Sajid Umar – So that You may Attain Taqwa

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Sajid Ahmed Umar

Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar

Episode Notes

This was an online lecture presented by Sheikh Sajid Umar at Knowledge International University ( KIU ) during Ramadan 2013 from the land where revelation descended – Makkah.

In this lecture, sheikh discusses and elaborates on the Qur’anic verses that pertain to fasting during the month of Ramadan.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamina shape on a Raji Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.

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Vina

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coup de Bernie como si mahkamah katiba llmd ina min poverty Camilla

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poo. Yeah.

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Do the famine Can I mean Marine One

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suffering for I

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mean a min

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levena up una houfy the

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mommy ski

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firmen de la jolla wrong

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in

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tune

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Ravana levy

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levy Hill

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seiwa by Gina mean alhuda one four

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femen shahida qu Masha hora de awesome woman kana Maria one suffer in debt I mean yeah i mean

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you read ob comunale you sarala you read ob Kumar

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when he took me data when he took a bureau beruwala hadda kumala Allah tasche coup

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de la kariba de nieve in the quarry Oji Buddha water dairy there.

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felonious dodgy Bulli. Well, you may know beeler Allah homea

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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah Rasool Allah, Allah Allah He was a big marine among a lot of malaria in Milena Illa Allah tena in the cantilever de Mille Hakeem, Allah Melinda And Pharaoh now when

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Tana was in our element watermelon, er Kareem

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Lisa D SLE Emery wahaca melissani efco.

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All praises belongs to Allah subhanho wa Taala we praise Allah subhanho wa Taala we see colossal penawaran as assistance and we seek Allah subhanho wa Taala as guidance and we seek refuge in Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah from the evils of our souls and the adverse consequences of our deeds. Whomsoever Allah subhanho wa Taala decrees guidance upon the man can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah subhanho wa Taala decrees misguidance upon the nun can guide him and peace and salutations be upon the final messenger, Muhammad Ali Abdullah Saleh Allahu alayhi wa sallam, my dear brothers and sisters, my dear mothers and fathers, it gives me great pleasure to be with you this day in the

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special month of Al Quran, the month of Ramadan, to discuss with you lessons pertaining to the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala in that specific to the month of Ramadan. The title of this particular session is the Quranic verses on fasting and thus, I appropriately opened the session with the recitation of the ayat in the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah that denote fasting the month of Ramadan and Ramadan and the fact that Ramadan is the month in which Al Quran was revealed. I asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to make this a setting surrounded by angels, a setting beloved to Allah subhanho wa Taala a setting upon which the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala descends upon the people

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in this particular setting and gathering a setting that enjoys contentment and peace and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us from amongst those that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions to the angels For indeed we are accepting that have come together to learn from the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala by the brothers and sisters from the outset also ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us a setting that is forgiven upon our departure and asked Allah subhanho wa Taala together as agenda in the same way he has gathered us here in this verse

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Classroom today, as mentioned earlier by our brothers man, I'm speaking to you from the land of revelation maka, maka, Rama hola and Hamed have been blessed with a journey here today. And we managed to complete our Amara after certain surgery today. And I think we have two hours approximately, before we complete the past and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to accept our fasting and accept our Tibet. I mean, my dear brothers and sisters, I pray that you have your masahisa open in front of you, for those who are not well versed with the Arabic language then at least have a must have with an English translation close by so that you can follow better the few words that I am

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going to say. And indeed these are few words for 50 minutes to an hour, plus or minus is definitely not enough to encompass the lessons in the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala and encompassing the lessons in the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala is something close to impossible. Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed to us the book and it is indeed that which we have with us. But what we don't have with us always is the ability to benefit and magnanimously from the multitudes of lessons that exist in this book and Allah subhanho wa Taala opens upon the hearts of those whom He wills and those people are able to understand that much more than the others may Allah subhanho wa Taala

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forgive our sins and not make our sins a means of blocking us from understanding the manifest and great lessons that Allah subhanho wa Taala has placed in the ayat in the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. First things first brothers and sisters, Allah subhanho wa Taala Anna has packaged the ayat of cm and Ramadan in Surah Baqarah in a very systematic manner, we find that Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah has placed this is concurrently systematically one after the other and in a very, very appropriate place. Subhana Allah Allah because when we look at fasting, we see that it is something that requires patience from the person who is observing the fast. And when we look at the placement

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of the ion of CRM, we see that it comes in between instructions requiring patience from the believers and it comes at places in close proximity to the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala where Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah Azza wa Jalla Allah

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subhanho wa Taala is actually encouraging us to patients and highlighting the importance of patience and telling us how patience is a means of earning great blessing from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So we find that Allah Subhana Allah, Allah says wasabi nephele Sir, what barah joaquina Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about those who are patient during times of adversity, right, wasabi Luna feel better. So Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about those who are patient during the times of adversity, and we find Allah subhanho wa Taala speaking about matters and revealing matters, that indeed require patience from us because they probably not those matters, that a believer chooses very easily, such

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as matters pertaining to death. So for example, death is not something beloved to a human being. And we find that Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the worlds and the instruction of writing the world and the importance of writing the world and writing a will is synonymous to a person passing away and we find Allah subhanho wa Taala. Speaking about retribution, Allah subhanho wa Taala says quotevalet communities also Philip Kotler, Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions about the concept of retribution. And this is something that is not easily accepted by human beings. And it's something that requires patience in its carrying out, and then we find the loss of Hannah hautala packaging

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the eye of Sam. Why because Sam also leaving food and drink is not something that is easy for a human being, especially given that food and drink is part and parcel of our survival. So Allah subhanho wa Taala places this here, because it also entails some form of difficulty, right? So it's packaged in an appropriate place amongst instructions that deal with adversity and deal with difficulty. And as we know, from the Sunnah, we find the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaching us that fasting is half of patience, La ilaha illAllah. So it is indeed an act of worship, that requires patience, and to make my point even more manifest. We see after Allah subhanho wa

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Taala speaks about Psalm and speaks about fasting. We find the loss of haddaway to Allah speaking and revealing about Hej right Allah subhanho wa Taala reveals about hygiene hygiene is also that act of worship that requires this patience from a believer. So there's a very systematic mannerism here in the Quran.

