Surat Al-Baqarah – Part 40
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 26.75MB
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan continues his lecture on the topic of Naskh (Abrogation) in the Qur’an and acquaints us with a type of Naskh that if not understood appropriately can result in dire consequences.
Ayat number 5 and Ayat number 29 of Surah At Tawbah are the examples chosen in this lecture to deal with the examples of abrogation in the Qur’an. The Ayat in Surah Tawbah is up for discussion in the initial part of the lecture. The verse states:
“And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”
Some people have unfortunately propagated that this verse allows Muslims to fight with all Non-Muslims until they convert to Islam. The truth of the matter is that this verse only applies to the polytheistic Arabs who lived during the time of the Prophet ﷺ who had broken multiple peace treaties and were at war with the Muslims.
We are also familiarised with the concept of the absence of Bismillah at the beginning of Surah At Tawbah and the reason for the same.
Our mission is to spread awareness of the message and divine beauty of Quran across the world support our [email protected] there's ba y y i n H dot o RG so I want to
let him in a shape on the regime. Even seller, assurance remove APU machinery kena Hi, Roger to boom. Hulu home wakfu Mercado de la home cola roadside for you daboo car musataha Zack at a whole new level in namaha foo Rahim. Rubbish actually sorry, we are silly. Every walk the dog that's a melissani of cocoa leaf and hamdu Lillah wa salatu wa salam ala rasulillah. While early he was happy at varying from about everyone who said Mr. De Kumara. to LA where
we are. This is the last session I'm going to do on the subject of NUS on the subject of abrogation meaning one part of the Quran cancelling out the ruling or the application of another part of the Quran. We're talking about this because of course the AI under discussion is you know, Amanda and Sussman I attend Oh, Lucy hi Natalie, behind him and her obviously her and I'm tandem and Allah Allah condition that we don't abrogate or rule out when I or make it forgotten, except that we bring something in replacement of it or something better, don't you know Allah is capable of everything. And as a result of this ayah as I previously mentioned, some have believed that there are parts of
the Quran that cancel out other parts of the right. And I gave you five examples of that last time of the five cases that shall we'll do what the hell we believes are one part cancelling out the other and we reconciled those at least attempted to, but I left this one on purpose because this is the I would say the most important one. And in order to give you an introduction to this, one has to understand a little bit of a summary of the prophets life so I saw them in regards to this ayah the ayah I'm actually I recited in the beginning isn't from Bukhara. It's from Salta, Toba. And just one thing about sort of Toba. It's one of two sutras that were revealed all the way at the end of the
Prophet's life place. So majority of the Quran had already come down. And there were two big sutras left that were revealed. There are some smaller revelations. But the two major suitors that were revealed at the end of the prophets life, I thought it was around our sorrow to Toba, the ninth surah and so it will not either the fifth surah So these two are very important to understand the end of the prophets mission and a subtle Salaam. Anyway, the IR in question belongs to the ninth Surah Surah totowa it's the only sort of the Quran that doesn't begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim as some of you might know. And that will come under discussion a little bit today too. Now,
the reason this ayah is important to study and understand is because essentially the the argument is that sort of lots of a lot more I do so then when you first received revelation, he was totally accurate. Arabic, Allah The holla, recite, you know, and then he was told to warn on fire and then rise up and warn Bashir and when Avira you've been sent as someone who gives good news and gives warnings, to preach to people and when people make fun of you and people insult you and humiliate you, you must learn lessons from the life of Noah or the life of silence and the life of those prophets went through the same thing. And you're going through the same thing for in cancer buka
coup de Barcelona in public, if they're calling you a liar. Well, those who came before you were called liars too, right? So Allah gave story after story after story of previous prophets to basically serve as a model for our messenger sallallahu wasallam. Because he's going through the same thing. Right. And he went through the same thing essentially, all throughout the period of Makkah. Right. So in that entire time, it was sort of lost. So saddam is basically living the same legacy of the other prophets that are mentioned in the Quran. But then the prophets are no migrates to Medina. And when he migrates to Medina, things change a little bit because now a lot of revealed
not that you must preach, and if they beat you up, and if they torture you or punish you just be patient, like, you know, you remember the famous story, when some of the early companions, early people of Makkah accepted Islam. Some of them were starting to get tortured like the family of Yasser and what did the Prophet say to them, they say fight in the path of a lion, defend yourself, fight those who fight you know, he just said Israel, yada, yada. You know, just be patient family of Yasser Quran will later on comment on this and say, remind the Muslims that you were told before Khufu idea come hold your hands back, don't fight. But then when the Prophet moves to Medina solo
Salaam, there's a different kind of injunction and an injunction is, you know, Allah azza wa jal will eventually SoTL Baqarah for instance, wakatipu feasability la la Vina ukata Luna ko fighting a must pass those who are fighting you will not have to do just don't cross the line. Don't go overboard in the LA Mata Deen. Allah doesn't like those who cross the limits. Now this is a different policy than previous policy was patience and preaching. That was the previous policy. But once the Prophet has moved to Medina Salam there are military campaigns and he's engaging the mccanns in an all out war actually, even if you don't
The Battle of whether the first major battle in Islamic history in the life of the Prophet slice Adam, was actually if you study it carefully, it was something provoked by the messenger himself. And his other son, he went to Medina, he's there for six months. And he starts sending small military militia groups to attack the trade routes of the Moroccans. And the actually a number of successful attacks take place, one of them fails. One of them, we tried to catch them, they got away. And that was a luciferians caravan. And they got away and they came back the long way back because they knew the Muslims have tried to get them again. They came back and he reported they
tried to attack me and that's when they were ready to go all out war. So you know, there's some other smaller stuff that's happening that led to this kind of war situation. But anyway, so now the policy is fight in the path of Allah. So no longer do you find the IRS being revealed about the patient, like no had a Salam or, you know, just just when they say something like your home has run jameelah walk away, and be you know, in the most beautiful way, those are no longer coming. Now the author about Qatar and fighting in the path of a lion, the hypocrites who refuse to fight in the path of Allah seems like a new policy. But even in that policy, what seemed to be the case was Allah
said, you can fight those who have what, for you, those who are fighting, you can fight fight back with them. In other words, this is reactionary, it's retaliation. It's not you just pick anybody and fight with them. you react and fight with them. That seems to be the policy. But then there's the final version. And that's sort of the Toba. That's the pseudo we're discussing right now. And sutopo, something was given that wasn't given before and what's called in famous Islamic literature, they call this is IR to save the the IR the revelations of the sword. That's what they call them. Okay.
