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The Madinan Society – Part 8

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Riyadul Haqq

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Episode Notes

The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 8/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 23rd September 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)

After the Prophet and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.

This lesson discusses the sins of the tongue and their severity. It is common knowledge that physically assaulting a person is illegal, yet we have no law asking us to guard our tongue. Many of our concepts of sin are formulated through the norms in society rather than from the Qur’an and Sunnah.

This lesson details the sins of the tongue and what steps we can take to control this boneless wonder.

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah

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Bismillah

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Alhamdulillah

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Viki, you want to talk karate

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when I was

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a woman said to me you have to Hillary who didn't

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want to shed a

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lot more color should he

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want to shadow him who made them have to who are sudo su La la la.

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He was about to kill his son. Kathy and Kathy

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my biographer was going to show you a gene similar to him in the La eketahuna saloon and in the Wii U

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he was

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a lot

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later on, Ebrahim, Ebrahimi

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a lot Adam

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Allah Ibrahim,

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Ibrahim in

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respect to listen as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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gather once again for Part Eight of

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commentary on sort of the

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last week we began verse number 10 sorry verse number 11.

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In which last pan who speaks of three sin

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related to

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the Muslim community

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a lot of things yeah livina en la yes hold on balmy NASA and you're gonna hate on men?

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are believers let's not a group,

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mock another group of men, let small group of men mock another group of men

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lest they be better than them.

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What are undersell Minnesota in NASA in the UK

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and nor let

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women mock other women lest they be better than

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what are three Muslim forces

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and do not

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defame yourselves

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what are the neighbors will will look

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and do not call out to one another.

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With labels, bits are listening for circle back and then email. Evil is the name of sin

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or terrible is the name of sin.

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After faith, I'm in the middle and whoever does not repent for all our echo volume and these they are the wrongdoers.

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Now I began with the first part of Johann Levine Armand Elias Amina in a minute. But oh believers, lots and lots of group of you mock another group, lest they be better than them. And I expanded quite a lot.

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To summarize once again,

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poking fun at servers,

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mocking them, ridiculing them, scoffing up

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joking about them whether it's in their presence or absence. All of these are considered

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sin in Islam.

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And Allah is it a sort of subtle alarm it was seldom frowned upon.

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And this verse is not merely a random

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teaching, in the midst of many of the verses, the whole surah has a theme.

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And this verse along with the proceeding, and the subsequent verses, all fit in with that theme. And the theme of the soul is adjust

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equitable, fair

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moral

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upright

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Society.

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And we saw evidence of

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during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and shortly thereafter.

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And this is why we also named the commentary of the whole sorta as the Medina society.

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A lot begins by reminding the believers, of recognizing their boundaries and their limits in relation to Allah first of all, and then to the noble messengers of Allah.

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Allow them Levin speaks of

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verifying the truth, not relying on rooms, being extra cautious before passing judgment,

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and

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relying on evidence, etc. And again, all of this is related to ensuring that no individual is harmed

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by ruins, by gossip, by lies, and by rash, hasty judgments, without evidence, and merely on the basis of hearsay. And

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again, all of this fits into the topic of justice,

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and fairness,

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and all of it leads to creating a harmonious society.

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A lot also spoke of

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how conflict should be avoided and where there is conflict, how others should strive to bring about harmony, peace and reconciliation between these conflicting differing parts.

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And then law ends that section with the words

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in the

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first level been awakened with the law of anger.

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The believers or buts, brothers, therefore, reconcile your two brothers, and be wary of Allah, perhaps you may receive mass. And then immediately Allah says all believers, let's not a group of you mocking.

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Now that these verses are deeply Connect.

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And the first thing which are mentioned is, and the way we should understand it is as follows. A last phase established brother

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law reminds us that believers arbites brothers bring about peace, harmony and reconciliation between the brothers, between you established fraternity brother, sister.

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But that cannot be established by me a slogan or even just by calling one of the brothers sister

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during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and before I mentioned that, let's speak of today, and forgive me for being Frank.

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But today, the words brother and sister have become a cliche.

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We say them, but they are void and bereft of any meaning or depth.

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Everyone's a brother, everyone's a sister,

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brother, or sister for Nana, brother, former sister for Lana.

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We always use the word brother

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when addressing each other when speaking of each other

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when giving titles to one another

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mentor that's women.

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And yet

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how true is that brother? During the time of this, how about the law?

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Rarely, in fact, it's it's almost non existent.

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Almost non existent.

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You will never find in the Lich.

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Anyone calling out to another with the words of Abdullah Al Aziz, a foreigner, foreigner.

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The Arabs were a very unpretentious P.

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There was no pretense. No airs and graces.

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No false.

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One thing that we're never guilty of is pretentious behavior.

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They will roll straightforward as better.

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This was before. But even after Islam, they were very open.

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They would say what

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It was need that the hearts were clean. And you can still find this in some societies throughout the world, especially with simple folk, even villages in rural areas back home. They'll say what they are very unpretentious. They will say what needs to be said flat to your face, but their hearts are clean.

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So the Arabs were like that even amongst the Sahaba of the line.

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The only person they would give titles to was also La Silla, la hidings.

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Otherwise to each other.