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Construction and indeed the Quran is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is the revelation that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed to Muhammad. Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam through jabril alayhi salam, and it is indeed the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala and nothing that can be resembled so there is no doubt I mean we are amazed, but there's no need to be amazed because everything about the Quran is amazing. If I can use that terminology meaning as we become amazed, it's something that shouldn't be shocking to us because the entire book of Allah subhanho wa Taala is indeed amazing. When we look at the Quranic instructions, brothers and sisters pertaining to cm Allah subhanho wa

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Taala begins it by saying, Yeah, you have levena M and O.

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O you who believe. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala uses this letter in the Arabic language known as herefor NIDA, which is a letter that is used to denote a group of people or someone being called, for example, if I say, Oh brother was mad, so I'm actually calling out to brother of mine and requesting his attention. So Allah subhanho wa Taala calls out to us and the thing to note here is that Allah subhanho wa Taala calls out to the believers directly. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say Kalia Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say Kalia you are larina mo for example. So Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't instruct the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to address the believers, rather Allah

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subhanho wa Taala addresses the believers directly La ilaha illa Allah and this denotes the magnanimous nature of that which is going to be instructed to shortly which we will see is the fasting so Allah subhanho wa Taala uses this word this letter Yeah. which denotes a calling and the letter Yeah, as the scholars of the Arabic language mentioned, it is the letter which is most used in the Arabic language to call to such an extent that if we have an ayah or if we have a sentence, that gives us the impression of a calling, but the letter is not mentioned. Then by default we place or use the letter Yeah. The letter Yeah. Why because this is the letter of calling that denotes the

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requesting somebody's attention this letter to do this particular Act has been used the most out of all the other letters that have a similar function in the Arabic language. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Man, oh, yeah, you have levena man. Oh, you believe Allah subhana wa tada is addressing the believers, La ilaha illa Allah, we know in other places, Allah subhanho wa Taala denotes the people Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you Hannah's here Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you are letting me know he doesn't say oh mankind, Allah addresses the believers specifically, oh you who believe and even Mr. Ravi Allah and he says that when a believer reads this instruction from

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Allah subhanho wa Taala, then he should sit up and should pay attention and he should lend an attentive ear. Why because after this particular instruction, Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah is going to instruct us or after this particular calling, Allah subhanho wa Taala is going to instruct us to word something or warn us against something. So it's for a believer to pay a special attention here. So I must have Hannah who Tara has addressed the believers and as the believers pay attention and they know that now an instruction towards something is coming or a warning against something is coming, they wait to hear what is Allah subhanho wa Taala going to instruct here. And then here

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Allah subhanho wa Taala says katiba id camassia quotevalet comme si m katiba.

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katiba means forever katiba means forever, meaning Allah subhanho wa Taala has made compulsory upon you. So he has an instruction towards something Something has become compulsory upon us, what has become compulsory upon us quotevalet camassia fasting has become compulsory upon you, the scholars have assumed they derive from this particular Ayah the obligation of fasting why because of the mannerism in the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah subhana wa Taala said quotevalet come made compulsory upon you or written upon you as something compulsory for you to do is fasting. So the coming together of the words of this ayah give us the understanding that fasting is compulsory

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La ilaha illa Allah What an amazing instruction. Now, let me your ear, my dear brothers and sisters as I dissect a little bit katiba la COVID these two words. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala says katiba

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and

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we see here that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the passive form, the passive form, Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say Allah subhanho wa

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Allah has written upon you fasting. Allah subhanho wa Taala said fasting has been written upon you this is known in English grammar and in language grammar as the passive form where the feral or the dua has been has not been mentioned has been rubbed out. Instead of saying for example, Muhammad ate the apple, we say the Apple has been eaten this is the passive form. So the fact that Muhammad has done the Act has been rubbed out. And the scholars say when we study the Quran and we go through the the entire Quran, we learn from Allah subhanahu wa danas instruction, the adverb and manners when we speak about Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah and the instructions of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So what

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is this manner that we learn from here? The scholars say that when we look here we see that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the passive form Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say that Allah has instructed you rather Allah subhanho wa Taala has said that you have been instructed, it is an instruction upon you to do this. It is obligatory upon you to do this, rather than Allah subhanho wa Taala has made it obligatory upon you to do this. They say we learn from this, that when matters are discussed, that are not from the outset, beloved to mankind, right, not from the outset, beloved to mankind, then it is of other bad manners. Not to mention Allah subhanho wa Taala as name right. And we also

