Al-Ḥudaybiyah – The Truce Of Victory – PT 07

share this pageShare Page
Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

Series:

Episode Notes

The terms of the Truce of Al-Hudaybiyah left the Sahabah in a state of shock and grief. The reasons for their state is the main focus of this lesson. The wise and compassionate words of Umm Salama (ra) are explained and how Naby SAWS acted upon her advice.

This lecture was delivered on November 20, 2015 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:01

Bismillah

00:00:05--> 00:00:06

Ar Rahman AR

00:00:10--> 00:00:11

Rahim and

00:00:17--> 00:00:18

when I want to

00:00:19--> 00:00:23

emphasize CINAHL I mean you see the outline in I mean you have the healer for that

00:00:24--> 00:00:25

woman you

00:00:27--> 00:00:28

want to shadow a

00:00:29--> 00:00:29

lot

00:00:32--> 00:00:32

when a shadow

00:00:34--> 00:00:38

or a solo so the mark with Anna Lee who either he was

00:00:43--> 00:00:48

a maverick or found him in a sheep on average you spend

00:00:50--> 00:00:53

in the locker room and he could talk always alone.

00:00:55--> 00:00:57

Somebody who suddenly needs

00:00:59--> 00:01:03

a lot more muscle now down with the wireless cameras later and a

00:01:04--> 00:01:05

wider

00:01:08--> 00:01:09

law firm about a guy named

00:01:10--> 00:01:11

Mohammed

00:01:12--> 00:01:15

Ibrahim Ibrahim

00:01:17--> 00:01:21

respectively listeners once again, we gather for the

00:01:23--> 00:01:24

study of

00:01:26--> 00:01:34

a very long view from Stephen Harvey, about Saudi Arabia, the truths of the adea

00:01:36--> 00:01:37

for those who are following

00:01:39--> 00:01:50

in the original collection of mammal hardy rahula his number is 2731. For those who are following him arms, dealers OBD

00:01:51--> 00:01:54

II laser Bridgman to say even more Hardy.

00:01:55--> 00:02:00

Hardy through Germany is the number is 1192.

00:02:01--> 00:02:10

We've already covered much of that, over the past few weeks today is the seventh lesson of this series.

00:02:11--> 00:02:15

And we are approaching the end.

00:02:20--> 00:02:21

A quick summary so far.

00:02:23--> 00:02:25

prophets and a lot of them

00:02:26--> 00:02:32

left the holy city of Medina at the beginning of the month of

00:02:34--> 00:02:39

in the sixth year of hitcher with the intention of performing

00:02:40--> 00:02:50

the lesser pilgrimage. This was the first time he was heading to the holy city of Mecca. Harrison says six years earlier.

00:02:51--> 00:02:55

And he did so with very Express peaceful intentions.

00:02:56--> 00:02:59

prophets and the law it was seldom departed with

00:03:00--> 00:03:21

a large group of companions numbering 15, approximately 1500 they can tap with a beer sorry, they come to LA for a few months out of the city of Medina. And there they entered into the sacred state of harm. And from there the profits in the line equals animators weights and

00:03:23--> 00:03:31

a number of events took place on that journey which we've covered already. Having arrived at where they be and camp their

00:03:32--> 00:03:38

further events took place again, which we've covered. Ultimately, in the province of Milan, Milan was

00:03:39--> 00:03:48

entered into negotiations. This led to the truce of her the via which we covered in detail last week.

00:03:50--> 00:04:04

The truce that was negotiated consisted mainly of four articles number one, that the Muslims would not enter the holy city that year.

00:04:05--> 00:04:17

As was their original intention. Rather, they would return to Medina and only come back the following year to complete their missed.

00:04:18--> 00:04:37

When they would return the following year. They would enter the city and be allowed to reside in the city for only three days, during which the arrange wants to vacate the city as they couldn't face the prospect of being in the same city hopefully though it was with the Muslims at the same time.

00:04:38--> 00:04:44

After three days and Muslims were to depart and they would no longer be able to remain in the holy city.

00:04:45--> 00:04:50

Furthermore, when they would enter the city the following year within in order to complete them.

00:04:52--> 00:04:58

They would not be allowed to carry any weapons except the casual daily weapons at the arrows would carry on their journeys.

00:05:00--> 00:05:10

This was the first Main article, which had a number of sub articles. The second main article of the treaty was that

00:05:14--> 00:05:14

any Muslim

00:05:16--> 00:05:18

who departed from

00:05:20--> 00:05:22

enjoying the Muslims in Medina.

00:05:24--> 00:05:30

By virtue of the treaty, the Muslims would be under an obligation to return that person to Makkah.

00:05:32--> 00:05:35

However, if anyone from Medina

00:05:36--> 00:06:20

decided to join the camp of the Mk guns and flee to Makkah, then rather lopsidedly, the Moroccans were under no obligation to return that person to the Muslims. That was the second main article of the treaty. The third main article was that both parties agreed to lay down their weapons for 10 years. So this wasn't actually a permanent treaty. Rather, it was a temporary truce for 10 years. And the both sides would lay down their weapons, and would not engage in any hostile activity or belligerence towards the other.

00:06:22--> 00:07:12

And this was for a period of 10 years. That was, again, the third main article. And the fourth article was that this treaty would be honored by both parties in every way. And whoever wishes to join the Muslims in Alliance as part of this treaty, then they would be allowed to do so similarly, anyone who wish to join the Quraysh would be allowed to do so. And whoever the joining allies were all existing and eventual parties would be bound by all the agreements, and all alliances would be honored by both parties. So this was the fourth Article of the treaty. And as a result,

00:07:14--> 00:07:24

on that occasion, immediately, the tribe of Hazara they seize the opportunity and announced their alliance with the Muslims

00:07:26--> 00:07:44

as part of the treaty, and the bundle, but who were their rivals, they again at the same time announced that aligns with the court Ah, this detail is important that, as I mentioned last week, and I will comment on in a bit more detail further.

00:07:47--> 00:08:13

So these were the four main articles of the treaty. Now, the Muslims found this extremely difficult to accept, along with the manner in which the treaty was concluded. And we've covered some of that in detail. So this is where we actually left off last week. And the final words were about the Allahu anhu approached the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and

00:08:14--> 00:08:18

add his concerns and his reservation.

00:08:20--> 00:09:10

And then he went to a worker of the alarm and add the same reservation and concerns and both the profits and the law while he was selling them and a worker of the alarm wine, gave him an identical reply. This is where we left off. The alarm then says, As your pilot says, For our military danika Armada, I did many good works because of this. And in other narrations, the wording is a bit more clearer. It provides a model the alarm will say is because of this I my objection at the time my expressing my reservation, the manner in which I spoke, both especially to the province and the law legal some of them he says because of that, I did many good works I continue to pray given charity,

00:09:10--> 00:09:17

fast free slaves, all in the hope of compensating for my failure on that day.

00:09:20--> 00:09:25

On the narrates continues for them forever many of the smaller

00:09:27--> 00:09:29

mini in the manga baja de la

00:09:30--> 00:09:55

with a continuous and uninterrupted chain from meeting Amanda hardy the law with the center till missile run amok Anima huddle the alarm and Miranda Rakim who both relates ultimately from somebody who says phenom photochemical the sorry, from Mr. McCullough mundo de la hakam who say Fatima photogram in Vietnam kita then when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:09:56--> 00:09:59

became free from the affair of the document

00:10:00--> 00:10:20

Meaning he concluded the writing of the document it of course, he never wrote himself rather he told the alarm was a scribe. There's an important point in some narrations of the heavy is suggested that if you recall, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

00:10:21--> 00:10:37

that has led him prima donna Rasulullah. This is what Mohammed the Messenger of Allah concludes. So he did not immediately objected and said, if we had acknowledged you as a messenger, we would have never opposed

00:10:38--> 00:10:41

nor would we have prevented you from the house.

00:10:42--> 00:10:44

Rather, right, Mohammed

00:10:46--> 00:10:51

Abdullah, Abdullah, Mohammed, the son of Abdullah as is your name

00:10:52--> 00:11:00

so again, the Muslims were incensed by this objection and Interjection. So,

00:11:01--> 00:11:05

but so he didn't remember insisted, and even maybe it'll be your loved one.