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They would never say brother Fulani brother, sister for Lana, nor would they even give titles to one and

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the most honorific title given to each other was the kunia

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where

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the person was named after

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the eldest child, or one of the children, or not even necessarily

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their own children.

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I mean, it Chateau de Allah.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave her the Konya magdala, after her nephew,

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Abdullah hit the alarm.

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So, she was childless, yes, she was given a cornea. So this was an honorific title, even the Prophet sallallahu it was similar is funny I was able to pass

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and some would continue to call him herbal class.

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So the most honorific title given to one another there was a good otherwise brother for an hour long

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titles, prefixes, what unknown to the Arabs are very unpretentious. And yet

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they lived and realize that true but

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they demonstrate

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love, but um, there are countless examples of their brotherhood, some of which are quote. So

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they had brotherhood without the titles, the name

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And today, we must question ourselves that we are forever

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banding about the titles brother, sister, brother, sister, but is there any depth? Is there any reality to that claim of

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a last panel with the other shows us how that Brotherhood is to reestablish?

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And the first thing he mentioned,

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in way of achieving that Brotherhood is do not mock.

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That's quite telling. We actually think that mockery, scoffing, poking fun at one another is not a problem.

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It's a non issue, there is no problem.

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We don't even think of it as a sin. In fact, we probably think that it's not, it doesn't really exist. How often do we poke fun at one

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and yet there lies the danger.

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We may not even realize we are doing it. It's evidently important enough for a lot of men.

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And for a lot of mention it as a first sin after telling us to establish

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but this is what we must avoid.

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And as we learned from me in the last

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one can mock another without even moving their lips.

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Just what happened? My mom did Amelia and others relays that the prophets

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shuttle the alarm says

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that I said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yasuda, Allah has spoken in Sofia together, that as far as Sophia is concerned, referring to Sophia, the daughter or even the one of the wives of the prophets of the love it was something

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that's as far as Sophia is concerned, all you need to know or suffice sufficient for you in relation to Sophia is this. And she didn't even say short. But she merely motioned with her hands speaking and favorably about the height of minion Sophia, it'll be a lot shorter than the others.

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So the prophets in the LA ecosystem said to her or Anisha

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you have uttered a word, even though she never said it.

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You have produced the word one word kenema

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Which if mixed with the waters of the oceans would dilute.

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That's how poisonous it is.

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They would actually dilute the waters of the oceans without her saying anything merely motioning.

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And then she continues, but I want to imitate someone slyke we imitate a person, their

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actions, their gestures, their gait, their manner of walking, it could be anything. Even they're frowning or their facial expression.

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So, in Chateau de la, I imitated someone on the profits of the line equals seven said to me, oh, Anisha, I would never imitate anyone, even if I was given so much and so much wealth in return.

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So we may not even realize that we are mocking us.

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poking fun at servers is a synonym. And when a lot of things

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you may not even realize

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what the other person's ranking position is, with Allah.

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As I mentioned, one of the

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impetus is to mocking others. One of the things that drives us to scoff at others to mock them to ridicule them, is our own deep insecurity.

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Our own sense of worthlessness, our own projection of our flaws and weaknesses onto others, our deflection in the hope that people will turn their gaze away from us.

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And we wish to mock others in the hope that we can feel better when we can look back.

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There's a very twisted and convoluted psychology.

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But Allah Subhana, Allah tells us

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that rather than mocking them,

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you should realize that the very people you mock may be better with Allah than any and far, far bet.

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Who do the mock, we mock those who are poor,

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who are supposedly an apparently inferior, inferior in appearance, in dress in material possessions, in wealth and income.

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The ones that we momentarily feel that we are better than

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and yet, the very teaching of Islam has always been that do not look at how a person appears in a displayed province. And the law says later by many offers, in the law, Hungarians are in a sort of radical monarchy and

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American law does not look at your figures

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or your wealth.

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Well, while that law looks at your deeds and at your heart,

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and this is why a person may be disheveled, unkempt,

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covered in dust, driven away from doors, as I mentioned last week, and yeah, that person could be so beloved to Allah, that Allah that that person may take an oath, and allow will ensure that his oath does not go unfulfilled.

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And we sometimes laugh at another person, not because

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they may necessarily be in theory in appearance and clothing and dress and wealth and possessions. But simply because something has happened to them, which momentarily makes us feel better about ourselves. And it's very common, even children to if someone trips

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everyone loves.

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In fact, there is no shame in learning. We learn in the heading

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that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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taught us openly and Frank.

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But when people pass when others law

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and the province in the law while he was in them, if you wished he could have remained silent on that occasion.

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But even at that moment he gave us It gave us a teaching. He said, Why do you laugh at something which you do yourself?

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Why do you laugh at something?

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Which you do yourself.

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It's something very natural.

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It's something which happens to every single human being.

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And it happens to you.

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And one of the reasons why we laugh at others, is that we are actually trying to mask and conceal our shame. On that occasion, it may have happened someone else, but it reminds us of our own flaw our own mortality, our own human nature.

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And again, we wish to

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deflect, we wish to divert other's attention to someone else. We wish to project and we laugh.

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But it's that kind of guilty law, where we know ourselves that we are laughing, but deep down within we know the truth.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave us a peaceful teaching. Why

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should a woman laugh at something? Which he does himself?