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learn this from for example, Ibrahim Alayhi. Salam, Allah subhanho wa Taala mentioned some of the statements of Ibrahim Alayhi Salam and Ibrahim Alayhi Salam goes on to say that Allah feeds me and Allah quenches my thirst. And he's mentioning all these facts, these are facts for Allah subhanho wa Taala is the creator that nourishes the Sustainer, the maker, the giver of life and death, the only one worthy of worthy of being worshipped. Subhana who adad so it's a fact that yes, Allah subhanho wa Taala does all these things. But when you brought him Allah He Salam says, or when Ibrahim Alayhi Salam speaks about being ill, he doesn't say when Allah makes me ill, a lot que Azmi. rather he says

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when I become ill, a la que me La ilaha illAllah. Look how he uses the passive form here in a show of edible respect that yes, it is Allah subhanho wa Taala who makes a person ill and grants them cure. But this concept of becoming sick is not something beloved to mankind. It's not something that mankind accepts easily. So out of Adam, he says when I become sick, rather than saying when Allah makes me sick, even though just before this ayah he says, And Allah feeds me, and Allah quenches my thirst, but here he says, and when I become ill, it is he meaning Allah subhanho wa Taala who que es mi La ilaha illallah wa great Adam, with Allah subhanho wa Taala we find from the MBR and he was

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salat wa salam. And in this particular example, Ibrahim alayhi salam, and hear from Allah subhanho wa Taala. We see this Allah said katiba he used the pestle form why because fasting from the outside leaving food and drink is not something beloved to you. Thus Allah doesn't say Allah has made fasting compulsory upon you. Rather, he said, fasting has been made compulsory upon you. So penampilan What an amazing lesson in how we should have adapt. When we mentioned Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is manifest in the Quran for we find this in many is in the Quran for Allah subhanho wa Taala says quotevalet come

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to common mode. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah says, that prescribed upon you for a person who is on the verge of passing away of dying. This again is not something beloved to mankind. So Allah subhanho wa Dionysus prescribed upon you I must have had overtime that doesn't say Allah has prescribed upon you. Allah subhanho wa Taala says quotevalet kusatsu Philip Kotler katiba alaykum Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't say Allah has stipulated this rather it says, this concept of retribution has been stipulated right, this concept of retribution meaning an eye for an eye and so on and so forth. This concept of retribution has been specified, Allah doesn't say Allah has

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specified this. So this is great at that when it comes to matters that mankind have difficulty accepting, then the job is not to mention Allah subhanho wa Taala directly, but rather refer to the concept of Allah subhanho wa Taala having stipulated this indirectly and I pray this particular point is clear. JazakAllah Hara so this is the first point brothers and sisters katiba is the passive form. And we've understood the wisdoms as scientist by the LMR Allah Allah him, given the research of the Quran and understanding this particular pattern that they've understood when the lion Hampton shared with us this great edit and manner with Allah subhanho wa Taala then Allah

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subhanho wa Dionysus katiba la alikum right so there's a preposition

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Hear Allah and the scholars of Massoud will say this denotes whoop, when Allah says, ketchup Allah, then this denotes something being obligatory. This denotes something being obligatory and as I've said to you in the previous is cited such as the the the ayah, talking about writing the Islamic world or the ayah, denoting the concept of retribution as an aspect in Islam, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, quotevalet come quotevalet come, so, Allah come denote exam alikum denotes obligation and something being compulsory. We see Allah subhanho wa Taala saying in his book cutterbar Allah, Rama, cassava infc Rama meaning Allah subhanho wa Taala has made obligatory for himself mercy to be

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merciful urashima cutterbar Allah and FC Rama so this is from the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon us that Allah subhanho wa Taala who is totally independent, not in need of us. Allah has made it obligatory upon himself to be merciful. La ilaha illAllah sama says Catalina Island of Sierra meaning this exam here Alyssa mannessah, who, as the scholars have to say that Allah subhanho wa Taala has made it obligatory upon himself to be merciful subhanho wa Taala. And indeed We should thank Allah subhanho wa Taala for his ever descending mercy upon us for Well, lucky we bask in the mercy of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, this month of Ramadan indeed, is a great blessing from Allah

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subhanho wa Taala. Now sometimes we see Allah subhanho wa Taala, saying ketubah, low, Yanni, for example, illa katiba, let him be here.

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So it's not Allah, it's actually let who this is a different preposition used here. And the scholars say that if we really studied the Quran and we see the different usages of the different prepositions, after this concept of cutterbar, or katiba, we see that cutterbar Allah, Allah is used in matters of difficulty, as we've established, when we talk about for example, fasting when we talk about for example, writing the world for example, the concept of retribution and so on and so forth. We find Allah subhanho wa Taala or, or the piecing of words together, come about as ketubah Allah or whatever Allah, but in matters of ease and matters of glad tidings and so on and so forth. We see

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the preposition lamb being used ketubah law or katiba law home, Salas illa kuchibhotla home be here

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that good deeds have been written for them, good deeds have been written for them and this is something we have glad tidings. So Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the preposition lamb cootie Bella home and this is just for those who have a working relationship with the Arabic language they can benefit from these points. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about cm Allah says quotevalet camassia. Now cm or some song is the the verbal noun or the master or the root word and cm is a type of verbal noun. These words refer to an extension refer to an extension staying away from something in the Arabic language, any type of extension. So when we look at some For example, we see Allah

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subhana wa ala saying in his book and so on Maria are fully in Nineveh Rahmani sama Allah subhanho wa Taala instructs Maria Maria has Salam after he said he Salam is born and the people come to her and they start ridiculing her and criticizing her and so on and so forth. Allah instructs her to say that I have made a promise to Allah subhanho wa Taala to abstain from speaking in Nineveh to Little Rock many sama Fallon Kelley Mineola in Seiya. So she's she she says that I have made a promise to abstain from speaking the point to note here is so I'm here reverse the abstention, any type of abstention in terms of the linguistic context of the word. When we look at it from a Sharia context,