00:11:09--> 00:11:10

Previously,

00:11:11--> 00:11:18

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was dictating and said, right Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.

00:11:19--> 00:11:22

So so he objected

00:11:23--> 00:11:24

and said,

00:11:25--> 00:11:25

Don't write.

00:11:28--> 00:11:52

We don't recognize our man who's our man. I don't know who hears rather writes Bismillah whom, by your name or in your name of Allah as you used to write before. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told me that the alarm oriental right Mr. McCullough, it's appears that I did have the law and haven't yet written Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:11:54--> 00:12:02

until the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him okay, right Bismillah so I did have the alarm wrote this book and

00:12:03--> 00:12:26

then the next sentence, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, however, there are other Asian Ramadan rasulillah this is what the messenger Muhammad the Messenger of Allah concludes immediately. So Hadith number objectid. So, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that I am the messenger of Allah, even though you may deny me,

00:12:27--> 00:12:41

then he said ront, Mohammed Abdullah, when Swahili objected and demanded that they write Mohammed, Mohammed, Abdullah, Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, which was his name,

00:12:43--> 00:12:54

and remove a pseudo law altogether. So it appears that at this point, any of the law had already written Mohammedan, or sort of law.

00:12:55--> 00:12:57

So he actually wrote procedural law.

00:12:58--> 00:13:17

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said to him, writes Muhammad, the son of Abdullah, but earlier the love and had already written rasulillah so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him strike attacks. So I do have the love I'm declined to do so.

00:13:18--> 00:13:19

He declined.

00:13:30--> 00:13:32

And the reason was

00:13:34--> 00:13:38

this, how about the alarm, we're all overcome with emotion.

00:13:39--> 00:13:43

And they all reacted in different ways. And one of the alohar and being

00:13:44--> 00:13:49

that's the way he reacted, and I needed the alarm also

00:13:51--> 00:13:55

declined to strike out the name Rasulullah.

00:13:57--> 00:14:00

And the reason are European law one.

00:14:03--> 00:14:05

He he was overwhelmed.

00:14:07--> 00:14:10

And how could he as a simple scribe, in his view,

00:14:12--> 00:14:15

people object to murder the alarms reaction on the day,

00:14:17--> 00:14:21

people object to the Sahaba of the lover and his reaction on the day.

00:14:23--> 00:14:30

But then we have to look at it comprehensively, all of the Sahaba of the Allah who were affected on that day, all

00:14:34--> 00:14:35

even earlier the alarm.

00:14:38--> 00:14:59

So just as Barbara Lee Lovering reacted and was over combat emotion or any of the alarm was also over combat emotion and was in a state of shock. And he also when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him strike my name, meaning strike of a suitable law, the Messenger of Allah, ideal of the law and declined to do so.

00:15:01--> 00:15:11

And his reasoning was the How could he as a simple scribe, cancel and remove the words or sort of law.

00:15:13--> 00:15:17

So then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Riera

00:15:18--> 00:15:38

his reservation he also harbored a reservation on whether the reservation had reservations. Ideally your loved one had a reservation, though they manifested themselves in different ways. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam realizing earlier the Allah is reluctance, in fact, his

00:15:40--> 00:15:47

inability to remove the name of saw the law, he sets the alarm, he demanded the pen.

00:15:49--> 00:15:53

And then he sets the alarm and show me waiters.

00:15:54--> 00:16:10

And then the province of the law, it was seldom having been shown his name, and the words that are sort of law, he himself deleted or saw the law. And then earlier the alarm, took the pen and wrote the son of Abdullah.

00:16:12--> 00:16:20

Some people have suggested as a result of that, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew how to write.

00:16:21--> 00:16:31

And he himself authored the document or part of it, or that he was able to write and read a few words.

00:16:33--> 00:16:34

So

00:16:35--> 00:16:57

this is the reality of what happened on the day. He was merely showing the words that these are the words that saved us all the law, he was actually showing from where to where, and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam crossed out those words himself, because the alarm had already written. Otherwise, it's a belief of the person

00:16:59--> 00:17:10

that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not write and love himself says and sort of blank of automatically, what might that mean cuddly human catered to be me Nick

00:17:13--> 00:17:13

Bell, who is

00:17:16--> 00:17:16

in

00:17:17--> 00:17:23

law says addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that before this,

00:17:24--> 00:17:26

you will not one

00:17:27--> 00:17:28

who was able to read

00:17:30--> 00:17:31

any book.

00:17:33--> 00:18:05

The word guitar originally in Arabic simply means document. So which could refer to a single page, a single scroll, like here, this is also called the guitar, the document or it can refer to a bound book. But the word guitar in Arabic originally simply means a written thing. So a document. So Allah says, You will not one before this to be able to read any book and minnkota been.

00:18:07--> 00:18:19

So the word signifies the non specific nature of the word Gita. In Arabic, refers to any book he was unable to read any book.

00:18:20--> 00:18:29

What are the hoopoe be meaning no, were you able to write with your hand? So the Koran categorically states that he could not read or are?

00:18:31--> 00:18:41

Surprisingly, some people say but the words say before this, that means he managed to learn to read and write after this,

00:18:42--> 00:18:51

which is surprising. All the urn is trying to say is that before this IE before the revelation of God to you,

00:18:52--> 00:18:57

you will not one who was able to read or write, and that in lies a miracle of the Quran.

00:18:58--> 00:19:25

That for a whole 40 years the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not read or write. Why after the revelation of these verses what he suddenly learned how to read and write. That was the very nature of his miracle. He was unable to recite poetry, in fact, compose poetry. In fact, he was unable to recall poetry. He couldn't cite other people's poetry. He could not recall or cite

00:19:27--> 00:19:35

his own uncle's poetry about himself about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And yet he produced the Quran.

00:19:37--> 00:19:43

He could not read or write and yet he produced the Quran. So that was part of his miracle. So the belief of that

00:19:44--> 00:19:52

is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not read or write and he was unlettered.

00:19:55--> 00:20:00

So, the narrator says hello, my father in a V kita. So when

00:20:00--> 00:20:03

He concluded the

00:20:04--> 00:20:08

affair of the documents. The writing of the document,

00:20:09--> 00:20:16

or the sort of law is the law. It was similarly as Harvey allows messenger some of the love it who sent them said

00:20:19--> 00:20:20

to his companions,

00:20:22--> 00:20:24

rise from hell

00:20:26--> 00:20:28

and slaughter your animals.

00:20:31--> 00:20:33

Then shave your heads.

00:20:40--> 00:20:48

Caller. He says, in fact, this was the alarm blazing for lahemaa. Barnum, in whom Roger on

00:20:50--> 00:20:50

that.

00:20:52--> 00:21:37

Now let me explain something when he concluded writing the document not writing himself, as I've explained, but rather dictating the document, and written by the librarian as a scribe, and a number of people were made witnesses to this document. So the signatory on the part of the Muslims was the Prophet sallallahu. It was the signatory on behalf of the Rh ones. So hey, look, man, but one of the witnesses on behalf of the Rh was mechanism, perhaps the other person who was with him so hated him. And the witnesses amongst Muslims were abubaker rhodiola horn, Morrow the alarm, the alarm was a scribe, and various of the Sahaba.

00:21:43--> 00:21:55

Following this, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to the companions rise and shave your heads and rise, slaughter your animals and shave your heads. What was the significance of this,

00:21:56--> 00:22:00

they had traveled with the intention of performing the

00:22:02--> 00:22:22

and they had also brought along with them that had their sacrificial animals. And one of the laws of the rites and rituals of Roma was that whoever brings along or drives along with them sacrificial animals to be slaughtered in the precincts of Makkah.

00:22:24--> 00:22:27

They are unable to become Hello.

00:22:30--> 00:22:41

I come out of the consecrated state of a home until they have slaughtered their animals. So that is a condition

00:22:44--> 00:22:48

just as those who don't take long sacrificial animals, but

00:22:49--> 00:22:53

before they can become Hana, they need to complete a number of rites and rituals, and even then,

00:22:55--> 00:23:02

what marks the eventual coming out from the state of harem into the state of being holler.

00:23:03--> 00:23:04

Shaving one's head,

00:23:05--> 00:23:12

the help or clipping one's hair. But for those who drive sacrificial animals,

00:23:13--> 00:23:14

to the holy signs.