And though the entire surah is pretty intense, there are a couple of my art that are argued more commonly by others. That's actually even a disagreement, which are the art of the sword. There's even a discussion about that, but the most common one or two of them and I started with one of them. I want to read this to you because I want to show you how this policy seems different from all previous policies. For even Salah had Ashura forum when the sacred months are all done. So there are four months that are sacred in Islam. When those months are all done by the way this revelation came when the Prophet had already conquered Makkah. Okay, so Mark has conquered the machine could have
been defeated. There is no longer any war left it's over. Okay, now this revelation has come when the when the sacred months have run out when they're done. Successful we should Akina Haifa to move home kill the people of shark kill the machine wherever you find them. Kill them wherever you find them. Wait a second. Are you going to kill them because they're fighting you now? No, they've already been defeated. They're done. They've been crushed. Now they they actually were no I'm not gonna worry too much is the announcement made to them shakiness. You better know, you have no hopes of overpowering ally anymore. You have no hopes of ever making a comeback. They're being told this
in their face in Makkah that the Muslims have taken over. That was the announcement made at the HUD. I want you to understand the irony. You know, years ago the prophets and the Sahaba would get beat up for praying at the Kaaba
and now within those 20 years 23 years is being told and he said actually these these revelations were given to the Prophet was received them in Medina. He sent a little the Allahu anhu to go to Hajj and recite these to the public and the majority public at the time wasn't the Muslims the majority public still in Makower the machine and they were told Hey you guys for months and once the four months are done kill them we should again wherever you find them and the question is are these combatants or are these civilians is actually seems like they are what? civilians civilians? This has never been the policy before. What was so wrong grab them in circle them surround them walk rula
honkala Merson and sit in every place you can find to ambush them is pretty intense stuff and then he says for interval and by the way how many months the lesson for right the sacred months he said and if they were to make Toba welcome masala tomatoes okay and if they were gonna pray establish the prayer and give zakah for colusa Bella home then leave their path alone then you can let them go
unless they unless they become Muslim you're gonna find them and you're gonna execute them that's what was revealed in the law has a photo Rahim at the end of law says By the way, if they accept Islam, then certainly allies, extremely forgiving, always loving and merciful. That's one that's considered the eye of the sword. I think you can understand why. Right? It's pretty intense and ruthless in what has been given. There's no exceptions. And this deals with the machine. The next is within the same soldier as the 29th II deals with the People of the Book. Because the Prophet had two audiences. He had the machete Kuhn and he had the yehudah nosara of Medina. So about them, Allah
says arteriolar Xena la mirada Bella when abilio Mila fight those who don't believe in Allah, nor do they believe in the let the last time
Whether you how to remove Rama, Rama, la hora, Sulu and they don't declare forbidden whatever Allah and His Messenger have declared forbidden. They don't believe in the same harm that we do. That's the distinction between us and them while I are the new Latina hockey and they don't live by the religion of truth, meaning they haven't accepted what Islam, whether you do not either Huck minella de novo tokita these people that you must fight belong to those that were given the book, who who are we supposed to fight now? The Jews and the Christians mean a Latino Nikita had dioctyl jizya and you keep fighting them until they pay a tax the tax and jizya Okay, this is a subservience tax,
subservience tax, well, homes are unyielding, and they give you the tax humbly. They actually like put their hands forward like Please take this from us like they're humbled when they give well homestyle heroin and they are humiliated. They give it voluntarily and they're humiliated. Salted in Arabic comes from the word sahid which means small, but similar and serene and solid these words are also used when somebody is somebody is put in a superior position and somebody is humiliated and put in a smaller position. Okay. So you know, in even in, in other literature, even an Uchi Bri Karna Yaki Chico trata de Cana, by the we use this kind of phrasing, right, so, to make someone feel
small, even in English literature, you made someone feel smaller, insignificant, they must, they must be made to feel insignificant, well, homestyle heroin, so between these two is our policy towards the missionary gunas wherever we find them, we will kill them. And the other side is using the Christians will fight them until they're ready to pay tax and be humbled before us. That seems to be the policy in the one of the last pseudos revealed in the Quran. Now, as a result of that a lot of Parliament said, Well, now that this, these two have come down and the irtf safe have come down. Then previously there was an iron SoTL bacala said, like Rafi Dean, there's no reason to,
there is no possibility of forcing anyone in terms of religion. There's no pressure when it comes to religion. There's no this is now one. So this is no longer applicable. Because four months later, what do you do? either kill him? Or leave them alone? If they do? What? If they accept? Isn't that kind of forcing them? Like when you're ready to kill someone and say, Well, I won't kill you if you convert, but I'm not forcing you.
That's forcing them, isn't it? So they use this to say, well, the the phrase in Quran like Rafi Dean, there's no compulsion in religion. There's no forcing anybody until religion is no longer applicable. This is the final version. Obviously, what comes later should cancel out what came before. So that's one one interpretation. The other thing they said is both previously Alliance alacati roofie sobre, la la de la ukata Luna come fight in the path of Allah, those who fight you. In other words, when were we allowed to fight when they fought us? But now that sort of the Toba came, were we fighting people who are fighting us? No. So they said even this is no longer the rule.
