Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
This is the latest Tafseer of Surah Yusuf, presented by Sheikh Sajid Umar with Kalemah Dubai during 2013. The outline of the course was structured based on an intensive weekend programme and tweaked to be covered in just a few hours, nonetheless the Tafseer of Surah Yusuf has many thought provoking lessons -in the hundreds- that apply to us in this century The Tafseer of Surah Yusuf highlights magnanimous lessons derived and extracted from the lives of Yusuf (AS), Ya’coob(as), the Brothers of Yusuf, and other characters in the Best of all Narrations. Journey through the life of a young boy thrown into a well, abducted and sold into slavery and then going on to become the Minister of Egypt. In Part 3, Sheikh Sajid focuses on the Basamalah and the first verse of Surah Yusuf
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And then we come to the beginning of surah Yusuf, which starts with
Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. Now, because we are in a crime class I will read some ayat from Surah Yusuf, but I will not read all of surah Yusuf because it will take a lot of time, but for the purposes of Baraka because the Quran is a means of attaining Baraka, I will share a small recitation that inshallah
we will dive into the seal, what I've done is some portions are to seed heavy, so that we appreciate the work of the scholars of the seed but the majority of it is based on the double and it's light upon us insha Allah, and it's a means of us growing this quality of or this practice of the double and it's a means of us inshallah, appreciating the Quran even more. So this is how we will change today. We might only take a handful of items for us and you will go home thinking it's impossible for us to finish it but inshallah we will finish it some way or the other, even if you have to be here on until 12 o'clock or even if I have to delay my flight
back home. No, no, I can't do that. inshallah we'll finish before that we have to finish before that.
Dr. Tomas, I have with you. Did you come here with with your boss I have
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By Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. This is how we find the surah in the Quran.
being opened Allah subhanho wa Taala places Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.
My discussion with Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem is an academic one. And that is in the form of a question is Bismillah Bismillah is the name of Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem. The Arabic language has this amazing ability to give a name to a sentence like La La La La quwata illa Billah This is called Hello Connor.
And hey Anna Sala and hey you ll fella is called Hey Allah. And Miss Lazarus Manny Rahim is called Basma so whenever you read a book and you hear the word bus mala is talking about Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
is bhasma part of the Quran or not?
Meaning if we recited we stand to gain the rewards of reciting the Quran
It's part of the Quran, is it part of the sutras that it exists with? Meaning, if we don't recite it, we are not considered to have recited the entire song.
The scholars have different upon many views, the famous of which are five, but I will share with you in sha Allah the preferred opinion and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah knows best, the preferred opinion and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah knows best. And this is the view of the Hanafi madhhab. And the correct view of Imam Ahmed. And it's the view considered as the correct view by Ibn taymiyyah mata La La him, as my name is that bosma is an independent I, that exists of the beginning of each surah but not as a part of that surah meaning it's an ayah in the book of Allah Subhana who attack but but it's not part of the surah that comes after it. Meaning when we add up the ayat of
the sower, we don't include Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Is this clear? This is the correct view. And this view is based on joining all the evidences in this regard together, because as I said, there's many views. There's five famous views, and each has its evidence. Each view has its evidence.
This view, which we've cited as the preferred view comes about as a result of joining between the evidences joining between the evidences. So for example, we have a Heidi with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that in
the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala there's a surah which consists of 30 is these ions will intercede on behalf of its reciter
until he is forgiven. So Pamela, what surah Is this the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said surah mulk surah mulk so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam cited surah MOOC Do you have how many is that? When you come to the Iron Curtain surah monk we see that it's 30 without this will let her off manga him. But in another generation, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam woke up smiling, and those who have asked him why are you smiling? So he said sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He said that
a surah was revealed to me just now. And it is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in our clinical Kota.
So here, he says he decided Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.
So we know that the Sharia is from one source. Thus, a part of the shediac cannot contradict another part.
A part of the Sharia cannot contradict another part. And when there are two generations that seemingly contradict each other, we don't say that there's a contradiction in the Sharia. We say there's a contradiction in your mind right now. And you need to practice he had to lift what you think to be a contradiction. So the scholars joined between the narrations and said, there's no contradiction here. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim, he taught us that it's an independent Ayah
based on the Surah mulk.
NARRATION, which doesn't include Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim as part of the 30 ayah and the Surah mulk. NARRATION teaches us that Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem is independent of the ads that come after it. Is this clear?
