Surat Al-Baqarah – Part 39

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Nouman Ali Khan

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Episode Notes

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delves into Ayat 106 of the magnificent Surah Al Baqarah. The Abrogation of the Ayaat and the Wisdom behind it forms the core of this amazing lecture.

Allah is describing the authenticity of the Book of Allah – the Qur’an to the Israelites who refuse to accept it citing that they already had the Tawrah as their religious scripture.

The Ayah declares that if Allah SWT chooses to abrogate a command in a certain Ayah while retaining the Ayah itself as a part of the Qur’an, or chooses to remove an Ayah, there is nothing objectionable in it. Allah SWT alone knows the Wisdom that lies in His choice. Allah SWT being Omnipotent and Omniscient possesses the authority to change His commandments as He likes.

What is Naskh? The meaning of Naskh in the case of commandments is removing the commandment and replacing it by another. Why change a command? Allah SWT says, “We bring forth [one] better than it or similar to it…” The scholars explained that better means better in terms of the benefits that it offers or something that is easier in implementation.

We are also acquainted with 5 different types of Naskh in the Qur’an and what went into it. Listen intently to fully comprehend the nuances of Abrogation.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Our mission is to spread awareness of the message and divine beauty of Quran across the world. Support our [email protected] that's ba y y i n H dot o RG

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Robbie Shockley Southern eat where silly Emily Wagner lock that me listen to Cali hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala de ashrafi ambia even more serene wa aalihi wa sahbihi Minister nabeshima t 18 Allahu ala nabina Muhammad Ali heart, whatever, whatever so the sub minion.

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Again, everybody's Ramallah Kumara Mercado, my intention today is to go over five cases. These are cases that are of what's called an aluminum foil on the cases of NASA and munzo. Which means one part of the Quran came later on, and because it came later on, it nullified or canceled or at what's called technically abrogated the effect of the ayah that came before that, right so some later part of the Quran, and did the ruling or canceled the ruling, or revelation that had come before it. In previous two lectures, I've actually only been talking about the case of NASA, the idea of Orion or revelation of Alaska, which had canceling one part of the other. I also did share the opinion that

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in my own conviction, there is no in its actual sense, there's no actual necessity in the Quran. In other words, even though it seems at first glance, that one part of the Quran canceled up another part of the Quran, the reality of it is all of it is timeless. And there is really no such case, though, historically, this has been argued, and the one of the most incredible cases in some cases that people argue there is as much as 130. Some even said 200 iaat, that are basically canceled by other Ayat of the Quran that they don't apply anymore. But there's that much going on. And then shabalala del Rahim Allah, in hijo, de Bella and other texts, he basically reduced it to their five

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examples of actual illness in the Quran of one part cancelling out the other. And those are the five that I wanted to go through with you and actually show that even those five, it's not so hard to reconcile them. And say that that in a sense, even that is not not a case of NASA human soul. So what is the actual case of NASA himself that was a subject of the previous lecture, but I'll repeat some parts of it. The AI occurs as we are going through sort of Bukhara in a larger agenda is describing the authenticity, and the truth of this final revelation, the Koran, and in the IR that we're going through right now he's describing this case to the Israelites to Busan. And they are

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saying no big mountains in Ghana, they're saying we believe in what we already have what was sent to us, which means that all that data is good enough for us. No thanks. We don't need your Quran. And allies telling them for honors now cancel donatas now rather canceled. It's been replaced by the Koran, it's it's been taken over. That's the actual conversation. Now what happens is sometimes the IOD we look at those ions, and we don't see what conversation they belong to, we look at them on their own. And then we start discussing them as though they are a chapter or a subject by themselves, the author not a subject by themselves, they're actually part of a continuous

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conversation. So in that conversation, the actual discussion was, it really did have to do with the abrogation, the pneus of the Torah, and the Injeel. And other the final revelation has come this is the only revelation that applies. So anyway, there's these are going to be five mini talks. In each of them, I'll show you what is claimed one canceling the other, and then keep moving and inshallah Tada. And the last, and the last time I deal with this subject will be the next hardaker next week and Sharla when I do that, we're going to go through the toughest case of illness, which actually, if you don't understand properly, can cost people their life and serious stuff. Right. So it's not

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just an academic discussion, if interpreted, you know, one way or the other way, it can actually spill blood, you know, and so we're gonna look at that case and I figured instead of going through it quickly, we should go through that systematically and give it you know, full do in shambles. So that's the intention for next time. But anyway, let's begin the first case is that of inheritance, inheritance and what's called an English bequest or leaving a will, leaving something for those that are going to be you know, after you people sometimes write their will or their inheritance, you know, the writer will before they die, they say I want the house to go here, I want us to go to

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charity, etc, etc. This concept was rather new to the Arabs they often just assume when you die your son takes everything or if there are sons, they're just going to split it among themselves women got nothing right or a lot of times parents would be argued the father gets everything that you know the children get the what the mother gets nothing, things like that. Right. So allows me to introduce the idea as a revolutionary idea to the Arabs and the If so, tillbaka katiba de comida

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But I had a cool note it's mandated on you that at the time that death presents itself to any one of you in taraka hiren that if you were to leave behind something good if you were to leave behind something good now this seems like general language and then he specifies that good this is a lot of data and I will see you to the valley then he will knock rabina bill Morrow that to leave a will behind that includes both parents and it includes the closest relatives and includes them in some decent in the decent you know along with decency in other words you don't say my father gets this left shoe of mine that was used and my mother takes everything else and my uncle I hate him just