00:23:17--> 00:23:24

Another condition for them becoming harder is that they have to slaughter their animals first before they can become harder.

00:23:26--> 00:23:33

Now, since the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba of the law had brought along with them.

00:23:34--> 00:23:41

A number of animals from many narrations, we learned that there were 7070, large animals, so

00:23:42--> 00:23:45

and in each large animal, this habit of the love,

00:23:46--> 00:24:03

not all of them, but many of them, they were, they all had a share each. So there were seven shares in large, and in each large animal. So approximately one third of the whole group of pilgrims

00:24:05--> 00:24:08

had made the intention of sacrificing

00:24:10--> 00:24:12

animals and brought them along with them. So

00:24:15--> 00:24:18

there were 70 animals. And

00:24:19--> 00:24:30

in each animal, seven of them have this habit of the allowing the sharing. So ultimately, that makes about one third of the whole group of pilgrims.

00:24:33--> 00:24:59

So since they had the sacrificial animals, they could only be compelled by slaughtering the animals there and then and also shaving their heads. But there were a number of issues here. First of all, one of the laws of sacrificing the animals which even the Arabs before Islam recognize them on, is that the whole idea of the sacrificial animal the heavy is that it's as led to the priests

00:25:00--> 00:25:05

of Al Masjid al Haram, maka Amina and slaughter there

00:25:08--> 00:25:13

and you can't slaughter these animals before they reach them hit

00:25:15--> 00:25:40

their station and the station is Makkah and the precincts of Mecca including Minar. But they were in Davie, they have been prevented from entering the holy city. So that means they have driven the animals all the way till here. How could they slaughter the animals here? Before the animals have reached the destination, their destination, ie the presence of Makkah, that was one issue. Number two,

00:25:43--> 00:25:44

a person only becomes Halla.

00:25:45--> 00:25:46

From the state of

00:25:48--> 00:25:49

once they have completed their

00:25:52--> 00:25:59

or their heritage, their pilgrimage. Now the Sahaba of the law who had traveled all the way from Medina

00:26:00--> 00:26:13

undertakes undertaken such a long and arduous and hazardous journey with many pitfalls, many events, many dangers, they have braved all these dangers. And now a few miles out of

00:26:14--> 00:26:24

there were stopped. And they were forced to turn back without seeing the garba without reaching the holy city and forming the right. So

00:26:26--> 00:26:27

how could they become

00:26:28--> 00:26:32

a few miles out of Mecca without forming

00:26:33--> 00:26:35

this board down heavily on

00:26:36--> 00:26:39

but by virtue of the treaty,

00:26:40--> 00:26:43

they have to turn back but there's an interesting question here.

00:26:46--> 00:26:48

And again, in order to understand this, there is a muscle.

00:26:50--> 00:26:51

The muscle has this

00:26:52--> 00:26:53

that

00:26:54--> 00:26:57

a person should only enter into the state of

00:27:00--> 00:27:04

once they've made their intention for or for how

00:27:06--> 00:27:10

they must do it before the station, though they can do it long before.

00:27:12--> 00:27:16

And this is why when people are traveling from here, they may

00:27:17--> 00:27:22

put on their arm and enter there's a difference as I keep on saying the word

00:27:24--> 00:27:25

means

00:27:26--> 00:27:30

consecration, it's actually an advert, well, it's actually an ad,

00:27:34--> 00:27:41

a nominal verb which meaning that it refers to the action of entering into the state of

00:27:43--> 00:27:45

so home

00:27:46--> 00:27:47

refers to

00:27:51--> 00:27:58

its journey and it refers to the action of entering into a home state

00:28:00--> 00:28:02

over the years through usage.

00:28:05--> 00:28:16

For some reason, we now refer to her arm as being a two pieces of cloth. But that was never the original meaning. The two pieces of cloth were always just referred to as two pieces of cloth.

00:28:18--> 00:28:31

They were really referred to as a home refers to the state. And even before the state, a home refers to the action of entering into the state of being.

00:28:34--> 00:28:40

So there's a clear difference between the two, you can put on the two pieces of cloth

00:28:41--> 00:28:46

or the clothing that you intend to wear during the state of being harmed.

00:28:48--> 00:28:51

But putting those two pieces of cloth

00:28:52--> 00:28:52

does not

00:28:54--> 00:28:56

consecrate the state of harm

00:28:57--> 00:29:01

rather to enter this harm state,

00:29:02--> 00:29:05

you have to make the intention

00:29:07--> 00:29:23

and then you have to ratify the intention by pronouncing the dunbia. So in according to other ruler man, the intention is sufficient. But according in the Hanafi school effect, that is actually a two factor process.

00:29:24--> 00:29:27

There are two stages to entering into the state of

00:29:30--> 00:29:33

making the intention according to the Hanafi is not sufficient.

00:29:35--> 00:29:41

So you have to there are two stages to minutes stages. One, you have to make the intention.

00:29:44--> 00:29:59

And then once you've made that intention of entering into the state of a harem, you have to ratify that intention by saying there'll be a bake, llama bake. That's the second factor with these two stages.

00:30:00--> 00:30:13

have these two factors, a person then enters into a hot armed state, regardless of when they actually put on the two pieces of cloth. So you could put on the two pieces of cloth here at home in less defense,

00:30:14--> 00:30:18

and then make the intention at the airport

00:30:19--> 00:30:25

and enter into the state there. Or you could do it just before you arrive at gender.

00:30:26--> 00:30:27

Or

00:30:28--> 00:30:45

you can delay the wearing of the two pieces of cloth all the way till just before gender. Or you could actually put on the two pieces of cloth and entered into the state of harm by pronouncing your intention, and your delvia and a bake alarm and a bake at home.

00:30:47--> 00:31:07

Regardless of where you do, all of these are permissible, but you cannot do it beyond the mere bar you must have it's before the meaning part the station. However, once you enter into the state of Iran, or rather unknown muscle that is this, you can actually remain in the state of Iran for as long as you need.

00:31:09--> 00:31:12

So imagine if you entered into the state of

00:31:14--> 00:31:15

and you traveled

00:31:19--> 00:31:23

and at some stage, you are prevented from continuing your journey.

00:31:25--> 00:31:30

for any reason once your progress is impeded, your path is obstructed.

00:31:32--> 00:31:34

You are someone known as masa.

00:31:37--> 00:31:39

masa means that impeded, obstructed.

00:31:41--> 00:31:44

Once you become an officer, it could be anywhere it could be here.

00:31:45--> 00:32:21

It could be just before you arrive, it could be just before you enter the city of Mecca, it doesn't matter. at any stage of your journey. Once you have entered into the home state, and you are unable to compete, you're complete your journey all the way to Makkah, wherever you are stopped and your advances impeded, your continuation is obstructed, then you become a master. Once you become a master, there are new laws that apply. And this is what happened with the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam and the Sahaba of the alarm, they were obstructed, they all became masa.

00:32:22--> 00:32:30

So one of the rules of massage is that you don't have to break your arm, you can actually return home.

00:32:31--> 00:32:44

So imagine you were traveling and for some reason you were unable to continue. And you actually told that you would be allowed to continue next year. So go back and come back next year, you have two choices. One of them is

00:32:46--> 00:32:49

abiding by the laws of the Masada, you break your heart,

00:32:50--> 00:33:00

and you become harder. And you do what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did. The other option is you go back and you remain in your home for one whole year tongue.

00:33:03--> 00:33:07

So the you don't, there is no limit to the

00:33:08--> 00:33:11

so you can actually be roaming around less than the state of how

00:33:13--> 00:33:15

you could do it for a whole year if need be.

00:33:17--> 00:33:18

So

00:33:20--> 00:33:23

I'd like you to understand that before you before we continue with daddy.

00:33:25--> 00:33:42

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now that he had agreed to return to Medina, he himself could have done any one of the two things. One option was to break their arm there and become harder.

00:33:44--> 00:33:45

As for the ad,

00:33:47--> 00:33:54

and the other option was to return to Medina with the companions with all of them remaining in our home state

00:33:55--> 00:33:57

and waiting in

00:33:58--> 00:34:03

the state of Iran for a whole year before returning in

00:34:05--> 00:34:24

for returning the next year. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam decided to do the former which is to break the home and to return in a hallowed state and to return to Medina and then come back the following year with a new state of error.