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So sometimes we may laugh and laugh at someone else, not necessarily because they are inferior, because something happens.

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And this is very common, someone for someone trips. Your Muslim Rahmatullah here they related Ethan his heat

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that once on an anti Chateau de la when I was in Mina, and it was obviously during the Hajj.

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And she was in her tent,

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as well as the customer attendance, pitch Deborah.

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So a group of young men from the orange

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they visited me in shuttle de la.

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And they were all laughing collect.

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So I show the alarm

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while you laugh.

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So they informed her that such and such a person has just tripped on the tent rope. So one of the main ropes that stretches from the peg to the corner of the tent, very taut rope, close to the entrance or anywhere nearby. They said that such and such a person he tripped over the

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taut rope of the tent.

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And it was such a fall that it seemed as though his neck was about to go or his eye was about to go. He was about to lose his neck while his eye so hard was the fall. So that's what made them laugh. So shadow the alarm has replied to them was and her teaching to them was to not laugh at him. For I have heard the messenger sallallahu Sallam say

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that not even a thorn pricks the foot, not even a thorn pricks any belief or something greater than a thorn pricking, except that Allah subhanho wa Taala sheds one of his sins and raises him by one round.

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So do not laugh.

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Whichever way we look at it, if someone falls and if we consider someone inferior, whether in appearance and looks and wealth and possessions, then we are guilty of arrogance. And they may be very close to Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah does not bless people with the dunya because they are better with a lot. Last season the Quran couldn't admit to her

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reply

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Well, my counterpart would have become hora

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de la Vega.

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de la says each meaning all of them the peep, and before that last week's of those who work for the world and those who work for the hereafter. So Allah sees each the worldly and the unworldly.

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Those who believe in along those who don't.

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Last as

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all of them do we give and sustain

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hope that it will have these and these men apply Arabic from the bounty of your law luggages everyone

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allows gift and bounty is no measure of lost pleasure with that purse.

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Well, Mark and Rob become rura law continues that the gift and the bounty of your Lord is not restrict in any way.

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Then Allah say see how we have given some preference

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village over the others in the world.

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But what an honor to borrow the Raja Lila, surely the Hereafter is far greater in ranks and is far greater grace and verge.

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So, one's wealth, one's material possessions, one's worldly success is no mark or measure of a last lecture. It's not

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if it was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would have been the king of the world, in material possessions.

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So

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if someone's in theory, it has apparently in wealth in material possessions, it definitely does not make us better than

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and even if somewhat we laugh at someone, not because they are inferior, but because something happens to them. Allah subhanho wa Taala is rewarding them even once they are suffering

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and one deflated by Manfred Emilia and others. prophets love it from seldom says, although some have questioned the authenticity of the so the the, according to most scholars, but

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it's recorded by a man Timothy and others prophets Allah Allah, Allah who seldom says latos Harris shamatha de la jolla.

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When one narration for our fee law where we

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do not ever

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Express satisfaction at the misfortune of another of your brother

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shamatha

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the word for it is sharpen Freud, the German word which is used in English, sharpen Freud, where we

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glow

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and feels a smug satisfaction over the misfortune and suffering of enough.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even teaches us that, but do not express your mother

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do not express shagun Freud did not feel smug, or satisfy, and do not draw any satisfaction

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from the suffering of your brother, lest he continues to hammer the law of the league, lest Allah has mercy on him. And Allah relieves him and inflicts that suffering on you.

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And in fact, in one Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, never does a person taunt another with a sin, except that Allah will embroil that taunting person in that same sin before he dies.

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So

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there is no reason for us to laugh at

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none whatsoever.

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Whichever way you look at

00:28:07--> 00:28:19

the last panel with Anna says open ears let small group of you have men mock another group less they are better than them, meaning the mocking or the mocked ones are better than the mocking.

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And then Allah repeats it even though oh means a people, which includes men and women. But because of the sensitivity of the session

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a lot separately, mentions it again and repeats it with emphasis. What are the settlements and let's not women, mock other women, less the mock women be better than the mocking.

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So that's the first part of the verse in relation to ridicule and mockery.

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As I mentioned last week, it doesn't mean that we have to be dry and heedless. But somehow we need to know our boundaries.

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someone walking down the road poked another with his umbrella on the nose.

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She said, Why did you do that for she said freedom.

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She said your freedom ends when Mona was beginning

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to indeed, you can be painters, you can be satirizing.

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You can mock you can ridicule you can enjoy your comedy you can enjoy your laughs But at whose expense

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surely there must be limits and must be boundaries.

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So law

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span over data has set the boundaries much closer than we think.

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And that's for our say,

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because this is exactly what causes

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discord and disharmony, and conflict and tension.

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Imagine how hat how do we feel when someone loves us?

00:30:27--> 00:30:37

terrible feeling. In fact, we grew up with that. Even a child, strangely enough, a child, a child can take criticism.

00:30:39--> 00:30:40

They really can.

00:30:44--> 00:30:46

If you tell a child you're wrong,

00:30:47--> 00:30:58

in school or in learning, you tell a child you wrong. That's not the way to do it. You want a child will actually laugh at themselves and say, Oh, I'm sorry, I didn't realize,

00:30:59--> 00:31:01

Oh, is it like that?

00:31:02--> 00:31:06

You tell an adult you're wrong, even if they are students.

