Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
This is the latest Tafseer of Surah Yusuf, presented by Sheikh Sajid Umar with Kalemah Dubai during 2013. The outline of the course was structured based on an intensive weekend programme and tweaked to be covered in just a few hours, nonetheless the Tafseer of Surah Yusuf has many thought provoking lessons -in the hundreds- that apply to us in this century
The Tafseer of Surah Yusuf highlights magnanimous lessons derived and extracted from the lives of Yusuf (AS), Ya’coob(as), the Brothers of Yusuf, and other characters in the Best of all Narrations. Journey through the life of a young boy thrown into a well, abducted and sold into slavery and then going on to become the Minister of Egypt. Part 2 is based on the Introductory information to Surah Yusuf
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
Before getting into the use of or getting to Elif lab, the first letters of surah Yusuf, they, obviously la hora Rahim that's found at the beginning of the surah.
There is some introductory information that the scholars have mentioned. And that pertains to the name of the surah. Its place of Revelation. And the number of is in the surah. The scholars have seen, they mentioned this in their books. They mentioned this in their books. So as for the name of the surah, then it's surah Yusuf. This is introductory information. As for the name of the surah, then it's surah Yusuf, because Allah subhanho wa Taala discusses the life of use of Allah He Salam in the surah and said, amazing surah because it's dedicated to the story of one prophet of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah
and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah says, We revealed to you the best of all stories and all the stories in the Quran are the best of all stories.
Where was the surah revealed?
According to the majority of the scholars, the entire surah is murky is murky. According to the majority of the scholars, the entire surah is lucky.
There is a second view and it is said that even a basket of the Allahu and a data said that yes, the surah is murky. Besides, for if that's if number one is number two, or number three, and number seven
is number one, number two, number three, and number seven. So they say the surah is murky except for if this is Madeline, this is Madeline.
How many I actually saw the use of
the scholars say they are 111 is according to the correct opinion 111 is according to the correct opinion. We might not cover all 111 in our sitting. But we will inshallah try and cover the story which is covered in about 102 is that Allah subhanho wa Taala sort of closes the surah with ayat after he closes the actual story of surah Yusuf by him. So I just said that majority of the scholars say the surah is mucky. Right, what is murky? And what is maddening? What is murky. And what is muddy now,
Now, so the scholars have several views about what is mucky. And what is mad that we always have in some massages, right surah MKII, our Surah madonia we already see this, the scholars have explanations about what is murky and what is maddening. Some scholars base it on the place of revelation on the place of Revelation. So if a if a revelation happened in mechanics surrounding areas, then it's murky, and if it happened in Medina and its surrounding areas, then it's matherly and some other scanners based on the time of Revelation. And this is the correct view. As the brother said, the correct view is MKI are all if that were revealed before hegira to Medina, any
ayah that Allah Subhana Allah revealed before Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam migrated to
Medina is called MKI irrespective of place, irrespective of place.
And any ayah that was revealed after he Judah is considered
madonie is considered meddling, irrespective of place even if the AI was revealed in Makkah, if it was revealed after migration, it's maddening. And if it's revealed before migration, it's
if you're going to sleep from now, then I'm going to make you stand and do the lesson.
Once again, if it's revealed before migration, it's your Why were you so quiet? Why?
writing notes, Mashallah.
It's a good excuse.
And if it's revealed after migration, it's called, I still can't hear you. Yes, it's recording and your voice has to go in this microphone. Otherwise the people who watch it afterwards will think there was nobody in the venue.
Okay, so the correct opinion as we said is is revealed before migration. This is called Mackey and I add
revealed after migration This is called madonie barakallahu li contai. Why have the scholars classified MKI and madonie
to help us appreciate the eloquence of the Quran even more, even more, because the ayah that were revealed before migration had a specific theme
and specific way and specific instruction. And the idea that we were revealed after migration,
it's clearly noticed a different way a different instruction a different styles cannot be allowed. Absolutely amazing. And this further makes us appreciate the eloquence of the Quran. And further for those who ponder, we'll get to that we'll get to that. So for example, here, for example, here, the scholars say, when we look at Maki is when we look at Maki if we see the instruction in McKee is strong.
when we look at McKee is the instruction is Stern, direct and candid, strong.