This is canceled to this used to be temporary, so we can deal with them. But now that Islam is victorious, we will fight anyone who's mushrik whether they find us or not. And we will overpower anyone who's Jewish and Christian and fight them until they give what? And until they give us yeah, it doesn't matter if they fought us or not. We will fight them. Our foreign policy as Muslims from now until the day of judgment will be we will continue to fight and make Jihad and conquer and conquest and conquer and conquest. Because Soto Toba has come it cancels everything that came before it. This by the way, I what I've just explained to you In brief, I don't want to get into details
and quote Darla that talked about this and all of that, that's for maybe a later discussion. Maybe one day when we get to sort of tobei introduce itself. But for now, what I wanted to share with you is if you accept this premise,
there's a lot of trouble coming.
I mean, a lot of what is considered extremism or you know, craziness nowadays, radicalism, things like that even though our scholars and other people within mainstream Assam will say this is too far this is not what we believe, etc. But this was classically held actually, some scholars did hold this view. They actually believe this to be the case that these ions have come and therefore, what came before has been cancelled out. so my job today inshallah tada is to show you why that is not the case. That's what I'm going to try to explain why suta Toba did not cancel out what came before, and how do we understand sort of up properly and actually put it in its right place. So let's begin
that discussion in shallow dive. The first thing I want to share with you in this along these lines. There's two things to share. But the first of them is that the suta Toba is extremely specific. extremely, extremely specific. What do I mean rasulillah salam was given Koran and some Quran talks about patience. is patience only for the Sahaba is patience only for the people that first heard those I others patience for all human beings until the day of judgment. It's for all of them right? When the law talks about duck law or emaan, or patience or truth or justice or prohibited or
halal and haram. These are things that are timeless, aren't they?
But then there are things in Quran that are very, very specific to the situation that the Prophet is going through sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a situation that will never repeat itself again.
And what becomes very, very clear over and over again, in the entirety of sorta Toba is that it's extremely, extremely one specific, that's the first observation I want to make. And for that, I took a selection of a few IOD just to show you how you can actually use this and say this applies universally for all times or it's applicable in any situation let's let's see how the even how the solo begins. But I mean, a lot he was really he Latina, I had him in a machine. And announcement has come from Allah and His messenger to those who you made agreements with among the machine.
Because the Muslims had agreements between, you know, who the BIA and maka, we had agreements with the tribes. So Allah says, Now the Prophet is saying, I am declaring that those contracts that we made are null and void allies, announcing those contracts no longer count the ones you made with them, we should have seen who made the contract contracts. They were allowed by a lot, but who actually signed the contracts, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and he made them with the machine and you are you are all involved in making those agreements, is that something that will ever repeat itself? it's specific to the that particular era between Holiday Visa and the coming of,
you know, America. Then he says he will fill out the data asurion voila, more and more Angela, you can still even though the Allies saying the contracts are null and void, but there's a four month grace period you can go around in the land for four months. And know that even in those four months, no matter what you do, you're not going to be able to overpower Allah or humble the cause of a lot anymore. Well as an omen Allah he was really he in a nascio Mahajan, Akbar. And an announcement is being made on the tour to the announcements being made towards all people. Everybody around the day of the great greatest Hajj. Yo Mahajan, Akbar. It's called Alhaji Al Akbar for several reasons. One
of the reasons is called hydralic buddies, or omura was also called hedge back in the day, but the actual hedge the one that we're that we know now that's going on that's called hedge aliqua. Some VCs are confused. If hedge falls on a Friday it's hijacked
and hijacked, but is actually the highest that's what it's called. Otherwise, even when you go for camera in old Arabic, and even in the Quran, sometimes that's called Hajj also, okay. And the Lucha buddy Amina Medina rasuluh, make the announcement on the day of Hajj to the people that are there at the Hajj, that Allah has nothing to do with the machine anymore. And his messenger has nothing to do with them either. Is that ever going to happen again? are you ever gonna go to the callback and make an announcement, we have nothing to do with the machine that are listening.
This is extremely specific to what was going on. And then on top of that, for even Salah Coleshill, the I read to you when the four months are done. Remember what there was about four months you can go around, do whatever you want for months, you want to leave this region. Go ahead. You want to get your weapons Ready, go ahead. You want to become Muslim? Go ahead. But this is it. This is this is what you've been given. And I'll explain the rationale behind this later. Right now the part of our discussion is why this is specific and it cannot be used to generalize. That's the part of the discussion right now. Now,
by the way,
kill the machine. wherever you find them, grab them, surround them, wait for them in every place of ambush you can. That's the policy given to all the Muslims. Have we ever applied this policy in the history of Islam? Muslims went to India and a majority of the people in India are what religion Hindus, Southeast Asia Buddhists. If you're going to recite to the Toba? Well, the sacred months are done. It's time for hunting season.
Then you kill them wherever you find them. And you find any alley any corner and you hide in there because what? hula hula hula sudden, wait for them every place you can where you can just jump out and stab them.
You know, to place a place to ambush them and surround them. And if they if they established a prayer and give us a card and leave their path alone, like you're about to kill him. He's like,
you did that ever happen? everybody understood historically, these are out there specifically talking about the punishment given to Christ.
Nobody ever applied this in our history to say this is the foreign policy of Islam. It doesn't add up. Not Not only does it not add up from the point of view of Sierra, it doesn't even add up from the point of view on history. Then just more specifics, and toccata Luna COVID nakasu A Maha Maha movie Roger soon.
Aren't you going to find people who can't who violated every time they made a promise and they wanted to keep the messenger out himself?