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leave this note for him I hate you or something there's not not not aloof means you left like my furniture should go here the house should go here the car should go here that savings in my bank should go here etc etc etc like this stuff should be given in a decent way you know, not in a in a spiteful kind of way. How can I deal with the pain This is a right mandated on those that want to protect themselves from the Wrath of Allah, those who want to be cautious. Now this higher the the key two words are hi Ron and Alessia. In other words, the key words are leave something good behind and leave a decently and include both parents and relatives and write this out or spell it out

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before you die because there's going to be an argument after you die. Right. So clearly it doesn't say give 10% to your mother 15% to your father 25 there's no specifics here. It's very open ended. Later on in the Masonic Quran. Allah revealed in Surah Nisa, you'll see qumola houfy Allah de comunidad Academy flowhub nanika unfocus Nadine Fernanda Luca mataranka. Long, he says, Allah is giving you counsel, when it comes to your children, the boys are going to get twice the share of the girls. And if they are this many if their parents and they get disproportion in that proportion, and that proportion, it's a complicated passage, describing percentages and proportions and fractions

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for each scenario, and each of the recipients and if what if somebody had one parent alive? what it was only the mother? What if it was no parents alive and no children alive? What do you do now? Etc, etc. So all these scenarios are talked about in great detail. Because that happened. A lot of scholars said, Look in Bukhara, Allah said, leave something good.

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Leave our car behind some will. Nowadays saying no, you don't get to decide, this percentage goes to this unless specified the percentages himself, actually only a third of your wealth, it becomes clear, you can do whatever you want with it. Like I want a third of it to go to the machine. I want a third of it to go to the library, whatever. You want it to donate to somebody or you want to give it to your friend. That's what

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two thirds of it has to be divided exactly as the law says, this much goes here. This much goes here, this goes here. And that's why even though Koran says or the profit zone says rather law, we'll see it anyway. Listen, there is no will left for the inheritor, the inheritor, meaning mom, sister, brother, husband, wife, etc, etc. These people, you don't decide what they get a law already decided what they get a law already dictated after your death, what they're going to get. So you don't have to write for them something extra. As a matter of fact, that first third, you notice I want that to go to my favorites on also. No, you don't, you don't get to do that. Now we'll see

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about it. Now some look at this hadith and these ayat and say, Look, clearly, now things have been specified. And previously, Allah said, you can leave a will for all parents leave a will, meaning you decide what they get. So obviously, the one that came before has been canceled out by the one that came. Now, the thing to understand here is that we're on is actually going from farm to house, it's actually not nice, it's going from open ended to specified, the first thing that's done is actually the oma and the community at large has been prepared, you have to actually be willing to leave things behind. And the word for that, as we'll see, you have to be willing to mentally

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prepared, that you're going to leave things behind and the recipients are going to be parents close relatives, and this is going to happen in a way that's decent. And this idea of building a roof is very important in the original idea that is considered allegedly canceled or abrogated, that I uses the word bill Barrow Bill maruf means and the way that's actually recognizable, known in a known kind of way, well, that known way was different to different people, and then eventually revealed what that known way is, meaning he specified it. So we're actually going from what was kept open ended to then specified, and this is actually instead of considering the template case of NUS, or

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Nazi fenneman. So you know, an IR that canceled the previous ayah. This is actually a case of teaching methodology in the Quran, a community comes along, they have no concept of something. First thing you do is you introduce it to them in general terms, you open them up to the idea, you get them used to the concept, once they get used to the concept and they're there. Okay, ready to do. So. Now you can give them more specifics. This is actually what you do in effective education. Anywhere you first use your soft introduction to ideas, and then later on you get into depth, right? So that's exactly what Eliza does, in the case of inheritance. So let's go to the second case. That

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also kind of has to do with inheritance, but it actually has to do with women whose husbands have died.

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That's the second case. These are two ions. They both belong to the same passage in sort of Bukhara once again the first of them is when the Zener Yuto a phone I mean Can we have a Luna as watchin we'll see yet le as YG him Mata and lol Holly

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those of you that have been taken away those among you that have been taken away meaning you've died and you left wives behind us left spouses behind the will the council for them is the as well as you him for their spouses Mata and Ilan how large they are to be taken care of for an entire year without being taken out. In other words, if she lived in that house husband's house and her husband died, she is to stay in that house for an entire year without being expelled from that house or she did not leave that house for in Florida. Then if they do leave, follow Gina hi Elena. Themify nafi, unfussy hinami maroof and if they do leave then there is no harm so long as they do whatever they

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want with themselves in a decent way. If the woman wants to get remarried or something like that, they can do so it's perfectly fine. We're long as human human allies the ultimate authority all wise So how long does a woman have to stay apparently in the house for a year right after the husband dies that's what it seems to suggest. Another iron the same passage When does he know that our phone I'm in como una as Rajan, and those among you who die and left spouses behind almost exactly the same wording from the previous yacht or bus Navy unfussy Hina or Beretta Ashley Ashley in Russia, they better hold themselves back for months and 10 days. They better hold themselves back and remain

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to themselves for four months and 10 days for either by Laguna de la luna. And if they reach that deadline, they've crossed the four months and 10 day Mark phylogenet aleikum FEMA for Allah Fie, unfussy, hindawi maruf, then there's no harm on you and whatever they decide to do with themselves in a decent way. That's up to them. Now you can condemn them or talk to them about how did you How come you left? How come you got remarried? After How long? Four months in 10 days? So what was the previous deadline a year and now it seems to be four months in 10 days, there seems to be a reduction will LaHood be met Damadola hobby, and Allah is in full knowledge of what you do. Now that

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seems to be like it used to be a year that Allah made it into four months in 10 days, right? Even Josie mahalo commented, saying that, you know, in jania days it used to be a year and swallow first give them what they were used to and then later on made it easier. That's his opinion, though. I personally don't agree with that opinion. I'm more in agreement with the opinion of Mujahid Mahalla, deceitful deceitful in that is actually specifying the mandatory amount that a woman is supposed to say let's let's understand what that means in simple language.

