Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Ayah 90 In his exhaustive study of Surat Al-Baqarah, Nouman Ali Khan reflects on the second and longest chapter of the Quran. He explores how Allah, in his own words, answers some of the most compelling questions being asked about Islam today by both Muslims and non-Muslims.
August 2, 2016
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others either a movie or I'm sorry we're silly Emily Wagner Dr. melissani cocoa leaf and hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He was a big bang for mama bad once again everybody after a long break from Allah Kumar Allahu Allah cattle. We we pick up today from the series in Ramadan from iron number 90. And our the intention today is to try to get through a significant passage, maybe six, seven ions of material. Some things as an introduction, for those of you that are listening in for the first time, we are in a very long series of iaat, roughly from Iran, number 40. All the way lasting to Iran number 121. We're almost at the tail end of that, because we're at 90
now that deal with the Israelites, yeah, but he is solid. He addresses the Israel life directly and goes through various accounts of their history and various different kinds of criticisms and calls and invitations to them. Now, it's important to note here that, you know, you might hear like week after week until we get to 121 more about the Jews. And then there's more about the Jews. And there's more about that, can we go to something else now? Can we like, talk about like sure why the Salaam or something or maybe halau meat or something else. The thing is, this is pretty important stuff. The Eliza wizard is paralleling he says he superimposed the history of the Israelites, and
the future of this oma on top of each other. So what we learn about them is actually very telling about ourselves. The criticisms that Allah makes of them are the same criticisms that we need to avoid for ourselves. So it's kind of a strange look in the mirror when we study the Israelites in the Quran. So that's the first thing to note here. The second thing to note,
the loose, but I think it's good to have your mind going in that direction is that in my own opinion, as far as my own observation of religious circles and Muslim circles in general, our thoughts towards the Jewish people are pretty antagonistic. So we have a we have kind of a very negative view of the Jews. And we have this like, these are these are evil people. And they're, you know, they're the worst of the enemies of Islam, they want to destroy Islam, excetera, etc. And a lot of that is fueled, obviously, by the political climate that we're in. There are obviously ethnic tensions on both sides. And that feels this problem too. But what's funny about to send a tragic
about this is the criticisms that alarmingly of them in the Quran, are actually mostly in light of the fact that they're being invited to the Quran. And they're not accepting that invitation. They're not giving it its due. Now, ironically, we don't invite them to the Quran anymore. We don't talk to them about a large book, we don't engage them. By and large, we've already said they're cursed, they're done with their already got their one way ticket to hell, etc. And so we don't need to worry about giving them any kind of data or engaging with them or even talking to their scholars, because the Quran actually in many occasions is on many occasions and speaking to their scholars, the people
that are knowledgeable among them. So if anything, Allah has a right to criticize them through the tongue of His Messenger, sallAllahu wasallam, because clear invitation is being offered to them. We, however, have our criticisms of them, because of other grievances, political, geopolitical, ethnic, other other reasons. But our criticisms are not rooted in the fact that we genuinely invited them to the word of Allah. And they denied the word of Allah and they rejected it and they fought against it, and they, you know, no such thing. And yet when we're angry at them, we want to give a hug Baba then we can quote the IRS that we're allies angry at them. Well, I was angry at them for different
reasons. were angry at them for other reasons. So we mixed the dean, we bring the dean into an equation where it didn't belong. That's not where these ions were supposed to be used. So that's the that's something that I want all of us to be conscious of. When we think about other people's, that Allah azzawajal is actually buy in at the core of it. Allah is mine. He is Alhaji he is the guide. He's the ultimately loving, caring and merciful and his love care and mercy extends to all human beings, them included. You know, they're not exclusively a bunch that is cursed and everybody else's. Okay? As a matter of fact, you'll find within these IOD there are some things very
particular to the Jews of Medina. It's not even a commentary on Jews at large in many cases, it's particular to the people in the very company of the Prophet
It's a lot harder to sell them. In any case. So those introductory comments, I thought were necessary to at least frame our mind in a good direction. The other just as a mindset, as a disclaimer, a lot of these ions are very long. So the I all that I recited to you in the beginning was one, I was just iron number 90. So it's made up of multiple phrases. And when you read those phrases in translation, it might feel like it's like a lot of stuff on top of each other. And you might not be able to get the sense of what's going on in the text. Right? So it's, I will read through a rough translation of this entire ayah. First to you. And you'll notice also that you're
starting to get a little bit lost. So we're gonna have to take a phrase by phrase approach. Typically, you take an idea by eye approach, if there's an idea, like what daddy at the VA, can you talk about, the idea is that because it's short, Hola, Hola. Hola. Howdy, I assured you can talk about the idea. But an idea like this one, you literally have to break it up into the clauses, the phrases, deal with them, analyze them, see how they connect to the next part, to the next part to the next part, until you get a proper picture of the idea and then connect to the next day. So that's the kind of approach we're going to try and take. So here's a rough translation of the idea
that I recited to you so much, that'll be enforced at home, how despicable how horrible is what they used, what they sold off to buy for themselves. The the idea of estate law, which I'll dig into a little bit later, is to sell something and in exchange, buy something. barter what's called barter in the old speech, right? So every time you buy something, nowadays, when you buy something, all you give up is cash. Back in the day, when you bought when you bought tomatoes, you gave up rice. So in a sense, you sold rice and bought tomatoes at the same time. So the idea of hdslr is actually something acquired and something given up. So they sold something off, to buy themselves to buy
actually purchase themselves, that they denied out a vicious jealousy
in whatever Allah sent down, meaning and yet for Uber, Enza La La bellion, the out of vicious jealousy, they denied everything, whatever Allah had sent down, on account of the fact that Allah out of his own preferential favor, continues to descend upon whoever he wants from among his slaves. In other words, they reject, roughly speaking, they reject because they're super jealous, they're extremely upset, and they're even willing to become vicious in their jealousy. And they do this all because they can't stand the fact that Allah is continuously sending revelation to someone else who have what he calls whoever he wants among his slaves. This is a reference of course to the Prophet