00:31:07--> 00:31:09

And I've experienced it many times.

00:31:11--> 00:31:15

Meaning as a teacher, you tell an adult student, you're wrong.

00:31:17--> 00:31:21

They soak not just for the rest of the lesson for the rest of the month.

00:31:23--> 00:31:24

They just can't get over it.

00:31:26--> 00:31:36

And so I often say to my students, and I've countless students, don't repeat them, you tell them if you want to learn be like children, when learning.

00:31:39--> 00:31:45

truly be like children, open minded, self critical, self deprecating,

00:31:48--> 00:31:50

non judgmental, respectful.

00:31:52--> 00:31:53

Be like children.

00:31:55--> 00:31:59

And you will learn as rapidly as children and you will retain the knowledge.

00:32:04--> 00:32:07

But if you want to learn as though you are the teacher,

00:32:08--> 00:32:11

then that means sits at your knees and up my shirt.

00:32:13--> 00:32:14

Because you will never

00:32:17--> 00:32:20

so children, they can accept criticism.

00:32:22--> 00:32:35

But the one thing children definitely cannot tolerate, which is shame and being laughed. Have you ever seen a child react when other children are laughing upsets?

00:32:37--> 00:32:40

And we've all been through it. It's a terrible feeling.

00:32:42--> 00:33:02

Children across the world. They may not be huge numbers, but they definitely are. We read about them. Children have committed suicide because of emotional bullying. And that bullying, emotional, not physical, emotional bullying simply because of tones, jibes and other children are ganging up on them and laugh.

00:33:03--> 00:33:05

A child can take criticism.

00:33:07--> 00:33:10

A child can even take being disciplined.

00:33:12--> 00:33:18

A child can even take B and tolerate being deprived of goodies. But

00:33:19--> 00:33:25

a child finds it very difficult to deal with being laughed at and being shamed.

00:33:26--> 00:33:28

And that continues with as an adult.

00:33:30--> 00:33:41

So when we mock and ridicule others, we are once again inflict inflicting that childhood trauma of being laughed at and have been.

00:33:42--> 00:33:46

We would never want it for ourselves. We would never tolerate it for ourselves

00:33:48--> 00:33:50

No matter how much we protest otherwise.

00:33:54--> 00:33:57

This is why Allah subhanho wa Taala says don't

00:33:58--> 00:33:59

just don't do it.

00:34:02--> 00:34:06

Truth is we wouldn't want it to be done to us and therefore we shouldn't be doing it.

00:34:07--> 00:34:08

it smacks of our

00:34:10--> 00:34:15

mockery smacks of arrogance. That's why Allah says less than mocks ones be better than the mock.

00:34:17--> 00:34:23

There's a lot more that can be said about this by suffice. But let's move on to the second set. The second sentence

00:34:25--> 00:34:27

what are the Muslim for circle

00:34:28--> 00:34:32

and do not torture yourself yourselves.

00:34:34--> 00:34:38

I also use a tramp use words. Do not defame yourselves.

00:34:40--> 00:34:40

Now

00:34:46--> 00:34:53

I explained a bit about limbs in sort of the home as a way to liquidate the home as a thing lomasa

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

and leave the gym.

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

Yes, so what Namaste

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

Level

00:35:04--> 00:35:07

won't be unto every backbite

00:35:08--> 00:35:09

taunting,

00:35:10--> 00:35:12

defaming purse.

00:35:13--> 00:35:18

He gathers wealth and can't enumerate.

00:35:19--> 00:35:23

He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal,

00:35:24--> 00:35:31

give him everlasting life. And I explained them that wealth can corrupt

00:35:32--> 00:35:43

and it corrupts a person's character. attitude. Wealth can make person arrogant wealth can make a person delusional thinking as the last aiza

00:35:44--> 00:35:46

he is immortal, he will live forever.

00:35:47--> 00:36:00

One of the other things that wealth does is the beginning humans that lomasa it makes him into a torrenting sort of taunting, sniping, snappy, backbiting, judgmental individual

00:36:03--> 00:36:10

and I explained them that homies and limbs the words from which homers and llamas are, both derive.

00:36:12--> 00:36:17

Hamza numbers originally meant to attack physics.

00:36:19--> 00:36:30

So when law says what are the Mizzou and full circle, the word comes from lemons, the literal meaning is well attended Mizzou enforceable do not attack yourselves.

00:36:35--> 00:36:44

And then later the word for the Arabs was expanded to refer to any form of attack whether it was physical or verbal.

00:36:46--> 00:36:50

And when we throw jives answer, when we taunt another,

00:36:51--> 00:36:53

and we are verbally attacking.

00:36:55--> 00:36:56

And this is why in Islam,

00:36:58--> 00:36:59

there is

00:37:02--> 00:37:07

not that great the distinction between physical attacks and verbal it.

00:37:10--> 00:37:16

In Islam, we have no concept of sticks and stones break bones, but words never heard.

00:37:20--> 00:37:22

That policy does not stand in Islam.

00:37:25--> 00:37:25

In Islam,

00:37:26--> 00:37:33

we've always believed and we've always been taught that words can hurt as much as stun.

00:37:37--> 00:37:38

And words can

00:37:40--> 00:37:42

inflict as much pain as sticks.