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A woman has the right to stay in her deceased husband's home for an entire year, and there can be no pressure put on her that you need to leave.

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for it. That's the that's the right the Koran gave her. The right to Quran gave her is that she can stay in that house for how long an entire year. Then the Quran said by the way for months and 10 days out of that year, mandatory you must stay there. You must stay there for four months in 10 days, and you may not get remarried for four months and 10 days, then you may leave.

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So, one part of it is obligation. And the other part of it is rights. The whole thing is not obligation. Actually the majority of it is her right. Because the inlaws can say, well, we used we put up with you when he was alive. Get out,

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does not your house anymore. She has a year to figure out her matters. And she laid out acreage without being kicked out Lisa horloge radar, which means without leaving herself later, without being expelled, she cannot be expelled meaning it's not a conversation about her obligation. With an obligor a conversation about her rights. It's pretty amazing that a lot before he mentioned her obligation, you mentioned her rights. He mentioned the year that she can stay there without being any pressure put on her, you know and she needs to be provided for maternal health. It's not even second and it'll hold she could live there for a year. No, she needs to be provided for and provided

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comfortably for that's what matter is to be provided for comfortably for the entirety of the year without any pressure being put on her that she must leave. The next condition was yes, those of you whose husbands have died, you must remain confined to yourselves, meaning hold back and don't you know, don't put yourself out there don't put a you know, profile up on some website that I want to get remarried or something but hold on for months and 10 days, then if after that whatever they want to do. You don't get to say Shame on you. You are you know, because a lot of times families are protective. And they say you are the honor of our family. You married our son your family now. And

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Monday she thinks about getting remarried, how can you do that stuff for the law? You're going to bring shame to our family. No, she's not going to bring any shame to your family that relationship was act. There was not a relationship with blood. It was a relationship of a contract. And that contract was contingent upon two people being in marriage in agreement with each other and one of them is no longer there. That contract is no longer valid after those four months and 10 days and Allah has given her that freedom. You can't take it away from her. You can't make it a matter of your family.

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We pride or anything else. So this is actually that balance between the obligation on her and the outside. Now they're the provider, but it's not our discussion to the the benefits of it. You know, why is the woman being told to stay for four months and 10 days? You know, obviously, there are lots of things that are talked about, for example, trauma, the woman is traumatized. She's emotionally shaken up, but her life partner is gone. You know, she needs time to cope and deal with the situation if she's emotionally shaken up. And then she goes out there, and then somebody proposes or something. And she feels like,

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I don't know, I think I should just get married right away because I need protection, or I don't know if anybody else will come along. And she makes a hasty decision without thinking through it, because she's still, you know, not in a normal state emotionally, a lot, give her time to cool off, settle her affairs, and not have to worry about finances because that was put under the deceased, you know, husband's family. That's the second case, right? So it's not cancelling one another, like I said, it's rights versus obligations. Now, the third case, you hadn't maybe, hopefully will move me Nina idle kita. It's a completely different subject. This is about fighting in the path of Allah.

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The messenger has told us a lot more names on them. Prophet, encourage believers to fight encourage believers to fight in yokomen commercial una sobre una de Bhoomi. I think, if there are 10, patient ones, among you 10 fighters among you, you'll be able to overpower 210 will be able to overcome how many 200 which means one, one can handle How many? One to 10, right? There's a one to 10 one one cyber believer, one persevering patient believer will be able to overcome 10 of his enemies that's attend to one advantage that you have, doesn't matter if they're 10 times bigger than you. Don't worry about it. Go into battle with me or call me call me. atonia liberal alpha me Amina Latina,

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cafaro. And if there are 100 of you, you'll be able to take over 1000 of those who disbelieve

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Why did Allah mentioned to like if he just said, if you're there 20 then 200 we get it? It's one to 10. Why did he mentioned the second time? Well, if there is 100, then you get 1000. You can take over 1000 we all know math. Once you understand one multiplication, you don't need the second one. But I mentioned the second one. You mentioned the second one, because the last thing, then some people will come along and say well, we're not 20 or 19.

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So it doesn't apply to us. Allah says No, I'm saying any number times 10. And so when you give two examples, it becomes a rule. If you gave one, then maybe somebody could say it's just this number. But it this, this formula doesn't apply for 25 or 26 or 37. It only applies for 20. And unfortunately, where you know 23 so this doesn't work, you know. So there could have been that loophole. And Elise has no no, just understand this is actually a proportional advantage that I'm giving you. I mean under the NACA for familia, Latina, kung fu 1000 out of those who disbelieved, be under home, Coleman left Gohan, because they're a nation that don't deeply understand. Now, this is

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not a helicopter seat of desire, but I still want to share one quick thing with you. Allah says you have to attend to one advantage, then the letter tells you why you have an advantage.