sallallahu sallam. Thus they brought great rage on top of great rage upon themselves. They brought about being the bridge upon rage upon themselves in return for deniers, there is humiliating torture, look at William Katharina, adamantine for deniers, this humiliating torture. So now we have to kind of dig in phrase by phrasing, the first phrase we're going to deal with is so much thought over here. And also my advice to you because these gurus are rather long. And, you know, I'm not going to I'm going to try not to take an educated like a lecturer approach, or a hook by type approach. In these lectures, I'm going to try to take like a teaching approach. In these lectures,
there are points where there are reflections, and they're emotional and powerful, and I'll try to communicate some of that to you. But you know, if you're going to be regulars, then have a notebook or have a copy of Quran like printouts, even, like with space between the IR so just write a couple of things down so you can keep track of what's going on, or at least at the very least have a translation with you going in even if it's on your phone or iPad or whatever else, and just follow along what's being said phrase by phrase by phrase. So the first phrase, we're dealing with his bit, so much thought over here, and for some, how terrible is what they sold off, to buy their own
selves. That's a strange thing to say, who buys themselves how do you buy your own self you know, the first thing here to note is the phrasing of purchasing or trading this this terminology is used in the Koran in many occasions. It started with hyouta dunia Bella Hara. And for those of you that are familiar with Arabic a little bit, the monsoon al-hayat adonia that is what you acquire the monsoon and masala is what you acquire and whatever comes with the bar is the thing that you sold is the thing that you gave up. Okay. So they gave up the era and they acquired this world. Same thing will azova Bill masirah they they gave up forgiveness and they acquired torture, they acquired
punishment that's a phrasing in the Quran. When I attended the Nesterov bilotta bill Hoda, they purchased now this time Allah says they purchased misguidance by selling guidance every time the bar comes is the stuff you sell the stuff you give up, then you're still gonna be ayatullah in Summerlin, kalila they sell the IRA, or they actually they acquire a small value and they give up the ayatollah. You notice in all of these things, both items there, contrast it, it's as our bill Maschera. It's
bada bing, bada bada bing bada it'll Harada dunia will occur. And you notice one of these things is better. And the other thing is worse, right? So they gave up guidance, which is better. And they got something worse, which is misguidance, they gave up something better, which was the opposite, or they got something inferior, which is this world, they gave up something better, which was, in one case, forgiveness, they got something worse, which is torture, they gave up, they gave up the ayatollah, and they got a little bit of gain coming and kalila little bit of value. So every time there's a good and a bad, and it seems continuously in the Quran, they keep giving up good stuff,
and they keep getting in return worse stuff in return, right? That's the phrasing that's used all the time. But there is an exception, and this exception needs to be mentioned. So we can understand this particular phrase, I don't want to go off on this tangent, tangent of buying and selling and trading. But it's, it's for the purpose of you understanding this phrase properly, because it is a complex phrase, because the for the first time Allah says, Whatever they sold is terrible. And what did they sell something? Allah doesn't mention what it is? And then he says, and what are they by themselves. So that's kind of a It's a strange phrase, as opposed to all the other phrases that were
much easier to understand. Now they're selling something and buying their own selves. So it takes a little bit of, you know, digging to appreciate what's being said.
So far, I've told you the selling and buying whenever Allah mentions it, it's something good that's given up and something bad, that's acquired, unfortunately, right. That's what happens most of the time. But actually, the selling is also mentioned when both items are bad.
Both are bad. And this is actually I would argue a case of both being bad. And we'll dig into I'll show you how that works. But for now, let me give you another example. Allah azza wa jal says, you have to, you know, familiarly Latina, kaboodle, kitabi, ADM. How were the worst, most horrific kinds of torture and punishment is for those who document who write the book, the author, the author, the book with their own hands, somebody who Luna has them in Angola, then they say this is from Allah. So they wrote they composed it themselves. And then they said, this is from Allah. Then he says, Li esta Ruby, he feminine kalila. So they can sell it for a small game. So what are they acquiring a
small gain? What are they selling? Something they made up themselves? So both things are bad. Both of these items are bad, you understand? So as opposed to another bill, Maschera Bala, those were different. This time both items are negative. So here in these art, what seems to be the most compelling case to me? Will la huhtala alum is what they have? What? Who are they selling to will be an important key in understanding this. Because whenever you talk about buying and selling, it's not just you, it's somebody else on the other side. So there are two possibilities, basically, who's on the other side, let's understand that and then you'll see how this connects. It could be Allah. And
it could be people. It could be a lion, it could be people. Now why do we say a lot because in the lifestyle we need for someone while on Vietnam agenda, a lot purchases people's lives in exchange for agenda. Right? He and their money is in exchange for agenda. So Allah is a buyer, right? And the idea here is they're presenting something before Allah to save themselves to see you know, when the idea of buying yourself basically I'm solving the riddle now is saving yourself, the saving and preserving yourself, you know, securing yourself so you're going to offer some the the expression now is you're offering something to Allah in order to save yourself. Now I said one of the
purchasers here could be Allah, but who's the other purchaser, people? Now how is it people for the for the for the Jewish community? This has mentioned so many places in Quran and especially with the phrasing of which Torah they used to sell, literally sell in their sermons, certain ideas, like they would sell the idea that the Prophet Muhammad Ali Salaam is a liar, but he's not a messenger that the Quran is not revelation. They would sell this to the people meaning convinced the people of it. Literally like nowadays, we say, what is this politician trying to sell us? He's not literally selling you anything except propaganda. Right? So propaganda is when propaganda is distributed,
disseminated, it's also the idea of selling. And in that sense, they sold what they made up remember, they make stuff up and they say it's from Allah and they sell it. They convince people this is from Allah, so they can make gains out of it. So their propaganda against the messenger so Larsson, their propaganda against the Quran is terrible. That's what they're selling. That's what they're selling. But this time, they're not selling it to a lot. They're selling it to the people. So that what in the world are they selling to Allah? We're gonna leave that question hanging, and we're gonna come back to it. But in both cases, what what is mentioned is whatever they're selling
is horrible. And what are they purchasing as a result? their own selves, and we're gonna have to appreciate what does it mean that they purchase their own stuff.