00:34:25--> 00:34:27

So this is why he told us about the alarming

00:34:28--> 00:34:29

rise

00:34:30--> 00:34:31

at funtion.

00:34:34--> 00:34:36

rise and

00:34:38--> 00:34:44

rise and then slaughter your animals then shave your head and with that they would have become her

00:34:46--> 00:34:48

father he says for lucky.

00:34:49--> 00:34:51

my palm in Houma Rajan

00:34:52--> 00:34:56

By Allah, not one man amongst them stood up

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

even though he said rise not

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

One person stood

00:35:02--> 00:35:03

at the heart of that

00:35:06--> 00:35:09

until he said this three times.

00:35:10--> 00:35:11

So he told them boom.

00:35:14--> 00:35:24

From huddle, rise, slaughter your animals, then shave your heads. No one said a word no one stood up.

00:35:28--> 00:35:30

Then you said it again. Rise,

00:35:33--> 00:35:34

slaughter you and

00:35:35--> 00:35:38

shave your heads. No one stood up.

00:35:40--> 00:35:56

When he said it a third time, rise, shave, slaughter your animals and shave your heads. Not one person amongst them stood up again. Some people object that why were the Sahaba of the alarm. So to sum up

00:35:58--> 00:36:04

before the question was only about the alarm. Now what what's about Abubakar and Rama

00:36:06--> 00:36:07

none of them stood up.

00:36:09--> 00:36:15

Well, that included the leader of the alarm or neither do the standard. All the others have borrowed the alarm.

00:36:16--> 00:36:18

Not one of them stood up.

00:36:20--> 00:36:20

What happened?

00:36:23--> 00:36:30

Well, Mr have explained this in different ways. One of the key reasons was, as I've told you before,

00:36:31--> 00:36:37

that the Sahaba there'll be a loved one who were in an in a state of absolute shock.

00:36:41--> 00:36:44

This was something they had never experienced before. Never.

00:36:50--> 00:36:52

They were unfazed by anything before this.

00:36:54--> 00:36:58

300 of them likes we are lightly equipped.

00:36:59--> 00:37:01

They were unfazed.

00:37:02--> 00:37:09

When they had to face, an army in the Battle of better three times our size, fully armed,

00:37:10--> 00:37:13

covered in our they were unfazed. They defeat

00:37:15--> 00:37:23

at every junction, whenever the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said rise with me bleed with me march with me. They all stood with him.

00:37:24--> 00:37:26

Because they were a warrior nation.

00:37:30--> 00:37:32

They reveled in warfare.

00:37:34--> 00:37:35

They relished adventure.

00:37:37--> 00:37:39

And that's what many of their poems were about.

00:37:42--> 00:37:47

The Arabs were a tribal warrior like nation, they had

00:37:50--> 00:37:51

a code of chivalry.

00:37:53--> 00:37:56

So these were warriors from the desert.

00:37:57--> 00:38:34

And this is why, as I've said before, the Arabia was never conquered. It was never conquered by the massive sassanid Persian Empire. That was hugely powerful. It was never conquered by the Byzantine Roman Empire. With their Roman legions and their organization and their military discipline, and their experience of warfare. And both these two superpowers, a sunny Persian Empire, the Byzantine Roman Empire had spent years and years honing their military skills and engaged in warfare against the other.

00:38:35--> 00:38:44

They were battle hardened. And yet in all of these years, over centuries, none of these armies ever conquered

00:38:45--> 00:38:55

Arabian subjugated Arabia or vanquish Arabia. It's because the Arabs were they will, people regarded they regarded them as being wild.

00:38:57--> 00:39:02

They regarded them as being wild Bedouin absolutely fierce, hardened warriors

00:39:03--> 00:39:05

who are reckless.

00:39:07--> 00:39:21

And this is why what did the societies do? They created a buffer zone between them and the rest of the Arabs, using the left mid Arab legions, who were the

00:39:22--> 00:39:39

vassals of the society Persians, and they were towards the north east of the northeast of Arabia. They acted as a buffer zone, between the remaining rest of the Arabs and the sustaining Persian Empire, and towards the north and the Northwest. While towards the north, the

00:39:41--> 00:39:48

Byzantines, they employed the sun and the blue Hassan as an Arab buffer zone.

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

And the mentality of both superpowers was that these Arabs are too difficult to control. So it's best if we leave it to the fellow Arabs to control

00:40:01--> 00:40:07

So the sassanians use the lipids, and the Byzantines, they use the sonnets.

00:40:11--> 00:40:14

Now when you think of that, this is how the Arabs were.

00:40:16--> 00:40:18

They were a fierce warrior like nation.

00:40:20--> 00:40:22

And they were hardened warriors. They lived in the desert.

00:40:27--> 00:40:28

Nothing faze them.

00:40:30--> 00:40:33

This kind of treaty that they had just signed

00:40:34--> 00:40:46

with the province and the love it in between the profits and the love it was in the range. This was something that was unknown to them. They were in a state of absolute shock and consternation. It's almost like they had given up everything.

00:40:47--> 00:41:01

They came to do onra, they can't remember, we wanted to return to the house of alarm, they couldn't visit the household. They wanted to return to their home city, they could not return to their home city, they were prepared for battle, there was no battle.

00:41:03--> 00:41:04

The Muslims,

00:41:05--> 00:41:07

if anyone wish to join them,

00:41:09--> 00:41:19

they could not join them, they had to be forcibly returned. If anyone fled from them, they could not hold them back, they were under an obligation to let them go.

00:41:21--> 00:41:35

So all of this seemed to be so lopsided. And at the same time, they, from their normal human perspective, witnessed what they regarded as an absolute humiliation.

00:41:36--> 00:41:49

Even in the writing of the treaty, they had to exclude the name of a man or Rahim, they had to exclude the title Rasulullah for the prophets of Allah, it wasn't on the Messenger of Allah.

00:41:52--> 00:42:36

And the Quraysh did all of this not because they would get gain anything material out of this, the only thing they would gain is that by preventing the Muslims from entering the city this year, but delaying it, only about a year, they would say face, and this was something unheard of unprecedented. So the Sahaba de la hora, who were in a state of absolute shock, also, we may not attach much significance to this, but for them, the rights and the rituals of Arima, the state of being the sacrificial animals that they had brought along with them. These were all very dear to them. They were very devoted to all of these rites and rituals and the sacrificial animals, and they

00:42:36--> 00:43:03

could not complete their journey and now they had to sacrifice their animals there and then, before they had reached their destination, in the holy precincts, so all of this put together collectively, for down heavily on them, and put them in an in a shot state in a state of consternation, they were unable to respond. Those who did respond, they were stunned into silence. Those who did respond, were unable to

00:43:05--> 00:43:16

control their response. Like the alarm, they were unable to regulate their response, like the alarm, even earlier, the alarm, he declined

00:43:17--> 00:43:23

to strike off the name Rasulullah. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to do it himself.

00:43:24--> 00:43:29

So the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu were in a state of absolute shock, not one of them stood up.

00:43:31--> 00:43:48

That's the main reason. Another reason is that the Roman explained is that the well what I've just explained, that's my explanation. The orlimar have offered other explanations. One of the explanations is that

00:43:49--> 00:43:50

the

00:43:51--> 00:43:54

so how about the lover who was still hopeful

00:43:56--> 00:44:05

that they would receive some revelation, some revelation will come to the sort of loss of the law while a person either negating the treaty

00:44:06--> 00:44:08

or articles of the treaty,

00:44:09--> 00:44:09

or

00:44:11--> 00:44:17

introducing some change that would allow them to continue with their

00:44:20--> 00:44:20

way.

00:44:21--> 00:44:29

And this is another explanation. They were hoping that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would at least do

00:44:33--> 00:44:40

they thought, remember the two options I mentioned? The first option is that you break your arm and you become holler.

00:44:42--> 00:44:47

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't tell them that I am going to become Hello.

00:44:48--> 00:45:00

He said to them, you rise. You slaughter your animals and you shave your hands. This was no nothing to do with himself. So that's a How about the animal

00:45:00--> 00:45:27

On one explanation is they actually thought that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself personally was going to act on the other option, which is that he was not going to break as he was going to he was not going to become Heller. Rather, he was going to return to Medina in our home state, and remain in the state of our arm for a whole year and return the following year and complete as with the same era.