And when we look at the eye itself, we see they're shorter if
they are shorter if and when we ponder over the meanings, we see it has it has high impact.
There's a high impact in the meanings
before migration to Medina, Visa v.
And these are yet in terms of the meanings and themes, had themes different to the
madonie themes, different to the mechanisms, which again makes us appreciate the form of instruction, and the wisdom of instruction we find before migration to Medina, before migration to Medina.
The theme of tawheed was very strong in this area,
and belief in the hereafter
and correct Islamic belief.
This was this was very manifest before hegira.
Let's take examples.
Take examples that the last
exam of the Quran however the most of them are all
right, America alone. I didn't never LLVM LLVM VM of telefoon color Sailor Moon McCullough Sailor Moon,
right, short high impact, bang, bang, bang, bang, bang, like you have an ice cube and you have a chisel and you you chipping away. And there was wisdom in this because the Quran was chipping away
over the layers of shirak that was on the hearts of the mushy hood.
They were engulfed in idolatry and belief in the way of the forefathers. And now a message different to what they were upon Cain.
So when you chip at something, do you have hard knocks or is it short? locks?
Short locks, isn't it? You You chip away at a classic Hard Knocks those who are saying hard. They don't know how to chip
right even on the golf course, when you chipping Do you take a full golf swing? Or is it a short golf swing appropriate to
the amount that needs to be hit? It should you take short knocks you take short knocks you take your chisel Have you seen them when they climb in the mountains, the ice mountains and they try to chip into those large blocks of ice they chip away if you do one hard knock, you will break the whole thing in its entirety.
But you chip away so you preserve you preserve what requires preserving and you break away all
the filth around it and that which is access to requirement like when they purify gold. They purify it in a way that the gold remains and everything else is removed. So this is what the Quranic instruction Allah subhanho wa Taala through revelation was chipping away at the hearts short
alone and it never allowed him to have well lately either sajer Mela dekora bukoba palla short high impact if that chip away the food and open the heart
towards understanding and common sense
and believe in the unseen that which the human being can't know by default.
The human being doesn't know about gender and gender and by default because your mind
understands its environment. This is why this is believe. This is why it's belief. Right? You have to believe in the hereafter. So the Quranic instruction was doing this, that's when we look at the monkey if we see the specifics and we say Subhana Allah, it makes us appreciate the Quranic instruction even more when we say the Quran is a miracle, it's a book that is unmatched and can never be produced to the day of the AMA. All these things have to be taken into consideration. It's not a matter of, of putting Arabic words together. And even if they tried, it will never match the way a raw revelation is properly, it will general Allaha when we look at the mucky if we see we see
this form of rhyming
right, there are lots of Hemingway data discusses specifics it comes in a specific way we wouldn't say Ryan because the Quran is far higher than than what we consider rhyming and poetry but we see there's a match that when the instruction changes, it starts matching right, it has this counting ability to absorb you absorb you write so for example, Allah subhanho wa Taala says when z at de la Rocha
Chico Tina was savvy had established hair for savvycard is Val mu that buratti amaura you see then yo moto juphal rajiva changes from that raw diva like Raja kulu
ya ku Luna
do not feel half euro, either
euro z or
even camera to hasura for in hazard euro to shader
either be sir here Are we done? Hello attacker, howdy to Moosa is now it's changed.
Moosa is heavy enough in Baja, Bakula. laka Isla
de Ella Baker.
Are you following? This is the Quranic answer. It's absorbing you. It's absorbed you you have no choice but to be absorbed by it. Whether you believe in it or you don't like the statement of well, even mahira in disbelief he had the Quran and he went back to the correlations and voila, in Allah hula halau hula, hula Allah. He says this has a
an unmatched sweetness
and unmatched ability to incline you towards listening to it despite what we think of Muhammad. And despite what we think about the message, this is the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this is McKee, Allah Callaghan. These are MKI.
Then we have made any ions, which are different to the murky area, they are longer in instruction. They mentioned the laws of Islam.