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And the reason LS says is not because you're stronger. The reason is, is because they're weaker.

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At strange Now, the question is, how are they Why are they weaker? Do they have less weapons? Do they have less muscles? Do they have less experience? Do they have less strategy? What is it that they don't have, unless there's be a non common law of common because they're a nation that don't deeply understand. In other words, you're going to have experienced, qualified, maybe even more people with more advanced weaponry. So all you know, all the advantages on the other side, but those soldiers don't know why they're on the battlefield.

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They don't understand why they're fighting. They just got sent there. This kid just signed up for the military to like, you know, pay for his college or something. And then he got shipped off to another country. He doesn't even know how to pronounce its name. And he's shooting a gun at somebody and he doesn't even know why shooting it at them. You know, they have no, they have no fear of why they're there. And it doesn't matter how powerful an army is, if they don't know why they're fighting what they're fighting for. They're there if you're, if you're morally weak. If you're ideologically if you're if your intentions are weak, then an army has no standing. And it's just

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fluff. It's just on the outside shell. He says that's why he said Muna Sabino, your mind is strong, your people have perseverance, you know why you're on the battlefield? They don't. That's actually where the advantages so to a lot as a strength is not in numbers. Neither is strength in weapons. Strength is actually in clarity.

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You're clear why you're making the sacrifice that you're making, what a profound statement in such a small phrase, be unknown, common, I have gone just that but then in the next hour, which is considered the canceler of this ayah he says, Allah juancho Now Allah has lightened your burden for you. Well, enough, you can barfing and Allah has come to know that among you there are weak also, for ear coming. communicaton sobre Tonioli Bumi attain and if there happened to be 100 patient ones among you, you'll only be able you'll only be able to overcome 200 so this time 100 of you will be able to pass

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overpower 200 there was a one to 10 advantage that has now been reduced to Why? One to two, the proportions have dropped significantly. I you know, and now what Ian could mean come elfen he has Li boo elfin, and if there were 1000, you'd only be able to overpower 2000 be in the law that too by Allah's permission, Allahumma sibylline and allies with those who have Southern allies with those who show perseverance. So some other Mallika disincentive before this ayah was revealed. A lot was saying that even if you have a 10 to one disadvantage, you must go fight.

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And now allow saying unless you have a one to two advantage, don't go fight. So the proportions have been reduced. And ally has actually given you excuse, if there's 123 advantage, 125 advantage or whatever you can say, look, a lot already lightened our burden, we can go into this battle because it's a one to one to three advantage or one to four advantage. It's not just a one to advantage. But actually this is again, a matter of, first of all, this is not a rule. Not everything Allah reveals is a law. Allah reveals encouragement, pep talk, like firing up the team, you can handle 10 of them.

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You know, and even if you even when you're weak, you can at least handle how many twice your number. And don't worry about numbers because a lot is with a savini. And that's how the ions will lahoma as sovereign allies with a sovereign, which means it's one to two one to 10, or one to 2000. So long as you have a law with you doesn't matter how many other people you have with you, you have a law with you done deal. Don't you worry about that. I realize you're not as strong as you used to be once before I realized in Medina, even the Sahaba are listening. Abu Bakar isn't this thing Omar is listening, when they're listening to these ions and allies saying if there are 20 among you, you can

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take over 200 almost thinking yeah, but I understand. I get it. But now there's so many more weak believers, there's so many hypocrites among us. There's so many problems among us. So that proportion, if the if the reason for the weakness of the disbelievers was they don't deeply understand, well, we got the same problem on our side now. So will the same advantage hold and unless said yes, you're right, you're not as strong as you were before. Overall, there are weaker elements among you. Now there are people who don't really understand why they're there. That's true. And as a result, but don't be demoralized, you'll still have an advantage. So allies not canceling

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the previous statement. He's actually and he's not demoralizing them. But he's saying actually, you still go, I will, and I will still be with you advantage or no advantage. And that's why the beauty of the IRA is it's, first of all, be in the law. Don't ever forget, this all happens because of the permission of Allah. And second of all know that when you are sincerely going and making this the struggle, whether it's through the reservoir, you know, the book or whatever you're going to go allies with those who have suffered, you just show suffer alone will take care of the rest. So it's not again, one canceling the other, but rather a continuation of the same pep talk. It's

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continuation of the same motivational speech, even in difficult circumstances. That's our third case. So the first case was inheritance. The second case was of the wives staying and the third case is of the different proportions that is alleged that one cancels out the other

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the next case is of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam and whether or not he can marry any more wives so total absolve was revealed. Yeah, you're gonna be in the locker locker as far as I can that he knows your data, Ron. Well, my Look at me. Look at me. Look, ma Allahu Allah. Well banality amico, but at the ematic, when it Holic when it Hologic allottee hijo Nanak won't attend more militant, in what habit nafsa halaby. Let me translate this part all for you. The prophets I said I was told we have made permissible for you your spouse's, the ones you've given out for their their compensations for and those your right hand possesses from what Allah has granted you and this includes

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so the right hands possession, it includes the daughters of your uncle's

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includes the daughters of your aunts on the father's side, and daughters of your uncle's from the mother's side, daughters of your aunts from your mother's side. So in order to say the chatters and the puppies, and The Mamas and the halos, and highlights, all of them, their children.