00:37:46--> 00:37:50

And that's often a broken bone

00:37:51--> 00:37:55

can be mended. But a broken heart cannot be

00:37:57--> 00:38:01

a bruised heart by words cannot so easily.

00:38:04--> 00:38:09

So in Islam, there is no there is no real distinction between physical attacks and verbal it.

00:38:10--> 00:38:23

And that's the way of looking at it. When we look at it from that prison, many of the teachings of Allah is that a source the law seldom come together make sense and appear very consistent.

00:38:26--> 00:38:28

That there is no real distinction.

00:38:30--> 00:38:37

Whereas the alternative is that Do you know what, as long as you don't lay a finger on another person, you can say what you want.

00:38:48--> 00:38:57

As long as you don't hit another person hurt another person, I mean physically, you can say whatever you want to them in their presence in their absence.

00:38:58--> 00:39:22

But now, very slowly and gradually. Laws are changing very slowly. So now there are laws about hate crime about misogyny. And one of the latest is that if a woman is taunted with words or she feels verbally attacked in any way,

00:39:24--> 00:39:25

by

00:39:27--> 00:39:29

being approached

00:39:34--> 00:39:54

in an undesirable manner, or in a suggestive manner or something is said to her, then police forces across the country are now seriously considering applying laws of hate to this such acts of massaging so slowly.

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

Laws are changing very very slowly.

00:40:01--> 00:40:10

Again, they are not universal, but only in selective sectors only for selective segments of the of the community.

00:40:13--> 00:40:53

But in Islam, from the very beginning, we have always been taught and we have always believed that there is no distinction between physical attacks and verbal attacks. And this is why lems in Arabic originally comes from the word attack. So when Allah says what are the missile and do not attack yourselves? That means that I do not throw jabs at yourselves do not torture yourselves, do not defame yourself. The question is, nobody defends themselves per se. So what what does this mean? It means do not do it to one another. So why say to yourselves, because ultimately the harm will fall on you.

00:40:54--> 00:40:58

You turn to another, eventually, the harm will befall.

00:40:59--> 00:41:01

You throw jibes that's another.

00:41:02--> 00:41:05

Ultimately, you will be the one who will also say,

00:41:07--> 00:41:26

so Allah tells us well, I've done a missile and full circle and do not attack yourself or you do not defame yourselves. Do not throw jabs at yourselves at one another. Do not talk to one another in any way whatsoever. backbiting is saying something in someone's absence. And that's

00:41:27--> 00:41:40

one who is excessive and excessive backbiting won't be unto whom isn't excessive back biter. Llamas are excessive, taunting defaming person, even if it's in someone's presence,

00:41:41--> 00:41:55

being harsh of tongue saying things to people. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says silverbow Muslim for sumatera who cough abusing a Muslim is an act of sin.

00:41:57--> 00:42:03

And I'll say more about this at the end of the verse. The third sin which alarm mentions is what at an Abbess will be

00:42:04--> 00:42:07

and do not call out to one another with offensive names.

00:42:14--> 00:42:22

of BB means titles. Now, during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when he arrived in Medina,

00:42:25--> 00:42:30

how about the law say that the unsolved Sahaba of Medina

00:42:31--> 00:42:33

many of them had two or three names.

00:42:35--> 00:42:43

But these weren't these weren't names that they had adopted themselves, but rather they were names and titles and labels given to them by others.

00:42:44--> 00:43:02

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his innocence, he would at times call out to people using any one of these two three names that they had. So then Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was advised by others that they are sort of law, he does not like this name.

00:43:03--> 00:43:16

So the Prophet similar love it was send them desisted. And then a lot actually, we've mentioned this, that all believers do not call out to one another with offensive names. That means

00:43:20--> 00:43:35

when people give others titles or offensive titles, it may be to do with their the title may reflect something of their appearance, their disability, their complexion,

00:43:36--> 00:43:38

their height,

00:43:40--> 00:43:41

their stature,

00:43:42--> 00:43:44

their body,

00:43:45--> 00:43:50

it may reflect something of their health, or their background.

00:43:51--> 00:43:56

Whatever it is, if it's disapproved, if it's disapproved by that person,

00:43:59--> 00:43:59

then

00:44:01--> 00:44:01

it's offense.

00:44:03--> 00:44:28

The simple rule is and this is the simple rule, what is backbite and we will learn about backbiting in the next verse. What is taunting? How do you define tort? law says what are the minimum for someone to not attack one? So how do you define an attack? One, two lighthouses in the next verse do not backbite How do you define backbite?

00:44:31--> 00:44:41

law essays Do not call out to one another with offensive names. How do you define an offensive name? In Islam? The ruling is very simple. It's not complicated at all.

00:44:42--> 00:44:48

What we are taught is as far as backbiting is concerned,

00:44:49--> 00:44:53

if you ought to mention anything in someone's absence,

00:44:54--> 00:44:58

which the other person dislikes, that is backbite

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

In the face about Emily and others, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asked yada sort Allah, what is backbiting?

00:45:08--> 00:45:18

So he said, you're mentioning something about your brother, which he dislikes. That's it. narcissism, not something which infuriates or enrages him.

00:45:20--> 00:45:25

But you mentioning anything about him, which he dislikes, that's backbiting

00:45:26--> 00:45:27

in his absence.