Who are you fighting in the surah? The people who originally wanted to kick out the messenger, so I saw them is that ever gonna happen again? Look at the next case. Got it. Oh, you're either the boy
Humala will be a decom actually I won't explain this one I'll leave this one for last because this is this is something else, mechanical machinery kena and Yamamoto massage de la shahidi that unforseeable COVID it's not right from which the keen to build any machine and to take care of any machine
and they they are they are they're proud of testifying to their COVID What's the law making reference to them which required us to take care of the Kaaba and allies saying they have no right to be taken care of a machine that's not their their thing to do this the machines for Muslims for believers is that ever gonna happen again then we should be good or fighting to build a machine
you know? Yeah, you hola Nina. amanu novel machinic una de la curable Masjid al Haram, Ababa ami him Haha, look at the specific nature of the language. Those of you who believe know that the mushy goon are now filth, and they should not come near as much of that around after this year, particularly this year. And so, and by the way, the Muslims are told for that and for so far Unicom Allah, human family, and if you're afraid of becoming bankrupt, why would the Muslims be afraid of becoming bankrupt? See the Kaaba used to be visited by all the tribes because all the tribes had their idols there. And so when people come and visit, you get tourist economy. Everybody comes, spends money
there, stays there for a little bit buys food there does business there. And that's why that economy was flourishing because all the tribes used to come and give business to America. And now Muslims have taken over Muslims are not the majority. Muslims are the minority in the region, and others saying nobody can come to the Kaaba anymore. Only the believers can come to the Kaaba, which means all the business will die, isn't it? So Allah says, Listen, they will not come here anymore. And if you're afraid of bankruptcy, you will need qumola home and family Allah will make you rich from his his blessing.
There was no oil yet guys. There was no HUD visas yet there was no millions of people coming and applying and getting rejected because there's too many people applying that wasn't happening yet. The discussion then was if you're afraid you're going to go bankrupt, there's not going to be any money left in Mecca, because nobody's gonna come anymore. Don't worry, Allah will give you in other words, a lie solving a problem that is there at that very immediate moment. He says, you know, you read una and you'd feel uno de la jolla for him. Allahu Allah and UTM minoura who what Oh, can you help Cafiero they want to extinguish Allah is laid out with their mouths, they want to do propaganda
and finish off the mission of the province lies on them. And Allah refuses to accept any alternative except that he will complete his like he will not let them continue the cause of go for any more.
In the end that this is this is really interesting in that a shoe hoodie and the law if Natasha Sharon pick it up in law. He says as far as the law is concerned, there's supposed to be 12 months in a year. Now that seems really obvious to everybody. Yeah, obviously there's 12 months in the year. Alleged talking First of all, he explained something Yamaha locka sumati. Well, I mean harbottle forum Yes, 12 months are always supposed to be the case. And this was the way Allah decreed things since the time he created the skies in the earth. And four of those months are supposed to be considered sacred. Malika Dino pm that is the well established religion, a lot of the
movie non physical, don't wrong yourselves in those sacred months. Don't do anything wrong to yourselves in those sacred months. McCarthy illumishield. Akina cotton, this was about the calendar and in the same idea, he says invitamos nickim all together altogether. Don't leave anyone out. Come on Cotonou. Come on. Come on. You gotta conquer Africa, just like the UK, they have been fighting you altogether. They've been unified in fighting, you have the machico never been unified in fighting the Muslims ever since? No. That's this region specific reality. But what's the calendar thing doing here? What happens is Allah says in the next day in Naaman, Su Xian, filco, for so let
me explain this to you. How many months are sacred, for which you go and also believe that four months are sacred, actually, since the time everyone, Mr. Li Salaam, they at least held that much that four months are sacred, we're not supposed to fight in those four months. But sometimes it was politically very strategic to fight in those months. It was economically very strategic to fight in those months. So they used to adjust the calendar and say, This year, we're moving this month over by 15 days.
And we're going to extend this month instead of being 30 days away 45 days, so we can fight and kill these guys. And then we'll make it up later, and continue our sacred months. So they used to actually mess with the calendar, just to get away with this. And they've done they've been doing this for centuries. Now, if you mess with the calendar one time, by one, two days, three days, is it easy to get back to the normal schedule becomes impossible, especially if you keep messing with it over and over again, you can keep track and it's going on for centuries. You know, what's amazing is it was revealed that actually the day of the Hajj, that when the prophet SAW was victorious over the
Kaaba that day, the calendar recalibrated and lined up again.
And actually where it was supposed to be
That's why I said don't mess with the calendar again like these mushnick wouldn't have done has any machinic ever mess with the Islamic calendar the lunar calendar ever since? What point Am I making over and over everything in the surah is extremely wide specific you can't say this is for the Hindus in India or the Buddhist and you know in Malaysia or something you can't ya una una una de la la him so rotten then delivers which is a subject to the munafo Khun they're terrified that samsara will come down against them, and will not hold are terrified that a sutra will come down against them. That's our historical reality. Because in the surah, Allah dealt with the enemies from the
outside the Romans and the Persians, he dealt with Thomas shikun, he dealt with the people of the book, and he dealt with the enemy from within, which is the one after he dealt with them too. So then the next part of this surah is actually very harsh injunctions against someone African who refuse to go out with the Messenger of Allah. So he said, I'm schemed against him. All of this directly crimes against the messenger so I sent him which will never happen again. I am yet to him never will Latina man company him call me No. handwired in watamu, Lacombe Ibrahim was Javi madeon wild Africa. Now this is the part I'll mention I won't explain because that's the that's the last
part of this discussion. What how everything ties together. Allah says didn't the news of the nations of new and hard and smooth and the people of Ibrahim and the people of Medina, and didn't his news come to them? In other words, didn't they realize they're doing the same thing, and they're falling into destruction, like the people that came before them that were destroyed? allies now comparing the Quran and the Quran and all of these people to who previous destroyed nations, right? And that's very important is any nation afterwards going to be compared to those nations?
Let me tell you why.
You can only compare people to the nation of new war.
If there's a messenger among you,
because when the messenger is among you, and you still disbelieve in him, then your nation gets destroyed.