Laws weren't mentioned in Makkah.
Right, they weren't. And this is amazing, an amazing lesson from the way Allah the Quran to the draft those who invite towards Islam, that when you invite someone to Islam, invite them towards tawheed.
Don't invite them towards leaving alcohol and dressing in hijab.
That will come as a result of to heat invite them This was our Allah subhanho wa Taala was doing in the revelation. So Pamela, before migration, it was to heat and the hereafter and gender and jahannam and the grave and the punishments of the grave for those who don't adhere and the price for those who who practice and gender to either the perpetual permanent gardens of the Hereafter, which they couldn't understand.
Right, like in the surah, we read, they were saying, in order to do that we'll have to either couldn't Meriva era we're going to be brought back to life when we have become bones desecrated.
Right, when you pass away and go into the grave, your body
becomes dissolved. They said can this happen?
Finding the man he has to work for in
a matter of can it happen is just one instruction
and they will all be awake standing in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala sort of matter of I was buried, and then my body was consumed by certain insects and those insects traveled through the earth and those insects were eaten by other insects and those insects by other insects and then those insects died and became manure and fertilized grass, and then cows ate from that grass. So my body has gone through jackets can this come back is one instruction and you will could be and you will be in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala the first creation and the last creation quicker than the blink of an eye.
The madonie is after migration were different why these were people email. And these were people have believed these are Sahaba who are migrating to Medina. They believed in Allah they believed in the last day the hearts were mature. Thus Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed in Medina long as yeah you have levena M and o in the Mohammed Rome as
well as I am already some anomaly shape and if I just enable him to fly on long as oh you believe indeed gambling and alcohol is from the work of shape and stay away from it now the cars coming down? Yeah, you're letting me know either come to me la sala de la ciudad de como el camino amaravati website Oh, boo sukumar Tula Camila cabbie long is Oh, you will believe when you stand for the prayer.
The irony of this is known as the eye of ablution. Wash your faces and your hands up to your elbows, and wipe over your heads and wash your feet up to your ankles and so on and so forth. Now, instruction was coming down. When the man was there. They were open towards accepting what this man necessitated from hijab and leaving alcohol and all the rules of Islam. You see the wisdom behind the revelation of the Quran so murky and madonie? Has it understanding it has not helped us appreciate the Quran even more. Have you thought about the Quran this way? before? Have you have you appreciated the eloquence of the Quran even more as a result of this discussion? By Allah you can
only it can this can only happen to you because you You see, now there's a new dimension to your understanding of law challenges.
Those to try and produce
a Quran like this.
I have a question for you. Because we haven't we must test understanding who's read surah Yusuf Reddit, put up your hand if you've read surah Yusuf
by, you've just learned about Mackey and Madden. And you've just learned that surah Yusuf is a murky surah.
This surah Yusuf, in terms of the length of the ayat and the themes,
comply to what we've just discussed, in terms of the specifics of McKee,
yes or no.
we have a problem now.
We've just spent all this time discussing this, did you make a mistake and switch it? You went mad? And instead of murky, our notes you've written down notes, we have to cancel the page? No, no, we don't. We don't Why? Because when the scholar site down certain principles, the site is down based on the majority of circumstances there are certain specific acceptances however this it down based on the majority of circumstances. And as I said earlier, I believe that what's looked at is the majority of the circumstances and this what we shared with you is the majority of the Macan is, but there can be exceptions to it, like we see in Surah use of but when we look at the reason why it was
revealed, will appreciate why it's much even more busy later. Are we all clear and All good? Any questions very quickly hamdulillah. By next point, the reason that the scholars have to see the site is the reason is the reason for
is the reason for revelation. Why was some is in the Quran, or some should have reasons of revelation known as Bab and Lu.
Some have some doubt, to the use of is reported to have a reason of Revelation. And the scholars have cited different takes on this given what's come to them from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So one view one view is that surah Yusuf was revealed after the Jews attempted to test the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in an effort to discredit him.
In an effort to discredit him, why, why? Because Yusuf Alayhi Salam is from the profits of, of,
of police law of the Jews.