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then it has a more specific meaning, which refers to the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala, through the abstention from specific aspects during a specific time from a specific individual in a specific way. And we know this because it's a specific extension when we say we passed the month of Ramadan, it doesn't mean we abstain from everything, but rather we abstain during the day from eating and drinking and satisfying our sexual desires, and so on and so forth. And for more on this, please revise a talk that I did a few weeks ago, titled difficult fasting, and have the lights available on YouTube for you to listen to and there's more detail regarding the definition of fasting and, and

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and a more detailed, not a fully detailed, but rather more detailed explanation of the definition of fasting from a from a silky perspective or from a Sharia perspective. But what needs to be understood now is that siyam or song in the Arabic language denotes abstention, and in the context of the Sharia, it denotes a specific abstention. Now what's interesting is when we look at the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala we find the word

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Psalm being used, and we find the word siyam being used as well. So Pamela, but we see that Allah subhanahu Allah uses the word siyam to denote worship only. The first thing that we know in the context of the Sharia, which is refraining from eating and drinking, and so on and so forth from true dawn until sunset. Sia is only used to denote the worship. But as for song, it's not used to denote worship. It's used to denote a different type of abstention, as I explained to you in the ayah in Surah. Maria, this is amazing. So we find that lots of Hana hula dancing quotevalet camassia. So if you see the word cm, immediately, you know that it's talking about the Sherry and

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fasting, the Sharia abstention, right? Allah subhanho wa Taala says familiar lamb aged fasciae musala 30 a year that a person who does not find that required to complete the cassara or the penalty for CME then they should fast three days Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the word cm he doesn't use the word song. So cm denotes the Sherry abstention. Allah subhanho wa Taala says in hajj for those who don't find their animals to slaughter Allah subhanho wa Taala commands them to fast three days in hedge and seven days when they return possiamo Salah to me Phil hedge whatever it is or reject them. So Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the word again here so yeah, so our scholars Rahim,

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Allah and him have given us an important fact, an important benefit and an important PR here for they have said that look when you see the word CRM that the study of the Quran shows that when you see the word CRM that it refers to the Sherry abstention. And when you see the word sound that it refers to the intended abstention. And for example, it's what the intended abstention is to abstain from speaking. So that's open to being discussed, we look at at the IR or the instructions before after to understand which abstention is being referred to when the word song is used. But when CRM is used immediately by default, we know that it's talking about the Islamic extension. So this is

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another pearl that we get from the word serum. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you are letting me know quotevalet camassia karma katiba Alan Levine Amina, Allah says this fasting has been prescribed upon you, as it was prescribed upon those before you. Now, the scholars have mentioned different understandings in terms of the tissue be or the resemblance between our fasting and the fasting of those before us. I mentioned these in the fasting series, which inshallah you will refer back to, but for the purposes of our discussion today, then inshallah the most preferred explanation or resemblance shared by the scholars would be an Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best would refer to

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the way of fasting, because we know that when we are when fasting was prescribed, it was prescribed in a specific way, and then that way was abrogated. So for example, when fasting first came about, if a person went to sleep at night, the fact that they went to sleep meant that they fast had begun. And this meant that they were not allowed to eat or drink, etc, until sunset, obviously the next day. So this was how fasting was introduced. And then the mannerism of fasting or the way of fasting was abrogated. And even if a person slept at night, if they woke up, they were permitted to eat and drink, meaning the night became a time of eating and drinking, etc. And the day became a day of

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abstention from that which the shares are prescribed. So the preferred explanation and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best is that the similarity between our fasting and the fasting of those before us was in the cifa in the way that the fasting took place, and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best as I said, there are other explanations, and you can refer to the future fasting series in sha Allah. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Come akuti by Ellen Levine, I mean publikum then Allah says La La

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La ilaha illa Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions to us the fruits behind this instruction, and really makes us even more amazed. And as I said, you know, we become amazed, but it's just in the English language. I'm having difficulty articulating it but in the Arabic language we see how the ajibola meaning it's amazing but it's not something that we should be amazed because the whole Sharia is amazing and the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala is already amazing meaning you and I should always be ready to be amazed. La ilaha illa Allah, the instruction of the Sherry, our brothers and sisters is so complete that Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't just command us towards

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taqwa. But Allah Subhana Allah provides the means for us to attain the stock Allah Allah Allah Allah Subhana Allah

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Write, Allah doesn't say stay away from sins. But Allah also provides us the means to do so by establishing and instructing us towards Allah. La ilaha illa Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala commands us towards taqwa become people of taqwa, attain God consciousness and the fear of the punishment of God Almighty and and erect this barrier between you and the punishment of Allah Almighty Allah doesn't just command us to this worthy and noble result. But Allah subhanho wa Taala also places for us, a means of attaining taqwa, thus prescribed the month off from avant la ilaha illa. Allah subhanho wa Taala. Look how complete the Sharia is, it provides us the goal and the means to attain

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that goal. Subhana Allah Allah, Allah He, Indeed Allah subhanho wa Taala is the greatest blessing. Allah Allahu Ahad alpha summit and let me let me let me Lou and I had Superman who went to Allah, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us diligence in our worship of him for Allah He we don't worship Allah subhanho wa Taala the way he deserves to be worshipped May Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive us. I mean, so my dear brothers and sisters, Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us Latin,