If there was no messenger among you, well, that doesn't destroy a nation had never thought of sola until Allah sends a messenger. Allah didn't just destroy the aborigines in Australia, clearly, why not? No messenger. Why was the nation of solid destroyed who came slowly hallasan messenger was there a messenger was rejected. That's the punishment of rejecting a messenger when he's among you, when he's among you. So the reason the Quraysh are being compared to these nations is because who is among them?
Can those nations ever be compared to the Americans or the Australians or the Canadians or the Sri Lankans or anybody else? Why not? Because what know what nations exist today, who's never among them? And lessons, there's never a moment you can't say, Well, what will happen to you is the same thing that happened to the people of New York. You can't say that anymore. Because you don't have a messenger among you. You can't apply it anymore. So the entire Spirit is saying this is very specific to the corporation this region. Yeah, you had NaVi jarhead unconformable Manasa t in profit you you directly fight against the kofod and the Muna 15 the profit is being told what know you'll
be harsh against them. We're not even included in that part of the ayah he says about them when it when it's done fella home oleta stuff in the home into stuff in the homes of Mr. Ratan la linea Fernando. Allah messengers told him
about a hypocrites who were around him, whether you ask forgiveness for them 70 times or not a lot will not forgive them.
Allah will not forgive them an African even if you will also Allah, ask Allah to forgive them is also law around anymore to make instead far from Allah 15 know, which is which one did he make himself out for? Who did he ask forgiveness for the ones that were with him specifically in that time? You know, so I've given you enough examples. I've got a lot more of examples of just specific on top of specific on top of specific on top of specific, but now let's actually get into the third discussion, which is the point
the students of the Koran are a unified whole there one united message actually it's not, you know, we sometimes we hold on, we look at one ayah. And we look at this other eye and we look at the other eye and we kind of join them together, it's become kind of a thing. Like let's understand Taekwondo karate. So let's take all the art and all the different places on taqwa and fuse them together. But actually, if Allah wanted us to study that way, and I'm not saying that doesn't have a benefit, but I would argue that has a secondary tertiary benefit. The Willow wanted us to learn the Quran is the way Allah revealed it. The way it was recited by jabril, ali Salam ala rasulillah salam, the willows
wasallam recited it to the Sahaba. You see, and what's that way the entire Fatiha is in a certain order? Because in a certain order, it's a certain speech. Allium. Ron is a certain speech. It
has a certain speech. And every speech there's organization, every surah of the Quran is organized by who? By Allah Himself. He says en hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Ar Rahman AR Rahim, Maliki Ahmed in Iraq and Afghanistan. You can't change the order. Allah decided he will say this first.
Then this then this, then this and every time I'll choose is an order. Is there a reason? Have you done for ISIS? Allah chose that this mon should be here and this one should be here and this one should be here Don't you see there's a reason. You don't think there's a reason why he chose to speak this way.
The one who speaks he doesn't have a reason to speak in the way in which he speaks the way he organizes his column.
A surah Allah when Allah decides that Toba will be a surah and file will be a Surah Fatiha will be a surah that means it is one unified speech it should be looked at as a unit one message you have to understand it holy, you can take a bit of it a piece of it this I hear that I hear and say now we're going to understand Islam.
That's it's the same problem nowadays in communication when somebody is giving a speech. Is it possible you can pull one sentence out of their speech and say something crazy? Look at this guy what he said
in the beginning of my speech, I was explaining to you the rationale of why you should kill all the machine the night
somebody could take that one clip, couldn't they?
And so look, look at what the man is saying. He's saying go and kill all the machine can you possibly can.
You could do that. Quran itself says lol mousseline.
The most horrible destruction shall fall upon those who pray.
That said, I
won't give a hot bath. You know, for those who pray they're gonna get the worst part of hell will.
The next ayah is alladhina whom Ancelotti himself who you know who you are.
If you don't look at the whole legal jargon Khurana again they took the Quran they ripped it to pieces. The reason I'm bringing this up is you have to look at suta Toba as a whole you have to look at it as one large unit. What is unique about Domo What did I say?
Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim.
Now, let's start at the top. There are some things that all prophets all prophets share.
All prophets shared, that they reminded people of who their Lord is who their master is, all of them reminded them how loving and merciful and caring Allah is. All of them called them to worship that one God. All of them called for justice and truth, honesty and dealings, prayer without check. They call to all of these things. And that has been consistent throughout all prophets, including ours, some of Maharani husana, right.
On top of that, or no prophet ever said, and all prophets preached sincerity. What does sincerity mean? sincerity means you can only accept Islam. If you genuinely mean to accept Islam, if you accept Islam for any other reason,
is no good. Just like if you force your 25 year old son to pray, and doesn't really count.
He's an adult, unless he's doing this on his own. It's worthless to Allah. It doesn't mean anything. You know, he might as well make the intention. I'm praying for God for my mother, Allahu Akbar. You know?
The thing is, when you say that in this surah there are people being forced to convert, is that sincere and sincere?
Does that count before Allah? Does that? Has that ever counted? No. Has the deen of Allah always been a dean of mercy and love?
Has it always been the most constant teachings of Islam Have they not been patience, justice, prayer, preaching mercy, that will have their own lot been the constants of Islam. Then somebody comes along and this one surah came. And as a result, all of those things, cancelled patients who needs patients you have a sword now.
Who needs to give dollar you have a sword now. And if anything, just give people for months.
So you got to do
all of those teachings have been washed away. And then they say this ayah these are cancel out which I like to do. There's no compulsion in religion. Okay, if it cancels out that I let's just imagine for a second That's true. Allah says there's no compulsion in religion, that's not the entire
the entire is not gonna have been called by your knowledge domain Li.
There's no possibility of forcing anybody into the religion. Truth has become completely distinct from falsehood.
guidance is completely distinguishable from misguidance. Is that cancel do
you're gonna say the is canceled? Or the IRS account? Why is that little part of the ayah you know, no longer applicable the rest of it is still fine. Allah says He replaces an entire Ayah
or he makes an entire I have forgotten. How do we get to see this piece this this the part that doesn't count anymore? You don't get to do that.