So they wanted to test Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They said, Look, if he's a prophet, and he's an Arab claim, they thought that the Prophet would be from them. Right? So they wanted to test him and say, Look, if he's truly a prophet, he should know about use,
you should know about use of. So they tried to discredit him and asked him about use of alayhis salam.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed that alika casas will reveal to you the best of stories, thus, the approach fell on them. And as Allah subhanho wa Taala says at the end of the surah, and we'll come to it which the scholars of the city have deduced from they say, Allah, we deduce from this that Allah has revealed to Mohammed specifics about use of that even the Jews didn't know. So not only were they told about the about him, but they were told even
extra matters to requirement.
So it was a plug that fell on their face that yes, I am a prophet, and I do gain
revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
How are you?
Why are you late here?
Long story? Well, let me give you the short story. The short story is you miss some important information. That's the short story by When shall I try not to be late again.
So this is one explanation. There's some scholars have narrated this reason of revelation as the Jews wanting to test the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But they say they didn't go to him directly. One narration says they went to him directly. One narration says they went to the koresh and said go ask him because they knew the Qureshi against him. So they said to expose him, Go ask him about Joseph Yusuf alayhi salam, and let's see what he says that we will endorse what he said or considered invalid to then we can expose him to be a liar and fabricator.
So the Qureshi went to ask him Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed the surah another version states
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is a report by Al Hakim, he says that adaminaby will pass. Probably Allahu Allah reported that the Quran was being revealed.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was relaying it to the companions, until a time when they requested and said, Please relate to our stories.
So, Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed we relate unto you the best of stories through our revelations unto you, which is the Third Eye of Sauron. So he was giving them he was he was saying allies reveal this and teaching it to them. So they said, Please tell our stories that Allah Subhana Allah revealed surah Yusuf, does Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah revealed surah Yusuf.
Then he continues to say that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us stories, told us stories.
Until a time when we said that our Prophet of Allah now please remind us, give us reminders. Give us remind us, so Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed, has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah as a reminder, so two headed
instead of two headed, Isaiah 60
is 16. This is amazing. Heidi, who can
tell me what we can learn from this?
what we can learn for a price I will give you the price? I don't know yet. But the price will be. But this is not transactions where you have to know what you're going to get. As we discussed, there's no other agenda here.
I'll give you a prize with the light LFO the person who answers this question who gives me
a lesson that we can derive from pondering over this revelation that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would receive revelation and he would teach the Sahaba and then they said tell us stories. So then he told them stories then they said please remind us so then he reminded them who can do something for us.
Don't be scared, you're allowed to make mistakes here. But when you walk out the door, be scared. Don't speak about the Sharia or speak about Allah subhanho wa Taala or the Quran through guesswork but here for the purpose of education. Let's give it a try. Do any of the sisters want to participate with a ladies first and I know the men in the break will take up all the time and so on and so forth.
Let's, let's balance it. Go ahead.
That's That's true. Definitely. And that's clearly understood from Heidi. I want the deduction in terms of us and our application in our life today. You're under point I think if you tweaked it a little bit more you get it I think you would
Yes, go ahead. That's not what I'm looking for. They let's pass it on to the brothers go ahead Africa Oh, it's someone who put up his hand for your for somebody with with Mashallah The Terminator
stand up whatever.
The stories of the prophets should have them. No.
Now, stand up. Go ahead.
You have a loud voice was that loud voice give it to us Mashallah.
Mashallah, so how does this apply to you?
If you're a teacher, how would this apply to you?
This is we learn from this how to educate the oma.
We should be diverse in our instruction.
This is what makes a great teacher that's why Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the great teacher. He was being nurtured by the revelation of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
He was dynamic in his instruction Barcalounger hc you deserve a prize I can carry What's the price
Baraka African What surprise Did you get let's see if it's valuable.
Oh manager Sally keen Mashallah, you got the DVDs for a particular fee? Can
you see so you share the URL man you got more than
one had you Sally can is is the brief course we discussed in February. We have to be dynamic and diverse in our instruction. Don't keep even as a parent. Don't keep pounding your child. Do don't do and pounding and pounding halaal haraam.