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so that we may attain God consciousness, right and this is a rough translation of taqwa for taqwa is one of those words can that cannot be explained, using a synonym using a single word rather, it requires explanation using an entire sentence. And as you've heard me say before, there's many explanations and I've shared with you time and time again the explanation of it but hedgerows Kalani as he he mentioned in his first Halle Berry, rahimullah, he says that a taco here integer anabaena kawabe. In other Billa we fire it refers to placing between yourself and the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala a barrier you erect a barrier between yourself and the punishment of Allah

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subhanho wa Taala how by staying away from the don'ts and by doing the do's meaning by staying away from that which Allah subhanho wa Taala asked us to stay away from an indulging in that which Allah subhanho wa Taala commanded us to do. So pattern of Bill Allah, so the month of Ramadan is a means that helps us erect this barrier, how brothers and sisters how, understand this, that Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us that in Ramadan, if we can stay away from halaal from that which is permissible from that which is permissible from that, which is we are allowed to indulge in and engage in Subhana Allah right, we might even get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala doing this. And in fact we

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do for gaining closeness is through doing heroin. So if we can stay away from heroin, then understand that you can definitely stay away from heroin you can because staying away from holiday is harder. Why? Because this is something permitted for you. There's no punishment for somebody indulging in heroin. So if you can stay away from the harder than indeed you can stay away from the easier, it's easier to stay away from heroin. Why? Because we know there's a punishment that awaits us doing that harm. So there's already something that helps us stay away from heroin. There's already that aspect that turns us away from home. There's already that aspect that makes us think

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time and time again, before we fall into heroin. We know this the grave, we know this the questioning in the grave. We know there's a standing on tiama Subhanallah, long, mighty day, and then we know that this genda and we know that this giant of there's so many matters that really stand in front of us and act as an obstacle before we can engage in this harm. So there's these obstacles that help us stay away from harm. So in, in essence, it's easier to stay away from harm, right? It's harder to stay away from harder, there's nothing preventing us from engaging in it. Rather, there's aspects that push us towards Helen, that if you do this hello you will get gender

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and you will gain closeness to Allah subhanho wa Taala and you will make your skills heavy on the day of karma and so on and so forth. This mat is pushing us towards it, which makes it harder for us to leave. But in Ramadan, we leave it we teach ourselves that we can stay away from this head on, which means by default for the rest of the year. Indeed we can stay away from heroin. And staying away from heroin is a means of attaining taqwa. Why it's a means of erecting this barrier between us and the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah Subhana Allah May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us this understanding. Now, dear brothers and sisters, we've completed this first III 183 And may

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Allah subhanho wa Taala reward brother with mine, he's placed it on the whiteboard for you all to see. Now I want to run through this. Again, we've broken it into parts. Let's run through the AI again. And let's see what we can learn from the AI looking at it in a more holistic way. Well, brothers and sisters, we learn

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A lot of Serbia from this ayah Subhana Allah a lot of topia, I mentioned a few. I mentioned a few.

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Allah Subhana, who Allah says, Yeah, you have levena

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Oh you who believe.

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Look how Allah subhanho wa Taala addresses us in the sweetest of ways, in the most compassionate of ways. So pime Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala addresses us in a way that makes us feel good and makes us feel special. We are, we are dependent upon Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah, Allah doesn't need us, but we need him. Allah could have just said fasting is prescribed upon you. But no, Allah said, oh you who believe Allah prepared us to hear the instruction. And we learn from this brothers and sisters, how to fix our speech with others especially in dour, how to address people how to win the hearts for that our is more about winning hearts than conquering minds. How to deal with our

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children, how to deal with our students how to speak to them, it doesn't mean that we have authority that we can speak in any way that we want. Yes, Allah subhanho wa Taala can do this but Allah has addressed us in a manner that is amazing teaching us how to become amazing individuals as well how to speak to our children and our students and those that we deal with and propagate this wonderful religion. We speak to them in the most beautiful of ways with our with emotion and we win their heart and prepare them to hear the instruction La ilaha illa Allah, then Allah subhanho wa Dionysus, cootie Valley Kumasi fasting has been prescribed upon you. Now what happens to the human being on

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the human being hears that fasting has been prescribed upon him, the human being becomes fearful that Subhanallah I have to leave food and drink this thing which I love this thing which is a means of survival and the human being become scared. La ilaha illAllah but look how Allah calms our fear. he calms our fears

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by saying karma quotevalet lavida mean that look, if you scared then understand that this instruction also was sent to those before you.

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So you become karma La ilaha illa Allah subhanaw taala Yes, I'm scared but if people before us have the same instruction and they lived, then inshallah I can manage this as well. I can manage this as well. La Ilaha Illa. Allah How amazing is this construction from Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is tarbiyah brothers and sisters. This is how we need to think of our instruction when we give it to others. Right? We need to be holistic, and marry between taleem and tarbiyah marry between educating and nurturing. Look how Allah educated us and nurtured us here. Allah says kamakoti by Alan Levine, Amina publikum, that look, you might be worried but don't worry, it was also an instruction to those

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before you otherwise what was why did Allah subhana wa Taala have to tell us that it was the instruction of those before us he could have just instructed us towards fasting he is the master. He is the Lord of the worlds of Hannah who was an Allah says Min publikum Allah.