Allah even in the ayah you know, they said while previously fighting used to be defensive, you know, McCarthy Luffy, Sevilla, Allah Allah Hera, yukata, Luna, fighting the path of Allah those who fight you. That part is canceled because now you fight. Everybody who's not Muslim
But that's not the whole. The rest of the ayah is what to do in Nevada. You
don't cross limits. Allah doesn't like people who cross the limits. Is that counsel to it's okay to cross limits now.
You see, it doesn't add up when you when you start analyzing and carefully thinking about what's being said, it doesn't add up. But that still doesn't answer the question. How are we supposed to understand some of the Toba? What is it saying then? What is this message then? In order to understand this now in this in this last part of the discussion, we're going to take a step back and really properly try to understand that something called the Sunnah of Allah. Allah describes this for now a few times he says so not Allah, when energy that is when that in the heat of the law, or you don't call for natural law will and 39 Wheeler is the legacy of Allah the way Allah does things,
you'll never find any change in the way Allah does things. You'll never find any replacement in the way of lead us things. Allah has a constant way of operating. Okay. So what is that mode of operation? What is that sunnah of Allah? The simple answer to that is, Allah sent messengers throughout history. Every time he sent messengers, those messengers preached peacefully. And those messengers that the tragedy of history is, in the vast majority of those cases, the messengers were rejected by the majority.
When the messengers were rejected by the majority, they continue to preach anyway. until Allah said, there's no hope in these people is done. Your job is done. What used to happen next,
what every messenger came, and the job is, unless has no more than what happens next. You tell me
every time Yeah, every time that nation gets destroyed in this world, and then they get the punishment in the next world. It's not like the messenger just dies, and says, Allah will deal with you on Judgement Day. No, no, no, no, no, that nation will experience the punishment. Here. This is what happened to the initiative of solid assure, I have fear around around experience this, right, the notion of loot, in addition of hood, over and over and over and over again, hold on keep saying this is the son of a law. This is how a law deals with nations who reject their messenger. There's an important distinction. A lot only does this with nations who actually experienced a messenger,
not a nation who heard about a messenger, only a nation who had experienced he was with them. You know?
So well makanda Hulu as devonta Freeman law says Allah will never punish them while still you're still there. You have to be there. Now the thing is, our messenger solution did exactly what previous prophets have done. Does it Allah compare his mission to previous prophets in the Quran, over and over again? So lies establishing that our messenger is no different from previous messengers. It Quraysh reject the prophet Isaiah.
Was it absolutely clear they're not going to believe? Yeah, became pretty clear, they're not going to believe what is the sun novela when that happens,
those nations are supposed to be destroyed, according to the sun novela mechanics to be destroyed.
Medina even needs to be destroyed because the majority of the Jews and Christians in Medina didn't accept Islam. They didn't. They need to be destroyed to some punishment from a law must come to these people. Now, the previous punishments of a law used to be a flood and earthquake, fire from the sky. Wind, you know, Rehan samsara natya. You know, these are the kinds of punishments they used to come. But this time, Allah did something different. Before I tell you what he did, because what he did is actually sort of Toba. That's what he did. The punishment of Allah on those who rejected rasulillah. So I said, I'm his sort of Toba.
That's what it is. It's not just another surah it's the Azov of Allah on these people. We'll get through to that in a second. But there's one distinction I need you guys to understand. This is very important part of understanding this lesson.
When the new when new Hello, Sam used to warn the people that you better believe if you don't believe you will be destroyed. They didn't take him seriously. When he was building an ark and a ship that they take him seriously or no? Nope.
When the rain started, light rain, did they take him seriously or no?
When the water reaches over here,
you're about to drown.
At that point, they're taking it very seriously.
But at that point, no Halesowen doesn't get to say Didn't I tell you have so much value but
now you get it. Okay, Allah, please rewind. Let's take the water back down. They get it. Did that ever happen?
Once it starts, there's no stopping it. There's no pause button. Did it ever pause. Never. Once the fire from the sky starts you don't get a preview get a little bit. You show those two homes. You want more
I'm gonna show you more No, no, no, no. There's no warning strikes. The only warning you get is the messenger warning with his words. Once the punishment comes, when the unknown bus data alone, it comes to them all out of nowhere and they don't even realize what's happened. That's what Allah does over and over and over again, except
The punishment of a law on the court he was not a flood.
It wasn't a fire from the sky. It wasn't a wind. You know what it was? Allah describes it himself. Yes, which is what it describes it in, take a wild guess
got to fight them you are the boohooman law will be a de comb, Allah will punish them. Allah has punished previous stations to right. By the way Muslims fighting is not punishing the disbelievers Muslims used to fight for justice, fairness, etc. Fighting is not a form of punishment. But in this ayah, Allah says, fight them, because this is how Allah will punish them be a deacon by your hands.
The ASVAB of Allah, the punishment of Allah, which is the same as the punishment of a law in the nation of new, or the water crushing phenomenon, or all those punishments that the last version of that punishment for Quraysh is what the swords of the Sahaba.
But then the sword is right here.
They can't even fight back anymore. They're humbled.
And when the sword is here, just like when the water was here, does the water stop? The water doesn't stop. But the sword was here and the law says wait, stop for months.
This is the first time in human history that a law center punishment. And before finishing the punishment he did what
time off of somebody again about
now you get it right now go Think about it for how long? Four months. And now you know, you know you've been overpowered? Well, I love one Nakamoto Moore's law. Now you know what I mean business when that messenger was warning you in Mecca, and you were making fun of him. When you kicked him out of his home and you put them in mudita when you thought that you were going to crush him. And as of now you know the promise of allies fulfilled now you know, love means business, but I'm still giving you four months.
This is a mercy given to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam that was never given to any nation before.
Nobody else ever got it before.