00:45:30--> 00:45:37

And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had demonstrated that where he himself would fast but tell everyone else don't fast,

00:45:38--> 00:46:12

where he would choose the harder option and encourage this whole battle the allow him to take and machine the lighter option, but they in their resilience, they want to do exactly what the property law it, which is, if he was going to go back in a state of her arm, why they did not want to break their arm. They wanted to go back into her arm states along with him. This is another explanation and this is actually supported by what this explanation and what I said at the beginning

00:46:13--> 00:46:24

about them being in a state of shock both of these explanations are supported by somewhere to the headies actually the explanation or the advice of almost cinema or the alarm

00:46:27--> 00:46:37

so he says hola him are on the main home Roger de la Motta single men amongst them stood up at the heart of Africa that Arthur Murat until he said this three times for the man and

00:46:39--> 00:46:49

so then when not one of them stood up the Hello Hello, Mr. Machado de la hora. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam visited almost cinema in her time

00:46:50--> 00:46:55

on cinema, de la had a company the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on this journey.

00:46:56--> 00:46:59

And he went to her tent

00:47:01--> 00:47:03

for the Corolla hamanaka Minh and

00:47:05--> 00:47:06

so he

00:47:10--> 00:47:12

he mentioned to her

00:47:14--> 00:47:17

what he had faced from the people

00:47:20--> 00:47:26

that I told them to rise and slaughter their animals and shave their heads and become Hana

00:47:28--> 00:47:33

and not one of them stood up I told them three times not one of them stood up

00:47:34--> 00:47:40

so he complained to almost set them ahead of the alarm on what he had just experienced.

00:47:41--> 00:47:41

For

00:47:42--> 00:47:47

the law is almost cinema how the law said you're gonna be a law

00:47:49--> 00:47:50

for profitable

00:47:57--> 00:47:57

with Alec

00:48:00--> 00:48:11

Are you desirous of this? Meaning? Are you desirous of seeing the companion shave their heads, slaughter their animals and become Hannah?

00:48:12--> 00:48:13

In that case,

00:48:14--> 00:48:17

we'll set the alarm go out

00:48:18--> 00:48:26

for mulatto Kingdom admin who can then do not speak a single word to anyone.

00:48:28--> 00:48:29

Don't say anything.

00:48:32--> 00:48:41

Until you slaughter slaughter your sacrificial animals. Wooden wooden is Jim Abaddon.

00:48:44--> 00:48:45

What did the other hand

00:48:47--> 00:48:49

and you call your

00:48:51--> 00:48:51

Bob

00:48:55--> 00:48:56

for your HELOC

00:48:58--> 00:49:08

then he should shave your head for lunch so the province in the last minute or cinnamon went out for them you can imagine the min home he did not speak to anyone

00:49:10--> 00:49:11

until he did this.

00:49:12--> 00:49:21

He slaughtered his sacrificial animals without Hanukkah. And he called his barber according some narrations who was his barber.

00:49:25--> 00:49:34

It's the same Sahabi who was sent to Makkah Hiroshima Romania. For the love I remember I said that he sent two companions to Mecca. The first one was

00:49:35--> 00:49:46

omiya, who was mistreated, but ultimately released and allowed to come back. And the second one was awesome. And I'm not a fan of the loved one who was detained which led to the October one.

00:49:51--> 00:49:58

So that's how we who went Russian Romania de la hora, and he was actually the prophets of the love. It was Bob

00:50:01--> 00:50:06

So here's the law when he shaved the profits of the law, it was limbs head.

00:50:08--> 00:50:09

firmado.

00:50:10--> 00:50:50

So when they saw this, they rose from the huddle, and they slaughtered their animals, which are the bamboo jacoba. And then some of them began shaving the heads off one another, had the, the bamboo yocto robanda mahama. Until some until some of them were close to killing each other, out of sorrow, meaning, when they were shaving one another's heads, they were doing it rather harshly in their sorrow and in their suppressed anger. When they were shaving their heads. It's almost as though they were about to cut off each other's necks

00:50:51--> 00:50:55

with such ferocity and anger,

00:50:58--> 00:51:00

not anger, sorrow.

00:51:02--> 00:51:02

Now,

00:51:06--> 00:51:09

obviously, when they saw that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had come out,

00:51:13--> 00:51:23

and he did this himself, that means he chose the former option of becoming hallah and that he wasn't going to stay in home state.

00:51:25--> 00:51:35

So then, they should now do the same. That was one thing. Furthermore, almost cinema villafranca also it's not mentioned in this narration, but in other narrations,

00:51:37--> 00:51:41

she said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or prophet of Allah

00:51:44--> 00:51:49

did not rebuke the companions and do not blame them, her words were to not blame them.

00:51:53--> 00:51:54

For you have seen

00:51:55--> 00:52:01

what has befallen their hearts and minds of the gravity of this whole affair.

00:52:03--> 00:52:05

This whole episode

00:52:06--> 00:52:22

of her they be the treaty, the articles or the troops, the conditions have had to accept that being obstructed from entering the city, almost cinema harrowby Allah and he explained to the prophets of Allah, it was normal prophets of Allah to not blame.

00:52:23--> 00:52:40

For you have seen the enormity and the gravity of what they have experienced of this treaty and its conditions and the events. Then she said, The Art of sort of love go out onto this. It's remarkable.

00:52:43--> 00:52:45

The problem is a lot more and equals something.

00:52:49--> 00:52:52

This shows that the relationship he had with his wives,

00:52:53--> 00:52:54

he spoked

00:52:56--> 00:53:00

he lightened his loan, he likes him does burden.

00:53:02--> 00:53:03

He confided in them

00:53:05--> 00:53:06

he shared his sorrow.

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

And not only that, but he also consulted

00:53:15--> 00:53:19

but then again, the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

00:53:21--> 00:53:27

they also viewed him in a certain way. And the first words of this heady are Yana br,

00:53:29--> 00:53:29

O Prophet.

00:53:31--> 00:53:35

They saw him as a messenger of Allah, not just as a husband.

00:53:37--> 00:53:44

And therefore it was a relationship full of deference, and respect, and all

00:53:48--> 00:53:50

and of obedience.

00:53:55--> 00:53:57

So she said, Yeah, maybe

00:53:58--> 00:54:09

then the advice or cinema it'll be a lot more in her game was priceless. Because it was on that basis, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam actually acted on her advance

00:54:13--> 00:54:22

these accusations or some of the fancy stories that are thrown around about Muslims and sometimes by Muslims themselves.

00:54:24--> 00:54:27

That all you should ask your wife

00:54:28--> 00:54:30

for advice and then do the opposite.

00:54:33--> 00:54:34

Or

00:54:39--> 00:54:41

never consult your wives

00:54:44--> 00:54:45

etc.

00:54:49--> 00:54:53

All of these suggestions are unfair.

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

They have no basis. And the supreme example is this

00:55:00--> 00:55:07

On a critical occasion, in a critical situation such as this, on such a sensitive time,

00:55:08--> 00:55:12

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam visited Muslim huddled the alarm

00:55:16--> 00:55:34

and he shared his sorrow with her. He told her of his experience, almost Sonoma harrowby Allah offered her advice. And lo and behold, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately, without hesitation, saw

00:55:36--> 00:55:48

the validity and the wisdom of her advice, and he went out and he acted on it. And true to her word. The Sahaba of the alarm did exactly what she expected that

00:55:54--> 00:55:56

almost cinema hold the alarm. Winehouse

00:55:57--> 00:55:58

extremely well.

00:56:05--> 00:56:11

When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam proposed to her her husband when he passed away, it will send him a huddle the alarm

00:56:16--> 00:56:17

during his lifetime,

00:56:18--> 00:56:22

he had heard the thought of sort of loss and the law legal system

00:56:25--> 00:56:28

that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

00:56:29--> 00:56:31

Whoever is struck by a calamity

00:56:32--> 00:56:35

then they should read the following

00:56:37--> 00:56:41

a long journey FEMA see that he will literally hire men

00:56:43--> 00:56:44

that Allah

00:56:45--> 00:56:47

grants me a reward

00:56:49--> 00:56:50

in minus 40

00:56:53--> 00:56:58

and cause to come after this calamity. Some good for me

00:57:02--> 00:57:15

after the calamity bring about some good for me. So cinema How do you love her and her about cinema how the alarm came home and at some stage, he related this hadith

00:57:17--> 00:57:22

that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave this advance that when

00:57:24--> 00:57:31

someone is struck by calamity misfortune, they should read this learn. When Sonoma huddle the alarm passed away.