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You know, if you have these cousins that you know you're married into, that's completely fine. Those who migrated among you.

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And a woman who's comes to you and says I'd like to marry you.

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It's completely fine. It's helpful for you to marry in and yes, thank you hahaha.

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If the Prophet does seek to the desire to marry her, as opposed to any other believers, he may do so. Because

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he has watched him over look at a man whom lick a lacuna. alayka halogen Wakanda la hora, Hema, the rest of this is about the believers. I'll go to the part that we're that's under our discussion. So it seems Allah gave the prophets I said I'm just list right? That you can marry among your cousins. Here's a list of them. You can you can of course maintain the relationships of those

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In your right hands possession, you can also marry somebody who comes and proposes to you. Right? And then later on allows him to jump in the next iaat here's what Allah says

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la Hulu la camisa omim bad weather and Tibet de la Vina mean as watching our Java Coco snow now, a llama Melaka t me No, it's not permissible for you to marry any thereafter.

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Any women thereafter, you're not you're not allowed to marry, nor to replace them with any other spouse, any other kind of spouse, even if you are impressed with their beauty. Now, when Allah said this, some assumed that actually, this is a reverse order. Let me explain what that means. The Prophet was first told you can't marry anybody else, whoever you married, you're married. That's it. Then an ayah came saying you may marry these other categories of women. But if you accept that, you know, the list I just gave you like that came later on.

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The problem with that is first there's no evidence that that came later on. The second problem with that is the idea that you're saying is canceled. Which means the idea that says, you know,

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the leader is is actually the one that cancels not the leader is the one that gets cancelled, right? So the later I heard was, you can't marry anybody else.

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If the order was you can't marry anybody else. And then later on says, here's who you can marry, then you can look at the previous one that says you can't marry anybody else and say, okay, that one's cancelled. But the problem is the reverse the order is in reverse. First of all, it says, here's who you can marry. And then later on, he said, you cannot marry anybody else. So what does this actually mean? It actually, a few scholars have made this very clear interpretation. The house is one of them, even Josie is one of them. That what Allah is actually talking about here is that the prophet Isaiah Towson is allowed to marry within these categories.

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In other words, he's not going to pursue another proposal somewhere else. If somebody comes and proposes to him, he accepted still, but don't go out looking for another marriage. Now, if within your family some proposal comes through, or something comes through, it's completely fine. And actually, historically, this is what allows our fifth year, the fifth year after the Prophet migrated, that's when the soda came down. In the sixth year, nearly roughly, or halfway through after the soda had come down is the the Battle of Benny masala.

00:27:21--> 00:27:38

And that's when the scandal with Chateau de la happened. And when that scandal happened, a little de la Juan who spoke with Russell's I saw them and he said the following this is after this had been revealed. He said to him, Yasuda, la, la mula up la who are Laika when he shot he

00:27:39--> 00:27:42

shot Allah has not put any limit on you. There are plenty of other women.

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Allah has not put any limit on you, the IOD you may not marry anybody else had already come down. And earlier saying Allah hasn't put any limit on you. In other words, he understands what the Allahu anhu that that limit does not mean that the Prophet cannot marry just any woman ever again. As a matter of fact, it's very clear evidence that even after this revelation, the prophet actually did engage the marriages. He did on the subtle side, engaging marriages. So the point is, even though it seems like on the one hand, it was allowing these women to marry the prophet or the prophet to marry these women. And later, he's telling him Elisa, you can't marry anybody thereafter. What that phrase

00:28:17--> 00:28:27

actually means is, you can't marry anyone outside of these categories. It's not literally there after beyond these categories mean but look can be looked at like that, which is what does this mean, but

00:28:28--> 00:28:39

beyond these things, beyond these categories, you may not marry anybody else. That was the condition put on the process on them, once again, not one being canceled by the other. And then finally,

00:28:40--> 00:28:48

I one of the most interesting cases before the, you know the life and death situation case, which is next week in Sharla, is the case of

00:28:50--> 00:28:51

what's called Mona jaat.

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And that is, people used to come to seek private counseling with the profits license, but also last time is very busy. And he has to teach, he has to plan he has to engage in Dawa. He has to think about the problems of the community is the governor of Medina, a governor has a very busy schedule. He's the head of a very big household, and those that comes with its own responsibilities, he's the Imam of the masjid sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he's got, you know, a war situation to deal with. He doesn't have what you can call a free schedule.

00:29:23--> 00:29:40

But you know, the Sahaba love him so much. And they each want to have time with him. How not one to 101 on one. Notice we're looking to talk to you privately. Can I talk to you privately? Can I talk to you privately. Now if each of them talks to the Prophet privately what's going to happen? He won't have any time to do anything else with his life.

00:29:41--> 00:29:48

There's a whole mission left. And he's not going to have that time. And the other bigger problem, I'll let these pass

00:29:50--> 00:30:00

the other the worst problem was, first of all, this time is very precious. And by the way, if somebody came and asked them for their time, did you ever turn them away? Nope. You'd still make

00:30:00--> 00:30:14

Time for them Addis Auto Salon even though there are other things pending, other matters have to be taken care of. And he was taught this lesson much earlier on. He was talking to one of the leaders of Quraysh and comes up Lebanon macdon the blind Sahabi comes and says I need your time one on one.