This surah does not begin with what
Mr. Miller. But when you when you get to the end of the surah Allah describes the messenger of Minato for him.
For those who believe the messenger is compassionate and merciful, you still have four months to become believers. The surah that doesn't even mention allows mercy at the end ventures the mercy given todo sobre la sala Larissa, unbelievable.
Now the point I'm making here is this surah is the punishment of Allah on these people. And these people deserve what the nation have deserved. Does anybody survive in the nation have no anybody survive among Pharaoh?
Nobody survived. Nobody's supposed to survive. So what's the policy Allah gave? When these ones are done?
folk toto home patola machine, how easy was it to kill them wherever you find them, surround them, grab them, surround them, wait to ambush them and kill them. Those are the those are the IR that we just read in the beginning.
You realize this is not the foreign policy of Islam.
This is a law fulfilling his Sunnah. That's what Allah is doing in these ions. Now understand that I keep talking about Quraysh but there are actually multiple audiences. So Toby said you have to look at it as one whole.
The first audience koresh, the second audience, the Jews and Christians of Medina, the third audience the hypocrites because they didn't truly believe either. They didn't truly believe either the fourth audience or the Roman and the Persian empires.
You all know about the Quran That's obvious. Jews and Christians rejected the proposition That's obvious. The ones in Medina I'm not talking about all Jews and Christians. I'm talking about the ones in Medina The problem is I have never met the Jews and Christians in Rome, or Jews and Christians some some other part of the world. He met the ones that were in Medina, okay.
Then on top of that, you have the hypocrites, who schemed against the proposition or even tried to kill them at one point or the other. Those people do they deserve punishment to? Yeah, they should get punishment too. And then finally, it's the people that the Prophet directly engaged it with. Who are the people the Prophet directly engaged with? The Roman ruler, and the Persian ruler, he wrote letters to them. So Lola,
this surah says, anybody the Prophet came into direct contact with and still rejected the Prophet must be dealt with.
They must be dealt with
But they're not all the same, so you don't deal with them. All the same Croatia, the biggest criminals, so you give them what, four months and execute all of them.
The second group should be home using Christians, what does the law say about them? Allah says about them, fight them, because they don't declare the same things as you do. Because their books told them it's haram to and they still don't care. I've exposed this enough to them, you must fight them and their punishment, don't annihilate them. Because they're still people of the book, Allah will give them an extra mercy. Once you overpower them, they must pay attacks, and there must be humiliated. And I'm personally of the conviction that that statement is not for all Jews and Christians. It's for the ones in Medina. Because everything in the surah is specific to the seal of
the prophets. I seldom, Allah is not saying the Jews and Christians that live next to us now right now should be humiliated. That's not what he's saying, why should they be humiliated? Why would Allah say in the Remember I told you there are two suitors that were revealed at the end, though by and what else? Neither doba is about basically finishing the punishment business. Let's punish whoever needs to get punished. This is the sort of add up and by the way, that's why it doesn't have what
other suitors of the Quran have jihad, yes or no. They have. Just because they have Jihad doesn't mean those sorts of punishment. They still have Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
This surah is specifically about adapt so it shouldn't have Bismillah R Rahman R.
Rahim Allah is paused for these people.
You tell me by the way, on this note, important note to understand.
The Rushmore of Allah, the mercy of Allah for any nation is there all the time all the time all the time, and then it pauses for a few moments when they are destroyed. And once they are destroyed, the rock might come back again,
isn't the law of a law constant? The exception is when a law that punishes and the rule is allies constantly. Why merciful? If you say the pseudo Toba is the final word and everything before it is cancelled. If you accept that theory, then you're saying that the Russian law the law is no longer applicable. Because the one suit that we're gonna apply forever is the one that doesn't have what
doesn't have mercy. So no religion is no longer religion of mercy. And so religion of punishment, you understand the implications of even saying that, like,
the relationship humanity has with a law forever is actually Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. That's the relationship humanity has with Allah. If you accept this theory, then you are actually saying, No, no, no, that was until Soto Toba came.
What is far more consistent, is actually the punishment of Allah used to come on deserving nations momentarily. And then for the rest of humanity, the dogma of Allah still continues, and actually, it's not mentioning Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in the beginning of sorts. In my view, this is my own view. is one of the greatest mercies of Allah ever. One of the most profound mercies of a lion neuron is that he didn't mention this Why? Because this is evidence that the last time that tarama have a level stop
for people is this this incident and from here until the end of times all humanity can all constantly enjoy what
the doors are by now forever open this was the last time I'm not close those doors. There's a last time well that closes It's amazing. So so beautiful. You know, the doors of LACMA were closed on the people of New Amanda flood started. The doors of LACMA were closed on fairland when the when the water came and crushed him. The doors of LACMA were closed on these people in these four months and what came thereafter. And that's it. There's no more ever the doors of Rama ever closing again.
And that's when you understand when you go back and study.
He constantly forever exceedingly merciful as the one who talked about on so how about. So now this this, this piece about?
This applicable to those few groups that I mentioned, the munafo or the next group?
The mafia goons conspired against the prophesies of them. They are to be taken very serious very harshly. Do you nowadays know who's one African who zamana
you don't know. Most of the Prophet Sierra we didn't know.
Most of the time we didn't know even the leaders of leaders of the hypocrites on the line we know but we know later on. When he even started a scandal against our mother. Well, the Allahu Allah He started a scandal against eyeshadow de la hora when Association got up on the member and complained about him. He said, my name is Rosalyn Bella Honiara houfy. Anybody who's gonna get rid of a person, because of whom pain has come to my family, he couldn't even name him. And all of the Sahaba were like in Canada in a house in Canada. If he if this guy's from us, or if this guy's from college, you let us know who it is.
We'll take care of it like they didn't know. They didn't know either. You know what that shows the mafia cool, we're hidden the hypocrites for what? hidden until sorta Toba?