00:57:33--> 00:57:42

Almost cinema huddle the alarm Einhorn would recite in an alert he went nightly during alarm journey if he will see that you are literally hate them in

00:57:44--> 00:58:06

that all law in that in that in that really hard you know Allah grants me a reward in my misfortune. And cause to cause some good to come to me following this calamity. And she's she says, I used to think I used to pray the door I used to think How can any other good come to me after I've all said

00:58:09--> 00:58:17

How can any good come to me after a ball cinema? Can there be anyone better than a ball cinema?

00:58:20--> 00:58:22

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:58:23--> 00:58:43

sent word to her sometime later, proposing to her. So all of a sudden, the alarm has actually declined. What she didn't he declined. She didn't say not outright. She sent her reasons for her reservation not declined, but she sent her reasons for her reservation. And she said, Yeah, I saw the last

00:58:45--> 00:58:46

one.

00:58:48--> 00:58:49

I'm not too young.

00:58:54--> 00:58:54

To

00:58:56--> 00:58:57

I have children.

00:58:58--> 00:59:07

And I do not wish for them to become a burden on you or to trouble you in any way, since he would have to look after them. And number three,

00:59:09--> 00:59:15

I'm a woman of intense jealousy, jealousy more intense than most women.

00:59:17--> 00:59:26

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent back a reply of three things. First, he said you say you are old?

00:59:27--> 00:59:30

Well, the one proposing to you is no younger.

00:59:32--> 00:59:34

To your children,

00:59:35--> 00:59:39

Allah will they won't trouble me and Allah will take care of them they will not be a burden.

00:59:41--> 00:59:42

And three,

00:59:43--> 00:59:50

as for your Hara, as for your intense jealousy, Allah subhanho wa Taala will remove.

00:59:51--> 00:59:54

She accepted then she herself say

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

that By Allah, Allah removed my jealousy to such an extent that it's almost as

01:00:00--> 01:00:00

Who never

01:00:03--> 01:00:19

almost Sonoma held the alarm and how it's very wise, and intelligent and wise. And here as well, she demonstrated her wisdom, intelligence. And she advised the prophets of Allah equals send them on such an occasion

01:00:21--> 01:00:22

that

01:00:24--> 01:00:36

he rasulillah acted on her advice. And based on her advice, the Sahaba of the alarm whom responded to her advice more than they responded to his words.

01:00:42--> 01:00:51

And if men pray that Allah grants them wives, who follow in the footsteps of almost sanoma, there'll be a line

01:00:52--> 01:01:02

then surely the women also pray that Allah grandson husbands will follow in the footsteps of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, you can't have one, but not the other.

01:01:03--> 01:01:05

Men expect

01:01:06--> 01:01:07

ones

01:01:09--> 01:01:11

with the beauty of models,

01:01:14--> 01:01:17

the grace, the name and the fame of stars,

01:01:21--> 01:01:25

the culinary skills of professional chefs

01:01:31--> 01:01:34

and others same time, the piety of the Sahaba there'll be a lot

01:01:39--> 01:01:40

you can get

01:01:42--> 01:01:43

you can

01:01:46--> 01:01:47

just wait till you die.

01:01:56--> 01:02:00

For men wants this yet themselves.

01:02:05--> 01:02:11

What are their conduct their character, their luck, their party and see their behavior.

01:02:17--> 01:02:18

And vice versa.

01:02:21--> 01:02:22

ladies want

01:02:24--> 01:02:24

men

01:02:28--> 01:02:30

and I won't go into the description.

01:02:32--> 01:02:33

But they want men

01:02:36--> 01:02:43

who fulfill all the ambitions and the dreams and the hopes and the aspirations of the word.

01:02:45--> 01:02:45

Perfect Matt.

01:02:50--> 01:02:52

Cutts model chiseled,

01:02:53--> 01:02:59

handsome, rich, intelligent, wealthy, whether that's the top of the list,

01:03:01--> 01:03:03

the same time they want him to be

01:03:07--> 01:03:09

a paragon of virtue.

01:03:13--> 01:03:19

And someone wants to pay to the Sahaba of the library. And undoubtedly the patience of a prophet.

01:03:22--> 01:03:25

And yet they themselves what do they bring?

01:03:30--> 01:03:32

to this we should look in the mirror.

01:03:34--> 01:03:44

Both physical mirror and the metaphorical mirror and ask ourselves in all honesty and sincerity just between ourselves, the mirror and Allah.

01:03:45--> 01:03:47

What do I deserve?

01:03:49--> 01:03:50

Who do I deserve?

01:03:53--> 01:03:53

serious

01:03:55--> 01:03:58

look, looking the physical mirror and the metaphorical mirror.

01:04:01--> 01:04:06

Look at oneself, the appearance as well as one's character.

01:04:09--> 01:04:10

one's very big.

01:04:13--> 01:04:22

And I said everything that one knows about oneself. And then ask a sincere question, Who and What do I actually deserve?

01:04:27--> 01:04:30

It doesn't mean we have to sell ourselves short.

01:04:31--> 01:04:38

Nor does it mean that we have to indulge in bouts of self loathing navel gazing and self flagellation.

01:04:39--> 01:04:42

But it means to be balanced and to be realistic.

01:04:44--> 01:04:45

not sell ourselves short.

01:04:47--> 01:04:49

But also not to oversell ourselves.

01:04:53--> 01:04:53

hate them.

01:04:55--> 01:04:59

advise the prophets of Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam acted on the advice

01:05:00--> 01:05:06

So how about the alarm rang? Who did what the prophets alarm it who seldom did as is explained here.

01:05:08--> 01:05:11

The next part of the Hadeeth

01:05:13--> 01:05:21

is a sudden shift to some of the events that took place. Once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam returned to Medina.

01:05:22--> 01:05:42

So I won't discuss this now, because there's a sudden shift because all the words are from majah, who may not then believe in women came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is not as for the VA or anywhere near Makkah, this is after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam returned to Medina.

01:05:44--> 01:05:54

Now, in between that period, a lot happen. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was harbottle, the alarm became hollow, and they turned back from where they be

01:05:55--> 01:06:03

returned to Makkah, because they were camped outside a large contingent of them on the journey from karma to Medina.

01:06:05--> 01:06:16

A few other things happen. One of them is the famous incident about the prophets of Allah Almighty Who sent them and the Sahaba of the law oversleeping at fetch.

01:06:18--> 01:06:19

So they

01:06:20--> 01:06:30

rode and traveled late into the night. Then the prophets of Allah it was send them said, who will God has during the night, beloved, the alarm said I will.

01:06:33--> 01:06:37

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this habit of the Allah who slept,

01:06:38--> 01:06:40

get out of the alarm fell asleep.

01:06:42--> 01:06:43

And

01:06:45--> 01:06:46

in the morning,

01:06:47--> 01:06:48

when the sun had risen,

01:06:49--> 01:06:52

we warm rays of the sun fell on

01:06:53--> 01:06:59

the alarm, and he leaped up. Welcome below the unlocker, and they walk up to the solar law. Some of them are highly

01:07:01--> 01:07:05

profit some of the law it was an unwelcome he didn't blame anyone

01:07:06--> 01:07:14

for Allah subhanho In fact, he recognized and acknowledged that Allah had caused this so that it could be a lesson to people afterwards.

01:07:15--> 01:07:27

And a benefits for people afterwards so that he could demonstrate what people should do. So some common law, even the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had his center of law because he overslept.

01:07:32--> 01:07:32

So,

01:07:35--> 01:07:47

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam rose, he told us how about the alarm, who to pack? And then he moved on. He didn't pray for God, that He moved on went a bit further. And there

01:07:50--> 01:07:52

he told he can't

01:07:53--> 01:08:02

did will do told us how about the alarm to do will do and then in jamara, collectively in congregation they prayed fetch of Salah, according to wonder at Why do they do

01:08:03--> 01:08:04

according to one narration

01:08:05--> 01:08:15

because of the effects and the influence of shavon at the other place. This is why that will Mr. Say, one of the things to do with Dolby

01:08:17--> 01:08:26

is that if you truly want to repent, repentance means you change, you come back from where you were.