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And the blind he's blind, but he's not deaf. He knows there's a conversation going on. He cuts him off anyway. By the way, blind people have extra good hearing. They have extra good hearing. So I'm the Lebanon McDonald, the Allahu taala is actually being extremely rude by interrupting a conversation over those who will last but Association doesn't even tell him. No, no, I can't talk to you right now. Let me finish this conversation and I'll speak with doesn't say that? doesn't doesn't tell him? Don't you hear that there's a conversation happening. Just give me a few minutes Be patient. Nope. doesn't even say that. He just found like, got stressed out how do I deal with this?

00:30:51--> 00:31:10

Because I'm in the middle of this conversation. How do I interrupt this and then deal with him? So he's simply just bolted his forehead, which Abdullah can't even see because he's blind. So there's no way that I was offended? By what so Salaam did, Quran came down? I basato. Allah insha Allah, you know, he frowned, he turned away that a blind one came to him.

00:31:11--> 00:31:54

The Quran came in very, very tough reprimand against the Prophet, I sought asylum for something that was so so small to illustrate to him, when these companions want your personal time, you better give them that personal time. Why was that important? You need to understand why that was important. From 100 feet away from 200 feet away of some Sahabi looks at the profit size. And I'm speaking to a governor spoke to speaking to a millionaire speaking to an important personality. And then nobody personality comes a blind guy, no money, no power, no politics, nothing. He comes. And the Prophet says you Wait, let me deal with the VIP first. What are they going to think VIPs matter more, we

00:31:54--> 00:31:56

might have people like us matter less,

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allows that we didn't want to make it very clear, this messenger came to revolutionize the value of people. Your value is not because you're a politician, your value is not because you have money. Your value is because you believe and between that Governor and this, you know this blind Sahabi, who's more valuable to Allah, the blind Sahabi because he has human and that Governor doesn't have you mind is less valuable to Allah. That lesson had to be taught but by example. So if the profits not going to give more importance over here, then he's contradicting that lesson. You see. This is the By the way, this is a lesson even within the Muslim community. How do you treat people? Like you

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know, how do you treat like VIPs people who write the big checks, scholars and everybody else famous people? How do you treat the janitor at the machine? How do you treat the security staff? How do you treat the you know,

00:32:49--> 00:32:51

how you treat the guy who's volunteering in the parking lot?

00:32:52--> 00:33:03

Most people are nobody who cares about them, you know, this this mentality is was instilled by those who love so I tell them anyway. Now they're the flip side of it, which is what these are about.

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Without your own had money.

00:33:08--> 00:33:30

They had influence and they wanted to show the Muslims that they are very close to the Prophet. So it's a new problem in Medina. And Mecca they come to the Prophet because they love the prophets. And Medina, they're coming to the proposition because it's a political statement. Look, I got good connections with the Prophet. You know how like people see you for two seconds, but they take a selfie with you. And then say, oh, man, we spent all our time together.

00:33:31--> 00:33:35

We're like best friends. What? Look at this picture. Yeah, that's my buddy.

00:33:37--> 00:33:37

I don't know you dude.

00:33:39--> 00:33:40

I don't even know you took this picture.

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That happens. Yeah. Well, what do these people want? They want to be seen close to the Prophet. And they want to show that the Prophet gave me one on one time. So later on, they can say yeah, yeah, I got connections. Yeah, him Yeah. Oh, don't worry, I'll get a personal meeting with him.

00:33:57--> 00:34:16

They're not interested in learning from the Messenger of Allah so I sent him but the problem is in Medina, the messenger is the governor of Medina. Getting one on one time with him is like a political statement. I got connections. So whenever you all would go and get that one on one time with him for a bad reason. They just want to show that they have social worth. They have value.

00:34:17--> 00:34:37

So now alone revealed to respond to them. Yeah, you Hello, Nina Avenue. Those of you who believe is Ana De Tomaso, if you're going to have private counsel with the messenger, if you're going to have one on one time with their messenger socket demo by Anya the Danish welcome sadaqa then right ahead, right before you get that personal time, give an act of charity.

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Give sadaqa it's not an entrance fee to the Prophet. It's a fee to the poor the miskeen that somebody gives sadaqa now you can go see the profit.

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NGO see, like a good deed was placed as a barrier before you get to see the Prophet La Liga hydrological matar, he says, that's better for you. It's pure for you also. Why? You're going to go see the Prophet risotto Salaam

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

You're going to get advice from him right? Now, before you even got his advice, you did a good deed.

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Which means you've already shown to Allah that you're not just going to listen to advice for the sake of listening to advice, and not do anything. You already mean business you've shown to a lot that you have done, you meet some sacrifice. Now you're allowed to open your heart more is going to guide you more. And when the Prophet gives you advice, it'll actually mean something. This is also a pretty universal lesson because there are people who love getting advice. love getting advice from one person that they love getting the same exact advice from what another person than another person than another person. Ha ha, ha ha Hey, did you get this this year? We I spoke to this amount this

00:35:39--> 00:35:42

amount this amount this amount of time? What do they tell you the same thing you're telling me?

00:35:43--> 00:35:54

Why don't you just do it, bro. We keep getting the see how far. I just wanted to hear your perspective. Yeah, you've been hearing a lot of perspective. But what have you been doing with this perspective?

00:35:55--> 00:36:18

Alyssa says why don't you just put your put your intention to put into action first. And then come, it's better for you. It's pure for you. Now Lika hironaka mata, Allah is also teaching us here that you know, the act of charity, the act of sadaqa is something that you give to someone else, but Allah gives you something in return. Allah gives you better in return. Number one, he purifies you.