In a little bit more depth. So now let's let's go there.
There are two possible groups that this crime is attributed to, I'll deal with one of them at a time instead of making the list too long. Let's talk about one group of Jews in Medina, that this might be a reference to. And I believe it's a reference to both because there's this duality in the speech. It covers multiple populations at one time.
There's a group of us that are very knowledgeable in their religion. They're very confident that they are following the correct religion that this is the religion of God, Judaism, the Torah says the word of Allah. And the way they follow the law is the way Allah wants them to follow the law. So they're absolutely completely content and satisfied with their religious tradition. And when the prophets lie, Selim makes the claim that he's a prophet, they're not even interested because they're already far too settled, far too satisfied in their own religion. So they're not even going to give this religious alternative, this revelation a chance. Like, why would I even think about that? I
don't even want to consider it.
This is the you can call them the unconvinced. On the one hand, they're unconvinced of the prophets lies to them. And they are very settled in their own religious tradition. They're very, very settled in there. And they believe by following their religion, they are going to go to heaven. They're going to be saved. They're going to be successful with Allah. So if you think about these people, what are they selling to a lot, they're selling to a lot their conviction without considering anything else. They're close mindedness is what they're going to bring to a law hoping that this is going to be something good before Allah. And that way, they will be able to save themselves. So the
reason they're not looking at Islam at all, is because they want to save themselves before Allah. The idea is what we have is already perfect. We don't we don't need to even consider anything else. But what's very telling in this commentary, is that when you purchase something, answer this for me, when you purchase something is not something you don't have.
Right? You don't have it, that's why you purchase it, if you already had it, you don't need to purchase it. By using this language. Allah is almost indicating that these people even though they seem very settled in their religion, they've heard some things from the Quran that have shaken their foundations. Like they're not so comfortable anymore, that maybe we're not right. And they're, you know, when you get shaken, you have two options, you might explore more, or you might shut the door and say, I don't want to hear any more of this. Because if I hear anymore, this is gonna mess me up. I don't want to and that's the second option they chose. They show equal una when our hearts are
wrapped up, we're completely circumcised in our hearts, that the the expression we talked about long ago, we're settled, we don't you know, Illuminati kidnap me, Mata Runa, LA, de la, our hearts are well locked away, preserved away, secure from whatever you're calling us to. We don't need to listen to anything you say. So when they heard even a little bit of carotid resin, it shook them pretty bad. And so they decided to keep a distance and say, we're gonna just show love what we have, we're not going to give it a fair chance. And so by the expression study, or you know, so much that'll be and for some, it's almost as though lies, commenting that they were losing themselves. And they had
to buy themselves by holding on even more. Now.
What is it that they're offering a lot they think they're offering Allah, Iman, by holding on to their own book. They think they're offering Allah, Iman. And as we study this passage, if we get to the end of it, we're going to see that Allah is going to expose to them even from this ayah and keep going onwards, what they don't realize they're, what they're offering to Allah is actually
what they're offering Allah is actually now this was a comment about the unconvinced use of Medina, what does that mean for you and me, what it means for you and me is that we must, as believers come to this religion, not because we were passed this religion down by our parents, we must come to this religion not because we happen to be from a Muslim country, we must come to this religion with our eyes open.
And we cannot have a blind confidence in this faith that your hamdulillah were Muslims. Islam is a good thing and Alhamdulillah for a huge majority of the Muslim world today. They are completely comfortable being Muslim because they were raised in a Muslim family, they heard their voices and their entire lives and their Muslim for that reason, you know, but now we're living in a world where the foundations of our faith are being challenged. People are quite Why would you believe in a god? Why would you believe in this? You know, this these stories in the Quran? Where you have people that are you know, that are not they're being raised into the heavens or their angels descending? Why?
Why do you believe in this fairy tale stuff? People are questioning us, they're challenging us and we're like, how do you how do you know you can't just hold on? Well, my mom's Muslim, so I'm Muslim. Good enough from you can't do that anymore. It's shaking you just like
Took the Jews who didn't who were completely, you know, in a passive sense happy with their own religion.
We're gonna have to know our religion and can be convinced of our religion directly. We're gonna have to have basilar in our faith, you know, insight into our faith. Why are we Muslim? Part of and I harp on this I can't harp on this enough. The most important Islamic education today is not what is Islam? The most important Islamic education today's Why are we Muslim?