01:08:28--> 01:08:32

Because there were two one of the meanings of tarbiyah to butalbital is to return.

01:08:34--> 01:08:45

So wherever you have gone out, to a place where you shouldn't have been where you shouldn't have gone out, you come back from there, that's that's a return to your pure state.

01:08:49--> 01:08:53

Which means that doba is not just a variable, you don't just repent verbally,

01:08:55--> 01:08:58

you have to make all the necessary changes.

01:08:59--> 01:09:39

And doba repentance has many R's. As I keep on saying, repentance can only be true, if you repent, how you repent, you have remorse, you refrain from the sin. At that time during the period of repentance, you have resolve never to return to the sin again. You reform not just yourself, but you reform and you repair any damages you have caused you repair any damage you have made to yourself to others.

01:09:40--> 01:09:43

Another are is to remove yourself

01:09:45--> 01:09:48

from the place the environment and the company

01:09:50--> 01:09:52

in which you committed sins

01:09:53--> 01:09:55

without removal

01:09:56--> 01:09:59

from that company without removal from that environment.

01:10:00--> 01:10:01

Without removal

01:10:03--> 01:10:06

from that place, there's always a danger

01:10:07--> 01:10:11

that you will return not from the sin but to the sin.

01:10:14--> 01:10:22

And that's illustrated by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Subhan Allah, he was a messenger of Allah. And yet,

01:10:23--> 01:10:40

when they woke up the place where they missed their Sunnah, he told all of them moved from here. And they traveled. And they only made it for federal salam, they delayed it longer, but they only performed it and they made up for it at a distance from the original location where they miss Tesla

01:10:41--> 01:10:45

because of the effects and the influence of shape on that place.

01:10:49--> 01:10:49

So

01:10:50--> 01:10:54

when it comes to sins, one has to do proper hedging.

01:10:55--> 01:11:12

And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, what a good omen hijra man Allah and the true Mahajan. The true emigrant is the one who abandons and shuns the prohibitions of Allah. And as I explained in the commentary of hedger.

01:11:13--> 01:11:49

What does hijra originally mean? The meaning the meaning of Hydra has emigration, but the original meaning of hedger. This is a secondary or tertiary meaning, the original meaning of hedger is to abandon to shun. Yeah, you have the theorem for underwater pukka pukka. pukka, Papa, what rude zuffa Judo, Allah says addressing the Messenger of Allah Almighty who was one of the earliest verses ever to be revealed to him, a one wrapped in a mental rise and wall and your Lord glorify and your clothes purify

01:11:50--> 01:11:56

wildwoods, evangel and impurity shun abandon.

01:12:00--> 01:12:02

And those who will say on the day of gentlemen,

01:12:04--> 01:12:13

Pokhara Surya, rabina comida, who hadn't caught up Anima, Judah, Milo and the messenger will say, Oh, my lord, this people of mine have

01:12:15--> 01:12:19

left this arm majula meaning abandoned,

01:12:21--> 01:12:21

shun.

01:12:22--> 01:12:43

So the meaning of his rights to shunned abandoned to leave. So we have to do the hidden from our sins, and the hidrive takes all forms, not only do you shun the sin, you physically do hedger and remove yourself, and you physically emigrate from the place of sin to another place.

01:12:45--> 01:13:30

So this is one of the things that happened on that day, sorry, on that part of the journey back to Medina from Mugu at the time of davia is that they missed their salah and the prophets of Allah, it was one of those harbottle the alarm had to make up for their Salah later. Now, there's an interesting note here is that if you look, actually in some of the narrations, there are three places or three times that are mentioned. For these for this incident, one in some hair, this is the return from where they were in other hobbies. It's a return in the seventh year from Haven, and in other hobbies. It's a return from the book in the ninth year of hedra. So which of the three is

01:13:30--> 01:13:47

correct? The only explanation that I have given is that in fact, all three of them are correct. And this means that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually missed his salah and overslept with the Sahaba of the Allah, not just in the sixth year of

01:13:48--> 01:14:05

traveling from Mecca to Medina, at the time of her baby. But he also missed a year later, traveling from haber to the north of Medina, back to Medina. And he also missed it in the ninth year of hedra. traveling from

01:14:06--> 01:14:07

the blue,

01:14:08--> 01:14:17

back south to Medina. So he happened actually on three occasions. That's one of the incidents that took place on his return to Medina from a via

01:14:18--> 01:14:22

another incident, which are referred to right at the beginning.

01:14:24--> 01:14:29

And I said I will comment on it in some detail while I mentioned it later, which is

01:14:30--> 01:14:31

that

01:14:33--> 01:14:38

on the return journey, at one stage, how about the alarm who stopped?

01:14:39--> 01:14:44

they approach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and they said to him, Gardasil en la

01:14:56--> 01:14:59

we are hungry, food is running out or

01:15:00--> 01:15:00

has run.

01:15:02--> 01:15:08

So some of the companions have additional camels

01:15:09--> 01:15:12

that they aren't tracked, spare camels.

01:15:13--> 01:15:20

So please instruct them to slaughter these candles and share the food so that we meet

01:15:23--> 01:15:28

the loved ones had the other sort of law, this wouldn't be a good idea.

01:15:30--> 01:15:46

It's better for us that we do have some spare counts. So the prophets in the love it will send them set to this harbottle the alarm indeed, don't slaughter the camels. Rather, make an announcement, spread your leather Max,

01:15:47--> 01:15:48

your spreads

01:15:49--> 01:15:51

and your cloaks,

01:15:52--> 01:15:55

spread your clothes and your leather mats

01:15:56--> 01:16:11

and bring any of the dry foods that you have so on is food that they could cook meat etc. Otherwise, bring your dry foods massage these nuts and raisins and

01:16:13--> 01:16:17

etc. So, the Sahaba of the lava

01:16:18--> 01:16:21

and they entered whatever they had.

01:16:22--> 01:16:29

And he wasn't much all of them brought what they could and he was left in a small pile, or 1500 so how about the alarm?

01:16:30--> 01:16:45

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did something with the food and then blessed it prayed on it told us to have out of the allowing him to eat from it. All of the Sahaba of the unlined at to their fill

01:16:47--> 01:16:51

them short while later it was a sort of salata

01:16:54--> 01:17:02

and the Sahaba of the alarm, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was there, in the deserts

01:17:03--> 01:17:15

preparing for us or Salah. He had he had a water skin in front of him. And he was doing well due from the water skin. Some of the alarm rang and approached him and said the law of the water has run.

01:17:17--> 01:17:18

We don't even have water

01:17:20--> 01:17:21

to drink, let alone to do

01:17:23--> 01:17:30

so the province the law it was selling them then did something miraculous. And this is a famous authentic

01:17:32--> 01:17:34

the skin of water that he had

01:17:35--> 01:17:39

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam placed his noble hand there in

01:17:41--> 01:17:47

and then this habit of the alarm I witnessed water bubbling

01:17:49--> 01:17:53

and rising and then actually flowing from between his fingers

01:17:56--> 01:17:56

jabiru

01:17:58--> 01:18:01

jabiru nom de la de la Mercedes.

01:18:02--> 01:18:11

Well, how about the lover who say that we all drank to our fill, we filled our water bags and skins.

01:18:12--> 01:18:21

And we also did wonderful with that water. Jabir ibn Abdullah Javier la harmony narrate the story, his his students said to him,

01:18:22--> 01:18:33

how many of you were there, he said, If there had been 100,000 of us, the water would have been sufficient for us. But we were only 1500.