00:45:29--> 00:45:31

So someone said the rule of law what's if it's true?

00:45:33--> 00:45:39

So he said, if it's true, then it's backbiting and if it's not true, then you have slandered.

00:45:42--> 00:46:25

So, how do you define backbiting saying anything in someone's absence that they simply dislike? How do you define taunting when a law says do not talk to one another? Do not throw jabs at one another? Do not defame one another? How do you explain defamation? jobs? How do you define taunting? Simple anything that they do not learn? How do you alas age do not call out to one another with offensive names? How do you define an offensive name, a defensive later an offensive label simple, whatever they dislike and disapproval is undesirable, it now becomes haram for you to call them by that name. Simple.

00:46:28--> 00:46:31

So shorty

00:46:33--> 00:46:34

lendkey

00:46:36--> 00:46:40

any one of the given the names or titles based on these

00:46:43--> 00:46:46

reflections, all of this is impermissible in Islam.

00:46:53--> 00:46:57

In fact, only this afternoon, my younger brother told me about someone

00:46:59--> 00:47:09

where he had one of his class fellows or one of his fellow students where he had studied and this was religious establishments where they were all becoming Aloma.

00:47:11--> 00:47:14

And one of the students was

00:47:16--> 00:47:20

on the large side corpulent and

00:47:22--> 00:47:25

his very name was fat foreigner.

00:47:26--> 00:47:32

That was his actual name my brother Tommy only this afternoon. That was his very name.

00:47:35--> 00:47:36

Do not taunt.

00:47:39--> 00:47:40

Do not throw jabs.

00:47:47--> 00:47:54

And, in fact, the reason the discussion came up was that he was very large, but now he's extremely slim.

00:47:56--> 00:47:58

And these things change.

00:47:59--> 00:48:02

Sometimes the taunting mocking people

00:48:03--> 00:48:07

themselves become the very spectacle of what they were mocking before.

00:48:12--> 00:48:27

So whatever the other person finds offensive, and what he or she dislikes, now becomes how long for anyone to throw that back? whether it has a label a name, a title, a jibe, a taunt, or in terms of backbiting it's all

00:48:29--> 00:48:35

so do not defame yourselves and do not call out to one another with offensive labels. All of these

00:48:37--> 00:48:43

then, last panel with Anna ends averse with the words bits talisman for super bad and

00:48:45--> 00:48:51

evil indeed is the name of sin after email, after faith.

00:48:53--> 00:49:05

Now what does this word sentence me? You means both things. One last thing to say is that one last panel with Allah has given you email.

00:49:09--> 00:49:11

Then it's very lowly of

00:49:13--> 00:49:14

Tony bass have

00:49:16--> 00:49:17

very despicable of you

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

that you should

00:49:22--> 00:49:46

contrary to the teachings of Eamon, you should reduce yourself to mocking taunting and ridiculing others. It's very lowly despicable thing. A dignified, noble honorable person does not do this. When Allah has blessed you with the email after your you have been gifted with any man.

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

How can you lower yourself to this level, that being a notman this is your despicable behavior, that you indulge in throwing jabs and tongs and mocking others.

00:50:01--> 00:50:02

Are you a fool?

00:50:03--> 00:50:06

That's the behavior of a joke.

00:50:10--> 00:50:12

That's the behavior of a fool.

00:50:15--> 00:50:19

And you do that to yourself, after Allah has gifted you with email.

00:50:21--> 00:50:28

So bits to listen for so better than email. And this isn't just despicable behavior, it's for salt, it's a sin.

00:50:31--> 00:50:31

And for So,

00:50:33--> 00:50:40

for so mean sinful for So originally means transgression. So this is transgression.

00:50:42--> 00:50:50

How is it referred to as transgression for so it means transgressing the boundaries, the limits coming out of the boundaries.

00:50:55--> 00:50:57

amounts is called a four way supply.

00:50:59--> 00:51:05

And it's mentioned in the Hadeeth as well. The lit a fat, what did we call a sinful purse?

00:51:07--> 00:51:07

facet.

00:51:09--> 00:51:29

What do we call a seafoam purse and a facet. But it doesn't just mean sinful. A facet is someone who has transgressed and therefore his transgressions to such a degree that a facet, his Shahada, his or her Shahada is not accepted in a court of law. their testimony is not accepted, they are unreliable.

00:51:33--> 00:51:42

So a facet means a simple person, and the diminutive of facet is for wasting that little facet.

00:51:43--> 00:51:49

So a mouse is called a voice or voice. So why is the poor mouse called the little facet?

00:51:52--> 00:51:59

It's actually mentioned in the header. The arrows will give the name for a sec or voice. So why is the poor man's call the little facet?

00:52:00--> 00:52:04

Because it's not because it's fast, it was sinful in any way.

00:52:05--> 00:52:10

Because it's a it's the original name, what does the match to it comes out of its hole.

00:52:12--> 00:52:14

So for soup means coming out,

00:52:17--> 00:52:30

coming out, so the limits coming out of the boundaries that Allah has placed. So anyone who comes out to the boundaries and the limits that law has base, that person is now a transgressor a facet.