00:36:20--> 00:36:22

And when you purifies you, you're in a better position to learn.

00:36:23--> 00:36:27

So now now for 1132. And by the way, if you can't afford it for Allah,

00:36:28--> 00:36:39

Allah is Forgiving, don't worry. In other words, if you want to come see the Prophet, prophets, I send them privately, it's okay, if you give some sadaqa. But if you can't afford it, you have nothing, that's fine, too.

00:36:40--> 00:36:46

So let me this open statement. But it was very difficult from when I feel alone, because everybody knows a lot of the hypocrites are millionaires.

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And if they're millionaires, and they give like five cents, they're gonna look cheap.

00:36:53--> 00:37:13

So they're gonna have to give Lucy Ricardo if you're wealthy, then you should be able to give at least 100 bucks, a couple of 100 you should be able to give some significant soda. Cuz it's gonna make you look bad. And now that it's become public, because he I came to see the profit. Hey, so the ISS you should if you can't afford it, it's okay.

00:37:14--> 00:37:28

Well, the thing is, is a millionaire is not gonna say, Oh, well actually, can I get a free pass? I can't afford it. That's more embarrassing for him. Because the most important thing for him is his reputation. So now the monastic has two problems. If he gets free, he loses his reputation.

00:37:29--> 00:37:33

If he goes in, he has to give a good amount of sadaqa he hates giving sadaqa

00:37:34--> 00:37:44

you know what I mean? I love a Hungarian they don't spend except that they hate spending in South Africa. You know, they don't just hate spending because they don't like charity. They hated the mahadji rune.

00:37:45--> 00:37:54

They hated abubaker, Rama, Rama and they said these immigrants come from Africa, eat our food, take our land, sit in our homes. We should build a wall.

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That's what their attitude was. And now you have to give them money. Because obviously, most of the Ensenada need who's in need. And then for Cora and Mahajan, Allah Xena regimen, Dr. Romani him. And so it's the module and the people who've come from Mecca, they're the ones in need. So you're gonna pay them that burns. So now they've got if you want to see the profit and you want to get the selfie situation, then either you look cheap, or you got to spend money on people you hate. Which means they stopped coming.

00:38:26--> 00:38:36

Because they can't they can't handle those two things. So they stopped coming. But you know that so this was a measure to basically in such an ingenious way cut them off.

00:38:37--> 00:38:44

When a lot cut them off. Some people thought I was there like, every time I see the profit after pay a fee.

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Is that what I have to do? And Allah then revealed a shock to me to cut the movie in a napkin socket. Were you hurting? And were you really afraid now that every time you come see the Prophet, you might have to give some kind of fee and some kind of card for Islam to follow. And because you haven't been able, you haven't been doing that since the beginning. All along, you've just come and see the property also, I want to talk to you okay, let's talk. There was never a sadhaka associated with it. So Allah says what tabula rasa todos aka Allah has already accepted your toe but don't worry, this was about someone else. This wasn't about you. You establish the prayer gives a copy

00:39:21--> 00:39:27

muscle data. In other words, unless saying I don't need your cell data, you just give your socket it's good enough for me.

00:39:28--> 00:39:59

Don't you think this is a condition? Well to Allah wa Sula, who and the big thing the biggest thing you can do for the province is not give some soda The biggest thing you can do for the Prophet is obey Allah and His Messenger that's that's what I what he needs from you. Because if you can write a check and give some money when it comes to obedience and semana Alterna, that's where they're going to have a problem. Allah says, Look, I only did this to expose them is not for the rest of you relax. And will law Have you don't be matamanoa unless full knowledge of what you do is fully aware of what you do. You know, this

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

Between these two, I had some say there were a few hours. So the first I was give some sort of call before you see him. The next one was, don't worry about it. Don't worry about it. And between it was some say few hours, some say a day, some say a little over a day. If that's what the law says that the next day when it says the cartel is saying, look, the cost is good enough. Right? You know, it's narrated that the only one who actually paid anything was it.

00:40:27--> 00:40:42

Like the I came in, he just wanted to act on it. And he gives up time came to see his family with the promises that he sees them privately. And he privately Anyway, I'll be alone. But he said, Ah, now I'll get to live by the ayah. One more iron my account. So he just gives

00:40:43--> 00:40:51

them, you know, when the I came down. Now, what I want to as I conclude this, this fifth part, what I want to share with you is

00:40:52--> 00:41:02

the strategy here, it does seem that the previous IO was canceled by the next. But actually, it's again a case of two different groups. One group had to be dealt with a certain way.

00:41:03--> 00:41:08

But they didn't allow in his mercy, he didn't expose them and say when afikomen, you're going to have to give sadaqa

00:41:09--> 00:41:14

a problem with saying that would be the manassa position. It's talking about munafo, not me.

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Because normally to cover things, that is one of them. You wouldn't even think it's about himself. So it had to be a Latina woman.

00:41:24--> 00:41:39

I'll give you an example to help you understand why this is two different groups and why that's necessary. Sometimes. I teach men and women Arabic. And when I do, I've noticed that men, a lot of times don't study for their exams, or good number of them.

00:41:40--> 00:41:48

And the sisters are very well prepared. And what happened one time in one of the years is that two thirds of the guys failed the test. Two thirds.