It has to be you have to be diverse and dynamic in your instruction. If you're a teacher and you have students be dynamic in your instruction,
right, give them intellectual breaks. We always talk about having a break, right? We need a break isn't it? And we say let's go for a break, even in the lesson. During the lesson when the body is not taking a break give the mind an intellectual break, meaning it's through thinking, but it has a break.
By being diverse in your instruction.
Sometimes teach through stories.
Sometimes teach through instruction, sometimes teach through reminders.
And learn from Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the best teacher
who learned from Allah subhanho wa Taala five vertical alphacam. The next point I want to discuss with you brothers and sisters is when was surah Yusuf revealed when was surah Yusuf revealed right?
We know it was revealed before migration, but when exactly the reason why I want to highlight this so you appreciate the impact of the surah when it was revealed on the Muslims and perhaps it will have an impact in your life today
in your life today.
The scholars say Rahmatullah Allah him
that it was revealed just before migration to Medina just before now understand this point, because what happened prior to his revelation if it was revealed just before migration to Medina, what happened prior to Revelation? Well, prior to Revelation, we have Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam becoming a prophet. And when he became a prophet, the Muslims were boycotted in sheer brutality. Remember, until they left the message, no trade, no medicine, no food, right.
The clans came to an agreement to boycott them to sanction them.
Today we hear of countries being sanctioned. They were also sanctioned.
Was this ease or difficulty?
Was it easy or difficult?
By then, after these years of being sanctioned, and living in difficulty, allow us was training the believers training the believers after this, after it Allah ended that difficult test for them. parmesan Allahu alayhi wa sallam last abou tada a great supporter. And after that last Khadija of the Allahu Allah, a great supporter, it was known as the year of sorrow.
He lost two special people to him.
And he lost a job without him having accepted Islam.
How difficult was this apart Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam
persecuted by the kurush then sanctioned then
losing his greatest supporters.
And thus, he decides to go to pi for say maybe they will be Maxwell coming there for this message. Because Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the best day he was the best at what he did. He wasn't any day. When he was sent as a prophet, he was going to be the best prophet. Thus he would he would hurt
if somebody died upon shock,
if he lost that chance
to allow this person to die upon Islam, there wasn't a case as he passed away here. There's plenty of fish in the sea.
Like what we would say, No, he would, he would hurt about it.
So Pamela, and also Allah Subhana Allah says, Allah, Allah cabella he left Sokka
Subhana Allah meaning, perhaps you will kill yourself because of the rejection of your message.
Allow us telling him because he was hurting, he was burning.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala said falletta suka Allah has a lot. Don't let yourself perish because of them.
It's enough for you to convey the message it's not your job to convert them, oh Mohammed,
see Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, all these difficulties then he goes to die what happens in life?
his shoes is made to become filled with his blessing blood sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
salallahu alayhi wasallam
all these difficulties. And it was here that surah Yusuf was revealed.
costura Yusuf is the surah
of being tested, and surviving being tested. It's the surah of patience,
and being magnanimous in your patience. It's the story of a father, who lost his beloved son for decades. It's a story of a son, who was abducted from his father for decades. And it's a story of people
who ended up upon goodness and to heat and hail, irrespective of the difficulties so understand, Mohammed, and understand our Sahaba and us here today understand all Muslims.
journey through the difficulties
for the end is success.
Allah was nurturing them the human beings. It's tough. It's tough. Thus have the story. Because stories make us happy. And Quranic stories are not like any story. There's lessons in it as we will see, inshallah, by the end of the two days, inshallah, we will amass close to 1000 lessons from the surah lessons that have a place in our lives with the light that so appreciate your use of even more servants of Allah. No Children of Adam for Allah cause the ease to the hurt of the Muslims, by revealing the soil by revealing this tour.
Stories take our minds off things and stories
bring peace especially when we learn about the reality of those before us.
And the allama have explained that the revelation was a means of alleviating the pain of the believers as they suffered at the hands of the courage and the isolators. We Allah subhanho wa Taala allow us to seek comfort from the Quran and its message I mean
by that is with regards to the preliminary