Right. So yes, Mr. Pillai Rahman. Rahim is part of the Quran. But is it part of the surah that comes after it? No, it doesn't die. So if a husband tells his wife if you don't recite Surah Fatiha, are
and she recites from Alhamdulillah until the end
does the divorce take place on us?
Who says Yes.
Who says yes sir. It is a big light in front of me so I can't really see much of the audience but okay, Mashallah, who says no.
pay those people who didn't put up their hands? What happened? You didn't have breakfast this morning?
Or should I ask you in Chinese or a different language? I don't speak Chinese. Alright, let me ask you an easy question. Who understands English here?
So all the hands are up Alhamdulillah. Let me ask again.
Who says yes.
Repeat the question by no problem.
This is this is the tricks that the students have. So that they can think about the answer further. Right We all students, we know when the teacher asked the question was a Hold on What did you say I missed that word. But we had, but we just thinking, by the question is if as when he tells his wife if you don't read Surah Fatiha, you divorce so she read from Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen till the end. Is she divorced? Who says no?
Yours is here. Is this Yes or no?
Yes or no?
You La Ilaha Allah Allah Allah Allah. With up Sabina Vina Malik Hmm, you're not here or you're not there you slaughtered in between?
By who says yes.
Those who say yes. Put up your hands against
five stand up a hill carry?
Why do you say yes?
You believe Surah Fatiha is an exception.
Why do you believe this? Are you really?
Are you ready some way?
By let me rephrase the question. Sit down
based on what I've told you,
and not what you've read some way. If If
a husband tells his wife if you don't read Surah Fatiha, you divorced and she reads from Alhamdulillah till the end. Is she divorced? Who says yes? Put up your hand if you say yes, based on what I've told you they understand that for us Why?
You heard what I said and you understood it. Now you heard what I said but you didn't understand it anchor
stand up again anchor
Mashallah, some trickery is happening here.
What did I say anger
is part of the Quran
And after that, and a lot of sutras.
So, if I asked you to read pseudophakic
if this will is not part of the surah with a Surah Fatiha start from
don't say it because they said it. Do you believe it? If Bismillah is part of the Quran, but not part of the surah with a Surah Fatiha start from
Alhamdulillah so if she divorced or not, if she read from Alhamdulillah
if she read from Alhamdulillah
you just said that Surah Fatiha starts from Alhamdulillah
not divorced, but I have to ask these questions. You see what's been understood? Is he
he deserves a prize. He deserves a prize brothers at hamdulillah Mashallah for sure, for sure. Now, Uncle deserves a prize I agree. But
I wouldn't be giving you a prize for that particular week. Uncle deserves a prize definitely for being brave and and putting himself out because this is how we understand you understanding was fixed isn't uncle, baby shala the brothers will give you a prize be delighted
Yes, based on what I said based on what I said she's not divorced because she read from an
event. Michelle here is of the view that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is part of sort of idea. So if you Russia theory, or if you went to a chef, the chef
and said I told you to eat sort of fatty.
Otherwise she's divorced. So she read he divorced or not. What was the chef Alicia say? Yes. You see, these discussions are not for free for entertainment. These have impacts if somebody says, if somebody says
if Allah does this for me, I promise to this sort of
takes an oath and Allah does it for him. And he reads from Alhamdulillah till the end. Has he completed what he promised Allah subhanho wa Taala according to the correct view, yes, according to Shafi scholar, no pipe so you've understood this Alhamdulillah Allah.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala after Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem, he says Alif Lam ora Alif Lam ra these letters are known as the disjointed letters. They are known as the disjointed letters the name of them is the disjointed letters haruf ella macapa they are they are just joining
Now, with regards to these disjointed letters, my dear brothers and sisters from a diversity perspective and citing for you what the scholars have to say, they say that they are unique letter combinations
that begin certain surah of the Quran. And this is something we know they are unique letter combinations that happened we're in the middle of a surah. Now at the end of a surah. Now, at the beginning of the surah
they are written together as a word but they are pronounced separately like Elif lamb,
or ESC or Alif, Lam, meme,
or noon, and so on and so forth.
They are 28 letters in the Arabic language.
And exactly one half of the Arabic language exists in the Quran as disjointed letters.
Meaning 1414 letters from the Arabic language from the 28 letters have been used as distributed letters in the Quran. She looked at the calf hyah inside Yes, he Baja, so on so forth. If you add up these letters, you see that Allah has used 14 of the 28 letters of the Arabic language.