This is this will punish people, and now will openly just declares who's who and what's what. And he tells the Prophet Jaiden kofod, why am I not 15? Fight against the kuffaar. I've already told you that and we're not here to fight them to.
You know, it's important to note here about the hypocrites that
the military, the Muslim military, in all of the previous battles of Islam was voluntary.
If you joined the army, you volunteered, you were not told to join or you're not a disbeliever if you don't join, etc.
Now, one time it was actually a draft, you know what the draft is right? You have no choice but to join was in the Battle of the book once autobahn was revealed.
And so to deal with the Romans, Allah said, basically, every capable man woman, or every capable man must join the military.
And the hypocrites used to get away with making excuses before but now unless has done except their excuses, that will show who the hypocrites are. And you need to come after them to this is why I'm ohata habla de la. You know what he said about this all? He said before this solo, there used to be hypocrite and disbeliever, after this other one.
Like I didn't even separate between the two. That's the hypocrites. Then the next nations left, the groups left are the Roman and the Persian empires, these two empires, their big powers, their their major civilizations, and you know, superpowers keep a very close eye on what's going on in their regions.
And who's in the region, the Arabs, but the Arabs are like, nobody.
Like you don't really care what's going on in Arabia, because there's no oil yet.
but now they've heard there's some stir happening in Arabia, there's actually even record of the Roman and the Persian kings discussing the coming of Islamic Arabia, because it shocked the entire region. It shocked the entire they were worried about it. And so they had their intelligence and their operations, kind of figuring out what's going on with this Islam thing. In the middle of all of that the results, I said, I'm sending letters to them.
And it lets them know, you guys are people of power. You guys are civilizations. Now Allah has given the messenger saddam dominion over this land, and he can show the world what the religion of Ibrahim Alayhi Salaam was supposed to look like, the religion of justice, the religion of truth, the religion of fairness, you should learn from this and implement this in your lands.
He didn't write to them until he had a model to show. Now he has a model to show.
You know, there's two kinds of data we learn in this era. There's the DAO of individuals, you're talking to a Christian, a Jew, or machinic you're talking to them individually.
Then there's a W two civilizations. Now the Muslims have established themselves as a civilization. So one civilization is inviting to Islam another civilization and for that a letter from a ruler to a ruler is enough. It's not individual preaching and going through some extra years where the Prophet goes to Rome, so I saw them and does Tao like he did a mock up. No, no, no, no. Now this is civilization to civilization, Allah considered that enough for the messenger, Ali santosa.
They rejected they didn't just reject they they killed ambassadors. killing an ambassador even today in international law is an act of what it's an act of war. They declared war against the last messenger, they must also be dealt with. And so the initiation the military initiation against them is also mentioned in select a tapa Serato. Toba is about all the people who dealt with the prophet SAW him directly and violated his message in one way or the other. And they must be punished. Now by contrast, and this is why I'm arguing that this surah is not a cancellation of all the principles of Islam. This is actually a fulfillment of the Sunnah of Allah. That's the point. What's the other
suit I said, it was revealed around the same time, a completely different sort of study of yourself.
Study by yourself, what do you find?
Allah will tell you in my data that you can eat with the people of the book, what they eat, you can eat.
And not only can you eat what they eat, they should eat what you eat, what the algo hamdulillah which means, by the way, you know, this didn't mean McDonald's and Burger King. You know what that meant? Go over to their house and you can eat and invite them over to your house and they can eat, make friends with them. Here's a soda that says they must pay like this and they must be humiliated, basically.
And now alessian go eat with them and you will eat with
different messages in it. And then he says cooperate with them to Allahu Allah taqwa, cooperating good things.
We were just supposed to fight with them now cooperate, IKEA.
How do you how do you cooperate with people you're fighting with? Then he says you can marry among them. I was just fighting with the non marrying among them.
I mean, that's that makes sense in Punjab. We can fight with people and marry them. But like,
how does that make sense? Because actually, the universal policies of Islam are not sort of the Toba, the universal international policies of Islam are widespread. And Merida
got this all wrong.
Merida was actually how are you going to deal with the Christian and Jewish civilizations? When you expand and you go and you meet with them and interact with them? How are you going to be as Muslims around them? That's what that was. Are you gonna make Dawa to them. And even when Allah criticizes their religions insulted by that, he says, Allah will deal with you and judgmental.
Allah will deal with you in judgment a little even if suta Toba actually when Allah criticized some of the beliefs of the Jews and the corrupt leadership using the Christians, Allah mentions how he will deal with them on Judgement Day. There's a distinction between us engaging with people. And you know that especially in the seal of the prophets, I saw them and a lot dealing with people and yellow gamma. It's a big distinction between them. I feel this this you know, and by the way, the reason I took a separate session out just to talk about this case of this surah cancels out everything that came before it, is because of the times we live in guys, like this stuff is quoted,
and it's quoted by crazy, some really crazy Muslims. And it's also quoted by like evangelicals and the Donald Trump types, etc. You know, they're gonna quote this stuff, and we don't know we get like stumped. How do we answer this? Your Quran says killed them wherever you find them.
Yeah, it actually did say that. We killed them, wherever you found them, which is the same as the biblical laws and the destruction of nations they know about the legacy of God to do you know, what happened to the nation of new war? They know what happened to the you know, to the Pharaoh, and all that stuff. This is actually just that stuff. So I pray that that's become clear, inshallah, tada that the concept of us as we have, sometimes oversimplified can have pretty damaging consequences, especially to our concept and our worldview of the religion of our Deen. You know, it's an unnecessarily aggressive and I would say, I would argue, unfairly aggressive view of our Deen, which
doesn't even reflect the teachings of the book, to me allows me to give us a genuine clear understanding of his book and realize that he didn't give us the ability not only to, to implement it and live by it, but to spread its message to humanity. barakallahu li walakum feel carotid Hakeem when a fire anyway er COVID is
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