That's the most important educate everything else will. Easy.
And you know, the problem today in our education is all we focus on is how do you pray? What is what is the what is motive? What is the weed? What is what do what is halal? What is haram? The What, what, what, what, what, and our teenagers are asking, why?
why any of this? Why does this Why do I have to follow this stuff? Right? So then that's really they didn't have a why they were just settled in their faith. And so Quran comes along, and it starts asking them to reason and even a little bit of reason, and they start getting shaken. Now, here's the thing, this, this is the scary parallel as well, the other item, that from what I see, we have a lot in common with this group of Jewish people. Today, the Muslims, because even though our faith in reality, in reality is something rooted in reason, in reflection, in conviction, it is something that stands firm, a human, it stands to challenge every other falsehood in front of it, it says it's
a force to reckoned with. But the version of Islam that most of us carry is a very flimsy weak thing.
Islamic reality is a very powerful thing. But the Islam that you and I are carrying, is actually more barely holding on, and a little bit of somebody shaking it, and we get rattled. Which me and you know what happens when enough people get rattled, we don't realize that it's not Islam that's been shaken is your flimsy understanding of it that was shaken. We don't distinguish between those two things. So we just start assuming Islam itself is doesn't have an answer to these questions. Because I'm Muslim. I don't have the answers to these questions. So Islam itself must not have an answer to these questions. The cool thing about these is the distinction, though, is that this
criticism was not being made of the common people who didn't really know their faith.
This criticism was being made of the knowledgeable of the Israelites who knew their book, and they were rattled by the Quran. The people who know the Quran, the people who are knowledgeable and have insight into the Quran, they don't get shaken by the outside criticism actually is added to me mana when stuff happens when people question into the book of Allah, it increases them in their mind, they increases them in their conviction. So that's actually the con there, there are parallels with them. But there are contracts with them. Also, here we have, we're supposed to be a nation and we are capable of being a nation where our scholars, the more criticism they face from the outside, the
firmer the foundations of our belief become.
On the other hand, they because they had corrupted the original text, they started getting shaken up. So now what's the second group?
The first group was these people are not so they only consider Islam. The second group is actually people who actually considered it.
They thought about it. They heard the Quran. They said, What Wait, wait a second, that that seems to ring a bell from what I studied and thought out over here and here and here. And here. They start kind of comparing the two, they their book had a lot of discussion discourse, and their oral tradition had a lot of conversation about a final messenger that's coming. Here's what he's gonna look like, here's what he's gonna say, here's what his qualities are going to be. And they start seeing the Prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam match all of all of those qualities, they take a closer look, the closer the look they take, the more convinced they become. This is the one our book
was talking about. This is the revelation article that was telling us is going to come. So they when they took a closer look at Islam, became completely convinced this is the right messenger. This is the final revelation of Allah. But they also didn't want to accept meaning internally. They were convinced, but externally, they sold something else to people. They sold something this is the group that's selling the people.
So internally, they were they were they were convinced and on the outside, outright. Now this can't be the right religion. He's not how can you be a messenger? He's not even from the chosen people. He's from the curse line of Ishmael. They those people aren't they were they were actually the ones that received the wrath of God. This can only be the religion of the devil. No, no, no. If this was the right messenger, he would have been among the Israelites would have been among the chosen. And then they'll give all kinds of, you know, flimsy criticisms to their congregations to say Don't listen to him. Let me know Elementary. Edina come Don't follow anybody.
Don't listen to anybody except people who follow your own religion. Don't go straying away and listening to them. So these were actually in a sense, hypocrites of the Jews hypocrites in the sense that they have something in the on the inside. They know the Punahou commodity phenomenon. They recognize the prophets later. And yet on the outside, they're not willing to accept. But why wouldn't they? What are they selling to people? They're selling to people, this false propaganda against Islam?
What do they get out of it? The question is, because Allah says, They sold this to gain what themselves, and you could say what they gained for themselves is, you know, if they, and I've talked about this in our Milan series before, if they did sell this problem, effectively, then they would keep their position as rabbis, they will keep their status as leaders, because if they accept the Quran, except the prophets of Islam, now, they're students of the Prophet, no longer teachers. They're no longer Imams and rabbis and teachers of the religion now they're students of the religion there. They're actually freshmen, not professors, their status completely flips and who wants to
give up their position? You know, and so that's what they sold. This is what the Advent preserving themselves, their worldly interests, their financial gains were tied to this, because they made money off of the people by selling corrupt religion to them, you know, and they didn't want to give any of that up, and that's what they sold and that's what they think was preserving themselves. I found something in the New Testament that I want to share with you from Matthew. This is attributed to the sayings of Jesus, Matthew 23. everything they do is done for the people to see. They love the places of honor at banquets, this is so close to home, it hurts. This is a criticism of the rabbi's.
The scholars of the time and HRA Salaam is criticizing them and saying these people here's what they're really about these corrupted Allah ma of the oma ministry, that's what they're really about. They love the places of honor at banquets, and the most important seats in the synagogues. They love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, and to be called Rabbi by others. That's what they want to hold on to. That's what they don't want to give up a bit so much that it would be unfair. So now we're going to see an elaboration. That's the next phrase, and yuck for Obama and zillah law. Now we move on to this phrase.