The most common of the 14 letters is mean, it's mostly used,
which exists in 17. sewer, or sewers.
If we English as the Arabic
and the least common are Caf, and loon which only have been used once. Okay. Now, what do these letters mean? What do these letters mean? That's the million dollar question.
And with regards to this as well, the scholars have many explanations because we don't have a hadith which tells us what the roof mean, or an eye in the Quran was tell us what the mean. So everybody practice the HD hat. They pondered over the Quran. And something appeared to them. And they cited it we have many views of the scholar, some say that these letters are for the purposes of taking an oath. Like for example, we say what law he
while is from the letters of taking an oath.
Belay bear is from the letters of taking an oath to law he
is from the letters of taking an oath in Arabic language, these are known as the letters of an oath. Wow. And, and like when somebody wants to emphasize something, say, Did you take this he goes, one lie, he will believe he was a lie. I didn't take it. And he wants to emphasize the use of the letters off.
And also some scholars say this is what it is. This is what it is, however, the mufas to reject this view, they say No, it can't be this because the Quran was revealed in the Arabic language. And the Arabs never used
the letters in this manner.
Besides Wow, and by the way, we use the letters of the Arabic language in this manner, and a lot of the Quran in the Arabic language. So we have to look at what was said, or how the Arabs use this letter. So this is not a plausible explanation. This is not a plausible explanation. All right, you guys are looking there. So I wonder what happened.
Then I saw they made a bigger image of me and placed it their
This is one of the views.
Some scholars said these are from the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala Elif Lam, Meem and if labora these are from the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So they cite for example,
and if to stand for Allah, and mean to stand for Majeed, so they say they are abbreviations of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. In English we have abbreviations, right? We have abbreviations, right? If it's Sajid, Omar, you say s Omar s this was added. So some scholars have said this is what it is. Lamb is for love beef. For example, these are from the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
This is what some have said well Allah that others have said, they stand for meanings, they actually have meanings, but the meanings have been
placed into letters. So for example, Elif Lam, Meem means I Allah know Allah, Allah, Allah
So Anna is Elif Elif, Allah of Islam. So Elif lab, lm, there's a meme le flambeed
I Allah No, Delhi, Calcutta, volare Buffy. So, this is what some have said. This is what some have said. And they say off.
For example, means could be an AMA, the matter has been decided. And
they say that this could be true meaning sentences have become packed into letters. It could be true why because the Arabs are reported to have used this concept in poetry in poetry, and they cite the line of the poet
TV for Carlat cough
that we told her to stop. So she said, s
we told her to stop so she said calf meaning workers to work after means I've stopped. So she said, we'll need a baby for guided calf mini work of she's just said the letter which meant an actual sentence. So in English we say stop. So she said s meaning have stopped, for example, right? So this is what they've said and Allah Subhana Allah knows best. Other scholars say they are the actual names of surahs like a leaf lab name is called Surah Al Islam in Baja surah, Yaseen, sorry acid and so on and so forth.
Others have said, that this is from the unknown matters from the Buddha shabbiha. From matters which Allah subhanho wa Taala has not told us about. And the true inner meaning is only known to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in the Quran, we have with a shabby hat, those matters where their true meaning is not understood by us like Jenna, we have an idea about it, but do you understand the intricacies of it? No. janma is a place where no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of no heart has ever imagined.
Right? You don't know the intricacies? So they say that this is from the Buddha behat the letters we know but the reality of the meanings we don't know. Allah knows best. And we leave it at that. And this is a plausible, mentioned this is a plausible mention of the scholars we say well Allah, Allah didn't ask us to knowing what Elif Lama means or any Flemmi means, because if we had to know he would have revealed it to us, but we know it's part of the Quran. And it's true in the meetings are with Allah subhanho wa Taala. Some others have said an amazing point, they say Subhana Allah, when we say that 14 letters out of 28 letters have been used. This is a challenge to the Arabs, that this
Quran is revealed in your language using your letters.
And even with that, you will not be able to produce anything like it. So it's like a challenge. Like a day Would you dare somebody writes, I dare you. I mean, we, we reminding you that these are letters from your language and your alphabet, but even with this, you will never be able to produce anything like it. This is an amazing deduction that some of the scholars have acetate and Allah Subhana who Allah knows best. As I said, the most plausible explanation is that Allah has kept it hidden from us, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not explain this. This is the most plausible