00:52:32--> 00:52:44

So the poor the poor mouse has only sin of transgression that come out of its hole. But when a person is called a facet is because they have come out of the boundaries and the limits set by

00:52:46--> 00:53:30

they have transgressed the limits, and therefore they are guilty of pursuit of transgression. So Allah says here, evil is a name of transgression. After email, that means that Allah has given you a man, faith, but as part of this faith, Allah has also placed limits. And part of those limits and boundaries is this, that you do not mock others you do not taunt others, you do not throw jabs at others, you do not defame one another. You don't call out to one another with offensive names. These behaviors are lowly and despicable, but they are not just lowly and despicable. If you are guilty of them, even with a man, then you are guilty of transgression, and of coming out of the boundaries and

00:53:30--> 00:53:31

limits placed by them.

00:53:34--> 00:53:36

And that's evil. It's very easy.

00:53:38--> 00:53:40

And I said there were two meanings. The other meaning is

00:53:42--> 00:53:55

that when Allah has blessed another person with a man and faith, then What rights do you have to mock them? to taunt them to throw jabs at them? And to define

00:53:56--> 00:54:01

evil is your throwing on them the label of sin

00:54:02--> 00:54:06

or any other jobs and tones when Allah has blessed them?

00:54:09--> 00:54:17

So he applies the word Eman applies to both the mock and the mock. The tone turn the taunted

00:54:18--> 00:54:20

the label and the label

00:54:22--> 00:54:36

that loves giving you a man that should make you think, is this your behavior after law has gifted you with faith. After Allah has endowed you with His blessing Ilan, should you be doing this to someone who Allah has adorned with email

00:54:39--> 00:54:43

that should make us think family Allah say and then

00:54:44--> 00:54:52

woman I'm yet to feel like a home of the moon and whoever does not repent of the sin, of these transgressions of mockery of

00:54:54--> 00:55:00

vaguely attacking one another and of calling out to one another offensive

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

names and labels whoever does not repent of these sins or these transgressions for like a whole volume on them, these are the wrongs

00:55:11--> 00:55:12

and indeed this is a wrong

00:55:13--> 00:55:15

all of these are instances of,

00:55:16--> 00:55:26

of injustice of wrongdoing. And when a person mocks another, they are wronging their victim but they have also wrong their souls.

00:55:27--> 00:55:36

When a person labels another with an offensive title, they have wronged them undoubtedly, but they have also wrong themselves.

00:55:37--> 00:55:55

When a person verbally attacks another, and absolutely they are committing an act of violence upon the other, but they are also wronging themselves in their souls. So, these are all great wrongs. And these wrongs will abide with them, they will stand with too young.

00:55:58--> 00:56:15

And I said earlier on that I will mention more about the words of verbally attacking and forceful because when all I say is weather does not repent of the sins and these transgressions, and these are the wrongdoers again, as I was saying, we do not pay attention to the sins of the tongue.

00:56:17--> 00:56:22

Even our concept of sin is very cultural. It really is.

00:56:24--> 00:56:29

If we saw someone drinking alcohol, imagine if we saw a drunk person,

00:56:31--> 00:56:34

someone who's a Muslim, imagine someone who prays salah

00:56:37--> 00:56:38

and goes to the masjid.

00:56:40--> 00:56:42

And then someone sees him drunk outside,

00:56:43--> 00:56:45

if not even drunk.

00:56:50--> 00:57:01

There was one individual who became the talk of the town because he had a beard, because regularly seen walking around, it was a bit he had a beard and he would wear

00:57:02--> 00:57:06

a hat as well Adobe. So he had a doggy and

00:57:07--> 00:57:12

a beard. And he will be regularly seen walking around with a can of lager

00:57:13--> 00:57:13

in his hand.

00:57:15--> 00:57:16

And he became the talk of the town.

00:57:19--> 00:57:24

But we all learned later that unfortunately, he was mentally disturbed.

00:57:25--> 00:57:26

You really want

00:57:28--> 00:57:30

so he had severe mental issues.

00:57:32--> 00:57:44

So I'm just using that example. Imagine someone who actually visits the masjid frequents the masjid. But then someone sees them drinking. What would we individually and collectively think?

00:57:50--> 00:57:51

what we think

00:57:53--> 00:57:54

I'm sure

00:57:57--> 00:57:59

many of us will think the worst of things

00:58:01--> 00:58:02

if someone was

00:58:05--> 00:58:06

guilty of

00:58:07--> 00:58:10

robbery, theft, but

00:58:12--> 00:58:13

again,

00:58:15--> 00:58:20

if someone was guilty of physically attacking another horror of Horace

00:58:22--> 00:58:23

motiva

00:58:25--> 00:58:26

and yet

00:58:29--> 00:58:34

we regularly indulge in these verbal sin

00:58:37--> 00:58:38

without batting an eyelid.

00:58:40--> 00:58:42

And sometimes, even while it's fasting

00:58:44--> 00:58:46

without batting an eyelid

00:58:47--> 00:58:49

This is her arm. That's how

00:58:52--> 00:58:54

in some of these sins,

00:58:56--> 00:58:57

there is no victim.

00:58:59--> 00:59:02

But in many sins of the tongue, there is a victim.

00:59:06--> 00:59:10

So our concept of sin is also very cultural.