Actually, one last thing I want to say about the previous I told you, there are two groups, right, those that are inherently unconvinced, and those who are internally convinced, I want to say one more thing about the people who are unconvinced, who are unconvinced. I did tell you, they're unconvinced. But they're shaken. Right there. I'm convinced but shaken. When that happens, when you're not so convinced, and you're shaken, one of the reactions that you have is that you go on the offensive, you probably heard the terminology In sports, the best defense is offense, I'll give you a parallel. There are some friends of mine that used to be atheists. And they hated Islam. They
hated it, and eventually became Muslim. And you might might have known stories of people who didn't just consider Islam and found some, they were antagonistic towards Islam, and then came to Islam. Why was that? Because they heard something in Islam, that shook them. And they got scared that this could be right. And the only way to deal with it was to attack it constantly. So they're that little corner shelf in their mind that says this is good. They never give it any space, they keep drowning it out with all their own criticism, their own loud noise. But that little little tiny space keeps getting bigger and bigger and bigger inside, until they can't deal with it. And they you know, if
there's sincerity inside of them, they just come to it, they come to it themselves. So this is actually one of the other things on the beat semester over here. And for some, those that were unconvinced as a kind of self defense mechanism went on the offensive against the song. This, they kept selling criticisms of Islam, because that was their own way of not having to deal with what they had deep inside, like the rattling that they experienced on the inside. So as I go forward, I need you to understand that when selling is being mentioned, that means they didn't just reject the Koran. They didn't just reject the promise of Islam. They campaigned against it is the difference
between I don't believe and there's a difference between selling that idea to others. And propagating that idea. That's what's so horrible about them. And yuck for Obama and Salalah all On what basis on account of the fact and this is the the the trade that they made, what does it result in, that they should deny? And they should be in refusal and disbelieve in what Allah sent down mountains Allah Allah
What did Allah send down Quran? So how come Allah didn't say on yaku Bhima Angela mille Quran? Easy Hello calama kala, della, that they should just disbelieve in the Quran. That's what they've done. No, Allah chooses a different phrase what Allah sent down, they've just on account of the fact that they've disbelieved in what Allah sent down. This is actually part of the ration
of the argument, what is the case being made to the Jewish people? The case being made is, why are you so worried of the fact that it's coming to an Arab?
Why aren't you considering the fact that the sender is Allah,
the fact that it's from Allah should be legitimate enough.
This their problem was legitimacy only comes if it is sent to one of ours. It doesn't matter if it's from a law or not, it didn't come to us. That's the problem.
That and the law says why is that such a small detail to you? The fact that it's from Allah, as a matter of fact, we'll see as as the AI article on, they're not going to deny that it's from Allah.
They're not gonna deny it. They're just gonna say, No, thanks, we already have something.
We have what we have. You're welcome to yours. It's really good. It's really good. What you have, it's quite phenomenal. Actually, I really enjoyed reading it. I really, I've read some of your Quran. It's, it's really quite spiritual. And they will, they won't call it the word of man or deny it. But they'll say we have a beautiful tradition to make cute. You can have yours. And I have mine. And we can have a show and tell every once in a while, you know?
Well, that's actually a very interesting way of saying, we're never going to accept anything until it was sent exclusively to us. And the Jewish mind was all about exclusivity. Right? It's a very subtle, crafty way of saying, it's not good enough that it's from Allah. It has to be sent directly to us. So now on yaku, Bhima, Anza Allah, and now from there, a lot highlights when in one word, the rationale behind what what made them do this. Now we've already seen the cell to preserve themselves, we've already seen, they don't care that it's from Allah, that's not good enough for them. But then Allah wants to what Allah does is, in a sense, you know how you have an onion and you
appeal it and there's appeal inside the appeal of this appeal inside the appeal. There's appeal inside. Allah is slicing the layers of the Jewish mind and Medina. The first piece was self preservation. The second piece was a disregard that it's from Allah. There is even an ala for that there's a Marula who for that, which is brilliant. The word bohemian is you know, interpreted by by many Allah, as has said, has said means jealousy. But linguistically, but he has said, and but here are two different things. But first, let's understand what hazard is. The man is overly nervous, simply speaking, Hazard or jealousy is when you wish that somebody doesn't have something.
Somebody has a nice car, and jealousy means I wish they didn't have it.
And now there's two kinds of jealousy. I wish they didn't have it and I had it instead.
Or whether I have it or not, doesn't matter. I wish his crashes.
Okay, that's there's two kinds of jealousy, the jealousy that you want what someone else has. And there's another jealousy where you don't even want it. You just don't want them to have it.
You know, they went on a vacation.
Hey, when you want to go on vacation now.
I hate that they went
You know, that's the worst form of of hazard. But that's still hazard.
But here, a hazard is not an act. Jealousy is not an act. It's a feeling. It's inside you. It may not result in something except an evil eye or you just saying like, grudge or something, but it may not be acted out. The word buggy by definition is something accurate, it's a form of boldness or wrongdoing. It's an act of oppression. So now we're learning that hazard which is embedded in the meaning is because of other if that seemed to use this word interchangeably with hazard is actually out of jealousy. They're even willing to do bad stuff. They don't just wish you don't have a car or your car gets messed up. They'll go scratch it.
They want it that's buggy. That's a step above hazard. They went and they actually did some something they punctured your tire. They did something else, you know, and so tolerable. My Malaysia can be hacked but he also actually from the route baja
is actually a pretty hot pursuit
to pursue something that you have no right over to want something that you don't deserve. That's but he also, what is this word doing here? What What does it mean here? They want something they don't deserve. They're willing to do wrong to get it. They want to claim it for themselves, even though they have no rights to it. What is it that what what is this talking about? This is talking about the fact that revelation has come to the profit slice on them. We don't want ever to accept that Alice's favor would come on anyone else especially the biggest favor of lobbying what revelation
we can accept that that would come
Anybody else, but by using the word buddy Ally's already indicated that they are not worthy of revelation?