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Allah tells us the fruits of this instruction Subhana Allah Allah didn't say fast and that's it. No questions asked, Do as you have been instructed Subhana Allah to Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah says, He explains to us that Allah contacter teaching us that when we teach others, we should also explain to them why we are instructing them towards something and why we are preventing them against something La ilaha illa Allah, when we talk to our kids, don't just say, you know, don't play in the sun, wear a hat, go to bed early, we shouldn't be people who only give instruction instruction instruction instruction. Rather, we should be people who give instruction and nurture

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the person who's being instructed tell them why don't play in the Sunday a child Why? Because of ABCD reasons, my dear child go to bed early. Why my dear parent, because of ABCD reasons. chew your food, my dear child Why? Because of ABCD reasons La ilaha illa Allah and who has taught us to be holistic Allah subhanho wa Taala how in practice La ilaha illa Allah in His revelation to us in how Allah subhanho wa Taala has dealt with us La ilaha illallah wa he it makes the hair stand. It makes the skin tingle, it makes eyes tears through the eyes of Allah Subhana Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't need us but look at how he nurtures us in practice, right? Allah subhanho wa Taala in

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practice, Allah hasn't just instructed us to be worthy people in our instruction but in practice, he has taught us how to be worth it people

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subhanho wa Taala Allah, Allah He time is running by so fast I wish it would slow down, but higher and higher. Let's move on. Brothers and sisters Allah subhanho wa Taala then goes on to say, am I do that? A young man do that. Right? It's for a limited number of days. Right? So allies calming our fears. How did he come out with fear by telling us that you know what? The people before you they fasted as well so don't worry you will manage and after that Allah gives us another instruction to make us understand that we will manage what does Allah subhanho wa Taala say it's only for a limited number of days. To Pamela, that, look, the instruction is not for every day of your life. It's for a

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limited number of days. So our fear becomes calmed even more La ilaha illa Allah and Allah subhanho wa Taala says, am I do that? I do that in the Arabic language is known as general Tila. It's the plural form, but it denotes the minority, not the plural form that denotes the majority. Meaning Yes, you're not fasting. Only one day, right? You fasting a plurality of days if I can use that term, meaning you are fasting more than one day. However, understand that even though you're fasting more than one day, which denotes a plural, understand that in relationship to the days of your life, the days of fasting are much fewer are far fewer La ilaha illAllah. The days of fasting are far

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fewer La ilaha illAllah. Amazing. So just from this instruction, when we look at the word Allah used Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say a Yama Duda, he said a Yama do that, which denotes the plural minority meaning that yes, it's more than one day, right? But in comparison to the days that you will love the days of fasting are far less so don't be fearful. Oh son of Adam. So don't be fearful. oh seven of mine. Yes, the instruction is there. Yes, the instruction requires patience, but understand that you are capable of doing it. So don't fear La ilaha illa Allah then Allah subhanho wa Taala says, a man can mean Kumari that Oh Allah suffering for that woman a woman Oh her. Allah

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says that so whoever among you is ill or on a journey then an equal number of days are to be made up meaning postponed the fasting to that day is a long discussion here. And I refer you back to the super fasting series barakallahu li calm but the point to note here is how merciful the Sharia is and how merciful the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala is that look, you know, you might say okay, yeah, Allah, you've come my nerves. You've told me that the people before did it. You've told me that, you know, in comparison to the days of my life, the fasting is far fewer. Yeah, Allah. But you know what, when I travel, even when I'm eating, it's difficult and when I'm ill, even when I'm

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eating, it's difficult. So what about this, Allah subhanho wa Taala calms our nerves further and says, if you are ill, or you're traveling, then you don't have to fast you can postpone it to a day a day where you are not traveling La ilaha illAllah hora de when you are not ill Subhana Allah, Allah He amazing instruction, right. And as I said, there's a big fifth discussion here but go back to the series. I haven't mentioned that greatly detailed discussion, but I've mentioned the discussion in some detail, inshallah, it will prove beneficial. But for the purposes of this particular lecture, I just want to try and highlight some of those points that we probably don't

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hear that often. And points that we've probably not understood much Well, when we've read the art of fasting time and time again. So understand here that Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah calms us further that look, yes, when you whilst you're eating and drinking, traveling is hard. being ill is hard. Don't worry. Don't worry, oh, son of Adam, don't worry, oh servant of mine. If you are ill, if you are traveling, you don't have to fast the obligation has been lifted. And when you return back home after Ramadan, and your situation becomes karma, then make up those particular fasts. May Allah subhanahu Allah grant us the understanding that Allah Subhana who Allah says Allah larina up punto

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miskeen fermentable

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hydro la casumo hydro lakum in quantum tanaman you have the English in front of us I won't read the English translation. But basically the scholars Rahmatullah here and him teach us that we learn from this is how fasting came down to us in stages. Allah subhanho wa Taala never made the fasting compulsory upon us in the way that we have it right now. In one go. Rather, it happened in stages. So first fasting the days of Ashura only was compulsory, and then fasting the month of Ramadan became compulsory which abrogated the obligation of fasting Ashura fasting Archer which is the 10th of Muharram

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However, when the month of Ramadan became compulsory, there was a choice people had a choice to find

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Or people had a choice not to fast but feed the poor. So this is what this is talking about. And then afterwards Allah subhanho wa Taala abrogated this ayah when he said fromagerie them in commercial hora de so

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that for those who missed the month, then they have to fast. So he abrogated Suppan, who were to Allah, not the ayah, but abrogated the ruling of having a choice, meaning now you don't have a choice, you have to fast. At the beginning, there was a choice. You could fast and this was better for you. Or you could leave fasting but feed the poor person now you don't have a choice. Rather, you have to fast, however, even at best are the other one. And this shows the coffee, but the other one, he said that, yes, the instruction of having a choice. Yes, that has been abrogated. But the idea hasn't been abrogated, and rather this particular idea, while living at Punahou, fideism,