00:59:12--> 00:59:27

What we as a culture and as a community frown upon, that must be abstained from but what we regard as being tolerable or the norm is fine, even though Allah and His Messenger repeatedly condemned some of the law it was

00:59:34--> 00:59:35

and that should make us think

00:59:37--> 00:59:45

these are synonyms. And the verbal sins are often some of the worse because a very easy to commit and the sins are enormous.

00:59:46--> 00:59:47

They truly are

00:59:48--> 00:59:53

in adequate amount Timothy and others from Mara macgibbon it'll be Allah.

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

Prophet sallallahu my other mudjimba love the alarm

01:00:00--> 01:00:07

Mario who says that one day we were traveling while we were traveling with the prophets of Allah, it was Sunday. And one day I managed to get close.

01:00:09--> 01:00:15

So when I became very close to him, I found an opportunity. So I asked the prophets of love it was another question.

01:00:18--> 01:00:20

Tell me of a deed

01:00:22--> 01:00:25

which will draw me closer to gender

01:00:27--> 01:00:28

and make me distance from the

01:00:31--> 01:00:45

Messenger of Allah Tell me of a deed, which will bring me closer to Jin and lead me away from the fire. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him you have asked for a great thing indeed.

01:00:46--> 01:00:53

When the holy a serum Adam is sort of love it, but it's still very easy for one for him, Allah makes cities

01:00:54--> 01:00:57

and then the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam

01:00:59--> 01:01:14

advised him about Salah, zeca fasting in Ramadan Hajj, Southern meaning optional, so that over and above xhaka, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke to him about the budget summer

01:01:16--> 01:01:22

and various other things. And then finally, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

01:01:23--> 01:01:32

hello middle can be milaca Anika Cooley Should I not inform you of something which encompasses all of this

01:01:35--> 01:01:39

[???] spamela he's think of the questions

01:01:41--> 01:01:45

that both companion and the messenger so the love it was for them arriving to get

01:01:52--> 01:02:05

he says Tell me of a deed which will lead draw me closer to Jim and lead me away from the fire. And then the prophets of the love ism tells him of what Subbu zeca fasting in Ramadan had

01:02:06--> 01:02:11

said that over and above zeca tahajjud solar at night

01:02:15--> 01:02:23

and one or two other things and then finally he says to him, should I not inform you of something which encompasses all of this?

01:02:26--> 01:02:30

So what could encompass all of that? What could actually beat all of that?

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somewhere other than a jumble of the alarm or instead but I assume a lot of course will messenger Tell me. Do you know what the prophets of Allah hide him send them did you mentioned in his writing with with his noble hands, he pulled out his tongue

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and he said to me rather than the juggler the alarm pulled out his tongue and he said to him with Hold your tongue.

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This encompasses

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his beats all of the above.

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With Hold your tongue

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so milder than the general rule the law of mind expressed surprise as any many of us are.

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And he said the art of sudama will we be taken to task for what we utter with our tongues.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, Martha kinetico mocchi, Amara, Amara Miyamoto Luigi

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Safin, Ariana, would you hear him in the soil senator him? And is there anything else other than the harvest of people's tongues? That shall throw them flat into on their faces in the fire?

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Meaning Is there anything else? There is nothing else which flings people flat on their faces in the fire illa hussite it all center to him accept the harvest of their tongues and look at the words the harvest, you know why harvests when a farmer works

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and gathers the harvest wood their size, and with their instruments and farming implements, what do they do? They collect and at that time, they don't sift through good and bad, Western dry, ripe and roll. They don't you just Hoover up everything you gather everything.

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So you just collect cuts and collect cutting and collect

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and you collect the harvest. Then traditionally they will take the harvest to large pens, Gregory's store houses and then they would sift through

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separate the chaff and

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whatever they needed.

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But at the time of harvesting, everything goes together. Good and bad, wet and dry, right and roll.

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So the arrow

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would use the word aside the province of the lotus makes up the harvest of their towns. The province of the love it was to them likens our tongues, to farming tools to farming implements that just gathered. And in modern terminology, to Hoover's, we Hoover up everything as we go along.

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Lies and truths exaggerations and false.

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Good and bad, wet and dry harangue and holler.

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Our tongues are forever sweeping up everything and harvesting everything.

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That's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam uses the word in there has slightly a listener to him. There is nothing that flings people flat on their faces in the fire, except the harvest of that. Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in one narration, not informativa in another generation have another book ready. He says Same for these, that Amara. He says,

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as long as you remain silent and withhold your tongue, you shall remain safe. But the moment you open your mouth and you say something with your tongue, something will be recorded either against you or for you.

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The sins of the tongue are serious, truly, and this is what these verses are about, but they are in the context of brotherhood.

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These are the first things that are meant to make us realize if you want to realize that brother, that whole world of Islam, and the first thing you must do is control your time. It begins here.

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Rather than throw about brother and sister all the time, less of brother and sister more control of the tongue, less backbiting less taunting, less jiving less,

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defaming,

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less calling out to one another with offensive names, less mocking each

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brotherhood begins here.

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And these are sins these are transgressions, and we should recognize them for what

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there are many Hadith

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about the sins of the tongue, but I'll suffice with this. I pray that Allah Subhana Allah enables us to understand this a little the law was in America after he was sued in the Vietnam

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the Marines Chronicle lot more