How can they not be worthy they received so much revelation, they've proven that they're not worthy because of the crimes, not the crimes they've committed against Koran, the crimes they've already committed against Taurat the crimes they have committed against in jail already. That's they've proven that they don't deserve it, but they still want to hold on to it. They still, let me give you a, like a contemporary example of the mindset of Belize, so you appreciate what he means. You have people that
are in charge of a community look up my [???], for example, I'll bring it a little close to her home side hurts a little bit. So there are some people are in charge of a machine. They're not taking care of the physical building, they're not allowing any educational programs, they don't do anything for the children. They don't allow any activities for the women. They don't allow any, like they have this, this one guy that comes and they want him to lead the prayer. And they don't want anybody learning anything there. They don't want any like, nothing. There's no charity work going on there. And they've been doing this for 20 years.
And you're trying to like this is not a personal property. This is a community, but I am the president.
And I started this place.
And so they want don't they don't they know they're not doing right by it, but they can't let go.
And they can see anybody else have it either. If somebody else had lawsuits called the police,
you know, make a campaign against them start email chains against them all this other kind of jazz, this is buggy, you want to hold something that you know you're not doing right by anyway. But you still want to hold on to it. They know they don't do justice to authority. They know they don't do justice to the revelation of law sent. But why should anybody else have it? Whereas a special group that deserves it? Were the ones who had it for so long. All of a sudden, we're just going to give it up. We had it our parents had it their parents had it their parents had it, how many what our entire history, we just give it up just like that, oh, that's not gonna happen. This is buggy. And by the
way, well, he happened with them. It's not just ethnic, is that you know, it could be where the Israelites that's why we deserve this, whether we, whether we're rightful of it or not. But there's another element here that of scholarship, or this the the sense of entitlement by by saying that your island.
We are the rightful carriers and the rightful ambassadors of revelation because we are qualified to be the rightful ambassadors of Revelation. Anybody else that can water it? He says credentials. What are Mohammed's credentials? Where did he get his ijazah? They don't say solar seven, we do?
What is he gonna come along and tell us what God said, I've studied what God said and got 35 pages out for no reason. He's gonna come and tell us what he what God says. Now, you're gonna hold on to this place because of the credentials you have, like, you know that saying in Matthew, I told you you love being called what? Rabbi? You like that you get a special spot reserved for the scholarly class. You know, this became your position, this is your throne. How can you just give it up? You're asking him to do the same thing Moosa was asking for don't give up the throne. You can't just do that. That's not gonna happen. And so this is buggy. And now Now, this offers us a rationale behind
That it's in a sense, it's their birthright. And the word belly also suggests that they're willing to go on the offensive to preserve it. They will do anything it takes, even if it means violating their own book. Because the news of Rasulullah Islam is where is in their book. As a matter of fact, the ayah we left off at in the series, what can I do? To hoonah Allah, Allah, Xena cafaro they used to impose on the disbelievers that the messenger is coming. Victory is coming. The final messenger is coming. They're willing to deny all of that. Yeah, to Luna and salamin albena. They're willing to deny all of it in order to hold on to this position. They're even willing to violate or not forget
Koran. That's not even there's even though right no problem. And Eunice and all of this, why, why this? Why so much belly? Why so much like willingness to commit crimes, even though you're ambassadors of God's religion? people turn to you, when they have questions about Allah, they turn to you rabbis, they come to you, and you're gonna do this. What is driving this buggy? So there's a reason for the reason for the reason you keep digging deeper, you know, and what's this, this deeper reason and universal law human philosophy
that a law would send down from out of his favorite. They may not be nothing anything to it, but in my mind, just from the connections in language, two things come to mind here that I haven't read anywhere, but I feel that they may be pertinent.
The I began with big sub, so much thought, Oh, how horrible. The word bitsat in Arabic is the opposite of the word Nima. So big Sasha Rob near mushara.
Okay, bits a fella named Philip bass that means how horrible neuroma means how amazing how great. The word Nirvana is important because from the same origin is the entire story where it began with guru net matteotti. And unto alikum, Revelation is a NEMA. Now revelation is something wonderful, something a great blessing. And they've taken that same revelation. And they've turned it from Nima to bitsa. So much that Oh, see, that's the irony of language here in the use of the word visa. Now what Allah told them that he did them a favor, he said, a need for Balto comala I mean, I give you preference over all other people's. And here Allah says what's burning them on the inside is that
Allah would continually send down out of his funnel and the football to come mean fugly. He same word again, that that favor that I gave you over and over and over again, sending you prophet after prophet after prophet revelation after revelation after revelation, even renewal of the same revelation that you had forgotten, even that Allah did for them, they lost all of the land, give it back to them. That's what happened to in their history, the whole thing got recovered again. And yet now Allah has shifted that funnel over that favor over it's like the funnel of Allah you could say the word funnel even could mean two things. It could mean out of Allah special favor, but follow can
also imply the meaning of leave that out of Allah new preference. The preference has changed the preference used to be the Israelites now the preferences you know this this son of his morality salaam, salaam alaikum, Salam.
So this burns them, how did it shift?
