So there's a is this near kindness philosophy,
but this is Sherry.
We talked about
whatever the messenger gives you accepted and whatever he forbids you from okay is this is this a proof for sincerity or for emulation? That is following the messenger salon setup.
This is for emulation for following the messages license, okay. And the first one was a proof for what? sincerity that you make the deen kahless that you make your action sincerely for Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Whoever hopes to meet his Lord, let him do good deeds enjoy.
Okay, which one is this for proof for sincerity of proof for emulation? Both for both. Where do we get the following of the policy Salaam where does that come in? For Alia mallamma Allen solly. Then let him do good deeds. A deed is only solid.
If it is done the way that the prophet SAW Selim prescribed for us to do it.
The only way it can be solid well I used to be better to be ahead and let him join no other deity in the worship of his Lord. That is what that is sincerity. And it was important to note we stopped in a 45
Okay, here here what's important to note?
Is that the Eliza joson the hospital could see Anna
assura K and ashiq but people don't really understand this Heidi
assura Carrie and a shift I am the one who is least in need of a partner. Okay, anybody here do business?
I know there's some business people now raising their hands cuz I know you. Okay? So
you do you do business. Most people I do business, they need a partner. They need somebody that's either going to help them with the wealth is going to help them perform the actions that's going to create the connections for them at some kind of party when they do this business. Alonzo just says no the nashotah carry an issue. I am the one who is least in need of a partner. From anomala Amina Ashoka, fie maiya Heidi Sora.
So whoever does an action, any deed
and he has, he makes [???] with me. In other words, he does this deep for me and for someone else.
Not just that he does it for something else. He does it for me. And for something else, talk to who should go I'm gonna leave him and his
allies Ally's with Joe has no need for it. If it is not sincerely for Allah 100%
if it's 99% for Allah, and 1% for somebody else set up to who should go
carless means careless, there is no mixing of intention in it.
And so we have to, you know, a lot of times with handler even the way we raise our children
is very important that we give them these concepts of EClass
don't wake up for fudger because you're scared of me.
Wake up for fudger because you want to please a laws power to
get them used to the idea of doing what they do for Allah and avoiding what they avoid from the Haram for Allah.
Get them used to that concept. Teach them to love a loss of Haryana to fear a lot of parents out to put their hopes in Allah not put their hopes in you as their parents but put their hopes in Allah they reliance The tawakkol is upon Allah subhana wa tan because you want to create these strong hearts that are attached to a loss of habitat.
To test you as to which view is best indeed.
Where's What is this approved for?
Okay, maybe some of you if I say the full day live in Al maybe you'll remember what is this approved for?
for sincerity to Allah and for emulation, meaning following sticking to adhering to the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam.
This this verse was recited in the presence of one of the great scholars of Islam. They live in Al Rahim Allah to Allah and he was asked about a central ama. Those of you best Indeed Allah Subhana Allah did not say excellent Iman and those of you who are most indeed but those who are best, he said, a colossal who want us wobbu that is that which is most sincere and most correct. So if an act is sincere, but it is not correct, meaning that it is not in compliance with the teachings of Mohammed and have the less reliable setup than it is rejected, and if it is according to exterior it looks like the Sunnah of the prophet is allowed to sing but it's not sincerely for Allah. Then it is
not accepted. It is rejected.
Know the latter part of that Hadith so whoever made hegira for Allah and His Messenger, then his his urine, as well on as much as accepted
dunya You seem
to have a lot to eat and whoever has made for some purpose of the dunya looking for some worldly gain or to marry somebody, then he dies for whatever he made his little for now.
time we'll go through this Hadeeth No, we have 10 minutes, but I want you to pay attention to this Hadeeth here, because it adds something to what we've already covered. And that is the statement of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, Hyderabad and Saturday.
And this, he said was the farewell advice from the prophet Isaiah salatu salam, and therefore every Muslim who loves Muhammad live and have the last of the line it was on them should pay attention to this advice. The purpose of lighting the sunset, we'll see can be tough, Willa. Ivies, you? And I am commanding you to fear Allah, have Taqwa of Allah, put between yourself and allow us to add his punishment, some barrier, put a barrier there. Be dutiful to Allah. And I advise you beside me, we're PA, that is to hear and obey what ynab then have a Shia, even if the one who is in charge of you as an Abyssinian slave.
In other words, anarchie is not something that is desirable in Islam, and is some of the scholars of Islam have said that 100 years under a tyrannical ruler, is better than one night of anarchy, whatever you think is just crazy. And we've seen some evidence of that fight friend Nomi Iseman conference era for badie for CRS 11 critera whoever from amongst who lives is going to see great different you're going to see in this Omen the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told his campaigns whoever for amongst you all the campaign's whoever for most of our lives, you're going to see great difference in this oma
what is the
what is the solution to that problem of different
family can be soon at the problem is, so this is what happens when you see all of this different going on? Hold fast, and here to my sooner
because and this is where it gets interesting.
What is it that causes the differing in the oma?
Is it sticking to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that's what causes us to differ now is when we leave off the sooner This is why the prophets of light it was seldom said that the Christian that the Jews have split into 71 sex that the Christians is split into 72 sex and this almost going to split into 73 sex.
What what is it that causes sex anyway?
It's when people add to the religion or they take away something that is important integral part of the religion.
The harmony, Christian sex they are.
Now it's more than 72
100, and some anybody else
Most of them have come within the last 500 years
after the Protestant movement.
So the Protestant movement,
their whole claim to fame, for lack of a better term
was that we don't need to be restricted to the understanding of clergy of the Bible.
So what happened is they deregulated interpretation of their texts, even though the Bible has many, many fallacies in it. But the point is, how do how do we now interpret the Bible that became open, that became open, and so everybody that has a new way of interpreting, they create their own set as the same thing that happens in Islam. If we don't stick to the son of the Prophet, it is a lot to Sudan, and we begin to just interpret the way we want to interpret the religion. Then we create one sect after another set, but it can be sooner it was soon
Till hola fare, Alma de Urvashi Deena Holy Family University.
So here the problem is I set them says, So adhere to my son and that of the rightly guided caliphs, who are the holofil Rashidi scream it out. Abu Bakr
ali ali Allahu tada and anybody else that
best that's it for the prophecy Sam says stick to my adhere to my son in the center of the Colorado. Rashidi, California University of Washington mid fight. Why didn't the parasitism just stop say follow my sin? Why did He also mentioned the center of the whole affair ICD? Why is that even important for us?
I really want you to think about this
type somebody out screaming out screaming out.
Now in the back Yes.
First generation is my generation Hi.
Well, why do we need that? Why do we need them? We have the prophesize on his soon enough. Yes.
Okay, keep going. So there were problems after the prophecy son died.
To oma increased.
Hold on, hold on, please, please who just said I just heard the word.
interpretation. Listen, listen, listen.
The Quran is revelation correct? directly the direct speech of Allah subhana wa Tada. The Sunnah is also revelation, not the direct speech of Allah. Tada. But it is the actions of the prophecy setup is revelation. We're not we're not getting interpretation here. You understand? So now we need to look at the process. I'm saying look at those abubaker Omar for the low Tyler and look at those man and I look at how they practiced the revelation because that will give you the guidelines for interpretation. To understand how to interpret the text is a very important point outside of what we want to study and I know it's time it's it's time for us to start for selected Asia. Solo Solo
robotic and antamina Mohammed