00:41:50--> 00:41:54

The average score on the sister side was 95. Same classroom.

00:41:55--> 00:41:58

Two thirds of the guys fail. Am I upset extremely.

00:42:00--> 00:42:13

I come into class. And I talk about taking the work seriously and how this is an Amana and how you came from your homes. Your parents sent you here to learn. You're sitting at night watching movies late at night wasting your time this and that. Am I talking to the men or the women?

00:42:15--> 00:42:19

I'm talking to the men Guess who came crying and apologized.

00:42:21--> 00:42:21

The women

00:42:23--> 00:42:32

I yelled at the whole class but my entire I was even just facing the guys when I was yelling. And who's I'm so sorry. That'll take it more seriously. You got 100? Why are you crying?

00:42:35--> 00:42:43

Who didn't feel bad at all? In La La La La La La Jolla. And the only brothers who felt bad are the ones who did well on the test to stop you. Right? I should do more.

00:42:46--> 00:43:02

You're it's one message. It's intended to be tough, but it's intended to be tough for a very stubborn audience. You meant them. But the thing is, everybody else's hearts are soft, they start crying because they think it's about them. So first I was about Tanaka. Koon.

00:43:03--> 00:43:32

You better give sadaqa you see how I told you how it destroyed them when they heard that. But the believers who are listening are not thinking this is just about bonavia own is not for us. So the next is really, it's okay, you just established Allah gives a car obey alanda messenger Allah knows what you do. I know, I know, this is not about you. You know how literally when the sister comes crying, or the good students comes crying, I said, Oh, that wasn't about you. Relax. Easy, easy. I was talking about someone else.

00:43:33--> 00:44:11

This is exactly what kuranda is this a case of No, just talking to two different groups. And this is a profound teaching of the Quran and how sometimes when you deliver a message, and maybe a harsh message, because it's dealing with a very particular group, but the entire audience will take it differently. And you're going to have to actually give relief to the rest of the audience to you're going to have to give them relief, you know, both of them are necessary. You can't just be angry at one group of people and only give the harsh message and not give the relief. Now that's also novela. So what I wanted to the intention in this in this brief article was to go through these five cases,

00:44:11--> 00:44:48

which looked like one is canceled the other, but to show you actually they're complementing each other completing each other. They're actually not one abrogating or, you know, nasco find the other, but they're actually very much a part of a holistic bit of guidance. The toughest of these cases that I alluded to that I'll do next time in Sharla. This little Toba, the solar that doesn't begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And some people said NASA hutmacher blah, ha. It canceled everything that came before it. Because the Quran said before it, that if you even if you have dealing with an enemy for either levena kobina who add our karma, who will you mean? Even if

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

somebody is an enemy to you, you treat them like your most intimate best friend. That's what the Quran said before as a biggest highest kind of someone you deal with your enemy like you're dealing with your friend. The Quran kept saying, you know

00:45:00--> 00:45:12

What's better Allah Mercado de patient over what they say. You know, Khufu idea can previous in the Quran hold your hands back. Don't fight sort of Toba comes in says for too long which lukina Hi, so it's okay to

00:45:14--> 00:45:54

kill them which take him wherever you find them. You know? Don't Don't spare any of them go after them. Oh, it's like oh my god a loved one who says this surah came with a sword out of the main out of the sheath. You know, it came with a naked sword. Okay, it has no mercy. And so some people looked at it and said there's so much of kuranda has mercy and patience and suburbia and don't fight back and don't force anybody like or half a dean and nothing and now you're saying, go get them. Which means and this is one of the last solos revealed. And if it's the last one the later you know how he said the 2.0 like you have a new operating system, there's an update. The 2.0 cancels the 1.0

00:45:55--> 00:46:05

This is the last hoorah there's the last revelation, which means all those things about suburbia and patience and mercy and forget that the sword is here.

00:46:06--> 00:46:10

So hotma Kabbalah, I imagine if that's entirely true.

00:46:13--> 00:46:14

What happens to Islam?

00:46:15--> 00:46:27

All the patients all the out of out of mercy. None of them matter. None of that matters. So Toby has come. And by the way, interestingly enough sorts of Dawa doesn't even begin with what

00:46:28--> 00:46:37

this will allow for him. And you all know what Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim means, right? That would mean the only surah that really describes the worldview of the Muslims doesn't even have Rama.

00:46:38--> 00:46:55

That's what that would mean. We don't know we no longer are a religion of mercy. We're a religion of either you or the boom Allahu Allah will punish them with your hands. That's what Sousa doba says, Allah will punish them with your hands. So we become as people that punish others with our hands because Allah said,

00:46:56--> 00:47:31

this is a tough one to explain, isn't it? So we're going to take our time, inshallah, Tada. We're going to try to understand the the architecture and the message of sort of Toba. What it's doing, why is it at the end? How do we applied and there's no reason to run away from the subject. There's no reason to shy from the subject. This is the book of Allah, we're proud of the book of Allah. We take all of it and we say something about Donna, the greatest gift a library gave to humanity. So we have to properly understand these things and put them in their place. And then you know, I'll give you the the teaser right now and that is that is not an asset. So tadoba did not cancel sobor and

00:47:31--> 00:47:43

LACMA and Bella, it didn't cancel those things. But how come we didn't cancel those things? That's a discussion. So we'll have that in shallow Darla next week. barakallahu li walakum phylloquinone Hakeem when a funny word er can be iottie when the good

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