Why would Allah do this? In other words, those of them that are convinced that it is from Allah, now they're angry at Allah.
Now they're angry at Allah. Now this is a difficult thing for Muslims to understand how can a believer be angry out of love? I understand fear Allah. I understand love Allah, I understand hope with Allah. I understand complained to Allah. I understand all of those things. In no matter scuba See, what was the llama? I understand crying to Allah, being angry at Allah.
We can't process that one. How can I mean I can understand disbelievers are people that are giant or people that don't know any religion. How can someone knowledgeable in religion be angry at Allah, but actually, you will find that these people in on many, many occasions, they actually seem to indicate their displeasure with a lie has done openly
open and the Bible's full of quotes like that I am even scared to quote them.
I would even scared to quote what they say about a lion how they speak of Allah. But here they're upset that Allah keeps and he didn't just send one revelation. Koran keeps coming in stages universal and universal Allah there is another kind of I believe unity of Allah but I'm going with universal for now. That he keeps on sending men an iron comes at burns them another iron comes at burns them again. Another It comes with burns them again. Like it's not like the idea of Quran like the whole book came and it's sitting in a shelf, or on keeps on coming and every time new revelation descends and it resonates with them that it is in fact new revelation, they turned the question of
Allah Why did you send it to him? Why did he get it? And so on Eunice de la la hoomin from the E. And also we move on to the next phrase, which is allama Yasha woman a body that Allah would send out of his own newly new preference now or his own favor, on to many Asha luminary body, amazing language. allamani shall mean a body. Let's deal with the word Allah first. First I'll translate the phrase on whoever he wants from among his slaves. That's the rough translation. The word Allah is a little bit different from Allah, contextually, in the Quran, when you see Allah with revelation, it means who was sent who was revelation sent two to two.
But Allah is who was revelation sent upon. And now that doesn't seem to make too much of a difference in English, but there is a suggestion in the Arabic embedded and that is that when Allah is used, it's like a responsibility given to somebody or responsibility handed to somebody. Okay? And Allah comes for, you know, in a literary sense other comes in the sense of would you also like, you know, the last Laila he Island nasopharyngeal, bite, for example, right our responsibility on to people. So when revelation is sent with responsibility, Allah is now highlighting in this word, not just that the favor has shifted from the Jews, total pseudo lossless.
But he's also suggesting that he's actually able to carry the responsibility of revelation that you weren't willing to carry, which is why you weren't rightful recipients. The word Allah it carries that implication now mania,
mania. The word mon is anybody, whoever he wants, and this is actually perhaps even capturing their mindset.
He's a nobody. Who's he?
Because you know, when someone's prominent, then you say I Levy, when somebody is rather unknown, I'm ambiguous, there's a layer of ambiguity to your speech, then you use the word man. And so perhaps Allah is actually sarcastically commenting on how they thought of him. But it could also and I'm more compelled to the letter. When the law says money, a shot woman, a body, there's two other things, whoever he wanted from among his slaves, meaning among the Arabs, now, that nobody is the Arabs not which burns even more that they're being told that, you know, because in the Bible, they constantly called God, the God of Israel, the God of Israel, the God of Israel. And Allah says, Now
I'm the God of these people do
you know and they're about to these people that they have completely discounted, considered Kirsten and rejected. They're also my everybody knows who's among them. So it's the shift in favor that suggested, but then my favorite implication of mine is actually attributed back to Allah. Who are you to have a say, and who will allow you to choose as a messenger, he can send his revolution and give his favor to whoever he wants among his slaves. Why do you think you even have a say, Where do you come off being upset,
you have no place in asking who he picks, whoever he picks, and that's the capturing that that's captured inside the word man. And so now that ally has given us the root causes of the rebellion. He then call talks about the net result. And the net result is for ba, ba, ba, ba, ba da da da. They drew upon themselves as a return on their investment rage on top of rage for about will be caught up in Anahata. The word Baba means Raja to be had them a demo to who they say in Arabic when they when you carry something meaning that you you bring upon yourself the consequence of something which you can say in easy English the return on investment, like I you know, how you say in English nowadays,
it came back to bite me. That's close to the idea of something that comes back and hits you. Okay? Or it came back to you like literally in business terms of return on the investment. Okay. Which is interesting, because the idea began with stlr buying, selling. So a transaction was made, and by the end, there's a return on the investment. So what did you What did you gain? Well, what you gained was anger on top of anger, which means there's an anger already there. There's an anger already there. Now there is an additional anger. So we must understand now what is that first anger that's already there. Ally's already alluded to it before. Well, boy he bought it he Mozilla Walmart
scanner, ba ba ba ba ba ba Minna la Delica B and O garrioch. una vida de la luna Nabina Danica Bhima. So what can we look for when
Allah mentions the Allah slap? They were slapped with humiliation, powerlessness, the brought upon themselves rage rage is mentioned once already in the surah they brought upon themselves rage from Allah Why did they bring upon themselves rage from Allah because they used to disbelieve in the Ayat of Allah kill the prophets without having any without justification because they used to openly you know disobey and continuously deny previous revolution I even put on previous revolutions alleged already angry with them in the way they carried themselves with thought that's the route of already over their denial of the Sharia given to Musashi Salaam
and now on top of that, what they're doing with this Quran
so now this is about will be Robin Allah. Radha This is amazing. Like from a from a Dharma point of view. And from an Islamic like worldview point of view. Allah is angry that they don't do justice with our art first.