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kurama miskeen. This particular Ayah refers to those who are pregnant, those who are breastfeeding, those who are terminally ill, those who are very old and weakness is part and parcel of their daily life. This idea now applies to them. So for pregnant female or a breastfeeding female, if they fear for themselves or their child, or a person who's terminally ill and can't fast and the person who is of old age and can't fast, then this applies to them how? Well it teaches us that they don't have to fast but for them is to feed a poor person for every day of fasting that has been missed, for every day of fasting that has been missed. And for a further discussion on this, please revise the

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physical fasting series just qumola higher then Allah subhanho wa Taala says, shall Ravana levy on zelophehad Quran I know we're running out of time. I'm just going to run through it. Because Manoj utra kulula you know, that that which is not manageable in its entirety, it shouldn't be left out in its entirety. So let's just go through this very quickly. Brothers and sisters, Allah subhanho wa Taala, say Shahada, Rama. Allah subhanho wa Taala systematically is teaching us about this instruction of fasting first Allah said fasting is compulsory upon you He didn't tell us when when he told us a specific number of days but it didn't tell us exactly when those days are. Now Allah

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subhana wa tada tells us exactly which days are being referred to when he says shahara Ravana Levy, the month of Ramadan. This is the month that we are talking about here this is the month has been discussed here. This is the month of fasting and this is the month in which the Quran was revealed. Now, the scholars have a discussion here. Are you allowed to say Ramadan without saying Shahab? Or do you always have to say Shia Ramadan? Again, we've discussed this in the physical fasting series please refer back to it. But very quickly here, the correct opinion is you are allowed to say Ramadan and you are allowed to say Ramadan without saying Shahar. Right, why? Because the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Elijah Romano he said ya da da da da da da. So he didn't say Ramadan he just said Ramadan without mentioning Shahada, which denotes that it is permissible to say that Ramadan by itself, why is Ramadan called Ramadan again the scholars have offered several explanations refer back to the super fasting series barakallahu li calm, but the preferred opinion and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best is that Ramadan when the months were being named, the month of Ramadan happened to occur in the hottest of months. Thus it was called Ramadan because drama avant refers to something which has become ash due to being burned, or something that has a very ash

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type of color, that grayish burnt color. Right? So it's another Miss with this particular meaning. And because when the months were being named, this particular month happened to be in the hottest of months. It was called Ramadan and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah knows best then Allah subhanho wa Taala has his own Xena field Quran teaching us that the month of Ramadan was the month in which the Quran was revealed. Now somebody might ask and say But hold on a minute here wasn't the Quran revealed over a period of 23 years? Right 23 years. So how was it revealed in Ramadan, and our scholars hashmatullah Allah him they say while the Quran was revealed in two phases, first it was

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revealed from a low helmet

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to the first heaven. And this happened in one chunk in one chunk meaning in one in a complete form. And this happened in the month of Ramadan. This happened in the month of Ramadan. And Allah says in the insula, who feel a little further meaning more specifically on the night of power in the month of Ramadan, then from the first Heaven, it came to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam piecemeal or as per need, right in stages over the course of 23 years. So this is what is meant

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by Sharon Robin and lady on Zilla feel Quran. We also understand from this ayah brothers and sisters how amazing the month of Ramadan is for it is synonymous with the Quran. It is the month of Quran and we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would revise the Quran with gibreel and a Salam once in the month of Ramadan and before he passed away he did so twice. So this denotes how amazing the month of Ramadan is. May Allah subhanho wa Taala allow us to witness many, many more events in our life. I mean, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, who the lead nurse verbena admin and who the wonderful Khan talking about the score and and the qualities of the score, and that it's a

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guidance for the people and it has clear proofs of guidance, and it's the criterion and it's the decider between truthfulness and falsehood. This is the Quran and this these are the qualities of the Quran and perhaps we can have a talk in the future just talking about the Quran and its qualities. Then Allah subhanho wa Jalla says familia he Domingo Musharraf Ali Hassan and we discussed this ayah as being the ayah that abrogated the earlier instruction, whereby you had a choice whether to fast or feed the poor with this particular area now it became compulsory upon all too fast. And then Allah subhanahu Adana says woman can or even oh and SF are in phase two, Mina

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Yamanaka

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Allah says that for those who are ill, or those who are traveling then for them is to delay the fast or they have a choice of delaying the fast to after my wife to a time when the situation becomes more settled. Now there's a long discussion regarding this ayah So once again, please go back to the filco fasting series for more details. But the point that I want to share with you before you leave regarding this ayah is that Allah subhanho wa Taala says, after you read the law, who become a user, whenever you read to become a law, sir La ilaha illa Allah and this is basically Allah subhanho wa Taala manifesting here everything I said to you earlier, how Allah subhanho wa Taala calm our nerves

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regarding you know what one would feel when they first hear that they have to fast it's scary. Allah subhanho wa Taala says Don't worry, people before you manage them, don't worry, it's only a few number of days and don't worry if you traveling or you Ill then understand that you can delay the fasting. Right? So don't worry about this either. And understand Oh servants of Allah and oh Children of Adam, you read Wahhabi communication, when are you ready to become Manasa that Allah subhanho wa Taala once easiness for you, and doesn't want difficulty for you? Subhan Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us that understand, after all of us understand is that it's not