01:18:34--> 01:19:19

So this was, in fact, the similar a similar miracle occurred on other occasions as well, but we don't have time to go into it. But if you recall, much earlier on, I mentioned that as for the adea, this habit of the alarm ran out of water and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam displayed the miracle of water on that occasion. This is different, because then there was the well, but there was hardly any water left because he had all been taken out. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spat, he washed his noble face and hands and he spat into the water. The water was then poured back into the well. Then he took an arrow and gave it to one of the companions, and the Prophet

01:19:19--> 01:19:42

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his arrow was stuck into the ground into the base of the well by one of the companions, and then the water started bubbling. So that was a completely different sense. And this incident is completely different. This wasn't a Well, this was on the return journey to Medina. And prior to the miracle of water earlier on,

01:19:44--> 01:19:49

was the miracle of feeding the whole 1500 group of pilgrims

01:19:50--> 01:19:59

using just dry ice foodstuffs. And then the miracle of this water there was no well it was the water was bubbling with from the hands of salt

01:20:00--> 01:20:25

Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the water bank. So this was another miraculous incident that actually took place on the return journey, and the Sahaba of the law and the same incident, a similar incident or similar miracle occurred on other occasions. So this was one more instance of the problem that Prophet sallallahu are synonymous How about the love and experience on their return journey to Medina. Finally,

01:20:26--> 01:20:43

one more thing that happened is that he was on this leg of the whole journey from Mecca to Medina, after the truth of who they be, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received the revelation of sort of

01:20:45--> 01:21:14

an omen of the Allah and explains it beautifully. He says, because of what happened with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam earlier on, that he approached the Messenger of Allah. And he spoke to him, as we covered in the youth last week, that he approached a worker on the line, he had already began regretting it. So he says, that I was traveling with the province of the line equals send them on the return journey from Philadelphia, and I approached him. And I attempted to speak to him,

01:21:15--> 01:21:21

or messenger of Allah, prophets and love it, who will send them remain silent.

01:21:22--> 01:21:26

I spoke to him again, he remained silent.

01:21:28--> 01:21:43

I repeated this the third time, and I tried to speak to him again, province and alarm and he was still remain silent, or the alarm who say that grief seized me. And addressing himself, he said, Oh,

01:21:45--> 01:22:01

thrive and she persisted, and have hurt the Messenger of Allah, but he did not reply to you. Then he said, I fear that some may be revealed about me because he was regretting the manner in which he spoke to the prophets of the law, it was some earlier on.

01:22:07--> 01:22:11

So he said, I moved away, and he was fear.

01:22:14--> 01:22:18

And he said, I went ahead to the front part of the

01:22:19--> 01:23:02

group of Muslims. So he was writing ahead, this meant that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't necessarily at the front always, rather, they were in a large group, caravans and sometimes a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will be traveling in one small subgroup, and the other Sahaba would be in front. So here are some of the elaborate essays I rode away from him joining the group at the front of the caravan. And whilst I was riding there, seized by grief, he says, I heard someone call out my name saying Allah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam seminary. So I instantly feared that Allah has revealed verses are an about me.

01:23:04--> 01:23:09

So I wrote up to him, and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said to him or Allah,

01:23:11--> 01:23:15

Allah has revealed to me a surah,

01:23:16--> 01:23:18

which is more beloved to me than anything else on there.

01:23:22--> 01:23:30

And then he was cited enough for to be layer filler like a lot of the mcomber. We get to

01:23:32--> 01:23:44

the bottom, when Sora Cola, Muslim Ezeiza till the next verse, that's enough attention or lack of attention will be indeed we have

01:23:45--> 01:23:51

scored a very great victory for your literally Indeed, we have opened up a great deliverance for you,

01:23:52--> 01:24:08

creator of deliverance, so that allow me forgive you your sins past and future. And so that allow me complete as favor upon you. And the address is singular only to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam not to all of them. So the airfit aleca not Leah,

01:24:09--> 01:24:31

Leah, Fear Allah, Allah, so that allow me forgive you your sins are messenger of Allah, past and future. And so that allow me to complete his favor upon you or messenger of Allah, where they occur said atoms. And so that allow me to guide you, on messenger of Allah set out the most Lima along the straight path.

01:24:35--> 01:24:42

So this How about the law? And then the alarm heard this prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam informed the other Sahaba of the Allah.

01:24:43--> 01:25:00

So some of them said, All prophets of Allah because the beginning verses are exclusively about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So how about the alarm and who said honey and Marie and Akira sutala Congratulations.

01:25:00--> 01:25:01

ones,

01:25:02--> 01:25:04

to messenger of Allah

01:25:06--> 01:25:12

felicitations to you Congratulations to you. And may this be blessed for you.

01:25:13--> 01:25:15

What's in it for us?

01:25:16--> 01:25:25

We actually said, What's in it for us? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited to them the next verses, the hidden meaning

01:25:26--> 01:25:28

and not in the dream and

01:25:29--> 01:25:31

we have got for me who say

01:25:32--> 01:25:37

that, so that alarming end to the believing men and believing women

01:25:39--> 01:25:41

into gardens beneath which were the showflat.

01:25:44--> 01:25:44

And

01:25:46--> 01:25:58

actually, Holly Dena, Fie her wherein they shall reside forever. We have suffered and who say to him, and so that allow me remove their ills, ie forgiven their sins.

01:26:00--> 01:26:35

So, these verses were then about the Sahaba of the alarm, but the whole sort of was revealed. And in fact, the entire surah was revealed. On the return journey, the whole have sort of been fed. From the province of the law, it was them departing from government from her Lamia to Medina. Now there are many parts of the surah we don't have time, but maybe in Sharla next week, you can actually comment and some of those verses that are direct, the whole sort of wants to do with who they be. So I made comments on some of the verses upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his arrival in Medina.

01:26:39--> 01:26:56

A few more incidents took place that are mentioned here, in the upcoming parts of the Hadith number one, the story of the believing women who traveled from Mecca to Medina, as muhajir art as emigrants following the Treaty of hood AB

01:26:57--> 01:27:04

and the first one to travel amongst the women was to consume been to rock bottom of the mind.

01:27:07--> 01:27:07

Now,

01:27:09--> 01:27:10

she was a young lady,

01:27:11--> 01:27:12

unmarried,

01:27:15--> 01:27:16

never been married before.

01:27:18--> 01:27:21

And alone, she travelled from Makkah,

01:27:22--> 01:27:28

even though part of the treaty wars, that anyone who traveled to Medina would have to be returned.

01:27:30--> 01:27:34

So I'm walking through Winterbottom every morning, she traveled

01:27:35--> 01:27:37

to Tamil to Medina from

01:27:39--> 01:27:47

and mockingly This is how Islam affected people, then you know, whose daughter she wants

01:27:48--> 01:27:49

to be more eight.

01:27:54--> 01:28:02

I'll explain more about it in show we don't have time for a start now, it'd be quite late. But I'll comment on this on that occasion.

01:28:05--> 01:28:31

So quite a lot happened with women who traveled from Mecca to Medina, Allah revealed verses about them. And they were excluded from the article of the treaty. That was one thing that directly relates to how they be. And the second thing that's mentioned in the upcoming part of the heading on which we will conclude, is the story of Overseers of the alarm, and it will gender, the son of suhaila, murmur, the alarm,

01:28:32--> 01:28:51

and what happened with them, again, that was directly related to the Treaty of Arabia, because following their incident, and their story, that raised themselves as the property of the love and equals and to remove this article from the treaty, and consider the Muslims exempt from that condition.

01:28:53--> 01:29:40

So there are three there are four parts left to the story of her davia the whole lady in Charlotte, I'll cover them next week and possibly the week after two. One is the revelation of the whole disorder. And I may comment on some of the verses related to the whole incident that won't take too long. The second part is the story of the women traveling to Medina as emigrants from MK Gohan, the exclusion eventually from the treaty, then the story of overseed and agenda and that others have added the lower income and eventually their exclusion from the articles of the treaty. And finally, the lessons from the whole story of Grenada, and also the reason why this was a victory.

01:29:42--> 01:29:57

And we call the series on the heavy the truce our victory. That apparently was a humiliation. There was a wisdom of Rasulullah sallallahu an equal sum the command of a law, that this apparent abject humiliation and disgrace

01:29:58--> 01:29:59

the world realized

01:30:00--> 01:30:01

Within two years

01:30:03--> 01:30:29

that it was a victory of a grand scale and not just a momentary victory, resulting in the conquest of Mecca, but a victory for all times. So in shall allow comments on these four things in the next lesson and possibly one after that meal last panel with Allah enable us to understand what sort of luck was in the manner that he was suited to be unemployed while leaving us village main Tomica La

01:30:31--> 01:30:32

La Land