Allah is not just angry that they don't believe in Quran. Allah is angry they don't do right by Torah. That's why he says another place in Quran he says, Let's demolish a Hata takimoto errata Valentin
People of the Book, you have no basis whatsoever until you established author and Jean
I was expecting a lot of say I hope Kitab you have no basis until you come to the Quran.
But Allah says, You can't even consider the Quran until you do right by your own book first. And if you did do justice with your book, you'd naturally come to the Quran anyway.
But your first crime is with your own revelations and with them I mean Torah they did they violated which Allah describes in jail hasn't even been mentioned yet which they did cover up just like they did cover of Quran. This is not the first book they've done cover up they that they've just believed in the revelation given to an ISA Islam has already been disbelieved in. This is actually the second one. And so now by the as we come to the close of this, I want you to see how there's a pretty ironic turn of events and I'll give you your first break after that inshallah. And the turn of events is they will
Hoping before the coming of the prophets I saw them that victory will be theirs because the final messenger is on the horizon all the signs are there is coming good times lie ahead.
And by as you come to the close of this ayah they were already under huddled and they were hoping the hubbub would come to an end, the rage would come to an end, the era in which they are cursed will come to an end. And by the end of this ayah, Allah Allah, instead of the other coming to an end, it's doubled. It's doubled. And so it's ironic that from the previous Ironman couple of years, the hoonah alladhina cafaro. This You know, this this transaction has gone reversed by Mr. Ravi ijarah. To whom instead of producing benefit for them, it's actually gone the other way. And so, how you end this ayah is well alkaff Irina azabu hain disbelievers have humiliating punishment from a
language point of view even if you're listening to the English translation of this ayah big smash Tara will be here and for some, how terrible is what they sold and bought for themselves they the word they was used, and yuck furu that they disbelieve and you know Zilla home and finally Allah Masha Omen, everybody for Babu they drew upon themselves, they, they, they, you were expanding, expecting at the end while our home as in and they have painful punishment, because the thing began with they, it should end with they, but instead of using the word they a pronoun, Allah switch to a noun. the norm in language is you use a noun and then use a pronoun. Norm is disbelievers, you know,
disbelievers have disobeyed Allah, they shall suffer consequences. So first you mentioned the noun, then you mentioned the pronoun, the ayah reverses the scenario, the pronouns are coming first, the nouns coming at the end. Why? What's the rationale behind that? What's the point of first mentioning pronouns and then mentioned mentioning a noun, they thought of themselves as believers. They thought of themselves as people have a look. They never thought of themselves as what disbelievers they they thought they were presenting their What are they selling to a lot emaan and by the end of this ayah, Allah says, Why do you think I'm giving you such humiliation? If you're believers?
Why would I and they would even say we are the people of God, why would Allah humiliate us? Why would God humiliate us? Well, actually, to be people of God, you'd have to be believers. I've alleged declared you coughing for disbelievers. There's humiliating punishment.
And this by the way, is almost as if to say you haven't suffered humiliation yet. humiliation is now coming. What what happened with the Israelites at the end of the era, like a Saturday Salam warned them of horrible humiliation that's right around the horizon. If you study Jewish history, after Jesus, there's a major oppression of the Jewish people that is to follow. And a large religion is now going even a step further. He's even mentioning this Isobel alaba Liberty like this permanent punishment for constantly humiliating punishment. But the principle that I keep reiterating to you when Allah describes punishment, he always gives it a description, or that would have been either
monoline or double maheen. And so the last bit of this higher, humiliating punishment, what does that imply? You know, why would Allah give them humiliating punishment in this ayah? I just mentioned Solomon, the punishment fits the crime. Right? So the fact that the punishment is humiliating, must be a result of something they've done in this ayah that is worthy of humiliating punishment. Well, the first thing they did is they tried to preserve their own prestige if you remember,
they try it because they were very interested in prestige, a lot punishes them with what the exact opposite of prestige which is humiliation, they try to humiliate the Prophet because he's not one of them. allama min familia Allah, Masha amin, everybody, you try to humiliate Allah's Messenger ally in turn humiliates you. So now and of course they have the completely disregard they go on a campaign against Allah revelation, what could be a bigger crime than that? So now, by the end, this is actually echoing the first mention of loving the surah booty but Allah He will deliver Villa while musk Anna, if you look at those words, humiliation, powerlessness, they are synonymous.
They're in the same chain of words as he Hana. And so here we will Katharina azabu him. I know there's two more minutes, I promise, and then I'll let you guys go in these. These 289 and 90. You'll notice Allah has taken a pretty powerful shift against the disbeliever against the Israelites that was alluded to before but now it's coming full circle. Allah keeps using the word gopher for them.
They However, when they speak, they say calu armineh numinbah mounsey. Their claim is they believe and allies now constantly slapping their claim, but their response no you
Believe so you find find a magic mama you know Morocco Casa Ruby falana tala, he added caffeine here you have big semester over here and for some aniak furu, well, Katharina addabbo maheen and even in the next ayah wakfu nahi Mahara, who kafir kafir kafir. kafir cover. The two terms that are going to interplay in this passage are going to be covered which is disbelief and denial. And, Mr. Faith, they from their point of view believe, and from a loss point of view they have disbelieved, and that contrast that debate is going to happen between their claim to eemaan and alesse. claim that they have Cofer melasma, which will give us a clear understanding of his book and not make us guilty of
the crimes of the people that came before us. barakallahu li walakum
salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakato Our mission is to spread awareness of the message and divine beauty of Quran across the world. Support our [email protected] that's ba y y i n H dot o RG