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difficult for you, it's easy for you insha Allah said, yes, there is difficulty but it's a difficulty that can be managed. It's a difficulty that can be managed. So once again, oh servant of Allah and old child of Adam, do not be Do not be worried. Do not be worried. Remain calm and understand that Allah wants easiness for you, and he doesn't want difficulty for you and inshallah on the day of the AMA, we will see how what an amazing ease fasting the month of Ramadan in this dunya was for us. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from those who are freed from the Hellfire mean, may Allah subhanho wa Taala make these fasts a witness for us on the day of gamma Ameen May

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Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from amongst the successful at the end of this month. I mean, we have also kind of a gigantic genda with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I mean insha Allah on the day of the AMA we will see what a great ease fasting in this life was for us. inshallah we will see that may Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from amongst those who reap the fruits of our planting in this world in the hereafter. I mean, then Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah says, when he took me to death, that you complete the days of fasting only to Kabila, the scholars say this instruction here when he took up the law refers to the tech beam that one does on the day of read when we say Allahu

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Akbar Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illallah wa Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu La ilaha illa Allah, we need to compare Allah Allah Maha that understand that you are fasting is for you. Your fasting is for you to benefit from Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah is not going to benefit from your fasting, this instruction, our servant of Allah and oh child of Adam is for you alone, you are to benefit from it worry to compare law that you announced the greatness of Allah subhanho wa Taala why Allah because of that which he guided you to, because of that which he guided you to for your benefit when you fasted. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't benefit you benefited. Your fasting didn't mean that

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Allah subhanahu wa adera became greater. Allah subhanho wa Taala is the greatest and is the old magic.

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stik subhanho wa Taala and if you leave fasting, then this doesn't mean that Allah subhanho wa Taala has greatness will will become lesser than what it was some kind of way to add a view leave fasting you are to lose and if you fast you are to gain La ilaha illa Allah, Allah says Allah and Allah subhanho wa Taala says Walla

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Walla, Allah come to school, that perhaps you can be thankful thankful for this gift that Allah has given you. This month of Ramadan is a gift. This fasting is a gift this month of Quran is a gift, understand or servant of Allah, that this tech be that you do on the day of read is a gift and this day of eat is a gift. Thus what should one do when they've been gifted, they should be grateful, they should be thankful Subhana Allah Subhana Allah Allah May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant is the understanding and make us from amongst those that think Allah subhanho wa Taala in a way that is befitting we have a some kind of agenda makers from amongst those I mean understand our servant of

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Allah and old child of Adam. And this is the last thing I'm going to say they are more yet to be taken but unfortunately our time indeed has come to an end. The last thing I want to say is Oh servant of Allah and o child of Adam, we will always be in debt to Allah subhanho wa Taala we will always be in debt to Allah subhanho wa Taala whatever we do is we can never be Allah subhanho wa Taala back because understand that when you worship Allah when you fast the month of Ramadan for example, right? Allah subhanho wa Taala rewards you and He rewards us and because he has rewarded as we are now again in debt to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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So Panama, so then we say okay, let's thank Allah subhanho wa Taala for rewarding us for fasting the month of Ramadan for fasting the month of Ramadan. So we thank Allah we see and hamdulillah and when we think of our understand that Allah subhanho wa Taala rewards us for thanking him. So we are again in depth, Panama, Panama. So we say okay, let's thank Allah for allowing us to thank him for allowing us to fast the month of Ramadan. So we say Alhamdulillah again, and Subhana Allah again, understand that Allah subhanho wa Taala rewards you again and thus you are again in debt to Allah subhanho wa Taala we will always be indebted to Allah subhanho wa Taala we will never ever be able

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to pay Allah subhanho wa Taala back everything we do is for our benefit, every instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala that we follow is for our benefit, and Allah subhanho wa Taala rewards us we stand to gain and Allah subhanho wa Taala never loses My dear brothers and sisters I pray that this message reaches the hearts and it's a means of making us more diligent especially since 10 days and a third of Ramadan has passed. I pray these words makes us more diligent for the remaining 20 days and makes us even more prepared for the last 10 nights. We have a subhanho wa Taala Forgive me indeed I am weak indeed I'm weak I cannot do justice to the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala asked

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Allah subhanho wa Taala is forgiveness. My dear brothers and sisters, everything correct said is from Allah subhanho wa Taala and he is so perfect in any mistakes or for myself and shavon and I seek Allah subhanho wa Taala has forgiven us. I asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to accept all the errors made during this talk, and to accept all our donors that we've made since we were born and to accept the two hours that we will make until in the future until we pass away and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to accept this as in a manner that is better for us to give us better than we ask and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to give us even more in the Hereafter, then he has given us in this dunya

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Indeed Allah subhanho wa Taala is upon all evil. ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us from amongst the successful this Ramadan to forgive our mistakes to make us from amongst those who fasted the month and pray during the month with belief while having great hope in Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah and in that Allah subhanho wa Taala will reward us ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us from amongst those that witness later to cancer and to make us from amongst those that are freed from the Hellfire and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make Ramadan returned to us time and time again. Our main idea was militant medida mean ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant us death once he's pleased

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with us to grant us a grave which is a garden from the gardens of genda to grant has placed underneath his ambition that they have and to grant us our book of deeds in our right hand and to grant us the chance to drink from the house of Mohammed Abdullah salallahu alayhi wasallam and to grant an agenda with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Indeed Allah subhanho wa Taala is upon all April. I love you And for the sake of Allah, please remember me in your da and please keep on being the best

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That you can be and strive to be the best that you can be have the level lm awesome Allahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad, Allah Allah He was such a big marine was salam wa Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh